Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 13, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 13, 1846 Page 1
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L Till 0 Vol. XII, No. Whole No. 457W REPORT OF TUX Secretary of the Treasury. Wa Dihhtmiht, Dec. a, ISM. Sia In conformity to established usage, I bar* tho honor to lubmit to you the annual report upon the eev ral branchca of tba public service confided to thia department. The accompanying statements of the Adjutant General will ahow the number, description, and distribution of j troops which hare been in serrice during the past year. For the want of full an l recent returns the enumeration is not so accurate ae could be desired. Previous to my last annual report, the largest nart of our regular force had been concentrated at Corpus ^ Christi, under the command of OeneMl Taylor, for the * protection of Texaa; and in March last, pursuant to instructions from this department, he moved forward, te be in situation more effectually to execute that purpose, to the left bank of the Rio Grande, where he arrived about the ?ni1 of that month, selected B nncitlnn lap til. ? opposite to Matamoros. and proceeded to strengthen it by the erection oi necessary field work*, at the tame time establishing a depot for supplies at Point Isabel, about thirty miles distant in bis rear, and near the coast. Notwithstanding the object of thia movement of our troops was made known, and all intention of doing more than peaceably to occupy the territor> ef Texts waa (lisa> owed, soon after the arrival of the army on the Rio Grande a hostile feeliug began to be manifested by the Mexican forces stationed on the opposite bank or that river, and on the 24th of April the Mexican general, Arista, informed General Taylor that "ha considered hostilities commenced, and should prosecute them " On the same day a detachment of our dragoons, sent up the left bank of the river to obterve the movements ol tb? Mexican forces, became engaged with a large body of these troops, and after a short aflViir, In which some sixteen were killed and wounded, was compelled to surrender. After this occurrence, there could be no longer a donbt that the Mexican authorities had designedly changed tho 1 elation ot peace between the two countries into a state of actual war. Gen Taylor, availing himself of the authority vested in him by your direction, called on the Governors of Texas and Louisiana for four regiments of volunteeis from each State, to be sent forward with the least practicable delay. In the meantime, owing to the scarcity of proviiions for the army encamped opposite to Matamoras.and being apprehensive that the enemy would endeavor to cut otf the communication with the depot whence supplies were drawn, the General, leaving of his force to defend his entrenched camp, (Fort Brown,) moved with the rest of his army to Point Isabel. Alter securing his supply train, he commenced his return march on the 7th of May, and on the -next day enI . countered the enemy in considerable force at Palo Alto, where enaction ensued, which was obstinately contested by the enemy from a o'clock in the afternoon until nearly dark, when the Mexican army was Anally driven, with immense lots, from the field The American force engaged in thia action was 3,288. That of the enemy, as admitted by Unirown officers taken prisoners,amounted to six thousand regulars, together with a considerable irregular force. On the next day the enemy was again met seven miles in advance, at Hesaca de la Palraa, where he was drawn up in equal force, with the advantage of poaitions judiciously selected by himself. Here another action ensued, in which the enemy was signally defeated, and driven acroea the Bio Grande with still greater lots, leaving a large amount of munitions and baggage of every description, which fell into our possession. His lots in killed, wounded, and missing, in the two engagements, has been estimated at one thousand men. During the absence of General Taylor with a part of his force from Fort Brown, that post was bombarded by the enemy's batteries from the 4th to the 9th of May. Of these gallant achievements it is not necessary to speak more in detail, as tho official accounts were laid baton Cong rets at the last session. They are considered everywhere in our own country, and admitted abroad, to be examples of oourage and skill carcaly excelled In the history of military operations?reflecting the highest cte dit alike upon the officers and soldiers who participated in theeeViemorablo actions For several tuccotsive years this depsrtmeothad asked authority to prepare a ponton train, but the prospect of having use for it teemed to be so remote that no revision uiereior nau oeen men maae, au<l lor want of mean* of pursuing the enemy across the river, the commenting general was unable to avail himself, to the utmoit extent, of the advantage* of theae decisive victoria*; and it wan not till the 18th that he succeeded In crossing the river an4 taking military po**e**ion of the city of Mntemoros; w^ich wai, on hi* approach, baitilv abandoned by the Mexican troop*,leaving behind them a considerable rapply ol ordnance and public itore*. A* loon a* it became known at thi* place that Mexico had commenced hostilities, Congre*a recognifed the existence of war between the United State* and that republic, and on the 13th of May authorised the President to accept the services of volunteer*, nut to exeved 60 000. Uader thi* act, requisition* wep#1admediately mad* upon * the governors of the State* of Arkansas. Mtiaiisinpi, Alabama. Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Misnouri, llinoi*. Indiana, Ohio, and Texas, for volunteer force equal to 96 regiment*, amounting in all, with a battalion from thi* Diitrictand Maryland,To about 9J,000 effective men, to lorve for the period of twelve month*, or to the end of the war. This call wa* responded te in a prompt and patriotic manner, and the force duly organized and aent forward to the point* of destination with the least practicable delay. Much the largest portion of it waa designed to co operate with the regular army under Gen Taylor, then on the Rio Grande. After establishing bis base of operation* on that river for several hundred miles, he moved into the enemy's country in the direction of Monterey, in the department of New Leon. Another portion was concentrated, under Oen. Wool, at Sen Antonio de Bexar, for a movement upon Chihuahua; and / the volunteer* from the 8'ate of Misaouri aaiembied at Fort Leavenworth, to compete, with a few hundred re gular troop*, an expedition to Santa Ke, under General Kearney. Owing to the great difficulty in providing the mean* of transporting lupplies for so large a force as that concentrated on the Rio Grande; to the necessity of drawing all those (upp)ie* from the United State*?the enemy'* coun try being deititute of them ; to the unutual freshets which retarded the progress of boat* on the river, and to the impracticability of the land route for wagon* at that time, arrangement* for the movement upon Menterev from Matamora*. by the way of Cumargo, the route selected by the commanding general, were not completed until the latter part of Aogust, when a column, consisting of about COCO regular and volunteer troop*, commenced a forward movement by brigade upon Serelvo, and thence upon Monterey, before which place it arrived on the 19th of September. On approaching Monterey, out armr saw before them city strong in natural defences, ond made mnoh more so by works of art, with a citadel protecting it ea one side, and fortified height* on another; the avenue* to it guarded by fortresses, well armed, and faily manned, and every boose a stronghold. Thus strong in position, with more than forty piecoa of artillery skiliulty placed ' for destiucthre re;istence. well might its detendors exult in the>r iancied security, and defy their assailants. Here, the valor, akiil, end heroism which had recently shone so con-piruotu on the well-fought and victorious fields of Palo Alta and Resaca de la Fwna, were te be put to another and a severer trial. The attack was commenced on the a 1st, and continued through the two successive days. The enemy was as sailed in hi* fortified positions; bit batterie* captured; hi* fortreue* one aftrr another carried; and at length, dispossessed of moat of hi* defensive works, and more than half of the city, he solicited terms of capitulation, and liberal terms were granted. No belter justice cut bar done to the merits of the officers and aoldien who participated in the achievements of the three glo'iou* days before Monterey than is preaented in the perspicuous despatch of Major Oeneral Taylor, and in the reports of the officers in subordinate command on that occasion, which are herewith tramx mitted A plain narrative of their deeda is their boat eulogy. It is gratifying to learn that in tho scenes at Monterey, whore tho bravery and conduct of otir army wet* subjected to tho severest testa, the volunteers, who were with the advancing column, bore a prominent port, and entitled themselves to an equal share in the honor and glory of the achievement Neither at Monterey nor on the bank* of the Bio Orande were our brilliant succesaei gained without a price. Tho nation has to lament a severe loss in officers and men. Many gallant spirits there soiled their devo tionto their country with their blood; they full in the honorable dfcchxrge oi their duty leaving a uaiao which, whenever and wherever mentioned, will do tho thomoof pnu?e bv their grateful couutryrorn In fulfilment of tho terms of capitulation, the city, fortificaiions, cannon, mnnrtion* of war, and all other labile property, with certain exceptions, were surrendered to oor arms. Ob receiving General Taylor's despatches hnnocncing ' the terma of capitulation, he wss instructed to give the Vequisite notice that the armistice, which was made subject to the ratification of the respective government* of the belligerent force* would reaie at once, and that each party would bo at liberty to resume and prosecute hoetiiities without restriction. The advance column, under Brigadier General Wool, about 1,400 strong, destined for Chihuahua, commenced its march from Bau Antonio da Bexar, on the VfHh ol September, and was followed in a lew day* therealter by the roar division of equal number. By the last advices from that officer, a copy of which accompanies thia report, it appears that the column under his command had crosaed the Rio Orande, penetrated tho department of Coahuila to within thirty miloa of Santa boss, and wea pursuing iU route to Chihuahua in tho direction of Menclova. Satisfactory, though sot official, information haa just been received that be entared Moncleva on the 31 it of October, without resistance, and waa received in a friendly manner by tho inhabitants On tho 81th afJune, Brigadier Oeneral Koarny, with tho force under hi* command, amounting in all to about j l.atO men, regulars and volunteer*, moved from Fart Leavenworth upon Santa Fa, where he arrived, after a march of S7S miles, on tho 14th of August, and took mili- 1 tary poaaoaaion of New Mexico without resistance The , Mexican force* about 4 000 in number, which had bem collected near that city nn.ler the late govein r Armijo, to oppose hi* progress, dispersed on the approach of our troops. and tbo governor him?elf fled with a am'41 command ot dragoon* in the 'irrctton of ( hibnatiua. Under the apprehension that the forco which ioit Kurt Leavenworth m Jone, might not bo anfficient luily to eflect tbo porpoee ol the expedition, which waa, il found practicable, to paaa on to California after conquering and secur ing Aew Mexico. Oen Kearny waa authorixod to organita and master into tervioe a battalion out of tho emigrants which were en the way to California or Orogon. j Thia ha* boon done, and also one thousand additional volnnteors from Misaouri ware aoot on as reinforcement*, and to augment hi* disposable force for California ; but they had sot joined Oeneral Kearny when he departed S NE NE\ I for that countir. After making the necessary arrangements at Santa Ke. consequent on the military occupation of New Mexico- Oen. Kearny mo red with a part of hia force to the village of Tome, about 100 mile* down the Rio Grande. Th? inhabitant*, not only at Santa Ke, but throughout the whole of thin department, are represented to ha wall *atisfi?d witli the change which had taken place, and the Ueneral report* that there can no longer be apprehended any organized resistance to our troop* in that territory. With a regular force of about three hundred dragoon*, leaving order* for a part of the volunteer* to fallow, he commenced hia march from Santn Ke for California, intending to proceed down the Rio Grande about two hundred n iles, thence to *trike aero** to the Gila, and move down that river naar to it* mouth, thenncro** tha Colorado to tha Pacific, where he hoped to arrive about the last of November. After proceeding about 180 mile* on hi* route, h??u vat bv an exprees from California, lent by Lieutenant Colonel Fremont. On learning tha condition of ihiage in that quarter, aad deeming that an additional force would net be required In California, he directed moat of that with him to return to Santa Fa. Selecting about one hundred men to accoaapany hia, ha continued on hie route The prompt and energetic manner in Which General Kearny haa conducted to a *ucceuful termination a vary difficult and distant enterprise, is worthy of high commendation For vano?* reasons it was deemed important that military ocoupation ahould be taken of California. Early attention waa given to thia subject. Altar taking and ecaring the poeeeasion of Santa Fe, Goneral Kearny was directed to proceed, with what foroe he could apare.acroaa the Rocky mountain* to that country. A company of United States artillery, in July, and a regiment of New York volunteer infantrv, in September, were sent by *ea to California; but before these forces had reached their destination, and even before their departure from the United States, the Mexican authority in tbe whole province of the California* had boon subverted. As the serias of event* which led to the overthrow of tha Mexican power in that extensive country, aad it* occupation as a conquest at the United States, i re not contained in any official report yet received, bat collected from various *ource? considered authentic, I deem it not inappropriate to preeent them with more than uaual particularity. In May, IMS, John C. Fremont, than a brevet captain in the corps of Topographiaal Engineers, and cince appointed a lieutenant colonel, left here under ordei* from thia department to pursue hi* exploration* in the region* beyond tha Rocky mountain* Tha abject* of thi* service were, a* those of his previous explorations had been, of a scientific character, without any view whatever to military operations. Not an officer or soldier o f the United States army accompanied him, and his whole force consisted of sixty-two men, employed by himself for aecuritv again*t Indian*, and for procuring tubsistence in die wilderneaa and deaert country through which ha waa to paae. One ef the objects he had in view waa to discover a new and shorter route Irom the weitarn base of the Rooky mountain* to the mouth of the Columbia rivets? Thi* taarch, for a part of tha distance, would carry him through the unsettled, and afterward* through a comer of tha sattled, cart* of California. He approached tbe rettlemeata in tn? winter of 1949-0. Aware of the critical state of alfaira between the United States and Mexico, aad determined te give no cause of offence to the authorities of the province, with commendable prudence he halted hia command on tha frontier, one hnndred mile* from Monterey, and proceeded alone to that city, to exptain the abject of bis coming to the commandant general, Caatro, and to obtain permission to go to the valley of tha San Joaquin, where there was came for kit men and gran for his horses, and no inhabitaati to be aolealnl by bis presence. The leave wai granted ; but acarcaly had he reached the desired spot for refreshmunt and repoao, before ha raeairad Information from the A i?rie? settlements, and bv exproesos from onr consul at Monte rov, that General Caitro ?n preparing to attack him witn a comparatively large force of artillery, cavalrr, and infhntry, open the pretext that, under the cover of a scientific mission, he waa exciting the American settle re to revolt In view of this danger, and to be m a cdndition to lapel an attack, he then took a position on a mountain overlooking Monterey, at a distance of about thirty as ilea, entrenched it, raised the flag of the United States, and with hie own mea, sixty-two in number, awaited the approach of the commandant general. From the 7th to the 10th of March, Colonel Fremont and hia little band maintained their position. Oeaerel Caetro did not approach within attacking distance, nn<i Colonel Fremont, adhering te hie plan of avoiding all collision*, and determined neither to comproasit his kovernmentner the American settlers, ready to join him at all bacards if ho had been attacked, abandoned his po?i tion and commenced his march for Oregon, intending, by 'hat route, to return to the United Htate*. Deeming all danger front the Mexicane to be paajed, ho yielded to the wishes of some of hia men, who desired to remain in fee country .discharged them from his service and refuaed to receive othere to their steed?so oantious waa he to avoid doing anything which would compromit the Americas settlers, or glvo even a color of oflaac* to the Mexican authorities. He panned hia march slowly and leisurely, ae the state of hia mea aad horses required, until the middle of May, and had leeched the noithern shore o! the greater Tlamath Lahe, within the limits of the Oregon territory, whoa he fouad hie Author progrese in that direction obstructed by impassable snowy moaatains and hostile Indiana, who had been excited agai st him by Ueneral Castro, had killed and wounded four of hit men, and left him no repose either in eaaw or on his march At the same time, infoimation reached him that Ueneral Castro, in addition to hit Indian allies, was advansing in parson against him with artillery and cavalry, at the hoadof lour or five hundred men-, that they were passtng around the head of the bav of San Francisco to a rendezvous on the north tide otjt, and that the American eeUietvialhe valley of the Hacrainecto were comprehended in the acheme of destruction meditated muuit hia own party. Under these eircumstanccs, he determined to turn upoa his Mexican pursuers and seek safety, both for hi* ow? party and the American settlers, not merely in the defeat of Castro, but in the total overthrow of the Mexican authority ia California, and the establishment of an independent government in that exteneive detriment? It wee on the 6ih of Jane, an.l before the commencement ?f the war between th? United Statea and Mexico could have been there known, that thle resolution wu taken, and br the Sth July it wai carried Into effect by a erica of rapid attacka by a email body of adventurous men under the conduct of an intrepid leader, quick to peaceive, and able to direct the proper meaiurea for accompli ahinf such daring enterpriseOn the lith June, a convey oltwo hundred horaea for Castro's cam. with an officer and fourteen men, were surprised and captured by twelve of Fremont'I party; on the IMh, at day break, the military poet of Sanoma wee aleo surprised and teken, with nine braai cannon, two hundred and fifty stand of mucketa, and aeveral officers, and some men aud munitions of war. Leaving a saaall garrison in Sanoma, Colonel Fremont went to the Secramento to rouae the American settlors; bnt scarcely had he arrived there, when an express reached him (rom the garrieoa at Sanoma, with information that CMtro'a wbeie force wes crossing the bay to attack that place. This intelligence was received in the afternoon of the M'l June, while he wee on the American fork of the 9*rrsm<>i>to, eighty milee from (he little garrieon at Sanoma, and at 'J o'clock on the morning oi the Utb be arrived at 'hat place with ninety riflemen fioin tho American tettlers in that valley. Tho enemy had not yet appeared ; scout* were sent out to recem.itre. sod a party of twenty fall in with a squadron of seventy dragoons, (all of Castro's force which had crossed the bay,) attacked and defeated H, killing and wounding Ave, without harm to themselves?the Mexican commander. Do la Torre, barely eeceping, with the lose of hia transport boett, asd nine pieces of brnee artillery spiked The country north of the bay of Sski Francisco being cleared of tho enemy Colonel Fremont returned to tano ma on the evening?/ the 4th of Jaly, awl on the momtat j'?* Mh etilod the pespts together, explained to them the conditio* o? things hi the province, end recom mended an immediate deems eUei ot ksdopemlsncr Tho ?SB?J 1 ... .gggHSBBBB W YO V YORK, SUNDAY MOI THE DANS! 4^yRfc - - 7" -r. *":* '"_S - - . m 7 . . u - :- - --* - --. m 7"1 ? " : v 4s they Appear at the Park Vheal declaration wu made, and he wu (elected to take th< chief direction of affair*. The attack on Castro wu the next object He was a Santa Clara, an entrenched pout on the upper er soutt side of the bay of San Francisco, with 400 man and twe piece* of field artillery. A circuit of more than an hun dred miles must be traversed to reach bim. On the 6tt of July the puriuit wu commenced by a body of 161 mounted riflemen, commanded by Colonol Fremont li person, who, in three day* arrived at the American set llement* on the Rio de lot Amtricntio*. Here he learn that Castro had abandoned Santa C lira; and was retreat ing south towards Cuidud dt < * Jlngelti, (the City of th< Angel*,) the seat of tne governor genornl of the Califor mas; and distant four hundred miles. It was iastantlj resolved on to pursue him to that place. At the momen of departure the gratifying intelligence was receive* that war with Mexico had commence 1; that Monterey had been taken by our naval force and the flag of th< United States there raised on the 7th of July ; and tha the fleet would co-operate in the pursuit of Castr< and his forces. The flag of independence was haulec down, and that of the United States hoisted amidst tb< hearty greetings and to the great joy of tha America! settlers and the forces under the command of Colone Fremont. The combined pursuit was rapidly continued, and or the 13th of August, Commodore Stockton and Colone Fremont, with a detachment of marines from the squad ron and some riflemen, entered the City of the Augelswithout resistance or objection, the Governor General Pico, the Commandant General, Castro, and all the Mex ican authorities having fled and dispersed. Commodore Stockton took possession ol the whole country as a con quest of the United State*, and appointed Colonel Fre mont govornor under the law of nation*, to assume t'a< function* of that office when be should return to the (quad ron. Thus, in the abort space of sixty day* from the firs1 decisive movement, this conquest was achieved, by I small body of men, to an extent beyond their own axpec tation ; for tho Mexican authorities proclaimed it a con quest, not merely of tte northern part, but of the wholt province of the California*, The Commandant Oeoeral, Castro, on the 9th of Au gust, from his camp at the Mesa, and next day " on thi ioid to Senora." announced this result to the people, to gether with the actual flight and dispersion of the torme authorities; and at the same time he officially commnni cated the fact of the conquest to the French, Kngli'h and Spanish consul* in California; and, to crown th? whole, the oflicial paper of the Mexican government, oi the Irtth of October, in laying the?e official commnnica tions before the public, introduced them with the em phatic declarat on ?" The loss of the California* is con summatod." Tho whole province was yielded up to th< 1'nited State* and i* now in our military occupancy. A small part ef the troopa sent out to subject this province will constitute, it is presumed, a sufficient forcc to re'air our possession, and the remainder will be disposable lot other ot'iects of the wur. In the foregoing remark* I have preaented to youi consideration tbc deitination and operation of the public force* *ince the commencement ot the war with Mexico Whan It* fxiatence wai recognaed by Congresain Msj laat, our entire military force, then atatianed at differeni point* in our widely -extended country, did not excrei 7,640 man. Our preparation for a large expanaion of thi army, and particularly for carrying on military opera tiom beyjni our territorial limit*, were, in many re pecta, quite deficient. Such a* were demanded to meel the want* of an army auddeoly augmented from 7,t><U> to more than 30 000 men, to be *.'.nt loith on aeveral dilt'er unt and diitant expeditioni, could not at once be made. The dutiea of tni* department hare bean, line* the commencement of the war, arduou* and embarrassing and ita unremitted effort* have been directed to ditch arg ing them in toe manner best calculated to facilitate the operation* ot our farce* in tbe field. To tho^e force* be longa the merit of tft* auccn**e* which have attend?* their movementa, and theae *ucce*?** arc not inconaider able. By the operation* of the land an 1 naval foreea w< ere n">w in military poeaesaion of the department of Tau mnolipaa, of the right bank of the Rio Grande for tevera, hundred mile* from it* mouth, end of the department o Now Leon. Coahnili and Chihuahua are, in effect, wrested from the control of Mexico; all Mexican autho tity, both civil and military, has been displaced iu New Mexico and the California*, and t!ie*c large and impor tant province* are in our q<ti?t occupation. Such are toe achievement* of our arm* within tbe ihort peri'd nl even month* from the cuannenoewer.t of a war, auddrnly forced upon u*. when our lorce in tha field waa leu than three thousand effective men, with a hostile urnij of double it* numerical strength prepared to a-*ail it and exulting in the confident hope of a decisive victory. But a* our enemy i* not yet diapoeed to offer or liituu to any term* for peace, it i* necessary that 1 should pre sent to you some view* in relation to the further pro** cution of the war. Authority waa given at th? la*i leaaioti of Congrca* t? lacreaae the rank and file of the regiments in the rcgulai service to more than double the former number Trompi mea?ur?s were taken to piocura recruit*, but they hati not boon attended with the doaiied effect. When filled up to the maximum allowed by law and executive ap probation, our regular force will be 16,SOT officer* and men; but it docs not now exceed 19,300 The want o hotter suovess in recruiting i*, f apprehend, mainly tc be aacribed to the large number of volunteer* which hai in the meantime been called out The roluntoor HtriM i* regarded generally by enr citizen* as preferable t? that iu the regular army; and a* long a* volunteer* art expected to bo called lor, it will bo difficult to fill tha rank* of regular regimen'*, ttolea* additional Inducement* arc otlured. or tlie term* of service modified. A mall pecuniary bountyglven at the time of enliatment oi land at the end of the term of service, would, (4 i* be lioved have a inojtbcnefi-ral effect. Prabably an equally favoiable result would flow from anuesing a condition fc< the proiant period of *erricn, allowing the recruit to ba discharged at the end of the present war. It i* pre timed there are many thousand patriotic citizen* who would cheerfully er.tsr tne set vice for the war, If they could return to the pursuit* of civil lite at itacloie. It i* not possible to foretell with muah precuion what number of troop* the exigencies of tho war may require for tha etxuinjr yoar. The estimate* presented to tho .Secretary of the Treasury have boon made upon the preient establishment of tlie regular troop* wholly tilled up, giving a total force of i?,*J4, excluiive of enliated men of oTdnsnco ; upon ton additional regiment* to be raised to *erve to tha and or the war, wbicn will amount to 0.390; and upv?. a contingent lorce of t*n thouunt volunteer*, to ho organized under exiitiog law*, and called into (crvico if needed. The volunteer* who have encountered tho enemy in the proeent campaign have more than juttified the high expectation* formed of thi* description of troop*, btat it i* no dieparagrasent to them to **y that a regular force i* to be preferred in a war to be proaecnted in a foreign country. Beaide*, oonaiJeration* of economy are decidedly in favor of troop* engaged to icrre during the war. I am moat solicitous that this subject should receive the early attention of ( eagre *,and a bo ly of troop* to (crve for the war mar be raised to take the place 01 tho*e volunteer* who will claim a discharge at the end of their year'* earvice. Those who are now in the Bel l, with the exception of on* regiment aontoutto California, entered the service under the alternative of continuing in it for twelve mon,lj*, or to tha end of the war, and it ia presumed thay will have tbo right?at all eventa they will have the permission. if they claim the right?to retire from tbe service at tha end of that period, which will expire alwut the first of June next Nine regiment* and one battalion of volunteera have been recently called for from varioti* Male* to serve to the end of tha war, and the information receive 1 at the Department give* the aerarance thit these requisition* will bo promptly and ohoerfnily complied wiui The efficiency of the regular troop* in the field ba* been much itepeired for the want of oflksora, especially regimental field oScera. In many instance* it appear* that in the l at tie* which have boon fought, officers of the lineal rank of captain have commanded regiments, and.

ol course, companies hove b?en deprived ot the oom Tiand of theeo to whom it properly ^longed. Many of the re gimenul field officers, by reason of dtaabiUty, cannot IRK T: tNING, DECEMBER 13, 18 EUSE 7IENN01SE, ; . ^ . ^ ;'- t * re in the Celebrated "Fas de Fletxra." t perform service in bo active campaign The recruiting < sorvice, and appointments In the staff which are required ti t to be taken from the line, and, in manv instances, their c< i lineal rank retained, necessarily withdraw a large nnm- fc ) l?-ir of oSl^orn from their appropriate command* in the % field. The letters of the Adjutant General of the SOth 01 i of July, with the nccompan) ing report of the 31it of p< ) that month, herewith transmitted, will ihow the number tl i of ragimonUl field officers permanently disabled for ac. si tire service, and the number necessarily detached on ti t other duties. Less than ono-third of them were at that time available far service with their regiment*. Even ei > In regard to captains and subalterns, the service **f- tc fers In the sttme way to a considerable extent. As a par- 1> r tial remedy for this evil, I would reoommend that Con- ti t gresa should be asked to authorise the appointment tl 1 of auadlitional Major to each regiment in^ie regu- fc r lar establishment. Such a change in the present or- o i ganization of the regiment* is not a novelty; it is only o< t restoring what ha* been usual in time of war. In the oi > war of filli each regiment had two Major*; and *uch, c< I it I* believed, i* the case in the military establishments t of other countries. I am quite sure (he necessity for vi i it could never be mora urgent than it i* at this time y< I in our regular regiments But this would onlr be a mitigation of the evil to which I have referred. The ser- to i vice must c.entinu* to aufl'er detriment until some plan is tii 1 devised to withdraw from their nominal commands ti those who aie incapacitated to discharge their appro- tb - priatn duties, and to prevent the actual command from 10 , uciujf devolved upon officers of inferior grade, who have, th - alio, iu another p**itiou, their appropriate duties to per- ni i form. It is for tho host intercut of the public service hi - that each officer should be employed, as far a* practica- ni - hie, ic performing the duties properly appertaining to rj i this rank When it is seen, not as an aausual thing, tha ol ) colonels ar* taken from their regiments to command it brigades, captains from their companies to command re- tl t giments, anil companies left in charge of the lowest hi i grnde of commissioned officers. 1 am quite certain, aiid it tc - tuny b? said without diiparagament to those put in com- hi . mau-l so much above thwir rsnk, that a state of things ui i exists ta tha amy Uetrtctiug graatly from its efficiency, g anl denumiiug correction. The plan MiggesUd by the late commanding general of w , the army (Major General Macomb,) in his annual re- p - port of 1&37, would, it is Lelieved, if carried into effect, v r remove, to a great extent, the evils here presented, and, q . as it seem* te be ene which ha* met with most favor, n , and against which the fewest objections have been urged, t > I would respectfully recommend it to favorable consulei ration. It proposes to withdraw from command such of h ficer* as have Vcoms snperanuated or incapacitated, r continuing to them only their monthly pay, and giving to ii those who snscecd to the command the other allowance* ai to wtiich the former are now entitled by existing law*. L Thus,a colonel who had become incapacitated frotr. age, tl I or any other cause, would retire on the full pay of his ft, i rank, without nny other emolument*; the lieutenant n r colonel, highest in rank, would succeed to the vacancy. it with the rank of colonel, aud receive only the pay of p r lieutenant colonel, with tbo emoluments of the colonel, e who would lie withdrawn. So tho major who would, l v liromotion. become lieutenant colonel, would receive n r the pay of nwjor and the emoluments of lieutenant cola- jj t uel and llio neoior captain, ia like mjuncr, would re t; I ceive ilio riuik of major, with the pay of captain and r< i emoluments of major; uuJ so with the other grades' in i( succession Should tliia sugge lion be adopted it would ti be pr?|>er that the moda for ilesiguatiug the officers to be n t withdrawn from service should be regulated Wjr law, in pi i such a manner that their disability snail ba fairly and tc lully as-.-ortainod. (; Many offences, and soma of them of tho gravest character, may bo committed by our troops and person* con- bi nected with tlie army, which are not by express provi- ;r ' aious of law within the jurisdiction of any military u tribunal- Such ounces, when committed within the m limits of the United States, are relerred to the laderal or tt j Stale coons, ani the offandar* are turned over to thorn > for trill and punishment ; but when perpetrated in the 0| enemy j country, temporarily in possession of our army, gj ' it is very doubilul whether thete ia now any mode of c J punishing the criminals There may not be any civil c f tribnaal to which the case* can be referred, and the mi- u litary courts declioeto take oogniztnoe of them , under ri ' the belief that tney have no legal right to do ao. Without some authority to punish such crimes great r injury will necMsarily result This impunity to offenders n ' is alike pernicious in its clients upon the interests of the j, . publio service, and upon the right* and persons of our own citizens belonging to or employod with the army, aa ai ' well a* upon those of the inhabitants of tbe country tem- t[ poiarily occupied by our Uoops In such a sute of Q! tuings, it is scarcely possible Umt tho guarantee* of pio- ,, ' tectum, made by tbe oirectiaa of our government, can be tl: fully executed. I therefore lecommend tuat courts-mar- ^ tial, or ioma military tubunal, to be organized by the w geueral ia command, should be vested, by express pro- rl vision of law. with authority to try offences committed j? beyond the limits of the United States, and withiu tha 0 , district ol couutiy in the actual occupancy of our mil 1- ti r tary forces, where there aie no civil or criminal courts, c or none but those of tho enemy, to which the offenders [ can be delivered up lor trial and punishment, _ g The act of Coagreu authorizing the acceptance of tbe " I services of volunteers, provide* tuat they shall furnish ti f thuir owu clothing, and receive therefore commutation ia * > money. It was determined that those flrat called out In i were entitled by law to be paid in advanee for one year's lj i clothing, and each volunteer received forty-two dollars -A i on being mustered into tho |*ervJce Till* *nm waa not < i always appropriated for clothing, and many of them soon '< i became ,.o destitute a> to suffer ia their health, and, in other ies|>ects, to be scarcely fit for service. To this tl cause, in no inconsiderable degree, is to ba aacribed the (l great disparity of sickcess between the volunteers and Cl til* regular troops, the latter being well clothed by the goveriiiii. ut, and comparatively much more healthy. If jB i paid in advance, there is danger that the commutation m i money will not be applied to the proper object, or not tr . judiciously applied ; end if withheld until earned, thoae i entering the svTTice will no*, bo able, in many cases, to (; procure a needful supply, and con*e(jneatly will suffer lor tlie want tliereoi, or be obliged to pay enormous pl prices To ram-dy the?e inconveniences, i recommend tuat the present law in this reipect should be altered, and v tuat the uppioprialiou for clothing should be enlarged, m and tbe government required to prouide a supply far the voluutetn, and lurnisa it to them at cost, In lieu of the 1 ?' allowance in money, now directed to be paid; and that >M no money in lieu of clothing should be paid, unless the e( commanding officercf the company to which the soldiar ri lieloncs shall cartifv that he ia well sUDnlied with nroner w. clo tiling m With a fiiw to bring to your particaUr notice the t, Impactions of the aeveiiil branches of the public service iH connected with this department daring the laat year, I c, herewith tranamit the report* mado to me by the chief of- * Acer* in charge of then. These report* will show that ta the dutiei of each here been discharged with industry, fidelity and skill. In most of them suggestion* are made 0i lor changes which can be effected only by the acuou of u, Congress. I have not been disposed to yield with facility B( to these suggestions, but some of them are deemed by c? in.- >1 I to remedy uxiitio* evil?, or tu improve rr, the efficiency ot ths servico, that a sense ol duty urges M me not only to notice, but to coraownd them to favorable th consideration. tl, With a proper feeling againat an overgrown military ti< establishment, constant eflorts have l>aen made, through a long penoj ol peace with which tiiis country was blesieit, to reduce all the branches of il to the lowest Cl point compatible with the very moderate wants of tran- Bl ijliil times i but the intervention of a state ol war renders ro it not only ueceskary to arrest this process of rednction, p, hut to provide for the greatly increased demand* result- m ing from thi* important change. The modifications which seem to ma to be required h, will be briefly noticed in my remarks npon these softer- i0 dinate depai tments ; the usefulness or necessity lor se. th vsrai of them are stated more at large in the accompany ? i um reports. y, Our peaceful relations with those foreign powers who |h could command the means ol assailing us, particularly th on our seaboard, are now better settled than when i *ul>- th mittad my 'eat annual report. This consideration, toga- at ther with the anticipation of Urge expenditures in pro- p, rERA 46. scuting the existing war, hu led to greatly reduced esmate? for fortiflcstion* and defensive works on our sasts and inland frontier!. The appropriation* mainly ir these object*, at the last session of Congress, were 1,800,000. The estimate* of the next year amount to sly $495,600 The leveral obiect* to which it in proused to apply this sum are specifically enumerated in te report of the chief engineer, together with the conderations which have prevailed In presenting these esmates. The act authorizing the enlistment of a company of agineer soldiers, usually called sappers, miners and poniniers, passed on the 16th of May; Dut they could not e organized in season to take a part in the late operaons of the army; they are, however, now with it. Of leir great utility there can be no reasonable doubt. :ach large body of troops, operating at distance from then, ought to be uttended by such corps, aad the reommeodaUen ef the chief engineer to enlarge it by two r three additional companiei, Is entitled to a favorable jnsideration. For information in regard to the employment and (ericas of the topographical engineers, I respectfully refer ou to the report of the chief of the corps. To some extent erroneous notions prevail in relation i the duties of this cor|>s. It is supposed that these du*s are not esientiallv connected with military opera ons ; that when its officers are employed with the army ley aro only -engaged in labors which aprroprlately be>ng to en?in?ers ; and that, though in fact embraced in le organization of tiie army, they are but civil engigor?. This a mistaken view of the subfsct. They ive appropriate and important military duties with an rmy in the field, and their presence and aid are auxiliar to its succcssful operation*. The report of the chief f the corps show* that most of the officers belonging to are now on duty with the army. Ho great has been le demand for them for military service, that all but one sve been withdrawn from the coast survey and assigned i duty with the different division* of our force*. They sve participated in the arduous labors of the campaign, id won fbr ttiomielves a fair share of the honor and lory oi eeitievee)eat*. The burden of increased dutie* resulting from a atate f war has home heavier upon the Ordnance Bureau, robably, than apon any other branch of the public aerice connected with thu department, except that ol the [uartermsiter General. It cannot be expanded so as to eet the superadded demands upon it without the autlioity of Congress. The officer in charge of this bureau has pointed out in is report the inadequacy of its present organization, and uggeeted such an enlargement as will aiake it effiricut t the present emergency. It is proposed to give it the ime organization, as to the rank and number of officers, that of the corps of engineers. 1 am fully convinced lat the service is embarrassed inconsequence of the deciency of ordnance ofllcers, and would respectfully reew the recommendation, made at the la*t session, for an icrease of them. That suggested in the ordnance reart would not, in my judgment, be more than th? public aigency at this time demand*. It i* proper that 1 ahould direct your attentisn to the sport* of the Paymaster-Oeneral an I Surgeon-General oth urge the neccs?ity of a further aid, to enable them > execute in a satislactory manner the duties of their sspective departments, increased as they are by the irge number of troops in the field, ana the different tiesnations of them. There is no doubt that the ineonveiences and embarrassments in these branches of tha ubil: aervice are ol aucu magnitude and importance u ? claim tlie attention and receivo the favorable notice of ongrea*. Tno defisiency in the modical stair with the army hat ten the tukjact of repeated complaint* by our command>K generala. A regard to the comfort or the troop*, at ell a* the rood of the tervice, requires that the departicnt thould have the power to remove the cauMi of tern. Conaiderationa of economy alao commend thi* ibject to the favor of Congreaa. Where the attendance f army aurgpona and aaaiatanta cannot be obtained, phyiciana in private lile are employed ; and tha amount of Uima againat the government lor their aervicet far exeeda the pay and emolument* which the additional numer a<ked lor iu tlio report of the Surgeon-Ocneral would aceive. Aa the mnnagement of the mineral lamia baa been deolved upon one of tiia military bureaua of thia departlent, it i* proper that I ahould briefly notice tha auh>ct. ao far aa ret*tea t> tho operation* of the laat year. From the lat of October, 1 nih, to the time whan the zlo( Congre?tof the lltb July laat became known to >e agonU of the govornment, tix hundred and twenty do lea??a wete granted. Of theae, two hundred and inety-two will expire Itefore the earlieat day fixed far te tale oftha leaacd lan la. aud the remainder before the, rat of August next. Tho small number aince granted 'ill expire on the nale of the premitea, The amount of ?nt received during the year ending the Mth of tteptemar, exceed* the expenaea of management by tha aum [ fL>,7B4 16 ; and ttie cxceat of receipt* over expend!iret far the whole timo the lead mlnct have been in hargo of the department it $>84,903 07. On the 17th of July, 1346,tha department aiupeoded tha ranting of permita for location' in the upper region bout Lake superior, but continued to execute leaaaa on toee ia*ned prior to that period, until the 6th day of lay laat, when it wa? decided by you that the exiatinc iw< did not authorite loam for Una kind of mineral md. Since the latter period none ha* bean executed ? a the mining operations in the copper region have sarcely become productive to the leaaee*, very little mt ha* yat been received. The attention ofOongma* wa? directed to thi* *ubject, id the view* of the department, *agg**ting the neceaty of legialation thereon, were preeented in aeveral >mtnunicationa laid before that bodv at tha laat aeaon. Tho ore in thia part ot the public domain 1* rich and lexhauatihle, and, under proper management, might be >ade to contribute co inconsiderable turn to tha public eatury. The number of penaion agenc.ie* 1* forty four, exclave of tgenclee for navy pentiont, and the number o( inaioneit to be paid it about twenty thouaanl. Two ymenta are made to each in every year The law retcribtng the mode of paying penaione, a* it atood preon to th? 6'.h of Angtut laat, doclarea " that tweh payentt thall be hereafter made at auch tiatea and placea, y nek ptraoua or corporaliona, and under auch regutioua aa the Secretary of War may direct; but no com anaation or allowance thall be made to auch peraen* or >r|K>rationN tot making auch payment*, without authotv of law." Under thi* law, which expreacly w ith>lda compenaation, the main. If not tbe onlv, induceent for pcriona to accept agenciet, war* the inoidental I vantage* derived from tha occaaional balance* of pub. b money in thair haad*. Nearly all of them are offlira ol. or intereated in, bank*?have uae 1 bank* for delaitoriee, and derived aid from then in the diacharge of ir dutiea. The aixth taction of " the act to provide far tho hotter ganizatton of the treaanry, and for tha collection, aafa tranaiar, and (lieburtemeut ot Um public rare- | ia," M?ni to eonteaptela the employ meat ef the offl ire therein named an i|tnU for paying nad<K i, ami ' ndert it doubtful whether thote hilhorte employed w* it aupereeded. Bat ti there he authority to continue j era, the department ia edvlied that in mott iaatancea y wiU daeline Iheir agendo* Ainleaa torn* compeaaa- , M cut be aUowad lor their eervioee l'bt restriction* impoaad by tha act referred ta have 1 ipuveJ tnem of moat of tha facilitief thay had in eia> uing their datica, and of all tha refultio* ad van1 age*, >4 at tha eame time randarad the*? dutje* mora onaua. L*rider the*? cireuraitance*, it la not to b? axictad that thay would remain a* agent*, if tha law periUad it, with tha heavy responsibility imposed In moit ca?a? tha ofllram upon whom theaa dutial may i devolved by tha ect of tha ?th of Auguat, cannot perim thaw without aaawtaoca Legation, therefore,upon ia eubiact lie* become lalnpenaeble. If the collecting ' id di*r>ur*iug ofllrera mentioned in tha ?i*th aectieu of at set are to be chaired with thi* mparadded dntr, my muit be authoriaed to procure a**i*tanca to enabia j am to perform it, ar if It ia to be executed by other*, ay muit be allowed reaaoaabie romp* nea lion to an la tha department to procure thair earrktee. Aa the ierjkle oooth, I teapectfaily recommend that autbo L. D. Prtct Two Owtti rity kliuulJ l>e given to continue tho present agents, or appoint others in their placet, and that rnuoniblt com pensation be allowed for tbair services Immediate action on this aubject ia urged Tha naat payment it to be made on tho 4th of March, and It will require tome tine to place tho roqniaita fond* ia the handa of tha aeveral agents, particularly thoae In remote States and Territoriea. By the report of the Commiaaioner of Indian Aflhirs, and thoie by tha Indian agenta which accompany it. you will ba informed of the complicated and important tranaactions of the laat yoar in that extenaive branch of tha public service. Since the laat annual report, 1,414 Indiana have been removed from the eaat to tho weat of the M iaaiuippi river, conaiating principally of tho Choctawi from the State of Missiaeippi, and the Miamioa from Indiana. About two hundred aleo bare boon reasoved from the State of New York. By the lit 'Of June it la expected tbat the remaining Choctawa will have loft tho State of Mississippi, and joined their proiperoua brethren ia the wait. By the treaties concluded with tho Kanaaa, and tha kindred bauds of Chippewai, Ottawaa, and Fottawataaiiaa, a common home haa been provided for tho latter, whan they oan unite and raaido together with a community of interests ; and thus it ia hoped tho cauaea of jealousy and dissatisfaction among them will bo removed. Tha treaty with the Cherokeas nas, so far. had tha happiest effect in putting a stop to violence and bloodshed among them, and there ia reason to believe it will effectually heel tho bitter feuds, political and domestic, which have jo lone distracted that tribe. No t a murder or outiage, pNTitwlv of auch frequent occurrence, baa been reported lioce the equitable and judicious provisions of the treaty war* made known among them. Thoae who had fled for refuge to Arkansas and Missouri from j ustly apprehended violence and outrage, are returning to their homee to resume their wonted pursuita ; and a commendable spirit among all partus seems to be cherished, to forget tneir punt dissensions, and to become a united and prosperous community. An important treaty haa been recently negotiated at this place with the Winnebago Indians, by which, if ratified, the United Statea will acquire all the land owned or claimed by thia tribe in Iowa, estimated at several millions of acres, and knewn to be of excellent quality. This troaty, and that with the Chippewas, Ottawa*, and Pottawatamiea, whan their provisions are tally executed, which may be done, at farthest, in the course of two years, will entirely free Iowa from an Indian population, and open tor unobstructed settlement and cultivation a laige extent of valuable country, laat ooming into demand by the reason of the rapid increase of that young and rising State. The removal thence to their new homes will tree our citizena in that State from a fruitful aource of annoyance, and the Indiana from the bad Influences incident to their proximity to a whit* population. The government could give no higher proof of ita solicitude to promote the welfare of the Indian tribea than the care it haa taken to provide funds for the purpoeea of education, and to secure them from being diverted to other objects. Particular attention haa boon directed to the eitabliahment of manual labor achools among thorn, aa the moat suitable and successful moans of educating aod christianizing them, and Inspiring them with a taste tor the purauita of agriculture and the mechanic arts. The department ia under obligationa, which it takea pleasure in acknowledging, to several Christian aaeocianona, lor the valuable assistance they have rendered in carrying out this meesure of improvement The schools of this description, now established, have produoed, and promise to produce, results so beneficial and aatiafaotory, that the department will continue to increase them as fast as the Indians can be induced to conaent and cooperate in the measure, and aa the means at ita dispooal will permit The views of the commissioner on thia subject, and particularly In respect to the importance and benefit to the Indiana of concentrating, aa much aa possible, the expenditure of the funda in their own oountry, for their improvement in education, agriculture, and Ibo mechanic arta, appear to bo wiao and Jtidiootu, and to merit special commendation. Respectfully submitted, W. L. MARCT. To the President of tho United States. TO SILK MANUFACTURERS AND OTHERS. TO be told, with immediate poasessioe, the Vactoriee, Buildings, and Machinery, with water privilege, situate in Tolland county, Conaertient, two milea from Maasleld four comers, and equal v distant (tweoty-fi.e milee) from the ciiiea of Hartford and Norwich, known aa the Daleaville Silk factory. The property consists of two factoriea, one IN fset bv IS, two stories each, oft feet pitch, the other M feet by M, two tones each, of feet pitch, and wheel houae beneath, roar Urge boarding houses, with six other tenements; two commodious stores, one of which is now doing a profitable baaiaees. Four it od barns, and other oat build, and aboutWacrae of land, well propoitioned, consisting of good paatnrags, mowing and wood. The Factories are now, and have been for eight yean, ia .nccessful operation,aad replete withcoovemencee.poeeeaelog superior dye bouse, with steam apparatus, (new aad complete) also two sett of machinery, which may be takea or not, at the option ol the purchaser. Tne Water Privilege is uneqnalled in the State, the milla n?ver having been stopped by the longeet drought. All the buildings have been erected within 10 years, the greater part within I years, at a cost of 9M,(M aid are all ia Stat mo to pair and condition. _ There is great probability of the contemplated New Tow and Boston Rail Road puaing through tho land of this aetato, or in its immediate neighborhood, which would greatly ant hance ita value Farther aad fall particu lars may be had by applyiag to dtdm'r VY3K fc SONS m Karl etTN.Y. N~ w TAH1FF. IN view of the reduction of the Tariff, wbteh takea place thia day, and to keeppaee with the apmt of the age. Was. T- Jennings It Co., American Hotel, willreduee tneprices of their Clothing in like proportion. Ther have now oa lundalarge auo splendid assortment of Clptns, Caaaimeree, and Vestings; also, a large aaaortmeatof first quality toady made Clothing, fancy Dress articles, under clothing, Ac., he. urnunnro in want ui articiea ue lnvneu to mwn our aaaortment. dl Iw rrc OAJ?T U>? CJ.OTilim? AINU JTUJUMllUlUk WANTED. f AD IKS or OeitliMi having ur nwtiNi at cm off Li cloth ins or furniture to diapoea of, iu obtain a fair cub price for the ami, br applying to the nWefiW, at h? reaidenee, or throagb the post oSee, which will be IMNHllT .Uraded to. M R. COHEN, If Da*M M. N. B. Ltdin nan be attended to by Mn. M. 8. Cefcaa. nlft lm<n LEFT OtfF WAKDROtfE AND FURNITURE WANTED. LAnion OB OKNTLKMEN havia? nfHiou ibcu to diapoag of, anch u Wearing Apparal, Fnrnitare, Ik , e?a obuia a (air oaab pme for (ha mm, br aeadiag tm the jbteribar, throngt. tba Po? OOce. or MlmwiK. who will attend at tbeii reatdencea. J. LKVENBTYtI, d? lm*t TWINES 6> RA BALKS luialiah Bridgport,Seine. Herring, OiU Nat ?>0\J and Hail TWINES. cowpriaiag a complete aaaortment, from 5H to M lb*. Tliete Twinea ara wall kaown, Iiaving bcaa mnnnlactnred ol materials wall aelected aad with ><> greatest tare eipreaaly for tbia markat. For etraagth aad durability, thay ara noaurpaaaed. Thay bate bcaa imported for a nntnhcr of yean, and have invariably given the greatest aatiaf<ction. For lata u lots to nit jmraba**ri by d? K K. COLLI *8 It CO , M Booth at. MUSIC. BALLS AND PRIVATE PARTIES farciabed with tba Violin, Harp and Piano Forte, or any number of laatniinenti. The maaic aelected from the meat fashionables Opera'a. By K. AYL1KKE, 8. AYLIFKE, J. AYLlFFEaad O. AVLIVFK, Brother*, Profeesors, No'. 117 Elm atreat comer of Howard. d) lm*r MU?IC.-.VltW( UAVTrt rtiMitlvlly Miow eea, that aba continues wring lessens daily on the Piano Forte, and alio hinging in she English, French, and Italian atria, with an easy method of acquiring the aceompanimantato UM voice. Ladies preferring it can be stteaded at thai! aw* reaidencea. For tarma, he., apply at ITS Mott ttreet. bM Im re LESSONS Tf5 SlN(JiNl>, IN ENULlSH, ITALIAN, FRENCH OR GERMAN. MK. JULES HECHT, of the Conservatoire da Mnaiqae at Brussels, begs leave to inform bia fnnnds aad the p?Wlic m general, that be u now prepared to give laasona in staging in either of the above languages. at hia raaideaca, IU Leonard afreet, or that of hia pupils.. Messrs. O. Ltdar, W. Srharfeuberg, H. C.Tiram and C.W. Beames, have kindly permitted to reler to them as to hi* absliuee ae aa artist aad teacher. Pleaae apply to C. F. Hovar, Ml Broad way, aad Hchsrfenber* h Lais. Ml Broadway all lm*rh ACCORDI()N T AUGHT L JACOBS, Teacher of the French Aaeoedioa, aaa take a few more tiapila for nia winter claaa. Ii applieatioi ti made aooo. Hehasjuat issued a new book, compel wag a aelVction ol popular air*, with valaable laatraetioaa for the instrument. founded on a practice of eight TNra. Apply at the original Accordiea aad Maaiaal lntramnil Irirnt. where terma will be made knowa. 55 Chatham at, nIT lm*rre Owaaita Chamber *tCHEAP SUGARS. HfcAr DUUAU?J. U. VOWler, WM4 ?i Urefawiem J midt? V?ht etreet, hu io atare a litfe nock or whit* and brown hiui, which he is aelliai M radaead JHIMa. New Orleana ouf*.r 3* M ud 4a 7 I be; St. Croit to H;iaM do Je; Smurt't yellow W cnM; eniM lotf ll IlK Mttti brown KirutfM u4l cnu. (irocera ud lu*t woald do well to aire man a call. Alao a iiatnl Mtomwt of Orocariae, Vrail a. he ! ** MATIVttAl. iTUJU?"MU?0 0U*i*AKlf. agsEj&~5w5tea.,iStt! price M eeata. Tin mo?i liberal diacoaat la aa4a U tba trade, a* >11 battel paelithed by tba t'atyr lilw'w National publishing oompamy. del on pa par, flmwif and aolwand to the m> Tbia autol. oa Arat view, preeaata the badv of a mm . By niaing ih# front wall of riieVdy, tba iatocOaee awd ritaie ara diacorarrd Tbaae ara amto meed, m4 diacoyer tba d??aected heart. The face cuticle u Oaa raMored, and the braia nad neryoaa eyateaa ara preceated to tfcw, and fta ally, tba whole beiac lilted, the back md apiaal aectiaoa are aawhole plate U aaa af tba BMat carlo aa tbiata em conceived. The baok ta aaballiebad with a naabaotrpe etehinf af the author rnbli.hed by the NATIONAL PUBUMflNO COMT4 T. Hontb-eaat corner Mb aad Cbaataat ate., Philadelphja. Retail pricefl ? ^ . l i e moat oberal diaeoaat node to tba trade, CM all beebe publiabad hy tba Natioaal Pnhlialmn ''oatpaay alt l?a*re f k-AmUWrtTrtuMWT kc. JOHN CATTNArH. THaak Maaah^rpa^ No. I WaU treat, comer of Broadway. hae now oa bead and cuaatoMIt auklnc, a took a?aort??nt of Troake, Vallaea, Carpet TUT.4 b Aateriaaa or Earopaaa Trtrel, aad NrtWMmw foe tba Kreafh Mailt P?tir. . O'dcra for the Wrtt ladice. Soath A-aenca, be , tiled with deader eh.