Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 19, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 19, 1846 Page 1
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Tii i Vol. XIX, Ho. 334?W)u>I? No. *58V Bjr Ailnm* A Co.'b KzpreM, by th? Wmy of 5?w H?rtn. ARKIVA& Or TBS STEAMSHIP CAMBRIA, AT BOSTON. HALF A MONTH LATER FROM EUROPE, j | HIGHLY INTERESTING COMMERCIAL NEWS. ADVANCE IN COTTON. IMPROVEMENT IN THE CORN MARKET. i THE FLOUR MARKET HEAVY. THE CONDITION OF IRELAND. THE ANNEXATION OP CRACOW TO AflSTIR AND THK Political Excitement in Znrope. FOOD KIOTO Iff 7RAN03. 1PE MEXICAN MONARCHY QUESTION IN 8PAIN. i ZH FLOB.BS aXPBDZTZOW. j AMERICAN AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. &c., 4c. it omp vaiiii/uu, V>tt|UOlU J UUIUII9, ftf rived at Boston, at 10 o'clock, on Wednesday t night. Shajeft Liverpool on the 4th InM. The dates from London are to the 3J, and Liveipool to the 4th inst., inclusive. The news was brought by the enterprising Express Line of Adams ft Co., by the way of New Haven. The political and commercial news received ! from Europe by this arrival is important. The new Pope continues to bo very popular. The formal annexation of the city of Cracow to j the Austrian dominions, has caused great irrita- ; tion in England and France. This subject, the news from India and the United S'.amt and the visit of the Queen te Arundel ! Castle, an the principal topics which occupy the , columns of our foreign flies. There have been serious riots in Canton by mobs, who have (threatened destruction to all foYeigners. The affairs of Portugal remain in nearly the same situation as before. The distress in Ireland is not so severe as it has been. The papers are, however, filled with accounts of outrages of every kind upon persons and property. Great alarm is manifested at the general open traffic m fire-arms. The peasantry throughout tho country are buying fire-arms of every kind. Trade in all the manufacturing districts is represented as Mtceediugly dull. The factories are * still working short time. The English grain markets are very animated, v and prices are well maintained. The Britannia's news had no effect on the grain markets. The Liverpool Cotton market, uf er the advices i from this country were received, became very animated, and large sales were made at an adranee of one farthing to two farthings per lb. Monny at the London Siock Exchange is abun dant, and easily obtained at 2 to per cent per . annum On first class bills at 3 per cent. The packet ship Garriclc arrived at Liverpool on the 23d ulL The Henry Clay, for New York, sailed on the same day, and the Cambridge on the 1st inst. The steamer Britannia arrived at Livorpocl on the 1st of Dec., after a very boisteious passage. The American Minister, Mr. Bancroft, resides in a large and elegant mansion in Eaton square, < n'ouut three miles f rom St. Paul's Church. A large number of the nobility, gentry and distinguished savunt havrt honored him with friendly calls. Mr. Bancroft's literary fame far outweighs his political fame. His "History of the United States" was a sufficient introduction far hilu, without Mr. President Polk's seal. In fact he is esteemed lor his literary deeds, and not his politioal doings. It is understood that he intends to give, several bril.iant entArminment* as soon ns llio lashinnnltln oa?r>n commrnces, t\nd that will be after Parliament j opens and Mr. Bancroft is formally iatroduoed at Court. Mr. and Mrs. Bancroft, and a select company, consisting of the Prince de Lowenstein of Prussia, Lord and Lady Ashley, K*. Hon. Fox Maule, &c., were entertained at dinner by Lord and Lady John Uusaoll, on the 23d ult. We believe that the meeting of Parliament, for I the despatch of business, will not be delayed more than a week beyond the time to which it is prorogued. The 19th of January is said to be the day fixed lor the opening of Parliament.? limn. The London Timet says that the llriti?h government has united with the French cabinet in approval of Mr. Hood's proposition to terminate the difficulties of the River Plate. We may consequently anticipate a speedy pacification of the uftairs of the Argentine and Oriental republics. The Lendon journals state that three English vessels, presumed to form part of the expedition under General Flore* against the republic of Ecuador, have be*n "eizfd by Mr. Forsayth, the prims pal scwrcher of the customs, for a contemplated breach of the foreign enlistment act. The ' vessels are, th* an in Gl**nelg, (1,200 tons,) and , the Monarch and Neptune, large steamr/a. Mr. j Forsayth is said to have such lniorniation that the vessels will all be forfeited to the cr w.,. The Mark Lane Exjmt says, there are few , psrsons, except those who j.ive minute attention ! m thu mliiact. but wilt lenrn with *nrnri?.. thai tK.. ! average piico of ubeut, according to the Gozelte, i ( st iba present tiue, is only 2* per quarter hgher 1 t than at the nme period last year. | t The Great Britain has been considerably injured by recent storms. The breakwaters and I { other CoutrivaiiCe.? designed for her protection i , have been swept away, and the position of the i [ vessel somewhat changed fer the worse, and it j c baa now become very donbtiul whether this levi- < nthan will ever float a(;*in. \ i In Fiance, ruinnrs of a change of ministry have , beau very prevalent, and it was even said that 11 Goant Mole bad had a lonff interview with Louts t Pailippe, preparatory to his supplanting M. Giu- ? tot. The politics of the two nun are nbout the ' ' same, theugh Count Mole has a more decided . ' leaning towards ftussia. It i? ?aul, that in the j t event of his accession, he will have the support c of M. Th;ert aad his friends. The rumors have, ' i however, died away, and M. Guizot may stagger 11 on a little longer. It is said, that on toe part of 1 ' France there is a most anxious desire lor the res- ' rotation of the tnftn.t e riiial* with England ; 1 and the rumor of its probability, and the iaot ot \ the return of Count St. Aulairo to London, have ! eoca?ioned a considerable rise in the French I' funds. 11 In Portugal, the insurgents under Sa da Ban- 11 deirn sustained a complete defeat, near Chaves, ' J ?>n the Irt -h "!' ? owing to the desertion of two re- . fiimenu of the line, who went over to the enemy { before a blow had been struck The rest oi Ban- i deira's lorces, though only nnlitia and amateurs, > fought bravely, but were defeated with great < slaughter, and the General fled in very miserable ' plight to Oporto. The Vienna Gaztttt publishes a commercial treaty between Austria and the kiagdoin of the t Two Sicilies. By this treaty the differential du- ' 1 ties on the productions of the two countries are ! to be abolished, and an entire fteedom of trade . ' and navigation between them te be established, j [ 3 NE NEW Tber* Is noihiug of importance from the Cape of Good Hope The war with the Kuttrs (till contfnues, but the government seems at last determined to adopt such measures as must bring it to a speedy and satisfactory termination. Abd-el Knder is reported to have entered the province of Oran, at tno head of 800 cavalry. Tbe wool trade of Berlin it extremely active, and prices range lor tbe greater part under 65 dollars. All the flax spinning mills at Belfast, amounting to twenty-seven, have been put on ** three-quar- ; ter time. Lieutenant-general Sir Benjamin D'Urhan has received the appointment of (Commander of the forces in Canada, and proceeds there with his excellency the Pari of Elgin, the Governor general. M. Leverrier, the discoverer of the new planet, La appointed to the new chair of mathematics applied to astronomy in France. The administration of the French customs has abolished the examination of the luggage of the. passengers coming into France by the railroad from Belgium. We regret to state that Lndy Augusta Sophia j Cathcart died at Cathcart House, Renfrewshire, the scat of her noble relative, the Earl of Cathcart, on the 18th ult. A papal decree has renewed an ordnance of 1TSS, which declare* Ancona and S'nigitglia free porta. Bonding warehouses are to be established at both places. The average price of wheat p?r quarter during the Isuit five years of the war was ?5 la? 9d.; in the following Ave years ?3 18s 5d.: in the live years from 1841 to 1845, ?2 14s. 9Jd. Skvkkk Gaum.?On the 10th ult. and two following days, the English, Irish, and French coasts wera swept by severe gales, which did much damage to the snipping. The storms are described as vie most destructive to life and property thai have been experienced for a considerable period. Many of the casualties were of the most appalling character." The Ameriqan ship, Allen. Capr. Heigh'on, laden with cotton and other goods from New York, in beaming up channel, encountered the gale on the 20th, and was driven on the French roiit I) t?M?i Ktanl'a nnH HnnUm? f? ' four o'clock ip the afternoon wben she struck The men took to the rigging,in the hopes of obtaintaining assistance from the shore. Ere, however, many hours had elapsed, the heavy sea beat her so violently on the sands that she became a total wreck. Unfortunately, the captain and ten of his crew were washed overboard, and drowned; the remainder, consisting of thu ma to and Ave seamen, preserved themselves by swimning ashore, and were necessarily in a very cxausted condition. Several colliers in the north channel are reported lost. On the Welsh coast great destruction of shipping took plaoo. The losses oil'and on the Irish aoast have been very serious. Several ol the Irish steamers bad narrow escapes. They had, in some instances, to throw alt the catde and pigs overboard, and the lives of the passengers were wilh difficulty saved. A large bark from Quebec was wrecked otf the Irish coast, and about ten of the crew perished. The Zollvkrein.?There is no prospect of the treaty ol commerce, concluded oetween Great Britain and the Zollverein in 1841, bting renewed, owing to the streoous opposition cf ni,e of the southern states ol Germany, whioh is a.ixious to introduce the reciprocity system, and to favor the establishment of a national mercantile marine. The influential party opposed to diflere - uai amies in tne z.oitverein, is considered to ha lost ground, for they were still anxious to cultivate the all in nee with England, and to reaew tho treaty of 1811. Tub Potato Disease ?Baron Liebig imagines the essence ot tho potatoe disease to consist in the conversion of tlie albumen, a usual constituent of healthy potatoes, into cast-ine, a principle, by its great instability of composition, is supposed to causa the potato to putrity rapidly The Rev. F. Dauvenoy states, in tho Taunton Courier, that he has discovered by the micro* cope, a minute insect, crystal like aud transparent, resembling a spicier, in the midst o'" potato mildew, evident)/ leed'ngonit, and miking its nest among the tnrnad-beds o( fungi From observat.ons made, there must bo more than 100 in a single tub jr. The Governor-General of the Canada's.?We understand that his excellency the Karl ot Elgin, whose departure for the seat of his government is expected to tako place in .about three weeks, will not in the first iustance be acoompanied bv his bride. To brave the severity of a Canadian winter is considered an experiment rather too hazardous, and the voyage of the countess will be put off until the ensuing spring, when she will rejoin her lord. This will not be the lirst visit ol Lady Elgin to our North (American colonies, av she accompanied her late noble lather, the Earl of Durham, when he went out to assume the administration of their affairs, and remained wiih him during the whole of his transatlantic residence. UrxNiNo op the Ports.?No less than four deputations, from different parts of the metropolis, waited on Lord John liussell at his office, in Downing street, London, on the 21st ult. for the purpose of presenting memorials to the lords ot uio -treasury, calling on government to open the ports to the admission ot foreign corn, d'i y free. His lordship did not give the deputations much Hope of their wishes being realised. New Poi-ar ExricD.TioM.?At the last meeting of the Royal ideographical Society, it was announced by Sir J. H. Felly, that the Hudson's Bay Company had fitted out a well-oquipped expedition, tor the purpose of surveying the unexplored portion of the coast on the north-east angle of the American continent. The expedition, consisting of eleven persons and two Esquimaux guides, started in two boat*, on the 6h July, under (favorable circumstances, the ice having cleared away from the shores of the bay at an earlier period ot the season than usual. Amortean Affair* In Europe. [From tbs London Times, Dee. 3 J It is only a few months sines the L'nited States hsd !wo very serious qnarrele Id hsmt. The one was with Brest Britain, the other with Mexico ; the subject of the me was Oregon, ( the other Texas; in othsr respects here was a strong family likeness between the two metiers. A certain peculiar notion of right divine to all that >ur republican cousins can lay their hands upon, a conreit of their irresistible power, snd s vision ot unlimited progress, equally characterized their aspitations, whsher across the nottii-westera er soutli-we?tern frontier The sovereign people hed only to return a Texas and Oregon Presnleut, and their nominee was to answer both for tne possibilities and the moralities of the two schemes. It was to be his fault M both these promises wore not to >e realized forthwith in tiie substantial and agreeable thane of undisputed acquisition of territory. AU that tie asd to do was to excut* these two delk-ste commissions ihesply, expeditiously, and, if possible, decently; if not, , iny how. It sphered to be generally assumed that it , arus as easy to p7ah the British into the Pacific ss the | viexiesns across tae Rto Ureride. If any misgiving <1 is- , nrbed these golden dresms of snnexstions, it was jun s juestion whetuer it wm unite wise to sttempt both ?t , iocs, llsppily for the NUie*, their President appreciated j his diAculty, snd, perhup?, a lew oiher considerations, ( tot very obvious to the popular understanding He was Il>v mvi? ivnuwiiv in tor nnoimeii ne nid to <3#itl With 1 , it the Brttiah than at the Mexican Court. 1 ha retult if, i , hat the queetion of Oregon wai unravelled by uegot.*- i ion ; that of Texea waa bat with tha ?word , It may already beaaked, andan?wered with confidence. , vhet it tha judgment of hiftory upon thcaa *ev?r*l i ouraea I By tha ie?t of reeulta, which of them Imj unrwered tha baft T Tha quarrel of Oicgon is lorgcttcn ? , so pride haa been wonnied no one citr/.eninconvenienc- , d, do fourea of expenditure opened. The bond* of | ommerciel peace and nnjon have bean drawn cloter ? ; it thie moment Britiah money and manufacturea are , touring Inta tha heart and the Jerpeet reoenaea of that , aat republic, while Ita prodnce if otttpotiring In tetutn . o aupply the ternble gap made in our hirrertby the dia- , wnettioae of heaven, and to aqetaln the labortou* legiona . ployed in our demeetK", undertaking*. So /real is lie ( mprtut ?f Kmvt imparted to tie proiperity of lie Slatei, ( Hal tiete ii actually tomr proip-el that the blot of Try? | I('alien wilI, al l??H in tome tnilancet, be effaced. J be , wo nation*, which became two under *ucU lamentable . ircumttance*, and which bare experienced, and, it ' uu*t be added, dene ao much to iMrpetuate the original , end, are looking on one another only a* reconciled rienda, ueelul neighbor*, and mutual benefactor*. Such ( ire the reauita of negotiation. . Now look to th? iword a* tried for the settlement of , he other ijuarrel. It W true that Texa* i* annexed to he Uuioa. There I* mmathfog In the name, *om*thing < n the addition of one more aur, fomothing in the rf mo j >al of an eyeeore front tne man. This it all that yon , iare to *et to the credit of the Union. Ptf contra, > ou j ia?e an indefinite number of new achemea, each one ] not* niiuout than tha other, opened to democratic ambi- , ion; haif a dvzen armiet marching In different direction*; , , weclpttate advance* that it taae* month* lo rapport; , i tioody battle* without remit; desultory autmpt* without t lucceeet and what if mere, berauie more algnittcaut and ! , r remediable than all. a Ueaaury almoat without mean*. , >n ?wy Illig and expenae, without the , troepectof any equivalent adTintafe. Were the nue?- , ion now aettled, and tha balance fairly itrack, the auecu- , atlon would be fe<tnd aa ruinou* a* it U dUcreditable. i Mere I* General Taylor at tha late?t date *till at Mon- | rey, requiring fappon. roeteiaing a good hoatage, in , be ahape of* neh o*ty and fertile neighborhood, he ftnda , i very accommodating foe? perhapa tuo accommodating i They will aupply him with previaioaa and mule* lot hi* \ irogreta. That la pot wonderful when It 1* to take bird j rom Monterey, and eead him on te a meet arduou* jour- | ' ajA ? i. mi m, :* * W TO YORK, SATURDAY MO ner across mountain* and deserts, about three hundred | mil**, to tan Luis Poto*i. 8ui.t? Anna h?a prudently de? teralned to withdraw AmpuJin's army from SaIiiIIo.? T tie re la, therefore, every facility allowed for the starting of the republican army, but it* route will be through a oouotry prepared for it* reception. Habitation! burut. provisions carried awav, tank* of water d?itroyedt will add to ita natui al tterility aod ruggedness. More money, mon troop*, mar* bloodshed, may mrmount the difficulty. but it i? an attempt iu which all i* risk and nettling gained. The fleet meanwhile ha* don* nothing bat mainntain a uiele** blockade, aod compromise the flag of tho State* whenever, a* twice at Alrarado, an attempt has been made. And what is to come of it7 Grant a hundred victories, [j grant a continental breadth of annexation. Whit would twenty now stars wreited from the ancient dominion of 8 pa in procure for the government of Washington 1 Still only trouble and expense. It would take at lea*t a century to ipread that leaven which constitutes the real union of the State. Texa* was well leavened before ita final a<loption. The pear was rlpo. Nothing but negotiation was waotiug. The aword cut *hort that brief but necessary delay. Dnt Mexico, and the vast region* that yiuiu 11 a nominal suomission, nave noi oeen ie?vo??a.? ft would remain for ages a subject, a discordant, a hastil*. an expensive tributary. Knelt ii *11 that the sword has uone in the settlement of this quariel, and such is all i th.t with tlie utmost success it is likely to do. [From the Liverpool Mercury, Deo. 4 1 We rejoice to perceive by the dispatches arriving by the Britannia, tliat our tiansstlantic neighbors are begin niug to view thrir conduct towards Mexico in the light iii w hi oh we have endeavored to present it to the publio. The war haogs In. Their naval exhibition in Ibis Gulf of Mexico has been beaten off the seaport of Alvarado. Monterey and the Baltillo pass have been evacuated by the Mexicans. General Taylor his achieved nothing , further, except the disbanding of some of his troops, and, although Oenerai Kearney has made a show of assuthing th? sovereignty of Santa I'e on behalf of the United 1 States, andis said to be pushing on to California, while , Gen. Wool proceeds unopi>osed to Chth iahua, we think > the announcement of the Secretary at War, that no fu?ther levins of volunteers is to be made, is pretty significant of (he feet, that the government finds itself in a mess and that nothing further of importance will be done in the shape of prosecuting the war, or annexing Mexican territory to the Union. The administration had entiraly < changed its views of tha mode of prosecuting the war. Mexico, it wou!d appear, is do longer to b? invaded by an army, but to be attacked on her seaboard, until she gives satisfaction to her testy antagonist In short, what is now wanted by the Prosidtnt Is, that he ahould be able to back out handsomely. He finds, as we pttdioted, that the conquest of a torjitory is not the conquest of its inhatiiWot*; that it may be run over without boiui* overrun; Out at an snor mens oost barren victories may ba obtained w?r mtn who can beat their anemic* by retreating before them, and that even if the final subjugation of the Mexican peop'e were mora certain than it is, ucceM in such an enterprise would be to the United State* a greater calamity than defeat. Meanwhile, wa rejoice te lee that pm>lic opinion ii at last becoming aounder aud wiser. Vermont tjkes the load in protestin? Hgaimt the annexation of any part of Mexico. IU legislature declare* that the war " was not founded in any imperative necessity, such a* may justify or exouso a Christian nation for reeoiting to arm*/' that it ha* now become purely offensive, and that the dispute must be settled bv arbitration The war policy of the govern meiit, which might otherwise have gratified tbo vanity, amb.tion end spirit of advonture of the American people, ha* boon found so inconveniently to pies* upon the population, in the shape of oralis of volunteers to fight the wilderness or yellow (over, and to irritate their " ignorant impatience of anneaation,'' by the large subsidies it swallow* up, that the administration is in disgrace, and the elections are every where t-oiug against them, it is satisfactory to turn from the strategy of war, which never can be contemplated without regret, la any of its aspects, and which ultimately can only bo produotive of unmixed evil, te tha reault of tha steady cultivation of those arts of peaco, which, like tbo light of heaven, are universally distributives of good, and of the prosecution of th vt friend -fostering commerce, which like mercy ? " la twice bleatIt bUsieth him th?t gives and him that takes." OurT*ople perish for lack of faoJ. Free trade step* in, the hnibingor of plenty, and brings the superfluous abundance of tho New World to supply the existing scarcity of the Old. Our trans atlantic neighbors be ~ j v?. ,--.v?u v vi luoii |>ivuucr?rwpudialing Stat -8 begin to resume cash payment*?and the purchsres of oui goods on American account establish the fact, that reciprocity is not a creature of the will of States, but an inevitable necssaity of political economy, and tint nothing can be so infallible as the maxim, ' tHke care of the imports, and the exports will take care of themselves." It is a beautiful previsiou of nature which calls extra abundance forth In one region, in time to meot the fortuitous deaith of another. While we are in suck straits, with our >e?r* of lean ldne, tne LouisviUe I'emorrot states that the price cf Indian corn in Jaekon county at 3s per quaitvr, the correspondent of the Timet even ventures upon thn rtatemtut that tl.e entire produce of that crop has this year reached the enormous amount of 62 millions of quarter*. It it be considered that the supplies of all kinds of grain for our people, cattle, horses. Ito. tec , ia estimate J at 60 millions of quarters for a population of -.'9 millions, on! that the population of the United States io ches scarcely JO mil lions, and has the produce of all her olh? r crops to add to that of her Indian corn, it will be seen that she enn spare us enormous supplies this year. These have been pressed forwrrd to the se*board te a very large extent, and much will be ready for shipment before the Irost shall have closed up the canal and river navigation. Everybody is busy, every ship and seamun taken up and well paid, every farmer has plenty to sell, and U getting good prices, all are prospers js. and their prosperity will, erelong, re act upon ourselves It Is well observed, that * the high prices received this year in America for all agricultural produce leave no extenuation for any oi the producing States in prolonging their omiasious to pay the interest on their honest debts.'' This, we should think, would be a much more agreeable and profitable operation than dissipating their profits in the payment of war taxes, and we yet trust to s<-o tho model republic enabled to look her duns in the' lace, and to re-establish her credit, not only in the tnoney, but in the character market. While we think it desirable to lay before our readers Iba American statement of the probable com produce of the United States for this year, we need not say that it i? not to be implicitly relied on The actual receipt* reported at the sea ports are in ludicrous contrast to the whole quantity said to have been produced. Four hundred and seventeen mil.ions of *>ua!ifcl* of Indian corn should surely produce more at the porta of shipment than 1,147,971 bushels. While Indiana alone baanU her 140 millions bushels of wheat, tho whole 9>poJts of the year from all the States dwindle down to less than two miU hod* and bin. This lone bow system of statistics I otiglit to be confined to war dispatches or political quo*, tiot.s. It sadlj confnaee the ioh?r, matter-of-fact detail* of commerce Wo heard, not long ago, of meat being to abundant, that hatna were u*ed a* fuel br auoio of the teamboat*. Considering that our doty h little more than nominal on provision*, and that ham fetches a high ( rice In thia eouutry, it ia somewhat strange that America Joes not think of " turning the honeat dollar,'' by sparing us more hams from her steamboats, and supplying the g?p with wood. The Canadians, wo era glaJ to see, are gradually reconciling themselves to the principles of free trade. Their grain crops have been tolerably abundant, and as they procure good prices for ship ment to England, the want of an apology for grumbling has gradually abated the taclination. To such of our readers Is are holders of Penosylvaoian bonds, we think we mar aafely offer our congratulations on the ceitainty that all their claims will be met In addition to the commercial wealth of that Stat*, now rapidly increasing, it will derive large profits this season from the cxparu of agricultural produce which it ia en { uhled to a)<are. The dividends have now for aome time hoen regularly paid in caah, in somewhat ad Terse circumstances, and now that the canal dues will have been so largely advanced In productiveness, by the greatly enlarged quantities of breadstuff's crowding througo , lh?m, the means of meeting the public engagement* of the Kts'e must ho ample We have no doubt thst other took* of repudiating Stales will also soon begin to pay interest in cash. We are sorry wo cannot communicate . any thing so oonoalntory t<j the holders of United Mates l)a;ik stock. We fear "Diddle B1<I<II<?" hss nude a clean i"*epofit We have made particular inquiries at the Lcndon Stuck Exchange 00 the subject, ana we find that although from noma ot the debts due to the bank turning tut better then was expected, and from the prioe real ' ized by th? sale of Its real property, h.ivinr been high, there b an apparent dividend to the creditors of about Ids 4d per share of 100 collars, there are preferable sreditors ol the hank whose elaims will sweep it all i way. [From the Liverpool Mail, Nov. 91-1 The lateit intelligence from the United States Joes not mpply us with muck additional Information from the ' eat of war in Mexico. The abeence of this news is, I lowever, rather omirous It is clear that sufficient time < lias elapsed to enable the President to receive the returns 1 ?f the killed and wouoJeJ at Monterey. In a republic | ill men are presumed to he citizens possessinr the same right* The common loldier. and particularly the citizen rolunteer, ought, in a matter o< Hi* and death, to be m ! much aeapectod, nod the anxiety of hia frieuda and rela tivva aa duly considered, aa If he were a geneiai officer, ' >r Oen. Taylor hlmsalf. But Mr. Polk, it appeara, hai 1 forgotten thia rep iMicno maxim. No return, at the laat 1 latea, had been published Doea Dot thia look like aup < ^reaaion of the tacta, or at leaat a Waaitatioa to tell the , arhole truth! It may be lien Taylor'a fcalt, but why ihould he be permitted to indulge In each remieenee* I ' rhere la evidently aomethlng wrong, and we venturu to J sonjcetare that it ha* been a mo t dlaoatroo* vlotorv, 1 rained by a loaa of life which it would be extremely t sonvenlent if the Executive had the power to conceal. ' It la confeaaed that Ueaeral Taylor* force did not exleod #,000 men when he ottacked Monterey. If he haa ?et ia lulled and wounded fio.n TOO to SOU men, he will jot be enabled, considering the garrison he maat leave a Monterey, more then ?,0u0 men, to march upon Saltil o Oen. Ampndia marched eat of Monterey with 9,000 nea. with ail the ho no re of war, mora like a victoria u a ban a vanquished army. Beitilioi*, we believe, about orty or fitly mi lea lu the interior. The readaand moonam pau?a are lrighttul and formidable, bleak and ate-lie country wheliy deatirute of provl'ione or rcaourcea if aay kind. Mo lone aa ilia Amertcaaa paid far their [>re visions. they were well aoppiied by the country peo>le. New, however, the invading army ia little better hen a horde of rotobera?what they eat they atoai?their leceaaary aupplioa are ptiiolar, and the con*o<|ueaoe li ho femora ami poaaanta are driving away their catiio, tornand poaitty at tho approach of the plunderer*, lor nanv miles beyond the reach of the American foraging jertiea. The army of (ion. Taylor matt, theralore, be wholly dependent upon hia rear, em. hia diataat flank*, lor food, a very doabtfol and precarioua alternative. Bat what la before hia' TIM formidable, if net lmf f ( ,'( J / * C '' \ ) RJl 1 PH iv x RNING, DECEMBER 19, practicable puaei, a desolate region, and Ampndia with bit 9.000 men, and breve soldier* as they have certainly proved themselves to b?. Theio are aotne of the nnforeaeen obataolea and obitructiona in the way of the American general, and, if the He were all, he might overcome them. Bat it ihould be recollected thtt the lateit intelligence informs ui that Gen. Santa Anna, having declined the Presidentship, ha* placed himself at the head of 16,600 men, in full march i upon Saltillo, to cover the defensive operations of Aa pudia. These are facta. We cannot, of coarse, speak as to i the materiel of Santa Anna's troops; but we may rea- | sonably infer, that under such a commander, they are ' equal to th oae under Ampudla, and the best that Mexico | can. at this early period of the war, bring into the Held. 1 On the other hand it is also admitted that the pecuniary i resources of the Amerioan government aro exhaustod. The mercantile interest* of New York, Boston, and Phi- [ ladelphia, are opposed to the war. They not only dread I hut they already feel the effects of it It is fortunate for j the United States that the demand for oorn and flour In : this country, which will shortly become a drug, has I unwu ?iir? luiui ui mouvj iruiu mi^iiuu, ?u muon mi, j that the rata* of exchange i* in favor of New York. This > country is taking more of the agricultural production* 1 than the United State* reciprocate by an importation of I our manufacture*. Thia it the reault of Sir Robert Peel's measure;!. We hare to thank Peel and the league for turning the balance against the prosperity of those interests so much overrated, now so depressed, and likely to be more so. But even this favorable accident in the tide of American affairs will, we suspect, little avail the Washington government. To carry on the Mexican war money must ! ? railed, and this can only be done by the imposition of taxes, which the free and independent citizens will die in the last ditch, or rather behind the last barrel in the last store, where breadstuffs are vendible,than tacitly submit to. What, then, is to be done. General Taylor oannot hope for ultimate success in a war of plunder and devastation. Napoleon tried this and failed. And with great submission we venture to hint our apprehension that Polk is not a Carnot, nor Taylor a Bonaparte. [From the London Chronicle, Dec. 3 ] The uncertainty that ushered in the war of the Americans against Mexico still continues No great victoriea are gained and it becomes every day more evident that, ven if gained, they would be anv thing rather than decisive. The capture of a second town like Monterey would only occasion a diversion from some previous point of occupation, and even towns like Monterey do not seem likely to become captured. 8altillo, the next in geographical order, and evacuated for the occaaion, stilt lemains unapproached? possibly unapproachable. The Mexicana hava retired ; but the Americans have not advanced Alvaradoand Tampico are threatened: but so rat Mexico itself, and so has been Vera Cruz. Menace and realization are not in a mora inverse ration to one another in the United States than in any other part of the world. The volunteers are ready, loquacious, and brave; but the Gone nil restrains them, and tho Treasury checka tin General Ho much for the cities and the sieges. As to pitched battles, tin condition of things is the same. Whether they will be fonghtornet is uncertain ; it is only certain that they have been fought at Kesaca and Palos Altos with very indifferent results ; with some blood, much glory, and uo fruits. Indeed a great victory would be a great blow to no eue but the unsuccessful commander. If Santa Anus wero struck down, with as many of his men as faction allows to follow him, the guerillas would still continue; whilst the least good that such a form of war would engender fer Mexico would be the waste of time to the Americans. Of this th y mast be chary. Blood they may spend, and wowder they have no need to pure Proclamations too thev may publish ad libitum Vat time takes money. Whether victorious or not, the expenses of the commissariat remain, Increasing with the progress of the armv. Thev are rrtstar nnrfcr th? trail* of Monterey than they were at Camargo. If tho capital itself be invested, they will be greater Mill The original system of paying far everything baa long become obsolete. The soldiers have to pillage Car their provender. By this process as earnestness has been engendered in the spirits of the Mexican population that, before, was replaced by political discontent and tarty dissatisfaction The vit inertia was formidable enough. Its transition into active hostility is fraught with stiU greater jeopardy. For all thia, however, previous evenu have prepared us They have also prepared s for the domestic discontent, the impatience of taxation, and the deficiency ol credit in the way oi money matters, that are in active operation through the whole length and breadth ol' the Union. Evidence of this lies in the re suit of New York elections. Evidence of this lies in the Boston movement for peace. Evidence of the repugnance oven to a war of which the success was undoubted, and wherein the annexation of large areas was assumed, is fouu<t in each and ail of those strong declaration* against the incorporation of new slave State* that the North is fulminating against tho South, and the South is meeting with equivalent terms of independent defiance. Wh it la tho value of California minus a slave population /?a oountiy that is coveted by the Northern balf of the Union for the aake of a single harbor only, and by the Southern for the sake of all its remaining area?an area tnat will It* colonised from Alabama and Arkansas, not from Vermont or Massachusetts?an area that, unless it be a land of slaves, will surround the Southern States with a zone of freedom inconvenient to their institutions, diugerous from its contiguity, and dangerous from its votes In the ayes of Louisiana, it is iho constitutional equipoise to the (Jiegon. The slave question must complicate the Mexican. It complicates it at thia very moment. The question of oolor has mixed itself with the question of cash ; and long length will be gone in both causes. Meanwhile the TreMdont grows tired and timid. Kutope and America may see this. No jaded hackney exhibits ita weakness ol work wore clearly than Mr. Polk betrays his dis taste for responsibility. Whenever Mr. Polk refers anything to Congress, he means ratting. He means the disavowal of hie previous acts ond declarations: he means a hands >me escape for himself, and tho clever betrayal of friend or two. Mr. Polk can act, and Congress can act; but they must act separately. Whenever the one refera anything to the other, there is no action, but vascillation Now Mr. 1'olk tia* begun deferring to hi* Congress; which 1* > bad sign for America, but a goad on* for Mex. ico and the irienda of justice. It ii quite impossible that partitan politician! will let this position ot Mr. folic escape tbem. The whig majority in New Vork ia a sample of the extent oi the re action The cry of "our country, right or wrong," ia subsiding under (he combined influence of l>arty, rnligion, and taxation. 1 he stale of their domestic institutions, and the agitation in favor of abolition, are equally abeorbent of the public mind At no previous perio.i were theie so many safety-valves for zeal. Even California, if ceded, mutt be paid far. I) ceded, it mutt he debated an. If ceded, it mutt become an arena far the caniett between the tUvert nnd aboliiionittt. If ceded, it must multiply patronage, Hiituib the equilibrium of the Stalet,an4 weak:* the influence of the central gncernment. The public mind, tUen, is active in America ; ita direction being aright one. L'pou one point,however.we are curiois aa to its operation. What will be said to Commodore Bloat, who kas taken Monierey,and, not con* tent with the simple military exploit, is ^boasting loud of his having taken it on hi* own responsibility r Orders he had none, nor yet any official notice of war having been declared. Rumors of war he had beards Dd upon mete ne takes pride In having acted. And to ha took Mooter*?. Far anything beyond the mere voice of fame, U>* blow might hare bean atrnck during a time of profound peace, pending tha ?ig nature of a friendly treaty, and against a frienoly power. The whole aflur might have been mistake?a discreditable and a dangerous one?but (till a miitake. Mexico would in that oaae hare bee a imu.ted, and the laws of nations broken, merely becaus *, in the breast of an accredited buccaneer, the wish that a quarrel had arisen between a strong State and a weak one was father to 'the thought Suck a mistake, however, we may fairly look upon as an historical improbability. Be It so, NerertJMless, the event which we hare just noticed a? an ideal oaae teek place a lew years ago between the same nations and with the same town During a profound peace. Commodore Jones choae to imagine the existence of a war. Without warning, without preperation, Monterey waa captured by mistake, Commodore Jones erring nis country at his own responsibility. In hi* Base the ends did not justify the mears. Peeoe remained unbroken. Monterey was restored, and Commodore Jones escaped eitherscotfree, or with a slight oensure. No wonder that, with each an example before his eyes, sod with a loitunate upshnt, Commodore Hloet ?houM not inly express Impunity, but that he should boaal of his exploit. Mow, as the nfcrai senee of America is busy, and n we welcome the preponderance of its better elements, we hope to heer of a repudiation of Commodore Sloat. Fha Annexation at Cracow to Amstrta.?The Incipient War In Kurope. I From the Liverpool Merouty, December 4] The annexation of Cracow and iu territory to Austria has been accomplished for the present, without timber consequences than a protest from he British government, followed by a separate >ne from that of Erance, and indignant addresses from the exiled Poles in France and the Demo: IrUll! Aunpialinn nf Tl-- * VI a alio. >uc U]l)JUIlUUa 10 he piece of audacious villany and perfidy committed by Austria, at the instigation ol Russia, and with the cowardly connivance of Pragma, is as yet Tierely verbal, but the time will come for somehing mora. In the House of Comoiout. Lord i Palmerston declatod that if the treaty of Vienna were disregarded on the Vistula, it might be equal- < y powerless on the banks of this Po; and tho ortans of the Frenoh government have declared hat the provisions of that now violated treaty elating to Franca will ba obearved so long aa i luits Frenoh convenience, and not a moment i oncer. Here, then, are hopes both for Poland urn Italy. The dragon's teeth are sown. Is (^rrcspeadsnce of Wllasr'* Tlmss 1 All France is at this moment in a state of great Mtoiteinent with respect to the audacious tuppres- ' lion by Russia, Austria and Prussia, of the Republic of Cracow?the last remaining vestige of he onoe great Polish nation?the last narrow imp of land that remained of p?or Poland?the sst and < nly spot on which a Poie dare call hnulolf a Polo. Noi only is Uus suppression aa atro- 1 :ioui act of violence, which ha? excited, and will long excite, tho indigaation ol nil Europe? tut it is a gross and monstrous insult to France? j1 Srst, becauso she has always taken, or professed o taku Poland under her peculiar protection, iavuig frequently proclaimed iliat her nationality ' ihall never perisn; and next, bcuanso the blot- , :ing out ol Cracow from the map of Europeao lations is a scandalous and insolent violation ol he treaties of Vienna, which aro most humiliaing to France. but which Franoe has hitherto j neekly obeyed. If Russia, Prussia and Austria j i j r f si * <* jk. 11 i ft IERA 1846. had tried to impose a brutal insult upon France, ' they could not have hit upon a better plan tbau suppression of Cracow, lor ihey at one and the same time outrage her dearest sympathies, declare their contempt for her protestations, and violate the very treaty which they impose upon i her. and by which she has ever since been boundAna the insult is increased by the fact that not i one single word of intimation was given to ihe i French government of the intention to perpetrate 1 such an audacious act. A German newspaper j brought the news to Paris, and the same day the j iruiu inen'oi was nouiieu 10 me jj>riu.?ii nmDUsa- 1 dor, and the day alter to M. Guizot. And nil this was made still more humiliating to the Fronch , government, on account ot" its having previously | intimated its desire to be agreeable to the three powers by any means that could be suggested, in return for their neutrality in the Spanish marriage affair. It had even gone to the length ot showing tbis desire, by seizing the papers and letters of several Poles resident in Paris, and ot' ordering a prosecution against several Polish newspapers, on the ground that they had not J>aid the caution money that the law demands rom the proprietors of every political journal, even though the said caution money had not been once required during the six years that the news, papers nave been published. Your readers will perceive from this succinct statement that the French Government is in an embarrassing position. Its first act was to protest in its newspapers against the conduct of Russia, Austria, and Prussia. This it did, and still continues to do, with every appearance of intense indignation. There are people, however, who affect to think that this indignation is only assumed; but 1 think such a suspicion is most unjust. The second act of the Government was to propose t? jkfi British Government to make a protest in dWnrriou. This, it is understood, the British Cabinet has peremptorily refused on account of the duplicity, and treachery, and violation of treaties, of which, it says, Fran e was guilty in the affair of the Montpensier marriage. This refusal has caused great pain and mortificalion to the French Ministers.? Their newspaper organs blame it as dishonorable to Great Britain. It is notorious, however, that the interest of Great Britaiu is not the same in the matter as raai 01 r ranee, lor sne nas never made her the champion of the l'olish cause, and has not the treaties of Vienna to complain of. If she protests in her own namo against the net, she sees all her position requires. It is true thar, by protesting separately, the protests of Great Britain and France will be of no value, whtlsr, if made in common, th y would undoubtedly cause the restoration ot Cracow; but it is too much to expect Britain to make common cause with France in a question whero the latter'a honor and interest are almost exclusively concerned, when she accuses France of deceiving And injuring her ? What, then, will France dol To protest alone will bo worse than useless, lor the three Northern Powers will despise her protest, and thereby inflict a new insult upon her. Will she make war to cause her protest to be respected! No, for war is not to be thought of. Will she herself violate the treaty of V iennal People say that she will do so, beginding by erecting certain fortifications on her own eastern frontier, which that treaty for bids her to do; but such a revanche would be childish and puerile, and would do nothing towards the restoration of Cracow. Will she conciliate England by making a renunciation of all the advantages expected by the Spanish marriage1! That . would be dishonorable Whst, then, will she dol "That is the question;" but unfortunately it is a question that uo one can answer just now, not even Ministers themselves, lor there is said to be a split in the Cabinet on the subject. A lew days however, must dscide it; and the decision is looked forward to with great anxiety. It is not improbable that the matter may lead to a change of ministry, and to a reconciliation,or mayha? a wider hostility with England. Pour le moment the unfortunate French Government is ina moat awkward "fix." [From the London Times.] The following ordinances respecting the moor poration ol Cracow with the Austrian dominions, and of which mention was made in our yesterday's impression, are extracted from the Herlin GuutU* of lha 19th instant:? " We, Ferdinand of Este, by the grace of God, Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia and Hungary, lie.?The peaco ot Vienna of the 14ih of October, 1800, had separated from our empire the city anil territory ef Cracow, and annexed it to the grand duchy of Warsaw ; but subsequently to the events ol the war or 1812, the Russian arms having reconquered them, our father, the late Emperor Fraucis i. concluded with the allied Courts of Prussia and Russia, on the 21st of April, and Hd ol May, 1816, a treaty, containing the following stipulationCracow, with its territory, will lorm in future, a treo and independent city, under the protection of the three powets. The express condition, and the necessary supposition of the arrangement, however, were, that the free city should observe the strictest neutrality?refuse all asylum to refugees, subjects of the three Powers?and deliver them into the hands ol tho competent authorities. A sad experience of 16 years, has demonstrated that Cracow has not fulfilled the conditions of its independent existence, and that1, since 1880 it has been the constant focus of intrigues against the three protecting powers Finally, in the month of February ol the present year, it became" the theatre of more violent and dangerous scenes than ever. After uie government ana constitution had been over- | turned, and when the late ol the city was abandoned to a handful of conspirators, who had as- ! sumed the name of Revolutionary Government ol Poland, and excited to revolt against the existing authorities the inhabitants of all the ancient provinces of Poland, an armed Ijorde invaded our dominions from the (territory ol Cracow, and it was necessary to ^replace it under a provisional Government, subject to our military law, and to have it occupied by the .troops of the protecting powers. Those events having precluded the possibility of restoring liberty and independence to Cracow, alter their overthrow by the enemies of the order, repose, and tranquillity of hurope, and deeming it our duty to secure both our laithful subjects of Galaicm and the peaceable inhabitants of Cracow against the attacks and intrigues of that anarchical party; we have, together with His Majesty, the king of Prussia, and His Malesty, the emperor of Russia, taken into serious consideration the future late of Cracow. "With thai view, deliberations have been entered into with the spocial plenipotentiaries of the courts of Derlia and St. Petersburg^, the result of which has been the conclusion of a convention, signed at Vienna, on the 6th of November of the present year, and in virtue of which the three proteoting powers of the ony of Cracow revoke and suppress the treaties of the 3d of May, 1815 That city and its territory consequently return under our sceptre, as they belonged, previous to the peace of Vienna of the 14'h of October, 18(19, to our lato father and our ancestors. We have, lor that reason, taken possession of the city and its territory. We annex thrno forever to our c-own, and declare them to lorm an inseparable portion of our empire, with which we incorporate thorn. "Wa charge Count Maurice Je Veyme, chamberlain, councillor of, and Governor of Prague, in the capacity ol Aulic Commissioner, to take possession thereof; and we earnestly invite all the inhabitants of the city-ot Cracow, and its former territory, in their own interests, to obey .aid Aulic Commissioner, appointed by us. as alo the authorities, whom we confirm ana re-esablish in their pouts We recommend them, moreover, punctually to conform to the ordinances enacted, or to be enacted. " On the other hand, we promise thorn the maintenance and protection of our holy religion, impartial justice, an equal assessment of taxes, ana a full and entire gunrantea of public security ?to those who shall render thamsehres worthy ; ot our grnoe, Djr submitting immediately to the t present measure, which will prove beneficial to ihem, end by their loyalty and devotedneae to our i family. They will ever find ua a mild prinee and a graoioua emperor, and we will exert ourselves j strenuously to procure to them the blessing f, which their annexation to a great and mighty monarchy is calculated to confer on the inhabi- i lants ofOtaoow. "Given in our imperial palace, at Vienna, on ( ilia 11th of No/., 1846, in the 19th year of our , rekn. F**diiuad." Charlea Count D'Inzaghy, First Chancellor. Baron de Pilleradorf, Autle Chancellor. Baron John Kxticzkede Jaden, Vice Chancellor. ' < In compliance Willi the special order ul His | Apostolical Majesty, Fascia v* WAnaaMr, Aulic CouuctHor. j I The Field Marshal, Count de, I i charged with the piovisioual (joverumeut ;' free City of Craoow, by the three protecting i Powers, makes known, m tlieir name, that on the Bih inst. they concluded and signed the lol- ' lowing conventions i? 1 Inasmuch as the conspiracy, in the < month of Febiliary. 1*46, produced the events I which occurred in the Grand Duchy of I'osen, in ' Cracow, and in Galicia, waa a plan long prepar- ' ed, with the aaaistance at numeioua accomplices i LD. PrtM Two Cttll. in the oountry; inasmuch as this criminal fraction took arm* at the appointed time, commenced hostilities nnd published proclamations which excited the people to a general revolt; inasmuch as Cracow became the seat of a central faction, which assumed the name of revolutionary government ; inasmuch, as all those circumstances have placed the city of Cracow in a miserable state of war, which would have authorized tho three Courts of Austria, Prussia, and Russia to use all tho rights conferred by war; inasmuch, as for that reason alone, the three courts might diepose of a territory which had assumed a hostile attitude towards them ; but inasmuch as the intention of the three powers is not to submit the city of Cracow to the law ol" the strongest, inasmuch aa urh*ra iI?m ?? ? great an inequality of force that law could not be applied; inasmuch as it is not intended to commit any act or vengeance against that city or to punish it, but that the high protecting powers wish only to establish order ana peace in tbe territory oi Cracow, and have no outer objeot than to protect the inhabitants against evenia whieh have so much disturbed their tranquility; inasmuch as by a treaty concluded between the three Courts, on tbe 3d of May, 1815. the city of Cracow, with its territory, was deolai.ed e free, independent, and strictly neutral city, and plaoea under the three high contracting parties; and that the three Courts have wished to carry into exeoution, by this convention, the articles relating to Cracow in the different treaties of the 8d May, 1815, of which one was conolnded between bis Mo jesty the Emperor ol Austria and the Emperor of Russia, and the other oi, the same date, between tbe Emperor of Russia and His Majesty the Kihg of Prussia ; but inasmuch as the exist* ence of the free city of Cracow, far from responding to their intentions, has been a. source of disturbance, which during 20 years has not only meriansifi iKn no?na o s?r4 tke sVme city, and the safety ?f the adjoining country, but likewise tends to everthrow the order oi things established by the treaties ?f 1815?inasmuch as numerous iacts of this nature, which are toe generally known to render it necessary to examine ttiem, have entirely changed in its essence the mode of existence of >ho city of Cracow, and ihat by proceedings contrary to treaties, Cracow has several times disengaged itself from the duties imposed on it by strict neutrality, that those pro* ceedings have several times induced the armed intervention of the three Powers, and that all the changes effected in its constitution to give more torco to its jfovernment, have not prevented a repetition of those deplorable facts; inasmuch as even tli*s forehcarance manifested by the friendly ordinances of (be three governments, in place <n attaining the object, have served but to fortily the irreconcileable enemies of order existing in their plans, and that the free city of Cracow is become the locus of a new aud vast conspiracy of whioh the ramifications embraced all the aneient Pol if h provinces; inasmuch as to this culpable and disloyal enterprise was joined an armed attack, and that Cracow lormed a centre whence the spirit of revolt endeavored lo undermine the basis of the internal tranquillity of ihe neighboring States?inasmuch as tbat subsequently Cracow wu evidently too feeble to resist the continual intrigues of the Polish emigrants who hold that city in moral slavery so tbat it offers to the powers no further guaranty* against the return of attempts at revolution frequently renewed;?but inasmuch as enterprises of this nature are an evident violation of the treaty of the 3d oi May, 1816, as well as of the 2d article of the constitutional stitutes framed tor the free city of Otacow, the 30th ol May, 1816?inasmuch as the conventions above mentioned, relating to Cracow, between the three* Powers* have only been repeated in the 6th, 7tb, 8th, 9th and 10th articles oi the general act of the Congress of Vienna, of iho 9th of June, 1815, in order that this act should embrace the different results of the arrangements concluded during the private negotiations b jtwecn the cabinets?inasmuch as that, consequently, if the three governments at present with respcct to Cracow, an order ot things upon which they voluntarily agreed in the year 1815, they merely exercise an undoubted right; inasmuch as in consequencc of all that preeedea, and having taken ioto serious consideration the security of their nates, so frequently menaced by the free City of Cracow, the three courts of Ails* tria, Prussia, and Russia, have a.-reed on the following refolutions:?1. The three above stated courts of Austria, Prussia, and Russia, revoking the articles of the treaties relating totbe City jot Crar.ow concluded, trie one between Hvs Majesty the Emperor of Russia and tlie Emperor or Austria, and the other between the Emperor of Russia and the King of Piussia, and signed the 3d of May, 1815, in tlio sumo manner tbo additional treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Russie, of the same day, is revoked and suppressed. 2 The City of Cracow and it* territory are, in consequence, restored to Austria and reunited to the Austrian monarchy, to be held in possession by his Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, as before the year 1S(I9. CastioliO!**. Ceacow, Nov. 16,1848. [Correspondence of the London Chronicle.1 Paris, Nov. 24 ?I am informed that M. Goizot yesterday received the answer of Lord Palmerston to tlie proposition addressed to his lordship through the. Count de Jamae.that England should unite with France in a joint protest against the destruction of the independence of Cracow, and the annexation of that republic to the Austrian dominions. A council of Ministers was immediately called, and it is said that tho noble lord'* answer produced a very painful impression, not only on account of the substance, but the form ot the answer of Lord Palmerston declared at once, and in the most positive terms, that the French Cabinet must expect no simultaneous and united action between trance and England in respect to the attain of Cracow. Some members of the Cabinet are said to haw expressed dissatisfaction that M. Uuisot should have made the first advances towards England, or have been the lirst to ask Lord Palmerston to act in con junction with Fradce, without having in the first instance got some assurance that th? proposition would be well received. The members of the Cabinet ditfered also irreatly as to the steps now to be taken by France with respect lo the Northern powers. M. Guizot wu of opinion that France should at once, and in a strong and energetic protest, assume an imposing attitude; but his opinion was not received with ihatunaoimity among his colleagues to which he had been accustomed. M. Duchatel and some othermembers of the Ministry, are said to have expressed their opinion that a protest would be of no use, and would be only ridiculous if not followed by some more active demonstration, and that any real demonstration might lead to a general war. They were therefore ot opinion that it wae better not tu be in too great haste in ttie matter, and that they ouuht to wait to see what would be donQ by England. The Council is said to have broken up without corning to any relation on the point. There appeurs to be very little doubt tnat the aliair of Cracow has placed M. Guizot in difficulties from which he will tind it difficult to extricate himself. His policy with regard to the Northern powers is not only disapproved of by an influential party in the Cabinet, but it said to have given annoyance to the highest personage in the realm. Here his tall is considered inevitable. Ho ha* placed liimsell in a f'tlso potition, both with reaped to the Northern powers and to England. The Northern power* have responded to Bit advances by the violation of the treaty of Vienna and the marriage of tne Duke of Bordeaux. England. to whom ne has viven such just cause ol 01 fence by his disgraceful conduct in the affair of the Montpensier marriage, has shown her deep senso of the injury she nas received by reftuin' to unite with him in protesting against fcnii' which equally concerns the interests of bothcoun tries. Tois is n dilemma which will require no Little ability and tact on the part of M. Guizot; and great as his abilities no doubt are; it ia doubtlul if they are sufficient to extricate him in the present instance. This is the state of matters here at the present moment, and it creates no little uneasiness. The belief is that M Guizot will retire before the meet* mg of the Chambers. and that he will be succeed' sd by M. Moio. Samo of the Paris papers go s veil so far as to give a list of M Qui tot's successor ; but this is o; course premature. TIm Pretest mt BagkuMI. Lord Palmerston has dispatched the protest jf the British Government, against the occupation of Craoow, 11 Lord l'onsouby, at Vienna. In this dooumeni Lord Paluterston argues on the assumption thnt the usurpation'of Craoow is as yet but a project, and he axe its himself to Jsmonstrate the imscbiei (iuconvonusnce) of suoh i measure, lie subsequently discusses the two ^nt-stionssf "right" and of "necessity." On the juestion of right he establishes, by referenoe to treaties, that the articles agreed to solemnly by right Powers could not be modified or annulled l>y three of them. Upon the question of necessity, Lord Palmerston does not admit the solution which the northern courts wished should be adopted.

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