Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 8, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 8, 1847 Page 1
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r mmmeammammmmmmmmmmm TH Vol. Silt Ho. 7?Who la No. 460*. THE NEW YORK HERALD. IAMPQ fiOQnOM DCKIMCTT PROPRIETOR Circulation?-Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day, Price J ceuta per copy?$7 21 per ammin?payable la advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price centi Per eopv-SI 121. rente per aunnin?payable in advance HERALI) TOR EUROPE?Every Steam Packet dav Price 6% cents per copy?S3 00 per annum, payable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the uaual prieea?alwaya caali ill advancePRINTING of all kind* executed with beauty and deipatch All lettera or communication!. by mail, addreaaed to the establishment, muat be poat paid, or the poatatte will be deducted frotn the auhaciiption money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT. * Proprietor of the Ntw York Hkrai.h -'stam.ishmkst, North Wrat comer of Kulton and Nassau atrteta tfUAVKJ.lii?U .ttltlSIINDDATIUSS, CHANGE OF HOURS. ate amagi casaa aMfe* O W HI W LONG ISLAND HAi.LIK.OAL>. WINTER ARRANGEMENT l>u mid alter Monday, Dee. 28.1146, Traiui will run a? follows:? Lk4TI Bbooklvi*?at T o'clock A. M. (Uouon train) for Greenport, daily.(except Sunday*) stopping at E.irnnn<dale and St. Georxe'a Minor '* ' *t9X A. M., daily, for Greenport and intermediate placet. " " at 4 P M. tor Earmingdale, daily. Lkavr GaaaitroaT?at 8J{ A. M., daily accommodation train for Brooklyn. " " at IX ?-M., (Bot'on Train) or on the arrival oI the ooat Cera Norwi h, daily, (except Holiday*,) tl-Pping et 8t. George'* Mam-' and Kartningd-.le. Leatk FA*MiitoDai.K at 6\ A. M. daily, (except Sunday*,) accomxnodnu a tram; mo 11 M. and 5X I*. M. Lxavk Jamaica?at 8 o'cloet A. M., 1 P. M., and 6X P. M., for Brooklyn, or on the arrival of Bottou train. SUNDAY TRAIN8 will hrrcafter ran toThompaon Sta tion?leave Brook>yn at 9 A. M. forThomnton and intermediate placet, (commeccuiy Snnday the tth Nevember. returning leave Tnompaoa at 1 o'clock P. M., Ear mini dale 2 X, Jamaica 3XEaXk to?Bedford, i center N??i Varlr IJUt* Itnco < onnr, 18V: Trotting Coarse, IBM; Jamaica, 2">; BruslivilU, 3ljg; Hyde lark, (17 utiles) 37){; Clowsville, (during the sesaiou of Court) 37M; Hempstead. 37X: Branch 37>?; Carle Place,44; Weathury, 44; Hicksville, 44; Farmingdale, 62V: Deer Park,69: Thompson, 88; Suffolk Station, SI; Lake Rond Station, $1 18V; Medfnrd Station, SI 18M; Yaphauk.Sl 37 V; St. George's Manor, $1 62V; Riverfiead, SI 83V; Jamesport, SI 63V; Mattetnck, SI 62>f; ''utehogue, Si 62V; Sonthold, Si 63V: Ureenport Accommodation Train, Si 75; Boston train, $2 25. Htagea are in readineaa on the arrival of Trains at the several Stations, to take passengers at very low fares, to nil parts ot the Island. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive baggage fi r the several trains, 30 minutes before the hour of starting from the Brooklyn side. The steamboat "Statesman' leaves Oreenport for Bne Harbor oil the arrival of the Boston train from Brooklyn d25rh ?FOR BOSTON AND PROV ID-NCK. via ^^^^BCStouiugton and Long Island Railroad?Night AHHELLine ?On and after Monday 38th instant, Trains 18 If will leave the foot o| Whitehall street. Mouth ferry, via Long I-land Railroad on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at 3 o'clock, P M., for Greenport,crossing the Sonnd to 8t uiugtou.iu the favorite sound steamer NEW HAVLN, which has been provided with masts, sails, and eitra ordinary anchors, and from thence to Provideuce and Boston by the mail trains which connect with the steamers Massachusetts and Governor. Kare to Htonington ' (3 50 " Providence 4 08 " Boston 5 00 The steamer New Haven has new boilers, and will take only light freights dt5 rh KEUULiAK MAIL L.1NL POK tfUSTOJN. VIA NORWICH & WORWBQ CK8TKR, without change of ( I-?fPCars or Baggage, or without JM , 7 1 ^-crossing any berry ssaengere taking their seats at Norwich, are insured their t ta through lo Boston This being the ouly inl.u.d route tl.t communicates through by steamboat and railroad. Passengers by this line ure accompanied through by the conductor of the train, who will have partienlar charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give his attention to their ease and comfort. This line leaves south side Pier No 1, North River, foot of 8atterv Place, daily, (Sundays eicepted) at 4 o'clock, P. M., nrl it, vm iu Rnutnu in f im* tn all rK? ?ue??ri. The lew ateamer WORCESTER. Capt Van Pelt, leaves aver) Tuesday, Thursday, and Satnrd sya, at 4 o'clock, P. M. Tb ateamer CLEOPATRA, Captain Williams, leavea Tery Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 4 o'clock, P. \I. For further inlorination, inquire of J.H VANPF.hBILT, No S Bnrterv Ware. North H,vpr. Hgti 'fro IMilll -iTAlES MAIL LINe. | FOR ALBANY AND TROY, VIA fl?Bridgeport and Kouaatoinc Railroad. Pur SEZaBSwiKaiug lout aiimmer, the Housato ic Railroad baa been iclaid with a heavy H Kail, from Bridgeport to the Western Railroad Through bv Daylight, daily (Suuday'a excepted) at SW o'clock, A. M. The Steamboat MOUNTAIN a KR. Capt. W. H France, leavea the foot of M?rket street. E. R., for Bridgeport, Daily, at <K o'clock, A M. No freight taken iu the Paaaeoger Liue. i'aaaangera take the Cara art Bridgeport,and without change of Cara or Baggage Cratea, arrive in Albany and Troy at S o'clock, P. AT7 New Cara and Locomotive engine* have b-en procured, and the Road ia in every reapect equal to the beat New England Road. iL/-A Freight Line by Steamers Nimrod, and Mohegan, dally?Freight Tariff aame aa laal year?hor Inrther particulara inquire nt the Office ou Market atrret Pier, and at Livingslou and Wella' Eiprraa, 10 Wall utreet. d!5 Im re O. M. I'ERRY, Agent. NOTICE. jtgt On and alter hridar, November ttl'Ji, the steamboat SYLPH, Captain Braist?d, will !K^a9HSBLmake the following tripa to and from Stnten Ialaad until further notice, vix Leave New York. Leave Staten lil>i d. At 9 A.M. At IK II A. M, II i r. M. H M. ?K " 3 P M. sg mil i PASSAGE FROM OUEAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. f ^ ARRANGEMENTS FOR 1847 PW. BYRNE k CO , OF NEW YORK AND LI VERPOOL, benig the oldeat and largeat ea'ahlithed house in the emigrating business, beg leave to call the attention of the public generally to their anperior arrangemeuta lor the euauiug year. Pe'iona desirous of sending through thia house, lor their friends resid'ug in the' Oi l Country," nay aafely depend they will have immediate deapatch. and every ineana will be taken to urevent detention >u Liverpool. The Packet Ships of this I ue a*e all of the tirat class and commanded by uieu of acknowledged skill-one of which tail every live daya Arrangements can also be made to forward passengers, direct, from Dublin, Cork, Waterford, Londondeiry,and Belfast. Drafts and Bills of Exchauge, given for any amount, payable on demand, without discount, at any of the principal lowna in the lini'ed Kingdom From the above arrangements, the lnbscnbera confidently expect that the patronage which naa been so libeially extended them for mtny yeara n isc, will uot he witnnriu tiie eomiug season ol emigration should any of ill* parties eugaged lor, not embark, the moneyWill be refunded customary. For further particulars, if by letter, (poit naid ) apply to P. W. BYRNES be CO.. 51 South street, comer of Wall. N. Y. EDWAHI) HAUL, Aleut. P W. BYRNES It CO., ja5!m*rrc Wa'eilon Road, Liverpool. 1IK1TISI1 AND NORTH AMKK /&?&&& CAN KOYAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS ol I3C0 toui ami 440 horae power each, ua dcr contract witt. the Lords of the AdmiHIBERNIA ('apt. A. Ryri# CALEDONIA Cap.E. O. Lott. BRITANNIA Capt. J. Hewitt. CAMBRIA Capt.C. H E.Judkm. ACADIA Cnpt.Wm. Harrnoa. Will sail Irom Liverpool aid Boston, na lUlifai, u follow! rnoM boitow. aaoM Livcaroor.. Hibetuia Ken. 1. IR47 Hibrrnia Ian. I, IS?* Cambria .March I, 1817 Cambria Feb 4, 18(7 Hibetnia April I, 1817 Ilibemia March 4, Iffi7 Passage MOKKT. From Boston to Liverpool $170. From Boston to Halifax... 33. Nu berths secured nutil peitl for These ships cairy ai Serienced snriteoua. No Ireiicht, except specie, received on ays orsailiug. For freight, pitsswr, or any other information, apply to D. Bill OH AM. Jr., Ageut. Al HARNIiK." Ik CO.'H, t Wall at. lTT? In addition to the above line betweej Livtrpool and Halifax, and Boston, a coutract has been entered In.o wi'.k Her Majesty's goveruinent, to establish a line between Liverpool and New York direct The steamships lor this service are now being Imilt, anil early neit year due uotice will be given of the tune wlieu they will start. Under the new contract the steamers will sail every Saturday durum eight months, and every fortnight during the other mouths iu the year, fining alternately between Liverpool, and Halifax Bud Boston, and between Liverpool sud New York. jS r *PASSAOe. TO AND FMOM LIVERPOOL ? By the New Line of Packets?Pa- ket ol the 31st of JHNUgKw.Jaiiuary?The Splendid, ful S tiling rut! favorite pack it ship QUEEN OF THE WEST, 1250 tons hu 'thee, Capt I' Wondhnuie, will sill fiom New York on the 21st ol Jauusrs-, and from L verpool on the 6 h of March. The ships comprising lliis liue are the following, and will sail to and fiom Liverpool on their regular ?ays, vu Tons. From New York From Liyerp'l Qaeen of ihe W<st 1210, 21stof J'unsry, gtnofMtch. Oonstiliitii u, (new) 1500, 31st of February, Ith of April, Holtinguer 1700, 2lrt of .Vlsrcli, 6 It rf May. Liverpool 1300 . 2lstof April, 6 h of June. |? , . l? ,'e- w - Hirmuam iur inn wm country, or inoic wishing to i?il fir ih'irjfriends, will not lailtoiee the advan'ages to lie tlotirril Irnm (sterling thii line of mawMlieent ships, ai their great i ?p 'City renders tliem erery way more cotnfortanle than ships of a sm <||er class; and In-ir accommodations for A*biu, second cabin and steerage pissengers, are superior to those of any other line. Persons wishing to secure beiths shnnld not fail to make early application on board, foot of Burling blip, or to W. & J. T TAP8COTT. At their general Passage OfTice, 116 ..onIh st, ltd door below Hurling Blip, or to OKO. Ill PI'A K It V Hi ?N or WM TAP8COTT, . r, , , 9fi Waterloo Road. Drafts for any amount, payable on demand, without diseount, in al the prineip I towns of Fngland, Iretnnd, Hcotland or W ales, ean at all times be obtained on epi.l icition (if by leper post paid) as above. juj Ic J|^ TO" iJVKKI'Ool. - The |V,? Line-He gulnr Packet of 21st Jinnarv ?The superior fan AMMtseaihiig packet ship O'lKKN OK Til.-. WKST, reVuYar da Woodhonse, I.2.W tons, will sail as abotre, her kior passage, haying splendid, large and coinfortr2m"* ?nd ealoii, apply to the captain on board, at west pier Burling alip. or to WOO I) HULL It MINTURN, 17 Mouth st Price of passage loo , 'il* ? ?? fcket ship " CONSTITUTION." icoo tons iD . V'i,' !" B'ttteu, will succeed the Queen of the WBb tnd sail ou hey regular day, Slat February d?J r E NE a NEW LINE OF LIVER FOOL PACKETS. # m m TO SAIL KROM NKW YORJ^HK Mth. rvuu i iiB< tun ur RAtri MUii l n? FKO>I NRVf YORK, Bhip MHKKI DAN. t apt. ( oruish, Jauoarv 26. ** OAtiUlCK. ' Trait, Kibruary %) " tlliliidge, March M, " SIDDONS, ' Cobb, April 26 rBOM ElOEirooL, ' UAKKICK, December |l. * ROtCTlTB, January 11, M SIDDONH, February 11, 14 8HKKIDAIS, March 11. These skips are all of the first clan, opwirdj of 1000 tons, built in this city, with inch improvement* a* combine ureal pe#d, with uuuiual comfort for passengers Ti H Pr 1 cePjf PMiafl heuce is $75, for which arable stores will be provided. These ships are commanded bv experienced masters, who will make every exertiou ?o give general satisfaction. Neither the Captain or owners of these ships will be responsible for aav letters, parcels or packages seut by thein, unless regular bills of ladiug are signed tkereft r. r or freight or postage apply to, ?. K. COLLINS. 56 Booth streeC , J?1 BHOWN, HHIPLKV <k CO. Liverpool. NEW VuKK AND UI.ASOOW LINE Ut PACKETS. M. Mk Mk M. 8?ilTug from Ne^rora on the leMui^ulaecow o^i^Btb of each mouth. Jti? From N. fork. fat. Ul'gewj (Jnuel. July 15. Ship UAKACJCN, N. T. Hawkins. \ Oct. 1. Nov'r 15. f Keb. 1. Mirth 15. (Julyl. April 15. Br. Ship BBOOK8BT, H. M'Evren,< Nov. 1. AuK. 15. ( March 1 Dec'r 15. I Auituit 1. May 15. Br Bark ADAM CAHM.Jno Wright ] Dec'r 1. Sept. 15 ( April 1. Jan. 15. i May 1. Jnue 151 Br. Bark ANN HAKLKY, K.Scott,] Sept. 1. Oct. 15. ( j a ii y i r cuius, u.* These ships are good, substantial vessels, ably Commiuided, and will tail pauetually on their regular days. Their accom modaticus for paaaeuaera.are good, and everyatteution will be paid to promote their comfort. The ageuta or plains will not be reapouaible for any parcela or packages se Jt by them, uo'eaa billa of lading are aigned therefor, for freight or passage. apply to WOODHULL It M1NTUK.N, 7 South street. New York, or o?lrc HEID It MURRAY, (ilaagow PACKETS FOR HAVRE?SECOND LINE. M- m. Tlie Ships of thi^TTn^will sail uuriu^tlie yea^^tn^ol owiug order from N. York. K'm Havre. ( Jan. I, Keb. It Ship UT1GA, b'apt. J A. Keirce, < May 1. June It. f HePt. 1. Oct. 6. Ship sr. Nichol as, cPt. s. w. }&>;{; It teeleigh. i Get , Not. 16. j Ship ONK1DA. Opt. Fttnck, j^'{; r Not. 1. Dtc. 16. Ship BALTIMORE, Opt. J. John-S Apr" 1; May 16. loB- ( Dec. 1. Jen. 16. They ere all of the first claaa, ably commanded, and with accommodation* ample and commodious. The price of passage iu the cabin ia $100, exclusive of wines and liquors. Apply to BOYD k HINCKKN, Agents, No.(Toutine buildings, No. M Wall street. Goods sent to the agent* 1 orforwaiding, will besnhjectto none other tlian the expense actually paid. au21 m DKAFTSots ENGLAND, IKKLAND, T<iiT^? AND WALKS !-Pe>sons can remit any ainonnt from one pound and upwards to their friends in any part of Great Britain or Ireland, by applying to the subscribers, of whom drafts can be obtained payable at sight, without discount,in all the principal towns and cities throughout Kngland, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Those obtaiuiug drafts can forward them by the Dackets of the 1st, 6th. 11th. ICth, 21st or '6th of the mouth of December, or the Koyal Mail Steamers sailing from Boston on the 16th. and 1st of Jauuary. W. k J. T. TAP8COT1". 66 South st., d5 r 2d door below Hurling slip. CITY LOTS tOHfiALE. ONK LOT on the Kast side of Broadway, between 20th and 21st streets?23 feet bv I2H. 8n Lou in 26th street,bet ween the Clh end 7 th Avenues?126 feet by 98. One Lot ou the Honth aide of 13th street, between 3th end 6th Avenues?25 feet by 146 One Lot in the ?itme neighborhood?30 feet bv 103. Four Lots in 59th street, each 25 by 1(|0 feet. i*i>e Lots on the N. K. corner of 5th Avenue and 20th street -120 hy 113 feet. Kuquireof JOHN JAY, d9 2taw Im'r 23 Naraan st. RASH FORI) tf FIELD, RK8PECTKULL Y inform their friends, that they have laid four very superior TEN PIN ALLEYS Under their Billiard Kootna Ann street, running through to 149 Fulton street, where they have introduced large White vory Balls. 8. W Kuirchild invites his friends as above. N. B.?Haven Billiard Tables in the same building with Marble, 81 lie and 1fe5 Panel Mahognny Beds and the Air Cushions, all made and for sale, or playiug as above, dll ltnend"r TO TAILORS. "IMIOHK who wish to acquire a rapid knowledge of cutting I. all the various styles of garments worn at the preseut time ate advised to obtain a copy of Htiuemet's' celebrated work on the subject, which conta us at the iuformatiou that can be desired. It has already met with the most unprecedented sale, and is used generally by the trade throughout the Union, and is war anted to give entire satisfaction to all who adopt its principles. Price per copy, from t? to $10 according to the binding. Also, siugle or sets of patterns ol the various stvlea of varments. cur to n,H?r l,? ~ ivVH." BTfN e'METTB, jl eodlm?r No. 113 Broadway, New York. TO TAILORS. WANTED?A man to take ch trite of the work hands (give out and receive work) in a large Cloiliimr Home. He mnst be well acquainted with this branch and ofactive and stead v butiursa habits. A good salary will be paid to one who can fill the situation. Wanted, also SOO handt iiu dress aed fiock coats. Apply to LIPPINOOTT, TAYLOR It CO., No 2M Market street, Philadelphia. d31 I wend gbzfl LIQUID HAIR DYE. CI ATCHELOR'8 Ins'antaueoua Liquid Hair Dye, is eer D tainly a most yaluable discovery, as hundreds of persons j in New York can testify. Unlike the many miserable compounds that are sold under the name of hair dyes, it actually performs all it promises; in proof the invertor is prepared to permanently color ladies' or gentlemeu's hair, to a perfectly even and uniform black or brown,nud make no charge nulcs entire satisfaction n given. (Jentlrmen can have their whis- | keis died and cleansed in half au hour, for which t urpose private rooms will be found at the depot. The dye is put np iu a coovinient form with full directions for uie for the convenience of those who prefer anilyiug it themselves Price for Hair Bottles $1 SO; fir the Whisker Bottles, tl (JO Hold whalssale and reiail bv the pioprietor.WM. BATOHKLOK, No. I Wall street, near Broadway. dIS ln.?rre TRAVELLING TRUNKS, ACr.. JOHN CATTNACH, Trunk Mauula.'inrer, No. 1 Wall street, corner of Broadway, lias now on hand and Constantly making, a gook assortment of Trunks, Valises, Carpet Bags, and Satchels, wholesale and retail. Also, a superior article of sole leather Trunks, suitable for American or European Travel, and Portmanteaus lor the Ereuch Mailt Hoite. Orders fortheWest ladies, South America, he., filled with deapiteb .lai ? e ? UhNTLfciMfciN, laU I ICC lilla. GKNTI.KMEN. it seed Mill sourceof trouble to yon iu>y longer, to know where yon cmi go ?nd get vonr Frrtk, D ess or Over <-oats and Pants, either e'enned, dyed, a'tered and repnued at well aa torned and refiied with uew i nffs, Collars, Linings. Bullous and Snaps Tor little money 91 aonrray, corner Washington street it lie place where yon can act all yon want done lor the entuing Holidays, without ilitapp intment. Please gire tne a call or seud me a note, and Vou will be waited on at any time Pants and Vest made for II JO, Coat t- to 8; warran.ed to fit Observe the uum ber is 94 Murray street. A CORTlHd'?H. <.lollies Dyed are warranted to keep their colors. dl3 lm*m DANGlNLv ACALHiiVl I. MR. 8ARACCO, Italian Cliorographist, and Mile AN OELINA, first teacher of the Parisian Dai-ciug Academy of Mr. Cellarmt, grateful to the American "beau monde" for the generous patronage they have met with in almost al distinguished families in New York, have composed the TARANTELLA WALTZ Dance of Naples, now very fashionable in the higher circles of Paris i and ANGELINA, a new waltz in five steps, in order to replace the one invented by Mr. Perot, which was not received in Parisian "salons" as being too theatrical. The above beautiful dances, and also all the most fashions ble new I'olka,new Mazurka, and Quadrille Mezuika, Rerlowa, Waltz Kedowa, Waltzes in two and three steps, are Uiorougly taught in a few lessons N II?The music for the above meutioned dances, recently published iu New York, can be purchased at the Daneing Academy, Urovdway, corner of Caual street, No. JO d? lm*r SCOTT & UU.'S, 7fi Nattim ttrtet. CAITY Wholesale snd Retail Fam ly Grocery, Tea, Wines, J and Spirit E stabhshmeut, he The proprietors pledge themselves that every article is g nuiue.aud sold at a nominal profit, including I eas, of the latest importations and m st approved qualities; Sugars ol every grade ; Lolfee, Mocha, Java. Laguryrn aud Maracaibo: Wines, Chimpagne, hherry, Claret. vadnra, Port, Ite.; scotch Whiskey, of Glenlivat and tslay's celebrated brand; London Porter, ( Barclay It Perkins;) Edinburgh and Alloway Ale; Fruit: Sperm t .andIrs; Oils; Old Kugfish Dairy Cheese: French, English end American Mnstard; Glasgow Spiced Hams, a superior New Year's arto le for the table, high flavored aud sound; Scgars, assorted, und of the highest flavor; 8 >aps, H.tari h, lie.; Raiaias Fig*, he. ihe wines consist of snptrior old Londoa Dock Port, Amanltilado lisle sherry, Marseille! do, pate gold and brown sherry, East India Reserve, Madeira. Newton, Gordon, Mur ???n. ?, ncoirn riernngs now Jairding Irom ship Ann llarley, (the celebrated Loch King.) SCOTT k THOMPSON, 59? Aroadway. A aplyndid branch of the above establishment, has been, at ! the solicitation of their nptown enstemers, opened at 5*7 , Broadway, also on the c.iah principle, where au assortment of article! corresponding with their establishment down town, and of the same quality, will always he lonnd?an assortment that cannot be surpassed by ?iy in th> city. All the above i' articles will be fonnd there, and goods from each place will be delivered free of eipeuse in any part of the city for cash only. .m Imr REMITTANCES TO ENGLAND, IRELAND, | AND SCOTLAND PARTIKR wishing to remit money in laree or small sums to their Inendt in Ureal Britain or Ireland, can do so i in the most eipeditious manlier thiongli the subscribers, by drafts at fight, ptyahle in all the principal towns in Knglind. Ircl uid, and !>coil?inl Money may be sent by letter (post paid) (mm any part of the Uuired Rtafes to thetn, giving the address and the name <.l the paiiy to receive it, which wil | | be regularly forwarded by packet or steamer. Apply to I Ad HAM A VI DKLL Bt SUN. 1 lit Fiiltrt ? ?frp?f N***? VArb I LiHrT TTpT wXitHiiubri aNu MiKNITUiui WANTED. I ADIKH Oil UKNTLKMILN Imri.c lucrrtlniiai cff.cta k-d to diapoaa of, inch M Wtr.rtnK Apparal, b'nraitara, kr., ma obttia t fair *ih pnca (or the tin., by .radiate for lh? anbtcribar, throne! the I'o.t Olfier, or othrrwua, who will ; attaad at thair raaidaaeai. J. ML VKNSTVN, | J*?1""" ba attaadad 10 by tint L.K VKN N* " I w im*r w ro fEW YORK, FRIDAY M( OUR MEXICAN RELATIONS. MILITARY INTELLIGENCE. Four companies of the Arst battalion of Virginia volunteers for Mexico, left Richmond on Sunday morning, for OM Point Comfort. At the election held for officers of the St cond Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, the following gentlemen were elected: ? I Colonel?Capt. Roberta, of the Favette Volunteers Lieut Colonel?J. W deary, of the American Highlanders. Major - Lieut. Bundle, of the Columbia Quards. MEXICAN ITEMS. [From the New Orleana Picayune. Dec .10 ] We yesterday saw and convened with Mr. Philip Houck, biother of the well-known Senta Ke trader, who lelt the city of Orixava late iu November. Fiom Mr. H. we have learned many particulars in relation to the stute of feeling ol the Mexicans, in different parts of the country, which mil* uot be uninteresting to our readers. At Orixuva, which is a city ot coniiderabl^sixe, to the southward ol Jalaps, there were 1000 volunteers alrealy recruited lor the Mexican army?miserable wretches, collected by promises, force and threats?and to arm this force they have only three hundred parte of old, worn out muskets They nil talk right valiantly, however, of their exceeding great bravery and prowees, and of the perfect ease with which they are to drive lot jfrnericanot from the sacred soil of Mexico. Our informant iurther assures us that there ia really a feeling of deep vengeance aroused in the interior of the country against the United Statos, and that the farther wo advance the greater will be the hostility against ua. Tbe few Americana in the country entertain tears that the Mexicnns, from their suueri' r knowledge of the mountain passes, will lay ambuacadea, and cut olf the advanced detaenraentx of our urmy in the operations that are to ensue. From hia position Santa Anna can at any time throw a heavy force upon almost any imint of our extended line of operations, and by taking advantages ot ground aunoy Oen Taylor or Scott excessively. As late as the 'J7th of November there were no regulartroops stationed at the city of Mexico, a few civieot? untrained militia?heiog the entire force to defond it ? Arista was there, living in retirement. It is said that Santa Anna was anxious that ha should accompany him to San Lull. Rnil offrtroil him on imnni'tnnt /inrnmo...! . Kts* Arista ?ai(l he had been arrested for hii conduct at Palo Alto and Hesaca de la Palma, and until ha had had a full trial would not return to the army All kinda of business were dull in Mexico, with a gcnornl stagnation of trade pervaded every portion of the country. The only artizans or mechanic* who had any work were the guusmithsi they were buiy,night ami day, in every town aud city. Old waektlti - shoit, straight swords with which the Indiana under Hidalgo fought the Spaniards dining the revolution?were heiug aharpened, aud every old musket was undergoing repairs American de.-eiters ure scattered through the country, end are represented aa in a most deplorable condition. No less than twenty-five had reached the city of .Mexico in most wretched plight, weie bogging from door to door, and were received and treated with contempt by all. Eight had reached as far south as Orizava, and a little work had been given them at a factory to keep them from actual starvation. Of the Mexican Congresa we can learn nothing Another arrival will give us the particulars of its organization, and for this wa are looking with anxiety. [From the New Oileuns Delta ] Captain Hardy of the achooner H. M. Johnson, from Tumpico, on the 18th inst., informs our reporter that Col. Gates, the Commandant at Tamgico, had proclaimed the place to bo under martial law on the 16th instant. On tha 16th arms were distributed to all the Araericau citizens 1U Uio luuiuutug Lug CHpiuius 01 VCIM1I iu port and sailors. Colonel (.fates having had cauie to impact that the Mexican! had arm* concealed in the place, instituted a search for them,anddiscovered about six hundred stand and a quantity of ammunition; about three hundred of the muskets were found to be loaded. The whole military force at Tampico on the ltith amounted to from 800 to 000 men. The steamship Virginia arrived from Brazos with 310 men of the Alabama regiment. The steam propellers Tennessee and James Cuge, arrived on the 18th instant, and proceoded up the river as the H. M Johnson was coming out. She appeared to have a number of troops?cavalry and their horses on board. QENKKAL TAYLOR TO SANTA ANNA. liKAUqUAHTKR, AhMY OK OcCL'rATIOlY, } Ka i,t 11.1.0. November, 00, 1840. ) Sir?I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the loth instant, and beg leave to return my thanka for your humaue attention in ordering the release of the prisoners referred to in my letter of November Atli. I shall not fail to report to my government this generous proceeding; end 1 am sure it will lie justly appreciated, as tending to ullevjato the rigors nocosaari j ly attending astute of war, and which it becomes r nlightI enad nations to rcduca, as lar us circumstances will I permit. In regard to the convention of Monterey, I need hardly invito your attention to the provision of that convention which limited the cessation ot hostilities to eight weeks, or until tho orders or instructions of the resi cctive governments should be received; plainly leaving it to either government to prescribe a termination to said cessation, when it might deem proper. I mention this subject, becauso your communication seems to imply the imputanun of a want of faith on the part of the government of the United bttttea?an imputation which, in my judgment is not werrauted by tbo terms of the convention or the facts of the case. In conclusion, permit me still to express the hope, that tho august Mexican Congress, soon to assemble i i the capital, will find it for the intereat and honor of the great Caople which they repreient, to accept the otter ol the ni'ed States to enter upon an nmicable negotiation of the dilHcultiea, and thua to establish permaueut relation! of good will and friendship botween the republics. I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, sir, your obedient servant, Z.TAYLOR, Major Oenoial U. 8 army commanding. K. Honor Oeneral D Antonio Leriz ua Santa Anna, commanding-in-chief tbe Mexican ariny, ban Luia Potoai. I NEWS PROM SA.NT4 PE. [Correspondence of the 8t. Louia K publican ] Koht Lzavknworth, Dec. '21, 1848.?1 tend yon the ! following itema of intelligence, thia day received tiy ex press from Santa Ke. An officer ot the medical department ?*i' the army write i to thia effect, under date ol the 9'.h of November, from Santa Ke: " Captain (frier and lieutenant Wilson, with two aoldieia, (of the 1st drigoona,) pursued and overtook a largo party of Navajoa and killed two of them, re capturing, at the tame time, a flock of aheep. The rest of the company, being.mounted on poor mules, could not oveitaku the Indiana The captain's horse waa wounded no other damage done." An olllcer ol the 1st dragoons, writing fiom Alhuqtirque, under dote of the '25th of October, says to his coriespondcnt:?" Tomorrow I start on an expedition to the South. I have (at Albuqtirque) a 'soi disanl' iquadron of cavalry, numbering 17) men. I would tcel perfectly satisfied with my situation, were notiny command so truly ineffectual. AH our horses, you know, have been sent to Missouri, under the belief that they could not sustain the fatigues, and no forage, of the march to California. When the detachment lor the march waa finally made up at Socorro, all the really serviceable mules were selected for it, out of the companies that were to remain in thia country?so that now 1 have, not only for my mounts but for iny teams, the sorriest lot ol animals that were ever seen. " 1 hail the greatea difficulty in performing tho march back le this t lace, and now lind myself with scaice the ability to move from it. I recaived to.ilay a call upon me,which demands prompt attention, and which requires the exertion of mv utmost abilitv Aft?r iRa nB?i?l*a tion of the country, the Chihuahua trader* continued their journey to the rH?uth, in order that they night avail Ihcmielre* of the opening te he effected for them by the operation* oftien. Wool'* array, for the entrance of their good* in California. It *eem? that *ome had trusted too far to the peaceable profeiRion* ot the Mexican*. They have all halted about one hundred and fitly mile* from here, and having good roaion*, they *ay, to believe that the Mexicans from tho settlement of El 1'assa design making an attack on them for plunder, have wiitteu up for troop* to protect them. The value of their property i* estimated at half a million of dollar*. Although there traders have by their own imprudence placed themselves in this danger, the protection of *o many American lives, and of so laige au amount of American property, is a matter of great importance; and I leel it incumbent on me, feeble and small as is my force to make an effort to accomplish it. " What would I notgiveto hove with me a squadron of dragoons. Since receiving the letter from the tra dels, 1 have received letters Irom Uov. Dent, the intelli gence commuuicatod in which tend* to confirm the impulsion that there i* a very gcneial feeling of discontent existing among tho people of the province, and that efforts had been made to get up an opposition toward iix.tha first developement of which iito tie an attack on the trader* below. It i* said that a lorce of one thousand man ha* been asietnbled at Kl i'asso del Norte, to act in concert with the peoplo above iu this business. - "If this should he, or could our approach for tho protection of the trader*tie unknown to them, we may yet have the satisfaction aud enjoyment of a hattlo with inane iwoiiiw ui ma laiigue* *uu nei iiiiiiip* 01 H quasi war, the first dragoons have hail enough, but we caucot boast the honor of having been in a stricken Held. " (Jen. Kearny in making arrangement* for hi* expedition to California, under the impression that troop* enough for lha maintenance o( the American supremiicy in thi* country were on their way here, and would loon arrive, gave order* that Col. Doniphan'* regiment ihould proceed by El Pa**o to Join (Jen. Wool'* airny on route to Chihuahua " 1 have ju*t learned that Doniphan left Santa Ke yesterday, rn route to El I'uaso. We aro much concerned it the provpert of itarvation among u* before spring The aunplv of proviiion* i* far ibort of tho demand, and that to lie drawn from the country if far short of tho supposed deficiency" The Culvttibia (Boone county) Siotrernon, announce* the reception of a letter from Santa Ke, by tho same arrival, dated on the 19th November. Krom this letter, tho editor learns that Price'* regiment i* stationed in that place for the winter; that great sickness prevail* among the troop*; that there have been a* many as seven death* in a day: that loud complaint* are made against the go veinment by the soldier*, because tliey have neither re ceived any pay nor have they been furnished forage for their horse*; the consequence ol which is that most of their horse* will dio. NAVAt. lNTKbblORNCK. The New Orleans Pitayuin of tlin 3nth tilt. *avs that the Qeartermuater'f Department ia an id to have purohaard the atenmlioat Maria Burt for the ttaca of the war. The pi ice paid waa <>30,01)0, which if represented to ua aa a reaionable one. Hhe ia a good boat, built for the Attaka pat trade, and believed to be worth the money. The Navy Deportment bua lecently ptirchaaed here an iron ftcamor propeller, celled the Bangor, which if now IRK 1 JRNING, JANUARY 8, If fittiDK for Nl ?t the navy yard. She is a good vessel of her cum?her spoed about ten miles the hour?with a draft of water not exceeding eight and a half feet These a utilities will render her very useful for gulf aervice, aa ae waa built for a aea boat. The steamer Aurora hea alaobeen purchased. She can take and bed l'JO meu, proviaiou thorn for three months, carry coal for 35 days ateaming, and with or without steam, compote (in the opinion of the builders) with the fastest vessels in our, or any other, navy. The Aurora waa visited b? Commodores Morris, Sloat, and Mclvers, the naval architect and engineer, and - waa highly approved of,not only by them,but by everyone who has vi1 sited her She has more capacity than any boat of her I size ever built; and she is fast, strong, and well aJupted | to carry a powerful armameut. I An.tber Court of Inquiry, we are informed, says the Portsmouth (Va) Nrw Era, is ordered to assemble on board of the U. S. ship Pennsylvania, on Monday, 4th instant, to inquire into the loss of the U. 8. ship Boston. The Court will be composed of the following officers. President, Com. Jesse Wilkerson, President. Members, Com.Cbas. W. Skinner, ('apt. W. I). Salter. ' Judge Advocate, Lieut. George P. Upshur. Honor to Orlg. Gen. Hauler. Head Quarters, Astir or OccurATiois, > ('amp near Monterey, Dec. 3, 1846.) Sir It becomes my molancholy duty to report the death of Brig. Gen. Hamer, of the volunteer sorvice, woo expired last evening, 'id, after a short illness. The order to the army, aunouncing this sudden dispensation, expresses but feebly the high estimation in which the deceased was held by all who knew him. In council I found him clear and judicious; and in the administration of his command, though kind, yet always impartial and just. He was an active participant in the operations before Monterey ; and since, had commanded the volunteer division His loss to the army at this time cannot he supplied, and the experience which ho daily acquired in a new professiou, rendered his services continually more valuable I had looked forward with confidence to the benetit of his abilities and judgment iu the aervice which yet lies beiore us, and feel most sensibly the Drivation of them. 'l am, sir, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, Z. TAYLOR, Major Gen. U. S. A., Com. Tbe Adjutant General of tbo army, Washington, D. C. OantcRi ) Illicit) Quautkhs, Army ok Oi-citation, | No ISO \ Camp neur Monterey, Dec. 3, 1840. j With feelings of protound eorrow, the commanding geueiel announce* to tho troopi the decease ot Brigadier General T L Hamer, of the volunteer service, who expired last evening after a short but violent illness The ability and judgment displayed by tbe deceased general in the exercim of his military command, and the sterling qualities which marked his private character, endeared him justly to the urmy and to his mnny personal friends By the army in the field, and by the citizens of his own State, his loss will be severely felt. To those connected with him by closer ties it will be irreparable The deceased will be interred at 10 o'clock A. M . tomorrow, with the honors due to his rank. Brig. GenQuitman, commanding the volunteer division, will con. duct the funeral ceremonies, and will command the fu ner&l escort, to be composed of una regiment of volunteers, (inlantry) one company of cavalry, and two pieces of artillery. The cavalry and artillery of the escort will he designated by Brig. Gen. Twiggs from his division, and will report to Gen Quitman at 9 o'clock to-morrow. All officer* ol? duty are respectfully invited to attend the funeral from the head-quarters ol tho Kentucky and Ohio brigade. uy order ot Maj. uen. Taylor, W. W. 8. BLISS, Assistant Adjutant General. [Official ]? J. Hootna, Acting Aaiiit. Adj. Uen. Caur ntii Moxtkhev, Mexico, t December 4, 1840. j The otlicers of the lit regiment of Ohio rolunteori and of Capt Wehiler'i artillery company, boing part of the 1st fiold brigade, 3d division, United State* army, commanded by the late BrigadierUeneralThomai L. Humor, convened this dav (December 4th) at the lioed-qnarters of the regiment, for tho purpose of expreuing their feeliDgi on the melancholy occasion of the decouio of Uen era) Humor, Or no em PaicssriT.?Major (lidding*; Captains Webitor, Long, Harmell. Humilton. Armstrong, Bradley, Miller, Vundevere ; lit lieutenant* Donaldson, Malony ; Kline. KiJd, Beaugrand, Kytt'e, Becker, Oakland, Moore ; 'Jd lieutenant* Bowen, Shearer, Allen, Krieclit, Hall, Cooke, Kneller, Knaneally, McCarter, White, Kochreiser, Boyle, Colville, Smoud, Kendall, Viichei, and Long ley. Major Uiddingi win appointed chairman, and Cnptain John B. Armstrong secretary. The chairman having explained the object of the meeting in a portinient and feeling address, on motion a committee was appointed to prepure suitable resolutions con nUng of Captains Webster, Hamilton, Long, and Bradley, and Lieutenant Kytte. The committee, aftor dcliheiation, repotted to the meeting the following prrumble and resolutions; which, on being read, were unanimously adopted : ? Whereas the recent afflicting bereavement suffered by the country and the army in the death of Hrigadior Ucne ral Thomas 1. llamer at his uuatteis at cams n?ur llim. tercy, Mexico, on the 'Jl instant, devolves oil ui the inelancualy duty ol manifesting, in a public manner, our tense of the calamitoua ami distressing event : '1 herefore, lteaolved, That wo mingle our deep regret and sympatliy with tho country at large for the loss of a statesman of whom Ohio hai been juatly proud during hia whole public lifo, and with that of hia immediate neighbor* and Irienda, who ao recently and lionorahly aigualized their devotion and attachment to him. by returning him without oppoaition to a sent in the lloute ot Representative* of the Congress of the United Stales, ata time whun ho had been for many montha engaged in a foreign laud in fighting the battles of his country. lteaolved, That the rare combination of high traits in the mind and charucter of tho deceased, hia witdom in council, hia decision and energy in the field, his gallantry of spirit, united as these were with the kindliest naluie and warmest affections, commanded the respect and confidence of ail with whom he had intercourse, while tho unreserved enthusiasm and devotion with which he threw himself into the confliat, and thus laid down hia valued life a sacrifice to the honor of his couutry, presents him to his couutry men a noble example to tho true patriot soldier Resolved, That to the family of the deceased, those upon whom this mourntul event will tall with overwhel ming effect, wo can only commend that high source ol convolution and suppoit which never tails in tho most agonizing momenta ol distress to impuithis li hestaud most enduring comtoit, and assuic them that they have the unfoigne I sympathy of a gallant army, to whom lie was so much ri dented lor hisutunly virtues. Resolved, That, for oursolves and the members ot the several corps of the brigade, we take leave to expreas our respectful and iieaity concurrence with tho commander in-chief in the sentiments of just appreciation entertained and expressed by him in general ordeis No. Kit), of the 3d inst., and tender to him our sincere thanks lor the considerate and appropriate arrangements made by liim for the luneral and iatermont ol tho deceased, and lortho impressive, manner in Whioli the taniu wore observed by him and the officer* and volunteer soldier* participating therein. lleiolved, That copies of the foregoing proceedings be lorwarded, one to the relict of the doceesed, signed by the officers present, and one to the editors ofeach of the following named journals, officially signed, with a tos|>ectiul request that thay be published, together with the military order therein alluded to, viz :?The IJnion anil Intelligencer, Washington; the Journal and the Statesman, Columbus, Ohio; the Georgetown (Ohio) Standard, and the Kipley llee, Ohio. L. til01)1 NOS, President. Joh.v B. AaMSTBonu, Secretary. Tlie Itrmich I'oat Offii e. Ma. KhiToa Vou have, heretofore, commented justly upon the utter disregard which the I'oat Office Oe iiartment, in the purauit of its ay stem of mean economy, has manifested for the security and convenirnce of the public. You will not, of course, pass unnoticed an instanea in point, deeply ollccting a large portion of the population of this city: "I allude to the closing of tlur Urai oh Post Odicn in Chatham squaro. Many of our citizens, when repairing with their letters, within a few day? past, to this accustomed depository, have found, to their great surprise, that tho boxes were closed, and surmounted by an announcement that it had boon done by_order of tire Postmaster Oanoral. me catuMiahmcnt of thia branch waa, I believe, advocated and urged by the unanimoua voice of the preaa, and petitioned for by aa large and reapectuble a liat of citizen*, aa ever united in aceking any public conveni ence. That it waa a public convenience of the firit magnitude, ia nurticieully evidenced by the fart, that the number of lettora depoaited here, reache.i thirty-eight tliouaand (38 Ot.'O) in a aingle mouth. A large portion of thta uninenae number were written out of buaineea houra, at the reaidencea of peraona having hoxea at the lower poet ottlce. All euch peraona writing lettrra at home in the evening, which they deaigned to aend by the eaily morning maila, were in tlie habit of depoaiting thorn in the Branch olilce. It ia a well known fact that a revenue of about ten thouaund dollura a year ia derived from the rent of l'oat Ottlce boxea, in thia city. Tliia revenue cornea from no part of the l'oat Ottlce ayatem proper , but fiom an adjunct of it, contrived for the convenience of the public. Itahould, therefoie, be oxpended with a sole view to the furtherance ol that conveuieuco. In itaelf lent, it would properly be diaburaed in the defraying of the rent end expemea of feat Ottlce buildinga. Tno aum ia amply auttirierit to pay the rent of both lower and upper ottlce. But it ia anid that the upper ottlce baa tailed to auppurt itaelf. In the flrat place, the two cannot bo juatly divided (or the pttrpoae of thia charge ; (or many who paid box rent at the lower office, depoiited their letlera in the upper; and their contribution to the auppoit of the department, were, therefore, entitled to he conaidered in ... ........... rP?i.?uiuiu> unwcmi IUV I WO. I 111! roil alderation extendi further, but need not be dwelt upon. In tho aer.ond pUci-, a lair trial haa not been given to the upper ofBce , and if the public could bo poMcaied of the lacta, it would doubtioi*appear that ita revenue line been constantly increaaiug, with a neur proapect of being ?uf I tirient to meet expenaea The inteioat ol the depaitment, in Another view, we* aUo concerned in thn continuance ol tlna oHlce. Many peraona reaiding in the neighborhood, or at no great die tance, were induced to addroa* coi reapondenta on trivial n>attera, which would never have been made the auhject ol a letter, had tho writer been compelled to go one or two roilea to depoait it in a poat olflce The ritiaena ol the upper and eaatern part ol the town are much excited on thia auhject, and if their public aerI vanla at Waahiugtou, do not intereat themaelvea in tho I matter, they wilTioon hear a voice from the people. wmmmammmmmmmmmmmmmmmsssm 1 Hi R A smJHL. 347. ImM, ixc H i"46 1 St rapi and Snaps. Since the Jute of my last letter nothing of interest bee trauspirod On the 17th, Mr. De Meyer gave Lie first concert at the Tacoo, assisted by Mr. Burke. The President's message arrived here on the -lid, from Charleston. A part of it appeared translated, yesterday, j in the papers of this city, particularly that part in rela- j tion to our difficulties with Me*'.Co; In other respects, as it doss not interest the people, it attracts little or no attention The Op ra company brought out " Safo," a new opera, ! last night. The first two acts passed oil' heavy; in the third appeared i the Prima Donna Tulesco. The extraordinary .beauty of this actress is unsurpassed in this or any other country. The American bark Cuba, from Portland, was lost on the Punta, yesterday, in a norther. She had just arrived. A vessel has arrived at this port from Yucatan, bringing dates up to the 8th inst. That Statu has again tormallo Mii.ruln.l VI ?1. ?I 1 < of an independent republic. Thia change haa been ' brought about in order to avoid tho effects of the blocka<l* by the American squadron. Havana evincea a quite dull and gloomy aspect-, many of the first families, in fact nearly all, have goue to the country to paas the Christmas holidays. SOUTH Havana, 'Jath Doc., lH-lti Trtp to the Interior. On the 19th mat., having grown weary and tired ol the business, bustle, the constant roll of volantca and draya through the narrow streets of Havaua, 1 determined to break the monotony of the moment by a short excursion into the country, and accordingly, with others, took my seat in the daily train of cars at 7 o'clock, for the village of Guinea, distant from this forty-five miles, and from the south coast of Cuba only about twelve. On clearirg the outskirts ef the city wo soon passed on our right the foot of Principe, with its grey and massive walls in silent repose ; a little further on a seminary, surrounding which a number of boys were sporting on the green turf. Kmerging gradually lrom this lovely spot, and some small hills in the rear of fort Principe, I was at once struck with unbounded admiration at the beauty of all the scenery around ; here the railroad began gradually to ascend, und so continued for about fifteen miles. Nothing can picture to the imagination, or surpass tho beauty and sublimity of the sconery at every turn of the road ; gardens on either side groaning under an over load of tropical fruits, pineapple, banana, yuca, Si." uml in the distance the loltv and inaieutin nnlm I rounded by the over green sugar cano, closed the distant | view. At Bejuoal, the first village i assed through, the railroad strikes the plain or tablo land ol the Island, and here, now and thou, the cotl'eo tree may be aeen, but not exteusively cultivated. Nothing of importance uttracta the attention of the eyo save the extraordinary fertility of the aoil, the lofty palm tree and impenetrable jungle Strange to nay, with all thii bounty of nature, the country over which the railroad paaaes, is almoat one continued wild, without the signs of cultivation, aave now and then a miaeruble hamlet, ahunteo like, on ita four forks, thatched with palm leavei. At half paat eleven 1 arrived at Guinea, when I wai shown to a very comfortable and clean hotel, kept by a Mr, Lawrence, ami whero our visiting this island for ploasure may find an agreeable berth for a few days. On entering the town 1 soon saw the ravages the late hurricane hau causod to the place ; somo houses still unroof, ed, others one solid mass of ruins The neighborhood ol uuiues is sanl to be one of the moet highly cultivated districts oil thi* island, there being a number ot large coffee and auger estate*. As one ot the object* of my visit was to satisfy my curiosity in this respect, I lost no time in procuring horses, and with a friend set out the same evening of my arrival to visit an estate on which, as I was iuformed by the mayoral, they produced '.2,400 boxes sugar per annum, work ed by'234 sluves, of all uges. The ride from Ouines to this estate is unsurpassed in beauty . the country one unbroken level, literally covered with sugarcane as far as the eye could oxtend. The estate belonged to a rich family, residing in Havana, by the name of Diego, the owner of which being mote able and perhaps better informed than tho majority of sugar planters in Cuba, had imjiorted from Krauoe, and put into operation at au expense of $40,000 a train for making sugar upon a new system, by whicn no portion ot the molasses is lost. On nearing the houses our attention was druwn particu lsrlv to a cluster oi some tittv small huts in strnielil rows on the right. These were the houses ofjtho slaves,!hatched with palm leaves, and in tho rear of each wus n hut of smaller size; at first I suppised these huts weie kitchens, hut riding up closer, I observed in each one a huge black pig, which is a favorite companion of the Alrican slave. On dismounting at tho house of the administiador, we were kindly received by him, and inlotming him that the object of our visit was merely to see the process ol giinding cane and making sugar, which they had just coirf meuced, he directed us to make the bouse our own, in the usual Spanish custom, and politely granted us the hospitalities of the piuce. Having satiatied our curiosity, we wero about leaving, when some half dozen on carts arrived from Uio Held with sugarcane, with which came the mayoral, or overseer of the estate ? a tall athletic Creole, of about tiltytive, large whito hat, in shirt sleeves, with a long tultd.ina sword hung to bis side, on the hilt of which hung bis celebrated whip, called the manati, about two feet and a half long,and half an inch in diametor. made of the skiu of the lea cow. This is the instrument with which they used to punish their slaves, hut having been tound to bo too severe, the government passed a law prohibiting its use ; Dir. uie grave oiu mayorai neciureu necoum not .luj ense with it, and prefers paying tho Qua of $} > per annum, he ing the penalty for violating the law. The mayoral frankly declared that every man who had any thing to do witu negroes should wear out one manali per week, but that Hie one in his hand had lasted hint some lix months. In the interior of this Island every white man is permitted to woare his lolr-lana; this is for the purpose of enabling him to defend himself iu tho event of an attack from the slaves Tho village of Guinea contains a on of uhout iOi.'O souls, ono-third of whom are black anil colored. AMiough tho appearance ol the people is healthy, much more to than the Havana, they are egregionsly lazy ; and here, as in other purls of Spanish America, they uppear to let every day provide for itself. Having been informed that about a league west ol Ouines, there was one of tile most Nourishing collee estates, belonging to a man by tliu name ol Totijeilu, I set out lor it one evening, and alter a pleasant ride, urrive 1 at it ; to my surprise. I saw here more distinctly than at any other place, the fatal luvugeN of tho late hurricane ? mm cihij nmuw vi miijt imiiritt, iihii 00011 torn up hy the rooti ; pluntuin trooa prostrate on the ground ; in ihort, a gloomy nu<l dismal aspect preseutod itHt-lt on all sides. The pioluct of cotfeo has bean gradually diminishing on this Islan 1 for the last few years, and I huve been assured the growers ere lung will have to abandon it entirely, as unproductive. Previous to my departure lor (fames, I accepted an invitation from a gentleman to whom I brought a letter, to visit, duriug the Christmas holidays, his coffee and sugHr estates, situated towards the west end of the Island, near Dahut Honda, and to comply with which I left Ouines on the morning of the list, much to my ragret, and with the hope of again returning to it before I leave the Island. SOUTH. Ni.wakk, January U, 1817. Lighting tht City?Thr Strrrh, 4-r, .J-e (las tvas for the lirst tiine introduced into the pipes yesterday afternoon, and the itores for the most part were all illiimiriitcd last evening with the brilliant light which the gas affords. The workmen are very busily engaged in laying the pipes in the hack streets, and I hope ere long all tlio city will bo lighted with gas Some ol the private oitUens are having lamp po<ts put up in front oi their dwellings, and it is a great ornament as well as a useful thing. The streets, as usual, are very deep in mild, and " ef forts will be this weather continues,to have a line oi hosts to inn up and down Broad street." Ktforts are in progress to have the streets paved six feet trom the gutter each side of the street, and the distance between ! them Mtcadamisod. I understand that tins measure is | considered very lavorahly by the inhabitants. Tlio weather overhead is beautiful. It leels moro like I April than January. Yours, truly. Grkat Flood in Onto.?In Columbus, Jan. 2, the Scioto river was 22 inches higher than at the time of the great tloo I in 1831. At that time it was higher than ever known before, except in 18(18, when, it is thought by our oldest citizens, it was somewhat higher than in 18.11. The national road between this city and krenklinton and from f ranklintun to Sullivan's mill, is covered with water. Tlio largest si/.ed t reus, rails, ami shocks of corn, are drilling in abundance. The loss to the people in tho Scioto valley is incalculable. Noarly all the corn left in shock in tho field, and the quantity is immense, lias been swept away. The fences in the valley are well itigli gone. Tho national road between this city ami tho hill, three miles weat, must be considerably injured. The lailroad from the prison to mo iuuo <|uai i y i? mny uainugmi; n part OI Olio ?< ttio hridgra ui the roa I ban nettled in ono place aome la or 'JO inclioa, and may yet tall. The embankment between tho l rnlgea 11 also mtich d^nuignd. Since the unova wai in type, a part of the railroad bridge ha* fallen. The water haa made its way into tho lower looma of all the pork houiea, and much damage has been dona. The dwelling home and mill ol Rollin Molar, two mile* below the city, are completely aurionnded by water four feat deen. Some of our citizena went to the family in a boat and reacuud them Many ca'tie atood in the water up to their mid aidea. 1 The riycr baa broken through the banka of tho Columbua feeder in aeveial plurea. The amount ol propel ty deatroyedia nnmcnae The potk iiouao of Col. John MeKltrain baa been aweptaway, which contained about *J4,00U worth of I poik. It ia thought that a gieat potion ol it will be loat ( Cincinnati papera of the 4lh nte received by the Weii tern mail, which i? juat arrived They contain roolanrholy deiaila of deatiurtlon rauied tiy a flood in the ilift Miami on the 4d Kive livea weie loit. The Cincinnati and Dayton canal ta awept of bridgra, and la Mohan and overflowed. The Whitewutar canal la almoat irraparahly danteged. The loaa in Iv.mher, flour, lioga and potk ia nnnienae, and the doatrnrlion of the mdia, he. ia fuaifnl. The price of pork in Cincinnati Uaa advanced one-eighth o( a i nollar. LD. Prte* Two Cwta. Boston, January B IB 47 Thf IV'athfi*?Voluntrrra?Harbor Regulations?Bbipping? Mailt, fc. The (tonn noticed in my last continued pouring down rain and I mil until yesterday forenoon, when the wiud hanged to the westward, chasad the cloud* and rain away, and left the face of the sky clear and lovely a* the eye could drsire to coutemplate The tun ahona forth brilliantly, *o clear and wars that if one or all of the aavan sleepers had been called upon to stand watch, they would have aworn it wa* summer outright. Thia agreeable change of weather ha* permitted many invalids to air themselves, business men to do two day* work in one, and the shipping in port to dry their sails; all con aiderationa of importance. MuaaachutetU, though ?low, will yet he lure, deapite the eiforta of abolitionist* and other* inimical to the war* be will send forth her regiment of volunteer* to the war. Seven companies have been already mustered into service; and the other companies are tilling up fast. In a fortnight at furthest, the regiment will be complete. In the meantime the companies already mustered, are being regulurly drilled every day; and will uo doubt, by tho time they reach the scene of action, be almost equal to soldier* of tho line, so ;far as the use (of weapon* is conpnniAil Th* urivutinm innwlont tn n comnflign h? far (lie hardest part of a foldier'i duty, they have yet to encounter. Strange aa it may appear to thote familiar with the tee, Boiton, the second commercial city of the Union, ia without a harhor maiter or harbor regulation!-, conae<]uently every ahio maiter,owner, or agent interested in hipping, may do juat m they pleaae, without any reference to tho accommodation of each other. Aa the commerce of lioaton haa increased, thii want of order haa been aeverely felt, oipocially aa the harbor ia very mull. I have aeen the channel ao crowded witn veaaela lying at anchor in all directiona, that it was impoanble for a ship to thread her way through them even with a fair wind. To remedy thii atete of thinga, a petition haa been drawn up, to be presentod to the its flrat aeaaton, praying for legislation on the aubject. Already the petition haa received the aignaturee of moat of our influential citi/.ena. connected with commerce Thie will not he the flrat time that the Legislature haa been petitioned in reference to the aaine aubject, but heretofore the Cape Cod members, with the aid of other country aolona, aucceedcd in ataving it olf, becuiiae they aaid it would interfere with tlioir tishermen. But new the evil ia ao great that something must l>e done to keep the channel clear. Thnahip below, which I supposed in my last to be the Thomas U. Wales, from Calcutta, turned out to be that vessel. She stood olf on Monday night during the gale, und still remains below. In consequence of the atorm, the steamboat mail due here in the morninr. waa detained until 7 P.M. The Long I (land mail arrived in good season. The pack/it (hip Anglo Sixon, (or Liverpool, tailed yesterday aftornoou, with a fine breeze from the weitward. The weather continues beautiful aa the heart of man eould desire. The Volunteers. To tmk Koiron or tiix Nkw Yoaa Hxkalo.: ? Hi n : Fr om an oditorial remark in your paper of thia morning, rolerring to the advance pay of the U. 8. Volunteer*, now on hoard the ship Catharine, I would moat respectfully ask, through the medium of your independent journal, where application ia to be made for the advunce pay?how,and when eueh advance pay la to be obtained! On tho part of aelf, a> o father, and several aituated aa 1 am, I subscribe myself, Youra, Ac. Ac. J If STICK TO THK VOLUNTEER. Varieties. A tire, supposed to be the work of an tucendiary. occurred in Richmond, \ a , on Thursday night last. The lumber yard of the'Messra Crenshaw, was consumed, a large <|uantity of lumber, a stable, ami an office. There were lour horses in the stable, two of whom were burnt to death The roof of the Methodist church adjoining, wos also destroyed. There has beau another affray in Richmond, Vs., in which n man named Mherpe was stabbod by Edgar Barziza. The ? oumled man having since diad, Dariiza has been arrested and committed lor trial. Mr. I'lutV Vail, a respectable farmer of the town of Kishkill, commilted siii<-ide(on Tuesday week. Gen. ' buries Sterett llidgely died on the 6th inet., st I his scat in Elk Ridge, MurylauJ, in tho A6th year of kis ago. lie was tlie iutlier of Captain Randolph Kidgoly, who ieccntly .lied at Monterey, in conae.iuence of a fftli | from hii horse . Tho printers of Newburyport have extended an invitation to the cralt residing in boston, Hale in and the I neighboring town*, to unite with them in celebrating I the anniversary of the birth of Krunkiin on the lttu instant. An application it to be made to the Legislature of Massachusetts. for a charter for a railroad trom Lee, <5 * state, to llousntonicviilo, N. Y., to intersect wir Housntonir Kailroud. The cost is estimated at $MU, ?Spring. Hep. The Newburgh lirnnch of the New York and Krie itailrocd is progressing linely. We may safely calc' late upon having the road in operation by the end of ' present, or early in the coming year. The celebrated Salem vein, (red ash anthracite coal,* at Young's Lauding, i'ottsville. Pa , has now reached working depth of 900 feet below the level of the sur* streams. Tho largo flour mill of Mr. J. Hhalmiro, 011 tl York Road, Philadelphia, caught fire on Monda ning, and together with its contents destroyed, i tamed at the nine time about fil i.000 wotth of stor side the establishment it<olf, which was a valuable one. An iron steamer,called the Passport, was launched at Kingston, Canada, last week, oi u substantial and elegant make, tlie iron of which wan in tba bowels of tUa earth in Bcotlund in March hut. T. A. ilsyden, has been chosen I'raaident of the Charleaton Typographical Society. Ai Mr. Drindlo.of Danville, and (J. W Kenner, of tha Stockton Aitillensts, at Pittsburg, were evpshmentiDg with a pistol, charging it with gun-cotton, the weapon was accidentally diechurgoil, killing instantly a young mun named Lewi* Mulisae, aged 17,atandiug by at the time. A sword, epaulettel, ami a full uniform, are to lie presented to Lieut. Janice L Parker, U. S N., by the citizen! of Philadelphia, for hi* gallantry duplayed in the Creole cutting out, mid on board the lout Somen JI3 sick an-l disabled seamen were admitted into the Marine Hospital at Norfolk during the pant year, of whom 107 were discharged,!) died, and 7|*till icmain The Vulcan Iron Work* Co. at Tioy, have recently re organized,under the title of the Troy (tolling Mill Co. The seventh annual commencement of the Alabama State University took place on the 38th ult. lion Wm A. King wai present. The mail stage between Urcnville and By town, Canada, was upset whilo fording Die Ottowu river, on the MUt tilt, and three passengers, K Cumming, James Uowsn, and ? Kagle, wero drownedCol Starke, late unsuccessful whig candidate for Cougicss in Miis , was shot in the arm, on tha 33d ult., In a duel with K. lllewitt, also whig, of Columbus. Btarke did not die. The brass foundry attached to the Niagara Dock Com| pany hm In-en dostroyed by fire. The fire was confined to till! brass laundry, sod the loss is not great. j no imtuniu ii >?]> iiibi me iiumuer 01 uepustf in that State, amounts now to probably 4i,cUo. North Bangor, (Maine) is full of activity. The rej building of the mills if in rapid progress Twenty, four saws nro to le in o|icration by the let of June. The contract! already made amount to tMI.Ooo. FRENCH FANCY BOXES htOK HOLIDAY PRESENTS-BRUN, LAROBIKHK r ?c t.'OI'KT, lit Willisin street, have just received aad offer lor sale two cases ol Preach Fancy Buses for houboas, ef the latent style dl lra*rre JEFFERSON INSURANCE COMl'ANY. Orri< ic No. iO Wai.i. s'Jiit, orrosiTK thi Misi hist's EtCH4NOK. THIS Company continues to tusure agaiaet loss or damage by Fire, on dwelliuK houses, warehouses, buildings in gt-ucral,goods,wares and merchandise, aiideverv description ol personal property ; also against lots or damage ay inland navigation and transportation. DIRECTORS. Thomas W. Thorne, Elisha Rjrgs, Thomas T. Woodruff, Anseu U/Ker, K K Kohson, M.D, Joseph Drake, Thomson I'rirw, Joseph Allen, Mases Tucker, James E. Holmes, Johh K. Davison, John P. More, John II. Lee, Willisin K Those, Caleb C. Tunis, Thomas Morrell, Frances P. Sage, Eugene Dogart, Jolm C. Merrill, THOMAS W THORNE, rresideel. OEO T HOPE Seertlarv s?4 tire - llp'p thUIHOU cns> ftmcaiiukUt WANTED LADIES or Oeetlewsa >sving any snperflnous or east off clothing or (manure to dispose of, can obtain a fair caah S' nc# forth# sains, br arP'ving to the sahseriber, at hie reel mice, or throegh the post office, which will be paaeteally attended to M. 8. COHEN, ?? Duaae si. I>; . B. Ladies ess b e etteadsd to by Mrs M A Cokes. ! al>lll??rs | ACCCRUEONS, melodeons, anu music BOXES. rfMIK Subscriber, Mstiufsctarer sud Importer of Mnsicsl 1 l.illri.insnt. I.? f 1- - * ? _ ................ .-,,r n 111(1 annnmnii 01 ciccordecm, Melodeona, and Muaical lloiri, and all kiudi ufmniii cal initrninenu. EDWARD B A A <' K, d'i lm?rh ?l Knlim ?t . cor of Clold ?t. MUHIC.?MHM. UA VIS rrapeailnSly aunuunrci, ihal aha Continue* giving leaaone daily on the Piano Porte. and also Milium* in the Knglieh, Krench, and Ital an atyla, with an eaay method of acquiring the accompaniment* to the voice. I.adiea iiicirrring it ran he attended at their ewe reiideucei. Kor trrnia, If!., apply at 171 Molt tweet use Ini re V IH ll,h?lu the uintiei ol the eeteie ot incline Julie A In Drew, deceaenl ? Notice it hereby given, that Hie nedertigeed hare hern del ly appointed by the judge of probate of the county of Michi | limaekintc. III iheHtaie of Michigan, adinioittralort of the atate of John A. Drew, laie of Mackinac, coonty of Miehilimackinac, deceated, and have taken upon theinaelret that | truat, by giving booda according to law. I Mack mac, Michigan, November 31, 1Mb. I WILLIA.M t DRKW. HKNBY JUT*KM. HAM'L. K HAHINO. dJlw*M Admiaiouttori of U? MM of John A. Drow.

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