Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 3, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 3, 1847 Page 1
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! ^ TH1 Vol. XIII, So. !l-Wltol? Ho. ?(??. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON 8?NN?TT~PR0PRI?T0R, Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day, Price 2 cent* per copy?$7 26 per annum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Everv Saturday?Price 6l? cenli per cony?$1 J2>, eenU per auuuin?payable in advance. "HERALD HtR EUROPE?Every Steam Packet dav. Price centa per copy?$3 00 per annum, payable in advanee ADVERTISEMENTS .at the uiual price#?nlwayi caati in lufince. PRINTING of all kinds executed with beauty aud despatch All letter* or communications, by mail, addreaaed to the establishment, uiust be post paid, or the postage will be deducted from the subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT. Proprietor of the New York Hkuslo Kstari ishmknt, North West corner of Kultou aud Nassau streets aturnnuiiiATMiiib CHANGE.OF HOURS. -W# WINTER ARRANGEMENT. On and alter Monday, Dec. 2D, 1146,Trains will ruu as follows:? Lksvb Brooklti*?at 7 o'clock A. M. (Boston train) for Greenport. daily .(except Sundays) stopping at Varmingdale and Bt. George's Manor " " at PK A. M., daily, for Greenport and 'intermediate places. * " at t P. M. for Karmingdale, daily. Lcivs GaKRisroaT?at 8}? A. M., daily accommodation train for Brooklyn. " at 3)< P. M., ( Boston Train ) or on the arrival ol the ooat from Norwi h, daily, (exeept Sondays,) st.ppmg at Bt. George's Manr' and karmingdale. Leave Farmi.vodai.e at 8% AM. daily, (except Sundays,) aecongmodati ia train; and 13 M. aud 5JK P. M. Leave Jamaica?en 8 o'cloca A. M., 1 P. M., and 0){ P. M., for Bkooklyn, or on the arrival of Boston train. SUNDAY TRAINS will hereafter ran to Thompson Sta lion?la?ii RmnSIm n A M (-.It. J: diate places, (commencing Sun la/ the 8th Nsveejber, returnJamaica 3>?ml>,0n " ' ?'c'oc't ' M., Karmingdale 2}g, Fang to?Bedford, t eenta; Fast New York, 12 V; Race Cyonrae, 18V: Trotting Course, 18V: Jamaica, 26; BrushvilU, *y J1,? ' "V!?*' 37Clovraville, (daring the session of Court) JTH; Hempstead, 31%\ Branch 37V; Carle Place,44; Westbury, 44; Hicksville, 44; Knrmiogdale, 62V; Deer nil,,81; Thompson, 88; Suffolk Station, $l;TCake Ro?d Station,fl 18V; Medford Statiou, SI 18V: Vaphank.Sl 37 V; f ?.otf,e ' Hanor, $1 62*; Riverhead, *1 62V; Jamesport fl a ^nwhogue, ?l 62V; Southold, train 112 J5 P Accommodation Train, $1 T5; Boston Stages are in readiuesa on the arrival or Trains at the seve Ol the ufand Passengers at very low fares, to all pans Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive baggage fcr the several trains, JO minutes before the hoar of starting from the Brooklyn side. The steamboat "Statesman* leaves Green port for San Harbor on the arrival of the Boston train from Brooklyn d25rh 1,1,14 BUS'i'UN AMU PROVIDENCE. via fl^^KaCStoningtou anil Lone Island Railroad?Night JMH^HLLine ?Ou and after Monday 28th instant, Trams JKSL-will leave the foot ot Whitehall street, Month ferrj\ via Lonir Island Kailroad. on Mondays, Wednesdays, and h ri(lays, at 2 o'clock, P.M., for Greenport,crossing the Honnd to St >ningt?n,iu the lavorite sonud steamer NKw HAVKN, which has been provided with masts, sails, and extra ordinary anchors, and from theuce to Providence and Boston by the mail trains which connect with the steamers Massachusetts and Governor. Fare to Rtonington ' $2 50 " Providence 4 00 " Boston 5 00 The steamer Mew Haven has new boilers, and will take only light freights. d25 rh REGULAR MAIL, LIN P. P'OK BOSTON VIA NORWICH Sc WORi .MVh^rtORMTKR, without change f ssBaHbT IPt-art or Baggage, or withouu^^H^R 7'l Mi i, crossing any Verrv. . usengess lakiug their seats at Norwich, are insured their s i la through to Boston. Tliis being the only inland route tUt commnnicates through by steamboat and railroad. Passengers by this line are accompanied through by the conductor of the train, who will have particular charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give his attention to their ease and comfort. This line leaves south side l'ier No. 1, North River, foot of Battery Pises, daily, (Sundays excepted) at 4 o'clock, P. M., and at ves in Boston in time m take all the eastern trains. aur-ocw steamer ?r v?isv-r.:s l r. tv, v-apt. V *11 rel t, leaves every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturdays, at 4 o'clock, P. M. Th- steamer CLEOPATRA, Captain Williams, leaves very Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 4 o'clock, P. M. For further information, inquire of J. H. VANDF'.KBI LT, No. t Battery Place. North River. d25 tf rr UNITED STATES MAIL LINE. aXWt FOR ALB aNlf AND TROY, VIA Qp^JQdj^pBndR'port ami Housatonic Railroad. DnrXwBDLini; last summer, the Housato ic Railroad has been lelaid with a heavy H Kail, from Bridgeport to the Western Railroad Through bv Daylight, daily (Sunday's excepted) at 6W o'clock, A. M. The Steamboat MOUNTAIN hER. Capt. W. H Krazee . leaves the loot of Market street, E. K , for Bridgeport, Daily, at6)d o'clock, A M. No freight taken in the Passenger Line. Passengers take the Cars trt Bridgeport.ard without change of Cars or Baggage ('rates, arrive in Albany and Troy at 5 o'clock, P. M. New Cars and Locomotive engines have bree procured, aud the Road is in every respect equal to the best New England Road. OCT"A Freight Line by Steamers Niinrod, and Mohegan, daily?Freight Tariff same as last year.?For further particulars inquire at the OlHce on Market street Tier, and at Livingston aud Wells' Expreas, 10 Wall Street. d 15 1m rc O. M. PKRRY, Agent. NOTICE. .MM| On and alter Friday, November 30th, the 4Lg^RM^J*steaniboat SYLPH, Captain Brained, will 3Ks*9K3K>make the following iripa to and from outer Island until further notice, viz Leave New York. Leave Suuen Island. At A.M. At I* 11 A.M. M i r. M. i* M. ?? I P. M. 6)2 " DT ?l?r_ gjUt FStR NKW ORLEANS?Louisiana anil New York line?Regular packet of the 13th inst.?The JBnMmvvry fiat tailing packet ship SARTF.LLF'., Csptam Taylor, wi'l tail as aboie I er regular dav. For freight or passage, having furnished accommodations, apply on board at Orleans Wharf, foot ol Wall a reel, or to K. K. COLLINS, 50 South street. Positively no goods received after Monday evening, lllh in St. Agents in New Orleans, John (). Woodruff Ik Co., who will prnmply forward all goods to thei' orders. The nacket l.arlr .1 K. WILLIAMS will succeed rite BAIITKLLK. mid nail ?2il inst , tier regular dav. j I o*.v i-OK LIVEKPOOC?The New Line?Ro gnlar I'ncket of 21H January.?The superior Lati JtBaUfeiianiling packet ship QUEEN OK Tllr, WEST, Cnpt tin Philip Woodhouse, 1,250 tuns, will sail as above, her regular day. Kor freight nr passage, hating splendid, large and coinfoitable sta'e rooms and cabin, apply to the captain on board,at west pier Burling sliir.'or to WOOUHULL St M1NTURN. ?7 South at. Price of passage $100 The new packet ship "CONSTITUTION." 1600 tons burthen, Capt. John Britten, will succeed the Queen of the West, and sail on her regular day, list February. d23r BHITISH AN b NORTH A.MEkT CAN KOVAL MAIL STEAM SHIPSZ#vBklE?K^0' 1200 tou? *"<1 440 horse power eaeh.ua jULMLMim uircvurivi wiu> uia j.oraa oi IM Ailui HI BERN IA Cnpt.A. Ryno CALEDONIA Cap. E. O. Lott. BRITANNIA Cipt. J Hewitt. CAMBRIA Cept.C. H E.Judkin* ACADIA Cept.Wm. Harmon Will tail from Liverpool and Boston, via Halifax, u follow* rHOM BOITOIt. FROM LITKRroOL. faleilnuia Dee. 16,1816 Caledonia Not. 6, 184S Caiiibri.i Jan. 1 1846 Cambria Nov. 19, 1616 1'AilAO* MoftgT. From Boetcn to Liverpool $1M. From Boaton to Halifax. 20. No berth* accrued uutil paid for. Theie thip* carry etSerirnreil aurgeon*. No freight, except ipecio, received on ay* of laiting. rot freight, piaaajre, oreny other information, apply to . I). iilil(iHA.Nl, Jr., Agent. AtHARNlKHk CO >8,6 Wall it. (FT- In addition to the above line between Liverpool anil Halifax, nud Boston. a contract liax beeu enterediiiMwir.il Her Majeaty'a gm er'nnnit, to emblish a line between Liv tiinnn nrw lurKiurcci i ric sieainsiiips lor (in* service are now being built, anil early neat year due notice will be given of the time when they will atari. Under I lie new contrnct the stnainris will ami every Saturday during eiw>>t luoutha, and every fortnight during the other raoutha in the year. 'Joing alternately between Liverpool, and Halifax and Boston, and between Liverpool ami New York. >13 r - DRAKTBo* KNOLAND, IKKLA.ND, Sfo&Mfm SCOTLAND AND WALKS !?T'e>aona rem'1 *?y amount from one pouud and *-^4U2|iEHUi^>ipwaril? to their Irienils in any part of treat Krilnin or Ireland, by applyiuit to the anbscribera, of whom drafts can he obtained payable at sinht, without discount,in all the i>riMri|>al towns mid cities thronxhout Knglai d, lieland, Scotland and Wales. Those obtaining drafts can forward them by the packets of the 1st, 6th 11th, I6lh, 21st or :6th of the month of December, or the Royal Mail Htagmeri sailing from Boston on the 16th and 1st of January W. k J. T. TAPSCOT V, 16 South at., dflr 2d door helow Burling slip. " awe:- KOR LIVERPOOL? With despatch-The very k*JNfV last aniline, coppered and copper fastened ship JUCdaLt O.NCOUDIA. having three-fourths ef her cargo on boa-d, will have despateh. for Ireiniir or IMItu# larinif hnn2,Mn* ? apply on board, at OrTen'oi wharf, foot of Wall It., or to h r. K COLLINS It CU..MSoathit. FOK GLASGOW?Hegolar Packet, of the lit Wdrfy of January The flua Br bark ANN HARLKY, jBMflKa?VU com, Capt. llobert Scott, will tail at above, her regular day. For freight or ptuaye, having tplendid accommodations apply ou board, foot el Roosevelt tercel, fcatt River, or to WOODHCLL it MINTUIIN, 17 Houin ttreet. J h# rrnu.tr packet thip Saracen, Capt N T Hawkim, will ?tt.ie*ed the Ann Harlev.toil tall on the lit of February FACKKT8 FOR HAVHK -Second Line?The (CmVpacket ilnp U1 ICA, Capt. John A. Pierre will tail JWRlMtton the firtt of January, 1847. For freight or pas age pply to BOYD & HINCKF.N, dl4 rh 9Tontine Bnildiuga No. M Wall ttrce TAPSCOTT'S FOHFKJN KX'HANOK AND yjmy KViMIRATION OFHi.F..?Drafts en F.ngland, JNgtUflU Ireland, Scotland and Walct ? Persons withtng to remit money tonny part of Great Britain or Ireland, can ptpcure drafts of the tnuscribers payable at tight w ilhout iflacount, in nil the principal towm, nt lollowa :? In kngland?Oil Messrs. J. Bnrued it Co., Liverpool; National and Provincial Bank of F.ngland and hranchet. In Ireland?National Bank of lieland and branches throughogt. In Scotland?National Bank of Scotland and hranchet throughout, J Oralis can be forwarded hy packet thip Kotciut on the Mth Mil.want, tteain tl.ip Ureal Watteni on Mth, or Royal Mail W i rain inip from Ko?ton ou 1st proirtno. W. It J. T. TAPSCOTT, 16 Sonth ttreet, iH teeoad door weat of Barliag tllp. V a ne NE LATEST FROM MEXICO. INTEREST!!*!! VIEW W AEEIIBS IN THE AMERICAN AND MEXICAN CAMPS. Reported Force of the Mexican Army. EXPULSION OK COWAHDM TIIERKVKUH BY SANTA ANNA. THE AMERICAN TROOP8 COMMENCING T11GIR MARCH TO TAMPICO. .. . Their Health and Condition. THE POSITIONS AND MOVEMENTS OF THE SEVERAL AMERICAN QENERAL8. Departure of Gen. Scott for Tampieo. Air. Ate. Air. By the arrival of-the steamship Massachusetts, at New Orleans, advices have been received from Tampieo to the 18th of December. Considerable excitement had beon produced at Tampieo, io consequence of a report that a large body of Mexican cavalry were in that neighborhood. It was ]>ositively asserted, and the report generally believed in the American camp, that Santa Anna had a force of 38,000 men at San Luis Potosi. It was ulso reported that ho was taking the most stringent measures to thoroughly purge his army of all officers on whom thera rasta.l th? . .-la. -c ' | dice, it being bin determination to retain only tboae in whom he could place the most implicit confidence for bravery and skill. It was said that Uen. Ampudia, Col. Carasco, and a number of other Mexican officers, charged with cowardice, had been imprisoned by order of Santa Anna. Santa Anna had likewise issued a decree, doeming | death to any officer who should disgrace himself by a I cowardly or unsoldierliko conduct in future. ' Six thousand cavalry were reported to be at Victoria, I under the command of Gen. Urrea. I The Mexicans, to all outward appearances, were In very good spirits an', expressed the desire of being led against the invuders. | The U. S. steamer Fashion, Capt. Hugh Fullerton, arrived at Brazos on the 16th ult., with Gen Jesup and suite on noard. General Pillow started from Matamorua on the 14tb, with the intention of going about twenty-five miles distant, where he would await the arrival of Gen. Patterson, and the remainder of his division and train. uru. ;>? itaiivienvu mumerey on me lutu, with the division under Geo. Twiggs, and a portion of Gen. Smith's brigade. Gen. W ool still remained at Paras, and Gen. Worth at Saltilio. The various regiments destined far Tampico were breaking up their encampments, and coinmcnoing their long and wearisome march. Three regiments had left Matamorns for Tampico? their combined strength being not more than eighteen hundred men, having been thus reduced, by sickness and death to scarcely one third their original strength. The American soldiery were becoming daily more animated, and vigorous in their movements, owing to sickness being less prevalent and deuths not as frequent as during the summer and fall months. The hospitals were becoming thinned of their inhabitants, and our brave coun try men were tast acquiring health and strength sul ticinnt to meet /he Mexicans upon their own soil and in their own climate, and drive them still farther back into their own swamps and chapparals. Murders still continued to be committed in tho interior and Monterey. One of the persona killed wis IV?r. Downing, a native of Baltimore, but who had been a re?i dent of Monterey tor n number of year*. The steamship Alabama left New Orleans on the 34th ult .for bra/oa, from whence it was supposed she would proceed to Tampice. [From tlie New Orleans Picayune, Dec. 35 ] There had been quite an excitement at Tampico, caused by a report that a large body of Mexican cavalry had been seen in the neighborhood. Of the truth or falsity ot the report we have no means ?(lrnni?in? The British sloop of war Alarm, Lieut. Maya commanding, had arrived at Tampico from Vera Cruz. Her captain was left sick at the former place. The U. s steamer Fashion, with (Jen. Jessup on board, arrived at Brasoson the 18th inst. (Jen. Pillow left Matamoras on the 14th inst. He was to go 'it miles and then wait for lien Patterson with pie rest of his division and train. Through Mr. Beard, one of the passengers by the Massachusetts. we learn that Gen. Taylor was to leave MonI tcrey on the 10th inst, fcr Victoria, with (Jen. Twigg'a division and a portion of (Jen. Smith's brigade. It is also reported that (Jen. Urrea, of whom we have not heard of lute, was at Victoria with 6000 cavalry. (Jen. Wool remained at Parras, and (Jen. Worth at Htliillo. It was positively reputed and believed in campthat Santa Anna had 48,000 men at San Luis. [From the Matamoras Flag Dec. 1C] A Mexican, just arrived from Tampico, informs that Santa Anna is purging his army ol sit officers to whom the remotest suspicion of cowardice can be attached, and retaining only such as he has the most implicit conti denao in their bravery and skill. Gen. Ampudia, Col. f'arnsco. and several others, ho states, havo been impiisoned, chaiged with cowatdic.e, and mi order Iias been issued doomii g to instant death any officer whe shall disgrace bis flag by cowardly or tinofficcilike conduct in battle Santa Anna he represents as having the unlimited confidence of the soldierv: and to mn-h n ha* he raited their ardor by eloquent appeal* to their paiaioni, that it would be imponible to conceive the enthuiiaim that prcvaili among them. A geneial deaire ii exprened to be led against the iuvaden. About two hundied lick have been received into the hoi|>ital lince SuDday. One hundred and thirtv arrived from Camargo, and the romainder were left by the 3d and 4th Illinois regiment! in breaking up their encamp menti to commence the marcn for Tampico. Dr Wright haa had liii hands full for the last four months?the number in hospital averaging from three to six hundred during this period, and it shows him possessed of more then common energy and industry to have managed so successfully the complicated duties ef his department. Deaths are much less frequent in hospital now than during the fall and summer months, and patients are all doing well. The 3d and 4th Illinois regiments broke up their encampments at this place on Monday last, and commenced : tho march for Tampico. It is tho intention, we under | stand, to foim an encampment at Moquctte, a rancho about six leagues distant, and await the coming of supplies, which we hear it stated will take some eight or ten days to send forward. A part of the Tennessee cavalry regiment marched with Ihcin and the remainder will follow in dun time. The combined strength of the three regiments is not more than eighteen hundred men I ?the two Illinois reir incuts fumishlnv little koir the number, sickness and death having reduced them one-third their original strength. (Jen. Patterson still has his quarters in the city, and we cannot venturo a statement as to nny fixed day for his departure, such information not being easily come at?the best way to state it, is to say that he will be off when he gots ready. It is given out that the expedition proceeds first to Victoria, which will lengthen the march to Tampico one fourth, and make it a journey of near five hundred miles. But we shall sen what we shall sae. Wo cannot conceive what every body is to be sent to Tampico for. "What do they in the south, when they should be"? somewhero else! Within the last week three persons are reported to us as having been killed on the road between Cumargo arid Monterey, but the tiBine of only one we have aarer tained?Mr. Win. J Downing, clerk for Mr. Mann,sutlor at Monteiey. Mr. Downing left Monterey in company with Mr Mann, (Jol L. P. <-ook, and others, for ( amargo, and with a Mexican servant of Mr. Mann, was riding some distance in the rear of the party, when he was attached by Mexicans or Indians and killed, and the ser vant either killed or made prisoner and carried ofi'. Mr. D. was perninaily known to us, as also to a large number of the citizens of this city, who will teceive the news ol his death with tha deepest soirow. lie was a native of Baltimore, Md., but has resided in Texas for a number of yeara?Corpus Christi being his home for the last four years, where he was universally known and (steamed. AFFAIRS IN SALTIU.O. [Correspondence of the New Orleans Picayune ] Saltii.lo, Mexico. November 16, 1MB ?We arrived here end toek possession of thie place thli ereainf, without any resistance on the part of tho enemy, nor have we I heard el them thia aide of Hail Luis Potoai. It waa about 3 o'clock, P M , when we entered the public square, and i from thence to the outakirta of tha town the aide-walks. all the wlndowa, balceniea and houae tepa were covered | with men, women and children, not leaa than 1.1.000, if I. uei any judge Home apparently rejoiced, while naeyi ' ol the women (and aome moat beaniiful there ore too) ! ahed teara and appeared almoat to ahudder at tha sight of 1 what they had been taught to call the bad Americana.? I have iinderatood from pretty good authority, that the Governor ol tho province waa quite atubbom agaiiut surrendering the town, objecting in the atrongeat manner to It, and representing the war aa an unjuat and unholy one on tho pert of the United Htataa, declaring that if he had a force here ho would fight na. I havo not yet had an opportunity to look about the town, hut the cathedral ia a much finer building, although yat unflnUhad, than tha i one at Monterey. Tne public pl?7.a arid the yard inlront of the cathedral ia planted with heaiitnul treea, each tree being encloeed with a wall, ccmantad and aa whita aa alnhaatar. In the centre of the plaaa ia a lountuin and reaervoir. The buildinga, with the excepUoo of thoae TV Y O W YORK, SUNDAY MOl around the public square, and a very lew other*, are ! very ordinary?built of sun-baked brick. Our force cousUted of the Art. battalion, the Mh and 8th infantry, Duncan's battery, two squadrons of dragoons and the Phenix company, which has been attached to the ath. I have written these few lines because 1 am afraid that you have no one to give you news from this place, and as I am now down with fatigue from a long day's march, 1 do not feel like writing more. I will, if any news arrives, write to you again. 1 forgot to say that Gen. Taylor and Gen. Worth are both along. Sautillo, Mexico, Nov. 33, 1846. Perhaps a few additional lines from me at this late date, from this interesting part of the country .will be acceptable, and enable you to select fiom them some items that would interest the renders of the Pic. We have now been in this place one week, end everything moves on so smooth and oiliet that but for the odd aimearanm nf tha natives, and their lingo, I should leel as much at home as if I were in a country town in the United States; and were it not for an occasional tap of the drum, I 1 should almost forget that I am a soldier When we arrived here we had hopes that Santa Anna would screw un hia courage to a autlicient degree to come and try hia hand at whipping us, and fulfil hia promise to the people of Mexico of driving ua acroas the Sabine or perish iu the attempt; but, alas the war on his part is more a war of words than doeds. and the only chance for another set to ia to push forward as we have done before. 1 will give you la few descriptive lines of this place, which is pleasantly situated on an inclined plane at the foot of a very steep hill, of sufficient height to command a fine view of the town. Some portions of it are beautiful, the houses constructed with a good deal of taste, particularly those around the main plaza, while those in the suburbs, though well constructed for comfort, have a desolute appearance, being built of sun-baked brick. The cathedral, by far the largest and moat magnificent one in this part of Mexico, is yet unfinished. It is too rich for any description of mine to do justice to. It is divided into two apartments, in each of which ia an altar made entirely of silver. Gilt, braaa and bronze work, interspersed with images and all sorts of ornaments, cover the entire wall in the rear of tha altars. Beautiful oil paintings, statues, and rich carved ornaments of every description, decorate the building. There ore two cupolas, with nine bells in each, and the yard in front is , decorated with fine cedar trees. The plaza in front is also handsomely arranged with line trees around it. In the centre Is a fountain and reservoir where those living in the vicinity of the plaza get their water. There are two smaller churches in town, but I have hot yat visited them. Our army is very well provided lor, in as comfortable quarters as the city affords. On Saturday last, Nov. 'list, a Mexican escort came in from San Luis Potosi with seven American prisonors, liberated by Santa Anna, in consideration of Gen. Taylor's having liberated tho Mexican prisoners. As some of them nave been reported dead I will give you their names: Henry Park Lyons, Chaa. W. TulU and John B. nmuiuu, luiveij ui fuuia, wueru iuoy aau neen 1611 Oil duty, who belonged to Cupt. McCowun's company, lit regiment Texai Hungers; Klisha Puitt and Jaa. L. Reed, belonging to the Comanche Hangers under Col. Harney, captured at Preaidio de Rio Grande ;the other two aro pedlars, one named Kinley and the other Galaspie. I had a conversation with Lyon this evening and have gathered a lew items. He and his three companions were captured by a party of rancheros a few hours alter thoir regiment left, and were bound and taken into Monterey. There they remained until the cannonading commenced on the 18th September, when they were sent on foot under guard to San Luis I'otosi, suffering severely for want of water on the road, and the long distance they were forced to march, bound together each day. They repre. sent a great scarcity of water on the route. At San Luis they were placed in the barracks with the 11th Mexican Infantry, and very kindly treated, the Government allowing them 2i> cents a day to purchase their provisions, but the colonel of the regiment gave them rations and told them to use the money as they pleased. A Mexican soldier attended to their wants,with orders that he should bring or purchese anything they desired. The day before they leit, they were permitted to go through the city wherever they pleased, with a guard to conduct them.? Santa Anna arrived there on the nth of Oct.. and was received with a groat display of military parade?the bolls were rung long, loud, and so hard that a great many of them were broken. The enemy were digging an entrenchment all around tha city. An outbreak had taken place ator near the city ot Mexico, and sevea regiments hod boon despatched by Santa Anna to quell it. The situation of the Mexican linnncn. an.l thalr tuoni meani to earry on thia war, ii shown by tho fact that the soldiers, who had up to within a very ahort time re ceived 1 centa every morning, when theae prisoners left were receiving but 6^ centa )>er day. They alao heard that (Jen. Ampudia waa in irona in the city of Mexico, and that Uen. Ariata hna been released, but hua refuted to take part in the preaent conteat. They learned that the lad Hill, who waa taken with the Mier priaonera, ia living near San Lula, the nrottgt of Count Jaral, the rir.heat man in Mexico. Thia eouut lately made a preaent of 150(1 head of horaea to the Mexican tain"' "" item* of intereet i could ob (Jen. Worth goea out in the morning witn a hjumiuu of dragoona on a scouting; and exploring expedition. We are daily expecting reinforcements. Cant. Blanchard and hia Louisiana boya are here in line health and spirit*, eager to meet the enemy once more. The division at present occupying thia plaee ia composed of the 5lh and mh infantry, Artillery battalion, Duncan's battery, Blanchard's company, and one squadron of dragoona. The alcalde has given notice to (Jen. Worth, that he will net be responsible for any American who goea more than 300 yards troin the main plaza, aa there are a aet ol villains and murderers whom the authorities never could control, living oa the outskirts of town. An express arrived here yeatorday from Uen. Wool at Monclove. 1 cannot hear that they have brought any news, excepting that the sick list was pretty large. Your old friend Capt I Arnold is here, and looks better and happier than I ever saw him look before. MILITARY I.NTKLU0KNCE. u?v* innmicui uiuorou IU DO raucn ID .VUSBIiSippi, has already been received into lervice by the Uovemor of the State. It ie commanded by the following officer*. Captains Mc Willie, of Madison; J. H. Kilpatrick, ol Marshall; A. M. Jackson, #i Tippah; B. C. Buckley, of Lawrence; Joel M. Acker, of Monroe ; Blythe, of Lowndes; W. Daniels, of Lauderdale; Charles Clarke, of Jefferson; F.noa Klder, ol Choctaw; Overton, of Pinole. Onnoial ltoubcn Davis, of Monroe, is said to have entered as a private. It is likely that he will ho elected Colonel ol the regiment. Captain Mc Willie fought in the battle of Monterey as a pnvato, and received some wounds There is a great enthusiasm prevailing in thu Mtato in favor of the war; and some of the most promising yoting nfen in the State have enrolled their neines in this regiment. The Virginia regiment of volunteers lias been repot ted full, and the governor ha* teiuleied the set vices of en additional battalion to the Secretary of War. [From the New Orleans line, Doc. 11 J We saw at the Levee two Hat-bottomed iron barges belonging to the United States, and intended for service in Mexico. They are each in three distinct divisions, tlined by moveable iron connections on the eutside, and >eing thus put together, form one boat, but being separated an I placed on wheels, each forms a separate wagon?they can thus ho used either for land or water service, and alter conveying troops and stores across a river, can be placed upon the wheels with which they are provided, and then movo forward with the army. They are also well calculated for laudiDg tr ops on the coast, and by being separated, each part can readily ho hoisted on hoard a ship and cariiad 011 dock to the disembarking point. F.ach division is perfectly water tight of itself, ami the plan seems moat udmirably calculated for good and elticiont service. (From the New Orloan* I'icayunu, Do:. 14.} The II. 8 steamship Alabama, Capt. Windlc, left last night for Brazos Santiago, ami it is believed she will immediately proceed from thence to Tampico. Gen? Scott and stall' were passengers on board. Company A, U. 8. Mounted Riflemen, Capt. Loring and Lieut*. Mor ris and Palmer; Company B.Capt. Sanderson and Lieut. Gordon; Company I), Copt. Tope and Lieut*. Claiborne and Hawkins; Company K, Capt. Crittenden and Lieut. May; and Compeny (J, Capt. Himonson, and Liouts. Russell and Ulbbs, also left iu tiie Alabama, also destined forTampico?the whole under the command of Major Sumner, 'Maj. Bttrhridge being compelled to remain here in consequence of illness. Lieut* Newtou, Tipton, Tsvlor, I.in.Ley, sml Kwell, with a detachment of men, will reinaiuhot0 for some days, in older to auporintend the shipment ol the horses belonging to the companies, which will be despatched at the earliest possible moment. [From the Norfolk Beacon, Dec. 81 | Tlie company of one hundred men, advertised for by Capt. irtigwr, of tho Ordnance Department, has been made up, and willleuve this ufternoon for New \ oik via Baltimore, and thence for the seat of war Compuny K, Massachusetts Volunteers, ia now full, and the officers were chosen this forenoon. The follow ing are their names:?Charles B. Crowinshield, captain ; William W. H.Davis, 1st Lieutenant; John C. Cremony, -Jnd Lieutenant; John C. Crowninshield, Jnniortlad Lieutenant. [From the Richmond Whig, Dec. 31.] Yesterday, about noon, the Fredericksburg cars ar rived, bringing J. K llamtrumck, Ksq., recently appointed Colonel ol the Virginia regiment of volunteers. Col. 11. seems to be about fifty years of age, and has the air and port ol a soldier, iu thecals also came a hoe look ilift company of volunteer!, under the commend of Capt. Smith I'. Bankhead, of Caroline county. A coneideruble portion of thie company, we learn, wee enlisted in ftiilailc phis, The three volunteer companies, under command ol Captains Scott, Carrington, end Corse, and the State (Juarda, under Capt. Uimmock, turned out in full force, to receive their Colonel commandant, and their brethron in arms. The former was eicoi ted to the Governor's mansion, and the latter to the quarters provided for them. There are now Ave companies of volunteers in the city, exclusive of that not yet completely organised, under charge <>l William U Archer (From the Washington Union, Use. 31.] Letters have bean received from the army, but not of a eery recent date. lien. Taylor's last despatch is fiom Monterey of the last o( November. He speaks ol the six companies of regular artillery under Col. Belton, having been despatched by lien. Patterson to Tarrpico, with mnuitiona of war ; and of corps of voluntears being about to he despatched to the same point, under a brigadier general, probably (ien. Shields. Troops were also to be sent Victoiia, the capital ol Tamaulipas We have received a letter from an officer at Braxos 1 Island on the llth December, (ien. Shields was there, on bia way to Tampico. (ien. Wool had hailed at Mon rlova until the termination ol' the armistice, and had then advanced to] Paras, on the way to Durango, Willi force of about .3,000 men " No country (save our CorrosnoridenM can ha ?om (nvirnsH thin the nnn which wu traversed by Oan. fthielda on bin ronta from I Camargo to Moncloya. TUo nuchas, or little clusters I RK I tNING, JANUARY 3, 184 of huts into which the peo|>le congregate for safety, ere I now oil abandoned, the country almost depopulated, and even the few town* to be found on the route in ronitant 1 dread of the Indians. Yet no government protect! them, i

Gen. Shield! travelled amongst them in perfect lafety, i without any escort or any protection, except his aid-de camp and two servants. Tney entreated htm in every town to solicit the protection of bis government for their defenceless conditio* ; and when he promised his efforts iva luut |iui jiu?c, uwy luauweu aim witu Diesaings " Major Louia O. de Russey haa been electad Colonel of tba Louiaiana Regiment ot Volunteers, which haa been recently fostered into the service of the United Statea. The election waa conducted atrictly according to law, thirty-nine commiaaioued otlicera voting. [From the Boaton Herald.] A train of forty-three baggage wagons for the army passed down Hanover atreet on Wednenday evening, and were deposited on Constitution wharf, where tliey are to he shipped. They are made in a strong workman like mouner, and are from South Braintree. Sixty-three men were employed in making them, and in juat eighteen days from the commencement of the work, "from the rough," they were completed. naval intelligence. [From the Norfolk Beacon, Dee. 31.] The follewing is a list of officers attached to the I'. S. frigate Cumberland, arrived at this port on Tuesday, from Anton Lizardo. Oulf of Mexico Captain Commanding, Francis H. Gregory ; Lieutenants, Spencer C. Gist, JosephC. Walsh, Edmund T Shubrick, Montgomery Hunt. Furser, A. R.Watson; Burgeon, J. M. Foltz; Aoting Master, W. R. McKinney; Chaplain, Fitch W. Taylor; Assistant Burgeon, Thomas M. Potter; Passed Midshipmen, William H. Hudson, Thomas Pattison; Captain's Clerk, John 8. Gregory; Purser's Clerk, Matthew W. Aylwin; Surgeon's Steward, John Bruce; Midship men, William W. Holmes, James C. P. DeKrafTt, Milton Haxtum, George H. llore; Boatswain?Robert Dison; 8mlmaker, George T. Loner, Boatswain, Charles Johnson. The Cumberland sailed from Anton Lizardo, 6th December, and has encountered a succession of severe northerly winds. She btings home the body of Lieut. Morris, son of Com. Morris, who was killed at Tabasco. On the 34th ulL, a severe gale occurred off Vera CMS, breaking adrift three American vessels; a brig with six teamen on board, a achooner with three soameii'ontboard, and a little steamer. The brig was driven aahore, and five of her crow drowned The tchooner wat alto driven aahore. but her crew waa saved. l,'o tiding* whatever of the little ateamer. The oOcera and craw of the Cumberland were transfe red to tiie Raritan, and vice vena, the crew of the Raritan having been out on a cruiae of three years. We have received a communication from the officers of the Raritan requesting ua to atate that oil person* naving friends on hoard the Cumberland, when ahe tailed from Boaton, will addreaa them on board the Raritan. New Osi.esns, Dec. 25,1R46. Chritltnai Day?Mullen and Thingt in General. I need not tell you how happy and merry every body ia looking to-day, and how much happiueaa every body it wishing every body else, and bow every body smiles and noda, and what a shaking of hands there is?for you a e the tame thing in New York, and a little more of it ; and there 1 suppose you alto have the merry accompani ment of jinggling sleigh bells, as the sleighs run over the snow-clad ground. Here we.have a baimy, apting like air. and the fragrance of sweet ttowers tills the air with delightful odor. Buaineaa hat baen pretty active during the week, tiut there will be but little done today, an it iaa general holiday. During the week the aalei of cotton have been 17,INK) balea : in auger 1500 hhda.; in molaaaea 1300 bbls; in flour 44,400 barrel* have changed handa?the higheat rate* paid, $4 50. The Plcaynue of thi* morning, contain! the lateat intelligence^ from the army. So it ia uaeleaa for mo to aay anything ' .out it. The Maaaachuaotta ha* not yet come up. ^ Blangy;aaaiated by Miaa Valoe, and anew male dancer from l'aria, open in ' La Uiaelle," on Monday, at tho St. Charlea Theatre. Their aucce** i* certain. Miaa Lee, aupportod by Miaa Cohen, open* at the American aomo time next week in, the aame ballet. A Uerman opera company, who arrived hero a ahert time ainoe, aaid to be poaaeaaad of auperior talent, alao commence an engagameut at the aame theatre. At the Urloana theatre they are reviving the old opera* with aucceaa The journeymen printer* have been in a very uneasy Kate oi miuii lor loine itay* past, in consequence of moat of the newspaper establishments having reiolved to reduce tho price for composition from 60 to 40 cent a per thouaaud etna. How tho matter will terminate 1 cannot ay. ' Krv Wr?T, Dec.'JI, 1346. Progrtu of Improvement?RrjUctiunt on Ckriitianity? Jlypearanrr of a Privatttr?IT. 8. Hail Boalt?Non arrival of the tchooner Onkahyr, <f-r . The town begins to " look up " again?the atreeta nre ,?.... ~,TT -1? . ? i. sndthe people are jogging along aa in the former track. The donation aent out by the liberal hearts of New York, has toen distributed The provisions were very acceptable, the cotton roods likewise; hut 1 am aerry to say that the Bibles, the " bread of life," wee by no means iusuch demand as the pork, beef, and other bodily comforts of sinful humanity. This, considering tho fact that both churches were down, is a rather extraordinary circumstance, and lamentably exhibits that mental darkness which it is said obscures the Christian's labors. It is consoliug, however, to know that your paper is sought lor him reuu wjiu ueiiruimiiu iuui iimny pour lienighted soul* have ray* of light break in upon them through it* column*. The laaaon of Chriitma* i* upon ua, and there i* every prospect that the 2Mb will not pa** without the honor* of imoking plum pudding* or mince pie*. Yetterday the ichooner Mo re a arrived with the ipars of the bark Kranci* Watt*, which wa* di?ma?ted in the hurricane Thi* veiael wa* fired into by a raktfh, long, low, tdack full rigged brig, three time*, near the reef, and compelled to lay to under the lee ol the veeael until daylight A* no boat bourded the achoonor, and no communication was had, the iufei nice i? that she was a privateer, and diicovming that tho Morea would not prove a valuable prize, allowed her to proceed on her voyage Wo are without aciuizer, and should any *u*piciou* tail appear, or even if outrage aliould take place, all that we can do i* to *ay, " what ought to he done >" It i* true, we have no apprehension of land, became the ancient apirit* ami patriotic inhabitant* would repel an invaiion ol the "gem ol the tea;" but lor the guttering mariner and the interest of commerce, we wail, and quail. The IJ. S. ichooner Onkahye, which i? to carry the mail, ha* not yet arrived, tnul wo are without communication from Chaileston since tho 12th of November The mail of that date we hope is ou its way, and may arriva 11v ( lir iwtniHH This nifMtbiirr* nf ti i<nuiiiiltirnr tli*? mm! I>y a government vcaaol originated at the kiiggention of that able and talented Senator of our infant .state, Mr. Weatcott, and wilt unawer nil the temporary purpoaea for which it wan intended; but I fear that the OnHuhye diawa more water than will allow her croating the N. W.bar, anu will thus compel her to go round hy Tortugaa. Our ciaterna are low; there has been no rain aince the hunicane. Court tor the Correction ok Crroks ? Wednesday lJ. M. continued.?No. 51. Y. Van Surrfam va. T. Kowler. Opinion* for affirmance by Moaara. Wright, Johnaon, Dgrlow, Lott and Lt. (lor. Gardiner. Judgment affirmed, 10. No 6-J.?J. M. Peek va. II. J. Paine. Opiniona for affirmance by the Chancellor, Meaara. Lott, Wright, Jonea, A. C. Hand, and Lt. Gov. Gardiner. Opiuiona for reversal by Me**ra Johnaon, Spencer, Putnam, Harlow, Kolaom and Van Schoonhoven. Judgment aflirmad, Id to IS. The amount in controveray in thia caao waa $1 67 damagoa, beaidoa coeta of the juaticea'court. No. M*? The .Schenectady Bank va. J. N. Adam*. Opinion* for affirmance by Meaara. Wright, William* and Lott. Opinion*, for reveraal by Meaai*. Porter and Putnam. Judgment affirmed, 1.1 to 'J. No. 64?D. Coonley va. H. W. Coonley. Opinion* for affirmance bv Meaara. Wright, Porter, Lott anil H|?oncer. Judgment affirmed, 16 to 0. No 66.?W. Email va tho Herkimer Manufacturing Co. Opinion* for affirmance bv the Chancellor and Mr. Lott. Ooiniont for revemul by Lt. Gov. Gardiner, Messrs. Porter, Van Hchoonbuven nnd Barlow. Kor reversal 8, for affirmance 4. No quorum voting and decision po*t|>one(l. No. Mi.?J. Mile* va.C.Pulvor. Opinions lor affirmance by theChsncellor, Meun. Lott, Spencer, Talcott and IX Gov.Gardinor. Opinion* lor reversal by Messrs. Putnam and Van Schoonhoven. Judgment affirmed, 16 to J. Thubsdsv, Dec. 31?Present, Lt. Governor, Chancellor, Ch Justice Bronion, Justice Boardiley, and 30 Senators.?No. 67. J. McCtillough, vs. J. Moss. Opinons lor affirmance by Messrs. Talcott and Barlow. Opinions for reversal by Messrs. Lott, G. Hard, Van Schoonhoven, I'utnim and the Lt. Governor. Judgment reversed, II te H ? No. 66. W. Small vs. '1 lie ilerkimor Manul.icturiiig Company. Kor reversal 9, lor affirmance 6 Causa not being decided, a re-argument ordered.?No ;>m The Madison County Mutual Insurance Company vs. J. Gates and al. Opinions for reversal by the Lt. Governor, Messrs. Lott, Patnam and Porter. Judgement reversed, 11 to 0.?No. 60. The Medical Institution of Geneva College vs. O. h. raterson. Opinions for aftirmance by Messrs. Lott, Barlow, Vsn Schoonhoven aud Porter. Affirmed, 111 to 0.?No 60. K. Hay vs. V. Birdsoye. Opinions lor affirmance by the Chancellor, Messrs. Lott, Patuam, Spencer, Van Mclioohoven and Potter. Af limed 16 to 0.?Ne. 6-J. T. Motham et al vs K. P. Meyer. Opinions for affirmance by the Chancellor, Means. Van Schoonhoven, Johnson, Bailow, Lott, Talcott and Lieut. (Governor Upinlom lor reversal by Messrs. Torter, rutnam and Kol'om. Juilg't affirmed, 13 to 4 ?No. A3 J. howler va 8. P. Jermain ?64. W. Kllii vs. the Hume. Opinlona Tor affirmance by the Chancellor and Van Schoonhoven. Affirmed, 10 to 9.?No. 80. U. W. Htanton, jr. v*. J. Kinney. Opiniona for affirmance by Measia Lott, Johnson, Hpencar and Lieut. (iovornor. Opinion! Tor reversal by the Chancellor and Mr. Barlow Affirmed, 16 to 3. ArTK.aMoon Sraiiow.?No 66. M. Nevin va Ladue and nl opiniona lor revertal by the Chancellor, Meaara. Spencer, Wright, Johnaon, Van ftchoonhoven, Barlow, and Jonea. Opinion for affirmance by Mr Williams. ' Reversed, 17 to 'J. The Atlantic Doric Company va. Na- . thaniel Oriawoid, writ of error quashed. -No. 30 K. II. Stief va. M. B. Hart, motion to set aside Judgment on default, grunted on payment of costs of teim andol the molion. The forma ol the Judgments aud decrees weie then ' ettled. ntrrrkmr Court of thk United Statkn, Dec. IWl. i ?Mo. 1(4 John A. Hurry, plaintill in error, v*. I Mary Merdien rl a I The ergumeDt of the motion to j dismiss the writ of error in this case was continued by Mr. Barry in opposition thereto, and by Mr. Rockwell , i in support of the motion. Adjoin ned till tomoirow at I II o'clock. 11 N I ERA 7. OFFICIAL DESPATCHES Relative to the Loss or THE UNITED STATES BRIG SOMERS. Uivitkp Sr?rm Sri.iviiii Miuimm, I ! Anton Lizardo, Dec. 13, lestj > I Sir: In the abfence of Commodore Conner, it become* my pmintul duty to inform the department of the un'oitnnate 1 im of the brig Somen, which venal rapiized end *unk in a heavy gust (the commencement of a norther) the day before yesterday, about 10 o'clock, A. M By the enclosed paper*, it will be *een that of seventysix persons composing her crew, thirty-nine were lost, including two oniceri, Acting Sailingmastor Clernsen, and Passed Midshipman llymen. Many of the remain- , der were laved by the extraordinary exertions of the officer* and men of the Knplish, t rench, and Spaniih yea- ; Mlfl of war lying at Sacrificing, and in full view of the I ace no of the disaster. In the midat of a strong gale, and | i at imminent hazard, they nut off in their hoata, and *uc- i ceeded in laving fourteen lives. Indeed, there wax displayed on the occasion, by these gallunt men, a generous rivalry ^in the struggle to be foremost in the noble and daring enterprise. Nothing was known of the afflicting accident at this anchorage until yesterday. Karly in the morning I sent the steamer I'e rita to Hacnficios with despatches for Commodoie Conner, to bo put on hoard an Koglith vessel-of-war about sailing for Tampico Thn officer in charge of the despatches, on going on board the frigate Kndymion, learned for the first time the distressing intelligence, and met there sevoral of the survivors, all of wnom had heen received in the kindest manner. They were immediately embarked on board the Potrita, and, after visiting the spot where the "Homers" sunk, and examining the neighborhood ol the reef, the steamer returned and communicated to us intelligence of the sad calamity. The aloop-ol war "John Adams.'* and thn American brig "Alirasia," passed near to the "Homers" shortly before the total accident. She was then soon standing I off from the reef The Homers had been performing the most active blockading duties for several months, exposed to every vicissitude of weather, and the John Adams, Commander Mcbluney.had been ordered to take her place. Her long and arduous cruise would have ended to-day or tomorrow, uud nothing now detains the John Adams from going to sea but a renewal of the gale, which makes it impracticable and dangerous for her to leave her present anchorage. The moment the weather moderates she will assume the blockade, uud, if necessary, will be towed out by a steamer, me commander 01 wmcn will nave orders again to examine the vicinity of the wreck, in the hope ot recovering some of the bodies. Commander McCluney, wbilo cruising in the neighborhood, will al>o be instructed to keep a diligent watch for the same object. I inclose herewith a copy of the re|>ort of Lieut Com manding Semmcs, with a list f the names 1 the anr vivers of the wreck, as well those who .< lost. I also inclose copies of comi itiona, which n feeling* of gratitude and duty p -ted mo to address to the navaloflicers at SacriQcios the first no. nt ui <iing of their most genero gallant i. ts. 1 have the honor to bo > i most obedient servant. M. C. PICK nr. The Hon John Y. Miiok, Son y of the Navy, Washington, D. C. P. S.?'T1 homers is said to have sunk in deep water. i Wit en Htatm Fsiiiate Raritais, > Anton Lizardo, Dec. 10, 1H46.) Sin my painful duty to inform you of the loss ot I States brig Homers, late under my comiii lie drowning of more than half her crew this sad catastrophe are briefly as follows: ' been forty-five days maintaining the blockau, i uz, 1 anchored on the evening of the 7th inst. under \ aide Island, where it had been my practice to take shelter from the northwest gales, that blow with such frequency and violence along this coast j u iui- onauu ui uiu jcm. OUOI1 UIIUI SUliriSO WIP UeXl morning, a sail having been descried from the maat-head, I immediately Rot under way ,and commenced heating up between the Verde Island and Teacaro'a reefa. In a short time I was enabled with my glass to make out the strange sail te be u man of war: whereupon I hoisted my number, and hud the aatislactien, in fifteen or twenty minutes more, to see the stranger show that of the John Adams. The wind, which had been blowing from the W.N.W., when we got under way, gradually hauled to the north ward, and settled for a while NNE. Tho barometer having fallen the night previous to 'J9.80 in., and being stili down, and the weather looking still unsettled, 1 was apprehensive of a gale. As soon, therefore, us the John Auams showed her number, I wore round and ran down towards Verde Island, with the view of coming to, and getting my vessel snug before the gale should come on. When I had nearly approached the anchorage, the look-out at the mast-heud cried " Sail ho!" a second time. On applying my glaM jmdi^sted from verm CrU7.; (she did afterwards run between tho inner Anegadu and the Blnni|uilla ) I immediately abandoned my intention of anchoring, as the gale had not yet aet in, and, hauling on a wind, under topsails and courses, commenced beating up the passage a second time, with tho view of placing myself between i the strange sail and the port, to prevent the possibility of her running the blockade, if she should be so inclined. I made one tack towards the I'eicaro's reef, and at tlie time of the catastrophe was standing on the larboard tack, with tho northern point of tho Verde Island reef a couple of points on my lee how. We were still under topsails, courses, jib, anil spanker; and the brig did not appoar to lie too much pressed 1 was myself stand ing on the lee arm-chest, having just psssed over from the weather-quarter, and, with my spy.glass in hand, was ohservingthe reef on our lee bow, to see whether it were possible to weather it, or, in the event of our not being able to do this, to give timely notice to the officer of the uecK 10 isck snip. i nun nor oi.cn long in mis position before the ofllcei of the deck, Lieutenant James I,. Parker, the second lieutenant of the brig, remarked to me, that he thought it looked a little squally to windward ? I immediately panned over to tho weather side, and, as it looked a little darker than it had done, I ordered him to haul up the mainsail, and brail up the spanker; and directed the holm to be put up. These orders were promptly obeyed. Lieutenant I'arker took the main sail ott her, and had got tho spanker about half brailed up, when the squall struck us. It did not appear to be very riotous, nor was its approach accompanied by any foaming of tho water, or other indications which usually mark the approach of heavy squalls. But the brig tituiig dying light, having scarcely any water or provisions, and hut six tons of bullast on board, she was thrown over almost instantly, so far as to refuse to obey her helm?the pressure of the water on tho Ice how rather inclining her to lull'; seeing which, I directed the helm to be put down, hoping that I might luff and shake tho wind out of her sails, until the force of the squall should bo spent. Tho quartormaster at the helm had hardly tima to obey this order, before the brig was completely on her beam ends, and tiio water pouring into evciy hatch and scuttle. Being now convinced that she must s|>eedily go down, unless relieved, I ordered the masts to he cut away. The officers and men, who, with few exceptions, had by this time gained the weather bulwarks ot the vessel, immediately began to cut away the rigging. But as this was a forlorn hope, the brig tilling very fast, ami her masts and guards lying list upon the surface ol tho tea, I placed no icliance whatever on their efforts. A lew momenta more, and I wu? convinced that in apite of all onr exertiom, the brig mint inevitably go down in a very (hort time. 1 accordingly turned iny attention to the saving of ai many live* aa itossihle ? The lioata aecurod in the gripes amidships, and the star board quarter-boat, were already eevoral feet under water, ?t> that it waa impoaaible to reach them; but wo atic ceeded in disengaging the larboard quartet boat, from her ilavita, (a small nout pulling live oaia.) and droppeil Iter, fortunately, to leeward of tiio Drig, to prevent her being thrown upon the veaanl'a aide, ami cruahod by theses I ordered Midshipman K O. Clark to tukr chaige of this boat, and, with the purser, surgeon, and seventeen n;en, maka for Verda Island, if possible, anil after having landed all but tlio|hoat's crew, to return ami save others It was now*.Rowing a strong gale, with a heavy sea running, and I deemed it imprudent to trust moio meu in so small a boat. Besides, I was anxious to shove her oft before the vessel should sink, lest tlierc might be a ruth ler her, and no life at all should bo saved. I cannot lufrain from cxpiessing, in tins placu, my admiration of the noble conduct of several of the men embarked in thia boat, who implored the officers by name totakothcirplBC.es, saying that they would willingly die by tho wreck, if the officers would but save themselves. Ol course, none of these generous fallows were permitted to come out; RU<I they weie all subaniuently I salelv landed, as they deserved to be. Midshipman Clark fortunately succeeded in shoving oil', and pulling , some twenty paces Irom the brig before the went down When she was on the |>oint ol sinking beneath us, and ' engulfing us in tho waves, I gave the order, "Kvery man i Hfivfl himflftll who ftiin:'' whin ounnii thorn mm a ? uimul taneous idtinge into the sea of about six'y officers ami mm, pai n one striving to (retire mumi trail object that ' hail drifted from the wreck, for the purpose of sustaining . himarlf in the awful struggle with the aea, which awaited him. Some reached a grating, dome nn oar, lome a hoat'a maat, aome a hen coop, fee , hut many ' poor fellow a sprang into the ?oa to periah in a few mlnutea, not being able to And any object of atrp|>ort. Lieut Parker and myiielf, being both awimmcra, wote fortunate enough to reach one of the arm-rhrat grating*, which ufforded ua partial aupport. hut on which we ahotihl inevitably have beendrownod if we had not. when we had awani j aome twenty or thirty pacea, aecured an upper half-pott which came drifting by ua. We lashed ttia, with the lariyarda attached to it, to our grating, and thenceforth Eot along much better. Midshipman < lark, alter ho had j inded the ofticera and men unner hia charge, at Vanle I aland, shoved oft a lecontl time in obedience to the order ! f had given him, at the imminent petil of Ma bin . fbl tho gala waa now blowing with audi violence, and the aea i mining ao heavy, thai It aeeincd impossible that ao amall ' a hoat could live, and akirted the Verde Island reel to aee i if it were poaaiMe to rescue any of u? Irom the wavea. | Hia effort a were rewarded with partial aticceaa, aa ha 1 picked up Lieutenant Parker ami my sell, and one of the seamen. Aa soon aa I had landed, I sent Midahjpmati Clark out again, who ventured as tar ftem the island aa I I ho thought hia boat would live; but Ibis time ho retimed ' unsuccessful, having been able to descry no dotting ob- | i ject whatever Lieutenant Claiborne saved himaelf on I , ?I I I... t.l. ?l?.lilluii. I.?l .n.i.u ....-II I pump well. and winch he found floating near tha wreck. ; , Mo wa? thrown with great violence nnon a reel'near , H.icrillcioa, hut fortiinutely eacapod without aenotia in- , jury. Aa ?tri?n?e aa it may appear to yon, there could not have elapaed more than ten minute* between onr be nig itruck with the nautili, and thn total diaappearance of the Momera. I feel that I ahould not be doing juatieo lo the oflcera and men who were under my command on I lUU melancholy oocaaton, if I war* to cloae thia report i (I Ufc.1? Jl-iil LD. Prtct Two Cwtl. without bearing te?timouy to their uniform coalnaae sad elf poeae**ion, under thu trying circumstance* in which we were placed ; tiie alacrity with which thoy obayeJ my order*, and whan all wu over, tha generosity with which they bahavad toaarh other in the water, whar* the itruggle wa? one of life and death I hare thua concluded what 1 had to tay in relation 10 the cauaea of the dieae-ter, and our own exertion*, but with heart felt ackcnow lodgement*, it remain* lor me to inform you of the gallant and feeling manner in which all the foreign men-of war lying at dacnticio* came to our reecuo. Tnay boiatad out and manned the boata immediately, and, at tho hazard of their live*, put out toward* tho wreck. They were at tint driven back by tho violonca of tha wind and sea, but renewed their effort* upon the tint lull, and had (lie unhoped for latiifaction of laving fourteen mora of our unfortunate companion* To Captain Lambert, of the English frigate " Endvmi on," Captain Frankland, of tha Knglish corvetta "Alaraa," Commander MaUon.of tha Knglish brig " Daring," Captain Dultut, ol the French brig "Mercure," Captain Labredoyaire, of the French brig "Pylade," and Captain ruente, of tho Spanish corvette "Luna Fernandez," wha all aant boat*, and supplied us with clothing, and hospitably entertained us on board their ships, we owe a lasting debt of gratitude. In conclusion, I respectfully request that at as early a day asconvedient, you will order a court of inquiry to investigate my conduct in this unfortunate affair. 1 append lists of the othcers and man saved and drowned, respectively ; with the remark, that I have some faint hope that a very few of those whom I have reported drowned may hava reached tha main land soma t3n miles distant. I have the honor to lie, very respectfully, your obedient servant, II HK.MMKS. Lieutenant Commanding. Commodore M. C. Psaav, "Second in command," Home Squadron. Lift of Officers and Mm saved from tkt Minted Stat4$ brig Somert. K. Scmmes, lieutenant commanding ; M. O. L. Claiborne, lieutenant; J. L. Parker, lieutenant: John F. UU-I. ... 1.1 > "I ?!- ' * I'uiaui , juuii ii. itiikui, iwho uiuuai sur geon ; Kdniuud H. Htormi, pursar's ate wart; Jacob Hatanl, yeoman ; Amos Colson, boatswain's mala ; William Johnaon, captain ol the top; Matbew Duck, captain of tho top ; John Mcfarjow, quartermaster, John 4J. Vannorden, captains'* mato ; John Williamson, quarter gunner ; Chua Seymour, ship's clerk, John Pollen, aailingmaatar'a mate; Jonn Smith, seaman ; Henry Strammell, ordinary seamnn; Thomus Mulhollen, first-class boy ; George Wakefield, ordinary seaman ; William Keys, landsman ; Francis Havre, seaman , William Koland, ordinary seaman ; William Thompson, ordinary seaman; Christopher Lawrence, landsman ; Joseph Todd, landsman ; Stephen Maynard, seaman ; Samuel Beqagtt, ordinary seamau-, Thomas D. Burns, seaman; William Power, ordinary soaman ; Joseph Skipsey, ordinary seaman; Joseph Jones, ordinary seaman; Charles Nutter, ords nnry seaman; Washington Cooper, landsman ; William Dicks, landsman; Francis A YValdrun, landsman; Jaa. i bombers, seaman?Total, 37. List of Officer! and Men lost in the United Statu trig Somere. II. A ' leinson, acting master; Jno. R. Hynson, pasted rnidshipman; Win. (i. Brazier, purser's mate; Kbeneier Tirrel. boatswain's mate; ( hi H. Haven, surgeon's stew aid; James llydvn, ship's corporal; Jamo* Thompson, quartermaster; Charles Lowe, quartermaster; Thomas KtmiiK, r.ni'uuu ui mo ioracHBue-, wm. uiuin, irmoriri mate; Mithius Gravel,captain of the after guard: Major Cein, captain's cook; Dennis Kelly, captain of the hold; Alex. Ankor, quarter gunner; Chi*. Mc Far land,seaman; Jei. Feavel, acumen; < has.'fruo, seaman, John Day,teaman; Wm. l'urdy, seaman, Kdward Mci'ormick, ordinary seaman; Wm. Klmsley, first class boy; Wm. Ouaot, ordinary seaman; John llargiave, ordinary teaman; Wm. W. Cardy, landsman; John Hoyce, land*man: Chat. Myers, landsman; clemeut C Willea, landsman, Thomas McUowan, landsman; Jot. Antonio, Arst-clasa boy; Adolphe Belmonte, seamani Manuel Howard, seaman; Wm. W. Towers, landsman; Henry W. Apesr, landsman; James Chapman, landsman; Lewia Johnson, ordinary aoaman; Igua I.eopold, leaman; Tboa Jefferson, landsman; Wm. II. Rose, ordinary reaman; Tetei Hernandez, seaman. Total 30. United Statics Btfamia Mississirri, { Anton Lizardo, December 9, 1840. V Sir : While 1 deeply deploie the melancholy oat astro phe of the United States Brig Home*, and the loot of two of her officers, and a large number of her orew, I have the consolation of knowing that every offort was inado by the officers and men of the vetiela of war lying at Kacriticio* to render them assistance ; and by their extraordinary exertions many lives were aaved. Permit me, sir, to express to you, and through you to those under your command, the heartfelt thanks of mysolf and brother officers for the noble daring displayed on the occasion by the officers and men of the Mercure and Tylade. ii ur.ll ltd tv,w ,1..*.. . 1.- i a .. ..... ... .... cuucatiiui; ig nmhr Known w my |u verument all the par ticular* of your gene roue assistance. With great reelect, 1 am, eir, your obliged end moat obedient servant, M. C. PERRV, neiuui I ui;gu hutt n?f *1 cn< ?i Captain L. F. Dvict, Commending Krcncli naval forces, Vera Cruz Ultimo Statu Stkamcb "Mississippi." , . Abto.v Lit ahso, Dec. #, 1440. I have the melancholy aatielaction of tendering to you, ana through you, to the officers snd men under tout command, a.. m0it pfr(lteru 1 acknowledgements of mv self und brotn*. nincerg (or the prompt and generous aid her^?.?"fstte",t" crew "? United State i^^redsWi,"l,trou< occasion of her sudden , Bo k ' , Li>at such acU of noble daiiug will ever be rememberetl by f #h iw-ri<, ' the exumple will serve ^^ lrJ.ntuT fo^ i ourselves in like manner to W ' . /e.?rou. humanity, if ever occasion shod*. cauae of It will be my pleasure to coorat^ "* ment, and to Commodore Conner, alPs. I? '*?** " I of your friendly assistance 1 cmsUucts With greut respect, I am, sir, your oblige . obedient servant. M C. PKRind mo,, Senior United States naval officer pre*. . Don Manual. uk i.a Bucmtk. Commanding If. C. M. naval forces, Sacrifleios U. S. Snuiu Mississippi, t Anton Lizaido, Dec. 9, 1H46. ) Sir?I have this momunt been informed, by Lieutenant I omiaanding Seinmes, of the disastrous fste of the United States biig Homers, und the loss of two of her officers an 1 ii large number of her crew, ami of the daring ed'orte nude by the officers and men under your command to save the lives of the unloitunutes. I cannot,my dear sir, express to vou the erateful Inclines of mvself and bro thor officers for this noble in oof of iloep devotion tuil generous sympathy, and I l(eg yo'i to accept for your ^11', and all under your command, our warmest and moat profound thanks. The gallant rivalry displayed by tha boats of the different tlugs affords a gratifying prool that sailors, of whatever nation, while disregarding their own safety, will dare overything to savu the lives oI others. I shall immediately make known to my government, anil to Commodore Conner, all tha circumstance* of these generous acts. Willi great respect, I subscribe myself your obliged and moat obedient servant, M. C. PKKRY, Senior V. 8. naval officer present. Capt tiro H. Lamiii.mt, Senior officer 11. M. naval forces off VeraCniA. The War Duty on Tea anil CofTse. Tbkasumv Ds pastm*!*r, Dec. 51, IMff Sin ?Permit mo most respectfully to call your attention to thu views submitted in my last annual repott lu regard to im|iosing duties on tea and codes. These duties were suggested iu view of tha necessity of obtaining the loan therein pro|>o?ed, and thia department leels round to communicate the opinion entertained by it, that, in the absence of these duties, it will probelily be wholly impracticable to negotiate the loan on such terms us would be permitted by Congress. Most respectfully, Your obedient servant, R.J WALKF.R, Secretary of tha Traasury. lion j a us. s J. McKay, Chairman of the Committee.of Ways and Means. Varieties. The Carlisle U'rald says that the extensive paper-mill in Papertown, about six miles south of that borough, waa totally consumed by tiro on Friday night last. The steamer Mohegan, waa got off on Friday morning' and towed into Cow Bay, not (ar distant, whera aha will receive temporary repairs, and then be taken down to New Yotk. The superintendent and operatives of the Ithaca Falls Wnnllen VIntillfoo.tiirinir I ....... I...? .-.I - of cloth for an inauguration auit to Gov. Young. Uaiah Ilyndcri, in Albany, on Thuriday.waa fined $100 for a riot in which he wan n party In the apring of IS4I, in Saratoga county. Ilia brother Jamea waa flood >00 Tho General Aaaemlily ol Khode I aland, will meet iu Providence to-morrow. At tho araenal, near At. I.ouif, they have machine hy which they mak? one liundreil and eighty haila a minute Within two wceki it ia thought two milliona of hell* were (hipped f om that |>oint to the ae?t of war. Robert lloland, aentenced to be hung on the IWth of March next lor murder, having had hia aeuteuco com muted to impriaonment for life, tefuaea to avail himaell of the change. John Iteuae waa horridly murderad in Pittaburgli lait week. Jonathan Croairaan, Olouceitei, Rhode laland, ia aun oned to have been murdered lait Tuoaday night. Ha waa a man about nxty yeara of age, and lived entirely lone in a hotiae built up in the wood a lie waa probably Hilled lor the aake of hia money. 1030 emigrant paiaengera arrived at Now Orlaana on tha -J3d ult. A negro, named Davia, (tabbed auother to deeth in Alleghany city on Tuaadoy laat. Tha New Kngland feativi'ira in New Orleana, on the M4 ult., peeaed off in excellent style. Haniy < lay waa praaent, and made a abort speech Rain fall merrily Thuraday evening in Albany, *uoneeding a warm and moiat day. Tha aiaighing of oourao had to nutter. Kivo hundred and eighty-two wagona were ferried jvt'i tho Mi*?i?aii>i>i river at Burluicton. Iowa. Jarinw ihe (lilt two wi>fki of October last They belonged to imigriinU about to nettle in Iowa William II Wiiner, charged with purloining letters rnim the U. M mail, liai been duly committed far trial. I'eter Kane, convicted in Oct 1841, of manalaughtar, i killing Catharine Riley with a eword cane, wo undwrtaud hua been pardoned by the Governor /