Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 3, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 3, 1846 Page 2
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ft NEW YORK HERALD.1 Slew Vork, Thurwlty, December 3, 1Mb. 'I be IVeekly Herald. Our illustrations this week will be a splendid ?iew of Camargo, Mexico, and the head quar- ! ters of Major Gen. Patterson, of the volunteers; and a sketch of fashionable church going in New I York. This number of the Weekly Herald will be a very valuable one; it will coutam the lull particu- j lars of the terribL* disaster to the steamer Atlantic, with a complete list of those killed ; the great speech of the Hon. Daniel Webster, at Philadelphia ; the preparations in Washington for the meeting of Congress; the military and naval n sws of the week, including the account of the capture of Tampioo; the late important intelligence frgm Mexico ; commercial news, and perhaps late intelligence from Europe. Those desirous of sending cepies out of the city cau obtain thena, in wrappers, at the office, at sixpence each. The Ocean Steamers. The Caledonia is now in her fourteenth day, and is fully due at Boston. Her news is looked for with considerable interest. The Acadia, sailed from Boston on Tuesday afternoon, with forty-two passengers for Liverpool, ; and tivs for Halifax. The Cambria will leave Liverpool to-morrow afternoon, for Haliiax and Boston. After this, till next spring, we believe, there wtl[ be but one steamer a month. Our famous packet ships will, therefore, enter the lists for the wiuter. Indeed, the Queen of the West, with two days' later news, may yet arrive before the Caledonia. Next year, fiftoen or sixteen ocean steamers will be in service. The Ad Valorem Tariff?The Valuation of itlrrchnndUe?The Ignorance and Power of Appraisers?A Remedy Required. A distinguished political economist?Kaufman-? in his work on the " Manufactories of France," in speaking of those ol Lyons, observes i " We manufacture to the amount of two hundred and seventy-three millions ol francs of silk goods alone, annually, one half of which is lor home consumption, and the other for exportation. With regard to our exportations, the manufactories of Lyons have no enemies so violent as the protective tariffs of other markets; . that of the United States, the most important, as under that our productions endure the I most hostility and extortion, and it is very common to sae the offioers of the customs of the Union, (appraisers,) from their ignorance of the true values of goods, and their want of information and experience with regard to them, use, without any cause but the right of their laws, the right to value merchandise far above its real value;while in many cases, lrom the same cause, a great amount o( merchandise is passed at an tinder valuation. It s true, in the former case, the importer has relief in a suit against the oppression of the appraiser; but be is obliged to pay the expenses, which are not refunded to him, if he gains the suit. The rigor of these laws engenders frauds, and in consequence, to tell the truth, the invoices present- i cd are lor the most part fictitious. " When the fraud is produced, the powers lrom whom they emanated indirectly, display too much severity against them, which < shows, upon examination, the immorality of the naost important regulations in matters of duties." In 18-42 the tariff of the Union was changed in a manner quite unforeseen, and importations made on the faith of anterior legislation were oppre:S- j ed with exorbitant duties, which caused the ruin of many honorable importers. Mr. Kaufman, in an able and clear review of the manufacturing interests of France, as well as of the Continent, calls the attention of tho French government to the importance of recommending its agents and , merchants to impress upon the minds of foreign authorities interested in the prosperity of their countries, the importance of appointing to office> as appraisers, persons well qualified by experience as judges of goods, as much for the interns^ of their revenue n? >*> 1 merchant against those who tun themselves with all kinds of certiAcates, which in reality, such as consular certificates, only facilitate frauds; as it is well known American Consuls, like all others, are totally unacquainted with mer- t chandise. Tnis Mr. Kaufman insists upon as the interest of all governments, of morality and of civilization: for the turpitude which is generated from a laxity of principle with regard to custom-house oaths is a curse to the present state of society. The arbitrary method ot valuing merchandise entered under the various taritf acts of the past twenty years, has ever keen a cause of much complaint. The appraisers in our custom houses have the power of regulating the rate of duty upon different articles, almost independent of the act emanating from Congress, merely by the method of valuation. The Seoretary of the Treasury never has used proper discrimination in ap. pointing appraisers, as the personal interest or party position of applicants for, or occupants of, thesM offies, have had more influence than quali, fixation. Under the operation of the ad valorem act thera is a very great Held for carrying on extensive frauds in the valuation of foreign manufactures, particularly those from France; and there is, therefore, greater necessity for the employment of persons, as appraisers, having a full and per? feet knowledge of the value of these goods, than ever before existed. In nearly every suit which the government has been concerned in with onr importers, on account of the supposed false valuation of goods, the government has been cast, which is suflioient evidence that the appraisers have been almost universally wrong. Thesesaits are extremely vexatious, expensive, and anaoying to the importers concerned, notwithstanding the results in their favor,and are avoided in every way, even by submitting to extortion and abuse on the part of the appraisers ; and the government should, in justice to this large and important class ' of merchants, remove every obstruction to a just 1 and fair method of arriving at a proper valuation 1 of foreign merchandise. Independent of the illegal acts of these government officers, in their official capacity, from wtiieh there is frequently no appeal, wo have ; heard of innumerable instances of petty malice ; in appraising and passing invoices of merchandise, whioh should, upon representation, cause : their immediate removal, but which have been passed over by the higher authorities in silence, , and thoee practising them suffered u> remain and i prey upon thoee coming within their power. Many of these things, we feel confident, never have reached the notice of the Secretary of the Treasury, or would have boen remedied at once. Arraias is Eoaopa.?The steamer now dne will probably bring us some further evidence of the i feeling among the rival powers of Europe, rela- i v.e to the marriage league between France and : >pain Theugh sufficient time has not yet elaps 'd, nor decided measures taken, to call forth a ! hostile commitment verbally,or actually,from any j r f the transatlantic potentates; yet a cloud nas arisen in the pelitioal horizon, which, though as yet not larger than a man's hand, or the ring ; given by it, may be fraught with trouble and ter- i ror, and rum the whole continent into another vast battle Held. | That England was caught in the trap she had set tor France, and lost the prize at the very time her diplomatic strategies seemed nearest to sue- I cess, is veTy evident, and la btl'r pnytt hasheadrd ' h"i inovsmeuts as thoroughly as would have ?adied Boris's anathemas against Tyler The | former country never loet eight of the advanteges that might accrue to herself by aecuring a firm alliance with Spain, a land which, although now debased and sunken by internal distentions and ill-advised rulers, would, under control such as England would And for her, take her stand again as a great maritime and commercial nation ; but the Coburg reputation for alfording able husbands, although bucked by the whole influence of the English cabinet and English agents, availed not against the shrewd policy of Louis Philipe, than whom a more wily politician never existed, not even excepting Cardinal Richelieu. The French policy his succeeded; the Coburg candidate is still in the matrimonial market, and other suiters lose sight of their own defeat in witnessing the defeat ol England. The Due de Montpensier returns thanks for a brunette wife and a rich do srry. The Ti'mri newspaper overruns with threats of vengeance, and the ministerial orgaus of France throw off all disguises, talk of coalitions, and declare that all the continent of Europe, with the United States, are the natural enemies of England. What will be the event of this new stir in the nanlHrnn ia nt ?? - uru ?mi ! ? , -w *oijf vitear. w uai will rise lo the top?what will remain at the bottom? and what will be thrown away as scum, is not yet to be foreseen; but, perhaps, our next advices will give us farther light. That there will be any war, for some years to come, we do net believe?at least, not so long as the King of France can, by his subtle polisy, ward it off; and though, with his usual foresight, he is prepared for banishment, dethronement, or death, still his whole course is one expressive of, and guaranteeing tranquillity; but in case old troubles should be revived ? recrimination be followed with non-intercourse?and non intercourse with open hostilities ? it would be difficult to say upon what side and what part of the world's chess board different nations would be found. The French papers speak of a tri-union of strength by land and sea of the three great powers of France, Kussia, and the United States; of course Spain would be with them. On the other hand, our own country has gradually been approaching, for years, nearer and nearer to England in friendly relations, and much ill feeling has arisen between her and France; and Russia may for ence keep her pledges, and falling back upon the treaty of Utrecht, besides giving way to her anti-Catholic predilections, be found also arrayed against France. It would certainly be a great and strange revolution from the days of Napoleon, were England and the United States to be found ranged against France and Spain. Perhaps another fifty years would see Spain and our country, under the stars and stripes, joined to the colors of Ferdinand and Isabella, warring against France and England. Indeed, there is as much probability of the one as the other. The age is too far advanced for enlightened nations to militate against their own interests by the use of fire and sword among themselvesSafety valves are found for the escape of mil a ry enthusiasm in foreign conquests. India, the Pacific Islands, Algiers, and Mexico, will draw b ood from the three great powers of the earth, sr fiicient to abate all pugilistic fevers. We shall look with interest over our files by tfce next steamer, and such extracts as we find evincing the state of the public pulse, will be translerred to our columns. Theatrical. Park Theatre.?Notwithstanding the disegreeableneti of the weather, the Park theatre was filled with a moat respectable audience?ner is it aurpriaing that the laat two or three nights of a play ao eminently superior in itself and its production, to almost anr other ever put upon the American stage, should drew crowds of those who now wish to avail themselves of the laat opportuni. ties they will have of witnessing it XIr. Keen's personification of the character of King John is most admirable, expressing, almost to nature, the varied passions of the wicked monarch. Mra. Keen has added to her famo in her profession, as Conatanoe, and har acting in tha character of this character, would stamp bar asan actress of tha hixhest rank. Ware we to narticniar iie all who perform creditably in" King John," we ahould have to mention each and every one on the bearda, even to the eupernumerariea ; it ia enough to nay that there ia but little if any room for improvement Tbi? evening " King John" will be repeated, after which the farce of " Miaeriea of Human Life " To-morrow evening Mra. Charlea Keen will take a benefit. Bowkrt Theatre.?"Futman" waa repeated at thia theatre on laat evening, and with the aame aucceaa that attended the repreaentation on the previoua evening! ? Vache aa Waahiagten, looked exoellent, and hia appearance waa martial and dignified, like that which characterized the great hero and father ef our country. Milner, aa the hero of the piece, auatained hia part admirably, while Mra. Sergeant'a Kate Putnam waa admirably auatained. The "Foundling of the Foreat" waa next pro duced Neafieaa De Velmont.Vach* aa Oaapard.and Clark ai Florian, performed with their uaual ability?while Hadaway diaplayed hia uaual talenta in the character of L'Kclair. To-night there will be a.repetition of "Putnam the "Foundling of the Fore at," and " Beauty and the Beaat," will be repreaented- The engagement of Mr Murdoch ia further poatponed in conaequenee of the continued iodiapoaition of iMre. Coleman Pope, whoee frienda at the Bowery will joyfully hail her reetoration to health, it ia hoped, in a few day a. Greenwich Theatre.?-Thia evening Mr. John Dunn, who ia certainly a comedian ef much merit, will appear in hia fkvorite character of " That Rnaoal Jack." The drama of " Robert Macaire" will be performed with the full caat of the company, Mr. Dunn and Mr. H. Chapman appearing in the principal character!. The farcoa of a " Kiaa in the Dark," and of the " Artful Dodger," will be added. Beaidea theae four alerting piecea, Mr Quay le will aing two of hia choice ballade; Miaa Julia Vincent will appear in a new pat ttul, and Mr Vatea will dance a pat grweifuc. Thia ia a atrong bill, and will fill the houae. Alii amra ? Herr Alexander ia indeed a magician whoae powera of deluding are only equalled by thoae of amuaing. Aa for endeavoring to diecover the reaaon wherefore, or theceuie why, hie magical exhibitions io thoroughly deceive, la out of the question. The rapidity, eeae and manner with which hia experiment* are carried out, are truly wonderful. He remain* but twe or three deya longer in the city, during which time he produce* a variety of new deception*, aa will be aeon by the progrumme of entertainment thia evening The vocal and uiatrumental music at the Alhamra is also of the highest order. Claire.?Noam?Kawr?Cablo?The greatest attraction at present is, Levi North, the champion rider of the world, who attracts nightly crowded houses Last night, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, there was an excellent audience. Next to Mr. North in point of attraction, comes Mr. Kemp, the great clown, who for a night or two longer will continue in his fine pantomime of the Harltquin'i Frolic. This Since we regret to say, must after this wook be withrawn to make room for greater novelties, which have been long under way. We allude to a splendid new ballet of action, which Signer Kelix Carlo will produce under his supervision, and also hi* beautiful exhibition of Grecian statuary, or models of the antique. This will be a suporb affair. It was represented by Carlo at the Cirque Olympique, in Paris, upwards of 170 oonsocutive nights. Raymond and Wabino's Mbnaobbie ? The witnessing of Mr. Pieroo's ride In his chariot, as drawn by four powerful Numidlan lions, carries on* far back into the memories of antiquity, and his groupings and confiict* with tigers, lions, and other wild animals, recall th* gladiatorial scenes of ancient Rome, though divostod of their bloody torrora The lion-tamer's power over th* brute creation is astonishing. Th* rare collection of unmau at in* menagerie, ia aaa or mora pariactian in number and variety, and worthy tha impaction of all, old or young. Anderaon conunancad an engagement at tha National Thaatra. Bo* ton, on tha BOth ult. Ha appaaralo hia grand charactar of C-eriolaaua. Mr Booth eommancad an angagaaaant on tha 30th ult, at tha Howard Athanaaum " King Laar " waa tha play produced. Titi*"'? Vaaci ?Thla beautiful rreaUon of tha dlatin guiahad painter a gamut ia now at CinclnoaU, Ohio, and vteited by thouaanda Political Intelligence^ Tha raault of tha election in Mhaourl for a member of rongraaa, ia aa yat undeoidad At yet thirty-four counties have not baan officially heard from, leaving MoDaniel (dam.) with a majority of about sno over Kin-aid (whig ) The election la by general ticket, and the democratic majority in the Bute haa hitherto been from eight to tan thouaand. Aiiivui -Dm W Paachell, and Albert O. Hint, are democratic candidate# in Arkanaaa, to fill the unexpired term in Congraaa af A Vail, whoee aaat ia vacated by hia abaanca with the volunteer* in Mexico. lew*.?Tha lateet return* from low* randar it probable that two whig* will ha elected to the U 8 Senate ? Tha whiva have a majority of one in tha State Senate, and with tha independent*, a majority of two in tha Houae Thnaa independent* ax# like Now fork corner .*??# only "more no" i!* ????? > * Nnilcti. | CaMillo flivoai. ? Thi* evening, at the Tnbernaol* will be wttaeaaed the leet appearance of the ohief of vloliniit* in oar city for tome month*. end on occneion of hie (hre well, he offer * combination of varied muiical at true tien, which evince* a moat creditable di*|?o(ition to pleate, if poaaible, ell taatea. The piece* aelected for himaelf, and in wbieh he will take part, are two aoloa [ the " Campanello" and the " Carnival of Venice," with four new variation*, and two dneta, one for two violin*, executed with signer Rapetti, and the other for violin | and piano, executed with Kontana. The programme ia un uaually well arranged, and forbid* even a thought of the H tediouaneaa, aorae'imea attendant upon a muaicttl mrfjit, : Rapetti'* unequalled orcheatra will perform tne ovailure to '1 Capletti a i Mootecchi }" De Begnta, Pico, and ' Julia Northall. will aing the terzetto *o rapturoualy en. ' cored at Siverl'a laat concert; Mra. Loder, Signore | Pico, and Julia Northall, will each give ua a favorite tolo. Timm and Font ana, a duct on the piano ; and laat> ; not leaat, we are to hear the warbling* of Kyle 'a flute ' in a aerie* of variation* on the air " Jenny Jonea." A* ! there will undoubtedly be aomething of a crowd at the door*, we would reoommend the purcluae of ticket* at | the muaio (tore*. Hcsav Hcaz ?To-morrow evening the emperor pien lit will wive a concert at PhilaJelDhia. He will be uiiit ed by Signora Pico, Mra. Walker, Meaara. Walker, Thor be ok and Meignen ; beiidaa which, the orertura to "8e miratnide" will h? performed upon eight pianoa, by Mr. Hen and fifteen of the beat pianiata in that city. Thb AroLLOKaaaa.?After a very auceesaful tour through tone of the Eaatern Statea, theae children melody have returned to the city, and will gire a concert at Newark on Friday evening next. That their friend* there will give them a glorioue reception we know, from the way in which they previoualy treated them. We learn that they give alaoa ooncert at the Hutgera Inatitute in thia city, on Monday evening of next week. Huaa Doan, the great French horn player, will give a concert in thia city next week. The Ballet. Thb ViBNNOia Danceae.?Aa much intereat ia excited concerning thia infant troupe, we give the following aa an expreaaion of European opinion, which we copy from L'Jinnance, a paper of high literary merit, publiahed at Bruaaela, epeaking of their performance at the Theatre Royal, at which place they performed, it aaya Si la aemaina a ete Men remplie, la caiaa* doit l'etra tgalement, car notre prediction a'eat accompli*, et la pretence de la troupe do Mm* Weiu a eleve chaque aoir la rocette a un chiflre inconnu dapuia aiaet longtampa dana laa bureaux da 1'adminiatration. Lea aylphidaa ou lea bayadere* viennoi?ea battent monnaia arec una promptitude at un* facility capable* de rendre jaloux l'c'ablisaement destine od hac, at qui fait face un grand theatre. A l'enaambl*. a la precision, a la ma*ura qui regnent merveilleuscmant dana lei cent* dt balltt de cea danaeuae* mignonnaa, d'auirea qualitea aont venue* *e jolndre at e'onoar laa anectateur* dan* un long pot-pourri forme da pm dt dttx anglaii,tniiee, napolilam, tyro lien autrielxien, potonaii. hongi oil, etpagnol, qui ont double l'enthousiasma du public. Noua aimona et nou* applaudirsons de i grand cctur cea denatures illiputiennei, nommrea Marie 1 Rohrains et Wilhalm na Weber, qui accourt etaler una . ({i ace naiaaent* dana la Tartnlellt; Miles Fanny Prager et Marie Henkal aont auaai rariaaantea dana lot pat dt deux polo nan, quoi de plua intoresaant que la polka daotee par Mllaa Caroline Stoegar, Amelia Katzer. Joaephine Bayer at Nina Opitz, grand* premier* aujet* que noua cacherion* kiaement dana no* bottaa. Nou* aommea aur ce point la parfaitement d'aocord avec la public. Mai* deaqueMUe Wilhelmine Werner vient danaer *on tolo daua la Mazourka, non* avouon* que noua aenton* baiaaer notre admiration. Kt eflet, Mile Wilhelmina Werner n'eat plua un enfant, et la jugeant comme femme.aon merite pa lit a cote da celui de sea petite* camaradea qui lui vienuent au genou. Pour obtamr una danaeuae fait*, il y a encore beaucoup a fair? ohez Mile Wilbeltaina Werner; | nou* na voulona point parlor du gtnrt, que cette Jeun* | paraonne potted*, mai* dea principea et de la correction, { da l'epaemble dea qualitea qui conatituent una premiere > danaeuae do caraeiiere, et qui aont encore chez elle a I l'etat d'ebauche. Le pax de deux autrichien, ou plutnt I una walae, present* dea difliculte* ri'ellea, aurtout dana le I travail dea bra*, et qui aont vaincue* avec un talent re- j ! marquable oar Mile* Wilhelmine Weber et Lipoidica j Koch ?El Jalto dt Jtret exigerait plua de grace ; maia pour la aoupleaae et l'barmonie dea mouvementa, M. j Frantz Weiaaat Mile Hclone Sperl Sperl y aont fort bien > : place*. Nou* avon* pastes en revue pluxiaura corps de J bullet nouveaux, la Dante dee Amouretteg, VAllrmande ! figure a, la Dante idiale du Berger, Ballakile. pat ehinoit, la Uantt roccoeo, qui tout ont ete applaudia, comme ila le meritaient. Cependant le public a tcmoigne una pre'er- ; i ?uce iiumuw puui la rami pay tonne, qui a eie Oteitce, : pour U Galop itt Drapeaux, la Dante ortenlalt in Chalet ! et la Fete det rotet, dont le charmant detain fait autant 1 d'honneur a Mme Weia<, que l'execution a aea clrvet? , Mme VVeita, qui a donnc avani-heir ta icpiicme reprittnI tationi, a conaeati a noua eu accorder encore qttatre | autrea, qui aront lieu aujourdliui, denaain, mardi et mer: credi. cea quatre aoircaa peurant >e paaaor de recom! mendationa; Mme Weiaa compte 36 rietamtt plua reten I tiaaantea, plua attrayantea que tout ce que lea premiere Jaiuurt peurraieDt executor dana ce genre. C'eat en ce moment eurtout que I'adrainittration dudaigoe le journaliate, petit on grand format; car elle n'ea a pea beaoiu. Kile oublie que Mme Weiaa Ta noua quitter, at que, dana quelquea joura, il faudra rompre aveo ce fler dedain, qui ] auit toujeura la proaperito Helaa !...Lee awcoea de la troupe de Mm Weiaa a'oubliront, let recettea extraordinairea et extraordinalrement aouteuuea paaaeront cemme tout le reate. et il ne reatera peutetre qu'um directeur et un journaliete, formant viaA-rla dana let bureaux da l'admimatration, pour aviaer au moyen de ramener cea tempa heoreux." M'lle Blangy, the faacmatiag dantveit, baa bean en- ; ' gaged at the Pittaburg theatre. The Inhabitanta may ' now witneaa the " very poetry of motien.n Police Intelligence. ! burglary.?The church on the corner ef Slat atreet ' i ana 4iu avenue, wai antered fcy none burglars, on Moni day night, who carried off a number of carpentera' teoli. Sifting Fith? A policeman of the 7th ward, arreated i last night, a slippery looking chap called Patrick Brady, ; whom no detected in the act of stealing flsh from the I Ash cars, lying at Uouverneur slip. Upon being brought before Captain Wood, at the pelioe station bouse, and ini terrogaied respecting the charge, the following dialogue j took place. ; Cattaii*.?Patrick, how long hare you been in this i country 7 Pat?Sure, and I've bin just eight months, your ! Honor. Captain ?How came vou to steel these Ash 7 (Holding up a bunch of striped bass.) Pat.?And it was'nt me, your Honor, that knew the j little crature were shut up. Sure, and I seed the little things bobbing about, so I just put my hands into the water, and the little craters jumped into my arms, and that's | all I know about them. Captain.?We'll let you know, Patrick, that Ashing in I this way is what we call stealing in this country. Pat.?Oh! and is it stealing you say7 Sure and there's no stealing at all in the case, for do you see, in the old country we hare a way ef tickling Ash before we catch them, and do you see. I was just trying the Americy Ash if they like to be tickled tuo, do you see, whin, . finding they dil, I was just going off with these few apra ts, and thin I was slopped by that gentleman wid a star on his coat, and brought before your honor. I Captain.?Yes, Patrick, that Ash story may do very ' well for some, but it will never go down in this country, j | wnen we hare exploded and (wallowed up much larger I [ fish atoriea, including the great " tea aarpent." | Consequently Patrick was conducted before Justice i Taylor, who locked him up for trial Jlrrnl of a Conner?Policeman Oilbert, of the 8th I ! ward, arretted last night a fellow called Charles Biven, an escaped convict from Blackwell't Island. Justice . Koome locked him up prior to being tent back to serve I out his term of sentence. Steeling a Coot ?A fellow called Thomas M'Donald, was detected in the act of stealing a coat from a building in Christie street, belonging to Ji hn Moffatt, residing at i No. 1S7 3d street. Locked up for trial. Caught en Iht "Lift "?A (allow called David Phillips, I | was caught In the act, last evening, of "lifting" a piece ' of striped castimere, containing 10 yards and valued at > 16, from the dry goods store occupied by Mr. Daniel ; Youngs, No. 371 Grand street. Justice Taylor commit- | , ted the accused for trial. I * Puit Larcony.?Policemen Reed and Jeffrey, of the 1 10th ward, arrested last evening two "rummy" looking chape, called John Smith and Thomas Sanibrd, on a I charge of having in their possession three decanters and ' | three tumqlers, supposed to be stolen, and (or which an { . owner Is wanted. They were also locked up by Justice I Taylor. j Juvenile Shop Lifteri.? Policemen Jebe and Cestigan, | . of the 10th ward, arrested yesterday a small boy called 1 John McManus, who has been committed with two other boys by the names of Peter Wiley and Michael Burke, ! on a charge of stealing from various stores a quantity of | ivory combs, sixty-three dozen, having been recovered | by tne above officers at different parts ot the city, in , , small stores, where the boys had solrl them for about ' I nail meir vaiue in* i>oy? ware au locked up lor trial, by Juaiioo Drinker Who Radcani the Free Stampo ? New Yom, Dec. 3, 1116 Ma. Editor or thi Hirile ? Having an extenaire maufactory established in the upper part of thii city, 1 wae induced for convenience eke. in transmitting erdera from my depot in Water treat to thie factory. to pnrchsseof the u. 8. City Despatch Port (recently abolished) a quantity of free I stamps, my lettere averaging about flfty weekly Am I, t Mr. Editor, to be the sufferer, for I purchased them in I good faith, by the explosion of this government despatch poit 7 Many friends ere in the same predicament, | and would call loudly upon the press to point out some | mode whereby they can obtain redress. A MANUFACTURER AND JOBBER. ICxmarks.?Take them to Post Master Morris; i he, oi courae, will redeem them. The Bangor [Me ] Whig of Monday Mys, Captain Rogers, of the steamer Fortlend, which has arrived at this pert on Sunday, from Eastport, via Portland, states that the British steamer North America, for Boston, left on the morning of the 39th ult, two hours before the P. I At dark saw the N. A goiag into Moosepecoa Head Harbor. About that time it commenced snowing very (hat and blowing very hard. The Portland ran for Mt. Desert and succeeded in making a harbor: the wind, which was NK, toon hauled louod to BE and Honth and blew a perfect hurricane. One brig and sevon schooners went . ashoro in tight of tho I* Cranberry Isles and aw Harbor Keur schooners end a tloop were ashore at Bits Harbor, and a schooner at Deer Isle. A large achooner waa ashore en Fox Island, in a bad situation, daw Haytien I bark Cautoo, (before reported) ashore on the Muscle ridges. Cept. Rogers leara that the North American | went athore in the gale. The Newport Daily Ntwi of the 1st lost, mentions that the steembeat lloger Williams hea made tier last trip, end coaeee te this ohy for the purpose of running op e City Intelligence. Modsbn Fiiixciiii or Wall Stumt.?If any on* delirri to witnsis human nature in aotna of lt*<wont and low eat attribute!, let him enUr Wall atreet for a few ' day* and watch the numeroua ahifta reaert d to, not to earn, but to get a penny, and he will aooa learn to detect the aoulleaa avarice and low cunning that he meeta with Id thie great avenue of bulla and beara; and however humble hia own potition in life may be, he will be perfectly aatiafied with hia fete, and thank the goda that he waa not born to be a penny less Wall atreet broker. We bould like to see a history ot the "paat and preaent condition" of many of those who have taken up their quarters in this street?some witbin the wells of granite bull lings?some in cellars?aome in garrets?but mora en the corners of streets, literally lumbering the "highways and byways"'each seeking in hia own peculiar way to "taka in" or "do" his noighber. What a history of tba up* and downs of Ufa would bo prasented?of hearts withered and dried up?consciences seared?hopes blastedhonor rone?the bloated pride of one?hopelesa detection and idle misery of another. There is a fair and legitimate buaineas carried on in that atreet, which, with care, industry, and pereeveraace, leads to honorable distinction and wealth. Many have sought this path and been sueceaaful, but unfortunately there la a crowd of mere hangera-on, idle and diaaipated being*, who would take rank with aacond claaa thimble rigger*, who ! bring disgrace upon tho whole street. They are 1 broker* by profession, and broken ia all and every sens* of the term. They have little character and leas money, ana none 01 enuer iu rose ; out are ever noping to get the advantage of eome of their fraternity, whereby they can teeurea Tew ehillingi to eke oat their moat rauerable an,] unhappy existence. They are ef little worth to themaelvei, and too many of them'a diagrace to , their connections. They are generally indolent, and wonld diedain to ask for regular employment, and If em- 1 ! ployment in any avocation were offered, moat of them 1 wonld refuae it, chooaing rather to display their bloom| ing proboacea and fancy crarata in Wall at- to performing any kind of labor whereby they could procure an hone at and honorable livelihood. Moat of theae gentry endeavor, by means of well as turned aire ana cheating their ; tailors, to gain a footing among the " upper ten " They , run up atiff* bills at bnarding-houaet, and suddenly change I their quaitera, forgetting of course, to pay their ac. , counts. Shoemakers and washwomen all suffer alike. ; home are fortunate in having widowed mothers, who are j forced to take in sewing or keep a boarding-house, that ! their lazy and whiskered sons may be housed and fed ; | and they have not the least compunction about partaking of the fare and eating of the substance so hardly earned , by age and industry. These fellows will daily return trom Wall street with pockets full of memorandums and | "nothing else," and demand charity from an aged mother, i who, cheerless and miserable, wends her wey through ' sleet and snow to market, while the valuable son sleeps away his mornibgs between sheets that he does not 1 even pay the washing of Where is the feeling, the shame of these men 1 Have you no respect for yourselves or any one else! Arouse from your indolence, strike for something nobler, something becoming men The wide world is before you; why stay and " dry up" in wall street! Join an expedition to Mexico?Califor oia. Go into the country?carve out a fortune, aa many I bare done, and aa you may with like induatry, in the I trainee of the Weat; go any where, do any thing like abor, and make, aa you are all capable of making your! aelvea, if veu will, reapectable and honored members of 1 lociety. Many of theae men are poiaeaaed of a good degree of intelligence. Alaa, what a miaerable uae they make of it! Did they but know in what a low eatimate they are held, they would never again ahow themaelvea | in Wall atreet. If pride within you If not all dead, if the leaat apark of ambition ia left, let it be exerted in an i endeavor to redeem youraelvea in aome new aphere, aome new home, where you will be able without a bluah ' to look eociety in the face. " Stand not on the order of your going, but go at once." FttnaaaL or tub late Albebmai* Bcbbane.?We leafh that the remaina of the late Aid. Burbank, leat in : the Atlantic, were eacorted to the tomb by the Third . National Guard of thia city. Aid. B. waa formerly a lieutenant of that Company. Naw Yoaa Volurteebs.?In the Trenton Daily Neva of yesterday, we find the folio wine account of the Colonel of the New York regiment of volunteera, about to depart for Mexico " Col. Burnett married the eldeat daughter of General Ward, and ia the brother in-law of John R. Thompaon, Esq., of Princeton. He ia a graduate of the military aca- , demy at Weat Point and has seen much service. He waa i un officer in the Indian war, commonly called the Black ! Hawk war, and also in the Florida war. Subsequently he has been civil engineer for the State of Illinois, but { for the last Jew years has tesided in New York." Had Col. Burnett remained in the army he would now : have held the same same rank aa the late Major Ring- ; gold." A Gband Flabe Ur a no vo it thb ur-TOwir Akisto- ' cbact?We understand a case of some public interest will come off thia morning at Chambers, before Judge Vanderpoel. We cannot now give.the names of the parties, but we believe the facta will turn out to be in aub- 1 stance as follows Some short time, a few weeks ago, we believe, a young gentleman, a member of one of our " first families," residing in the upper part of the city, married a young female, wholta her relatives com >Ur>xl to lin unsitable for him : and shortlv af ter the marriage they procured an order and put him into a lunatic asylum, A IsCroes, and have detained him : there since Hit wife'* friend* applied to Judge Vender- ! poel lait week for a writ of habeas corpus, to have him : brought up, and the legality of hi* detention tested. Tho judge granted the writ, and the question comes up | this morning in Chambers. Stutvksawt Institute?The Rer. Mr. Giles will give, this evening, at the Stuy vesant Institute, the first of a course of flee lectures on social and domestic character. , The reputation of this gentleman as an able, instructive, I and interesting leoturer,* will guaranty a thorough and pleasing treatment of the subject chosen for hia theme. ; We expect to meet a room crowded with an appreciative and intelligent audience. Coaonaa's Orrica, Dec 3?Suddsn Dtath.?The Coroner held an inquest yesterday at No. 38 Crosby ; street, on the body of Zabud J. Quick, 88 years ef age, ! born in Westchester Co., New York, who came to hia death in consequence of injuries of the head, produced 1 by a fall, caused in seme manner and at some time and > place unknown to the JuryDied in oFit ?The Coroner held an inquest at No. 44 Catharine street, yesterday, en the body ef Michael O'Brien, 66 years of age,a native of Ireland, who came to his death by compression of the brain, resulting from an attack of paralysis and an accidental injury. Verdict accordingly. Accidentally Choked.?The Coroner held an Inquest, likewise, yesterday, at No. 118 Fulton street, in the rear, on the bodyef Robert Brown, a native of Scotland, 37 years of age, who, while at breakfast yesterday, swallowed a piece of meat which accidentally stuck in hia throat, and caused strangulation, resulting in his death. The Jury rendered a verdict that the deceasedjcame to his death by accidental strangulation, caused by a piece of beef which be was eating getting into his throat and choking him. Sudden Death.?The Coroner also held an inquest at ; No. 147 ?saex street, on the body ef Samuel Midler, A3 , years of age, a native of Dutohess county, New York, who came to his death by disease of the heart. Verdict i accordingly. Circuit < ourt. Before Judge Barculo. Dec. 3?John Doe vs. Richard Roe ?This was a feigned issue from the Court of Chancery. The real parties are Caroline N>dine and Frank Jackson Nodine, her hasbaud Mrs. Nedine filed a bill on the 34th of June last, in the Court of Chancery, charging her husband with having committed various acta of adultery with a girl named Mary Nash, from the month tf April. 1916, to the Utter end of the month of J sue in the aame jeer. Mre. I Nodine alao charged by her bill, that her husband end | Mary Naah, alio committed aeveral acta of adultery in ! Connecticut, previoua to the year 1848, but the latter acta of adulUry were not in iaaue, except ao far aa laying a ground for the acta of adultery in thia State. ? ? # ? Mr Willi ami opened for the detence. He etated they would prove that the proaecution waa got up, not by : Mra. Nodine, but by her frienda, for the purpoae of do priving Nodine of aa much of hia property aathey couldl. rhey would alao prove that Mra. Nodine had fergive a her huaband for any thing that might have occurred i* Connecticut, if any thing did happen there, and afterwardaeame to reaide with him in thia city. ThU fact operated aa a condonation 01 what happened in Connecticut, and if they did not prove an act of adultery within thia State aince the act of condonation, the jurv ceuld not And a verdict againat the defendant, and he inaiated that there waa no teatimony of any auch act in thia Statu. Mr. Williama made aome other atatementa in relation to Mra. Nodine, but no evidence of the facta referred to waa given; we therefore omit them. Two or three witneaaea were called for the defence, amongat whom waa a man named Slator and the brother of the defendant. Slator awore that he called on Mra. Nodine by directiona of her huaband to give her money, and to endeavor to prevail en her to return home and settle the matter; that ane then adaaitted ahe had forgiven her huaband what had happened in Connecticut Nodine, the other witneaa, testified that be heard Mra. Nodine aay that ahe filed the bill to get half her hueband'i pronertr. end tneire htm it tunch trnuhle aa ahe rould.? Vhe ca?e for the defence vu hare cIoMd,aad cotimel on both aidoi aummed up. Judge Barculo charged the Jury. He told them that It wn en iaaue from chancery, to try certain allegationa and cbargea made by Mri. Nedine againat her huaband. The defendant might ha aaid, hare let up varioui defence*; that ia, a condonation, or adultery on the part of hia wife; the defendant haa only aet up the Ar?t defence,and relied on it, and inaiata that uo proot of adultery ha* been given in thi* State; and the eole quettiou tor you to try ia, whether adultery haa been committed in thia State before the 26th of June laat. Ha then directed the attention of the Jury to the evidence adduoed by the plaintiff'a oounael on thia point He told the jury that the circumatanoe* wbioh took plaoa in Connecticut were not to be the beaia of a verdict in thia cauae, nor are they to be taken into i onaideration except to tar aa they may giva a color to what haa or may havo happened between the partiea in thia oity; but it waa for the Jury to aay whether the partiea, who had committed adultery InConneoticut. woald not do the aame in New York. Sealed verdict thia morning. Counael for plaintiff, Meain. Criat and McCahill; counael for the de fondant, Mr. Willliam*. Court Calendar?Thia Day. CoMMOi* PLaaa-Part lat?58, 77, II, 88, 85. ?7,401, 101, 115, 117, lit, 111, 51, It, 41. 3d part?M, 40, 50, 14, St4 , 90, 80, 83. 48,48 S3 Cibooit Couot?Calendar the *ame aa yeatarday. Baa tore Stat.?We learn by Harnden'a axprea* that a Are broke out in Providence, thia morning, near the railroad depot, about one and a-half o'clock It commenced in the (team worka of Albert Puller, which were totally deatroyed, together with the furnace and building* of A. C Baratow, the machine ahep of Jamea M. Livaoy. an unAntahtd lioute belonging to L P. Mead, aod the houte of Captain C B Mancheiter. Cept. M. aaved mo*t of hta furniture. The Ore win got under at 3X o'clock thi? morning. We learn farther, that Mr. O T Stanley, iren canter, loet all hi* atock end patterna . bonk* aaved. No tnturance. Mr. Liv*ey loat in addition to hia ahop, two dwelling hotiiea, boih occupied. Tetei lo*a el property, 8*5 Otio Upwardeet two hundred men are by thi* oaieaaitoua ire thrown out of employment.? Bolton Trmmcript, flee, j. The treeiuror of democratic Maine hea aubeoribed on# hundred and iflr thotuand <toUera of the 5.08MN lean Aw currying on the war wttk Hiniii. | Flaw York Institution for the Instruction of tko Deaf and Dumb. This highly valuable Institution having latterly been considerably enlarged, and a new church having been added to the building, the edifice was consecrated yes terday, before a highly fashionable audience, consisting principally of ladles, and the whole proceedings were deeply interesting This church,erected lor teligious wor" ship by the insnatee of the institution, spesks largely for the rapid progress ef enlightenment that has taken place emongst the pupils?end the mute hemage of tho hosrt, offered np there, will be aoeeptable to Him who can make " the dumb to speak end the deaf to hear " The exhibition of some of tho pupils wee not tho leest imposing part of tha prooeadings, and elicited tho most warm admiration from tho vast aaeamblago of ladies and ger. tleman present. Haevkt P. Pcct, Esq., tha President, occupied the chair on tho ocoasion. On his right eat tha Rev. Doct. Adams, tho Rev. Doct. Turner, Professor of tha Hartford Asylum, Hanry E. Davioa and Walloy, Esq*. On his loll sat tha Rev Drs. Tyng and Millodoler. General Wetmore, and Francis Ilali, Esq. Among the company invited for tho occaaion, waa tho Vice Chancellor Sandiord. Aldermen Compton and Johnson, together with several of our moat leading citizens. The pupils, both male and female, amounticr in all to two bundred, wore ranged in front of the buildins. and among thom were several young ladies of great personal be?uty, and belonging to iom? of our most respectable families, who hare placed them iu the institution to receive instruction under the superior talents of its professors. oinsbtl Wctmore opened the proeeedings, by announcing the programme on part of the Committee of Arrangements; upon which Henav E. Danes, Esq., delivered the opening address, giving a detailed narrative of the rite and successful progress of the institution, under the able tutelage of its professors, at well as through the fostering protection of the Legislature and the liberal contributions of private citizens. He commenced his address by stating, that in 1947 the Legislature made a grant of ten thousand dollars to aid in the erection of a suitable building, on condition that the managers should raise an equal sum by voluntary contributions. The corner stone was laid on the 19th of October, 1 37, by the Hon. A. C. Flagg, the superintendent of common schools. The buiuling was first occupied in April, 1939, and cost the sum of $35,000, $14,009 of which were contributed by our fellow citizens, and the premises mortgaged to pay the balance?$11,000. From 1830 to 1830 the average number of pupils was 64 In 1830, the Legislature authorised the education of 34 additional pupils In 1033, 40 more beneficiaries were added, and in 1834 the building was enlarged by the erection of two wings. In 1841, the Legislature increased the pupils to 138, and subse quently a range of work shops was erected,-and in 1846 the Legislature voted an annual donation of $6,000 for the benefit of the institution. The whole number of pupils, including 140 sent by the State, and these, together with these supported by tne corporation of this oity, and some from the State of New Jersey, made an aggregate of 908 pupils now in this institution. He next adverted to location and surrounding grounds which were granted the institution bv the corporation, at a nominal rent; and then alluded to the economy of its internal arrangements. The recent improvements embraced the erection of two new and comas odious wings, providing sitting rooms for the pupils of both sexes, and also large and well aired dormitories, commodious end spacious halls to the main building, and the enlargement of the dining hail ; beautiful and ornamental perticoa in front and rear of the building ; together with the erection of the spacious and elegant chapel they had met to dedicate to the service of Him who had "opened the ears oft he deaf and made the dumb te speak"?these constituted the chief improvements. After ililitintf iinnn thu manifold advantAAAM (a h? HarivftH ffffln the institution, and dwelling upon the vast benefits that already have raaulted from the inititution, in advancing the happiness of the clan of pupili that belong to it, he cited the caae of a marriage that took placa in the town of Weaterlo, between two mutai, named Robert Cumminga and Mill Suian Edget, about a year ago, and they now enjoyed moat of the bleating! and happiaoti of ordinary ci'isena. After briefly commenting upon thia fact, at one of the happy dispensations, under Provicence, which Ood beitowa upon hia children in the world below, Mr. D. C3 ncluded. The Rer. Dr. Tvwo hero read a chapter from St. John'a gospel, appropriate to the occaaion, which referred to the groat miracle of the Saviour, in making the dumb to apeak and the deaf to hear. Dr. Ad4mi next offered up the dedicatory prayer, upon which The PaaaiDCRT, Mr. Pect, delivered the dedicatory addreaa, chiefly on the general advantagei of the Inititution, and the great auperiority of ayatem under which they were instructed, they differing materially from the German, and tome ol the European ay ate ma In the courae of hia remarka, he took occaaion to aay that all ayatema were unknown until about two and a half canturiea ago, when the deatitution of the afflicted in auch caaea, flrat arretted the attention of a philanthropic gentleman in Paria. After reviewing the progress of education on thia aubject, and going at length into ita general hiatory, he next touched upon the aubject matter which ! had called them together on thia occaaion, and concluded. The next, and truly intereating part of the proceeding!, waa the exhibition of the pupila. Miaa Many, a young lady of great talenta, with aome other female pupila, Matter Ketchum, and othera, forming the first claaa, wrote several pieces in answer to interrogatorioarfrom the professors, with a degree of rapidity that astonished all present. Indeed, all the pupila showed an extraordinary degree of proficiency and advancement.? Some gave, as their reasona for being pleased at having had the advantages of learning, that they liked it, because it enabled them to read the Bible; others because they oould read the life of Washington and of othor eminent patriots of the country ; but the most am 11 si eg part of the entino exhibition was, tha represen tation of the lawyer, the doctor, the clergyman aud the dandy, by Master Gowage, one oi the pupila. The clergymen present enjoyed the graphic fidelity with which their profession waa portrayed,while the ladies were kept in a roar. The whole routine was admirably depicted.? Next came the doctor; and every thing, from the lancet to the doie of phytic, was given to life Then the lawyer?the ill diiguiaed affectation of zeal?hie gravity in the etudy, hie blustering and earneet addreae to the jury ?down to pocketing the fee?all were given with astonishing accuracy?and kept the whole audience convolved with laughter. The dandy was nezt portrayed,and never wat Broadway swell so admirably caricatured?the eye glass?the cane, the pompous walkall were well hit off. Indeed, it would repay a visit in itself to see this part of the exhibition. But the moet imposing and interesting part of this exhibition, wae the recitation of the " Lord's Prayer," by Miss Many. The mute homage of the heart efferedTup in supplicatory prayer to Him, who is the father of all, giving power to the heart to otter from the band what the tongue could not express, had a deep effect upon the audience. Theie wat a solemnity about this part of the services that was deeply affecting, and all heartily Joined in with silent, bnt sincere, homage of the heart After prayer, the whole audience went through apartments which are magnificently fitted up. The sitting roonu, dormitories, culinary department, dining rooms, and the entire internal arrangements, the furnitnre, all show a degree of neatness that exhibits the comforts which the pupils enjoy in the institution. Mrs Oallau(let, who had been one of the pupils, and has lately been married, was an object of much interest. The whole proceedings terminated with a very splendid collation, consisting of cold meats, jams, jellies, Jtc., and served up in excellent style, and dispensed with a hospitality highly creditable to the whole Beard of Directors, Committee of Arrangements snd the Institution itself, which, we are happy to find, is in so flourishing a cnnditition. The following compose the names of the officers and directors:?Harvey P. Feet, A M., President: Prosper M. Wetmore, First Vice President; Britain L. Woolley, Second Vice President; Robert D. v\ eeks, Treasurer; George S Robbins, Secretary; Lewie Seymour, Timothy Hodges, Shepherd Knanp, Wm. Kelly, Augnetin Averill, Samuel 8 Howland, Henry E. Davies, Wm. W. Campbell, Benj R Winthrop, Wm. H. Mscy, Israel Russell, John C Green, Moses Taylor, Eliths D. Hurlbnt, Orsemna Buahnall, Francis Hall, Jamas Harper, Rev. G. T. Bedell, Geo. J. Cornell; Cherles T. Talbot, n;?aatA?. and T.aahaM Timer 1,1 Vlw ao?U?? A. M., Josiah Addison Cary, A. M., Ormn Wilkinson Morris, A. M , Jacob Van Nostrand, A. M., Samuel Porter, A. M., Thomas Oallaudet, A. M , Isaac Lewis Foot, A B., Jeremiah Wood Conklia, Gilbert C. W. Gamage, Fisher Ames Spofferd; Physician, Nicholas Morrell. M. D ; Mrs. Harriet Stoner, Matron; Mrs Louisa A. Friabie, Assistant. Mersmsnts of Travellers. The arrirals yesterday were considerably Increased by a number of Senators and members of Congress, ?n rents to Washington, all of whom will bo found at the respective hotels they occuny. Ajsaaican H. Messon, Va: W. Bedlow, N Y ; H. Stone, L.I i D.Clarke, Miss; J. Hitchcock. Buffalo; W. Brewster, N. Y; M. Rallston, Philadel; 8. Jennings, Newburgk; J. Sherman, Utica; P. Munro, Berlin; J..Rick' etts, Phila. Astob?8. T. Peeps, Boston ; H. Marsh. Lansingburgh; F. Bassett, N. York; M. Crosswell, Albany; W. Little, do; F. Foster, Cinn.; J. Guiroy. Phila.; W. Robinson, Buffalo; E. Welcott, Prov.; B. Brooks, Boston; L. Glover, do ; N. Cliff >rd, Ma ; M. Sanford, Medwey; T. Webster, Phila.; M. Morse, Boston; H. Primpls, Albanr; Hon. C. Carrole, Livingston Co ; J. Gibson, Albany: W. Seward, Auburn* M. Granger, Canandaigna; R. Halsey, Ithaca; J. Caldwell, Phila; D. Cody, Phila.; R Cowther. Pittsburgh; F. Calvert, Lowell. Citv ?M Many, Albany ; Mr. Barron. Mr. DeBru, U. S A.; Hen. J A. McDonald. Kingston, Canada ; Robert Aylmer, Virginia ; J Cooper, Cooperstown ; C B. Mailett, N irth Carolina ; J. Henderson, Tbaddeua Norris, Philadelphia ; Charles Haywood, Madeira; Mr. Ryan, Canada. FaanBLiw?A. Flint, Indiana; J. Bailer. Newburgh; G Dsnnister, do; H Treadwell, New York: L Germains, Burlington; H. Alexander, Little Fails; W H. Smith, do.; Gen. Clarke, Sandy HUl; J. Vernon. Albany, Hon V Hungeiford, do.; H. Allen, do.; 8. Clark, do ; C Bleaker, do.; M. Vasser, Poughkeepsie: A. McCaualand, f U? Va,;. ft I'lmutar Drain fold; W. Marshall, Philadelphia. Howabb.?D Bartlett, Concerd; J. Hodgee, New York; M Ashmult, Phile ; C. Allan. Vt; .W. Haad, Doroec tar; W. Darker*, Erie; W Gay, Boston; 9. Taylar, do; Haa.Chas. Benton, Herkimer county; R Naylor, Canada; R. Riohards.New York; Hon. M. Moulton, Manches . tar; C. Robinsan, Proridanoa; R. Debbell, Phils; J, Clarke, Me ; Han Bradford wood, Albany; H. Moore Tray: O Jones, Albany; G Seym oar, Hndson; Hon W Woodbridge, Detroit; Hon. Chee Goodyear, 8ahoharie; W Wilson, Montreal; W Noble, Orange county; B. Hobert, Boeton Fpenr Arrsia.?Yesterday morning, a sailor who had run away from a brig moorod below Sixth street wharf, and who was pursued closely by the shipmaster and a constable, took refuge at the mainmast bead of a snnd shallop from his pursuers, end bade them defiance Hia pursuers paced the deck smoking their t-gari, determined te eweit the man's return to ih deck. Jack stood shivering in the ri giug for upwards ol un hour, all the whfle laying dewn tlie law to the haughty pursuers. At langth. Anting it too cool, he came dowu and surrendered.?fkiUitl. Mftt The new universalis! meeting houae in Truro, which was nearly Aoiahed outside, wai blown Hat to the ground In the storm of Wednesdsy night lest ,Th# building was of wood, and the window* were in, bt?? not oa*ad, n thai j they Maw aat A . TIm Han. DmI?I Webster In PhllMclaklt^HU First Speech In that City. [From the Philadelphia North American, Deo 9 ] The whig* ot the Third Congressional District. a?Mcabled last evening at the Whig Heed Quarter*, Northern Liberties, to celebrate the recent triompha in Feunsy Wenia and elsewhere, by a public entertainment Soon after the company had aaseasbled, the Hon. Daniel Webster and General James Wilson were introduced by the committee appointed to invite them, and were received with the most rapturous applause. After a few introductory remark*, Ueorge krety, Lsq., in behalf of the oemmitlee of arrangements, offered the following sentiment: ? TAs Hon Daniel Wsieter?A faithful sentinel on the watch tower of liberty?the personification of those principles which have for their ebject tha welfare of the people. Happy will we be when we hear fram his elevated position, his cheerlug voice proclaiming aloud to gratatul millions that "all is well." After the cheering with whieh this sentiment was received had subsided, Mr. Webeter rose and said:? I assure you, my friend* and fellow citizens, that it give* ma great plaeaure to meet a* many of tha whig elector* of tha third Congrssaional District of PanaaylTsnia Fortune haacast our lota far apart ; many miles interven* between your residence and mine. I hare net hed many opportunities of cultivating your acquaintance ; to moat of yen 1 am a stranger, as most of you are strangers to ma. But what ot that, waif a or uia Third District? Wa are all Americana?wa kavearommoa couatry?we aha re a com man destiny, and whether far food or aril, wa hara a common bold?the band of whif leatimenta. which makea u* united and acquaint : ad. If 1 did not believe that wbif aentimenti lay at the foundation of the preeperity of thii country, f weald ' renounce them myaelf and invite you to renounce them. I believe that wnif principlei and the prosperity and happiness ef my country are identical. They are ship : pad in the aame bottom, and mum inrvlve or go down tef[ether. Whether we look to the perpetuity of tho pubic libertiea?to the intonate of oommeroe. or whether we look to the aucceaa of the great laboring latere**, 1 i am of opinion that the principle* of Waahiuftoa, tr.arumltted by hit successors. and ambraced by ua, are .'he only aacurity of our national happiness. The first lav pasaed by Waahinften'a admini at ration, waa an act fop the proter.tien of domeatio induatry. Thia view o and en u* beck te the foundation of our f osernment? te the eer; ly days of the republic The war of the revolution left u* without a common revenue system?with mo oommon custom bouse regulations ; in a word, wit b no tariff, and our BUtea were all r val*. The hister > 91 ike country t a* published by one of your own citizens, sua deceased, ; Mathew Carey, shows tfa* condition of thiafs at that | time, and till the adoption of the constitution It show* i the freat aaoeeaity of a common commerce?the imposition of a revenue system and custom house regulation*, whieh in the lanfuafe ef the constitution would make i earn tiwowU A mnnnmal awaUm area n^nnW/1 im^AP (h> | constitution- All uflculty disappeared. On* of the first laws of Congress waa an act to protect the manufactui ring interests. I hold to thoao principloa. I loarnod I than whan I was young. I bald thosa whan I was older, and I a ball hold than till Providence sacs At to tarmiaato my lilt ? Gentlemen: Noithor my health nor the occasion will permit mo to address you at length You dont expect it. 1 moot you with great pleasure, as part and parcel ef the whig people of the Middle States. I congratulate you on reeent events. I do not merely congratulate you and myself, but 1 congratulate all our country , when I see aiaund mo lights rising in our national horizon that shone an Washington. We hare seen great results effected without effort : a aelf-movement of the >peopla. Thar seem to hare taken their own business into their own nan-is, aod when they do it, they do it|.bsttar than any caa do it for them. 1'ho time has coma when with drmness and conciliation ws con affect all that the patriot hopes. I say conciliation, for thousands of good men, who hare not heretofore acted with ua, have came out and roted the whig ticket?aye, hare roted it up to the chalk ? Thay are mot to be reproached, but applauded. Let us embrace?welcome and cheiith them If they agree with ua in our principle*, the only contest between u* should be ss to who shall show most deference eel respect in carrying out the principles ssssntisl to tne national prosperity. 1 must bow take my leere. May we all lira to aea the time when the hope* held oat by re cant events shall be fully realized?whan impure principles and wild projects shall be abandoned?when experiments and theories shall har* passed away?and whan the sound principle* of the constitution, the anceoas ef commerce and the interest* of labor, shall be fully sustained. There hare been efforts made to show that the system of protection is solelyfor the benefit of capitalists. Nothing is farthar from the truth. We go for labor. The destiny of the contry is labor. Wa are all laboring man ?wo live by labor?by occupation. There is no ooun* [ try under the light of the aun n which there ere | to few large eatatea?and I thank God, in which there are ae few men wke hare no eatata. I deaire to aee the condition ef thiuga when each man a ha 11 feel that he haa a etake in the community, the reanit ef hia labor?w ben all ahall hare employment, and when employment ahali receive ita proper remuneration?far all would then be happy. Labor with ua ia entitled to aemethiog mere than the paltry privilege te work all day, te lie down at night, te aleep en atraw, and te rite in the morning hungry. It ia entitled te abundant feed, auitable clothing, a comfortable home, and te every man ampla meana lor the education ef tha offspring with wlfich God hat favored h im. With a proper adminiatration ef eur affaire we oaa de all thia My hope and prayer to Heaven ia that theae raanlta may be ae im ptoved that the great ende ae earaeatiy deaired may be accompli* bed. Throughout hia epeech Mr. Wobater waa interrupted by hearty applause, and retired amid the meat deafening and enthuaiaatic acclamation*. MR. WKMTIR AND THE VOLUNTKKEh. Oapt. Benuafa company af vtanican Voluntaara ware yeaterday briefly but eloquently addreaied by Mr. Webiter, in Iront of the Waahmgton Heuae. Mr. Webaier axpreaaed the gratification which tha promptituda ef our citizen aoldiera te meet the call of , their couutry afforded him. There might be difference , of opinion relative te the cauae ef the war, bat it beiag * commenced, all muit agree that it meat be maintained.? He charged them, wherever they went, te remember they were Americana- tha country men of Waahington? and he could not auggeat te them a better rallying cry, iumu ?? wiiiii|iud, uur ovuuirr, and our aomp ; The .peach waa received with chaera. S* Lot;.., Not. 90,1M0. One sf Iks Western Cities?Ttrfsiehers, Literature, end Music?Matters mnd Things in Oensrai? Qsssip sn tks Run. So much ha. boon aaid and eung in praiae of a lifa in tha Weet, that ana now ran. much riik ef being charged ' with averjr thing nuganteel it ha ohooae to ahaw tha ! othar aida of tha pietnra. Lot ma purine a middle oourie, 1 if I can. And whara ahall I begin 1 Let me aar that I am prompted bp no aplenetic feeling, nor biaaaad bp nop prejudice St Louia, regarded aa a buainoaa place, map preeent inducementa almoat unparalleled, to buaineaa man Ita a t vantage, and ita aituation render it ao. Planted on a ruekp loundation, tha MUaiaaippi paaaaa bp It quietly, while above and below thia atranga atraam cuta a channel where it plaaaaa. It ia a city deetined to ooauaand an influential place in tha mercantile and manufacturing iutereat, while ita growing morality will give it a high rank in the religioua world. But at what a mix tore ia ita population compoeed ! And to what growth do maahroom, attain ! 1 have apant much time in do them, ia , Philmiimlmhi* An/1 in WBBiiintflitn orhar* iKid vavatibla is to be found of a pretty good quality, but I mait confess, with all my Eastern predelictiene, that I am forced ta fjive thu western city tha credit of producing it is perection. Thara are forty theuaand people living hara, and about four-fifths of tham are deacendaata of the beat familiea, and can trace their ancaatry bach to?Adam ! Korponay it horo endeavoring to laproaa tha public mind with the importance of tha polka, bolero, masu* Us, and other fancy dauoea And ae takaa wonderfully, for I am told he had a jaraailo pupil tha other evening, learning tha trnt principlaa of the former, and aha waa only turned Ave and forty. H?r agility waa regarded something eatraordinary, avan ham. The taatu for literature ia increasing vaatly. Tha flrat af a aeriaa of leeturea before the Meraantile Library Ae- i aociation waa to be delivered a few evenings tince. Pre- 4 tent twenty-five peraona. It waa poatponed. Twetquaret below tome table minstrels were giving a concert te an audience of several hundreds ol the hili. Serenades are popular, and in Fourth street sojourners are greeted \ nightly with heavenly (trains from violins and Antes. On tha score of economy, the father* nf the city cannot be excelled. Such a thing as lighting tha streets at 1 night, except by the moon, ie considered a work of tu' pererogatlon. And then it help* trade, for each citizen is provided with a lantern to thread the streets when the j "moon's in her shroud." Thar* waa a man killed * sight ! or two ago by falling into a quarry in tha upper and of ' tha city. That'e nothing, however; be wee a ttrauger, and might have made enquiry. The city aaLioritiee ere I old raeidents?what need have they fur light ? Street i crossings are too much ef a novelty?and none but old 1 parsons and crippled onea get more than ankle deep in I mud, when that commod ty abounds, as it doaa always , after a little rata. The summer season, at elsewhere, ia the boat time. In | the surrounding country, to see and appreciate the beau ! ties of nature Naturalists have a groat Aeld for research, i Mosquitoes, ranging in sine from a pin's head te a large | pea, can be taken in coveys without dUBculty. I'ueir | music et night is a most excellent imitation of the toamlt | produced by pumping as accordaon with' ut touching I the keys, and if one is unprovided with a bar?an article of bed furniture indigenous to the West?there is little j work laft for "euppara, leechea. end bUedera," talk* I morning. Anotkor of tko " beautiea" i* that pendulam | oi nature, vibiatiog katwaaa heat and cold-the ague. :* tacnili irity baa bred contempt, i and it ia conaidorad banaatk the notice of the people ? in my travel* a ahert time ago, I Hopped to refraah at a I public houaa The landlord waa anting ovar the lira | with a blanket over hia ahouldera. " now are van V* , " Very well, air." " la it alckly about here?" " O. no, I nothing of the kind." " What aila yua I" " I have a too'-e of the ague " " Haw long have you had it ?" " Thirteen monthi." " Can I gat aometking to eat?"? " Not now, atranger; ttxla ia abake day, and the whole family ia taking turn*." I mounted my horaa and departed. Steamboat travelling juat new preaenta great attrac| tiona to the myaterioua-loving. particularly ea the upper ! rivera. Each traveller ehould be provided with the " Myateriea of Udolpho," te put the imagination ia tmm; and then yeu are prepared to be aeared out of your proSriety by a black, unearthly object riaing through the tor before you, and von art only raliaved by a coptoua aupply of water whlen follow* It. Thar* ia no danger, howavar : on* ia alwaya aura to eaoape from the hurricane deck, particularly if h* or ah# can awlm. Oooe" tonally on* goaa below, but it la all owing to the fact of their not heving acquired the art of atrikiog ont The Preeideut of the Bank oI the State of Mieeouri haa I , laarn resigned and laavea nia office on Tuaaday- It ieeaia that Col. Robert Campbell will be appointed to succeed | him He received a commiu.ou ai ?ub-tre*surer a few daya ?ince. Tne queation ia, which office will he accept t he office of sub treasurer bat been tendered to thie* peraona in thu city tir Penu bad the firat offer. no wa? abi-ent in :Unta Fe, from whence he haa vary lately returned, and ton ml the commission waiting for lum tie ha- gone to Washington, to tee, 1 preaume, whoae cammiaaion baa lite prioii y \ wedm.ig ia to nonie off at the cathedral on Toaaoay evening, the immediate partita te which are the beautl* ful and acoompliahed daughter of a lormar Oovarner nt thli sute and a wealthy young gentleman of uus CI ^ It will be a grand aftir, no dpubT, \gMODtUB

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