Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 25, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 25, 1847 Page 1
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m. I _ Vol. XIII, Ho. 31-Wtaol? Ho. ?oai. the newTork heIuldT JAMES 60RP0N BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Circulation?forty Thousand. DAILY HEKAMj-- r.ver> day, Price 2 cents per copy?$T 1i peraimum? payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Priee cents per o'mit?$1 12y, cent* rvr annum?payable in advance. 11 KHALI) KUH EUROPE?Every Steam Packet day Price SJ{ cents per copy?S3 00 per ar.nnm, payable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the nannl pricei?alwayscaab in advance PRINTING of all kind* executed with beauty and deepatch. All letters or communication*, by mail, addreaied to the titabliilimeiit, inuat be poet paid, or the rentage will be deducted from the auHtcription money remitted. JAMES OOR1 ON BENNETT. "rurrietor of the .New Yodk Hrmu EsTaai.iiHM*HT, North W#?c earner of Knlion anil Nnasau streets tt tuv Kid/iao at.tatMMtiu.t ??<? ? CHANGE OF H0UK.3 WINTER A UK A N U K>| EN T;??' ?n* and alter Monday, uer. j?, [tie, jl roiitn will run at line wc? Licav* ChouBun?m 7 n'clock A. >i (Uoatou train) for Ureeuport daily, (exc/pt bundnyt) stopping M i* arming-dale anil 8< I Manor. atliV A. M , daily, for Gree.>|>ort and Intermediate placet " at 4 I' M. for I'laaiinedale, daily. Lratk (2 i rlire*t?at 8'* A. VI., daily accommodation train for Brooklyn. ?t VA M., (Boston Train) or o* tha arrival ol '.oat tium Norwi h, daily, (exeapt Sund. pping at 8t. George's Manr' and k irminitd-.i*. Li.tix FiRMiirDiLiue,^ A.M. daily, (except Bandar*,) acooina.odn.i .3 train; and IS M. and 6V P. M. I.ttvt: Jamaica?at I o'cln?.i A. M., 1 P. M., and tfi P. 1 , for Brooklyn, or on the arriral of Boatoa ' traiu. HI.'N Li .4 k THAI N8 will hereafter run to Thompiou flta (ion? le.,ve llrook'yn at 9 A M. for Thompiou anil intermediate places, (commencing Snnia/ the kth flavamber, rsturn. in? leave Thompson at 2 o'clock 1*. M., Varmiuidale 2H, Jamaica 3*4(i'ahk to?Bedford, I cent*; Kaat New Yark, l'Vi Race Course, IftV;Trotting Coarse, 18V; Jamaica, 24; Bruanville, SI1*; Hv<le Turk, <17 miles) 37)4; Clowsville, (during the tea ion of Court) 37)4; Hetnpatead, 37V; Branch 37V; Carle t*laee,44; VVenlinry, 44; ifickaville, 44; Karmingdale, 62)4; Ucer Park.66; Thompson, (S; Suffolk Station, $1; Hake Road Htnuon.fl 18V; Meaford Station, 81 18J4: Yaphank, 81 37)4; | St. Geor*e'a Manor, $1 63)4: Uivernead, 81 62V; Jameeport, J162H;.MattetucU,81 62>?; Cutchogoe, 81 Sonlhold, 8l 62s: Ureenport Accominodntion Train, 81 74; Boaton train, S3 24. Stage* era in reailineaa on the arrival of Traim at the ievernl Station!, to take paieengert at very low farei, to ail parta ot the laland. I Brggage Cratea will be in rendineas at the foot of WhitehaB I atreet, to receive bnipgage ftr the eeveral trains, 34 miusiea I before the hoar of carting from the Brooklyn aide. I The mearnbo.it "Statesman'- leaves (Jreenport for Bag HarI bor on the arrival of the Bnatnn train from Hrooklra d25rh FOR BOSTON AND PROVIDfcNCE, via J<Wa?*fraCStQiiiuitton and Long lilaud Railroad? Night JBJKO. Line ?On and after Monday 28th instant, Traiui _SeL3$5L?will leave the foot oi Whitehall itrert. Mouth ferry t *11 Loux Gland Railroad, on Monday*, Wednesday!, and inlays, at 2 o'clock, P M., for Oreeuport,crossing the Mound to 8t uingtou.iu the lavorite sound steamer NE Vv HAVEN, which has been provided with masts, sails, and extra ordinary anchors, and from thence to Providence and Boston by the mail trains which connect with the steamers Massachnsetts and Governor. Fare to Mtoningtou. ' $2 iO " Providence 4 00 1 " Boston S 00 The steamer New Haven has new boilers, and will take only liuht freights. d2S rh n utile. MH and alter tridav, November 20th, the li??wen65*sesM*,lri,,nhoat MYLl'H, Captain liraisted, will 3hC3B?iHLmake the follow ing trips to and from Mtaten Island until further notice, vix s? Leave New York Leave Stataa Island At A M. At ?X 11 A.M. It 1 P. M. 12 M Sid 2 P. M. _ 6* " aitr regular mail line for boston. VIA NORWICH fc WOR- ttHSW ' ' /]Qt CE8TE11, witliont change of:^^^^UL t jWC.ars or Baagage, or withonu^^H^K . k.a m i-crossing any cerry. tuseiiuess liking theirseatant Norwich, are insnrad their s i ts through to Boston This boing the only inland route tU t communicates through by steamboat aud railroad. Passengers by tins line are accompanied through by the conductor of the train, who will hnve particular charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give his attention to their toe and comfort. This line leave* south side Pier No. 1, North Hirer, foot of Baiterv Place, daily, (Sundaysexcepted) at 4 o'clock, P. M., ami ai vrs in Boston iu time w> take all the eastern trains The tew steamer WORCESTER,Capt. Van Pelt, leaves very i'ursday, Thursday, and Saturdays, at 4 o'clock, P. M. Til- steamer CLEOPATRA, Captain Williams, leavM very Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 4 o'clock, P. M. For farther mlorunuiou, unimre of J. H. VANDEK BILT, No. 8 Raiierr Place. North River. d23 if re .?pwx Jta WINTER ARRANGEMENTS?The fl?-v-^y'ir Norwich, Worcester and Boston Hail Road ^C3K9L and Stem Transportation Line?The substacu ,I steam propeller Trumbull, Captain Daniel Havens will run reguhrly between Norwich and New York, making two passage* a week; leaving New York Iroin pier 12 E. R. Old Klin. Korfreigh>. which will be taken at summer rates or paasaae, having elegant accommodations apply to the Captain, on board, or to E. A. HILL, Norwich, Conn..and to Jft |*|?I .I.dlt N imnill". 44 Vonthsr NewYork I LNIlf.U niAl t-t> MAIL. L I /3*L FOK ALBANY AND THOY, VIA i Un?jS*wf Bruin- P"r' '< 1(1 Housatonic Railroad D.irI iTikwwZSraflC*'' c 1<<I summer, the Ilnusatn M R ilrosd r J has br?n<tl<ii4 with a heavy II Rail, from Bridgeport to (lie Wr-leru Railroad Through bv Daylight, daily (Sundry's excepted) 8t <j}{ o'clock, A.M. The Steamboat MOUNTAINEER, Capt. W. H Krar.ee, leaves tlie foot of ivlirlret street. K. R., for Bridgeport, Da'ly, it KR o'cl <ck, A M. No freight taken in the Passenger Line. Prase.liters take the Cars at Bridgeport,ar.d without change of t'nrs or Bag^.i.e Crates, arrive in Albany and Troy at J o'clock, P. M. New Cars and Locomotive engines have brcu j-.ticnn-tl, and Hie Kotnl is lu every respect njual to the best pi aw England Road. Freight Line by 8teamer? Nimrod, and Muhegan, daily?Kre.ght '1 aritl same aa last ynt-ror laithrr p.articul tts l .i|uir? at the Office ou Market street Pier, and at Livings on and Weils' Express, 10 Wall Street. dl'i im rc (J. M. PERRY. Agent. ~ BRITISH AND NORTH A.VlEtt . C/?N ROYAL .MAIL HTfiAM SHIPS /.l/Xtol lEHitous and 440 horse imwrr each.ua wL. der contract witc tin Lords of the Admi HIBKKNI\.r.V\r.'. Cart A. Ryrie CALEDONIA Cso.E. ?. Lott. Britannia Capt. J. Hewitt. CAMBRIA Capt.C. H E. JudkiM ACADIA Capt.Wm. Harrison. V.'iil sail Irora Liverpool ted Boston, vis Halifax, as follows .? rnotraoiron. rnoss Livaarooc. tlibeniia Feb. I. 1*47 llihernia Jan. 4, HP Ombris March I, ISiT Cumbria Feb 4, 1*47 Hibernia April I, 1847 Jliberuia March 4, 13i7 1 Pas a a? k Monrsr. From Boston to Liverpool $110. From Los ton to Hal i lux 10. No berths secured until paid for. These ships carry eiperieneed surgeons. No Height, except speose, received on days ot Sliding. For freight, pas sage, or any other information, apply to D. BKIUHAM, Jr., Agent. A : KAK.>PKR k CO.'8,6 Wallst. In addition to the above line between Livtryooland Halifax, and Boston, a contrnct has been entered in:o with 1 Mi r Ma,estv'l government. to establish a line between Liv xrpoivt and New York direct The ateamahipa lor thi* aervice arc now beiuK built, and early nrit year doe notice will be given of the time when they will atart. Under the new contract the ateainera will aail every Saturday dnriuii eight trontha.and every tortmglit during the other moutha in trie Tear, lining alternately between Liverpool, and HaliCai and Boaton. and between (.iverpool and New York. j* r - UKAFT^ on hNOLAMlJ. IBM.AMD, set IT LAND AND VV A L KB !-Pe>aon? S'stcJlrt"n"t "*y i inount from oue pound and ui a.irda .'i I: euila in any i art ?l Britain or Ireland, hy applying to the r-.n iCiibera, of vilioni dinlta can be obtained ravable at aight, without dtacount.in all the pnnripal towna and citiea throughout p.11c10 rd. Ireland, Hcotlann and Walea. Thoae olitniuing dra't* cm forward ihem by the naeketa of the lat. till, '1th. Itith, 21 at or i?th of the month of December, or the Royal Mail Hrcamera a tiling Iroin I'.oatou on the 16th. and lat of January. W. & J. T. TAl'SCOT I', 86 South at., ill r Jd door helow Burling alip. FABBAOC FROM ORKAT DKIl'AIN AND IRELAND. ?&iri. dfflt AHIDNW.MI.Vl'!l FOR I"I7. |) W.jBYMWIfiv?i uo , tjh NEVV YORK AND LL a Yf.iviw II, null U1? viom am, intr? ri.auniiiru houte in tho emigrating btiainesa, beg learn to call the attendon or'he punlie generally tn their inferior arrangement* lor the emctiiug year. Pi'iom dntircnt of sending through tliia hcu *, lor their friends residing in the ' Old i Jottntry, may safely depend they will hare immediate despatch, aud er"rr ?aoa will ho taken to Present detention ># Liverpool. 1 he Packet Ships of this l?ne a-e all of the firat elesa. and commanded by men of acknowledged ?kill? one of wbi-h (ail every fire daya Arrangement* ean alio ba made to fo ward palreugera, direct, from Deblin, Cork, Waterford, Londonderry,and Ballast. Drallt and Bills of K.icharge, given for any amoonl, payable on demand, without discount._at any ol the principal towns in the United Kingdom from the abore arraugernrct-, the aubacribera ronhnenily expect that the patronage which hit been io like-ally extended them for many yrari pest, will not he withheld the coming aeaaoa of emigration, hhonld any of the parti at engaged lot, not embark, the money will he refunded at customary For further particular!, if by letter, fooat paid ) apply to P. W. BVRNKS It CO.. M Sooth atreet, corner of Wall. N. Y. LDWAHD SAUL, Agent. F W. BY UN KM It CO , jaSlm'rre 3d Waterloo Road, Liverpool. KLMITTANOKS TO 1RELANl37VcMl &. m. i r r.ltKUK Mciilt I DM, Jr., hat rv moved Ida ofRceii^Nm 4i> Br, adw ay, and coiilinuet to remit money, in atmelaigeor nn ill, to 11 uont rending in any part of Ireland, in the tame manner at lie and hit predecessor in bnsineia hnvedone lor tin In t thirty peart and more; alto to any part of England or Ben land. Money remitted by letter, post-paid, to the aobicribrr, or perm a .'IIy deposited with him, with the name of the perton or peiaona in Ireland, Knglaud, or Scotland, to whom it it to he sent, and nearest potltevo, will he immediately trnnsmit' - ..I.. ..I- ..t . /, ll.ni tf ltri l .1... ?.. V. " -j -IT.,!,,* sraS?Ji!!; tzrs ?V" E NE NE\ Boston, Jan. 14, 1847. I Ship Coquimhe, Her Owner, Shipping, fc ?The Vie*noitt Denrtrt?Front, fc. I A lucky discovery wss mod* hire yesterday. The fine hip Coquioibo wai hauled to fcaut Boiton for the purpeio of taking in tome platter a* hallait, preparatory to 1 tilling for Baltimore to load grain for F.arope. At low water the grounded, and the gripe of her fore foot wn* then discovered broken, and twisted across the bow. To account for this, the fact has just leaked out, that, on her last voyage, inward bound, she touched tho bottom,some where in the bay, hut so slightly that no domaga was supposed to have boon tha result. | Captains of ships generally ere too sonsitive of their I ! professional reputation to point out the dofects of their 1 ; ships, fearful, no doubt, that their owners will think them ; too expensive, and from this feeling I fear mnny ships are permitted to go to sea when they are not trustworthy.? j The practice among several ship owners at present I seams not to be who are the best seamen, but who sro ; I'm most economical. Are their expenses as moderato I us those of some neighboring house, uow-a-days, ceusti- 1 tutus the principal enquiry of tho qualifications of shipmasters. I am happy to say, in this instance, such a course is not by any moans applicable to the owaer of the ship Coquimbo. No man in the United Plates (its his ships out better than he ; and besides, ell in bis oin.,l?u 1,?V-- *-j ? i"v. , vim ?mv ?ai,kw tH|'k??J, ait (iCitmu wen, end paid promptly. I allude to this ncoromical akin flint ay iitam here, became 1 believe that to it may be attributed tho lose of many ahipa, which a little expenie previoua to leaving port might have avetted. Mr. Beiii. Bjnge is the owner of the (Joqtiimbo. He ii a native of Cm>? Cod, and,'by hia own exertiona, baa raised himself (rem a poor boy to be one of the moat opulent and highly reapected merchante. fie ia largely engaged In the Valparaiso trade, and owna acme of thn iineat ahipa belonging here. Mr. Banga in the early part of hia career waa an uncompromiaing Jeffersonian democrat, j but we tho aun of fortune began to illumine hia path, hi* eyeabecame gradually opened, and like St raul.be new tiiinga in another light?in abort, he became a whig, and ia at preaent devotedly attached to the principles of that party. Ha ia not alraid to ahow hia colora, nor fear* he the taproach of incouiiitency. I have aeon him in s?aaona of political excitement, wearing on hia baton, near the heart, tha badge of hia party, and around hia hat the nainea of ita candidate!. Good lack to him, tar he ia good to tboaa who aerve him. Tha Viennoiao dancera become more attractive every evening. Thie morning all the ticket! of admiaeion to too them were eold at auction, and evar $400 premium were realized by the aale. During the paat two day a, considerable ice collected in our hathor, but to-day the wind haa changed to the aouthward, and thawing hia act in ao moiatly aa to break up tha treat and leave it floating with the tide. I do not think that the harbor will be lrozan over tbia winter. Bosto.v, Jan. 14, 1847 Ship Building, <f-c ffc. The new contaercial policy of Great Britain and tha modification of our own tariff combined, hare given auch prospective impulse to our shipping interest here, that almoat every ehip-builder of any consequence haa contracted for aa many vessels as he can build. Nearly twenty vessels are now on the stocks at Medford, varying in size from three to seven hundred tons, and I have heard it stated that one of our merchants had actually termed a contract for a ship of 2000 torn, to be^mployed in the cotton trade. He asset ta that auch a vessel can be sailed at leas expense than three ahipa of 460 tona, or two of 1000 tons, and that she can be ao constructed aa not to draw more water than ia required to cross the bars off the entrances to our cotton poita. At blast Boston, Mr. Donald McKay, tha builder of the New World, haa on the atocke a ahlp of 1300 tona, in. tended for Mr. Train'a line of Boetou and Liverpool packet!. Thia veaael la to have three regular dacka, the aame asa frigate, and to be built ia the aame atylo aa tha New wortu i nave >g?o u? muu? 01 ran amp, ana coiMluer it superior to any that I hart ever examined. The New World ia a meat magnificent ship, but abe has one small fauU, which, however, by no means impairs her strength or sailing qualities, but affects the eye rather unfavora bly. Wnen she was laid down, it was intended that she should have only two deoks with a poop and topgallant forejastle, but afterward* Capt. Skiddy decided to have three decks. In the meantime the stern frame for the first design was got out, and as it was not alterod, the transom of the ship when completed seemed ratner too low. This, hewever, is only an affair of the oyo, which none but those who are intimately acquainted with shipping would discover. Capt. Skiddy, notwithstanding this unimportant oversight, is unquestionably ono of the best info: med ship-masters in ths country, anl one, too, who if Secretary of the Navy, would confer henoi upou the deportment, by the practical reforms which his great experience and information would enable him to introduce into this branch of the public service. Mr. McKay, whose reputation as a first rate ship-builder is fully established, speaking of Capt. Skiddy, says that " ha is a won derful maa. lie comprehends everything at a glance." The trifling delect alluded to in the design of the New World, ia avoided in Mr. Trains' ship. Mr. Hall, of Eiat Boston, the builder of the Massachu etis, and many other fine veasele, has tbrea new ships on the stocks, and two more contracted for His brother has also a contract lor building a ship of 700 tons, and besides these at East Bestoa there are three or four more vessels in the course of construction. At South Boston too, several new ships are underway, and ail along ths cosst, from this place to Eastport, Me., ship-hnilding is the order of the season. The prospect of the benefit to be derived from the partial removal of commercial re stiictions seems to inspire those interested in navigation with bright hope* in the future, otherwise thoy would net invest so much capital in shipbuilding. Hereafter I may give you a more particular sketch of j the various ships ss they progress in construction, with such remarks as will be vjluable to underwriters. The business of th* week has been fair, without a immaterial change in prices, worth recording. Weather, to-day, aolt and sloshy ; wind variable from | a. lu r.. ____ New Hate!?, Jan. IS, 1847. New York and Ntw Haven Railroad?Sound Steamera? War Pealing?Military Compamei, fc , 4~c Tho Railroad Convention at Middlutown, on the 14th> w.n fully attended ;.and tha intarent manifested was auch ai to inipiro great confidence as to the final success of this undertaking, viz.: the " Air Line," from thia city to Boston. Tho opposition of the good people of Hartford, (the head of sloon navigation) la really laughablo. Why not go on with their favorite project, the Danbury Hail' ' road, and let othera alone. Operations have already com | menced on the Canel Railroad, and it is expected that by i seat July, a part of the road will be in running order ; and in one year from that time the New York and New Haven road will be ready fer passengers. The late aweeping fire in Church street now promisee to be of great benefit to ua. The wholo is immediately te be built up, with handsome and substantial buildings. This part of the city haa long been a disgrace, and a particular eye soieto the temperance brothers ; particularly brother S of the Cryetal Fountain, whose sanctum was in such close proximity to these rummies, as to seriously injure his vsluahle sheet: and the right kind of turkeys, he., were not forthcoming Now this difficulty is removed he is going on with increasing zeal, and we hope with great credit to the cause. ! Our eccentric visiter, Col. 8 , is still with us, but intends shortly to leave us for Hartford This is the famous tattooed man, who was mentioned in my last He intends riving a public entertainment before leaving, and will exhibit his wonderful powers of imitation, sing ing, fee.; also en account of his residence among the savages, his matrimonial adventures, Ice., As He is a Ithnut doubt a gonitis and will leave behind many worm friends ^nd admirers Our travellinr community have of lata been quite interested in the trips of tha two fast boats of the Sound, the Traveller, and tho Mountaineer. It le now understood to be a diawn game. Mr. H. H , a steamboat builder of thia city, who I think built the Hero, end some oilier houihI heats, hat expressed hit opinion, that the old favorite, New York can beat both, and hat signified his wi'lingnees to hack hit statement to the amount of It seemt old Connecticut it determined not to tie outdone in patriotism. Efforts are now ranking throughout the State to organise e regiment to serve during the I war. In this city, I understand Doct. L is endea' voting to raise e company, end bar already a large roll.? tluita a number of Vsir law students bavs snrollsd on his list. 1 think he will And no difficulty in raising the requisite number, as his bravery and zeal cannot be 1'trstjoned He is Arm supporter of the admlni~tralien,end would do honor to his native State. I Col. J ? has resigned his commission asCoi.9d Reft ! Conn. Militia, aad applied for a Lieutenancy in one of the new regiments to be raised The Colonel has seon active service, end wee wounded in the Indian wars, 1 yet military ardor brightens bts visage, end the call to ! arms will come to ills ears lilto a long expected .vel ! come. I wee in error in speaking of the Blues. They have I not disbanded, but merely gave up their armory to ecI commodate en obliging and attentive landlord Thsy are in good trim, and in point of numbers exceed any independent corps in the city. It is understood that the Oraya give a military tall the ; did February. It will, no doubt, ba e splendid affair, and will probably ba the best hell of the season. The weather ie now perfectly beautiful, nothing hut ; mud, water, and snow. Yankee Hill an entertainment laet evening et the Temple, which drew crowded bouse and roars of laughter. Mexican Items.?Scnor Ararjo, tho Mex.cnn agent tor the sale ofletters of maique against or.r ! commerce, wa? still at Havana, but had disposed of none j of his wares. He mndo application to tho captain of the British steamer Arab for the disposal of letters, but the cflVr was declined. Mr. Dimond, the former Consul ol the United Stales at Vera t .IU7., lecentl) Rtrnad III ruTain * OH the Louiaiana from Briitol, 11 I. Mr. Dimond i? aunitinv at Havana the arrival of the ateamer from Vera Grtiz, which aaually reachea Havana on the ith of tha month, theu?h the had not arrived when the LoataUnaJeft there. Mr. Dimond'a ultimate deatinatlon ia Meaioo, but we are not appriaed with certainty In what capacity or by what direotfon ha return a to that country.?Jr 0. Pie.Jtn J4* I W YO V YORK, MONDAY MOB Washimjtois, Jan. 17, lt47. I A Dietertation upon the Sabbath?The Fine Arte?Loral Affaire?And the Polilice and Politieiane of the Day. Before long we will mike an effort to write yon a die" ertation ai sober as a aermon, and a* methodical and Judgmatical, aa a lecture before a lyceum; if for no ether purpoae, wo shall do it simply to ahow that there are timea when we are In no mood for Joking. Tho atate of affairs in and out of Congress, demand, indeed, the moat aerioua ennaideration, anil in many point* the mod unqualified rcprehenalon. Kor tho preaent. wo purpoee a few rhort paragraphs o* tho moat pel .table prescription. We have re*teJ for tho day in obedience to tho law? we havo made our vowa?wo are thankful? and now that the day is gone, urid that the world i* atill, and that tho farmer in hia quiet homestead is asleep?and the soldier in hia midnight tent upon the fields of Mexico hears rot the sentinel's cry of " all'a well!" we reatime our es[e_ clal quill devoto.l to the reader* of tho Iltrali. The President, Mr. Secretary Mirey, and Copt. Walker, of the Texas H ingcra, attenJod divine aervice, (sermon : by tho Riv. Mr. Hl.eer ) ot the capitol. Tho Joy was fine, and all the people wore abroad ot church. Vsnderlyn's picture of the " Landing of Columbus," | appears to give general aatiefeotiou If we wero die- 1 posed to be censorious or fault rinding, wa might say?| that the see i* too c 1.1 and opaquo tor the tropica; anl i that instead ul a dead waste, it ought to present, at least, flue ot tho ships of the great discoverer in tho oiling, so as to indicate tii.it lie win not a native of the i'laud ? that the sky is to.) gray and herd for the West Indies; end that there D not n solitary bird In tho picture; whereas, history tolls us they wero ahundaut at the landing of Columbus ?that the hero himself, and the group around him, though harmonious onoiigh as a group, is rather too dull and heavy lor the occasion ; that the ring of dancera on the shore is not borne out by the record ; nor ii it probable that the men would prefer a ' breakdown" to wit\ lira ling the important ceremonials of taking'posseision of tue ialiud in the name of Ferdinand and Isabella-that the | native In bans are not allowed their share in tho picture ? that in detail, the picture is imperfect?that as a whole it h monotonous. >vo inigm mri.i. t my, that tho artist hat made it a work of ait la'her than a work of history, (liko Urrenough's sta'ue of Washington) ? that tho paint er Is as leit out the {{low of thn sky? tho ships in the offlug?the glad light on the wav.ts, and tho birds in the air an I all around,and the great throng of the natives; all of which ure historical accessories; and that he hat leit all these out, for the main artistical eflect of forcing the attention to the priucipal group, froai the very barrenness of the residue of the picture We might say that this stratngnni of art, at tho expenso of history, does not meet with our subscription; atfd that thn addition of all the life, and spirit, and animation of the great scene, as written in tne books, so far ltom reducing the effect of the principal group, would have greatly enhanced its importance and superiority, as the roal subject of the paiuting. We might say all this, if we were disposed to be critical ; but us the picture is there, wo feel bound to pronounce it a most excellent thing. It looks woll lu the distance.it looks well near at hand; and the figure of Columbus is good, striking, graceful, and characteristic of the man and his position. The principal fault la conspicuous at a glance, which is, that the climate is too cold for the latitude, and the scene too much a picture of still life for the occasiou. There are now seven pictures in tho RotUDde?the Declaration of Independence?the Capitulation at Saratoga-the Capitulation at Yorktown?and Washington Resigning his Commission at Annapolis, all by Trum bull, and all improving on compjrison with every new comer ; and then there is Chapman's Baptism ot Poostioutas, Weir's Kmbarkation of the Pilgiims, and lastly, Vanderlyn's Landing of Columbus. The eighth niche, completing the circle of the Rotunda, we suppose will be appropriated to tome incident of Western history ? Of the seven already there, the Declaration of Independence (called by John Randolph the " shin-piece") we think the best?the best as a historical painting. We should suggest, ou the simple ground of an individual opinion, that if the eightli panel were filled with a naval scane, say Perry's Victory on Lake Krie, as e western picture, that the two-fold object would be gained of a Western subject and a tribute to the Navy. The line of oattle could be given iu the back ground, with Perry and hit crew in the boat, emerging in Iront, as large as life, passing to his other ship. We think the Navy and the West are entitled to a place in the Rotunda; and as there is only one panel leit, Perry's victory would, iu this view, be the best selection that could be made We claim no knowledge of the arts, but ten te one we have hit the popular sentiment, and the people here are the sovereigus, if wu understand our government aright. The private bill people, of whom there is a goodly re presentation in the city, we verv much fear wiil have to hold over till the next session in most cases, on account of the Mexican war. We must push this war at all hazards, sud at every coat, as soon at possible. The peace of the world, our own peace, and the interests of coin mere# demand it. It h?i biun | rjmu'.gated through snofltciil bulletin, that the President throws open the Kastroom to "we, Iht people," on Weduetduy evening next He will bavo s full house A number of good looking young men from New York and slsewhere lire here, looking up commissions in the trmy. We hope the Piesideut wili not forgot his oi l friends. We might tell him of an individual who mailt lots of stump speeches lor him iu the campaign of '44, "without money anil without price," but we shau't. It's bis business to find that out. As to Hnr.nlart \tarnv "what does he know about war 7*' It appears that while a ship or two haa bjen aont tc blockade Yucatan, that aeveral vessels with cargoes. Irom that department, havo been admitted to discharge at Now Orleans, by permit Irom the Hecretary of the Tieatury. 'l hus, while the Nary Uepartmeut holds Yucatan to be iu league with Mexico, the Treasury Department considers it a neutral power. We can only account tor this irom the fact that Yucatau is about equally divided in interest hetweou the United States uud Mexico, and that the two factions are in a tmall war among themselves on the subject. Two monihs since, the long bridge crossing the Potomac was broken and diimantlud by a flood. The crossing is stopped ; but there is no attempt made to r<-sew the connection with Virginia. The consequeuce is, pro visions ure rising iu price ; and we hope the boarding hoaso keepers wilt raise upon the members, to compel them to mend tho bridge, as the bridge it a Government work. Speaking of Virginia, Hon II. M. T. Hunter has been elected to till one of the vacancies in too Sonata from thtt Nta.o, mainly by the suffrages ol tho whigs. He is a Calhoun man, und riot, peihaps, from that fact, the or thodox preference ; but he is certainly oue of the ablest men of tho State, upon constitutional abstractions. The other vacancy will probably lie filled by Gov. McDowell, a Benton-Wright-Van Huron-Folk man, if you can make that out. "Extra Billy" will, therefore, have to content himself, for the interim, with the 3,33%, at Governor. llcspectluUy, THE DOCTOR. Alssist, Jan. S, 1647. Tbe Jlnnivereary of the Battle of New Orltani. One of the moit gorgeous and remarkable events, of a social nature, ever witnessed iu this capital, was the magnificent Dresa Ball, given last evening by the Albany F.mmett Guards, at the large hotel in Broadway, known as Stenwix Hall. It was given in commemoration oi the anniversary of the battle of New Orleans. The bal thambre is crowned by an immense dome, simi lar to the Senate chamber, and which is supported by pillars of the Ionic order. The floor ia laid on springs calculated to materially relieve the weariness caused by daxcing on a solid floor. The proportions of the hall, all in all, are abont equal to these of the Senate chamber. On two sides of the room are galleries far the music The two other sides of the room were decorated with ! full length portraits of Jackson, the Commundsnt at New Oi leans, Washington, the great Father ot his cotin try, and with the portraits of many other illustrious men. fha gallsrles in trout wera beautified in a remarkable degree, with stars, termed ol the blight steol si 1c arms of the Guards, the hilts forming a common centre, and the straight and polished blades radiating from the centre. The beams ot the ohandeller falling on these shining blades added to the daz/hug splendor ol tite wh 1* ap- I pointments The whole was crowned with an immtinit ' *tar spangled banner, reaching dowaward from the dome, with streamers woren into iti lolde, with the j words "I'alo Alto,''"Resac-a da la Palme," and ''.Vlonto I ray," Imprinted npon them The musket* of the Guard* were crimed in each wl.idow. In this magnificent room were gnthere<! beauty, rank, wealth and iaahlon. Among the guest* weie William H. Seward. Adjutant General fitsvens, I'ommissary General Storma, Attorney General Van Burea, Colonel Relyea, Col Hamilton, I j., Ac., with a crowd of mem' bora of both Honaea of the ' egialature . 'J he Guards appealed in fnll uni orm. The dance went on merrily *ud gleefully. Hearta which were aad before were happy now, and hilarity beamed In arery aye. Puring an interlude in the dancing a mimic battle of New Orieana traa longht car egaia from the galleries; for n moment the whole chamber waa lit up with the bright flashes ef small arm* and the roar of amall artillery. It waa grand urd peculiar. At eleven o'clock the gueata of the Ouards adjourned to th* dining roem. Supper wai laid, and the ruitiniir waa waiting; ha had prepared viand* of every imaginable quality, and they were zealously dismissed, the cloth was An llv removed, and Captain Oaborn, of the Guards, proposed ? " The health and happiness of our distinguished leiI low citizen, William 11. Seward." | This toast whs drunk standing by the assembled guests, i In h few moments Mr. Seward rose to reply. He was , grateful for the honor conferred upon him? he wai rei juiced to meet here so many smiling laces?he was reI jctced to experience the practical truth, that the hospitality of the sons of the Knierald Isle (the Guards sie all 1 IrUhmvn,) glowed as brightly a* aver. Ha rsoollected ' that these Guards were the first company in the hmplre State, on the announcement of the war with Mexico, : iu ciior ineir aervicrs in ins general government ; ha honored them for it. II* hid a tentimeiit to otter to them which he hoped and believed would he acceptable to i every gentleman pre?ent He gave ? ' " The lata commander in chlet-Health and prosperity to hilaa Wright" Thli toaet w a* alio drunk itandlng, with three cheera for the lato illuttrioua comm tnder in-chief The party then proceeded to the ball-room, and gray beaded aenatora and veteran politician# danced the merry Polka with damaela of aeeenteen. The officers of the Ouarda are Cept. Oaborne, Firat Lieutenant, Huaaey i 3d Lieutenant, QrCffini M Lieutenant / m r Tf

?R K I lNING. JANUARY 25 If ? , ? ? -? " ) ? Whi'a. At the meeting* of the Ouards. Mr. Mahan ia I the presiding officer. These officers are all unexceptionable man, aud tho perfect discipline which tbia corpa displayed Uat evening ia highly creditable to tha energy and ability of tho officers. Five grenadiers wara praaant from New York. Tha ball, M a whole, wat unsurpassable. and 111* whole ar rangements were truly of a high order. Out Seward dealgned to lecture before tha Young Men'a Aaaociation of this city on the 4?th inat., but I nndar>tind that hia oogagauianta will prevent him from glviog tha lecture Hodsov, Jan. 11, 1647. 77i? City af HuJton - QranJ Party?Wit and tttauty. Itudionvary rarely, if ever, receives a share of your attention, or a r.o'ice in your columns. Hudson, nainad after the gallant Sir HonJrick, whose spirit ia oven now supposed to walk, keeping a watch, like a tutelar deity of old, over the city of its adoption? Hudson! in full tight of tho Catikill, where Kip Van Winkle slept, and from whenco yet reverberates tho sounds caused by the merry malting of that jolly Dutch crew which first explored the folltude of our noblo river Hudson, well known for the liberality of its men of wealth, the piety and good behaviour of its inini; generation, the icorcity ofita lawyers, the number and excellence of it* gentle mm, an J the g iety of its ladies, .has no regular corrospon tout of the Urruld. O tmportl O morti! May the trauMeut gleam of sunshine occasioned by this commuuica'i'Ui, lie the harbinger of better things to como, and may ihi. blot U|>on the gooi judgment of its inhabitants be wiped out by an, at luast, occasional comMoaioalten to J mil Wlilalj WIIMlliI journal, showing that they appreciate its excellence, and are well nwaio of its merit. " There was a sound of rovwlry by night," And wit, beauty, rank, wealth and station, glancing eyes and happy faces were gathered in the spacious mansion occupied by two ot tin iron's choicest spirits, Dr. W?e and Mr. >1?1, co-share ra in generosity of feeling, co-laborers in the malms ot Coinus and Momui, and equally luvored in having be.'pa meet forthem. Never has it been the lot of your correspondent to meot and withstood ao many of the weapons of sly Cupid, ns was hie fate on that eventful evening; and even now 1 fancy I feol the tinkling of one of the inany darts that apod lrora his bow ao thick and merrily; and, although several days have elapsed, the minor events of the evening, Aon met after Ann mot, the keen sarcasm and witty retort, the thi ust ud parry occasioned by the bappvcommingling of choice spirits together, insensibly laad his mind from kia duty asafaithiul narrator of the general events of this gay scene. But I cannot forboar Mentioning some of the many cheice spirits that ininglad in thia cup of pleasure. Of all places tor observation at such a time, give me a corner, and iiarticularlo.if like myself, you are so unfortunate as to lie a bachelor, and from such a point as tha straam llows along, I see the fair iace ef Miss W s, I warmed into smiles by the powerful eloquence and de- I voted attention of Mr. C r; Miss F n D n apappears, with her suuoy smiles and swaat voice, lvadiug M r and Mr. tt??f, willing captars in her train. Miss B h passes?that lovelv faca and ilaidoe eyes appear to be the shrine at which Mr. K-n O-n now worships. Now, tliut rare exotic, Mrs. K?u U whose pleasing smiles outrivalled the fair blossoms that ado rued her brow, leaning oo the arm of Dr. S?n; Miss M?r, of Warner street, with her faithlul admirer, Mr. 11-h; Miss R? y, that blight planet or our horizon,with one of her many satellites, Mr. McC? g Then Miss W?s, whose wit and glances appear to absorb Mr. B? e; and many othor lovely creatures that claim an equal share of notice if time would admit it. Many a fair form, to me unknown; many a bright eye to me never before unclosed, were stealing hearts away. Thoughts were telegraphed through the medium of the eye: gentle pressures of the hand, denoting the formation of now, or the continuance of old feelings, were giveu and returueJ; and I, who was only fitted, from age, to be a looker on, almost renewed my years again, as tilings like these recalled the days of yore. Srainnriai.o, III , Dec. 54, 1848. Railroad to Buffalo?Light and heavy Rail?Neil, More if Co'l Staging?"Scooting the holltro"?Mad River Railroad?Negro Preaching?Reo. S. S. Church? Steamboat Mariah and Sultana?Jlltnoie? Oov. French'e Menage?Refunding the State Debt?Illinois Legisla lure, 4-c. That part of my journey, here ending at Buffalo, was very slow, when wo consider that it was all the way by railroad, not averaging more than eight miles an hour, which used to be doue by the Telograph und Tio neer lines of stages?opposition, of course. 1 fear we shall have to threaten omv.milroads with opposition before they will adopt the hei7y rail, with such other inconveniences as will enable thcio to go twonty miles an hour as easy and much saler than they now do eight. The heavy r.iil on a railroad ii like s"iec?e in the vaults of a bank; it is worth wiaat it coif's at any time ; and it afford* a Rood and aafe foundation on which to transact a profitable and safe business, Vx'-h for cUo public aad the proprietors. On the contrary, th*Jifl,ht raio ji neither safe nor profitable in the long run, and I can *V> Xreason why the lives of the public should not be prolgflbd by law, *g well as their property. It is astonishing that people interested in railroads do not look into the subject far enough to see, that tho heavy mil sires in a few years, more than its cost, in repairs of wood work, besides the wear and tear of cars, and the extra power required to work them over the elevations and depressions caused by the sinking of the light rails into the soft plaees in the wood, which, if taken into account, would be sure to amouut to more than the whole usual variation of the grado. 1 left Buffalo on one of Neil, More Ii Co.'* coaches, loaded with eleven passenger*, and as much baggage and freight as could be bound on, which started in company with two others, equally well loaded, for trie, the agent ob-erring to the driver, that hia load wua so heavy he would have to "scoot the hollers." This was a phrase I did not fully understand; ?nd as it ii human nature to fair most what wo l.j.t comprehend, and feeling not a little anxious about the euecosi of what I conceived to he a very uncommon, if not a great enterprise, I was curious to become acquainted with ell the phrases connected with it; but not wishing to proclaim my ignorance abroad, I waited an opportunity to ride with the driver,to whom I put the question; ho answered that he would show me whvn we came to one The "hollers" are formed by creeks running into the lake, having high and steep banks with a narrow bridge at the bottom, without any railing, one of which we approached,when the driver began to talk to hia horses, "Come, pets, we must show 'em how we 'scout the hollers;'" at which the horses began to get under motion es fait as the vis t'nsrfiis of such A load could he evorcome by a four horse power; and, es if the horses understood their task, they began soon enough to get into a full gallop by the time they had reached the tint hill; when looking down upon the narrow bridge below, I did not see the possibility of its accommodating both wheels of the coach at the same time, for it appeared much the narrowor of the two, ami i ifm on >no i'uiiu ui j<iui|hiik un, wuan inn inoiiK'ii itni:k me, that the driver did not depend no much on the bridge, in croAing the creek, ei he did on the velocity hit would attain by the time he reached it; and hastily glancing at the law* which regulate the velocity of bodiei il.ecendiog inclined plaina, and taking Into account the Accelerating lorce of lour hone power, I came to the conclusion that the remit mtut be favorable to our reaching the opposite aula of the crook, whether we SW4 the bridge or not, which wea even 10, and more, we reached the top of tho opposito hill, without knowing icarcely how wo came there ; we, however, had no destro after a further demonatration, and requested the driver to let ui get out when he "scooted the hollers " He not only grauteJ our request, but the roads were such that we ware often invited to got out when on level gotnvl, to enable the horsea to draw the coach through tho deep mnd This la only one of the interesting specimens of Neil, More k Co.'s staging, out of the many 1 could give you, if it were worth while, as I rode in no other on my way here I left them at ilellsvite, Ohio, and took the Mad Hivar I tail road for Cincinnati. This read is completed through to Lake Krie, except fifty-six miles, which is expected will be finished within tho next year. I took the mail boat at Cincinnati fer fit Louis, with a large, respectahle, and very pleasant company of passenger*, among whom none could lie more agreeatde than our host, Capt. Church On Sunday following, it was nicertained that wa had among us. two ministers of tho gospel, one a black one, and one a white one. The colored man was to black that hia featuraa were a |ierfect secret, which was past finding out through tha medium of light, as no ray ever returned to tell any news, that ever ventured towards him He was first insitad to entertain ul with a discourse, which he did with much dignity. He is pastor of church in Ht Louia, where he has lived for thirty years?was formerly a slave, hut had purchased hit lr?a.l..m ? lik U..I ?l Vl. - He tell* of building the tint steamboat that wai ever built at St. Loula. In the evening we had a diacourae from a young man by the name of C , of Columbia, Mo., on the tbree cardinal virtues, and it was such a diacourae aa I never heard belore. He beloriga to a aect called Chriatiana, aliaa Reformera, alias Campbellitea, and ia a voung man of brilliant talents; depend upon it you will hear from him before many yeara. He haa but one fault to correct, to make a aplendid orator, and that ia, be aaya too much in a given time ; hie idem flow too rapidly, and he givea vent to them faater than they can be admitted into a common mind. Notwithstanding tbia defect, he almost persuaded me to be a christian On my way from St. Louie, I aaw atrong indioatioua of returning prosperity to thia highly favored, and at the eame time unfortunate State. There waa nothing to mar the prospect but the dilapidated condition of halfflniihed railroads, which might be made a source of profit to the State, by disposing of them at aoine rata, to individuals, with a provision that they be kept in repair and operation, as recommended by tlio Oovernor. This woul I benefit a largo portion of the people, and enable them to bear a larger share of the taxes, and meet their payment more cheerfully. 'I his is not the only wholesome measure recommended in the able document, which I send you?tiov. French's message ? a document that will compare with any other (except in length) bearing a similar title, in our great country. Among the uiuit important measures recommended is the refunding of thv Htate debt. This measure, if carried out, will indicate a renewed determination tu presets a tiro faith ol tha State, and by determining the exact amount cfTorti, an<l encourage the i>eople to renewed niartioni, beeidea It will girt tbaon a diet,net and comprehenaire vlaw of tha groat animal, bj wbioh they ha?a baan ao IERA 147. much tarriflod; they will then be onabled, by the una of a fow figure* and a lit)In remmoo sense, to datormina the finite existence of thia bidcoua moi.ster Tbare it but iittla doubt af tbe success or thia measure, a* every nue ia anxious to know tbe exact amount of tbe existing State debt. The Stat* of Illinois probably never aaaembled a legislature mora capable af guarding bar honor and Integrity than tbe present one, and no doubt they will give this subject due consideration The topic ot conversation here now is the Massac troubles, which were occasioned by the Regulators.? The legislature have the subject now under consideration. but nothing will be done until after the holidays. When I left home, I intended t<> have something to communicate on the subject of politics in general, nut, us stiange us it may apixtar, I have not heard th* subject mentioned in any manner, by any human being, since 1 left Dnfi'alo,a spurn of about three weoks Before I reached Bull tin, 1 heard some speculations among the democrats, as to the probable catui of (Jov. Wright's defeat, while the whigs were planniug the next Treiideu'lal ' campaigu, most of them preferring Clay lor their com- ' mander. riTTsursuH, Jan. 1), 1847. Deparlurt of Ftlunlttrt?jIccidtnti?Luiictoui Scent ?Ertction of an Hotpital. The noiee, bustle, and pleasant weather, so far as warmth is concerned, which reigned so triumphantly in this place for the Inst week or two, hsvo Had. The last detachment of our volunteers, embarked on Saturday, and Pittsburgh it quiet once more. Several accident* happened during their etay One of them ehot a young lad accidentally, killing him instantaneously. A soldier was dangerously wounded in attempting to pes* a tontine* against order* ( apt. Naylor waa alightly wounded in the head and hand, with a howia knife, in endeavoring te quell a riot, and thara liavo been many quarrala among the voluntears thornsalves, a wall aa with the citi/.em, in which aomo Homo ludicrous scenes occurred previous to the depnrturo of the boat. The Hibernia Green* had been hastily formed, owing to the taiiure of another corps to raise the requisite number or men, and many German* hau joined it It is whispered that they were tint intoxicated, and then kept drunk till tbey had been muaterud in, 10 tuat when the time of their departure approached, and they were euflered to become aober, they found that they had been entrapped. Scveial attempted to eacape from the boat, but they were all aeized. Two or three fell in the water, and mint have been drowned a* it waa deadly cold, had not sssistancu beon promptly tendered. A ludicroua scene here occurred. A lieutenant of the Greeni, a tall manly young Iriahman, ii seen coming through the crowd hauling along a tipay Dutchman,who had been found in one of the doggoriea. In apite of hit resistance he broughthim'to the water's odge, but all the boat* had been pulled in sere one, and it waa covered with ice. Nothing daunted, however, the officer pushed his prisoner before Inm mi l as if by a miracle, they reached the boat. He then attempted to take the soldier to the cabin, and hat almost iouched,tlie steps, when, struggling, violently the man lost his balance,(and fell in the river. The lieutenant accompanied him in his divt^ he could easily have escaped if he hid loosed-his hold, but lie held on manfully. Several men instantly plunged in from the shore to rescue them, but luckily the water was not mora than up to thoir armpits. The lieutenant's head flrat emerged from the water, and then he drew the German up, whose first action was to take off his cap, wave it round his head, and fire a lusty huzza At lost all was reedy, and tba msjestio craft, amidst the cheers of the multitude, left the shore. A case has bean on trial here for the last two weeks, which excited considerable interest. A man called Hughe*, of considerable wealth, was accused of committing a rape on the person of the wife of a former Irieud. They were members of the same church, and on very intimate terms. This was the second trial, and Hughes wu acquitted. There hat bean considerable excitement in Pittsburgh in relation to the erection of en hospital. The legists ture granted a charter for ita ereotion, bat, owing either to the want ef energy on the part of the company, er of money, it fall through. The Jturnal then strenuously advocated it, and appealed te the charity of the public, censuring the religious,or rather the rigid righteous, (or standing aloof. At this the editor of tho Preihytterian Advocate grew terribly indignant. "What did the editor of the Journal know about religion. How astonish ing is the daring of the laity," See. All the city papers, however, espoused the causa of the hospital, but the charter remained a dead letter, aud there seemed lite e probability of our having one, whan lo ! the Catholics took tlio matter in hand, and the Histers of (Jhaiity declared that they would immediately receive as many patients us they could accommodate, and nurso them, themselves. At the same time, they not only gruuled,but guarantied to all patients, the right of choosing what ever clergymen they pleased to administer r. ligious consolation They then appoiuted a committee to wail on the public, anl receive contributions; lor the purpose oi oularging their accommodations. This committee sent a nonce to the ministers of all denominations, requesting them to take up collections to aid the hospital Here was a lire braud thrown amongst tne faithful. Una minister of the true " uaco guid" stamp, alter reading the notice to his congregation, a id, My brethren, this is u Catholic schema, and 1 hope to God it may not succeed " Our citizens, however, contributed liberally, and last week the hospital was opened for the general reception of pationts. As soon as it was found that tha Catholic scheme was likely to auoceed, a meeting of the company to whom the charter was granted, was held, and the Protestant minister i generally attempted to raiso one too, but all their proceeding* endud in smoke. There have been several marriages amongst the elite of Pittsburgh Utterly. Mr. O'Hara Denny was married to a daughter of the late Judge Dallas. He was an ofll cer in one of our volunteer companies,and ere the honeymoon had expired was on his route lor Mexico. A daughter el Judge Wilkin*. Secretary of War under Captain J'yler, was uls* married to Mr. James Hutchinson, o daughter of ex-PresiJent Tyler acting as one of the bridesmaids Our worthy representative to tho Legislature, T. J- lligbam, Ktq likewise resolved lu eschew the evils w hich an oil bachelor it hair to, and espoused the fair.Mlss Lewis. Tho hnppy pair immediately left for llairisbuig. The theatre closes this week, after the longest, and moat successful season ever known hare, and the company will men gu iu ?? ubviiiib'i'lic sleigh belli are jiogling merrily, and I muit enjoy the Hr.it (flow of the tearon. Ho, farewell, helUri from the African Squadron. Ob the lit of July lilt we left Perlo Praya with a leading wind, onJ hearts ta light aa the movement! o! our own (lathing frigate upon the deep. The monotony of a week at St. Jago had made ua aniloua for a change; and, with ua, who were doomed ta an African cruiae, we cared not whatha/tho Fate* carried u?. With the "trade*" and a toutherly course, the Cape Verd Ial.inda were aoon loat to our vision, in the shadow* of tha advancing aunaat. Tha breeze continued to favor ua for many day*, and the "glorious Fourth" cam# upon 11a almoat unconsciously?but it passod not by unhonored or unnoticed. Every mess had in store something far the coming anniversary, and the quantity of down and feathers, from slenghte'red poultry, that left the forecastle that day, and "like gossamar thing*, went sighing themeolves along," upon our lee, would have mad* tha moat faah lonaMe upholitarar in Uotham covetous. Dut few invitations wero extended among the officer* to each other, for everybody waa content to dine under the "abed# ol Ilia own vine and tig trie." Jack, too, had put a long plica in the main brace, and many a heart beat high en boerd the old United Stotee. The flag of onr own deai home waved over ua, and we bounded merrily over the blue watera, a littlo iielated world, unbleaied with the tmila of woman, aavu in memory. On the H'h we made the land, and atood in bat wean Capna Mount end Meaurado. Kra long, a hundred ca noea, fllled with hardy Kroeman, came cA'to gieet ue bringing with them, on their little ventureeoma voyage perchance a aaa aick cbickan, or a healthy looking bonck ol banaaai. Toward! avoning wa auchoiad withm a mile of the beach, ami almoat under the aha dowa af tha tall traaa on Maiurado. The cape, omewhat alavatad, extendi for loma diat.mce, into the aae, and forma what ia called the Roedstead Ita ahoroa era bolder, and unlike tha adjacent lend, tti rich olive gieen foliage, la cleaily aeparated Iroin the dark bine of tha ocean, by a hue of inowy foam, which daabea Into a thousand garni of light, upon a ledge ol engry,jutting rocka beneath Iii thia vicinity, and indeed aa lar aa tha eye can penetrate to tha eaetward, a profusion of the eolteat un let wood, from which iiatiai aver and anon a line of clear blue emoke, deelgnatinj the humble he.ne of the colonial, met our gaze ; while the mcnotonoueappearaace of tha low undulating conn try, ia the diatan te, waa here and thora relieved by t clump of towering treea. Upon the loftieat portion o Meauredo, and above the leave* of Ita brilliant foliage l>eeped the neat pinnacle of ita light hottao?in tiuth, thi only building which waa viaiblo from our anchorage eve now and than the dingy hut of Kroomen, in i cleared place among the bruak wood. Further toward the eeat, a narrow atrip of yellow land beech, waa per ceptible, extending for a abort dlatanro into the watei* o the Roaditead, and occasionally banished from our view bv tha billow*, that broke tinou ita rllatening aai.de ? this 1 learned wu the her. find the only entrance to th< river, upon the bank* of which the town of Monrovia 11 pleasantly situated. Ae twlbght crept tipon ue, the breete ceeied it* bins taring raillery, and the roar of the surf came with at influence of gentle melancholy, to our rare, and recall ed to me, a paeting, yat dear remembrance of a gallon spirit, then iu the col 1 embrace of ita angry waves, an. who heard not the sportive music of its ever daahlng loam Alas, p tor Barllett! I last saw thee among the gay an brilliant scenes of Italy, and then tby heart was as light at the sun beam that .plat ed, that ove upon the " cla water* above thee ! But slumber peacefully- thenpc thy rohtirg-pltce bo wil<l and lonely, the dam clod* r the valley press not thy gentle bosom, and the ?o winds that once proudly born thy hark upon tho deep hull never coa?? to chant tby requiem ! Mornii g broke brightly,end the echo of the reveilJi woke the birds from their quiet numbers upon th rape. The gorgeous cloud* to the eastward were dii solved into the "eternal blue" ol the sky, * the sun ross rhanging night's dim shndow of our frigate upon the wi tor, to dav's clear outline of her symm trical piupoi I tions. Nine o'clock found quite a party in readiness t go on shore, and In a few moments we ware shored ol , irom the shlu. As the ber was sornswhat dangerous, so I Ml hoet belonging to the Merlon bed been upset but T,T>. J Pflt* Two hoit time pravit ui us I in which i?eii-ho.! the ol^^H reedy referred to, no one wa* particularly deaii^^f croi?inK it , end an we came to the conclusion to lanH tlie heach. But even there, the aurf ?ai (till blgh.B we were usceisitated to ley on our oara until the Kfl men came ott in their canoei, who, by the by, limta to our a'sistance in great numbers, glad of an oppfl nity to earn a'flp" It were (nperlluou* to attain description of the feeling one etpenences while sifl in one of the native's caiioea. Let it suffice to sf found it a most singular mingling of pleasure J' fear of being upset at the same time, thereby a most ludicrous eipieasion of countenance liif ,-^H and rendering it, indeed, e difficulty to eay wll predominant emotion. Judging from the indicuf*' solute terror in the eves, caused by an actual pei^JH ' of the danger, or tha broad grin on the Iowar part/H fact, created by the pleasurable consciousnesa of eifl stable equilibrium K r my own part, i found it en aively lanorious to keep my position, end of the necw ty of doing which I could not lie convinced by my to| lipped l haron, and his repeatsd injunction ef "loo| mania mmih, -ana wmcn. iu truth. I only did Dana nearly fulfilling hi* half-uttered predict.on, and by ^ sui.ig in raaljty. At all events, the party were aefl dapawMl upon tha be i< h by the Kroemen, who manaa their ratio#.', with peculiar and almost suVpiiung dextd ty, and wo took our war towarJa the town, by a narrd w inding path through the brushwood P. A. a What Cau?ei> the Great Fi.ocd at the Wee j ?What wo would now call the retuler'a ?tt? I tion to. ia the cnuaai which bare produced th* predi [ ftooda in the Talley of the Ohio Theee catiaea awl 1 greatly increased fall of water in the month of Demi her, attendant upon a higher average temperature. \ have before ui the Mateiologiral Table lor the month December, kept by Dr. Ray, of Woedward t'oIM The facta tbera etatad as plain in the fullest mannsi\l came ol the present floods which hare exten^ 1 through the Ohio valley, and probably through/] greater part of tba U nited Htutea The winter of If I wai comparatirely cold and dry, while the pressor 1 trr ie exactly the reverse. It appear# from Dr. LJ[ tablee, that the paet month of December was seven i grans in areraga temperature warmer than the arod temperature of the isma month in the paet twelra yoo and that its average temreiattire was tilteen degri warmer than that of December, 184S. The reeult ( been an enormous loll of watar in the lait six weal This descent of water is quit* temurkable. Dr. II finds that in tha month of December, jast past, the leJI rain, and ef enow, melting as it fell, was equal to I J pendtcular height of 0 *.>b inchts, or moia then thl quarters ol a foot. This is three times the ma] which fell lest December, ami abova tha highest ?jH of any mouth iu the last twolro yatrt ' It is thofllm fourth the entire average amonut of the entire yl The amount of rain whicli fell at tteulienrilla in I vear lf4 > wss 38 inches It is seen that the taia ? fell here in December was about one-lourth that amol Not oaly this, but on the 1st of January it rained bel ly, and on tha 4'.h (Monday) a very larga ouantityj rain fell. Tekiag the entire amount of Has waf commencing on the 1st of December, and thq has fallen at least twelve inches perpendicu of rain, or one-third the nmount for a yur. C aider now the effect ol a toot of water perpendicu! !y spread on the entire aiirlai e of the Ohio Valley, a luring to And an outlet within Are woekc. The O! Valley is about 1,out) miles in length, by SCO miles breadth?being the aurtare wateied by streams tributi to the Ohio. This gives three hundred thousand sgu miles, end each square mile will hare receired on surlace no leas than twenty-seven million, six bund unci seventy-sight thousand, lour hundred cubic feet water! The Ohio river averages not more thaa ha mile in breadth. At high water it average* ubout ! feet perpendicular. Its cubic contents, then, are ec to a loot peipeadiculur spread over the same 1at twenty-Are miles in breadth. This i* just one twelftl only of the quantity (alien ia Are woeks! The aval tiou at this season of tho year is small. The ground already saturated, it is probable, therefore, that two-third* of the whole amount lallen must And ite to the Ohio river, and an outlet to the Mississippi, gives the cause of the vory high and continued stag the Ohio river at this season of the yeai^. aad the I Aow of tho Soioto Miami, and other tributaries oi Ohio. The entire meteorology of thie season hae quit# remarkable, it is vain to make exact predict but it is certain that within a year or two, wo rnuf^ a very dry and cool seaiou, meet probably in the en summer.? Cincinnati C7irnnirfe. .TO SILK MANUFAOTURKKS ANOOTHti 'I^O be sold, with immediate possession, the facta J A If uiltlituri. ami Mai liiurrv. with wat.r urift ana. airs in Tolland county, Connecticut, two utiles frnw jMenal four coiuera, awl equaly ilnUut (twenty.ft>e mif llroa hum of Hartford nod Norwich, known u the 1V* Aillal Victory. The property connate ol two fnetoriea, one Iv^eei b two atoriea each, of 9 leet pitch, the other 30 teet by > Honei each, ol 8 Itet j itch, ana wheel home beneath. . Urge board im honoea, with an other tenement!; two CO diooa ateree, one of which i. now dmug a profitable boa Knurguol harna, and other out build, and aboitMM land, well propoitioned, conaiatiug of good iaaiuiege, lug and wood. The Ksctoriea are now, and have been for eight yd ecceaaful operation,and replete withe?nvuoiencee,p< nig anperior dye honae, wuhatea.ii appaTatna, tneW atn olete) alio two aeiaof machinery, which may be taken r at the option of the pnrehearr. The Water Privilege la iinec]>inll( 1 iu the flute, h\ never haying been shipped by the Unreal drooghuTA bnildinga have been erected within 10 yeara, lha .gfjkate within 3 yeara. at a coat of $30,did?and ere all Mu h at it pair and condition. There ta great probability of the contemplated New and Voatun flail ttnad paaung through the laud of thu i Of falitg immtdiate neighborhood, winch would greet h ince ita value Further and fall p&rticalnra rnav be had by applying t dFlm"r VYSE h HONH.III (Unlet, P RIFLES AMU Cl/iLAiSK'-irrO rirla, Ol late U. tern, with apperdigea: 30 ship cnilaases, with irtM liaidt. The above are a brat rale article lor aervice in M California, or rlarwheie. Br tale lay jyl3-3w?r VVM KYDRR 8c MANGA NE ONE hundred barrela su,erfine from the miuea, Virginia, just rrrri^^^^^^H STRAW WKAITIN'TF^^^^B Rftft/l KK1MH aupvrior quality llUvvJuat received and Inr aale by id rn CKItHSE d HKOOKM. ?3audC7 Nae^B "'d'it'"Kiwkll, ufnurtt an!) aukQ| A TTENDB to Diaeaisa of tfie Rye and Ear, and to fl n perfee mna of Vision fiom 9 in a o'clock, at hw deuce ai d oilier, Ml Broadway corner hi warren streeM Oplh'iluiia, ntoppafc-e ot the Tear i'nasage, Caiarmctfl Opjcuici. effectuallyremoved B AMAUH(Wlf) treated with irreat attention and aaroB NTIIA UtSMC^. or >V]tiiattnir. enred in ? few minutH Deafnoii, and all disihaiges f.<im the Mr, penaaB "akTIKICIAI. EVER inrer'ed. J Wpeetaeleeadapted teevery d-fect. J?o lnfl BACHIT.LOH'S^^I^^^I|h^iidHralpijr,l rdly ttie greatest improremeut ol Wig Makioi. They are ao perfect'y cnidnMB make tiie wearer nncomeioua that he t a? a 1Vi| nn.B an eaav and natnral in appearance tha> they earn ot heB art. Made only by Wm. llachclor, No 2 W. II streS Brnadwir A Inrie Mi.ifiin.ni ?lw.r? mtuni dlj B ROUSSEL'S AMANDINEB ton Tire enure note atrn cunt i >r fl ' HAPPED HANL>8. I THE SUBSCRIBER, (late or the Arm of Kt Ronafl Broadway)?no removal?reapectfully eolijnita a^| thiaarticle, an appropriate to the season Upon ita jierfectiou he ia willing to risk the reputation\of hi^B liilirneut. It it warranted to cure and present ^B hands, and in aildition to thia romninnieatrs to tpem >^B ful softnrss and wmteneae The >n m er vlenr^B perfumery a perfect equality to the imported, a auf^H Irom in Ireshnrtt. there it, however, no article ia i^H ei'her Inrngu or domeatic, wlurh the anbacriber keep The perfumery of his former partner, lor maa^B direct", of the firat laoo atory in Pant, it certainly^H , p"f.. d by the product ol any laboratory in Knrope^B told at prices generally M to M |>er cent cheaper. I^B lespecttnlly solicits the patronage pf rlie elite of the^B polls, at the same time promising to draerre I by tr^B lair dealing in all his transactions. A. A Vi(>SH, lata ItOUHSC L'rt, lit Bresdway. Where he will remain si - til fnrlhet^^B Every variety of Honpn, Nh.iving Cream. t ili >ns,l^l ('osmetics, Pomatums, Ac., with an eitcnsive attnr^^B flamra. Hair, Nail, Tooth and Shaving It rushes. T< tlen. Odonr Bonet, suitable for presents, fce. df^H WlNlT.R UtClHINO SELLING orT AT COST AT W. H. UMIH CO '3, If? Kultno street, second block sast way. New York, where eiery varisty of Oer^H ''loihlogean he had for lower prices than it any olh.^H Immaat m the etty of Flaw York ^^B Over Coata sad Over Parks, of Broadcloth, Baa^^H . | Twatdt, and .\it7arkillo'.hs, of "try style *a<i Lloeka?on* half, thiet inarter artd fn'1 riitlt, ol t American Uroa.'clotha. from I Ureas end Km'k I ova -black, hi-*, brrwu. c''-e a^^H > pi French, Lugliah, P-im-n and America l Office ?n?l Business Cost#, '" Ho, ix-'k and Wni?r I of'l'vrpfi!i and Broadcloths of every style in '.Lc^H iron ...... Pnita?Broadcloth, I araimeres plain end fearr, Ild^H h reach. Kncliah, and American from , | Veil*?donhle breasted, straight bream, and railin^H i if* styles: plain uitl feney Velreia, Woo!'* Vclfr^H i nmtre. plnia and fcney Manns uil Bilks, l.c-i ,'^H iui, f | A large wimimt nf nroadeloi'i, Cawnere* f ni^H which mil be inade to order, to soit the most fut^^H 1 (TV * Uoti' ' lotl-.irjf. of every description, fwi^H - head. W 11. OKOnOOTk^H dJlm*r in ' fO THOSE WHO hllAVl'; VJl. lM R( from the Keen ins Pelt. I I NO'S CUftAM - ' HPKCIMKNS (IK APPROACHABLR VKKBKNA ' 1 ?Tim article, universally praned by those t in ii last , ear, took : hr nrit premium M the Inetl^^^B 1 li'deed, it is Inllr e< needed, by thoas who lixw.^H i Possible to tiiannl-cture en article equal to it. ' lie to I he tktn, I ragr ml to the seu?e,a do trover ' *'. pimplea, and ia sold cheap*r thau tup . Id > tlicicf?rr, wliii Would riiua-ilt ci on. m / and ft rhaviug should poaacaa thcmacIves of it." h Beware of iini'.ationa. end observe the wjtic^^^H if Bnder the directions for uie, r.f" ' H King K tor sale, * Indca'r m I fieri, and h r ci>ortar'rn,^^^B C. H KINO. dt| !m*r ' II ?adwav. ci.roeror TOUT HA I'M K TJuuEFIK ?'N t. M ;fl a T|Y the n.r o' t' - ' lure Anodyne This ii D article, and will cum the moat violent tootl e^^^B in the k uoia in u-minute. I: is uot unpleasant tt^^^l will not injure the treth, and effects a i-rmaaeut^^^B pa-nd only by llf.MlV JOHNhON, cXMuaiM^^H (tr-nitr Rn lding r [rn ?;ic?' 77 I. >' Ui ?||WI>V, ' ' 0<T; o irni il. I'rifi- ti cent*. I I rry-r*ri-hinn ino?i btwv' ?t ?p?noR* , CloTO Am <)>? , to rto?oi?o th? d w,H iik lor ih? Ui.t? Anotlyno ? * ? y?d, by RON, <) oarchM* only Kr?tp*??M? <# ) ?

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