Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 17, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 17, 1846 Page 2
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, w * 1 .. -- - NEW YORK HERALD., (Wc?r l urk, Thursday, Utimibfr 17,1*4*1. Tl?e Foreign News. We will probably Lave another arrival from Kngland in th<? course of to-day or to-morrow. The steam ship Cambria is now thirteen days at ?ea, and as she is the fastest of the Ounard line, it 11 not improbable she will arrive to day at Boston T?*? Kaw Aspect of tb? War?TU? way to Conquer a Pcacc?The Military Condition of Mexico. We are now in the midst ef the most active preparation* for a brilliant campaign against Mexico. We are on the eve of several achievements that are probably destined to place the m litary genius of these United States on the ; hghe?t pinnacle of fame. We are now engaged in shaping the models for several candidates for the Presidency of this magnificent country. We have our hands tail of work. Our readers w.ll recollect the leading article of the Htrald on Monday last, in which we detailed as much as the public interest required, the new plan of operations against Mexico. They are requested to keep that article in view. If Generals Scott and Taylor meet with no reverse, the eastle of San Juan d'Ulloa, Vera Cruz, k.a., fcc, will soon be in our hands.? The plan detailed is the one the most feasible of any yet devised. It was recommended in the Htrald months ago. In order to exhibit its feasibility we will go into a few particulars. It is clear that natio do notgotowar.no more than individuals go to law, merely for the fun of the thing. They have always an object in view when they engage in war. To obtain that object, it is necessary to make the nation you are contending with feel the inconvenience of wur. If a commercial nation, you must blockade its ports, and seize its shipping If an agricultu ral nation, you must invade it, and occupy its principal towns. The first mode of conquering a peBce, we have tried in Mexico. It has failed. Why 1 Because the Mexicans are not a commercial people. Yielding, as Mexico does, all the necessaries, and most of the luxuries, of lile, its inhabitants are, in a manner, independent of foreign rommerce. And so also is the government of Mexico. Taxes on articles which are produced at home, and consumed at home, now form its chief support. It was not so always. The go. vernment ol' Mexico once derived a considerable revenue from the duties on foreign merchandise? duties which now, a few capitalists?creditors of Mexico?receive. It is these capitalist?, mostly foreigners, who are chiefly injured by the interruption of commerce in Mexico?not the government, or people of that country. It is therefore clear, that the only resource left to us, is to capture the principal towns of Mexico. We have taken some towns; but, unfortunately, they are situated on the confines of the republic. They are well enough as far as they go. We must now strike nearer home. We must do what boxers do, hit at "points " On the ckief cities of Mexico our blows must fall. But to the capture of the city of Mexico itself, our efforts should especially be directed. In general, the capital of a country is the most populous and important city in a country. It is not only the seat of government, but a sort of model city for the rest. What is done in the capital is imitated in the provinces. In short, it hns on the smaller towns, an attractive force, and a guiding impulse, similar to that exercised by the tun over the planets. We could cite many instances to show that the capture of the metropolis when a Large and thriving city, almost invariably leads to tfl* submission of the rest ol the country. Both i 1814 and 1815the French made no resistance after the Allies had occupied Paris.'.' Nor did the Indians resist the British, after they had taken possession of Lahore. If the city of Mexico is to be taken, it is evident that our army ought to march to it by the short* ?st and most eligible road. The road from Vara Cms is to be preferred, for many reasons. It passes through a fertile tract of land, the greater portion of the inhabitants of which are puny in person and tin warlike in character. Nor could there bo h more favorable time (or a rapid march to Mexico than the present.? The rainy season is over ; consequently the road is in gop. condition. The bulk of the Mexican army, and the ablest ol the Mexican fenerals, are at San Luis?a city distant from Vera Crux six hundred and forty miles. It is said, indeed, that five thousand soldiers are assembled atAlvarado. Tue Mexicans are great at exaggerating ; in nil probability they have not a thousand men at Alvarado. And what sort of troops are Uiere 1 Militia men, of the mast worthless kind. But wo are told that the Castle of San Juan d'Ulloa must be taken before an army can be marched into the interior of Mexico; and that this castle is impregnable? " is the Gibraltar of America." This is nonsense. A more absurd comparison than this was never made; as well might you compare a mole hill to a mountain, or a lugger to a seventy-four, as Juan d'Ulloa to Gibraltar! Both fortresses are indeed situated upon rocks. But Gibraltar stands upon a very high rock; San Juan d'Ulloa oo a very 1 >w one. Indeed, this fortress is almost on a level with_the sea, and offers a fair mark to shot and shells. Il we are not very much mistaken, the loss of the French, when they bombardad San Juan d'Ulloa, eight years ago, was very trifling?some twenty men or so. The fortress is doubtless stronger now than it was when the French attacked it. What thent Attack it with a stronger force. That of the French Admiral, Baudin, was weak. He had not a single line of battle ship the day ho took the " Gibraltar of America." But it appears that besides the castle of San J nan d'Ulloa, there is another obstacle to the march, by the way of Vera Cruz, of an army to the city of Mexico. This obstacle is the putntt nat ional?a bridge on the road between VeraCruz and Jalapa. According to some travellers, this bridge migh1 be made a second Thermopylw?" might be de fended by a handful of determined men, against a large army." But the Mexicans are not Spar, tar.s; nor can we with propriety compare an American army to the effeminate soldiers of Xerxes. The pntntt nacionnl is a strong position; but, as the Mexican general Basadre once observed, " what occasion is there for an invading army to cross it 1" By making a short detour, General Scott would be able to avoid a con* flict with th? defenders of the jrutntt national. This we learn from persons acquainted with the ronte. We hope that the expedition to Vera Cruz may be on a scale commensurate to its importance. Evfrr thinr ?Kniili( ??:_i.- ?r m 0 ... _v who wuivu iihkiu uoutribute to its success. The question of its cost ought not even to be entertained. Parsimony in an individual it folly?in a nation, madness Let our government bear this in mind?and let it, at this important juncture, employ all the resources of the nation to sustain the rights of the nation. The winter campaign in Mexico must be a brilliant one. Lesirlativi Movkmmts ?The Hon. Daniel Webster arrived yesterday aliernoon, at the Astor House, from Washington, on his way to Boston, where professional business requires the tem" porary suspension ol his Senatorial duties. Mail Failu*e.?We received no letters or papers south of Baltimore last night, and, c jn?equently, are depnved of almost all information relative to the doings in Washington. J *""Vorth*k>? Por.mc*?What's tw tit* Wtnti 1 ? The political barometer is subject to irequent variations, and at present appearances again point out Henry Clay as the probable nominee of the whig party in the Presidential contest ot 1848; at any rate, so far as the Fourierite section is concerned. The " MiR Boy of the Slashes," and "Harry of the West," may yet be the rallying cries ot the whigs, in ipite of the long lists ol candidates against him. As an evidence of the feeling in certain parts of the North, we give the following little political movement, which though very cleverly managed, could hardly be expected to escape the eye of every one. We suppose it is correct. Some time since it was said that Gov. Seward started for Ohio on public and private business, generally and particular!/, and whue there was i>een several times, some say as many as five times, with Judge McLean. The general opinion, in consequence of th j was, and circulated by different radii through Ohio and New York, a little here and a little there, that an under current was at work which might eventually throw the Judge on the top of tho stream of politic*, and float him into the Presidentia' ch ir. But when these statements were made by the press, the Cincinali Oaztttt indignantly denied, aB I if by authority, any such scheme on rthe part of the Hon. Judge of the Supreme Ceurt; and an Albany paper, the supposed orgtui of the Seward ; cliqvt, not only repudiated the truth of the rumor, but moreover, came out on the subject of wagon boys, and spoke of Tom Corwin in terms ; of praise: and) one of the friends of Gov. S. has since stated, imprudently, perhaps, that all these slight movements in favor of Judge M'Lean were only intended as " feelers." This whole afTair has been investigated, and the following is the probable solution of the mystery. Tke leaders of one section of the whig party, the extreme left, will, at the proper time, it is said, bring forward the name of Henry Clay, as the candidate for Presidency in 1648. 11 by any chance he should withdra v his name, either by his own will, or through persuasion, he will do so in favor of Judge M'Lean, upon whom the whig I party will then naturally fall back, Ufthe proba1 blc result of these measures we Bhall speak at ' another time; at present we only advise ail ; who are interested in the matter to watch and p yI Meanwhile the lriends of Generals Taylor and i Scott will not be idle. Ark wi to have a Branch Mint 1?The President, in his recent message to Congress, recom| mends the establishment of a braneh of the govern| ment mint in tliis city. The Secretary of the Treasury made a similar suggestion in his report last year, and repents it this. It bus been a matter of much surprise to US' that we have been so long without a mint, and ! Lave repeatedly urged the propriety and policy of establishinK a branch in this city. This is : the Kr&nd financial focus of the country.? Two thirds of the aggregate importation of prccious] metals into the United States come into this port, and is distributed from this point oyer the country. Most of the gold held by the banks of this city is of foreign stamp, and it is diificult to get hold of any quantity of American coin in exchange lor bank notes. If we had a mint here, a large part of this foreign gold would be worked up into American ; coin, and our currency would become relieved from the fractional pieces of gold and silver which are now so difficult to enumerate. The establishment of a mint in this city would do more towards increasing the circulation of gold and silver than all the other mints of the country. The foreign gold which arrires here lays in the vault of seme, bank until a demand spring* up j for export, when it is shipped in the same boxes I in which it arrivtd, and frequently goes the round of the country without being disturbed. If we | had facilities for rccoining this gold in this market, a very large portion of it would become Americanized, and remain in the country, and p&M into general circulation. Another reason why we should have a mint here ia, that the financial operations of the government will be confined to the limits set forth by the independent treasury act; and it would became the depository of the public .Minds, and the headquarters of the sub-treasurer. Musical. Fcstival Concert.?The 8t. George's Society will give their festival concert, in aid of the chaiitable fund, j tt the Broadway Tabernacle, on Monday evening nest, j on which ocoaaion a variety of great musical talent will unite in the cause of benevolence. Madame Ablassowicz, received with sneh rapturous applause at previous concerts in this citv and Philadelphia, and now'engaged at ; the concerts of M Heiz and the Philharmonic Society ot 1 Botton; Mrs. E. Loder, VIisa Julia Noithall, M???r?. Austin Phillips, and Edward Sbeppard, are the principal to caliita ; and Herr Dorn, (the iirat hem and guitar player of Germany) Metara K)le,Timm and George Loder, with hia splendid orchestra, are the principal limtrumfcu talitta engaged. The Tabernacle of courae will be filled by another 30()0 audience. Hemi Hkrz ? Thia gentleman bai io far recovered from hia annoy ing accident at to be able to give hia con1 cert at Boaton on Friday evening. | Bivoai.?The great violini-t having given a moil tiiI umphant concert at Baltimore and at Wilmington, givei one more at Philadelphia, after which he prcceeda aouthward. novtnenti of T? avelleie. The arrirali yeaterday (till farther increaeed, and the ; hotela consequently appeared very retpectably filled ? i The following lathe full amount at each : ? Amikica*.? H. Polbemu*, New Jereey ; Col. Hone, L I : J. Callender, V 8- Ordnance; S Gorgea, do.; C'apt Smith, U 8. Engineer*; J Freelaixl, Tenhiil; J. Hanken, do.; Dr. Talcott Army: J Pool, N J ; O. Meeire, Va. I A?vo*.?W. Wood, N. J; K. Walker, N. V; Hon Dan | Webtter, Washington; Captain Hobba, Bovton; W Le? , lie, Philadelphia; T. Bennett, New Bedf rd; P Atwill, Baltimore; C Hobart, Boston; Major Heath, l atakill; P. Waahburne, Middleboro'; T Mom. Philadelphia; N. Matthowa, Boston; B. Dyer, Providence; W. Barksdale, St Louii; H. Harrington, Hartlord; T. Coulaon, Baltimore; G. Kettrick, New Hampahlre: J. Merritt,Troy; I C. Horton. Boaton; D. McCully, Philadelphia. Citr ?Rev J Bowden, N. Y; Jamea Monroe, Albany; J. Whelan, Thila; Mr. Yatea, Schenectady; Kev. H Sherman, N. J ; J. Hasbrook. Kondout; A. Boyer, | Kmgaton; D. Strong, Providence; CapL Wetaon, Staten i lilun I; Com. T. Ap Cateiby Jones, U. 8. Navy; N. sturtevant, Bo?ton; J K Rote, Texaa Ka*n*Lii?.?W. Scovell, Waterbury; H. Griawold, Virginia; J. Tompkins, Weatcheater; A. Brooki, Pottaville; G.Howland, Peekakill; J. Allen, Philadelphia: J 1 Scovell, Waterbury; Uen. Jewatt, Texaa; H Cooke, I Naw York: J. Miller. Vort Mnntrnmerv J Smlowirk Harrington, ('apt Day, Norwich; H. Harval, Bridgeport; Mr. Aaams, Lansingburgh, 8 i'liclpa and Mr. James, Albany. C-How*ai)?J. Bruen, Baltimore; J. Gilbert, Boaton; O. Braille) , Hudson; J (iarilner, Boston; L. King, do; Dr. Hatchcll. Va., T. Cutter, Mass ; 1'apt Black, Norfolk; J. Pugh, rhila ; C. Chaie, Boston; H. Jones, Phila ; \V Hcudder, Oa.; D. Dunlap, rhila.; H Adams, Norwich; L Gushing, South Berwick. JrD?o!??Du lley Beech, Hartford; P. Huntingdon, Norwich; C. Haw son, do., A. Kairell, Conn ; W Oakes, Hartford; A. Hhrpbard, Va.; A. Paikman. Bangor; O. Browne, do ; J. Leavens, Norwich; W. Converse, do. Superior Court. Before t hief Justice Jones. Tbr Farmiri' Lean and Truit Co. ??. Mint urn,?The jury rendered their verdict in this cause yeaterday morning. finding a verdict for the plaintifT of M>; and upon the ether question submitted to them, they found that it was one wnole transection between the parties. Htnry Hinidalt ri Jtaron flowrr ? This WIS an aotion on a draft of >J80, dated New York, February 10, 1816, drawn by D. T Bnghum on Kliaha Averall, luid by by liim accepted There were three endorsera on it, the lost of whom waa the defendant. The defence was, waut of notice of proteat, and no evidence of demand of pay ment. Verdict for plaintiff. $369, For plaintiff, Mr. Dudley Fiald ; for defendant, Mr. Kildy. Edward fV 1st f II awW Sunn Pail Ltgt*U, hit wift, es. trsitsi O. trrkmt ?This was an action of ejectment brought for the recovery of the houee No. IIS Bowery. 1 he houae was devised by Mrs. Leggett's father to the defendant in trust, that Mrs Leggett might receive the rents, issue*, and profits during uer lif? The plainUrts insist the trust is void under tne revised statutes For the defence it was inaiated, first, that the trust was not void, and secondly, that il it waa the plaintiff's confirmed by their earcutiou of the partitition deed; and thirdly il the execution of the partition deed did not confirm it, then the will waa altogether void, and the emire ol the property should be squally divided between Mr Post'a chif.lrau. The Chief Justice directed the Jury to fioda vrrdict for the plsintifTs, subject to the opiuou ot the Court m Bank on a ca?e to tie made. Uefote Judge Vanderpeel. Stall es. Simpfn, rt ah.? This causa ia further adjourned to this moruibg. Comt Calendar?1This I>ajr. Ciacuir Court- Samn a* yesterday. ftcraaioa Cot ar?Nos. 3?. 44, ?, 14, M, 17, ?0, f??, 96, 91, il,a0,?4, ?, 71, 41, 16, 49, 61, .64, ?, 101 to 107. TlmtrMd. P^ie Thkath.?Th? ( ( maul of the Vienna!** children In this city, has b??n attended with a suoces* almost unprecedented. Every evening the building is crowded with an audience, which enthusiastically de mand* a repetition of nearly every divertiaement ottered by the beautilul /iguranitg; and, in (act, we think there encores have become rather a tax upon the powers and patience of the performers. The people present one evening do not aeem te oonaider that their wish for n aecond eight of a beautiful ? *, was aiao the wish of the audience of the evening before, and would probably be of the audience in the evening after, so that the fortyeight little graces are compelled to undergo nightly an ; overdue amount of exertion However, public applause ia called the breath of professional for all arWtici, and if so. the shadows of the " Viennoisei" will never be lass. Th?y will appear this evening in three of their beautiful Terpsichorean performances; also two sterling little farces, will be presented with the whole strength of the excellent Park company. We may expect another crowded house, such a one as may be a satisfactory itturn for the liberality of Manager Simpson. Bowaar TmsatbeWe are glad that Mr. Murdoch'a I engagement at the Bowery has resulted in another popular award to his professional excellenc ?. The audiences are large, of a moat respectable character, and of a kind fully to appreciate the genius which Mr. Murdoch so evidently exhibits in hia delineation of the more familiar creationa of Shakapeare's mind. This evening he will appear m Macbeth, which many critice have pronounced to be Mr. Murdoch'* be?t performance. That it u a moat correct and liTio? representation of the ambitious end remorse-strickenking, we may *afelv assert. Mrs.Coleman Pop*, who it admirably qualified for the part, will appear aa Lady Macbeth, and the evening'* performance will conclude with " Nick of the Wuod*," a play which, Irom ita startling eflnct* and thrilling intereit, aeemi never to lose favor with the public. 1 OaccawicH Theatbb ?Mr. Rice, whose representation! of negro character have, in this country and in England, always been aocompanied with succsns, will appMr to-night, besides In other pieces, in his favorite part of "Otello;" and to all who may witness it we pro. nlsa a rich treat Hi* burlesque of the "uoblosl nigger of them all," i* indescribably rich. Besides the attraction of Mr. Rice's acting, there is a variety of uovelty this evening. The farce of ' Hercules, King of Clubs," Md of''A Day in Paris," in which Mrs. Ueorge Chapman sustains seven different characters, will be pioduced. Young Master Spark*, ot whom we havo heard much, will make his de*ut. Mr. Harrison will sing tome popular comic songs, and Mr. Yate? will dance hi* inimitable Jig*, break-down*, ki. Thi* programme 01 entertainment ita ttrong one. and we truat will *end to the Greenwich an overflowing audience. Bowtar Aiifhithiat*k.?This excellent establishment, under the direction of its pre seat liberal manager, Mr. Tryon, is well worthy of public patronage. In for. mer day* a Circus was made up of a few spavined, hall starved animals, a company of uncouth riders, and a pseuds clown, whose joko* were not onfy stale, but often offensive. But now it is different The Bowery Amphithe aire 1* a large, well ventilated builciing; the horses employed giving evidence not only of gieat intrinsic value, but of skilful training ; the equestrian performer*, gathered from all part* of this continent and Europe, each of rreat individual excellence as an artist; and the , clown*, Italian, French and English, who diacarJ old Jo* Millers and pour out freih joke* and comicalities in a manner never to offend, but always certain to amute ? An entertainment made ur> of such material is lure to ecuro thb patronage of tne public ; and we trust to *ee a continuation of crowded houses 10 loiig a* the Bowery Amphitheatre offer* amusement, varied and faultle**, a* atprosent. Madame Macartk at thk Amphitheatre ?Thi* accomplished and distinguished equestrian, the first in ^ Europe or in this country, is engaged for a few night* to perform at the Bowery Amphitheatre. It i* undenia bly the greateit attraction of tne leason, and cannot fail of drawing immense audience*. Mme. Macarte will ride next week. Alhambra.?There are few place* in the city whero an evening can be more pleaiantly passed than at thi* *a* loon. The accommodation* are *u per lor to those of some largor establishments we could mention ; the refresh, ments to be procured of an excellent quality ; the entertainment* varied and amusing ; and the price of adminion very low. Herr Alexander, the prince of German magicians, will this evening astonish hi* audience with a series of experiment* and duluiion* ; Mr. Harrison, tho improvisatoire, will ling some pleasant original compositions and the vocal and instrumental performers, under the direction of Mr. Loder, as usual, will do effective aervice in bidding "dull care, begone." Mr. Whitney's Entertainment take* place at the Lyceum Hall, Broadway, to-morrow evening, at halt past 7 o'clock. Mr. Whitney'* acknowledged capabili lien nave airenay wouiur uioj iuu uvu uiinu|iu?uvu ip( plause from the numerous admirer* of hi* versatile la. lent*. Hi* entertainment*, hitherto, have boen crowded to excess, and we feel a confidence that to-morrow evening he wiil have a bumper house at the Lyceum. There i* a chaste and finished style about Mr. W's mode of speekieg?his attitude, gesture and general delivery? that at once win* upon hi* auditor)-. Thoao who hare not a* yet heard him should go to-morrow evening. Hi* impersonation* of Calhoun, McDufie, ks h:., are perfect. Ma. Wihchhm..?Thl* inimitable drolleri*t proceeds in a few day* on a western and aouthern tour. If hi* comicalitie* do not drive the blue devil* out of every place he enter*, we are most wondeifully mistaken In Mr. W.'? power*. Hi* entertainment* have always hith erto met with unequivocal succe**, and are wall worthy of public patronage. The Seguln troupe are performing very cucceiafullT at the Walnut street theatre, Philadelphia. The new opera of "Luli" was brought out, for the first time, last evening, and will probably be repeated to-night. Mr. Bennie, an actor of real merit, take* hi* benefit at the Arch itreet theatre this evening, and offer* a very effective programme, and has secured the aid of mucn professional talent. Raymond and Waring'* Menagerie are in winter quarters at Philadelphia. It ia a fine collection of living animal*. Po'lce Intelligence. Charge of Falit Premiers ? Officer Hay* of (he Lower Police, arrested yesterday, an elderly man by the name of George Gulliver, on a charge of obtaining a bill of dry good* from the firm of Lyman, Converse & Pomroy, dry good* merchant*, 69 Liberty itreet, amonntiag to (450, on a credit of aix months, which goods, it is alleged were procured by false and fraadulent representations. It appears that the accused i* a merchant doing business at Auburn, in this State, and about the 94th of August la*t, he applied to the above firm for the purpose of buyiag good* on a credit To efl'ect thi* object, he represented that he was worth over an* above his liabilities $10 000, snd for the last two year* he had been doing a good busine**: consequently upon these representations together with other circumstaucea, induced the above firm to sell the kill of gods an a six monthi credit They have iioce, however, ascertained that for tome time previous to the purchase or the goods, the accuse t was insolvent, and he has since failed, largely indebted, so much so that he was unable to pay -JO eetrs on the dollar. Upon this statement of lacti Justice Drinker issued a warrant for hi* arrest, which was executed by tha above officer. The accused, upon being biought before the Magistrate, requested a hearing in the case, which was granted; and the whole matter will be investigated to-day at half-pasl 3 o'clock. In tl.e meanwhile the prisoner waacommitted to the custu-ty of th? officer uutil the case is determined upen. ' Ijfling" and Hunting.?About 9 o'clock last evening rstbrr a genteel looking young man entered the Jewelry stoie. No. 90 Canal street, kept ty Mr. Frederick W. Tachtuian, and requested te be shown some watches, that he might select one to purchase; consequently seveial wetohes were placed on the counter, one of which, a gold lever watch valued at $30, was chosen, but before paying for the watch, he handed out a half sovereign, and aiked Mr Tachtman if he could change it for him, and while in the act of doing so, the fellow bolted out of the shop, taking iwith him the selected watch, and ran at full ?pced down Canal street, towards Varick, when his progress wi< slotted by two of our active ruudians ol the night, officers Martin and Sproul, of the fifth ward, v ith the stolen watch in his poocket ? He was at once crn.lucted to the station l ouse, where he gave the name of John McClevcr and in the morning ' Justice Drinker committed him in full fer trial. Burglary.?The dwelling house No. 99 Commerce street, wai burglariously ect?rod on Monday last, and the following arucles stolen from a trunk A bracelet marked K J W., set with thiee light yWpti stones , two gold rings with three large pearls, an I two light purple stones ; the other bus three stones | the one in tho centre if square, valued in all at %10 No arrest. .1 Mutictl Tkitf ? A fellow called T m Flynn. was caught in the act yeiterday, stealing a fiddle worth $1, from the store of Ann Finn, No. dl Catharine street. Locked up for tijal by Justice Drinker. PttU Larcenirt ?James O'Conner was brought in for stealing a sleigh robe, worth flO, belonging to Mylvester Tntt!e. No 194 Chatham stri ct Lorkt.i tin tnr tri. 1 Oeorge William* wm caught in tlie net of (tealiag a black cloth coat, worth $13 belonging to Mr F.i?atua W Nichol*, realding at No. 93 Lewia *tieet, and arreetI ad by AaeUtant Captain Yarwood, of tho 4th ward, and Juatice Drinker locked him up for trial. John "Brown to.I Conrad keaaelman were arreited ye*terday, being caught In the act ol stealing four pair of pantaloon* and two coat*, worth $10, belonging to I Thornai RUey, No. 100 Cedar (treat. He ?n detected f coming from the premiiea with the propei t> in hi* poe( lemon. Locked up (or trial. -fire*! on Smpi'rien ? Officer rarnelee of the 14th ! Ward, arretted Wat night an old Five Point thief, called Jack Hilar alia* Wilaon, whom he found prowling about from block to block, trying the different door handle*, evidently fitting k?.) *, with a felonlou* intent. Locked up for examination. Clirnlt Court. Before Judge Kdmonda. Irmilrtng el. *1 r< Vtnalttvnt rial?The Jury in I hi* cau?e rendered a verdict for the plaintiff for $740 i/JeirpK If Pattrn vt Sewuet Cell?Thi* wa* an action of tre*pe?* for a**ault ami battery. It appeared from the teitiaony, that *ome time in tho month of Juno, 144A, the paitie* ware in the reading room of the Carlton Hou?e, a iliaputo aroae between them; the plaintiff mode aome alluaion to del'endant'a brother, upon wtuck the letter (truck the plaintiff. There waa no defence, and the jury found a verdict (or the plaintiff of $60 daaaagoa. J.ikn Dee ?> RieharH Ror. -The Jury inthi*oau*o waa empanneled, alter which the Court adjourned. It will occupv tha Court the remainder of the week. The liody of Lapt. Champlin Lanphior, who wm knocked overboard from hi* (loop aome time aioce, while going from thia place to Oreenport, and drowned, woe i picked up on the ahore at Kaathaapton. L. I . on tho tth Iinat. A ailver watch, and paper* of aome little value were lound in the pocketa of deceeaed Otty UWUfMi. ! AumnuaT OF TMl Citt Tbact Soci?tv.?This tnniversary was bald last evening at the Tabernacle, bei"ire a crowded uu hence, consisting principally ef l.tfliei. An excellent choir was in attendance, and tba whole proceeding! passed oif in a highly creditable man- I oar. The Rev Dr. Ok Witt preaided a* Chairman on the occasion. The Rev. Dr. I'cca opened the proceeding) by prayer; . alter which, The Iter. R s. Cooa read the annual report of thu female branch, the Treaaurer's report, showing the re1 ceiptii to hare amounted for the female branch for the pant year, to $1057 93 : the other branchai. $9,886 34. The expenditures nearly amounted to that mm in the 1 aggregate, aid the society was now in debt. i he Rev. Mr. Oschiad, hereupon read the annual re- : port of the soaiety at length It went on to atate that twelve yean ago, when (he rmployment of miuiona ; ries had become general, the pieaent mode of enumerating reiulti wax adopted, and trom the monthly report of < the missionaries it appears that, aince that time, there I have been distributed by thia society within the limited sphere of ita operations 8,38J 669 tract*, containing 44, 498 763 pages of Christian truth; 14,194 bibUa and 10, 908 Testaments have been supplied to destitute persons an'l families, on behalf of the New York Bible Society; 38,774 volumes have been lent; 31,716 children have been gathered into Sabbatb.and MM into public school*; 3,036 pertons have been induced to attend Bible claases, and 19,016 to attend u(>on the ministry of the gospel 15,708 temperance pledges have been obtained, and 19,984 district uraver uiertincs beld. 'The amount of rooJ that haa resulted from these effort* we know but very imperfect* ly. Thus much we hare ascertained, and therefore recorded, that within the tame 13 year* 876 perion* have been reclaimed from a state of open backdating; that , 3.616 who had never before expenencedsthe Jove of sal- | vution, have been hopefully converted,jand that 3344 | convert* have been united with the chnrohea of Christ. : The report alter detailing tome further particular* in ; relation to operation* of ihi* society ,goe* on to state that | the number of visiter* during the year haa been 1133, but ! ; the preient number i* 11(1. The other statistic* report- I i ed during the year are as follow* : 804,038 tiact* nave | been diitributed. These coutained 3 004.6J8 page* in the ! 1 English, and 617,466 in other language*, making in all , I 4,131,084 page* of evangelical truth, given to the ini mate* of hoipitals and prison*, to the seaman and rivermen in our harbor, to the families that have been visited i at their habitations, and especially to the poor, the sick, ' i and the wretrhed. USD bible* and 8W testament*,provided | by the New York Bible Society, have been cupplied to : those who were found detitute of that *acred treasure. ' ! 6,10! volume* have been lent ; 9,110 children gathered i into Sabbath und 3t0 into public school* ; 14.) persons have been gathered into bible classes, and a.>00 induced I to attend church : 1,070 temperance pledge* have been

i obtained ; 1,680 diitrictjprayer meeting* held ; 60 backsliders reclaimed ; 111 persons hopefully converted, and 138 convert* unitel with Evangelical churches The Hev. Mr. Cokct hereupon addressed the meeting In behalf of the object* of the society} after which the choir sung the hymn: "Plunged in a gulf of deep despair " The Rev. Mr. Smith next briefly addressed the meeting, in behalf of the objects ol this society. Hymn by the choir : " Jerusalem my happy home " Rev. Dr. Tvno nest addressed the meeting. In his opening remarks, he begged to ask the multitude present, where wu Jerusalem I Jerusalem would bring out to his view, many men whom he had never seen or known in this life. He did not know them here, but Christ knew them. The " Lord knoweth," was a record which he would not blot out tor env consideration. ! Jerusalem would receive him, and no would there ! meet unalloyed happiness. There was no city ol peace here. He wa* delighted to hear the hymn, "Jeruialem, my heppy home," *ung during the i evening by the choir, and it was gratifying to be enabled to meet as they did on the pre*ent occa-I mutual rnnirrvtlllatinna u In Ilia npunliil operation! of their society They were all united in the work lor which they had met In such circumstances i they haJ met to light up their dickering torchea in the ( canse, and iu a spirit of new energy. They should i consider that they were bound to pray, in order to advance the true interests of the gospel. The heart sickens, however, to contemplate their want of success. He could sing and rejoice and dance with a delight to witness the i spread of the Lord's gospel, and he maintained that they ! atvoil there upon the common platform of Chriatianity.? j Brother Evans (who was present) might hold that water [ was the gospel, but he (Hev. Mr. Ty ng) would hold that j I the gospel was in the midst of them, and Christ said "where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them " After a long appeal to , the audience, the Reverend gentleman concluded A ; collection was hereupon taken up, when, after a brief . address by Hev. Mr. Cm, and benediction, | the meeting ; I separated. Pbeicntatiom or a Swoao to Cirr. M. Fairchild or | thic Eighth Ward.?A beautiful sword was last eve| ning presented te Capt. Morton Fairchild, of the First I 1 Regiment U. 8. Volunteer*. Ceremonies appropriate to < the occasion took place at the house of Mr. T. Butler, , i 162 Varick street. The meeting was organized at about ; half past eight, by calling Kx-Mavor w. F. Haveraeyer to the c*>air, and appoiating Columbus Seguin and Robt. ' P. Getty, Vice Presidents. In taking the chair, Mr. j Havemeyer made a few pertinent remarks, which he concluded bv lionin* that Cant. F. would never draw hia (word without justice, or sheath it with disgrace Ex- ' Alderman Brawn, of the 8th ward, having been selected by the citizen* of the ward to make the presentation, came ferward mod performed the (.art allotted to him, in the following address Capt. Faibchild? 1 have been asked by your fellow citizen*, assembled here thii evening, in their behalf, to Eerform an act which the dedication by one of their nam- j er, of hii services to hi* country's welfare, prompU me , ' cheerfully to fulfil. Von, with whom they hare been { accustomed to associate in the business and social rela- , ! tions of life, have volunteered your aervioee at the call of your country, aa a citizen soldier, and are about to go i forth to unite with other of your fellow citizens in de- 1 fen"c of yotir country's flag. Ere you leave for the field ! of battle, they have felt it their duty to express to you some manifestation of the regard and esteem in which you are held by them, to award to yon some token of their confidence for yoar patriotic devotion to your country's canse, and to present something that will rein lad you surrounded by 1 he din*of war,that there are tho> who will watch with anxious solicitude your career in arms. The presentation of 'sword has been thought by them most appropriate for the accomplishment of their > wishes. The sword that I hold in my hand. I, therefore, present for your acceptance. Take it ; look at the inscription en its scabbard, te learn the source from whence it comes ; and the object for which it is given. Wear it by your side ; not as a mark of military distinction only, but as a sword of justice, to be drawn from its scabbaid in defence of your country's honor and your country's rights? Tnat it may prove to you a trusty blade, a companion of glory to yourself and comrades in arms, is the sincere wish of thoee in whose behalf it is preaented. To which Capt F replied on?i ibubito iui?, u v uiumonwi ui nnru, irora the citizens of the 8th wtrJ, and I offer you, tneir representative. my sincere and grateful thanks for this un^x. I fected honor you have conferred upon roe I avura > on air, wordi cannot express my leeliugs on thia occasion. I feel, in receiving tliie from your hands, that it as the last memento ol my former pleasant association* with thoae you represent; and w hen far dis ant from you, on my route to the seat of war, then can I look upou it with pleasure, and the aatiifaction of knowing, that in New York, I have friend*. And when upon tae battle field, when itihall bo necessary to raiae thia token in defence of my cojntrv, I will think of the given and consiler it my duty, in defending myself, to defend and preserve thu sword at the expense of my own life. And I pledge myaelf to you never to disgrace, Lut rvspest it, aa I esteem the gentlemen you lepresent In concluaion, allow ! me aguin to offer you m> t ..inks aiiJ beat wiahei lor thoir welfare and proiperity. 1 The aword wai an excellent blade, in a beautiful icab- I bard, bearing the following inscription 'Trearnted to Morton FairchilJ, Captain of Company I, lit rrgia.ent U. 8 Volunteer*, of the State of New York, by his fellow citizen' of the 8th ward, aa a testimony of their regar I. New York, Dec. IS, 1340 " The committee consisted of Metsr* D. T Marshall, D. A' Fotrler, Thomas Dyer, Henry T. Capen, and Albert Uuraeey. The ceremony of prraentalion and reception being thua concluded, tha company repaired to the ijloon. where Mr. Butler had prepered a repast, to which ample justice was done. The following are some of the toaats volunteered on the occasion By W* F. Hirtuma?A victorious career, and a safe return, to 'the First Regiment ot New York State Volunteers. By Aid. C. P. Baowjr.?The brave American office:* and soldier* who have fallen in Mexico, defending their country. Peace to their athea?everlasting honer to their memories. Hon E. Vaansr, of Herkimer Co ?The First Regiment New York State Volunteers, of New York, may tiey plant the flat of our country over the Halla of the Montexuma's, and safely re'urn to the bosom of their fa miliea and friends. By 8. P. Ooldsos.?Oar citixen soldiers, the abundant evidence they have given of their ebility in the field, commcnds them to oar encouragement By D. B. T. MaasHALL.?Our commanaer in chief, Siiaa Wright:'* Truth rniak?<1 !a aiHh aiiall ria* ft#ain The eternal year* of Ood are her1* : While error wounded writhei in pain, And die* amid bar wor*hippera." By dpt. Monro* KtiarniLD?''The citiieni of the (?lh ward?Their patriotic feeling* evinced toward* me thi* evening ihall never be forgotten, but alwaya remembered by me with gratitada" By J. B Pbii.liu, K.*q ?"Col Ward B Burnett of the 1 ?t regiment U B. rolunteera of tha State of Naw York ? in all tha qualitiee which <1i*tingui*h a gentleman and a aoldiar?ia eminently qualified for the elation which ha hold*, and the confidence of hi* country." Bv Col. CtTKH?"War?Tho'iah alwayato be deplored, it bring* forth the elementa of greatneae which have lain dormant; and aa among nation*, ao among men, it reqairaa a powerful cauee to awaken tha talent which achieve* the honor of a repnblio." By Albibt Glbimbt?"Our gallant general* oar gal- i 1 Unt oflWr* of all gradea, and our galUn t non commit' *toned offl?era and privatea in Mexico, wa thank haarttily far the paat ?'Too are right'?'Oo ahead ' " Dy A. J. Fo*t*ii?8?"Capt. Falrchild?May he, with hia *trong atm and goad aword, make hi* way through ' all tha impediment* Mexico may offer 'V By Tho*. Dvia, Kaq?"The Sword of America: I Kir*t drawn in 1776, and achieving tha gloriou* raault of Independence, and next in 19)1, to reaiat tha right of eart h, and with a like glorioti* reiult; and now to radraiaaa accumulation of wrong*?(vida the Praaidant'a i Meaaage)?in another quarter , and who can doubt tha ! reaultV By Jam* Oaf?!*.?General Taylor'a army, an army of tailor* ; tha breach?* they have 'already made plainly prove they are maiter workmen." By Alb?bt Oi'a**av.?" Our country, and tfce whole : thereof: Kar better draw tha aword in defence of our ! Mil. and to piiniih invaaion. than be tricked and dlaho- ' ' bored I t *hutfling diplomatiita. Old Rough and Keaity . cant he bought or beat." | Br Ia* (i Baown.?" Captain Kalrchild'* aword : May ! it raceiva ita flnt ataln in tha heart of Mexico." I St'noti Doth?Tha Coroner held an inqoaat y eater i ! day at .No. 4* Thomae atreat, on tha body of a colored | ' man named Walter Segg. a native of Rhinebeok. aged I H j-'htj who expired auddenly on Toeaday night la it ! Dr Thomaa Halmea m.de an ex ami oa tie* fa tha ceae, from whicb It appeared that the daceaaad came to hi* I daath by diiaaaa of tha heart, and tha Jury rendered a i i Tardtct in accordance with that opinion. < Tn Aiiiimm Ackienvtrtix Awocutio*.?A mating of lb* association was held lift evening at the New Tork University, Wnhlii|t?i) Square. The Hon. Lutmbm Budiir, President, in the chair. The minute* of the last meeting were read and approved. Reporh?Krom the Executive Committee; in favor ot the admission of Mr. James Hogg, Mr. ? Smith, and the Hon W. N. Green, ai member* of the society. The repoit was adop e 1, and Meaara. 8aaitb, Hon, and Green, duly elected ' Mr I'ki i. :eco-nm?n<Jed that a committee should be up pointed to r*i>ort on the best method o( planting and harvesting Indian com; he saM under present circumstances Indian corn was a grain likely to be of great importance as an article ot export. He, therefore, thought the cultivation of it a fit subject for the investigation of a committee ot practical gentlemen. He made some very excellent practical remarks on the cultivation of it, drawn from experimea'^ made by himself in planting and saving it He coucluded oy naming the following gentlemen as the (ommittae?Messrs Kufus K. DelaAeld, Hugh I Maxwell, S. T. Jones, J. T. Sheale, D. P. Gardiner, and | Archibald Ruasel. On motiou of Mr. Browne, Mr. Fell, the muvsrjwai added to the committee. Dr. Stevena j was also added to the committee, on motionof Mr. Pell. i Geneial Clabk was of opinion that no aatialactory experiments oould be made by planting in pots. He thought the growth depended on the tem perature of the earth and on the seasons. ^ Kx-Vice chancellor McGowa* said, that in the spring of 1846. his corucrep was planted at a time when th > ground wn unusually dry; be then rowed it, and cover ed i>. to a depth of three inches. It was alow in cooling up end came up irregul irly?thus last spring at planting time the ground waa quite wet, and bii {aimer iiw the difficulty of thullow planting, he put the seed deeper, but Hill the difficulty continued, in consequence of the wetness of the season. He thought the mode of planting would depend much on the state of the season, and he was of opinion that no particular rule could be laid down; the mode of planting depended on the nature of the aeaion and the state of the toil. Mr Bnadish atid, that in the month of September be had siaty acre* of ground oleared and tue timber left on the ground, and 10 left until the ?now melted in spring. On the >th of June it waa burned, and on the 10th and llth of June it waa planted with the axe; It waa the I!rat he planted in that way, and in September following he gathered 48 bushels from each acre.? He should have stated that he left the trunks of the trees on the ground-it was only the limbe that *ere lopped off and Durued. Mr. Sselv was of opinion, that when we ait about the practice of agriculture, we should do it as an art. He held, that until very recently asiicultnr* was pursued just aa medical science is pursued at piesent. He thought it was hardly worth while at present to make any inquir ries into the nature of different soils. It was necessary, however, for the farmer to see that his soil was in a proper atate tor the reception of the seed ; it was also necessary for the farmer, he thought, to have in the harvest ing season proper, diligent, a id careful persons about him. Mr. Seely continued to give a very elaborate and scientific dessertation on the procees of the germination of seed after it is put into the ground. He concluded by recommending, in the first place, good plowing, and in the neat place good manuring. He would adviae the using of short manure for corn instead of long manure. Doctor Sti.vkfis said be rose to nuke a suggestion as to the depth at which coru should be planted. He thought they should test the temperature of the giound by the thermometer ; there was danger in planting corn too euily. In a dry and improved soil corn may be planted deeper than in a wet soil. He had tested guano in hastening the germinating of the aeed, and he found that upon each occasion it tailed?that is it did not hasten thejilant's growth one day beyond the common miavu. wuwu uau retuaimena mil IQ8 commute j would take up the subject of iteeping the Med previous , to planting. Mr. Seelv again made tome remark* on the steeping of the seed. He was opposed to the method of steeping seed. Nature, on supplying the earth with moisture, wonld alse supply the seed with it Mr. Pell introduced Mr. Williams, a gentleman who j had the superintendence of a plantation in Peru. Mr. ; Williams said that the method of asiag guano in Peru and this country was very different. Their mode of 1 using that manure in Peru was by digging a small hole in : the ground, steeping the guano the night before in ; water, and throwing it into the hole ; then putting the 1 seed in after it, and closing it <vith the hoe. In that way ; they laised from 70 to bO bushels ef corn per acre, in I light sandy soil. In raising other crops, they lay the guano on very lightly, aud afterwards irrigate the land ; and, in general, their crops are very floe. Mr. Abchibald Husskl exhibited the drawing of a newly invented hames, which has lately been brought | into use in England. He made some remarks on the uti I lity of this invention, and moved that the subject be re- I ferred to Mr. Allen, a member of the society, which was j adopted. Mr. Gbee!? presented rome numbers of the first to- , lume of the Transactions of the American Agricultural Association. They were received by the secretary, to be sent to the members. Dr. Sn tKM said he wished to make a few remarks on the raising-of peaches. He recommended, in prefer- ! ence to all others, the application ef lime to the root of _ peach trees ; it protects them from the worm, and does not injure the roots. Dr. UiaDiKEa then made some experiments on the gun cotton- He said that it was successfully introduced > in Kngland In blasting and excavating forrail roads; it | can be purchased far half the price or gunpowder, and it hai double ita power. It would, he thought, eventually facilitate the operation ot farmers very much in clearing of their lands. There were, he amid, two objections to it The first was that it could not be packed in large quantities for exportation without ita being very much deteriorated; and secondly, when used for suns of large calibre, it leaves considerable moisture behind, which aflerwajd? impedes the action ol the gun. In the course of these experiments, he showed it to have very singular properties. Amongst others, he exploded it with a match on the common gunpowder without igniting the pewder. He alto placed aome grains between : hia fingers, ignited it, and the pert between his fingers remained untouched. After aome other buaincM the society adjourned. The Relief roa lain ?We understand that a movement is about to be made in this city, having in view the relief of the famishing people of Ireland. A preparatory meeting of a number of rei|>ectable and influential gentlemen will be held in one of the small rooms in Tammany Hall, on Friday evening next. It is high time for the people of New York to take some action in this matter. The Omnibi-sses?The Fbost.?The frost has already committed serious depredations upon the springs of the omnibuses in consequence of the jolting through the gutters; and the neglect of the street inspector in ralation te the cross channels upon the streets, h s had a very injurious effect. If the injuries were confined to the > springs of the omnibusses the proprietors could, with little difflcoltv, repair the damage ; but there are other in- : tereats to be looked after. A lady, in passing along through one of the Dry Dock stages, yesterday, had a | large basket of crockery, kj , nearly pitched eut ot the windows of one of the stages, in con?equenoe of a jolt which she received in cod: ng through test Broadway. very little exi?n?e would suffice to render the lioes between Dry Dock via Orand street, Bowery and Broadw y ; also, through Broadway and the varions branch routes, safe for paisengers A few laborers ceuld with great ease remove every obstruction on the streets, so as to protect the springs of the omnibusses, as well at the lives and limbs of the passengers, The Milivabv?The Hoyt Guards, Captain John Bane, went on a target excursion yesterday. They presented a fine appearance on passing our office. l* racai bktwrtn the Kiait CoMruits.?Kire companio .No. 13 and No. -- bg.l > row yesterday morning, in co'iiin; from the Are in Veiey street. There are numerou* versions o( the affair, all differing very materially ia detail. The affair ia to be brought Defore the Common Council. Accidk!tt ?Mr Clapp, of the firm of Messrs Clapp Sc. Co , Cedar itreet, waa thrown from a wagon, which he wai driving. >e*terday morning a spirited horse being attached The hor?o having taken fright ran off ana Mr. Clapp was precipitated on the afreet, near Myrtle avenue. Both legs were broken and two of hia rib*. The Niwut Shat* Ybt ?On Monday last a countryman from the neighborhood of the lakes, arrived <n the oily by one of the boats. Ha employed a cabman named Peter Duffy, to take him and hi* luggage to a hoi el which he had named Whan they came near the place Peter stopped abort, and demanded three <*ollars from the countryman. The latter demurred?Peter, intead of driving to where he waa ordered, drove to a hou?e kept by aome friend of hia ownwhere he alit, took the countryman's baggage inte the hotel, and immediately called for the Aloerman In a twinkling, a innb-noaed, red-faced fellow made hia; appearance in the shape of a mock Alderman, and strutted about the bar room for about five minutes, hia hands ia hi* breeches pocket, and with an air of the greatest magisterial importance before he would even deign to lieten to Peter. At length he gave the parties a hearing ? Peter then adJressed the Alderman as follows : " Yotir Honor, that ther chap took me off' my stand, and rede in my cab all the way from the foot of Canal street, and now he refusal to pay me three dollars, _hL?>. ?.11 ? L._ ?*>mvu wm ?u iu?i i uomfv mm ior int na?, an<l by , if your Honor doe* not make him piy ra?, I'll bung up hia otee t.elore ho gota ?ut " " Hold your tongue you impudent ra?cal, or I'll commit you inatantiy to the Tomb! ; how dare you u?o tuch language to thia worthy gentlenan (tben turning round to the countryman)?" Sir, you were perfectly right in not p,iying him M. It waa a groaa overcharge ; hi< legal charge i? only two dollar* and a half, hut he ahall let > ou off tor $3, provided you tUnd treat (or the company." The countryman awing that he waa in a li*. paid the two dollar*, and stood a treat for ? ?. He th?n employed porter to take hi* lugg.ige, and at the *ame time took the number of Peter'* cah, and yeiterday made hia complaiat at ttio > ayor'* officio, upon which m warrant waa uiuad by hi* Honor, uoder which Potor waa trrottxl and comnuttad to the Tomb*. .. Ni.w OaLCAN*, Doc. 8 1848. 1 Tht Weaihtr and tk* Tkealru. There i* nothing in town of any interest to-dtr. The weather ynterday and to-day ha* been ? no wary, but itill warm, vary warm. There i* a groat excitement apriaging up here, what tbo critic* would call a furore, about the dan?en*o* Trabaltonni and Adelaide l.ebmann, with the corpe at the American, and Mary Ann Lee and Julia Turntrall, at tho St. Charlea. Your*, kc. Ho. 1H0 Broadway-Toilet B*api off wry rerfame-Koaaael'* celebrated Shaviag C?ei?, Ami ilioe lor Chapped ll^ada, tho.ee e'atrajta for the Handkerchieta, cologne*. loimeuc Cream for the Crmpl-iiin. tecniee Bear'* Oil; very pen<jr Hair, Kill, TmiK, and Mlav eg Brathe* : a graat vartetv ?f war- I ranted Haiora, tog ih-r wuh a oomr oje aeeortment of toilet articlee. MOBS' (laie Hoeaeel'O Pertamtrv, Coemecie aad Toilet Article Depot, U? Broadway, New York. To Oentlala aad othera who may wl?h to Die the Aaodyne Vapor, I* allay tentibilitv in eitiactma < f Teeth aad other tor?ietl operaliont. I would aay thai I have naed n aaabeiof taet emtatt for admitiitteriue it, but hare r..nnd thuae ?i*o?rMtared a?d .1 I by Mr A. Joeet. No. M3 1 iroadway. deeidedlv the beat adiptrd for the pnrptMe, aad can. therefnre.recommeod them with the ir?ate?t confidence. JOHNBURDKLL. I No. t Union Plate end Sqoare. r S ? I have ettracted many teeth under the influence of the Vapor, aad coander it perfectly *ar* ifadmiaiMerod with htvtMa. Thm Anaial Pictorial Herald >, This great sheet, the best effair of the kind ever iMued, is now ready, and can be obtained at the desk of our olHce for six and a quarter cents pereopy. It is emphatically a pictorial history ol the war ?illustrating the battle ground*, sieges, and pouita attacked and captured, from the takiag of Ma'anaoras by the army to that of Tampica by the navy. The illustrations are arranged in the following order:? First Page?The Encampment of the American Army * at Corpus Christ!; Battle Oround* M Palo Alto and Re aca de la Pal ma; An accurate liken* ? ot General Taylor, who commanded the American foTces in those battles; An accurate portrait of the Mevican General La Vega, taken nriaoner hjr the American army; and Fort Brown, opposite Matamoras, being the ntAl encampment or the American Army. ' 8KondM?_ia,.n. i? Ik. Rattle of ttesaca de la Palma, before the capture of La V?K?; a stress representing General Parades and his Cabinet r?c?i"nf ?* accaunt at thoia battles from a wounded Mexican lelflier; the Bombardment of Matameras ; Unci# Sam's Construction of the Balance of Power; View oi Mstamoraij Brother Jonathan and the Mexican General on the Rio Grande; A View of Camargo, looking NtWth; and a Plan of the City of Tampico. Third rage?A View of Monterey, it* fortiflcafionf, and the' position of the United States army before advancing to ita attack; Plan of Monterey after it wai captured; a View of the Caatle of Han Juaa d'Ulloi; tha Harbor of Sao Francisro, Upper California ; the Gold Minea of Dolores. New Mexico; a View of Santa Fa, and Scene in New Mexico Fourth page?Map of tha Field of Ope ration* in M exlco, a Scene in Santn Fe; Mexican Rancheros; Plan of Alvarado an<4 ita Fortifications; and New York rireasen drilling for the War. Fifth page?Tho encampment of Colonel Stevenson's volunteers on Governor's Island?Presentation of Bibles to Col. Stevenson's regiment?an election scene in New York?scene iu the Park on last 4th of July? view of the Monument erected to the memory of Thomas Freeborn, the noble Pilot-politicians reading the Htrald, and politicians throwing dust in the eyes of the people previous to election Sixth page?A Weighing scene in New York?Visw of the Park Fountain - fashionable religion in New York ?View of Chatham Square on 1st of May?Pater Fankifa in New York?Mock Auctioneers and thrlr victimsTrial of Spenoer for ahooting his Wife?Jack the J ->nkman?Practical Amalgamation in New York?Omnibue racing in New Yerk?Cherrv and Fair Star?and Loafers reading the H*re id at the Tombe. Seventh page- A portrait ef the new Pope?A portrait of the late Pope?A portrait of Konge. the German Reformer?Chatle< Keen in Richard the Third ?Miss Mary Taylor in " La Fille du Regiment "? Herr Alexander Committing Suicide?Great Agricultural Fair at Aubarn, and Madame Augusta in " La Bayadere." Kighth Page.?View of Whitehall, Staten Island Ferry, fcc.; The Uanituitt Ftcnoetse in the " Pat it Flturt; Packet Ship Henry Clay ashore; the Great Britain before she was altered ; 'he Great Britain after ahe was altered ; the Great Britain ashore at Dandrum Bay; and the wreck of the Steamer Atlantic. We think all will admit that there never has appeared a more interesting sheet than this. Itis in fact a daguerreotype history of the United States, and ef, all incidents of importance that have happened for the year past. As a pictorial history of the United States for the year 18-16, it is an admirable thing to put in the hands of children and young pet sons, particularly in the holidays, when they expect something of the kind. Agents will please send in their orders. Ring'* Compound Syrup of Hjrdrlodata sf Pouum. s?r??L*rill?. and Yellow Dock.?This medicinal remcdv is published Tor the sole benefit o( that* sufferingfrom rheamttism, pains and stiffness of the joints. swelling of tbe mutcnler substances aear them, eruptions ui the skin, nd diseases arising from an impure state of the blood, Its.? It it prepared from the pnreat articles, nnd is warranted to give satisfaction. It thins, purifies and quickens rhe circnla. tien, a*d leares e?ery part of the animal economy in a perfect state of health < Prepared and sold by C. H. RING, drnffiat, 191 Broadway, corner John it. tleod Robin Hood?M'Caba's ?dltlon of (bis Book is ?o mnch sought after, that if people d? not sake e trly application to all the booksellers. they will hare nose to get by Christmas or New Year. However, there are a few at 70 Nassau street, copier of John. Fine Cutlery.-2-TJie aubanlb^ra' miortaient i* celebrated f >r being t'ie rao?t Tar ?d ted extensive is t*>? city. It embr*c?a ell ihe different atylea of Ciwirfii, Proident, Wbarucliffe. Norfolk. tfp irting. Pencil and OAce Kuivei, of Joaepli llo.erek Sona',Woatenliolin'a, Sic. manufacture Nail r ilet, Boot Hook?, 8ci?aora. fee. O. 8AUNDKK3 k RON, Few doora ahore Courtlaudt-at. Pocket and Penknlvei, Selmn, Nallfilee, fce.?A beautiful aaaortment of tbe above rau be aeen at the anbacibe^a, No 177 Broadway, conaiaurg of tlie moat a pleadid and unique patteraa ever imported to this cooutry. O. SAUNDERS It HON. 17? Broadway. A few door* above Courtlaadt atreet. Kxerclac and Health ?Dr. Kltcl>?ner prononncea Athletic Exerctaee to- be the " pliiloaopliera atone"?the panacea to animate end atrengUiee enfeebled eonatitntinna, and prevent eumernu* d>?ea ea, aa we'l aa ti. enhance the enjoyment and to prolong the duration of life. Thoae who prefer healthful exerciae te pSyaie, aad the in*atiraable bleaaing of a aound conatitu-.iou to debility and diaeaae, have the npportuoi;y to j >in the new ela<aea, wbiela are beiag formed at the Uni?n Oymnaatic Aeadeiay. No. 13# Croaby atreet, which ia under the maaagemeat ol Dr J B. Rich, who haa devoted many yeara to the philoaophy of de eloping the phyeical ayetema o< the yoaag and renovating , the energiea of the more advanced by meaai of ayatematie exercieea. Thia uymnaaium ia the largeat asd ba at appointed on the continent. RavIgatloB of the Ohio Rlvar, Placet. 7\me Stale *f Raver. Pittsburg ........... .Dee 11 18 ft falling. LoniaviUe Dec. 0 14K ft rieiaff. Wheeling. ... Dee. 9 OS ft.riling. Cincinnati Deo. 7. . .. .13 ft, ruing. ga M9IBY MARKCT. Wedneaday, Dee. 16~S P. H. The itock market opened very heavy thia morniag and the tendency of price* U (till toward* a further decline. The money market appear* to be iteadily tightening, in anticipation of the enforcement ef the ipecie claniea of the Independent Treaanry Act, on and after iQe oni ox January, proximo; uu we nave no uouvi acarcity of money ( Mom realized, will be experienced upon the opening of the spring Uade, unleaa Congrea* at once ?ui|>enJi the most restrictive feature* of that act. At the flrat board to-day, Harlem fell off ; Reauing Norwich an1 Worceeter closed at yeaterday'a prices The transaction* were to a very limited extent^ and things look very blue in the atreet. The Jackson Manufacturing Company, at Nashua, N H., ha* declare 1 a semi-annual dividend of *evanty dollar* per (hare of eight hundred, or nearly nine per cent., payable on and after January 9d The Providence and Taunton Branch railroad* divide four per cent, each for the last six month** earning*; and no doubt ia entertained that the Worcester, Lowell and Eastern will make a similar dividend of profit*. The New Bedford and Taunton, and the Maine , will probably divide three and a half per cent The Fitchburg doe* not divide until February. In the dividend cla** of Eaitern railroad and manufacturing storks there il only a retail buiineta done, hut rate* are firmly supported. Lowell railroad ha* been old at '20 per o*. advance ; Concord, Jl)f; Eastern, 8<^ a ??, Old Colony, 2l?; and Maine , HX per ct. advanceLawrence Manuf. Co. ia inquired for at 10, and York at 20 per cent, advance; Amoikeag 37, and Stark 0. The following ii a correct lUtement of the receipt! and expense* on the Colombia end Philadelphia Railway^ from Dec. 1st, 1844, to Dec 1st, 194fl : ? phh.tDCt.phu Al?0 Coi-I-MRI* KtlLROAD. Total receipt*, m per Reports ef Collector*, for Motive Power, Truckage and Railway Toll* , 1474,411 33 Total expea?e, e? per Report of 9nperir,(an. d-nt lor maintenance el Motive Pow?raD<] Truck*, and for repair* 916 *44 47 Net prett, . * M47.8M M > F.qual to six and a half per cent, (nearly, on four ail lion* of dollar*.) the e?#? oi the railway and machinery. The annexed *ta*tnent exhibit* the value of the export* of the growth, produce and manufacture of the United 9'afai, for the year ending JuneSOth. HU and 1M#. The great inereaee in the vmlne of vegetable food exported in 184?, compered with l?t4, i* the mo?t important feature in thi? pert of our foreign trade, the increase being more than one hundred per cent. The Increase hae been principally ia the shipment* of wheat, Sour and com. VALue nr Eiroavt pxom thi U. Statu, 1*45 and '*??. Tkt Sf 114). 1149. Fisheries .... Urii-^lfiiHnrro'lfithe.ie. *)J,SJS At* 34* Pickled full,or river li?h?ne?,( hemni, ?ed. ??l'?on, mm-kerel.) M.lUt MO 4#s Wh ile other fuh oil I.M.MS SKTTV"' W?|W 6?fJ7B WhaNHone ?M*lt M1,?T? Pprrmaeati oaadtts 3*?I7 ltt.6M H .307,114 $l,43),1tt T\t FertiI. and for* 1,(41 155 l.MI.Mf Uiniauf 177 lit ?7 VW $I,??,K>I fl.IM.17t Product of Wend. Hr.TM. (hintln, bomda, h? wn timber, I.MI.nt J.1I9.M J Otirtlamhfr Mn'i md ipiri. MMJ tl^W <t?k b?rk, and othrr dra 71?l? 'i'TS All m.nnfVlB-w of wood. *77 4J* S7._>M Naval >tore*?tar, pitch,roaia, taip'na, !< *9 1 MJ.7I1 Alhta, pot and pcail I t'O.m 7tt.?M 9iJ* >n *1rrirulturr Vrtdnct rl An ma!?. / _ ... Bact, Mllow. tmlaa. haraad cattle.... I,Mi M? *12* *5? j Itforv.d Aim* WW I.HIJf , i l'nrk (yick'ed. J bacoa, latI, li?? hoc*. I.Ml.MI J.M? ?? H'??aa aad male. *? ?M MUM Hhaap < ??* W.Mt tOMjM vjmm