Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 25, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 25, 1846 Page 1
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r T HI Vol. XIX, Is. 33S?Wholo Ifo. 4591. THE CAPTURED TERRITORY. The Secret Initruetioni to oar Generals and Comraodom. fcc., lie., kc. TOT MILITARY ORDERS. Wll I)cr*>TMKNT, ) December 24, 1840. ) a : In compliance with your requeit to be furniibed with ell toe information in the War Department in regard to the object* of enquiry embraced in the roiolntion of the House of Representative* of tho lAth inataat, I have tho honor to repoft that the accompanying pa pen. (numbered from one to twenty-four) contain all tho order* and instruction* which have iiaued from thii _ department to any officer of tho armv "in rotation to tho r eitabliahment or organization of civil government in any k portion of the territory of Mexico whioh ha* been or might bo taken poiaeiiion of by the army or navy of the United State*." Thoy alio furniah all the information in tali department id relation to any form 01 government which buy such officer Una established or organized, and alto in relation to any approval or recognition of such government. A* the information called for by the rose fution of the Home of Representatives ia contained in various despatches which relate principally to military operations, I have preferred, in raoet instance*, to give the whole doenment, though parts of it have little or no direct relation to the matter* embraced in that reeolutm. What ia esaitted does not relate tu any branch of the enquiry, but chiefly to tha plan* of the campaign and ooatemplaiod military movements, which it weald not feaprapor to make public. Yoa will perceive that I atated in my latter of the Sd of Jane last to General Kearny, that a proclamation in the Spanish language would be furnished to him for the purpose af being daatiibated among the Mexican people. A few eopees af the proclamation, prepared for General Taylor, were sent to General Kearny ; but, owing to the t different circumstances in which the two generals might ft be-placed. K waa afterwards deemed proper to instruct I General Keeiny nat to use them, ana 1 am not aware M that be did ee iu any iaataans. My letter to him on this aublect, dated the Mkef Jane, la one af the papers herewith transmitted. imang the aoeoatpaaying documents yea will And twe proclamations issued by General Kearny, bnt neither the farm asrr sobstaaoe of tham waa furnished bom this dapOVtSHPttt. In ralatioa to tha annexed paper, (No. 34.) called the " Organic law af the Territory of New Mexico," it is Br that I should state that it was received at the Ad; General's office on tha 9Sd of November, and theaoa seat to ma. A? tha document waa voluminous, and my whale tea waa required for the indispensable earrant Easiness of tha department, than unoaaally pressing, mm wr preparing my annual report to accomr pcny jour main to Congrecs, I did not at that time, k amr until a taw days since, examine it, and it waa net laid Mm yon to receive your directions in regard to it I hare the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, W. L. MARCY. To the PaasiocoT. Secretary if War to Oen. Kearny. WAR DlFAaTMBHT, \ Washington, June 3,1844. > [e#nriDKMTiAi. ] Mr?I herewith send you a copy of my Jotter to the Governor of Missouri for aa additional force of ono thousand mounted men. The object of thus adding to the force under your command is net, as you will perceive, lully set forth in that letter, far the reason that it is deemed prudent that it should not, at this time, become a matter of public notoriety ; but to you, it is proper and necessary that it sfcrald be stated. It has been decided by the President to be of the greatest importance in the pending war with Mexico to take the earliest possession of Upper California. An expedition with that view is hereby ordered, and you are designated to oomaaand it. To enable j ou to be in suifiaient force to conduct it suaceisfully, this addition*! force of a 1000 mounted men has been provided, to follow you in 6>e eirection of Santa Fe, to be under your orders or the officer you may leave in command at Sinto re It oanaot be determined hew far this additional force will be behind that designed for the Sinta Fe expedition, but it will not probabiy be more then a few weeks When you arrive at Santa Fe with the force already called, and shall have taken pos%essi>>n of it, you may ftnd yourself in a condition to garrison it with a small Krt of your command, as the additional force will soon at tMt place, and with the remainder press forward to California In that case, you will make such arrange moats, as to being followed by the reinforcements before mentioned, as in your judgment may be deemed sale and prudent. 1 need nut say to you that, in case you conquer Santa Fe, and with it will be included the department or 8tate of New Mexico, it will be impoitant to provide for retaining sale possession of it. Should you leem it prudent to have still more troops for the accomplishment of the objects herein designated, you ^ will lose no time in communicating your opinion on tnat point, and all others connected with the enterprise, to uus department. indeed, you are nereDy authorised to maks a direct requisition Iwr it upon the Governor of Missouri. it ia known that a large body of Mormon emigrant! are en rauli to California, lor the purpose of settling in that country. Ton are desired to use all proper m aus 10 Khv i a good understanding with them, to the end that the Uuitai States may havo their co-opeiation in taking posstssion of, and holding, that country. Jfchas been suggested here, that many ef these MormMl would willingly enter into the service of tbe United states, and aid us in our expedition against California. You are hereby authorised to muster into service such as can be induced to volunteer?not, however, to a number exceeding onethird ef your entite force. Should they eMer the serv ce, they will be paid aa other volunteers; and you caii allow then to deaignate, so far ss it can be properly done, the poraeaa to act aa officers thereof. It is nnderatood that a considerable number of American citizens are now settled on the Sacramento river, near Suter's establishment, called "Nueva Helvetia"?who are well disposed towards the United Btatea. Should you, on your arrival in the covutry, ind this to be the true st te of things there, you are authorised to crganixe and receive into the service o( the United States such portion ol these citizens as you may think useful to aid you to ho'd the possession of the oountry You will, in that case, allow them, so far as you shall judge proper, to select their own oificera ? A large discretionary |>ower is invested in you in regard to these mattera, as well a? te all othcra in relation to the expeditions confided to your command. The choice of routes by which you will enter California will be left to your better knowledge and ampler means of getting accurate information. We are assured that a southern loute (culled the Caravan which the wild norsea are brought iron that country into New Mexico) is practicable, and it is suggested as not improbable that it can be passed over in lie winter months, or, at least, late in autumn. It is hoped that this infor m>?tioa mtv nrove to ho comer. In regard to the route*, the practicability of procuring needltil supplies fer men anil animals, and transporting baggage, it a point to be well considered. Should the President be disappointed in hn cherished hope that yon will bo able te reach the interior of Upper ('alitor. Dia before winter, you are then daaired to make the beat arrangement you can fer (attaining yonr forc.ea during the winter, and for an early movement in the ipring ? Though it ia very desirable that the expedition should reach California thia teaton, (end the PrciiJent doe* not doubt you will make every possible eflort to ac< compliah thia object.) yet, if i> your judgment it cannot bo undeiUkon with a reasonable prospect of success, you will dclor it, as above suggested, until ipring. You are left unembarrassed by any (pacific directions in this matter. It is expected that the naval forcea of the United States, whicn are now or will soon be in the I'acitic, will be in possession of all the town* on the aeaeoatt, and will cooperate witii you in the conqucit of California. Arms, ordnance, munition* of war, and proi istoiis, to be used in that country, will be sent by sea to our iquadron in the PaciAc for the um of the land lorcei. Should you conquer and take possession of New Mox. i;o and Upper Call ornia, or considrable places in either, you will establish a temporary civil government therein ?abolishing all arbitraly restrictions that may exist, so far as it may bo done with aafety. In performing this d-ity, it would be wise and prud-nt to continue in their employment all such of the existlDg officers as are kaown to bo friendly to tho United States, and will take 1 the oath of allegiance to them. The dntiea at the custom-houses eugtit at once to bo reduced to such rate a* may be barely sufficient to maintain the nece;tery offlceis without rioktinf anv revenue to the lovern. , tnont. You may auure (ha people of tlio*e province* that it i* tbe wiah and <i>'Mgnel the United State* to pro- i vide lot them a Iim protei nment with the leaat poaaibla i delay, (imiiir to that which exiata in oar territoriea ? The/ will than to called on to exeiciee,tho righta of fraaman la electing their own repreaontativoe to the i taultorial legislature It is ioreaaan that, what ralatee to the rivll government, will be a difltauit and unpleaient I pa 11 of your doty, and much muit neceiierily be left to I your own ditcreUon I 'n yoar whale conduct you will act in ?och a mmncr | a# b??t to conciliate the Inhabitants, and render them > friendly to tha United tttat?? i It is df>iirabla that the usual trade between the eititen* of the United Statoa and the Mexican province! itiouid i ba continued as lar a? practicable. under the changed | condition ot thing* between the two countries In con- i sequence of exlendiug your expedition into California. it may ba ptoper that jou ibould inornate your supply for l good* to ba distritiuied as preaeuta to tho Indiana. The Unfed Mate* Superintendent at Indian Mt<irs at St. Uoui? will aid you in procuung ihtse good*. You will bo tarnished wiih a proclamation* in the fipatukh language, to ba issued by you, and circulated anionic the Mexican people, on your entering into or approa:liiig th?ir country Yon will use your ntmoat endeavors to have the pledge* and promines therein contained carried ont to the utmcM oxtent I am directed by the Prasidont to *ay. that tha rank of , brevet brigadtei general will bo conferred on you aa { *0011 a? you commence your movement toward* < alitor- j nia, and a?nt round to you by tea, or over the country, or to tha care of the commandant of our squadron in lha Pacific. In that way, cannon, arm*, aminuuition, and supplies lor tha land lorcea, will be aent to you. Very respectfully, Your obeJient servant, W L. ,V AKCY, Secretary of War. Col. 8- VV. Kcabnv, Kort Leavenworth, Mo Note -No poclamatiotT for circulation waa aver fur nished to Oen. Kearny. A few copiea of that prepared for and aent to Oen. Taylor were iutwardod to Oenor 1 1 Kearny ,bnt he waa requested not to uao them. Theso cor nie a were the only proclamation* aent by the War Dol?raaaM to him, and 1 ub not aware that bo ever used E NE NE1 any of them. See latter of lha Secretary of War to Gen. Kearny of the 6*h of June, 1840, a copy of which Is with the paper* seat to the President in answer to the iesolution of the Hoase of RsprsMntatires of the 10th of December, 1040. W. L. MARCY. TKt StcrtUry / War f Qtn. fCtarny. Wn DiriliMUT, ) Washihotoh, September 19,1840. S Sib: A volunteer regiment railed in the State of New York, engaged to serve daring the war with Mexico,and to be discharged, wherever they may be, at its termination. if in a territory of the United States, has been mastered into service, and is about to embark at the pert of New York for California Thii forco if to ba a part of your command ; hut aa it may reach the place of it* deatinatioo before you are in a condition to lub.ect it to your orderi, the colonel of the regiment. J D Stevenson, ha* been furnished with inatructiona for hi* conduct in the mean time. 1 herewith tend you a copy thereof, a* well a* a copy of the inatractiona of the Nary Department to the commander of the naval squadron in the Pacific ; a copy of a letter to Oeneral Taylor, with a circular from the Treaiury Department; a copy of a letter from Oeneral Scott to Captain Tompkin* ; and a copy of general regulation* relative to the re* pective rank of naval and army officer* These, ao far aa applicable, will be looked upon in the light of initruotion* toyourtelf. The department i* exceedingly deiirou* to be furniahed by yon with full inhumation of your progreee and proceeding*, together with your opinion and view* a* to your MTenent* into California, having reference a* to time, route, be. Jus Beyond the regiment under the command of Colonel 8. Price, and the *e para to battalion called for at the *ame time by the Preeident from the Governor of Missouri, a requisition for one regiment of infantry was i lined on the 18th of July la*t, but the information *ub*equ?ntly received here induced the belief that it would not be noedod ; and the difficulty of passing it over the route at ao late a period in the seasea, with the requisite quantity of auppliea, See., was deemed ao great teat the ordar* to muiter it into service have been countermanded. It will not be sent. Your viewa a* to the sufficiency of year force, and the practicability of auataianf a larger one, to., are deaired. I am, with great reapeot, your obedient servant, W. L. MARCY, Secretary of War. Qen. 8. W. Kbabhv, Kort Leavenworth, Missouri From Major Oeneral 8eott to Oeneral Kearny. lIllADQUABTCas OP THI Ail?. ) Wathington, Not. 8, 1840. J Sib We hsve received from you many official reports?the latest dated September tha Hth. A apodal acknowledgment of them by dataa, will go, herewith, from tha Adjutant General'a office Yoar march upon, and conquest of New Mexico, toSether with the military diapoaitiona made for holding iat province, hare won for yon, I am aathorixad to aay, tha emphatic approbation of the Exacativa, by whom, it in not donbted, your movement apon, and occupation of, Upper California, will be exeooted with like energy, judgment, and anocaia. Yon will, at Monterey, or the Bar of Ban! Francisco, find an engineer officer (Lieut. Halleok) and a company of the United Statei artillery, under Captain Tompkins. It is probable that an officer of engineers, or or topographical engineers, has accompanied you from Santa Ko. Those officers, and the company of artillery, aided by other troop* under > oar command, ought promptly to be employed in erecting and garrieoning durable defences for holding the bays ot Monterey and San Francisco, together with auch other important points in tha same province, as you mny diem it necessary to occupy. Entrenching tools, ordnanco, and ordnance stoiea went out in the ship Lexington, with Captain Tompkina. Further ordnance supplies may be soon expected. It is perceived, by despatches received at the Navy Department irom the commander of the United Statea squadron on the coast of the Pacific, that certain volunteers were taken into service by him, from the settlers about the Bays ol Monterey and San Francisco, to aid him in seising and holding that country. With a view to regular payment, it la desirable that those volunteers, if not originally mustere J, should be caused by yon to be regularly mustered into servicc (retrospectively) under the volunteer act of May IS, 1844, amended by an act of the following month, l'hia may be done with the die tinct understanding that, if not earlier diacharged, as no longer needed, you will discharge them at any time they nay siguiiy a wisa to that effect. You will probably find certain port charges and regulations established for the harbors of the province, by tha commanders of the United States squadron upon its coast. The institution and alteration of such regulations appertain to the naval commander, who is instructed, by tha proper department, to confer, on tha subject, with the cominund-r of tho land lorces. As established, you will, in your sphere, cause thoio regulation* be duly respected und enorceJ. On the other hand, the appointment of temporary collectors at the several ports appertains to the civil governor of the province, who will tie, for the time, the senior oiheer of the land lorces in the country. Collectors, however, who have been already appointed by the naval commander, will not be unaeoeasarily changed. As a guide to the civil governor of Upper California, in our hands, see the letter of June the 31 (last) addressed to you by lite Secretary of War. You will not, however, lormally declare the province to be annexed. Permanent incorporation of the territory must depend on the government of the United States. After occupying, with our forces, all necetaary points in Upper California, and establishing a temporary civil government therein, as well as assuring yourself of its internal tranquility and the absence of any danger of reconquest on the past of Mexico, you may charge Cel. Mason, Uuited States 1st dragoons, the bearer of thia open letter, er land officer next in rank to your own,with your several duties, and return yourself, with a sufficient escort of troops, to St. Louis. Muaouri. But the body of the United States dragoons that accompanied you to California will remain there until farther orders. It is not known what portion of the Missouri volunteers, if any, marched with you from Santa Fe to the Pacific. If any, it is necessary to provide for their return to their homes, and honorable discbarge; and, on the same supposition, they may serve you as a sufficient escort to Missouri. It is known that Lieut. Col. Fremont, ol the United States rifle regiment, was, in July last, *ith a party of men in the set vice of the United States topographical engineera, in the neighborhood of San Francisco, or Monterey bay, engaged in joint oper. tions against Mexico with the United States tquadron on that coast. Should you find him there, it is desired that you do not detain him. against his wishes, a moment longer than the necessities of the service may require * I need scarcely enjoin deference and the utmost cordiality n the part el our land iorces towards those of our navy in the joint service on the distant coast of California. Reciprocity may be cordially expected; and towards that end, frequent conferences between commanders of the twe arms are recommended. Harmony in cooperation and success cannot but follow. Measures have been taken to supply the disbursing officers who have preceded, and who may acoompaay you, with all necessary funds. Ot those measures you will be informed by Col Mason. I remain, sir, with great respect, Your obedient sorvant. WINFIELD SCOTT. To Brig Gen. 8 W Kbabkt, U 8 A , Commanding U. 8. forces 10th Military Dep't. THE MAVAL. OKIiKUS. NaTT OtrAKTMIKT, Dec. 10, 1840. Sir?In obedience to the direction with which yon transmit tod copy of the resolution of the Houie of Representative*, of the 16th ii ?t, requesting the President to " communicate any and ell order* or initmctiona to Geueral Taylor, General Wool, General Kearney. Captain Sloat, captain Stockton or any other officers of the government, in relation to the eAabliahraent or or ganiaation of civil government in any portion of the terntoryaf Mexico which ha* or may he taken poaaefsion ?f by the army or navy of the lini'ed States: also, what forma of government such officers, or either of them, mav have established and organised; and whether the President haa approved and recognised said governments, " I have tba honor to transmit herewith copies of the despatches from this departatent to the commanding officers of the United States naval force* in the Pacific ocean, and in the Guli ol Mexico, as enumerated in the subjoined schedule; with copies of communicationa from those officers. These documents contain all the information in the department on the subject embraced in the resolution of the iiotise. It will be perceived, that the only subject on which the commander of the naval farces in the gulf has been instructed, which ar pears to be within the range of the reeolut.ou, is the state of the imDort and einert trade of the porta of which ha held temporary military po**e*non. The last official despatch received from the Tariflc cquadron, ia dated on the '.'8th of Auguat luat. At that d*ta the deapatche* from the department ol the 13th of May had juat arrived a&d thoee of aub*eq<ient data* appear not to have been received. T he operation* of the kquadion ware conducted under the order of Juna 24th, 1*45, which required the commander of tha naval force* to eaerciie all tha belligerent righta which belonged to Lim, on tha declaration ol war. or the Commencement of hostilities by Mexico against the L'nitad State*. p. In ray despatch of Nov 6, la?t, Com. Ktockton waa required to relinquish tha cotiduct of of:aiatloa* on land, and tha control of auch measure* of civil government aa the military occupation ol tha country conquered might devolve on tha eonquerer until a definitive trtuty of peace should aettle tua light of poaeeaaion to tho officer in command of the land force* ol the United State*, who, in companv with the bearer of my deapetch, proceeded to the weat coaat to anume the command. ^ The re ha* been no approval or recognition of any orguniied or aitabliihed torm of civil government lor tha California*, or any other Mexican territory in the occupation ol the naval lorcea, thiough tbi* department. The inatructiona have bean confined to the acknowledged righta, under tha lawa of natron*, resulting Iron conquest and occupation ; and tha correaponding dutiea which the conqucrer owed temporarily to the inhabitant* have been periormed in a spirit of kindne*a and conciliation, and, in the only particular* embraced by the initruction* Irom thi* department, of liberality to tha commercial interests of citizens of the United fttstei and of neutrals. It m.y be supposed that the document!transmitted embrace matter* Lot within the call. But as the principal pnrpona oi the despatches has been the direction of naral o|>?rations against the enemy, I have found it difllcult ta maka eatracta which would be ineligible. I havo, therefore, deemed it most satisfactory to transmit the entire documents, with two exceptionst and in those, . . ^"P^'ah ! not sent, because the parts withheld relate to other subjects, which the interest of the government would not permit to bo made public. ' '* honor to bo, Tory leipectiuily, your obedient servant, ^ .u - J Y. MABON. To the W YO IV YORK. FRIDAY MOR 1 Frtm tke Secretary tf Iht Navy to Com. Slant [Secret ami coufidential] Unitid State* Nayt Dip<itmki<t, > Waihinotoh, JunejU, IMA > 81 a1?Your attention U (till particularly directed to th? present aspect of tke relation* between this country and Mexico. It is the earnest deiire of the President to pursue the policy of peace, and he is anxieus that you and every pert of your squadron should be assiduously careful to avoid aay act which oouid bo construed as an aot of aggression. Should Mexico, however, be resolutely bent on hostilities, you will be mindful to orotect the nerao>s and intaraata of citixana of the UnllaJ Statea naar your *tation; and ahould you aecertam. beyond a doubt, that the Mexican government baa declared war against ua, you will at once employ the force under your command to the belt advantage. The Mexican porta on the Paciflo are aaid to be open and defenoeleas. If yeu ascertain with certainty that Mexioo haa declared war egainst the United State*, yon will at once poaaeee youraell of the port of San > ranciaco, and blockade or occupy luoh other port* a* your lorce may permit Yet, even if rou ahould find yourself called upon, by the certainty of an exprea* declaration of war againat the United State*, to occupy San Franciaco and otner Mexican porta, yon will be oareful to preaarve, if poealble, the moat friendly relation* with the inhabitant*; and, where you can do so, you will encourage tham to adopt a oourae of neutrality. Should you fall in with the squadron Under Cesamodore Packer, you will aigmfy ta> him the wiah of the d?partmem, that if thai atate ef hie vessel* will admit #< it, he ahould remain off the ooaat of Mexioo until ear Mia tion* with that power are more definitively adjnetedjaad you will take direction* from him, aa your aenior ewer' communicating to him theae inatruotion*. The great distance of your ?iuadron, and the Maojty of communicating with you, are the eauae* (or ftaarfag thi* order. Tiw President hope*, moat earn sag*, that the peace of the two oouatrie* may n6t be dlfefigirbed The object of theae inatructkm* ia to poaaea* yog of the viewa ?f the governmext, in the event of a declaration ef war on the part of Mexico agaixet the United Ctatee; an event which you are enjoined to do everything, coneiatent with the national honor, on your part, to avoid. Should Commodore Parker prefer to return to tho United Statea, he haa pennitaion from the department to do ao. In that event, you will command the united aquadron. Very respectfully, your obedient aervant, GEORGE BANCROFT. Com. JohbD Bloat, Commanding U. 8. naval forces in the Pacific. Ukitxd STATCa Navv Depaxtment, ) Washington, May IS, lMd. J Commodoxe?The atata of ihinaa alliidml to in n l?i. tar of June 34, 1845, hat occurred. You will therefor* now b? governed by tha instructions therein contained, and carry into effect tha ordara the a communicated with energy and prompitude, and adopt auah other maaanraa for tha protection of the parsons and intaraata, the righta and tha commerce of the oitiiena of the United BUtoa, aa your aoond judgment may deem to be required. When yon eatabliah a blockade, yon will allow neutral* twenty daya to leave the blockaded porta; and yon will raider your blockade abaol te, except againat arm. ad veteela of neutral nation*. Commanding yon and your ahipa* companies to Dlrine Proridence, 1 am, reapactftdly, your obedient (arrant, GEORGE BANUKOKT. Commodore Johit D. Sloat, Commanding U. 8. squadron, Faciic. Uhited State* Natt 0tra*tm*?t, ) Washington, May IS, 184C. \ Commodobb? By my letter of the l*th lnat., forwarded to you through different aourcea, in triplicate, of which copy i* encloaed, you were informed of the existing atete of war between thi* government and the republic of Mexico, and referred to your inatrnction* bearing date June 34th, 1844, in reference to anch a contingency, and diraotod to "carry into effect the ordera then couiaunicato l with energy and ptomptitude, and adopt audi other meaaarea far the protection of the peraon* and interest*, the righta and tha commerce of tht citizen* of tha United State*. aa yeur aound judgment may deem to be required." I transmit yon herewith, by the hand* of Midshipman McRae, whom you will employ on your atation, a file of papera containing the Preaidenfa message, and the proceedings of Congreaa, relative to the existing atete of war with Mexico. The President, by authority of Congreas, has made proclamation of war between the United States and Mexico. You will And a copy of the proclamation in the paper* enclosed. kon will henceforth eiercise all the right* that belong to you, a* commander in chief of a belligerent squadron. You will consider the moat important public object to be, to take and to hold possession of San Francisco ; and this you will do without fail. You will ate take possession of Macallan and ?vC!oriterey, one or both, as your force will permit. If information received here is correct, you can establish friendly relations between your squadron and the habitants of eaoh of these three places. Ouymas is alao a good harbor, and is believed to be defenoelesa, You will judge about attempting it. When yon cannot take and hold poaaeaaion of a town, you may establish a blockade, if you hare the means to do it effectually, and the public interest shall require it. A With the expression of these views, much is left to your discretion as to the selection of the points of attack, the porta you will seixe, the ports which you will blockade, and as to the order of your successive movements. A connexion between California, and even Souora and the present government of Mexico, is supposed scarcely to exist. You will, as opportunity otters, conciliate the confidence of the people in California, and also in Sonora, towards the government ot the United States ; and you will endeavor to render their relations with the United States as intimate and as friendly as possible. It is important that you should hold possession, at least, of San Krancieco, even while you encourage the people to neutrality, eelf-government, and friendship. Yeu can readily conduct youraelf in such a manner as will render your occupation of San Francisco and other ports a benefit to the inhabitants. Commodore Biddlo has left, or will soon leave, China. If occasion otters, you will send letters for him to our agent at the Snnd?ich Islands; conveying to him the wish of the department that he should appexr, at once, off California or Sonora. You will inform the department, bv the earliest opportunitv. of those Dorts which von blockade. You will notify neutral* of any declaration of blockade you may make, and Rive to it all proper publicity. Your blockade must be strict, permitting only armed vessels of neutral powers to enter ; but to Deutrala already in the porta, yon will allow twenty day* to leave them. The frigate Potomac, and (loop Saratoga, have been ordered to proceed aa toon ai possible into the Pacific ; and Captain Aalick, in the Potomac, and Commaxler Shubrick, in the Saratoga, directed to report to you at Mszatlau, or wherever else they may And your forc?s.~You will do well, if occasion offers, to aerd orders to Callao and Valparaiso, instructing them where to meet you. Other reinforcements will be sent you as the exigencies of the service may require. You will communicate with the department as often as you can, and you will, if practicable, send a messenger with despatches acroas the country to the Del Norte, and so to Waiihington. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, UEQKOi: BANCROFT Commodore Jon* D. Bloat, Commanding U. 8. naval forces in the Pacific. United Statm N*vt DrrmmmT. ) Washington, June 8, 1810 $ CoMMonoat : You have already been instructed, and are now instructed, to employ the force under your command, firit, to take poueifioa of Ban Franciaco j next, to take po**es?ion of Monterey j next to take poimuws of inch other Mexican porta a< you may be able to hold; next, to blockade aa ronnjr of the Mexican porta in the Pacific aa your force will permit, and to watch over American intereata, and citizen*, and commerce,on the weat coaat of Mexico. It ie rumored that the province of California i* wall dlipoaod to accede to friendly relatione with the United State*. Yon will encourage the people of that region to enter into relation! of amity with oar country. In taking poiaeuion of their harbora, yon will, if po? ible, endeavor to eatabliah the aupremecy of the American flag without any etrife with the peopl* of California The aqnadren on tho eait coaat of Mexico, it I* believed, i? in the mott friendly relatione with Yucatan.? In like manner, if California aep<ratai heraelf from our enemy, the central Mexican government, and ettabluhea a government of it* own, under the auepicee of the American flag, you will lake auch meaaure* a* will beat promote the attachment of the people of California to the United titatea.will advance their proaperity, and will make that va*t region a deairable place of re tide nee for emigranta from our aoil. Conaidering the great dlftance at which you are placed from the department, and the clrcumatancea that will coiMtantly ariae, much mint be left to your diacretion You will bear in mind, generally, that ihla country delirei to find in California afriend, and not an enemy; to be connected with it by near tie*: to hold poeietiion of it, at ieact during the war; and to hold that peaaeation, if poMible. with the conient of it* inhabitanta. The tloop-of-war " Dale," Commander McKean, railed from New York on the 3d inat. to join your iqundron. The " Lexington," Lieutenant Bailey, will *ail a* ?oon aa *he can take on beard her (tore*. The " Potomac" and " Saratoga" havo alio been ordered to the Tacific. i hi, air, wry roipocuuuy, Your obodient ?erv*nt, UftOROK BANCROFT. Com. Johw D. Sloat, < :om'g U. 8. mtiI forcei in the Pacific ocean. I'niTan 8t*tb* Navy D*r timtirr,) Washington, July 12, 1 Wfl $ CoMMonoaK?Previoua inatrnctiona have informed j on of the intention of thi* government, pending the war with Mexico, to take tad hoU ixxx inon of California. For thia end, a company of artillery, with cannon, mortar* and munition* of war, i* (ant to yon in the Lexing- j ton, for the purpcee of co-operating with yon, according 1 to the heat of your judgment, and of occupying nndor your direction auch poet or po*t* a* yon may doem expedient in the Bay of Montaray, or in tho Bay of San Franciaco, or in both. In tho abaaaca of a military o? cor higher than captain, tho (election of the Srvt Amerl can poet or poet* on tho watar* of tha Pacific i n ? 'alitor nia, i* loft ta yourdiacretion. Tha olijoct of tha Unitad State* la, under Ha right* ** a belligerent nation, to po*a>** itaelf entirely of Upper California Whan Baa Franciaco and Monterey are Mcarad, you 1R K 1

NING, DECEMBER 2b, 1 I will. If poeaible, tend mail veeeel of war to take and hold poaaeeaion of tha port ot Bsn Diego : and it would , b? well to aacertain the views of the inhabitants of Pua1 bio de lot Anvelea, who, according to information rei ceiveil here, may be counted upon aa deiirou* of oomlng under the jurisdiction of the united State*. If yoa can ! take possesion of it, yoa ehould do so. The object of the United States haa reference to ulti| mate peace with Mexico ; and if, at that peace, the baaia of the uli potiidetii ahall be eetabliihed, the government | expects, through your force*, to be found in actual poa; aeaaion of Upper California. This will bring with it tha neceiaity of a civil adminiai tratlon. Bach a government should be established under your protection : and in selecting persona to hold offloa, i due respect should be had to tha w if he a of the people of ; California, aa well as to the actual poaeeeaora of authorii ty in that province. It may be proper to require an oath of allegiance to the United State* from those who are intrusted with authority. You will alio auura the people of California ef the protection of the United State*. In reference to commercial regulation* in the porta of which you are in actual possession, ship* and produce of the United State* should come and go free of duty. For your further instruction, I encloie to you a copy of confidential imtruction* from the War Department te Brigadier General S. W. Kearny, who i* ordered overland to California. Vou will alio communicate your in traction* to him, and inform him that they have tho aanction of the President. The government relies on the land and naval force* to co-operate with each other in the most friendl y and effective manner. Alter you shall have (ecured Upper California, if your force is sufficient, you will take possession of, and keep, the harbors on the Gulf of California, as far down at loast as Guymas But this is not to interfere with the permanent occupation of Upper California. A regiment of volnnteersfrom the State of New York, to serve during the war, have been called for by the government, and are expected to sail from the first to the tenth of August. This regiment will, in the first instance, report to the naval oommander on your station, but will ultimately be under the command of General J Kearny, who is appointed to conduct the expedition by una. The term of throe years having nearly expired ilnce you here been in command of the Pacific squadron, Commodore Shubrick will aoon be aent oat in toe lndeEandenoe to relieve yon. The department confidently opea that all Upper California will be in our handa before the relief ahall arrire. Very reapectfnlly, GEORGE BANCROFT. Commodore John D. Bloat, Commanding U. 8. naval forces in the PaciAo ocean. From tht Secretary of the Navy tv Com. SKuhritk. Natv Dictari mikt, Aug. 17,1846. CoMMODOai: The United States being in a state of war by the action of Mexico, it ia desired, by the proaecution of hoatilitiea, to haateft the return of peace, and to aocure it on advantageous conditions. For this purpose, orders hare been given to the squadron in the Pacific to take and keep poaaeaaion of Upper California, especially of the ports of San Francisco, ol Monterey, and of 8an Diego ; and also, if opportunity offer, and the people favor, to take posseaaion, by an inland expedition, of Pueblo de los Angeles, near San Diego. Oa reaching the Pacific, your first duty will be to ascertain if these orders have been carried into eflfect. If not, you will take immediate posseaaion of Upper California, especially of the three ports of San Francisco, Monterey and San Diego ; ao that, if the treaty of peace ahall be made on the basis of the uti posiidetis, it may leave California to the United 8tates. Tho relations to be maintained with the people of Upper California are to be aa friendly as possible. The flag I of the United States must be raised, but underit the people are to be allowed aa much liberty of aelf government aa ia consistent with the general occupation ef the country by the United States. Vou, aa commander-inchief of the squadron, may exercise the riffht to inter I ajot inn cninujco vi nay TCHBI or arucies urn wouia di unfavorable to our success is the war. into any of the enemy's port* which you may occupy. With this exception, all United States vessel* and merchandise muit be allowed by the local authoritiea of the porta of which | you take possession, to come and go free of duty;, but on foreign vessels and goods, reasonable dutiei may be imposed, collected, and diapoied of by the local authoritiea, under your general superintendence A military force haa been directed by the Secretary of War to proceed to the weitern coaat of California, for the purpeie of co-operation with the navy in taking possession of, and holding, the porta and positions which have been apecifiad, and for otherwise operating against Mexico. A detachment of these troopa, consisting of a company ol' artillery, under command of Captain Tompkins, has sailed iu tlie United States ahip Lexington. A regin\M-t of volunteers, under Colonel Stevenson, will sooa m/X Irom New York , and a body of troopa under Brigadier General Kearny, may reach the coast over Sania Ke Copies ol so much of the instruction* to Captain Tompkins and General Kearny as relate* to objects requiring co-operation, are herewith enclosed. By article 8, of the General Regulations of the Army, edition of 18-J-i, which is held by the War Department to he still in force, and of which I enclose you a copy, your commission, places you, in point of precedence, on occasions of ceremony, or upon meetings for consultation, in the class ol major-general , t ut no officer of the army or nary, whatever may be liis rank, can assume any direct command, independent of concent, over an officer of the other service, excepting only when land forces aro especially embarked in veeseli of war te do the duty of marines. The President expects and requires, however, the moat cnr.lml on.I Ul.... .?.? cars of the two Mr\'ic?(. in taking possession of, and holding, the porta and positions of the enemy which are desiguatad in the instructions to eithor or both branches f the aervice, and will hold any commander of either branch to a stiict responsibility lor any failure to preserve harmony and lecure the object* propoeed. The land force* which have been, or will be, lent to the PnMl may bo dependent upou the vessuls oi your squadron for tran*portation from one point to another, and tor *h*lter and protection in caae of being compelled to abandon poaition* on the coait. It may be nocessary alio to furnisb trantportation for their supplies, or to furnish the supplie* themselves, by the vessels under yeur direction. In all sae.h caiei, you will fdrnlsh all the aaiiitance in your power, which will not interfere with object* that in your opinion are of greater importance. You will (taking care, however, to advise with any land oAcer of high rank?*ay, of the rank of brigadier general, who may be at hand) make the neceuary regulations for the posts that may be occupied. Having provided for the full possession of Upper California, the nexi point of importance ia the Gull of Cali fornia. Kiom the best judgment I can form, you *hould take poiiemon of the port of Ouymaa. The progreuel our arm* will probably be iuch,that, in conjunction witn land lorcei, you will be able to hold possession ot Guy ma*, and ao to reduce all the country north of it on the Gulf A* to the porta aouth of it, eipecially Mazatlan and Acapulco, it i* not pouible to give you special instruction* Generally, you will take poiaeaaion of, or blockade, according to your beat judgment, all Mexican porta aa far a* your mean* allow; but soath of Guy mas, if the provtncei rise up agairut the central government, and manifeet friendship toward* the United States, jou may, according to your discietion, enter into a temporary agreement of neutrality. But thi* muat be done only on condition that our (hip* have free access to their norti and <*nn?l riarhta with Kno ! nation*; that you are allowed to take in water and fuel; to purcti??d supplies; to go to and from ahore without obitruction, at in time of peace; and that the proTincei which are thus neutral shall absolutely abotain from contributing towarda the continuance of tho war by the central government of Mexico against the United Hutea Generally, yeu will exercise the rights of a belligerent, and bear in mind that the greater advantagas you obtain, the more ipeedy and the more advantageous will be the peace. Should Commodore Diddle be in the Pacific, off the ahoreaof Mexico, at the time you arrive there, you w.ll report yourself te him, and, as long ai he rem aim off the coaat of Mexico, you will act under hia direction, in coucert with him, communicating to him these ioatruc tions. The Sivannan, the Warren, and the Levant ought soon to return. If your hear of peace between tho United States and Mexico, you will at once send them home If war continues, you will send them home singly or in company, at the earliest day they can be spared The Savannah will go to New Yoik, and the Warren and Levant to Noifolk. Very respectlully, yours. OKOnOE BANCROFT. Commodore W. B SHtaaicc, Appointed to command the U 8. Naval forces in the Pacific Ocean. From Ikt Stcrtfry of tkt Naoy to Commodore Stockton ^CONFIDENTIAL.] UNITED STIXII NAVT DEPARTMENT, J Washington. Nov. ?>, 1S40. ) CoMMonoaa: Commodore Bloat has arrived in this city, and delivered your letter of the 36th July ultimo, with th? copy of your address to the people of California, which accompanied it. The department is gratified that you Joined the squadron before the state of the commodore's health rendered it noceaeary for him to relinquish bis Important command. The difitculties and embarrassments of the command, wiuioui i xaowinngg 01 ino proceeding* 01 <.oo|nii ?u the subject of the war with Mwctco, and in the absence of the instructions of the department, which followed tho?e proceedings, are justly appreciated; and it is high ly gratifying that ?o much hat been Aene in anticipation of tue orlers which hare been transmitted. Yon will, without doubt, hare received the deipatchea oftbeUth of Mar isst, addressed to Commodore Hloat; and I now *end yon, for your guidance, a copy of infraction* to Commodore Shubrick, of the l?tn Angust. He sailed parly in September, in the raxee Independence, with orders to Join the squadron with the least possible delay. On hi* summing the command, you may hoist a red pendant. If yon piefer, you may hoietyour pendant on the Savannah, and return home with her and tie Warren. The existing war with Mexico has been commenced by her. Krery disposition was felt and manifested by the United States government to procure tedress for the injuries of which we complained, and to settle all complaints on her pert, in the spirit of peace and of justice, which has erer characterized our intercoarae with fo- ' reign nations. That disposition still exists, and whene- | rer the authorities ef Mexico shall manifest a willing- ! ness to adjust unsettled points of controrersy between ' the two republics, and to re*tore an honorable peace, they will be met ia a corresponding spirit. This consummation is not to be axpooted, nor ia our national honor to be maintained, without a vigoious prosecntion of the war en our part. Without beiag animated by any ambitious spirit of conquest, our naval and military fofoee mist hold the porta and territory of the nemy, of which poeeoeeion baa best obtained by their 3 E RA 1846. I ra>*. You will, therefore, under do circumstance*, voluntarily lower the flag of the United State*, or relinquiah the actual potieiiton of Upper California. Of ' other pointa of the Mexican territory, which the force* under your command may occupy, you will maintain the po*aea*ion, or withdraw, a* in ytfvr judgment may be moat advantageous in proiecntion of the war. In regard to yonr intercourse with the inhabitant* of the country, your views are judicioaa, and you will conform to the instruction* heretofore given. You will tx1 erciae the right* of a belligerent; and if you find that the liberal policy of our government, in purchasing and paying for required lupplie*, i* misunderstood, and its exercise i* injurious to the public interest, you are at liberty to take them from the enemy without compensa, tion, or pay such prices a* may be deemed juat and reaI sonable. The best policy in this respect depends on a knowledge of circumstance* in which you are plaoed, and is left to your discretion The Secretary of War ha* ordered Col. R B. Mason, I 1m* ITMUAJI s?PAS#AAiia J a- 1- _J ?-? wh..?u uwmo uia^wus, iv |>iuvcau hi uaiiwniia, tin Panama, who will command the troop* and conduct the military operation* in the Mexican territory bordering on the Pacific, in the abience of Brigadier General Kearny. The commander of the naval force* will contult and co-operate with him in hi* command, to the aame extent a* if he held a higher rank in the army. In all quaitiona of relative rank, he i* to be regarded a* having only the rank of colonel. The Preiident ha* deemed it be*t (or the public intere*t? to invest the military officer commanding with the direction of the operation* on land, and with the adminiitrative function* of government over the people and territory occupied by ua. You will relinquUh to CoL Maaon, or to General Kearny, if the latter ahall arrive before you have done *o, the entire control over theae matter*, and turn over to him all pepera neceuary to the performance of hi* duties. If officer* of the navy are employed in the performance of civil or military duties, you will withdraw or continue them, at your discretion, taking care to put them to their approriate duty in the quadron, if tho army officer commanding doe* not wish their service* on land. The establishment of port regulation* i* a lubject over which it is deemed by the Preiident moat appropriate that the naval commander ihall exerclce jurisdiction Yo? will establish theae, and communicate them to the military commander, who will carry them into effect 10 far a* hi* eo operation may be neceamry, auggetting for your consideration modification* or alteration*. Tho rn*Hlatinn nf ?><. 1. - X J..I t. yon. The conditions under which vessels of our own citizena and of neutrals may be admitted into porta of the enemy in your possession, will be prescribed by you, ubject to the instructions heretofore given. To aid you, copies of instructions to the collectors in the United States, from the Treasury Department, on the same sub. ject; are enolosed. On cargoes of neutrals imported into such ports, you may impose moderate duties, not greater in amount than those collected in the ports of the United States. The oo'lection of these duties will be made by civil officers, to be appointed, and subject to the same rules as other persons charged with civil duties in the country. These appointments will be made by the military officers in consultation with you. The President directs me to impress most earnestly on the naval officer*, as it is impressed on those of the army, the importance of harmony in the performance of their delicate duties, while co-operating. They are arms of one body, and will, I doubt net, vie with each other in showing whioh cm render the most efficient aid to the other in the execution of common orders, and in sustainisg the national honor, which is confided to both. You will make your communications to the department as frequent as possible The great distanoe at whioh your command is placed, urn mo iminuiuuiiy 01 nuuuuuuin( a irequeni or re5alar communication with you, neaeasarily induce tho epartment to leave much of the detail* oi your operation* to your discretion. The confident belief i* entertained, that, with the general outline given in the instructions, yon will puriue a courae which will make the enemy sensible of our power to inflict on them the evils of war, while it will lecure to the United State*, if a definitive treaty of peace ?hall give u* California, a population impressed with our juitice, grateful for our clemency, and prepared to love our institution* and to honor eur flag. On your being relieved in the command of the squad, ron, yon will hand your lmtruction* to the officer relieving you. 1 am, very reipectfully, your obedient aenrant, Com. U.K. Stocbtow, JOHN, Y. MASON. Comm'g U. S. naval force* on the west coaat of Mexico. Civil War in Illinois.?For six months past a sort of civil war Jias been carried on in the Southern part of llliMia, near the Ohio river. They are composed of a body of Regulator*, and of citizen* opposed to the operation* of the latter. Lately in Maisac county, the outrage* on the part of the Regulator* have been carried on with great violence. At the election alluded to, the person elected County Clerk and Recorder, Mr. Cormicnael, wa* equally obnoxious, and againat him and the Clerk of the Circuit Court, the vengeance of the Regulators appear* to hive lietsu especially directed?a* also against every person who did not join them, or who dared to express < n opinion adverse to the propriety of their proceedings. They range the country throughvisit the house* of uniaipectingand peaceable person*; warn them to leave the State, and, in many cases, whip and otherwUe unmercifully treat them. Many of those who have lallen under the ban of their di*plea*ure have been forced to flee from the country, and when thin ia dona, property is sacrificed under fictitious proceas, or by arrangements between those who are connected,with IK a Ruriilalori. In ninny instanocs, the molt respectable of the cemmu nity have beeu proscribed. The present repreeeatative in the Legislature, Mr. Knloe, whoae only offence leema to hare boen that ho wus elected in opposition to the wishes ot the mob, 11 proscribed, and his hie threatened, if he returna to the county. Ilia aged lather, against whose honesty no one breathes a suspicion, haa been driven from his home,'anJ from the county. The clerk ol the Circuit Court?a man having a large family, chief ly ol daughters?has been forced to fly lor safety. The Clerk of the County Court and Recorder?the .sherid' and every Justice or civil officer, who has dared to raise his voice against the mob, have been also driven out of the county. The fact that regulator* have organized companies in adjoining counties, prevents them trom suppression by more peaceably disposed citizens. The sheriff's posse has been routed, and the regulators triumphant. In the course of these lawless transactions, deeds of violence have been perpetrated uj>on men and women, the mention of which chills the blood These circumstances call loudly forthe interference of the Oovernor of Illinois. Superior Court. Before Judge Vanderpoel. Dce.'i4.?John Brower vi. Uto. Wkittaker?This was an action to recover 00#,the amount of a promissory note. It grew out of the dissolution of the Croton Water Insurance Company, and was precisely similar to the case tried before the Chief Justice on Tuesday last, and involved the same questions of law. A verdict was taken by consent for plaintiff, subject to the opinion of the Court in banc, on a case to be made. Kor plaintiff, Mr. Taylor Jamtt Brithane t'? Jotrf\ Aiamt ? Thii was an action of trover, to recover the value of three printing presses, used in engraving bank notes, lie. The plaintiff and a person named Durand, carried on the bank note engraving and printing, in partnership, until 1841, when the plaintiff retired, and sold out one quarter of his share, which was a halt of the whole, and took a mortgage on it: and the other half lor V>700- Uavmcr u Mrann Dean, as hi* agent, to manage tne quarter he still retained Dean and Durand removed from Ann (treat in 1842 or *S, to premises in Wall street, hired frem defendant. Thoy subsequently became indebted to the latter for rent: he iaaned a landlord's warrant, and distrained the goods on the premiaes. The defendant resided in Batavia, in this dtute, and being from home at the time, had no account of distress; but the sale was subsequently postponed at the instance of Dean; and dually it was arranged that it should go on, and that Adams ihould purohase the presses for plaintiff. In pursuanoe oi such arrangement the sale took place, and Adams purchased the presses for $90. In a short time alter, the $vo was ten dered to him, together with $i for the use ot (he mun?y, and a demand made on him tor the presses. He refused to deliver them up, stating that he nad purchased them on his own account. The delence set up was. Out there was no such arrangement as alleged by pUmtiQ, that defendant should purchase in the presses lor plaintiff. Th'ee witnesses were called to prove the defence, who all stated that they were present at the sale, and heara no such airang?ment. There was a ?ecor?i delence, namely : that even If auch arrangement was made, it was illegal, because it w?s made between Deane, who was the agent of i plaintiff, and Adams; it was, therefore, contended that Doane had to authority to appoint a sale agent.? Upon this last ground, a non-suit waa naked for and d?- , nied. Verdict lor plaintiff, $9M. , For plaintiff, Misers. Detmaire and Oerard ; for defendant, Messrs. Wyiiaus and Hofl'man. John Clark v. Jamtt Hruoki.? This w as an action to recover the price of fome pictares alleged to have been purchased at an auction aale lor the defendant. After the testimony was exhausted a non-suit was asked ior and * ranted. Vrlmoni' ri. The Mayor and Community of the City / Af'ie York.? In thi? ciiim, which vu reported in the Htrald of Weiln?? l*y, n nonauit mi granted, on the ({round that the making of Hwen by the corporation ia a public duty, for the diecharge of which it ia Decenary to employ agenta. an,I the Corporation ia not liable for the omiaalona or neglMt of auch agenta aa, under the law, itii bound to employ. The remedy of a party ag- , grieved by the act of aoch agent ii aga mat him alone. | I'. I. District Court. Before Judge Betta. , , In r*-Nichola$ Lucian, alleged to be a fugitive Irom juatice - .Vietzger ia chaigad with having committed forgery in France, and i* claimed by the French Coi.auI, under the Covcntion aigned at Waahington by M. Paget, on the part of the Krench igovenimeut, and Mr. Calbeun, on the pert of the U nited Matea, aa a fugitive irom juatice. One o? the grounda taken by Metzger'a couaaei ia, that the alleged crime, it ?t ail committed, waa committed between tne time ol signing and the rati Aration ?( the Convention, on that ground be inaiata 'hat i the Convention waa not in force until alter ilai a iflcetion, 1 and the prisoner cannot l>e held. Mr. 1'ii.bev waa heard jeaterrfay on the part of the French government, and Vr. O. Hoffman on the part of the prisoner. The argument will be returned next week SvrRKMK COVUT OF THt U?IT1D StATIS, D?cerribtr 23, 18W ?N<J. 47. The United Stntea plainuK m errer va. Bank of the United Matea. The arKent ot thiaoauee waa continued by Meaari. Cadwal r and Sergeant for the defendant In error. mmmmmmmmmmmmmmrnmmmm, LD. MM Twm Oatt. Mexican ASklrs. MILITARY INTKLLIUENCX. The First Regiment of Pannaylrania Volunteers, under | the command of Colonel Wynkoop, have Uft Pittsburgh for Now Orleans. Four companies want on Monday, and I six on Tuesday Five steamer* war* chartered, at $4IN each, to oonrajr them down the rirar, vis : th* Messen! gar, Aliqulppa, New England, Circassian, and St. Antho1 ny. Tha following is one of Colon*] Wynk**p'a geneI ral order* H*ad-Qoabtib?, Iit Rco't Pan*'* Voioiituu, t Dao*mb*r 30, lltf. > The compeniss will embark at th* speci?*d tte* r*I quired in ord*r No. 1, without failure or delay I Th* armi will remain boxed, with the exception *f i those required for guard duty. a ruii, wnagui >rau, wiu n compura wiiu nu/i \ at the discretion of the icnior offloer of the detachment Bar* for the aale er distribution of liquor, are etrietly prohibited by the commanding officer of the Regiment? j and officer* commanding detachmenta will be held resi ponsible for any infringement of thi* order. j No soldier will be permitted to leave the boat, at any ; of the touching points, after leaving Pittsburgh. The senior officer shall report hia detachment to the commanding officer at New Orleans, and await hia order*. There shall be, daily, Are rolls :?Tha first after reveille ; the second immediately before breahfaat; the third immediately beiore dinner; the fourth Immediately before retreat; the fifth immediately after tatoo. The aenior officer shall detail, dally, a polio* party, whose duty it shall be to superintend the rlasnllmea and order of the detachment. The commanding officer advises the most strict oar* and caution relative to the extra arma owned by th* ' men. Any caaualtiea or injuries resulting from their uae or exposure, will be anawered by the officer of da tachment. The detachment will be visited before departure en board their respective boats, by the adjutant general, accompanied by the field staff. The commanding officer expeota th* officer* oommandirg detachments to secure and pr*a*rv* atrict diaciplln* and decorum among th* m*n. thorough and critical compliance with th* ah*v* order* will be required by the commanding officer. By command ot Col. r. M. WYNKOOP. A. Baowir, Adj. 1st Reg. Pa. Volunteer*. The Harrisburg Telegraph, received last night, state* that tha following companiea have been accepted to compose the second regiment of Pennsylvania volunteers, to serve during the war with MexicoColumbia Guard*, Danville, Columbia co., Captain J. s. Wilson. Cambria Guards, Kbensburg, Cambria co, Captain J. Many. Westmoreland Guards, Greensburg, Captain John W. Johniton. Fayette County Volunteers, Union town, Capt ?. F Roberts. Oerman Gray a, Pittsburgh, Cast. V. Gutzwiler. Cameron Guards, Harrisburg, Captain E. Williams. American Highlanders, Cambria co., Capt. J. W. Geary. Reading Artillery, Heading, Captain T. 8. Loesser. National Rangers, Philadelphia, Captain C. Nay lor One company in the interior has been accept d, but has not yet answered. It will probably niwh NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. It is affirmed, says the Washington fountain, that CftL Bomford's big gun is to be brought to bear upon the Castle of San Juan d'Uloa, that the shells are all oast and ready for it, and that it has been shipped from Boston to the squadron off V era Crut. A large number of gun boats are building at the ship yards in this city for the Mexican waters; they are to be completed by the lat of January. imfoktant raosc santa fe. [From the St. Louis Republican, Dee. lft.] The folio wing letter from our lanta Fe correspondent, is dated Oct 30th, and shows the dangerous position of traders. The failure ef General Woe I to prooeed to Chihuahua, and the utter inefficiency of Col. Doniphan, who is left in command at Santa Fe, my cause the traders and their property to be sacrificed, and, porhape, Capt. Burgwin with his small force. All accounts fresa Santa Fe, which we have seen, concur in pronouncing Cel. D wiphan wholly unfit for tho post he holda. He has neither energy, forcast or decision of character. There is a lack of discipline and of aotien at Santa Fe, which botrays the inefficiency of the commanding offloer:? " An express reached here a few hours ago from Socoro. a town about 300 miles south of this point, with a letter from the American traders, calling on Colonel ftoniphan to send troops forward for their protection. A letter, written by Mr. Anil, one of the traders, haa been shown to me by our Sutler, Mr. Rich. This letter ststes that there were from l'J to 1300 Mexican troops at El Fuo, and that thoM troop# could, within feur days, roacb tha camp of the American trader*. wkm there are one hundred and twenty wagons, with Mar* chandize to the amount of $000,000. All of this property ii within one hundred mile* of tha American fare*, and here we are, standing still, doing nothing; nor does there appear any disposition on the part of our commanding otticer to act promptly in tha matter. Captain Burgwin, who is in command of the V. S. Dragoons, about ? mUlt frem this place, as soon as the intelligent)* reached him, Eacked up immediately; and in a few hours he wn oa is march to the caiup of the traders.?Ha ha* under hi* command about 20D dragoons. His man are bat indifferently provided for making the march; bat he i* B man who stops not at trifles. His promptness and soldierlike conduct on this occasion m*rit the warnMt approbation. If we had such a man for our commander, tain* would go off much more smoothly here. " Mr. Rich has just shown me another latter fret j MessraOwens and Aull, in which they state that Maaai i Maguflin, Doan, McManus, Uinfallis and Valdm, ha all been taken prisoners and sent to Chlhuahna. Tlx gentlemen are traders also. We are all anxioaa to m* to Kl Paso, and from thence to Chihuahaa; bat, a* existing circumstances, we have ne hope of being al to do anything for ourselves or country. Ood or knows what will become of us ' Do justice to Capt Burgwin's gallantry and patriotiam." VartaUaa. Three Irishmen were killed on the 91st inst. on th* Lowell Railroad, by the falling in of an embanlueentTheir names were Arthur Mpring, Jam** Harlay, and John Sullivan. Lowell ia to be lighted with gas. The amount of flour in Boiton at pre tent i? estimated at 160,000 barrel*. A supper wai given at Pittsburgh to the printer* among the Penniylvania volunteers; alio by the Maaoalc lodge to their brethren in the rank*. The price fixed by the Canard ataaaera iron hen to Liverpool, ia a* follow*: Krom Jeriey City to Liverpool $130; from Jersey City to New York < centa. The whig* in Iowa have elected all toe oAoora e# the Houm, in which the three independents hold the balance of power, a* well as the Joint vote of the legislature. The Annul Pictorial Herald. This great aheet, the best aflair of the kind ever issued, can be obtained at the desk ot oar oftoe for six and a quarter centa per copy. It ia emphatically a pictorial history ot tha war ?illustrating the battle grounds, sieges, and pointa attacked and captured, from the taking of Mata~ moras by the army to that of Tampioe by the navy. The illustrations are arranged ia the following ordersFirst Page?The Encampment of the American Amy at Corpna Christi; 3attle Qround* of Palo Alto and fco ace de le Palm*; An accurate likeness of Oenoral Taylor, who commands.11 u i American foroos fat thooo bottles; An accurate j < ,?.ait of the Moxioaa General La Vega, taken prteonot <y the Amerioan Anayi and Ptot Brown, opposite Maumoraa, being the next aaeaai|iaiaiit I of the American Army. Second page?A Scene in the Battle of B ease a de la Paima, before the capture of La Vega; a aeoae ropre enting General Parados and hia Cabinet receiving the account of tho?o bottle* from a wounded Moxioaa aoldier; the Bombardment of Matamorae ; Uncle Mam's ronitrirtion of the Halance of Power; View of Matamora*; Brother Jonathan and the Mexican General on the Rio Grande; A View of Camargw, looking Northi and a rlan of the City of Tamptco. Third p4g??A View of Monterey, Ha fortMloatioiia, and the portion of the United State* army before advancing to it* attack; Plan of Monterey after it waa captured; a View of the Caatle of Sen Juan d"Ulloa; the Harbor of San Francieco, Upper California ; the Gold Mine* of Dolorei, New Mexico; a View of Sent* Fa, and 8cene in New Mexico Fourth page?Map of the Field of Operation* hi Mexico, a Scene in Santa Fa; Mexican Ranchero*| Flan of Alrarado and ita FertkAcatiooa; and New York Fir am in drilling for the War. Fifth page?Tht encaaipment of folooel Merea on'a volunteer* on Governor'* Ialand?Presentation of Biblea to 0*1. ftteventon'i reirimeet?an election eoeae in New York? acene in the Park on la?t 4th of Julyview of the Monament erected to the memory of Thamae Freeborn, the noble Pilot-politician! reading the JMl, and politician* throwing dart in the eye* of the peflfte previous to election. Sixth pege?A ililghing acene la New York?View : of the Park Fountain -fartuonable religion tn Now York ?View of Chatham Square on lrt of May?Peter fnnklaaa in New Vork?Mock Auctioneer* and their i li tin Trial of Spencer for boo ting hi* Wife?Jack the J oakman - Practical Amalgamation tn New York-Omnibw racing in New York?Cherry and Fair Star?and LeaJhre reading the Herald at the Tomb*. Seventh page- A portrait of the new Pope?A portrait of the late Pope- -A portrait of ltonge, the German Reformer?Charle* Kean in Riehard the Third ?Mia* Mary Taylor in " La Fille du Regiment tierr Alexander < ommitim([ huiokm?<?raat Agricultural Fair at Auburn, and Maria ma Augusta in " La Bayadere" Kighth Pare.-View of Whitehall, fttaten Island Ferry, lu.; The Danttvttt fittnuitt hi Ikt '' Pu it Fltnri; Packet Ship Henry Clay aihora j tha Oraat i Britain before aha waa altered ; tha Oraat Britain attar j the waa altered ; tha Oraat Britain aahora at Dnadrnai I Bay; and tha wrack of tha Vtoamar Atlantic. I We think all will admit that there never ha* " appeared a more interesting sheet than thia. ' It it in fact a daguerreotype history of AmeMca, and of all incidents of importaooa that have happened for the year past. As a pictorial I history of the United States for the year ISM, it ia an admirable thing to pot in tha hand* of children and young peisons, particularly in tha holidays when they expect something of tha kind. Agent* will pleaee send in their order*.