Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 3, 1846, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 3, 1846 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York. Thursday, UMcmbtr 3, 1HO. Th? Weekly Herald. Oar illustrations this week will be a splendid iew of Camargo, Mexico, and the head quarters of Major Gen. Patterson, of the volunteers; and a sketch of fashionable church going in New York. This number of the Weekly Herald will be a very valuable one; it will contain the lull particulars of the terrible disaster to the steamer Atlantic, with a complete list of those killed ; the great speech of the Hon. Daniel Webster, at Pki'adelphia; the preparations in Washington for the meeting of Congress ; the military and naval n sws of the week, including the account of the capture of Tampioo; the late important intelligence Ifqm Mexioo; commercial news, and per naps laie intelligence irom c-urope. Those desirous of sending copies out of the city can obtain theia, in wrappers, at the office, at sixpence each. The Ocean Steamers. The Caledonia is now in her fourteenth day, nndisfullydue at Boston. Her news is looked for with considerable interest. The Acadia, sailed from Boston on Tuesday afternoon, with forty-two passengers for Liverpool, and tlvs for Halifax. The Cambria will leave Liverpool to-morrow afternoon, for Halifax and Boston. After this, till next spring, we believe, there wil[ bo but one steamer a month. Our famous packet ships will, therefore, enter the lists for the wiuter. indeed, the Queen of the West, with two days' later news, may yet arrive before the Caledonia. Next year, fifteen or sixteen ocean steamers will be in service. The Ad Valorem Tariff?The Valuation of Merchandise?'The Ignorance and Power of Appraisers?A Remedy Rcautrod. A distinguished political economist?Kaufman?in his work on the " Manufactories of France," in speaking of those ol Lyons, observSs i " We manufacture to the amount of two hundred and seventy-three millions ot francs of silk goods alone, annually, one half of which is lor home consumption, and the other for exportation. With regard to our exportations, the manufactories of Lyons have no enemies so violent as the protective tariffs of other markets; that of the United States, the most important, as under that our productions endure the most hostility and extortion, and it is very common to see the officers of the customs of the Union, (appraisers,) from their ignorance of the true values of goods, and their want of information and experience with regard to them, use, without any cause but the right of thoir laws, the right to value merchsmdisc far above its real value;while in many cases, irom the same cause, a great amount of merchandise is passed at an under valuation. It s true, in the former case, the importer has relief in a suit against the oppression of the appraiser; but be is obliged to pay the expenses, which are not refunded to him, if he gains the suit. The rigor ol these laws engenders frauds, and in consequence, to tell the truth, the invoices presented are lor the most part fictitious. " Whem the fraud is produced, the powers lrom whom they emanated indirectly, display too much severity against them, which shows, upon examination, the immorality of the moat important regulations in matters of duties." In 1842 the tariff of the Union was changed in a manner quite unforeseen, and importations made on the faith of anterior legislation were oppreiSed with exorbitant duties, which caused the ruin 1 ?? ? ir--r vi uiMij uwuuiar'io !UiputVCI9. XUft iVitUIIIiail, 111 an able and clear review of the manufacturing interests of France, as well as of the Continent, calls the attention ef tho French government to the importance of recommending its agents and merchants to impress upon the minds of foreign authorities interested in the prosperity of their countries, the importance of appointing to office, as appraisers, persons well qualified by experience as judges of goods, as much for the internst of their revenue, as a protection lor the honest merchant against those who arm themselves with all kinds of certificates, which in reality, such as consular certificates, only facilitate frauds; as it is well known American Consuls, like all others, arc totally unacquninted with merchandise. Tnis Mr. Kaufman insists upon as the interest of all governments, of morality and of civilization: for the turpitude which is generated from a laxity of principle with regard to custom-house oaihsis a curse to the present state of society. The arbitrary method ot valuing merchandise entered under the various tariff acts of the past twenty years, has ever been a cause of much complaint. The appraisers in our custom houses have the power of regulating the rate of duty upon different articles, almost independent ef the act emanating from Congress, merely by the method of valuation. The Seoret&ry of the Trea wary no re r has used proper discrimination in ap. pointing appraisers, as the personal interest or party position of applicants lor, or occupants of, thesH office, have had more influence than qnali, tieation. Under the operation of the ad valorem act there is a very great held for carrying on extensive frauds in the valuation of foreign manufactures, particularly those from France; and there is, therefore, greater necessity for the employment of persons, as appraisers, having a full and perfect knowledge of the value of these goods, than ever before existed. In nearly every suit which the government has been concerned in with onr importers, on account of the supposed false valuation of goods, the government has been cast, which is sufficient evidence that the appraisers have been almost universally wrong. These suits are extremely vexatious, expensive, and annoying to the importers concerned, notwithstanding the results in their favor,and are avoided in every way, even by submitting to extortion and abuse on the part of the appraisers ; and the government should, in justice to this large and important class of merchants, remove every obstruction to a just and fair method of arriving at a proper valuation of foreign merchandise. iuuv|riiiiwui 01 me megai acta or those government officers, in their official capacity, from wlueh there ta frequently no appeal, wo have heard of innumerable instances of petty malice in appraiamg and pawing invoices of merchandise, whioh should, upon representation, cause their immediate removal, but which have been passed over by the higher authorities in silence, and tlioee practising them suffered to remain and prey upon thoee coming within their power. Many of these things, we feel confident, never have reached the notice of the Secretary of the Treasury, or would have been remedied at once. Arr airs i* Euaors ?The steamer now dne will probably bring us some further evidence of the feeling among the rival powers of Europe, relate to the marriage league between France and l^pam Theogh sufficient time has not yet elaps *d, nor decided measures taken, to call forth a hostile commitment verbally,or actuatly,from any of the transatlantic potentates; yet a cloud na* arisen in the pahuoal horizon, which, though us yet not larger than a man's hand, or the ring given by it, may be fraught with trouble end terror, and rum the whole continent into another vast battle Held. That England was oaught in the trap she had est lor Franoe, and lost the prise at the very time her diplomatic strategies seemed nearest to sueee *s, is very evident, and la M'r pave* has headrd !. 'i movements as thoroughly as would have ?a>ned Bolts'* anathemas against Tyler The former country sevar loet tight of the advent*get that might accrue to herself by securing a firm alHan-e with Spain, a land which, although now debated and sunken by internal dissensions and ill-advised rulers, would, under control such as Eugland would And for her, take her stand again ; as a great maritime and commercial nation ; but the Coburg reputation for allording able huti bands, although backed by the whole influence of the English cabinet and English agents, availed not against the shrewd policy of Louis Philipe, than whom a more wily politician never existed, not even excepting Cardinal Richelieu. The French policy has succeeded; the Coburg candidate is still in the matrimonial market, and othrr suiters lose sight of their own defeat in witnessing the defeat ot England. The Due de Montpensier returns thanks for a brunette wife and a rich do wry. The Timet newspaper overruns with threats of vengeance, and the ministerial organs of Franoa throw off all disguises, talk of coalitions, and declare that all the continent of Europe, with the United States, are the natural enemies of England. What will bo the event of this new stir in the cauldron, is at nre!U?nt nor v?rw cloor .ill rise lo the top?what will remain at the bottom? and what will be thrown away a* scum, is not yet to be foreseen ; but, perhaps, our next advices will give us farther light. That there will be any war, for some years to come, we do net believe?at least, not so long as the King of France can, by his subtle polioy, ward it off; and though, with his usual foresight, he is prepared for banishment, dethronement, or death, still his whole course is one expressive of, and guaranteeing tranquillity; but in case old troubles should be revived?recrimination be followed with non-intercourse?and non intercourse with open hostilities ? it would be difficult to say upon what side and what part of the world's chess board different nations would be found. The French papers speak ol a tri-union of strength by land and sea of the three great powers of France, Russia, and the United States; of course Spain would be with them. On the other hand, our own country has gradually been approaching, for years, nearer and nearer to England in friendly relations, and much ill feeling has arisen between her and France; and Russia may for ence keep her pledges, and lulling back upon the treaty of Utrrcht, besides giving way to her anti-Catholic predilections, be found also arrayed against France. It would certainly be a great and strange revolution from the days ol Napoleon, were England and the United States te be found ranged against France and Spain. Perhaps another fifty years would see Spain and our country, under the stars and j stripes, joined to the colors of Ferdinand and Isa i bulla, warring against France and England. Indeed, there is as much probability of the one as the other. The age is too far advanced for enlightened nations to militate against their own interests by the use of fire and sword among themseUesSafety valves are found for the escape of mil a ry enthusiasm in foreign conquests. India, the Pacific Islands, Algiers, and Mexico, will draw b ?od from the three great powers of the earth, srfiicient to abate all pugilistic fevers. We shall look with interest over our files by Hie next steamer, and such extracts as we find 1 evincing the state of the public puUe, will be I translerred to our columns. TlieatrleaU. Pars Theatre.?Notwithstanding the disagreeublenets of the weether, the Park theatre was filled with a most respectable audience?ner is it surprising that the last two or three nights of a play so eminently superior in itself and its production, to almost any other ever put upon the American stage, should draw crowds of those who now wish to avail themselves of the last opportuni. ties they will have of witnessing it >lr. Keen's personification of the character of King John is most admirai ble, expressing, almost to nature, the varied passions of the wicked monarch. Mrs. Kean has added to her fame in her profession, as Constaaoe, and her acting in the character of this character, would stamp her aean actress of the highest rank. Were we to particular ixe all who perform creditably in " King John," we v..? u i?J ? beards, cvau to the supernumeraries ; it U enough to hj that there ia but little it any room for improvement Tbia evening " King John" will be repeated, after which the farce oi " .Miseries of Human Life " To-morrow evening Mr*. Cbarlee Keen will take a benefit. Bowaav Thiatbs.?"Futman" vai repeated at thil theatre on laat evening, and with the tame auccese that ! attended the representation on the previous evenings? , Vache as Washington, looked exoollent, and his appear1 ance was martial and dignified, like that which characterized the great hero and father ef our country. Milner, as the hero of the piece, sustained his part admirably, while Mrs Sergeant's Kate Putnam was admirably sustained. The " Foundling of the Forest" was next pro duced Neefieaa Do Valmont.Vach* as Oasperd.and Clark as Florian, performed with their usual ability?while Hadaway displayed his usual talents in the character of L'Kclair. To night there will be a repetition of "Futnam;" the "Foundling of the Forest," and " Beauty and the Beast," will be represented- The engagement of Mr. Murdoch is further postponed in consequence of the continued indisposition of Mrs. t^oleman Pope, whose friends at the Bowery will joyfully hail her restoration to health, it is hoped, ia a few days. OasaawicN Theatbx.?This evening Mr. John Dunn, who is certainly a comedian ef much merit, will appear in his fsvorite character of " That Rasoal Jack." The drama of " Robert Macaire" will be performed with the full cast of the company, Mr. Dunn and Mr. H. Chapman appearing in the principal characters. The farces of a " Kiss in the Dark," and of the " Artful Dodger," will be added. Besides these four sterling pieces, Mr quay le will smg two of his choice ballads; Miss Julia Vincent ' will appear in a new pat teul, and Mr Yates will dance 1 a pat greteifus. This is a strong bill, and will fill the house. Alhamba?Herr Alexander is indeed a magician whose powers of deluding are only equalled by those of amusing. As for endeavoring to discover the reason : wherefore, or the cause why, his magical exhibitions so iiuwivuim; " w"> ?i 4??u?o i do rapisi* ty, ease an I manner with which hi* experiment! are carried out, are truly wonderful. He remaine but twe or three deye longer in the city, during which time he producee a variety of new deception!, aa will be aeon by the programme or entertainment thia evening The vocal and luetrumental muaic at the Alhamra ia alao of the higheet order. i C tact's.?Nobth?Ksssr?Cablo ?The greateat attractlon at present ia, Levi North, the champion rider ef the world, who attract! nightly crowded houses Laat night, notwithatanding the inclemency of the weather, there waa an excellent audience. Next to Mr. North in point of attraction, cornea Mr. Kemp, the great clown, who for a night or two longer will continue in 1 hia tine pantomime of the HorUquin't Frolic. This Siece we regret to say, must alter thia week be with rawn to make room for greater novelties, which have been long under way. We allude to a splendid new ballet ot action, which Signor Kelix Carlo will produce under his supervision, and also hia beautiful exhibition of Orecian statuary, or models of the antique. This will be a superb affair. It waa represented by Carlo at the 1 Cirquo Ofyaspi'fita, in Paris, upwards of 170 oonsecatlve nights. Ratmoxd aisb Wxaiae's Mbraobbib.?The witnessing of Mr. fie roe's ride In hia chariot, as drawn by four powerful Numidian liona, carriea one fir book into the mereohoe of antiquity, and hi* groapuigi and conflict* with tifen, liona, and other wild aniaala, recall the gladiatorial icenoe of ancient Rome, though dictated ot their bloody terror*. The lion-Umer'a power over the brute creation U aatoniahiag. The nre collection of animal* at the menagerie, if one of nor* perfection in number and variety, and worthy the impaction of all, old or young. Andereon commenced an engagement at the National Theatre. Botton, on the 30th ult. He appear*in hi* grand character of Cortolanua. Mr Booth commenced an engagementea the 30th ult, at the Howard Athenaeum "Hog Lear " waa the play produced Tit i*i? ? Veeci.?Thle beautiful creation of the dlatin i gi^byP*thoumniC'>iUt " " C"KlBn*ti' 0W?' ' Polltloml Intelligence. Thereeult of the election in Mltoouri for a rn?mb*r of I Congreoe, la aa yat undecided At yet thirty fonr conntie* a* ve not been o Bo 1 ally heard from, fearin* Mo Deniol (dam > with a majority of ahout too 0**r Kin aid 1 (whig ) The election la by g.aeral ticket, and the 3. mocratic majority in the But* hat hitherto been from eight to ten thouaaod. Afurni ?tiro W raachell. and Albert O. Rust ere democratic candidate* in Arkeneaa. to Ali the unexpired t term in Congrees *f A Veil, wboee coat ia vacated by i hie e bee nee with the voluoteera in Maaico. low*.?The leteet retorn* from Iowa render it probaj ble that two whig* will be elected to tho U 8 Sonet* ? Tho whig* hare a majority of one ia the Bfote Sonet*, end with the independent*, a majority of two in th* , Houao Thoao tndopoodout* in like Now Fork comet | rttfroa. only "more *o " L.JIL^- . 111 1 , Niukal. Ca.mii.lo givoai. -This evening, at the Tabernacle, will be witnessed the lait appearance of tha chief of violinist* in oar city for some month*; end on occaaion of hi* (are ! well, he offer* a combination of varied mtuical attrac ! tion, which evince* a moat creditable disposition to pleaae, if potiible, all taataa. The piecea aelected for himaelf, and in wbiob he will take part, are two loioa the " Campanello" and the " Carnival ef Venice," with four new vatiationi, and two daeta, one for two violin*, executed with s?if nor Rapettl; and the other for violin and piano, executed with Kontana. The programme i* unusually well arranged, and forbid* even a thought of the " tediouvne**, lome'ime* attendant upon a muiical turfvit. Rapetti'* unequalled orcheatra will perform the overture to " 1 Capletti o i MontecchiDe Begnle, Pico, and Julia Northall. will aing the terzetto *o rapturously en. cored at Siveri'a laat concert; Mra. Loder, Signora Pico, and Julia Northall, will each give ua a favorite olo. Tlmm and Fontana, a duct on the piano ; and la*t> not leaat, we are to hear the warbling* of Kyle'*flute in a series of variations on the air " Jenny Jones." As ' there will undoubtedly be something of a crowd at the doors, we would reoommend the purchase of tickets at the muaio stores. Hceav He*? ?To-morrow evening the emperor pian 1st will give a concert at Philadelphia. He will be assist .j i? m.A vf? w.iv.r u..... ur.li,... Tt,?. u uj " -??i i?vr. beck and Meignen ; besides which, the overture to "Se miramide" will be performed upon eight pianoa, by Mr. Herr and fifteen of the beat pianiata In that city. Tna Afolloneaxs.?After a very successful tour through some of the Eaetern Statea, theae children o*" melody have returned to the city, and will give a concert at Newark on Friday evening next. That their friend* there will give them a glorioua reception we know, from the way in which they previoualy treated them. We laarn that they give also a concert at the Rutgers Institute in this city, on Monday evening of next week. Hxaa Doaw, the great French horn player, will give a concert in this city next week. The Ballet. The Viennois Dancers.?Aa much interest is excited concerning this infant troupe, we give the following aa an expression of European opinion, which we copy from L'jtnnonce, a paper oi high literary merit, published at Brussels, speaking of their performance at the Theatre Royal, at which place they performed, It says Si la semaine a ete bien remplie, la caisse doit l'etre Fgalement, car notre prediction s'est accomplie, et la presence de la troupe de Mme Weiss a elevd cheque soir la reoette 4 un chiffre inconnu depuis asses longtemps dans les bureaux de l*administration. Lea sylphides ou les bayaderes viennoises battent monnaie avec una promptitude et une facility capables de rendre jaloux I'c'ablissement destine ad Aoe, et qui fait lace un grand theitre. A l'ensemble, a la precision, 41a mesure qui regnant merveilleusement dans let corpt it ballet ae ces dqnseuses mignonnes, d'auires qualites sont venues se joindre et etonoer les soectateura dans un long pot-powrri forme de pat dt dnuc anglaii,mit?t, napotitatn, lyrolien au'richirn, polonait, hongttit, ttpafnol, qui ont double l'enthousiasme du public. Nous simons et nous applaudi*9ons de grand cosur ces danseuses llliputitiinti, nommres Marie ' Rohrains et Wilhelmne Weber, aui accourt i-taler une I glace naiitaiite daua la Tartnltllt; Mile* Fumy Prager et Marie Henkel aont auati ravieeantee dene In pat it deux polanait. quoi de plus intrreirant que la ptlka daotce per Mile* Caroline Stoeger, Amelia Katzer, Jotephine Bayer et Nina Opitz, grand* premier! aujeta que nou* oacheriona aiicment dana uoa bottea. Noua aommea aur oe point la parfaitement d'aocord avec le public. Maia due que Mile Wilhelmine Werner vient danaer aon talo daua la Itazourka, nona a vouona que noua aentona baiaaer notre admiration. F.t eflet, Mile Wilhelmine Werner n'eat plua un enfant, et la Jugeant comma femme, aon merite palit & cote de celui de aea petitea camoradea qui lui viennent au genou. four obtenir nne danaeuae faite, il y a encore beaucoup afairrchez Mile Wilheltaina Werner; noua ne youlona point parlor du genre, que cette Jeune 1 peraonne poeaede, maia dea principea et de la correction, , de l'epaemble dea qualltea qui conatituent una premiere ' danaeuae da caraciiere, et qui aont encore chez elle a I i'etat d ebauche. Le paa de deuz autrickien, on plutot j une walae, presents dea diflicultea roellee, aurtout dana le I travail dea braa, et qui aont vaincuea avec un talent re! marquable par Miles Wilhelmine Weber et Lepoldine i Koch ?El J ale a it Jtrit ezigerait plua de grace ; maia : pour la aoupleaae et l'harmonie dea mouvements, M. Frantz Weiaaet Mile Helena Sperl 8perl y aont fort bien placet. Noua avona pastes en revue pluaieura cor pi it ballet nouveaux, la Dante det .imourettei, VJUlcmande figures, la Dante idtalt du Berger, Ballabilt. pat thmoit, la Dante raccoeo, qui toua ont etc applaudia, comma ils le meritaient. Cependant le public a tcmoigne une prefer| euce vendible pour la Palka payeanne, qui a ete biettce, pour It Oalop iet Drapeaux, la Dante onentale det Ckalet et la Fete det rout, dont le charmant detain fait autant d'honneur a Mme Waist, que l'exrcution a aea eli-vea ? Mme Weiaa, qui a donne avani-heir as teptieme rtprtttntatione, a conaeati a noua eu accorder encore <puatre autrea, qui aront lieu aujourd'hui, deaain, mardi et mercredi. cea quatre soireea peuvent ae paster de recommendationa; Mme Weiaa compte 36 rectamet plua reten j tiaaantea, plua attreyantea que tout ce que lea premiere ' Jaittun peurraient executor dana ce genre. C'eat en ce moment aurtout que l'adminietratioa dodnigtm le iournaI liste, petit on grand format; car alio n'dm a t>as besom. Kile oubli* qua Mme Wniu * nous quitter, qua, d?n? qualquaa jour*, il faudra rompre aveo ca fiar dedain, qui suit toujour* la proiperitc He las !....Lea sacoes da la troupe da Mm Weiss s'oubliront. la* racatte* extraordinaire* at extraordinairement loutauue* paaaeront comma tout 1* ra*t*. at tl no raatar* paut etra qu'um diraelaur at un joursaliata, formant vis-i-rls dan* lea bureaux da fadministration, pour ariaar au moyen de ramenar ca* tampa heuiaux." M'lla Blangy, the fascinating danruttt, ha* bean eni gated at the Pittsburg theatre. The inhabitant* may | now witneaa the " very poetry of motion." Police Intelligence. Burglmry?The church on the corner of 31at at root 1 and 4th avenue. was entered by some burglar*, on Moni day night, who carried off a number of carpenters' tools. Stealing Fith ? A policeman of the 7th ward, arraatad i last night, a slippery looking chap called Patrick Brady, ! whom he detected in the act of stealing flah from th* flah car*, lying at Uouvernaur slip. Upon baing brought ' before Captain Wood, at the pelioe station housa, and inI terrogatad respecting the charge, the following dialogu* [ took plaoe. Csptaiis.?Patrick, how long haro you been in thia i country 7 Pat ?Sure, and I've bin just sight month*, your ! Honor. Cattaih.?How came vou to steal these fish 7 (Holding up a bunch of striped bass) Pat.?And it wes'nt me, your Honor, that knew the little cratnre were shut up. Sure, and 1 saed the little things bobbing about, so I just nut my hands into th* astir, and the little crater* jumped into ay arms, and that's all I know about thorn. Caftaih.?Wa'll let you know, Patrick, that Ashing in I thia way la what we call stealing in this country. Pat.?Oh! and is it stealing you aay 7 Sure and < there's no stealing at all in the case, for do you see, in | th* old country w* hare a way of tickling flth before w* j eaten tnem, and do you *a?. I wa*ju<t trying tha Amaricy flih if they like to ba tickled too, do you aea, whin, | finding they Ail, I wee Jmt going off with theae few epra ta, and thin I wae atopped by that gentleman arid a etar on hie coat, and brought before your honor, i Carram.?Yea, Patrick, that fleh atory may do very ' well for aome, but it will never go down in thia country, when we have exploded and awallowed up much larger | fiah atoriea, including the great " tea sarpent." | Consequently Patrick waa conducted before Juatice I Taylor, who locked him up for trial Jirrttt of a Convict.?Policeman Oilbert, of the 8th I ward, arreated laat night a fellow called Charlea Riven, an eacaped convict from Blackwell'a Island Juatice Roome locked him up prior to being aent back to aerve out hia term of aentence. Steeling e Cot ?A fellow callad Thomaa M' Donald, waa detected in the act of atealing a coat from a building in Chriatie atreet, belonging to Jchn Moffatt, reoiding at No. 1ST 3d atreet. Locked up for trial. Caugkl en Ike "Lift"?A fellow called David Phillip*, . waa caught In the act, laat evening, of "lifting" a piece of atriped caaaimere, containing 16 yarda and valued at tlfi, from the dry gooda atora occupied by Mr. Daniel ounga, No. 371 Grand atreet. Juatioe Taylor eommitj ted the accuaed for trial. ! ? Petit Lorceny.?Policemen Reed and Jeffrey, of the 10th ward, arreated laat evening two "rummy" looking chape, called John Smith and Thomaa Sanford, on a charge of having in their poaaeaaion three decanter* auil three tumqlera, supposed to be atolea, and for which an owner ia wanted. They were alao locked up by Juatice Taylor. Juvenile Skcp LifterTolicemeu Jobe and Ceatigan, of the 10th ward, arreated yoaterday a small boy called John McManua, who has been committed with two other , boy* by tho nemo* of Peter Wiley and Michael Burke, ' on a charge of atealing from varioua atorea a quantity of ivorr comba, aixty-tbroo dozen, having been recovered by the above ofllcers at differant parti ol the city, in ! small atorea, where tho boy a had aold thorn for about , half thalr value Tho boy* wore all locked up for trial, : by Juaiioe Drinker Who RidctBl the Free SUmye 7 New Yore. Dec. S, IMS Mr- Editor or the Herald? Having an eatoneiva maufaotory eatabliahed in tha upper part of thi* city, I waa induced for convenience take, in traaemilting erdere from my depot In Water treat to thie factory, to pnrcheae of the U. 8. City Daj (patch Poet (recently aboluhed) quantity of free : atampe, my letter* averaging about ftfty weekly Am I, Mr. Editor, to be the (utferer, for I purchaaed them in good faith, by the exploaion of thi* government deapatch ' po>t 7 Many oCmy friend* are in the an ma predicament, | and weald call badly upon the preaa to point oat aome mode whereby they can obtain redreea A MANUFACTURER AND JOBBER. Rxjeabkb.?Take them to Poet Matter Morria; i he, oi couree, will redeem them. The Bangor [Me] FFbig of Monday taya, Captain Roger*, of tho atoemor Portland, which ha* arrived at thie pert on Sunday, from Eaatport, via Portland, atntea that the Brltiah ateemer North America, for Bo*ton, left on the morning of tho 28th ult, two hoara heforo tho P. At dark aaw tha N. A. going into Mooeepecae Hoed Harbor. About that time It commenced mowing very frat and blowing very herd. The Portland ran for Mt Da aort and aooooodod in making a harbor: tho wind, which wae NE. aeon hauled round to SE and Sonth and hie* a perfect hurricane. One brig and aeven ichoouere want aahore in eight of the P Cranberry I ilea and SW Harbor . Four achoonara and a aloop were aahore at Baaa Harbor, ami a aeboonor at Deer iale. A large achooner waa aahore en boa labnd, in a bad aituation. Sew Havtien bark Canton, (before reported) eahore on the Muacle ridgee. Cept. Roger* lear* that the North American | went aahore in the gale. The Newport f)eHp New of the let inat. mention* that i tho iteambeet Roger WUiiea* hea made her leat trip, and cornea to thie oKy far the purpoee of running OS I usw route City IntvUlgviiM. Monsan fiifarcitm or Wai.l Strbbt.?If any one de ira* to witness human oatura in nma of Its-worst and lowest ittributa*, lot him antar Wall itraat for a faw day* and watch the numerous shift* raaart1 d to, not to oarn, but to gat a panny, and ha will aoon laarn to datact the aoullaia avarice and low cunoing that ha meeta with in thia great avenue of bulla and beart; and however humble hi* own position in life may be, ha will be perfectly satisfied with his fata, and thank the gods that ha was not born to be a panny Iras Wall street broker. Wa should like to see a history ot the "past and present condition" of many of those who bava taken up their quarters in this street?some within the wJl* af granite bull lings?soma in cellars? some in gairets?but more an tha i-nrnnrl of Itraati litnrullv lllmhorinv the "hiffh ways ami byways"'aach seeking in hi* own peculiar way to "taka in" or "do" his neighbor. What a history of tba npi and downs of Ufa would ba presented?of hearts with- i a red and dried up?consciences seared?hopes 5 lasted? \ honor gone?the bloated pride of one?hopeless dejection and idle misery of another. There is a fair and legitimate , business carried on in that street, which, with care, industry, and perseverance, leads to honorable distinction and wealth. Many have sought this path and been success/hi, but unfortunately there is a crowd of mere hangers-on, idle and dissipated beings, who would take rank with second class thimble riggers, who 1 bring disgrace upon the whole street. They are i brokers by profession, and broken in all and every sense of the term. They have Uttle character and less money, and none of either to lose ; but are ever hoping to get the advantage of some of their fraternity, whereby they can secure a few shillings to eke out their most miserable and unhappy existence. They are ef little worth to themselves, and too many of them'a disgrace to their connections. They are generally indolent, and would disdain to ask for regular employment, and if employment in any avocation were offered, most of them would refuse it, choosing rather to display their blooming proboscesand fancy cravats in Wall it-to performing any kind of labor whereby they could procure an honest and honorable Uvelihood. Most of these gentry endeavor, by means of well assumed airs and cheating their tailors, to gain a footing among the " upper ten " They run up stiff bills at boarding-houses, and suddenly change their quarters, forgeliing. of course, to pey their ac counts. Shoemskers and washwomen all suffar alike. Some are fortunate in having widowsd mothers, who are forced to take in sewing or keep a boarding-house, that thair lazy and whiakered aona may ba housed and fed ; and they have not the least compunction about partaking of tha fart and eating of the aubstanoe to hardly earned by age and industry. These fellow* will daily rsturn lrom Wall streat with pockets full of memorandums and "nothing else," and demand charity from an aged mother, : whe, cheerleia and miserable. wends her way through ! sleet and snow to market, while the valuable son sleeps | away his mornibgs between sheets that he does not even pay the washing of Where is the feeling, the shame of these men ? Have you no respect for yourselves or any one else! Arouse from your indolence, strike for something nobler, something beooming men The wide world is before you: why stay and " dry up" in wall street? Join an expedition to Mexico?California.

Go into the country?carve out a fortune, as many have done, and as you may with like industry, in the f>rairies of the West; go any where, do any thing like abor, and make, as you are all capable of making yourselves, If yeu will, respectable and honored members of society. Many of these men are possessed of a good degree of intelligence. Alas, what a miserable use they mAe of it ! Did they but know in what a low estimate they are held, they would never again show themselves in Wall street, If pride within you is not all dead, if the least spark of ambition is left, let it be exerted in an endeavor to redeem yourselves in some new sphere, some new home, where you will be able withoat a blush to look society in the face. " Stand not on the order of your going, but go at once." 1 Funeral or the late Albeemais Bpebane.?We | leafh that the remains of the late Aid. Burbank, lest in \ . the Atlantic, were escorted to the tomb by the Third t National Uusrd of this city. Aid. B. was formerly a lieutenant of that Company. New Yoee Volunteebs.?In the Trenton Daily Newt 1 ! of yesterday, we find the following account of the Colonel of the New York regiment of volunteers, about to : 1 depart for Mexico :? I 1 " Col. Burnett married the eldest daughter of General : Ward, and is the brother-in-law of John R. Thompson, | Esq., of Princeton. He is a graduate of the military academy at West Point and has seen much service. He was an ofllcer in the Indian war, commonly called the Black Hawk war, and also in the Florida war. Subsequently he has teen civil engineer for the State of Illinois, but j for the last few years nas issided in New York." I Had Col. Burnett remained in the army he would now have held the same same rank as the late Major Ring- j gold." A Grand Flaee Ur amongst the ur-town Aristo- 1 1 cEAcr?We understand a case of some public interest i _:n .cm. .i i,,J? : Vanderpoel We cannot now give.the names of the partiee, but we believe the facta will turn out to be in sub tance u follow* Some abort time, a few week* ago, we beliere, a young gentleman, a member of one of our " first familiea," residing in the upper part of the city, married a young female, whom her relatives conaide red to be umitable for him; and shortly after the marriage they procured an order and put him into a lunatic asylum, a laCroes, and hare detained him there since His wife's friends applied to Judge Vanderpoel last week for a writ of habeas corpus, to have him brought up, and the legality of his detention tested. The judge granted the writ, and the question comes up this morning in Chambers. Stuwbisht Insjitvtb ?The Her. Mr. Giles will give, this ereiiing, at the Stuy vesant institute, the first ef a course of fire lectures on social and domestic character. The reputation of this gentleman as an able, Instructive, and interesting lecturer,* will guaranty a thorough and pleasing treatment of the subject chosen for his theme. We expect to meet a room crowded with an appreciative and intelligent audience. Ceaoftaa's Office, Dec 3.?Sudden DenlK?The Coroner held an inquest yesterday at No. 38 Crosby street, on the body of Zabud J. Quick, 38 years ef age, born in Westchester Co.. New York, who came to his 1 death in consequence of injuries of the head, produced by a fall, caused in *ame manner and at aoma time and place unknown to the juryDied in a Fit ?The Coroner held an inquest at No. 44 Catharine itreet, yesterday, en the body ef Michael O'Brien, 66 year*of age,a native of Ireland, who came to hia death by compreasion of the brain, resulting from an attack of paralyaia and an accidental injury. Verdict accordingly. jlceidentoUy Choked.?The Coroner held an inquest, likewiae, yeaterday, at No. US Fulton itreet, in the rear, on the body ef Robert Brown, a native of Scotland, ST years of age, who, while at breakfaat yeaterday, a wallowed a piece of meat which accidentally stuck in hia throat, and cauaed atrangulatien, reaulting in hia death. The jury rendered a verdict that the deceaaedjcame to hia death by accidental atrangulation. cauaed by a piece of beef which he waa eating getting inte hit throat and choking him. Sudden Deotk ? The Coroner alao held an inqneat at | Ne. 147 Caaex itreet, on the body of 8aanuel Midler, A3 i yeari of age, a native of Dutcheaa county, New York, who came to hia death by diaeaae of the heart. Verdict accordingly. Circuit. ourt Before Judge Barculo. Dec. 3?John Doe va. Riekard Roe ?Thia waa a feigned iaane from the Court of Chancery. The real par tiea are Caroline N-idine and Frank Jackaon Nodine, her haeband Mn. Nedine filed a bill on the 34th ef June laat. in the Court of Chancery, charging her huiband with having committed varioua acta of adultery with a girl : named Mary Naah, from the month ef April, 1846, to the latter end of the month of June in the ?ame year. Mra. Nedine alao charged by her bill, that her husband and Mary Naab, alio committed aeveral acta of adultery in Connecticut, previous to the year 1846, but the latter acta of adultery were not in iaaue, except so far as laying a ground for the acts of adultery in thia State. Mr WiLLiaMi opened for the detenee. He stated they ' would prove that the prosecution was got up, not by Mrs. Nedine, but by her friends, for the purpose of dev ! Driving Nodine of ei much ef his property as they oonldt. I rhey would alio prove that Mrs. Nodine had forgive o ] her huiband for any thing that might have occurred in I r?nn?e?ieul %f ann Ahinw .1 iA kannan fhfiM Bnil bAaiV ward* aama to reside with hina in thia city. Thia fact operated a* a condonation 01 what happened in CennectiI cot, and IX they did not prove an act of adultery within i thia State aince the act of condonation, the jury could 1 not And a verdict against the defendant, and he insisted i that there waa no testimony of any anch act in thia Statu. Mr. Williams made some other statements in relation to : Mrs. Nodine, but no evidence of the facts referred to wan given; we therefore omit them. I Two or three witnesses were called for the defence, amongst whom was a man named 81ator and the brother of the defendant. Slator swore that he called on Mrs. | Nodine by directions of her husband to give her money, i and to endeavor to prevail en her to return home and set' tie the matter; that sne then admitted she had forgiven her husband what had happened in Connecticut Nodine, ; the other witness, testified that be heard Mrs. Nodine aay that ahe filed the bill to gat half her husband's proparty, and to give him as much trouble as ahe could.? The case for the defence was here closed,and counsel on I both sides summed up Judge Barculo charged the Jury. : He told them that it waa an issue from chancery, to try . certain allegations and charges made by Mrs Nodine 1 against her husband. The defendant might ha said, have set up various defences: that is, a condonation, or adultery on the pert of his wire; the defendant has only set up the first defence,and relies on it, and insists that uo proot of adultery has been given in this State; and the sole question tor you to try is, whether adultery has been committed in this State before the 2*th of June last. ; He then directed the attention of the Jury to the evidence | adduoed by the plaintiff'a counsel on this point Ha told the jury that the circumstances whioh toon place in Connecticut were not to be the basis of a verdict in this cause, nor are they to be taken into consideration except to far as they may give a color to what has or may have happened between the parties in this city; but It was for fhn Inee ?si aao mkslkar ikn nartiaa *kn had f mift adultery icConncctlcut would not do the turn* in Now York. Boo)ad rerdlct thia morning. Counool for plaintiff, Motor*. Critt and McCahilij coanael for th* do fondant, Mr. WiUliama. Court Calendar?>ThJs Day. Comnof Plco*?Pert lat?40, 77, II. 00,04.07,401, 10?, 1U, 117, 110, lll.ai.ia, 41. 3d part?00, 40 , 00, M, 804, 90,00, 83,49,40, 93 Cibooit Cooar?Calondar tko tamo aa yeaterdey. j Rasters Fnt.-Wo loam by Hamdoa'* oxprott that 1 a Are broka ont in Proridonoo, thit morning, noar tho i railroad depot, about ono and a-balf o'clock It commoncod in too (team wrrkt of Albort fuller, which worn totally dottroyod, togothor with tho fornaco and building* of A. C Bantov, tho machine shop of Jamo* M. L.i**ey, an unflntahtd houae belonging to L P. Mood, aod tho hotiM of faptatn C B Manchester. Capt. M. aarod moat of hi* furniture. Tho Are wm got under at SX o'clock thi? morning. Wo loam farther, that Mr. O T Stanley, iron raptor, loot ail hi* stock aod pattern* ; book* ****d. No iiKiiranco. Mr. Li**oy lo*t In oddition to hi* chop, two dwelling house*, txnh occupied. Total lo<* al property, 8*4 *** Upwardaol two hundred moa are by thi* ralamitou* ire thrown out of employ meat ? It*tfan TVwirnyt, Pot. 1, The trooauror of democratic Maine boa aubeoribed one l hundred and Iftr thousand da l ima of the ?,000,008 Uh* fkr carrying an ike war *fth IMte New York Institution for the Instruction of tko Deaf and Dumb. This highly valuable Institution having latterly been ' considerably enlarged, and a new church having been added to the building, the edifice waa consecrated yes terday, before a highly fashionable audience, consisting j principally of ladies, and the whole proceedings were deeply interesting. This churoh.erected lor religious wor' ship by the inmates of the institution, speaks largely for the rapid progress of enlightenment that has Uken place amongst the pupils?end the mute homege of the heart, offered up there, will be acceptable to Him who can make " the dumb to speak and the deaf to hear " The exhibition of tone of the pupils was not the least imposiag pert of the proceedings, end elicited the most warm admiration from the vast assemblage of ladle* and gen. tlemen present. Hsavar P. Put, Esq., the President, occupied the chair on the occasion. On his right aat the Rev. Doot Adams, the Rev. Doct. Turner, Professor of the Hartford Asylum, Henry E. Davios und Walley. Esq*. On his loft aat the Rav. Dra. Tyng and Milladoler. General Wetmere, and Francis Ilail, Esq. Among the company invited for the occasion, wai the Vice Chancellor Sandford, Aldermen Compton an<t Inhnian tovether with several of our most leudlne citizen*. The pupil*, both male end female, amounting in all to two hundred, were ranged in front of the building, and among them were several young ladie* of great peraenal beauty, and beleoging to tome of our moit rer table famili**, who have placed them in the instituto receive instruction under the auperior talent* of its professors. Wktmore opened the proeeedingi, by an! nouncing the programme on part or the Committee of Arrangement*; upon which Hanar E. Davie*, Esq., delivered the opening addreaa, giving a detailed narrative of the ri?e and *ucce**ful ( progress of the inatitntion, under the able tutelage ef it* professors, a* well a* through the fettering protection of ' the Legislature and the liberal contribution* of private : citizen*. He commenced hi* addre** by stating, that in 18-27 the Legislature made a grant of ten thousand [ dollars to aid in the erection of a suitable building, ! on condition that the manager* should raise sn equal ; turn by voluntary contribution*. The corner stone was 1 laid on the 10th of October, 1 27, by the Hon. A. C. | Flagg, the superintendent of common school*. The ; building was first occupied in April, 1820, and cost the sum of $35,000, $14,000 of whicn were contributed by | eur fellow citizens, and the premises mortgaged to pay I the balance?$11,000. From 1820 to 1830 the average i numberof pupils was 66 In 1830, the Legislature au1 thorised the education of 94 additional pupils In 1833, 40 ' more beneficiaries were added, and in 1884 the building 1 was enlarged by the erection of two wings, in 1841, the , Legislature incraased the pupils to 128, and aubse quently a range of work shops was erected,-and in 1846 the Legislature voted an annual donation of $6,000 for the benefit of the ioititution. The whole number ol pupils, including 190 sent by the State, and these, together with these supported by the corporation of this eitjr, and some from the State of New Jersey, made an aggregate of 900 pupils now in this institution. He next adverted to location and surrounding grounds which were granted the institution by the corporation, at a nominal rent; and then alluded to the economy of its internal arrangements. The recent improvements embraced the erec: tion of two new and commodious wings, providing sitting rooms for the pupils of both sexes, and also large | ana well aired dormitories, commodious and spaciohs i halls to the main building, and the enlargement of the ; dining hall ; beautiful and ornamental perticos in front and rear of the building ; together with the erec. tion of the spacious and elegant chapel they had met to dedicate to the service of Him who had "opened the ears ott he deaf and made the dumb to speak"?these constituted the chief improvements. After dilating upon the manifold advantages to be derived from the institution, and dwelling upon the vast benefits that already have resulted from the institution, in advancing the happiness of the class of pupils that belong to it, he cited the case of a marriage that took place in the town of Westerlo, between two mutes, named Robert Cummings and Miss Susan Edget, about a year ago, and they now enjoyed most of the blessings and happiaoss of ordinary ei'isens. After briefly commenting upon this fact, as one of the happy dispensations, under Provieence, which God bestows upon his children in the world below, Mr. D. cj ncluded. i ne mt. ur. i tkfl nere roan cnipwrirom 01. jooii i gospel, appropriate to the occasion, which referred to : the treat miracle of the Saviour, in making the dumb to peak and the deaf to hear. Dr. Adams next offered up the dedicatory prayer, upon which The Pbesidert, Mr. Pset, delivered the dedicatory addreaa, chiefly on the general advantage* of the Institution, and the great superiority of syatem under which they were instructed,they differing materially from the German, and some ol the European system* In the course of his remarks, he took occasion to say that all systems ware unknown until about two and a half centuries ago, when the destitution of the afllieted in such cases, first arrested the attention of a philanthropic gentleman in Paris. After reviewing the progress or education on this subject, and going at length into its general history, he next touched upon the subject matter which had called them together on this occasion, and concluded. The next, and truly interesting part of the proceedings, was the exhibition of the pupils. Miss Many, a young lady of great talents, with some other female pupils, Master Ketchum, and others, forming the first class, wrote several pieces in answer to interrogatoriesrfrom the professors, with a degree of rapidity that astonished all present. Indeed, all the pupils showed an extraordinary degree of proficiency and advancement.? Seme gave, as their reasons for being pleased at having had the advantages of learning, that they liked it, beeause it enabled them to read the Bible; others because they could read the life of Washington and of other eminent patriots of the country ; but the aaost amusing part of the entiM exhibition was, the representation of the lawyer, the doctor, the clergyman and the dandy, by Master Gowage, one ot the pupils The clergymen present enjoyed the graphic fidelity with which their profession was portray ad, while the ladies were kept in a roar. The whole routine was admirably depicted.? Next came the doctor; and every thing, from tho lancet to the dose of physic, waa given to Ufa. Than the lawyer?the ill disguised affectation of seal?his gravity in the study, hia blustering and earnest address to the jury ?down to nonkatin* Hia faa?all wara rivan with asto nishing accuracy?and kept the whole audience convulsed with laughter. The dandy wai next portrayed,and never waa Broadway ewell io admirably carioatured?the eve glaae?the cane, the pompoue walk? all were well hit off. Indeed, it would repay a visit in i ttaelf to aee thii part of the exhibition. But the moit I impoaing and interesting part of thia exhibition, was the j recitation of the " Lord's Prayer," by Mine Many. The I mute homage of the heart efferedTup in supplicatory prayer to Him, who is the father of all, giving power ta the heart to atter from the hand what the tongue could : not express, had a deep effect upon the audience. Theie was a solemnity about this part of the services that was deeply affecting, and all heartily joined in with silent, ' but sincere, homage of the heart After prayer, the whole audience went through apart1 meats which are magnificently fitted up. The sitting rooms, dormitories, culinary department dining rooms, and the entire internal arrangements, the furniture, all I show a degree of neatness that exhibits the comforts which the pupils enjoy in the institution Mrs Uallaudet, whe had been one of the pupils, and has lately been married, was an object of much interest. The whole proceedings terminated with a very splendid collation, consisting of cold meats, iams, jellies, he., I and served nn in excallent atvle. and a licensed with e I hospitality highly creditable to tha whole Board of Director*, Committee of Arrangement* end the Inatitntion ' itaelf, which, we are happy to And, U in ao flourishing a | cnndttitiou. The /allowing compote the name* of tne officer* and director*:?Hareey P. Poet, A M., Presi* dent: Proapar M. Wetmore, First Vice Premdoat; Britaia | L. Woolley, Second Vice President; Robert D. ? eeka, ] Trea?arer; George 8 Robbint, Secretary; Lewi* Soy| monr, Timothy Hedge*, Shepherd Knapp, Wm. Kelly, Angnatin Averill. Samuel 8 Howland, Henry E. Da vies, Wm. W. Campbell, Benj R Winthrop, Wm. H. Macy, Israel Rntaall, John C Green, Moeea Taylor, Elitha D. Hurlbat, Ortamut Buihnell, Francit Hall. Jame* Harper. Rot. O. T. BedeU, Geo. J. Cornell; Cbarla* T. Talbot, Dirootors; Profeaaor* and Taecbera, Darid Ely Bartlott, A. M., Jotiah Add toon Cary, A. M., Oran Wilkineoo Mor' rit, A. M , Jacob Van Nostrand, A. M , Samuel Porter, A. 1 M., Thomas Gallaudet, A. M , I*aac Lewi* Poet, A B., ! Jeremiah Wood Conhlin, Oilbert C. W. Gam age. Fisher Amos Spoffhrd; Physician, Nicholas Morrell. M. D ; Mrs. Harriet Stoner, Matron: Mr* Louisa A. Frisbio, Asaiatant. .Hotomenta of TrwraJlera. The arrival* yesterday were considerably Increased by a number of Senator* and member* of Congress, en >Mb to Washington, all of whom will be found at tho respective hotels they occupy. AJtsaicsn H. Messon, Va: W. Bedlow, N Y ; H. Stone, L.I; D.Clarke, Mies-, J. Hitchcock, Buffalo; W. Brewster, N. Y; M. Rallston, Philadel; B. Jenningt, Newburgk; J. Sherman, Utica; P. Munro, Berlin; J..Rick etts, Phila. AsToa?8 T. Peepe, Boston ; H Marsh. Lansingburgh; F. Basaett, N York; M CrotsweU. Albany; W. Little, do; K. Foster. Clan.; J. Ouirey. Phila.; W. Robinson, Buffalo; E.Wslcott, Prov.; B. Brooks, Boston; L. Glover, do ; N. Cliff >rd. Mo ; M Sanford, Medwav; T. Webster, Phila.; M Morse. Boston; H. Primple, Albsnv; Hon. C. Carrole. Livingston Co ; J. Gibson, Albany: W. Seward, Auburn: M. Granger, Cunandsigua; R. Haisey, Ithaca; J Caldwell, Phila ; D. Cody, Phila.; R Cowther. Pittsburgh; F. Calvert, Lowell. Citt ? M Many, Albany ; Mr. Barren. Mr. DsBro, U. 1 8 A ; Hen. J A. McDonald Kingston, Canada ; Kebert I Aylmer, Virginia ; J Ceoper, t'ooperetown : C B. .VIa 1| latt, N >rth Carolina ; J. Hendereon, Thaddeu* Norrie, Philadelphia ; Cbarlei Haywood, Madeira; Mr. Ryan, Canada. Fba*blii? ?A. Flint, lodiana; J. Bailey, Newburgh; O Denni.ter, do; H TraadwaU, Now York: L (larmiin*. Burlington; H. Alexander, Little Fall*; W H. { Smith, do ; Clan. Clarke, Sandy HU1; J. Vernon, Albany, I Hon V Hungatford, do.; H. Allen, do.; 8. Clark, do ; C I Blaakar, do.; M. Vaeaar, ronghkeepaie; A- Mct aoaland, Richmond; J. Clarke, Maw York; D. Carpenter, Greenfield, W. MarehaU, Philadelphia. I Howiae.?D Bartlett, Cenoerd; J. Hod gee. New York; I M Aahmnlt, Fhila.j C. Allan, Vt; W. Head. DaraaeI tar; W. Darker*, Erie; W Gay, Bo*ton, 8. Taylor, do; Han.Cha*. Benton, Herkimer oounty: R Naylor, Canada; R. Richard*,New Teik; Han. M.Moulten, Manehe* tar; C. Roblnaen, Proridenoa: R. DebbeU, Phil*; J, Clarke, Me ; Hen Bradiord Weed, Albany; H- Moor. Tray; O J one*. Albany; O Seymoar, Hndaon, Hon W Wood bridge, Detroit; Hon. Ckas Goodyaer, Sahahane. W. Wileon, Montreal; W Noble. Orange county; B Hobart, Boetoa Fewer Arrata.?Taeterday morning, a tailor who had run away from a brig moored below Sixth atreet wharf, anil who war pn raced cloeely by the *hipmei>ter and a conatable. took refuge et the in ilnmiit l.eed of annl ' ihallop froai hi* |Mir?tier*. and tmde them defiance Hi* puiener* paced the deck minimi* thoir 'r^er*, determin, ad te await tho man'* ruturn !o I, Jack ttood i *hir*ring In tha ri ging for upward* o' en hour, all iha I whfla laying dawn the law to the beugtity pureuere. At I length. Bniing it too cool, he came down and *nrreudered. - tkiUitl. Aegfr The naw unirertali?t meeting houae in Truro, which ' wa* nearly finished outtida, wa* blown Bet to the ground in tho (term of Wedneaday night taat. ,The building wu of wood, and tha window* war* in, but wot caead,?? thai j tbay Maw a?i Th? Hon. Daniel WtbiUr in Philadelphia.? HI* lint peach In that City. [Fro* the Philadelphia North American, Deo 3 ] ' 1 The whiga ol the Third Congressional Diitrict. umbbled laet evening at the Whig Heed Quarter*, Northern Liberties, to celebrate the recent triumph* in Penary Irani* and eleewbere, by a public entertainment. Soon after the company had assembled, the Hon. Daniel Webster and General Jame* Wilson were introduced by the committee appointed to invite them, and were received with the mo*t rapturous applause. After a few introductory remarks, George Krety, Ksq., in behalf of the oemmittee of arrangements, offered the tallowing sautioiant: ? The Han. Daniel Wtkefr?A faithful sentinel on the watch tower of liberty?the personification of those principles which have for their object the welfare of the I people. Happy will we be when we hear from hi* elevated position, hi* cheering voice proclaiming aloud to grateiul millions that "all is walL" After the ebeering with whleh this sentiment was received had subsided, Mr. Webater rose and said:? 1 assure you, my friends and followcitizens, that it givaa ma great pleasure to aaeet ae many of tha whig electors of the third Congressional District of Ponasvl[ vania Fortune hat cast our lota far apart ; many miles intervene between your residence end mine, i have net j had many opportunities of cultivating your ecqnaia< tance -, to moat of you 1 am a stranger, as most of you I ore stronger* to mo. But what of that, whig* of tha j Third District T Wo are all Americans?wa hava a common country?wo ahara a common doatiny, and whoth! or for good or ovil, wo have a common bond?tha bond I of whig soatimenta, which makes us unitad and acquaint : ad. If 1 did not believe that whig sentiment* lay at the lounoauon 01 tne preapenty or Una country, 1 ' ronouuco thorn myaelf and invito you to ranouac* tham. I ball are that whig principles and the proa parity and ' happiness ef my country ara identical. They are ship pad in tha aame bottom, and must aurvlre or go down taf;atbar. Whether wa look to tha perpetuity of the pubio liberties?to the in (areata of oommaroe, or wbother ; wa look to the auccaaa of the neat laboring intereata, 1 i am of opinion that the principlea of Waahingtoa, tr.anamltted hy hit auccaaaoti, and embraced by ua, are 'he only eecurity of our national happinaaa. The drat law paaaad by Waahmgten's adminiatration, waa an act for' tha protection of domeatio induatry. Thia view carriaa Of back to tha foiiadatiua of our government?to tka earj ly day* of tha republic Tha war of tha ravolntlon lift ua without a common revenue ayatem?with no oemmom cuatom home reguiationa ; in a word, wK h ne tariff, and our Stales ware all r.vala. Tha hitter >?like country, . as publiahed by one of your own citizen*, au? deceased, | Mathew Carey, ahowa tha coadition af thinga at that | time, and till tha adoption of tha constitution It ahowa i the great naoeeaity or a common commerce?tha impoii, tion of a revenue ayatem and cuatom houaa reguiationa, ! whiah in the language of the conatitution would make ua one people. A general ayatem waa adopted under the conatitution. All diAculty diaappeared. One af the drat lawa of Ceagreaa waa an act to protect the manufacturing intereata. I hold te theae principlea. I learned them when I waa young. I held tham whan I waa alder, and I a hall hold them till Providence ee*a fit te terminate my life ?Gentlemen: Neither my health nor tha oooaeion will permit ma to addreaa you at length You dont expect it. 1 meat you with great pleaaure, aa part and parcel af the whiff people of the Middle State*. I congratulate yen on reeent event*. I do not merely congratulate yen and myself, but I congratulate all our country, when I aa# aceund me light* riaing in our national horizon that ahonoen With ington. We have seen great rasults effected without effort : a self-movement of the >peoale. They aeem do have taken their own business into their own bauds, and when they do it, they do it{. batter than any caa do it for them, i'ho time baa come when with drmneta and conciliation wa can effect all that tha patriot hopes. I BPv Annr.ili.itinn fnr thousands of rood man. who hava not heretofore acted with ui, have come out and Toted the whig ticket?aye, have voted it up te the chalk ? They are aiot to be reproached, but applauded. Let n? embrace ?welcome and cheiith them If they agree with u? in our principle*, the only contort between u? ahould be u to whe ahall show moat de fore nee aal reaped in carrying out the principlea eiaential to the national proaperlty. I muat mow take my leave. May are all live to aee the time when the hopea held oat by re cent eventa ahall be fully realized?when impure principlea and wild project! ahall be abandoned?when exporimenta and theoriee ahall have pureed away?and when the aound principlea of the conatitutioo, the aucceaa of commerce and the intereata of labor, ahall be fully auetained. There have been effort! made to ahow that the ayatem of protection ia aolely for the benefit of capitallata. Nothing ia farther from the truth. We go for labor. The deetiny of the coutry ia labor. We are all laboring men ?we five by labor?by occupation. There ia no country under the light of the aun ia which there are to few large eatatea?and I thank Oed, ia whioh there are ae few men whe have no eatate. 1 deairo to ; aee the condition of thiaga whoa each man ahall feel j that he haa a atake in the community, the reeuit ef hi* labor?w hen all ahall have employment, and when employment ahall receive ita proper remuneration?fer all would then be happy. Labor with ua ia entitled to aomething mere than the paltry privilege te work all day, te lie down at night, te aleep en atraw, and te rioe in the morning hungry. It ia entitled te abundant feed, aultable clothing, a comfortable home, and te every man ample meaaa for the education ef the offbpring with wlfich God haa favored h ion. With e proper edmialatretion ef eur affbira wa oaa do all thia My hope and prayar to Hoavoa ia that thaae roeaita may bo ae im proved that the great eada ae earnaatly deaired may be accompli* hed. Throughout hie apeeck Mr. Wabater waa interrupted ( by hearty applau?e, and retired amid the meat deafaalag and enthuaiaatic acclamatioaa. Mtt. vrSHTlt AND THE VOLUNTKKM. I ''apt. Bonnet* company ef Mexican Volunteer! wore yeaterday briefly but eloquently addreaaod by Mr. Wob, ater, iu front of the Waahington Heuae. Mr. Webaier exproaaed the gratifioetion whioh the promptitude ef our citizon aoldiora to meet the ealt of tkfiip PAMntrv aCbvdmi Mm TKnm hm difinafii ; of opinion relation to tho etw of the war, bat it being comnmacd, ail moat agree that it rnuM bo maiaplo**? Ho charged thorn, wherever they want, to remember they wire Americana- tho countrymen of Waahington? and he could not auggeat to them a bettor rallying cry, than " Waahington, our oountrv, and our homea !" The ipeech waa received with cheer*. Sw Lot it, Not. 90,1M0. ' One if Ike Weetrrn Ciliee ? Terpeickere. IMereture.and Mueic?Mature and Thing* in Qtneral?Qaetip en tke Rem. So much hei boon nid and lung in praiao of a life in the Weat, that one now run* much riik of being charged \ with every thing angonteol if he oheoae to chew the other aide of tho picture. Let me purine a middle oeurie, ' if I can. And where ahall I begin 1 Let me amy that ( am prompted by no apleuetic feeling, nor biaaaed by any prejudice. at Inula regarded a* a buiinaai nlaca. mar eraaeut inducement* almost unparalleled, to business men It* advantage* and it* aituation render it eo. Planted on a rocky leuadetion, the Musi**ippi passes by it quietly, wkile above and below thi* strange stream cut* a channel where it please*. It i* a city destined to oommand an influential place in the mercantile and manufacturing interest, while it* growing morality will give it a high rank in the religious world. But *1 what a mixture ia it* population composed ! And to what growth do mashroom* attain ! I have spent much time in Uotham, ia Philadelphia, and in Washington, where this vegetebl* is to be found of a pretty good quality, but 1 must eonfe**, with all my Eastern predelicttens, that I am forced to fjive this western city the credit of producing it in perection There ere forty thousand people living here, and about four-fifths of thtm ara descendants of the best families, and can trace their ancestry bark to?Adam ! Korponay ia here endeavoring to impress the pablic mind with the importance of the polka, bolero, mazurka, and ethar fancy daaoea And lae takes wonderfully, for I am told he had a javenito pupil the other evening, learning the first principles of the former, end eh* was only tnrnad five and forty. Her agility wee regarded something aztraordinary, even here. The test* for literature is increasing vastly. The first of a aeries of leetnrea before the Mercantile Library A*- < socletion wee to be delivered e few eveoing* since. Present twenty-five persona. It wee postponed. Twe squares below tome table minstrels were giving a concert t* an anditoc* of eevaral hundrads ot in* hit*. Serenades are popular, and in Fourth street sojourner* are greeted nightly with heavenly strains from violins end fintea. On tb* score of *00corny, the fathers *f the city oan< not bo exoeiiod. Such a thing as lighting the streets at night, except by the moon, is considered a work of supererogation. And tkea it help* trade, for each citizen is provided with a lantern te thread the streets when the "moon's in her shroud " Tner* wee a men killed a night or two ago by failing into a quarry in the upper end of the city. That's nothing, however; he was a stranger, and might have mue enquiry. The city aaUerilie* ara old residents?what need hare they fur light 1 Street crossing* are to* much *f a novelty?and none bat old parsons and crippled one* get more than ankle deep in i mod, when that commod ty abounds, aa it does always after a little rale. The summer season, as elsewhere, ia the beet time, in the surrounding country, to see and appreciate the been ties of nature Naturalist* bar* a great field for research. Mesquitoea, ranging in sine from a pin's head t* a large ; pee. can be takeu in ooveye without difficulty. Their I music at night ia a most excellent imitation of the sounds produced by pumpag an accordeon with' ut touching the keys, nod if one is unprovided with a bar-sua article of bed furniture indigenous te the West there is liiU* work left for "suoBsrs. leeches, end bleeJere," ia the morning. Another of th* " beauO**" if th?t paoduiaia ' of notnro, vRuating hatweoa hoot and cold-th* ague ButoainottiorcoMa.it* iaauiiirity h?? bred contempt, and it i* conaidorod bo Math tho notico of th* prop 1* ? In hit travel* a abort tltao ago, I (topped to refresh at a public hot)** Tho landlord wa* anting orar th* flr* ! with a blankat over hja *hotild*r* " rlow ar* too f ? Very w*U, Mir" " la If *iokly about heraT' ' O, no, nothing of th* kind." " What ail* yoa f " I have a touch of tho a*it* " " How long bar* you had it V Thirtaon month* " " Can I gat lomothing to *atV? " Not dow, manger; rtti* i* make day, and th* whol* family ia taking turn*." I mounted my h*ra* and doIMdid. Hteamhoat travelling juat new present* groat attracj tion* to th* myatariouo-loving. particularly *a th* upper river a. Each traveller thou Id be provided with the " Mysteries of Udolpho," to put the iataginatioa ia tmm; and then yen ar* prepared to be scared oat of your propriety bv a black, unearthly object riaing through th* door before you, and von are only relieved by a copiou* aupply of water which follow* 1L There ia no danger, howover : on* ia alwaya aure to oaoapa from th* hurtican* dock, particularly if ha or aha can awim. Oooa aionally on* gone halow, but it I* all owing to th* fact of their not baring acquired the art of atriking out The Preaideut of th* Bank of thn Btate of Mboouri ha* I I learn rcugned and laavra hi* odlt-o on Tuaaday. It iaaaid that Lnl. Robert < ampbell will b* appointed to auccaed him Ha received a commit*.on ai (tib-lraaaurer a few il*)a Miice. The queaiion n, which orti.e will be ""cept I I ue cfltce of *u;> trvaanrar ha* been tendered to thl"# pareon* in thi* city l?r Tenti had th* flrrt offer. Ho w?? *b?*nt i: --.nta Ke, fioei whence h# h** vary ' ''yT r*iurned, *ivt Ui iad tne coiunusvon waiting far turn Ha ha* pone te Washington, to *?*, 1 preaume, whoa# cemmiMiou li*i Lie prio' i'jf \ ? ? ;< i >g i* to con a -If at the ottu# Iral on To?*day avaniag, the immediate partial to whn-h ar* the beautiful and accomplished daughter ol lormar (lorerncr ofgB thi* Mute and a waalthy young gentleman of Una cR^M jfvwvfw^csk " aimodeui |