Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 7, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 7, 1847 Page 2
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- ( NEW YORK HERALD! I l oi l*.. Thin Jmiumy 7, lH<Tt Legislative Prncwdlngl< The proceedings of yeatrrdny in the New York ; Legislature are to be found under the postscript ! head. The Mexican War?When shall we have t'race I The ol't asked question, when the war with Mexico will he ended, may soon be answered definitively and decidedly. If the recent intelligence from the interior ot that country be correct, there :niy sno.i be propositions lor peace transmitted to Washington But, alter all, Mexico is a slippery nation; worse even than the Kafirs. L t us, however, look into the subject. Our readers wiil recollect the article we published a short tiuie since, in which we referred to the Mexican administration under Herrera, the deposition of lterrera in consequence of his acceptance of our proposal to settle all the matters in controversy between the two countries peaceably by negotiation, by Paredes, who got into power by exciting the military ardor of the people, and exciting the rabble against the United States?the refusal of Paredes to receive our minister plenipotentiary, Mr. Slide!l,on the ground ot informality in his cr dentials, and the succeeding events that led to the breaking out of hostilities. Wc proceeded farther, and spoke of the downfall of Paredes, return ot Santa Anna, the election of a Constituent Congress, a majority of the metnbe rs of which were friends of Hcrrera and the policy of his previous administration, as well as the election of Herrera himself as a member of that Congress. When hostilities were commenced by the Mexicans, the military ardor of that unfortunate and miitary-ohief-ridden people, had been worked up 10 the highest pitch by tlieir designing leaders?so much so, that we have no doubt they considered it quite au easy matter to thrash the barbarians of the North and drive them from the State of Texas, which they were induced to believe was yet a province of th' ir's, and that Mexican people ought, could, and should recover it, although it was annexed to the United States by a resolution of our national Congress 011 the one hand, and the will ol the peonle of Texas on the other, expressed in thoir general election preceding the event. The battles of Mexico with Old Spain were fought over again ? the victories acquired over the veterans of the mother country wore referred to in the most glowing panegyric, and the acquisition of national independence by the valor and bravery of Mexicans, were all referred t? as proof that there would be no difUculty in the Mexicans achieving all they desired by the sword, and that the rcconq test of Texas could he effected as soon as the Mexican people willed it. It may be askeil, how is it possible that a nation of nine millions of people could bo so easily led astray in the manner they have been, by a few designing military m"n. Hut it must be recollectf d that as a bedy they are a sunken and degraded people. They know nothing ol the power or resources of the United States, or of our past history. Like the Chinese, they know but little beyond the limits of their own territory. They hid little or no commerce with the United States, and the majority of them being ignorant beyond parallel in all Christendom, they had not the opportunity of knowing any thing about its by reading. Their public journals are under the control of the government, and any editor who inserted any thing in his eoluintis that would tend to oppose trie military chieftain who happened to he at the he ad of the government, would suffer for his temerity by confinement in the Castle of Perots or San Juan d'Ulloa, where he would be allowed to cool his patriotism by a long and severe imprisonment. The liberal conduct of the United States for a series of years previously in not promptly detnaud.ng and enforcing redress for the many injuries aud insults that were heaped on the United States, and which wo are sure no other government in the world would have submitted to for six months without obtaining reparation at the cannon's mouth if necessary, helped in a great measure to favor the schomes of tho military scoundrels who wished to play on the feelings of the people, for the purpose of furthering their own private views. We all recollect the bullying and threatening letters that were written by Bocanogra, the Mexican Minister for foreign affairs, to the Govcrn. inent of the United States, in reference to the qxuiti war then going on between Mexico and Texas. He assumed the position that the Mexican nation had been deeply and seriously wronged by the people of the United States, encouraged by the government at Washington, whom it accused ol violating treaties of amity and friendship between tho two countries, and threatened the power and vengeance of Mexico against us. We recollect too the temperate and dignified responses of Daniel Webster, then Secretary of State, to those threatening communications, in which he said that if Mexico commenced hostilities, on ner woma resi tuo responsibility?mat wnue me United States religiously desired to remain always on amicable terms witli every power on the American continent, yet the people and governmentot the United States conceived they were able to defend themselves against aggression by any of them. The tono and style oT the despatches of the respective Secretaries contrasted strongly in favor of the United States, but wc do not think it an unreasonable supposition that the dictatorial style in which the Mexican addressed the United States, was assumed for the purpose of having efTect among the Mexicans, and showing them that the government of the United States could be bullied as they thought fit. These despatches were widely published and circulated in Mexico, and we can easily imagine the effect they had on a people who are notorioiHy degraded and cowardly. It would appear then that our forbearance in remaining so long unindernnified for our losses, and tne insults heaped on us by Mexico, wero used as an argument to convince the Mexicans that we were unable to redress them by force; and to impress them with the idea that we were a weak and imbecile people, who lacked the ability to obtain satisfaction. wnen I'areues naa excited t!ic ardor of the people, he lound that ho could not control it. Instead of the eagle and the suako of Mexico triumphing over the stars and stripes of the United States, they were compelled to cower before them; and the Mexican armies, with three to one in their lavor, were defeated by the .people whom they were led to believe could be easily conquered. A reaction m public sentiment occurred alder the battles of Palo Alio and Resaca de la Palma, and Paredes was crushed by the force of the hurricane that he him* If had raised He was pronounced against ?his administration upset, and Santa Anna, the best of their generals, and who, notwithstanding his exile to Cuba, had still a large party in the country, was called to resuscitate the waning f'oitunes of the republic. He, probably, more than any other Mexican, was aware of the power and strength of the United States, and the hops, less.iess of Mexico prosecuting a war with u? ; hat being called back by the will of the people, he assumed the command of the Mexican armies as their servant, to prosecute the war, until the people willed him to act otherwise. Resides neing invested with the leadership oi the army, he was elevated to the ollice of Provisional Pr>>i dent until fho Constituent Gotisrress should el.-ct nothor. Tim hntti#* of i'rtio Ailr> Hint ){?.?. (? (In l? ? . ; ? * s*Patma undoubtedly bad great effect ou the people?a greater influence than they will admit "They probably saw the absurdity of the vi1 *ionaiy pros: ect their military governors had held forth to them; and the election of Hetrcra *o * ougrvss, who had consented to rej ceive Mr. Slidell, and wou!d no doubt have done so it' he had remained at the head of attain, together with a ma jority of his paity, called the peace party, is conclusive that "public opinion in regard to the war had undergone a change. By the last accounts from Mexico, we learn that ilia impression prevailed there iliat Herrcra himself would be elected Presidfcjnt, and that overtures of peace would be i mined lately made. It is also stated in the hut i tews that the departments o! Yucatan at,d Tabewco had been tho scene of another revolution, j a ad had pronounced agaiitet tho lederal government. All these movements are straws, and we wi <uld not be surprised to lind that propositi ins for audi, g it will soon be belore our gov eminent,,, from the Mexican Minister of Foreig n Attain, by direction of the Constituent Congre ss. T lie declaration of Santa Anna in reply to the exp resMsd hope of General Taylor, of peace being soon, rumored, that he hoped the Congress would act as shall be most conducive to the interests of the jepublic, but believed that no overtures of peace would be listened to until our army and navy were withdrawn, is not worthy of remark, one way or the oilier. He is now the servant of niu (icwpie, iiiu wiiue ne pretends to act tlieir bidding, lie is concocting his own plans of personal aggrandisement. Ho knows lie cannot compete with the American forces, and is, no douts, anxiously awaiting the action of Congress, and eagerly expecting propositions of peace to ema jate from it. M< tun time, our army and navy are making ever f arrangement for a terrible battle,which will give -us a peace, no matter even if no offers of peaofr are transmitted to us. Opinions of the English Pasts?Wepub'ish in a iotlier part of this day's paper an article from the Cape Town Zuid A/rikaan, of Nov. 16, on the subj ect of the Kafir war, and we ins*rt it for the pur oose of contrasting tiic sentiments of the British -people towards the Kafirs, with whom they are ut war, arid the sentiments they express towat ds the Mexicans, with whom the people ol the United States are at war. We bag particular atte ntion to the parts in italics, which we are turn will as well apply to the Mexicans as to the Kal Irs. The British accuse us of waging war on a wtenk and defenceless people; but we ask, ore the Mexicans weaker than the Kafirs, who, the f say have lost all claim to clemency, moderation, and consideration." A.msrican Coasting Trade.?The report of the Se:r?tary of the Treasury of the number of coasting vessels in the United Statss, is tlio subject of a great deal of comment among the commercial mc*i in this city. We are compelled to say that wo never saw an official document containing so met ny glaring errors as it does. Iji yesterday's paper we pointed out a palpable ernor that affected this city, wherein the number ral* 1 1 1 1 wi Ttootu UI live IJUUUJCU IUI1S uiiu upWinds belonging to New York is set down at two, but we perceive that Boston fares much wtrsethan this city does. Boston is rated as having sixteen steamers, and two hundred and twtenty five sailing vessels, while little Perih Am* boy, in New Jersey, is rated at having fourteen st latners, and two hundred and thirty-one sailing vessels. We cannot say whether the surprise of the people of Boston is greater | than that of the people of Perth Amboy; but we have 110 doubt that the Perth Amboyitesare completely bewildered at the commercial prosperity that the report says they enjoy, and which they had no idea of bclore. The sooner this report is corrected, the better. The Hkikh of the late Gov. Tompkiks.?The lutirs of the late Gov. Tompkins, ex Governor of the State of New York and ex Vice President of the United States, have petitioned Congress for the payment of several largo sums of money, which their ancestor in his lifetime claimed to be duo to him from the United States, for services rendered, and for money loaned by hi.n to the government, amounting to $3d,190. We have read all the proceedings in the case, and consider that there never was a clearer claim presented. We earnestly hope that Congress will lose no time in passing a bill to pay it. The Volunteers?Several complaints from friends of the volunteers and Col. Burnett's regiment, have reached us, to the effect that the men have not yet received either their advance pay, or sjiiv nnrtioii of llio oort onnmn.;.!...! r? their use by our Common Council. We have no doubt that if these statements are true, that some good and sufficient reasons exist for tbem. Col. Srevensou's men were not paid, we believe, nntil the day previous to their leaving this port; and if the men wish to leave their pay here far the benefit of their liimilics or friends, as has been stated to us, they can easily accomplish it, as they did. We have no doubt that the officers are anxious to, and will do, full justice to the volunteers who have forsaken their families and homes, to fight the battles of their country under them. j American Whale Fishery.?In another column of this day's paper, wo give some valuable I statistics from the New Bedford shipping list, showing the amount of tonnage engaged in this branch of commerce; the imports of oil and bone into the United States, during the year 1846. The table shows a diminution in the whaling fleet, in ?r r v.:.? 1 yJHK /<=?!, Ul VIRMW 01ll),0, IUUI null OI1C schooner, amounting to 2,f>71 tons. Theimportsof sperm oil have iallen otT nearly one half since 18-15, and whale oil and bone nearly as much. DisTiNOtniniD Arrival.?The Hon. Daniel Webster, who has been l'or the last ten days at Boston, arrived last night at the Astor House, on his return to Washington, to resume his legislative duties. _________ Military Movement.?Amongst the number of military officers at present at the American hotel, we found, yesterday, the arrival of Lieut. J. II. Better, ol the (J. S. Army, who hns returner! on , sick leave, wounded severely, we believe, in the gallant storming and capture of Monterey. Navigation Open to Albany.?The Hudson is open to the capital of the State. We understand that a steamer will leave this city this afternoon for Albany. This, on the 8th of January, is extra; ordinary. _____ The Last Call?This graphic illustration el " New Year's Day," in New York, will be publisher! in the Weekly Herald next Saturday. United States Olstrlct Court. Before Judge jletU. Janvier ft ?Yesterday being the first Tueidsy or the : January term of the Court, the following named gentle, men were swernas the grand jury tVm. K. Haremey er, Era., foreman ; Michael Brady. Wm. 8 roe. Nemnel . I'le.L ll/m nar.ia>? lama. LI riaii^Ul-Lr I ? U .. 11. .A | ton, Chandler L Ingeraoll, Alfred T. Lagreve, William R. Painter. J. Phillip* Phoenix. Ooerge Taylor. John G (loll, Joaeph C. Swain, Wm. L Hall, YVjlllim Kdmmidt, Peter l.outaut, William J affray, 'I homaa Haaard, Nirh. fichureman, Corneliua Van Benxhoten, and William A. Coit. Ilia Honor briefly addrea<ed them on the nature of their dutiea.end then referred to the calender, on which titer* were hut lew caaea. Two of thorn, be aaid, were I ola tim v aeriotia character?one wax n violation of the |>oat otlice laws, which involved a charier of a very agI gravatcd nature ; and the other a charge of homicide committed on the high xeat The other ca?ea were chnrgea against teamen lur attempt to commit revolt; and one lor striking with ? ilangernne weapon. Hia Honor nailed their attent'on to the lew ex applicable te each ol that# caaea?after which the Jury retired, and ahortly alter Ignored the hill <eDt m> agatnat Charle* May re, for the murder ot the.xtewitid of the hark Peevai. on h*f j wage from Bremen to thix port . ' JL. musical Intelligence. [ Oband Concrkt at tni Tab??i?aol?.?This evening ' we expert to tee an army of the fashionable ilitt at the ; montlre concert to bo given by Henri Hers, such as has lately been collector in this oity before. The attrac lions, both for novelty and variety, are on a most liberal scale. The Kropcror will, besides a duet with Rapetti, . sod two solos, fantasias on "Lucia do Lammermoor," and " II Puritani," also play a duo with the extraordinary young pianist Visa Anne Maria Cole. Tbis will nit be the least pleasing feature of the evening. The members of the Italian opera company will sing some of the choicest gem* of the best operas of the day. The j "Prayer of Moses," so celebrated in Kurope, will be eung by Signorita Barili, Signers Beueventiuo, Benedetti, and the other chiel singers of the troupe. Herr j Dora adds a grand fantasia < f his own, on tt?e Kreneh born, and tho overture to William Tell will be executed ; upou eight piano fortes by sixteen of our professors ? Kach and evary part of the programme ie a treat by it . elf, but with such a combination we only fear leat all | who desire to he prcsant may not be aocommodated ? That the blaze of light may be co equal with the brilliant talent engaged, we learn that the Tabernacle is to bo splendidly illuminated with wax candlea, independent of the gas. This will bo a gala night for the musi. cal world. Italian Oucka.?Palmo's was crowded last evening in very part, and "Linda of Chamouni" was successfully repeated BurillS appeared mora at her eaae than hereto, lore, and sang divinely. Beneventann's gigantic voice was robbed of a certain harshness which we noticed the other eveninr. and he was most heartilv received. Ben. edetti improve* upon acquaintance; hi* 'enor i* certainly the very concentration of melody and harmony. Sanqui 1 rice was himself nil over; and a moat excellent buito i* that seme self The part that Pico hai, iaofcotirse not well calculated to exhibit her power*, but *uch a* it is he make* the most of it, and her note* are i one the less the pure and rich becauso she is only Pierrotto. Of the opera itself we can only repeat what we have said before. It is pretty, papular, and will answer probably much better than one more full of artistical eltort at display. Some of its pirn are very sweet, and will be whistled about our streets before the week is over. The next opera to be produced is "Lucia do Lammermoor," and that it will he well sustained, we have no fears. Strom.?'The ee'.at with which the various concerts of 1 this great vi >lin;s'. havo been received in Washington, I Baltimore and Philadelphia, must have exceeded his ut- \ most anticipation*. Every where the enthu.siam excited has been unparalleled After playing for two musical , societies in Philadelphia last week, ?0 proceeded South and will give his next concort in Richmond. Leopold DeMeyer and Burko were at Havana on tho -.list tilt. They had been very successful. Theatricals. P*a* Thkathk.?To-morrow will he positively the I lam mj(ai dui one vi me v lennoise cnuuren. jam night they danced as usual, ?nil although the audience wu not as Urge as ou other nights, the npplause was fully as great. The " Pss de Fleurs" is decidedly the most graceful and picturesque divertisement they have yet appeared in, and seems to give unbounded satisfaction every night of its performance They will appear this evoning in three dances. The comedy of " Nicholas Klam," and the comedy of the " Married llake," will be included in the evening's bill. Mr Bsss's personation of Nicholas Klam in the first of these comedies is as good a piece of acting as we ever saw, and is fully spprecia- j ted by the patrons of the Park. Buwcsi Theatre.?The "Wizard of the Wave" was j again produced here last evening before a crowded ! house; indeed, it was a perfect "jam" from pit to gal- { lery. The entire cast showed judicious management, ! and the performance went foil' with i' lat, such as cha- j I racterised it on tho previous evening. The Hake's j Progress" was alto produced, and with much success; ] Clarke's Tom Rnke well was admirably sustained; Hadaway's 8am Slap.Vnche's Ned Noakes, and Booth's Harry Maikhum, were performed with much humor. Mrs. Jordan's F'nnny Moreland ant .Mrs Booth's Betty fliggins were also very well sustained, and M ss Bell us Martha acquitted herself with much naivr'le t he " Wizard of the Wave" is a piece of such high attraation as cannot fail to draw crowded houses. The mauner in which it was produced lust eveniug reflects the highest credit ou the good taste of the munager, Mr. Jackson, who alwuys IUI IUV |?O IUIIU ut uiu uuwvi; wuu luutu uuoiuu I ty and due regard ler their amusement. Amemcan Ciecus ?There wan a full and crowded heuae here last .evening, who seemed delighted with the performance. The riding was, aa usual, splendid.? best of the night was the two horse act by Mr. Carroll and Mastar Jesse. Such a splendid feat has never before been witnessed. Mr. Carroll rode sevoral times around the ring, standing on two horses, the little boy Jesse, about six yeurs at' age, standing on bis head. The crowds of spectators were loud in th- ir applause. May Fly and the Fighting Ponies performed also, showing an extraordinary degree of training lluggles, O. Dale, and Moseley, together with Muster Hernandez, acquitted themselves with their usual ability. The attractions hero continue to draw immense houses nightly. Madame Weiss andThoi-fe in Boston ?Thesecharming children have imparted much delight to all who have i witnessed their extraordinary performances, and have ; excited a very deep and general interest; in accordance 1 witu this feeling, on their departure for Boston, the agent > of Madame Weiss, (Mr. Povey.l in conjunction with Mr. I Hackett, of the Boston Atbeoaum, have engaged a special train, on Sunday next, for their accommodation on thair journey to Boston, which is to be performed over I the Long Island and Norwich and Worcester Road, by 1 daylight. Madame Weiss, in addition to herchldren, has a full household that accompany her, consisting of I *ttacht$, clerks. aDd servants, in every department, | numbering together about one hundred. Much anxiety ! exists to witness their performances in Boston; and with ' a view to genera* accommodation, it has been arranged I to sell the choice of seats at auction. Mlio. Blangy's debut in New Orleans was eminently successful 'I he Orlf of the 'i9tb ult. says;?" We have entertained but one opinion since the announcement of tlia arritril nf Y1ar1nm<iia?ellsk Rlxncrv whinH was that Kop lucoeu would b? complete and triumphant, and the au ' 1 dience fully bore it out last et^ning. It wai a complete j , and perfect triumph, from her first appearance upon the stage until the cuituin shut her from view. Signor Blitz and Dr. Valentine, are on a tour through the eastoru cities of this State. Madame Augusta, Mile. Dimier, and Mons. Frederick, I are playing at Washington. Miss .Maty Taylor is at the Howard Athenatnin. Political Intelligence. In Mississippi, the democratic candidate for Congress, I I Mr. Kllet, 01 Port Oihson, has been elected over tin j j federal opponent, Col. Starke, by between two and throe | thousand majority. Appointments by the President ?Samuel H. ( Montgomery, of Pennsylvania, to be Assistant Quartermaster, with the rank of Captain. John W. Shugart, of Pennsylvania, to he Assistant Commissary, with tne rank of Captain. Benjamin 8. Muhlenberg, of Pennsylvania, to be Surgeon. George Dock, of Pennsylvania. to be Assistant Burgeon. Samuel McOowan, of ! South Carolina, to be Assistant Quartermaster, with the rank of Captain James D. Maiding, of South Carolina, , to be Assistant Commissary, with the rank of Captain. James Davit, of South Carolina, to he Surgeon. F.lbert Bland, of South Carolina, to ho Assistant Surgeon.? t Washington Union, Jan. It. Court ot General Sessloes. Before Recorder Scott and Aid Roberts and'Tappan. Jonas B. Phillips, F.sq.. Dis. Att'v ad interim. Jsrr. # ? Plea of Guilty.?Levi Marks, ind cted for for 1 gery in the fourth degree, in having in his possession several pieces of spurious coin, purporting to be Mexi- | can silver dollars, ot the opening of Court this morning, withdrew his plea of not guilty, and pleaded guilty , to the indictment, whereupon ho was remanded for sentence. Trial [for Grand Larceny.?Two colored men, named ' Samuel Richardson ami William Potrcroy, were theD j placed nt the bar, on a charge of having, on the morning of the Itith of November last, stolon two coats and a pair of pantaloons, alleged to be wort i $80, from the store of Mr John Major, in Canal street. On the part oi the prosecution, a son of Mr. Major, daposed that while he was sweeping out the store about 7 o'clock on the morning in question, two colored men, resembling the prisoners, entered and made some inquiries, which witness wan not able to answer, and at their sug- I IMtllMI went out for the purpose of going for Mr. Major ; that on turning iound after proceeding u short distance ! from the store, he Fnw the colored men louring the store, ! nt the same timo holding uaibrellas over their heads, I although there was no rain at tho timo Another wit- i ness, a girl, testified to having seen the accused leaving the store with the property alleged to have heen stolon I Mr. Major, deposed to the fact ol missing the property on ; going to the store, and the value of the same. On the ; part of one of tho acctu ed, Pomnroy, who was ably dafended by J. W Green, Esq , witnesses were called te 1 show that the he fore-nam* d prisoner was in lied in | another psrt ot the city at the time the laiceny 11 said to have been committed. The jury found tho prisoners guilty, but recommended romeroy to the merry of the | Court. Thrv weie remanded for sentence +1nothrr Trial far brand J.areeny.?A female about . 90 yeais of age, named Mary Walton, was next called : to trial, on an indictment charging her with h iving abi stracted trom tho pockets ol a Mr. John Cornall, of I Clinton county, $114 in hunk hills, and a silver pencil ! case, while lis was asleep ut White's porter and lodging house. No. 30(1 Water street, on the morning of the 9~ith of November last. Kor the prosecution the testimony, at tsken <f? Amis was read in evidence From tho ; facts elicited theieiYon), It appeared that on the morning in question it rained very fait, in consequence ot which the complainant, his brother and another person took shelter in the porter house of White, No 30A Water street, where they partook of some liquor, after which, complainant being fatigued, wret to bed there, and slept for severol hours . thai the accused conducted complainant out to tho room, sa<v him snugly enicoused between the sheets, left the room,hut was in lepealvdly while complainant was in bed; that in the courie of the forenoon, 1 complainant's brother entered, and aw o e complainant, i when the picket" of complainant'! pantaloon were found I turned nut and their contents gunc; that the g-rl snbse- | uuently confessed that she took tlin money and delivered .! f :? vi mo ?... ? I l Columbia Joseph deponed that ho arretted the accused, when $87 in bill* :\nd u sovereign, were taken from her hosom by Mrs. White ; th.it n billon a bank in Wore.osi tor. Massachusetts, taleen iroin Iter, was identified by the i complainant at ono ot those stolen irotn him. A silver ) peinil cmm (ctiini in the room. was also (Lined by the ; . complainant at hi* property. The Jury (ottud the accused 1 guilty, and rccoinnien led bci to tnarcy 'J'ha Courtao- ! conUofl) sent ber to *ii,g Mug lot two yen* The { I court then Mlonrt>?d U&tM to-morrow woruiof. j Cltjr InUllUcrnri. CiKkttr> E\HIHI rlOS or THI ILLUMINATCD UlO??M4? NT THK AUKMIcalf PoLVTICHNIC IhSTITUTC.? We It tended last evening an exhibition at the rooma of tho American Polytechnic Isistituta. of tha celebrated Illuminated Dioramua or " Dissolving Views," recently imported from Europe, where thev hare 10 long cached the wonder and admiration of the acientihc public. These exquisite works of art were painted by the renowned De Ouerre, of Pari*, each view covering four hundred square feet of canvass. The exhibition commenced with a aeriea of ecriptural viewi, remarkable for their correcting*, and the brilliancy and beauty of their tone and coloring. We have never eeen thia atyle of painting surpassed The " Vale of Nazareth," tire " Entraucc to the Holy Sepulchre" and tho " Golden Gate of Jerusalem." we particularly admired Next followed a aerie* of paintings, the aubjecta taken from the heathen mythology. Here wgi the "Rape of Hylas." tho " Dying Gladiator." "Cupid and Payche,""Mercury and Padora."l(c. aucceading each otherin rapid succession aud calling fo tb the loud, and certainly well merited applauses of a judicious, discriminating, aud fashionable audience who appeared very much astonished at the ex tr.ioi <tni:irv', and cettiinly vary runout motiiou uy which oiio "view," ulier hiving been seen a few mimi tea, waa made to fade away as if by magic, being actually dissolved into another of a totally different character, which, dim and shadowy at first, toon hurst forth from obscurity into brilliancy and beauty. How this magical charge is effected, we cannot say The managers state that : it is done by a " change of light " but the moriu* operandi as yet remains a secret to the world. The Instituto also intend exhibiting in couuection witli the " illuminated dioramas," a new instrument called an opuque engiscope, together with the " gieat hydro oxygen g.is microscope,'' polariscope stellarama, and chromitropn. We learn that the managers inend visiting New Haven, Hartford, Albany, anil Boaton, and other citiea.and we earnestly recommend them to tho^favorable notice of the fashionable, scientific, and curious public, weo Will be well repaid by a visit to this really beautiful amusing, and curious exhibition riiKSKNTSTiox or a 9ilvkh PiTuHKii ?A very neat little affair took place on New V'ear's Eve at the " Ivy Green," in Elm street, in the presentation ot a splendid silver pitcher to tlalachl Kallon, keeper of the city prison, by his deputies; the pitcher atands some 18 inches in height, of heavy silver ; id front of which is inscribed : Presented to Malaclii Kallon, Esq., by his deputies,as a testimonial of their respect for hia many virtues " Jan. 1st, 1847. Tin ?i/U a AKisroeaJ a nlniw r\t Mia Trtmht fin.l (tn the other ia the name of each of the deputies who make the presentation Mr Krancis O'Donnell, one of the deputies, was choson as the ono to present tho pitcher, in doing which he made the following neat and appropriate speech " The deputy keepers of tho city prison, tender for your acceptance this silver pitcher, as a small but sincere evidence of rc?pect und attachment. Associated with you for a lor-tf period in the discharge of the responsible duties of yum station, they have possessed abundant opportunities of appreciating your kind and courteous demeanor, and your qualifications as a public officer. While performing with fidelity your obligations to the city authorities, and preserving to the extent of your power tbe discipline of a crowdod prison, you navo never forgotten that the unfortunate and degraded have still claims upon humanity. Conscious that poverty,

ignorAnce, and mi-fortune were the frequent sources of c ime, you lnv? imparted to the friendless, in formation and comfort. Impressed strongly with these convic. ions, wo have unanimously determined to prescut you this pitcher, in testimony of friendship and esteem, with our sincere wishes for your future happiness, prosperity and health. To this Mr. kallon rose and replied in a very neat speech, thanking them most cordially for their kind and generous token of re'pect, and remarked in conclusion. mui ii me cup 01 ins prt'sem invnua suunm ow ?????/ he trusted that-bis pitcher might be found ever ready to replenish and give relief. The evening closed by the parties taking u glass of champagne, and wishing one another a very happy New Year. Kahmkr*' Club.?The first regular meeting for thu year 1847, of the above Institute took place on Tuesday, in the repository in the Park, to bear the opinion of the practical farmers and agriculturists on the subjects extended from last day's proceedings, " manures, and the restoration of fertility to exhausted soils " The meeting was not as numerously attended as might have been expected; as almost every plan that experience has hitherto suggested, had been frequently and forcibly adduced on former occasions. Notwithstanding, many interesting facts were elicited, and the continuation of the subject was proposed for the next meeting, probably to enable Mr. Wil liamson. who bus recently returned from an agricultural tour in Europe, to furnish bis views of the various systems he there observed operating successfully, in writing E-fiovernor Mahlon Oickerson, was elected to tne chair. Tito Secretary read a communication he had received from Calvin Post, of Mayville, Blunt county, Tennessee, on the properties of the land in East Tennersee, possesing coal, iron, precious metals; gold, predominating,silver. Stc , the gold producing from 30 to 40 penny weignts; and soliciting the attention of the institute to the sehome of sending on emigrants, who could derive from their exertions a profitable and permanent occupation, by colonizing a soil from which they could secure a perpetuity of property, the occupier having one thousand acres on the North-west side of the Alleghany mountains, he only reseiving the precious metal*. The communication did not seem to elicit much interest, however plausible the inducements. Mr. Van Eppes sent in a specimen of the black mulberry, which was distributed; described ax squally proUtubio us truit or feeding. A letter wax also read front Mr. Chat lex C. Boston, of Boston, on the propriety of the New York Agricultural Club assisting him in the formation of on Agricultural Muaeum. This measure wax supported by Mr. Wekeman, but eventually abandoned. on the suggestion of Colonel Clarke, who maintained that by patronising inch an institution, it would diminish, if Dot destroy,the long adopted plan of the New York Institute, ever ready to receive, exhibit, aud promote the inventions of artists and mechanic#?the proposition, consequently fell to the ground. Mr. Sheriff tent an article from brands Bick's works, on tlio method of propeguting soeds from all plants, in poor soils. This theory was subsequently refuted by Mr. Williamson, who had visited the farm alluded to by Mr Bick, whilo in Kngland, aiul who attributed bis success to the annual overflow of the waters in the neighborhood. No credence, therefore, was given to the proposition. Mr Wekeman recommended the appointment of delegates to attend the meetiug of the State Agricultural Society, which assemble at Albany on the 20th, and the following were named as the members of this deputation : C. H. Hall, Col. Clarke, Judge Van Wyche, and Alfred Hall. The petition prepared to the legislature for an agricultural school, was presented, and r. ceived the signatures ol several present. The subject of the occasion was then taken up, but postponed, as before remarked. The Secietary lead an articla on an improvement of modem invention, by which water onn be railed by a hollow bore. The Secietary more than intimated, that upon the experience of I'tofeasor Map:-s, tho samo invention was of nearly nntedrluvinn celebrity A long and useful dissertation, sustained by Col. Clarke and Judge Wyche ensued, upon the facility by which farms on Long Island can be supplied from the creeks and bays that diverge fiom every arm of tho river, that girts the island, with the marine deposits cost up. containing from eight to ten par cent of decomposed lime, besides a quantity of animal matter, by conveying it to a dry place and exposing it to frcst and heat The components consists of phosphoric acid, sea-soda, and potash. Judge Van Wyche also advocated the properties of lime, as excellent to dissolve manures that are otherwise indissoluble. He recommended 11 ne In lu mit .in Ik,. Int. Ihuf its nnrn at p,'.ilii>. irriivitv Would ink it, am! that it would, when placed on the surface, collect carbonic acid from the air and earth. Mr. Smith attempted to refute the theory, and insinuated, if not expressed, that the doctrice had no tendency to suit his philosophical notions. A veiy long communication was read from Mr. Tell on the subject of manures, which was adopted, and recommended to be published in the proceedings of the Clnh. Mr. J. D. Sawino presented some seeds ol a squash from tho interior of Africa, the fruit of which was two feet long and ten inches diameter, of a pale green color, Imt called by the natives "pompkin." The most extraordinary feature of fho occasion was a largo volume recently purchased by Mr. Brown, entitled " Ortus Samtalis!" with tho imprint of 1471; consequently 878 years old. It is printed on good paper, the type (ierman, mteispcrsed with Grcok ami Latin characters, in double columns, and embellished with very grotesque and curious, yet remarkably well designed and appropriate cuts. It treats upon herba and plants, animals and reptiles, with a medicinal table and profuse prescriptions. Tho object of introducing this book, was to show that, among nil tho produce ot this country in grain, plants, So*., there is no word, that even by implication, denotes the existence of indiancorn, maize or potatoes. Confused ltd embarrassed as every word is. by cyphers, tbbrei I Itioni, and to our view, shapeless letters ol the Greek. German and Latin languages, is thus intelligible. Nothing of further interest appearing before the Club, an ndjuumment took place to the third Tuesday in January, when the same subject, "Manure, Sec." will be resumed. ^ Movements of Travellers. Yesterday's arrivals wete more numarous at the principal hotels than we have hitherto recorded at the corresponding peiio'lof the season: ? Amcsic?is?M Grafton, J. Brew ter, Boston; L. Kinsley, West Point; J. Vunderpool, Albany; W. Davis, New Jersey; W. Benghazi, Yonkers; J. M. hill, Concord; Lieut. J. H. Potter, L' 8 A ; Mr. Rogers, Baltimore; J. Arnold, J. Bennett, Bostou; D. Hammond, Lowell; J. Throckmorton J Creighton, W. Wright, H. Hanford, C. Weymsii, Philadelphia; P. Hhephard, Northampton; J. Creighton, Col. llalsey, J. Rockwell, Providence; C. Daris. Boston A?to*--K Loomia, Sehnnghticoke; W. Bll??, do.; M. Mitchell, IIiitlson; K. Borden, Troy, Hon. Daniel Wetiter, Washington; K. Chapman, Springfield; C. Williams, Conn ; S. Dickenson. Boston; W. Almy, do.: B. Hubert, do ; (I Hoffman, I'lnU.; Judge Baker New Bedlord; J. Bailie, Boston; F Rend, do ; W. Philips, Salem; D. Cloilee, Hartford; J. C. Jay, Rye; W. Thompson, Mass ; Judge Haviland, L. I. Citv? Geo. Moll,nan I'hilad; J. Carter, Louisville: E. Wiiglit, New Jersey; U Gordon, Yale College; A. Mills, do; A Koole, SpiingAeld; R. Close, Baltimore; Mr. St. Johns, Pkilad ; Lt Rogers U. 8 N ; J Overing, Wast Chester; W Draper, New York, C. Wolbort, I'hilad Kraiskliis ? P. Lockwood, Newark; J. Deawall. New Haven; J Waring, do.; C. Hooper, do; George Beseu, Not walk; K Bi-hcp Bridgeport; H. Belcher, Salisbury; D. Vittor, Philadelphia; D Pratt, New Jersey Howahd ? H. Stott, * aw Jersey; H. Pemberton, Baltimore; D Foster, To> ifhkeepsie; B Wingate, Boston; J. Wirigate, do; W. Parker, Bramiou; A. Btewster, Boston: W. Robinson, Attlehorough; J. Walker, Pniladelnhla: H. Heath. New York; O raiterson, Philadelphia; Ed. Parker, Massachusetts; G Pat ersall, Philadelphia; F Leant irg, Cape May; S Wiltbsrre, Philadelphia; T. H. Thomas, Baltimore; W. Harr-son, JIaltfaa; W. Hatch, Bingor; Mr Lowdor, Syracuse; B. Kittridge, Canada; J. KitMdge, do; C tVcnd, \lbauy; C. Cat tlidge, NYork; XV. Oay. Baltimore: II Tyudile, Philadelphia; J.Fowler, Lantinghurg; Mr. Rice.Troy-, Mr. Leonh-ird, Ovrcge; M. Lamheison, Long Island; W. Wendall, Albany; M. llilson, Newark; C. Foota, Alabama. J ipso*--Thomas Bell, I!. Hanford, Dr. W. Wright, Philadelphia; E. Cot mil, Washington; H. B. Field, Beltimoie; H Much, Mr Tuppen, S Weiidy, Boston; H Norton. Norwich; 0. Kirkputrick, Liverpool; G. Pholpi, Northampton: 8. Parson*, SafllrM; J. Boiler, Hartford; J. Gladding, t i nnec'icul; J. Kmport, Philadelphia; T. Morgan, \V. Adama, Waahington; Or. Camming*, New Jena jr. On ftatunltjr evening hit, Jamci M'Keuaey committed luicide at Mr. lleynoiJ*' boat ding home iu Hangor.lfaT' rig * wife and wven oWWr#? in Piew lurk elty Mhw teWHIyiw. Tkt Kir apt an4 Rrttphir* af a Mw rii, oo? of tit* chief's aiJ , started on Tu?M 'sy m ?? ! g last by the Long I.laivl trai-i at rara for Boston h*?lng in custody a young man by tb# B MB of fcamuol ifink. ! Jr., whom ho was conveying on to Prwviten-* ?S?r*ho star.d* charged with tb* criota of burglary ,n *r,< degree. Ou tha car* arriving at Fanning ial* that b?mf on* of the stopping places, lb* prtaoi. >r was u"i g in tlie car handcullsd an I h*in( .irsly. a-ae ' i>' o'n ccrto get Mm a glass ut water. Whan leaving ihe car for an instant, ui>on his return, he IN?I the prisoner goiia The officer finding hit pii?Terihed eerape.f imaa iliately engaged several country meu >n the neigh-orhood to po-t off on horseback in Jitferont diroctfeas te head him oil'if possible, whf .:h resulted in hi* aitea* at Babylon, about ton milas frooi harming J. |c It appear* Irom the sUtamdUt of the prisoner after his arreat. tie' when he left the car he ran across a fo? and threw km self down in a ditch, out of sight, in this ?ey he remaja ed for some time, until, watching an opportunity . he made for a bye-roaJ, and seeing a small cot luge MM the read side, be pi oc ceded tower de it, when a little girl came out. of whim h? arked to borrow u baminer, lor the purpoae of i.reah { ing olf his irons. The girl informed him thet ah# had no hammer, consequently be t?ok to the road *g I , and pushed on M quickly as possible, ttoua sflorwerde he came to another cottage, want in and a*k?d a ?n*aii at the door for a drink oi water ; she said, " Vae. young man, ynu can go to the well an l help yourself " Thia was a bard hit for poor Hpink, who at onco tol I the woman how he was ironed, saying that he lied been arrested lor an aasault and hattary, an! escaped from the officer. lie being rathei a good looking ' hap, the tsrvVr feelings of the inmate overpowered her Imtter judgment, ihA nrnrurfil n nitr.hfir of wa(?r uti.l lirM n u. In !na i mouth,fiom which he tooli e diink end praeaaded eeagsia He had not. however, gone more than a mile or two he | fore bo observed a horee and wagon coming ui> l-ehiad ' him at a jirutty ij'iick pice, and iearlul thu might he hi* 1 purauei*. he immediately jumped over the lailjence en t took to a t.mull piece of wood aero** the meadow, there he accroted himself in a thicket ol cat huer 01 { the edge of a swumi*; but the aniy thiag that troubled him was hia hands being iron, J 'ogether, and how to get them olT em the job, nevertheleie. he , aat to work ou a stoua fence, by hoebng hie irwwe | agonist a stono, which by m?u> hard hno and cutting hia wriata in a terribla mannn, he hueII) succeeded in springing the screw of one ol ther?ill> which released one, and to knock the ot.i?r of a at c >m. Jiaratively an oa*y job. Thus with hi* h*n U ut lil.ri is salliod forth again into the road, teelii g eseeadingl) fatigued in travelling over tough yi ? hinueif badly with the rat tin*;., irating , i. , ,oth. . considerably, and withal feiat for want I ?? I he was upon the eve of returning h*rk again to give himself up, when a stage hove in ssgl t. an i upon ita coining up Spink jumpei..i mod rode to wklnua ahoit distance of liihylon, when, stop) lug the at .ga to get out it created the suspicion ol the driver, who | lee*led | me assistance 01 anotner per'on, pui ?u#.i mm a u n : into custody, end convejed him bark In K?tmii>g<M>, where tho officer Rave thein f:o lor their ?srvire? I Ironed, the piisoner again took the neat tram, an.! pio : ceeded oti hie journey, ai living, no MSM, light tide up in Piovideuce. "Touahed."?Officers Tarbunh, and Martin, ot the . h Ward, arretted yeilorday, .Mary Ogleshy, Mary Hmilli, and Isauc Kither, on a charge ol " touching" a conn try man from New Jeitey, ot >."v w hile ir. a thieving | " crib," locate! intido Kuher'a Alley, rear oi No. it \ Leonard itreet. Locked up by Captain Perry, lor ?? 1 animation Stealing a Coat ? Francis Veda, a rlippery looking : chap, wat brought in by officer .YlcDougali, of the o n ; Ward, on a charge of ttealing a coat from Ti.nuihy Cur| ren. Locked up for trial. ' Robbed an the Pointe. ? Officert McKeon and Walton, , of the 8th ward, arretted, yesterday, an old female thief, i | called Mary Ann Leonard, on a charge of robbing a man , | by the name of Richard Jones ol $10, while in a den ol I | infamy in the rear of old Uriicoll'*, No. 31H Orange et. ! I On tearchingthe accuted the pocket book and $3 of the money wat recovered. Justice Osborne committed her j lor trial. Stealing Slusli.?Officers Allen and Lldridge, of tho ftth ward, arrested a biack fellow,called Samuel Beach, on a charge of stealing four barrols of slush fat, valued at $18, belonging te the captain of the ship St. Nicho las. Locked up for examination by Justice Osborne. Stealing a watch?Officer Gorwrn, of the 1st ward, arrested yesterday a fellow called Peter Smith, on a ; ' charge of stealing a watch worth $10, belonging to Doj rus Carr. Locked i p for examination t>y Captain Wiley, ' j of the 1st ward. Charge of Perjury.?-The caso of Daniel A. Baldwin, 1 who was arrested a lew days ago, on a chargo of perju| ry?a hearing in the matter commenced yesterday alter- ' I noon, before Justice Drinker, which was farther post- j i poned until Saturday next, intho alternoon. j Stealing Watches ?Officer Vau Court, of the 3d word, arrested yesteiday a woman called Klixa Flatly, on a i charge ol stealing two gold watches and chains, belonging to Mr James tfroadmeadow, No. 267 Greenwich at.? j Locked up lor examination. f Coming the Old Oame Again?A black fellow called ' Zac h eed was urrested yesterday afternoon by officer . Dougherty, of the 4th ward, whom he detected up an al. ley way at No 32 Cherry street, in the act of trying te ''burn" a young sailor by the name of Andrew Martin, j out of $40, by the old process called "burning," which is I simply the accused requesting the stranger to give him > n live dollar bill for five dollars iu silver, which request | is generally consented to, and for this purpose ! the accused always induces the greeuhorn into : nn alley lor that pur|K>se, and wheq the indi- I vidual takes out bis money to give change one of ; 1 tho accomplices grabs tho roll of bills and makes his es! cape; but luckily lor this boy the officer arrived a little 1 | too soon for tho rogues, who, stopped them short ju t ; as the bey was drawing out his roil ot $40 in bank bills, < ueing an utu money ne possesses, Having jusi uecn pain i ofl'ut New Haven. This Zee Reed and .Mat flarrou, his ' pai," have only been out of the State Triton a few months, where they had eerved out a eentenco of live year* each,for the eame offence, " burning " Petit Lnrr.eny.?A Dutchman called John K. Huffman was arrested yesterday on a charge of stealing H bottle* of cordial* and 13 battles of cologne, worth $H, uelonging to Frederick IV. Bell, No. 37 Ann at. Locked up for trial. Boston, Jan. 6, 1847. Volunteers?Shipt?City Government?The IViather, J'C., 4-c., tf'cOur volunteer companies aro appearing in uniform, as they are mustered into service. Captain Webster's boys flourish in grey from top to toe, and so I understand will Captain Wright's company, in a day or two. Some of 1 the lads seem impatient at being kept here so long, and : others begin to be cold and down hearted. One of the lattor class, wbo volunteered for Captain Wright's corn* pany, finding that he would cot be called into immediate service, packed up bis traps, an l vanished for part* unknown. The prudent pedestrian's nnmo is Thomas i Rowan, well known in this vicinity as one of the mow' active manufaoturerjof American citizens, belonging to oil Massachusetts. No man could make a better stump speech. Be this as it may, he ha* shown himself a true disciple of Mr. Van Buren, and has been accordingly i guided by "the sober second thought.' ; When the Massachusetts regiment ia completed, there ; will be considerable of a scramble for iU Colonelcy. If ! tact in electioneering can obtain it. Captain Wright, if , he has a mind, will be the man. He ia a fine piece of | flesh an l blood, nnd if he is only as bold as ha looks, in i the hour of trialf he cannot fail of diasinguiahing himself. ; I wish him and his brethren in arms, all the success they ; wish themselves. Two ships are now below ; one of them, deeply laden, i and supposed to be the Thomas B. Wales, from Calcutta. as she is fully due. She is of the kettle-bottomed class and I sails very well when cotton laden, but a Calcutta cargo , will bring her tremendous bumps so low in the water 1 that she cannot possibly make much headway. Nevertheless she is one of the boat built vessels belonging to this pert, and if she should not arrive for a month more, 1 think no fears need be entertained for her safety. We are now looking for late advices from England by some of your packet ships, and as the Htrald is expected to have the news, there is considerable of a rush for it here every evening upon tho arrival of the Long Island mail. Our city government for the inooming year waa organised yesterday. Tho weather was dark and heavy, with a moderate breeze from the eastward the greater part of the day, but towards night we had rain and snow, which continue up to this time. Theatricals, piety and alms-giving continua dull; liquid spiritualizing, headaches, ami down at the heels,are on the increase. 0C3- We received Boston papers of last evening, at 3 o'clock this morning, via the Stonington and long Island Railroad. They contain no news. Tlie Last Chapter In (He SCxprcaa ltobticry. The National Police Gazette of this week, will co-Ham i souie aii,I mnit extraordinary derelopeuieutr. relative to ihe robbery of Lmnastou U Wells. Also, a thrilling chapter of ine ill" 01 -iiurrrn, viriin a hiaruiiiK ruaraving in nil ar<t?, Also, the trial ef lluu for the murder of lua wife; a full recerd of the r.rimiual recoid lor lha week. The republication of the celebrated OroiesM .laifie.il Flaih Diciianary will be eouimeneed in this number. This is a most cn ioui and amntmg work of the lauguage and secret 1 inoendoes of crime; Henri Herz.?The advertisement of the Farewell Monster Concert, given by this gentieuiau, will be found in another column. I Grand AflTalr.?The Melt Is Guards have their fi'it Target Excursion on the 8th of January, when, we have understood, they will have one uf the richest Frizes that i ever was presented to any company, besides two others. The compauy comprises some of the finest y oung ineu in this city, and we wish them sll success. A f-w inorc will be tnkru on immediate application at the head-quarters, Eighth Ward Hotel. We would call the attention of capitalI ists to a peremptory sale of v luable property in Fourth I i sneer, (Washing on squire) Amity street, l-surens street, I ) Abi .gdon square, Hud.on srreet, Greenwich street, Jane. Horatio, ami Uens?voort streets, to be sold bv James .VI. Miller, Auctioneer, undrv the m ectien of Lucius Kobinsou. I 1 Esq., Matter iu Chancery, on Friday nest, the 8th day of I Jauuarv inaiaiit. at It o'clock, at the Merchants' Exchange. I ' | Bee advertisement in another column Rheumatism, Pain* and fitlfTnrBe of the Joints, Gout, Ac., Ike.?King's Compound Syrup of Hydrio- 1 date of Pornssa, Krrsaparill i and Fellow Dock The above | in prepared from the purest articles, and recommended as the . i best sud only snre enre lor Khnemstum. At this season of i the year especially, it is of th- greate>t importance, ss it will ; remove all those extremely tripleasaui stmptons, severe rain, st ffue<i of the joints, back, shoulders, *e. Ac It thius. pnraea and quickens the ci'Ctilhtieo. and leaves eveiy part ot the anim'I econ-'my in a pe feet stare of health, tie . 1 pared and tor sale by CHAKLEe H. RING, lM Jlroadway, | corner Joliustievt. Portable Dresalng Caeca of on entirely new | and compact construction, furnished with arii' les. the sire o'which do not detract I'nm their usefulness ; forming an -1.....I ...i -I-.- .io the toilet, and slaopecn I iur.r^pt.dt?th.w?uorth. 177 Broadway. Mne Cutlery^riSWb^^M' Mortment s!C%r"m"'" Tixfeolaa fast I ' iTt A- VV.'Sifei \ MOMMY M a RKKT. U tdn?(d?r, Jan. #-a f. m. The ittrk marhtt opanad rather bao} ant thl* mornirg a 1 prtras impravrd fraction. with rery Urge eatoa ?i H rUm aiwi Laag I land Mama Can I 'aaiiceJ )i par C a?, < aataa 1 j .Norwich k WorraaUr Long Uland H Hat lam >?: |' r 10 R R. aid dock. feU off I par cast; V Co, laaa. Olua re. and I bca k Schenectady elated a* yeatardey'e prtraa TH. I aland Insurance Cempaoy ka*a dachred a-?i?ncial J **l?od of (our por cant, payabla on tka I th mm Tka Tr??? Bank, Maw Jar(ay. a Bi-annual dirid?ai af fMr pal rant Tka ranklm Baak. of t lociuoat., a diridenJ of Bra l?r e?ali^|ikla allia Bank of Anaiica, on dtaud. Tka Berkalure Kail reel Company, a quarterly diri Band of >1 71 par akara, payable la tkia city at No J il .oarer etraet Jaautry II TU li.w? Rank, at Nov I on Ion, aanil aonual dialBead of Bra par eeat The WkaJlug Bank at Now Londrn, aonu-anotal. Iri Bead of tkrta par ceet Tka \av Leadt-a Beak, aomi ?nn id dindend of two delUia par (tare all pa> a' la on demand. Tka Pbeeni* lira Inauranca Conpaay of Philadelphia, two dellare par akara in rank, and iU par cent on tha lark, la raak Tka I nwn Inrwraare I oaipany, of Philadelphia, (Is l<ar cant on (tank and (crip, and eight par cent. In ?crip Tka Philadelphia Mutual Inauraocr Company, of Philadai.-hia four per coat, la raak. IB' f VI Philadelphia. iktN |mi caot Phcr* m a* ft rory little Joiu< in atoiling oichaoge Wa now quota prim# billa on l.oudon at 5 a 4>? per cont prii iittM On run, of 4J'? of 44*. Ama'ei Jam, .V'i 1> Html.or* >4V M Bremen. 77S a 77 V Tbo l>* kat of tha lath nut for Liverpool, will tupply {tbo plaeaof ibo end ramMtancaa will probably bo dot* wno cotoiit by tbo Yorbahiro, tuo pocket of tbat dap. Tbo annraad atatcmant oahibiti tbo veluo of morehao. dee oapoitod I root tbia port, fa aah country, during tbo month of Dar-ember, 1844 OantKi or the Poor or New Yoaa Jtnalf fit of Ktl?tlt fir Urctmhrr. I?4? ???-- V d-'fcr"'" II Bri'am h I'oUod.. r I i0kil4 H.M1 H.atl Br ii.ait loatreaiuna ., { I7?*M 8.18a I,|M ?? ? ? 8,118,778 franco ... I *74 114 18 4? 18.97 franco Alne? i *8,1*7 ? I 1 88* Bflfiam 808 *11 7tl 11.1*8 1718a* Holland 11 IK or* 4,1*1 17,888 llii? T'tail Him IK* II.11' 178 04' OMmth I>lw4a KM lj'7 1.81* 1*4151 urum It,lit 1.4*1 (11 *l *?* B aril 84.88.1 8 18* 8,1*8 I8.W1 Bur not Al rat *.181 ? ? HI run- MM 1 *?l t.ijn niu Daaiah lalanda 11*1 t 1M 11 ?* I'otiu ?l UJM Ml ? ??*' ft?>di?l* fT.IM ? m r.?J4 China 1*171* - ? ihtm Oniral Amrnct. I.WI lit " I ! ' Iltyii ?T ill ?.*r 1 W7 M.I T Total ft.lll.Ni Itn IM.Mlfl.Ml.ltl The above return*, compared with thaaa far the ear responding month id IMi, present th* annexed itetament Dtrrmbrr IMi IIS* Domestic Mdse...... 1,11* 111 1,111 ? ! increase Kor?i?'i Kree (foods.. 11.M1 *117* mt raw HIM On dutiable do.... ISI.I7I III 111 increase M 171 Specie 1J1.7M ? decrease III TM Total $1,714,114 $1,1*1.111 lucreate $ I.*71,117 The increaae haa been principally confined to the ihip men t of domestic merchant!!**, th* increase la th* exportation of foreign goods being more than ofiset bjr th* falling oft in the shipment! of speeie. The total value of merchenJise exportet fiom this port for each month of the peat three years, baa been as annexed (Jommksi'x or th a I'ort or Ntw Yoaa. Ejj'trh for each month. 1(44. It4?. IIIC. January $1,017.(11 1,467 933 1,190.(41 Kebruiry-i 1.131.314 1 120 673 1?>7I4I Ma ch 3.914.4(1 1,113 3(6 I KM 011 April 3 ?11 711 1.419 4 J 1 399 (4 M?y 2,772.(17 1.971 tk 1.114 Ml June 1.171,171 1.KI.7M 4 041.149 July 1.97(11! t,l?l,3aj 1.0*012 Auaust 1.797.291 2.334.Mi 1(11 (W September 3 0H.M3 2 SjB.III 1.(26 ? ( October 2.110 ?4( 1.1?4.4?( 1 714 541 November 1,691.321 2.9(7.171 3.7MMI December 1.(31.171 1.(61 321 4 4(5 441 22.326.719 30.411,(71 15,607,2(7 The incroaae in 1846, compared with 1845, amounts to $5,194,695, and compared with 1844, $7 090,818. The ex. porta for December, 1846, were larger than for any other month in the year, and wea the lergeat month, In the way of ahipmenta of merchandise from tl^i pert, ever experienced. More than one half of the aggtege'.a ehtp menta from thia port for tho peat yoer waa made to Ureal Britain and her dependenciea, and we have no doubt hut that a greater per cent than that will bo realised thia year in our expert trade with those countriea. The exports of cheese from thia port to Greet Britain, for the last quarter of 18(8, amounted to 8,384,008 pound*, and the ihipmenta in December of wheat amounted to 310.044 buiheli, of flour to 187,781 barrels, corn 367,800 bushel*' corn meal 33,383 barrels. The destination of merchandise exported from this port in e?ch o( the past fire months has been as annexed: Exports mo* tii* Post or Naw York, 184*. Jlug'l. Stpt Oct Nov Dec. Great Britain...1.088 44) 1,312801 1,087 (81 3,(IS,all l.Sil 77( 421.808 48..I5J 8(7,181 184 738 811 8(8 China 104.777 (7.643 ? M.7S8 l(( 738 Belgium 182,870 1(3 8 9 237 273 187 084 223 888 Holland.. 130.348 73,183 114.877 28 7 2 37.M8 Cpnn & Islan 's.. 137.682 79,636 110,471 188, 03 104 838 Bremen 73,631 82,837 111,210 103,314 120 047 Chill ? ? ? ? ' _ Hamburg 120.383 71,109 1884*2 ? ? Sweden 30 8 8 36,190 ? _ _ Brazil 33,312 47,944 42,348 101 844 It.'U Portugal 11,710 11,202 17,822 10.287 14, 83 Prussia - ? Sicily ? 18,048 ? ? ? Haytl .... . .. ... 53,183 ? 78,721 10,8 8 86.817 Danish Islands... 18. ICO ? 63 169 43.708 88.(18 Central Ame'ca. 21,110 11,144 83,010 0 783 6 047 Mexico., 9.797 ? 44.717 20,194 214*0 Venezuela ? 11,779 ? ? _ Coaat of Africa.. 14 391 23,244 13,779 9,092 ? Whaling voyage 15,000 ? ? ? _ Norway 31,060 ? ? ? _ Austria 13,132 49.3S3 ? ? _ lluenoi Ayres... ? ? 14,410 ? 9,363 Tuscany f21,25j ? ? ? _ New Grenada.... 10,295 3.M6 ? - ? Genoa ? ? 21,689 ? ? Sirdinn 21,884 ? ? ? 17.134 andwicii Isl'do. ? 56 688 ? ? ? St. Dom ngo ? 33 768 ? ? ? Denmark ? 10,766 ? ? ? 2,621.036 2.626.870 3.724.501 3,718.881 4,485.881 ! Specie exported 87,8(9 36,781 79,330 | Tetali $2,878,627 2.6M.331 1.794"7Tl 3.700.336 4,46} 511 i The shipment! to Oreat Britain have increased nek month since last July. It appears by the above comparative statement that the experts from this port to all other countries, except Oreat Britain and Franco ,flu0tuj ate very much from month to month. I Below will be found a statement of the receipts ef I lour and wheat at this port, and the experts to foreign ! ports from January 1, to December 31, inclusive, fer the years 1846 and 1848. The increase in the import of flour 1 this year, it will be seen, is 686,337 barrels, end of wheat , 1,060,438 bushels. The increase in the exports is 70S,* ' 908 barrels flour, and 1,179,703 bnshela wheat. Movements in BsESDiTrrrs?Post or NswToax. Rteeipti of Flour at New York, from January jl to Do ctmbtr 31, inclutiet via? 184fi. 1846 Hudson Kiver, bbls 2,280 (18 1.7SS 188 N?w Orleans 70 043 87 7S4 8 ttuheru poits 1*7.715 175,257 Total for the year 2,542.316 1,883,139 Increase in 1816, bbls 581,237 I Rrctipti of IVhtot at JVeur York, from January 1 to Doctmbtr 31, inclutive via? 18)8. 1845. ; Hudson Kiver, bash 1,172,(48 28* SS9 New 401 38} 83,937 Southern ports *4.248 3*4.7*9 Total for the year 1,668,2 3 607,916 Increase in 1846, bushels 1,0(0.428 Kxportt of Flour and IVhtat from Jan. 1*1 to Dec list. 1815 1848 Increon Flour, bbls <(*.120 l.'?1.438 721988 I Wheat, bushels 304,664 1,477,356 1,178.7*3 The aggregate receipts of flour, after reducing the j wheat to flour, at the rate of Ave bnshela the barrel, ! was? 1115. 1*1#. Jnereaa/ Barrel* I,MUM MM #47 7X3.?? The aggregate aaporta, reducing the whole to Soar, wji, in <115. 1(4# fMriwi. Barrel* 520,151 1,10*.899 797,m The increaae in the export* in 184#, compared with 1840 amounta to nearly two hundred per cent. A more .flattering and encouraging exhibit than thJa could not well he expected or required Old Block Bxehanget #10,000 u. 8- ?*, 1*5# MK 550 *h? Reeding RR 02 SlO.oeo do *00 92% 500 Long liitaJ KR *an n v >11.000 U. 8. 5*. 105S 91% 50 do (00 24M #8.000 N. Y 8t. 5(, 111! 90 SO do 24% #1,000 do 1050 96 lo.l do b#0 15 #1,500 Ohio 0(, I2S0 92 125 do 24% #10*0 do 1050 9>.'4 100 do *1 24 V , #2,000 Ind. Dl. Bill 25y* 33*4 l??? do *15 ?4% $ U.000 Prnnty Ivauia 5? 664* IM do b30 15 812.000 Readme Bondt 71% 100 do b2# 25 85.000 do (60 7l% 50 Mohtwk RK (00 53 15 (h? Ohio i ll* 4c Tr 99 150 do ## 54 850 Ferm?r?' Trn?t 23% 900 Nor *ud Wor RK 49% 1 IH0 do 23% 50 do *30 49% 01 do bOO 2i 50 do 49% !*25 Morrn Canal 0% 100 do iM 49% I *50 Canton Co (30 29 50 do 40% 25 do a30 20% 15 Utica & 8ch RR 115 71 do 19% too Erie RR, old (took 55 ! 675 Har'eui HR 5*% '#0 do i?0 54 iM do 4?5 50.'J M do now 79% I4.d -I-. at Oil 1U4 id* alma f? II ? aS? B" f

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