Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 8, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 8, 1847 Page 2
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? - -s ? ' ' NEW YORK HKRALl). V.w V?rk, K,| nay. January 8, l?47. Tile Weekly Herald. To-morrow morning at 8 o'clock, our regular edition of the Weekly Herald will be ready for our patrons. It will contain Governor Young'* first message to the Legislature?a history of the rise, progress, and fa'l of the Van Buren dynasty?the President's special message to Congress?history of the New York Society Library?the official despatches of the loss of the United States brig Somers? important intelligence from the Capitol?proceedings in Congress and in our legislature to the last moment?correspondence Irom the army and navy?the chronological table for 1846?the list of ships built in this port in that year?the crnnina | statistics of this city?besides our usual amount of political, commercial, and financial reading. It will be illustrated with an engraving of the New York Society Library, and a scene representing two of our " first young men" making their last call on New Year's day?both done in the first style of art. The price will be, as heretofore, 6^ cents, in wrappers, ready for the mail. Our Consular System ? The Plan of Use Secretary of State. There is, perhaps, no subject before Congress, more eminently entitled to early consideration and legislation, than the new consular system prepared by Mr. Secretary Buchanan, the present able head of the State department at Washington. This gentleman, at the expense of a great deal of time und labor, has put forth a document of great ability, and which entitles the author to the thanks of the entire commercial community of the United States, showing, in strong light, the defects, inconsistencies, imperfectness, and inaptuess of the old consular system; if a seriss of laws, passed from the year 1808, to the present time, and scattered over the statute books in the most disorderly, confusion can be dignified with that title, for the purposes for which it was designed. In consequence of no compilation of these laws, that are scattered through the statute books for a period of over forty years, having ever been made, the consul cannot know his duty without having in his possession a large library, containing all the statutes passed on the subject,to which he can refer. But even if our consuls had all these books at their command, it cannot be expected hat they will be able or willing to occupy their time, and devote so much labor as would be required to trace out the particular statute under which they should decide cases pending before them, when their own commercial affairs occupy their whole time, and when the fees accruing to them for their trouble are totally inadequate. In order to obviate both ol these evils, Mr. Buchanan recommends the raining and adoption of one perfect and comprehensive system, prescribing the duties of consuls in every case, so that the consul, as at present, need not be under the necessity of ransacking a large library of musty statute hooks, for information as to his duty, or m guessing at ir, arid deciding it according to his own principles of justice, without regard to the enaotmenls of Congress on the subject. Tnis plan, if adopted, will certainly obviate the first of these evils, and the remedy he provides for enabling the consul to devote his whole time and attention to the duties of his office, is admirably P.n Ifni 1 a tt'fi trt ft P.hnncr,* in fhia rnaitnot Thit remedy is to prohibit our consuls from engaging at all in mercantile pursuits, and paying them salaries from the treasury of the United States, adequate t > their suppo t, and the maintenance ,df of a certain degree of dignity esseutial to preserve the honor of his office That both of these recommendations are the dictates of sound and enlightened policy, lew, we think, will deny. It cannot Lie expected, that our coasuls wi.I neglect their private pursuits to artend to the duties of their office, when the fees of that office are not worth having; and whatdignity can foreigners attach to our consuls, when they see them peddling and huckstering every day on 'change, and engaged in barter and trade like other merchants 1 Indeed, it is Well known, that merchants solicit the office of consul in many instances, merely for the sake of promoting their own commercial interests, and for the purpose ol increasing their business, as the office creates confidence among our people in the United States. A merchant ai home wishing to send a cargo of goods to a particular port, and not being acquainted with any merchant there to whom he would consign them, consigns them at once to the merchant-consul ol the United States. While we are speaking of the appointment and compensation of our consuls, it may be as well to refer to a change that we have long advocated, but which Mr. Buchanan has made no reference to in his report?this is the appointment of none but citizens of the United States as American consuls. We have no doubt, indeed we have on former occasions produced melancholy instances of the fact, that our commercial interests, and en the lives and liberty of our peopl* have been jeopardized, and in some case: sacrificed, on account of our consuls in foreigr countries being citizens and natives ot the coun tries wherein they resided. The foreign consul while he assumes tlte duty of protecting the inte rests aod lives of our citizens, hasliis duty to per form to his own country, which he can not neglect under pains and penalties of a heav] nature. His duties as American consul and thOM of a subject of his own country are incompatible and when the penalty for neglecting the one ii simply dismissal from office, and in the other fim and imprisonment, and perhaps the guillotine o t he gallows, as it would be in time of war, be tween the country of which he is a subject and th< country he represents as consul, it is easy enougl te suppose that his duty as consular representativ< w- >i u?_j ? -i 1J r-n?. nwuiu UC U11UWU UYCIUUfllU cum no WUUIU IUIIUV hi* iluty as subject. The disastrous consequence that would result from this state of things are sell evident; and although we have at present no pros peat of hostilities occurring between ourselvei and foreign powers, there is no knowing in thi present state of the world how soon the presen aspect of nations may be changed. There is, it fact, no knowing what a single day may brin| forth, and we should be prepared for all emergen oies. We have seen the alliance and ententt cor dial? which lasted for a number of years betweci France and Great Britain, threatened in a day, a it were, and the probability of a war betweei those countries looked upon as imminent by th most experienced statesmen of Europe. II in tin event ol a war, England had had a Frenchmai to represent her commercial interest, the resul would have been disastrous in the extreme. There is another point in Mr. Buchanan's con miar system deserving of especial attention It should b), as it 1a, our bout mat tho Americar flag offer* sure protection to American citizen wherever itMiais. But it is not so in fact; am Jor want of legislative provisions, American citi zens are no w liable to be tried, convicted, con demned, decapitated, nay tortured and whipped according to the laws of the particular countne where these punishments are inflicted. Mr. Bi ohanan remarket ? In lbs mtodln ago* consuls exercised extensive civ and criminal Jurisdiction at the place* where they r axled, over the all J-ct* and citizen* of their rt'pectn oountries. This pract ce has long since ceesed, eacei in regard to Mehommedaa end other nations occupy ii c. similar position towards Chi isleudom ? bristian pot era, with a due regard to the protection of tbeir ownci ser and suhjecta, could not sorter them to he tiied ei punished for crimes and udem es in th* summary minm j> recused amoug these nations, with *11 their prejudic | ae?inat foreigner*. By our tiwatlea, therefore, #ith th* SuMime Porte and th - Emperor of China, tbea* aovar! sign* are deprived of all criminal Jnriadiction ever our ci'izens A? a substitute tor ihi* juriadiction, it la provided in the fourth article o( our treaty with the Sultan, t* that otf<>ncea committed by American citizena in Turkey . a " ahall bo tried by their miniatar or conau), and punlahed | according to their offVnce. following, in thta reapeot. the I usage o beer red towarda th* other Franks " And under ! te the diet article of our recent treaty with China," citi- th zena of the United State* who may commit any crime in b( China, ahall he aubjeot to be tried and puniabed only by the conaul or other public fhnctionery of the United States, according to the lawa of the United State* And ta in order to the prevention of all controversy and diaaffec j tion, Juatic# ahall bo equally and impartially adminiater*d on both aide*." j * (food faith thua require* that Congress ahould provide di for the trial and punishment of crime* and offences when { al committed bv American citizena in the dominion* of th* Sultan and the Emperor of China. Having surrendered ! co thie sovereign power to tha United btatea. under a to- ni lemn engagement on our part that it shall be faithfully b executed, the Turkish and Chineae governments have a riffht to axpoct that Congress (ball provide for tba par- or formaaca of tbia obligation. Tbera is an nrgant necsssi- pr tv that thia ahould ba done immediately. At praaant th these atipulationa ara a dead latter; becausa it "la not . presumed that any conaul of the United States, raaldant | of in tnose countrias would undertake to try, convict, and 8u puniah ourcitizens for offancaa committed there. Should a flagrant crime be perpetrated upon a Turk or Chineae, by any of our citizena, and ahould puniahmeut not fol- wi low, according to the requiaitions o the treaty, thia pi] might disturb, if not deatroy, our friendly relationa, and do great injury to our comment. Accustomed as they 7 are to summary justice, they could not be made to un- th derstand why criminals, who are citizena ei the United ? ] States should escape with impunity, in violation of treaty obligations, whilst the punishment of a Turk or Chinese.who had committed any crime against an American ' > citizen, would be rigorously exacted. B< Under existing treaties with Tripoli, Tunis, Morocco, aQ and Muscat, all disputes between citizens i,t the United States in these aountriea are to be decided ay the proper cu . consul ; and. in the three former, whenever he shall re- I Fr auiro any aid to enforce his decisions, it is to be imme- wdiately granted by the government of the country. Under our treaties with Sweden, Prussia, Russia, Han- tu: 1 over and Portugal, our consuls have the right to alt as pii Judges and aibitratora in such differences as may ariae between the captains and orews of American vessels In ! these ceuntries. 1111 The mode in which these judicial powers shall be ex- by ecuted by consuls, has never yet, in a single instance, ^ | been prescribed by Congresa. ^ See wbat a predicament our citizens are in, in this respect. These powers have ceded away by treaty civil and criminal jurisdiction over Ame- ye rican citizens, and yet no law has ever been passed by Congress empowering our consuls in those countries to as ume the Dower thus given them ! ? by treaty, nor directing the mode in which they | shall exercise this power. I Now, suppose an American citizen were to i pe commit a homicide in China, he would be tried . ra< in the same manner as natives of thai country I are tried for a similar olTence. No American ip) consul would, without warrant, incur the respon- ev sibility of trying and hanging an American ciii- ^ zen in China; and the Chinese Government Da would tx necenitate rei be obliged to do it although it ceded away the power to do it. That (, ^ power however not being used by the American Government, the Government of China, Til in ordsr to preserve order and peace, would be obliged to order a trial; and where, as in Chi- wi na, the prejudice against foreigners is so great, it Hi is not difficult to assume what the consequences would be. dit We are inclined to pursue this subject further, but our space will not permit. In conclusion, cli wo earnestly hope that Congress will carefully J,?' read, ponder, and digest the able document sub- Bo mitted to them by Mr. Buchanan?a document r,c sei every way worthy of that enlightened statesman, cli and carry out the suggestions it contains. at< Governor Young's Message?Our readers are ho aware that the inaugural message of Gov. Young ?|> was transmitted to this city by telcgiapb, and oc- ro cupied two columns and a half o( solid nonpareil I Tl in the A'rut l'o-A: Utrald. It contained twenty-live thousand letters, or five thousand words, and was h? the longest complete document ever sent to any distance by the subtle agency of ligtitning th It may astonish our readers when we inform them, that at the regular telegraphic prices, the cost of sciidin" tins document would have reach tlI ed the sum of eight hundred dollars; but although te it PAut n IuruA mim flio nriftA w(i? hnrnp htf fhrt?<* I a\ p?pert, of which xheHtrJd was one. This, of th course relieved ea h of the burden of an enor- " t mous expense, and made it comparatively Ugh et to each. J," After these three papers had incurred this te great expense, the message was copied by other journals, the Wall street papers in H particular, without crediting either of the three 0( journals that incurred the expense of telegraph- 6( ing it, which, to say the least, was rather g| dishonorable; but this was not all, for they com- m mitted the most unblushing impudence in statiag . the next day, and after they had received the d< document by mail, that the telegraph had in one V or two instances made some trifling mistakes in the phraseology. 'J This brings to our mind the anecdote of the ^ Quaker and his wheelbarrow,which a kind friend fo ! had borrowed, and returned after he had broken ; , | it, with the modest request that he would have it ' m j repaired as soon as possible, as he wanted to use to 1.1 it agaiu the next day. oi , pt i*>kkd from Bostor.?We received at three p( ' o'clock yesterday morning, Boston papers of the i previous evening, by the kindness of Mr. Phil- ^ lips. He left Boston at Ave o'clock on Wednes- w i day afternoon, came over the i*rovUencc ana | Stonington Railroad, across the Sound in the | ? New Haven, and then over the Long Island Rail- i road, making the trip from city to city, in ten ; ti hours. This is extraordinary speed. m ii. City Intelligence, p National Flam for thk Voluntmrs.?The mans, pi gers of the Origan and Texas Ball, will preseut the splendid national flag, prepared for the first regiment i New York Volunteers, under command of Col. Burnett, ! 1? this evening, at Castle Oarden, between the hours of 11 and 13 o'clock. The display of military will honor the p occasion. The flag is beautiful and costly. o Pbrikntation of a Stand of Colors.?The 1st regiment of New York State Volunteers^under command of 8 Col. Burnett, will be presented on this day with a stand of colors, at II o'clock, in front of City Hall The coin- < panies not yet embarked will aasemble on the occasion, j 0 The proceedings will be imposing, and crowds are ex- j * j pected to be preaent. Sf.cond Annual Ball.?The second grand ball of the I 'V [ Texas and Oregon Association, will take place to-night e at Castle Warden. This will be a splendid affair; the 8 : procoeds are to be given to the New York volunteers, 1 now on the eve of embarkation for Mexico. j | Tammany Socirtv Ball this evening will undoubt cdly be one of the most magnificent /e/cs ever given in ; this city. The decorations will be extremely interest- t< ing from their connection with prominent incidents in j the history of the nation. Those who are, or have been | H so fortunate us to obtain a ticket, will beyond doubt enJoy themselves highly. As usual, the principal military 1 ' and naval officers on this station, as also prominent and ? i distinguished civilians, w 11 ba present as guests. And . we expect to derive from their sayings and doings on < !* this occasion a knowledge ol the leelings ot the great " democratic republican party at th a interesting period ol * t our national aifaira. P ^ ' n ' | vuiuiuuii riiui i ^ Before Judge Duly. Breach of Promue Caie?lltaty vs. Stehkins?Judgo Daly charged the jury yesterday morning, after which j t - the jury retired and did out agree Hp to the time of ad joiirument Sealed verdict thin morning. John Lyone vs. Walter Long-?Thia wu an action of a anault una battery The |iiaiutitf la a carpenter, and the , defendant a bote builder. Krom the itatement of plain < lift 'a coenael, we uuderatood that plainiiif had a shed 0 on a vacant lot between 41st and 4Jd street, in which he e carried on his business The delendaut called on plaintrfl and. wanted to |iurchase some window sashea from n him ; lie reiused, end the defeudunt caine next day, aslt saulied him, tore down his shod, and threw the snsht a i and his tools in the street Kor this outrage he brings his action. I be defence set up is that the plaintiff made the first assault, and that the defendant o? ned the lot?adjourned. Kor plaintid, Mr. Br)an; lor delundant, Messrs. titeen and Cram. 1 Before Judge Ingraham. Rniedon 4r Oraitieek tn Tuyior Siai h ? 1 his caure 1 was given to the Juiy ) esteiday. l he jury found a verj j diet lor the delenoaiit silt filmier ftl Brutn vs. ffm W Cllsfrf.-Tbil was an action on a bill ol exchange lor $MiO, accepted by the defeu rant The dtieuce is tnat it was disrotintad in this 1 city hy the ricftiueut oi the ( iuiik oi new > > Jaraay. lor the hank, winch i* ioc ted at Perth Aintniy? ? thai it ii i Hex 11 aud contiaiy to the liai ol thi* Side lot a tureigb curi'Oraiijii to uiicouiit or carry on t-Mi,k- < lag aparaUaaa wllMa thi* State. Adjourned to this I DiOllllug K?ir tdaiDtift, Mr. Wot Wa'aon. " Poi ueteuduiit, Maaara Hoitleu uod Cotvlci I re |it < om I t alciidai ? I lila Day. i ,K Tlic balati. e of thn calendar will ho called this mori a I ti- i -oMMOf. Pi.**??l,t part?#9, 107, 65, 14, 16, 37, 93, ,d 109, 46, 61, 6fi, 17, 63 8<?, 76, 87, |t)3, 106 Ud pert?4n, t ir [ 46, AO, 70.356 116,116,166,41, 66, bO, 60, 96, 134, J7l, I a I 103, 104, 100, 1?8. I ' j - .'Wi Kweteal. Henri Hm'i Oeand Concsbt.?Notwithstanding the oipestuou* westher which continued , through yet rday, the Tabernacle was crowded last evening with most brilliant audience. Hundred* were contented ith mere standing room,but, we warrant, none regret, d the patience bestowed, Henri Hera, the great star of e occasion, played at he alone can play, and indeed dter, if possible, than we ever heard him before. His at solo, hi> own composition, on a theme from " I Purini," gave opportunities for displaying hit wonderful ilicacy of touch and purity of tone, which were most ImiraMv tnila^ hut tils miut fantasia in 11 Lucia Lammermoor," wai tha very climax of parfactionai locution. Wa caa can add nothing to the worda of mmendation wa have already uiad raapacting the ge' us of tha performer, or moat unbounded praise would exprassod now ; suffice it to aay, that it was worthy tha artist,and most enthusiastically applauded by all esant: instead of the repetition called for, however, 1 a audience were delighted with the substitution | the great composer's variations on the " Last Rose of ; immer." The duet with Rapettl was well performed, id, as well as the duo with little Miss Cole, received ilh uproarious applause by the audience. The comiment so publicly bestowed by Mr. Hera upon the < iung pianist mentioned, was certainly a deserved one : 9 child of but eight years played the variations on ( II Craciato," in a manner which would ,be creditable i en to its composer. The opera troupt were in full ' rce, and did well. Signorita Barilli, Beneventano, inedetti, Sanqulrico, all added much to the harmonic ] joy ment of the evening, and received twe or three de' j led encores. Herr Dorn executed as perhaps no other ench horn player can execute, and was encored, notthstanding his miserable accompaniment. The overre to "William Tell," aa arranged by Saroni for eight inos, was as well as could be expected. It was a no1 and pleasing feature ; but the " Prayer of Moses,' concluding piece of the evening, was much injured the imperfection of the chorus singers ; they evi- j ntly were not at home. Take the concert, however, j a whole, and we can safely pronounce it seoond to | j no ever given in the city. It* originator, Henri Herz, 1 truly an Emperor in design, and an Emperor in prac. 1 ie. | Theatrical*. Pabe Thbathk.?Wo must remind our readers and I trons of old Orury, that to-morrow evening is the last | ae that the boards of this theatre will be graced by the i pearance of the beautiful Viennoise Children. The culler grace, to say nothing of the novelty, that cha- j :terises their movements and groupings?now forming { fraceful pyramid.of roses, and anon performing the | ried combinations of their different pat, delights the | sctator, and gives a charm to the scene that reachey ery heart. We question very much if there has ever I sn a spectacle produced en our stage that has given so i ich unalloyed pleasure and recreation, as have the | nseuses Viennoiaes in their pat ie fleurt and other roes and groupings. Iowehv Theatbk.?We hod another repetition of the 1 iVizard of the Wave" here last evening, and notwithnding the wetness of the night,the house was well filled e " Rakes Progress" was again produced, and with | tremo ability, by the company. Clarke's Rakewell . is performed in his usual able and effective style ? ids way's Sam Slap was admirable. As a good stock tor, Hadaway Is a host in himself. The company in neral acquitted themselves last evening in a highly ere , able manner. There are new attractions to be present- | here in the course of the ensuing week. Mr.Hadaway'a nefit will take plaee to-morrow eveniug, and nis lims upon his numerous friends?his acknowledged ents and popularity, will insure him that cordial reption with which he i* invariably greeted on tho . iwery boards As a true and faithful delineator of the :h and comic characters that usually sustain the pre nt schoel of broad farce and comedy,few have stronger tims than Mr. Hadaway. His bill will be found highly :ractive. Amesican Cibcus?'Though the night was wet, the ! use was crowded here last evening. The riding was lendid. The astonishing feats performed by Mr. Car 11 and Master Jesse have b-en the wonder of the house, ie Fighting Ponies had their usual " cuffing matrh,'> I d May Fly danced with an ease and grace tha excited e spptau-e of all present. Master Hernandez's riding -- 1.? K. <V DnJ InMrtlft, ai.nlomlad Tha ! to troupe of performers, indeed, posies* talent* of the I (beat order: mid tbe crowded houses that nightly All Ameiican Circus, is the best test of the great attrac- I >ns nightly presented To-morrow there will be an ternooa performance. Phofoior Whitkct.?We are informed that this disiguished elocutionist, whose lectures hare been at- j nded by highly respectable families in thin oity, is to : ve another evening " with the orators and poets," at e suheruacle, next week. Ho will be assisted by the reel band of vocalists, the Alleghauians, whose haronious glees, quartettes, fee , have delighted the audiices who attended their concerts. Mr Whitney's lucres should he well attended, as they are classical, issto and weli delinea od, and are everv way calculad to reiiue the taste for true reading and oratory. Mrrsias m PxxrrsrLv&MA.?The legislature mat at arrisburg on Tuesday. Hon. James Cooper, of Adams mnty, was elected Speaker of the Houae by a vrte of j I to 38; and the Hon. Charles Gibbons, of Philadelphiai leaker of the Si. nate, by a rota of 10 to 9. Both gentle- i en are whig*. The state of both parties in ths legislature is, Senate 14 sm , 18 whigs, 1 native. House, 44 dem., 50 whig*, 'big majority on joint ballot, 10. The Governor's message if long. Commencing with , le usual congratulatory remarks, it briefly alludes to le wsr in Mexico, and recommends that Congress be ivoked in behalf of an appropriation of the public lands r the volunteers. vs. iinvurnnr recommends the setting apart of certain eans of income to be pledged for the payment of the in- ' reit upon the public debt, aud the gradual liquidation the principal; amougst which are, the income from the j iblic improvementa, efter deducting the necesiary ex. mtei for repairi and superintendence, and the revenue iiing from the State tax, on real and personal property, i r a certain period. |The tariff is a question of a rather non-committal trder 1th Governor Shunk. He is in favor of discriminating aties, sufficient to act against foreign competition, and j ich as will give to the home manufactur- r and pro- I ac r, reasonable profits on hi* capital, and enable him i pay his workmen fair wages, without unnecessarily j xing the consumer. He urges the improvement of the Ohio river, from its iouth to the city of Pittsburg. He alludes and concurs i the complaints that have tor years been made by the sople, of tne time consumed in the legislature by the issage of private and local bills, which greatly in rease le business, and create subjects for repeal and amend>ent. The numerous divorces of late years are dwelt upon at j ingth. The Governor says that special legislative diorces have a dangerous tendency, and that if the power ( i grant them is xercised at all, a proper regard for the nhiix iBoifnrA r?nn res that it should be limited to cases I I unquestionable propriety. The various benevolent institutions are adverted to, and recommended, ai under their present management. Diuwtm.?The Legislature of this State, convened ntho.Mhinst., at Dover, organized by the election of rliig officers:? Speaker of the Sonate, Dr Win, W. Morris; Clerk, J, l.|Patterson; Sergeant-at-Arms, John H. KUigood; Speakr of the House, Lewis Thompson; Clerk, Nathaniel B. mithers; Sergeant at-Arma, Captain Samuel Murphy. A whig United States Senator will probably be elected uring the present week M*ssacHusKTTi.?The Legislature convened at Bos?n on the 6th. The Senato was called to order by the Ion. John C. Gray, of Suffolk, senior member. All the enators declared elected by the people were present, xcept Mr. Cary, of Suffolk. The constitutional oaths f office were administe'ed by Governor Brigga. Hon. Villiam B Calhoun, of Hampden, was elected President, e having received 21 out of 13 votes cast. Charles Cal011 ii was unanimously elected clerk. The House oraniaed. and elected Kbenexer Bradbury Speaker on the ecoud ballot, having 119 in 136 votes cast. The usual roceedings of communication with the Governor had lace. Movement* of Travellers. The following were the full amount of yesterday's ravellars and visiters, at ttie undernamed hotels. Amrbicsiv ?M Clarke, U. S. A.j H. D Polhemus, New larsoy; D. Moore. Newliurgh; M. O King, Old Point, fa.; II. Brent, Baltimore; B Saltan, Conn ; M. Grafton, lostoni D Brewer, do; L Kinsley, West Point; J. Vanlerpooi, Albany: M Davis, New Jersey. Aitor. J Klliott. Baltimore; A Palmar, Rhode Island; I. Ksrr, St Louis; J Davis, Boston: P. Aulden, do; J. ditrrell, Kngland; L. Gardiner, Briitol; W. II. Lopez, *h 1. delphia; Geor ga Ward, Boston; E Needles, do; H. 'ohnson, do; C O'Moore, Hichmond; A. Neff, Cincinnati; IV Hall, Baltimo'e; M. Chapin, liartlord; D. Inhered!,do; ieo Butler, Fordham. City?Mr Nyatrom, Morrittown; Mr. Roberta, Phil*.; V. Almoin), do; R Oeorge, do; J. Churchill, Boaton; M. ;Vnol?y, Providence; J. * Pearce, Bo?ton; Mr. Cumnina?,<t<); C. i onrad, Baliimore; K. Foater. Quod*; F. Ttt, Phlln ; A Baaaott, New London; M John on, Moiiaiuwn; W. V Mercy, Albany; A.Champion. Phila. Fa4na1.1v.?J Hal'ted, N. J ; O. Van Woeoner. do; I. Welkin*, do; F. McMartin, Rhode lalaud, II Fiaher. lo; (apt Day, Norwich; J Lrttelle, F.lizabathtown; H 'lament, Woatcheater; II William*, Philadelphia; M )elano, N JaiaeyyJ Hay, Piovidence; H Starr, Boaton. I. ununinir*, Vale < ?>I; P Mill*, White Plain*; 8 Uya, do; M. Hu'ger, Puughki-epaie. H?w?an ?V.r Luwder, syracuae; D. Cheney, Ner-I..U I . r P.,l,? i!?ti?? M Ailama St LotmO W. Kogeia; W. Q iirk. Amsterdam, Tho* Kogg, Kotterdam; * Siiattou, I* :iil<idel|>hie; Hon (food year, Schoharie; V kuiford D iltimora; J. (liboori, rhil*ilel|ihia; J. OilingliMin do.'I' v1 o11, do; W. Koflm n. Baltimore; W. [t'udall, Long Island; K Philipa, w orrri'tr juimon ? vli Mteveui, ni w Voik, H. Haafotd, Fhila'alplna. II. B ini all .New Harmi; W Uudden, Hartford; I), uurliee, >1 L'iui?; (i Pickering Maine, f. Slielton, Deihy; W.lnl y, Hartford) I Sherwood. Na * Haven; w n,igg, do; M, Norwich; A. Maton, Norwich; l)r lioointord. Washington; L. Hudgeni, do ; .VI. Litfl?-|iurt, Hndaou; J L-iuvin<, NorwiOtt; T. Gnaw Old, JUiuiugtun, J. Vluchell, IUIiIm, N 8 _ Court of Ojrer and Toruhwr. Before Judge Bdmonda, and Aldermen Hut tad Foot* John McKt.ox, Esq , District Attorney. Jaw. 7.? Trial of Rutt for the Muritr of ki$ Wife? i Third Day ?This trial was resumed this (Thursday) forenoon. The prisoner took his place by his counsel, with whom was associated James M. Smith, Jr., and Henry L. Clinton. The cjurt was crowded. The friends of the prisoner, and also ol deceased, together with several female witnesses, appeared in court. The prisoner looked much more dejected thaa on the former days of the trial. Hia Honor, the Matok, was on the bench part of the day. | A GHAFTKS OS THB SAlAl OSOAS. The Court having frequently bad occanon 10 can gentlemen in tha uourt to ordor for repeatedly coughing , and uaing their pocket-kerchiefa, Hia Honor, Judge Edmonda, received tha fallowing communication from aome I of the anonymona gentlemen whom lie had reprimanded in court. Judge Edmonda ia too fond of a good joka to allow it to paaa, and Hia Honor haa accordingly favored ua with a copy, aa followa To tkt Han. J. W. Sdmonde. Judge. City Hall iOa&a Sir Permit the underaigned to inform you that ha haa left the buaineaa you aaaigned to him, and commenced that of " General Inapector of tha Living," , and in that capacity ha aanda to your honor tha under | printed. With great conacientiouaaeae and reapect, * i am, youra. . it waa hare by the way that I flret became acquainted with a vary aenaible Gormen cuatom, that of concentrating the cough and nese blowing during aervice time ? The clergyman atopa at different perioda of hia diacouraa, itepa back frem hia pulpit atand and blowa hia noae; the ntire congregation imitating hia example, and diaturbing the aervicea with the operation at no other time The above, it ia to be hoped, will have the deiired effect. Dr. Cbcvilino, examined by the Diatrict Attorney? I made a voit mortem examination of the body of the ate Mra. Ruaa, on the 10th September; 1 found her with ler throat cut; all the aoft part of the throat waa cut I lown to the vertebra of the neck ; on the left aide the :ut began about the angle of the lower Jaw, and >n the right aide it extended to about two inchea leyond the angle of tha right Jaw; there were two insleiona beginning and then they ran inte one, making a tort of triangular form at the commencement; I mean to i ay there were two cntc running into one gaah The | wound waa euffloient to cauae death: the carotida were livided on the right aide; the windpipe waa out through; | it waa auoh a wound aa would req tire conaiderable force to inflict: it muat have been made with a very aharp natrument; from the appearance of the wound it could DOI llSVe own lUBIClcu vy u>i vnii ubuu, unined her body and there were no other marks of vio- ! ence on her body) there were, however, mark* ofiaeuei j

>n the tpine; ihe wu decently dressed; she was a small dxed woman. Croii-examined-l did not attend her during life pteessionall/; I did not knew her. Dr. Rawsois, the Coroner, examined by the District Attorney?I saw the body on the 10th Sept; I agree in )pinion with Dr. Creviling as to the cause of death. ; Russ saw the body lying in the house that morning: he . eras brought into the room where the body lay; I asked j aim if he knew the deceased lying on the floor? he said ; ' Yes;" I asked him if she was his wife? he said " Yes." j Witness here pointed out the description of the wound on the throat; the cuts were two distinct ones; between the third and second, and third and fourth process of the i rertebrae of the neck; physicians call it process. No eross- examination. MK9U> Abbaham Pitches, of 106 Leonard street, examined i ay Mr. B. O'Connor.?I saw Russ on the morning of 9th ' September at corner of White and Orange streets; I saw lim next on morning of 10th, on the easterly side of Grange street, passing over between White ana Walker itreets; in sight of the house where the murder was committed; I had come out of the house where he murder was eommitted; I discovered Russ at the :orner of White street, crossing over Orange street; I was not certain that it was Russ ; 1 spoke to Mr. White, !'**" nAvnnv i\f Hranffa oiul ltiua txra Pflmintf toward* me; I itood until he patted; he turned down Centre atreet, end then patted through Centre towerdi franklin; I followed him; he came upoppoilte the Tomb* and ttopped; when he atopped 1 alto stopped behind him; he came full up to me; I waa behind about sixty feet; 1 came up and addreaaed him?" How do vou do 7" or " Oood morning, Mr. Ruta ;" he answered, " My name it not Rata ;" he then turned down Franklin toward* Orange ; in turning here, juat below the collar of hit coat i discovered two apota of blood ; he then got into Franklin atreet, about fifteen atepa from the corner, and I took him by the collar of the coat, and aaid, " Ruta, you have to go with me;" he aaid, "What have I done?" or, "Why do you take hold of me7" I waa a little agitated at the time, and may not distinctly recollect hit precite word*; I then teized hia right hand with my left hand, and turned up the cull'of hia coat, directing hia attention to the bloody condition ot the wriatbend of hit ahirt: he aaid nothing all tbia time, and 1 then turned down the cuff of hia coat; he aoemed to reaiat; I then held him with my left hand, and put my right over the popket of hia coat: and in the right-hand pocket of hit coat 1 felt aomething like the caae of a razor; 1 kept hold of him in thia way, and conducted him to the 6th ward station house ; 1 handed him over to the deputy coroner, Mr Cockel'air, and then aaaiata t captain of police ; the coroner put hit hand in bit pocket and drew out a single razor ease in which there waa a tingle razor, and the razor waa very bloody, very blooey, indeed; he waa aearcbed and stripped in my pretence ; hia clothes were taken from him and other clothe* put on him; in examining hia clothes there waa blood found on the boaom of hia shirt?a false boaom?on hia pantaloons, and on the leaf of hia straw hat; the bloody aide oftiie shirt boaom waa turned in; if it had not been for that it would be very perceptible; he waa very much intoxicated when I first saw him; he staggered; it waa the stagger that firat attracted my eye; 1 have no other reason lor supposing he waa intoxicated; there waa some conversation in the station house; ha made a remark to me A the station houae; Justice Driuker came in bis official capacity an t cautioned him not to say any thing that weuld commit hin.sell; be then Mid tnat "be bad killed bar, and would do the sama . gain if it bad to bo doDe over again." He addreued me and said, aa well ai I can recollect, "It la your fault;" or "You damned raacal, but for you I would not be bere;" 1 cant recollect tbe preciae worda he uaed, but ai well aa 1 can recollect it waa either one or tbe other of these expressions; I waa con fused at i be time; be aaid nothing tore after this to me. Crttfttoaninnl.? I reaided about thia time iti Leonard street: I waa working at brass turning for Messrs. Baker It Shroeder, No 164 Broadway, casting a composition of zinc, tin, and of lead?manufacturing tubes?tbe employment waa unsteady ; 1 had two different spells of employ ment with them ; I bad about three weeka employment in August; Mr. Baker's first name is Christian ; at the iim* 1 arrested Kusa, 1 was in no particular employment; 1 worked for some Hermans; my impression is that I waa not in tbe employment of Messrs. Baker It Shroeder at this time; 1 collected some meney during the month of September, for a Mr Lair, a shoemaker in Warren street; 1 collected meney also for a publioan with whom I resided at 632 Peail street; I did business also for a funier, named Stetsy, residing in John street near Pearl: I had been a married man; 1 was unfortunate enough in this city to marry a Kentucky lady. (Roars of laughter.) The Distsict Attosiss* here objected to this line of cross-examination, and contended that the witness was not bound to say any thing to disgrace himself. Witmkss, in continuation?I shall answer the question, and shall, when I do, ask for legal advice from the counsel, as to whether I am a married man or not; [renewed laughter] 1 shall now tell you; the lady I married Imi ried in this city; 1 lived with her for about three years; she then sailed to New Orleans, carrying with her my little boy, which she stole away; ana I understand she was married before she married me;and is now married; and now 1 shall ask am 1 married man ? (This answer produced roars of laughter and applause, which was checked by the Court) Witness continued.?-lie lived In Ohio, and was partially bred to the law. In 1827 he was arrested on a cqbrge ui iorgery uu uio abuiuuiw/ uoiift, wuu Uiuwu, vi Ohio, Sterol, end another; thi* ?u the inoit fortunate occurrence of my life; I can point to it with pride; 1 wai considered an innocent man; I wai bailed out by Mr. Naeh, the counsel of Sterns; I appeared on tne trial of Stems; a nolle pratique waa entered in my case; I did not turn Mates evidence. CouaT.?It ii right to aak you, were you innocent or guilty of the charge. WiTnr.ii.?I waa innocent of the charge. Croteiexamination continu>i. - I waa arretted at the time of Monroe Kdward'a forgery. 1 wai arretted for knocking a fe.low down iu a public houie ; I wai never arretted on any other charge; I wai en the Police during Mayor Harper's official year; during the exiatence of the holidays in this city, 1 have been engaged keeping a poultry for Mr, Hurd, at the corner of Catherine and Madison; 1 hope tbia won't lubject me to an indictment; there it sometimes raffling earned on for eixpencei. The defence here pointed out tome slight variance between the testimony of the witneu and hit deposition taken before the |>olice. With!!! ?I very often used to visit Mri. Buchanan, becauie she had charge of my little boy ; I was In the house en the 9ih September ; i saw Kuis pan down the stairs, and slightly noticed him ; this was the only time 1 saw him until f made the arrest. Witness's written deposition before the Coroner wai here handed to him, wnich he read to himeelf. Witneu here withdrew. <J*rTiir? yicUhath, oi tne otn waru pouco.?saw me piiioner od tbe morning of the arreat, and (tripped him: the bloody shirt front, and clothes and bloody razoi were here all exhibited: the vest was also shown; the production of these articles, as is usual on such occasioni created a thrilling sensation in court. Witiskss, in cvntinuation? Ha said in the office that he committed the murder, and was willing to die lor it; I , told him to keep his mouth shut; there wera no threati held out?no promises of any kind ; prisoner evidently had been under the influence of liquor. Witness hen detail# i all the facts already testified by former wit ness. The following letter from the prisoner to his wife wai 8reduced and read. It was taken from the bureau of Mrs .use, and was written in a good legible hand, and th? spelling as follows Alssnt, Aug. 33, 1840. Desa Eltxs,? I received yours of the 93, and set down in hast t< write you a lew lines conierning my welfare Dear hit / i I am happy to say that loituoe has again smilei on me, Mr. How has sot me to work; and says ho wi employ me as long as I want to work for him. It givci me pleasure to think that I can provide a good and com lortnhle home lor you, and I want you to com on tli: moment you receive this Dear Ely zj, ifyou could onlej murin ilia rhunore of sean I have exiiereanred . ?oi would fly to moot me hear, their ia uo fighting, m curaing, no buaale or confuaion. I am in good couipnuy an could I only hav you with me 1 ahould be the hap I* nt man in Albany. Vt en I look i.round me. ever> thing I ae reminda me of tue happy momenta we hiv p??aed bear in each other a company, and tnen on tii< nlber hand when I know that you are in New Voili without any proteciion, and liable at any tm meni to I? led aatiay, a ahudder paaaea over me, and Deirtl.zr it atliiga mo to the heart Denrklyza la' ine t>. y oi you. let me you, to leav N ? Voik, and rem to Albany bear. I can piovi o you with a good home, and I <vil do all th.i laya in my power to make home comfortable and agree* tile, yon know, Kliza when I lelt New York I hai but li'tle money. You know I ?i< going to Albany oi an tl .cei taintv ; my money waa gut,, longbe'oe I go work, but I kept up a good heart, and when I ieait ex peded it, I got aa good a mutation aa ever I had Deal Klyza, you >ay you havg been aiok, k I fear you havi I had NM trouble Ihm t however, I em glad to hear I you in vetting bettor. Oive my lore to Mrs Bocla nan. for (think she is friendly toward* you 1 hare no , ; mora at preeent. I remain your affectionate huaband. CALVIN BUM. P. 8?Be ahure and come the moment you receive thi?; if roa have not got any money, 1 will aend you some. I rote to Albert 3 day* ago for my pattern* I directed the letter to higgin*. an 1 hare received no au wer. 1 want them very much. If you *ee Albert, tell . him there I* a letter their for him. Toat marked Aug. 20th, and directed to Mr*. Eliza Rum, N. Y citty, in the care of Mr* Bucanena, 131 White at roe t. ! Jamcs Hutrr, counaellor at law, aworn- examined by District Attorney?1 waa preaent in the Tomba when the priaoner was aearched, on the morning of the 10th; some tobacco and a razor waa taken from him, the razor and a razor oaaa ware bloody; hia pocket waa bloody ; the boaom of hie shirt wee bloody; he waa after thia brought to the plaoe~ where the murder waa committed ; decerned waa lying there ; the Coroner we* there also. Thia witnesa corroborated what the Cnrnnar had already detailed in hia testimony.? Priioner'* manner wu abstracted ; I did not discover any mark* of liquor on him ; ha wa* than taken back to the Tombs ; 1 neat aaw him before tbe Coroner on an examination of nine houn; the'a were crowds present to *ea him on going out; and ha said, " I have dona it;" and made use of the words "damned scoundrel." Mr. Cocaaraia, deputy coroner, examined by the District Attorney; I went to view the body on the ; nigh' of the 0th of September: 1 was present > next morning at the Coroner's office as usual; I I took from the prisoner this razor an 1 razor nase. [ Here produced?there was a deep sensation in court whon the razor was shown to the jury.] Witness also produced j a bandksrchief which he took from the prisoner. Thomas Whitb was placed on the stand to corrobo- 1 rate the testimony of Pitcher?Saw Pitcher on the 10th September. This witness corroborated the testimony of Mr. Pitcher in part; when the Court took a recess to 4)4 o'clock. kvcnijvo skssion. W. Minx, examined by the District Attorney ?Knows the prisoner; saw him last, before I saw him in court to-day, tbe Sunday night previous to the death of his wife, in Washington street, Albany. On that evening he was at Mr. Keady's tavern, in Washington street. He said he was going to New York to look up his wife, end if he found her in New York, that we should heat of him again. There was present at the time, Mr. Keady, Dr. Kean. and some others, whom 1 don't recollect; this was all that occurred; he was talking to the persons present about his wife. Cr?n-examtned.?Thinks that some one asked him where his wife was; thinks he was sober at the time; he was in conversation with Dr. Kean, about Nantucket ; knew Russ by sight for some time; knew bis wife for five or six years: her maiden name was Kliza Rhcinhardt; she was the girl Mr. Lovett kept before he ran away; Lovett was a defaulting clerk in one of the banks in Albany. John D. Kradv, examined by the District Attorney ? Knows thelprisoner about 16 months;]Mink, the last witness, was in witness's bouse the Sunday evening previous to the death of Russ's wife; Russ was there also, and in conversation with Mink and Dr. Kean; witness heard Dr. Kean ask Russ where his wife was; Russ re plied thatihe was in Now York, and *aid be waa going I down to lee her, and thoy would bear from him after he had got there; law liim again a day or two afterward*; , he came into witneis'a place, and laid he wai going to i New York; witness asked him when he intended ta re- | return; he said ho did not know, and added, that in case witness did not see him again, he would hear from him; witness asked him if he was going to bring his wile up; he said he did not know; he said ne could not enjoy himself to live with her; witness asked him why; he said he had been deceived in his woman; that when he married her he looked upon her as being a virtuous woman, but since he married her he becamo satisfied she was not. and therefore he could not enjoy himself, end live with; her|be said he was satisfied other men enjoyed her; and to live with her or without her was a Krfect hell upon earth; witness told him if ne could not 'e with her and live in peace, that he would advise him to leave her; he then said he bad once enjoye l lile and appreciated its comforts; he had a good trade and could command good wages, eo that he could pay his way through and go where he had a mind to, but now all his comforts were destroyed; witness again advised him to leave her; that he prisoner, was young a id master of a good trade, and could pay his way now as well as be ever did; he said his troubles were great and he could not enjoy himself, and added that he would rather die than live in the trouble that he was in; that his life was good for nothing to him; witness advised him not to -resort to desperate means te do away with that trouble, because if he did, it would add a thousand fold to the trouble he then had; but my trouble sail prisoner is too I greet to bear; that was about all that was said, aud in . ! a few moments alter he went oat of the bar room; a year ' ago this last fall, soon alter thny were married. they | lived right opposite to witness in Washington st, fronting , on the street; witness, and some six or eight others were i sitting o nthe front stoop of witness's house, lacing their window; while there, there was a window in their bed | room broken out, and it fell into the street; witness and : his party heard some pretty loud talk and saw Ruse's wife I at or going lrom the window; he came over to witness's 1 nouse in about half an hour afterwards, aud seemed to J be intoxicated; witness made inquiry ot him what the rumpus was; lie said that he had struck his wile with his net in the face; witness asked htm what the difficulty was; he did not like to tell, but said she called him a I liar, and he would not bear it from any woman; witness said it would not do t'? quarrel with a woman. Croti-txaminid Cannot say whether the conversa, tion he had with Uuss previous to his going to New ; Yoik was the day he went, or the day betuie,hut it was i either; in the conversation about his trouble with his wi'e, he was greatly troubled and exaited. The case for the prosecution was here rested. Mr. Clinton opened the defence, and afar a very up propriate exordium and complimenting the jury, he proceeded to state the nature of the defence, wtucn was insanity. Hewentonat conside.abie length to detail the vanous acu which the prisoner bad at different times committed, and amongst other insane acts, he (tiie prisoner) made three attempts within a short time to commit suicide, which the learned counsel said, would show irresistibly, that the prisoner was constitutionally ot unsound mind. Alter Mr. Clinton concluded his address, which took about two hours, the court adjourned to ! half past 10 o'clock this morniDg. | Police Intelligence* r..a.fe.f 4.V..f of If ..? ?//> rtrtt/Kin LTollw I ! Quackenbosh, of the 9ih ward, arrested last night two notorious Vuvglats, called Wm Thompson alias oneeyed Thompson, and Wm. Johnson, alias Willis, on a charge of burglariously entering the office of 8.1) Roeve , Si Co, coal dealers, corner of Jane and West streets|; also, the office of Qeorge Rixford, lumber merchant, No i 603 West street, under the following circumstances;? : ft appears as officer Kelly was going his rounds on Wed-. I neaday night about 1J o'clock, down West at., near Jane, 1 and when near the office ol Mr. George Rixford, lumber merchant, No. 601 West street, he observed three men, ; apparently of gonteol appearance, oris wearing a cloak, i pass from the office, and proceed down West street. Kelly immediately followed alter them, and as he passed the office, he saw the door open; he then overtook them and enquired if they noticed the office being open. The rascals thinking to avoid suspicion, ottered to return back to tha office, to see that all was right, which they did, and apon entering ,lhe officer, pulled out a match from his pocket and lit a candle that was atandiug on the desk, when, supposing all to be correct, he happened to catch a full view of the man in the cloak, who having but one eye, i' struck him at once, from a previous description, that this lellow was the notorious oDe-eyed Thompson, the burg Kir. They then left the office and walked off as lur as uiu uumci vi ucvuuiw uiu t? osv vicmib, BuurutainK < themselves to the officer, remarking that they supposed i be wu perfectly satisfied with their conduct ? The officer, however, feeling convinced that thia oneoyed chap waa Tbompaon, aaid that he would be I better pleased to have them come to the station-house, and let the captain diacbarge them. To thia Thompaon aid he'd be damn'd if he'd go to the atation-houae; con?eiiuently the officer made a motion to collar hint, when Thompaon at the moment threw ofTliie cloak, drew of! and atruck the officer a violent blow en the noae and eye with hie fiat, almost knocking him down,and nil three immediately ran off. The officer called oat,atop thief,atruck the alarm rap, which called the aaaiatance of hia aide partner, officer Quackenboah, who gave chase and succeeded in capturing Thompson and one of hia pals, called Johnson, when in the act of entering their dwelling heuae, located in Jane afreet near the Ith avenue. Theylwere both taken to the station house and searched, and in Thompson's boot waa found a key belonging to the desk of Mr. Rixford. It waa also ascertained that the same men undoubtedly had broken open the coal office of 8. B Reeve U Co., corner of Jane and West streets Aa no money waa in either of these officea, consequently the robbera have run a great risk for u \ ery little gain. This one-eyed Thompaon waa arrested ahnn tKraa vAora Qirn aiirt iavati inflirtmnnta nrnftiir?<l against him (or grand larceny. But unfortunately for tne public, he was ''let up'' under the old and abominable "compromise act," and has since that time been run1 ning at large depredating upon the public. We shall watch the progress of these chaps with a mistrustful eye, and notice the paiticular "wires" which will evidently 1 be pulled in aid of these notorious scoundrels. Much ' praise is due officer Kelly aud his associates for the vigilance and a tivity displayed in making the above tro1 ly important arrest. Justice Meriitt committed them both j lor examination. A Uiihoneit Strvant ? Capt Harrigan, of the Fifth Ward Police, arrested, yesterday , a black fellew called 1 Fianklm Clark, a waiter in the employ of Mrs. 8arah A. Leeland, residing et No. HO Leonard (trent, on a charge ! of stenling from his employer eight silver tea spoons, valued at $10, which the above officer recovered ut A. 1 Levy's pawnbroker's abop. Just.ce Osborne locked him up for trial J Jin Kxct lent JVltnegi?Officer Stephens conveyed yesterday to Philadelphia that n toriou* burglar, David Devoe, who la now awaiting his trial on several indictment*. for burglary iu the city of Brooklyn, ' for the purpose ot giving testimony against a man by the name of Vantiuo, who was s lew we, ka aioarrested in Philadelphia on a charge of receiving stolen goo It from this burglar and others. knowing the aiune 10 tie stolen* I'hil Ltevoe baa served out a term of sentence in the > State prison in New Jersey, and how hit testimony can be taken in a court of juatice, we are yet to learn. I Peiii I.arrrny ?Five boja, called VVm Moran, Patrick Kerrta siua Jerolomnn, t dward Kearnan. and Jaf. ? Kuaa, were Htl arrested on a ehaige of knocking df hoops fioin hogsheads belonging to Mr Boanlnian. Olflt car Meyera took thorn before Justice Tim; ion, wuo ' I irked thoin up lor trial. ' Mnpeilor Courts Before Judge Vandi rpoel. Hull vi The Edit Hivii Iiiiuranct Company.?Verdict lor nln n'IIT, 410 John 8 Hilli'inti John H lluilinvi. ItnrnCa (}. L rtr > m?r, This waa an as i in of trover, nod wn? trie l t rre 1 limes be'ore Twice there was a lenlict l?<r the plauitllf; ,m| the taut ti no the July iliaa; reed I ho veidr-.t was > ilterwo'da not nanlo, an I 1 h.< caao la being trie I lor loin tn lime The Jury found agal for the pi-i-it:lf In g O ikloy l.ohma. r?. Tht Fl'ie llailraaii Company -ThiiCoU e 1 waa glvn to the jni? yeitei a > . they hit not agrerd when the tlourt adjourned Judge ()a*l?y . irected a 1 aealod verdict to b.- brOoght tii th a tr.orni ig. i ______ The Newport (ft. /.| ./-T int ?ivr? inn names of seven teen pei-una who have d.ed iliere the la-t year, tie r aggregatu of whoae ages u 1.J93, being en average of t>'J ? yeaia to each r Court of Qonorol Smelona. Before Reorder 9 ott an l Aid Po' erta and Tappan JonnaB. Phillies, K*q , Dia'.rict Attorney "< interim 7.?Ptea of (Juiltf?Jimei 9 Smith, indicted for bigamy, en beiufc placed at th? bar t> It morning, withdrew hi*former plea of not guilty, and entered a plea of guilty, which ?u received, and the acr.uied remanded ,aau*ulen<r"' The priaoner in thii cur, it apiwara in loan, married a young lady in the vdlage of Union, b?ae* county, N. J. and in 1S4S, disregarding the mar riage ues, which bouDd him, " P**11, #n(l wo an(l ? >!. Mid ehanging scenes, unchanged to feel, To love till life should end," under the assumed name of George Helaev, he won the heart of Miie Ann Kliza McKee, of New Wlndaor, Orange county, .V. J., to whom he wi< married on the 10th of Auguat, 1846 WtTrial/ir Jtnon.?A man Darned Jamea Goodwin was then placed at the bar for trial on an indictment charging him with arson in the second degree, in having wilfully aet fire to the work ehop of Mr. Joseph Gassing, carpenter, in 21 at street, near the 3d Avenue, on the night ot the 10th of September last. On the partol the pi execution, Joseph Uosaing testified in relation to value of the property destroyed, the time of festeniog up the piemises on the night of the tire and the substance of some conversation which he had bad with the accused after the arrest. Patrick Ensiuht depoaed, that he was in the tmpl.iy of Mr. OossiDg nt the time ol the fire, as well as at tl. > present period: that it was his duty to watch the shop that was burned ;also five new buildings which Mr.Gossing had contracted to finiah the oarpenter work of; tnat the work shop waadividod into two parts, in oue of which the carpenter work was done; the other was used as the s?sh and blind factory; witness slept In the sash and blind rooms; after examining the new buildings anil the shut! tera and doors ot the workshop to asceitein that all wax safeaboutll o'clock, witness retired for the night, having previously fastened two dogs in the carpenter's shop : that about 12 o'clock witness was aroused from nis sleep by the barbing of a small dog which he kept in the part of the building in which ha slept ; and that on going down and passing round to the door of the curponter shop he found it open, the place on fire, one of the dogs killed, and the accua d standing alone in the middle of the shop; that the accused made no effort to extinguish the flames, but on the contrary refused to do so. The large dog which was killed was .ounJ lying on his back, with two holes on the head, which appeared to have been made with some sbi.rp instrument. Jambs deposed that he lived in 21st street at the time tho lire occurred, about 180 feet from the shop which was occupied by the brother of witness. Witness locked the door of the shop between A and 7 o'clock in the evening and took the key; Patrick Knright was there at the lime; he brought the dogs fro.p home of witness and put thorn in the shop ; witness saw Knright again at about half prat eight o'clock, he was then quite sober; witness did not see him again until woke up by the alarm of fire about half-past 13 o'clock; Eurigl.t was then sober, lie gavo the alarm; witness instantly got up and went to the shop, there saw James (Joodwin standiig within a short distance from the shop door; witness had no conversation with Ooedwin that night in relation to the fire; witnesi did not see the doga that night; subsequently found ih< old dog lying on i is back, with two holes in tho bsa 1; from information given by Euright, witness caused the prisoner to be arrested. At this stage of the trial tho court adjourn? d until to morrow morning. Like Henri Heiz.?Dr. Upliam has sn>t Insulted the intelligence of the people of the United States b: heralding his Electuary for ilie cure of utiles, but leftl to the thousand* (whose names may be seeuj and that hav< been cured, to recon in ud it to the afflicted; it is also tin best medicine for females en r u?ed. Sold wholesa'e aui retail by Wyatt & Ken ham, 121 Fulton street; Dr. A. Up ham, I9S bowery and 192 Broadway. Price SI a box. HONEY MARKET. Thursday, January 7?6 P. 111. The stock market opened h< avy this morning, so fa as prices are concerned, but there was considerable as tivity in the way of sales. Erie Hailtoad, old stock, fe off 1)? per cent; Erie Railroad, new, Harlem % Norwich and Worcester, >? , Ohio Loan and Trust, 1 Morris Canal, advanced j ; Long Island, Canton, Rem lng Bonds, and Ohio Sixes, closed at yesterday's price At the second board, Erie fell off % per cent. Lon Island, }i ; Harlem, j. The Merchants' Exchange Bank has declarad a div dend of four per cent, for the last six months, payab on demand. The Connecticut River Banking Company at Hartfot Connecticut, have declared a semi-annual dividend three percent, payable on demand. The Exchange Bank, Hartford, a semi-annual dividei of three-and-a-half percent, payable on demand. . The relusal ot uongress to levy a amy upon tea a coffee Las defeated all the calculation* of the Secret* of the Treasury, and compelled him to look about other ways aad meana to raiio the revenue and to ereaie the credit of the government. It appear* that ^ Walker aaaured thote who took the lost loan that a do of twenty-five per cent nhould be placed upon tea a ooffae, and it waa upon that assurance the favoiable l> were made. Wo have no doubt but that the depreciat in the market price* of the new United States fl's 1 been in a measure produced by the vote in the 'lousi Representative* upon the resolution to tux tea and coll It would be exceedingly satisfactory to all clan particularly thote engaged in commercial purauits Congieis would determine upon the way ii> which treasury is to be supplied with funds to meet the 01 din and extraordinary expenditures of the government. it proposed to niise the duty throughout the entire and to levy upon all Iroc articles a duty of Ave peg c It is by no mean*certain that even this would prollu revenue large enough, as a very large portion of oW portations would be more or less affected by an\ > tlonalduty; and a reduction in tho aggregate imJ>< tions, sufficient to effect tho revenue anticipated fropu additional duty, may he tho result of such a movem^1 By levying a duty upon those articlos which 4 e into general consumption, and which are not of (jo tic growth or manufacture, the revenue is inoreaiet an extent corresponding with the rate of duty leviet the consumption is not materially affected, or the its ta'ion visibly reduced Tea and coffee partioAli come under this head, and, in prtferenoe to all are proper articles from which revenue sheuhl IJ>? rived, at lead during the existence of the war. fd^l the prinoiple of reciprocity in trade alene, we sfcjH place a duty upon these two articles. Our producj*^| manufactures are not admitted into the ports of Brat^H China, except under the most severe restrictions, we have for years admitted their prinoipal products our porta upon the most lihorul terms?tes anJ roJVe^H ling been free for many years. While we have (op^| e ir ports to the principal products of these two coA<n^H England has imposed a heavy duty upon them, not^H standing which the products and manufactures of Britain are admitted into the ports of Brazil and C^H upon terms equally as favorable as ours. The only way to produce a reciprocity in trade^H inflict retaliatory duties in return for any restric^H 1 which may be placed upon our products. We no^^J cupy a position, as a natiou, in the commercial second to none other, aud it is about time we ass^^J our .rights and maintained them, (treat Britain about the restrictions of our tariff, while a duty and two thousand per cent is Imposed upon the moat important article of export from the United admitted into her ports. So long as that enormot^^J and unreasonable restriction is in existence, that g<^^| ment will get very little credit on this side of the ior id iree irnoe principles. uur larin is liberal than that of (ireat Britain, notwithstanding^! many reductions recently made in that of the 1^^! Kingdom There are, therefore, two very important reason^^! uch alterations should be made in the piesent tar^^fl as will be sure to increase the revenue from cu^^H without one against it; for even the argument tl^^! i price of these articles on which the duty is incre^^H added, will be enhanced, cannot be sustained. nezod statement exhibits the quantity of cofTee im^^H I into, and exported from, the United fltates in eacl^^H , and the quantity of consumption. We have srri^^H > the quantity consumed l>y deducting the from the im pollution, presuming the balance to^^! | consumption. 1 Imports, Kitorts and Coisscsiption or^^l UlVITtD HTATtl Import Export. Quantity. Quantity. TrOtl pound*. pounds lit XI.273.6S9 9,387 696 I ?J,7Kt,W0 7,267,1.9 1811 37 137,7 J J 2(1.9.10 687 1824 34,234 231 9 417,227 18 It 4JI9M30 21.312 J.'.K 1IS6 43,3 9 197 11,384,713 3^^H 1a27 5U.UJ 1,986 31,697.789 1828 35,.91 697 16,037.961 3^^H 1819 J' 133 338 18.083.843 It) XI '.I ill 'JJH It 'J.'.fil I }tj( SI 739 3IW ?2 H HW ,...91722 329 3V 231,1J8 1*<3 66 6t4,9<MI 14.69i ' >2 ' " 'I 8(1, 513'iK M.Hn-Hr,! 1-I7 101.1!4*?,777 1,,444771 9^^H l?3H 92 79'.>7 IG III '97 ?37 68,1 0 401 12 Out >32 7^^H 1# ? 88 <9 720 3 167 "87 >1'9 I> 6 69699! 6121,179 >9*0 'Jl 9-6 mi', 1.0*4 3)4 >*ll 1 14 984 781 5. 81 336 >?^^H . *'* III.761 631 3 38' ft 8 II^^H ' >13 91 >9 1,63 I >*< 133.3 14,111 8 620,491 I^^H | >815 107,8 0 911 13, 01 972 In 1921. ill* ronaitinption in the United head. per annum, waa one pound four ounc?^^^H 19.10, the aietoge conaumption par h?*ad uad to three pounda After D >c Sut, 18SO, the dut^^^H li e v a. two ri'iit per pound; In 1931, one that I me it ho. t?en fr o. From 1930 to IP82^^^H potin'ioti t'.c > h Uhi iI- .I <nlth'Cou> in thla countrj for the four >e ir? ei duig 1912 tlx pi ni'da p - rueia ha* b?*n a n * Kian deeri-aae in the coat to tho conaumer, I>ern cam-.1 principally ?)* me incumou ^ According to th? abovo labia, tUo couiuinptiou

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