Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 14, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 14, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. M TorJt, Mondkjr, Urctmbcr 14, IMA. THE ANNUAL PICTORIAL HERALD, THE ILLU8TRATED HISTORY OP THB &I3ZI0AIT SOT1CM to agksjts. The Annual Pictorial Holiday Hrrald, o( which we hare already spoken, will bo ready for sale on Thuraday next, before which day we wiah agents throughout the ceuntry to send in their order*. J We have been engaged in perfection thle sheet for mm time put, and are now able to say that it will equal our moat sanguine expectation*. The Engraving* will be done in the firtt style of art, nd will be eonflned to subject* of importance and interest, end ameng theae is the war with Mexico. They will be illustrated in the Holiday Horald in a sort of chronologically pictorial style, and in a way we believe that will be Dronerlr appreciated by the public. Thl* sbaet will form beautifully illustrated history of the Mexioan war. View* of the numerous town* and cities of Maiico, that are now in possession of oar victorious army and navy, as well as the Castle of San Joan da Ulloa, he. ko., will all And a place, as well as others too numerous to mention, eren in the small bill*. We bare already firen samples of the engravings; yesterday we published the Danieui* firnnoitt in the Pas de Finn. The retail price will be 6>? cents sseh, and to Agents $4 per hundred. Agents will please sand in their orders as soon as possible^ The Herald for Europe. The Herald for Europe, to go by the steamer Caledonia, wlU be ready to-morrow atone o'clock. It will contain a quantity of highly interesting and valuable matter?part of which will be Dauiel Webster's great speech at Philadelphia, the Message of the President of the United States, Reports of the Secretary of War, Secretary of the Navy, and Secretary of the Treasury?besides our usual digest of political, army and naval intelligence?as well as financial, commercial, and miscellaneous matter. Single copies, 64 cents each, in wrappers. The mail will close in tkis city to-morrow at Si o'clock, P. M. Highly Important War Intelligence?Tlie New Plan of Operation*. The war with Mexico has been in progress nearly eight months, and notwithstanding the vietorious career of our armies, and the severe lessons taught the enemy,neither the Mexican government nor the Mexican people have shown the slightest symptoms of a desire for peace; and although our government has on several occasions, with a magnanimity that we fear is not properly appreciated, oflered the olive branch, and informed the government at Mexico that we were willing and desirous of peace, and although the enemy cam ot but know that in continuing to prosecute it| they are inviting destructioh to their country, and incurring an amount of indebtedness which must be eventually refunded in territory, they still doggedly persist in refuting to accept the of fers we have made them, and by which peace and good feeling between the two republics might be firmly and lastingly restored. They, in fact, court destruction, and impose on us the stern necessity of visiting it on them. When the news of the glorious victories of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palrca was spread through the country, all thought that the war was virtually ended. The armies ot the two nations were opposed to each other in those battlei; and although the numerical force of the enemy was three to one to the Americans, the latter completely routed them, and obtained two of the most brilliant victories that mark the page of history. Then it was that our government solicited the vanquished Mexicans to come to peace; they doggedly refused. Another severe lesson must be administered, and it was done in the storming and taking of Monterey. There the superior valor and discipline of the Americans again triumphed. A strongly fortified town with batte ries and fortifications?with every house barricaded?defended by the flower of the Mexican soldiery?commanded by one of their most experienced generals, fell into our haads, alter an exhibition of bravery and a loss of life unparal Ued in any oonntry. The offer of peace was again tendered, but instead of its being anxiously aeoepted, our communication was laid on the table, and a reply sent that it would be referred to 'he Constituent Congress, which was to have met oh the first of this month. The laat hope of offer of peace coming from the Mexicans now rests with that body ; but judging of what we already know of Mexican character and Mexican diplomacy, the American people do not entertain the idea that our offer will be met in the same spint with which it was sent. All the laudable efforts that have been made by our government, having failed to secure the object we wished, it now becomes necessary to change the plan of operations, and commence a system which will lorce from the enemy a peace that we shall dictate on our own terms, in the heart of their capital if we cannot get it without going there. The government at Wash:ngton view the matter in the same light, aad we now have the pleasure of laying before our readers the new plan of operations that will be immediately commenced, and which wc have obtained from a source that entitles them to confidence. Although they are not official, they are as authentic as they can be. Indeed there is scarcely a doubt of their correctness. The object of this change in our tactics, is to capture the castle of San J uan de Ulloa by sea, the city of Vera Cruz by land, then march towards the city of Mexico, taking all the towns on the way, and finally attacking and capturing the veritable capital of the Montezumas, that we all have heard and read so much about. The preliminaries necessary to carry these arrangements into effect, have, we learn, all been made by our Government. Jnatead of Uentral Taylor going to Sun Luis Pot on, at wot jirtt t*ffoud would bt thi order of march, that gallant ojictr ictU ge no further in that direction than Salt tUo tehich plan he will fortify and hold. Gen. Soott's first destination is probably Camargo, where he will complete some arranfaments; thence he will go to Tampico, where he will take command of the troops already there, and the *even thousand troops receutly ordered into service by the Secretary of War, and who are directed to rendezvous at that place which is to be the base of his operations. After making all his arrangements, Gen. Scott will then take up kis-lme of march for Vera Cruz. General Taylor having invented and garrisoned SaltiUo, will, with the troapsnot in garrison under his command, and those probably under command of General Wool, direct his steps towards the Gulf coast, and perhaps form a junc nan n iui uencm ocou *.'1 mil, nowtift, we are not sure. The two forces united, General Scott, with hi* force, will pash on to Vera Cruz, and attack that city, while the squadron in the Gnlf, under Commodores Conner amd Perry, or perchance Stewart will simultaneously attack the castle of San Juan d'Ulloe. After taking those places, the combined armies will take np their line of march to the city of Mexico, captii ring and garrisoning all the towns between the capital and Vera Crua. It will be necwssary in all these important movements, to keep one eye on Santa Anna. That General is a shrewd, cunning officer, and if Saltillo be feebly garrisoned, he will bring the whole of his army down upon the place, to annihilate the troops stationed there. This, however, is an ontline of the new plan of operations against the enemy. In addition to gWgMHBWggggBf"1 the regular army, and with the view of insuring success, in hit attack upon Vera Cruz and San Juan d'Ulloa, with as little Iom as possible to our forces, General Scort will also have under his command, a company of one hundred men officered by Captain Huger, Lieut. Charles P. Stone and Lieut. Hagner, who have been lor some time past drilling in the howitzer and bomb exercise. The ordnance department at Fort Monroe have been engaged for some time in preparing howitzers, batteries, bembt, rockets Itc , for the use of this force, which, Vhen finish' ed, will be sent to Tampico, subject to the order of General Scott. The squadron in the Gulf to co-operata in this enterprize, will consist of the following vessels:? 1HC OULF OS HO HI MUADBON. Oun$. Own Fngmtet?Cumberland . .44 Stemmtri. .. Miniaainni in Rarltan 44 Princeton.. .# Potomac 44 Rpitflr* 3 Sloopt.. .John Adams.. .30 Vixen 3 St Mary'a 50 Schoonert.. Hcefer .... .1 Albany 90 Patrol 1 Brig i....Porpoiae 10 JtoniU 1 Somera 19 gfrt Ship. .Relief 6 Total number of (una 330 These will probably be joined by the line ol i battle ship Ohio, which will sail from Boston, with sealed orders, in a lew days. The number of guns in the gulf will then amount to 310, which we suppose will be amply sufficient to make the nttack on San Juan de Ulloa successful. There will prabakly be no change made in the Pacific squadron until the arrival there of Com. Sbubrick- It will remain under the command of Commodore Stockton or Biddle, both now in the * Pacific, and maintain a rigid blockade of all the ports on that side of Mexico, and retain p?ss6sI sinn of the territory captured by the skill and energy of Commodores Sloat and Stockton. We give the names of the vessels competing this squadron :? nciric iquAoaoir. 611*1. Ovns. Razee... .Independence 64 Sloopi Saratoga 30 Krigatei. .Savannah. . . 44 Dale .... 10 Confreaa .... 44 Preble .. 16 Sloopi. . . Portamouth. . 30 Schonntra. .. Shark. .. . 10 Levant 30 Store Ships..Erie 8 Warren..*. 30 Lexington 8 r.'nr.. .? Total number of guns in the Pacific 300 " " in the Golf 336 Whole number on the coait of Mexico 634 This new plan of operations will be commenced as soon as possible, or at least as soon as orders to that effect can reach the officers who are to conduct it to a successful result. We have always maintained that we might never expect any overtures of peace from the Mexicans while they held possession of Vera Cruz and San Juan tie Ulloa. The latter place tbey have strongly fortified since its reduction by the French squadron a lew years since, and consider it their greatest stronghold, as in fact impregnable. Its retention has a tremendous morsd effect on the Mexican mind, and ita capture would do more to insure a peace than any movement that we could make; not so much from ila ; actual value and importance to us, but because the Mexicans imagine that it cannot be taken, which to them is an agreeable conceit. That place once in our possession, and the war may be said to be ended. If however,after its reduction, the enemy should doggsdly refuse to come to terms, we can march to the ' capital. Before surrendering that, they will no i doubt give us any terms we may please to dictate. Bit will be seen, therefore, that on our part the war is only commencing. AU previous operations were made with the view of securing an early , peace, on the easiest terms possible. Having failed in that, there is nothing left for us but O employ our lull strength, make one brilliant and mighty demonstration?administer the coup dt grace in our own way, and give the enemy when they'ask for it, the peace which they might have obtained months since, without having mi curred a fiftieth part of the expense which these great preparations will cost them. The administration has now commenced in | earnest. All its former efforts were mere child's play. The whole lorce of the country will now be brought into requisition, and peace soen restored. It now needs the support of the people of all classcs. The man who seeks to impede the brilliant arrangements now made for ending the war, is a traitor to his country, and deserves the execration of every right thinking man in the Unite d States, and he surely will receive no " aid or comfort" from any one. We may soon receive important intelligence from the army and navy. The closing scenes will be brilliant, beyond all example, and the glory and renown which is about to be shed on the conatry, may serve t* quiet the babblings of our enemies in the Old World. In the meantime, however, the constituent Congress of Mexico may acquire some common sense, and open negotiations with us without the necessity of another battle. Supplying Europe wits Fo?d?The ship Rap* pahannock, which cleared at this port on Satur (lay last for Liverpool, had on board the following " enormous" cargo:? Bala* of cottoo, 1.138; barrels of flour, 9,954; barrels of corn meal, 1,254; bbla of terpentine and resin, 6M; barrel* of apple*, i6i; barrels ol navy bread, 19A; barrels of oda crackers, 25: boxes of soda orackers, SO; caaka bacon, 0; boxes cheese, 911; kegs butter, 100; bundles ehooks, 104; hogshead staves, 1,4*0. The dead weight of the above ia 1,623 tons, and j is exclusive of baggage and provisions for fifty steerage passengers. The estimated bulk of the cargo is seventeen thousand, live hundred and eighty-three barrels. The ship measures, as per register, eleven hundred and thirty-three tons, and draws but eighteen teat and six inches of water. This is, probably, the largest cargo ever cleared from this city. The freight amounts to about #30,000. Tax Brevet Rank and Congress.?Among other business that there was* no time to act upon at the last session of Congress, in consequence of Mr. Davis having talked against time with the view of defeating the two million appropriation bill, was a communication from the President, recommending a number of officers who bad distinguished themselves in the battles of the 8ih and 9th of May last, to receive brevet promotions. We hope Congress will take up this business at the earliest hour practicable, and do justice to those gallant officers. The coun try ot*? them a debt of gratitude which never can be repaid, and the least we may do is to bear them in mind, and prove that their services in sustaining the honor of their country's Mag are at least appreciated, and not forgotten as soon as rendered. Our Territorial Acquisition, California, lie ?In an article under this head, published in yesterday's Htrald, in referring to ka system of military organization proposed by Col, William 11. Duff, of this city, for the protection ot life and property, See., in California, Col. Duff's name was erroneously printed "Haff." We make this correction in justice to Col. Duff, who has given the subject a great deal of attention. From Ponce, Porto Rico.?We learn from Captain Hatch, of the brig Cordelia, which arrivAll vA*u.t f.L i-.iviuaj, uiai Ills nows UI Uie pUN|t OI oar new tariff was received there with every deI monstration of gratification, as it favors their ' trade very much. It is expected that the crops of the coming season will be very large. Tu Jnsn Cm Feast 'The tax-payers of this city have loet #5 0, because the committee of the Go mm cxi Co lacil did not make a report concerning this six oent Monopoly on Monday last. If no report be made to-night fflOO more will be lost, which will help to swaU the dividends that will be declared by this concern. It is well for I voters to bear these facts in mind. Theatrical!. P*?a Tm*Taa.?Thia evening the Vienna!** Dancers ?o enthusiastically received last weak by arowded bouaaa, will appear in three n*w divertiaementa, none of them ever before praaantad in thia country. The first U the celebrated dance " L'Allemande," which was the favorite pa* of Quean Victoria ; after which will be performed the farce of " Somebody Kite," Meaars Barrett, Byott and Mra. Hunt, sustaining the principal charactare Thia will be followed by the " Polka da Pay tan," danced by the Viennoiaa children in appropriate costume Altar the farce of " The Eton Boy," they will alao dance " La Grande Mazurka." The tim>< thnt i tbeae wonderful fignrantaa will appear in thia city i? limited, and we advise none to neglect the present opportunity of seeing them. It ia impossible to give any just description of their original and pleasing exhibition*, but we may aafelr say there never haa been on* more attractive in our city. ! Bowaar.?This theatre haa aeldom offered a more ex. cellent bill than the one for thia evening. Mr. Murdoch, 1 whose delineations of the tragic characters of Shakcpeare har* been universally extolled by the pres*, will appear in hie favorite part of " Hamlet" Thii, by the bye, i* a character in which Mr. Murdoch has been mostenvianly : successful. The other character* of the play will be taken by acters well able to lupport them. We obnerve, among otheri, the names of Neafie, Stevens, Clarke, Hadaway at the first Gravedigger, and ol Mr* Booth. The evening'* entertainment will conclude with the sterling drama of " Hoboken," which i? placed upon the tage tor two or three evening*, at the requeat of many who war* unable to witne** it at it* previou* long and succeisful run. Mr. G. Lee will.letween'the plays, sing a popular long. To-morrow evening Mr. Murdoch appear* as Claude Melnotte, in the "Lady of Lyon*;" Mr*. Colemu Pope a* Pauline. I OacsirwicH Thbatkb.?Notwithstanding the confldenoe that Mr. II. P. Orattan, with his numerou* friend*, 1 should feel, of having a good house on hi< benefit night, | for hi* own take alone, he has presented au unusually ; rich programme of entertainment The drama of the j "Rake's Progress" will be played with tha following ! strong castJohn Dunn a* 8am Slap ; H P. Grattanas ' Rakewell*, H Chapman a* Markham; Julia Drako km ' Betty; and Mrs. George Chapman as Kanay. The perj formance of this sterling play, with such a variety of ta| lent, will be a great treat Tne farces of " Actress ot' All Work" and " Deed* of Dreadful Note," will be also performed. Mr. Harriion. the celebrated impruviiaioire, will make his first appearance, and sing some of his extemporaneous songs ; Mr. H. Marks will play a violin solo ; and Mr. Yates will give one of his famous Irish ; break down*. We trust that Mr. Orattan will have a 1 bumper ; he certainly deserve* it. Bowbbv Cibcus ? Gossin, the inimitable clown, will : take hi* benefit to-night, and conclude hi* engagement. The English clown.Kemp, and the New York clown,Gardner. will a**i?t him in enlivening the entertainment with a ho?t of comicalitiea, quip*, and joke*. Three better I joker* were never collected in one arena before. The popular pantomime of "Harlequin'* Frolic*" will be produced again tbi* evening. Mr*. Camilla Gardner will appear in one of her elegant equestrian feat*; Mei?r*. Kugglea and Carrol, and young N uyn, will go through *ome of their moatpleaiing feat*. To-morrow evening, Kemp, the iCngluh clown, take* hi* benefit. ALMAMaa*.?Herr Alexander continue! to draw auch a rowed houiei, that the managers of thi* establishment have engaged him for some time longer. Thi* evening he brings out three novel and wonderful feats of diablerie, entitled "L'Artillerie Diabalique," the "Hindostan Miracle," and his thrilling act "The Suicide," in which he seems to pierce himself through and through with a sword. Beside* thece three, he perform* various other pleasing and incomprehensible feats in marie an i experimental philosophy. There will be in addition a vocal and instrumental concert given by performer* of acknowledged merit. The Alhambra is a pleasant, well conducted evening resort, and should continue to receive a liberal support. Mrs. Flynn, an actress who, in her line of characters has few if any equals on the American stage, takes a bene, fit to-morrow evening at the Chatham theatre. She offers a strong bill of entertainment on the occasion. Mr Tom Flynn (for this night only) will sustain one of his popular characters. We would wish much to see Mrs. Flynn on tne Bowery Doarui, wnere ine nai acnievea so many theatrical triumph*, and where she i* the chosen favorite of a large portion of the theatre going public. The Seguin trovpt are atill at the Walnut Street Theatre, and draw good houaea. Thia evening the opera of " Maritana," and the drama of " Robert Macaire " will be performed. To-morraw evening Mr. Fraier takea hii benefit in " Fra Diavolo." Lti Dai??epsb? Viknkoke.?in order to avoid all difficulty among rival claimanta, we underatand that M'de Weiss, the Mistress of the (rtupe, ha* directed all application for engagement* to be addreaiedto Mr. John Povey, at the Park Theatre, who i* duly authorized to act in the matter. Anilcal. The AroLLONcon*.?The maatera Bullock and Cole, with little Anne Maria, will give a aecond concert at the Tabernacle to-morrow evening. Their merit la of the higheat order, and their performance* have called oiij the unqualified praits of the preaa in all parta of the country where they have appeared. Though the youngeat of the children i* but *even, and the oldeit fourteen yeara of age, they execute *olo* and concerted piecee by the firat matter*, in a manner to be envied by tho*e who aaaume much higher pretenaion*. Their ainging too ia exqu.sitely tweet and touching; and *o *ati*factory to all taatea that we nover heard any bong given by them but what received a hearty encore They are children of our own *oil, relying upon their own qualification* for the earning of a tufhciency to enable them to continue their atudie*; and it will he hard indeed if geniui, *e laviahly supported when of foreign growth, ia allowed, when of native growth, to pail unnoticed. We trust they will have a crowded houae to morrow night, aod we are confident not ene whe attend* but will enjoy a highly interesting and unexpectedly pleaaing treat. The Italian OrcaA?Sanquirico'a opera troupe will aoon make their firat appearance before the New York public. We understand that the first opera brought out will be Doniretti'a " Linda of Chamouni," new to country, and to be placed upon the *tage with decoration*, costume*, sceneries and properties, worthy of the only operatic cvrjtt in our city. Signora Chlotilda Barilli, 1he trprtno ifogmto, a young lady ot but 90 years, is highly spoken of Hignor Seito Benedetti, the tenor, has secured a most enviable reputation in Italy. Signor Federico Boniventano, the bat to, alio coma* te u* with brilliant Trans-Atlantic recommendation*. Of Signor Sanquirico, we need not apeak ; he ia well known among all lovera oi muaic in thi* country. The aid of 8ignora Pico ia alaq engaged ; ahe will first appear in the character of Pierrot, which, though in come manner an inferior one, yet demands an mrtiite 01 talent, and the Hignora hat thrown all falae pride aside, and haa contented to appear in the pert, the merit of which act will be duly appreciate by the public. Ri'totai Institute.?A number of graduate* of the New York Institution for the blind, will five a rocal and instrumental con'- ert at the Rutgers Institute, this evening. Among the list of performers we see the name* of Messrs. Elder, Truax. Tarbell and Goodrich, already favorably known to the public. The programme is an attractive one and we think would suffice to collect a crowded audience. The tickets are wMhin the means el all, being placed at twenty-five cents each. Sivoai.?Tht*| celebrated violinist has arrived at Baltimore,where he gives a concert to-morrow evening. He haa secured the assistance of eminent talent Hanai Haas.?The "Emperor pianist" gives two concerts at Boston during the present week. The first one takes place this evening. Madame Ablamowicz, than whom there is no sweeter cantatrice in the country, is engaged for both his entertainihenU. Mr. Moonev, the Iriah songster and historian is at Montreal. Hi* third entertaiment was civen there on Tues. day last. Sporting intelligence. At is o'clock yeaterday, a race of a rather novel and exciting nature, took pUce on the dock in South itreet, at tho foot of Pine, between Jackeon, a celebrated pedeatrian, and a man named Smith, under the following cir cnmitancea: Jack ton carried a man on hie back, weighing 941 lb? , and ran 50 yard*, before Smith, who waa to run a hundred yarda, could overtake him. Jackeon woa by about 1ft varda. Thle waa a great feat when Jackeon'a weight (160 lba.) ia taken into coneideration. Bovamcnta ofTrarcllan. Yeaterday'a arrival! were aa deficient aa they generally are on a Sunday at thia aeaaon ot the year, at the following principal hotele Amcbican?John Purroy, |8taten:Ialand; C. Bailey, NO; Dr. Karaum, Cincinnati; W. Prince, Ohio. Aatea.?H Henry, Louiaville ; 0 Looney, Memphia j J. Pratt, Hartford ; C. Jackaoa, Boaton ; E. Follanater do; F. Williama, N. Y : K. Duval Richmond; A. Thompeon, I Philadelphia; H. Livingaton, Catakill; Cliaa. Coleman, Troy; Robt. Hull. Baltimore; R. Card, Troy; C Hearth, do; r. Duffy, Buffalo; J Anderaon, Springfield; C. Hobart, Boaton; F.Targart, London; H Cuaning, do. Citt.?W. Fuller, H. Burk, Lewie Co ; W. Buabee, Pateraon; J. Howe, Mount Savage, R Palmer, London; Mr. Wella, W. L. Montague, Richmond; Lieut. Barron, U. 8. Navy. FaanmLiK.?C. C Speak, Boaton; N. Jamea, McComba 1 Dam; Dr. Offatt, Phila ; J. Clarke, Albany; R. Young, I Boaton; M. Sherman, Ohio; 11. Wygott, New Haven; K Avery, Goorfia. Howaao?8. Seymour, Naw York ; T. Ilambly, York; T. Harn, Albion: H. Baker, do.; 8. Ferguaon, do ; Mr. Beard, Naw York; A. Ward, Alhion; O. Coffin, Troy ; H. CkarUr, Philadelphia; J. W. Dacrea, Canada; M. Caruthera, Toronto; 8. Lawrence, Boaton; R. Hammond, Brighton; J. Marple, Port au Prince: H. Marshall Mailt*. Judsok ?R. Cheater, Philadelphia; Mr. Doagald, and J. Sutherland, Montreal, E. Carrington, Colebrook; E. Hyde, HaydonaviUe; K. Tamworth, Philadelphia; W. Ln, N. York: . Trash, Waterbnrjr: H. We Urn an, New London: L. Aignoax, New Haven; E. Byerlv, Philadelphia, w. 8 Thorn peon, Hart/srd; R. Parker, Headlnf. O. Parka, Baltimore. Wealth op Auakiai.-We gather the following estimate ol the population and productions of 1846, from a table printed under the direction of the Secretary of State of Arkansas : ? White Males (O tit " Kemalea *0,470 Slaves 33,844 free Negroes Ml Total Popnlatton in 1AU 144 Ml Total Population in 1840 #7 ,074 Increase la Ave years 40,987 PrvAKlieai 01 ,M6 belee of cotten. " bathed of corn " ias,M9 baskets at wheat 404,190 baahelsof oats. Atru ?f Land in Cultivation?Id Cotton 04.484 " " In Urain 241,407 Total wjm City fntelllifmre. Thk Wkath?b?Yeaterday wa* the cold?*t day of the reason. The thermometer at o'creck P M atood at two degiooa below heeling point The da? wu atrembly Am. ud the air wm mU and bracing. Tha (nut ha* i*t fairly io?tbe.ileigh* already, In anticipation of a good mow atorm, are exhibited ready for action, before (ha variou* public atablea and carnage and cab eatabliahmenta. Chaitiiiso tni Youito Rowdk*.?Wa have frequently had occaalon to rafar ta theruatom that i retail* among at tha rowdiaa, namely, IB aaeembling on Sunday at tha corneia of atreeta, and lmiulting female* aa thay pi,s< by from the churchea Veaterday, at the cornrrof EMriJge andDiviaion atreeta, about S o'clock, a young group oftheao worthiea aaaemMed, and indulged in aome iuaolant remark* aa aereral femalea paaaed by. They ware aoon diaperaed, however, br a rather determined looking man, who waa going through Division atreet. and who wore no atar. Not deeming it necea*ary to take the young offender to tBa folice office, he diamiaaed him with tummary punishment. having Inflicted aome half doien knock* upon the head with uia cane, and immediately went toward* Catharine ferry, accompanied by two ladiaa. Thalookei* <>n leemad to enjoy the matter a good deal, and lome of them cried oat, * >erred him right" If the rowdle* who infeat the comer* ?f many of our itreet* on Sunday*, and who with impunity offer unmanly intuit* te female* ii* thoy p*** by, were to meet with aummary cha*ti*e *? ?Kaaa mat? fmm m faw ani?4#?il ?neina man urVwiaA sisters, cousins. Sic. were subjected to the attack* of theie rowdiea, it would aoon put down thia scandalous and unmaaly practice. Mail Rout*.?A very (food route, thia winter, for traveller* to Albany ami Troy, will be by the way of the Houaatoaic railroad. The iteamboat Mountaineer teavea thia city in the morning for Bridgeport; and without change of car* or baggage crate*, passenger* are conveyed direct to Albany, arriviag about 6 P.M. The flousatonic railroad ha* been greatly repaired and improved during the paat season, and ia in fine order. Ho ! roa the Wab!?Those young men who are desirou* of serving their country and covering themaelye* with glory in the war with Mexico, will aee an adverUiemeut in another column, itating that there are a few vacancies in Capt. Mathaw't company, belonringto Col. Wa. H. Dud '* regiment of mounted men. Tnia ia a gloriou* opportunity. Thk Lamp*.?The record* of the police offlo**, and the return* of the officer* daily abound in complaint* in violation tofcttie frequent abuses that exist, ia the lighting departments of the public street* The oil or ga* 1* either bad and both burn <limly, or the light* are intentionally put out, loinetime* beiore 11 o'clock. There appear* to be woe mitappreheniion, too, on the pert of the ga* company a* to the aaaumed propriety of "outing" the light* on moonlight night*, ceveral hour* before the ordinary time. The Common Couneil have made provition lor lighting the city, and no apeclnl reservation of thi* kind appears, we learn, upon the document which make* provifion for lighting the city. The corporation should forthwith take some action on thi* aubject, a* the loud and continued complaint* against the Ga* Company

in consequence of the interior quality of the ga*, a* well a* the manner in which it i* supplied, call for the moit prompt and energetic meature* to inaure yme reform on thi* subject. The momtrou* high price* exacted from those who uie ga*. entitle the coniumer* to an article of a very different quality from that lupplied at 1 present. The complaints in the first ward are loud and vociferous. Vandxbltn'* National Paintinc.?It should be re- J collected that this is the last day of the exhibition of Vauderlvn's great painting ot the Landing 01 common*. No resident of the city laying claim to any taste in the liue arts should allow thia work to be taken from this city without firat having been carefully atudied. It is a work creditable to the artist, and to our country. Stbat Home.?A light gray horse was found atraying in the Eighth ward yesterday morning, and was taken to the police pound by oJKcor John Leech. Fbotidkntiai. Escafk.?An accident occurred last week in ex-Alderman Kane use's extensive machine shop in Jersey City, which was very near cauaing the death of Mr. Edward Davis, the foreman of that establishment. The machinery is worked by a steam engine; and some trifling derangement of the machinery connected with the shaft, which works immediately under the eeiling having taken place, Mr. Davis very imprudently proceeded to adjust it whilefthe engine was at work. While engaged in doing it however, some part of his apparel got entangled into a "coupling," by which he wts bent up, and carried round the shaft, which was revolving at the rate of 176 revolutions per minute Before Mr. Davis was extricated, he was whirled round at least TO times,:his feet striking some joist Apd plank at every revolution. The engineer, with vrondorful presence of mind, stopped the engine as soon as ho discovered the accident, and Mr. Davis was extricated, and conveyed to his boarding house in a state of insensibility. After a while he became partially restored to his senses, when, to the surprise of all who witnessed the aocident, it appeared that he received no serious injury, beyond some bruises in his feet, and a slight loss of blood, although his boots and even his stockings and other parts of his dress were torn from his body. It was truly a miraculous escape, and Mr. Davis may me thankful that he waa not killed on the spot , Sudden D?ath.?The coroner held an inqutst yesterday at No. 105 Bayard st., on the body of a man named Daniel McKeaxie, native of Ireland, aged 65 years, | who, after a brief illness, died at an early hour yesterday ; morning. Dr. Thomas Holmes made an examination of > the body, and ascertained that the deceased came to his uasui nuui uouiuituagv ui uio luugi, auu uio jui/ *oudercd a verdict to that effect. Accidents.?A >laborer, named Patrick Coitello, fell from a new building on Saturday evening, which hai been m courie of erection for the last few months in 7th ! street, and hit shoulder blade was put out of joint. Ha was taken to the City Hospital, where he received every attention, and is now in a fair way of recovery. A colored man, yesterday ] morning, accidentally nut aud otherwise injured kia hand. He waa taken to Ihs City Hospital. A boy about seven year* of age had his thigh broken, in consequence of an accidebt that occurred to him in ' Washington (treat. Ha waa taken to the City Hospital, ! where the limb waa aat, and the boy is now in a fair way of recovery. Attempt to Poison.?An interesting young girl, named Mary Leary, early yesterday morning, took poison in the vicinity of the Five Points, and was taken in a state of insensibility to the police office, where through 1 the able and eflieient aid ef Dr. Littoll, in applying the j stomach pump, the poisonous matter waa extracted from j the stomach, and the girl ia now in a fair way of recovery. Police Intelligence. Jirreit by Ligklnint-? The Chief of Police received a communication on Saturday last, by the magnetic telegraph from Albany, netting forth that a man by trie name of Patrick McHugh had stolen aeven bags ot wool, valued at $600, from I'roy, belonging to Mr. Peter H. Vandervoort, No. 32 Broad street, New York, who is one of the firm of the Troy Wool Company, and further, that the thiaf was on his way to thia city, with the intention evidently of aelling the property as soon as possible. Upon the Chief's receiving this information ha immediately despatched one of his efficient officers, Mr. Nonris, to catch the rogue upon hia arrival.? This officer stationed him'elf along the docka on the North Rive r on Saturday night, and nothing daunted by ! \um Hiremt coiu, icrauiuou itmniuuy ou me fui vine iwi the arrival of the steamboat Buffalo, which boat the accused wai supposed to b? on board. A little before daylight, the boat arrived, and officer Norris jumped on board and soon discovered, from description, the object of his search, toe ether with the eeven bags of wool on the forward part of the deck. The officer communicated his buainess to the Captain, and an arrangement was made between them that the accuaed should pay the freight of the wool.and then the officer would take him into custody, This maoauvre worked to admiration, for no sooner had be paid $i 37\ fer the freight, than the above officer pitched upon McHugh like anawk upon a titmouse, together with an accomplice called William Cawerly, who was piding the thief in carrying off the property. They were both conducted before the chief of police, who committed them to phsen to await the action of the au thorities of Troy for their removal to that city for trial. Much cre>Ut is due officer Norria for the ingenuity and perseverance displayed in causing the arrest of this bold thief. Jirrtit on Suspicion ?A black fellow, called John Brinkerheff, was arrested on Saturday night by officer Gallagher of the 6th ward, having in his possession a single barrelled fowling-piece and shot belt, which he was endeavoring to sell in a grocery store in Tearl street, near Chatham, lor which an owner is wanted?apply to Mr. Snow, the olerk of police, at the Tomb*, justice Drinker locked the accused up for trial. a Watch.?A .thieving looking chap, called James O'Connor, was arrested on Saturday, on a charge of stealing a silver watch worth $6, belonging to an-old sailor by the name of James Lyons, while in a lodging Mtamio Tbl*osa?h ?The small c?pp?r win, which experience has proved to be worn than nteless, it being takn down between Boston and Worceiter, as fast aa the work can bo accomplished, and a auhatantial ooo of iron ia being iobatitutad in ita place. All communication, therefor*, will bo ioapeix^d until the work ia coal|>ietod. The wiroe have boon laid down tho whole way between Hamilton and Toronto, and in a faw days the communication with Now York and Boston, via Baffalo, will bo complete. A passenger, named Horton, of Now York, in attempt ing to go ashore from the Knickerbocker on Friday night, at Hastings, Ml between tho boat and the deok. and waa drowned, notwithstanding tho prompt effort*of Captain Houghton and crow to save him The boat waa forced to eeme to, at tho above piece, in consequence of tho storm and darkness of the night. The Canajoharie Radii, ears that there are 1M canal boats froaen ia between Little Falls and fort Jackson, nearly all ef whioh hare oargoes of ioor, V Thi Great IwcmIm Meeting at tfie Broad- I way Tabarnaclc? "'he K?Ufto?i Revolution I yesterday?John Hong? In America. The following notice appeared last week in mott of the morning paper* Sccoiior or the Oiiiuii Catholic Cohiiiqatioi or N>w Yon.?A number of Uirinu Catholica iu thi* ; city, in the exerciae of liberty of couacience, have determined to withdraw from the Church of Rome, to form Chriatian oong legation upon the baiii ef the Word of God. Keiicioaa aervicea appropriate to thia intereating occasion will be conducted in the German and Knglith language*, at the Broadway Tabernacle, on Sabbath next .the 13th inat., at 3 o'clock, P. M. Yeatarday at 3 o'clock P. M. one of oar coip* of report- I era went thither, and found the building crowded, and hundred* coming away, who could not fain an entrance. , There waa a large aprinkling of the leader* oi the orthodox rhnrchea, and during the exerciaea we recognised the Her. Davii Hale, atanding up and aupporting one of the pillara of hie edjflce. Thoee intido were very liberally supplied with a pamphlet in German, containing the creed of the new ; congregation, and a letter from the great reformer, John ' Rongp, lately ordered out of the Pruiaian dominiona The service commenced by an overture on the organ, und a chant by the choir. The Reverent German clergyman, aged about lixty, with a fine intelligent countenanc*, dreaaed in the black Sown of the Lutheran church, came into the reading eak, and offered up a prayer in the German language. Two young men came from among the audience, and 4 Mivered into bi* handa a Bible?he preaaed it to hi* breaat, and addreaaed them a few word* in the German, after which they retired. A paalm waa then read in Gerroan, and **ng by that portion of the audience. :TheRev. . .lUiaM ilian aiMiaiMit tha p.nn? reratioa aa follows:? My dearly beloved brethren: my dear little flook litre presented me with this word of Ood ((bowing an | octavo bible). It ii not human laws?but the pure living I law of Ood. I preaa it to my heart, 1 will preach it before the congregation, and before Ood. I will preach ' nothing but Jesus Chriat, and him crucified. I wifh to preach hi* all-atoning blood ; with the?e view* and feeling*,] have chosen for the eatuing discourse from the ath chap, of 8L John'* Epistle, 36 v : "If the Son ahall make 1 you free, ye ahall be free indeed." The great apoitle of the Oentilee, with great excellency of *peech, *aid to them that he appeared before them with fear and trembliug, and if the apoitle Paul, who could be unmoved before the Areopaga* of Greece and at Athena, and with no fear, and jyet trembled before hi* f<w follower*, what muit I aay J I am here, and yet, were not the bible with me, I would fly like Jonah to Tarsus, and leave thi* labor to men more able than mys?.lf. Member* of the hierarchy of Rome, you know that I have been brought up among you, have an experience in your organization; I had opportunities to know all your doings |in your life and conduct; I heard the word* of your lip*, but I witneated your act* and discerned your heart*. I heard love and charity from your tongues? but I knew neither existed in your bosoms.? | Our 8aviour reprimanded the Phariiee* who devoured widow* and orphan*?but ye devour whole nation*, ye devour their bodies and their aouls? those whe do not know you a* well as I do, Judge ye frem yeur honied words. Angels of light ye would appear to be, but where are the blessings the Reman Catholic Hierarchy might scatter upon eaith. The religion of the Bible?oi Jeaus Christ?in the hands of the Roman Catholics, has ; been used to cover bloodshed, to degrade mankind and nation*?it has been a means of human devastation. But j the clouds of religious ignorance are scattering, and light ia breaking in upon the nations of 'he earth, and , they are deairoua to be free?to have the freedom of the | sons of Oed. Three months since my little flook com- | menced to assemble with me in an obscure retired place, to read and to examine the Hely Scriptures. The first . time we met, my brethren, you remember we only numbered forty persona, but we were not let alone, the pa- : n*r> nf #h? Rnmtn I'.ilhalic Hierarchy SDOke of DS. and misrepresented us In a most unchristian manner. They called your teacher a heretic, a buffoon, an American 1 John Ronge?and you ware displeased. I have j read and told you the mean* the Roman Catholica I uied to bring ua back to the faith, and yet 1 , {ireached to you to leve your enemiei?aaonymous etter? were aent to me?I read them to you, and thay ilia pleated you. The Roman Catholicideicended to j low meam to annoy us?they put up pasquinades and j satires at the entrances to our places of worship. Tod ! warned me not to go out into the streets at night, but I answered you that I could not believe that men, Ger- , mans, from my own land of brethren, would pierce ' heart that leves them. I will not continue the story of i the petty vexations and annoyances to which we hare been constantly exposed since our commencement I 1 will mention enly one. It was propagated with great \ zeal among the German population that I was nothing but a starving vagrant, a German awindler, who wanted | te get your money?but I appeal to all here, have I ever ; asked or tried to get the mouey of poor Germans? have i 1 ever aaked for it, or ever ut ered a word that could be I construed into such a request? I appeal to you, however, if any one ever called at my door, for spiritual ad- | vice or any thing 1 could give him?if such an one ever went away without comfort 1 No ! If it were so, j would I speak so publicly and ao decidedly when I know that what I now say will be published ; and re-produced?[here he pointed at our reporter]? | in the presses of this city, were it not true ? I do not believe,nations of the earth, that ye are ignorant. Blessed be the name of God, that ye are not. Ye shall be free indeed?and I ask what fear you? Homan hierarchy! you are rich and mighty; you have cathedrals and palaces. We are poor people ; we have no church to assemble and worship our God in, according to our consciences. 1 have nothing of this world's goods?no home save through the kindness of my friends. What are you afraid ef, Roman Catholics ? Yeu are afraid of light?of truth?of the Bible?of the word of God. You are a>raid of a man who is no hypocrite, and whom you have used every art and tried every means to entice him back to tke Franciscan convent from whence he came. Think j you I am to be frightened while under the shadow and I protection of the stars and stripes, to proclaim solemnly the trutbeof the Bible 1 No! Am long as there it a star in that star spangled banner- as long aa there is a ray from the sun?as long aa there is a promise in the word of God, I have no fear to preaoh the Gospel of Jetua Christ and a God oracifled. I preler to die, than to live and not enjoy free religioua libtrtv. You hail no Bible?vou have one now that you can read?pi ess it to your heart*?read it in your families? its truths will makejyoa and them free for time?happy j for eternity. And my dear Roman Catholic brethren in the Lerd, I love you with all my heartwhile lite laata, its last drop of blood is yours. Read the history of your adopted country, you will see hew glorious George Washington and other patriota of this laniT in other and darker days of that history, fought and bled to free their country from the oppress ion of a foreign power. Rome plants her power in the mines of men in America. The President Soverns the land?Rome withe* to govern the heart* ? ?ere are three million* of people under the Roman agent here. An invading army might come among ui, but even if it were po??ible to land upon our shores and conquer a part of this land, they may leave us free laws.? Rome gives us darkness, ignorance and servile oppression ; an invading enemy coming into our land, woula unit* every hand and heart, and make all one band of brethren, and patriotism would beat unitedly in every bosom ? Rome curses and excommunicate*. The invading enemy would unite every citizen with our Executive.? i Rome distracts and disorganises our councils, and carries confusion in our midst; she throw* discord into fa- ' milic* , *he oblige* a Proteatant to become a Catholic or , relinquish the dearest object of affection, and if not complied with, Rome causes loving hearts to be put asunder, or she excommunicate* them. Among our 1 own little band there was a case which shows the mya- I terious workings of Divine Providence. Two year* ago : this letter from John Range came out (a letter in German which was scattered through the Tabernacle); it ! was like the spirit upon men's mind*. This letter, ' printed and distributed, is not enly a movement of a few : people, but it moved the Roman Catholic population of ' all Germany ; and the German Catholics on this side of the water are moved with a like spirit?they want freedom of conaeienae. There were only eighteen persons met together at a small village near Spuytenduv val creek (so we heard the name.) They Moeded fourteen day* after from the Catholic Churcn, a* wo do this afternoon. These eighteen kave leavened the whole of Germany?it ha* qniverod through the political religious organization ot German?, like God's own lightning, and these 18 persona have grown to eighty thousand. On no kingdom, princedom dukedom, has there not been a ee pa nation from the Roman Catholic r.hnrrh?and thnra are hundreds in th<? ?i?v. who are deiirout thai to aeperatfi, tod bar* waited for aomebody to tart, and they ara willing to throw off the Catholic yoke. Mt daar baarara?tha Popa ia mora afraid of u? than ha u of Protoataat association*. Wa ara ia tha Catholic church?the aeeociations ara aat of it; our iatention ii not to aepaimte Iron tha church, bat from Roma; to renounce not tha Bibla but Roma. Wa believe in tha triuna God, and in Jaau* Chrtet hit only begotten ion. Wa believe in tha Divinity of Jeau* Chriat who came into the world to redeem man. and who on Calvary** height accomplished hi* high miaaion. Wa believe in tbe sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit; wo believe, as the Apostle Paul taught in on* own worha. Von aaa that the Popa, with all his bulla.! cannot ae pa rate ua from Chriat'* Church, or out ua off. Wa withdraw from Roma quietly thia day, and da not wait to be cut off ?we wish not to otend any, we wish to develop* truth. Take aome of the Protestant aaaoeia'iona, tha Christian Alliance, from which emanated aome of tha aublimeat principle* of tha 19th century. They made tha chair of St. Peter tremble Rome waa troubled M if with an earthquake; but they limited tha operation* ef the alliance, it became merely a local thing, until tha eociety ia now crippled, if not entirely destroyed. Some have aaid to ua Rome haa money, ahe i* rrand and mat? home, kept by Patrick Cotton, in Chatham (treat The watch hi found under the pillow of the accused. Juatice Drinker locked him np for trial. Jirrtft Jtr Forgtry. ? Officer Stephen* of the Lower Clice, ariived in town yesterday moraine from Boeton, ring in custody a man by the name of iieorge W dale, whom he arreated on a requisition from Governor Wright, at a place called Paris, Oxford county, State of Maine, on a charge of iorging several drafta or acceptancea to a large amount, on different merchants in Uua city about a year ago, by which he obtained a quantity ol lumber. justice Drinker committed the aceuaed for tr<al Sltaling Pork.?'Two lealeriah locking chapa, called Sara Dustln and Henry Hammond, were caught stealing a lot of pork, valued at #A, belonging to Mr. Jamea tlliott, Na. lftft.Hainmond atreet. The pork waa found la the potar.aiian of the accused, and Juatice Drinker locked him np for trial. VartitlM. The LtuitvilU Journal of Monday, aayi " We understand that John Hayea, against whom, for breaking hia faith to Miaa Nano Maya,a verdict of $6,000 waa recently rendered in Judge Bullock's Court in thie city, ha* taken the caaa to the Court of Appeala," About eighteen montha since, Jamea W. Moorman lulled a man named Neil, in Weatern Missouri, and then made hia eacape. Moot man waa lately arreated, and while being conducted to jail, got hold of a pistol and blew hia braina out The trial of Robe it Bow land, for the murder of his brother in-law, Franklin Barker, In the atreet at Mansfield, Kentuoky, a few montha since, haa been brought to a close. He waa found guilty of murder in the first degree, yon are , poor j bat I Mr hearts are wanting ? hearts with tha apirit of Hoaa, tba constancy of Luther? hearta, and not the content* of the pocket merely. Wa are poor?we hare nothing aave the hard earnings of daily labor, and the teaoher 1* aa poor a* hia congregation. In thia movement what denomination will dominate 7 None?all the Reformed Proteitanti of the 19th centnry are concentrated into one focua. It ia ahall every man be furniehed with tha Bible or not I Shall ha read it wtthout consent of Papa or Bishop in Italy or OertnanyY Let me reed you the preface o( a testament published under the supervision of tha Very Rpv. John Hughes, Bishop of New York. lie. Be., which I have carefully translated. (Head a pre fees by Biahop Hufhea, stating that ha did not approve of tha practice, fcc . but that he did not entirely censure tha reading of tha Bibla, aa it seemed a visible want of the Germ an Catholics.) Mere Bishop Hughes confeaaea tha Catholiea want to read it, and wa will reed K hi spita of biahop or papa. Tha Roman Catholic preea will aay that aome poor people nava mat together, for tha prieeta will ight na every inch of ground. A woman confesses to the Catholie priest?har hnakanit um to r.hurnh?aha want to the priest to **t absolution Ha weald not abeolre bar until aba in- | duced bar hatband to leare my preacbiag Ska alio cma to Imw M-?a reaeoned and bald conrerte ton# thar?the too renouncee popery tbia day?and i? yon.>r tea tod by tba tide of her ffuahand, and will never go to a Catholic pria?t to confeaa mora. [Hera applaute and stamping oommepoed ] My daar friandt?tbia ii Iha tabbath?do not offend the brethren or kind palter who Kra u? leave to come bora. [The rrg'tUr parson, Mr. ompeon, aUo rr<jne?W<l 'ho til . nee to be quiet?to remember itet it was ti.a | 0rd'? day.] another person ia hare to-d^y uolor ..junr circumstancas with bar haai?ad, and will con:e?? no mora to a Catholic priaat Bhe had been told to employ every and any meana to fat her husband away from our meetiiuri; I bat aha haa aacadad from the Catholic church as wallaa i aoraalvea today- Tha reaular pastor of this eonfre ! s? i;sa | Ilea a Chriatian life? road the Bible?love your n?i bora, and thai ihow your faith, and Rome mutt (all. 'l'ha congregation mux a hyma, after which tha iaclergyman gave aut a text, and commenced preachiu. regular liniiii to hi* congregation in German ; and ? aa wall aa hundred*, can* away without waiting for th> .* addroee of Mr. Thompion, or the collection. ? ii Teeth extrac ted without fain?I have UMd ~ the Anodyne Vapo r. to successfully used ia Boston aud other place* of late, lot the reni.ralof teeth withoat tatterug. It i* harmless and pleasant ia it* tffect. Doctor John Burdell, Dentist, No. x Union squaic, corner of '4ih meet, i* in t'o**m*ioii of ih ? tame. 1 would recommend tho*e wtohid| to have teeth extracted, to call on lum, and try thi* new denderatam, *> long toaghc for in tereery, ?nd now hailed with *o much jey, H.F. BISHOP, Uioflit. Khcumatlim, 1'alno and BtllTneaa of the Joint*. U ut, fce., lie., King't Compound Syiap of Hydriodat* of Potatsa, gartaptrilla and Yellow Dock The above is prepered from die aureit a'tie'es. and r*comaiended a* tha but aad ouly tare cure furRhaamatiiaa. At thi* seeaon of the year especially, it it of the geatett importance, aa it will remove til thote extremely unpleasant symptomi, severe paint, tnffuett of the joints, ba.k, shoulders, lie., tic It ihiut, purges tndqnickeut the circulation, aad leavee every pert ot the animal economy in a perfect tt te'of health Propared and far tale by Chariot H. King, 1M Broadway, corner John street. ____________ The Pltcc?Let the Cock Crow that Wlna? Ptnl H. Denaia aad W. L. Bowen take this method of ia-t r?.r,la ami t he nnhlir . rbnf An WAililMiUv n?vt they may see them at (he old head quarters. No. 18 ftassan met, opposite the Second Ward HolM av that tlhey ialeadtokeepap the old repot moo of * The rlaee' fir hariag the choiceec drinks, the best loaches. sud moat eiru treatmeat of uf establishment id the city. Weil aware tnat amid moeh competition they matt depeud a poo superiority for aaccess, they intend to satisfy the poblic that their will aud their deeds are on*. At II o'clock Wednesday morning, stand by for a (rand rally. It Navigation of Um UUe Uitsi. Plattt. Tint State Rivtr Fittaborg Dec. 9 19 ft riling < orti/mlle Doc. 0 14>? A. rising. Wheeling'. Dec. 9 38 tt. riling. < inrinnsti Deo. 7 13 ft., rising JKONJOV-OIA.liK.IKT. auiajr, Dec. 13?-? P. 81. The message of the President, and the reportsfrom the yarioua department!, hare engaged the atteation of 'he public mind during the past week. The measures proposed by the Executive, end the head* of the difer. ent department!, and the alterations and modifications suggested in those measure! now in operation, have been considerably commented on, and have been gene, rally approved. Financier* and stock operators appear to be disposed to await the course of event! at Washington, and keep themselves quiet; and govern themselvei bj circumstances. Son* disappointment has been experienced in some circlet, in consequence of more decided modiflcatione in the specie provisions of the independent treasury act not being considered adviseble; but the system of exchanges recommended br the Secretary of tho Treaiury, i* considered a ralua' ble conceMion by our Wall street brokers, and calculated to alleviate the restrictions which the independent treasury act, a* it originally passed, placed upon the operation of our banking institutions. This system will answer very well during the continuance of the war, after which it can be abolished, as it is merely a tempo rary thing, and required to facilitate the financial ope rations of the country of an extraordinary Mature, grew ing entirely out of the exigencies of the war. The drafts alluded to by the Secretary do away with the necessity of transporting specie between extreme points, and therefore prevent even those derangement* in the currency which must, however temporary they may be, tend to a corresponding derangement in the trade and commerce of the country. Any transfer of foods frens one part of the country to the other, which may be required for the regulation of the balaaees of trade, can do no injury, as they are necessary, bat whan the go. vernment cemes into the market, and interferes with the nancial operations of the day, aad deranges the supply and demand, there is a vast deal of embarraasnent created, the calculations of those engaged ia trad* utterly destroyed, and they are ia daager of beceming severe losers. Money will, it is said. And its level. Where it is the most wanted, it will go, or la ether words trade between different point* must be balaaced by an exchange of money, when an excha*|ge of merchandise fail* to do ao. The commercial claaaea regulate this thing among themselves, and the whole machinery of commerce move* along smoothly aad quietly until some unnatural element or some foreign influence is involved in the movement, which invariably deranges it and everything gets out of order. The appearance of the government agent in the market a a 41 A M.J.. ik. ? I or i loan u any uuw, uu uuwi un mm mtuhw? ??camitance*, produces a alight embarrassment In financial circle*, but when the government cornea into the market a* an extensive financier, and beoemes largely engaged in the transfer of fund*, from point to point, for the purpoee of proeecnting a war, and without any regard to the financial operation* of the country generally, there ia aure to be very serious and alarming ambarrawmenta experienced by the commercial olaacea. We, therefore, look upon the ajatom of exchange* re commended by the Secretary of the Treaanry, in a very favorable light, aa it will anawer all the pu poaea of the ' government, and aid very materially the operationa of commerce. The atock market continuea very maeh depreeaed, and the tendency of price* ia downward*. The future look* very ominous, and many of the fancy *tocka, which have been football* ao long in Vail street, have had the life nearly kioked out of them, and there i* no pouibility of | inflating them again. It i* a moot astonishing fact, that there are several fancies in Wall street, which have. during the past three or four years, ranged several times within fifteen to twenty per cent, of their per value, which an a complete ?hell, some of which in fact, Dover had any aubitanee, while the littie the other* had. ha< all been long eiace extracted, and they are likely at any moment to be cruahed, leaving not even a wreck behind. One of these daya there will be a shaking among aome of theie dry bones,and many holders of soma beautifully engraved certificates of stock, will, one of theee fine moraines, realize that they are completely worthless. A fictitious value ia new attacked to many of them, which givee them a currency in the market, and makes them answer all the purposes of a peculation Among ao much worthlees traah it would be invidioua to particularise, and we leave it for theee interested to weigh their own aecanties and aee how muck they are worth. We annoy a table ex&ibiting the quotations foifcertain stocks in this market for each day of the past weak, aad at the close of the week previous, it will be perceived that there has been on the whole very little variation in prices: ? UuOTATIOHS rOB TNI PaiROftAL STOCKS IN TIM NtW Yoaa Market. St. Utm Titt. Wti. 7>"y Fri. Set Ohio C's IIS ~ ? ?<X MX MX MX Kentucky ?? MX - - 1?0 - Pennsylvania i'a ? ? MX MM ? MX Illinois ? 11 ? ? ? ? ? Indiana 6's. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? J Readme RR Bonds .. 7JX - - - - T?X 74 Reading M'ue Bonds ? ? ? ? ? ? 7IW Reeding Hail read S3 MX MX M MX MX MX Norwich and Wor... 47X <? *?!'. 1*X 4'X *X Erie Railroad, old ... - 43* - 44* 43 41 Krie Railroad, new.? ? ? ? 71 # ? Harlem Railroad..... 4*X <?X 50V SIX 5'X ?X M Long Island Railroad MX ?X ?X 34 ?X Uji MX Mohawk ? ? ? - ? U 41% ? fusirflu?:"".;'..''. mk - fx "x Canton Co ?X ?K *X ? tT MX ?S Morru Canal ? ? ? - I I ? Viekabarf............ 7 ? ? 6 X C?{ tX *% United Statea Bank... ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Kaat Boston IT ? ? ? ? ? ? North Amarican Tr.. 7 ? ? ? ? ? ? A compariaan of pricca currant at the clou* of tha market yesterday with thoae ruling at the cloae of the pre. rioui week, exhibit! an improvement in Ohio '* of \% per cent , Reading RR londa HI Norwich k Worcester 9 Hi Erie RR old S X; Harlem X. Uog Iiland %, and a falling off in Reading RR of M, Canleo Ce. Hi Vicka" burg X The receipt! of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company for the A rat week in December in each of tha put three yeara, ware ai annexed :? Philadelphia and Rcadibo Railboad. *- , llii ]||4 flu Tr??ei ti.m n i.nt n *,?w ? Freight en ?oodi "Win I .TM H S,?J4 M freight oa coal * '* + *,?H it J7.J J7 Total it T.4J4 U U.mievj Ceal transported, tona... ?.S1I J,?T3 M,M The receipt! of tha Bret week in December, IMA, were very limited, and a eompariaon "with the cor^aaponding waek thia year cannot be fairly made. Tha btuinesa o the flrtt week in December thia year, waa to a rery '*>r amount, bat It would hare been much larger had it not been for the fall of anow. The JUiwr'i Jturnal girea the following entimala of the ooal trade of thi? year compared with lait :? Coal Tiim or rennitltaisia. IMA an* IMA IMA. 1 Mfl. ncoujuiu rv n in " < anal 6.060 1.0R.1.7M 1,181117 Lahigh it J OHIO 699.000 Lackawana 373 464 NO 006 Wyoming 178,401 176.000 Piaagrova 47 ?? 64,064 3,019 (148 0,398,183 Kitimatad quantity to ba aant by R R. to Jan. I, 1847 40.000 Total. 164-1 3,888,183 Total, 1848 3,014,640 ElNH, 1646 311,442 Showing an Inr.raaaa of 893,843 tona arar 1644. Tha inoraaaa fa 1846 orar 1644, *U N? 006 tona TbcCtoftlU mw oloaad, ba tba maUd raoaipu

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