Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 7, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 7, 1846 Page 1
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(C Xtmmmmm*. din n mo i mmmmmmmmmmmm rv THJ Vol. XII, Flo. 32-WhO> Flo. 4573 k F F A I R S I N E iTr 0 P E. j ADDITIONAL EXTRACTS FROM THK Rl ^ ?1 ? R ? R H W * ? W F? a A V A dT At 0 RECEIVED AT THE NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE, BY TOE ( STEAM 8HIP CALEDONIA. Tlee Effect off the Mexican War In Karope?The Monarchical Sentiment and Opinion. [From the London Time?, Nov.B] The war between the United Mate* and Mexico remind, uf of a itranf e combat between an eagle and a fish, which we remember to have read of in aomo work of Action. Tho bird of prey (truck the back of ita defenceless victim, and it* own talom were Axed and entangled in hi* scaly sides. The struggle wai balanced, not by the ennal force or ferocity of the combatant*, bat by the weight of the cumbrous booty 5 for if we recollect the legend rightly, aftlr a vast turmoil upon tho surface of the water, the fish dived with ita winged enemy, and the atsailant perithed in tho depth, ot the lake. Nothing can be more deplorable and ineffective than tho preparation* of the Mexican* for active defence ; but when we predioted. leveral month* since, that this campaign would not end a* rapidly or a* brilliantly as the Americana had anticipated, we had formed a just estimate of the passive resistance which Mexico opposes to an invading army. In reality, though all the success has been on the sido of the United States, they ere probably the greatest losers by the war. They must pay for it ; they have to support an army at a vast distance from the centre of their government^ exposed to all the hardships of an uncivilized couatry and "u pernicious climate. They have equipped a considerable squadron and blockaded the coast, but the enemy affords no prizes to encourage the zeal or reward the courage of the American aavy, and the interruption of foreign trade secures a close protection to certain Mexican intarest* and cuts off the competition of the free American markets. The attack upon St. Juan d'Ulloa was the only severe blow * which oould be be struck upon the coast, and that the American Commodore has not attempted. In the present state of the defences of that furtreas success is mere than doubtful; the fleet would be placod in a situation of extreme danger, and a check would be disgraceful a nd disastrous to the American arms, it has tlisrefore been resolved, as we understand, to leave St. Juan d'Ulloa alone The progress of the American forces on the ooaat of the Pacifio, in Upper California, and in the heart of iheir enormous continent, is no doubt most extensive But it may be questioned whether the loss of these provinces is wuuuic uxuw w :ii?aiov, or u icusiuic ?uvduu|(o vu the American confederation- Probably tor more than a century to coma tbe interior of the American continent will not contribute more to the improvement or political etreDgth of tbe American people, than tbe interior of New Holland doea at tbia time to the British empiro. The Mexican* possessed it, as Spain had possessed it before them, in nominal rather than real sovereignty; and, if any considerable portion of these territories is now transferred to the United States, generations must nass away, and the greatest revolutions may have jkanged the whole aspect of the country, before these provinces can really boast of society and government. The onitj really valuable acquisition* of the United Stales are two harbors on the Pacific, and it remains to be teen upon what terms they wilt be allowed to retain them at the peace. ft^ha inordinate spoliation of the Mexican territories renders it difficult for the government of that country to listen to terma as inconsistent with their national rights and dignity as those oflereJ by Mr. Buchanan, whilst in reality, since the actions on ttie Rio Bravo, nothing has been done to force them to submission. By the last accounts we are informed that General Taylor had at last attacked the town of Monterey with success. The Mexicans retired, but after thrco days' hard fighting, which cost the little American army five hundred men. 80 little were the American officers prepared to follow up this success, that they immediately granted a virtual armistice oi two months to the enemy and tbe Cabinet of Washington seems to have had no small difficulty to force its victorious array to keep the field Mr. Polk is very well aware that he has incurred a most for inaaoie amount 01 responsiDlliiy, li ne na? 10 meet > onh/ess with no decisive victory, no treaty of peace, very little military or naval glory, but an enormous amount of estimates to be provided tor. Hit policy ha^certoinly enlarged our conception of the real power# of anl9meriran Prttident; for, in epite of all the rettrictione of the constitution, he hai found meant to plunge the country into > war for kit own political and prime purpotet, and to provide extraordinary mean# of carrying <n the c out tit. Jtwt, if the last accounts of the State elections are coo root, the democratic party is losing ground in the country; and we are not without hopes that the unscrupulous mesns by which the President has endeavored to extend his influence may prove fatal to his cause. The Mexican war, therefore, presents the strange picture of a victorious army in a foreign country which is more nearly reduced to the necessity of effecting a peace then the State which it has conquered and subdued. The declaration of hostilities has been followed by no considerable change in the habitually disturbed and insecure condition ol Mexico In a populous, iudus trious, and flourishing community, war is an interruption of all the pursuits ana pleasures of life; in such a country as Mexico, the presence #f a hostile army .like that of Oen. Taylor, is scarcely felt beyond the lines of bis camp. When, therefore, the respective Legislatures of the two Republics meet, early In December, we expect to learn that the Americans loudly demand the conclusion of a treaty of peace, whilst the Mexicans will vote the continuance of the war. The war has.indeed,from first to last, been no more then an armed appropriation of territory. It was begun without a pretext by the precipitate occupation of a neutral district, and this occupation has now extended over an immense tract of the whole breadth of the continent When we have said this we have said all; no hostile army has been really beaten, no conditions have been imposed, no government has been ooerced. The value of military operations lies, after all, in their political effect. A mere march across a wilderness, or the occupation of a town of log huts, is en exploit followed by no results. We have yet to learn that the Americans have done anything to compel the Mexicans to aceept such terms of peace as they may think fit to impose; and the Mexicans have the satisfaction ol knowing, that the ineffective operations directed ogainst themselves impose most inconvenient, onerous, and unpopular burdens on their antagonists. Nor are these burdens and inconveniences limited to the period ol actual warfare. If the United States Government ex pacta to hold and govern any considerable portion of the territory their troops or marauding parties have lately over-run, it tsust be prepared to maintain establishments of a novel and extensive character. The roving population of tho woods end prairies, the Indians and k Ranchos of the far west, must be kept down ; the coast must be fortified and protected; and the principles of eelf government will be found inadequate to maintain internal order and to resist foreign attacks in these infant stitss. Ws have already seen the defence ofthe rontiersof Texas draw the whole forces of the Union into the field, ann occasion uiis cosuy anu inglorious war. similar oimculties and dangers will continually await the America* authority in the former provinces ot New Spain,and the Union mast be supported in those regit as, not by the unanimous consent of the people, but by armed force. The incidents of this war, end the coneideration of the CUtfoel coneequenoea of American aggrandizement, ?# ?onoineed us, that however we may a\hor the lawltn and uvjuet spirit af theit proceeding* of Ike United Clefts lowarae their weaker neighbors, -there it nothing in theee conquests which eught terioutty to excite our jealousy or owr opprekeneione. In our own time they can only press a source of embarrassment and a severe incumbrance to the American government? hereafter, we may hope that the ex ten lion of owr language and our race over the American continent wiU conduce, upon the whole, to the civilisation and improvement of the world. Certainly the conduct of the Mexicans towards England, since they were emancipated from the control of the mother country, has given us no cause to value their independence, or to raspoct their ]>uwer of self-defence. [From the Paris Journal das D> bats, Nov 4 } He (President Polk) was persuaded that the invasion el California would be attewlod with no difficulty, that the rat ship which should arrive before Monterey would { take posees lion of it without firing a shot, and that the wine consequence would follow at the harbor of Sua Francisco, which wa* destitute of fortifications. Tboee two positions being captured, it was supposed that the Mexican government, which it incapable of recapturing tham, ana which, as to its finances, is at Ibe last gasp, would yield what it had lost for a consideration of tome million ptaitres paid into its empty treasury. The success was considered Infallible This proceeding waa not honest, ft was even an unjustifiable larceny; nevertheiess it waa useful, not to the prosperity of the United States, which have no need of nn Ixfension of territory, but to their influence on the Pacific Ocean, and (till more to the popularity of Mr. Polk, for thta was a magnificent application of the ideas of General Jackson, of wnom Mr. folk is the heir. Unfortunately, this tine plen which, if it had not jnetice with it, hud the merit of infallible success had it been conducted with wiedom, waa joined with two acceaseries, on ena of which no person knows why Mr. Polk would insist, tnd it became the principal. First, ha despatched a body oftroopa against New Mexico, a widely extended hot not well inhabited province. It was that which, commanded by General Kearney, captured Santa Fa, the capital of the province, after a march thioug lithe dereri, where he publicised proclamation, announcing to the aeanty population that tkey were become citizens of the United States. Of what utility could this region, placed in the middle of a continent, be to the United State* 1 It contains a supet Shies of jl ooo.uoo acres, mora than the fifth of France ; hut the United States p< eaess twenty times a greater quantity of excellent laud etill uncultivated in the valley ol the Msssiseippi, or the Missouri, or in Texas. Secondly, and this was Mr. . Polk's great fault, be sent an inrading army into Mexico on the side ol the Rio Urando. to color tli* - violence oflered to the tottering government of Mexico, a grievance wns imagined relative to a atrip of land between the Rio Nuecee and the Rio Grande, which had belonged to the ids urgent Texana, which waa manifestly false, and which it was said th* Mexicans retained contrary to justice. But once Matemoras conquered, Ih* Americans were in possession of the dieputcd territory. Why, then, advance en army, I first to < omargo and subsequently to Monterey ? Monte rey is 300 ieegues distant fiom Mexico by the high rofd. '* it is separated from it by a country without mesne of communication and without resources. This, therefore, is not the side at which Mesico is vulnerable. This campaign in the interior of the country, wherever valor ft*) be displayed by General Taylor and haa troop*, la j E NE' NEW an unskilful operation, and matt beoome extremaly am* ! barrastior. Mr. Polk and bit count?Hot cannot but have perceived this, and they regret having advanced on that tide ; but to recall GeneraljTaj lor, at pre tent, would be i to cover themselves with confusion in tne eye* of their political advereeriea and In the eye* of the multitude, whom they have intpired with a fatal paaaion for military glory. It would be a retreat which would bo tranalatod into a defeat. The Mexicans would be persuaded that j thoy had beaten tho American*, and it would bo no long- j or poaeiblo to induoo them to cede California. Thus, tho oabinet of Washington can neither advance nor raced*.? Nevertheless, the Invading army cost* dreadfully dear. The American democracy when called opoe to pay re- j turn to their natural good so urn. Tho President is anxious ! therefore to rnneltwle |K? war nil K* veltea nnnn en in- . demnity from th# Congress, if be can offer them the definitive rtirrender by the Mexican* of California and the port of San Francisoo. Title explains the order* aant to (ien. Taylor to give notice of the rupture of the armistice agreed to with the Mexican General Ampudia, alhough it is a violation of a convention which wa* fully texecuted by the Mexicans. The Journal dti Dtkatt Unit concludes by observing that "public opinion appears to bo shaken in the United States. The most eminent men are unanimous in blaming the enterprise of President Polk. He is accused of having assumed the right of making peace and declaring war, which he should not exercise except in common with the Congress. The proclamations of General Kearney to the inhabitants of New Mexico appeared monstrous. In fact, this officer, in hi* private authority, declared to them, that they were annexed to the United States. Are not those the manners of a pro consul 1 Whata simple brigadier general can impose on his fallow citizens the charge of a vast province, which require* to be defended against savages'. The President is not invested with such a power, and ha cannot therefore delegate it." [From the Paris National, Nov. 6.1 When we lived under the cordial understanding with England, we conld account lor the attitude assumed by the conservative journals (the Journal dtt Dibalt in particular) towards the United States. To insult the honorable Mr. Polk, to calumniate America, was a means of paying their court to England, and our Ministers are not men to neglect an opportunity of pleasing their friends. But, to-day, what can be the object elan aggressive and insulting poltmiaue against the Americans and their Government? We do not speak of tha impropriety of thoee accusations incessantly directed by the organ of the French Ministry against an ally. We cannot expect sympethy from the men who govern us; but, in the absence of impartiality and decorum, should they not display a little ability? why not remain ailent) Why without reason wound the United 8tates? Is it at a moment when the relations of the French Geverume*?t with Great Britain are so seriously impaired that we should renter still mora frnails tha tlss which units m In North America? Your interest, if not your oonicience, commend* more reserve. And if nothing can appease your hatred of democratic insti'utions, would it not be advisable, before giving free scope to your passion, to ? it until you no longer stand in need of the alliancd of the American Unionl Affairs In Mexico, according to Use Kngllth Version?The Reply or Use Mexican to the Assieslesut Government. [Correspondence of the London Times.] Mexico, Sept 39?The incapacity of this country to maintain the war with the United 8tates is becoming daily more apparent, but still no disposition is shown to treat for peace. Immediately after the departure of the last packet mail, it was known that the Amerioan go ornment.supposing that of Mexico sufficiently humbled, had offered to negotiate ; but the only reply given was, that the communication would be laid bsforo Congress, to assemble on the 6th of December neat. It is understood that a similar answer haa been returned to an offer of mediation between the belligerents, on the pert of her Majesty's government. General Sales, the creature of Santa Anna, continuaa at tha head of the government, and Uomec Farias, with the title of Mimater of Finance, apparently ahared tbesupreme power until Santa Anna, who bad been watching the course of eventi from his estate near Jalapa, feuud it necessary to comply with the wishes of his adherents, and present himself here. He made his publio entry while the rejoicings for the snniverstry of the declaration of independence were in progress, this popular jilt being thus ingeniously msde to serve a double purpose, without givinghis return the eppeerence of a personal triumph. He has declined to assume the presidency of the executive, reserving to hiaiself the command of the army, the true cotrrce of power in Mexico, and devotee himself to military preparations, nominally to oppose tho Americans, but more probably to consolidate his own power. He ii obliged, however, to proceed with caution Obstacles which he would once hBve spurned with contempt are now iormidable. The terror attached .to his name is no more, and there probably are moment* when he sees cause to regret hie peaceful retreat at the Hevane. The want of money is of course his great difli culty ; and, though he hos contrived to get rid of an inconvenient mentor, try making Gomez Farias President of the council, and substituting his own follower, Don Antonio Haro y Tamarim, as minister of finance, the sinow* of war are not forthcoming. The chnrch has been appealed to for aid, and threats as well as supplica tions have been used, but with only partial effect, the clerical body protesting that their property cannot be alienated without the exnress coi sent of the Pone. and ttueatening. in their turn, to close the churches if violence ihould be need against them. The opinion! of Oomer. Farias, (en enthaeieet of the wildeit description,) ere in faver of inch extreme meesuree ei were adopted during the French revolution ; end an article actually appeared in the government paper inciting the populace to the plunder of the wealthy classes ; but the govern ment itself ie week, and as yet has not even attempted the expedient, common at former periods, of levying a forced loan. Overture* of lather a novel kind have been made to the foreign merchants. On condition of their advancing a loan of $600,(WO to government, it waa proposed that at the conclusion of the blockade the cotton goods now prohibited should be admitted at a low duty, and the tariff generally reduced about SO per cent, these advantages to be limited in the first lnatsuce to tho parties lending the money, and on their being reim buried to became general, the government engaging not to augment the reduced tariff for eight year*. This scheme shows tho extreme necessities of the government, bnt baa not been accepted, chiefly from the ctn viction that with Iho Americana on the Rio Bravo, the reduction of tho present Mexican tariff will become inevitable. New Mexico has been annexed to the United States, without a shot being fired Two thousand men, assembled by (fen Armijo, for the defence of Santa Fo, the capital of tho province, joined the invading force under Oan. Butler, and the authorities, inoloding the clergy, teok the oath of allegiance to the United Btatae without hesitation. Chihuahua is the next department menaoed in that direction, and will probably share the same fata. Acemnli from Nrnrs l oon mxphskI (Uiunl Tivlnr m boaicging Monterey with six thonaand man. That city la defended by General Ampudia, with ao equal number of eoldiera, and about two thouaaad irregulars. Soma rapovfe atata Ampudia'* retreat on Saltitlo to be out olT, the Americana having already occupied the paaaea. If Ampudia ahould be oblfgad to aarraader, the effect will be nearly fatal, aa General Taylor can then ad ranee to San Lula Potoei without opposition Santa Anna haa ordered every diapoaahle aqddier to inarch on the latter place, for whioh he himself left, with about two thouaand matt, yeaterday. To induce the Mexicane to liatou to raaaon, another defeat ie naoeaaary, and tha eeoaer thay receive it the better. It will then be time for other power* to lend their friendly mediation to terminate thia war, and avert, at leaat for the prevent, the aanibilatien of Mexico aa a nation. Tho acquiaition of (be lino of the Bravo with New Mexioo and Upper California, may well aatify the ambition of tho cabinet of Washington. and for tha posaaaaion of ao vaata territory they woald probably be wall diapoaed to pay an indemnity anch aa Mexico cannot afford to raj vet if the Mexican people do indeed poa.ieaa the eiemonte of political regeneration, their development may ha hoped for on the reatoration of peoce. A ayatem of colonixatioa, producing the admixture of other racoa, ia already admitted to bo naceaaary, and thia cahoot bo accompliahod without that religioaa taieration which ia atiil absurdly withhold. A beneficial change in their commercial policy towarde other nationa aaay alao We anticipated. General Parade* ha* received hi* passport to leave the republic. Ho ia undoubtedly a man ot patriotic intention* and auperiorrto the vulgar corruption of money, but bin mental capacity proved unequal to the teak which he voluntarily assumed. Ha leaves hi* country a banished man, but withont any roaaoaabla ground of corn plaint ? Hie power wee founded on a military revolt, and tha treachery of which he wai guilty towards Herrera met a fitting retribution in the conduct of hia own eubordinatea. Don Joea Maria Tornel, who had etaared hia course with unerring ahill through every ravolntian far a quarter ef a century, aiacalculated an the laet. Ho believed Men to Anna'a return to power iapoeeihia, and did not heaitata to deolare himself hia foe. In oonaaquenoa ho haa bean deprived of hia office, aa director at tha Minena College, and ordered to retire to Tahuaoan, a village io tho m Wit of a wiidaraaee, where ha wiUbe muoh at a low for employment, unleta inclined to botanical pursuit!. l he conversion ol the Mexican deferred bonda in London, which in tha firat inatance waa disapproved of here, haa bean referral to a committee, compoeed of Valentin Uomea Farias, Manuel Uomec Pedraaa, Manuel Peyno Bnstamente, and Francisco Fayvaga. It ia thought that , their report (which thie packet will probably convey) will be favorable to tho ratification of tho meeeure. The following ia a copy of tha correspondence between ins i iiiivu onw nun meaioan muunen u w uu conclucion of treaty of peace ~ i Letter no* Ma. Bdciurm to tri Mexican Mi.viaria for Koaxiun Armaa. Department of State, Wtahington, July 37. i ? ? ? . Aniwca ofthi Mexican MiauTaa. I National Palace, Mexico, Aug. SI. < Sir:?The undcraigneJ Miuiater f?r foreign Attain of t tha Mexican republic baa informal) tba General in Chiof I of tba Liberating Army, pravieienally charged with the i uprama executive power, of your Excellency ' note of ] the 37th of July laat, in which you propeee, on the part i of your governaeut, the opening of negotiation' which i nay lead to a laating ami honorable peace between the 1 two countrioa. Hia Excellency being poaiaaaad of the , contenta of tha aaid note could not but tlx hia attention I ' on the fact, that while all diecuaaion of the cauaea of the w*r between the two republara i* declined, it ia pretend. 11 ed to conaider tbeao merely aa peat event* now bolenf* 11 ?f to hiatnry for the executive to lleten to propoeala i on auch a baaia, when the aohjeot to be treated oi concern* the honor *f the country, and the integrity of ita I territory, and eompromiee* ita nationality for the future, i | ki^ 0 f^e" jaetice end thoroughly irritate i ' public Minion, already much excited, an the diecuaaieaw I ( which have taken place preve, by tha apprahenaien of I the queetion being terminated in tha manner p.opoaed i ?* ?* ropnbiie with tbiirn*- I ted (Mate* having reached their preeoM attuatooo, it haa < I' I. ii "11 ' I W YO r YORK, MONDAY MOR became otcMMrjr to appeal to the natieil, in order that by meant of repreaentativee elected with entire freedom, it atay provide for ite future ?ecuri'y, honor, and proaperity. A oongreaa with thia object haa been aummoned, and will open ita aeeaion on the 6th of December next. wbtn, with othergrave matters, the subject of the war with the United States will be submitted to it? deliberation. and your Excellency'* note will be laid before it fbr the resolution which may be judged conducive to the . intereata of the nation. The government of the underSigned consequently await* the determination of that I body in order to reply to the communication referred to, ! the relation* of Mexico with tho United State* remaining in the interval in the position in which tbey were found by the General in Chief ef the Liberating Army when he aaenmed the executive pewer. While iemitting this answer from his government, through the channel indicated by your Excellency, the undersigned avails himself of the oooation to assure year Excellency of his distinguished consideration. MANUEL CRKSCENCIO REJON. Extbact ok a Letts:* Datcd Tamtico, Sett, 22,1846As regards politics, we are on the eve of a great crisis* bnt what tho issue will be it it not easy to divine. The last news we have from the interior is, that tho Americans, with 2000 men, have taken possession of Santa Fe without resistance, the Mexican Uenaral, Aimijo,having retired before them. Taylor, with about 7900 men, hau advanced to Cadaroita, a place in tha neighborhood of Monterey, where General Ampudia arrived on the 3d inst., at the head of an equal force, and apeak* confidently of driving tha former away, and fully revenging the injured honor of the country, ile ia a mountebank, and the same man who at Tabasco took General Sentmanat prisoner, and fr.ed his head in oil. The Americans have declared themselves masters also of California, and are preparing to render their occupation effective. A? tho British bondholders bare security on the public lands theie, it is a question how far England may acquiesce in this intention, though I imagine Amcrici will he glad to obviate all claim ou that score by recognizing their lien. Aa regard* tbia place. I am-rather surpiiscd they have made no a'tempt. A month or two ago they would have succeeded, as there were oniy 300 or 400 men here; but now there are .it least 1300, and if properly defended, it would not be an easy matter to take it. It has been reported that tbey intend to make themselves masters of it. now that the ' norther" season has commenced, and it is neither agreeable nor safe to keep the sea, In which case it is to be supposed they will establish the sam# regulation which they have done in Matamoras with regard to foreign importations, viz., that only American goods and such othor aa have paid duty in the United States can be admitted, and this in American bottoms onlr. I do not think our Government, however, is likely to ucquicsc in any errangemeut of this nature. Hither it is a blockade, or it is not-, if the former, how can American ves.els be ndmitted I if the latter, how can foreign ones be excluded ? The intentions of the Americans are not very clear. Thay have sent an offer of accommodation; but as it appears to be based upon their remaining in possession of all they have acquired, it has been rojeoted, or, whet is much the same thing, they have been told it will be submitted to the Congress, which is to meet iu December. It is very likely they are only waiting for the reply to push matters with renewed aotivity. Hitherto Taylor has been making no particular movement, arising, probably, from the unprecedented rains which have flooded the whole of the couulry in his vicinity, and must have caused vast hardship, and, no.doubt, great mortality, though wa rarely get any information of a recent date from that quarter. Possibly, also, the desire of obtaining the simultaneous co-operatiou of the expedition which has Santa Fe,may also have had its weight with him. In the midst of all this it will be naturally enough supposed the Mexicans, forgetting their own eternal squabbles, will have joined to repel the common enemy Nothing, howover, is further from the fact; the broils of party have been incessant. Parades and his government I have been overthrown, as you are aware ; Santa Anna recalled (? they think nothing more ia necessary to van' quish the Americans;) the central system of govern- | ment abrogated, and tbe federal form restored. Now, it mutt be remembered, that this very Santa Anna ia tbe man who, eight or ten years ugo, destroyed the federation by force of arms (at it was incompatible with hie views of supreme command;) it is not therefore suprisinr that the Santannistas and federalists, who have ) fthertobeen enemies, should still remain so, and bo both determined to maintain the truce only as long as it suits their interest*. Santa Anna will be anxious to maintain the army ; the federalists aro resolved to do away with it, as it has never served any purpose but to maintain a despotism and tear, the country to pieces, and is now f mod quite useless "a defence against an external enemy. They advocate free trade ; Santa Anna has always boen fond of high duties and prohibitions. 1 believe many ef the thinking pert #/ the community begin to see clearly that the Alea team art incapable of iclf-governmcnt, and lhat the bait thing is kick could port*bly happen for the country would he to be conquered kg the Jiattricano, but the thinking part constitute ayery reduced minority ; the mars are either indifferent or nourish the antipathy to the Americana which is fell against all foreigners by all of Spanish descent. Commerce is quite suspended ; and. though stocks ara light and goods getting scarce, from the blockade, our buyers are too much alarmed at the prospect before thera to be willing to purchase beyon l what they immediately require. 4 [From the Taris Union, Nov a.) The last events in that country (Mexico) tend to increase the tmbarastmenlt of the London Cabinet. It is now obvious that the Amorican Government is intent on the conquest of Mexico. The menacing situation of Ireland, and the misunderstanding between tbe Cabinets of St. James and the Tuileries, are cirrumitanroo whirhihe Americans will turn to account. The revolution of Portugal is an additional complication. Lord Palmerston. amidst those difficulties, appears to .the Washington -talesmen much less formidable than to the rulers of Franue. The occasion is certainlr favorable to forward our national interests. Nevertheless, and uotwith?tand. iug the instructive example set to us by the Government of the United States, everybody anxiously inquires if the honor and industry of France are to expiate the aucceaa of our dynastic diplomacy. The strength of the United States lie* entirely In the knowledge of the situation of Great Britain. The moment we Lshall prove to England that we are aware of her difficulties, and that we alio mean to have a will of our own, the hanhaat exigencies of the cordial understanding will vanish of themselves. The experience of late years has but too well domenit rated that the purchase of the friendship of England at the price it has hitherto cost us, would compromise it seriously and for ever. The Kntente Corsllale?The Policy of Kurope?The Poeltlon of the U. States, [From the Liverpool Mercury, Nov. 13.] At this moment a perseverance in the upholding of what may be called the diplomatic system, has placed England in a somewhat critical state in reference to her relatione with foreign powers. Our position with refe rence to Franco ia so portentions that wa are expending large sums, and asuch attention and time, in the fortification of our line of coast America ia also in snch a state In referenoe to her relations with Mexico, and her situation in reference to Oregon, that, an the principle of the recognition a) the necenity of England interfering in foreign yolitiae, it ia not ea.y to tee how toe art ta ticape collitton with the United Statei. We have not yet made up our minds to tha wisdom of the policy of Cromwell, who withdrew his ambassadors from foreign courts, and contented himself with leaving mere agents te protect British subjects and property, without mixing up this coimtry in any ships with tha bilance of power, or the relationsof foreign states towards each ether. His system of non intervention in continental politica was practically so successful, and in theory appears so wise and obvious, eapecially in reference to a strictly commercial nation, whose interest lies in the maintenance of perfect cordiality with all countries, that one feels constrained to snspect there mutt be some strong reasons, cognizable only by persona loxg exclusively conversaut with diplomatic affairs, cogent enough to suspend the adoption vf so reasonable a policy. And when we aee states men of all party complexions, unanimous in recognisicg the necessity of our keeping up our diplomatic relations and of interferonre with foreign affairs, oar laltrenco is, that rather than condemn public men for tbo adoption of the bfincinU of foMivn inttmrantinn. w? ahntild rnn/?ludff that our own impression i? tha remit of only half knowledge, and that it wa knew mora, wo should disapprove leas. u* do Lord Palmeriton tha bare justiee to ray that, in tha Cromwellian Jepartmant, ha hat shown somethiriic of Cram wall'* energy and sagacity. ft ii a fact, of which ha is entitled to tha benefit, that under hit official reign, British subjects and British pnperty art mora fate, and batter respects I by foreigners, than nnder any other diplomatic dynasty. His consuls ara wall chosen ; he himrelf is alert and vigilant to vindicate the majesty of the British people whenever it is invaded : and he never leaves the wrongs of e British subject to remain unredressed for a single hour. Hit Inoessant care in facilitating ear foreign commercial transactions, and in protecting our merchants and their goods from tho aggression of the subjects of other kingdoms, is tha them* of the praise of mercantile men of all ihadei of politics Of sued e man all hi* official acts ought to be viewed with deference. If he appears, by the policy of foreign intervention, to follow a line of action of which we cannot see the proptiety, perhaps it is only fair, as well as wise, to conclude that the mult lies in our necessary want of hnowleJge of all the circumstances which surround the policy of a great Bute, rather than in his want of sagacity or good sense in the course he has saan At to pursue. It is In the meanwhile obvious, that our present attitude, of a rupture of the itimli mr4i*U between England and Prance, Is solely the result of our diplomatic Jstem. While wa are not verv able to perceive of what essential oonaequence it is to Lnglnvi whether a Coliurjf or a Bourbon dynasty ultimately five sovereigns to fipain, it may be permitted to na to express eur surprise, that so wiss a monarch as the French King should save involved himself in such a position as ho at present occupies The Spanish people ere not more likely to slier their general policy by the feet, that they here to toko kings from Franee in piece of Germany We do not too what footing ie acquired in suck a country as the Kuropeen peninsula, by the marriage of a Vreaohmsn to i Spanish princess. If the alUaaoe asms to any thing at ill, Louis Philippe is more likely to Bad the advantage to partake mora of the nature ot Algiers than ef an tl ImrmJo In eur apprehension the proverbial adviee to give hhn rope esongh" was never mora aptly applied ire terras the Wet Interests of France, mho en the prelent occasion endeavors to save her from hweolf. In l>!ace of extending her relations, her policy ought to ho in concentrate and consolidate her domestic power.? With an ample territory, s fine climate, thirty-six millions of brave, intelligent, energetic and industrious ! people, blest with liberal institutions, what more, the* is ' vorih having, can the want, or what baa aha to foar trom from a * orid ia aims. If she but "to herself be tine V? Let na not be misunderstood. We are not disposed to rsyerd as a venial offence this restless spirit of paltry ambition ami misemMe intrigue, which foims the shfoi bint iu the character and mtoUect o( the ? WWW*"' j II H If I XV XV X ' U1 I *

NING, DECEMBER 7, 16 not insenaibl* to the want of reipact or consideration for thii kingdom which haa bean developed in thii matrimonial joekeyship ? > Anxious U we are for peace, wa are, wa hope, not deficient in (ha aeaae of What ia dna to the greatness ofjthe British character. What alone reconcilea ua to the donothing policy ia tb^a regard, ia ottr belief that in the a a low ecu ?r diplomatic attorneyship which Franca haa condescended ta practice, aha "Doaa but teach bloody instruction*, Which, being taught, return to plagna the inrentor;" and will aaon And to her cost that there are tuch thing* iu )>uiiuci u gaining loss," ana mst advantages el uie description sought artier by her, impose mora onerous duties than the rights they acquire. A lesson is being even now taught to nations indeed, by which both France and England may profit, and which may teach them that in politics as in buccolics there is such a thing as going in search of wool and coming back shorn. President Polk probably by this time begins to discover "the vanity of human wishes.'" He has entered upon a war in which victory would be without glory, conquest without advantage, and defeat would be lasting disgrace, and an irrepuruble injury. Ambition be will find to bo a more costly than profitable sentiment. In his oase, it seems not likely to be found to be a passion that " The clear spirit doth raise," for we much mistake if by this time it has not very much depressed his spirits, and opened to him the prospect of compelling his " Aleianders at six-pence a day" to "Scorn war's delights, and live laborious days." They heve run over Mexico without overcoming it ? They havo seized a territory which they cannot keep, and charged themselves with the responsibility of a government which can otter thorn neither profit or advantage. They have not acquired a nation by conquering a territory. To take possession of a region inhabited only by raui&eros, Indians, Spanish Creoles, and hordes of the scum and outcast blackguardism of every other country, is no more an acquisition than would be the invasion of an Indian jungle, or a wilderness of wild beasts and barren deserts Even in this kind of conquest the progress has been questionable; the oost of life by disease, , and mosey, have been much greater than can be covered by the most sanguine calculations of a per contra profit; and the government feels itself about to meet a Congrecs of persons vehement in "an ignorant impatience of tnxaion," with a demand ot large additional suppllea, to folow up what has beau hitherto a mere belligerent futility. The old Roman and Napoleon plan of making the war bear its own charges, by plundering the enemy as they went along, was indeed tried; but General Taylor realized, to its lull extent, the old Scotch proverb, that it is "not easy to steal breeks from a highbinder. A people who have nothing can lose but little; and of auch as have a little, it is difficult to levy it, without converting thoso who might hare been indifferent spectators of the .war into deadly and determined enemies. But the difficulties of the President and his people may ba tail only to begin by the termination of war?a sueoessful war. The American linn of Ktata* U ilruilr Inn much extended fur strength. The interests of its various communities are too diverse, olton too antithetical, to admit of cordial union, or that compactness oi national spirit, without which there can be no real strength; still the people speak the same language, sympathize in the same literature, boast the same blood and ancestry, have been brought up and fashioned to the same laws ami institutions, liven Texas is composed of vagabond Britons, or native Americans, in its largest proportion. But by the very nature of the institutions of the United States, their people cannot long annex' a new territory to their dominions, without also admitting its inhabitants into their Uniont California, Santa Ke, Mexico propor, suppose them all over-run, couquorod, " annexed," tney cannot bo kept in a state of enslavement, and treated as conquered provinces for ever. They must either be left entirely independent, in which cese the Americans have been fighting for nothing, or they must become federal states. But the districts are various and distinct?they will each send their contingent to Congress?aliens in blood, in language, in religion, with no 8axon sympathies, and a Spanish or Indian not a British descent; how long can they be expected to act in harmony with their conquerors, and how certain it is that their votes will become the centre point of corruption for all political parties 1 The eloineals of combustion are powerful enough already to have several times threatened tha integrity of the Union. To what an extent will they increase when it may occur that strangers decide the fate of parties, and Mexico becomes the arbiter of Colam biaf Tha native Auieiioeus are already separating themselves not only socially bnt politically from the | Ihsh. What may be anticipated whan a people of a different language, religion, customs, feelings and descent, are made tha pivot of party intrigue, and the arbiters of their elections ? Ker the sake of the Americans we would save them from themselves. " Another such a victory, and they are teat!" They may yet com*handsomely out of the mess by accepting our offers of mediation, hot them not throw good money after had. At present it i? certain the mora they gain, tha more tbey will ultimately lose, and, ac cording to the latest intelligence from the feat of war, I their courte of present success seems likely to be intor- I ropte<l. Santa Anna ha* taken the Held?Congress hag not only orJered additional levies to -the extent of of 30,000 men bat the men themselves are forthcoming, and the different departments seem vying with each other in the promptness and zeal with which they ftirnish their respective quotas for the national defence, if this spirit holds and extends itself, General Taylor and his followers may find the return more difflcult than the advance, and many wh? wish themselves safe at home again, will never lire to see it.' The news is exceedingly important. We refer to our compendium for the detsils. The ltceult to England of the Franco-Spanish Marriage. [From the Paris Mouiteur.l To-dry, the 10th of November, his Excellency the Marquis of Normanby, Ambassador of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, was successively received at the Palace of the Tuileriea, by their Royal Highnesses the Prince de Joinville, the Duke and Duchess da Montpensier, to whom ha had not yet been presented. [From the Peris Hiecle, Nov. 10] A strange piece of news has been ct mmuniceted to us; it is so strsoge that we should not hesitate to declare it false if it did not reach us from a respectable quarter. IstrA Normanby, irhoie ahience, prescribed by (be ardert of bit Government, tcat remarked at tht reception of Saturday last, and mentioned by the Mini it era! journal? themselves at an additional proof of the malevolent iitporilinn of England?Lord Normanby it to be preienled tbii teenine to the Due hen de Montvemier. This nnaicnectad act of courtesy, after the hostile demonstrations made at .Madrid, Bayonne. and Paris by the B itish agents, is said to be the resnlt of the (food accord restored between the two Governments, we krow not on what terms. We can hardly believe in the sudden reconciliation of Lord Palmerston and M. Unizot, between whom the misunderstanding and Irritation were never ao flagrant as of late. On no previous occasion did our Government exhibit mora uneasiness respecting the consequences of the rash act it had committed, not through love of glory. The Couit had placed its last hope in the negotiation of which King Leopold has taken charge, and that hope was but slightly entertained by the Minister for Koreign AiTein, who had his personal reisons to await with anxiety the issue of the negotiation. Already even our wretched ministry, fearful and diecouraged, anxiously turned round towards Austria and Russia, soliciting with humility a patronage and support in compensation of those it had lost. Switzsrland, new agitated by its internal revolutions, has been already morally banded over to M. de Metternlch. The latter, impatient to pay his debt, responded to the Spanish marriage, and to the advaucet of the cabinet of Uie Tuileries, by marrying in his turn ths Duke de Bordeaux with e princess of the house of Austria. Kverythirg was succeeding marvellousy for our enemies, when a report suddenly got abroad that the difference with England was arranged, that the c cordial t would flourish anew, and that, aj a proof of that great reconciliation, the Duchess de Montpensier would receive this evening the public homages of the representative of England. This may be true, but it Is very unlikely, and although it has already produced its effect on the Bourse, we should not bo surpiised that it concealed another deception. May we not suppose that the ambassador, after having protested I y order of his government on s solemn occasion, thought proper, without compromising the policy of his country, to do an act of personal couitesy towards tho royal family, from whom n? u? mwBja oxiMiritncvd > sioa recepuon r i ne friends of the minntry, on the contrary, represent that top of Lord NoimaoDy as the proof and consequence of the fortunate arrangement whicn bad tenn'nated the quar rel between the two cabinets. We will rejoice at that great result when it is demonstrated to as that It is not a mere illusion, and when we are reassured respecting its cost to France. The Franco-Spanish Kipcdlttsn to Keaador. [From the London Times ] The expedition contemplated by dsn. Flores against the State of the Equator, of the preperations for which thsiarties interested in the wclftre of the South American republics hare for some time l>een cognizant, has at length assumed a shape which is considered to call for 1 prompt interference. The following letter has, consequently, beea addreseed to Lord Palmeraton : ? " To tkf Right Hon. Lord ViocomU Faim'rtlon, Htr Chi of Srtrttory of Stat* for toroign Jtffoirt." "My Lord Wa, the undersigned, merchants and others, resident in this cspital, beg respectlully to reptesent to your Lordship?, " rh st of onr body many are largely connected with the trade, and all art deeply interested in the peace and prosperity ef the rartous independent republics of South America. That it is, therofors, matter of alarm and anxiety to ns too fact which has beeomo 'notorious, that the peace of those countries la threatened with invasion by e hostile expedition, new in active preparation in Spain, Portugal, and Oiwat Britain; that this audition is directed by General Floret, ex-Trent of the free etato of the Equator, and that although hie avowed object Is reetricted to the invaeiou of the sold republic, the rumor every day gains ground that a moia general subjugation i? meditated, General Flares having to such and the open and powerful support of the Spanieh Government. That the expedition in queetion is known to be on a large scale, embracing 4.000 erntod mercenaries, steamers of great siae and power, and transports sufficient ior the oouveyanoe of the troops. That in Umeriok the agents of General Florae are enlisting men under false sad datnsive pretexts of amigraiieu, and that the tame operation la going forward in Portugal, while an ancampmeni of a large force already raitsid la oalabliehed at Dorsuge and Ordeno, In Bpoto. That the said agento have purchased iu this country for the expedition two steamers of great burden and power, which are no- in proceea of being converted into shipaof war, cany ing guns, and that, transports having been already ; eharteied, the whole scheme is hastening to uiatnrAy. j Tluit )our Lotdahip is, doubtless, well aware of all the disastrous consequence* likely to flow from on attempt' IERA (46. to invade South America with a foreign and mercenary force; that in a full conviction and anticipation of the evili with which it ia fraught, all the diplomatic repreaentativea of the different republic* hare protected againat iuch*an unheard of aggreaaion, proclaiming that it will be everywhere reaiated by force of arm*; that under theae circumatancea we earneatly call your Lordship's attention?Arst, to the danger and loaa of life which cannot fail to overtake each of our unwary countrymen aa may be inveigled into thia illegal aarvice ; and, aecondly, to the jeopardy in which Britiah intereeta will be placed throughout'1 South America by General Flore*' invasion, if carried into effect That with no country in the world ia our . commerce of greater importance or magnitude than with the aggregate free atatea in question, in which Bri- I tish manufactures are almost exclusively consumed, 1 and where there ia in circulation an immense amount of Britiah capital, the punctual payment of which depends on their peace and prosperity. That there have been contracted by moat of these state*, in thia country, loans, tho discharge of which moat be deferred indefinitely .by new aggressive war* and international contaata an/1 <n fa/*t ntlen ?f r2u?i.?ul Pl?. ret' expedition wiii be the signul ot ruin, loet, and oonfuaion to all partiea, native cud foreign, having perio nal mercantile, or money intareiti connected with the Spaniah American Republict. " That we therefore respectfully pray of her Majaaty'a government to take this subject into its most ae rioua consideration ; and, whether it he by meant of the ; Foreign Enlistment Act, or by reference to the predatory and unlawful nature of the enterprise, or, in due, by using its friendly influence with the court ot Madrid (the plan having originated in that capital) that her Majesty's government will use overy cflbrt to put a stop to an expedition from our own, as well as Spanish ports, which it carried into efl'ect,must be alike tatal to British life and British interests. Baring, Brothers, & Co. Thomas Mnsterman. Anthony Uibbs 8c Sons. Thomas Lee. N. M Rothschild 8c Co. John Rutherford. Heath, Furze 8c Co. William P. Robertson. Cotesworth, Powell 8c Co. Truman 8c Cook Pi) or. John Baker 8c Co. Powles, Brothers 8c Co. .Mildred 8c (Joycncche. Keid, Irving 8c Co. Corie 8c Co. Finlay, Hogson 8c Co. W. It. Goad 8c Rigg. 1'. R. Templeman 8c Co. Lovegrove 8c Leaihes. G. F. Dickson 8c Co. Sharps 8c Wilkins. Montoy a, Saentz 8c Co. Junies C upel 8c Co. Stiebel, Brotheia 8c Co. Mullens, Marshall 8c Co. Walter Logan 8c Co. Scott, Corthorn 8c Scott. Lucas, Micholls kCo. K.Sutton.GribbUhSulton j Alison, Cumherlrge & Co. ? avan. Brothers. M'Calmont, Brother* *. Co. lluiaell EUice Hibbert li Co. London, Oct. 30,1S46. The Van Neu Case. j Circuit Court, Washington, Dec. 4,1846. tkitimost for the defence. Court reassembled at 19 o'clock Fine sparkling day. Mr. Hcnry 1). Qilfin, one of the counsel for the defence, resumed his testimony from yesterday. He said, I did not find in the records, or?ooks of the Aldermen, of the forty-one Aldermen, which I exumined in Philadelphia, any evidence of the marriage of Oen. Van Ness and Mrs. Conner, in the year 1845-, I described the appear ance of Oen. Van Ness to them, but did not uscertaiu that any one of them had every married such a person. Mr. Brent objected to the detail of the conversation Mr. Braulev stated that Mr. Gilpin was only detailln g the results of hit diligent search. | Mr. Brrnt insisted that Mr. Gilpin was stating a mere conversation. Mr. Gilfin observed that he was not. Mr. Brrnt persisted that the drift of the testimony amounted substantially to the same thing as the giving a conversation with third persibs as evidence, instead of what was done by the witness himself in his researches. Tne Court remarked that conversations in such cases were not evidence. Mr. Gilfin.?Before the petition was filed in this ease, 1 made an effort to ascertain whether Gen. Van Ness was married in Philadelphia in 1849, but could find no evidence of it. He made the search at the instance of Gov. Van Ness. This was in June, 1846. I stated yesterday that all the Aldermen had marriage records, either in books, or upon separate pieces of paper filed in their offices. Two of the Aldermen, Mr. Galloway, in Spring Garden, and Mr. Hoffman, in Southwark, aid not show me their rerords. They hadn't them in their offices at the time 1 called. Alderman Galloway lives about a mile and a half fro h Mrs. Moulder's, in a north-east direction. Alderman about a mile south of Mrs. Moulder's. Neither of them iive in the city proper. I described to both of them the person and appearance of Gen. Van Ness. Crou-rxamintA by Mr. Brent.?Aldermen 8mHh and Cook hod mflrrififi nnhiwlv muur rut Mfinnla nf fmio Aldermen, to wit :-Meuri. Smith, Cook, Galloway and Hoffman; aix had no bookf,but kept copies of certificate* on fila; one had hia marriages upon a Loom ot paper, bnt nothing elae Was on the paper; 1 think that marriago recorili are kept with moro care than most other papers? tbey are locked up; moat otner papers are left on the tai>lu; do not know that all the Aldermen were alike careful, the certificates referred to were in pigeon holes, hut the Aldermen unlocked the case to show them; the difference between the city and the districts would net strike a stranger; the Aldeitnen on whom 1 called, lived in the inhabited parts; don't know of a private cltireu solcmni/.mg a marriage, or having done so in Philadelphia; Uen. Van Ness generally called on me when he came to Philadelphia; be called at my houae in July and August, 1844. By Mr. Bradley? I did not hear hfaa talk of a private marriage; knew he was engaged with Mr. Longacro in getting the Van Ness arms engraved for his books. Mr. tiRsn r--Of your personal knowledge? Mr. Gilpin? I can't state particularly; I know that (ien. Van Ness wss engaged with Longucre, the engraver, hut I can't discriminate between that which I may have heard from Longacre and Gen. Van Ness. Mr. Bradley?Whet wss General Van Nets doing in Philadelphia ! Mr. Gilpin?He came to seo Mr. Longacre about a book plate, containing a coat of arms. Mr. Bradley?Have you ever seen the coat of arms ? Mr. Gil.vis?No, sir, not Ihst I recollect. Mr Bradley?Did he show you how they were quartered I Mr. Gilpin was understood to say something about the Van Ness arms. _ Mr. Brent?Not with the arms of Conner, you say ? Mr. Gilpin did not say. Mr Carlisle?Here's the coat of aims in my book? (that which the deceased had harrowed from Mr. Carlisle?Robert's on the foim of wills ) The coat of arms was shown to the jury, and Mr May examined it with apparent satisfaction. The device is a shield of a dark ground, with a white stripe across it. and a vertical stripe intersecting this line from the top, with mroe stars id me quartering*, tr.e wnole surmounted by coat of mail and a helmet, the plumes flo wine oft'on both side* very gracefully?uuderneath the shield in a flowing riband ii the motto?"Pre Deo el noUUittiin a patria balavorum," and below this the name of J. 1*. Van New ia wiitien. Join Labxed, Clerk In the Treainry Department, worn?Direct examination?I have known (Jen Van Nets for macy ye irs? Mated circumstance* of business relations, from which ho thought lmnself enabled to express an opinion upon the hand writing ot General Van Ness: wan shown the lettere pur;>ortiDg to he from (Jen. Van Ne*fc filed in the Qrphan * Court by the plainti? in thia cause, and the other letter* laido hafore ihis Court, all of which, he gave aa his opini n, were sp'irious; recognized lereial genuine letter* and receipt* of Gen. Van Neea's intermingled in the examination with the plaintiffs letters; ha<< some doubts, as most other of the witnesses had, to the signature to the Mattingly receipts, admitted to be genuine. Mr. BaawT waived any particular croas examination. (fen. I'mommon, of the Treasury Department, swornKnow (Jen Van Ness for the last forty years : in 1811 I was a field officer under (Jen. Van Ness of the District of Columbia; while be was Mayer of the oity 1 served as an Alderman: 1 associated frequently with him in private life; thought ne had formed a pretty correct opinion nf the General'* hand writing. Was presented, one by one,for examination, the plaintiff'* Utters laid before the Court, and pronounced against them severally, as not in the hand-writing of General Van Ness Hecogniaed the other letter* of a genuine character, laid beiure him for an opinion. Mr. Mat waived any lengthened cross-examination . Lewis Joiixsox, a director in the Bank of the Metropolis, sworn?examined by Mr. (hatiiis.-Testimony concurring, in the main, with that of the preceding witness, pronouncing respectively against the plaintiff 1s letters on file, purporting to be those of General Van Ness. Crmi-ijammed by Mr. Mas.?I called at General Van Neat' residence to enquire about him dnring his last illness; never was a witness to a will by him ; was a witness to a coed at one time. [Jury allowed to retire a while. Hon. Solomon Fools, of the Heui.e, and Hon. Mr. ITpham, of the Senate, who had honored us for an hour or two with their presence, alto retired. The jury returning.] Mr. Bwexht was recalUd and gave information aa to the regulations *f the department in cases of letter* miss sant by the mails -, how they were marked, and how registered en the poet bills. By Mr Baxwr.?There was a box at Baltimore for w.y mwii ?iney were warned alter U*y came to Weahiogton, or on the way, <w nnderateod ) tireno* Thomk, iwora-i.xemined by Mr. BradleyI w?? acquainted with tien Van Nam; waa in the Bank of the MetTepolia ae dieoeunt clerk ,lrem lilt to l"OP j dnriog all of which time (ien. Van Neea waa preaideut; I think 1 could diitinguiah the handwriting of (ien. Van Naaa ; letter* of the plaint Mr, purporting to be Oen. Van i Neea'a, ahown to witaeaa, who gave hi a judgment agaiiut i thoat, all and aareral. CroiatxamintJ iy Mr with regard to aom* of I the peculiartle* of the plaintiff'a lettara, aa compared i with tha hand writing of Oen. Van Naa*. Mr. johi C. Rita*, recalled?k.iamined by Mr Ba*ot-ar, with regard to the peculiarity of tiea. Van No#*'* 1 " "?In tha axaaiiaatiea of many paper* I haea naear fount a figure "ft" of the GvoeraT* with a curra in the toil like a archie, aa thoee in the plaintiff* lettera *igne<t 1 " Wallace," pur|i?rting to bo from Oen. Van Neaa, are made , ieund aome ducrapeucy in the amall "o" of the "Leeahurg Wallace" letter. The "Leeaburg" letter, with the hyphen ( ) et the end of the line i* the only one that correepeade in that reaped with the General'a atyle. Crota arami >?< iy Mr. BaaffT?Shewed to the witaeai etreral genuine pepera that had the figure "ft" in tiiem ; j could not dialingui*h that they bed the cutve of tha "ft" in the " Or j.liana Court" letter* of the piamtifi , In on* of tha "O C." lettera, end in one of the "Green Valley" j letter*, tha body of tha "ft" waa tik* Oen Van Naaei; Mr. Wtm could not he mad* to underttand why tha General ehould diagnwe hit hand, and then aiga bit | name at the bottom To another qneation, he aaid ha > the ighth! ahould heeo to writ* two letter a. Mr liitea ' LI). Price Two Cento* was at length allowed to go off, after a minute to n irai nation upon the curve in the tail of the "iV Dr. Thomh, physician to late Oen. Van Ness, in h * laat illness, iworn ? Kxamtned by Mr. Bbaolkt ? 1 at tended on Oen. Van Neat aa his physician; Dr. Harri* was called in during his last sickness; related a conver sation that occurred between Mr. ttmitb (of the bank) and Uen. Van Neaa during his last illness, in which Mr. Smith mentioned a " wilt," when the General seemed to move himsell, and said he either had attended to. or could attend to that matter himself; think he said he could attend to it; not positive; that was on Thursday; he died on Thursday. By Mr. Coxs.?Witness stated that st that time, Oov. Van Varm and hia ladr Miaa Matilda a niana oni ana. ther niece, Miu White. The mind of the deceased doring hia illness at time*, from the disturbed state of his brain, was wandering, and his remarks incoherent; bat never, either in his incoherent or coherent remarks, did 1 ever hear liira say mything about his having a wife and child; his conversation* and remarks were alto fether upon business atfairs; don't know whether f card it myself, or whether seme one repeated it to me, that ha had said, when he seemed to ha aware that he could not live; " 1 have now nothing more to do;" never heard him mention any thing ot a deceased wife and child. By Mr. Bkkist ?Yea, sir, I was thereon the Saturday that ha diad; I did not sea this lady (lha plaintiff) thai i on that day, hut heard that she had come there in a car* lisge. O.C. OasMnun, President of the (Washington City) Patriotic Bank, sworn.?I was acquainted with tha late (Jen. Van Nets for many years; I think I have had opportunities for forming an opinion of hit baud-writing; plaintiff's record letters exhibited to witness for inspection in detail; thought they were imitations of the (iensral's hand-writing. Crots examined hy Mr. Bkepit.?Witness had hia attention called to the genuine Van Nass paper or the signature thereunto appended, which Mr. Carborry had pronounced to be written by Mrs. Von Ness. Mr. (barberry here stepped forward and observed that as that letter was datsd two years after tho death of Mrs. Van Nass, it could not havo been written by her. With a brief cross-examination upon some peculiarities in the plaintiff 'h letters, more or less corresponding with genuine Van Ness papers, Mr. Grammar was discharged. Nicholas Carlan, sworn?I was well acquainted with the late General Van Ness, particularly for the last two years, during which 1 was an agent for the collection of his rents in my neighborhood ; 1 visited his house 1 during his last,illness, but did not see him ; after thejOeneral's death, on the 33.1 of May, a gentleman called on | mo and represented that he was a Irion J of her's?that was Col. John H. Sherburne, now of the city of PhiladolFhia ; I saw him at Mrs. Conner's on the 1st day of July ; then went there to distrain for the rent, by request of General Van Ness ; I went with a constable; at one time Mr. Sherbman handed me a sealed letter, which he said was from Vice-President Dallas, to deliver to Gov. Van Ness ; on the 1st of July, after the officers had levied the distrain, I walked?1 did not feel well?I walked out for about twenty minutes ; I returned and found Cel. Sherburne in Mis. Conner's back parlor, and he showed mo the " Orphans' Court" letters. Mr Bhxnt Was Mrs. Conner present ' Witness?Not that 1 recollect. Ma. Brent?Oh wall, then, stop there, sit?there W no use of going into collateral matters. Ma. Bhaulkt pleaded the admissibility of this testimony,from its direct bearing upon the care. Mr. B read n certificate of Col. Sherburne, showing his agency at Philadelphia in May last, in behalf oi Mrs. Conner, in her coorch for proofs of her declared marriage to the late Gen. Van Net*: read, also, from the plaintiffs petition to show the agency of Col. Sherburne, or the relation in which he stood to the plaintiff, and argued therefrom the legality of the evidence of tho witness regarding any conversations he may have had upon the subject with Col. 8berburtio. Ma. May contested the point. Ma. Coxa replied. Ma. Brunt put in a sur-rejoinder. The Court explained that the fact of Col. Sherburne's hnvinor Mm Crtnnaf'a nanors in Kiss ?A?.... ! deuce ot his agency in her behalf. Ma. Braolkv read the contract or leaae between Mr*. Conner and Gen. Van Nee*, in regard to the rent of her houie, Mr. Callan having gone with that contract, and the balance due to Oen. Van Near a catate tor the rent, being acknowledged by Mra. Conner under her own aignature aa late aa January, 1948. Mr. Bradley argued that it waa to rebut thia contract that Col Sherburne exhibited Hie letter purporting to be from Oen. Van Near, and that therefore the testimony respecting what occurred between the witneae and Col. Sherburne,waa in,evidence. Mr. Call*!*, the witness, went on to testify that wl.en he had called on the 1st of July last, to collect the rent of Mra. Conner, she said tha property was her a, that Geo. Van Ness had riven it her, and that she owed no rent. I asked for a deed or some evidence of what she stated; but she produced me none. She denied ever having signed a paper in the foi m of a lease. When I showed the constable the written contract, he went on levying the property. By Mr Burnt?Ves, sir, abe then said she hod been married to Gen. Van Ness By the Court?Col Sherburne said he bod ahown the letter (Mrs. Conner's Vou Ness letter)in which the house and lot are given to the widow by the General, which is as follows LITTER 9. I Washington, February, 1940. Dear Mart?I tried yesterday to get to your house, but could not make it out, owing to particular business ; matters which occupied me the whole blessed day. When Mr. Wroc was us work at your house, you should I have told liim to cleau out the sewer, bend your boy for it, and bid bim to do it, and any thing you waat done. It had better be immediately done. Why do you worry I ma about your signing the paper! Vou kuow it cant or won't injure you. I mean it for your good?fot appearance take. I am more careful of you than you are yourself?common fenae tella you. 1 wish it for appoeraace sake. 1 gave you that house and lota, and other property now nearly three years siocc, and you know you will hare a handsome fortune from iny estate. Now, dont | wory so- 1 will see yon soon. With milch regard, your affectionate husband, JOHN P. VAN NESS. I Col. Sherl urne said ha had ahown this letter to saveI ral persons, and that they had pronounced it genuine ; I but to bo mat in the face by this distrain, ha thought there was something very carious about it. The controversy betwsan the opposing counsel waa here renewed, and at four o'clock, the jury were dismissed, and the court adjourned till tomosTOw. at ton. CtacuiT Covit, Doe. t, 1841. Mr. Bradlkt, for the defence, this morning oopupiod n short time by showing the letter* of the Orphans Court and ten genuine notes of the Bank of the Metropolis lb the jury, ile said, that no two signatures of John P. Van Ness to the notes At in length,height, he , but six of the signatures of the letter* exactly corresponded,though the writing was not like any that had been discovered! Mr J. C Maci-imk was about to be called for th* defence, whan Mr. Mat objected, on the ground that Mr. Mag aire had beon in court repeatedly during the trial, ana that, although the counsel had ism they did not latent to examine him, they now pioduoad him to do to Mr. Carlisle remaiked, that th* fact of Mr. Miguire having been in court made but little difference, as the testimony given by witnesses bad bean published in the newspapers. . Messrs. Bradley and Barnr mad# a few remarks, whan . _ The Coi-rt, for reasons stated, decided that Mr. Megtnre should not tastify. in consequence of the sicknee* of one of tke Jurors, the Court adjourned till Monday noxt. dissolution. THK eeparurrahip heretofore eiiatiaa under the Arei of Clayton and < 'art wrifhf. It this day diarolred by Bintutl coataot. biw Vork, I)m 4,'*41. KDWlN A. CLAYTON. V ALU. J. CAKTWB.10kT. Jr. Tb? tabtcribari hare rormad a coparteerahip for the trueraftion of a coamuaioo blank book. MMMT, aal printing bnaioaaa, uadrr tlx bra of Cartwitchc, Brotbere, at No. (7 Wall iiieet. Banka, intaraaca eompaaiea, and the toereaat le community, are reapectlally roqooecad ta giro oa a trial. Punctuality and neatnear will be obueteed ia lha elocution atotdera. A t.f.X. J. <;MITWHIOMT. Jr. AI-kKEU D. It. CARTWJUUHT. NtwVo??,l)?(. t,UM dJ4t*r taylor's u. s. money rkj?orter, And (Sold and Stiver Exmmimtr. THIH rain able work will be delitared to enbeenbera at ?W cenca par month, payable on delivery; non-eubecrihere i ecutt for each copy. Wanted, a few rood paraoBt to procure aubacrikera. Apply^the office M Broadway, oppoaite the Trinity church. TO THE LADIES. LAD IKS. if yoa will peep iato W Broadway, wall known aa the riewiaia Score, roa wUI beaatoniehed to doe the bargaiee of F'aocy Artielaa that are aold there. TkOSMMK I of a apleudid aaaortment of fanry dreee Cane and Head Droaaee, a very new atyla ef Cmmmaeette aad Collar* ; alao. Mounting of carry daeerptioo : together with In aaaortment of Kvaaiag Draeeea for led.** ; ?reach, Uree. Hibbona, Flowere, Keathera, Glove*. aad eartoaa other artielaa too aaiocrooa to laoatlon. Ladia* wanting each article* lor the holiday* will do well to call at SB* Broadway, aoarir oppoaite NiMo'e. where a great rartety of French Good* caa be had at the leweat marketjtnee*. d* ?w?r tTM.-vai iTESfEtteoaae Mao, WhttO, Plea. Vol 1 low aad Green Ttaeoo?for aala by H to PfcHABK k BROOKS, Ne. dd aad V Naaoaa et. MANUAN&SK. 1 ioo sat*""* Aj Jl'i No*, tiktt Nmm it. KLWAKD. (2TOLEX frM thi DchoMir Itlctt, while lying at the * OM Frtaoe Dock, mi Mothy night, No*, U. m lend colored yawl Boat, l( feat long, liekMutar'i build. Who ?N will reter? Mid Im to Crook* ft Fowha, cetwer Watt ui Liberty atioou, will receive theaheve naaii HI ?*r iOkl'nObUUll It VAVlbrON, DRAPIR* AMI) TAILOM. _ ' No. II Jo* a atreet, New York. Kim Boor, np Main ?yr lam RKTAILSfOcE O* kiMY UOOlT WTWI LLa K OFMTOKK FOII itALlt.?For aala, a atoe* of Faaey and Staple Dry Ooode.well aaoorted and at lew prieaa, ia ua* of the n'oat deoirabie loaatiiwa la the City. Tha laaaa ha* a boot three year* to ran. the leeatina may be eonaidered one of the beat. Tha Mora baa boa* (Ittad op , at a vreatrapenar. aed pnattaaa. aa-ay adeeetagea a* to tha inferior arrangement The atoek at prcaaat ia andar Tea Thoaaaad Dalian; with aa additional atoek o Tbraa to Fiea Thoaenod Dollar*, thara can be told for caab Fifty to Peemtr-dee Thoaaaad Dollar# year at a aery fai r searaae peodt. ihe atoek will be aold lot caahor aatiaCctory paper oa a rrediFef aot orer t exmtrta To ihoae deaw aa of r mmer.emg the wlioleaale aad retail Drv llnmh la*ine?, tie preaeat W.*ra obr of the greatra luda ,uin,? * I Ad?lre?aU. L B., at tin* olttt, with real aamo dllw*t