Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 5, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 5, 1846 Page 1
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I'M ii h i in. TH1 Vat. in, THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES 69RD0N BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Circulation?Forty Thouoand. DAILY liluKALD?Vatry day, Price t canto P?r copy-$7 "abes KK,. d.t. rnce ox cents per copy?S'J.uu per annum, jmysoie ui advance. A L? VERTIBEMENT-? at the usual price*?elwaya caab 7R1NTKVO of all kinda ntcit; d with beauty aed deepat ah. All letter* or communication*, by mail, addreued to iho i establishment, must be poat paid, or the pottage will b* da^isiitsi&s'ornsiss&ti. Proprietor of the Ni* Teu HiULt EITABI hhmuict, North- Waat corner of Pultouaud Naaaau street* $ TKAVEUdilU ACCUJ1 JlUUAilOA.H. CHANGE OF HOURS. L ISLAND RAILROAD?FALL ARRAN OEttENl jvn fBK? TJt^mo Htier XSuNlJA V, Chjti/beTTSTffls^Tralnawniraaaa follows: liiiri Buooxltis?at 7 o'clock A. M. (Boaton train) for Oreenport, daily, (ererpt Htradsys) stooping at farmingdale and St. George'* Manor. M " at 3H A. M., daily, for farraingdal* and intermediate place*. M " at 11 o'clock, M., for Uresaport. daily. (Sundays excepted,) stopping at Jamaica. Bra. cb, Hickaville, and al| stations east of Hicksvi lie. " " at 4 P. M. for Karmingdale, daily. 1 tars Gkecnpor r?at BAf A. M , daily accommodation trap for Brooklyn. " " at SR P- M., (or on the arrival of the. boat lrnui Norwt.h,) Boston tram daily, (except Sun fir*.} *? rP'ng M St. Ueorge'* Manor and armingdtl*. Lun FauuRODaut at X A.M. daily, (escort Monday*,) aecomnodati .1 train, and II M. and 5X P- M. Leavk J * Marc a?? I o'elocr A. M., i P. m., and ?X P. M., for Brooklyn, or on th* arrival of Boston tram. A freight trzia will lease Brooklyn for Oreeaport, with a paaseugar*' car attached, oa Mondaye,Wednesday* and Fridays, at IX A. M. Returning, leave Ureenport at lX o'clock P- M, on Tuesday, Thnxtday and Saturday*, stopping at inter mediate places. , SUNDAY TRAINS. Will hareafter ran to Tompson Station, leave Brook'yn at b o'< Iocs for Thompson and intermediate places, commencing Snuiar theltb fitvsmber, retaining leave Thompson at I o'clock P. M-, Fanning Dalai X. Jamaieo JX. leave Brooklyn for Jamaici S A. M., and 4 r. M. Fan* to?Bedford, cents; Kast New Y?rk,( IX; Boer Coarse, JIM;Trotting Coarse. 1IX; Jamaica, r>; Brnsbviilo, ; Hyde Park, (17 miles) I7X; Clowsville, (daring the seel /n of Court) I7X; Hempstead. J7X; Branch 37X; Carle Place,44; Westbary, 44; Hicksville, 44; KarmingdaTe, 62X; Deer Park, 61; Thompson, 8H; Suffolk Station, $1; Cake Koad Station,SI Ilk; Medford Station,*! 18X: ?aphantr,$l S7X; St. Ueorae's Manor, *1 63X; Rivernead, *162X: Jamesport, tlOXvMatletack, *1 6IX; Cntehogne, *1 61H; Spathold, *1 6SXi Ureenport Accommodation Train, *1 75; Ureenport by Bolton train, *2 IS. Stages are m readiness on the arrival of Trains at the several Stations, to take passengers at very low fares, to all para ol the Dlaud. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive baggage f< r the several trains. 30 minute* before the hoar of starting from the Brooklyn side Ike steamboat ''Smtecman' leaves Ureenport for Sag Harbor on the arrival of the Boston train from Brooklyn. Brooklyn, 'let. I, 1146. o9 itc PEOPLE'S LI K OK STEA.viBOATS KOK Al BANY. ' kDaily (Sunday* excepted) at S P. M.? 1 hrougl- Direct, i.l Frrm tk* Pier between Courtlandt and Liberty its. gg Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Capt. A, ^^gpnHa3*H?ughloa, will leave oa Monday Wednes3E3NEK_d y and Knday evenings, at 5 o'clock. Steamboat COLUMBUS, Capt 4*. B. Riggs, will leave on Tnesday, 1 huraday and Saturday evenings, at b o'clock. At 3 o'clock, P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Place*. PVom the Feot of Barclay Street. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, ? apt. K H. Forty, will leave on Monday, Wedaeiday, Friday and Sunday afternoons, ai 3 o cioci. Steamboat SANTA CLAUS, Captain B 0>nban|K, will leave oo Taos day, Thursday and Saturday afternoons, at 5 o'clock. The above boata will at all tinea arrive in Albany in ample time for the morning care for the East or West. Freight taken at modems ratea, and none taken after ? i 'clock, P. M. All |>eraona are forbid trusting any of the boat! of thu line without a written order from the captains or agents. For lineage or freight, apply ou bind the boata, or to P. C. Bchnltk. at theoflice on the wbarl' n30 rh NOTICE. jMA and On and alter Friday, November 90th, the o53WJ53?ateamboat SYLPH, Captain Braisted, will 3KI5MBK.vahr the following tripa to and from Btaten lalaud mini farther notice, viz :? Leave New York | Leave Staton ialand Ati' ?. Av.* 1 P. M. I 12 M H 2 l'.M. _ -a* " 1 *%" nl?r_ SATt- FOK LONDON?Regular Pa< ketof the ?th DewWJrPV cembrr?The lint class fast nailing packet ahip JSBIbiVVKLLINOTON, Capt. D. Chadwick, buriiiou 8X) lona, will aail a> above, her regular day. Having very anperior accoinmodatii ns for cabin, aecond cabin aua sterns* p itengera, peraoua intending to embark should make immediate application on board, or to JOSF.PH McMLKRAV, df rh Comer of Pine ano Sonth au. FOR LONDONDERRY?Direct?To sail with Mt|Adispatch ?Tae firat elaaa rrgnlar packer ahip HA jSMMnKlON. Capt. M Thompson, will aail aa above. Ttir accommodationa foreskin, M cabin, and steerage pasaaigere are of a very anperior description, anil requires no commeat. Tnoie deairons of embarxing abould make immediate application on b ard. loot of Pine street, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, (.9 South st., Corner of Pine. P. 8.?Persona desirous of sending for their friends iu that I9CUOI Oi com try c?u n?*c mein urogjiu. ?ui uy me dotc t wl on mmn nn??, by applyingastbovc. dj nata'1 FOR LIVERPOOL??w Liot-Rtiioltr packunNfkei of December U?The splendid, last sailing p.ickJHlb'l ihip SIDDONS, Edward B. Cobb muter, will Mi' u above, her regular day . * or fi tight or paaaage, harii g accommodations unequalled for ipletidor or comfort apply on board, at Orleans whaif, foot of Wall atreet, or to E. K COLLINS It CO.. 5C South >t Tacket dtip Sheridan, Coitish matter, will laceaed the Riddons, and mil fSth Jonnarr. hvr regular dav d I r FOK LI VEKPOUL?The Mew Line Line?he (ffCtn gular Packet of 2Ut December ?The toperior fan dSSHLaailinc packet chip LIVERPOOL, 1150 tona bar thru, >. apt. John t.ldridge, will tail u above, her regular day Kor freight or passage, having elegant and superior accam nodaiaous apply to the captain on board, at west aide of Bar line slip, or to WOODHULL It MINTURN. IT Soath at. Price of passage $7J The packet snip QUEEN OK THE WEST. IIS# tona burthen. Cast. Philip Woodhouse, will aueeeed the Liver |Hx>t, and ami on Iter regular dav, I lat Ian nary. I (IT. oZ3 " FORT LONDON?First Packet-The splendid ajWaV fast sailing packet (hip ELIZABETH, Capt. Beta jSmlMGnwill positively aeil as above. The accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers are superior to those of most of the other London packets, end the price of passage is reduced, for which apply lo W. k J. tTaPSCOTT. K South st.. a|( ddoor below Barling slip J APBiAlTT'S FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND wHHfV. EMIGRATION OKKloE.-D sfts en England, jMmKb Ireland, Scotland and Wales ?Persona wishing to remit wooer to any part of Great Britain or Irelan'htan procare drifts of the tubseribera payable at aigh;without uieeount, in all th- principal towns, u follows In England?On Messrs. J. Barned it? o , Liverpool; National and Prov o-ial Bank of England and branehsa. In Ireland?National Bank of liolaad and brnnchea throughout. in Scotland?Natioeal Bank of Scotl ad and kranchee ih oughout. Drai'ia can be forwarded by paeket ship Hoaciaa on the ttth in si ant. steam il ipGieat Western on Mch, or Royal Mail atesmaliip from Boston on Dtproaiieo. W. fc J. T. TAPnCOTT. W Soath street, nH second door west of Borltng slip. isi EUR LI VfclU'UUL?Megalar Packet of tnc at kMMrW December?The fi'st c'ass last sailing packet ahi jKfifcfeASHBURTUN, W H. Howland, muter, will sai. as abuie, her regular day. As regards the accomme.diuoea for cabin, second cabin and C erage passengers in this well known vessel comment is eaneccaaary. Persona intending to embark shoeld make immediate application on board, foot of Maiden lane, or to Me MURRAY. mfrc- PAbAAUll TO fAKA. UkAZlL-'lha superior ( J9V ft rat ctasi, con*rrd ?id copper fastened hark UNDINK, 8 K. A| piston, will be despatched lor the move port abont the first of October. invalids, and other*. who dnlre to avail thfioitlm oflhe healthful end agreeable climate of fata, will find ih? Uadiae and liar accomwodath n? of a chancer ao> to ba aarpaeaed. kor parfiealara apply lo JA.VIEII BI8HOI* k CO., ?H Il'tia*rre o ? I ibcrry street. TACUl rXOK 1 HfciKiX L.1GH i l-Uli SAJUt. kkd; The undersigned, baring coaaludad to withdraw from "Yachting," olteri for tale the well known JKWwaelwroaer yacht SoKTHfcRM LIGHT, 7* tout The Northern Light it Moat anbitaktully boilt of white oak, copper laaieued coppered to me walea, and la aery tho roughly found m all raapecta. There are 'wo aute room having twe her*ha each, and eight open berth* (four of whtrh an double) in bar alter cabin, whicti, wiih eignt bertha iu bar forward cabin, afford accommoflanotia for H passengers, hem* admirably calculated for a yacht, or packet for pejsfLpara, in Oar tiouthaiu watera. The qu?litiei of tha Nortnera Light for aailmg, and aa a "aea ooat, we too well kaown to require farther description. Kor terms and other partienlars apply to the tubacnber, at Ne-16 booth Market afreet. Boston W. r. WlfiCKOTjLK, or to . ? DUMOWT k HOSACK, in Wall Street. NOTICfc?Any Para na having claims ~agaiaat tha aaoer igned, are requested to Pit-scut the sane to Henry H. Byrne, Esq., solicitor,at hu office, No.* Naaean street. New dlftt* r JOHN HERDMAN. Mfciw 'iAhlFh. IN view ofihe rednctme of the Tariff, which takes place tins day, sad to keeppeee with the tpint of the sew. Was. 'J- Jennings k Co., American Hotel, will redece the pricca of their Clothing in like proportion. They hate now oa hind a large and splendid assortment of Cloths. Caasimaraa and Vettinrs: alto, a |ar*a assortment of first quality ready made Metruag, fancy Dress articles, auder clothing, kc., kc. UeitleMra la waut if articles era invited to eiaoune oar aunt meal dl Iw rrc. CAa'l U? OLUlHihu Ahn IthMiUka WANTien LA01M er Unailamaai haviag any anperflnooa or aaet off clothing or faraitBrs to diapoaa of, can obtain a lair cash price for thaaame, by applyiag ro tha inbaenber, at bis residence, or throogh tha post office, which will be vanctaolly l attended to. . M. 8- COHEN, *9 bases at. ' . is B Ladies cab kf eueeded to by Mia. M. 9. l ohag. nt) iffi't* in i rnrnimmmmmmmm E NE1 NEW ' The Van Men Case. Circuit Court, Wkhikgto*, Doc. 2, ld4? tcitimont tor the difkbce continued. Court mot at 10 o'clock in tho morning. Fair for tho ! MM. Mr. Bbint doiirod to ro examine Mr. Room, of tho Philadelphia post office. Moaara Brent, Bradley, Cose, , May and Carliale.di '.cuaaod tho question of order. The < Court allowed that Mr. Brent might examine Mr. Raeae ! upon mattera of hie teatimony not croaa-examined yeaterday ; bat the honorable the Judges deaired that the caae might proceed, ao aa that there ahoulJ be a proapect of finiabing it before the expiration of the term of the. Court. Upon the plan of proceeding of ye (terday, the caae woulJ never be flniahed. Mr. Brent naked queationa concerning the advertised liata, Itc , Sec. Examined bt D?tence ?Witneaa atated that in the conversation with Mr. Morria, at Coleman's, after they had retired to another room, Mr. Morria adriaed him to caution in atating anything about thia trial, becauae there were apiea about. 1 aaw Mr. Bradley take out the "A" finm that lattar r naoanit tn Kim h? Ue HI 1 aam him take it oat with cauitic of potash last night. From examination I think the "6" must hare been inserted in the large stamp in April, 1846. Mr. Kichakd Smith, Cashier of the Bank of Metropolis, (of which Gen. Tan Ness was President ) examined by Mr. Carlisle?Declared his opinion in detail of the lettaia died by Mrs. Conner, as letters received from Gen. Fan Ness, and purporting to hare been written to her in his life-time, that they were spurious; identified certain genuine letters of the General as more or less differing in the caligrapby, from the style of the plaintiff's letters on record; saw the letters, (as understood,) in the hands of Mr. Dallas and Mr. Lee last ApriL 26th July letter, supposed to relate to the envelope in dispute yesterday; would not suppose it to be genuine. Mr. Mat inquired respecting a certain'spurious check taken by Mr. Smith at the bank; said he did not recollect the circumstance. In the course of his cross-examination. Mr May asked the opinioa of witness respecting a certain signature; did not recognise it so well by itself; recognised the letter to which it was attached as genuine, written by Gen. Van Ness. Mr. Brkpit inquired respecting the last illness of Gen. Van Ness, and of his visits to him ; had a conversation with him; witness said it commenced by his asking Gen Van Ness if there was any thing he (the witness) could do for him. He said there wore some small notas he was anxious sbout; I desired to relieve him from any any uneasiness in matters of business; I told him to make his mind easy, that they (the small notes he spoke of) would be attended to. My reason for this inquiry was, that Gen. Van Ness had spoken to me two years befoie, in respect to the settling up of the estate. In regard to his property, he said it would all be taken care of, and spoke of some thirty or forty branches, and then spoke of forty thousand, but without saying what; 1 then asked him whether or not he had made a will; [a dead silence,] he became a little excited, and said, Mr. Smith, I am not going to die; 1 shall be up in three or four days; 1 told dim I sincerely hoped it would be so; none wished it more than I did; but told him too, that I merely wished to assist him on any matters he wished to arrange; he then answered me that his property would be taken care of; 1 then replied that no one was more careful, and the conversation dropped; he never expressed a desire to sea his I - .?-.*.u.uv? UI?? fcfCI saw UID (JIIVBIV UR|Wl? of Genr. Van Nets; I waa at his hoase at night during his illness; the first time I saw him was at night; saw him afterwards in the morning; did not see Bor hear of this lady coming there at the time. By Mr. Cssliils.?Gen. Van Ness on his death bed, did notepeak of a wife and two children living; I thought 1 had irritated him with mv inquiries about his will, but he alterwards manifested the greatest kindness. On the day before he died, I was in the room which was kept as his office; 1 observed that his papers were very much exposed; 1 then suggested to the members of his family that those cases should be locked up, and a seal put on them; in the presence of Gov. Van Ness, and the young man who acted as clerk te Gen. Van Ness, (\lr. Holcoab) we went into the office, and Mr. Holcomb put all the pipers In the cases; I then put my own seal upon them; 1 can hardly say what was done with the key; while we were in the office. Miss White brought from the vest pocket of Gen. Van Ness the key of the round table, also some papers from his vest iiocket; Gen. Van Ness died on Ssturday night, and on Monday following it was suggested, if he had left a will, it might be in one of the drawers of that table; it was proposed that that table be examined forthwith; that was before the funeral, because it waa supposed,if there were a will, there might be some directions as to the funeral; Mr. R. 3. Coxe assisted at the examination of the table; when Miss White brought me the key aal loose papers from the vest pocket of Gen. Van Ness on Friday, I took them, sealed them up, and kept them in the Bank of the Metropolis; on Monday 1 took the key down for the purpose of opening the draw era, as decided upon; my impression is, that the drawers were not sealed; we feuud nothing like a will on tha examination of the drawers; I examined, after that, the Alee and pigeon-holes of the bank, but without success; 1 discovered no will, nor aoy one who had ever witnessed a will; 1 mado all the enquiries within my reach; it was the great desire oi the other members of the family, (besides Governor Van Ness) and it was at their instance that 1 made the enquiries; because unless they were provided for. they would be left in a destitute situation. There were left of General Van Ness'family, four branches :?l. Gov. Vsu Ness, a brother. 3. A sister, a married woman, nemod Hodman. 8. TUi co nephews, brothers, John Van Ness, Edward Van Ness, Eugene Van Nesa, and a niece, ar sister of these brothers. Matilda Van Ness-all these were children of a deceased brother (whose wife is also dead) of lien. Van 'Ness. 4. A married sister, named Van Allen, who has a son. ("Walk light") By Mr. Coxa.?1 was present when the drawers were opened in the table, not when the seals oi the cases were opered. Cross-examined by Mr. Brent.?Beiore that his physician had said he could not survive?that was on Wednesday. I suggested that the papers be examined on Kridav. Oov.Van Ness was not present when Miss White brought the key of the drawer and the loose papers from the vest pocket; it was a steel key; we did not come across a paper with a lock of hair in it; 1 did not open any of the papers; object was to open such as looked like a will; 1 did not see a lock of hair among his papers; 1 was not present when the oases were searched; I did not see a book of foims of a will at any time; did not find any paper providing for manumission oi. his negroes; 1 understood they bad been manumitted; the Christian npme of Mr*. Hoffman is Uartrnde; bialniece, Matilda, had lived in his Jamily ior many years; Charles, e brother of Matilda, got an appointment in the New York custom heuse; vtlss White is a cousin of the Oeneral's former wife; don't know that any biother oi the relative. Van Allen, wai in the alms house; Gen. Van Ness never spoke to me on the subject of a disagreementsome years ago with ai brother, Gov. Van Nets. By Mr. Cablislx ? I beard General Van Ness say he was bondsman to his brother ae Collector of New York in the snm of $300,000. [The Court thought the tost* mony was wandering oft the track, but waived their objections in ttiis instance ] Mr. Bbaducv showed to witness one of the " Wallace" letter*, purporting to have boon written by lienor*! Van Ness under the assumed nemo of Wallace. It haa the neine of" Gertrude" in it (as understood) upon a piece of paper pasted in. Witnees thought it was written in dif lerent coloied ink, fcc ? that is, the name of ' Gertrude " By Mr. Ca*lisls.?Had no personal knowledge ol Gen Van Ness and heirs providing an antfuity for Miss Whit* from the estate. Richabd 8. Coir sworn ?Testified very minutely to a thorough search and examination by himself, at the residence of General Van Ness, of his desks, cases, ui ??., mi wiu, uui iihi wii uin wp, on Marco extending even to the cellar. J. Mavdkvillc Cailiiu sworn - ToetiAed to a con venation with General Van Nesa about a year ago on the subject of a will, and that he had lent him a book of forma of Willi, and that, perhaps in February last, a abort tlaae prior to the witness leaving this city fur Boston, in a conversation with General Van Ness, he was led to believe that General Van Ness bad not mada a will.? Since the death of General Van Ness, witness had seen bis book with the Van Ness anas on it. Never saw a will of the deceased, nor heard of one having been seen. By Mr. itrnt.-l asked Ge eral Van Nesa for the book which I had lent him jost before I left for Boston. I was in >ew York when I heard of his death I was gone not less then ten days, nor more than two weeks. Joniv W. Mavrv sworn.?Is President ol the Bank of Metropolis, and had been for a long time a director in aasociHtion with Gen Van Ness in s*id bank, testified to his knowledge tof Gen. Van Ness's handwriting; Mr Bradley handed him the plaintiiTs record letters to identify; did not believe them to be in the handwriting of Gen. Van Ness; identified several of the genuine letters ol Gen. Van Ness exhibited to him in comparison with the letters of the plaintiff: had examined over four hundred of the capital "J's" of Gen. John P. Van Ness; ha made bi?"J"or "I* with a single movement of the pen; these appear to have been made by two strokes?some oi them being openet the top; examined the k"JV In the Orphan's oourt letters, purporting to have bean written by Gan. J. P. Van Nasi Crass.exeaiined ty Mr. Bazar ?Shown several of the papers independent of the signature, recognised moat of them. JeHi* Bovlb sworn, examined by Mr. Bradler ?Knew Gen. Van Nesa eince ISIS; waa aaeociated with him some time in the Bank of Matropolis as a director; whitneas shown tha Orphan's Court letters: said ha bad saan them iu the Orphan'e court, aad regarded them, at that time, ae imitations, and soma of them very clumsy ones; some of them appeared to bo good imitations; witness exam ined tge mdmoi Van Neaaletteri, or tboae pretested by th? plaintiff in thit canto at inch, and fare hit opinion againtt their authenticity. Ctotg-txamtntd by Mr. JaawT.?Hare not aoan tha Orphan'! Couit lettori tinea tha trial began; I think they are an attempt at imitationa; think that a ditgoiaad hand might be taken tor imitation; ahown a genuine paper (p. 60) not prated by witneea. Mr. O. H. Tnaoor worn?Knew the late General Van Nett; ia an angrarer; waa ahown a letter by bim to Gen. Van Note, in regard to a copper plate pratt; yea, ?ir, theft mine; letter dated October 10th, I84S; knew of the prett being at Mra. Gonner'a, and applied to Oeneral Van Neat to get it; it wai tome time in the lummor; ha waa abteut; on hit return I applied again: I went once or twice to Mra. Conner'a; taw her and tha daughter; I got an order lor it dated IPth October, 1S46 [Mr. hrady handed him a paper J No, air, that it not it. (P. It )? The paper it diffeient; the order I got waa of tha tame paper at my contract; thia it different; ha wrote out of the tame inkttand; thit it different ink; be Vrota the order, and read it loud to me; think there waa aomething mora than a quaiter of a rheet of paper in the note; your dear hutband" wat not in the uote; Mra. t anner hat called on me teeerai timet thit tummer; tome time thit tummer 1 waa down at the " Point," at my houta; it wtt * arm weather; my wife announced a lady preeent, who desired to aee me; I went down, and in conearaatio.i lea rued that the desired te get the date of the.erdu, ui the prett; 1 referred her te Mr ttadth, at the bank*, it* ' i ii W YO YORK, SATURDAY MOR Metropolis to see my paper, written en the eeme day; I afterwards a Mr. True celled to tee me; said he wti a | commissioner of claimi, or something of that sort. Mr. Baeitr objected to what occurred with a third person. Witness? When the came in the carriage the Ant time, (he eeid ihe could not find the order from General Van Ness for the printing press; the (aid the would like to get the date, for something that transpired at that time she wished to recollect eery much; the order 1 took to her was not sealed; I carried it open [The paper of Mr. Throop, or contract, te hire the printing press of (jen. Van Ness, wi h the'endorsement of Gen Van Ness on the back, raad and filed?offsred $10 a year for the press till paid for) Crttftmamcitd by Mr. Brunt.?Jliat was before I wrote that i>.,| rr th ,'t I saw the young lady at Mr* Conner'*; I culled to m c the preae; the paper and the receipt were written at the same time; he told me to write the eme et if he (Gen. Van Ness) was not present; got the preae when I called for it with the order. [Paper handed to the witness to identify.] Hesitated in any opinion about it-a very close resemblance; don't think 1 ever ; mw that paper before; during that convaraation with Gen. Van Ness, he told me to tali Mra. Conner that he ! could not com.) down that evening, but would be down the next morning. to aee about fixing something, perhaua a atove [ litre the crowd broke out into a laugh "Silence," "silence." " Walk light!"] By Mr. Brsulky.?She aail that Uan. Van Ness had a kind regard tor me; I said I waa sorry to have lost so food a friend; she aaid if the was successful in this case, might fiud as good a friend in her. By Mr. Conic.?No, she uevor said she had moro than one order. By Mr. BaauLar.?My brother had two presses there at one time?a large press and a small press. By Mr. Brent.?Yes, sir; we had some conversation about the General's brother, Gov.Van Ness?and witness said they both agieed that the Governor would not be so good a man with the property; he, the witness, did not care who got it; it was nothing to him either way. And although the Court desired that another hour or so might be spent in examining witnesses, by request of some of the jury, who wished to attend to business at home, tha Court ordered, and the crier announced, that the Court stood adjourned till to-morrow morning, at 10 o'clock. Cibclit Coi'rt, Washington, Dec. S, 1840. Delightful morning. Present, the counsel on both sides, (except Mr. Brent,) and the jury. Crowd dropping in one by one. The plaintiff, in her deep mourning, quietly taking her chair by the side of her counsel. Mr. GcoaoK 8wceit sworn? Examined by Mr. Bradley?Witness had been in the city post office for upwards of 31 years; for 30 years of th-it time he had been a chief clerk; went out of the office April, 1843; witness dotailed the praotice of the department, or rather of tha to Be closed at 0 P M., (till, fur the public accotnmoda- I tion, it had been the practice of the office to mail letter! th at were dropped in at a much later hour, for which there was alway s made out a new post bill; the transcript would (how distinctly the regular and tho extra mails; properly (peaking, " way letters" are a different matter from those wjiich you have been speaking of here for several days; they are such letters as are given to a mail carrier on ni( route between two offices; the mail carrier delivers it at the first post efflce on his way, and an additional cent is charged as postage; sometimes, when a letter comes after closing the mails, and tho person desires it to be sent on, we drop it into the way bag, not stamped with the stamp of the pout office; but we write on it the word " way;" in such cases there is a difficulty in telling the places whence such letters came from; It is rather an irregular proceeding, and is dono by consent; the place where they are received ought to be noticed in the bills of letters received at such office; witness testified particularly to the accommodations given to letters of gentlemen of the press coming in after the hour of closing the mail, or else they always make a great to-do about it. These letters are put into the agent's pouch, who stamped them and recorded them upon his transcripts; stated that if a person called at the office for a letter, after it was stamped for transmission, it was the rule to require such person to write a superscription, to see that it corresponded with that on the letter; but that in cases where individuals of known high character called for a letter put in the office, after it was stamped and even registered for transmission, the letter was returned to such persons, without requiring the test of a corresponding superscription. Witness stated the main particulars of a long acquaintance with the late Oen. John P. Van Ness. [Mr. Brent, senior counsel for the plaintiff, came in ] Witness proceeded to state the means of his knowledge of the handwriting of Oen. Van Ness, and the leasons which led him to believe that the Orphans' Court letters of the plaintiff .vere not the genuine nandwriting of Oen. Van Ness. After a long examination of the plaintift''s record, letters in detail, which the witness respectively declared, as his opinion, were not genuine, the jury retired outside the court room to an anteroom, for a little refreshment, and, upon their returning, the witness was Cross-examined by Mr. Brent.?With respect to the eculiar, muke of the "B's" or "D'a" of Oeneaal Van Ness's writing, from specimens of genuine letters handed to him, acknowledged that there were some oc CiUUUttl TBIIHUUUI, UUl UUIl, Br m ma iiyio OI those particular capital* wa? remarkably uniform. P. M?Tne body of the letter appear* to be Ge neral Van Nesa'a : but 1 should not judge it to be hi* from the signature alone : lome part* .ef the letter* were eery (good counter feiU, and tome of them are aery bad A man might disguise hi* hand to a* not readily to be diatlnguiihed, but there are part* in which the characteriatic* of the writer'* ityle may peep out Stated vcaie in which he attempted to disguise bis own hand, but gave it up. Referred to one of the letters purporting to have been written by Gen. Van Ness over the signature of "Wallace," in which the word "Gertrude" occur* upen a piece of paper pasted into the letter and tilling a vacancy in the writing. Thought the word "Gertrude" was written in different ink, and that there was e crease in the paper which did not correspond with the appar ent original fold* of the letter. By Mr. Msv ?No, sir, I don't know the practice exaetiy in the post efflce now, having left it in April, 184*; don't know of letter* being stamped and put in the agent's pouch?they ought not to be. Mr. Sweeney was asked numerous questions regarding the practice of the Washington City pott office in the transmission of irregular litters, from which it appeared there had grown up an irregular practice for the public accommodation of transmitting letters after the mails ware closed. Thought the ceuntry post offices were generally more apt to be correct in their bills and transcripts than the larger offiees Mr. Groan* M. Davis, teller in the Bank of Metropolis, sworn.?Direct examination ?From 1833 to the death of Uen. Van Ness, tho President, I was teller in the bank. The plhintiff 'a letters, purporting to have been written by Uen. Van Neas, ihown accortingto their nnmbeia, on? by one, to tbe witneaa. O. No. 1 did not think it written by Gen. Van Ness?same of O No. 3,3, 4, A, 8, 7?these are tbe letter* Bled by the petitioner in the Orphan's Court Seme opinion as to P No. 1, P No. 7 not tha General's writing?same of all tha plaintiffs let am Rann<rtti*i?/l tavnrial la(l?ra Bltrl in lbs* mm. nuine hand writing of Oen. Van Nats. C? on txaminrd by Mr. Bbbkt?Was of opinion that a signature in the nam* of General Van Neaa to one of the plaintifl'a letters, more resembled hi* writing than a car i tain genuine letter of aaid J. P. Van Neaa. Cept. Caaaaaar recalled.? Oavo hia opinion that a certain aignatnie purporting to be General Van Neae'a in a genuine paper, waa writtan bp tba late wife of tha deoeaaed. Wm. A. B*ADi.tT aworn, direct.?Knew Gen. Van Neaa nearly bia whole life time. la not Joaeph A. Bradley, the couneeller ; in hia examinationa, gara hia opinion in detail against the plaintifl's lettera on file. Cron-rxaminrd ?y Mr. Mat upon the letter*. Nothing elicited ot material come queues Bp Mr. Bater?1 believe Mra. Conner lived at on* time near my residence. Mra Fowler, her aiater, live* in my neighborhood. Think I have aean tha carriage of Gen. Van Nate at Mrs. Fowler's. Hknbt D Gilfii*, of Philadelphia aworn t direct examination.?Teatified ea to a thorough axaminetion ol tha marriage dockrta of all the Philadelphia aldermen, 41 In number?of them he had aeen himaclf, and tha docketa of lb* other two, all of tham had marriage recorda? excepting six,all of the register* war* kept in booka?looked ovar all ol thuoi myself, either with or without the aldermen in each pellicular The aix who kept no beoke had tbair marriage recorda on file, and none of the aix were in tha city of Philadelphia?they war* outride the corporation. Mr. B*hht objected to the testimony of Mr. Oiipin regarding the record* of the Philadelphia Aldormoo. Tho Aldermen themielre*, and their book*, ought to bo here, and tb* Aldermen examined under oath, 'i'hia wee Barely lecondary evidence. The Cocai ditaented to the objection* of the plaintiff'* oountel. Mr. Bbbnt contended either for the oath* of person* knowing the book* of the Aldermen to be their genuine book*, or for the book* themselves, under the oath* of such pertoni. The Ceuar argued the paint, in fhvor of the testimony of Mr. UUpin. It would be given a* the fact of what he had dona. Mr. Bbxht objected, became from thi* taetimony the opinion might be adduced that all the book* of all the Aldermen had been examined, when, by a more formal urocea* of research and investigation, a moat important fact might appaar. Mr. Mat auitained hi* colleague by a citation and application of authorities. Meaara. Bbadlkt and Coxa argnod on the other aide, end were *u*tained by the Cenrt, in *o far that tha witnai* could (tate what he had dene. Mr. Caumslb aaid that it would have been more properly the province of the plaintiff to have had the marriage book* of *11 the Philadelphia Aldermen examined ; an 1 that the delence were not under obligation to prodace the book* of the other Aldermen, in having produc eu ion 01 we avctina Aiainnin i,nniuwi. m umi uw* w?? produced because that ?u the Alderman the plaintiff had selected as the officer that bad married her. Be idee, the evidence here being negative, dkl not require the affirmative proceea demanded by the counael on the ether kide. Mr. Coxa and Mr. Brant continued the coatroxerey upon the point of order. At four o'clock, on euggeatlen of Mr. Baaivr, the jury i ware allowed to retire lor the day, the point at law still ! being n nder diacueeion. The Cottar, (Judge Mortal!,) la great good humor, continued the diacukaiea with Mr. Brent, arguing that the testimony of Mr. UUpin. with regard to the Aldermen's hooks, might after all be scoo: ding to law. Mr. I Brent contending that the primary evidence of the aldermen and their hooks, is the testimony required, upon this point of the investigation. Judge DtmLor thought that there might be a deer o|K>i>ed to great abuae in thia sort of testimony; hut these aldermen being officers of lew, it might not bo consideted necessary to the legality ef Mr. thl pin's tea > ai'iiif "i" RK I ,NLNG, DECEMBER 5, 16 timony, respecting hi* March of tho aUinaWa offices, | to require an oath of the aldermen. Mr. Mat and Mr. Brant dispuUJ tha decision of tha Court. Mr. Oiltik atatad to tha Court, that on* of tha aldermeu aid he had no record at all. Mr. Bearer.?That ia mora hearsay. Mr Oilm* ? A. no the r alderman aaid that Mo. Cannar had examined hit book. Mr Baanr ?That'* hearsay. With some further remarks batwaan Mr. May and tha Court, tha Court atatad that their opinion was in favor of tha legality of Mr. Oilpin'a evidence. Adjourned till to morrow at ten o'clock. Clrcaiar Instructions to Collectors and other Officers of the Customs. Taaasuav DsraarMKirr, Nov 3d, 1848. For tho govornmout of the respective officers of tho customs in carrying into effect tha provisions of the annexed act of Congress, approved 30th July, 1846, entitled 'An act-edueing tha duty on importa, and for other purposes," the following instructions and regulations are issued, and a strict compliance therewith enjoined. .. in view of enqniiies submitted, it becomes proper to siate, inn toe Deiorementioned act goes into oparation and affect on the A rat day of December next, and not the leoond, in conformity with a deciiion upon a aimilar question of construction by the Supremo Court of the United States. The fourth section of the act provides that the expense of weighing, gauging, or measuring, shall be paid by the owner, agout, or consignee of the . goods, under certain speciAed circumstances. Whenever, therefore, the invoioe shall not contain any weight, quantity, or measure, as the case may be. and, likewise, when those quantities may be stated in the invoice, but not so stated in good faith, but, on being properly tested,are found to fall short of the true amount to an unreasonable extent, after making due allowance for any difference between the-mode of determining quantities under our laws by weight, gauge, or measure, and that of the country or place from whence the merchandise may be imported, and where good fbason should exist for the belief that the quantity was incorrectly given in the invoice by design, and with intention to evade payment of the proper ami unt of duty then in all such cases the expense of the services referred to must be defrayed by the owner, agent, or consignee. If any quantity, weight, or measure be stated in the inreice or entry, ft nevertheless becomes necessary, as required by the Instructions of the department, under the warehouse act, issued on tha 14th of August last, to weigh, gaugo, or measure the article, to ascertain whether the quantity be correctly given in the invoice or entry. If the quantity thus ascertained is found to exceed that given io the invoice or entry, the aggregate co?t or value must he made to oorrespond with such Increase ot the quantity, and the duties ostimated and assessed accordingly. But in no caso are the duties to be levied on sn amount less than the invoice value. Where the weight, gauge, or measure shall have been duly ascertained on any goods deposited in warehouse, and such goods bo withdrawn, either for consumption or transportation to another port of entry, in lesa quantities than the entire importation, the expense of weighing, gauging, or measuring any such portions or quantities must b# paid by the owner, importer, or agent, whenever it becomes necessary to perform either of those acts, ill order to ascertain the dutiable value of any such good* withdrawn from warehouse at aforeiaid. When article* of the description before mentioned are transported in pursuance of law, to be ro-warehoused at an6ther port of entry, they need not be again weighed, gauged, or measured, in going into warehouse at the transportation port, as the quantities specified in the ceri tiflcate required by law to accompany the same may be | deemed the true quantities, unless special and sufficient I reasons eUoul J oxist to reader, in the judgment of the collector, another ascertainment necessary. The bounty to be allowed from and after the 1st day of December next, in pursuance of the 6th section of the act, on.the exportation of pickled fish of the fisheries of the United States, if cured with foreign salt, will be at the rate of 2% cents per bushel, or M pounds on the salt used in curing said fish To entitle the exporter to bounty, a strict compliance must be had with the requirements of the " Act laying a duty on imported salt, and granting a bounty on pickled fish exported," lie., approved dfith July, 1813. The following decision, heretofore made on points submitted under the fith section of theVst, it is deemed proper to incorporate with these instructions, viz: All goods which may arrive in port prior to the 1st of December next, but which may remain on board the vessel on that day, er the day foil >wing, will be,subject to the rates of duty prescribed by the tariff act of 30th August, 1I4S, unless entered and bonded for warehousing, prior to the 1st of December. If the vessel should not arrive in time lor the importer to complete the warehousing en iry, ann give dooj ueiore tne lit ot December, due notice on hi* pert, that he desires to avail himself of the lower rate of duty prescribed by the revenue act of 80th July, 1846, will be sufficient; the peculiar circumitan ces justifying a constructive warehousing in such cues; suoh notice to be given before the 1st ol December. Uoods remaining in public store en the second day of . December will be subjected to the mtes of duty imposed by the act of the 30th July, 1840, whether the rates under said act be higher or lower than the rates chargable by law at the time of tho arrival thereof; provided auch foods were imported after the pusage of the act of 30 th uly, 1940. Importers, thereforo, to avail themselves of the duty imposed by the act of the 30th Aegust, 1840, must pay the dutv before the first day of December, if the goods are in the public stores. The seventh section of the act allows goods, wares, and mcichaudise to remain in the public storu for the space of one yeer without payment of dutv. The year will, therefore, commence on the day on which entry of the vessel in which the goods ere imported is made at the custom-house. Where goods remain in warehouse be>ond one year, u aforesaid, without payment of the ap propriate duties and chaiges '.hereon, they muat be appraised and sold In conformity with law. and the instruction! of tha department issued under the warehousing act on the 14th of Aug. last. No interest on the duties becomes chargeable in the case of auy goods imported after the passage of tha act of 30th of July. 1843, if the dutiee are paid within the year prescribed by law. Goods imported since the passage of the warehouse act of 6th of August, 1848, and carriid to public store as unclaimtd goods, mty be entered at any tima before the expiration of oue yaar from the date of importation, and be exempted Irom any charge of interest on the duties. The additions authorized by the eighth section to be made by the owner, consignee, or agent ''in the entry to the coat er value given in the invoice" where goods have been actually purchased, as also the costs and charges referred to, must be added at tha tima of making entry of the goods, and cannot be done subsequently. This privilege is obviouilv intended to afi'ord the party an opportunity to relieve himself from the a iditional duty imposed by this section, where the apprsised value shall exceed by ten per centum or more the value ">o declared on the entry consequently any such additions made as aforesaid are not obligatory upon, or to control tha judgment of the appraisers in estimating the value of the goods in ques:ion. who are, nevertheless, required to make appraisement of the same in conformity with the provisions of existing lews. me principle upon wtilcn the approvement is baaed la this: that tne actual value of articles on abip board at the laat place of abipment to the United State a, including all preceding expenses, dutiea, coata, charge*, end treimportation, ia tbe foreign value upon which the duty ie te be assessed. The co*ta and charge* that are to ha embraced In Axing the valuation ovet and above the value of the article at the place ef growth, production,or matin facta re, are, l?t. The trmneportatiou, ahipment and tranahlpment, with all tha expenaea included, from the place of growth, production, or menu lecture, whether by land or water carriage, to the veaael in which ahiptnant ia made to the United Stat**. Included in three e.timstes ia the value of the each, package, box, orate, hogshead, barrel, bale, ceak, can, and covering of all kinda, bottles, jata, v*? el*. and demijohn*. 3d Commission at tha usual rata, but in no case lata than two and a half percent, and whar* thare la a distinct brokerage that to bs added. U. Expert uutiei, including inch duties at all places from the place of growth, production or manufacture to the laat place of aiupment to the United States. 4th. Coit of placing cargoea ou board ahlp, including drayagc, labor, bill of lading, lighterage, town dues and shipping charge*, dock and wharf dnea, and all cbargaa to place the eruaie on shipboard. Viscount* are never to bo allowed in any casa except an article* where it baa been tbe uniform and established usage berutoiore, and never moro than tbe actual diecount positively known to tho appraiser. Tbe freight Irom the laet piece of ehipmeat to the United States is not to be included in tho valuation, and insurance is also excluded by lew. The eighth section provides, in certain casaa, for an addition oi "twenty per cent ad valorem on such appraised value." This twenty per cent ie, as the law declares, en addition of a duty of twenty pur cent on tho apprailed valne, and not a per centage upon the doty. Thus, if tbe duty upon such appraised value be twenty percent under the law, the addition of twenty per cent wuuia ram um amy to imim to lorty per mdi or, if thirty percent, to fifty per coot, and 10 on?making in ail cases an actual addition of twenty per cent to the rate of duty. Inaimiicfi aithie lection gives the importer the fullest opportunity of guarding egainit the Imposition of this ad* ilitioimlyIlly, by authorizing him, in all cases, nolWllh tanding the invoice, to raiae the value to the truo market rate, including ail costs and charges, differing in this respect from former provisions, it is not expected that the department will be called upon to interpose to relieve any importar from the payment of this additional-duty of twanty per cent. Tbie eection further provides, "That under no circumstances shall tha duty be assessed upon an amount lese then the inveice value, any law of Congreae to the contrary notwithstanding." Notwithstanding the very comprehensive language of this proviso, it is still believed that Congress could not have intended to eboliah ail tha allowances made under previous iswsfor deficiencies and for damages occurring during the voyage of importation It is represented, however, to this department, that in consequence of the misfortune occurring to importer*, from the happening of auy damage to their good* during the voyage, appeals are made to tbe sympathy ot public officers lor relief, so far as practicable, from aueh loss, by very large allowances in assessing tha amount of the damage. Now, whatever regret may be entertained for such losses, the gov emment does not guaranty or insure against them, end the law, in thia cue*,** in ell others,must be strictly executed, and the utmost vigiiaa. efUjenjoioed, so to carry into affect the law on this subject si to assess the allowance in no case above the actual damage. This damage is to be tscertained by a reference to tha value of the import in the foieign metket from which it cams, end not according to tbe home valuation, the duty being according to the foreign end not the home valuation. Auction or forced sales ere not to be regarded as a fair criterion of the da. SB* lERA J46. Mi An allowance of excessive damage is not only in- ' Jurfous to tha revenue, bnt it ia seriously detrimental to all these who import and pay the full duty on the sound articles. Monthly returns of all allowances for damages will be made to this department, together with the name of the officer by whom the allowance is made. No reapprisement is authorised by law in case of allowance lor damage. Except in case of perishable articles, do allowance of damage should be made beyond one hnlf the value of the article, without first submitting a full statement of the case to the department, for such directions as it may be proper to give in such cases. The words of the law, ' during the voyage," mean after the vessel has started, and during the voyage from the last place of shipment to the United States, and before the vessel has arrived at its Crt of destination here. Where tho article was damaged fore the voyage commenced, and this damage proceeded from rnst,:decay, lie., or any pre-existing cause, tbet has subsequently increased the damage, no allowance is to be made, as it was not the policy or intent of tne law to encourage mo snipment 01 article* already damaged ta the United States, hut only ti provide, in caae of sound article*, for the tinforseen contingency of the damage received during the voyage of importation. Where the damage can be removed by any proceti, and the article thereby restored to a sound, or nearly a sound state, the ellowance should be confined to the expense of that process. The damage mutt be ascertained at the port of the United States where the vessel originally enters, and cannot be certified from any other port. It ia to be specially noted, that in pursuance of the provisions of the fifty-second section or the act of 2d March, 1790, no allowance for damage on the importation can be made "unless proof to ascertain such damage shall be lodged in the custom house of the port or place where such goods, wares, or merchandise have been landed, within ten days alter the landing of such merchandiae." Where damage of the nature referred to has been sustained, the fact is presumed generally to become known at the time of discharging the cargo from the vessel,when with reference, as well to the duty chargable as the liability of underwriters, surveys are u.ually called for by importers, to ascertain the true cause and extant of damage by examination of the condition of the vessel and cargo By the exercise, therefore, at the time of unlading the cargo, of proper vigilance on tho part of the importer, as well as by the officer of the customs superintending the landing, it is conceived that the external appearance of tho coverings of the goods, from the stain* or sea water, or other cause, would in most cases indicate whether damage bad occurred during the voyage. Where such indications are manifested, and the examination cannot conveniently be made en board the vessel, or on tho wharf, the goods should be immediately conveyed to public store, and thero placed apart from other goods, and due examination be promptly made, and, it found necessary, appraisement, to determine the damago, should take place forthwith. It is deemed proper to call particular attention to the Srevisions contained in the second section of the civil and iplomatic appropriation act, approved 10th Aug., 1840, | requiring " that in appraising all goods at any port of the United States heretofore subjected to specific duties, but upon which ed valorem duties are imposed by the act of 30th July, 1846, entitled " An act reduaing the duty on imports and for other purposes," reference shall be had to values and invoice* of similar goods imported /I ti finer Ala* 1 a at A set I trnar nn Ine sit aVi ennnrn 1 n ?,1 imi form regulations tor the prevention of fraud or undervaluation as shall be proscribed by the Secretary of the Treasury." One of the objects of tho law in enjoining a reference to values and invoices of similar goods, paying a specific duty, imported during the last fiscal year, is tor the putpose of enabling the proper officers in making the appraisement, to detect, by such comparison, any attempt to undervalue such goods in the invoioe. Consequently said officers are to exercise all reasonable and proper means to detect and counteract any such attemptod impositions on the revenue; and, whenever it may be deemed necessary, will, in virtue of the authority vested in them by the 17th section ot the act of 30th of August, 184-1, call before them and examine, upon oath or affirmation, any owner, importer, consignee, or other person, touohlng any matter or thing which they may deem material in ascertaining the true market value or wholesale price of any merchandise imported; and to require the production, on oath or affirmation, of any letters, accounts, or Invoices in his possession relating to the same. In order that the comparisons referred to may be duly instituted, the invoices of all goods of the description mentioned on file in the custom-house should, for such purpose, be placed at the disposal of tho appraisers, subject, however, at all times to the orders of the collector. Further instructions under this section will be given when the practical operation of the new tariff act may furnish additional information as a guide to the department. The oath or affirmation required by the ninth section to be administered by the collector of the port or district to the deputies of any collector, naval officer, or surveyor, and to the clerks employed by any ol said officers, or by any appraiser, will be according to the following form, to wit " 1, A. B., having been appointed (describe the office) within and for the port and district of , do solemnly, sincerely, and truly swear (or affirm) that 1 will di ligently and faithfully perform tho duties of the said office ot (describe the office), and will use my best endeavors to prevent and detect frauds upon the revenue of the United States. " 1 further swear (or affirm) that I will support the constitution of the United Status. " Signed, A. B. " Sworn (or affirmed) before me this day of , A.D. 184 . M T. D. l lolUptnr.'' In the appraisemeat of any winoi, liquors, fruits, iu gars, sagars, oila, preserves, and such like articles in warehouse, and which hare been designated in pursuance of law by the collector for aprraisement, the appraisers are at liberty to exercise a sound discretion in regard to the quantity or sample of the artiole to be withdrawn for examination from the cask, box, or ressel in which it may be contained. And the storekeeper will be required to deliver to the appraisers, upon their written order, such quantities or samples of the articles designated lor appraisement as they may deem necessary lor the purposes aforesaid. These samples, whenever practicable, are to be returned to the public store on completion of the examination and appraisement For the information of the appraisers, it is deemed proper to require that in nil cases where appraisements are ordered on entry of any goods, the collector shall cause to be minuted in pencil at the time, on the invoice, opposite the articles, the schedule by letter in the tariff oi 18-'.6, under which, in the opinion of the collector, the duty is to be levied. Inasmuch as the act of 30th July, 1846, repeals all acta or parts of acts repuguant to iti provisions, it is deemed proper to state that the eleventh section, together with the succeeding sections of the act of 30th August, 1844, (with the exception of the twenty-filth and twanty-niulh sections,) is still in operation, subject, however, to the modifications contained in the act of 11th Keb.uarv, 1846. the uew laritt act of 30lli July, 1846, tad the act establishing a warehousing system, Sic., approved 6lh ot August, 1840, adverted to and explained in the4e and previous instructions issued under the last mentioned act, beanug date the 14th of August and 30th of October last. The following decisions on questions submitted to the department, arising under the new tariff act, are communicated for your information : ? That gums, to bo entitled to entry at a duty of ten per cent ad valorem, mint lie of the description generally known in commerce by the deaignationi given in scheduled. All other gums or resinoua substances in their crude state, not to known and designated, and not otherwise specified, to be charged with a duty oftwen'ypor tion of the act. The substances ioqiorted under the d<sigaations of gum benzoin, or benjamin, and beDzoatei, being specifically mentioned in echedule C, are liable to a duty of thirty per cent ad valorem; and the substance termed by the importer gum perdu, ascertained on due examination to be an opium, la chargable with the duty of twenty per cast ad valorem, aa provided in achednle E. That, in order to the admiaiion of laatinga, manufacture" of mohair cloth, ailk twiat, or other manufacture of cieth, at a duty of five per cant, ad valorem, under the proviaione of schedule H, the collector must be satisfied, ircm the return of the United State* appraiser", the peculiar texture, figure, shape, or dimcnaioua of the article, or,other attending circumstances, that it aa, as importer!, suitable for the manufacture exclusively of shoes, boots, bootees, or buttons, as the case may be. Where a difference oi opinion may ai ise in regard to articlea under | this provision, between the collector and appraisers, the question, with samples ot the goods, may ba submitted ' lor determinotion to this department. That sheathing capper and sheathing metsl, to be entitled to tree entry as provided in schedule I, must he imported in sheets not loaa in length than forty-eight inches, or in width than fourteen inches; nor leee in weight than fourteen, nor more than thi.ty four, ounces 1 per square loot ?That there being no provision in tha act for the free | admission of philosophical apparatus or anatomical pre- ' parations, whether specially imported by order, or lor the use of societies or seminaries, or otherwise, articles of that description become liable, on importation, to a j charge of duty according to tha material of which they are composed. That, m order to the free entry of goods, wares and merchandise, the growth, produce, and manufacture oi tae United 8tales, exported to e foreign eountry, and brought back to tha United Stale* under the provisions of schedule 1, it is necessary that thair identity be shown aa prescribed in sectiona forty-seven and forty-eight of the act of -.id March, 178#, "To regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnage ;" and further, that such goods, wares, and merchandise, be in the same condition aa when exported from the United states, having under ?vuo iw uwiaiivu ui muuiaciun. H. J. WALKtK. Hfctctiry ofthi Tnuury. Dkitbuctior or Ma. Lkhmarr'* Baloor.?Mr. Lehmaun inioima ua that hi* aacant on Bod day laat, although tha wind Maw strongly, terminated without accident to hi* |>*raon. IIo aligutad on tha plantation of Mr. Alexander Grant, at tha bngliah Turn?having travelled twenty two or twentjr-thrae mile, through the air in thirty two minute* ffa regret to learn that Mr L.*? en- j terprita haa produced no profit to him. The balloon ' alighted on tha anibera of a fir* which had been kindled by the nagroaa of tha plantation, and the gae catching the flam* too whole waa burned, except a trifling piece : ol tha atutt' We ttuat our feilow-oltiien* will compeneata thia reapectable man for hi. le.a, which ameunta in the whole to about fiJ.bOO. The balloon waa regarded a* au article oi lamily lurniture, far each of hit nine coil dren had mad* an aecent in it, accompanied by the lather. ?A. O. Ceur. A'**. 94 A company of rannaylvanian*, belonging to tli* Society of FiMnds, have purchaeed the Woed-Lawn eeteta, comprising two thoueand acrte, in Fail fax county, Va , and will eettle on the land, and proceed to ita cultivation, by forming nuneriee, gartieua, tc. ? LD. fllM VWl tlfU. [M?Zl?UI Affairs. THE ARMY OF THE CENTRE [From the Boitoo Courier, Dec a] The following it an cxtrect from a letter fro m an officer of of General Wool's staff, to hi* brother in this city:? Camp o* the Rio Oiakdi, NearPreeidio, Oct. 35, 1844. ?Our column arrived here yeeterday, having been eleven day* on the march from San Antonio we met with no accident, and had but one man die for the whole way. On arriving here, we found that General Wool had puthed on to Santa Roaa, nin-dy.seven miles from here, toward Chihuahua. He left one company of rifiemen to guard the crossing at this point, with Captain Fraier of the engineers, to auppeiintrn l the construction of a small work on the eastern hank of the river, which that company was ordered to build. Col Churchill was directed to detail from his wing, when it came up, an other company to remain and assist the first These two companies, when the work is completed, will be able to detend themselves, protect public stores and the firing hri Ige. now in operation upon the river, against five times their number. Pney lisve been supplied with 90 day*' subsistence, and 150 round* of a n munition per man ? They number, men and officer*, 196 *oui?. Our tram i* passing the river to-day. The moat of the wagocs wo are able to lord the liver with. All thore filled with ammunition, and all other (tore* liable to damage by water, croi* on the ilying bridge; the other* are only wet about four inches above the bottom of the bed.? The companies are detached from time to time to assist in guarding them, as they accumulate on the opposite bank. Wo shall all have crossed by neon to morrow, and before sunset have encamped three miles toward* Santa Rosa from Presidio, which, by the wav, is six miles from the river. Kor twonty miles sfter we leave that encampment. we shall not have one drop of water except what we transport.' The General dates his last communication from " Coahuila, Mexico, Head Quarters, near Santa Rosa, 33d Oct., \ 1846 " He was then eight miles distant from Santa Rosa, I which place he intended to leave for the town, the 34th of October, perdap* the 33d. Whether he should remain at Santa Rosa until we came up, or proceed thenco to Monclovo?four days march further?be had not determined upon. It has bean believed by many, that he cannot eu'er Monclova witnout resistance; if he believee, when he arrives at Santa Rosa, that by pushing on he will be able to stop the formation of any considerable force, which might be aollected were he to wait for as, the chances ere that he will at once proceed to Monclova, and await us there. So far, ha has not mat with any resistance. The rumor here is, that the volunteer* under General Taylor committed soma depredations upon the inhabitants, in and about Monterey?and that in retaliation, Canaieshad attacked a train of twenty-five wagons, belonging to the United States, killed the esoort, and then, after loadinx hi* pack-mules with the stores. hauled the wagons together and fired them. Whether thie ii true or not, I cannot nay; 11 true, of courae thetruce ia broken up, and we ahall have our fill of war. The country from here to Santa Uoia ia one we ahall have but little trouble in paaeing over. We ahall probably have a little difficulty in passing two atreama, the Alamo and 8abinos; but that you know ia nothing, eo we get up in time to atrike with the reat; that ia all we oar* for, you may reat aasured. Presidio ia said to be quite a pretty town, aa largo oa Sou Antonio; aay 1604 or 9000 inhabitants. We found the country vary beautiful from San Antonio to thia point?particularly the valley of the Medina. Kor about twenty milea on each aide of the Nuecea, it ia quite barren; but with that exception, it la very fertile, and watered by the clearelt and eweeteat atreama 1 have ever aeon or tasted. The Rio del Norte, upon I whose hanks I am now writing, looks aa large aa the | Missouri. *lh? water ia the same color as that of tho ' Mississippi, and wheu filtered, ia ea fino aa that of tho I Nebraska, which, in the Rocky Mountains, you were ao I food of drinking. The Mexicans are all through our camp, aalllng cakes, sugar, chickens, and corn. They bring their cakes, and large rolls oi sugar, which they call "pinole" and " balnnca." in baskets, and sell both cakes and sugar for "un rial" each. We procure corn enough for our enimala tor two dollars per "finatre"?a measure of nearly three bushels. Thia ia lower than corn waa at San Antonio; it waa there, $1 96per bushel. Sweet potatoes the Mexicans furnish here for $1 per bushel, while at Bexar they coat 6 cent a the pound, or fiS per bushel. General Wool will no doubt adopt some plan to procure supplies by tho Rio Grande, rathe than by land from La Vaca, via San Antotfio, Presidio, Santa Rosa, Ac. some 900 miles to Chihuahua. We must levy contributions of grain and baef upon the inhabitants, if they will not sell it to us for a fair price, or thia war will impoverish our country, and enrich Mexico, beyond any calculation. So long as wo are scatte lag our money right and loft, and are paying throe price* for everything, are the Mexicans lacking in tbrtit and ahrowdnosa enough to lot thy war end! It is, in fact, the most consummate policy imaginable, that of lotting an American army march through and through their country, to it* heart'* content, and only attacking it now and then, to keep it moving. We muit take Mexico itself, and then, halnra the inhabitants nf the rsnntnr would see their eitv eked and destroyed, they might come to terms. 7 ROM SANTA PK. By Mr. Eli Danna, late a member of Captain Hudson's I company, who arrived here last evening on the Amelia, we have lonr days later intelligence from Benta Fa. Mr. D. came in with a party of sixteen others as far as "One I Handren and Ten Cieek," (eighty miles from the settleI mants,) una from that point came on alone, bearing despatches from Major Sumner, whom he left et that plaoe. With Major Sumner there are Lieutenants Armstrong ! and Adjutant Staunton, all having been detached for the service of the South The party, after leaving tknta Ka, mat with no very interesting incidents They saw but one Indian en the entire route. They met numerous tia.nsof wagons, bar heard nothing of the robbery, the report of which was promulgated. They came by the Cimyon, or lower route, which may account for this fact. All was quiet at Menu Fe, yet a general feeling prevailed that the inhabitants wanted but an opportunity to riso upon their conquerors. Nothing later had been heard from Chihuahua.? St. Louu Dmtly Unit is, Nov. 11?>. TOOTHACHF CURED IN ONE MINUTE, BY thp use of the Clove Anodyne This is aa eaealleot article, and will cme the moat violent toothache or pain in thr (ems in one minute. It U not unpleasant to the rente, will not injure the teeth, ?nd effects a permanent cure. Prepared on I y by HENRY JOHNSON, chemist end drugtist, 373 Bioadway, in the Granite Building. Bold al.o at 10J bultra street.77 East liroadwsr. and at L oddmit n'a. MS Had ton it. Price 25 cents. C7"'Porchueri nut biwuc of spurioae compound! sailed Clove Anodyne, interned to deceive the unwary, lie ears and ask for the Clove Auodyne prepared by HENRY JOHNSON, end pureha<e only ol respectable dealers. dl lia*r FANCY BOXcS AND CuKNUCOFlA8, SUITAHLE lor Confectiooera, for Christmas aue New Yeai's presents A large assortment ol these articles ? Also, colored papers of all Iliads, may be foand, sad will be told by wholesale and retail, at reasonable prices, at the manufactory ol BAUER k BUOKN. *4 Fultoa st, ap stairs. N B?Wedding-cake Boxes on hand, or made to order. d3 lin'r FRENCH FANCY BOXES FOR HOLIDAY PRESENTS ?BHUN, LAROSIERE k COURT, 111 William street, hay* Just received and offer for sale two cues of trench Fancy Boxes for boa boas, of the latest style dt lm*rre A RARE CHANCE. AOENT9 are wanted to undertake the sale of a new aid useful patented article, that can be sold to every family in the Union. To men of respectability and business habits, a guaiaules of 1500 per annum will ba given.^Aji|rt^te Ne. 117 Fultoa st. New York. All letters must be poet paid. all lw*rw DEFT OFF WARDROBE AND FURNiTUKK WANTED. LADIKS OR GENTLEMEN baring superfluous sBeees to dispone ol, sueh as Wearing Apparel, b ami turn ke-. eaa obtain a lair ash prien for tba sstns, by seeding foe the subscriber, ihrougt tba Poet Office, or otherwise, wbe will attead at their residence!. J. LEVENSTYN, 444 Broadway, nn stairs. Ladies ana be attended to by Mrs. J. LEVENBTYN. a* im*re JEEFERMIN INSlJkANOd. COMFAMI, Crrica Ms.MWru. ST., orreirra TartMaaekaays* Kitssssi. T'H.'S Compter conttausa to lasers agulast loss ev duaaga * by Firs, oa dusting bouses,warshoaats, baildrags in general, goods, wares ud merchaaause, and every istsniogs a personal property; also Iiilut leu or 41 meat by Miilil vigatioa sad transport uimj. DIRECTORS. TtonuiW. lliorae. riiibi lUBi. I h< Ml X. Woodruff, Aneoa Mm, ll. K. Ho boos, M. l\ Joeaph Drake, Thornton !*rtca, Jnooph A Ilea, Moaea Tucker, Jarnta K. Molnee, fefer I'rtneit P-Hm*. Kama town. Memtt, Rohan Smith. .... ~ THOMAS W. THOasCfttaidtatT. BOrlf. ?Xiw? The LONG ISLAND INSURANT t COMPANY. CAPITAL *10,000 DOLLARS. WITH A BUATLI/S. I Orricn 41 Pvltow iruir, BnooaLf*. r'ONTlNUeB to take riaka oa bnildin?a. aaaehmaeT. MrV-r chandiat and property generally, oa their aiaal nren- r bit Urate Thia company hu pnmtd thrnagh the two grealeet eoatUcralioue that hare eeer oeearrod ia mo eoaaCrr ; thty owe their eaeape from them with comparatmriy iIUk loatta to the ayateaa which they hare alwaye praetiatd of limiting and aeatteriag their riaka AU lemma which the I tompany may aaataia will be adjnated aad paid proaaptly at I heretofore. . . , . .. . , 1 The Company take apeeial care to notify their taatoaaara ia New York, tf all aipirauoae tl policiea. ' ? rD^AhlATe*. MiM, n? Imierc fc. C. PINN, Secretary. HOLMES' KITCHEN RANGES. rn proprietor! ia praeeatiag the abort Kaagra to the tablie, warraaU them to perform the pnrpoaea for whiah they are parehtaad, aad if not, they will ba remored free nf Eiitr BtAMM til ill* nMIPhupr. NsMfflM rrfpfMUta mo tie g7rea in peraon* wishing to parch***. Tho prioea mate (roai BtoU dollar*. Urate* ol lta? a*wot pattora* for r*rior?, OAoaa and Bod Room* Store*?H*U, Ofiea, tad Bod Room Bmtm, l?t*wii, Jus. lie. Till W aro?Brit lit. plain. aad japanned. Thar bar* ****? at all Una ready to **t rang**, grata*, aad hotter*. Ala* aoktr ehimnoy* eared?no ear* ao pap. A. OILHOOLY aad BON. Proprtotor* and Maanfaetarera.TI Nana *tr*ot. all la**rT* TO WOOLLEN OOODS MERCHANT* H. M1GEON It CO., CLOTHS, CAIWIME^.S^^jgD tMTTINICTB RK No til ytnr (traaar, N. V. HfcFKKKNI v.* tad e.drr* for work at bitaiTV Wooteoti '.o* Made a) Piae et'.ct'. kV i.trtitf It I/*., Ki tiMg MJMI, l> li.gluw. *(.?,?( ifo* Urao*. tttta'g

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