Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 19, 1847 Page 2
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II NKW YORK HERALD. York, I ufi'Uy, January 19, 1M4T. Rivitt HUIury of th? War. Several Southern, and otic or two Northern papers, have just discovered a terrible bug-bear, which they facetiously call the " secret history of the war." We give It in another column. These who will read this "secret" history carefully through, and then compare its statements with the " public " history ol events since General Taylor pitched his tent at Corpus Christi, will see that the whole " secret" is as much gammon as any thing else. They will perceive at once that it is a " bug-bear " got up for some purpose, perhaps, of very little importance. It has always been supposed that Arista desired to form an independent republic of Northern Mexico; and that Mexico, under Herrera, ottered to negotiate for peace It is well known too that Herrera, inconsequence of his wish for peace, he was overthrown by PareJes, who compelled Arista to advance and fight. It is, perhaps, probable that we might have prevented a battle or two by formenting a revolution in Northern Mexinn Kiit tarts ? It th#? Kiismnatt nf nil r irnvi?ruinpnt tO assist in the dismemberment of a neighboring republic, except in a legitimate war with that re" public"? Of course not. The wlioln affair will probably turn out to be all leather and prunella. The Foitl(n N?wi?It* ? oiuplexlon and Importance. Although the advices received direct from Liverpool, by an urrival at this port, are only two days 1 ater than those received by the Cambria at Boston, they are in a commercial point of view highly favorable, and rather important, as their com plexion indicates the character of the accounts ex" peeled by the Hibernia, the steamer ol the 5th in?t., the arrival of which at Boston is looked for with the greatest interest. Her regular day, the 4th, coming on Monday, she was detained until the 5th; she has, therefore, been at sea fourteen days to-day. Her advices will be nearly a month later than those received by the .Rochester, unless one of the many packets now due should slip into port in the meantime. The advance in the Liverpool Cotton Market, alluded to in the report of the 5th of December, has previously been reported; but the large sales, the firmness of holders, and the small supply in the hands of spinners, have given holders in this market the impression that the steamer will bring accounts of a very extensive improvement in prices. Quotations in this market range so high that a very large advance on the other side will be necessary to equalize priees, and assimilate them so that shipments can be made,with a moderate probability oi paying cost and charges. Prices in Liverpool rule at least three farthings above those current in this market. Holders are looking for a rise on the other side, large enough to wipe out this difference. The principal money markets appear to be in a very satisfactory condition. The latest returns of the Bank of England exhibit an increase in the amount of bullion on hand, while the drain of specie from the Bank of France continued, notwithstanding which stocks remained firm. From the general tone of the financial accounts, wc should judge that there was no danger of any unfavorable news in relation to the st of the money markets, by the next arrival. The markets for the staple agricultural products of this country, were in a very encouraging condition?prices were improving, and the demand active. The non arrival of vessels from this side with supplies, had reduced stocks, and given holders a greater degree of firmness. The political affairs ol Europe wore in an uninteresting position, but it is impossible to tell what a day may bring forth, where there are so many governments so closely connected, and so jealous I ol each other, as those of Europe. The excitement in relation to the Spanish marriages and the annexation of Cracow, had nearly subsided, but it is impossible to tell how soon something else may come up, calculated to put the princi pal powers at loggerheads, and to endanger the peace of the world, United srraks Coast Survey We are indebted to B. B- French, Esq., cleric of the House of Representatives, for a copy of the report of Professor A D. Cache, Superintendent of the Coast Survey, shewing the progress of the work during the year ending Nov. 1346. We learn from this report that the shore line of our coast has been divided into nine sections, for the purpose of the survey. The sections are as follows :? No. 1, or eastern section, from Tassamaquoddy bay and the St Croix, to foint Judith, including th, coast of Maine. New llainDshire. Massachusetts nn.l RKrvia I ?iaod. No. -J, from Point Judith to the capes of the Delaware, (to Cape Henlopeo,) including the coast of the States of Connecticut, Now York New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and tho greater part of Delaware. No. 3, irom the capes of the Delaware to the capes of the Chesapeake, (Ca|>e Henry,) including the coast of a part of Delaware, of Maryland, and part of Virginia. No 4, ftuni the capes of the Chesapeake to Cape Fear, including the coast ef part of Virginia and the whole of North Carolina. No. 6, from Cape Fsar to Cumberland sound, (St. Mary's river,) including tho coast of South Carolina and Georgia. No. 9, from Cumberland sound (St. Mary's river) to St. Joseph's bay, on the west coast oi the peninsula of 1 Florida. No. 7, from St. Joseph's bay to Dauphin Island, at the 1 entrance to Mobile bay, including the coast of part of Flolidaj and the whole ot the coast of Alabama. No. S, from Dauphih Island to Vermillion hay, including the coast of Mississippi and a considerable pait of that of Louisiana. No. 9, from Vermillion hay to the boundary, including the remainder ef the coast of Louisiana and the coast of Texas Of these sections the eastern (No. 1) includes the greatest extent of shore line, but also presents the greatest facilities for the execution of the work. The survev of one of the nins ?rtlnn? ; in general completed, and that of six other* (No*. 1, 3, 4,6, t>, and 9) U in progress. The work remaining to be done in No.dean bo executed gradually, a* parties are disposable for It. In sections 1 and 3, the work is in full progress, the Held parties being engaged in different portions of the ectious. These embrace the coast of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and llhode Island, and of part of Delaware, Maryland and Virginia. A full beginning of the survemhas been made in Nos. 4 and 8, embracing the coast ofNorth Carolina and part of Virginia, and the coast of Mississippi and Louisiana ? Reconnaissances introductory to the operations in sec tions ft and 9,on the coast of Mouth Carolina and Georgia, and of Texas, have been ordered. No one acquainted with the nature of this survey, can question the immense advantages it will confer on the country, and on our commerce, r In the year 184f> a shoal, six miles south of any known danger, and lying directly in the usual track of vessels between New York and Europe, and in that often followed by coasting vessels between New England and New York, unmarked, and hitherto unknown, has been discoveied, and located with accuracy. The discovery of this hoal alone, will more than compensate for the expense that has attended this work. It is hinted that the Steamship President was lost on this shoal, ar.d it does not seem at all improbable. We congratulate the country on the progress of this work, and hope it will be completed without reference to expense. Specie from EuRorn ? Wc learn that the steamer Hibernta, due at Boston to-morrow, will bring elit a large amount of specie. It is understood that half a million of dollars will tome to one house in | Wall itroAl If u vnr,nA.?.l >1... . ? "t?i nearly a million will cotnc out in her. The Packet Ships Dm ?It was reported last night that the (iarrick, with si* days' later intelligence from Europe, was below The Best Vet.?Mr. Samuel K. Xooh, operator on Ilia New York arul i'euiisylvania telegraph, has written the largest number of letters in a given time that we have card of Yesterday ho transmitted one hundret ond thirty-two letters in one minute, which beats every thing so tar. | The Cn|itur? of La|innt_Iti Importance ant Value. We have already mentioned the capture of La guna de Terminos, a town in Yucatan, but to 1 day we give the oiHcial account of the capture ' It will be found on the outside. This is welcom* news. Its seizure will no only teach the Yucatacoes not to to trifle with us but it will be of some importance to us in vanoui points o' view. If the place is not the larges town in Yucatan, it is certainly one of the mos important. It intercepts all communication be' tweeu the rest el Yucatan, and the departmeni of Vera Cruz. Had it been in our possession at an earlier date than the 20th, the able Mexican General Woll, might not have succeeded in returning to Mexico, for it was at Laguna he landed. This town is situated at the south-eastern ex' treinity of the Gulf of Mexico; and is three hundred and twenty miles from Vera Cruz by sea: but, by land, it is a little farther. The appearance of Laguna, as seen from the harbor, is singular; for the houses, with perhaps a dozen exceptions, have thatched roofs, and are only one story high. The harbor ol Laguna is perhaps a( sale as any in the world Only one vessel, we believe, has been lost in it the last fifteen years. It was during a hu ricane of almost unparalleled violence, that this one was lost; her crew were saved. But the entrance of the harbor of Laguna is not very good?a bar crosses it, which is impassable to vessels drawing absve sixteen feet ot water. Banks of mud, too, line either side of the entrance, and thereon vessels, whose commanders have never been to Laguna j before, often touch, particularly when a north ( er blows. In January, 1842, four English mer* chantmen struck on these mud banks, during a I norther ; and although they were got oil', when j the gale abated, one or two of them sustained 1 considerable damage. Laguna is tolerably healthy during the winter months; but, as in other parts of the eastern , coast of Mexico, yellow fever prevails from April to Octpber. In May, 1842, three or four hundred ; Indian troops arrived at Laguna from Central | Mexico. In July, ?f the same year, one half their ; number had died of fever. The population of Laguna does not exceed two thousand five hundred. They are a motley set, being of all colors?white, blask, yellow, and : brown. The habits of the majority of the working I men in Laguna, are dissolute in the extreme. In ' playing at cards or dice, and drinking raw Catalan brandy, perhaps the strongest of spirits, they pass the intervals of cessation from labor. : ? .... ?r r ?,i ..... 1IO 1 III J'VI I unuo U1 AJB|^U11CI iiao illipiv*?u VVU' siderably of late?still, it is noth ng when compared to its export trade?though that trade is confined to one article?palo tin to, or logwood. The quantity of logwood exported during the busy part of the year, (which is from November , to March or April,) is immense. In the month of January, 1842, fourteen square rigged vessels were loading at Laguna, with logwood The ! wood is almost always shipped on account of the owners of the vessel?not on account of the meri chants at Laguna. The merchants buy the logwood of the logwood cutters, and sell it to the ship masters, who visit the port. This business isa very good one?though, in a great measure, it is monopolized by one firm, that of Gutierez,1 Bro, thers & Co. For a series of years, the'managing i partner of this firm, was an American gentleman named Russell; he died a lew years ago. It is said, that the year previous to his death, the ' house of Gutierez netted fifty thousand dollars. The master logwood cutters of Laguna are a strange class of individuals. They are mostly white; yet, living as they do, the greater part ol the year in the midst of swamps and forests of logwood trees, they often become as swarthy in i complexion and as uncouth in figure as the In! dians they employ. They sometimes commence logwood cutting with only a small capital?say ; ten or twelve thousand dollars?a great portion of ! which they perhaps have borrowed from some mercantile firm, of Gutierez Brothers, & Co., i for instance. In this case, they contract with Gu. i tierrec Brothers, to repay them in logwood, de; liverable at slated periods; and, we may add, at i low prices. When the logwood cutter has thus provided i himself with "the sinews of war," he buys half a square league, or so, ol forett. Sometimes, if he has interest with the government, he gets i it for nothing. Of course, he selects land as near to Laguna as he can get. A portion of this land he clears; and builds thereon huts for his mozot or laborers; and a rancko, or house for himself. To the house is attached a store, where he sells groceries and grog. The mozot go to their work very early in the morning, and return to their huts in the evening. They are generally paid twenty-five cents for every quintal of wood they cut; and, if expert cutters, they can earn, on an average, a dollar a day. Bur, however much they earn, they save nothing. On the contrary, ninety-nine out of a hundred mozot, not enly spend what they make, but likewise get - into debt to their masters, who have no objection to their doing to. For, be it observed, no mozo | can leave his master's service whilst he owes him money; therefore, the more money he owes him the more he is in his power ; and ho always is in his master's power. To his master's store he is obliged to resort for everything. What he eats and drinks, and wears, he buys there. In the evening, he goes to the store to receive his earn| ings?a portion he spends in drink, and when drunk he buys some article of clothing, for which he has no earthly use, and which is charged to ! him at an exorbitant price. In this way, a bill is | soon run up, which the mczo never pays, and which, though nothing but a bit of paper, with some figures thereon, is as a rod oI iron in the hands of the master. What is this but a species of slavery?a slavery of the worst kind, too 1 And a slavery which prevails, not only in Yucatan, but in most of the agricultural districts ol Mexico. Yet the Mexii cans tax us Americans, with being a slave-holdI ing people ! A striking example this, of the inconsistency of human nature, of our readiness to pull out the mote in our neighbor's eye, when a huge, lumbering beam is sticking in our own. But to conclude with logwood cutting: the wood ' is conveyed in canoes to tho harbor of Laguna> and there put on board vessels as they lie, at anchor. Extensive forests ol mahogany trees grow I in the vicinity of Laguna ; the wood, however, i is inferior to that of Jamaica. Still, should the ; logwood trade of Laguna decline, the inhabitants of the town will, no doubt, turn their attention to mahogany. That portion of the country about Laguna which is not covered with logwood trees, is swampy?and prolific in nothing but musquitoes una sanu mcs. onii, it inigni ue innac to proauce cotton of n superior quality. It is said, that in some places, the fruit guava (of which a famous jelly is made at the Havana) grows wild, in great abundance. All the flour consumed at Lsguna, and villages adjacent, is brought from the United States, most of it by way of Uampeachy. In some part of the lastcentury, Laguria was attacked, and we believe, captured by the British. If so, it is certainly in as good hands now, as it was then. We take this opportunity of congratulating the government on the capture of Lagttna. Political Intelligence. '1 hero is no doubt but that T. W. Newton, whig, has been elerte.l to Congress, from Alknnsas, to supply the vacancy ol Mr. Veil, who is with the army in Mexico. This is tha first whig in Congress we hive ever bad from ArkalltUS Mr M nill ?>,U aiv u-nnlr. mmr. , vice in thi* Cohripm, qi it will adjourn on the 4th of March next. Tih* Rowing nomination* for State Treasurer were made in the Ponniylvania Legialature, on Saturday: Ja*. 1 .rS'i ,bn B*nU'1 '""I'h H. Kitner, tfideon J. Call. 1 he election wa* to be held yeeterday. 1 News from Bakbadoks ? We have received Hie i of papers to the 3>ii ult, but can Hud nothing * ofgreat interest. " The Mercury says;? December has been truly a glorious month; not a ilny bit elapsed without fine rain*. end. as a natural ronacr-nce, the whole auiface of tha island ia clothed with richest verdure. Sugar making has partially commenced in several districts; but toe favorable weather ' has put such a fresh spring in the late planted canes, that 1 a delay must take place. Tha prospects of all the crops t are good. t The British man of war Belleisle was to leave . Bridgetown, for England, with the 71st Highland I Infantry, on the 1st inst. t in the island of St. Kitts severe fevers had been t prevalent- Large numbers of the inhabitants had died, amongst them several young persons, nai tives of this island The whether is represented to be favorable. Governor Cunniugham has re. sumedthe duties of L out Governor, to tho satis faction of the inhabitants. 1 | Musical. Italian OrsaA.?A person, whose appreciation for musical beauty were for the time dormant, and could have been present at the second representation of "Lucia ) di Lsmmcrmoor," last evening,would have, perhaps, proI nounced the audience music mad ; but a* it was, we hardly think there was one present, but joined in the t ' universal enthusiasm created by the continued succession of harmonious perfections which seemed to increase in power and beauty, till the fall of the curtain dispelled 1 j the enchantment, mazily woven by the deity of 1 sweet sounds. Never in this city have we witnessed a 1 more complete triumph, a more entire sympathy be 1 ' tween artist and aodience, than that which was obtained | and prevailed within the crowded walls of Palmo's; no , ! hesitation nor inaccuracy, not one lalse note nor impert feet time in ittlot, nor concerted pieces, was to be detected. The chorusses, too, were given with good effect. The trlarious. comnosition of Donizetti was verified and vivified by the genius of its delineators. The opera wai the marble statue of Pygmalion, which Barili. Hanoventano, and Benede*ti, imbued with glorious and ra{ diant life. In a word, we may safely aaaert that ' no operatic piece wai ever preaenled in thii city, ao atrictly perfect in every part, and ao satisfactory I to every liatener aa " Lucia di Lammermoor" laat night. . On Friday Barili sang aweetly, but we occasionally de1 tected a tremulousnesa, a distrustfulness (which, by the i by, in her, never should exist) of her own fine powers ; but we have heard ber again, and while we ielt that ahe { gave full scope to the inspiration of her genius, " aan* : peur," we listened to her, and can only apeak of her aa i " sans rtproche." Beneventano has a better part than in " Linda di Chameuni" The displays of tenderness and ; passion call into full action those rich volumes of sound i which " In thunder rollings echo to the dome." We like him the better the more we hear him. The cha; racter of Master of Ravenswood, assumed by Benadetti, I is the best in the opera, and more calculated to create a furor than any other character in it. In tha first place, tenor notoa will always suit nine-tenths of a mixed audience better than those of the other parts ; besides whioh, Donizetti has lavished the choice, or that which may be rather called popular, music of the score upon the part which Benedetti is allotted, with rather a partial hand. ' We do not wish, in say ing this, to be understood as deI sirous of detracting from Benedetti's well-earned tri| umpbs, for we take pleasure in saying that, as a finished I artist, we have rarely, if ever, had his eoual among us, j ! but merely to account for the impulses which move his : : hearers to shower bouquets and adulations at his feet. i au in an, sarin, Denevemano, ana ueueuaiu, bio a glorious trio, a bright junction of atari, long, we hope, brilliantly to ahine in our musical firmament. As to the apology tor Barili's illness last night, it was, we think, i entirely unnecessary. | Madame Aslamowicz.?We deem that a mere mention of the fact of this lady's appearance to-night at j Brooklyn, will secure her a crowded house. The room selected, that of the Jerolomon street Female Academy* 'a admirably adapted to the rich swell of her magnificent voice; and all who may hear her to-night, will listen to 1 the melody which in Boston secured Madame A. the ! title of the "nightingale of song*' Herr Dorn, the best French horn player that we ever had among us, and Mr, Knaebel, are engaged to her assistance. We notice that the programme is made up of the pieces in which Madame Ablamowicz has always been encored, and of the fantasias in which Herr Dorn was so eminently successful at the concert of Henri Herz. The reduced price of admission in Brooklyn, will make it well worth the while of our New York lovers of music to cross the ferry. The Swiss Bell Ringers passed through our city yes! terday on their way to Peterson, New Jersey. Since they left our city, (which is more than a year ago) they have visited the Southern States, the West Indies, Texas, and our Western country. They return to our city in March, to give their farewell concerts.previous to their departure j for Europe. They open in Paris in the summer of this ; year. Professor Whitney, the celebrated Orator, lectures on Thursday evening next, at Clinton Hall. In addition to tho beautiful readings of the lecturer, the Alleghanians, well known for sweetness and harmony, will sing several of their favorite quartettes, be. Those who relish science can here spend a pleasant evening. ThcatrlcsUot Park Theatre?Ma. Collins.?After a most successful tour in the Southern States, this favorite returns among us, to fill an engagement at the Park Theatre where he appears to-night, in all the cities where he' has performed, he received a hearty welcome, and was acknowledged to be the legitimate successor of tho la-s^?a<I Pawoi* l? motf h? 4. eelwv a.14 iket ik. v1..l UVUIOU ? V*T??I ah ????/ "O wu?/ OIU mil UIO liiBIIft which the death of poor i'ower created ha? been wall filled by Mr. Colliua; at all events it will be admitted that, from the time of Mr. Power's loss, until the appear, ance of Mr. Collins, the American public had no opportunity of witnessing on the stage uny correct representation of the Irish character?its fun, its frolic, and its pathos. That Mr. Collins can do this in a natural, easy, and graceful manner, his extraordinary success here and elsewhere bears ample testimony. Besides possessing talent of a high order, Mr Collins has a nice and discriminating judgment. Instead of using a brogue suitable ! for Teddy the Tyler in Pierce O'liara, the Irish AttorI ney die gives no more than enough to distinguish him from ; an Englishman, but, at the same time, preserves the fun I and humor ofthe character. In this consists one of Mr. Colj lin's chief excellences. These qualities, with a thorough knowledge of stage business, a good ey,e an excellent i , voice, and commanding figure, combined, make bim in- j ferior only to Power in delineating Irish character. InI deed his admirers assert that in some characters he is | equal to Power?as for instance Morgan Rattle and I McShane. Bowkev.?'This; immense and beautiful theatre, on the I occaaion of Misa Mary Taylor'i debut last night, presented a brilliant and animated appearance; notwithstanding the very disagreeable state oftho weather, the house was filled almost to suffocation from tsp to bottom, thus giving an unmistakable evidence of the popularity 1 of the debutant, as well as showing a just appreciation of i the taste and judgment of the enterprising manager, Mr. Jackson. In New Yoik, and at this time, it would be a work of superogation to speak of .Miss Taylor's attainments as an actress and vocalist. They are too well known and admired to require at this lute day any comment or encomiums at oui hands. The pieces performod 1 last night abounded with gums of melody, which were sung with surpassing sweetness to an admiring and an enthusiastic audience. We have every reason to believe that the engagement of Miss Taylor at this establishment will prove beneficial fo the manager, ns well as gratifying ft (ha ruthlin anil liar mane o.lmiU V. #? ? evening lor the second time in tbo character ol Kate O'Brien, in the pleasiDg comedy ol the "MaiJ of Muneter," and in the burlesque opera of "Beauty and the Beast," aided by the excellent dramatic resources of the establishment. We notice that the gentlemanly and very popular treasurer, Mr. Waldron, announces his benotit for to-morrow (Wednesday) evening, when a Judicious selection of attractive pieces will be presented. Ai.hambsa- The Italian Magician, Rossi, is exhibiting | his beautiful experiments in legerdemain every evonirg, I at the above saloon. His performance, together with the I ballad singing of Miss Hiftert and Mr. Harrison, tender | the evening's amusement agreeablu. Tom Fly nn, as capital an actor and good fellow as ever put his legs under or on a mahogany table, proceeds today, via. the Housatonic railroad, to Troy, where he has I a professional engagement. If the Trojans do nut open wide their gates to Tom, he will undoubtedly take i them by storm, lor he knows no such word as fail. His , racy humor and frank light-heartedness always afford ! him a key too]>en every heart. The numerous friends of Winchell gave him a com; plimentary benefit on Tburaday last, at Albany. Mr. Henry flacide arrived in Cbaileston on the 13th j lost., where he is engaged to play one week. Alia. win >? m< u?cn grivli'R leanings I rom ine pOct?," at Macon, Georgia. Blangy appeared on Wednesday night at Mobile, to what a newspaper of that city call* a "monstroua" houseThe play aliould have been "Beauty and the ileaat" i Signor Blitz left Buttalo lor Pittsburgh and Cincinstti on Thuriday laat. Haaa Aliiskdi*,the (ieiman magician, will aston, ish the citizeni of Providence, Rhode Island, for two nighta this week, by his experiments in natural philosophy and magic, previous to hia departure lor Havana. City Intelligence I Jr.nzv Cttr Inteluoence ?We perceive by the pro needing" of the Jersey City Common Council, that Aid FVyatt offered a resolution on Friday evening last, refunding to the general government the apportionment of t the surplus revenue which that city held in treat, to he letumed when the government needed it. Mr. Fryatt 1 stated that the time of need, contemplated in the net of Congreas,hid now arrived, ami that the govcrnimnt re' quired means to carry on the war wi'h Mexico. With ! the view of placing the portion Jersey City held in trust at the disposal of tna government, he introduced this re solution, and hoped it would pass After a spirited de| bate the subject wna laid over to next Friday livening. Court Cnleiislni ?1'ltla Day, I Common Pleas--First Part-10, Jflff, II, hi, u7, 10, .11, OJ, S i, 37. Second Pait- 18ti, '14, JO, U90, 30, 37, 31, 3(1, 38, 40 CiacutT Coi'HT ? 3,4, 7, 11, 13 to 1(1,13,'JO. Tli? Vlca t'limireiloi'a Court, No decisions in this court y eMetdav. , j City In tell licence. Thk Wkathkk ? W? had a auddeu change of weather again yesterday. It began to rain about 3 o'clock, the wind being from the aouth. The froat of the previous day was soon melted away, and the rain waa aoft aa an April * how or. It began te fall heavily about ball-paat 3 o'clock. tiiaariKH Monar shom Lodokrs.?Several com plainta have of late been made, at the Mayor'a office, against the keeper* of public houses in the city The complaiuta charge the practice of various kinds of impositions by landlords upon the lodgers in these houses, j whi-'h are generally taverns of tho second or third class, j The Mayor baa determined, if possible, to break up tbia practice, and haa in several instances, taken away the licenses of the keepers of the taverns complained of A hearing was yesterday bad before the Commission# of Excise of the 4th ward?present, the Mayor, Aldermau Purser and Assiatant Alderman Mullins. Complaint was preferred by Mrs Leah Jacob* againat Thomas J. Fow- i (er, licensed to keep a public house, known as tha Walton House, or Mansion House, at 316 Pearl street. Mr*. Jacobs state* in her affidavit that she arrived here from Liverpool in company with her sister ami two sons, on the evening of the 3d of January. Before leaving tho vessel in which they urnved, they were importuutd by various persons to take lodgings at different houses, whese , interest these persons came to look after. Complainant finally concluded to go to the Walton House, where she \ bud her luggage taken, and te which place she and I her lriends repaired the same evening, took supper, were j lodged lor the night, and had breakfast in the morning.? I Alter breakfast. Mrs Jacobs asked for her bill, and was ! furnished with one charging her $14 26 for the two meals, and lodging lor herself and friends. This was . rather more of a good thing than the lady expected; she therefore remonstrated but the payment of the bill waa strenuously insisted unon bv the person who presented I it; unci upon payment being refuted, the bar keeper, or I Kent or whatever officer he might lie, who made the demand, assaulted the lady, and pushing her into the 1 rooin, detained and imprisoned her, using threats and abusive language, telling her that they snould be iinpiisoued as non-residents, if the amount was not forthcoming. Mrs Jacobs was not trightened into the pay inent of the extravagant deinund, however, but sent one of her sons out for advice. Mr. Fowler, in whose name the license for the house was granted, stated in defence, 1 that he was not present at all, and that his partner, Mr. Harris, was sick and in bed. Simeon Jacobs, the son of complainant, swears that Harris was present when the disturbance took place -that he said the bill was right, and must be paid;and that he [Harris] called them swindlers, and used abusive language ; that his mother, brother and sister were detained by force while he wentout for information. After a patient hearing of the case by the commissioners, the license of Thomas J. Kowier, of 8-Jd Pearl street, was revoked and cancelled by the Mayor. The Almshouse Hearse-Driver Looking out foe his Friends.?There is nothing like friends which are friends. It is, moreover, commendable in a man that bo has but few friends, in order that the little acts of kindness which he is able to perform may be concentrated upon the few, and not lost by diffusion among the many. Now our (we mean by " our" the corporation's) hearse : driver, " John" has fully learned the value of this bit of i doctrine concerning friendly offices. It may not be generally known that Sandy Gibson is the city's official Charon, tha ferryman of the corporation'* dead, who convey* the deceaaed poor from the citv to their resting place on Randall'* Island, for twenty-five cent* a piece. Of course, it i* to be supposed that a* the hearse-driver delivers bis coffined charge* to the boatman, a sort of link of amity not easily separated, exists between them, and John is by no means minded that his friend should miss a fee by any circumstance which he can prevent. Net long aince, it so fell out that two chilren, (one of whom was never conscious of it* own existence,) were made the subject* of a Coroner's inquest, and as one ooflln was amply large enough for the purpose, the babies were both laid in it, and thus prepared for burial. This arrangement might subserve the cause of publio economy by saving the expense of the coffin, but the city'again would be the boatman's loss, and to such a state of things the hearseman could not fora moment consent. " Why," said he,' I'll do 8andy Gibson out of a quarter." That won't suit. 1 must put this little 'un in another coffin." And having thus delivered himself of his indignation, and declared his intentions respecting the course he intended to pursue, he caught up the coffin, stuck it under his arm, and strode out of the room. We have not the least doubt, that Sandy Gibson's bill of ferriage for the departed inifants was fifty cents, and certainly no one can blame him ; they were of course furnished a coffin a piece, or John did not carry out his expressed determination. KavrTisx Antiquities ? Mr. Gliddon last night delivered his sixth lecture on Egyptian Antiquities, before the New York Historical Society, at Mechanics' Hall, 47i Broadway. The attendance was good, and, as usual, the audience were well pleased with the lecturer. The | subject of this discoutse was the Pyramids?those objects of admiration, about which so much has been said and written, and ot which so little was known for centuries and centuries, until the enterprising explorers of the last few years obtained the keys by which to unlock the long hidden mysteries, viz: Who built them, and the object for which they were constructed? Arabia had entertained the idea that they were constructed by by genii. and the Easterns had sueculated upon the urobabilitv of their having been built by Seth. The Pyramid* certainly ante-date the times of Abraham. As to the epocn ot the building of the pyramids?they were built, said Mr. G. between the times of Noah and Abraham, or between the first and thirteenth dynasties of the Kings of Egypt. All the pyramids of Egypt are about five thousand year* old. The builders of tne pyramids were the children of Ham; they were Caucasians?white menEgyptians. The objects for which the pyramids were built, were sepulchral. Tboy were commenced when the King began his reign, Qud were continued during that reign; the first, or interior layers, lorming a nucleus around which successive courses of stones were laid until the death of the King, when the whole was faced down with polished stone; and the next King began his monument. Thus some of the pyramids were much, larger than others, according as tho reign was longer or shorter. The location of these monumonts of bygone ages was described by the lecturer. The principal ones lie within a line of about 22 miles. Mr. GliUon introduced an episode at tne close of this part of his lecture. in which he described the country of Egypt. He dwelt upon the beauty of the fertile valley of the Nile, the different aspects which it presents at the different seasons of the year, when it waves in the richness of harvest fields, when it is inundated by the waters which fertilize it, when it is verdant with young vegetation, or when the s?il is parched by the burning neat of tne late summer. He spoke in raptures of the scenes of his early life, and feelingly of the tyranny which prevails there. The next lecture of tho course continues the subject of the Pyramids. Mkkcantii.x Librahv Association.?A large and spirited meeting of the members of this Association wo* held at Jones's, Second Ward Hotel,on Saturday evening liiat HAArirA flrtittilv. Run 111 tlm That nhier.t of | the meeting wax to make such change* in the regular ticket a* the members of the association deem necessary, to secure the election of an able and united Hoard of L)ij rectors, to serve during the coming year. The followj ing ticket was uuauimuusly adopted, and recommended ; to the support of the members I For President?Cornelius L. Kveritt. Vice President? I'homaa W. Uroser. [ Corresponding Secretary.?Isaac 11. Bailey. Recording Secretary?Henry Bancroft. Treasurer?W. A. Kissam. Directors?J. Terry Bates, John F. Baker, George Peckham, Thomas J. Bayard, Peter Parka, Henry R. Barker, Wm C. Mr,Mullen The election takes place to-day. To the polls. Elocution?A well deserved compliment hat been bestowed upon I'rof llowes, of Columbia College, by a number of distinguishod men in our city. They have invited him to give a few of his " readings from Shaks' pome," and in compliance with their request, the distinguished elocutionist will give his first entertainment this evening, at the lecture room of the Society Library, lie will on this occasion present his selections lrom " Hamlet." We can well expect a most instructive and interesting evening, j That lahok Rut in Nassau Street ?There is a I large rut or mud hole in Nassau street, near A nut | street, that requires tho special supervision of the street I inspector. Iuueed, there are many such in different | puits of the city, and, unless repaired, thev will cause some serious injury to the limbs or necks of tho horses j that continually pass to Eand fro in the dsy, and often in such cases, and thin in itself should he doomed sufficient to compel the authorities to get the ruts Ailed up. The Alms House.?There were no less than 173 person* sent into the Aim* House during the put week. Coal for the Poor.?The vast crowdi that daily dock to the Alma Houso office in the Park to aolicit aid in the ihapc of firing tor the winter, have been considerably increased within the Inst few days. The.amount of destitution in the city this winter has been unusually large. The very appearance of the applicants be speaks their miserable condition?many of them appear clothod in the meanest shreds oi old and tattered garments, and some without shoe* or stockings. Something substantial should be done for the poor. Omsisdi Ititoui.ATions.?It has been proposed by a gentleman who ha* heretofore been active in correcting and carrying out measures c( reform in the city, that the right of running omnibuses through Broadway, he sold by the city authorities at auction, us the right of ferriage is now disposed of. Certain restrictions as to price of carriage, number of persons conveyed in each stage, time of starting from each end of the route, etc., would. ' according to this plan, be included in the contract. and violations of these provisions would be visited wi h forfeiture of privileges, or the entire annulment of the contract. The end proposed to bo accomplished by this arrangement is the more certain restraint which the city autnoritiui would tie able to exercise over the hard-tobe-ruled drivers. That some reform is needed must be apparent to all, and, perhaps, this plan would accomplish the desired result. The contract could be taken by an individual or company ; so that no citizon's rights need be sacrificed in securing the public welfare. Ax Overivorki.o Horse.?A miserable looking horse, attached to an empty wagon,marked T. Jewett & Co , 433 Monroo street, fell in Division street near Clinton street, in a state of exhaustion. The poor animal appeared to be lean and hungry. Two men with difficulty succeeded in lilting up the poor beast, and again harneasing it te the cart,which it was scarcely able to diaw. Accident.?Arthur w. Taylor, a sailor attached to the schooner Rosevilla, now lying In |tho East river, had his leg severely hurt iu falling between two vessels on the liver yesterday. He was taken to the City Hospital. Accident.?Yesterday. an old lady named Margaret Lonrase, who ielides at No 37 Hester stieet, was cross ' lag Grand tlreet, near Lullow, when a private carriage came daahing along, and ttie aged lady not being able to (( * out of the way, wga mn over and so aeverely injured, aa to render it noceaaai v for aid to be procured to tend her home. Officer Wikehsrt, of the 10th ward, conducted her to her houte. It waa not atcertained to whom tho rinri.igo belonged, or whether the driver uied any caution in driving through the atreot. Arori.riv and Dkath.?Coroner Waltcra yeiterday I held an inqueat at the corner of Madiaon avanue and ! 36th atreet, on the body of a man named William Gib aon, who came to hia death on Monday night by apoplexy. Deceaaed wai a native of thie city, aged 34 yearn, and for tome time pait had been very intcmpeiate. Verdict, "death by apoplexy." Common Plena. Both hranchea of thia court were alao adjourned, no 1 l-Ufioeea being ready yeaterday 1 Common Council. Boi*r> or Aibkbmkis?Thi* board met loot evening at | a o'clock?D 8 Jackeon, Knj , President, in the chair. The minute* of the laat meeting were read and ap1 proved. The Got.? During the reading of the minutea, the gaa light* burned very dimly, anil very nearly got out. . The wretched condition of the gaa has extended itself to almost every department in the city,a* well a* the street* and avenues. After the reading of the minutes? Invitation? From the " Ironsides Club," 7th ward, to atteud their annual ball Accepted Waihington Monument?Petition from Henry Storms, and others, asking a suitable location for the erection of a Washington Monument. Referred Branch Poet Office ?A petition was received, nume tously signed, asking the ro-operttion ot the Common Council, auil their signa'uies, to a petition to Congress for the restoration of the Branch Pott Office in Chatham Square. Aid Mksikkolk was in far or of accepting the petition. Aid Bcn?on offered a reiolution in couneation with the petition, in favor oi the object* and view* of the petitioner*, which he suggested should be duly signed and sealed by the Mayor, and transmitted to Congress. Aid. Livingston was of opinion that the resolution should be transmitted to the Post Master General, as the most suitable person to grant relief in the premises. He moved, as an amendment, that the resolution be, therelore, presented to tho i'ost Master Uenoial. Aid Usrt moved to further amend, by inserting in the resolution that another branch be also established in the western section of the city. * The resolution as amended was adopted unanimously. City Rrcordt.?A communication was received from the City Register asking appropriation of a sum of $000 for the repairs, Ac , of books and public records in the Register's office Referred to the committee on offices 1 and repairs, with power Reperte ? Adverse to supplying the Third Ward Courts with law books. lu favor of organizing district executive departments in connexion with the city government Superintendent uj repaire?Report in favor of increas ing the salary of the Superintendent of repairs. Aid. Brauv was opposefHo the adoption of tho report ; and resolution. /viu iiei^iui uuaicu iuai ?uv irjwu wuutu uo auupici. : The services of that officer bad bueu able and efficient, and ho would net oppose the report and reiolutton. Alderman Bract could not see why it was when i a public officer accepted office for a certain atipulated . sum, he should afterwardi demand an increase of sala- I ry. The superintendent was no more than a more fore i man, and had at present a good salary for his services.? j The increase from $740 to $1000 per annum would be 1 too large an increaseAlderman Mkijerolk was in favor of the increase, : there was no more uselul public officer or mere valuable one in this city. The ayos and noes were ordered. Aid Hast wished to explain his vote. As a matter oi i principle, when a man accepts an office, he ought not I ask for an increase of salary. The question was taken and resulted?Ayes 11; nays 3. Report in favor of building sewer in?th avenue, be tweeu 37th and 41a streets. Adopted. Appointment.?Brighnm Howe as collector of assessments, vice James C. Willett, resigned. recess. The Board took a recess at 7 o'clock'and returned. The President resumed the chair. Reports were resumed?Of committee od charity and alma in favor of enlarging the Alms House Department. Adopted. Communication from ex-Mayor Morris, (present Postmaster,) Alderman Pardy and others, asking the Board to par certain fines imposed upon them as Supervisors in 1341'3. Referred. Alms Heuse?Increase of Pauptri?A communication was received from the Alms House Commissioner, Mr Leonard, asking for additional appropriation of rooms to enlarge the department, in consequence of the vast increase of paupers which have lately been added to the 1 Alms House, so as to render it impossible to accommo- i date them withiu the immediate building. Many of tho present inmates are necessarily compelled to occupy the basement of the building, garrets, cellars, Re , and the accommodations are at present quite defective. v-Ald. Livikoston offered a resolution in favor of authorizing the Alms House Commissioner to adopt the necessary steps for the enlargement of the same. Adopted. The Commissioner's activity and laudable exertions te add to the comfort of the paupers, at present in the Alms House, and the destitute poor of the city, that fill up the department, shows an earnestness and determination to administer to their wants highly creditable. The aupli cant* for a home, in this inclement season, are numerous, I and it appears the very out-door premises attached to i the building are at present fitted with paupers. The increase of pauperism has grown to a feaiful extent at present. Resolution in favor of enlarging the Lunatic AsylumReferred. Cumphine.?Resolution, by Aid. Tirrrw, directing that no manufacturer of camphine be allowed to manufacture or store the sume within any part of the city south of 42d street?Adopted. Report of committee on Fife department.?In favor of appropriating a sum of $300 for the repair of Engine No. 42. Also a sum of $200 ior repairs of Engine No. 38. Adopted. Resolution from Aid. Livingston, in favor of enquiring into the extent to which the Croton water pipes have been laid in 6th, 7th, 8th, and 0th Avenues. Relerred. Aid. Bknson offered a resolution directing tho Com missiuner of tho Aims House to report upon the alleged conduct of the l'hysician and Keepers of the Lunatic Asylum, lilackwell's Island, about the night of the 4th and 5th inst. In movi' g the resolution, he stated that he had not been called to attend a special meeting on Saturday evening, of the Committee on Charity and Alms, which Aid. Purser had called together on this subject. Aid Puasaa . euied having attended any such meeting on Saturday evening, or having called it together. No suoh matter was oliiciaily before them, and he denied any such meeting occurred. Aid. Damon stated that he had it from unquestionable authority, that a debauch and row occurred on the evenings of the 4th and 6th uist., between the physician and keepers ol the Asylum, and that property belonging to the Corparation was broken. Aid. Pimiskh explained.?There was, he understood, some difficulties of a slight nature on the occasion in question, and it appeared that tho whole amount of property lost on the occasion was a tug that was broken.? [Luughter.j The resolution was adopted. Fire Department ? Resolution from.Board of Assistant*, in luvor of appropriating $1UU0 for the fiio department ? Concurred in. Resolution directing to inquire into the mode of con dueling private nospiiais in mm cuy.?neiurreu. Jlppomimtntt?Alderman Uhady moved the appaiatinent ol .Mr. C. Davis to till the vacancy in the Board of Trustees of Common Schools in the lath ward. Alderman Walker,in seconding the resolution, took occusion to pass a high eulogy on the character and qualification* of Mr. Davis. Taxation?Papers Jrom the Aeeistanle,?Document No. id, in relation to equalizing taxation, fco. from the Board ot Assistants, was taken up and referred. After concurring in some few papers from the Assistants, the llosrd adjourned. Police Intelligence. Jan. id.? Orand Larceny.?Ollicer Gardner, of the I Sixth Ward, ;arre*ied,last night an old Kivo Point thief, called Charles Wentworth, alias Albany Charley, on a charge ot stealing a tine cloth dress coat, a pair of pants, and vest, valued in all at $16 60, tho property of James Deaimini, residing at No. SO Houston street. It appears this thief took lodgings at the above premises, and on the morning he opened the bed-room door, by a false key, occupied by Dearman, forcing open the trunk, and sciectingthu new suit of clothes curried them off. The whole ol the property was recovered by the above officer, where it had been pawned at the various pawnshops atound town. Justice Osborne committed him for trial llobbed on the Pointi.?Officers Watson and O'Brien, of the tith ward, arrested la?t night two fellows called Chailee Ross and Chas Wentworth, on a charge of stealing lrom a man by the name of Poter Harvev, while in a house of disrepute on the Five Points. Both locked up (or trial by Justice Oaborue. Stealing Crockery ?Two chips,called Wn. Woolsey, alias Nuts, and Win. Wool, were caught yesterday by officer Ooulding, ot the flth ward, having in their posses, sion a lot of crockery, valued at $2, which they had stolen from Mr. John Mason corner of Vasey and Washington streets. Committed for trial by Justice Osborne. Attempting to Stab?Officer Bliven, of the 1 ftth ward, arrested on Sunday evening an Iriah woman by the name of Mary Clendennin, on a charge of attempting to stab Mr John Crosby, residing at No. 24S Mercer, with a knife, while in the lobby of the churcn on the corner of 4th street and Lafayette place. It appeers this woman is laboring under some delusion of mind, from the fact of her declaring that Mr. Crosby is keeping a large amonDt of property from her, wbich she says ia justly due her.? II seems inis wumau IIVI mcuu hi ina i>nnnuo nnynim seme time ago, and wai formerly in the employ of James Harper, Ksq , ex-Mayor of the city, who waa compelled te discharge her from the occurrence of there frequent attacks of derangement. She was taken before Justice Merritt, and committed to prison to be examined by the physicians. Di'nturhing Rfli/inut ffori/iip ?Officer Hopkins, of the 10th ward, arrested, on Sunday evening, a boy by the name of James MoBride, on a charge of disturbing the religious worship of the church in 16th street. Justice Meriitt held him to bail in $100 for his future good behavior, in default of which he waa locked up in the Tombs. Jirrett of a Fugitine Burglar ?Officer Crossett, of the the 3rd Ward, arrested, yesterday morning, a Dutchman, by the name of Henry Schmidt, on a charge of burglariously entering the leather store of Mr. Willinm Oia'hwait, atf.ftewark, New Jersey, on Sunday night last, stealing therefrom a lot of leather valued at $30. Tho asciil was detected by tho above officer, enileavorinir to sell the same to Mr. Matthow Armstrong, leather denier, No. 64 Vesey street. The burglar waa convey ed back to j Newark in the afternoon, by the above vigilant officer, for trial. Jlrrttl of a Horie Thief.?A man keeping a livery table in New Haven, came to tbia city yesterday in eurch of a Jew pedlar, who, acme two weeki since, hired a horio and wagon, for the pnrpoae, bh he aaid, of goiDg a ahort distance out of town, instead of which, it appeara, he drove atraight to New York, and aold the hone, wagon, harneai, and buffalo robe, valued at $160, for $83. The 'owner of the! property applied for essistanca to Captain Boudinot, of the 3d warn police, who deputed offlcera Wetaell, S. Wyse, and Vandetzee, who Immediately went in seereh of the stolen property, and in the coune of a few houra dlicovered the none atanding in front of a wagon at the corner of Liberty and Washington streets, and the wagon, harness and robe ware found in Forayth atreet. The* Jew waa arretted in the rourae of the afternoou by one of the offlcera of the 13th ward, when he waa locked up to await a requisition from the Governor of Connecticut, to be taken back for trial. Conn of Oyer i*n?l Terminer. Before Judge Kdmondt.and Aldermen Hart and foot. The Court organized yesterday morning, but there wot no cam ready, and Judge K.dmonda ordered tho crier to adjourn the Court?having flrat ?et down tho cate of the Rev Mr. Seyes, charged with an attempt to commi a rape, for neat Monday week. The People va. Cryital k Pollard, waa called, and defendants pot having appeared, their recognizances ware forfeited. Pome jurors ; were lined for non-attendance. The circuit Court waa alao adjourned, 1 Movements of Traveller*. At a lata hour la?t night, the following war* all the arrival! we found reentered at the principal hotali:? Amkeican.?E. Palmar, ned Hook; Dull C. Green*, U. 8. M. A; H. L. Kendrick U. 8 A; Dr Taft, Hartford; S. Htara, Trenton, N. J; Y Smith. An tpolia Astob?Mr. Kelleg, Niagara Kalla; J. Child*. Springfield; C. Jackaon, Boston; H H. Baldwin, New Jersey; G. Granger, Canandaigua; W, Lopez. Philadelphia; A. Leo, do; C Robbias. Boston; Dr Waterman Sweet, lor Home; Dr. Horn*, Cincinnati; J. Whitney, New Jersey; 8. Packer, Boston; E Perkins, Connecticut; H. Bayard, do; V.; W. Hamilton, Philadelphia; W. Corcoran, Washington; R. Chapman, Springfield; W. Murdorh, Baltimore. Cit*-F. Elmhart. Richmond; O McCrea, W. Marcy, Albany; J. Value, New Vork; T Williams, Petersburg; Dr. Mechart, Alabama; J W. Reeves, Philadelphia; T. Eikin, N. Ewing, Nashville; L. Christmas Newburgh ; N Smith. U S. N ; D. Wilson, Va. Khainkliw.?A. Bryan. Masaachusset's; G. Young, New York: 11. Robertson, Philadelphia; S. Walker, do; A. Walsh, Buffalo; W. Townsend, New York; C. Williams, Cincinnati. Howabo.?T. Van Brent, L I; Capt Cramby, N. Y ; J. Shaw, Cenn ; C Coolige, Maine; W. Tramphoff, N.Y ; D. Harris, Phila.; M. Mason, do; B. Granger, Washing ton; S. Newsted, N. Y ; T Pinens, Phila.; J Jacob, do; T. Van Brunt,do; L. Kmstim. do; C.Wendell, Albany; B Patrick, Louisville: H. Washington, Washington; W. Davidson, Montreal; J Payson, Petersburg. Juoson?L. P. Whitmore, Philad; W. Moorehead, Chester; W. Steers, Long Island; Mr. Kirby, Maryland; Kelix Chapman, Hartford; 8 Blackman, Geo. W.May, New Haven. United State* Co mm Ian I oners' Ofllcc. Before Commissioner Gardiner Charge of Revolt?Two seamen belonging to the brig Detroit, one named Wm McDougald. alias Sharp and the other Wm. McMullen, ware arreited late on Saturday evening, on the complaint of II H. Portor, the captain. It appeared from the affidavit of Ml. Porter, that on the Oth inst, while the veiael wm proceeding from the port of Charleston to this port, and while McDougald waa at the wheel, he refuted to obey the orderi of the captaiD, and at the tame time assaulted him, and that McMullen ftood by, aiding and abetting hi* comrade. Some witneaaea were examined tor the prisoners, who contradic ed the captain,and a wore that he atruclt McDougald with a along ahot. The upahot of the matter waa that McDougald waa held to bail in $100, and the charge against McMullen Jit missed. A croaa warrant waa then obtained by McDougald, againat the captain, for an assault with a dange rous weapon, under which he waa arrested. The case v/ill be examined thia morning. Navigation of the Ohio Hirer. Placet. Time. State of River Louisville.", Jan 8.. .flood. Wheeling Jan 12. . ,8% feet Cincinnati Jun 11. . ,3ieet4in. Pittsburg Jan 13 . .6 ft falling. , ... jf* "' MONET MARKET. Monday, Jan. U?6 P. N. Wall street has been in the highest state of excitement to day, in consequence of the rumors which have been - a 1_ a- if 1 D.!I.asJ f sdAnlr Tka uuireui in rciauoxi w nuriow umnwuu opening price for this stock was 67, and closed at at the first board. Between the boards sales were made a 63>i, and at the second board sales to some extent were made at 63, showing a decline from the opening of the first board to the close ot the second of four percent. This fall has been caused by reports in the street that the recent arrangement made by several ol our largest capitalists, with the company, has fallen through in consequence of the illegality of some of the conditions. It appears that these individuals agreed to loan the Railroad Company the amount of money required, upon the bonds of the concern, with the privilege of converting them into stock at 76 per cent. It is stated that the Company have no right fto issue its slock below par, upon any conditions whatever. If this is so, it will affect the stock that has been hypothecated, as well as that issued upon converted bonds. The arrangement, to which we refer to above, will not fall through. The wealth and character of the i ndividuals who have entered into it are sufficient to guaranty its ultimate, success. The privilege of converting the bonds into stock at seventy-live per cent was merely a privilege; it by no means folic <ved that such a right would be made use of, or that even it might be desirable to do so at any time, and ii ab. sclutely necessary, the loan will be effected without this stipulation. The importance of a speedy completion ol this road, has aroused the onergy of thoaa able and disposed to push it forward as rapidly as possible, and there is very little doubt but that the stock,will very soon fall into the hands of those determined to make a good thing of it. At the first board to-day Long Island fell off* )? per ct.; Norwich and Worcester, Reading, Morris Canal1 1; Vicksburg, >?; Canton, Farmers'loan wentup>?? Caleb O. Halstead, Esq., was, this day, ^elected President of tho Manhattan Bank, in place of Jonathan Thomp? I-.- ,i.,i The Union Bank of Tennessee hai doclared a dividend of $20 per ahare. The Pine Plains Bank a semi-annual dividend of three per cent, payable 1st February. The Bank of Peughkeepsie, a serai-annual dividend of four and a half per cent, payable February 1st. The Merchants' Insurance Company of Mobile, a dividend of six per cent for the past six months. The Farmers and Manufacturers' Bank, Poughkeepsie, a semi annual dividend of three per cent, payable 1st of February. The Merchants' Bank of Poughkeepsie, a semi annual dividend of four per cent, payable on demand. The Munn Illinois Land Company, a dividend of $15 per share, payable at the office of Nevins, Towntend St Co. We annex the several mouthy statements of the banks of South Carolina, for the purpose of comparing the aggregate movement in each department, one period with the other. Banks or South Carolina. Debts. Mar 31. July 11, Vac. 31. Uli. 1116. 1846 1(46. Capital Stork $3 992 607 5 993.607 5,99(617 5,992 607 Bi It in cncnlapon... 1,j8I 37 t.9 6.621 2 905,09) 2,61*.>33 Netprufiisou hand... 282,693 29ti,944 210,986 190,667 Balance due to banks in this Mate 1,646,065 1,600,393 1,865.647 1 868.13 Balauce due to banks in other States 316,325 194,063 392.783 176,082 All moucys due which bear interest 40,026 43,034 105,639 55,891 State Treasury, for balance current feud... 37,373 147,397 86,237 41,151 State Treasury, for balance sinktux tuud... 467,197 484,364 513,583 514,150 Stite Treasury, for loan Cor rebuilding the city 1,810,153 1,810,358 1,810,353 1,810 253 Cadi deposited and all other money* doe,exexclusive of bills in circul-tion. profits on haud.balincesdue other banks, and mo(Jney baring interest. 3,019,380 1,888,313 1,695,081 1.886,459 Total liabilities....$14 754.677 14,317,983 14 780,881 15,182,468 Resources. Specie .n haud $639,073 539 865 448.381 703.917 Reel estate 287,998 287 9 97 287,997 287,997 Bills of other banks in tins State 339 956 350,830 445,974 310,393 Bill* ni banks in other Sretee 10)0 1 Oni 1.107 2.192 Ba ancr due from bks in this Stale 56,281 69,989 37,73* 12,339 Balance doe from bki u other Btatei 51,929 7 2 033 *0.090 31,377 No'tt discounted on penonal security... 6,363,Oil 6,136,523 6,191,420 5,930,31* Loan secured bv Ppludge of ita own stock 209,327 201,2*4 204,029 222,12* Loans aecurtd by pledge of other stock 400,650 393/60 434 458 459,463 Domestic exchange... !475,105 439,119 453,528 774.826 Foreign do 117.439 152 031 139 911 221 317 Bonds 1,037,7-90 1,122,642 1,191,075 1,137,931 Money iuvesttd in stock 1,370,350 1,383,969 1,361,532 1,3*3,369 Suspended debt and dent in suit 712.103 *42 809 736,580 740,497 Prate Treasury 96.235 8,743 ? 65 869 Br incites and agencies 1,432,553 1,335,691 1,701,687 1,662,827 Bonds linger l*w for rebuilding ChitiltsJflton 919,497 909,453 894,022 [887,531 fiitr-?st ai d expenses of State lean 69,404 92,011 52,561 53,859 Money in rested in ereryothe way than is specified in the foregning p a r t i c ulars 205 306 153,289 150.604 120,042 Total resources. ...$14,7^,677 14,317,882 14,780,821 15,182,468 There has been on iucrenae in the aggregate movement eince October of about four hundred thousand dollars. On tho 31st of December the movement wae greater than at either of the other periods given in the above table. The loans and discounts have fallen off, while tho cireulation and specie have increased. The circulation is now larger than it haa been aince March, 1344, and|tbeJamount of specie on hand is greater than at any time since December, 1846. The different depart, msnti compare more favorably with the movements of December 1846, than any other period. i^STbe aggregate name movement ot tne ? ate tor several years past he* been as annexed : ? Bank Movf.hknt or Bouth Carolina, Leans. Sptclt. Cire. Dtp* 1837?Janu iy $18,899 813 1,664,784 7,323 ?t? 3,048,477 1810?October 16,106 8)>6 1,606,537 3,0118,814 1.713 74% 1814?Msrch 3 367,545 AIR 137 2,939,*20 *.080 III 1811 ?> orember 0.073,291 901,173 2 113 9S6 1,558,081 1845? March 5,955,708 l,200,3'8 2,350,90 1 2 324,091 1845? December 5.9-m 798 830,760 2,301 031 1.8)8 385 181b?Arril 6,269 0/8 .500,923 1,971 049 2 068 091 1846?,V1s y 0,115 885 561.741 2.100,919 2 0'5.?*3 1840?J una 6 061 9 7 537,869 1,857,71* 1,021,404 1848-July 0,150,32* 5'19 8 '3 1,9/0 621 1 883,312 1816?An*n?t 5 591.137 .531,493 1 905 570 1,6*7,'00 1846?8*pfember 1,1117 816 470.010 1,907.373 1,545,121 1816?October 6.191420 116 )1 2 385.(93 1 315 981 1816? December 5 960 518 702 917 2,616,123 1 886 433 A comparison of the movoment in December, 1840, with that ia January, 1837, only ten years linoc, exhibit* n result exceedingly satisfactory. The commerce of the ports of entry In South Carolina, the productions of that State, and the commercial connection existing with all other parts of the Union, are immeasurably greater now than they were ten years since, while the banking motament of lha State is now only about one third what >< wa? than, notwithstanding which, ovary facility U op

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