Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 27, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 27, 1847 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

mmrifmmmm* ?? wwiiw* ><? THJ 9 Vol. 1111, Ho. 4U?V* Uol? Ho. M43 INTERESTING EXTRACTS FROM fHK FOREIGN PAPERS RECEIVED BY THE STEAMSHIP H1BERNIA, AT TH* NEW YORK HBRALD OFFICE!. AnwrlMn AShlrf Abroad? rhe Pntldtat'i and Cluii Cotton. [From the London Time*. Jan. 1 ] Tko PnaaS/lnnt'li VfaaMOTd if not nilitaa ?o an/IUam a nnn. ductlon ii that which wo described a few day* linca, in on that scale which mark* every thing from the region of the Mississippi and the Misacuiri, the Nlojrara and the Mediterranean-like lakes by which it is fea. For this ourmders ere prepared. Whenever they see the contents of a moderate octavo republished in a morning paper, a sura instinct tells them that another Boston packet lias come in, and a President ia delivered ef his annual burden. There was one feature of the Message for which we were not prepared, and which we still view with unabated surprise. In our own broad-sheet, the first and foremost subject, the Mexican war, occupies seven whole aoluiana. The question of the tariff* occupies not one. The farmer is a mere matter of territory, or of international difference. The latter is a worldwide subject. Jflmotl every nation in the world it directly inter etted in the degree a/ liberality and friendlinett with which the United Mtatei may open their retourcet to thi worth of other isare crowded or leu favoured realmr. But here it is thrust into a corner by a border squabble. It is true that the Americans themselves see more momentous issues in that war. The Rio Grande they feel to be the Rnbioeu of their imperial republic. That explain* the extravagant length ef the chapter on Mexican affairs. Hence this intolerable burden of sack to this ha' perth e' bread. To us, of course, the proportion is as wonderful as it is deplorable. Wo will frankly say that much as our hapes concerning the commercial polioy it the States have been buoyed up by the very transparent character ef Mr. Webster's agitation, they are almost equally depressed by the place and spec# ihe Jiuestioa seems te oeeupy in the President's mind. We eel that we would rather have Mr. Webster for our opponent than Mr. Polk for our ally. The fact is, Mr. Polk has almost put himself hore de combat for free trade. That mad and selfish spirit of territorial aggrandizement to which he has sold himself, incapacitates hiss for an arena where high and generous motives, tke purest philanthropy, and utmost freedom frem national prejudice, have hitherto carried the day. Texas has spoilt the morale of the States. The invaders of Mtxieo are men of blood. They are not th* men to build the temple ef peace. There is the blot in their escocheon. Through that joint in their armour th* dwarfish monopolists of New England con smito the giants of the Union. But it is not simply the national agotism of bia cauae that disables the President from a i really effectual patroDage. The supporters of the Mexi cm **ai ?*?to ouunoti tuouibcitui IV uenvo airuugiu, nunheri, and enthusiasm from the private view* of the southern member* of the Union. A numerous faction ha* longed for Tex**, and for Mexico too, Dot merely to add new itarato their national flag, but to gain partisan* In the Congreet. Texas ha* been desired a* an equipoise to New England. A great and most delicate international question?the right of fostering rebellion in the pro yisoe of a friendly neighor, of enoeuraging it to assert it* Independence, without even a decent interval, to take immediate step* for its 'annexation"-has been slurred over to make way for the mutual jealouaie* of the federated States, end the feuds of faction Mr. 1'olk put bis foot into all this, and cannot now withdraw: Whatever ke may be as statesman, he has lost himself for political morality. War Uirlf pi etrntt in ill direct and material coniequtntti a seiteus ok.laele to jrtt trade. War must be supported by rapine in one shape or another, whether by the violent piandar of the country involved in the focus of hostilities, or by a mere uniform distraint on the property of the whole community, in the shape of taxes.? The American Congress is now asked to procuro a further loan ol 000 000, in addition to about an equal sum slready speot. Of course new taxes are to bo imposed Tbey are to be "wartaxes.'?a teim which promises more for their indiscriminate aud injurious character, than it does for their speedy repeal Revenue duties are to be imposed on senio of the articles now cmbrscsd in the Ire* l>st Mr. Polk expresses a hope, that when the emergency which has given rise to these new duties shell have ceased to exist, thsy will be repealed, end. to that extent, the creation of a public debt will he aveifod- Now. even in England, we know the value of thai* hopes la the United States there is a bitter etgravation of the difficulty. The moment tho choice vi i- uivuivi. men Guinea me rarai question, coeval whh the flrat struggle for American independence. On ordinary principle* a duty on tea 1't the only one to meet the earn. It it the only one that will etrikr perfectly fair throughout the Union It it the only one that will not be protective and will not tar all the real for the benefit of the North Kait'rn Sitter. But it is almost contrary to the conrtitutien itielt?certainly to the temper of the UdIoii. We have tflken that as the chief instance of a fair customs duty at all likely to meet the caie But a Icgl'latjvo struggle between the partisans of a moderate duty on tea and an.-excessive eno on foreign manufactures in almost equivalent to a reparation of the Union. With so damaged a position, it would take more than ordinary wisdom and eloquence for the President to make a good fight fur free trade We ere boumd to ad mit the ability and force with which he treats it. With a condensation worthier of Lace'armon than Washington. ho embraces not merely the generalities, but the history of the question. This passage of the addrese might be circulated with advantage from continent to continent, and ecean to ocean. But the tone, aa we yesterday observed, is def ctive. It exhibits the temper of a faction. One ia almost staggered to And epithets so angry, and censures so flipjiam, in the mouth of a sovereign ruler, whatever the limits and period of his reign, in his resume of the British free-trade controversy, he vary coolly assumes the most selAsh motives to hsve'eonstituted the spring and vitality of protection We are almost driven to fight lor the patriotism of our old friends et 17 New liond street, when stranger interferes so rudely in that pretty little quarrel However, we nre at leant allowed the glory of having aet an example to the world; and if some of our couritrvmen arc harshly described, they eliaro the fate of Mr. I'olk'a own fellow citizens, and of all who have the miHfortuno to have mndo fortunea in trade. Think of a mighty potentate f p, nkiug thua of any under hii authority; ? " Those employed in agriculture, mechanical puiauita, commerce and navigation,were compelled to contribute from their aubatance to .awcll the profits and overgrown wealth of the comparatively few who had invested their eapltul in mauufarturea. The taxes were not levied in proportion to the value of the article* upon which they were imposed ; but, widely dep uting from this just rule, the lighter taxea were, in many tcaara levied upon articlca of luxury and high price, anJ the heavier taxes on those of nsressity and low price, consumed bv the grnBt mass of tha people. It ?:il a system the inevitable effect of which was to relieve favored claaaei and the wealthy few from contributing their just proportion for the support ot government, and to lay the burden on the labor of the many engaged in other pursuits than manufactures. " A system ao unequal and unjust hat been superseded by the existing law, which impose* duties not lor the benefit or injury of claiaaa or pursuits, hut distributes, and, as far as practicable, tqunlizee, the public burdens among all classes and occupations. The favored classes, w bo, under the unequal and unjust sy stem which has been repealed, have heretofore realized large profits, and many of them amassej lat ge fortunes,at the expense of tha many w ho huve been made trihiitarv to them will hnve uo reason to complain if they shall I e required to bear their juit proportion of tho taxca necessary lor the support ot government" After this, our own protectionists may consider themselves wry wsll let oil'. It is, however, no good sign for a ruler to stigmatise any class of his nation Power is g.-acious. It is not the instinct of rnlcrs either to punish orehiiso. It is because Mr. Polk is only a cltiien, and very insecure in bis present pre eminence, that ha adopts the language of weakness. The ntfsu'Ung Htates of Amerlctfi To thk Editoii or thk l.onnov TiMrs? Hir ? I saw a letter in Th? 'timet, ou the fith of December, from " A Suffering Uolder of Florida Bonds," who, in statiag the hardships of h s own case, spoke also of tbe debts of Stoles ot thn American Union. Among tbenv he mentioned Mississippi and Pennsylvania as having made elforts to restore their credit Being a severe sufferer by the had conduct of Mississippi, 1 was led to hope that something lied at length lieen done by that State, but ate sorry to learn, on enquiry, thut your correspondent is mistaken. Pennsylvania bos res >med payment of the inlere-t on her debt, and the holders of her stock have received their dividends regularly since February, IH4-V but the stein ot disgraceful repudiation rests es Mack as ever upon Mississippi. I find there is much dispute as to the degree of discredit attaching to the United States generally,Irom the non payment ot debts by many of the States. Some American gentlemen with whom I have spoken in my recent enqnnies. complain loudly of the sweeping condemnation of all for ihe fault of a few, which appears sometimes in the Knglish Pipers, and they say that they are unjustly maligned It certainly appear* thet there is not in this country, generally, an accurate knowledge of all the tacts, and there are r. ally instances in which good imii) n?" norn ooservea under circumstances ol considelabln difficulty, m in Ohio It is, therefore, unjust to condemn them all indiacriminateljr. But, on tho other haml, the cum of several are to ha;l that it if impofiiblo for the good States not to havo their credit in nrnis do(hp injured by the evil conduct of others with which they ate no clo.-ely asioc.ated. Further, it may he asked if the better poition of tbo nation hai made sufficient ex ertiou to induce tho other* to make efforts to do what they really could to remove the itain which neceasariljr atu> hi i, in fume degree, to all their acta To put thin ma ter in ? clearer light, f will state the circumstances of the different Status, in regatd to their debts. Ol the States, which now compose the Onion, the following nine have no puhlio debt Maine, Natv Hampshire, Vermont Connecticut, Rhode Island, Delaware, New Jersey. North Carolina, and Mlsaouri (at least, none in tngiand ) The following nine Slates have regularly paid thoir Interest without interruption Massachusetts, New York. Ohio. Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama. Pennsylvania suspended payment in August, 1*42, and resumed in February, Iit> Tho following eight have failed to pay their debt*, and ura atiii in dclaultMississippi failed to pay in E NE' NEW 1 May, 1*41; Indiana, July. 1841 ; Ulinoia, January, 1843; Florida, Januaty, 1848; Michigan. January, 18M; Mary laua, January, 1843; Louisiana. (on part or bar debt December 1843; Arkansas, 1841. Tba following la an ontlioo of what baa occurred In each - State, with respect to tho dabt:? Pennsylvania aavar repudiated bar dabt, ar daniad bar obligation to pay It in foil. Bha foil Into difficulty and discredit from groat mismanagement, and for two years and a half was unabla to pay the intareat to har creditors, but she alwsys gars certificates of dabt for the dividends astbey became due. By great carelessness and laviah expenditure in the construction of her public works (canals and railroads.) for which she contracted ! the debt, and further by borrowing money to pay the in- i terest upon it, she found herself, in 1843, involved in a dabt of about 840.000,000, without revenue to meat the : annual claiai. A property tax had been put on in 1841, 1 but waa at first quits ineffective. Bines than aha haa made real efforts to pay, but found groat difficulty for a 1 considerable time In collecting the taxoa, especially ! among the farming population of the Btata. Eaeh sue- i ceeding year has improved the collection, and in Kebru- i 1 ary, 1846. she resumed payment of dividends, which has I since continuod. Still there is a small deficiency in the 1 full payment,chiefly arising from a large proportion of tho taxes being paid in tna State paper, which is at a diecount of about 2,', par cent. What she has done has proved that she is earnestly endeavoring to pay, and each successive year shows an improvement in her position, such as to give a rational Btround for believing that she will fully restore her credit in a short time. Maryland failed to pay in January, 1843, but ahe had then put on a property-tax, and other taxes. Her debt was contracted cniaflv for making a largo canul. The regular collection of the property tax was, as in Pennsylvania, but slowly made efficient. It has improved in each yenr, but by allowing the taxes to be paid in coupons of interest due, which many of tho bondholders ware glad to sell at a large discount, very lit'le money has come into the treasure, though much of the arrear of interest has been absorbed. Out of the money which has come iu she has, during the last year, paid the outstanding portion of the dividonds duo in 1843, and January, 1843. Bhe will soon pay that of July, 1843. By tho progress of gradual improvement the revenue ia now reported to be in a condition to meet the annual claim, and \ ahe is exiwctnd to resume regular payment of the interest in July, 1847, and fund the remaining outstanding arrears. Illinois failed to pay in January, 1843. She contracted her debts for eanals and railroads, none of which are finished, and most of them were very iqjudicious undertakings. A number of her creditors agreed, in 1846, to lend har additional money to complete the large canal from Lake Michigan to the Illinois River, on which $6 000,000 had already been expended, and which is certainly a work of great importance. She hue now commenced area in her efforts, will, before long, greatly improve her condition At present the taxes reali/o but a small amount, but it is something to have made a beginning. Indiana failed in July, 1841. She is in dilttculty from undertaking works far beyond her means, and she was defrauded by parties she employed to negotiate her loans to the extent of $3,800,000, chiefly by the Morris Canal Company. She is now making arrangement with her creditors, and proposes to tax to pay the interest on half of the debt. The measures for this purpose are now under consideration. Michigan failed in January, 1843. She contracted a debt to the extent of $0,000,000, and after receiving payment for rather more than $1,0('0.000, the sold the re| maindar of the bonds authorized by acta of her Legiala ture to the United State* Bank and Morria Canal Company upon credit. The bonda were, by agreement, delivI ered to those companies, with power to sell them ; but i the Stale was to be paid by inatalmenta of fixed ameunta 1 every three month*. Thoie companies both failed when they had paid rather more than hulf the amount ; but long before their failure they had borrowed money upon the whole of them in Europe. The lenders knew nothing of the teims upon which the bonds had been obtained, or that they had not been fully peid for, and they advanoed money to the extent of 88 per cent upon them. It ia clear that those companies had a full right thus to dispose of them ; but Michigan now asaerts that ah* ia net bound to acknowledge more than abe has received money for, and has also letup the most extraordinary pratenca, that ahe has a right to deduct from what she has received i.) per oent. upon the sua remaining due from the com panics, and to deduct this amount (about $360 000) from ihe claims of the bondholders. Soiling aside all tha oon I siderations of the engagements which hnr bonda oontain, .l.n .1 ..?t fl. r- nan, * I- 1 I auv pBB?uu au av? ?w ?MV'? ??? wwu? IUI mc rsuucsJ | amount paid in this arbitrary and extraordinary manner, | and lust year passe 1 a further act to sell the State raili road, and to receive in payment the bonds, with their ar ; reai a of interest, at 40 percent. Such an attempt to vi j olate her faith, pledged under the seal of the State, can! not succeed Mississippi fulled in May, 1341. This State has th * die' tlnction ol having first set the example of repudiation, ; and a case of more flagrant dishonesty has never existed | The debt of the State is $7,000 000. Ot this %i 000 000 is i (or the State's subscription, for her portion of the capital ; of the Planters' Bank. ,4fter an attempt on tho part of a i few to deny this debt, it has been acknowledged, but not the smallest attempt has been made to pay any portion of it. The other $fi,00o.0()9 of tne debt wore contracted | for the State's portion of the capital of the Union Bank. The pretences upen which the repudiation ol these bonds j has been carried are without the slighteat foundation in ' any principles of law or juitice. Mississippi tic knowi ledges to nave received the money through the agents ' appointed by herself, but pretends that some formalities i of the law were not observed in Issuing them, and this, I alter the bonds had been more than two years in circu j lation, and acknowledgad by harself. The only circumI stance of a better nature in this State it, that there are < soma of her citixani who have alwaya put themselves forward to urge the payment of the debt, and who have I ex poet d the unprincipled conduct of the repudiators.? 1 They ere unfortunately the minority. | Louisiana?The greater part of the debt of this 8t ate ; was contracted for the establishment of banks. The | State took mortgages upon the estates of planters, who | proposed 10 ucito toiorin banks, and granted them char' tera, issuing to them honda of the State to the amount.of i the mortgagee which it held as security. The planters ' each received on loan half the amount of their mort, gages, and tho other halt of the produce of the honda ' formed the working capital of the banks. Two of these | hanks tailed in December, 184-4, namely, the Citizens' I Bank, for which $7,0(10,000 were issued, and the Conaoli dated Association of Planters, (or which the bonds amounted to $4,400,000 All these bonds have the direct and absolute pledges of the State of Louisiana for payment. The bondholder's claim is in no way conditional upon tho solvency ef the hanks. The State is distinctly boun) to the bondholder, and it holds the mortgage as its own counter aoruiity but Louisiana Ins utterly neglected to redeem its laith, and hss made no effort whatever to pay the smallest portion of the direct and clear claim ol the bondholders. All it has done is to pass a law enabling the debtors to the hnnk to tako advantage of the discredit which the had faith of Louisiana has cast upon tho bonds The suspension of payment of interest has depreciated the bonds Many of the holders have heen obliged, by distress, to sell them for what they eeuld get. thus the debtors, by buying them at reduced rates, have been enabled to make large profits in delivering them at their full nominal rate of both principal and interest due in discharge of their debts. Florida has set up the same pretences as Mississippi ; for repudiating her debt. Her case i? altogether without excuse or mitigation in her course of dishonesty. The result of this statement is that of twenty-seven Rlatea of the American Republic, eight are atill delinquent. If then, on the one hand, it is not true that all are to he condemned, sinco the greater number have j kept their faith, la it not true, on tlm other hand, that | this large proportion of their number (about one in three 1 of the whole, and just half of those which have con tracted debts) is sufficient to justify tho general discredit which attaches to all American securities, and to show that there is not that strong feeling against wrong which we may justly demand of a nation which pretends to take a high ground in character I What attempt has there been made by the better States to give an exprcssion of public opinion to influence the others to pursue a ; better ceiirae I Of ail that have failed, Maryland ulone can show that she has made real endeavors to recover | her stati,,n The ill disposed portion of that Htete has retarded till now the accomplishment of this objert; | sr.d though the credit is tlia greater for hor good citizens who have persevered in their exertions, the delay j inflicts too severe a suffering for her to escape censure, aim ?no i? inn ciassou among im wroDgaoer* in every one of the other delinquent State* the evil i* without mitigation. Not one of them but could befoie thi* have done som'.thing, If not all that waa wonting ; but they have done nothing; while in inch twci n? Mississippi. Kloridn and Michigan, the facta ihow a glaiiiig want of I honesty. It mtiat in truth al*o be elated, that evil ba* been ox I hihitrd on a great acalo by corporation* which are not I included in the above list of State delinquencies. The I United State* Bank, the Morri* Canal and Banking Company. the North American Tru*t and Banking Company, , and many other* were conducted npon a large scale, and by perion* who occupied a prominent poaition in Ameiioan society Their hutory *how? how man* persons, entirely <\ anting in right principle*, were able to get into lituation* of groattru*t and responsibility. The loaiea of iuilividual* in this country, who were recommended to trust them, Bmount to aeveral million* Her! ling, and they have spread ruin far and wide. Can it, then, he otherwise than that the American name and character mint suffrr Irom this cause aloue 7 With these raiei, and with the large number of the States themselves in default, how is it possible that the general name of America should escape discredit 7 There is, moreover, one circumstance which has been frequently mentioned a* a proof that the American nation i* not alive to tho necessity of keeping up its credit or ! maintaining a high respect for ita character klorlda bat behaved, in regard to her debt, as ill aa Mississippi, and ; yet, with this fact notorious, she wee admitted aa a State into tho I nlon, in IMS, without an observation on the subject. With thi# moral taint upon bar character, the was admitted to rank with the rest, among whem ate tome which, as far aa their own conduct has gone, have always shown a Iruo sense of right and wrong I am not aware that any delence has been attempted for this act, but fear that It lies been a matter of indifference to the whole republic. I om, sir, your obedient servant. Fnshlona for January. Dresses ol dimn*, with wre*th* satin***, moire* antique*, broch#', mervoillr*, end various other rich mete, rial* are equally fashionable for soitAea, visiting dresses, according ? the colour* are light or dark; smaM bouquet* of fetthera are used to ornament the moiree biochvs in gold or silver, each confined by an ornament of presioua atone; fur dresses of greater simplicity I'euil Iters of i Itibon am interims* 1 wntli hf.nlll?i?,l. ?f ?ii. black and whits lace i? tinireraally worn in deep flouncea; for young ladisa talteta* dreiiea ara trimmed with e|aps flounce* pinked; aa many aa nine ere put oo in tiar* t h eo ni.d three, and form a pretty light e* well . aa bouflitn e trimming. I la livening dieaaes the akirta offer more variety than W YO STORK. WEDNESDAY M< th* oatMM i bertha* and nrwi an atill m rauoh to I favor as tojprapoDderat* over the ooraage* Jrapei ; th* sleeve* remain abort and a mail, and indeed are mostly 1 oovered by the trimming of tba ooraage. For morning i dreaaea than ia much variety in tba make of sleeves ; ( aome are a l'Amadia, othara tight, with pretty Jockey*, | or wide atraigbt alaerea fulled into a deep wriatband. or i almoat tight, ending at the elbow, or wide and open (aa- ( tonoei, or pipek at tba bottom, Ac. Uuder the name of 1 paasementerle a variety of new trimming* are conatantly , introduced: thoae forming foliage in velvet have a vary rich a if act on aatina, moire* antique*, and other rich material*, aa alao triage* headad by a crate dental** Black velvet ia alao uaad an nagligt, wbilat color* are i reaervad for draaa; the** are trimmed with l?c?; the point a 1' aigoiila ia much worn, with tha color oreilla d'oura aa wall aa deep blue. Fur* ato alao faahionabla for trimming dreaaea at thia moment of pink and white i aatin, whilat mantelet* and sortie* are lined throughout , with armine, which alwaya preaervea it* pre-eminaDca j for soirees; aabla ia fashionable for peliaaaa and muff*; th ey are worn a little larger than laat year. Satin capote* are much uaad for morning wear; many > are covered with tulle houillonne*; colored blond* I matching the bonnet* are also fashionable; plain velvet* are lined with a different color, and feather* to correapond. Ribbon and figure valout* cpingle are used to ornament the irteriorof bonnet*. Flower* will be univartally worn this aaaion; variou* new coiffure* are in roduced, some of the prettiect are the wroath* Luiia formed of marine flower* and coral; th* Norma of feuillage and gold, the viergo, a wreath of white roae buda, or a very narrow cordon on the forehead, and pendent flexible flower* at tha tide*, sparkling with precious stonesCap* are worn very imall, ihowing the hair a* much a* pouible, with profusion of lower*-, with lappet*, on the contrary, the ornament* thouid be light and simple. Cap* are without bride*, with double and triple rost* of lace trimmed with gauxe ribbon, the end* falling low. Blond i* agaih uaad, and whether of lappet* er deep lace of gold or silver, charming coilfurs arc made of it, sometime* intermixed with velvet.--London and Fori.' Ladte* Ma murine of >'a*Aton. The Bnropt'an Corn Trade. [From the Mark Lane Express, Jan. 4 ] The quarterly atatement of the arrlvali of grain, pulse and flour into London, has Just been published : from which it appears that the supplies of all kinds of British crown corn, wheat excepted, hare been conaiderably less during the last three months than they were in the corresponding quarter of 1845. The difference in some of the articles is very great; and believing that a table showing at one view the arrivals during the periods named may proi e of interest to our readers, we beg to submit the following for their inspection. Received in the Post or London, From Sept 28 From Sept. 29 to Vic 26, to Dee. 27, 1646 1(46. Wheat? English, qrs 97,402 91,371 " Scotch qrs.,... 55 313 " Irish, qrs ? 347 " Foreigu, qrs 74,913 168,173 Total qrs 172,410 260,204 Barley?English, qrs 62.2f.fl 72,069 Scotch, qrs 15 026 13 152 " Irish, qrs 2.607 2,693 " Foreign 106,696 16.272 Total qrs 166 551 104 206 Osts?? Kegli.h, qrs 29.702 37,7(2 " Scotch, q | 10.904 15,462 " Irish, qis 84,119 221,(17 " Foreign, qrs 180.516 106,061 Total qrs 305,2(9 3(1,122 Beans?English, qrs 10,936 13,696 " Scotch, qrs ? 20 " Irish, qrs ? ? " Foreign, qrs 9.356 19 640 Total qrs 30,292 33.348 Peas??English, qrs 5,964 14,943 ? Scotch, qrs ? 324 f' Irish ? ? " Foreign, qrs 5',014 15,082 Total 56,978 46,249 Floor?English, aarki 57,310 85.(36 " Search, sacks ? ? " Irish, treks 300 ? " Foreign, 57.100 41,3(6 M " sacks ? 4,197 " barrel* S7.IOO 4I,3i6 It will be leen, that though the receipt* of English wheat have bean larger than in 1846. the falling ofl' in the foreign supply ha* ?o greatly reduced the total an to show a decrease of upward* of fifty per cent on the quarter. The materially diminished arrival* of barley Irom our grower* hare, on the contrary, been more than compensated for by a large foreign supply , whilst oats stand in much the same position at wheat. Tlie decrease in the arrival* of English flour mnv be partly accounted tor by the fact, thatlarge quantities of this article have been brought to market by railway*, of which no notice i* taken In the above return. The weather ha* during the greater part of the week been severe and most of the canal* are again closed by ice Since laat night (Friday) the temperature has risen ; but from prosoDt appearance*, we are inclined to think there will be a return of frost. At most of the markets to which the supplies are conveyed by land carriage the farmers have delivered freely, but where tha means of transit is by water a falling off in the receipts has naturally fol lowed the closing of the inland navigation. Even in the districta which nave been the most lifer illy supplied, prices of wheat, and, in lead, of all kinds of grain, have centinued to advance ; and at yet we can discern do symptoms of a reaction in the trade We learn from Liverpool that very large arrivals of American produce had been received there- This sup ply might have been expected to have had a tendency te check the upward movement; such, hewever, has not been the case The continued demand from Ireland, the anxiety manifested by the local millers and dealers to replenish their stocks, and the appearance of numerous buyers from the interior, caused a further enhancement in quotations at that port. On Tuesday wheat brought 61 per70 lbs , flour 3s to 3sfld per bbl., oats Id to 3d per 46 lbs , and barley, beans, and peas, each 3s per quarter above the currency of that day se'nnight. Later In the week a further rise of Id to 3d per 70 lbs, was established on wheat; and tha other artiste* were also dearer on Thursday than they ha.l previously been. It is needless to particularise the precise advance that has taken plsee at the other leading provincial markets; but, taking the kingdom collectively, the rise in wheat maybe fairly estimated at Is to 4* per nr. during the week: 80s per qr. has been mado at several places for superior qualities, and at Uxbridge, on Thursday, 88i was paid for a small parcel. High as prices row are, the prospect of a further enhancement ia tar greater than the chance of a decline. Stocks have witnin the laat month or two been greatly reduced by the shipment* which have takeD place to Ireland. Meanwhile the Irish demand rather increases tbsn otherwise. From the continent no present assistance cen bo calculated on; the northern port* are closed by ice, and the wsnt* of France are so great that ,she ia likely to abiorb all that there may be to aparo in the Mediterranean. Of the long looked for American supply the greater proportion haa already come to hand; and from the latest advices received from the United State* it wonld aeem that no further ahipments from thenco of importance are likely to be made till the spring. We are a- a lo**, therefore, to conceive what can occur to atop the upward movement The arrival* of wheat coastwise into London have been amail during the week, lota having come to hand from Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire, and Norfolk than of late. This may have been partly caused by the frost having blocked upsomoof the watercourses by which the supplies, in those parts, ore btough* to the ports of shipment; and ra the weather has not much appearance of giving way, increased receipts can scarcely, at present, be calculated on. Tho quantity brought forward at Matk Lane by land-carriage saraules from the home counties has likewise been trivial; and the market has, on the whole, been very indifferently supplied. Meanwhile the deaire to get into stock has decidadly increased ; and factors have, consequently, experienced no difficulty in obtaining advanced rates The few pur eels exhibited on the Kstex stand* on Wednesday were speedily taken at prices Is per quarter above those current in the beginning of the week On Friday tho demand was again lively, and the quantity on sale bring even less than before, a further riso of Is.perqr. was established. In addition to rather an active inquiry for duty paid foreign wheat for local consumption, wo have had buyers at Mark Lane from various parts of the kingdom ; and the demand for Ireland having also ! been great, a fair amount of business has bsien done in the article. The advance in quotations of foreign his, therefore, kept pace with that on Knglish : indeed on th* lower descriptions of the former it na* been greater than on the best qualities of the latter. We stated in our last that we did not believe there were more than stieut SfeA.nOO qrsof free foreign wheat remaining in gra nary at this port; we havo since taken some pains to ascertain how far this estimate might be correct, and tlnd, on investigation of the matter, that we had rather over than tinder-rated the quantity. The late vety great rise in prices here has tended to render the execution of the orders from France lor banded wheat nearly impossible ; and the transactions in parcels under lock have been comparatively unimportant. The advance has, therefore, had the salutary effect of stopping shipments ; but we find that this will ha only temporary, as the necessities cf our French neighbors appear to be even greater than our own. The value of town manufactured flour remained stationary at AOs per sack till Friday, when some of the principal millers declined selling below AOs Holders of Norfolk, ami ottier rnip mar hi. aiao maided on advanced late* on Friday. American flour, whether free or in bond, wri held hilly li. per barrel higher on that day, with an increaaed diapontion to invent. The tupply of barley hai proved i adequate to the demand, and very high price* have been in*i*ted on Now that the foreign (uppli** are likely to ceaie, the hortneii of the home crop I* beginning to tell; and important aa the advance haa been of 1 te, we much que*tion whether price* have yet touo' ad the higheit point. ; The few lot* on tale on Wedue?day and Friday were eagerly token at price* 1* per quarter above tlio?e pre' v|ou?lv current; at d the advance wai a* freely paid for tha Inferior a*for the belt ?oita Malt ha* recently riien In fully the lime proportion o* hurley; and we beg. in thia place, to oir*r an apology for an inaccuracy which occuried in our quotation* ot thia i article in our le?t number 'I hough we ilien noticed the [ advance, by midake tba p ice in tha lliit of quot*tioni i **i lalt unchanged, which may, wa fear, h*v* muled om* of onr reader*. Since then tha Quad Ware malt ha* raalixad Ma. par quarter, and othor aort* corresponding term*. To* arrival* of oat* hava been moderate, tha total quantity reported up to thi* (Saturday) evening, including H,04Jt qr*. from abroad, of which qeaotity more than half I* bom America. having amounted taonly 14,147 qr*. | Though the high value of thia grain ha* unquestionably RK I DRNING, JANUARY 27, caused its consumption to b? economised, still the supply I has for soma weeks past fallan short ot tha quantity ra- I Sired for tha weekly usa of tha metropolis; and tha ' sl?rs' stocks, which wara previously far from abundant, have been further diminished. This having bean tha oasa, whilst arrivals continued to drop in from some at the continental ports, how are matters likely to stand now that tha north of Europe Is closed against u$f Tha question admits of but one reply: if. as there is every rea- 1 son to suppose Ireland cannot send us supclies, oats must rise still further in value. At all events, holders appear to be of this opinion, end have declined parting i with their property, except at prices qui a Is per qr above j those of Monday last. Beans have come sparingly to hand; and the demand j having bean active, i<o difficulty has been experienced in obtaining is per qr advance on former terms. The inquiry for pease has also been live ly; and good \ white boilers have not only supported the rise of Monday, but have in many rases commanded is to 9a perqr more than was then obtainable. Since the Irish buyers have direoted their attention to ! wheat and wheat meal, Indian corn has been in rather I lass favour, und the bargains closed since our last have benn at abou' former tales Erora the northern ports of Europe we have no later accounts then those already laid beta: a our readers in i our last miratur, owing to the non-arrival of the Hamburg mails of Tuesday last, which has, no doubt, been caused by the ice on the Elbe having prevented the steamboat getting out. The accounts Irom the Mediterranean scarcclv notice wheat, attention buying lately beau almost exclusively directed to Indian corn in that quarter: altogether, neatly UOO U00 qrs. of this article had, It was estimated, been shipped Irom Trieste, Genoa, Venice. Naples, Leghorn, fcc , since the beginning of July. These shipments had, however, completely cleared the stacks at the Hitlerent norts named emt nnnmsll* l.;?K nrinee had, consequently, been paid for the artiole for local consumption. yJKrom Marseilles, and other parts of France, we learn that, notwithstanding the extent of the Imports, hardly any stoaks of wheat were held; and a further rise in quotations was considered a more likely occurrence than a reaction in pricea. At this morning's market there was a small ihow of wheat by land carriage samples from the home counties, and in the early nart of the day eery high pricea were asked; this tended, in soma degree, to eheck the demand, but a fair clearance was ultimately mede, et rates 3s. per qr. above those of Monday last Foreign wheat was held at the seme advance, and a tolerable extent ol business was done at the enhancement Bonded parcels did not sell freely, which was, however, owing to the high pretensions of holdera. The millers were unwilling to sell the beat town made flour below 65s. per sack, and other aorta were held at proportionate rates. Barley was scarce, and the finest malting aorta brought &9s., and in some cases even 60s. tper quarter. Orinding barley was also in fair request, at an advance of la. to 2s. per qr. Mult brought even higher terms than last week. The fresh supply of oats was scanty, and though the dealers conducted their operations very cautiously,needv purchasers had to pay tuliy la. per qr. more than on this day ae'nnight for fine corn. New beans and white boiliug peas were Is to 2s., and old beans end grey pees, the turn dearer then on Monfudisn corn was held et very high term*, hut we did not hear ot many bargains being closed. Ci'BBCNcv ran iMrxitm. Mr.?svai. Whest?Esssi sud ivem, rsd .,..07 71 w tule 72 79 n.w ...72 75 Do. new 77 81 N a. f*.,l Ir an.I ?AfT,lfc L7 7) 79 77 Rye? New .7.7 .7.7742 44 Indian Cornj 56 *0 Fxtru CO 65 Barley? Chevalier, new 56 60 Malting 52 55 Distilling 50 52 U'ludlug,.. .40 44 Scotch 40 14 Irish.., ? Malt?Brown 70 72 FalaBufTolk & N-rfolk....75 78 Ware rale 71 *0 f htval-er... .80 ?4 Oati?English feed.... 27 }2 Potato, lie... 13 35 Irish i'e d 28 34 New 32 35 Do pout > 32 34 New 32 34 Scotch feed 30 23 Potato 33 35 Pwi-Eii'i and Kent, white boilers, new 54) 54 Maple, new 4 8 50 Blue 72 77 (Ley or hog 47 42 Do. non-boil's ? Beans?Tick 42 44 Harrow 43 44 Pigeon 42 54 Loi g Pods 41 48 Windsors.... 61 75 Flour?Town made and 1st country marks, p>r sack ...00 65 Norfolk and Suffolk 541 54 Stockton and Yorkrhirt 48 55 Potmen. Wheat?Dannie and Kouigsbeig, finest I igh inued... .72 77 Do rniied 87 71 Pomeraniau . .68 77 Saale Marks, Auhault...(7 72 Meesle-.hnrg.67 71 Mileisii and Stettin 67 70 f'olithOdeasa.62 67 Barlsy?Hamburg. Konissbe-g. Danttic and Russian ? ? Osts? Dutch and File-land, Blew or Pol md .. 32 34 Danish or Swedish 30 35 Russian and Mecklenburg 31 1< Heses?Small or Pigeon 41 46 Rgyptian .to 42 Peas? Whits boiling none (irey er hog.. none Flour?Dauizic, par bbl I2C lbs ? American 31 48 I Canadian.... 37 39 Interesting from Smith America. By the arrival at Boston of th? brig Russian, Capt Simpson, from Montevideo, we have Buenos Ayres papers t? the 2oth of October. The Pnckrt of the 17th untl 21th gives the following items. We havo the pleasure to announce the arrival at Mon tevideo of Sir Thomas Herbert, the new commanHer-in chief of Her Britannic Majesty's navul forces on this ata tion. Lieutenants Smith, Ball and Mason, and two sea man belonging to the national guarda costas Mavpa am Vencedor. who were sent prisoners to England by Ad rairal Inglefiehl, came out passengers with the new Bri tish commodore, and wera landed here on the 18th mat under a Aug of truce from the Firebrand. Official irifor mation has been received, to tbe effect that the Anglo French vessels of war which were stationed near Ohli gado have finally evacuated the Parana The famous Ri verista chief, Fortunato Hilva, who enjoyed the specie protection of the imperial authorities in Rio Ornndo, hating lately made afresh incursion into the Oriental terri toiy, at the head of a hand of marauder*, was attache by Col. Barrioe, and completely cut to pieces?the lead er and a number of his officers being killed. A Riverista armed schooner, mounting three guns was captured a short time since up the I'ruguay by boati from Kntrerios, under tbe command of Major Bonifacio Rivera has left Montevideo agsin, escorted by th< French steamer Urondeur, for tbe purpose of renewins tbe scenes of Hun like atrocity anil pillage which he anil hi* con-lottitn have already enacted, under the auspices of Anglo>Krench intervention, on the ahorea of the Oriental State. A Brazilian naval [expedition, comnoaed of two gun' boats, under the command ol Tapt. Le verger, aet out ome time aince lrom Mallo Orosso, and penetrated into tho water* of thia republic, for the purpose of surveying the River Paraguay. Tho Argentine Minister at Rio has received directions to enter a formal protest again it thia violation of the fluvial territory of the Confedera tion. I 'nlted fltatos brig Ilainbridge, Commander Penning on, soiled from Buenoa Avres, October '.IB, for Monte video, where alio had probably arrived and sailed egair previous to the departure of the Russian. The Packrt give* a long review of the treatment re ceived by Mr. Hood, in the fulfilment of his special mis sicn at the hands of Mr. Ouseley and Baron Dnfl'atidia tho Knglish and French Plenipotentiaries, tho object o which is to show that these gentlemen entertained, from the firat, a settled purpose to thwart his endesrora, and that, by various not very generous proceedings, thej contrived both to humiliate and defeat him The review is interspersed with oflicial papers which to some exten bear out its assertions The pretence that Mr Hood'i arrangement was defnsted by uny act of Rosas, ii thoroughly exploded; he seem* to have adhered, in gooi faith, to all he promised or agreed to. The review is translated from the Oaceta, the official paper, and extendi through several numbers of the Pack rl. From the documents with which it la interspersed it was, no doubt, furnished by the government One o these documents is a copy of Lord Aberdeen's instruc tiena to Mr. Hood, in which is prescribed a completi abandonment of all the acta committed and principles in aiated on by the plenipotentiaries?tho free navigation o the Parana ami all. But, strange to aay, Mr. Hood htn no authority superior to that of Mr Ouseley?was di roctid to act onlv in cooperation with him?and o course, aa ho would t of submit to the teims Mr. Hoo< ugteedon, Ui0 minion failed We had a vague account, by a former arrival, of ar attempt to assassinate Ooneial Rivera, at Montevideo The Park*t of October 3, hui the following i?/erenc? thereto :? A man. I>y the name of Laurenno Calo, li laid to havi gone to Rivera'a residence, on tho morning of the 3#i! ult,, and rei|ueated an audience to apeak to him on tb< object of a petition he had presonted, which wei acceded to. Me returned the aame day at nightfall, and ap plied for admittance a lecond time, hut hii demeanor being inch aa to excite itupicion, the aid de-camp in wai' ing wished to detain him, when the man attempted t< make hii iicape. The aid then drew a piitol end put it tohii breast whereupon t.'elo let a naked poixnard drop which hi j had in hia hand. Alter being secured, it la added, 111 wai laarched, and the dralt of a le'ter addreiaed to I clerk in one of the office* at the Cerrito wa* found upor hie perion, in which he (aid that "a ion of hit and tha cor rrspondence he had before written had bean taken, hui that he wai determined to carry out hii design!" 1 The following notice ii copied by the packet from the Comtrcio of Montevideo, with the remark that the violence referred to wee caused by "an attempt of Lafone to cram the tinauthorir.ed veriion of tha Dihle > own the j peonlea' throats."? NoTicr?Ii hereby given, that, in conicqu*nce of the ' extraordinary breakage of the door and window glan, and of the general destruction of tha Britiih pro'.ealant | cbtirch in thiicity, which haaof late taken place, an ex i tienrdinary general meeting of the subscriber* to that establishment will be held at the Britiih ronaulate ge nrral, at 13 o'clock on Monday next, tha 3*th imt . for the purpoie of taking Into consideration thia anbject, ' and the measures which it may be neceiaary to adopt to pi event ita repetition British consulate general, Montevideo 34th Nept., 184A. MARTIN T HOOD, mi u ,ii aciiiir i/?uiiii u?u<rai Poll leal. A k 1 vat meeting was to ho held in Pittsburgh on the JMh , of the friends of Hon. John McLesn, with ? riew to hi* nomination tor the Presidency. The call was eery numerously sinned. William Follanehee, (whig) was elected in the New 1 Castle and KcJgecomb distiict in Maine, on the ?lh trial A man named Thomas Lynch ha l his skull fractured on Saturday, while blasting a rock on the Gloucester 111 ranch railroad. IERA 1847. TIDINGS OF THE WAR, TBS BSTOSTSO BATTLE, if., Ac., if. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Jen 17 ] The Prairie arrived yeeterdajr from Tampioo, having eailed thence on the Mh i net The men interesting new* touchee the claotion of Preaident and Vice President of Mexico. A letter statea that Santa Anna waa elected Preaident by a vote of 11 to 9?the vote being, according to the conatitution of 1914 by State*. Tint letter ataiea that General < 8alai waa elected Vice Preaident inatead of Gomez Pari : aa. aa our accounta. received by way ot Anton Lizardo, . aaaured ui. The writer of the Tampico letter la an intelligent gentleman, and hna acceaa to good Mexican aourcea for information. Hie accounta from the capital may not hava been to late aa those received by the squadron when the Miasiaaippi left for Havana On the other hand, the election of Gen. Salas would le,ive tlio Mexican Government juat where it now is. aa all Santa Anna's duties as President devolve upon the Vice Preaident, while the former is at the head of an army actually in the field. A eonduita of specie waa shortly expected at Tamnico from the interior. It was supposed to bo money on Eng. lis h acconut. Since Gen. Shield* hat been in command of Tampiro he hat divested the former municipal authorities of their control over the town, and veste 1 their powers in commissioner*, who are to look alter the safety of property, he. Mr. P. B. Taylor, of New Orleans, has lieeu up pointed one ofthete commissioner*. Gen. Shields is said to have conciliated, to a great extent, the reapect and esteem of all claasoi at T. mnico since asamnincr thn com mend of the oity. Business tharo ia represented ai very dull. The market was glutted with produce Tobacco was aelling by the hnle of 100 lba aa low an f t 75. Other business waa at a like low ebb, and merchant* wero building hopaa of improvement upon the arrival of the conduct*. [From the New Orleans Delta, Jan. 15 aod 17 J From what we learned yesterday morning, we have not the alight*** doubt but that an attack will be mad* on Son Juan de Ullea cattle a few week* hence Heavy " Norther*,"?to use a nautical phrata?generally take place on that coaat during the winter month*, and a Heat of battle-ship*, ii moored within cannon range, would be likely to be driven on the reef, by tho violence of these tempests. The vossels of our reveuuo squadron mid navy aro avery day receiving fresh munitions ol war. and everything indicate* that important movements will shortly take place in the above location. The steamboat Sain Dale, from Lako Providence, brought down from Vicksburg yesterday afternoon, three oompanlea of the aocond regiment of Mississippi Volunteers, under command of Col. R Davis. They consist of Monroe Volunteers, Captain Acker, 93 lank and fllo ; Lowndes (iuards, Capt ttlaythos, *9 rank mid file; Choc taw Volunteeis, Capt. Elder, DO rank and fits. Tb?*e companies all went down the river to tho tiattlo ground, we understand, where they will he joined by their comrades in a few days, and remain for drill till their departure. (From the New Orleans Tropic, Jan 15 to IS 1 The agent* of the government have,within a faw days, chartered tlfteen ship* in this port, to tramport troops to Mexico. Three of these vessels will take the Louisiana regiment, *ix the two.Pennsylvania, three the second Mississippi, and threo the South Carolina regiment* The South Carolina regiments will embark ul Mobile? It is conjectured that these troop* will rondev.vous at Tampico, preparatory to an attack on Vera Crux. ; The ships Ondiaka, and Sharon left the city last nigh ; for Fort Jackson, to take on board a part of the Louisiana regiment of volunteers. Eaoh ship will take about 300 The ahip Arohelau* will go dowuto-dny to take on boait the remainder of the legiment. They proceed to tli< Gulf of Mexico with sealed order*. We could not lean I nnrV nfdaillnilinn Thi ihln, .,,.1 All,-.,. bra, are to proceed to Mobile in a few day a to take 01 board the South Carolina regiment. The ateamahip Alabama, it ia expected will leave to day, with lien Jeaup. Quartermaster Oeueral of th< United State*, on boaid. It ia conjectured that tho Gone ral will viait Tampioo nnd the island of Loboa, forty-tbrei mile* south eaat irom Tampico, where it ia not impro bable the regiment* recently muttered into service wil rendezvous. [From the Mataraorai Flag, Jan. 9.] In giving place to tho following letter, we dissent fran the wiiter's fumtiset, and give hit name at authorit] for the intelligence he communicates. Few person know hotter then the writer (Uapt Jack K. Kveritt) wha amount of credit can gonoraily be attached to Mexicoi reports, hut we thiuk, in tnis instance, he hat not imOI ciently studied the probabilities Cimssso, January 3d, 1817. I came down irora Monterey yesterday with Colonel Croghan, who is en rents, to Austin, Texas, authorised to raise a regiment of Texas Hangers, to serve during the war. From the most authentic, information I have been abla to gather from Mexicuns I am strongly in the belief that a Jisttle w..s (ought yesterday, two league tins a de of Victoria, between Geu. Quitman, wnb aO; C volunteers, and Geo Urrea, with |2 Odd regular troops Col. Crogban it not inclined to credit the report, hut I consider the authmi'.y putty good, having Couveisui with the Mexican wtio hiougut Uw express to Mies Gen. Taylor Is some six days in the reur of Oen Quit man, wiin *000 regular troops 80, if Gsn. Q. shoub find things too warm for comtort, be can tall back ot God. Taj lor, and their united forces can repel an> ettacl which Urrea may mske Gen. Worth is still at Saltillo having been remfoicedby three regiments ol volunteer! from Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. Gen Wool ia ii 1 camp fifteen miles from Saitillo, on the road to San Lui Potosi, waiting orders. Hsuta Anna can. if deems d ex pedient, rein'oice Urrea (by the Tula Pass) with a iarg force. Mexican* inform me that such it Santa Anna's ir tention, thinking to draw Generals Worth and Wool fror s.,1 illo, when n? would immediately occupy tliut placi Fittewu hundred lancers are now h vering around Get Wool's encampment, waiting a favorable opportunity t 1 strike. Our troop* still continue to sutler Irom chills and fe vers at every post. 1 Gen. Scott it here in Cnmargo, hut returns again t< 1- moirow to your city. I suppose he will proceed froi thero to Tampico, at least sucn it the impression here. , Yours, truly, JACK It F.VLR1 IT. 1 The following is au extract from a letter dated at Bant !? Fe, on the 'J9th of Nov , to the IMnty TVi&une: ? r" "I liave Just returned to .Santa Fe, from the grntin | encampment, which is about miles from hero, in th mountains, on the dividing ridge or table land hetwp* th* Itio Ptierco and the Del Norte. On this highlsn tho grass it very fine end nourishing, and there it boautitul lske ol fresh water near the camp ground, tin it eblindaiitlv suffiuieirt for both men an t horses Th, 'I Hock belonging lo the id regiment will lis wintered o | the Kio Moia, UK) milea to the east of thii place?her the rattle ami other animala belonging to the govern : i merit will ptobably remain until the opening ol spring Mr Campbell, of soutL-weatem Mi'souri, baa rncriitij driven DOO heed of cattle into the Mora plaini, where he will graze the majority ot tbem during the winter; 60( * head of government cattle will he wintered in the Ar kauaai Valley, near Koit Bent or Kort Pueblo 1 About 100 of the Mormon troepa left thia place for Ca Jifurrua, under the command of ( ol. Cook, on Munday tin lhth init. Tho re.i mo. amounting te about 100 men am 28 women, were aent back to Kort Pueblo on the Arkan i su?. by order of Col Doniphan, aa the inclemency ol tin aetiion rendered it impracticable fur them all to completi I their march to the Pacific thia winter. The Mormon hat I all en u comjioied of flvo compun|e?, and ntimaers ftO t men,'Jo women for latindro"iea,^ and aome boya am 1 girl* They are oil well drilled troopa, and were appa : lently in goo l condition when tbay aruved here, am ' uUo wheu they cmumenced their rn roll for Calllornia { The men compoiing the 'Jd regiment under Col. Price and also the oxtra battalion, under Liotit- Col. Willork . have not enjoyedaa good health aince their airival hen at thoy did upon the match. Mure than one man la bu ' -;.a ,..r .iov i The (let regiment will march against the Navaioei forthwith. I be 1st battalion la already on the march.Capt. Morin's company from Platte is ordered to proocei ! against the Apache Indian* on the head water* of thi f Kio Mora. They are aunt to have hilled one or two mei j and itiiven oil some .tock The Indiana uro much men troublesome here than the New NlllUH. 1 hey sail] |. forth Irom the gorges of the mountain* auil commit mat tier and carry on predatory warfare upon the plains, and an soon a< an aimed fore? is s?nt against them they 11] ( back to their inaccessible retieats and Ittrkiog placesSanta Anna was released on bta paiule by tlio Texans i promising never te draw hit stvord against them again and to uigo tho Mexican government to ncknowledgi i Texan iiide|>eiidoiice Is Ins present courao a viulatioi I ot his parole, and what would ho liis late by rules of w a: i if t ken prisoner ? ARMY ITrKLLIORNOK. Col. J G. Totten, ol the U. M hngtrioer corps, has ar rired at Now Otleans, on hit way to the head-quarters of the army in Mexico Col. baker, late member of Congress, has arrived it New Orleans on his way to the army Common I'isas. ' before Judge Daly ' Charl'i F Crnmwfll ei. John F Drlapltiite ?Actio J on a check for $1 JO The defenco was usury. Verdic for the plaintiff, subject to the opinion of the Conrt en case tobe made Kor plaintiff, Mr. E Norton; for defenr ' ant, Mr. Joschim.on | IFm. Huily, M D. f? John F Drlaphint -Tin was an action of assault and battery. The plainti rented a house from defendant, and in Septemhe last, Mr.; Delirdaine went to aee the doctor I ! appeared the Doctor was sick at the time, am sent word to Mr Delatdaine that he could not eee him I but that he would call on him tho Monday following Mr. Delaplaino refused to leave th.? House, and in.istei on seeing the doctor, using as the witness depo'rd, vlo I lent anil abusive languuge, so as to collect s crowd out ide the d jor The doctor at length had to make his ap j p< araricc, and requested the defendant to withdraw arx : not make any more distill harice Delen lard refused, am t.l*ivxtsrt etssit hi. '/I .... K . ~ ..?A let I hand An I... boulder. ui>on wliieh defendant turned round and ttrucl plainnfl a violent Mow on <ha hildge ol the noaa, h] which hn wai knocked down. hie at e? blackened, am ha l>la<] protuaely irom ilia novo Mr. Joachlmaon, foi Ih* defence, bunted that th* fliat aanault wn committed hy iha plaintiff, and that the defri ' dant ?ii Juntided in defending himtelf Th judge chargento 'he contrary, and told the Jury ihat thi iilainnd wai juatilied in removing vir DalapUnie from i lita liouee, |>ro?idod he did not una unnei eaaary force I and here there wae no avideticn that aoacefvary lorci v. aa need, mid it wae in proot that a very violout annul I had committed by the defendant. healed this morning For plaintiff, Mr P. WUaou uad Mr. Panel Uor daXanutuit, Mr. JoachJaiwij LD. 1*1 :^gSiWCCSJMCSSE3> PTle* VW? l%nn, ^ _ / Superior Court?In Bunco. iMroktA.tT D?CIIIO* ?J flr.l.T u.J vs IVn fktriff atU tVm. H Pet mT -On the Slit of August, IMA, Riley and Walker. ol Milton, tn Florida, sent an ordar by mail to plaintiff*, merchants tn thi? city, to forward them a bill of good* Tbo ordar did not direct any wa y in which the good* wara to ba tank The plaintiff* commenced filling up tha ordar. leva* boxes and four bales of goodi, amounting to over 9W00, were packed, and wara on tha lB'.h ol September, 1S4&, tant by plaintiff's' cartman to the brig Republic, In this port, a vessel loading for Paniaoola , and racaipU wara takan from 'ha mate of the brig No invoices wara sent to Kiley and Walker. The original iovoieea remained in tha hand* of the plaintiff*, to be completed by adding soma mora goods. On the ?ame day llMk September), the defendant Jones gheriff, by virtue of an attachment against Riley and Walker, ai non resident debtors, in favor of tha defendant Palmer, took thata gooda from on board tha ihlp, by Palmer's direction On tha 30th September, the plaintiff* sent the receipt* which had bean thus given by the mata, down to the ship, and praaanted them to the agent, who always sign* bill* of lading, and demanded u bill of lading lor tha good* which had been put on board of the renal, and which were mentioned in the receipts, deliverable to the order of tha plaintiffs I at Punaacola. No bill of lading was given, bnt waa reI fused. This wa* about 10 or 11 o'clock on tha morning ol lbs 'Juth of September. The plaintiff*, shortly aflar' ward*, replevied the goode. The case was tried before Judge Vander|>oel in April, 194S. and a verdict takan for the plaintiff subject to the opinion of tha court. Tha caie wee aigued this term, and the opinion of tha oourt wa* delivered by Judge Vauderpoel, of which tha following is a copy. * Marsh and Sturtevaut for plaintiffs, N. B. Blunt for defendants Judge V**e*?ro?L ?The quebtion is, whether at tha time the defendant Jones seized tbo goods b y virtue of the attachment against Riley and Walker, they war# out of tha control of tha plaintiffs, ami were, in contemplation of law, delivered to Riley and Walker. Tha plaintiffs cannot recover on the ground o( any tight of stoppage in transitu. The principle is now well settled, that the validity of this right to stop in transitu depends ontirelv urion the insolvency of the vendee (Kuilorh > Craig. 1 Term Rep. lin ; Nowson ?. Thornton, 0 Kast. 17 ; 'Jd Kent. Com.. 641) There U not evidence enough to justify the conclusion that Riley end Walker were tn olvent when the Hheriff ettunhed the goods, or when the plaintiff* replevied them. Mr. Dixon, a witush lor the defendant, testified that " the standing of Riley k Walker was good for their liabilities. The plaintiffs cannot, therefore, repose themselves upon the right to atop the goods in transitu ; an indispensable it^t edient to constitute this right, the insolvency of the . vandee. being wanting. Were the goods, when they were attached, in the aye of the law, in the plaintiffs' possession and undar tkalr control 7 Independently of the usage attempted to ba proven in this case, the law upon this point seems conclusive in favor of the plaintiffs. The receipts delivered to the cartman as he delivered the loads oi goods to the mate of the vessel, acknowledged that they wars recelvod from the plaintiffs This brings the preeent case clearly within the principle of the case of Craven and another vs. Ryder, 0, Taui.ton 413, which seems to bo recognised as good authority, hy the most approved elementary writers. Lord Tanderdon, in hia work on shipping, (Abbot Cart B. 030) says " It sometimes happen* that goods intended for exportation, are sold undar a contract to deliver them on board of a vassal aamad by the buyer. In such a esse, the seller mey retain hi* property by taking a receipt for them from the person in charge of ttie ship, so long as he keep* the receipt in his own hands, the shipment not being undar 1 such circumstances a complete delivery to the buy1 er. He further observes, that the vendor will also retain his right to the goods as against the mas1 ter of the ship, if he demand a receipt in his own * name et the time of the shipment, although th* receipt uo not neuvereo, ana inn matter, anerwaros, sign ana deliver u bill of lading to the buyer, who baconiM insolvent before tho depaituro of the ahip. Chief Juatica Abbot, (Abbot on Shipping, SOS ) after stating the practice of taking receipt* from the master ar person on board of the vessel, further remarks, that the n-astor must make out his bill of lading, according to the direction of the shipper of the good* or tho holdar of the receipt given on tho shipment, that the shipper he* the ' right to name the consignee, to be mentioned in the bill of lading, even although it may not be expressed in the receipt, that the gooda are (hipped for hi* account, this being tacitly understood; and if tne master sign* a bill of lading, for delivery to another person, and deliver, ecroidingly. he may be answerable to the ahipper for the value of the good*. This, surely, must bo tho rule applicable to this case. The selection and shipment of the good* hero bad net yet been completed A portion of the gooda ordered was yet uuplected and unshipped. .No bills I 01 invoices had yet D-en forwarded to Kiley It Walk, i ar; and it is difficult, consistently with the plainest dictates of common sense to conclude, that the ti'le to, or control over tho goods had so completely pasied out ef the plaintiffs, as to preclude them from maintaining en action for tvkiog or converting them. ! Had Riley an t Walkor designated or directed thv vessel by which the goods were to be forwarded, end had the I plaintiff's, pursuant to such direction, put the goods oa I hoard of ><uch veisol, with a lull ot lading for Riley and Walkor, the plaintiffs' case would have been entirely different from the oue now presented Then the principle j uiged by the defendants, that the delivaiy of goods ts a , carrier or master of a vessel, when they ere tn be Mat k by a carrier or by water, is equivalent to a delivery to , tho purchaser, might huvo applied Though the boxea ' here weie niaiked " Rilay & Walker, Milton, Kla " yet it was competent for the plaintiffs, before tho delivery , was completed, and before tha bill of lading was given, to do what they subsequently did in respect to these ? very goods?nominate a consignee residing at rentarole, with directions to him not to deliver the goods to Riley n V Walker, without their complying with such terms ks , io payment as the plaintiffs saw fit to prescribe. It Is, j emphatically, proper tbat such right should remain In 0 the seller, un'il tha (election and shipment of the goods are completed?the receipts given up, and the bill of lading given, in lieu of them The rules of the common law are. therefore, sufficient lor the purposes of the plaintiffs, without the aid of the n I real ustiugo here attempted to be proved. But tha itsuuge, us prove.1, if there was doubt as to what tho liw is. would materially aid the plaintiffs It Is not necessary that these usuages of trade, should, like custom*' * nave oxi:-ted iaimemoiially. It is sufficient, tf they bw established, known, certain, uniform, reasonable and not K contrary to law. 'J Oreenleal ou Ev 307, Todd 0 Reed, 4 Darn and Aid. 310. C.ollcin vs. Hope. 8 Wart j 160. 3 Walts, ltd Indeed, it has been held that a pai " ticular usuage in refvrence to a contract in question may II ba proved to influence its construction though cootrary 11 to some general rule of law, and then It will be a quee* 'ion ol luet, ? hetber the parti** contracted in reference U tfl flirt iJAUflira or not 9 f nn> an.I Hill IAIA and riMfl there cited. Such uauagea muat he proved by witueaaee who hare had frequent rind actual experience of the utiage, and do out (peak from report alone, 'id Greenleaf, 'Ji'V Though it ui contended by the defendant, that the ev idence and the uauage in thia city, la only M 1 what the witnttiti tKrmselvrt who ere called to prove the u?uoge, did yet the evidence itrlkee me an atreng enough to prove Ita general exiitcnce here Four of the moat extenaive doalera of our city were called to prove it J Mi. Leroy M. Wiley teatiAed, that when good* ere to 1 he ahipped coaatwiae, they are taken to the vetael, end r two receipta are aigned. ona to he kept, end the other to * he given up when the bill ollading ia aigned; and whea " the tiill ul lading ia aignnd, the receipt! lire given up to whom the hill of lading ia mala deliverable. II the iaU ' la made for city acceptance!, the aeller control! the 1 gooda until the condition! of aale are compiled With. If not lor city acceptance!, he makea them deliverable to 1 hi* owu order, when the aale ia conditional. It ia ao la ~ his own practice; and tlioao whom ha haa known purine . the name courae lie further aaya, that the gooda are * io the poaaeaaion ol. and under the control of the aeller, D until he aurrendera tha receipta, and haa a bill of lading made out to the norcha?er or conaignee TLla ia about the aubatance or the taatimony of foureatenalva dealera; I and being entirely unroutradir.tod, it ia aufheient to " ahow the exiitence of tk? uaage It ia contended for the defendants, that the cave of the 9 People v> llaynea. II Wend, i-lfl, ia analagsua to the II prevent. Thetc, Maynra, who retided in Boston, wae * indicted for obtaining good) hv falte pretencea, from ' A Idome a Co., ef thia city. The question there waa, whether the delivery w e* cemplrte before the rapre aan'ationa were made upon which the indictment ' waa founded, ninl the Court of F.rrora decided that the gooda had become the property of Haynea before the aU i, leged lalae repreaentatioua were made, and that the dei, fondant. therefore. could not be eonaidered guilty oftho i crime cnaigod ngainat him. The leading leatnrei ef that i raan iliatiuguiah it conclusively from the present There r Hdyuea win in the city, and purchaaed 'he goods hima< 11, Hud directed thein to he arut to the Providence ateam boat to tie forwarded to hia reaidonco, and the Court hal l that after thia the tele waa complate The delivery of ' thn gooda on board of the vessel designated hy Haynea wai tantamount to a delivery to himaalf, personally, and (he purchase waa complete Rilny and Walker dl i not 1 make the purchase iii thia rave In paraon They naver deaigniited any vessel by which they wvre to l?e forward ed.and moreover, the whole order waa not yet satisfied About three hundred dollara worth of gooda were I iih.i>l.,i.n,l u ere (therefore entire)*? diMlmiUr Beii lei, there was not ill that case soy evi" dance of the local mago hern relied upon. A* the goads :t m the case under com<idi>i anon were still under the con* trnl ol the plaintiff when they were attached by the sheriff, notwithstanding their delivery on board ol the ve?^ uel, the plaintiff* are entitled to recover. f Varletlea. t The Moating Ury Dock at taat Ruaton. with the leu 1 nnd new whori attachnJ, ?ai aold at auction lad Thuri, day, for fW.OOO cash. The atnreof C h It. Flake, at Oldtown, Me , took lire ' on Tuesday and waacoiifurned Moat ol the good* were saved. l.oaa fl.AOO, no insurance. Mr Jarnra Brewster, aged 3S yeeia, e worthy citizen I of Vork. Me., wta killed 10th, in the ahip yard of Captain I fteorge Moulton, hy the failing of a eertion of a vessel* , ; frame, called a rib, upon him, whilat mot log it on the t ice. 1 A gang of counterfeiter* wet arrested et Peoria, 111, il on the 6>h nut. im houses were built in that place last r year. ' Tint# tithe smartest thief en record , not withstanding 1 there ara so many watches set for him, he is continually * stealing away. ' The annual examinat ion ol tha atnJents of Medicine , connected with \ ale College, took place day before yea' taniay, at New llavt-n. t The toimphii K?elt miction* the loas, br alnking In >t 111* liver ai that place, ?i a l*r<# wharf boat, with a 1, j great quantity ol augat atiu ewoevt by )letcr*. I Jotuwvu k Kicbudt.

Other pages from this issue: