Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 11, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 11, 1846 Page 2
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new York herald. \?v? V?rk, Priiajr, December It, ISM. The Weekly Herald. " The H'tekly^Htraid this week will be one of the most valuable and interesting sheets we ever isMud. It will contain the foreign news received by the steamer Caledonia at Boston, with full accounts of the English markets?the message of President Polk?full accounts of the opening of Congress? late news from the Army and Navy?besides commercial, political, financial, and miscellaneous intelligence of great interest. It will be illustrated with an accurate engraving of the remains of the ste?mer Atlantic, copied from a dayuerretoype sketch. It will be ready at 8 o'clock to-morrow morning. Price 6^ cents. __________ The Fanatics and th? War?Folly and Fourlerlsm. It appears by our telegraphic report of the proceedings in Congress, in yesterday's paper, that , before the ink with which Mr. Polk's Message : was written, was dry, some of the whig leaders j commenced opposing the administration, and the conduct of the executive in the Mexican war. \V? expected some outbursts of fanaticism during the present session, but we must confess that we did not look for any exhibition of it so early, and cannot divine what the intentions ol Messrs. Davis and Winthrop are, except that they mean to throw all the obstacles they can in the way of the President, in his endeavors to conduct the war to an honorable close, and conquer a peace as speedily as he can. Some ot the whigs will ccrtainly never be smothered in their own patriotism. The lucid explanation of the war, its causes and its present condition, as set forth by the Exe- 1 cutive in his Message, has given general satis taction. Wh do not hesitate to say, that ninetenths of ihe American people, ^f all political denominations, admiring the forbearance of our government?its unwillingness te commence hostilities, although, in the eyes of the civilized world, we would have been justified in forcibly obtaining redress for the repeated injuries and insults we havo received from Mexico, years ago?its frequently expressed desire to have all our difficulties settled by negotiation ? the proffer of the hand of friendship when MexJ^o had forced the war on us?the admirable manner in which the war has been prosecuted?the renewal of the offer of peaco after we had acquired decisive advantages; in all these things we are convinced that nine-tenths of the American people acquiesced in supporting the Executive, and are willing to furnish him with means to continue to prosecute the war with vigor, so that he can obtain an early peace. But suppose they did not?suppose that the mai ority of the people concurred, with, the New York and New England fanatics, with a Kentucky tail, that the President involved the country in a war unnecessarily?is it not the duty of the people's representatives to stand by their country, right or wrong, and enable the President to obtain a peace as soon as possible 1 Is it not enough that we are engaged in war, to warrant all parties in sustaining the country in its prosecution, and, when peace is obtained, to allow the people to pass their verdict on the Executive and the administration party, whom the fanatics accuse of having brought it *111 If the President and his cabinet have committed an error, or a blunder, or a crime, they will be punished for it in due season ; after the war is over. By the late State elections the whig party acquired a great amount of strength and many important advantages, that would if judiciously ?m?ercised, be of infinite service to them herwfier. With the advantages they acquired in this State, ?o?. But it is with the wKigs'^t?weTiav(fa? ways stated. They are no tacticians?they cannot maintain their ground. Tbey become possessed of advantages, and then fritter them away, without reference to the cost at which they have been obtained. It is clear that the country will not sustain any party ia opposing this war. It may be opposed by a clique of fanatics in New England end in New York, as well as by their organs, but witness the alacrity with which volunteers have rushed to the theatre of operations the moment their services were required by the government; the universal enthusiasm that prevails; and a man with half an eye can see, that the war and the course of the luiiuiiinuiuuii me |>u|juiar nuu moot me approbation or the masses of the people, from one extremity of the country to the other. Are we to follow the fanatics and continue to be spit upon by another nation, beoause the administration who have the management of the war, and who are doing their duty, are democrats or locofocos or huge paws 1 The conduct of the fanatics and their Fonriente o gan, cannot be too strongly deprecated, and ihoae who talk of impeaching the Executive, for iloing what his oath ol office required, and the Isws of nations expressly provided tor, in estabI.>hing governments over conquered territories, will find that they are committing politica suicide in their vain attempts to impede the President in his patriotic endeavors to obtain an honorable and speedy peace, as well as indemnity for the expenses we have unjustly been put to in obtaining it. Oh, whigs, whigs ! do get some common sense. Borrow, beg, or steal some ; at any rate get some. iu? -? w ? -? - - low run iuuit'u.?nniunf; me eau mates lubmitted te Congress for carrying on the war with Mexico, with a view of speedily conquering a peace, we perceive one for two thousand mounted men. We think this very judicious, for it is apparent that the government cannot get on without this description of force. We hope Secretary Marty will not overlook the fine regiments of mounted men now ready for service in this city, under the command of Col. ! William H. Duff. This regiment ia composed of i the right sort of men, and if called into service, would reflect credit on their own State, and aid ! materially in carrying out the operations ol the war. Their officers are all men of talent and sbi- | lity, and the men are taken from the flower of our youth. Colonel Puff himself is a tower of strength. He stands six feet six inohes, in his 1 s toe kings, and possesses an eye, the flashes of which would scatter a regiment from Monterey to the capital. It is now some time since this regiment was organised, tad they have since kept up their organ- , ixation at great expense, daily expecting to be called into service. We repeat oar hope that Secretary Marcy will shortly avail himself of the I iberal oiler they have made?to march to any part of Mexico or California, serve daring the war, and after peace is acquired, retain military posismon of the country, without any expense to the government. N*wb from Goatamala ?From our correspendent at Belize, Honduras, we have tiles of the tluatamala Ouctta OficUU to the 28th September, but we And in them nothing of peculiar interest. Affairs in the province were tranquil and business geod. By a recent census, the population of the covntry is estimated at 9S6.M0, including both sexoe and all classes. The Mexican war created 3onsiderable interest among the people Awrrionu Fanouuu or tub Wuci or tux Sloop or Wax Boaron.?We have received a full account of the loes o( this man ol-war, from one who was on board at the time of the disaster. It is very interesting, and will be found in another column of this day's Htraid Enough Vtxws op Ammica?Th* Pbic* or i PotatoKs, Me ?We have given in the Hrrali, ' | since ih? arrival of the (JalnJonia, several ex | tracts from English journals referring to the United Suites, its people and its institutions. As is their wont, the writers in these papers indulge in the vilest slander towards our country, and although their readers must be possessed of stomachs like those of ostriches in order to digest the foul aspersions, exaggerated statements, and malignant and malicious falsehoods which they oont&in, we sfe that they continue to retail them daily to their patrons, without any appearance of th* market being glutted. Not many years since we were comparatively unknown to the majority of the English people. Our institutions, our government, and our laws, were not understood by them. A few years since we were looked upon as a poor and powerless nation, compared with the colossal greatness of England. At that time the press was silent about us. We might have been a very good sort of people, although we were Yankees; our institutions might have been very good lor the short time thev would last : our reDublican Dredelec tions would be amply gratiAed after a few years, and then, forsooth, we would beg for a restoration of the connection with the mother country, which our rebellious fathers severed with the sword, and would be willing to surrender up that Declaration of Ind9pendence which they main- ! tained by the sword. We were hardly worth noticing then. But behold, a change came over the face of i nature. The nation of three millions gradually increased in population, wealth, and riches, in a ratio unprecedented in the world's history. The mighty influeace of re- : publican institntions was extended over the Western world?the extraordinary advances of science and mechanics, aided and untrammelled j by monarchical fetters, have developod our resources?in a day, as it were, the comparatively weak and powerless nation has assumed a rank 1 second to none in the world. Hence arose the change in tone of the monarchical press of the world. While England is striving to maintain her present greatness, she is visibly declining from day to day. While she is ostensibly an immense fabric oi clastic architecture, whose finely carved columns are the boast of her people, it appears that the foundation is of quicksand, which at every ebb and flow of the , tide of knowledge, is visibly moving away, until the last grain shall be removed, when the fabric itself tumbles to the ground. The United States, on the contrary, have only commenced their career. We are daily, nay, hourly, progressing at a rate which threatens to place us before many years, not only on a height superior to that occupied by England in her brightest days, but on a height the exceeding al- ! titude of which will puzzle the prejudiced politicians ol the old world. We have now stepped into the position occupied by England. We are assuming the rank that nature and Providence has set apart for us' before elevating us to the topmost pinnacle ol national greatness. We are the observed of all nations, and an 1 enigma to all. Hence arises this great change in EngUsh sentiment towards our people, our government and our institutions. But the shafts of their jealousy iall harmlessly at our feet. They can be directed far enough to roach us, but not hurt us; and while the English journals may, with impunity, discharge their small shot at the Western Colossus, they can neither detract one iota from our greatness nor impede the enward maroh of republican institutions over the world, including Upper and Lower Canada. I While, however, the English are thus abusing , us, shall continue to supply them with ' cotton lor their backs, and potatoes for their sto* | machs, at the highest market price; and our brave . l uAlimtoarL anrl maiilnva tvill nnntinuo tf\ whin tVlf* i Jimmy Polk 1 . The Magnetic Tklkqjuph.?If proof is wanted of the capacity of the magnetic telegraph to transmit long documents to distant parts of the ; country, we have it in the case of the President's , 1 Message, the greater part ol which was transmitted from New York to Albany at the rate of one-third of a column of small type per hour There is no doubt that, when the improvements which experience suggests shall be made, the President's Message can be read in St. Louis or Chicago as soon as it is read in Washington. Thi Cimcus in America.?This hitherto neglected amusement has become completely restored to public favor under the able management of the present lessee of the amphitheatre in this city, Mr. Tryon. It was, at one time, difficult to obtain an audience to witness the performances of even the highest order of talent. This was owing to the vulgarities and profanities too often indulged in by the various clowns, the extent of whose ambition was to gain the applause of the J groundlings,while their coarse jests very frequenty made the ''judicious grieve." During the four years of Mr. Tryon's management he has endeavored to reform this species of amusement, and has succeeded at length in bringing to iu support the leading members of society and the countenance of families of the highest respectability.? This access of patronage, and the respectability of the troupe, added to the great number ol strangers who nigndy resort to the amphitheatre, has had a tendency to fill the houses during die entire season, and to elevate this truly rational entertainment far above the rank it held under any previous manager. Musical. Tub AroLLomomLet the Brooklynites remember mat uua evening tney are to De levored with a concert by this youthful and extraordinary band of maticiani. We guaranty to all who will liiten to their performances, both instrumental and vocal, a treat *uch aa is rarely to be enjoyed. The tinging of little Anne Maria ia aa nlghtihgaliah aa the human voice can be, and her piano playing i* delightful; and the Master* Bullock and Cole are, each in hi* part, always excellent ? We (inceraly hope they will nave an audience even larger than any which naa previously attended their entertainmenta in our sister city. Samukl Lotib.?The .calamity which haa fallen so suddenly, and afflictingly upon the domeatic happiness of the diatinguiahed poet and author whose naass standa at the head of this article, ia almost too delicate a tub ject for newapopor remark; but having previouaiy chronicled, with pleaaare, hia well-earned success, and mentioned his anticipated visit to the South, we may be xcueed for stating that, for the present at leaat, our Soother* (Viands will be deprived of the enjoymeut of passing an " Iriah evening" with one whoae sfllk-tion calla for himself the tympathy which hia pathos has so often excited for others. We sincerely trust, however, that time may remove the clood that now hangs over a heart, where ail would wiahto aee Joy and lightneaa. The Bik?r faailr nn m ri mi Kim mm on tb? evening of the OJ inat. New Orlia^i, Doc. J, 1944?1 o'clock, r. M. Tht Mmrkttt and Ifwic-lJU Prict / Sugar and of Sm(i There 1* absolutely nothin( of interaat afloat in thia city. Buiiueu ia pratty briak however, although tha cotton marketdid not opan thia week with much animation Tha mlei y uterday wara varioualy reported at riling 4000 J balaa, and at tha last woah'a daclina of one-eighth of a cant par pound, which price* ara currant to-day, but tha i m1?i aa yat hare not baan at all heavy. Tha arrival* toj day have alraady raachad riling 300U balaa. Tha atoch ou hand ia vary large, full 190,000 balaa. Tha flour mar. ket continual animated, and has baan linoa tha reoapttoa of tha AcadH'a nawa, and tha aalaa have baan heevy > Tha prieaa rary littla from %t par banal far a geed arUole Tha aalaa in corn hava alio baan heevy, at prioee ranging iromM to 7? canta par aack lor yallaw. Tna Vranch Opara it doing a rary good buainan, and tha aewmembare of tha company hava proved thameolva* arntlti of the right itamp Tha ballet company ara doing a gnat at tha Amerieea Theatre, ; which ia crowded every night Tha 8t. Charlaa haa not bad rary goad houaae. The weather ii flaa. Youra, Ac p, iMroRTAifT noil Canada.?We are informed on good authority that certain changea, long looked I for In tha ProvbMial government, have been decided on, and that tha arrangement* new nearly completed ara iuch aa wa treat will give entire aatiifaction to the country. We ara in no**?aiea of tha namee of tha , gentlemen who ara to take aflca, btrt wa deem it premature ta aay mare at preeent?C*tmrg Star. Scrum Codbt of thb Umitsd Statks?Dec. 8 ?Mm W. Campbell, liaq., of Mew York, and | Kdward Niakley, Keq , of Maryland, ware admitted at i torneyi and cooaaellera of thla ooart. Nea aad lJaha L. Harrla, plaiatig ia error, ra. Hiram Q. Runnel*. Theee oauaoa wara argued by Mr Neleon lor tha plain tifl ia error Adjourned till ta marrow 11 e'eleok A. M. * 1 ;. ? v. Theatrical#. | P*?e txritirSfveral crowJed bouses bar* wit- | netted the dnocing of the Viennoise ohtdren?at each r?| alitlou it appear* to become mora attractive? iU bril liancy ud ita novelty peculiarly renter it M. 80 unlike any other representation on oar tage, peat or present? ao diversified and beautiful in the picture! it present*? ?o 1 full of warmth and life?ao abounding in poetical concep ' tion?ao perfect in ita artiatic arrangements?nothing ca" be more rich in coloring, more brilliant in costume. more happy in design, and admirable in grouping, than the " Flower Dance," and the " Paa Oriental." All ie enchantment?all apeaki to the imagination?all delight* the eye. Klowers spring up as if of fairy growth, and sportively wielded by fairy handa?they give to every varied attitude a charm, to every group a beauty, to every combination the power to please. Nor ia the shawl dance le?a effective. In coatume it is more splendid; it ia clothed with all the magnificence and imagery 01 an Eastern court; it ia truly gorgeoua ; it addresses itself still more to the imagination, and gives a life in the mind of each child present to the pictures it has dwelt on from infancy. Here, toe, are surprises the most sudden, forms the moit picturesque, at- 1 titudes the most graceful, groupings the most beautiful, light and airy steps. The shawl is here the instrument, and ita effects are harmonious and striking. Now 'tis witchinglv thrown, now floats lightly npon the air, new swells and sinks with grace, now enshrines some ; fairy form, now forms a canopy over the head, now a 0? tKn TK? Hnnrtriin dance if in- 1 t cresting from it* strict nationality. In it tn embodied ; the figures, the attitudea and tha steps of all classes ; they ara full of spirit, activity and strength ; greatly varied and all pleasing ; the costume is vary accural e, . and tha manners a copy from life. It la danced by twelve boys and u many girls. Altogether this is a rich enter- | tainment. beautilul and picturesque ; and as thay are , children, are unexceptionable as to costume, an objection often urged to the ballet, it is attractive to all, but i to yeung children there can be none more so ; innocent, : yet teeming with rich and varied gratification Bow cry Til* at**.?The "Wild Steed of the Prairie'' was repeated last evening at this popular place of pub- 1 lie amusement, and passed off with iti usual success- [ To-night there will be an entire change of performance?and three very attractive pieces will bo presented?' Mtzeppa," " Barbarossa," and the " IlufBia Boy." I These three excellent pieces will bring out the talent ' of the entire company, who have.eustaiucd, for tha last jew weeks, the high reputation of the Bowery. On Monday, Mr. Murdoch is onnouncod to appear an Ham-f let Tne enterprising manager, Mr. Jackion, has done much to insure him the warm good wishes of b is numerous patrons at old Bowery, and In securing the services of Mr. Murdoch, gives an additional evidence of his anxiety to cater fur the gratification of his numerous friends. The bill to-night is highly attractive. GatKRwicH Thkatkk.?The first engagement of Mr. John Dunn, a most excellent low comedian, was attended with much success, and his re-engagement will be equally so. Hu character of " That Rascal Jack" is so excellent that he has become identified with the pert This evening he appear* in the comedy of " Charles II." In which ne will be assisted by Mr. H. P. Orattan, who makes his first appearance, and by Mr.Oeo. R. Chapman. After which the favorably received shetch of " Actress of All Work" will be performed, in which Mrs. G. Chapman will sustain six different characters The comedy, of " Milliner's Holiday" will conclude the night's enter - -- " ' 1 Rnmllnr i&jnmeni. mr. ivuuuey bpi?o?i wk w ?- - ?p , Meurc Yates and Quayle will tlio (fire wme of their favorite wan and dance*. There i? much liberality die played in tne management of thi* pleaiant little e?tabliihment, and we truit that the theatre going public will give it the liberal aupport it merit*. The Alhamiu.?The re engagement of the German magician, Herr Alexander, it but lor thii and to-morrow evening, to that all who are denrou* of seeing hi*'performance* of most wonderful feata and experiment* have but these two opportunities. That he is well worth seeing is best evinced by the applause and commends tion he has received from the thousands present at his different entertainments in this city. Besides a variety of novel and magical experiments by him, there will be | also songs, and instrumental music from a selected and I popular corps of artistes. The saloon is pleasantly and commodiously arranged, and the re!re*hmenta to be procured of an excellent kind. , Bowery Ami>hitheatbe.?Gossin, Gardner and Kemp, the three celebrated clowns, continue to excite the a* toniahment of the crowded houses that nightly frequent this popular place of evening recreation. Their feats last evening were truly astonishing; Kemp, on his beer cask, performed with his usual ability. Master Nixon's act of horsemanship was admirably performed, and Mr. Carroll's equestrian performance,in connexion with that of Master Nixon, drew forth bursts of applaoae. An evening here will richly repay the visiter. The bill for to-night is highly attractive. The Charleston Afcwt of the 7th inst., says of MrsMowattThis accomplished lady arrived hen on Saturday. We learn that ahe is in fine health and will commence her erraaement at the theatre to-morrow evening. She wiir be supported by Mr. Davenport, a young actor favorably spoken of by tne Northern oritioa. Mrs. Mowatt had distinguished sucoeas at her former engagement here, and will undoubtedly be warmly waloomea. Cltjr Intelligence. The Weathe*.?We^had a snow yesterday, cemmenc , inff a DO U l 1 O'CIOCI, BUU iu? Iiww ^MWUVWU UUU ?uu heavy* until about half ptst 4 o'clock, whan it changed rarmM I fceavy, and la terrenta, up to a lata hour. ' Amu or BaxAD.?There appears to be a rary nnjuit 1 imposition practiaad by the Dakar* generally, toward* 1 their cuatomera, and the public, in relation to the aala of ! bread ; as they charge price* *o exorbitant as to render it i extremely difficult, at this season of tha year, far many persons, (not to talk of tha poor,) to purchase at their exorbitant charges, which the present prices of flour by no means justify. Flour is sold at present at ft #0 per barrel, or rather par cask, in this city, and were the prices fixed at ?8 or $10 per cftsk, the present weight of bread, as effered by our bakera, could scarcely be justitied. The baker* ought to sail thoir bread, (now that tha alarm is over, and tha speculators have been foiled in thoir efforts to create a panic in the ftour market,) according to the currency of the United Strtes, or at rates varying from 0, 19 to 20 cants, according to weight ' and quality. We annex the assize for bread in Charleston, South Carolina, up to and including the 7th December, inat., at which period flour sold at $6. The price* set down htva been.regularly fixed by the corporation of that city; and those who purchase : bread in New Vork (particularly the poor,) will be struck with tha great disparity of weight, size, and pri^e, taken in connection with the comparative rates in the flour market* at Charleston and New York ; ? Asuzt or Bbkad, from Monday, 30ih November, to Monday, ?th December, 1846, inclusive. The average price of superfine flour being $6 per bbl of 196 pounds net weight, the loave* must weigh as follows white Bbkad. III. oz. 34 ceot Loaf to wei(h 4 II i? " " a'; ? 5 I ? i *X ?X wHiiTtn aiuD. lit. oz, JO ceat Loaf to weigh i 4 " " 2 10 5 " " t i " 0 i?s household bread. lb f, oz 20 cent Loaf to wrifh ? 0 ' " " " 1 0 > .. 1 8 ** : ::::::::: i '? ? M JOHN K KOOER8, Nov. * Clerk of Coaaeil. Thia offieial Uble of ratal at Charleston, whan flour sold up to 7th instant at (6, ought to induce the Dakera in thia city, whan ilour sella at $3 60, and eran now cheaper, to K'?a ?? a food substantial loaf. The Corporation shoul Morthwith regulate the weight, aite, am pricea of bread in thia city, and give the community at large, in thia trying aeaaen, a cheap loaf. The poor are much oppressed in consequence of the falae iltra I created by the panic mongera who apeculate on the proaeut fluctuating pricea o( grain, and the Corporation ought to look to the matter forthwith, aa the poor of the city mutt be taken care of, and ought not to be snJFered 1 to starve in.thia inclement aeaaon, through the falae rep reaentationa of intareated apeculatora. , Fiaa.?A Are broke oat yaaterJay morning at No 603 I Fourth atreet, in a carpenter'* ahop in that vicinity?the Are waa promptly pat oat Srair lloasr ?A bay horae, with wagon attached j waa found in Mulberrr atreet, atrayirg yesterday morn* I ing. Taken to the station houae. Sra*r Child.?A boy about Ave or alx yean old, waa ioand it raying through the atreeta yesterday He aaid be had no parents, and wai taken to the station houae. Fiaa.?A lli? broke out last evening, about A o'clock, in the premiaes occupied by Wood and fthipman, No. 1>?4 Maiden lane, aa a fancy store. The fire originated, it ia understood, accidentally, from a atove.'pipe .which communicated with some part of the building, and in a few minute* the entire promises were in a perfect blaze, and entirely conanMd. Through the eflective services of the tire companies, in connexion with aome of the hoae companies, the fire was put out, not, howavar, before the premie** wafe nearly consumed to the grouad. The adjoining atora, belonging to T and J. H. Bates, wa* aamageu ojr wmr t am pismnes, n is understood, wera | insured. During tb? continuance ol the fire the rain fall ib torrents. T?r Roi'it or li?TtMMa*rii rA uetiveofthe Kmerald Isle, by the name of Patrick Stone, 1 te resident at No. 24< Wa?t street, while attending th? funeral of a deceased friend on the east aide of the city, on Wednesday afternoon, imbibed too large a quantity of the 1 " crater," or Are water, 10 that, on hii way home at night, he fall into the dock at the foot of Hubert street, and waa drowned before asaistance could be rendered. Hie body we* recovered yesterday morning and an tannest held upon the same by the coroner. Verdict? death by drowning. BurrosED Cos or 8uu id?.?An inquest waa hald also on the body of Barsillia Comey, aged about U yeara, who a few dayi ago took a quantity of laudanum, from tho effects of which he diod m tho course of the sameevening that lie sw allowed the fatal doae. The deooaaod had boon marriod but a vary short period to a highly respectable and accomplished young lady of this city. Snow Storm in BiansmaK.?The storm of last Wednesday and Thursday was of a severity rarely witnessed at this season of the year. Wo should Judge that the snow fell over a foot deep on a level. It has so drifted, however, that the travelling has not been much improved by the substitution of sleighs tor carriages. The weather waa so bed on Thursday thai he contemplated services at the aeveral churches is this town, with tho exception of the First congregational Church, ware suspended.?PUtifitU K*gIt. RsUglau Intelligence. The Rev. Wm Hogarth waa installed on Wedaeefey evening, ae pastor or Ike Preabytartan Church In Oe , neve A discourse was delivered ea the occeeiee kjr Mm Rev. Mr OrMUey,e( Waterloo 1 Ptltc* InflWf mn. Drr 10 ? Rubbed ua Ike Fii>e ru'iifi?Oflcw Wllion, of tb? Sixth ward, irrested. yesterday, two chap* called Robsrt McBride an J J alia Martin, on charge of robbing di <11 celled Peter toguu, of $180, wlul# in a " crib ' locate J ia tike rear of ' Black Role Allay." on the Five Point* It appear* C?(ao formorty.kept u ojrater collar at No 19 Wall itroet and selling out bit place the day before yesterday for the above ram, it rolled on the Five Points by way of paatime to ?ee the sighta, when hia pocketa were relieved of the change Locked up for examination by Justice Osborne. Burglmry. ?The dwelling houie No. 53 Cliff street, wax burglarionaly entered laat night by woe expert thief, and a ailk bead puree containing $64, one eagle and two half eagle*, belonging to Mr. B. A. Breden, stolen therefrom. No arrest Champagne under a Cloakt ?Officer Bur ley, of the lower police, arretted,yeatarday, two youBg women by the names of Sarah Denney and Louiaa Moulton, on a charge of atealing a cloak valued at $10, belonging to a young man caUad Horace M. Dewey, a clerk to Mr. R. Reynold*, No. 13 Pine atteet, under tho following circtimitanoesIt appeara that this gentle youth viaited the house kept by French Low, whoro the accuaed parties reside at No. 74 Duano street, on Saturday night fast, and amongst other refreshments, ha ordered a bottle of phampagne, and handed two dollar* for the payment thereof, this not being enough by one dollar ; thereuposi he was aaked for the balance, which he refused to give, consequently hi* cloak wa* seized a* collateral security and a pouted, at Goodwin'*, No. 81 Ontro street, for three dollar*, by the accuied parties, and the tickot tendered to Mr Dewey, whish he refused to receive. The girl* were held in custody of the above officer until to-ilsy at 13 o'clock, when a hoar ing will com* on Delore juiuc* usoorne. Grand Larceny ?Officer Kanavaaj;of tha 18th ward, arrested yeaterday in Water "treat, oaar Dover, an old Watar (treat thief, called Johana Kiireus, on a charge of stealing from a tailor by the name of iHiram E. Foeter, two silver watchei, valued at *20 each,together with a silver chain and umbrella, worth $2: alio, # sovereigns, while in a " den " In the above neighborhood. Tha officer

fouud the two watchea on the peraon of the accuaed, who was committed by Juitice Osborne for trial. Pilit larcenies.?Officer Hackman, of tha Sth ward, arreited last evening a peraon called Michael Darcey, for stealing two pair of boota, worth $7, belonging to John Wood. Locked up. A woman, called Mary Ann Lewi*, waa brought in by officer McKeon for atealing three pawn lick eta, belonging to Robert H. Monroe No. MX Croat street. Committed for trial by Juitice Oaborne. Stoltn.?A box, painted groen, and P. M. markaJ on < tho top, in braaa nails, with black handle, about four feet in length and eight inchea in height, containing a tword, with U. R. burnt in gold on the olada, together with a hymn book, printed for the pariah church of Oreat Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, was atolen from off the ahip Northumberland, on Tuesday last, belonging to Mr. Philip Moore, of Poughkeepaie, Dutcheaa county. Diihotuit Servant.?Officer Norris, one of the chiefs aids, arrested last evening, a servant girl by the name of Ellen Slavin, who was in the employ of Mr. Butts, at No. 7 Murray street, called the Murray Street House, on a charge of stealing a gold watch and chain, valued at $150, belonging to Ex-Governor Bouck, who is now stopping at the above place. It appears that Mr. Bouck visited the water closet, and accidentally left his watch and chain behind him. The accused found the above property on " tick," and not wishing it to run down, conveyed it up to her room and concealed it in her stocking, placing it away In her bandbox. Upon the Governor discovering his loss he sent for the sec used, who was the only servant near tho closet, scrubbing at the time, who denied all knowledge of the whereabouts of tha watch, until Mr. Butts search d ber room and there discovered the watch and chain in the stocking, u above atated. The accaied subsequently acknowledged taking the property, but declared ?ue intended to return it to Mr. Butta the next day. The chief of police locked her up for examination. Caugkt on the "Lift."?A aoeaking looking thief called Lewi* Johnson, waa caught in the act of atealing a vest, worth $l,from the store door of Mr. Thomas B. Wheeler, No. 4 Bowery, officer Hunt, of the 6th ward, made the arreat, and Justice Osborne locked him up for trial. I Recovery of Silver Wart.?A. quantity or silver ware has been recovered from different parts of the city, by officer Josephs, for which ownera are wanted. Apply to ! Mr. Stewart, the efficient clerk of police, in the Tombs. Court of Gene tail Sessions. Before Recorder Scott, and Aid. Johnson and Jackson. John McKeon, Esq., District Attorney. Dec. 10.? Trial /or Grand Larceny.?A young man named Henry Mallen, was placed at the bar lor trial this morning, on a charge of grand larceny, in being concerned with William Cronta. in stealing from Mr. Augustus H. Lamsen a gold watch, geld guard and fob chains, gold pencil caae, a knife, and f 140 in bank notes, in all, the value of $313, on the 36th of October last On the part of the prosecution, Mr. Lamsor deposed, that while riding about the city on the day in question, he met with the accused parties, who requested the privilege ef riding in the wagon with witness, which was granted ; alter visiting various places, they made a stop at the Five Mile House, in the Third Avenue, where witness discovered that ne had been robbed of the property described. OIHcer P Jonas, of the 19th ward, deposed that he arrested Mallen and Cronta, and, on searching Cronta, found in hi* boat a knife identified by Lamson as his properly. Oa the pert of the accused, several witnesses testified to his previous good character. The jury, without leaving their aeats, rendered a verdict of not guilty. TVial far en Anamlt and Battery.?William White and William Burroughs were next called to trial, for having on the 94th of October last, committed a violent assault and battery on Mr. Fallon, keeper of the city prises, while the latter was conducting the fugitive 1mm Oaarn Kirk from the Citv Hall to the nrison.? T ? Mr mu* t for an alleged constructive (rand larceny,waa then called I on; but after a jury had been empannelled in the cue 1 the Court adjourned until to-morrow morning. Circuit Court. Before Judge Edmonds. Due. 10.?Luther B. fVyman vs. Monmouth B. Hart.? Thi? waa an action of replevin, to teat the title ef the f lalntiff to oertain food* aeiaed under an execution. In 84i, a Mraon name J Klandero, who oarriad on the hoaiery business at 138 Bowery, borrowed from the tilaintitf $400. Klandero afterwards compounded with 1 his creditor! for twenty-Are centa on the dollar, for i which he gave hia notes, and procured the plaintiff to baooma an andoraer on theq*. When the notea came to ! maturity he waa unable to take them up, and tae plaintitf had to do it to secure himself. Klandero executed to him a bond for (1,189, with a warrant to enter up a judgment thereon. Judgment waa accordingly entered and an execution issued thereon, under which Klandero'a goods were levied on and aold. The plaintiff became the purchaser at the aale and put Klanderc back: again into poaaeaaion, and employed him aa hia agent to carry on the concern and sell the goods. Matters went pn thus from the time of the sale, which waa in Janua! ry, 1848, to May following, when a now arrangement ! waa entered into, and they quit the Bowery and took a I store in Grand atraot. Klandero alill carried on the bu; siness as the agent of the plaintiff, and raoeived *10 a ! u-uk r?r Ki. A h .U-_ V.J !- .1 ! the landlord of thoM premise* obtained a jade neat gilut Flandero for some keck rent, upon which he Ufaed en execution end levied on the good* in the (tore in Grand street The plaintiff issued a writ of replevin, and the present action la brought to teat hia right Verdict for plaintiff', valuing the good* at |7#Q. For defendant, Mr H. P. Haatingt, H. Bariock, and J. C. Hart. For plaintiif, Meiara. Teabody and Joieph White. Common Plena. Before Jn.lge Ulahoefler, Dae. 10.?J?n?? vs. H'yfcuJf.-rVerdict for plaintiff, I $liA Before Judge Daly. Patrick Ho/tan vt. Jokn KnttUnd.? Thi* waa an action of trespass. The parties are boarding house keepers? i the plaintiff, who had t>een formerly the bar keeper uf defendant, some time before the cauie of action arose, commenced business ou hi* own acoount; after which, the defendant charged him with having stolen some of his property, procured a search warrant, and with a police ofticer caused plaintiif's house to be searched. No property belonging to the defendant waa found ; the defendant now bi ings this action to recover damages for I the tiespasr. A non-suit waa granted on the ground that ! there waa no cause 01 action. Robert V. Wilde vs. tiro. ButUr.?This waa an action i on a promissory note far fieo. The note in suit was ' bonowed by a man named Hills, from the defendant. Hills borrowed $116 from plaintiff and gave him the note i as a collateral security. The plaintiff claims to recover : on the note the $110, and also an antecedent debt due to | him by Hills. The defence was, that the note was an accommodation ; note, and was diverted from the purpose for which it 1 was given. Verdict for plaintiff tor $119 04. For plaintiff, Mr. I A lion In Ckaaktri. for* Jodgo Batta. Dec. 10 ?In rt NickoUt M*t*frrMetzgor if charged with haying committed forgery la Franca, and ia claimad i by the French governaent aa a fugitiTe from juitica, unY iler the lata treaty between the United htatei and France. Poatponea until Saturday. apoilor Coart. Before Judge Vanderpoel. Dac. 19.?SmtltrUt vi. Jlwmf J?nti ?Verdict for plaintiff, $3,306. _ Coat* Calendar. tlila Day. CiacvtT Cowa*?Noa. 37, 38, 60, 41, 104. 108, 110, 111, 113,374. Scrtaioa Cora*?Noa. A, 8, 40. 41, ft* 41, 71, 0, 4, 18, 30, 44, 74, 7?, 77, 70, 80 to 87, 340, 88 Common Plkai, let port?Noa 184, 143, 170, 309, 311, 313, 316, 317, 331, 03*. 31*. 337, 187, 93, lil, 183, 113, 161, 189,97, 189. Part 3d?No* 33, 43, 68, 00, 03, M, 88, 70, T3, 74. IportlH Intelligence. Loviiiana, CABaeLLTon Covaaa.?Firat day, Tueedar, December 1?The Millor stake for four year olda ; tuburinlinn *AAO ? forfeit AIM? two -In?,1 th'aUKh April i WW. " ~ Col. A. L. Bingaman's b. f. Brown Kitty, by Birmingham. dm by Tiger a 1 1 D. K Mno*r^i ch. f. Louisa Jordan, by Jordan, dan by John Ricbardi I 3 9 M. Morrison's gr. e. St Louif, by Altorf, out of FImH ' 4 j } John F. Miller's b I, by Boat**, dam by Priam. .3 4 dia Time. 8:4?H?*44?J44 | tfeeond Race ? Sw eepetakes for two year olds, nina subscribers at MOO?forfeit $ I ?0- declaration I'M?mile beets. Col. A. L. Bingaman's ch. e. Bundle and Oo, by lap. Leviathan oat of Fanny Wright nt'd ft. Fali. or 1 hi Watkks or m Lakes?We learn from Captain Ward, of the Champion, that the navigation to the Dealt SL Mario has bean extremely diAcult Iroa the low state ol the water. The steamer Champion grounded on tho tats of Lake < leetgo m hav last trip down, drawing Are foot fear lubes water. There U now eight inches leaa water on the?e Aate than la :<N, ?hen they were aarreyedby UaaL leyMiP*tr*i .gdeerlissr. ^h?7?r5?uUri oirtlso I<w at flU' War Boston. HKRALD IUm COX^BsrONDKNCB. Wimi or tmc V. 8. Smr Boston, | l*l4i?b or Clcvthiii, Not 90, 1M6. ) Bia-The schoooot Volant, of Norfolk, la about to < take bona too of oar isnlUi, under the charge of Pissed Midshipman Wat. O. Temple and Midshipman Jo (eph B Smith ; and, a* it U highly probable tbay will currv to the I'm ted State* the first newi of our disaster, ' 1 wil! volunteer u few particulars for yonr columns. . .At about 4 u \ M , of Sunday, the 15th instant, while i ' i tinning down between tbia island and Ablco, in order to 1 pass tbroarfc Providence channel into the (inlf Stream, i , a heavy rain squall struck the ship, completely biding the horizon from our sight; and in twenty-live minutes ' more, while the squall was still upon us, wa struck upon the reels off the northern end of Elauthera. The 1 helm was immediately put down to bring her by the I wind ; but the rudder bad been carried away, and the I poor old ship went surging on over the rocks, rolling tremenduously, till it seemed miraculous that the masts, , boats, and guns, did not lump out of hor. The anchor, too, was let go; bat she would not be snubbed, and dragged it after her. At this first thump, all hands < sprang from their hammocks, and war* on deck in an instant. There was no fright, no shrieking, cursing or praying. Every one seemed bent only upon a cool and vigorous exercise of the strength and energy with which God bad blessed thorn. Many a brave follow, in his zeal, exposed himself to what appeared to bo almost certain death?an earnest of what they would have done atTampicoand Vera Cm*, had they only the opportunity. The predominant feeling was evidently a deep ana sincere wnvw >u> u*o u?u *???'? ?v? wu? ??k tain and for thif unlucky termination to our ambitious hope* of diatinotion in the Qalf. And yet no on* ?aw the (lightest chance* of eacape ; for all thought the low undulating land on our lee, beyond the breaker*, to bf the deep blue ?ea. We toon (tripped the ihip of her canvass, and (till on ha went, thumping and groaning, rolling, till her bilge would rake against the bottom^ the sea breaking over u* and flooding.tne decks, and every thing moveable thrown ; with violence from side to side of the vessel. Presently the main top-gallant must went over the side. By thia time day was breaking, and we found ouraelve* olese aboard the land?a land of sharp coral rocks. We had , come in at high water, and with a spring tide. The quarter boats were lowered, but they swamped alongside, broke adrift from us. and laid their bones in fragments on the beach. The mizen<mast wa* *oon cut away, the main and fore followed in eucceuion, and there she lay, not moie than fifty feet from the ahore, a dismasted wreck. A landsman cannot understand a i sailor's feeling* under these circumstancea?for as the tall mad* fall one after another, he grieve* a* it hi* wife and children were dropping down dead betide him, and the oye that would but flash the brighter in the preience of danger become* dimmed by a tear. Two or three hundred wrecker* came over from Harbor I (land and Spani*h-wells to our as iatance ; but a portion of them, however, were em| ployed. They are now diving for the copper that baa t>een torn oft' by the lurf from the off-shore *ide of the ve**el. Fortunately, not a *oul was lost, and owing to our having been driven up on the top of a spring tide, wo have saved almost every thing. With our cutlasses and battle-axes we have cleared away about an acre of land, and are now living in tents built of our span and sails ; but, withal, in a moat Robinson Crusoe stylo. Wo have, also, cut a road through the brushwood to a convenient place of embarkation, about a mile distant?a rood that would delight the eyes of Gen. Taylor ; and compared with which, 'many a turnpike in the United States would sink into comparative insignificance?and we an now employed in transporting across it suoh articles as we have saved from the wreck. Alreadv two schooner loads here bees lent to Nassau, to te shipped thence to the United States ; and in another week we wilt have vacated our settlement, and will proceed home, by way of Nassau, with all convenient speed. There will, of course, be a court of inquiry on our return to determine if there be anyone to blame for the loss of the ship; and if so, a court martial will determine his punishment; but I think it can be clearly shown to j be the result of a strong though variable current, which, ! combined with other circumstances not herein men- j tioned, under the auspices of the devil, and for the ape- ' cial benefit of the Mexicans, has wrecked our ship and ( blood-thirsty anticipations together. B. N. B. j IFrom the Norfolk Beacon, Dec. 8 ] From Midshipman Smith, who arrived here to-day in the schooner Volant, we gather the following particulars relative to the loas of the U. 8. sloop of war Boaton. The Boston sailed from New York on the 8th ult.; had j a pleasant passage out, and on the 15th, whilst running before a black squall at the rate of 9 knots, struck on an outer reef on the north side of the island of ttleuthera, 1 and was driven up within thirty yards of the beach, the [ aea rolling tremendously. Having lost all their boats, tic., they immediately out away the masts, but the vessel . continued to roll towards the shore uatil within thirty , vai^Tl ftf aft wliarA aka nnnr liaa in tKma foat niaiav ttav. ing bilged on; her larboard tide. Captain, officers and f crew all aaved, together with everything belonging to ! the vessel, except the gnna and water tank*. Having reached the ahore in safety, they immediately went to I work, and oleered up an acre or land, and built tents in ; which to re aide, suffering but Utile inconvenience except for fcthe want of water, which was vary bad and [ brackish. Alter making this settlement, they cleared a , road about one mile in length down to a cove, from , which they purpoeed to debark everything saved, beside themselves, to Naaaau, and from thence to Norfolk. 1 I They intended leaving the island on tho M or 4th inst. ; for Nassau, and may therofore aoon be expected at this port . NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. [From the Boston Courier, Dec. 9.1 uiCLiMoa show **** im mm?a>?iadif' mient* ; . hopes ?r expectations that an early stop Is to be put to I the present war with Mexico. Within a few deys two ! excellent merehant vessels have been purchased for Ike government service. The new ship Crusader, builLat 1 the order of Mr. William W. Goddard, for a fast captain in the Pacific trade, of beautiful model and proportions, and osteemed to be a sailer of the swiftest class, has been purchased at an advance of a few thousand dollars upon her bills?rather an unwilling bargain on the part of her owner, who did not know the customer with whom he was trading. The bark Frederick, of Newbury port, of 799 tons, a good sailer, roomy and burthensome. has also been taken by government at the price of $30,000. She will make an excellent transport vessel, for which she is probably Intended. MILITARY INTELLIGENCE. [From the Albany Argus, Dec. 9 ] Wo called attention yesterday to the advertisement of the commanding officer of the Watervliet Arsenal for re- i era its, to serve the rocket and howitzer mountain batte- | ries in Mexico. We perceive that Lteut A. H. Dearborn, 1 commanding at the Franklin Arsenal, Pa., advertises for the nine number of men, for the mom service. The Phi- j " ladelphia Spirit of ikt T\mr$, alluding to thie matter, , ieye " Lieutenant Dearborn, whose talente and experience are well known, informe ue that thie corps ie new in oar errice. The treat success resulting from the uee of the Confrere rocket in foreign aomntries, although they were badly made, and ae badly earred, in duped the Chief of the Ordnanoe at Washington, to inetitnU a eerlee of experiments with war rockets, which, after tan years spent in various trial*, have resulted with perfect succeee The effect thetfe volley of these rockets produces on the enemy is tremendous. Our beat artillerists estimate that one hundred men, armed with theee rockets,will do mora execution than twice the number armed in any other way. " The mountain howitaer batterr ia also a moat important ana of service. In forcing all mountain paaees, in taming all obstacles that a rough country may jpreeent, it is invaluable. The eame gun carriage on which the howitzer is mounted, also carries the implements for f ring the rockets; so the battery ia in everv.way a double one. In the mountain or in the plain, either ehella or war rooketa may be flred. Our army in Mexico la now entirely without a rocket or mountain howitzer battery, i and an addition of that kind will, of course, eseist to terminate the war sooner, and in our favor." [From the Norfolk Herald, De. 8 ] We understand that the ortfnanoe department'at Fort ! Monro*, under that accomplished offlcer, Captain BanJam in Hnger, are now buiily encaged in preparing howltxer batteriai, bomb*, rook*!*, to., kc., to be aont forward to Mexico upon a requiaition of Major 0*n*ral Scott, and that a company of on* hundred man iptcialljr qualified for that lerrice are to go with them, in charg* of Capt. Huger with Liant. Charle* P Stone, Lleat. Hagnor from Washington, and another oncer who** Mm* w* hav* not l*arn*d. Th*jr are expected to b* in raadineei to leaTe Vort Monroe about the lit of January, direct for Tampico. Th* inference (for we know nothing certain a* t* their ultimata destination,) i? that they will join th* army und*t Gen Scott at Tampico, and proceed with it to Vera Cms, to bombard the cattle of 8t Juan dUUoa. [From th* New Orleana Picayune, D*c. 3.1 Th* ?t**m?hip Alabama, Capt W indie, left teat Toning for Braso* Santiago and Tampico, crowded with puicngert. Among the ofltoar* w * notice th* namaa of Ma jor Dix, Cants. Heteel and Gordon, and Lieutenant* Baa, Ward and Johnaon, of the regular*, Col. l)evi? and Capt. , Willie, of the Miaaiatippi Volunteer*, and Col. Behlen, young Mr. Crittenden, and MTeral other gentlemen going oat aa amatenra to the war. Th* principal pert of i them will land at th* Braioi and proceed to Monterey, and we learn that Capt. Gordon takei down 1M> reeraita to the M U. S. Infantry. The Keahion will probably be the next eteamer that leara* for Mexico. ( ST Tnoma*, NOT. 17,1846. 1 T%e Death af en Amtricm. Died, at tkia place, John T. Hughe*, M'. D., a graduate j of tho UniTanitT of Miieouri, and former Surgeon in th* i V. 8. Army in Florida, aga?l 3i year*, of cenaumptton. i nu young gentleman arrived bar* from Baltimore in , the achoooar M J. E. Ilidgway," fortnight tinea, ao4 hi* < complaint being too far gone, Dr. PotU gave him the aid ' of hit able medical advice, bait without effect, and ha do. parted thi* life on the 14th of thia month. Having no im- ' mediate friend* in thia place, the commercial agent of the i United States, Mr. Naar undertook the charge of hia la- t terment, and with the aid of the Catholic clergyman, Mr, Haghea having been of that peranaaton.and the American * citizen! of the place, the remaina of the deceaeed wore i conducted to their laat homo with all becoming reepect. , Oimilihh iw InpiAnt.?The citiaen* of Indianepoli*, 1 la., held a public meeting recently, to adopt measure* c for the auppraaaion of gambling. Soma atrong reioln- j tiona were adopted, and the meeting evinced a determination to carry them ont, and give notice to blackleg* of what they may expoct, ahootd they vieit them thia C winter. Calvta Fletcher. Eeq., in tha> oowae of an addreae, mentioned tome eta rtling facta whioh ho had derived Irom an undoubted eonroo-tho record* of the cooita- ? relative to the extent to which gambling had boon car- > riod on in that eoaamnaity. The li?t of indictmen'* and m conviction* proeontod t>y thoee racorda, thow a boantt- _ fal pictnre. Alongaido of the name of an United State* r Senator, atand* that of colored man, each of whom were fcund guilty el the aw offence, gambling ?fkii .. *"" The Uwtil Cewrfer any* that about Ave million* of * bricka hove boon laid In the new city of Merrlmnck thia ,, aeaaon, and It ta expected that next you twenty mhttowa wiUbe atod. ' ? I HOLIDAY HERALD, ^ NOTICE TO THE WORLD.' rhe ZUn*trmt?d Stetory of the Mexican War. W* desire to inform our patron* and readers :hst w? are now preparing to*publish a gran.I Pictorial Herald for the Holidays, the like ot which has never been seen in tnis country. It will contain the labors of twenty-three artisu in the United States, which includes California and part of Mexico. In addition to illustrations on miscellaneous subjects, it will contain all the Meitrs.u engravings that we have published in the daily Htrala from time to time, and will form a complete and graphic pictorial history of the present war withjMexico, up to the day of publication. The engraving* are in the first style of art, a specimen j'ef which we gave in yesterday's Herald This beautiful sheet will be ready about the 20th inst., printed on good paper, and will be delivered at 64 cents each. Agents can be supplied at $4.00 per hundred copies; they will please end in their orders as soon as possible. in thia city areabaoluuly dying for the want of gutral n? eiae. Health depends upoa perpetual secretion ud abeorption. General everciae pair can produce thia. All those who ire ?ufferiaf from bilious affections. dyipepaia, pain in the cheat or head, if they are wis a. will go to the Union Oymaaatic Academy. No. 13# Croaby atreet, near Bleecker, join one of the claaaua, and receive in return, high health aad lour life. Classes meet at aanriae, ud at?. 7 aad t o'clock, P. M. Hot, cold aad shower batha free to aabeeriben. ? DE. J. ?. K1CH. Manager. laTtfaUoo or tba Oblo Kirtr. Places. Timt Stole ?f JUcif. Pittsburg Deo. G 13 feat, falling. Louisville Not 30 8 ft. 8 in rising Wheeling Dec. 3...,. 10X ft rising. Cincinnati Doc. 1 BX ft . falling ? AONKY nAHKBT. Thurnduy, Dm. 10?6 P. HI. There wo* a flight improvement to-day in tha a took market. Long Island went up >4'; Harlem, Norwich and Worcester, \%\ and Canton Reading and Penn vlvnnia rlnap<! ut v?utnril;iv'fl nri^Ai Th? traniir. tiona were large. At the Socond Board pricM fall off. Norwich and Wore*iter declined 1>,' per cent; Harlem, 1; Long Island, i%\ with large sales of each description. Three* of the Naumkesg Bank, of Salem, Massachu atte, altered to %60'i, are in circulation. Plata of Terry, Pelton k Co., Boston and Providence?vignette, riew of banking] hooae, he?right hand end piece. Indian and a female?left hand end piece, vessels. J. G. Sprague, Cashier; D. Pingree, President. It is reported that the directors of the New York and Erie Railroad Company, have recently mad* a contract for railroad iron wi h a company not baring sufficient capital to furnish the quantity ordered, in time to mat the wants of the railroad company. In order to over come this difficulty, the directors hare loaned this con < corn funds, by way of giving it the means of fulfilling its contracts, bat reserving the right to take steok in the company to the amount of the loan, if it shall hereafter be determined to do so. This operation is certainly an illegitimate one,and exhibits a speculative spirit, calculated to destroy publio confidence in the work, and In the present board of directors. If this loan has been made by the members of the board, on tbeir individual account, it constitutes them parties in interest to the contract for finishing the iron. It is tliis desire in former boards of directors to epeculate, and to promote their private or individual interests, that has saddled the people of this State with a J.L, >r Thla portance to all connected with the banking institution of Virginia:? _ By paying out, therefore, in this city, the notaa of Jit tant branches, as ia their daily practice, they inpply this cammnnity with an irredeemable, and. tharafora, depre ciatad currency? deprive apecie of ill legitimate character, and make It an article of merchandise compel oar manufacturers to purehaae it far the adjustment of their weakly balances with their ope rati rea, ot to uaa the pestilent small not* circulation of other Statea. Thia policy of the banka is moat assuredly in conAiot with the true intent and meaning of their respective charters, and with the aoUd and substantial interests of the State. As pert of the same system?aa I am informed and believe?theee banks refuse to collect for banka in other Stataa. other wise than in currant funds?so that all checks and drmfta lor collections are payable in the depredated currency to which I have alluded. Thia policy ia annoying lad inconvenient to men of buaineaa in diaregard of aound and healthy banking?injurious to the character at our State, and in all rea pec ta indefensible. Wo are not in debt, and thia policy naa not even the iasuAcient excuse Df necessity. True, it enables the beaks to lncreeae their profits on their exchange dealings, and furniehoa an argu ment In favor of their being allowed to have email nona. Bnt 1 should regret to believe that such cnneMsiKlena induce the poUey in question. Bat, ho the leeeone what they may, the facta are iaoonteatible, that the prevailing currency of tUo city is irredeeaaable therein; that apecie ta at a premium ; that to such sxtent exchange is enhanced; and that the banka pay oat this depreciated paper at par. I regard II aa i duty of our banka to put out and maintain a caah ?orrency, and not to pay out aa caah the setae of MM branches. The Isigality of auoh a practice my asana >var be questioned, and it auy bo advieekla fet yea In interfere, and to protect the State agalnat the Hangar of B utur? loil. " For the correction of thk abuse, I recommend the >aiaaga of a law requiring each bank to pay oat Ha own letea, except whan other fundi are required. Booh a aw would make ear banks cautioua and healthy, aeoh link landing home the netne of the others for payment. ill would be kept within aa* and prudent limits apocio vould cease tn be at a premium?exchange would dn .li? ah^ omoII awlna t\f nlKar >-a..IJ 1., > -**? I linpfNi* The Qorernor appears to b? rery anxious for til* L,egialatare to involve the Mate Mill deeper in the laterMl improvement* required to connect the Atlantic |wttk he Ohio rirer, and recommends appropriations te that >IRsct. Ha it decidedly opposed to granting the Balti. aore and Ohio Railroad Company any route to the Ohio irer through Virginia, south of that already granted hat company, and says that ha ia informed that private apital can be obtained to connect, by railroad, tha amea and Ohio rirers, if the Rtate will give a pledge bat no riral company shall be allowed to teach the )hio below Wheeling. We an informed by tha Message of tha Oorernor af rirginia that a railroad is nndor oonstrwctteo batwreu Few York and Albany, parallel with tha Ittea rirar> ad that a railroad Is alee nndar coast ruction between hiladelphla and Pittsburgh, parallel with the Mate line (tha Penney lrania Canal This la news te as, at all rents ; bat tha Oaracaar of Virginia may have ).ne information te relation to thaea works which 'a hare not Tfee laat wa heard af them was ?et a vary smell part of tha snssst required to% | ( plate tha* had booa raised, and the prospect ot will never be completed, unlets men can be fonnd to manege iU concerns, wha will brine into operation their beet energies,who will aiak every consideration ef a private nature, any further than such aa itockholders will create. It ia very extraordinary that ao much miamanagaaant ia experienced ia our worka of internal improvasMUt, bath public and private, and ft appear* to be impoaaibla to get a board of directors for any Una partially or wholly completed, that will not become involved aa a whole, or in individual lnstapcas, in ioma speculative movement calculated to injure, vary seriously, the credit of the company, whi h they ihould religiouily protect and preserve la every possible way. Uotil the atockholdara of the various raibaada connected with this city, elect individuals ai directors who will not speculate in the stock and property of the company, the public will have very little con#d?nca in tH*0|. , ** * * **?tes Urn ?"? ??r. of Boston, has ? declared a semi am.u*i dividend of six per cant, payable on demand The earnings of the Macon and Western Railroad Com pany, for the month of November, were as annexed:? Macon aub Wmnx Railboad. Passengers and mail ta.197 as Freight .... .'o.tso ao I Total Ifl.iaTS " Texu securities in (ha New Orleana market ware quit* inactive. Holder* were not willing to aeU on the terms. offered, preferring to wait the chances of a speculative movement in the market ere long. Treeaury notea were quoted at 14K a 15 centa. Intereat notea lax a 19X cent* Kight per cent bond* 19 a 19 centa. Ten per cent bonda 30 a 31 cent* on the dollarThe Message of the Governor of Virginia, to the Legislature at that State, is full of detaila is relation to the pa bile nancea, banking system and internal Improvements The pablic ftnancea appear to be in a very satisfactory condition. On the first day of October, 1949, the in the treasury waa $109,989, and on the first of October, thia year, it waa $1X7,493. Under a rata of kisHen which haa been annuity decreaaing for the laat three yean, after defraying all the eapeneea of the government and other permanent appropriationa, than will be at the end of the preeent Aacal year, a surplus of $199,000 The quarterly re porta of the banks of Virginia, shew' aaya the Governor, that they are la a sound and healthy condition; hot the executive appears to be dissatisfied with the coarse eome of them have purmed in relation * to the system of exchanges, and the non-peyment of the issues of the mother bank, by the branohee, In apeeie, and met vena. We cannot forbear giving an extract from the Message open thia subject, a* it la of muck im