Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 12, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 12, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Sew York, Saturday, December IX, 1HO. The Weekly Herald. The IVttkly Herald ihi? week will be one of the most valuable ami interesting sheets we ever issued. It will contain the foreign news received by the steamer Caledonia at Boston, with full accounts of the English markets?the message of President Peik, the reports of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Navy, anil the Secretary ol War ?full aocounts of the opening of Congress? late news from the Army and Navy?besides commercial, political, financial, and miscellaneous intelligence of great interest. It will be illustrated with an accurate engraving of the remains ol the ste uner Atlantic, copied from a daguerreotype sketch. It will be ready at 8 o'clock this morning. Price 64 cents. ' ___________ '1 be Mexican Document*. We give on the first page of this day's paper, the documents from the State Department on Mexican affairs, which accompanied the President's message. The Treasury Report?lis Secretary's 8u||?itIoni. The annual report of the Secretary of the Treasury presents some very interesting facts in relation vo the finances of the country and the operation of the new systems which have gone and are about going into force. It will be perceived that the remarks of the Secretary, in relation to the ad valorem tariff, comprise a very large part of the report, and is, in fact, the principal feature of it. The estimates of receipts and expenditures for the fiscal years ending June SO, 1847 and 1843, show that a deficiency will be realized of nearly nineteen millions of dollars, after calculating upon the most liberal receipts from customs i nis aenciency aepenas upon mo contingencies of the war, and upon a vigorous prosecution of hostilities. We cannot make out precisely what alterations or modifications the Secretary proposes in relation to the Independent Treasury bill. The remark* upon the operation of that act are so mysterious, that it i> difficult to tell what is aimed at and what is required There is no allusion to the spacie clause in any way, no proposition or suggestion for a postponement of it* operation; but it says that the department has proceeded to carry into full effect the intentions of Congress in the enar tment of the law. So far as we are able to fathom the meaning of the Secretary, it appears that the officials authorized by the act, as it no" stands, arc not sufficient to carry out the details ofit?that there aro not a sufficient number of clerks to transact the public business under the law. This has nothing to do with the provisions of the act, and from all we can gather, the specie clause is to be striutly and promptly enforced. The establishment of a branch mint in this city is recommended, as it would facilitate the operation of the Independent Treasury bill, become a depository of the public money, and enlarge the circulation of gold and silver. This has been before recommended, and we trust Congress wiu give the subject that consideration its importance demands. Congress and the War. We regret very much the appearance of that spirit ot opposition to the war with* Mexico, and the proceedings ot the Executive, as well as the officers of our army and navy, in the Pacific, in California, and iu the Gulf of Mexico, in taking prompt, decisive and proper measures towards bringing it to a close as soon as possible, which has shown itseli'in the House of Representatives for the few days that Congress has been in session. We regret it exceedingly, because besides lowering us in the eyes of all civilized nations, it defer*action on weighty and important measures which should occupy the attention of that body. This is the short session of the twenty-ninth Congress, and unless members economize their time, and avoid talking to Buncombe, the session will have elapsed before the business that ought to be attended to shall have been transacted. Cannot Mr. Davis and his coadjutors in the war upon the President defer a while their search for grounds on which to impeach him, until we get through with the war with Mexicol is it not enough that we arc engaged in a foreign war, but that we must have a domestic one on our hands, too, at the sametime'! If they really think as they nay, that the President has trampled the constitution under fool, aad usurped powers unknown to that sacred instrument, why not "let him run the length of his tether," and after peace shall have been restored between ut and Mexico, go to work then, and find materials for their extraordinary charge 1 We are disposed to believe that these gentlemen deceive themselves, if they i marine that patriotism or respect for the federal compact, urges them in the course they are at present pursuing. That may be the ostensible reason, but we tkiak that partisan leeling, and a wish to deprive Mr.%Polk of the laurels he is Ukely to aequire, is the true incentive. While we are bound to register our dissent against the coarse of these gentlemen in-the popular branch of Congress, we refer with pleasure to the Senate. In the latter body, we have evidence of an earnest desire to sustain the administration in the crisis in which the country is now placed. That dignified body nas not yet descended to the littleness of making political capital for the ^furtherance of party views, while the nation is suflering tor want of legislation. Its members have, on the contrary, worked so far with zeal for the country. v ?. :? c srwm?>>v> viii?viiui ii| ui ikCltlUtAJy WC JTIliClV*', has offered a resolution providing for increase of pay to these officers, musicians and privates of the army, who have distinguished themselves in the war, and Senator Gemeron offered a resolution granting 160 acres of land to each volunteer, be ides additional pay, which, according to our telegraphic report in yesterday's paper, was adopted. Comparisons are proverbially odious, but they must be made sometimes, and we are bound to make one here. Comparing the coarse of the Senate with that of the House of Representatives during the present session, and what a bruftit contrast there is in favor ol the former! We admire the tenor of the two retelivions that we aiiude to. Both were dictated by patriotism, and exhibit the right kind of spirit. If carried out, they will be acts of ustice, and besides benefitting those for whom they are intended, will aid inate rtally iti bringing the war to a close. We would, hovrtnr, have gone a little farther than Mr. Cameron, in appropriating land to the volunteer* We would have made a discrimination between the married men and the single. To the niarr.ed, we would have given three hundred and twenty acre*; and to each of the unmarried, one hundred and twenly. IVe would also have Unveil the land in ?noh a way, that it would be beyond the reach of creditor*?that it could not h# attached f?r debt? incurred previously to the gruut. Every volunteer, besides being animated with patriotism, would then have a direct interest in the war. We hope that when this measure it t.-ansmitled to the rtouse for its concurrence, that aome member will draw the attention of his colleagues to these suggestions. After the war's over, each volunteer would settle on his land and contribute his share in promulgnting republican principles and extending the influence of our (Vee tusUnttions. Wo espres> a hope that the House ol lleprc>*ntvivrs sjill cense all squabbling, and unite with I the Senate in legislating for the benefit ef the I ' country. Let all parties sink all considerations ' and differences of opinion on the origin of the war for the present. Let them go to work and sustain the President in bringing it to an honorable termination, and then, if h? has transcended his powers, and usurped authority which is not vested in kim, let him be impeached by all means. But for God's sake, do not permit the country to suffer by her repre? sentatives engaging in a disputation about whether Colonel Kearney had a right to swear in the Alcades of New Mexico to support the constitution of the United States, or retain a justice of peace in his office. These are very sm*!l matter!) for statesmen to trouble themselves with at the commencement of an important session of | Congress, and appear very diminutive when others of great moment, and which vitaiiy concern ! the honor of the country, demand immediate atI tention. The Kail Koad to tuk Pacific.?We must again call upon Congress to give this subject some ' attention during the present session. It is a matter infinitely of more importance to the United States that any question that has ever occupied the attention of the people, not even excepting the war with Mexico?the division of the Oregon territory, or the propriety of imposing specific, adualonm, hign or low duties on our importations It is a subject in which every State, every township, every American and well-wisher of America is interested, and we hope that the neglect with which it has been lor so long a time treated will no longer be tolerated, but that our representatives in the national councils will wake up from their slumber, learn to appreciate its importance; and having learned it, set in motion the undertaking, which, in an incredibly short time, will place these United States in a position to control the trade of the whole world, and make every nation on earth our tributary. As a public journalist, we have considered it our duty, in the fulfillment of the responsibility with which our position invests 11s, to keep the subject before the people ?point out its gigantic importance?and the jaciiuy wun wmcn we can reacn the apex of national grandeur, by constructing a railroad that will connect the navigable waters flowing into the Atlantic with those flowing into the Pacillc. We have not only demonstrated its importance, but shown as clearly as the light of the sun can be seen at noonday, its practicability?its feasibility. We have shown that no serious obstacles are in the way?that, in fact, nature hersell has overcome the only one that would materially affect the undertaking, by cutting a natural pass through the Rocky Mountains. We havo gone to the expense of having maps engraved, showing our position between Asia and Europe?we ,have furnished statements and statistics, so that ail who ran might read ? we have given estimates of the probable cost, based on data that could not err. We have proved conclusively that Congress has but to say, let the work be done, and it will be done. All this we have done, and it remains with us now once more to entreat, beseech and implore the Con- j gress of these United States, now in session at the capitol, to give attention to the matter. Now is the time?now or never Other n*tinn< 1 without a tithe of the facilities that we possess, but more alive to the importance o f establishing communication between the two oceans than the people of the United States are, will forestall us in the enterprise, if we delay it much longer. There are two projects before Congress?one by Mr. Asa Whitney, and the other by Mr. George Wilkes. Let Congress act upon either, as in its judgment it may seem best. These projects differ from each oilier very essentially. Mr. Whitney wishes to make it a pri\ vate enterprise?he will undertake to perfecf it wi'hoat expense to the government, if he receives a grant of land 60 miles in width along the whole route. Mr. Wilkes proposes to have it a national affair, for government to prosecute it. He contends that it should be a national undertaking, for many reasons, some of which it may not be amiss to insert here. He says:? "The work should be national in its character became its object* and purpose* are national, and because its ?ccompliskmeuts and results will not only sensibly affect i the interest* of every citizen, but will accelerate or retard the destiny ot the whole republic. It (hould be national because, a* the high road *f all nations and a* the vital avenue commanding the two great oceans, its transactions will have to important bearing upon foreign commerce, and will therefore be I governmental in their nature and policy. It should be national, because the iassense revenues arising out of it, and patronage attached to it, would, in th? hin4a of a r.nmnanv davA(a<l ?u - monopoly liable to the mo?t dangeroua aSuaea. From the great cumber of ita employe*!, and ita euermoua wealth, it would grow into a atupendoua power, which, if not capable ot rivaling the government itaelf, might at any rate, exerciae auch a control over ita repreaentation in Congreaa, aa would place our deareat privilege* at ita diapoaal. Aa a protection, on the other hand, againat the concentration and nerveraion of ita patronage by the government, we ahonld have an arrangement that would future ita juat diffuaion throughout the 8tatea; and that would guarantee the integrity of ita other powera by the retponubility of tha higbeai bodiea in the country. It ahould be national, becauae it ia required aa a military road, and will be devoted to the parpoeea of national defence ; and becauae, upon ita control and agency, will depend the protection of our whale ftahery. and other commerce in the Pacific ; the promotion and protection of our new relationa with Chins, and the lacilitiea required for the audden projection of military force* and material from ocean to ocean, to moot the varioua emergenaiea ariaing from our new command of i both. And it ahould bo national, becauae the undertaking ia too gigantic for the aucceaaful enterpriae of individuala, who, if ever able to accompliah it at all, would not be able to do ao with that deapatch which the general intereata of the country, our viewa in relation to our northweat poaaeaaiona, and the ardent wiahea of tha people demand. It ahould not be private, for the aame reaaona that it houid be national, and for a thouaand reaaona beaide, ' which mutt impreaa themaelvaa upon every diacriminating mind." These are some of his reasons tor {showing that the work should be national. Whether it be national or private, we beg of Congress to take it in hand, after all business connected with the war in Mexico shall have been finished, i.e., during the present session, ts importance cannot be magnified. News from South America.?By the bark Kathleen, Capt. Bliften, we have received our Rio Janerio papers to the 21st October. On the 19tb, the steamer Antelope arrived at Rio, being the first of a line of packets to be esta dished between that place and Liverpool. It lett the latter city on the 12th Septerabei, and touching at Bahia and Pernambuco, made the | passage in 35 days. All was quiet on the coast, and busiues* brisk. The latest dates from Montevideo were to the j 6th October, but with no military movements of interest. Nothing had been published in Buenos Ayres at the treaty with Corrientes, The Comer* do rid Plata, says that the public mad of Rio Grande for Paraguay, was attacked by an armed hoi ut. iiui^o, uir unver niiriterN, and the letters stolen. It was rumored that Ro?a* ww at the bottom ol? the outrage. Ttie steam vessel, named the Pauliatoria, was launched at Rio, on the 18th October. It wu in- I tended to be one of a hue i'or the interior of the rieh provinces of Pindamonhamgaba, Taubate, and other departments ol San Paiuo. for September, th? uWi of prodnce and the transactions el the money mitktt, were extensive, but little was loae la import*, the mirktt far which continued depressed as in the preceding month The foreign commercial arrivals, which, in aeptamber, 1HO, consisted of Tft vessels of I7,M4tona, amounted, in the past month, to 74 vessels of U.1M tons of theae, t were la ballast, t had other dest natiens, and. in the correspondent month of IMA, M veesels of 11 ,*m tens, M vestals of H,?" tons conveyed cargoes (or this pert, and arrived t from Antwerp, I Baltimore, 1 Barcelona, a Bordeaux, 1 Boston, I Bweitoe Ayres, i Cadis, 4 Cape Verts, ? Copenhagen, 4 Dunkirk. I Falkland#, I Fishery. 1 Genoa and Gibraltar, 1 Gothenburg, 1 Hamburg, ? Lisbon, ? Liverpool, 3 Lon<iori, 1 Malaga, 4 Montevideo, I Newcastle. f New York, i Oporto, 3 Philadelphia, 1 Port Vandree, 1 Richmond, J Tarragona, 1 Torrevieja, and 1 from Triage The money market vra^ easy, and discounts obtained without any advance in tiie rate-. rsllltoal. Henry K. Burroughs, the whig candidate, has been 1 elected mayor of Sarannah, bjr a majority of 14f over Mr-? harlton, (den ) The whole whig ticket for aldermen ia elected by about the sesae saajortty ? An Ouintal Scholar.?It gives us grant pica j sure to present our readers with an exquisitely beautiful poem, inscribed to the ladr of our Mayot by oar talented and original poet laureate, Caleb Lyon of Lyonsdale, who has just completed a series of poetical translations from the great Persian poet, Hafiz, that when published will establish his fame as one of the best oriental scholars that our country has yet produced. They have been examined by competent J judges, and are pronounced to be in many ra" spect* equal to those of Sir W. Jones, who possessed all the advantages of a residence at the Persian court for many years. The earnes. scholastic perseverance necessary to the production of a work like this, belongs only to Yankeedom, and we would that our country put a higher price upon those children of the brain, begot in toil, and nourished only with the inspiration of genius?as ' it is. The work will be sent to England for publication. Violets. INiCIIIED BKIFSCTVULUr TO MM A. M. MICW.K. In childhood'* blest and happy Um?, Er? ear* waa bat a scare-crow word, When rosy lipa ware aweet as thyme And lores young voice unheard ; My feat with daw were often wet Hunting the Hudaon'* Violet Then (chool-matea came?a spirit band, Whosa pleasant facca long have fled, Some sleep in the prairie-land. Soma re?t upon the Ocean's bed. Yet one dear grave I'll not forget. Where grows New England's Violet. The loveliest tokens of the heart Are these sweet ever gentle flowers, Unseen the incense they Impart To mutely bless the flowing hours. Recalling eyes of sparkling jet, Virginia's purple Violet Their silent teeohings I revere, Souv'nirs of woman's broken heart; When crushed a fragrance lingers near, While oftimea bitter tear-drops start. Emblem of one that none regret, Carolina's snowy Violet Nature's illuminated book Is rarely flll'd with prints of thee, Of every hue?in every nook Upon the mountain and the Ua, And oft on barren rocks I've met The Texian's golden Violet. On Sappho's lyre?in Virgil's song And Tasso's page, on Schiller's lay, Where Spencer's stanzas flow along And Shakspeare's pen with passions play, In crown immortal thou art set, The poet-worshipped Vio et. Southern Patriotism.?Alter quite an interesting debate in the Virginia Mouse of Repre sentatives on the 10ih inst., $10,000 were appropriated lor the support of the regiment of volun teers from that State, previous to their being mustered into service. The vote on the adoption ' 1 the resolution was, in the House, 123 to 1; in : the Senate it received an unanimous vote. ; Though rjustice would seem to demand that the j general government should provide all necessary supplies for troops called into service at its requisition, southern liberality does not wait for its tardy action. Arrival from Boston.?The Long Island train , arrived last night at ten o'clock. The cars left in i a heavy snow storm, and the passengers speak in the highest terms of the energy and perseverance of Mr. Tucker, the conductor, who lorced his way through at great disadvantage. Musical. Sivoai ? Notwithstanding the extreme severity of the weather, the great violinist had a grand aadienoe at Phi- \ ladelphia on Thursday evening. The North Jlmtricmn, \ a paper not much siren to masioel enthusiasm, says] Of all the violinists?and many of great excellence have j uvvu ?xvofs u> no wvuwu* IV OITVIl IUU UUKUOa VI | pre-eminence. To exact, compiehensive and brilliant , execution; to a toi e of perfect parity and fullneaa; to iteadineM, equality and delicacy of bowing and Sneering, he add* in a superlative degree, what to music is more important than every other quality?expression. Feeling, sentiment, soul are his chief characteristic^. He throws into an adagio the deepest pethgs, giving > almost intelligible language to his instrument. JThe de- , light of the audience with his varied execavboa, axtending from the profoundest melancholy to the meat extravagant humor, was testified by abundant applause. Hcxai Hsaz.?The "Emperor" pianist, after having conquered the South, now proceeds to Beaton, where he , will give two concerts, one on Monday and the other on ' Thursday evening. Madam Ablamowiex, whose success in this city has been unequivocal, and whoa* merit is of the very highest order in her profession, is engaged for his assistance. We predict a triumph for both among the Bostonians. P. Doebiicckbl.?A concert will be given by this cele. . brated piano player this evening, at the Apollo Rooms. In addition to his own attraction he has secured the as sistanee?the valuable assistance of Herr Heeht, of Miaa Goerish, of Mr. Loder, and ol Mr. Timm. Thoae who at- 1 tend may be sure of oqjoying a rich muaicai treat. Bishouiit Concbbt.?The concert which was te have taken plaoe at the French Church, in Canal street, ' last evening, for the benefit ot the sufferers by the inundation of the Loire, was, on account of the severity of the weather, postponed till Wednesday evening next The object of the originators of this ooncert is a noble one, and should be liberally sustained by our citizens. Thsatrieal, Tabb Thkatbi.?There was another very large house i last evening to witness the rrial performances of the Viennoise dancers, whose eminently successful debut we were called upon to notice a few days since. We have already entered into lengthy critiques of their Pes dt Fleurt and Grand Pat Oriental, and cannot, within the I scope of the English language, express our admiration of 1 their performances ia other terms than thoae we hm il< ready ueed; indeed, if we bed not already noticed them, we could ram up in a few word* all that wa think of than, that ia, that the* an a* perfect a? rigid training and native talent could make them. Theee gifted little trangera will appear again on Monday evening, in three j new grand dirertiaamenta, and it might be aa well to aay j that in order to fulfil engagement* entered intt in Boaton, Philadelphia and other citiea, their stay here muat i be 'limited. We truat that tbey will not be permitted j to leave thia city without all our theatrical people aeelng them. Bowery Tmkatrm.?" Mar.eppa" was again produced last evening, and the very powerful caat, b inging out the entire company, made the representation at once effective and imposing. The tragedy of " Barbareaaa" followed, and was performed with infinite ability. The very gorgeous costume of the performers, coupled with their superior personation of the different parts assigned , them, rendered the entire piece deeply attractive, before an immense auditory. Mr. Booth's Barbaroesa waa a Ane piece of acting. Hit conception of the diUcult part waa | "extremely correct, and hia delineation extremely accurate. He was ably supported by Clark as Selim. Mrs. Sergeant's Irene waa performed with her usnal ability. ' Mrs. Jordan's Zaphynn was also well sustained. Tonight a very attractive bill is presented. Mr. Murdoch appears on tVenday night aa Hsmist. OiimwtcN Thiatrk.?There ia a great bill at thi? pleasant establishment for this evening Mr. John Dunn takes hia benefit, and haa got oat a strong bill oa thia occaaion. Kour pieces will be nlavad?Vint tha fare* ot Um " Houm Dog," in which the exce.lent acton Mr Dm. Chapman, Mr. Kodney, and Julia Drake will appear : aecond, tha musical farce of the " Devil te Pay," in which Dunn, Rodney, and Miea Drake will raatain tha principal character*; and in addition the farce* of the ' Dumb Belle," and the " Sketch** in India." We hope Mr. Dunn'* friend* will rally ai-ound him, and give him a bumper thi* evening | Alhamba ? To-night being the laat ci llarr Alexin, der's engagement, a crowded houao nay be expected, and wa would adrita an early visit for the securing of eat*. Tha German Magician, though heretofore unequalled in hi* performance of magioal feat* and experi menu, seem* to improve at every aucoeeeive representation of hi* power* Rome of hi* mott muting aiid wonderful feet* will he performed thi* evening. There will alao be the uaual (elected variety of instrumental and vocal music, which reflect* great credit on the musical director of the establishment. Bowcav A?truiTH?ATB*.?The circus continue* to draw, aa usual, immens* houao*, and the extraordinary feat* of the entire company, laat evening, elicited unireraal applauaa. Master !tixon, a lad not over six year* of age apparently, a*toni*hed by hi* juvenile act of horseman*hip, every one praaent. Tha attractive bill for thi* afternoon and evening will draw va*t crowd* ? It will be porooivod by the bill* and on reference to the advertisement*. that Uoe*in. Carlo, Kemp, end (Gardner, all appear thi* aftenaoon,aa wall aa in the evening. Thi* will bo the only opportunity ol witnessing Ooaain in the day time, aa hi* engagement expire* thi* day. Oo and : aee him Mr. Haekett wa* anthnalaaticilly received by a fall j bouse, on hi* drat appearance ot the Howard Athenaum, > Wedneeday evening laat. At tha Boaten Theatre, Mr. Murdoch ia playing an engagement with much ucco**. After hi* performance of Hamlet, ho waa " called eat" by the andience. Npartlag Intel licence. F.curis Cot an, l,et't*isis, Dec. 3.? Sweepstakes for , three year olds thirteen subscriber* at MOO-forfeit ; $ I <o declaration (of whom alovnn declared)?two mile heat* : D f. Kennet's ch 1. SctntUla. by n p oieacoe, out of Torchlight -a dam raoaive forfeit. Oltjr intalllMiw*. The Wi:?th?b.?We hada slight continuance of rain in tli? morning of yesterday, which washed off much of the mow that iell on the previous day; and about l'i o'clock a piercing cold wi&d sprung up, which partially dried up the tide walks. In ihe evening it seemed inclined to tarn to froat, and a keen piercing wind blew from the north. Winter ha* latin in earnaat It began to freeze about 7 o'clock, and the night was Una. The Sibewalm?The snow that fall on Tharaday remains on the side walks opposite many houses, and it may not be amiss to remind householders in general, that they are oblige! by l*w ordinance to keep the sidewalks opposite their dwellings swept, and free from frost or snow. There is a penalty attached to all delinquent abuses in thi? respect, una the owners and occu pants of houses would do well to boar this in mind Dbureen Howdibs.?There appeared on the public street* yesterday, many votaries of the Jolly god, who seemed to disregard the coldness of the weather, as wall as the exhortations of the temperance lecturers The vicinity of Chatham street in particular, waa graced with the presence of these worthies. The Streets.?In the large t oroughfares, particularly at the corner of Fulton street and Broadway, also Wall atreet and Broadwaj, the difficulty of croaaing the footways has bean felt as a serious annoyance to the foot passengers, who are often delayed some ten or fifteen minutes, in consequence of the great and continued ruu of the omnibusses, carriages, cabs, carts, kc., through this large street. Unless* the authorities adopt lome meuurtt to leaaen the great run of vehicle* that daily crowd Broadway, they maat erect an iron bridge, or footway over the (treat in theie quarter!, 10 aa to not incommode the foot passengers, aad enable them to cross with (afety-, improvement in this reapect.il loudly called for Indeed, aa regards the filthy condition of the streeta, in general, and the difficulty of crossing them, in consequence either oi the rubbi-h on the crosswayp, or from the perpetual running of cabs, carta and omnibuaaes, that ia hourly kept up, aomething should be done to protect the interests of the foot paaaengera. At the corner of Wall, Fulton aud Courtlandt streets, (Broadway,) there it often a perfect jam of persona who are detained by the long trains of vehicles, of every description, and the aame may be said of Pearl and Chatham streeta. In this latter vicinity, we counted laat eveuing a train of not leas than twenty-seven carts, which ware drives from Pearl, through Chatham, and the drivers- moved along quite Uuurrly, regardless of the crowds that were detained at either side, until they pasted. The police have the power to regulate the side walks and footways, and ought to exert themselves to do so, in such instances as we refar to. The Larue Bell.?The monster bell that still Ilea in the Park, will not be elevated to its position on the roof of tha City Hall, before the middle oif next week. The little boys who duly pitch stone* at it, with a view, of coarae, to improve its tone, will hare a few days more amusement, and if they do not succeed in breaking it, it certainly will bo no fault of their'a. Some one should look after the bell here, until it ba placed in the position lor which it is intended. A Sad Accident ? Aa one of the baggage cars belonging to the Harlem railroad was passing along tha track towaids the City Hall, yesterday morning batwaen tan and eleven o'clock, and when near Anthony atreat, upon wliipping the horses up to ascend the hill, the two leadera broke away from the driver, passing up Centra street at full gallop, and near Reade street came in contact with a horaa and cart loaded with a box of candles and a barrel of tat, driven by i homasJIoyd, tallow chandler,corner of Elm and Pearl streets. The horses on approaching tha cart separated, one on each aida, tha wbimetree and traces with the velocity of the horse's running was thrown over tho cart upon Mr. Boyd, Jerking him eff tha cart, tha wheel of which passed over his right lag, about three inches above the ancle, causing a compound fracture, smashing both bonea in a shocking manner, so much so that amputation will, in all probability, be deemed necessary. He was likewise struck on the back of the head by the hoof of the horse, inflicting a severe wound although not dangerous. This unfortunate man was immediately conveyed to a drug store on the corner of Centre and Reade streets, and was there treated with every attention by the occupant ot the store. Dr. Archer, who was passing at the time, likewise aided in the relief of tha sitflfcrer?thence he was taken in a litter to tha CitvJ Hospital, where every attention will ba rendered to relieve his sufferings. Melancholy and Fatal Accident.?Yesterday, about sundown, a very melancholy accident occurred in Pilgrim'a Church, in the vicinity of Unian square, near 31st streat Several tradesmen and laborers were employed in plastering, Sec., the interior of the building, and, by some accident, the scaffolding gave way, and the whole were precipitated 10 ut grouna irom an idiimbh height. We learn that one man was killed and eight otheri seveiely injured. The detail* of this melancholy casualty we shall be able to learn more folly ; but we regret to hear that several families have been deprived of the means of subsistence in oonsequence of the awful disaster. It is understood that a subscription will be set on foot to relieve the sufferers and their families. Some of the wounded are not expected to live. Found Drowned.?The Coroner was called to hold an inquest upon the body of an unknown|man ^supposed to be a Matthew McOraw) apparently^about 46 year* old, who was yesterday morning found floating in the dock at the foot of Whitehall street, audi is supposed to have fallen into the water while under the influence of a social glass. In one of his pockets was found a paper upon which were written the following words, viz : ? NiwYmi, Dec. 10th, 1844. To the President of any Temperance Society in New York:? The bearer, Matthew McOraw, wishes te take the ternCerance pledge, and if ram should be kept from him, as a appears to be an industrious may, he may become a good citizen. .Respectfully, to. J. T. ALLEN. Verdict?death by drowning. Another Ciss op Drowning.?The Coroner was called also to hold an inquest on the body ef Arthur Brown, a oolond man, a native of Virginia, aged about J7 years, who was found drowned in the slip at the foot of Chris topher street Verdict accordingly. Pollen Intelligence. Dao. 11.?Burglary.?The watchmaker's shop, No. 78>i 6th avenue, occupied by John W. Brown, was burglariously, entered last evening through the rear entry, and four silver watches, valuedat $40, carried off, during the temporary absence of the boy who attended the store.? No arrest Stealing a Coat.?A fallow called John Wilson was arrested yesterday on a charge of stealing two ooats, veined at $10, belonging to Mr. Babcock, No. M Water-st.? He was biought in by officer Hollahan, ef the 1st ward, and locked up for trial by Justice Osborne. Breaking Oven a Trunk.?Officer Kanady, of the 14th ward, arrested yesterday, on a warrant, Wm. Olason and Ann Olason, brother and sister, en a charge of breaking open a trunk, and stealing therefrom itt 76, telonging to Mary Sullivan, residing at No. 110 Mulberry street The accused were both arrested at Williamsburgh, by the above officer, and brought before Justice Osborne, who committed them both to the Tombs, in defoult of $100 baa Juvenile Burglmrt.?Policeman Costigan, of the 10th ward, arretted yesterday two Doy?, Dy the name* 01 William Chittering and Franc i* Jouin, on a charge of burglariously entering the lock factory of Humel and Arnia, 4 Forsyth (treat, and stalling therefrom 100 lb*. o( copper and nine braaa pattern*, valued at $S0 in all. They war* condnoted before J mat ice Ketcham, who committed them both for trial. CKmrgt / Rrctiving Stolen Goods.?Officer Coatigan, of the loth ward, arreited yesterday a woman by the nana of Ellen Audlum on auapicion of receiving stolen Roods from boya, at har residence, No. SOI Cherry itreet owever, the testimony not baing aufficient to warrant her detention, Justice Ketcham was compelled to discharge her lrom custody. Caugkt on (As Lift.?h woman by the name ol Sarah Herring was caught yesterday evening In the act of stealing a piece of calioo, containing 37 yards, worth $5, from the dry goods store of E. R Shed b Co., No. 6A Catharine street- Tho property was found in the possession of the accused, and Justice Ketcham locked her up for trial. Arrut en Suspicion.?We mentioned yesterday that Timothy Tieruey, porter, was arrested on suspicion of stealing a box. We And that th? charge was an unfoundsd one, aa the annexed will show :? In justice to Timothy Tieraey, 1 certify that he came to the steamboat Columbus witu the box lefaired to in the account (publishedyesterday) on Wednoeday, and it was forwarded to its place of destination, and I have since ascertained that it has arrived safely. I have a full recollection of the whole matter, and could have satisfied the parties had they applied to ma, and saved E Mr. Tiarney lrom a falsa imprisonment, PETF.R C. 8CHULTZ, Cept. Steamboat Columbia. Superior Court. Before Judge Vanderpoel. Dm. 11?Joiiak F. Kendall vt. Edward Stont?Thin * an actio a to recover damagei for a (lander alleged to b? utlered by defendant aeainetfthe plaintiffs title to property in the upper part of the city owned by him.? ! Vrom the teatimony it appeared that the property in , queation couaiata ot nine iota, and la litoated in thirty ; aeventh itreet neer the 6th avenue, and that one ot laid lota iaaituatedin the avenue; that in April IMA the plaintiff purchaaed it from defendant for (MOO, paying him la hand $300, and giving him a bond and mortgage for thij balance, payable by initalmanta of $300 each, within a given time. The property wai alao ?object to a atate mortgage of (3000. In order to enable the pltff. to pay off the mortgage* an agreement waa endorteU on the back of defendant! mortgage, by which the defendant bound himielf to releaae any of the lota which the plaintiff might hav? an opportunity of telling, noon condition that the purchase money ahould be applied in pay; ment of either the State mortgage or defendants mortgage, the plaintiff binding himaelr not to aell tha atreet iota for leaa than $000 each ; the object of the agreement waa, that the plaintiff might have as opportunity of paying <-ff the mortgagee by aale of the lota. Some time before the (ecood matalment became due, the plain till entered into a treaty with a Mr. Wheeler for the aale of one of the atreet lota. Wheeler agreed to take it for (POO, provided the title wai aatiafactory, and paid ('200, part of the purcbaae money. The title waa aubmitted to i Mr W. R. Wot more, who pronounced it aatiafactory ? i % wn mivgvu, ui?i nunsequvaiiy uei?na?m n?a cod* nation* with Wheeler, ud in that* convereatioos, he stated to WhMlir, that there wu a risk in purchasing I ha lot* from plaintiff, a* there were claim* against Woolley, (a person who had formerly owned Mem) which, U estebliahed, would hare a bearing on then He also itatad, that plaintiff had not a warrantee deed, and that a bill in chancery had been filed against Woolley lor claim* against him, which might be collected oat ol the lot*, fcc. Alter this Wheeler broke off the treety for the purchase ef the lot*, and the plaintiff now bring* hia action to rooover damage* for the alleged slander. The caw i* adjourned to Monday next. Kor plaintiff, Mr. Buihnell; for defendant, Meant. Catting and Owen A gentleman who arrived yesterday from Lafourche, informs na that tha sugar crop will not be ao productive aa had been anticipated. He further eaya, that In th*t section of country at least, no evidence ot a respenee is Mng made to the call of the Governor far a quota of volunteers to All up the regiment for which the-Secretary of War has made hia dreIt.--.Rr O. DtUa, id int. The < harleaton JEw*n*?g New of the 7th aaya:?We are iafcn**4 by ^ gentleman who has received letter* from Hamburg, that the freight trains laden with cotton consigned to this city, caught Are while et Aiken oa tetania) evening leet, and *>0 ha lee of cotton aad the rare wore deeueved. No can* we* a**igm< lor the ooiimn of th*Cr* Tlw PnpuntlaiM f.?r the War. ARMY INTKLL.I9INCB. The Philadelphia North Amtrican. of jester Jay, hs? h letter from Ilsrrisburgh, showing the arrival of Ihiw companies of the volunteer! at that place From the following extract, U muu that the character of wme ol the troops ia not curbed by military discipline " But I regret to lay, that Captain HUl'a cos?pany of " Killer*' and " Bouncere," hare committal depredation!, thefts and arsons along the line of canal, alike diahonorable to themselves as men and soldiers, and not complimentary to their commander. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Dec. 3.1 Capt. O. B. Crittenden, Lieuts. S. 8. Tipton and Julian May. ami sixty-aight privates and non-commissioned officers of the regiment of mounted riflemen, company E. arrived in this chy yesterday from Jefferson Barracks. Mo., on the steamooat Pontiac, and will leave in a few days for the seat of war. They are a fine looking, hardy band of men, recruited in the West, well calculated for the service in which they have enlisted. The horses of the company, seventy in number, were also brought olf the Pontiac. Capt. W. F. Sanderson, of company B. and Lieuts. Raguet, Newton and Oordon are expected down on the next boat. This company consists of seventy-six men. [From the Boston Journal. Dec. 10.] k'.ilwunl Webster's company of volunteers was to have been muttered into the tr. 8. service Unity, but we learn on inquiring at the office of the Adjutant General, that in consequence of order* from Washington, nothing abort of a regiment will be received into pay and service of government from Muasachusetta. Captain Webster's company is full, and now awaits the formation of the regiment [From the Philadelphia Letter, Dec. 11.] 7. We learn that Captain Naylor's company of Philadelphia Rangers have been accepted to serve in the war with Mexico, and are expected to leave the city on Monday next. They number over 100 men. The Pittsburgh Advtriittr of the 8th, says the company of Jackson Independent Blues now numbers one hundred and seven men, and we learn from one of the officer* that It is the intention of Lieut. Field, inspecting officer, to master them into the U. 8. service to day. naval ixtklmoinck. [Correspondence of the Mobile Register ] Navy Y*?t>, Pensacola, Dec 1,1846?The U. 8 brig Porpoise, Captain Hunt, arrived here this evening, about 7 o'clock, eight days from Tampico?repor.s the squadron all well. Capt. Tatnall, commanding the steamer SpitAre, ascended the river as far a* the town of Penuca, and took possession of the Fort. It mounted 16 guns, which, as they could not be transported to Tampico, they were Siked and the carriages destroyed. There was not a adow ot a Mexican in arms to be seen?no opposition of any kind. Troop* ware arriving daily, and armaments sf all kinds landing at Tampico. The inhabitant* eemed perfectly satisfied with the change. There wa* a great many merchant-men with assorted oargoes in port. There was a severe gal* on the 18th ult, and the John Adams, 8L Mary*, and a British man-of-war brig, the Dirien, were blown oil' the coait; they have, however, returned without sustaining any damage. Capt. lngrahain came passenger in the Porpoise, and i* bearer of dwpatches to our government at Washington. An attempt was made by the Captain ef the Darien to claim the guni?.. ?j ?1?-?.-i' .. n,i.t. r,? and he persisted in it until admonished by Commodore Conuer, when ho reluctantly yielded, and abandoned hit abaurd pretention*. The atreets of Tampico were thronged with American citizena. All waa buatle, and buaineaa briak. [From the New Orleana Jetferaouian, Dec. S ] Captain W. Foater, of the revenue service, arrived in town from Washington city laat evening. Captain Foater will relieve Captain Webster in command of the revenue veaaela in the Gul? GENERAL CASTRO TO THE CAl.IFOENIA.N3 ON LXAVIXG TUB PROV1MCK. Fkli.ow-citii.os I carry away my heart full of the heaviest weight in taking leave of you. 1 go out of the couDtrv in which 1 waa born, but in the hope of returning to diiitroy the slavery in which I leave you. 1 will come the day in which our unfortunate country can chaatiie exemplnrily an usurpation ao rapacioua and > unjust, and in the face of the world exac*. aatisfaction for it* wrongs. My friends, I confide in your loyalty and pet m ; and in proof of the confidence which you merit I mo, J leave to yon my wife and innocent children ; t' no fortune, and are even without mean* of sul leave them to your favor and guide, conaidei lose all to save national honor. I acknowledge the faithfulness that you have ly manifested towards me. I believe it is right to exhort you again not to abandon the sentinu fidelity for the mother country ; preserve in your bot^ .. the holy fire of liberty, and the day of vengeance wiU come. Never deny the Mexican name. Fellow-citizenst adieu. In taking leave of you I feel my '?ul inundated witn Ditterneis, considering i imt? you as slaves; but the glorious day will come when you will break your chains, and can salute you to the holy names el liberty and independence. JOSE CASTRO. In the Road roa Sonora, Aug. 10th, 1846. Communications to thk Foreign Consuls in Camfoknia, bt order ok General Caitro, Commandant General of Urrca California, on leatino the Provinces : I have the tenor of sending to your excellency conies from the first number to the second number of the aftercations that hare taken place between the commodore of the naval forces of the United States and the commandancy general under mv charge, so that your excaliancy will see the conduot I hare observed in the midst of the difficult circumstances which I have encountered; and as it will not be difficult, in cam of an unforseen disaster in the war, I will at all hazards keep my reputation free from all stain; and 1 bfg your excellency to hold these documents as authentic proofs of my conduct, and to put them, if neoessary, before the nation that your excellency so worthily represents. With thii motive 1 have the honor of producing to your excellency the protestations of my high consideration. God and liberty. Camp of La .Mesa, August 9th. 1840. JOSE CASTRO. To the English, French and Spanith consuls. Copiesof the original, w!ii*,h I certify. FRANCISCO ARCE, Sec. Altar, Sept. 9th, 1846. News from Africa.?The schooner Boston, Luddington, thirty-eight davs lrom Monrovia, arrived yesterday morning; she brings Liberia papers to the 16th of October. On the i?th of October, when off Galenas, aha was boarded from H. B. M brig Ferret. The boarding officer reported that the day previous the Ferret captured a Bra' xilian schooner, with fir? hundred and fifty-oue slaves on board, and ordered her from Sierra Leone. On the Sth of November, whea in lat 10, long 18, SO, was boarded from the U. S. frigate United States, Commodore Read The frigate had leftPort Prays on the lit of November, on cruise off the coeit of Africa; officers and crew were In good health. The United States reported that the U. 8. ahip Southampton tailed from Porta Prays for New York on the ls< of November. On the 31*t of November Mr. Abraham Barnea, of Kast Ilaven, Connecticut, mate of the Boston, died oi bilious fever. On the 10th of September Governor Roberta issued hii proclamation, calling general meeting of the people oc the -27th of October, in their respective towns and vii lagea, to determine, by vote, whether they would adopt the recommendetion of the American Colonization So ciety (to declare and establish the colony as an independent polity or state.) and also whether the Legislature should draft a constitution, or a convention should be ordered for that work. ' A letter from Prince's Island reports the U. S. brig Dolphin. all well. The Her mid of October 9d, says that within the last two mouths there have been issued from the colonW warehouse, for the benefit of the recaptured Africans in the Pons, dry goods, provisions, tic., to the amount o! nearly two thousand dollars. Farther supplies are needed On the ISth day of September the Herald has IIm following remarks in reference to these people:? We are glad to learn that a goodly number of the recaptured Airicane of the Pons have returned to theii homes-, to aam? of us their return is auite ODDortune. foi thereby we shall be enabled to realise the apportiop ol proviaiona end good* allowed fer each "of them. We an of opinion, that deipite of all that has been said against I hi* people, they will at laat prove to be foam good to Liberia. It to gratifying to *ee what improvement! soma of them hare made toward* civilized habit*. A number of the female! redding in Monrovia, handU the aewing and knitting needle* to admiration. On th? Saobath you may behold quite a large number of then decently clothed in civilised dreu, with their book* in hand,wending their wey to our Sabbath school*. Sped men* ol some of their work I am informed will be *enl a* *oon as convenient to America. The achooner Boston, of New York, Ca|iUi* J. H Brown, on arriving in Monrovia Bay was found to be ii a leaky condition, whereupon the captain took her ovei the bar into the Messursdo River, and disc tiki-gad hit cargo at the wharf. Thia is laid to be the Ikrat inetano* of an American veisel anchoring in that river. The Ht raid of August 91, has the following : ? The Portuguese schooner Donna Anna Captain M. 8. Machado, which loft here on tha Oth 1 staat, lor St. Thomas,was boarded just out of tha harbor by H. M. C. sohr Hiraudello, and report saya she was sent to Oorae. When she arrived at this place there were three French armed I vessels in hsrbor. A day or two after two of them left I for the windward. One ot them, tha Comete, remained at her anchorage, and by her keeping her boats almost constantly on board it was supposed she was holding horielf in readiness to sail at a moment'* notict. On the night of the Mh initant the Hirandelle arrived, and early on the lollowing morn ing the Comete weighed anchor and put to lea, leaving tha Hirandelle at anchor. Mr. Machado, having closed his buuaes* here, put to lea a lev hours after tha Come I te left. The Donna Anna had not cleared the harbor w&en the Hirandelle'* canvas* was *ern bellying to the breexe; and ine tallowing hard la the wake of tne Anna. Pre*eotly the Hirandelle'* deep mouthed cannon boomed athwart the waters, and coon her boats ware on board Our opinion in retard to the capture to. that it to only a rumor. The Donna Anna ia from Oporto, touching at ! 8i#rra L?on?, where ?hc lay three month*, tU? captain having been ill with tha fever. Har cargo conaiated of aarthanwara, winea, and tha ordinary trade good*. [From the Liberia Herald of Sept 4.] On Iho JOth ultimo, H. B. M. (loop Nimrod, J. R Deere*, Eaq , commander, dropped anchor in our harbor. . Mr. Decree ia in command of the Sierra Leone division ot the Britiah tquadron, employed for the aappraeelen ot the tiara trade. The purpoee of the Nimred'a rWt to thia plaee waa to take oif the prfoe crew ef the ?*" leea " piratical brigantine alarer" which waa wrecked on the ltth, a litUeto the touth of Falee Cape. Mr. Deere* profeeaed himaelf quite pleaaed with what he eew and neard, and expreaaed no little interact ia eur wellare. Omio.?The legislature of tliis State convened at Columbu* on tne 7:h ni?t. I ? ?ne Senate, Mr. K. B. Olda, of the ?air#el.i ?,.l P.oha nydiyict, waa rhoMii iptikir. ui?v?n iImp tint b a*'t i <?. B ratlin, oi Seneca county, wu* khiajn cterk, an.t Hubert Mnlien, umuUtMa. The lienae of Representative* waa "r^ldbtX.Wi.nof William t. C utter m .perter. E. O. ftimtor, of Reee county, we* elected cierk, and John W. J??aa, ef Dataware, eergeant at arm*. A rnmmittee waa appolnte 1 to wait on the Governor, , Than meeaege we thai! probably gire a tynepeie of tern ewew. " I mmmmmm+m ? sTtmtnt) or Tr?-reller?, The arrival*, yeaterday, averaged aeurly ? numarouf a? thoaa of the early pert of the week Aitoh?E. Phillip*. London; R. Duval, Rich mood; R. Leech, New Orleann; P Parkram, Bo*ton; O. Tuckar. do; T.Don, do; J H Weed, do; J. Durall,Baltimore; ; U. D. Almonica, Peoria; U. Pratt, Pr*tt?vUle; J. Sergeant, Bufhlo; L. Cameron, Troy; L. Olden, U. 8. N.; till Caae, Ciuclhnati; W. McDowell, Baltimore; W. i Heyford, Hertfo'd; Dr. Tcaoh, Baltimore. Ambbicak.?P R Pauluing, Tarrytown; W. Davii. N. Jeraoy; J. Hutchinaon, J. Boyd, Philadelphia; A Muuroe, Syracuae; E. Hayui, U. 8. Army; Capt. Smi'h, Engineer Corp*. Citt.?J. Bollner, Wettcheater; O. Warren, Philadel* phis: D. Clapp, Peekikill; J Le Browe, Baltimore; W. Burbridge, PUila; R. Dawion, PitUburgb; O Kraocia, Boaton; O.Chauncey, Norfolk. Kbarblim- Oeorge Dudley. North Carolina; W. Sherman, Ohio; George Alien, Philadelphia; W. Kendriche, Boaton; Mr. Burnett, A. Kallorg, Daliua; H. Brig ham, New York; W. Aoker, Philadelphia; Mr. Cunningham, Poughkeepaie; W. Duraay, Hartford; J. Jonea, N. York; J. Croaby, R. Hyde, Bridgeport; E. Pritchard, Conn. Howabu?C. Oagood, Norwich; A. Oarlim and family, Canada; J. Wndleifh, Man.; Mr. Cook, Conn ; U Barton, Bomerville; P. Huntley, L- 1 ; P. Meade, Philadel pnia; b. now*, Aioany: L. Walton, Saratoga: H. Pal inor, New Brunswick; 8. Schumacher, Gettysburg; Mr. Wilson, Baltimore; J. Gallagher, Philad ; A. Vanstavoren, do. Judson?E. Howard, Providence; J. Sheer*, Brooklyn; A. Amoe. New York; N Bronson, do.; J. Holliiter, Greenfield; L Bacon. Hartford, N. Henrr,Norwich; A. Mercer, Philadelphia; D Rankin,do ; J. Robinson Webiter; R. Storms, do.: W. Rohinoon, Patterson; G. Van Allen, Salsbury; klisha Ely, Rochester. Court of General Session*. Before Recorder Scott, and Aid. Jackson and Johnson. John McKeon, Esq , District Attorney Dsc II.? 7V??J of Daniel E. SicUet, lor an alleged constructive grand larceny, in having, a* it is ohargod, taken from Mr. Wm. Kemble, a mortgage on pi?m**** No. 7S? Nassau street, which he had given to the lait named person as collateral security for the payment of two notes for $400. The case was opened on tho part of the prosecution by Jonas B. Phillips, Esq , who gave brief statement of the circumstances connected with the comsaission of the offeree complained of. At the cloee of his remarks, Mr. Wm. Kemhl*. the principal witness for the prosecution, was callod to the stand. He testified as followsI was a merchant in 1844, and am so yet; my place of busjiM**i? at No. 79 West ttreet; 1 know Mr. Sickles, th* defendant in this owe; in the year 1846, Mr. Sickles became indebted to me to th* amount of $800, and in accordance with an agreement, he gave me two notes, eech for $400, dated August 10th, 184*; one of the notes was mado payable in ninety day*, tho other in six months afterdate; Mr. Sickles gave me mortgage on the house No. 70 Nastau street as security for the uavment of the notes in question: the mortgage. 1 think, ww executed by Mr. Sickles in my coununff room, at No 79 We it utrcet, in the presence of Mr. Kilar and myself; after the mortgage was executed and placed in my poiaeaaion, Mr. Sickle* volunteered to acknowledge the tame, by getting it duly recorded; 1 accordingly delivered to him the mortgage for the purpose of being racorded, a? he had propoeed. On taking it away, he promised to return it to me as aoon as it had been recorded; but after having waited for some time, without recovering it, 1 called up to Mr. Sickles at his office, No. 79 Nassau street, in relation to it. Ha then assured me that he had left the mortgage at the ReSister's Office, for the purpose of being recorded, aid tat he would go again to the Register's office in the course of the day, being then much engaged, and that I might depend upon reoaiving the mortgage the next morning. Alter some days had elapsed. I called again upon Mr. S. He then said that he had >ot been abb to attend to getting the mortgage, but tha< .a would do so that day, and c: ;>on me tna m-xt moming- 8 us pact ing that all w right, 1 went from the office or Mr. Sickles to 1' <i th> Itr Mat. here 1 search. 1 the index, also inqui th kreUiiveto it, and underst' no nurh mertgasrc been left there, I then ret J to Mr. Sickles I told him that there was no such mortgage to be found in the Register's office ; he temarked that it must be some mistake of the clerk, and that he would see the loift Mini uiivo iv I'UI IU II^III. i ui?u lu^uireu ui Mr. 8ickles if the mortgage could not be found whether he would ax*cute a now one to the nma effect This he declined doing, at the ume time stating that the original mortgage would certainly be found, since which time I have heard nothing in relation to the subject. The mortgage was to secure the payment of $300, the amount of the two notei?neither of the two note* were paid. The note* were endorsed by Meaara Ealer fc Bumce. Mr. Kemble waa subjected to a rigid croae-examlnaon, in the course of which, he admitted tbat he had aile some errors in his atttdavit with regard to the data . when the mortgage waa given him by Mr. Sickles ; and that it waa understood that he waa to receive the mortgage alter being recorded from the Regiatar. After the i bill had been oidered, the foreman of the Grand Jury ) spoke to him on the subject, and has sinoe alluded to the ; case as one of considerable importance, and anggeated the propriety of employing Mr. Whiting, inasmuch as a strong political influence would doubtless be exerted to get the aocused clear. The trial at thia stage was adjourned until Monday next. The court will meet to-morrow for other business. Circuit Co art. Before Judge Edmonds. Dec 11 .?Alfred A. PKiUipt tt the New Jersey Hailroad Comptny.?This was an action of trespass. The facta are as follows:?The plaintiff, with a negro boy, on . the evening el the 90th ot March last, waa driving in ; his wagon on the road between Elizabethtown and Newi ark, ia New Jereey, on the right hand aide of the road. The train waa coming against them, and as the locosaoi live came up, the fireman began letting off steam, and . the violent noise frightened the horae, which ran off, ; and after running a few rods, the plsiutiff, the negro boy, horse, wagon and all, were capsized into a ditch by . the roadside, about five feet deep, and filled with water. | The boy got out first, and in about fift en minutes afteri warJi succeeded in polling out Mr. Phillips, who waa undermost, and whose left go' entangled in the harness; but they were unable to extricate the mare Mil wagon. Mr. Phulipa want to larmer*a houto a few miles off, and brought lome men and a team of oxen with him, bat : when they came back the mare waa dead; they succeed ! ed, however in toting her and the wagon outof the ditch, and upon examining the wagon and harness found they were very much injured. It waa alleged on the part of the plaintiff that he had taken cold from the wetting, and that in consequence hit health was (till in a delicate ftate. The action ii brought for gross and wiltul negli. genre on the part of the company .In sot having a barrier placed between the road and ditch, and for letting off the steam at the time they were pairing the wagon.? The defence waa that there was no negligence. The company were not bound tq erect a barrier aa alleged by the plaintiff; nor were they precluded from letting off team when and where they pleased; and. thirdly, it. wa? one of thoae unavoidable accident* for which i they could not be held responsible. The Judge told the jury the principal question waa one of test ; that ia, whether the company had a right to let off the ateam when and where it was let off. , If they were of opinion the company had such right they i should And a verdict for them-if, on the contrary, they ' I thought they should have chosen some other part of the 1 mad to do it. than they ought to And for the plaintiff? 1 ! The jury had not agreed up to a late hour. For plaintiff, 1 Mr J. R. Whiting?for defendant, Messrs. Willis Hall and Walters. Juliana Church ?. John R Palmer?Furious Driving. j This waa another action of trespass. Tha defendant Is owner of a line of Broadway ctagee. It appeared that in May 1844, one of the defendant's drivers, after turning the corner ef Amity street into Broadway commenced racing with tha driver of another omnibus; they . continued the race until they arrived at the corner of Spring street, where the plaintiff, who is aa old lady waa j crossing; she was knocked down by the defendants Omnibus. and in backing up the horses she was trampled on i by one of them, and very much injured, so much so that a physician whe attended her testified that she could never recover from the injuries she received There ?fti no dafanTM and tha iurv r?nd?rf?<l a VArritat far th? plaintiff for $1000 damage*. Caleb Howell ?> John Rackett.?This W I an action of replevin to try plaintiff* right to a piano forte, in which f there waa no defence. and the jury rendered a verdict ' for plaintiff for $100, the value of the piano. For plain tiff, Mr. H. Oresaer. t ? Frederick Reidel. tiied and lound g Jilty, at PltUburg, i for the murder of hia wife, was, on Monday last, *entenced by Jadge Patton to ha hang The pritoner pro i teited hi* innocence throughout, and at the cloie of the i trial. i =: i The Sew "Piumbc Popular naniilne."? An able L'terarr publics 1011. iianed in the atyle of "Grat mm'i Magazine. containing rortraitt of Hiatmgaiahed characteia Alio, two pieces of niaaie, embellished with beaut'fal portrait* for4 frontiariecea. One of Colonel Wet' ion, who frll i; Monterey, and the other of > lit t thaw, te whom the retpective pi cet are drdica'ed, have been pabluh-e at toe office of the National Paolithing Company, til I Broadway, op ataira, where dealer* may oe (applied. Portable Dreaming Cams of an entirely new and compact conitrnetioi), foruiahrd with artiele>. the aiae of which do not detract Irom their uaefalneaa; forming aa elegant and complete appeodag* to the toilat. and *l*o peenliarly adapted to the went* of the travelling pab'i*. for tale at G. SAUNDERS It SON, 177 Broad way. 4 Fine Cmtiery.?The gnbaerlben' aaewrtaaent embracnt every poatib'e pattern of pan, pocket, dank and tportinc Knife, with <? l<r*e variety of choice Kaxot, whieh will be warranted to (he pore hater. AJbo, **?**o > Nail Filet, fcc. O. 8AUNDEKe h SON 177 Broadway, a few door* above Conrtlaadt at. Hhenmatleaa, Palat aa??t Wltfbei# of the Joint*. O nt. lie., kc . Hiag'aC?>i??"?ad Syup of Htdriodafrf Potaata. 8?r*ap<rilla and Yellow Dock 1 he above it prepared fr.mthe pnreat 'lidea. end r-c-mnr en-'ed aa tha beat anrf only tare ca<? f.,rRh??ma*i*m. Ar thia aeaaon of the yearaapeciafly.it ie of the geateet importance, aa it will remove all thota eitremely nnpl?a?ant tvmptotna, aavtre pain*, aiiffaeaa of ilse >oiet?, back, ahonlden. lie , ac It thin*. u?r*?? aaaq?it:"?-- ""J1" . ' "T out of the ?aimtl eeoaomy ia a perfect st t? of h'alth fr? ^rU a?d for <5 by Casrle. H. Hint. 192 Broad #ar. cor.tr . Johaaotec. * ? Rh?nm>tlam ?We ahonld anppoac from tha tastiasoa-als eihibited by Dr. Ch istiae'Agra: la this city, rtgnrtmg tha effects of the Oslvaaie articles, tnat lhara w?a ao aacaraity that aar one shoald saffer aay longer foia this . ^oaisiay and praTaleat complaint. *Ve ?rr informa l that rtp wards of right thoatand aathantic casas of ilia moat SCTtre ; case* ofrhaamalieaa, ehroaie and inflammatory, hira ben antirely cured tb-ongh th*a?eni?T ni the it aoral appliances Only Agency ia N?? York, itt tsroidwa). ?ee advrrUeemeat ia ann-har oluma Ojramartlea?thoBaanda of bailuMi urn ia thu city are aHaola'.?|c dv tog for the want -f central eaereiaa. Health dependftYpna rerpeiaal secret! -a aad absorp1 lion. Oentral rirraHe rnlv can prodace th-a. All those who are iilaimi from bilious itffecroi*. dyspepaia, paia ia tha cheat or hasd. if tiey a'e wise, will go to the Omoa Urmaaatie Academy, No. IM Crosby street, aear Bleeeher, ! Join oaa of the elaaaes, a d rrcaire ia retam, huh health aad loaf life. Classea meet rt sanrisa and ati, T aad lo'elock, r. H. Hot, cold sad shower baths free to ntaoittrs I DR. J. B RICH. Manager. I .. - ' 'WgW'"" avtfUloa ol tha Ohio KUrar. flsoi. 7H%? Si ate ( Vitr. Mtabwr* D*c 7 10 ftl in rsataf Ii'iiTuf Dec. 4 ... ....I I ft. 7 In. ^ "TiiTlht IHc 7 IS ft. telling. CinoiiiDati. Dac 1 9*. ft., teUbff

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