Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 18, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 18, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD, i Vew York. Pillny, Drrcnibcr 18, 1HW. ' The Weekly Heimld. 1 This sheet will be ready at 8 o'clock U* morrow morning. U will be illustrated with a Map of Mexico, showing the past and contemplated operations of Gent rals Taylor and Scott against the Mexicans; and a beautiful pictorial view of the Viennoise Dancers as they appeared at the Faik Theatre. This number will, as usual, contain all the news of the week. Single copies sixpence each. Tbe < 't ean Steamers. The Cambria is in her fourteenth day, and is probably now at Boston. She is the fast steamer of the line. The Caledonia left Boston on Wednesday for 1 Liverpool, with thifty-three passengers. J Hereafter we are to have only one steamer per month. Then our noMe packets will bring us news. Important War Intelligence. The intelligence which we publish in another jlumn of this day's Herald, is ol a very important nature. It will be seen that our gallant navy is , n >bly doing its duty, and will yet show to the world that all it wants is opportunity to distinguish itself. The expedition of Lieutenant Parker was a brilUant atTair. The military preparations at the South are of the most active and energitic character. The government have made additional requisitions | upon Pennsylvania and Louisiana, and perhaps j other States. Otficurs are constantly engaged in throwing forward men and supplies. According to the information in our possession, General Taylor has fully invested Saltillo, and may have thrown forward a portion of his army towards San Luis. Orders have been despatched to him, as we suited on Monday, to change the line of his operations; but before these orders reach him, one or more of his divisions may have left Saltillo. If so, he is to march and meet Santa Anna, er change his line of movement to th? Guli coast, as he thinks best. The Government. we understand, have left it <li*rrotinn>ru -- ?? with him. It is thought, in military circles, that an engagement with Santa Anna would lead to an useless waste ot life. Our private intelligence from Tampico, brought by the cutter Forward to New Orleans, is, that the occupation of Tampico by our troops has caused considerable consternation in Santa Anna's army, and that it was daily thinning off by disortiop. It is, therefore, thought that the Mexicans at San Luis will fall to pieces, without the assistance of Old Rough aad Ready; and that the occupation of all the Mexican seaports. preparatory to the march to the city of Mexico, is a far better plan than to waste the energies oi our army in long marches.' All this is iateresting, and the news to come trom Mexico will, therefore, be highly interesting and important. The Whig Movements tor the Presidency? The Hoar ana Hie Man We alluded, yesterday, to one or two political rumors relative to the movements of the whigs in this State. They may, probably, be of some importance to the politicians of the country. Ever since the defeat of Henry Clay, the whig . candidate for the presidency in the year 1844, and the almost total overthrow of his party on the accession of Mr. Polk, the whigs have been in a comparative state of quiescence?keeping up their organization, with the view'ol taking advantage of all th? sins of omission or commission that might be perpetrated by their opponents; and, in ail other respects, acquiring as invch capital as possible to bear upon the election of 1848. This policy was dictated by reason and sound judgment, because the issues with which they went before the people in that election, were emphatically decided against them; and all hopes of success in the election of 1843, depended upon what capital they might make from the course of the democratic majority in Congress, and the measures which they might oarry through. Thus we have seen them oppose the annexation of Texas?the passage of the sub-treasury bill ?the tariff bill ol 1846?the acts of the President in anticipating the war with Mexico?insert, ing the celebrated preamble which they affixed to the bill appropriating means to carry on the war after it was commenced. In all respects they eagerly watched the course of their victorious opponents; and every measure they passed, in fact every step they took, was closely scanned, and as muoh capital made out of it as could possibly be done. The results of this policy are apparent in the late elections in the different States. They entered the arena with all the advantages they thus secured; and in almost every State in which elec tiona have h?n h?lH tti?u K. ? -?I ?.vj U-?W wall J WI CUUipletely triumphed over the democrat*, and acquired a vast accession of strength, with whiah to carry on the next presidential campaign. Having pursued this policy, and acquired these advantages, the next step for them to take is the selection of a candidate. This is no easy matter under the present circumstances of that party.? Although they were deteatcd in 1844, under the auspices of Henry Clay, a great many think that that distinguished statesman is still the most popular and available candidate with whom they can be identified. Although they were defeated with him as their leader at that time, they imagine that it was caused,not by any personal unpopularity of his,orby a fair verdict on the principles of the whig party, but by a concurrence of unforeseen circumstances arising from the nomination of a man then comparatively unknown in the world of politics, and growing altogether from the Balt imore Convention. Many of the same party, on the other hand, think that Mr. Clay has outlived his popularity and his party. Having been their leader for so many years, and having been defeated on several occasions, when there was apparently a decided majority of the masses in favor of the whigs, they attribute their defeat in the election of 1844 to Mr. Clay, without reference to the principles of the party. Believing this, they are unwilling again to risk their prospects of success in the eleation of 1148, by inarching under Clay colors, and for same time past, have eagerly scanned the political horizon, for the purpoM of discovering a man who poasossea the confidence of the party throughout the country, and that essential element of success, personal popularity, the want of which they attribute to * Mr. Clay. As may be expected, there is a considerable amount of intrigue going on among the several cliques and factions into which the whig party is j divided, in relation to a candidate; and as congress is in seaaion, the Capitol, a? a matter of course, is the grand laboratory. Each of these (actions and chqun has it* own favorite candidate, whose claim on the party, Uiey insist, is alronger( and under whose banner they insist the proapecu of success are better than with any other candi- I date As we have already aaid, Mr. Clay is the favorite ot a large portion of the whiga. but of late there appears to be a coalition < among that branch of the whigs generally known as the fouriente left wing, towards Mr. McLean, of Ohio, whom they are desirous ol having as the candidate of the whole party in 1818, provided the chances of Mr. Clay are utterly hop< leas. Accounts from the s?at of these intri^ues, published sometime since, represented !Vfr. McLean as being decidedly the most popular fvididate at the present time of this ism of whigtain. Mr. McLeaui is decidedly popular, and pro b&bly possesses as many of the ale menu of success as any man in the party; but it is considered a matter of douLt if be ever receives the nominetion for the Presidency, without creating an amount of bickering and jealousy that may seriouily a fleet his prospects of sucoeas. The Seward c/iytMS are, therelore, taking both McLean and Clay into their oharge, with the hope of aecuring the nomination and election of one of them. It will be an amusing duty to keep track of the whins from this time till the electio* in 1S-18. With all the advantages they have recently acquired, we should not be surprised to see them weaker then than they are now; but we hope, in charity, that they will be wise. Notice to oua Subscribers?Post Master Morris Cauoht in his own Trap.?Our estimable and worthy postmaster, Robert H. Morris, j has lately set a trap to catch the newspaper pro- ' prietors of this city, ourselves included, with the | view of turning the tables on them, and proving that the many complaints that they have against his competency for the office he holds, were unlounded; and that the many failures in the mails were atinouiabie to tne newspapers, and not to the management of his office. Accordingly he procured a stamp'to be made,with the words "too late" cut on if, whiah he impresses on every palter that fails to reach his office in time to be mailed. It sometimes, however, happens that the most cunning men overreach therflselves, and instead of catching the persons for whom they set the trap, they get caught in it themselves. So it has happened with Mr. Morris. On Wednesday morning last our papers of that day were deposited in his office at five o'clock ? Among them was one addressed to Mr. N. Smith, , Astoria, Long Island, which our worthy Postmaster adorned with the ominous letters " too late," notwithstanding it was deposited in ample season, I and, for a wonder, reached its destination in time. : When our subscriber received it, and saw "too | late" marked on it, he put it in his pocket without : taking off the wrapper, and came post haste to our office to confront us with Mr. Morris' argu! ment. Knowing that it was mailed in season, the | person in charge of our mail department ezr ress- i ed great surprise ; but there were the words "too ] late" ^taring him m the face, and he waa dumb- j founded. To prove that there was no mistake about it, our subscriber, to make assurance doubly sure, tore eff the wrapper for the purpose ol ; showing that it was Tuesday's paper, when lo, j i and behold, " New York, Wednesday morning, December 16th," appeared before him. Mow here Mr. Morris has been caught in his own trap?and what excuso can he give 1 But what can we expect of a man who, whilst he did not hesitate to spend three or four months of the people's time in Albany, returns to New York and discharges three at a lime of his oldest and most j efficient clerks on the plea of economy. It may be as well to add, that Mr. Smith sel- i dom if ever receives the Saturday Herald, altho' it is regularly mailed to him from this office. Offices undkb. thk nkwConstitution.?Early in the Field.?The candidates for Supreme I Court judges seem to be shaping their course ior | nomination, in various parts of the State, at rather ' an early period. Not to be behind the rest, we j have already in the field no less than a dozen can- | didates in this city, who expect to bo nominated. Of course four anly can succeed. On the democratic side we have heard of Vice ! j onanceuor ivic^oun, juages uaitiey, ingranam, I Vattderpoel, Edmonds, Vice Chancellor Sand ford, Charles O'Conor, Joseph C. Hart, Edmund S. l)erry,John McKeon, PeterJA. Cowdrey, Joseph S. . Bosworth, Henry M. Western,and Thomas Jefferson Smith. Some ol these have held judicial office for fifteen or twenty years, at salaries and j perquisites varying from five to ten thousand 1 dollars a year, and are not yet quite satisfied. Age is not regarded by the new Constitution ; and a man may be as vigorous in intellect at sixty as at any other age. The candidates for the State at large will, as usual, be taken from the country ; the city of ! I New York not being regarded of any earthly use, i j cxcept to cast her votes for the men named at i ' Albany. These are Chancellor Walworth and the ' j present J ustices of the Supreme Court, Bronson, I j Beardsly and Jewett. Soumd Navigation.?We learn, with much satisfaction, that the steamboats Worcester and | ' Cleopatra have lately been placed in most efficient order for winter service. They have been rigged with masts and sails, thus avoiding the ! : possibility of any such sad contingency a? befel j , the Atlantic. In case the machinery of either of : I these boats becomes unserviceable, all the appli- ; | ances of a sail vessel are still^left to conduct her to j i a sale harbor. With such precautions, and with 1 such captains as Van Pelt and Williams, the i Norwich route will be as safe, as it always has ' ' been popular. These steamers must now be ! called steam schooners. Vot*s or New York ?We publish on the out- , side of this day's Herald the official canvass of this I State. The late election Jwas so peculiar in its ! results, that hundreds, nay thousands, will desire j to sreserve the official returns for futum mf?_ 1 rence. They will aatonish posterity a little. Intxlliokncs from thk African Squadron? ' i Wuci or thb Ai.mira.?We received by the 1 southern mail ol Wednesday night, the following ; brief but interesting letter from en board the ; Southampton, at Norfolk u. 8. Stoiic Shit Southampton. 1 Off Hampton Roads, Vs. > December 16, I84C. ) Wa bsTc jus*. arrived after an exceedingly rough and | disagreeable pesssge of forty-six days from Porto Pray a, | (Cape de Verdi) having encountered a succession of N. ' W. and 8 W gales since the 10th of last month. The ship i 1 has, however, proved herself to be an excellent (ea 1 boat, as to this surpassing quality wa doubtless owe our > pieeervation and safe return. On the 90th of Nov. fell in with the wreck of the brig ! Almira, from New York, bound ^o Ireland, in distress ; ' and leaking badly, having been knocked on her beam euds on the night of the 33d Nov.. in which situation she lay for three hours, being at the time of the accident under bare poles. Took from her the captain and crew, who, from the vassal's inability to proceed on the voyage, abandoned her. The African Squadron, undar command of Commodore Read, at the time of the Southampton's sailing, were on the eve of depattura for the leeward coast, officers and crewa all in excellent health. The following is a list of officers attached to the Southampton Lieat. Commanding, Henry W Morris; Purser, John I D. Oibeon; Assistant Surgeon, J. Francis Tuckerman; Passed Mi?)?bipman, W. A. Webb; Midshipman, John McLeod Murphy, James L. Ferguson, S J. Bliss Passengers?Chsplin, Wna MeKeuney, and Passed Midship- i msn, Francis Ale tender Officers and craw all well. Narical. The ApOLLonxons.?Not the least attractive feature of ' the Benevolent Concert of tba St. George's Society on j Monday evening, will be the appearance of tha Masters i Bullock and Cola. Mr. Loder deserves wall of tha mu icai world for"having perauaded than to nuin a little longer in the city The Albino Mlnetrela (in a concert Uit Wedneaday inning, which waa wall attended by a highly reepectabla audianea. Tha appleuae with which they war* received haa induced tham to giro another, which take* place thia evening at the Minerva Roome. Apart from tbeir muitcal perfermancea, they are an extraordinary evidence of what lingular freak? Dame Nature may indulge in. amaatctk Muiical IniTitvTi.?-Thia Society will gtvaa concert of eecaiar muaic at tha Apollo Saloon thia erasing Miaa Clara M. Rolph, a young lady of whoa great anticipationi are raieed, will aMka her defeat. We, of couraa .ahall aspect to aee a crowd preeent to paaa judgment upon the powera of the fair dtbuiani*. Apart Iroa thia tha programme oflered 11 a very effective oae. Mr. Lader will conduct, and Mr. H. Timm preside at the piano fane. Mimical Coi?cid?wci?We etated come few day* line a that Feliciyt David, the tmhor of tha "Deeert,'haa recently oompoaad anothor uraphony, "( hriatophe < eloab," founded upon the inoidenta preceding, and of the diacovery of America. It ie rather a lingular coin ' c Wen e, that M Kranciaco de la Noroaha, ot Philadelphia, ha* coapoeed a concert opera, during the paet aua war, with the *ame title. It ia in three uarta - ' Tlie De i>artute,' the "Tempaat," and the "Dkoovery." We ; hope aooQ to hear it produced in thia o*y Theatrical. Pa** ThEATkc ?ThU houM it Lightly thronged, end the entertainment* received with the moat enthuiiutie applause. Nor ia it surprising that it ahould he so, *o atriking ia the novelty, and ao irresiatibie the attraction A ballet ha* been before presented to ua, but all the charm wa* centred in one urtut* of excellence, and tha raat waa heavy and lifelaaa. Here ia a corpa, well trained and ipiritad, and capable of impartin* beaut} and expression to all thay attempt; and from their axtreme youth, varying in it* gradations, giving a heightened interest to the scene. Their light and active toimi, their fair and animated face*, their infantile manner*, are sufficiently atti active; but when we add to the*e their artiatic akill, their aportive and graceful movementa, their admirable grouping*, and their varied oombinationa, presenting ao many striking picture* to the eye, and such an appeal to the fancy, while the richest, the most appropriate, and most gorgeous coitumes, give a brilliancy to the whole, we ran scarcely conceive an entertainment to possess a greater de gree oi interest, aplendor, and etfect This is duly appreciated here. The beartiful " Flower Dance." and the gorgeous and graceful " pa* Oriental" were greatly aJmired. They were full of grace and splendor. The "Hungarian dance," "the Bohemian," "thePua de Berger,' were all full of nationality, as it regarded costume, aad the step^were characteristic, and full of originality and spirit- the "Paa d'Alenanda" was chaste and beautiful.? The "Polka de Paysana" Aiders from the rest, and i* perhaps the most attractive of all. There was novelty in the groupings?the coup d' nil presented was most striking and variad, and the costumes had more than wonted brilliancy. It wa* loudly encored, and has been repealed nightly. A more delightful and innocent recreation haa never been presented on these boards?one alike formed to delight children, and charm those of ma. turer year*. These entertainments are only for a limited -.11 _ U II tt..?.t.lri.a nf tha opportunity now otisrud. Bowert Theatre.?"Macbeth," was performed at this popular theatre but evening,1 and neither tlie snow (torn, the ghost of Banquo, or the witchci themselves, had anjr terror* for the numeroui admirers ol Mr. Murdoch or Mrs. Coleman Tope. The house was most respectably filled, and may be considered tbo best test of the high appreciation in which the able talents of the giited "stars," who at present susUiu the high reputation of the Bowery, are field by the numerous patron* of this popular theatre. Mr. Murdoch's Maobelh waa a powerful pisce of acting. His personation of the difficult part drew ferth his able powers, so as to elicit much applause. Mrs. Coleman Pope's Lady Macbeth was performed with infinite ability, and Neafle's Macduff, Clarke's Malcolm, and Boath's Banquo, were well sustained. Mr. Murdoch's benefit takes place this evening. He will have a crowded house, and his high abilities fully eatitle him to a " real bumper" in Old Bowery. The bill will be found highly attrsotive. OaacNwicH Theatbe ? Mr. Rice will appear thla evening in twe ef hi* most popular characters, supported by *uch actor* of excellence as Mr and Mr*. George Chapman, Mr. H. Chapman, Mr* Tilton, and Mi** Julia Drake. Mr. Rice take* the parts of Jim Crow, in the larce of the " Peacock and the Crow," and of Oinger Bine, in the farce of the " Virginia Mummy." Besides which the petite eomedy of " A Kiss in the Dark," will be performed. Mr Yates will appear in two favorite dances, and Mr. Harrison will sing some comic extemporaneous songs. This i* the laat night but one of Mr. Rice'* engagement. The Alhaubsa.?Herr Alexander will amuse the patron* of thi* place again this evening, with a series of his necromantic performances, which have created so much wonder and amusement whenever he has at> peared. Mr. Alexander undoubtedly itandi at the head of hi* profession?indeed, the spectator would imagine that in attaining hit superior knowledge of the " black art," ha must hare received tuition from the evil one, so periect it he in performing hit mytterioui and unaccountable tricks. He will appear again thii evening. Otheramutement* will be provided in addition. Bowkkt Amphitheatbil.?The attractioot here con tlnue to draw,at usual, good houses. Matter Nixon't mto. tonuhing equestrian feats have been the theme uf frequent eulogy, in consideration of hit youth (tix yean) and hit extraordinary juvenile power*. Oouin aid Gardner kept the houte in a continual roar of laughter by their inimitab'e drollery and rich humor. Mitt Jette lyne danced a Highland Fling with much tpirit and vivacity. M'me Macarte it engaged for thla popular place of eveniag recreation, and will make her appearance in the ensuing week. Sands, Lent tc Co's Cibcps.? This establishment vilj open inthi* city on Monday ev-ning axt, at the Chatham Theatre, with a host of attractive features. It will remain here through the holidays, during whieh there will be day peru >*. Mr. .Sands with his wonderful children ; M .eley of 1'icknic notoriety ; W. fi. Carroll, and eth< a engaged. Mi.Whit.?iv i F.tibius with Amkbicau Obv toms and Poets last entertainment of this nature in our city, will ta>. place at the Lyceum Hall, this evening, and we earnestly recommend to oar citiient to tpend an hour there, where it will be paiaed with entertainment and initruction. Mr. W.'t imitation of our great men in voice, geature, and in their peculiar styles f eloquence and action is above all praise. He mutt be een to be appreciated. We are pleated to learn that at a future time, Mr. W. will take the Tabernacle, and delineate the different manners of speaking of tome of our aott dittinguithed citiient. Mist Julia Dean is playing at Pittsburg, and gaining new laurels in her profettion. Mrt. George Jonet it playing at New Orleans. Political Intelligence South Cabolina.?The inaugural address ei Oover nor Johnton, of South Carolina, waa tent in to the Le. gialature on the 13th instant More than third of the address it devoted to the tubject of the pardoning power and the caution oeceMary in its utage. The Mexican war it referred to, and in a very earnet* appeal to the patriotism of the State', taya:? " But the war with Mexico it no fiction. The blood ef our fellow citizens, thed on the fieldt of Palo Alto, Retaca de la Palma, and Monterey, telle the tad reality. Let ut not ttop to enquire why this it, but bring to the conflict all our energiet, that the war may have a speedy termination. That South Carolina will do her duty it heard in the note of preparatioa now teuading throughout the State. Her tont are rallying around the atandard of our common country. That Uiev will in the field sustain her honor and patriotism, ana that the American armt will triumph, no one questions." Ihe Governor concludes the address with an exprer aion of hit unfitness for the offlce to which ha it elected' and taya, he ia " overwhelmed " by the honor thruat npon him. The document it brief, and written in an emphatic, clear, South Carolina atyle. Ohio ? Gov. Bartley returned hi* position in private life on the 13th inst., and Gov. Bebb was inducted into offlce and delivered his inaugural add rear It tpeakt in glowing termt ef the rapid growth of the Wait,and above all of that of Ohio, which now hat a population of 3,000, MO souls. " Compared with the great resources of the State, pretent and prospective, even her large debt of nineteen million*of dollar* i* teen, at a glance, to be entirely under her oontrol. She own* eight hundred unlet of navigable canalt, and is largely interested in twelve hundred miles of McAdamized roads, besides her ktockt in the chaint of railroadt which will, ere long, be completed lrom Lake Erie to the Ohie river. The valuation returned under her new revenue law, ahowt that the hat over four hundred millions of dollars worth of taxable property." The cause of the great prosperity ia apokenofat length,pre-eminent among which the Oovdtnor point* out the abaence of alavery, and proceed* with a genuine abolition blast against alavery generally, and Texat particularly. The Mexican war it emphatically'denaonced as not a war of a people or a party, but a " PreaMential war," and Gen. Taylor, with hi* gallant army, was all that had redeemed the adminiitration from public odium and disaster. The "repeated exercise of the veto power, the Sub Tresiury system, and the Tariff of '40, are all subjects of tha gubernatorial condemnation. The add red recommend* the appointment or rommiaaionara to make settlement* of boundary with both Vir gtnia and Kentucky ; a liberal fupport of public ichoola and asylums, and that the plighted faith of the State nlweye kfpt inviolate. The addreaa ia bold, direct and devoid of all non-coinmittaliam, wall written and very brief. The municipal election in Lowell, on Tuesday, resulted ir the re-election of.Mr. Bancroft, Mayor. Dr. Huntington was ohoaen as Alderman, ia opposition to the regular candidate. At a recent democratic convention in New Hampehira, ne of the delegates introduced aoma anti slavery resolutions. They were unceremoniously dismissed, aad the mover was told to tsika them elsewhere. An election to 611 the place of JeSersoti Davis In Congross will bo hold in M ississippi on the 31 at and Md of Uis month. Henry T. Kllet is the democratic, and Peter B. Starke the whig candidate. The looofoco convention in the Kanawha congressional district, Va.t haa nominated George H. Lee, ?sq.,oi Har rison, as the oaadidate of that party for Congroaa. Hon. Edward Stanley, of North Carolina, the present Speaker of the House of Commons, has been elected Attorney General of the ?tate, for the constitutional term of four years. Saporlor Court. Before Chlsf Justice Jones. 0?r 17 ? fJ*a R??f ? ff?tirai f2 TVim ?... an action for written dander. Defendant wrote a letter, charging the pUintifl with being a awindler, kc. There wm no def?nce, and the jury found a verdict for plaintiff lor $?00 For plaintiff Mr J. M Smith. Roitwfll Havty ??. Fraiuii Fitti.-f hia waa en action on a promiwory note for *700. It waa dated the l#th of May, 1M*, payable to the order of plaintiff 01 daya after datj. The defence waa usury, and that it waa (riven aa an accommodation note. A juror waa after*anil withdrawn. Before Judge Vanderpool. John Lilllaitrgtr r?. Ororgt SchwartM and Maurier O'Kttft ? Thia waa an action of tre?pa?i for the aeizure of property under landlord'* warrant. The queetion ia on of liet, namely whether the rent waa peyable in advanoe or net The rauae ia adjonrntd to the morning Stall??. Sim??an rt al ? In tuia canae, w inch waa an actMc for aaalteiona proeecution, the J'lry rendered a verdict againat the defendant. simpvm, for $3ft0 damagea, and a verdict again at Powera ai<d Wvnnnta for 6 c*nU damage* Court taieiidai?l'ui* Day. Srraaioa Corar.?Noe. 76, 34, M, 66, M. 104, 1M, 107, 106, 110, 114 to 117,*), W, 64, *7, <W, 67, 70, lit to l?t?, 141 to 1441 1 Cltjr Intelligence. Stvcac 8n?? Stoim-Tummbwi Otu w Wuv^- I We bad the lint regular mow storm of the kuob yea tardoy. It commenced about 11 o'clock. The wiad blew violently from the North, but in the courae of the d*y shifted to N. N. K., the anow coming down "thick I and heavyThe omnibusaes continued to ply; some of ' i them, however, with four horses; and the strMts, about 4 o'clock, were covered with anow, in aome quarters, about Ave inohee deep. The inow drifted in many of the | streets. We noticed several sleighs on Broadway, Eaa ; Broadway, and in tho principal street*, the i merry ileigh bell* reminding us of the good old I days of " Merry Chrittmaa." The wind continued 1 to blow violently during the continuance of the (torn, and the variou* tumbles, " hair breadth eeoapea," flight* of umbrella*, hata, lie. in the atorm, afforded considerable amusevent to the calm looker on. The wind drove a " tar" against a few baskets of oroekery in the vicinity of Rosevelt and Chatham (treats, and the whole eacaped with the exception of a few plates, dishea, bowls, 1(3., for which the jolly tar "forked out" the damage. It continued to/reeze during part.of the day,and the moving accidents in the shape of an occasions! friendly tumble to the foot passengers, occasioned by the slippery condition of the flags and sidewalks, caused muck amuse: ment. The storm partially subsided about Ave o'clock, but the snow still came down. Ahorse attached to a milk sleigh, which was drawn up at the corner of Madison and Catherine streets took fright, while the milkman was transacting seme business : in that locality, and bolted along through Madison street, upsetting sundry tin pans, lie.?but the most amuaing ! part of the affair was the "forcible ejection" of a line fiit goose, ready for the spit, which jumped out of one of the [> 1, to the consternation of the little "b'hoya"' and the amuaament of the (pectatora who followed the runaway animal in iti flight. The milkman toon, however, had all to rights (gooae and all) and went ahead towards I Catharine ferry. The horiss attached to the cars in Centre street "balled," on 1 were unable to proceed, in consequence of the . snow clocking up their hoofs. Much difficulty was experienced in putting the can regularly on the track. The l>i? fiio bell, which it was in contemplation to > have elevite l to it* intended position on the Citv Hall, remains still on the ground in consequence of the snow storm. bout ft o'clock, when the wind blew and the snow came down heavily, the Jersey ferry boats had to " bide

the pelting of the pitiless storm," the waves washing over the decks, and threatening an upset. The water on I the Jersev side was washed over the wharves. About 7 o'clock last night the snow increased a good deal, and came down heavily, accompanied with snow ' and sleet, when, after a little time, it again moderated. At 3 o'clock this morning the rain had ceased; bat the heavens were filled with heavy cloada, indicating a continuance of the itorm It is to be feared that the vessela on oar coast have suffered from the effects of the sterm. It is to be hoped, i however, that they had a timely warning of its approach. Fiac.?*A fire broke out in a cakinet-aakers'shop at 211 Stanton street, yesterday morning, and was promptly put out. Supposed to be the work of an incendiary. Ur to Sncrv.?Last evening, as a gentleman residing in East Broadway, was walking through Walker street, on his way home, he was met by a young woman who accosted nim, and in terms of endearment, expressed her regard for him, although he had never seen ner before to nis knowledge. He was about to pass on to his business, when this yoang lady, who rejoices in the name of Mary Anne Simmons (we are not positive but Fitz should be prefixed to the last) was by no means minded that he should pass on, and thus throw contempt upon ucr HTQWtu preierouuo iui uia auutcijr. no , iuo buu he must not pMi on ; but ihoald be her guest ; should ; accompany her heme ; indeed he moat not refuse her ; the waa aure he could not refuae to comply. Wonder- 1 ful to relate, however, the gentleman would uot be prevailed upon to accept ao kind an invitation as that i extended to him by Miaa Mary Ann. He waa not at all overcome by her expressions of personal regard; in fact she had mistaken her man, he " wanted nothing to do : with auch trash." Oh, oh ! was fair maiden ever treated so before ! waa a gratuitous expression of regard ever met bv auch a return aince the daya of Mrs. Potiphar.? ; But human nature cannot stand every thing, and Mary Ann was but human ; so when he would not go with her, when he avowed that he would have nothing to do with auch trash, Mary Anne's tender tones were exchanged for expreasions of anger; she waxed warm; In fact the truth may aa well be tola, Mary Anne swore roundly, and sharply, and finally, advancing towards her qnandum tenderly regarded one, she deliberately drew from her pocket a handful of snuff and pepper, which she prooeeded forthwith to throw into ( his face. If her former appeals failed to effect her stoical i | friend, this last o?e did not, his eyes filled and overflow- ' ed. In tact he was overcome now. He called a police- , ' man to his aid, and requesting him to take charge of the i young lady, he cauaed her to be taken to the Tomhs, I ! where she is to be courted,and from|whence she will probably, ere long, aet out on a tour to the delightful island j in the Long Island Hound, formerly the residenoe of Mr. ' Black well. It is thoaght sea air may do her good, and 1 that when once separated from familiar scenes, she may ; forget her hopeless passion. A P.. r.mm n.lUi.lUn ?? to hi* honor the Mayor yesterday by a gentleman from ; New Jersey, under the following circumstances The applicant employed a cabman (uame unknown) to con, vey himself and wife, with their luggage, from the * | steamboat landing on the North River to his place ofdesI tination for twenty-five cents. After thev got in, the i cab started, but, instead of driving to the place ordered, | the oabman drove to a hotel in Greenwich street, where I he pulled up, jumped down, and forced the luggage into | the hotel, against the consent of his passenger, who in> suted that it was not the place he directed nim to drive to. The cabman persisted in aaying that It was, and demanded his tar*. The passenger refused, and the former then drove off. The Jerseyman called a porter to take bis luggage, having determined that himself and hie wife woula walk from Greenwich street to where they were to put up. and went into the hotel and commenced removing the lugcage, when the hotel keeper asked him > what he was {about. He replied, he was about to take his luggage The other said, " O mo if you do, until vou pay for the storage." A complaint was then made at the Mayor's office, and ano Ulcer was sent, upon which the luggage was given up, and his honor has put 1 two officers on the trail of the cabman. Small Arrua at the Custom House.?A small affair occurred on Wednesday last at the Custom House, which oreated a momentary excitement in that usually Siiet building. It seems that a young man, acting as erk for a mercantile house in this city, waited upon Mr. Assistant Collector Bogardus for a decision in rotation to the duty upon some silk handkerchiefs. The Assistant Collector informed him that the question had already been sahmit ed to the department at Washington, and no answer yet received. He seemed much vexed at the delay, and gave vent to hia vexation Mr. Bogardus, surrounded as he usually is by some half a score of mer1 chants, and gentlemen awaiting decisions, waj unable to i spend time to argue the question with him, and so in! formed him. The result was, the young man concluded the colloquy. by attempting a personal attack on the . Assistant Collector, who, receiving no other damage j than the loaa of a button from his shirt bosom, ordered < the keeper, Mr. Smith, to take the individual and deposit . I him outside the building. This was dona by Mr. Smith; I whereupon the young man went off, and collecting a ; squad of his triends returned with the evident intention i I ot kicking up a row, or something elso. The whole afj fair anded in smoke. Mat-AWL-HOLir AcciDKRT.-Alexan.ler Mr.Clsv ona or ! the principal watchmen attached to the Bowery theatre, ' whim in tfte act of closing one of the windows of the ; theatre, last evening about o'clock, tell from the ad | story into the adjoining yard, and waa taken up in a state | of insensibility. Up to u late hour he waa not expecteJ : to recover. He bor*an irreproachable character, and waa deemed a trustworthy and extremely correct man. Police Intelligence. Burglary ?The wholesale tin and sheet iron store occupied by Mr. Win. Bounce k Son, at No. 103 Water street, was ranaacked laat night by some thieves, who forced open the desks,turning all the papers upaide?town, evidently in aearch of money; but uiled in their attempt, from the fact of tbere being none left within their reach. These rascals must have been looked in the store upon its olosing trotn the fact of the door having been opened from the inside. No arrest. Diitrdtriy Hnuc-Officer Doyle of the 4th ward, arrested, yesterday, a man by the name of Nathaniel Clark, on a warrant, wherein he stands charged with keeping a disorderly house at No. *10 Water street, on the coaipUii.t of Mr. Charles Devlin and others. Held to bail in $300 by Justice Drinker for his appearance at Court for trial. .4 Lifting Sntak.?A black fellow about six feet high, ; with small whiskers, entered the tailor store of Wm. J. I Churjh, No. M Nassau street, and while pretendinc to purchase Mine article! of clothing, managed to carry off IS veit pattern*, valued at $10 No arreat jirrtit on Sttspieien.?Two Fire Point Thierea, called Bill Taylor and James Car ran, aliaa Murtagh, were arrested last night by Constable Bryant, having in their poasession a let ot comforters, endeavoring to sell then j to L. Meyers, No SI Orange at. On the raacala finding : themselves under arreat, Mnrtagh up with his 1st ana I knocked down the constable, when they beth started, and would in all probability have made good their escape had they not been stepp< d In their flight by officer Coneen, of the ?th ward, and conducted to the station ; house, when in the morning Justice Drinker locked them both up for examination. An owner ia wanted for the comforters. Apply to Mr. Snow, clerk of Foltee, in the Tombs. Cntkt on the " black fellow called Silas \ i Wilton waa caught yesterday on the "lift," in stealing , one dozen of woollen gleves, worth f3, from the dry goods store of Robert 8tewsrt, No. 371 Greenwich j street Officer Hulse, ef the 3d ward, brought hi* in, and Justice Drinker locked him up for trial. KicniryX Cl?tktng ? At officer Degar, of the 14th ward, was pasting down Amity street last evening, about 1 A o'clock, he observed before him going down the atreet a man and a boy moving along in rather a nasty and suspicious manner, having in tteir possession an over coat , and cloak. The officer suspecting something waa wiong, followed after them rather quickly, when on coming up ! pretty cloee to the man, who no doubt got a spot on the officer's movements, he beoems alarmed, dropped the clothing, gave the officer leg bail, making good their escape. The coat and clock waa ascertained to belong to , Dr. Clements, No. 1M Amity street, valued at fM, In m 1 where it had been but a lew moments previous stolen from the entry. Circuit Court. Before Judge Edmonds. Die. IT.?Join Doe t>?. RicWrf Roe.?An issue from the Court of Chancery, direeted by the Vice Chancellor. Mra. Grace Robinson Ferguson, and Jamea Ferguson, her hnsband, are the real parties In the suit. Mra. For fuson filed her bill in the Court of Chancery against her uaband, charging him with the commission of adulter? j at various times since their marriage. Mr. Ferguson led his anawer denying the allegations in ike bill ,upoa which aa issue was made up and seat into ths Circuit ) Court to be tried by a Jury. The case was already tried and a verdict rendered for Mrs. Ferguson, but was afterwards set aside by the Vice Chancellor on the insufficiency of the testimony. For Mri Fergneon, Messrs. Gerrsrd, Whiting,and Hofltean; for Mr Ferguson,Meaera [ N B Blunt and J. ?. White j Allinr, Dec. 15, 1(41 CkmmaaUor Walwortk-ConoolUmHon ?f Court, of Urn and Equity?Hit election of Judgee ?Wright, FLogg, John fan Burn, and Samuel Young at Kinderhook? T\e fiottrtitr'i private lecretary at Wathington?PoliHcimmt in Council?Th* Inauguration, frc. fc. A gentleman of thia city recently addressed a not* to ChuiMllor Walworth, asking hit opinion with regard to tha constitutionality or propriety of the deciaion lately delivered by tha Supreme Court at Roeheiter, upon ' the clauae In tha amended Constitution, which provide* that persona " possessing the requuite qualifications of learning and ability," fee., may be admitted to practice in the several court* of thia State. The Chancellor declined to give any opinion upon the aubject. The Chancellor ia a candidate for the office of chief Judge of the Court of Appeal*, a* organized under the now Constitution. There ia no doubt, however, but that the Chancellor concur* with Mr. Justice Bronaon'a opinion that, in order to acquire the necessary "qualification* of learning and ability," service in the office of an attorney Tor tha term of sevsn yeara la indispensable. Though tha Cona:itution ha* not deugnatad the manner or means by which this " learning" must be acquired, yet 1 believe that the court* generally, with the nnrelaxin^ rigor and po*itivenes* which they have alwaya exhihited toward any attempt which may be deemed an inva*ion of their sa cred right* and prerogatives will interpret thii clause at it wu interpreted by Mr. Juitice Bronion. Gentlemen, therefore, aspiring to the office of barriiter, muat (err* the seven yean. A very reipectable portion of the bar of thla city believe that the consolidation of courta of law and equity, as contemplated in the third aection of the sixth article of the amended constitution, which provide* that " there shall be a Supreme Court having general jurisdiction in law and equity," will reiult in a total and inevitable failure The organization of *uch a court, and the defining and limitation of ita power* and duties, and the great prinoiplea of jattlce by which it ahould be governejl, ia also deemed to be an actual impoaaibility. It ia certainly very evident that a discrimination between equity and law,, and the application of their principle* by one and the same court, would inovitably engender confliction of opinion* and decisions. It is, in fact, impossible to avoid difficulty and great hazard where duties so opposite in their nature are impo*ed upon one court. Without any disposition to cornmeat upon the wisdom displayed by the convention in respect to the judiciary plan which ihejr have offered to us, I wish timely to *ay that ita succe** i* very generally doubted One other reason which ha* induced these doubts, I suspect, ia the placing of the *eat or foundation of the judicial power in the people, which ia one of the provision* in thi* paper. Independently of the very respectable opinion of the late Mr. Justice Story, who believed *uch a proposition to be " impracticable," I will alao cite the opinion of Chaacellor Kent, who *ays that " the fittest men (forthe office of judge,) would probably have too much reaervedne** of manner*, and aeverity of moral*, to secure an election retting on unlvercal *of frage " But the argumeata already naed againit thi* experiment have been diatinguiahed for remarkable ability and truth, and more need not be offered. The propoaltion will fail, 1 think, and the commissioners who may get the honor ef an appointment from the Legialature for the codification of the lawa under thit constitution, will find their dutiet very difficult, if not impracticable. The men who can bring thi* judiciary acheme into practical and satiifactory operation, will be entitled to the unbounded applaute of the people. It will be recollected) that an impression hat prevailed that certain member* of the cabinet at Washingtoh were deiirout of securing the defeat of Silas Wright at the late election. Though this insinuation has been indignantly denied, yet there is apparently reasonable ground for the belief that these gentlemen of the cabinet are rather hostile to Mr. Wright. A clue to something will be afforded by the following intelligence A few days rince I announced the arrival of Ex-Secretary Samuel Young, in this city. This gentleman, after a stay of some twenty-four hours, left town on Saturday moruinr last, in company with Silas Wright, Azariah Flagg, and John Van Buren, for the residence of Martin Van Buren, at Kinderhook, where they are mil now staying. From thia circumstance, together with the fact that the Governor'a private Secretary is now absent at Washington, I infer that there are seme operations on foot of a nature altogether aitoanJ ing. Whether Mr. Wright i* about to be called into the Cabinet, or whether some other miracle is about to occur, 1 cannot tell. It is certain, however, that something funny will take place very soon. It may be that the rumor that Mr. Buchanan waa to give up the SecreUivship is true, and that as a measure of conciliation, ana in order to unite the party, and console Mr. Wright for his late defeat, the place ia to be offered to him. If this should happen, it would be wonderfully fenny, and aitonishinr. 1 have certain information, which inclines me to think that something of the kind is a-foot. The residence of the Hon. John Toung is in complete order; he will arrive in tewn within one week; the pre parauons lor tne inauguration are going forward; 1 expect it will be one of the most interesting ceremonies ever witnessed at thia capital, or at any other, not excepting Napoleon'* coronation at Notre Dame ; the jewel* there were more plentiful than they will be here, but that coronation waa bought with blood ; this i* the free gift of a free people ; American mother* and daughters will witness this with happy onthuaiaam, but there the plaudit* were spurious, and did not come from the heart. Mr. Young is expected to arrive on the 20th. The deepest interest is generally felt to obtain newa from the seat of war and from Washington. The pre. sent session of Congress is deemed to be as important as anv which has preceded it The steamers have discontinued their trips between thia eity and New York. The Nertli American Circus, conducted on the most approvod modem principles, and with a very superior company is exhibiting in this city, and will remain open during the winter. Large and fashionable audiences visit this resort nightly. P. 8 ?Governor Wright returned to town from Kinderhook this evening. Movements or Travellers. Yesterday's arrivals, no doubt, were necessarily limited by the interruption to tegular travelling, occasioned by a snow storm, that iwmei to have extended from South te North. AxskicA*?Dr. Pease, Charleston; C. Jewatt, Providence; M. Colbury, Boston; H. Polhemus, N. J.; Colonel Howe, Long Island; Dr. Farmer, Cincinnati. Asto>?George Lormg, Boston; Edward Smith, L. I.; C. Emerson, Boston; E. Case, Connecticut; L Tappan, Besten; W. Dowall, Bnlticuore; J. Uuvall, W. Scherin, Edward Hale, Mr. Wade, Mr. Whitney, E. Rhodes. C. Holbrook, W. Bacon, G. Fairbank, Boston; CapL Barclay, U. 8. Army; D- Drew, D. Miffln, Boston; J. Davidson, Albany; Hon. V Birdsdall, Broome oo; W. Croswell, E. Litchfield, Albany; P. Stevens, Boston; WFreligh. St. Louis. Citi? J. McKenaey, Tennessee; D. Tyler, do.; T. Preston. P Rico; L. Viceroy, New Jersey; J. Spooner, Philadelphia; Mr. Wagner, New Jener; H. Hubbard, Middleton; J. Saunders, Philadelphie: Col Travers, New Jersey; Rev. J. Bowden, New York; Mr. Yates, Schenectady. Howisd.-A. Scudder, Princeton; P. Branglin. de; A. Remit, Brighton, M. Clarke, Boston; Captain Filbee.do; m Whitln-E Phi .j. . i: i vi n ' Detroit; W. Brown*, Long l?land; A. Brewster, St. Louia; T. Baily, Cahoea; J. Klaaagan, Philadelphia; J. Banon, Baltimore. Kra^klin?D. Beach, Rocheater; W Carnes, Beaton; M. Sbephard, N. J.: A. Sherman, Newburg; Mr. Piatt, Now Yoik: C. Millar, Poug'okeepaie ; A. Dobba. Albany; T. Cowall, do; C. Ball, New Haven; 8 Hayes, Albany, H. Bennett, Sullivan Co.; W.Wbiton, Pierr.out. Jrcaon.?J. Roach, Boaton: A. Wiliiama, Ohio; C. Amea, Stamford; J. Carew,Norwich; T. Hatchins, Providence; 8. UoodnJea, Hartford; W Ball, do; H. Tileatou, Maa? ; W. Wood, Phi lad ; Dudley Beech, Hartford. Varlttlei. The falling and carding mill, and some other build tag* at South Wolfborough, N. H , were destroyed bf Ira on Saturday week. The ladiea of Hartford have formed a Historical Society. Forty-four tone of ahella hare bean aent from the areanal at Rome, duringftho paat week, and are now on thair way to Mexico. The citizens of Woroeater, Mass., have presented a beautiful aword (made by Amea,) to Capt. Oeorge Lin coin. fos his gallantry at Palo Alto and Resaca da la Palma. There has been a magnetic telegraph station placed in 8ehenectady. The " Baltic," a steamboat of 860 tons barthen, and 936 feat long, was lsanckad at Buffalo an Saturday. The paper hanging store of Mr. John S. Thomas, la Nantucket, waa destroyed by lire on Saturday evening last. Loss 1*000 irvorg* uroT?r,rim qis oromor, wiiiiam, 01 rorxiina, were oat on Ashing excursion on Thuisday week .drank to intoxication, and wore drowned. James A. Moorman, of Lafevette ceunty, Mo., arrested for the murder of a man named Nail, eluded tha watch ( the oflceri, got hold of a piatol, and blew hl? brain* ont Ona of the robber* of the German emigrant* in Albany. ha* bean sentenced to the State prison for four year* and six month*. Hon. Daniel Webtter arrived here an Wednesday, on hi* way to Boston, on professional fed unci*. Dewitt C. Marsh, a recent graduate of tha State Normal School, committed suicide at Randolph, Cattaraugus connty, on tha ISth inat Ha wa* supposed ta be partially del an fad. A fraca* occurred in Charleston on tha 13th instant, in tha bar room of tha theatre between Robert Unlick and The*. Mo Lane The former wa* (tabbed by the latter, and has since died. A shocking accident happened in New Haven on the 14th,,by two sleighs coming into contact. Bridget Hallo ran, a servant ?f Prof. SiUlman waa killed, and two others aevsrely injured. The tt Lawrence, at tha last accounts, was full of large flelds of floating ice. An experiment of free labor by white people is to be tried in Milledgeville, Oa. A factory is to be started in that place, in which only .white persons a:a to be employed. Hon. Henry Clay had not arrived in New Orleans up to the 9th inst., but was expected to ? ** the winter there. Work for the Pdlee. Editor or tub New York Haaiu:? Threach the mo 'inm of yo?ir v/titnb'? t??per, f should like to call the at'eoiion ?f 'he voi>- the fact that some malic ion* ?<-o?trdrel or 'Cp'ru ; < :ire nightly prowling through ?illnei.t street*, h ... of Iste more Krticularly Warren and ( humtiem. 1 leaking window*. i*t evening, I am informed, * lady came very near being severely injured by a clam-shell being thrown through a window where she wa? sitting . and many other such cases have happened within a lew evening* I past- Ought not the police to be more on the look-out for snob daspart^w t WARREN STREET. . I _ RhenmalUm, P?ln? and HtlflTiieae of the Joints, Scrofula, of ike 8ku. he. fce (.'ompmnd Drip of Hydriodale of Potisia frroptrmi ) and Yellow Dock. ? '1 hs sliove is prepared from the purest articles. autl is recommended as the best and Y sure care for Hhrumntism Kmm bun>-tide ei)>e>iinrrts, i under the direct supervision oi thr tost emiutut of tli??i?<# * fscalty, it haa received their unanimous recemnienda- * ti e, and msay have pionounced it the beer possible combiuatiou of remedies f.-r the shove nam*.I diseases. Prepared and for sale by CHARLK8 H. HI NO. Chemist, fcc . Iteoti Itl Hrotdway, cor isln at. HavlgaUon of tta? Otxlo Klver. Placet. Tie?> Staff ?f llivtT Pittsburg . .Dec 11 9 ft falling. Louisville Deo. S ...... MX F? rising. Whooling Dec. 9 JH it. riaing. inriniiati . ..... Dae 7 . . 13 ft., riaing Thursday, Dm. IT? P. M. The stock market opened with the aatae ipirit which baa characterized it lor the past month or two. Prices were a shade lower at the first board, but the transec' tions were to some extent At the second board prices ezperieneed another decline. I A loan of forty thousand dollars of the Harlem Railroad Company upon an hypothecation of stock, wae called in to-day, and must be paid to-morrow, unless the security is increased, and ?he time extended. The mat- __ I gin on the stock now held Is not considered suAcieat ? There is a very large quantity of the stock of this company hypothecated in Wall street; twenty three thou' sand shares in one lot baring been so disposed of, and a large amount of the stock supposed to be held in that way is upon the market; the parties selling it are J doing so under the impression that a very great depreciation must soon take plaoe, and that they will be able to I' male* good the deposit at much 1*M price* than those now current. Thii is a common operation ia Wall atreet, and ia frequently practised rerjr saccetsfully. It ha* bow become sadly a p per eat that there can b e no let up to the tightness of the money market, the proipec* tive operation* of the snb-treasury leave no gseunda for a reasonable anticipation that the specie clause oan be re' moved. la the short space of fifteen days the payment* must be paid in specie to and frem the government? the manufacturing business is already prostrate?the domeetic commission houses are in' melancholy distress?the out-door rate of respectable notes ranges frotfi eight to ten per cent?the failures constantly announced seem to indicate the same state of things whioh preceded the suspension of 1837. If foreign exchange has fallen, why la it ? The ex cess ol exportation for IMS over 1846 scarcely exoeeds $3,000,000 a sum too small for the great reduction of rates. It is to other causes we must look for the depreciation The amount of business transacted by the purchasers of domestic and foreign goods will best explain this Intricate subject. The tranaaetions are of the moat limited character. The importers feeling the effects, are much ( embarrassed in making their -remittance!. The sales at auction amount almost to a suspension. i The stook market of course has been and must lew 7 ry materially depressed. There is a general want of ' confidence ; the movements of the treasury are so es (L sentially unsatisfactory, leading to an apprehension of a a j conflict with the banks, that loans on the best description j are made with difficulty, and on terms so restrictive end I ; capricious that most holders prefer selling. It is the I 1 course of prudence?the only one to save future difi! eultiea. The firat loss is generally found to be the leaat ! expenaive, and very often aObrds an opportunity for a ' recovery by purchases made at lower prices. In proof' | of this we bare only to report the price el government i iteck, that of Harlem, Norwich and Worcester, and the ! Long Island. It la evident that investments or specula | tions made in theae concerns hare been recently had,with j every prospect of becoming still worse. The annexed is a statement of the receipts for paasen | gers and freights on the South Carolina Railroad Boi'th Ciaeuiu Riiuoid. MM. MM. I Jalr MJi3 N S4.MI U 1 Aurait ?-40 n 14,at September .\. 41,i?3 S3 4l.??i n October M.U1 M 71.(11 M November 41 wa <6 78,136 u 1S1.M ?4 147,Mi *4 m.mn MX7 M To each of the above months is to be added, for the mail receipts, $8,MS. It will be seen that the large amount of fS6 M7 has been reoeived the present five months beyond that of 1816. The Old Colony Railroad has declared a dividend of $3 per ehare, and the Northern Railroad a dividend of | interest payable 1st January next. _ I ' Spurious tens on the Chemung Canal Bank, executed I I ... I V. wnat aWill arn in itiMiitallAM |J The treasury report* io relation to the commerce and j navigation of the United State* for the paat two fiMal . : years, present the annexed concerned *tatement of the ' 1 arrival* and clearances of foreign and American retools, ' j and the amount of registered, enrolled and licensed ton> | nage, lis. * ; Commerce and Navigation or the United States? AaaiVALS and Cl.eamaiioes. Amtrtcan Vault. ? 1?44 , , IM " Kn'l CVd Total Kn't CVd Total. u j Ton's. .t,t34,4M 3.043 *77 4,*?,4>3 1,141,114 1,211.023 4,37* 143 Nun'f. 1,133 t.lIT 1?,333 1,111 3,4*1 l?^?i Crews Man... N,n? 190,701 1W.8I4 104,144 109,441 I13JM Boys.. 3,4*3 ?,4?J i,IU 1,711 1 ?! 3,7M Foreign VttttU. lit} , UI4. { Xnt. CVd, Tmtml. JBnY CVd. Total. Nnmb'r, 4.490 4.M1 11,171 4,707 4,770 II.4TT To?'f.. 8It,463 ?M474 1.8?S,IJI ttl.733 944,173 1,927,917 Crtwi. ; Mea... $4,313 44,447 199.973 54,99] 53,194 1M.US Boys... 70# 7 <0 1,439 i*3 . 644 l.ltt There are many very interesting facta connected with j the above statement In American ^vessel* the propor tions of crew to tonnage ia less than in foreign vessels, and the number of American vessels to the amount of tonnage, ia lea* than in foreign tonnage The average tonnage of American veetelt, entered and cleared In ISM, waa idOX tone, and 1448,964 tone. The average tonnage of foreign veuelaentered and cleared in IMS, was 1M tons, and in IMS, 18$ tone. In foreign tonnage arrived and cleared in 1B4S, the proportion is about one man and boy to 16K ton*, and1 n H 1844 one man and boy to 17X ton*. In American teanag arrived and cleared in 1S44, the proportion it about on* man and boy to2? tons, and in IMS one man and boy to 9# tons, there being but a slight fractional differonne be tween the two yeera. This shews that the Arnerioan snip gvnn eupioy more men ana oiya to in nn man i foreign (hip owner*, notwithstanding which oar ehipping ' interest pro*para, and ia mora profitable than that of any other commercial nation in exiatenoe. Oar reaaeli make f more rapid voyages?the men and beys la oar merehaat service are better provided for in every way, both in a mental and phyaioal point of view, and ear whole commercial marine in a much more perfect organization, for : thoae engaged in ita ardnona duties, and iatereated 1 in ita progress aad profit, than that of any other ; country. The very rapid increaae in the amount of American tonnage, employed in ear commerce, i* the beet evidence in the world of ita productireneeaThe annexed statement exhibit* the aggregate amount of tonnage regiatered, enrolled and licensed in each year, ahowing the increaae in each, and the aggregate lor the yeara Towhaoe or Comvcbcial Mibikb or thb U. Btatm! IVm e?i4 $tth ('a Ten. 1143. l!4t. Meiitiered?permaaeat Mi^W It tl?,M? 14 Do umperary II2.6JI ?! tit,Ml 1 Total r*f uiered 1.0*5.173 44 1.1M MS 4t EareMed aad nceased?permaatot, 1,1*4 MO 44 l,S7l,?il M Do temporary tl.lt) SI IJ,!7l M Total enrolled aad Hreased 1,Ml,144 11 l.Nt.tlt tS Lieenstd eader It toes-eoa*tr*t trade lt,3M (5 tt.TM II Do ted fUhery 7 if> ?1 t Ml II Total licaoaed nadrr M ton* M,<1> M B JM 41 Anripu of the ab >r? tonnM*... 2,417,004 00 11 7 m ie?uterr4 and carolled tonnage in the whale Beherr ia .. IH.W? WIH l? ' The rtfislrre'l atranhoit tonn e8,4*191 4,Ml > ^ The proportion of enrolled and i eeaaed tonnare emplored in the couting trade ia 1,190,191 17 1,300 174 10 j ?"> Do in the cod ?.h?*iea 00,*? 60 71,314 17 < Do in the mackerel (liWery.. II 411 It M 40) >0 Do ia lb? whale tUherr 3M K *i? M 1,112,314 II 1,30?,110 K> Tho prop*rtioa ofthe enrolled and 7 lirmaed toaaace employed id thecoeatim trade, (*a aoore,) , which eoaaiata of aleambeau, i to......... JI0.M7 07 S41dM* i The nember ef reaae a~bmlt in the I U. Btatea, during the year, u, 1,030 1.410 Aad their tomife, n 146,010 03 111,103 81 The enrolled and licenaed tonnage ainea 1641, haa ia f the ojff rotate increaaed, while the iegitterad and en rolled tonnage employed in the mailing trade, in the < cod ond whale fiahery hot fallen off. There won Mi more veaeel* hnilt in 1848 than in IMA, the tonnage of which waa 4-1,18A 91 tono. About one-quarter of the ?n rolled end licenced tonnage employed in tha courting trade ii in iteamboata. In 1848 there were bnilt in the United Btateo 100?hlp?, 104 krtgo, 578 achoonero, 3S4 iloope and cam 1 boata, and 'i'it ateamnro, making; totol of 14JO. eoeelo, ao given j above, being greater than in any preced ing year. Of the clearances in 1948, 7,680 reaaela, or aw re-than one half of the whola, cleared for the porta ef Oreat Britain ond har dependancieo, and ef the arrivala, 7,887, or more thau.one half of tha whole, entered '/rem oai,\ potU. 1

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