Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 20, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 20, 1846 Page 1
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^ rp it i J. JlJL J Vol. XII, No. rn-WboU No. 438? HfliULY IN TERKSri^fi UrELLIUENCR FROM MEXICO. THE ARMISTICE. Correspondence between General Taylor and Santa Anna. THE PUBLIC VIEWS * OF THE MEZX0A2T 932T3RAL. ; NAVAL AND MILITARY AFFAIRS | &c., kt* ie. [From the New Orleans Pica* uoo, Dec. 10.1 We receive! yesterday papei from tho city of Moxi* co to the 17(h of Novcm' er?fully twi weeks later than our provioui advices framthe capital One of tbe first things we no'ice iu tbe p>pfrs, is a correspondence between O. o. Taylor ami rtauta Anna, in relation to the termination of tbe armistice. Out of this correspondence proceeded the releuae of seven American prisoner*, who were with the army at San Luis.? This correspondence ia interestiug and important. It will be found below, together with the names of the prisoner! released. Panta Anna's letter breathes war ao long as tbe Mexican soil shall be polluted by Uie foot of a single American iu arms. Much, too, is th? tone of the papers before us, though we think their denunciations are sasiewhat leas violent than they were a short while sfi On the 10th of November, Gen. Santa Anna transmitted to the Secretary of War, irom ban Luia Petosi, his correspondence with Gen Taylor relating to the termination of th? armistice. The first letter ia from tho Governor of Coahuila, covering Oen. Taylor's letter forwarded by the hands of Major Graham We should not da sneh injustice to Gen. Taylor's letter as to translate it from tho Spanish, into which wa find it rendered, were it not necessary to render intelligible and more poiatad tho reply of Santa Anna :? Heau-Quastsbs o>- the A kmt or OccurATio*, )* Monterey, Nov. 6,1840. J Sir?In the convention agreed upon on tbe 24th cf September it was conceded that the American forces should not pass a stipul- tod lino before the expiration of eight weeks, or until they should receive orders or instructions from their Government. In conformity therewith, I have tho honor of apprising you that my < Jovernment has directed me to terminate the suspension of hostilities, arX accordingly I consider mytolf at liberty to pass the designated line after tbe 13th inst, by which late I presume this communication will havo reached your hand* at San Luis Potosi. I have bean informed that several Americans, who were taken prisoners at China and ether points. sra now t Ban Luis, detaine I as sucli. 1 trust you will deem it an act of jnstico to release these men, and allow them to rajoin the forces under my command . * When tho convention was entered into to which! hava referred, I entertained tho hope that tho terms in which it was conceived would open tho way for the two Republics to agree upon an honorable peocc; and, acting upon this conviction, I at once released the prisoners of war rwho were in my power, among whom were three ofBoars At that time I did not know that there were any American prisoner* who had been aent into the interior. I truat that my conduct will he deemed a sufficient ground to justify you 10 yielding to this request, and to tha dictates of humanity towards the American prisoner*, who. I am told, are at San Lui*. In case Major Graham, tha betrar of this communication. leachca your head quarter*, I take the liberty to command him to your courtesy, and I shall be pleaseid to reoeive by him your reply to this communication, whatever it may be. I have tlio honor to be, with the greateat resj.?c, Vonr obedient servant, Z. TAYLOR, Major General ot the Army of the United State*. To Gen. 0. Antonio Long m Santa Anna, Commander in-Chief. Libkratino Rkri'slicati Arm*,/ San Lui* Poto*i,N'ov. 10,1640. J Senor General?At 10 this morning, by an official communication of the governor of Coahaila, of the 4th inst., I received your letter ol the Ath, apprising me of your intention, by order of your government, of breaking the convention agreed upon at Momerwv, on the 14th of September last, and passing on the 13th ot the prosent mouth the line therein designated, by which date j on supposed I should receive your communication. Believing that the term* stipulated in said convention should bo religioui-ly observed by both parties, I had ta ken no step which should tend to vacalo it; but in view of tne obligation you deon imposed uj>on you by the or dors of your government, I confine myself by toplying, that you ean, when it plessesyou, commence ho*tihtief, to which 1 shall correspond accordingly. la regard to the American prison rs le> me ray that there are only seven of them at tlrs po?t, a list of whom is annexed ; and, rel) ing upon your representation in tcgord to the lolease of ceveral Mexicans, (have determined to respond to your generosity by doing the same to the seven referred to, whom the commissary of this arm^r will aupply with $70 for their sujtenance upon the You remaikthat when the convention w as entered into at Monterey,you entertained the bore that the terms in which it was conceived would open the way for the two Republics to agroe upon an honorable resce. Laying out of question whether that convention was the result of necessity oi of the noble views now disclosed by you. I con'ent myself with seving, that from thn spirit and decision manifested bv all Mexican*, you shuuid bams > all idea of peace while a single North Ameiican In arm* treads upoa the ternloiy ot' this republic, and there ramains in front of its ports tha squadrons which make war upon them. Nevertheless, the extraordinary Con rrou trill ?IMmhld In !h* <*anittl teoranla Ika ureni.t year, and thii august body will determine what ft ahall j'idge moat juitabia for the honor and the in'erNets of the nation. Maior (iiuham haa rot arrived at my qnartara. Had ho done >o, he would hare Keen received in a manner due to h|a rank and employment, and in conformity with the withes expressed to me in hii behalf by you. I h?vc the honor of ottering you the assurances oi my distinguished consideration. (iod and linarty. ANTONIO LOPKZ DE SANTA ANN V Svnor Slsjor (Jen Tailom, G?-n?ral-in-(.hiefof the Atmy of the Uni'rd states oi iho North. The f.iluuingis a list of the priioneri whom Sergeant Muriauu llernandvr. couductnct to S?n Lull Potoii, ?u<! who have been act at liberty by Oeu. Slut* Anna Charlei W. Tuft*, Hetuj P Lyon, John flairitman, Jaart Q Read, Kdword F Feeny, Bkaha I'uett, '1 homaa Oiliesfie It it probable that there may be aomo alight Inaccuracy in tie above naruca. Twe of the meu thus saved were Texans, who, it waa auppoaed at Monterey, among their comrade*, weia dead. The reader* of the above correspondence may be curioua to know how the Mexicaus regard the resumption of hoe*llties. We translate the leader of the official Journal of tba 14th ult.,which is by no mean* eo arrogant and eelf confident * is uaual with Mexican editors :? " By the communications which we this day insert, our readera will learn that (Jen. Taylor has declared that he is atout to recommence hostilities upon the republic The moment haa arrived?the result is'cloae at hand of terrible conflict, which it to decide the future lot of the nation. " Tno enthusiasm of otir army is great; it la determined to fall or triumph; and we .trust it will know how to aveaga with honor the Mexican blood which flowed at Matsmoiai and Monterey. " The whole world ii contemplating this atraggle; it* eye* are fixed upon our republic, whose rights and prertgeMve* aa an ux-'epeudeiit and sovereign nation n?ve been aa audaciously as perfidiotuiy trampled upon by the Coiled States of the North. If the republic rises with the emergency?if by the elastic impulse of ail its citit ens it shall chastise its enemies, aau it by force of arms it mabea its international rights rrscccted, from that day forth tlie f?te of ,\l?*iro will t>? ----- It* independence, iu reej e ctaUUly abroad, and H? libeity ut borne ' Mexicans! This is not a question of partv?tt concerns our political existence. Let u?, then, assist by every meant in our power, in the nation*! defence, let us aciiltce ouraelvea, it it be neccssery; but in succumbing, let oar last word* l a, " Independence and Liberty!" Attantion it vary much engrossed by the prepaiat.ooe lor the meeting oi the Congress, which baa are this assembled in the capital About forty deputies were in Uia city on the 17th ult., and we neie a request from the Secretary of State that they ahonld enrol their names, fc-., that they might be summoned for the preparatory meetings so soon ss a quotum should be present. The pepeiaare lilted with amendments to the constitution of 1814, proposed by the assemblies of the different States, and these tarjects lorm prominent topics of dia cost ion for the prers. The othcisl Journal says the Kxeentire H anxious for the lusemhlmg of Congress even before ibe dsy fixed by law,in consequence of the urgent cature ol the aubjecta to be brought before It. Aa tirst in importance ere enumerated " the events of the war with the United States ol the North , the necessity ol great resources to mstain it, and to eome other |K>ints lelative to this ibspottant bastnese." This is the nearest allmion . which we see to the efTire of oar government to negotiate for peace. In <he same IMari* d.l in wuich I we so* thU, is inserted the article from the Vera Crux ! IndicaHnr, which mentioned the receipt of despatches from out government early In November The Iruttrt- > rf?r'* article is copied wiihont comment, from which It may be presume*! that such despatches were received. I We And in the Mexican papers ottcial commui.icutions ' fiom the author ties of the different tttatcs. <w. ? government II,at the <li<?r nnonn and thitat* uf oiairn ioM which ?i i?arcd in th? capital in Ortoter le?t hare not availed to di-tnih tranquility in the State*. We aee no in licauona tut (ien Almonte will leave (tie ] War Department, aa reported at the Nerth. We And a great variety of order* emanating from him. One re ! Ubliahaa the acUve battalion of < elaya, iia rank a to be flUed rrom the aumliaiiee of Alleude; another piovidea 1 for the organisation of the loner r* of Paebla, aa a rqnadron of active mili'.ia to operate in that fctate; and anu her, | more iaiportaiU, n to the lollowing effect:-That in <onaequeikce of the nereaaity of airingtheaing the permanent a til!? ') at certain poii.ta ? tin a may be attacked by the United ivetea, or at |(.iula contignoua to thoae three teoed, the Pieeident decieea that while the wariaita, two ad iti nal companiea ot artillery ahali be raiaed?one fer tk* t ate of Tabtaco, the other tor the fortreea of fa rote. S NE NE" Tbe re-are other military provision! of Almonte, all inJi eating tha utmoit activity in tha dischargs of the duties of hi* office. A lattar is published from Gan. Santa Anna communicating; tha offer of retired offioer of militia, Col Rebel Aguire, to raise and up port ten foot soldier* at {hit owe expense daring the continuance of tbe war. The lienors! accepted the Oder, with his tnanks ia the name of tbe nation. In an urgent appeal to the new Congreen, made from | San Luis, the itoputies are entreated to entrust Santa Anna with dictatorial power* for the prosecution of the war. Above all. they are solicited not to barter away the rights of their posterity to secure present relief, but the rather?If snocumb they mast. " like ancient Rome, to the power of tha invasion of tbe bwt-aHana of the North"?to bequeath their imprescriptible lights to another generation, which," like the handful of tie roes wtio took refuge in the mountains of the Asturia*, may some day raoceed In exterminating their unjust inracers." We see nothing definite in relation to the army concentrated at San Lais , nor do we find any mention whatever of the dieieneions which are reported, by way of , Tumpico, to exist In Santa Anna's ranks. But we find the following parugraph in general terms in regaid to their troopsI " From every part of the Republic are arriving, to incorporate themselves with our armv. bodies of trnona of i all arm*, and we believe that within a few daj ? we shall bo able to tee a considerable number of troopa, which will serve for the defence of this city. In truth. also, the generul-in-chief has directed that it be fortified with energy. and at this day the defensive works are in an advanced state in the town of Tlascala, as an advanced point towards tbe north of this capital " From the position of this paragraph in tha Diario, we supposed It had reference to tbe city of San Luis'; but from the context, and the sitmtion of Tlascala, it may possibly havo reference to the defence of the city af Mexico Itself from any invasion by the route of Vara Crnc. We know of but ana town of Tlascala?once an imp riant town within the limits of tbe territory of Puebla. Possibly there is some villitre of tha same name north of San Luis, which would resolve our diffi culty. We find a. paragraph indicating that the American army unlsr General Taylor might be expec'ed from the norfhby way of Saltillo, about the 'Jlst of November, threatening Han Luis. It will receive a terrible thrashlog, says the editor, ai the reward ef its temerity. Oen. Othon, Governor of the State of San Luis, in view of the immediate approach of our army, and in order that when the Mexicans leave that city to meet us, the city may not be undefended, calls upon the alcaldes of tha diftaiont neighboring towns that they bring with them the villagers to as>Ut in strengthening the tortificatlons of the city. The call is dated tha :14th October, and only demands a weck'a work from them with shovel, pickaxe. fcc. It is to be presumed, we think, fiat the defences of tbe town have been very much stiengti,eued by this time. It may not be out of place to suggest here that were these dissensions among Santa Anna's troops, tbe official journals, which are all we have, are not very likely to record them. Of the advance of our troops upon Tampico, the Mexican* entertained no doubt us Tar back as the 1st of No vember, nor are any measures suggested for retukiog it. We find several notices ot vessels of our squadron in the Gulf, but the facts alleged are often erroneous, and our advices direct from the squadron are much later. A letter fiom Mazatlan dated October 28:h, ssys that tbe Cyane was still blockading that port We have no other news from the Pacific squadron by this arrival. Senor Villamil has been appointed Minister of Finance, and took the oath of office on the 17th ult. The project of lighting the city of Mexico with gas is still entertained, and a committee is engaged in invest! gat ions of the subject. One of the measures urged upon the new Congress in the official Journal is a new territorial division of Mexico, more just than that which existed upon the over inrew ei spanua nomination. TDK appears to us lute radical meuure, tending to centralism. Deplorable account) art again received from Durango, of tlie ravage* of the Indian! in that State and Chihuahua. In one paper we find a lint of killed, wounded and priaom-ra made by the a traces in a fight near the en<l el October. That mite ruble country appears quite unable to protect itself from thote Indiana. The Ltiario of the 14ih ia atithoriaed to contradict an imptes?ion created by the Monitor IlepuHiraus of the lith, that 8<>nor Echererria had pre posed a loan to tho Qjvernment?half in cnah and half in old bonds?and this not being accepted, had suggnpted that a forced loan ihould be decreed. The El Locomotor of Vera Cruz, dated Nov. 18th, con'aina an extract from an oaU-Ul dcap-.K-h atuting that tho people of t he city of the Angels, California, on the Pacific, combined with the Indians, had taken surer}) boats belonging to the United i States tq'iadion, and cut the throats of one hundred and fifty foluiera found on board. This doubtful despatch is dated Mazatlan, Oct. 08 _____ MILITARY IN rEI.T.IGENCK [Krom the Boaton Courier, Dec. It] Company "A" (changed from D, as it is the first form, ad.) was mustered into ajnrico yesterday afternoon at the recruiting office in Trvmont utreot. by Cap!. B. A1 vonl. of i'h infantrv mn*t?riittf ##?? ikia ?#' ter an examination f>y Dr. i'.d.nu. Medical Inspector, U. 9 A., in presence ol Henry K. Oliver, Adjutant General Mm*. Militia,who addressed them in an appropriate manner upon tliia change in their government. i'rirate* are to be furnished with three montha pay, and twenty dol lara to provide themselvei with olothci ; their uniform i4 to be delivered next Thursday The following officers have been elected and qualified Capt. Edward Webster, Boston, Masa ; lat Lieut , J. Kendall Tyler, Charlestown ; Senior 3d Lieut., George W. Kelly, lloston ; Junior 3d Lieut, D. B Stover, Ncwbaryport; Musicians? Drummer, James ?. Kutfsel, Woburn ; Fifer, Henry B. Smith, Boston. The ( orn 'J rade of Ktirope. [From the Mark Lane Express,'Nov. 30.] The official account of the atecks of grain, pulse and flour in bond ia the United Kingdom on the 6th instant, bas been published this week; we give the statement, with the addition of what was under lock at tho corresponding parted last year, in a tabular form, to ahow at a glance the relative position of stocks at the two periods. In Bond in Ikt J? Hand in Ikt Kingdom. Kingdom Kov. 5, 1844. Nov 6, 1x46. Wheat qrs. 1I4SM 6?7.77I Barley 15,893 69.471 Oat 63*11 1 OB,319 " ? ? lit- a na " 47 -16 1 678 Teas ' 10 045 3 P63 Klour ?wt. 347,986 378,683 It would be very useful if a similar itateir.ent of the stocks of free corn, lie., could be laid hafoi e our readers; but thia cannot, in ik? absence of statistical information, be done The imports oi wheat and flour into Great Sri tain this year have certainly been immense; equal together to about three millions of quartere. If. therefoie, the CO Mil Hint ion of fnrmisrn had hnan nn greater during the present *01011111 than it was in the autumn of 1643, we should at present nave a Urge exces* of both wheat end flour over what wai held at thii time last year. That there really i? an excess we entertain no douht. but it ii not nearly 10 (treat as the extent of (he import 1 woold appear to ind.cate. At the time of harvest last year a very considerable quantity of old Knglish Wheat remained on hand; and thero was consequently, leee necessity to employ foreign for mixing with the new produce. In the month oi September thii rear a much smaller proportion of the (applies brought forward by the fanners consisted of old wheat than in ordinary seasons, and since tben the deliveries have been almost wholly of the new crop; the con dition of the latter has, it Is trae, till very lately been so dry as te render it At to grind with a less portion of old than in ordinary aearons: still it has been necessary to take cemiderable quantities for that purpoie ; and, from the comparatively bare state of the granaries at all the principal depots of Foreign in tke kingdom, we question whether mock more than a million quarters 01 old foreign Wheat is left in the country. The mpid reduction which the stocks hare recently undergone, end the very vc&nty manner in which the growers have brought forward supplies during the last month, have imparted a firmness to the trade. This harfct en more obser vsble in the country markets than in London ; and the rally which hii occurred in prices within the last fortnight oiiginnted in the provincial market*, Mark Lane havUig followed, and not, as usual, led the advance 1 his is a new feature in the trade, and one deserving of notice The accounts rrceived this week Ircm the leading country markers atate that a good deal of business has been done in wheat, at improving rites. At the shipping jorUon the east cosit the supplies hare barely kept pace with the demand, and prices Is. to 2a per qr a'wve those previously current hive consequently been realized. WuUt tins has >een the case in the agricultural diatricta, the tendency has also been upward at the Urge etonsuming towns, though not in so marked a degree. At Liverpool, wheat was no higher on Tuesday than on that day week, but floor roee is per bbl.: and Indian corn being in lively request for Ireland, partly rtoovered from the previous depression. Later in the week the inquiry lor wheet became more lively, and a fair amount i>r h iiiikh r.ii.. ?.? ? - w > twim vii nil*;, hm ?1 au ruaiutpmcm of 3d P?r 70 Ibe. In Yorkabiro, quotation* of wheat have remained nearly aUtionary ; but at birmingham. Briatol, and Olouceater, buyer* have thu weak had to pay lully la to 9a par qr. above former terma. la Ira land, tome aaoaaUon appear* to have bean produce* by the airiral of rather important inppliea ot Indian coru j the effect doea not, however, appear to hare been very letting, and the temporary decline whim pilcae of grain had undergone at aeveral of the leadiog makett held la the early part ef the waek hed been paitially recovered during the tacceedlng faw <1 .ya, the value of moat article* being nearly aa high on Friday aa in the beginning of the week. Wa have ta report a good arrival of Kngliah wheat, the receipta coaatwite into London having been larger than ollate, the quantity which ha? come to h-nd Laving amounted to 10,IM qra The bulk of the aupply haa gune to the miller* direct; and that exhibited at Murk Lane by land carriage tamplea haa been of a limited character. On Wednesday, the F.teex, Kant, and Huffolk tt&ndt ware abeolutrly hare ; and on Friday, only a few mna wore khowo from the flrat named county. Under thea circumataticri it > neadlm to ?ay that the operation* kave.been unimportant ; bat the town miller*, whoee atocka have been gradually raducad have mamfetted an incrtatad diapontion to purrhaaa, which haa enabled factor* to obtain full teima where aale* have licea mada ? A vary large proportion of the F.nfliah wheat brought forward during the U*t month or (Is week* haa bean DttrAaaed for ahlpment coait* iaa ; and had it not bean for the extraaiely cautioui manner in which the baker* have for tome thaa paat eupplied thamaalve* with flotu, tha wilier* would era now have been compelled to bay W YO W YORK, SUNDAY MOD mora freely. As it is. the demand cannot be deferred ' much longer?for til the parties ong aged in the meal t trade, the msaufucturer, the faotor, and the baker?have for a considerab'e period drawn heavily on their reserve ; and the time it, we think, not far distant when it wiU become necessary to take stops to replenish the inroads made on thoir stocks Holders of free brsifn ' wheat have remained very firm throughout the weA, but the inquiry has not been active, ana no advance en ; previous prices has been established. Thar* haa boon an inquiry for low qualities for shipment to Ireland, , withjut, however, leading to much business ; the orders from thence having, in most cases, been limited some- i what too low to admit of their execution. The opera- ' t<ons in bonded wheat have been leaa extensive this than the preceding week, the accounts from Franca being of ' a somewhat more subdued tone than before. The stock i under lock In London is not large ; on the 6th instaut, I the lataat date to which it ia oflioially made up) it con- I slsted of only 34,879 qra. The arrivals sinoe than have, on the whole, been moderate: and aevoral parcels I i having from time to time been taken for export, and a j few lots having been entered for home consumption, no [ great increase can have occurred in the bonded stock. English flour, whether of town or country manufacture, nas moved off tardily throughout the week, and j its value has undergone no change requiring notice ; bnt a greater degree of firmaeas has been uisplayea by sellers. American flour haa met with a moderate share of attention, and in some instances a trifle mora money ' has been paid for really fresh sound qualities. On the StU of the month there war* >2,129 cwts. of flour under lock in London The market haa boon rather sparingly supplied with barley of home growth, and though the malsters havo conducted their operation* with more then ordinary caution, they have not ?uccee4ed in depressing price*, really floe qualities beinjf fully ae dear at the clove a? they wore in the commencement of the week- Good heavy grinding samples have met tolerably ready (ale at the currency of last Monday, bat distilling aorta (ef which the bulk of the asrivals frem abroad has coaliated) hare moved off somewhet alowly at former rate*. The acarcity of prime malt haa caused the beat descriptions to be held very firmly, and even aicondary kind* have not been (old at lower term* than last week; though the inquiry for the latter hu been very far from lively. The arrivals of oat* from eur own coast and Scotland have be?n on the tame scanty scale a* previously i and from Ireland only 10.984 qra. have come to hand, with the wind mo*tly favorable for arrivals from thence. The foreign supply has likewise been moderate, consisting, np to this evening (Saturday) ef 0,403 qra. The advance establiahed on Monday last has, therefore, been weil supported; indeed, fine corn was hardly obtainable at the close on as easy terms a* in the beginning of the W'Ck. The dealer* still look anxiously to Ireland ier supplies; if, however, we may judge by the accouut* we receive from thence, no assistance of importance can be calculated on from that quarter. Meanwhile the stocks on the (pot are being daily diminished, the receipt* ha ving for several week* pa(t fa linn short of the quantity required for the consumption of the metropolis. There were in bond at this port on the 0th of November, 33,101 qi*. The late decline In the price of (beans baa not a* yet been followed by an improved demand, only a retail l>usinet* having been done in the article at last Monday's reduced term* White pen aold rather more freely on Friday, bnt were not by any mean* dearer than earlier in the week The few parcels of hog peas brought forward have been (ol*l without difficulty at previous price*. The demand tor floating cargoes of Indian com ho* again revived (principally on Irish account,) and very full price* have been obtained for the article. we learn irom me nortn 01 Europe tntt Uie weather, after having been frosty, bad again become mild ; but it ii more than probable that a aimilar change to that experienced hare may have afterward* occurred, and there U soma proipect of the chipping (eason in the Baltic beiug closed early. By the moat recent account! from that quarter w? learn that comparatively little grain w?i beiug (hipped to Ureat Britain. A letter from Danzig, of the 9lat inat, Inform* aa that only about 80 laata of wheat had changed hand* at that port aince that day week. Thia parcel had, it wai supposed, been taken for ahipment to franc* or Belgium, tha quality being too inferior to mil the English market. The price paid had bean equal to 47*. W. per qr., free on board, and the weight amy AO lba. per buah. Really flu* high-mixed qualities were than atill held ai 65* to 6t* per qr : and for a parcel of only 00 lba weight receiv d down th* Viitula, 54* per qr had b?en asftad. The tock In granary was eitimated at 80,000 qr*, a vary large proportion of which con?i?t*d of inferior qualities The water in the Viitula had iligh ly riten; atill it wai feared that part oi the supply exhaled fioin the interior might not get down before the setting in of frost. From Rostock our advice* are ol th* QSJ hut. The reports from France had caa*el holders of wheat to raise their pretension*; and new, which had before bean offered on rather moderate term*, had again risen to a price corresponding with At* p?r qr, fr*? on board. Of old wheat there were absolutely no atock* ; and the supplies from the farmers haJ barely kept pace with the demand The inquiry for barley hid, oa th* other hand, fallen off, the latoit report* from hence having checked the inclination to buy. Oood qualities were t'aen ofUted pretty fraely fct Ms per qr, fiee on board. At Stettin (from whence we have also letters of the 33d ic*t) hardly anything appears to have been doue in Wheat, except for local consumption; but tho deliveries from the grower* having: been exceedingly small, needy bnjer* had to pay quit* former ratea. Of barley, a purchase er two had been made bv buyers from the in tatior, at equal to 30*. per quarter, rr*e on board. The Hamburg report* oi Tuesday laatar* of very little interest In whaat hardly a sale had baen made inPA U?a nr?r*<)inv nntt /lav ailhar tsf mm*1* An tl.? pot, or cai goes to be ?hip pod from outports. From Hoistein and Wis mar there were offer* of wheat at A3*., from Denmark at Me. fid. to fii*. 3d., and from Pomerania at i-1*. to u?i per quarter, free en board, whhoat having led to much business In the principal Dutch markets, prior* of wheat have rather risen of late; bnt quotation* are not a* jet inttioiently high ia Holland to admit of shipments being mad* from Great Britain with a prospect of a profit. Kor rye, there appear* to have been an irnmen** deman I both at Amsterdam and Rotterdam, by buyer* from the Pr?ssian province*, ts. At the principal French port*, the value of wheat ha* been very firmly supported A letter from Marseilles, dated 'J3d in*t., inform* u* that, by a new regulation in the quaraotiue law*,the time of detention had betn shortened to five day*. Thl* had libeiated nearly the whole wf as immeuse fleet of vexels wheat laden, all of which had come into the harbor to unload. The enormous *upplies thu* poured into the market had filled, however, to depress price*, the demand from the iuterior having taken off the receipt* a* toon as landed. Marianopili wheat wa* then Kill worth 60s , and inperior soft Polish Odessa, 53s. ad. to bit. 8d. per quarter, tree oa b'jard. To the Kdito?s or tmk Ntw V onk Hkkald: ? bmLiMiii In reference to an article ia your paper of this morning, I beg you will give me an opportunity of Mating my version of the " small affair at the custom house" on Wedneaday last. I wa* deeirous ef making some enquiries concerning a difference in dutie*?nt the fame time dating my opinion on the subject in a auist and gentlemanly manner, and waa answered by Mr. Bogtrdus in a very short and inanlting way, in the presence of two gentlemen. I forehore te reply to thi* it the time, and loft the desk of Mr. Bogardua to cosplate iobi buiineit at another deck. It being-necessary to return to Mr. Bo <ardus, I expostulated with hun on the ton* io which h? had ipoken to me, requesting him in future to address ma in manner I considered my due. In reply to thie, ha told ma, "If tou don't lik* It, air, take it aa yon please." I replied, that on a recnrraiaca of the occaaion i ahonld ceitainly do ?o. Hi* answer waa, " If you give ma any insolence I will alap year chap* " Upon which I initantly clapped kia lace. This ia the whole of the affair aa far a* regards Mr. Bogardui. Aa for the jmter having " dspoaited" ma ouuida the building, I hare enly toaay that when the pertrr (who U quite a diminutire man) receive! the above ordar, I submitted to thii to avoid farther disturbance in the office. The whole tory of my having (aturned with " (quad of my frienda," to make further disturbance, if limply a falsehood inallita parti. 1 returned and concluded my buaineae, without further noticing Mr. Bogardus. I am peifectly satisfied with the affair as it now stands, and hope Mr. ia alsoVery respectfully, LIONKL MOSK8. New Ye**, Dec. 18, IMfl. surirmb Court or thk I'hitkd Statk*.?Dec. 16, 1*M?.?On motion ol Gov. Ttaphy, Porry E. Brocrbus, Ksq. of Alabama, waa admitted an attorney and roitnrellor of thii court. No 41?J. k. J. Chamber lain v? Koba.t Heath, surviving partner, Itc. On appeal from the Circuit Court United Ktatea for Louisiana. The matters in controversy in this case haviog bean settled, the same was dismissed by agreement of parties So. 30 ?Nelson, C si la ton k Co. at at. appellants, vs John J. Hill et aL Tun ciuw fu submitted to th? t'onrt on the rKotd and printed argument by Mr. Dargan for tha ap pellants. No. I-Wm O. Cook, plsintiff in error, ts. John L. Moffat at si Tha argument of this eatiee wia concluded by Mr. Johnson for the plaintiff in error. No. 1Z? U Walker's devitoe, plaintiff in error, rs. trustees ot the town of Columbus. The argument of th.sc?use va< commenred br Mr. Crittenden lor the plaintiff in error. Adjourned till to-morrow at 11 o'clock. Dir. 17.?John, B. Coleman, Ksq. of Mississippi, *u admitted an attorney and counsellor of thia Court. No. -13?R. Walker's devisee, plaintiff in error, vs. trustee of the town of Columbus. The argument of this cause was continued by Mr. Cates, and concluded by Mr. Coxe for the deienilsnt in rrror. No. 37?Wherton Jones, plaintiff, vs. John Van Zandt. This cause was oommitted to the Court on a minted argument by Got. Morehead for the plaintiff. No. 40?Nathariel 8. Waring at ai an pellants, rs. Thomas Clarke et al Tha argument of this cause was commenced by Mr. Johnson for the appellants. Adjourned till to-morrow at II o'clock. Hkmry Clay.1?Tho eieam'ioa. on wliich the Hon. Henry Clay left Louisville for Now Orleans stepped at Memphis. Tenn., a few houis. The Jf K.a%lr aeys" Although it rained heavily and constantly w hile the boat waa detained at our landing, several hundred* of our citizens and strangers testified i their warm regard for the illustrious American stater | m in by wading through rain and mud to pa) him their respects, and to give him a cordial greeting and grasp *ofU.eh>inJ. He appeared in excellent health, snd like 1 the majestic oak of centuries, is atiii' proudly erect,' { unscathed by the tempests of psity detraction, the turies i of whoso anry for near half a century have aimed their I malignant lightnings at his noble head " : Tha citiaens of York, Pa, have collected f I8j in aid of j the young volunteers Irsa that borough. RK 1 tNING, DECEMBER 20, The Van Maaa Cam. Ciacuir Court, Waiiiiduton, Deo. 17, 184?.

CanTTIKOTISTIliORT rOR flal.tTIFr i'oktikuip. Mr. Ouibthbb, aworn?Depoaed to a oonvurtation with the fUr. Mr. Ketehum, in wbich Mr. K. Mid be wii afraid of two lattarako had written to Mra. C. at Baltimore; they war* written under peculiar circumalanoea, and unleaa explained, they would operate greatly to hie dlaadvantage; Mr K. aaid, however, that Mr Bradley had aaaured nim that theae let ten wouldfnet be introduced, and if not, ha thought Mr. K.I teatinony would blow up the out. The plaintiff, punctual to the day, In thia itage of tlte proceeding*, entered the court, and took her aeat by her indefatigable oeunaeller, Mr. Brent. The atorm whichhaa kept ant the crowd to-day, (thank God) had +? tar rara for the widow. Mre. Williami recalled.?I hare' lived in the neighbo r hood of the plaintlfl for three yea re, and know nothing prejudicial to her character Cron-txamintd by Mr. BaiDLir.?I never had any converaation with any ona reepecting her character. Mr. Collar* aworn.? 1 have known the plaintiff for 40 yeara; never heard anything againat her at the navy yard, have heard aurmiaea amce, but nothing apeciflc. Crota-examined Mr. Bbadlkt ?k hiva huarri aama people could not ssy how many, throw out doabta aa to har chastity, saying thay impacted ao and ao, but they could (ire no 'pacific accusation. Dr. Mayiiibd sworn.?Testified, from boarding at bar house two or three yeara, to the good character, aa far as he knew, of Mrs. Conner, and her sister, Miss Virginia Fowler; kaew nothing from hie own knowledge againat them. Mr. Baca had lived at the Navy yard part of the city when plaintiff did, a good many yeara ago, and knew Of nothing affecting the general reputation or this lady for chastity. MISS AJIN4 a. WIOHT. Judge Mason, by permission of the Court, and the Oottbsel on t>oth sides, in behalf of Mies A. U. Wight, (a niece of Gen. Van Ness, and long a resident in his fan I ! ly.) who was then in attendance under a writ of the Court. The young lady objects to testifying from motives of delicacy, both as regards her having an interest in the issue, and because her motives might be misconstrued. A settlement both of personal and real property had been agreed upontn her favor by tha real hairs, and this would constitute her interest. The Coi'nskl for the defence remarked, that they had dosired to avail themselves of the evidence ol Miss Wight, but in her unwillingness they had forborne to resort to measurea ot force. Mr. Mat argued that this assignment to Miss Wight, was one strong reason why she should be called upon to testify, and In bis views was sustained by Mr. Brent The Covbt decided that the testimony of this young lsdy might be properly introduced, and given to the' Court and the jury. Miss Anna U. Wight, sworn?She testified in a very intelligent manner. She was an inmate of (Jen. Van Ness's family and is a first cousin of his wife; the General s wife left ether first cousins. Mis. Ilateliffe and Barns, whom I have never seen ; about two years sgo (leu Van Nets told me he had made a will, and had provided for me, but he spoke ot no one else ; he did not rtate who were witnesses to that will; I found the key given to Mr Smith in the vest pocket oi the General; I saw no paper containing a lock of hair, addresssd to Mr Wallace, among tha papers of Gen Van Ness ; saw no paper among his paiters then, nor befoir, nor since, addressed to Mr. Wallace; I had no conversation with Gen. Van Ness in his last illness aa to his affairs. Crtit rxamintd by Mr. Bbaolbv?[ waa with Gen Van Ness nearly all the time during the time ot his last illness; 1 heard him speak on two occasions of his wile and child; he said ha had little to live for, that his wife and child were gone, that he waa going to die and lie down by the aide of his wife and child. The witness then testified very particularly to the viait of Gen. Van Nesa to the North in the summer of IMA, (the time when the auegeu marriage 01 ?ira. Conner wun uen. vail Neil at Philadelphia, U Mid to have taken place); ahe (Miss Wight) wm at Fn*ladalphia and at New York with him during that visit; he appeared to be occupied in getting a coat of arms for hie books ; don't recollect that I aaw him on tho 6th of Angnst; the next morning when he called he laid he had a good deal of trouble about the coat of arm*, but that he had got through with it now; never heard him make any allutiona on the queition of a marriage with thia plaintiff'at any time whatever. Mr. Ball, keeper of the city prison, sworn?Was called unon to testify to tho charaotar for truth of old Tho ma* Mathingly, one of the witnesses for the plaintiff. I have been a long time acquainted with Thoma? Mathingly. Never heard anything sail for or against him in my | lifo. He live* in a fashionable neighborhood, and drinkj, I I believe, pretty freely. That'* all 1 know. [Laughter. Silence?Walk Light ] Mr Mm?hai.i. testUied that ha knew the plaintiff at the navy yard, but never heard down there anything raid sgainst her w.mt of chattily, or that her husband had left her oa that account. Mr N Cullkji recalled?Was asked by Mr. Brant, if he did not. nt the time of levying the distress upon plaintiff, lay that he had seeu or hoa d of a letter containing a yellow lock of hair bting found among Oen Van Nan's pupt-i H, and that iu discovery created considerable excitement in the familv / To all this, the witneaa replied, No, and that he had never heard of the lock of yellow hair, or hnir, uuiil called before tha court at his Cut examination. Mr. Uar^T proposed this question in another form, when Mr. Bradley objected; an<l after soma discussion oi inn pvim < inw, :?r. Diem wuivoa mo testimony. Mr. Arcmkh sworn?Wan called upon by Mr. Brent to testifv to hi* knowledge of the general report of character of thla plaintiff; but confessing that he had long ago imbibed prejudices agaimt Ocn Van Neas.aa uoderatooj, he did not wiih to testify at aJI, ia any way in this case ? He wai permitted to retire. Miaa Viaeini* Kowlkb recalled (aiiter ot the plaintiff) ?Was ahown the Philadelphia envelope. Had seen it for the ftrit time three wteki ago. There wai a search made for it at youi requeat (Mr. Brent). 1 did not hear the request; do not know where itwaa iound ; I firai raw it in my sistei'? hand* ; that ink waa not on it when I first uw it ? it was apilled on it by accident; atated how tiie accident occurred?by a child upsetting an ink stand. Mter identifying sundry letters, the witness was re* tiered for the day, aud the Courtadjournod Ciaccir Covet, Wssminoton, Dec. 18,1940. aaerTTntn tfitimony roa tik rui.iTirr continicd. Beautiful and brilliant day. The Connsel for the plaintiff proposed to bring in a letter written to the I'oatmaster at the Greet. Valley Depot, with a view, as tuppoted, to sustain the " stampe," lie., of the Green Valley Depot letters of Mrs. Conner, on Ale Bat the court ruled it oat. Miss Viuoinia Kowleb (lister of plaintiff,) recalled. The testimony of Miss Fowler respecting the contents of the two letters alleged to hare been written by Dr. Ketchum to the plaintiff at Baltimore?these letters, as Mr. Breut said, having been -destroyed?the court were of opinion was not strictly admissible aa rebutting proof Cmti namineil by Mr Bradlkv, and r&amined in chief by Mr. Brent She testified to the Kev. Mr. Ketchum's borrowing $40 ol her sitter, Mrs. Conner, in 1841, to pay the fare from Baltimore of lour Indians aud an interpreter, under the charge of Dr. Ketchum; the reverend gentleman having distinctly aworn that he had never borrowed money of Mrs. Conner in his life, but that she had frequently borrowed money of him Cr?ii-t*mmintd by Mr. Biidlit.-I think it was in March, 1841; I am about nineteen yeait of age; I must then have been about thirteen and a-baif years of sge; I never saw him pay the money back; Dr. Ketchum in '44 called to get board at our house, but we could not accommodate him; our house was fall; besides, as a minister of the gospel, we thought be did not live up to his profession; ho called fitquentiy, and wished the family to use their influence with some gentlemen boarding at our nouae in tua b?n*u m candidate for commissioner of the public building*, the i lace which Mr. Noland had; j distinctly recollect hie borrowing tho $40. By Mr. Bbbwt.?I did not hea<- my slater assign any other reason for not taking Dr. Ketchum a* a boarder, in 1843, except that she 4id not wiah to bo troubled with any more boarders. Mr BaiDLcr questioned tho witness, particularly respecting tho conversation between Or. Ketchum and Mra. Conner, In 1811. and the alleged borrowing of the M<> by the Doctor, on 1 hat occasion, to pay the expenaes of the Indiana; thia I do know, that I sens Lim borrow the money of my sister, and that I itm the Indians come to the honso tbat evening; I don't recollect the eiact purport of tbe conrertatii.n between my eister and Dr. Ketchum on th.it occasion, to a question proposed by Mr. Bradley Mite Fowl**.?- Why, Mi. Biadley, yon ask me to state one thing, and the neat m.inentjou ask me to contradict it | Walk light) Mr. Br?dlcv.? Oh : no, Mias, not at all; I don't want to puzr.le you, but I want to reconcile, if poesible, what yon first said with what yon now say. Mlsi Kowlbb ? I hare come here, Mr. Bradley, to Ull the tinth. tbe whole truth, and nothing bat the truth, and I bare told it [Silence ) Mr. Bbidi.kt.?That's all we want, Miss Fowler; we only want a lair tinderatanding. By Mr. No, sir, I do not distinctly recollect that Dr. Ketchum said he wanted the n>oney to pay the passage of the Indians, though he may hare said something to that effect. Alter very close examination of this yourg lady, by Mr. Bradley, aba was permitted to retire. Mr. UraFBi.L testified to an acquaintance for number of jreara with the plaintiff, and knew of nothing against her general good character. Miss Rmtnt (:?*??? recalled?Thia witness waa callad in reference to the testimony of Alderman Brazier, of Khiladelphia, respecting the viait of Mra. Conner to hi* office iu May laat, about the marriage record) one of those persons Mr Brazier said waa the plaintiff, and the other he suppoeed to be her daughter. Mr. Baiter desired to show that Miea Serena was not in Philadelphia at that time, from her own testimony Mr. Baiuut objected. Aldetman Braxier did not say the joung lady waa the daughter; he only laid ihn : difference in the agee of th* two persons would lead him I to judge that one waa the mother and the other the daughl ter. Mr. Bbkpt contended for the admissibility of tbe evi! dance, and was satUiued by his ooileague, Mr. May. Mr. Ha.iM.ar maintained that the teatimony waa wholly inadmissible, ("Map light, gentlemen. Walk light J Teatimony, after a sharp discussion, admitted. Mi*s ftaaras?I was never in Philadelphia but once ta my life, and that was ,n August, IMA; I was not there in >>ay laat; waa present at a conversation between Dr. Ketchum and my mother in the spring of ISM, abont a matuaga license (or a ceitain marriage solemn ie<J it. the Ismily by Dr. Ketchum. The i ouit admonished Mr. Brent to hold to the rebut' ting evidence Mr. VaiM.tr objected to thta teatimony about the license. Mr. Bbbist explained, that a certain note of Mra. Conner te Dr. Ketchum, which It might be interred related t* the manufacture of false testimony, he wiabed to I ERA 1346. | prove related to 'h? license of the marriage which he : lM'l iorvelir-e be'or# soletnnized between Mr. Gray and , the ?ut?r of the | Uinlitl'. Mr. Brant contended that thii wm (air testimony. Tt-aCoL'KT ware of opinion that we muit go by the fare uf the letter, and not upon inference! or motive*, or i there would be no end of interpretation* in the cue of ambiguous writing. Mr. 8>ikt was asked to reduce hi* propoeition of taatimony to writing, and while doing to wai asked by the j court ?ub??*ntianv. if hit object waa to prove a diflerent ; fact from (hat which existed on the face of the letter. I Mr Brent Mid hi* onieot wa* rather to explain and miti gate what mignt otherwise be the coDitruction of the . letter. The latter or letter* in question* are from Mr*. Conner I to Dr. Ketchum, inviting him to her house, because " the ! business do not Interest me, but is of the largest imporItance to you," fee. Mr. Baairr, in connection with these letters, read from the testimony of Dr. Ketchum, and stated bis object to be to repel the tostaony and the motives imputed to her bf Ketchum. The Court was in una doubt u to the extent to which thie Nrt of parol* proof might bo carried, if admitted. ? Mr. BaiDLcr citod from tho testimony of Dr. Ketchum, and the Utters in quoation, and tho natural construction applicable to both. " Tho business do not intareit tat." She waa holding out a fslte motiva to got him tharo; and if not, tho witness ia called to prove that thoro ia a tsliehood. upon tho faco of tho lottera. Thay aook to prova that all these wero falao pretences. The Court doolarod the evidence to bo fnedmieeible. Mr. BaajT.?Well, air, wo wiU reserve an exception, The jurj being out to refreah thenuelres, Judge DuitLAP?Call in the Jury, Mr. ftobinaon, Mr. Jioimr.-Bring in tho jury. Jury brought into the box f Silence ! Walk light'.] Judge DuRL*r ?Mr. Brent, the Jury are all in now. Mr BaewT.?Yee, air, 1 believe that'* all we wish to aak von. Miss Serena, you oan now retire. The voung lady disappeared to intunti. Mr. Bmnjimm Biik sworn.?Has known the plalntiiT for many years, and the whole family. Never heard anv thing said against her till two or three yean ago. Mr. Bbbrt.? Well now. will you atate from your own 1 knowledge whether Mr. Conner left her or aho left Mr. Conner I Mr. Bbadlby objected. The Court ruled in favor of testimoafC WiTitass? Well, it's a 1 ngtime ago, and Witness could not state distinctly from his knowledge. Mr. Baas-r?Well, do you recollect what waa the common report 7 Witbxss?Well, gentlemen, it's been a long time ago. [Laughter, "ailence," "walk light,', "too much moving ' about."] Well, I heard tbat Mr. Connor got a little diasipated and went off of his own occord. He used to be a sober man before hia marriage, and for some time after. Croii-rxanintd by Mr,Coxe?Ye*, six, 1 have heard ner aiigbtiy spoken of of late yeara. By Mr. Ba*r?t?Yea, fir, Gen. Van New waa mixed tip wit 'em, and I'll tell you for why, becauao he uaed to go there in the broad day time. [Laughter, "lilenre in Court."] Mr*. Ho Dion, rworn?VVu anked to itate her knowledge of Mra. and Mr. Conner. 1 knew plaintiff from her birth in 180i till Khe waa married; she waa a virtuoua woman; I am in the preaence of my Maker; to the time when Conner went away the waa a virtuoua woman,and I believe it a* firmly aa I believe I am here; I lived in a little frame at the hav acalea; I have no knowledge of the aeparatwn but thia; Conner waa a bad, drunken man, and ahe waa nearly brought to atarvation; I came here againat my own will, and 1 did uot want for to come; ao help me God, I never did hear that Conner left her becauae ahe waa a bad woman: I lived once iu the aame honae with Connor and hia wife aeveral montha; oant tell the day exactly; 1 think ahe waa between fifteen and aixteen when ahe married Conner; kuew nothing agin her at the Navy Yard. Crou-examititd by Mr. Bliour-Na, air, I have not heard or knows much about 'em aence they left the navy yard; 1 hav'ut aaaociated with 'm aence ; it waa about money mattera. [Mr. B. aaked about the age of Miaa Serena J Well, 1 dont know, ahe la not very old. Mr. Bbknt objected, and Thb Cocbt aiiatained him. WiTitaaa?Think they were married aomewhere'i in 1819, or a long there aomewherea, and they lived together aome aeven or eight yeara, till MS Or *28 or *37. Well, after Conner went away, 1 didnt aaaociate with'em ahe opened a large congreaaional boarding houao ; 70a, I rented a houae oi Mra Fowler, ?nd ahe waa very hard with me, and it aoured my tamper?that waa a?ahe aoured my temper agin her. The Coubt?Well, Mra. Uudaon, you may go. ar. iiiubt-whi you state, madam, whether at one time thia plaintiff did not have a Tory itrange disease abont the throat J Mr. buiuunr objected. Mr. Bbckt contended that the defence had attempted to ahow that Conner had left liia wife because of her infidelity, and they with to prove that ha wai the guilty party, and that thia ilrange disease wn a part of the atory. The Court ruled out the testimony. Mr. Bmknt ?Well, Mrs. Hudson, you may go; and the poor old lady gladly retired Mr. Hidso* deposed to a long acquaintance with thia plaintiff, and knew nothing against her. Mr. Kowlsr, sworn.?Had known Mrs. Conner for a good many years; her charac'er at the Navy Yard wis very good; novur Lord anything against her; never heard that i.cuuui i?i?. uer because of her infidelity; I understood that si.u Uft li'm; he went off and enlisted; she wnuld'nt have a:i>tuiojr to aay to him, and he want off and mli ( ?<>, | ,1 ,u'i a. oiUct who raid so. it appeared t? I'fi the td ik MOuut ei the time; I know of her keeping sohoo!* at tl-e N?*y Yard after separating from Conner. Mr B??.*t read a letter from Mr. Gilpin at PhiladelnM*. tettiog forth that the advertisement of the reward urt4 led of a thousand dollars for the certificate of marrtiijto of this plaintiff to General Van Nesa, was in the hand writing 01 Col. Lee, one ef the former counsel of the plaintiff. Mr. Baanr wished Mr. May (bis associate counsellor) to be sworn in respect of a ceitain (Philadalohia) anve lope, and he himself alio wished to be (worn upon a certain point. Mr. C?ik objected, tod cited from (ireenleal to ihow that coumel in cauae are excluded aa witnesses, on grounds of public policy Mr. Mat wished only to atate aa independent fact?no' thing at all derived in confidence from the plaintiff Mr. BacNT further explained hia object. It waa merely to prove that he requeated her to aearch for the envelope. Mr. Cox read from the authoritiea agaiuat the teatimony of counsel Mr. Bar.nT would prove the admiaaibility ofthiaeri. dance lrom the aame authoritiea?cited Ureenleaf, aec 343, note 2. Mr. BaAti.tr objected, on the ground ef intereet, to Mr. Mav's testimony. lie waa an intereated party. Mr CAauiLK made aome remark. Mr. Bbk*t?Well, now, have you no contingent interest, Mr. Carliale I Mr. Cm isLK?Not the slighteat; I auppoae I aa to be paid for my services, whether 1 win the cause oi not. Mr. Bat.iT?Very well, air; we can very soon get over that difficulty by drawing up a releaae. [Mr Brent drew up an aaaignment ot til hia intereet in thia cauae to Mr. May, hia associate counael, which he presented to the Court, sod having thua been releeaed of all interest, he proceeded to the witaeaa'a stand to teetify ] Mr. BatoLtv deslied to knew if he were fully released in the ptemiaea, Mr. Bmc?T aaid that plaintiff had put $90 into hia hands at the beginning ot thia trial, end that be had advanced t'20 to aend e couple of gentleman to Philadelphia .which beiug on her buainese, she would be bound to pey, any how. Mr. Brent had had no understanding with Mr May that thia aaaignment waa to be returned. He waa permitted to give in hit testimony. Mr. BttNT wta accordingly about to proceed to the atate moot of some circumetauoea connected with certain of the envelopee of the letters of the plaintiff; to which teatimony Mr. BasoLtv objected; end tfter some time spent in settling the lew, the witness testified when an envelope in question was pieced in hia hands, but aa to the mutifa tioo of the ?nvel?pe he wai overruled, that feet coming under hi* cognizance in hU relation of couuieilor of the plaintiff. Mr. Lamrkiit Ta?? ?h recalled, to teatlfy 'to a certain latter received by Mr. Brent from Philadelphia through thi* post-office, tint the evidence waa ruled oat by the court a* inadmisaible Mr Brkkt, ? a witness, atated some further facta aa to how the disputed envelope came into hia handa. Dr. P?rr, ot the pateot office waa lecalled, and exam ined aa to the compariiona he bad made of certain contested envelopes. Mr. Dcnv, one of the Arst counsel for the plaintiff in this matter?'iltinks these papera were ail placed in hia hands several we iks before the proceedings in the Orphan's Court The Vice Preaident, Mr. DaJlaa, eent for me, and I went up, and he placed a large bundle ot' lettera in my hands, and I thi&k that these two were among them. Waa examined in respect ol additiona to aaid letters ainca they flrat ware placed in hia handa. bid not examine them so critically aa to be able to determine ; but detected no additiona so far aa he knew. And here, while the counsel on both aidea were conversing about certain abaent witneaaes, we took occasion to abaent oura* Ives for the day. AproixrxxNTs by tub Pkbhiubxt.?John Y. Mason, of Virginia, to bo Secretary of the Navr, in place of George Bancroft, resigned William H. V eaey, of Naw Yntlr to h* Miunl a* ?i i? ? -? werp, in nlace of Kranci# J.Uiund, reaigued Lawn Orricn Thom?? J. Mnlhollan, receiver of public moneyi .t Chempagnole, Atkuiu, vloe Albert O. Muit, reeiftned. Petar O. Kemp, receiver of p?Me money ? at (ireenabnrg, Louleiana, vice ?. W. tVonaok, resigned. Henry Niel, regiiter of the land office at Buteiville, Arkanaaa, vice John Miliar, appointed in tho recen ol the Senate in tha place of Robert C. Newland, deccaied. WIMam U Klood, regiiter of the land office at (juincjr, lllinou, from the 8th of January next, when hia prevent comnii?alon will expire ? H'*ihtntton I'nien Dtt. 18. Cabinet Appoiinmwrr ? WV? underatand that John Y. Maeon. Ktq wai veetvrday unanimonily con* Armed aa 8 cretaiv of the Nary, by the ftenate of the raited State* A fire broke out in .Vow Haven en Tliutadif, br which the following pereona were nufTereri Mr Oli| bert, H B Ire*, T C. Tuttle, John Coleman, A. Da Mar tin, the* Hheperd, K k J. B. Chidaey, Oliver Bryan, Mr. David Benke, Jeremiah Biahop, Char lea Wharton, i U'm Berkley, Chaa. Medera, Henry Eld, Mra. Lllubeth amith, Heorge kidny, William O. Oil! Very few of the } loeera were uirured. LD. PrtM TW? Owt*. Rellgtoiu Intelligence. I Calihda* roa Dicauaa*.?'JO. 4ih Sunday in AdvaoL , 41. St Thorn*", the Apostle. J6. < hrUtmai Day. '28 ? St .Stephen, the Martyr. '27. 8L John. the Evangelist? 1st Sunday alter Christmas. We take occasion to remind oar reader* that the col; lection en Christmas Day, in all the Catholic churches ! of this city will, aa usual, be far the benefit of the Orphan Asylum in Prince (treat Church of tha Circumcision, formerly the Churoh oi : the Redemption, in 8th street, between 9d and Sd aveI nuea, n now opened aa a Kree Miaaioe Chapel, under the care of Rev 1 P. l.abagh, with a view of preaching the gospel to the Jewa, ana such other* a* may CmI aiaposed te attend. Hour* of service 10^' A. M., ir.M. The otrnar stone < tha church of tha Nativity, (tha ait ting" of which are to be perpetually free,) will be laid by the Rt. IUv. L. 8. Ives, Bishop of North Caroline, on Christmas Dev. about 4 o'clock, P. M., in Avenue C., be( twecn Athandikh streeta. The a: ecial agent of the missionary committee of the diocese of New York, reports? Tk. ,1... Ml..; i sk. -? of January, 1847 $1000 00 Amount at pressnt in tha Tramury 93) 00 i Leaving to b? mad* up. $707 M The Rev. D. C. Lansing will be installed pastor of tba First Free Congregational church in Christie, between Dnlancey and Rivuigoton streets, oo Friday evening, 34th inst. Services to commence at 7 o'clock P. M. Tha Rev. Leonard Bacon. D. D, of Now Haven, Conn., will preach on tha occasion A stated meeting of the New York Presbytery's Committee on Church Extension, will be held at tha Mission House, corner of CeDtre and Reade streets, on Monday, Dec. 91st, at 4,'* o'clock P. M. The corner stone of the First Presbyterian church in Camden, N. J., was laid on the 28th October, aceoaa. panied with appropriate religious exercises. Tho now Proabytorian church of Clinton, Hunterdon connty, N.J., erected in tho plaoe of the one consumed by fire in 8ept., 184a, was dedicated to the worship of Almighty God on the 9Mh alt., with appropriate religious services. A very interesting and instructive dis| course was preached on the occasion by tho Rot. Jacob Klrkpatrick, D.D.of Ringoes, N(J., I rem Pea lxxxiv., 1,3." How amiable are thy tabernacles," kc., who also offered the dedicatory prayer. In Somerset and Essex counties, Now Jsrsoy, vigorous measures are in train lor supplying every destitute household with the Bible. In Essex lour Bible colporteurs are to be employed at once. The Rev. Dudley A. Tyng, assistant Minister of Bt George's Church, will preach in St Judo's Choroh this evening, when a collection will be taken up in aid of said church. Services to commence at half-past seven o'clockWe learn that on Sunday morning last, Bishop Ive? consecrated the new and beautiful Church of tho Holy Communion, on the Sixth avenue, in this city. Tho instrument of donation, in which it is provided that tho sittings of the church shall bo forever free, was read by the Rev. Dr. Muhlenburgh, rector of the church.? Morning prayer was read by tha Rev. Mr. Eigenbroodt, assisted by the Rev. Dr. Ogilby, who read the lessons. The epistle end gospol were read by ' the Rev. Dr. Turner. The sermon was preached by the j Bisliop, alter which, ho administered tho oonun union, assisted by the Rev. Drs Turner, Ogilby, Lyoll ana ' Muhlenburgh On Monday, in tha aame chnrch, tho i Billion admitted, to the holy order of Priests, the Bar. Milo Mali an, Deacon, Chaplain of St. Paall Collage, College Point, L. I. On Sunday. Not. Md, in Chriat Church, Albion, the | Biihop preached and confirmed tlx peraona. Monday, 23d, lu St John'a Church, Medina, preached and confirmed two. Tueaday, 34th, visited Grace Church, LookKirt. In the morning, he inatituted the Re*. Charles H. att into the rectorship ef Grace Church. Moraine prayer waa reed by the Her. Mr. Coe, of Medina. CoL Scovill, the aenior warden, delivered the keys of the church to the new rector; the Biihop preecheo the aermon; the holy communion waa administered by the Rev. Mr. Coe ; the Rev Mr. Stanley, of Chriat Churoh, Lookport, waa alao preaent. The Roman Catholio pariahionera of Ballybrown, Carina, Ireland, in order to testify their regret for the remoral of the Rev. Mr. Todd, a Protestant clergyman, from amongst them, are determined to preaent the rev : gentleman with a substantial memorial of their esteem, j TUis is a most gratifying proof of the kindly and Chrla| tian feeling between Proteatant aad Catholio in that neighborhood. The Catholic King of Bavaria has just issued a decree, suspending for two years the payment ef the arrears of ' taxes, in order that the tax-payers may be able to 00 n1 tribute funds for the supply of bread to the poor at a cheap rate. His Majesty has also subscribed from his ! own puree 30,000 florins towards relieving the poor, aad i has ordered that corn ftom the government stores ha ......I;,.!-ii~~ ' The following if from the private correipondenoo if ! tbe Jimi 4r Im Rtligiott, of November 10 :? I ''Home, Oct.SI.?Thursday laat. the29th October. d*r; ing a heavy fall of rain, and without aay one being ; aware of it, tho Pope, accompanied *eleljr by aeaae Mcial* and prelate* of hi* eitabliihment, proceeded in the morning from the palare of the Quirinel te the Beallica of Bt. Peter. Private devotion wai the object of thle piona pilgrimage. Piui IX de**red( without any ahow of itate, to celebrate the Holy Man in the *ubierr*MM i chapel of tbe 'Confowion," on tho tomb of the glorioua epoetUa. It ia in prayer and in the retire mem oi the most venerated lanctnariei that the aagnit Pontiff lovee to meditate beforo Ood on the great thing* to which he ia manifestly called -, it ia thither be habitually proceed* to derive hi* incpirationa, and the (trrngth neceaaatj to acconpliah them. At the moment hi* Holineta aicended tho altar, Dr. Newman,who had arrived the previou* evening at Ban, entered St Peter** likewiio for the Crat time. What a remarkable mooting The celebrated neophvto, fulfilling a piou* promlao made to Ood, prostrated himaelf before the altar of the Holy Apoetlea, to hoar then hi* flrat ma**; and ho encountered upon tho tomb of at Peter hi* auguat lucceiaor; and by a coincidence all Providential, the Pootifl who offered tho divine eanrlgoo. waa the vicar even of Jeau* l hri?t. What holy aaadoaa what aweet hope*?what eeaaoling refleoUome la tho lublimo lilenco of thoeo aacrod myatoriea, celebrated by the head of tho church In the obeenrity of tho catacombe, with a now convert for wHaeee ! Thia day commence* tho grand aolemnitioe which will terminate by tho maaniffcant ceremonial nt mm. MMion of the 8m ofHorn*. The Papal cot>ai*tertoa will / i be bald at tha Qulrinal. tha Holy Father not JTf|M It At to aatabltah m yet hlf reairfence at tha Palaca ofth* Vatican. On tha day of 4he OcUra of all Mate. Sundar 8th Novamber, tha Popa will repair is data to St. John do Lateran in hia carriage. Tha pron***ton will offer an extraordinary exhibition, and oao a otto novel to the Roman*; the prelate* will be mounted on horaaa riokly capariaoned, and led by froom* in iplandid livery 1 will iend yon an exact oeecription of tkii pud ooro* -mony which haa already thrown all Bo at* into motion." The pontiAcial government, according to a letter from Rome, haa appointed conrol* for the principal porta of Turkey, and intend* to send to Conotoatinonio a diplomatic agent to negotiate a treaty, by which more mo tual (ecarity wooTd bo given to the christian ?Moot* of tho Saltan In the exerciee of their relisteo. The teoepUon given by hia Hollneaa the Pope to Macrina Maezvriaaka, abbax of the Baxilian Nan* of Miunk, pat* beyond all qaeatlon the brataliiiee porpetntad upon the atatarhood in Raiaia, to wkick *oao of the nan* tell martyr*. The Pop* vitiled tha abbaoa at the convent of the Trinity on the Moant, whither aho hod repaired with tha Rev. Father Bilio and Abbe l*i*wi*SI. and where he(pabl oiy pronounced her to bo ooa of Ood*a mo*t devoted aervant* New Cmv'acm ?The corner atone of a now chareh to be dodiceted in honor of M. Paul, waa laid at Minoravilla. Schuvlkill county, Ptnnavlvanla, on the Slater October. Mr. Coofty, of Pottsvill*. aaid evening prayer. and Dr. Boll preoched a aermon, after which the maim ion waa foraaed, and having reached tho irifij the (tone wo* laid by Dr. Boll Or Morgan aodo an addra*?, and Mr. Drake gave tho benediction. .Tho Rov M armeduka Hint la tha miaaionory at thi* atntfOB. Tho atimatod coot of tho church 1* $3,000. Ct-mtca.1. CNiitni*.?Tho Rot. Tiatothy t. Wartwall haa beeomo *n a*?i*tant mini iter of at Panl1* Church, ftyracaio. Tho Rev. William WhMo Broaeoo ha* reaigned Grace Chnrch, Loaf Hill, Ml Ckriat Charch, Trumbull, Ct. The Rev Wlllnrd Pnabnry ha* accepted a call to the Church of tho Kntohu*. Tho Rev. J. claxton, from tho PrincipnMMp of Charlotte Hall Acaatmy, to im ptrtiMi of All Faith ui St. Androw'a, 1 ?t. Mary'a county. Md . tat which ho ku boon appointed ' ?io?K>nory. Tha llo*. IiwmI O. Callahan, I* bo Prla Cipol of Charlotte Hall Aeadoaay. Md Tho Rot Thoma? J ante* Wy att, to tho Rortorahlp of Oraot choptank Pariah, Dorehoater county, Ml Tho Rot. Oooigi H Norior, Jr., to Hamilton Pariah, at Wormalee, fhuqnler connty, Va. Pica rm Ninth?Wo tod in tho Rom? ?mo?>? daoco of tho Univtri, tha following obaorraOoaa rolalira to attaomU which it waa aaid wonld bo amda br Auatria or otnara to obatroat hia Hollnooa laktoaffbrte i to a Ifact aalutary taforma in hia State* '"Tha raligiowa proaa ahonld be aonrincod ol two thing*: flrat, that Pita tho Ninth ia a roformor. not a roTolntiaaiat; and aooood ly, that Roma and tho prorincoa aro anlmatad with an n natulan ipiril of ordor. Tho old ravolntlanary party Laa (urrandarod it* anna. Tho am Boaty kaa boon not atona a genoroua pardon, bat alto an act of tho moot profound policy. Hia HoUnaaa haa appoalod to tho hbnor ol hia abjocta-tho word of honor haa b*an draa, and tha effect of that appaal cannot ho exaggerated^ ho , form of tha amnaoty haa, port op 1, made mora Manda far tha government than tha amnoaty itaelf. That romhi da aa of a arntanca I hare haard aomewhora?'I pardon ho. cauao I comprehend.' Homo timid, aad lirfaaaa ertt-1? | Untioaod peraona, profound politician*, who alwaya aaa an abyM behind thoaa aeclamationa, hare boon propba | 7,u? mreo mwnai mi ID* ripicy ?*SM MM meet with reran* These same prophets hare ham* to aaa thajr war* deceived, and they unwt Ml admire ! the faithful and respectful attitude of tha people. If the | least movement waa attempted. the Pope would kava to ay but word to nut it down, a* greatly la hebelersd, I and so odione we?ld theee bteoaa who mfchft rtaa in aaI position to him or hie goveivmei\t. Etrai> sheald kb wishes v hia efforts to introduce beneficial reforms ha ' opposed or thwatod, good will roeolt, far the oenftdsnoe > of tha people will thereby be fort Mod. la that c aaa tha I people would ear?Ills evident that hia Holiaeea iaajrea to do what ie right, since certain partiaa wM to prsrsat hiat." Andrew KoaaeU and Samuel Silly nun. Jr., Eag, two af tha Mat wealthy sitixena of Pet tariUe, authortood CMC Nag la to draw upon them la any emergeaey durtng hh absence, far ?tofc mm at naaafataey m might kg naadad "T- [

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