Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 28, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 28, 1847 Page 2
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wi'T win i.y, NEW YORK IIERALD. i?w Toih, Tiinriilaj', J?im<i)r WX, 18l7. View In Cainargo. ir possble, we sha 1 give in to morrow'* Hnru'd, a very beautiful view of the pUizn of C&margo, w,th the camp of the Seventh Infantry, U. 8. Army. It u one ol the t>e;t Mexican sxetchee we have yet had engraved. The War o* ttee Howl and tU? Wur with Mexico. The divers intrigues, twistlngs, and circumrotations that l ave characterised a portion of the members of the present Congres3 of the United States, convincingly and sorrowingly establish the (act, that the United States is, to a certain extent, liable to tho imputations that philosophers and statesmen havo cast on the democracies of ancient Crreece?that it is like them, snbjoct to distracted and divided councils?that each mem . ber of the popular representation seeks more the advancement of his own personal views than tilt safety of the republic, and is, like them, incapable of carrying on u war of invasion.' When ihe patriots of the revolution established tho constitution under which wo have so speedi- j ly attained our present height of national great- , ries3, tliey were not ignorant of th8 causes that ! produced the downf ill of the democracies of the , old world; and by incorpora: ng with our organic law, the federal system, they sought to prevent j the United States from striking the rocks and j shoals on which they split and were wrecked, i Tneirforet ought and wisdom in this respect have I been faithfully and gratefully acknowledged by j their descendants, and have kept us a united and inviijciu?e people id the present moment. We do not, however, apprehend that it is any innate or inherent defect in our organic law, that bat of itself produced the shocking state of things in Congress, of which we have lately frequently spoken. W e are disposed to think that it has been produced rather by an injudicious selection of public servants by the poopie?men who are lost to all patriotism, and who would prefer "to rule in hell than serve in heaven "? We dj not believe that our organic law is radi- i caily defective in any respect, but, on the contra- ' ryj wo believe that it is fully capable of answering | all the purposes for which it was designed. But, i that our present Congress is composed of men, a portion of whom would prefer to rule in hell, &c., j wo think is undeniable If proof is wanted to j attest the assertion,lei the records of Congressional proceedings be examined since the seventh of December to this hour, and there will be found nbundtneeof it. They will exhibit, in all their j uncouthness, a series of intrigues and machinations by certain factions and clijues, who devote the whole of their time and attention to furthering the chances of their lavorite partisans and candidates for the next Presidency, while they sat aside tire very duties they were elected to perform, and suffer the interests of the country to j Suffer, while our aririy is languishing for support, and while the flag of the Union, that ere this, : has floated in proud triumph over the veteran warriors of Europe, is in clanger of being tar- j nished. Thus wu see faction arrayed against faction, and clique arrayed against clique, and instead of uni ing in prosecuting the war in Mexico, they 1 are disjoin ed, and prosecuting the " war of the j factions,"which wt consider an appropiiate name for the squabbles now going on among them. It is some consolation that ono of these factions is nearly defunct. That one is the Wright-Van ' Euren?the faction which once ruled the destinies cf the republic, and the fail end of j which, like its leader, has sustained a blow that has almost produced its destruction. Tnis faction was pretty well scotched by the dofeat of Van Bnren and Silas Wright; but n cou.pt de gract wet administered by the rejection, ' for a little v. bile, at any rate, of the bill conferring j on Col llonton the cllicc ol Lieutenant General of the Army, which bill it is supposed was intro- ; duced for the purpose of killing off Gen. Tnylor j and Gen. Scott at one blow ; \ the movements , ol the Preston King, from this State, has also lent its assistance to accomplish this point. The battle of the factions nevertheless gees on among the remaining clique* with unabated vigor. It bents the Mexican war in energy Among uie Locofocos the Cass men arc at present a lutle in the ascendant, about three j degrees above the freezing point, while the Calhoun men are stronger than they were?perhaps 86 degrees, or on the Missouri compromise line. The Whigs are divided into Aboli- j tionists, and Anti-abolitionists, and there is no possible chance of unity among any of tham for i the present ; tho Wnigs only unite to urge on the fight of the Kilkenny cats. The consequence of all this is that the administration is rendered powerless, and cannot, apparently, raise either men or money for prosecuting one of the most righteous wars ever forced upon a peaceable and patient people, it would indeed be a glorious consummation if this " war of the factions " should terminate like that celebratrd nifchul hartta flint nnna t/wb the Kilkenny ca's, m which the combatants ! fought with ?o much bravery and fury that all on both sides were killed and devoured by each other?the field of battle presenting next morning j noding but a wonderful anay ol tails. But while tha Congressional cats are squabbling lor the prize in their view, it may happen that | the hero ol Palo Alto, Kesaca de la Palma and Monterey, may step in and deprive them all of it. | That brave soldier is now firmly fixed in the affections of the American people, and it j needs but a little persecution to introduce ! him into the Whi;e House on the 4th of Marcln 1849 But to bo sure of this, Gen. i.Taylor roust not write any more letters, not even good , ones; if he should do so, however, impru- j dent and in<liscreet friends must not publish them to the world. Jt will now be necessary to watch the move- j ments of the politicians in Washington. Fun and ; fear wdl alternate in the capital. Till the 4th of March,.carefully read our graphic Congressman' | reports. Tub Gas Lmht Aoatx ?We have, several tuna*, alluded to the miserable arrangements of j the company which professes to supply the lower wards of this city with gas light. These 1 remarks most not be understood as applying to ; the Manhattan Gas L;ght Company, which supnliaa lh? iinnur TiPTt of the citv. Whitn ?tm \'?i? ? ? -ff" - - " / " '"w *'w" i York Cas Light Company furnish a misorahle art cle at 87 the 1000 cubic feet, after making the necessity tor their customer* to pay large bills for aperm candles or camphine, the Manhattan , Company furnish excellent gas, made from English canned coal, for which they charge only j S4 the 1000 cubic feot. It is due to the company up town to make this distinction. The concern, to which we have to pay so dear for so poor an article, is tho one whose buildings are at (he band of Canal s'reet. Trie works of the Manhattan ^Company nrs far up town, on the North river. Tint Exprbss from Albany ?We are daily in- | rlebted to Livingston & Wills for Albany papers They h ave that city in the morning, come over the Housatonic Railroad, and generally arrive i hare at R o'cleok in the nbernoon. News fkom Bosto*.?We lait evening received ( s5oafon paper* of y?*terd:iy morning, brought ; by Mr. Cioyea, over the New Haven end .Vpringfleld route. Maiiji rioM the West.?Fifteen or entteen mail# arrived yoaterday from St. Loui*. How many now doe ? j ft Lrtfer from Mr. Rennotr. Paris, Dec. 7th, 1?4cWe are beginning to got a little more acquainted with Parisian lite, and to find our way in the singular mar ;s of society in this metropolis. For some time past, the Bey of Tunis and his I satfr have been the lions of the day; and on Frij day last, M. Guizot, the Minister ol Foreign AfI fairs, gave a splendid musical ffte at bis hotel, chiefly in hnnnr of tha African PiinOS. ^ ? *?" oeived from the Minister an invitation to a:tend, i and it certainly was one of the most magnificent affairs of rhe kind 1 have ever seen in any coun, try. Invitations had been issued for a number over filteen hundred persons, of the highest rank, beauty, fashion, taient, and genius in Paris, comprising statesmen, orators, diplomatists, and many persons of distinction now here. The Britisb, and some other foreign ministers, did not attend in person, growing out of a point of eti, quette touching the sovereignty of the Bey, but the Russian and American ministers were both there Many of the English and Russian nobility were there also. It was an immense and gorgeous throng. The hour set down in the card of invitation was half-past eight, but such was the crowd of carriages, all huriying to the Uoulc vardt det Capuclum, where M. Guizot's residence is situated, that it was past ten before we reached the grand vestibule of the hotel. There was a covered passage through the court, where j every carriuge drove, deposbed their company, and then passed away by another way to the | Boulevards. At nine o'clock, the Bey, accompanied by his ; tuite, arrived, took their seats in the principal ! talon, wh- re the orchestra was placed, and then the entertainment began. The Bey and his swt.'e were all dressed in Turkish costume, each wearing a red cap with tassel, whioh never is removed from the head. At ten o'olock, the Due dt Ntmnmrt entered, at whioh a servant in livery announced in a loud voice, " Lt PrinceThe conversation and small talk ceased?a perfect still ness ensued, a passage was formed through the crowd for him, and he walked along with his hat in kia Uanrl ! 1. mil rrk cnl.u.al la?..A navlm.. ,ita ... .... "-6- -K- | bowing and smiling on each sido till he reached , the grand silon where M. Guizot, the Bey, and , other distinguished company, were to be fouhd. | The Due ds Nemours is a very quiet, amiable looking young man. His costume was a dark, i simple suit, with a glittering star on his left breast. At eleven o'clock, the Due dt Montpensier was j announced, he having been detained till then by j n. fee given by himselt to some military officers 1 elsewhere. The music was of the most superb description which Paris could supply The principal per- ! formers were from the Conservatoire de Multiple, led by Auber himself. The selections were from llossini, Beethoven, David, Weber, Martini, Marcello, and Auber. The entertainment was divided into two parts, with an interval ol half j an hour between them. During that period, we 1 wandered through the half of the ten or twelve j large and splendid salons,which had been thrown ; open into each other for the display of the com- \ pany. It is difficult for a stranger to hear the Conservatoire in Paris, but we had a very fine opportunity that evening. At about 12 o'clock, or a little sooner, the con. j cert concluded. This was succeeded by a splen- ; did supper, served up in several ot the room31 with all the delieaoies of the season in Paris. These delicacies consist of everything y?u can think of, including tea and coffee, burgundy and champagne. But there is one striking deficiency : in the most splendid enpper of the most splendid toirfee given in Paris, a deficiency which New Yoik has in heavenly abundance?I mean rich, 1 l'at, delicious stewed oysters, for which Yankee- i land ought to return thanks to heaven every 4th of July, with the deepest devotion that tho heart ! can command. What is there, like 0. York oysterl | Nothing on this sideol paradise, or Sandy Hock, i For nearly two hours after the close.of the concert, the company circulated through those gorgeous safaris, talking, discussing, smiling, laugh- ! ing, and gesticulating. Guizot himself, arruyed in simple black, with a blue and gold sash, called, I believe, the grand cordon of the Legion of Honor, seemed to be one of the most enjoyable persons there. The great orator and statesman is a small man, with a fine head, a most benevolent lace, and a general appearance that resemble8 the demeanor ol a clergyman or philosopher. He moved about in all directions, and seemed to make every one at his ease. The company was most brilliant ar.d characteristic. Tho most striking features in the dress of the ladies, were the utmost simplicity ol costume and color, witli j the greatest profusion of rioh laces and glittering 1 diamonds. Many of the ladies were supremely j beautiful, set oft" with tho greatest elegance ol j rn^fnmrt Amnncr thp irpntlpmpn thnrH wpip i few who did not display some grey hairs, as well as stars, orders, and decorations, in great profusion. Few very young men or very young wo- j men appeared there, such as we see at a toirde in ; New Yoik. The company comprised the highest and most distinguished in Paris, embracing all the talent and beauty surrounding the court of ; Louis Philippe. There is, however, a " remnant of Israel," I that keep aloot from the present men , in power?the fragment of the old nobltxu of France, who form coteritt among themselves, and live among the recollections of tlis last century. These antiquci principally reside in the Faubourg St. Gvrinain, and do not recognize Louis Philippe and his court as belonging to good society, while ' sotne of their own choice cottric have sometimes ( as great a luss to make to catch a dinner, as one ol the imxlern princes has to catch a princess with three millions fortune. How very similar is i faded grandeur and dilapidated blood, in every country under heaven! Loss of rH* 1'ackkt Ship Gareick.?The splen- i did ship Garrick, Capt. Trask, belonging to Mr. E. K. Collins,of this city, went ashore on Deal 1 Keach, Jersey coast, at about six o'clock on Tuesday night, where she remained up to9 o'clock yesterday morning. We learn 1rom a messenger, i sent by Capt. Trask, that she lays broadside, and high up, with head to the southward, and was malting considerable water. But a few moments before she struck.nccordir.g to the lead, 15 fathoms j were fount'; the vessel was then going at the rate of 8J knots. The weather was so thick that it was iound neces?ary to keep the lead constantly i in use, with persons on the look out. The Garrick left Liverpool on tho 14'h December, having on board one cabin and 358 steerage passengers, and a valuable catgo, for this port. Although her po- , sition is by no mean s favorable, yet if the weather i continues moderate, it is thought she may ; bo got off. She is a noble vessel, and one of our first class packets. Her measurement is about J 1000 tons. She is valued at $75 to $30,000. She is i insured in Wull street, probably for two-thirds her value. Hone of the passengers had quit the ves" j sel when the messenger left yesterday; they were I awaiting a steamer to take them to tho city ? Two steamers went to her assistance early yester- 1 day morning. They will return this morning, with ttie passengers, and with That light article* j can bo conveniently taken from the ship. ^parting Intelligence. Ti on.ism irv tm Sooth ? W? wero ahown aletier yeeerday, dated Natchez, .'an. I?, which gave nri eecount of the prize fl?ht at that place between Lilly and < Bird.all 11 itated that the combatant* fought twenty- , even round*, in the lmtof which Birchull tell without j receiving a blow, thereby loring the light. Lilly wa? declore I tne winner, and the (take* wpro given to him The wilier dearribe* Birchal m a alow lighter, and a light hitter, and that hit chtncea lor winning were out I from the etart. The coinhat took place on the raoe I eo'irae at Natchez, and It waa very nnmeioualy iV [ tended. 7 | Theatricals. Faaa T*h?tiik?This has teen a palmy saaioafil the niansffmon* of this ss'nblishment. First, the Vies* noises chilJruu camo with ih-ir flower d .nces and grace, ful pmtt, drawing a continued succession of crowded houses; aod dow we have Mr. Collins, the best delineator of Ir.sh character in this country since the days of poor Power. There is a freshness, a genuine abandon el frolicsome humor, in the Irish peculiarities with whk-h Mr C invests bis personifications, that ona for yatfl that ItA aewtt til* nm'iiH na hut imnjrinaa tV.a erUt. ual before him. At oua moment tha audience it convulsed with laughter, and the aext deeply sympathizing in the distresses of poor Ptddy , and whethe' dancing a ! gig. swinging hi* ahillelah, carolling a song, making i love, or dunking whiskey, Mr. Colliua never overdoes , tha part, but ia always strictly natural. It will here- 1 1 membered that he makes his last appesrace but one to- | night, and in two of the best of hta pieces, in " The Irish 1 EiabaaaaSor," aa Hi PiMok OTIngt i and in "How to ' Pay the Rent," a* Morgan Rattler; beaidea which the . new comedy of " la Shea Woman," received with roats I of laughter on its every production, will ba repeated; ; I Mrs Hunt, Andrews, and Fisher, appearing in It. To { all dyspent cs. hypochondriacs, hloe devil attflerets, or to any afflicted with iowncis of spirits and dullness, we | recommend a visit to the Patk. and if the rich humor of Mr Collins does not effect u cure, the complaint must ba ; too deeply seated for earthly remedy. To morrow eve; ning is set apart for his ben-fflt, and will ba his last ap- j I pearai.ee in this city. Bowert Thratrb.?The opera of " Tha Alpina Maid ; : or, Swiss Swains," was performed here lart evening, Miss Mary Taylor taking the pirt of Rosette, in which char. : { scter she sang, "Theie's no homo like my own,'* and "The Mountain Maid," and was enthusiastically ap, plauded. Mr. Hunt's Walter was well sustained, and i Hadawy's Swig drew forth the rich comis powers of I this favorite actor " The Married Bachelor" was neat I produced, in which Miss 'Pay lor played the partofOrace, ! and sar.g the popular airs, "I'll he no submissive wife," and " Meet me in the willow glen,'' with much sweetness. She wus encored. Her personation of the char- i acter wns excellent. Neafte'a Sir Charles Couitall, ! fiadawsy's Sharp, and Miss Julia Drake's Lady Couitall I set off the comedy to advantage. "The Wizard of tho j Wave" wouud up the performance. This giand legen- ; dary dramatic spectacle, so popular here, was received with mtuked enthusiasm lost night. "The Alpine Maid," "The Married Bachelor." and "The Wizard of the Wave " will be tepeated this evening. The grand opera of "Cindciella" has been some time in rehearsal: it will be produned with unusiul splendor, and both the scenery Hnd costumes, as well as the powerful cast that is <o represent this popular opera, will add considerably to its attraction A full find powerful choius, it is intended, will aid ihe principals in giving Hossim's enchanting music. This will draw immense houses . nightly to this popular theatre Opera has become highly popular, and will be received by the pations of the i Boweiy with deserved opplnuse Mr. Jackson has been ' unremitting in his exertions to secuie the best talent of j the day; and the crowded houses that nightly frequent j the theatre, is a proof how his efforts have heenapprn- ! dated. The Ciocca trount of dancers at tha Aroh Street Theatre. Philadelphia, elicit the wannest applause. , Tha> will win admirers wherever they may appear. Winohell, who lias been laying sick at Troy, is better, j and n ill bo cracking liis jokes and people's sides out i West in a few dajs. , llerr Alexander is at Providence, whore be will exhibit his feats oi diablerie JUosleal) Italian Oraas ?The Italian oompany has now been more than long enough here to authorise a decisive opinion of not only their real merit, and of their eventual success, but also to determine the oft mooted ques < tun whether en operatic troupe can be supported through iti regular seasons in this city. Judging from the orowds nightly collected at PaIoio's, and the true legitimate applause bestowed, we think that the existence of a permanent company here is feasible, provided that, as now, the talent offered is of the highest order, the man. agement fair and liberal, and a perfect entente eordiale preserved between the performers. When Sanquirioo first originated the plan of bringing to this country the urtiitee whom ho had selected with so much care, the success of the project was problematical, end at one time even it was very doubtful whether aufficient money could be advanced to secure hit arrival , however, the confluence folt in his experience, and his own perseverance, overcame all opposition The great difficulty to be apprehended wet a want ofsufficlnnt number of persons pott-easing musical taste to continue a steadysuppnrt; but this fear hue been groundless. Certainly there is s u' a amall portion of our public generally who can nnder stand or appieciste what is difficult, but all know what ia pleasing iu music ; and evau to those who know nothing of the Italian langnnge, expression and harmony may I mako full compensation A musical instrument uses no | words, but may be playoff to the delight of all people of all languages; and much mora will the tinging of aucb ' nrlLli iib I'ino ftariii Roneveiituim and n?r>a,t*ttl -L? 1 even nn entirely uncultivated ear, provided tlie airs se- | lected are pleasing and popular. " Lucia di hammermoor" baa. for inttance, been playod again and again ; the critical audience* alone.who might listen to it. would . have long aince been exhuuated, but the rich and varioua mnaical beauties In it* composition are pleasing to all, ' on l I'Hlino't, in consequence, has been attended by ns | hiilliiint andioncu* is eturwero gathered together in | this city In thia do we believe exists the grand secret ! whether auccess orfailum will attend the expenment o( i an Italian opera in thia city. Let the operas selected he of a kind with those heretoiniu so judiciously chosen, re pleta with i leasing nt'turiil elf.>cts that all may enjoy,and : the management will receive u hearty and liberal Mipnort; ' but it tli'y are of a school in whicu artictical ditflcuities merely are grappled with end overcome, there will not be found, we tear, a sufficient number of appreciative , bearers to su-rtuin it. As it Is, the troupe has commenced nobly, succeeded nobly, and we trust will coutinua nobly to delight and improve the musical taste of Ootham. Thb Allkohsmans ? This meritorious family of vo calists, every whorr received with cnmnieudation. will give e conceit in Jersey City this evening. Their choicest pieces are 011 the programme offered. Mapamk AauMOwirz is to give a concert in Brooklyn this evening. Tho Swiss Belt Hinges have been very successful at Kaston, l'a. 'J hoy will poilorm some of their baautliul pieces at Heading. Pa-, on Monday evening next. Police Intelligence. Jin est of a Di$h'int?t Clerk ? Officer Alexander Stewart, f the Lower Police, arrested, yesterday, a man by the nama of Alonzo Finch, ou a charge of embezzling goods and money from his employer, Mr. Felix A. Hun tington, diy goods merchant, No. flu William street, and iroin vai ious other merchants with whom ho bts been employed, amounting to many thousand* ot dollars. It appears iron the affidavit ef Mr. Huntington that the accused was in his employ in Februuiy, 1848, and continued to until tins middle ot laut March, when he loft; and upon examining tho books of the concern, it wan discovered that Finch ln>d fold a toll oi I dry goods, valued at $b4, ou the 13th 01 February last, i and charged it on the books to David Rohd; he likowiae sold Roods amounting to $40, and charged them to a Mr. J. Potter; also a bill of goods for $70, and anothtr for $00, both of which were churgrd on the books as above stated, to Mr. Poltsr On the 24'h ol February, Finch sold a bill of goods, va.ned at $74, auil charged them te a Mri Chapman, amounting in all to over $400 It has snbst q ioutly been ascertained, th t the above named persona did not purchase goods as charged to them, tne falsa entries having been made by Finch merely to cover iheornhczzlemeiit ol the propeity, while he di-posed oi the goods elsewhere tor his own benefit. He was neat employed by A. F M. Mom, dry goods men-limits No. 80 Cedar s.ieet, wnere he tinbvzzded over $500 in goods,charging them to various persons in the city .the samo as Hhove?he likewise collected $100 ol Willis At Scolt, in Bioadway, which he retained lor his own henetit I'm tar At Bollard .oi Cedar st, are likewise nilferciH to over $200, embezzled by Finch, under the seme process, while in tbeir employ Mr llazleton Walkley, No 08 Cedar stn-et is a sutfercr $170 likewise Mr. Peter 1). Mullor, No 29 Nassau street, is a loser of $100 woith of velvets, taken by h inch under pretence of eitbei selling the velvet or returning it again if not sold, but did neither. This mm has been, it appoars, carry nig on these felenious acts ol embezzlements for some time past, defrauding the merchants out of many then sands of dollars There ore yet many complaints of the i.ame character to t>u taken. Justice Diinker committed him for oauminat on. CAurgt of Or and Larceny ? Officer Woold ridge, of the Ctli ward, arrested yesterday afternoon a woman called Itoiannah Trotter on a cnaige of stealing $870 on the 4th of July last, belonging te Marv Parker residing at ! Ne. 114 Franklin street. Tne accused immediately niter the robbery escaped to Philadelphia,where aha remained, until supposing the affair to have blown over, she return ed to this city again, wbun she was immediately arrested by the above officer on the chuign. Justice Drinker locktd bar up for i summation J'ltit iMrctny? Policeman Stowell, of the 4th ward, ari< st?d last night a woman called Margaret Doyle, on a chat go ol stealing a piece ol calico, valued at $3, belonging to Mr fthaehun Locked up for dial. cjrrssf ?f till Tkitvti ?Ortlcer Fowler, of the 3th | waid, arrested yes'erday two boys, called Oeorge ] Smith nod Thomas Brock, whom he detcctoJ in the act ?i it??l.,.? I..I..1. *j . I an. i .i- - . I r-w ...... r? iiuiii mo mousy nuwir i of Sicpnen King, corner ol Hammond an I tlleeckcr street*. Both committed for trial try Justice Kumna. .d Sent in the J'oiict Ojfic> ?A aingulur oocurrence took place nt the Police Court, I fall* of Justice, yen terdey morning A stout able bodied man camo hetore Justice Drinker, and asked to he committed to Blackwell'* island lor two months. Ou being questioned, he Intimated that he hod " a peculiar disease.' 1 ho magistrate told him thut the city wan burthened enough with tha support of vagrants, and that ha could not to rid hirn for lass then sis mouths, as in thai case ha could, by his work, be ol some service Tho man immediately left the oeurt, and in a short time w as brought in by ao officer upon the (.barge of stealing a coat lie then confeased that he had taken the coat, and did it for the purpose of being arrested, that he might be, through this tot, sentenced to the Island. The magistrate, ?(>on the statement, rotorm d tho roat to tha owner, and as the mtD stated that he had not tha disease, committed him to the i'unitcntiary or a vagrant fur two month* Upon a suggestion, however, ol officer Stephens. Ihatheh.td perhaps better onhst in the urmy. he said I e had never thought of that, and nt onco agreed ho would do so, and accordingly went wuh the officer lor the pur|>ose of Joining the : ....... In \!?i ; n Most Horrib!,k anp Ex ma ordinary Cask.? ! Wc lenrn that ono ot the workmen on the Cen* j trnl Railroad, between here and Montpelior, was killed | I it *t week in the following distressing innnner. A rock that thoy wore Meeting, nut going oil readily, one of the hnnl* went on to the rock, supposing tho match had gone ont; hot while on the ro< k the cheige went ( If producing h >oain sufficiently laiga to take in his itg? ami h (m it of hie body. Theisam then partly closed up, confining him closely. Alter using every means in their I>ower to extricate him, with no hope of tticcoea, a con ultalioii 01 physician* was called, and ut his earnest so- | licitation. a Idood vessel was o|*l>ed, by w hich an end was put to his sufldiiiigi.? Burlington (M ) Ltbttty 0at. > City Tut We had a v ry sudden change of the weather again jesterday, from rain to froat, and towards evening it became intensely coll. It waa freezing during the day, and the afreets were dry and cl nn, the gutters being frozen up. We give the range of tho thermometer since Monday, taken from Delatour k Co.'e 24>? Well street:7 a M. 13 M. 3r M. flr.M. Monday 27 32 38 32 , Tue.dav 31 43 44 42 \U^A -J?, Ott MA 11 97 : Jack Froat has not, m yet, It will be perceived, "given up the ghost." The "oldeet Inhabitant" prediota that tome hard days are yet in (tore for ui, before we are lorBally introduced to the tpring season. Ths Post Orrica?Bvhfioms or Riot? During the delivory of the lost foreign papers, quite a number of cieiks end messengers, from all quarters of the city, were collected in the vicinity of the post olflte, and the vestibule was crowded almost to suffocation with groups of rowdies, loafers, and pickpockets, who become so ) clamorous in consequence of the deity in the delivery of the letters, that they commenced to shout and groan and hiss, which had tne effect to draw out the Postmaster from his duties, in order to bring the crowd to order. He was, however, saluted with all kinds of ugly noises, groans, hisses, ko., kc., and on retlriug sent for the ; police, a posse of whom soon arrired, and commenced operations by expelling the clamorous applicants for letters from the vetilbule, and moving them by the collar out in the streets. The delay in aorting the mail was the cauie of the row, and it hat been atated that the . frienda of aome of the expelled cierki were encouraging the crowd. Bhxkch Post Office uf Town.?A meeting of the citizens of the upper wards was held at the Wallace Hou-e on Tuesday evening for the purpose of making an expression of sentiment in regard to the want of branch post office up town, so seriously felt by most of ! the residents in the upper wards. Addresses were delivered by e number of influential persons. Assistaut Alderman Webb urged the propriety of petitioniog the General Government to have a branch Poet Office established to accommodate the oilizens north of CaneJ street, j This matter lis* got fairly started, and we doubt whether the up-towuers will give it up until they get a branch. Fire Alshm ?There was a lalse alarm of fire last evening at 7 o'clock, corner of Houston and Norfolk street*. Lcuture on Kutfti&n A-vTiituiTias.?Mr G R. Gliddon delivered rue utivi uis iwurseui uigni lectures on r.j^yptitn Antiquities before tlie New York Historical Society, on Monday evening. at Mechanic's Hall. 473 Broadway. Tke subject of tbia lecture was. the Pyramids, Tombs, Labyrinths, and Lake Moris The lecturer recapitulated in biiei the substance ef his 6th and 7th lectures, which were upon the subject ol the Pyramids. The period of their building i?, sot down, at a time far prior to the his toiic periods ? between the first ond thirteenth dynasties of the Egyptian kings at a lime when Egypt was enjoying the blessings ol peace and the bounties of Provi- ! dance. They were erected by a huppy and grateful people us the sepulchres of their beloved kings, and : weie afteiwards, hut at a still very remote dny. ransack- 1

ed by an invading enemy, who pc netrated the tombs ef ' the dead for the purpose of plundering them of the wealth there entombed with the mummies of the departed kings and nobles. Mr. Oliddon divides Egyptian history into four periods. The first ante-dating the building of tka pyramids; the second, including the time ' in which they were built; the third, comprising the time of the invasion and possession of Egypt by the wicked tribes who were invited bytbe prospect of plunder to nreak open the sepulchres; and the fourth or Histori- ! cal period, commencing at the time irom which the bier- ; ologists of the present day are able to trace down bv tablets papyri, fcc , the history oi the Egyptians. Of the length oi tha first period no conjeoture oan be formed with any hope of accuracy. The other periods contain several centuries each: and 38 centuries h C. is now given as the era of events where records are brought to light. Until the invasion by the depredators, Momphis was the capital of Egypt, and 1'hebas was probably tha site of tha Egyptian colleges. After the reateiation, the capital w..8 established at Thebes. Prior to the invasion the kings had built pyramid^ but after the restoration they j excavated tha rocks to build tombs; and as they had helore experienced the evil ariaiag out of the temptation offered by the wealth in the pyramids? to their barbarious enemies, the kings now sought by every means to hide from view the pluees of their sepul- chres. As each king, during the time ef the building of j the pyramids commenced with his reigii the construction ; of one of these monuments, so now on ascending the throne they commenced to excavate their tombs, and chamber after chamber was completed,and at last present- ' ed a limited or more spacious tomb, according as his reign wus longer or shorter. Lake Meads, of which to much has been written, and about which so much . disputation has been had, was described by the lectu- ! rer. The benefits which resulted from tho retaining of the waters of the Nile to enrich the land, and aid agriculture, may be underatood, in a meaiure, when it is stated, that by the eiJ of thia artificial lake three hundred and aaveoty fire thousand aerea of land war e rendered uvailahle, instead of sixty thouaand acrea, the amouut now tillrd, and huece the modern Egyptian authorities have seriously contemplated the restoration of the dyke 1 which foimad the lake. Mr. Uiiddon, at the oloae, defended the ancient Egyptian) nguinst the charge of tyranny, and concluded that the work upon the pyrami-Ja, ; etc , was a moans by which the poorer classes were lur- 1 nodied with work, and thus rendered comfortable during a quarter of euch year, when they might not otherwise have had the raeatiBOl obtaining a comfortable living; aad finally toe pyramids were evidences of the great pros- I periry of the Egyptians, and showed a superabundance ol means,winch was thua bestowed Mr. Uiiddon retired, thanking the gentlemen of the Historical Society for i their attention, which, though It had not in thia instance, , resulted in his pecuniary benefit, atill gave him great sa- : tisfactiou to contemplate. Mr. Glid don will deliver an j extra lecture thie evening on some of the arts, sciences, and mechanical powers of the ancient Egyptians. The pictorial illustrations, diagrams, &3. which cover the walla, a? well ua the antiquities, mummies, and othsr specimens used in the previous lectures, will remain in the room, and serve to exemplify the facts referred to 1 by the lecturer. A Hraca or Citv Lira.?A large crowd in Broadway, near John street, were yesterday afternoon thrown into a state of exci eiuent liy the lollowing circumstances: ?A Mr. Jenkins, who does business somewhere in Wall street, was going along Broadway, when one of the class of togues known us " droppers" attempted to play his professional trick upon the gentleman, whom, lor some reason, he probably mistook for one from whom he might extract a few dollar* in the usual way; lin had no sooner picked up the wallet from beneath Mr. J.'s feet, however, tnan that gontleman very nearly picked him up by the neck, to which part of his rascally person bis intended victim uppli d his hand with a powerful grasp. As soon as the fellow was at liberty, he took to his heels, and the gentleman then gave him a bad name by crying "stop thief!" This started about a hundred men and boys upon the droppei's trail. He flna ly eluded them by throwingtbe pocket book down an area, and escaimd wbi.e his pursuers were hunting it up. it was filled with worthless paper. Mode Destitution.?A man named Dennis Orady, his ail* an,I Innr children found wanderinir. were taken lin I by the police and saut to the elm* houie. '1 hey arrived | here trom Liverpool in the TeciUc. The vast amount of ' paupers that are daily flocking into the aim* house, will toon choke up eveiy pait of the institution. let in thk Hives*?The North and East Rivera are I choked up with floating floldi of ice. Accidekt?A man named Moore, in driviug rapidly | through Madison near Market street, yssterday, a horse i end milk wagon, whs thrown head foremost Iroui the ' driver's seat, one of the wheel* of the vehicle having come off He had a narrow escape from a dangerous io- ' jury, and received a wound on ihe forehead. He was driving furiously at the time towards Catharine Keri v. Ail milkman should drive quietly through our street*. Arornsv.?An inquest was also held at 01 Oliver i street, on the body ot Mary Welch, a native oi Ireland, | aged 60 years, who died suddenly on Tuesday night from apoplexy. Df.i.isium Thkmcnb akd Death.?Poor Terence Bremer,, whom we noticed the other day as having inflicted thiee seveie gashes upon his throat while under the influence ol delir um tremens, died on Tuesday evening at :he City Hospital, wheu an inquest was held upon hit body. Deceased we* a native of Ireland, about 36 years ol age The Jury leturned a verdict of death by delirium tremens. Conosi.n l laquKST.?The Coroner yesterday held an inquest at ill" Leonard street, upon the body ef a young woman named Krecklu Brerkmer, a native of Germany, aged 20 yeais, who cied from exhaustion produced by hemorihago. Verdict of the jury in accordance with ! the above. Movements of Travellers. The following arrival*, yesterday, at tha principal hotels, showed s further Impulse in travelling unusual at this season of the year, Lut consistent with the spirit of speculation that Ihe recent news from Europe has stimulated through the country. The following, Hutwithstanding the late detanfien of the Southern and Eastern conveyance!), nro registered at the undermentioned hotels. Amkiiica!*?T. Coyle, Washington City; O Cooper, New York; H Childers, Georgia; W. A Ross, do; H I.yon, White Plains; E. A King. Ohio; A. Oilman. Boston; Capt. Milium, U S. Armv; W. Wyman, Baltimore niToii ? iv. ij. mourn, huuhoti, j nmnn, a. ii uoy, Conn; W Browned. Bridgepoit; J Gardner, Bristol; E. SmitU, Bolton; C Klionnard, Westchester; E Oitt<cock, Troy; G. Taylor, Bolton; J Ranvom, Al'iuuy; 8 Biters ley, Boston; J Meredith, Baltimore; G. booth, B islon; C Child, Rhode ^Island; 8. < oaten, Prov; 8 Wado. J. Bush, 0 Dana, P Aulder, Boston; 8 Kennedy, N 0learn; L< Richmond. Prov; O Stevens Boston; T. He}, noldi,Troy; VV Whiteridga, A Mndge, Baltimore; M. Wbitwell, Boston; B. Field, Phila; 8. Taylor, Ohio; J. vlichle, Canaan; B Proctor, Louisville; A. Johnson, Phila. Cirv?Com. Kearney, U S NT.; C. Oooko, Havana; C. Smith, Philadelphia; D Van Ness, New Jersey ; J. Samuel. Philadelphia; H Borean, Newark ; Mr. Spcrry, New Haven ; 8. Allison, Tennessee ; C. Fitzgerald, Va , G MRllny, VV Cardwell, Philadelphia; Dr Henderson, Va; Edward Medles, George F.dwards, E. Whitney, Philadelphia ; T. Ivea, Charleston; R. Cuyler, Savannah; ' James H Hummell, Burlington, N. J. Fh?!*ki.ih?8 Bingham, New Orleans; J. J. Williams, Washington, D. C ; J Richer, St. Louis; M. E. Devoch, New Orleans; H. E Fox, Baltimore; M. Randall, Louis villa; J. Raphnll, do; J. Parish, New York; 8. Hays, Albany; W Godfrey, Geneva; J. Mulford, New Yoik; W. Ilubhs, New Jersey; S. Wheeler, do. Howaao?J. Priest, Alabama; F. Ball, New York; M Fanning, Hudson: J. B. Ellison, Philadelphia; T. O Gould, Bo.ton; II. Burr, Philadelphia; M. Clarke. Swampacott; A Thompson, Now York; J. Orover, Philadelphia; O Salterstall. do; T. Bruce. Long Island; F, Gardner, Nantucket; U. Hyde, St. Lviils;Cnpt. Luthrop, Lake rhampluin; C. Smith. New Yoik; W. Marsh, | Washington; lion J P. Howard. Sayvillr. LI. Jun^oa?J Harrington, Norwich; O 0<good, do ; N Chapp, Middletowr.; r.ow Ha 1, do ; D. hush. Martloid : I O Ihainard, do; R Vincent, Philu ; U Iddenya, do; Jos ' Reuatier, Newark. Iii Chambers. Eeforo Judge Van lerpoel Hohrat Carpui ? Bridget English, Ellen Sml'h, Jars 8'ewait, mid Mary Ann Mageo, who were r.ommitte I to Blarkwell's Island n* vagrants, wore brcu?ht before > Judge Vaiidernoel yesterday, one writ of f/eAsa* Corput, and discharged, on the gromid that there was no record of ronvio.tiou on Ale in tueComff rk's Olllco, as required by the Statute. Th? California expedition. New YoRR.Jan 27,1?47 : To thi Editor or tat N. Y. H?rald I Dear Sir : Regretting, at I do, to occupy a single j I space in the columns of your paper, still I feel unwilling ! that the public should be; deceived in relation to a petty fracas which occurred on board the United States tranrport Susan Drew, and one which, although styled by tbe correspondent of the Jllbiny Jit las t? mutiny <n board, wag hut a minor attsir, and the participators wets promptly arrested. The facts of the case were these ; the commandant ot the Susnn Drew. Lieutenant Colonel Henry 8. Burton, observed In his*, hip. that although most of the aoldiers ander his command were disposed to keep their persons clean, still there were some lew who heexme uncleanly, and had vermin on their persons To prevent all from suffering lor the faults o' a (?w, Colonel B gave an oruer mat tue men suould bailie tueir persons l wice a week, in a tub prepared for the purpose. Generally the men war* pleated with thia order, but a few ol them perflated in disobeying Colonel B.'s orders; and I have been informed, from good authority, that the very onoti who refused to bathe,were those who moat needed it On the . refusal of these men to obey the order, Colonel B dlreeled that they should be compelled to bathe, ami the j Captain of their company waa directed to put the order i in force. He reiterated the order of bis superior, but his ' man stilt refused. Colonel B. then ordered one of the Captains of another company to strip those who iofused, and make them bathe. With very little treubU he carried this order into eitect, and the men who had refused to obey the order at fl-tt, were, after they came out of the wator, confined in the " Brig," a small place allotted for the confinement of prisoners it has a little partition put up around it, composed ot stripeof pine plank, not us a place of security, hut to appor tion it from the other part of the berth deck This was broken and thrown very slily overboard, while the oflicor of the watch wus sitting in the cabin wiring ins morning report, and all tbo other officers of the command were asleep in their berths The next morning, Col B , after making some enquiries into the matter, was satisfied that" two men'' were ihe ones who had destroyed tho paitition. They were promptly confined in irons, and the circumstances reported to Col btevenson on his , arrival in Hio de Janeiro, and I believe a ooui t martfal was ordered lor the trial of the men beiore 1 tailed. . This, sir, is, I believe, the true statement of Ihe affair. As to officers being afraid to show themselves until the men had got on deck, 1 shall say nothing; for 1 feal satisHad that all who know the fast that Henry 8. Burton, one of the best end probably one of the bravest men iu , our army, was in command of the ship?such reen as Captains Nagle, Frisby and iibBnuon, with Lieutenants Theall, Gilbert and Pendleton, and many utbers, to tup port him in discharge of his duty?all can judge who- i ther fear prompted them to await the shining of the sun to carry out the principles of disoipline aud duty. As to the men, who are styled traitors by tba correspondent of the .dtlat, 1 only ask whether a soldier Is proven to be e traitor when he obeys an order or when he disobeys if I he correspondent also adds as a grand finale?to his letter, that the men who were to be tried for mutiuy were luto/Tby stopping tueir pay for six months; who stopped it or how it was stopped he fells to state, but at the seme time would seem to imply that the matter was compromised for tweuty one dollars a man This banner of settling a mutiny is, I believe, al- ! together a new code of martial law, and if it was the sentence of Colonel Stevenson or his officers, it was totally nnknown to themselves et the time I left the expod.tion. As much as 1 regret that this iettor to the Albany Atlat should be published at all, still I feel proud n having the honor te represent both officers and men ef a regiment w o bad so muoh to coutea with in its organisation, suoh delay and difficulty j at its departure, and so little expected froui .them, but at the same time proved themselves te be the finest body of men who have willingly left their country to bear the fatigue of a long ami tedious lea voyage, for i the purpose ot taking possession of a foreign soil. Pardi n the length of m* epistle?but I feel that I could not U?vt? Bill U ie?R 111 UVIVUUB VI UIHU VUl^Vll Ml IU U1VU IOC 111* , ing the regiment, who are my comi ades ami friends, end iwve no other repreientativo in the city ut the preaent . time. I here the honor tosubsenbe myself, Your obedient servant, JAS M TURNER, Captain Comp. B.,7th Reg.N. Y. U. S. Volunteers. Common fiaai. Belore Judge Ulshoert.il'. Jaw. 97.?Frederick W Uemming et al vi Chriitapher j V. Spencer.?This was an action to recover $71 91 uuder the ioilowing circumi'ances. In the mouth of May last the plaintiffs, who reside in Troy, consigned three hun- i dred barrels of flour to Mr Griffith, their factor, iu this city. Alter tho arrival of the flour it lay opposite Mr. Griffith's store en board the barge Ontario. Tue defeu dant on Haturday, purchased by a verbal agreement, tbe entire cargo at $4 60 per barrel, and soon after gave an order to deliver twenty-fivo barrels to a Arm in Water street, which was delivered in course, and ut tue same time directed tho captain of tbe barge to land the remainder which was accordingly uouo. Shortly after the flour was landed, a shower came on, 1 and it appeared that it was damaged to south extant, and the delendant leluaed to receive it. Re was elturcards notittid that it would be sold for his accouut. and on tho Tuesday Ioilowing, it was sold for $1,171 and some cents, which were ctedited to the plaintiffs, leaving the balance for which the present suit is brought. The defence is, j that tbe flour was landed without notifying the delendant that it would ba doue, or receiving his oiders to do it, and that iu consequence it was considerably damaged by rain, and Iherelore insisted that ne was not bound to take it. He also pleaded a tender for the umotiut of the twenty five barrets delivered Uuj dam, need It Co. Adjourned to this morning. For plaintiffs, Mr Bradley t for defendants, Mea rs. D P. Hullutut i). 1). Field. Before Judge Daly. Reuten Burnet vi. Oollieh Kirtell?This was an action for $1*0, a qusiter's rent of a house ii\ ilobokvn. The defence was eviction. Verdict for defendant. IVm -1 Sarin in K-'n n HrrehmJ.? I his was an UC I tion oa a promissory note for $200 The tie fence wa< | champerty, but the defendant'* own witness proved that i plaiutitr was a bona tide hotter without not ce, and gave the full value fur the note. The Jury, under the l ection of the court, found a verdict lor plaintiff for principal and luteieit. Kor plaintiff, Mr Cowlea ; lor delendant, Mr. Woodruff Mailt y vt Dela/tlaine.?In tliia came the jury gave a verdict tor the plaintiff for $100 dam-gen. Court Culcnilur?Till* Day. Common Pmcas?Part i?25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 37, 8, 39, 41, Part 2-136, 184, 14(1, 142, 146, 1*0, 1)2, 154, 156, |58, 160, 162,104,168,66 The Tabernacle v*111 lie the centre of ntt-acliou to-oiaht fh? greai musical treat, together wnh the novelty i (Conundrums, lias produced great excitement and i emp<tition among the win of tfie day. Beua yoar couuud.euis, and itcuie your tickets ra-ly. We knew It would be to.?We knew that t* lueu a> the ladies heaid ol the wondeilul bagiios 'hat weia ueiug got lud.y goods at O'lden's, 815 Greenwich si, th it tbey woald lairiy crowd hra store, and so it is, a regn'ar ' ireain from morning ti I nifcht cnr- > lag off the mint in uutifui ru'l seasonable d<y ( fids, which ilie> purchase a price* tnat ena iles ti #ui to ou v all they rt?nt and ili.lo the belt kind. Take our advice ladies, and call at 115 before tbf eh* ice is llnwu. NuvlgaUoii ol th? Ohio Ulver. Placet. Time. Slate of River. Louisville Jon 16. . .7 feet 6 in. Wheeling. . .Jan 19. . .16 feet Cincinnati Jan 17. . .6 leet 4 in Pittahiire .........Jan 18,.,11 (net falling. HUNKY innHKUT, Wednesday, Jan. 47?0 P. SI. l'ha stock market i* improving Tory rapidly, both as regsida price* and transactiona At the flrat beard to-day Farmers' Loan advanced 1K per sent; Muhowk IK j Norwich arid Worcester IK ; Canton Co IK ; Long Llund K S Ken,ling K i Illinois 6's 1 i Ohio O's K i Vicksburg K i United 8tates 6'?, 1809, K i Morris Canal K i Kiie Railroad, new stock, K i old K i Harlem loll oil K per cent. At the second board, Harlem went up 9K, Morris Canal K i Norwich and Worcester 1 ; Lust Boston K ; Illinois Bank IK i Long Island 1 ; y.rmeis' Loan IK i Canton K Thero were laige sales f Harlem ut the alvauce, and lhe market closed firm for ali tho fancies. It will be perceived that prices are becoming inflated very rapidly, and there is very little doubt but that a farther advance of seveial per cent will be realised on most of the fancies. The small fancios have thus far experienced the vrenteit rise, and the mstirin for a faither im provement, before they reach old price*, i* itill eery wide. These stock* are, however, very liable to great and sudden fluctuations, and tho-e who reahze small profits, generally make the most money. On the 37th of January, 1845, Morris (.'anal was selling nt 26>f ; North American Trust 133* ; Illinois State Bank 19 j U. 8 Bank 6S ; Norwich and VVoicester 6..>^ ; and Harlem <10X A comparison of those prices with those now current exhi" bits a very great decline within the past two j ears The York Manufacturing Company, Maine, has de dared a dividend o( five per cent. Too Laconfa Company, at Soco, divides tnree percent for the 'u?t six months. The Lrgblktuie of I own has passed a bill author zing the Governor to negotiate a lean of f60 Oi 0, for ten years at seven per cent interest. An agent has been uppumted, and will proceed to the Kurt, to negotiate the tuje o! thu bonds. Our citizens at list appear to lie convinced th <t some lielter communication duung the winter, than my row existing, must be had with our sister city?and ?,e Ric.it reason uigud for this ut present appears to be tho l aogei apprehended that Doston will mako suoh gr>oi fiiends j with New York customers during the suspension of the 1 navigation of the Hudson, tint some of thorn will never return to us. 3 As to the mere rivalry of trade?It will always be found | in the longrtin that traders will purchase where thoy can do so at the cheapest ratos?and will sell their produce whero they can gbtthe highest prices- alwnys counting the cost to and from the matket as part of the purchea* tnoney. Id long therefore as freights fiom Alb my to New York on the Hudson are as low, and with equal despatch, as like freights fiom Albany to Dostan by rail road?so long the comparative success of the two cities , wiii depend on the merchants themselves New Vtik merchants therefore, it will be seen, bare a pie'ly good tenuis for the continuation of their trade du ing three qua'tern of the year. Is it to secure rqual advauag'S for the remaining quarter tbrt this woik i? now vai I to ... ..Il.n Ii^werl milll 4A ITllloh 'fit I* A oe necJed f Tli# nan'y acwvu at h lite me. tin* clour ni'izen* niib?em in tho atlirma tira. Our object thru I* to aectire ?> good ?n trumit hp t^ide anl trarol between Now York nnd Albany, :oi thoae three month*, al there ji between Albany and Doaton. Mow 1* tbia to be done, ?o #i ton 'ur e to our i oltuena thia advaaUge at the eat boat jrerio' -1 with V the least expensed This is whst we all are appereet'y seeking. The solution of this question, oaimly and d pession'tely, U oi so much importance to each citizen, tha1 we Oiould throw aside all prejedice, and look ti e aaetter lull in the face. Two rival routes are presented to the publio?the Hudson river road, and the Harlem roed?aud It must bo confessed, the advocates of either routo urge their elaitns and advantages with great skill; but in the meantime, our city has the advantage of neither as a line of travel to Albany. What are the facts set before us? The Hudson liver road claims the beet route, easy euivatuio, and light grades?in teed, for all practical purposes, you may say the whole road is leva]; sad thu company, under tha cbrirgo of ona of eur most experienced engineeis, promise to lay down,tha best possi hie rsil. Let us suppose all this to be so?nothing has yet been done?and theio remain to be built on thin rvnte the whole distance?say 18J miles. The other route, the Harlem road, eaya, and we suppose with equal truth, that their road has a food route, easy curvature, and no grade exceeding thirty-five feet, against eighty-four feet on the Boaton itiilroad; that thoy have their cars now running over forty two miles of road; that they have twolve milea more finished, and ready for laying the raila?making in all fifty-four milea, which can ba open to the public by May naxt; that in the course of the present year they can connect conveniently with the Houeutonic Railroad, and thus at once furnish to otir city a direct railroad line, comp'ete to Albany, and thence to the great West; and that they will still go on prosecuting their work, and furnish to us an independent and oomplete route to that oity at an early day. These we believe to be all that la claimed by either af the parties. We do net say what eaeh sets forth againat his rival. Evan they mey be true; that is not our business. We wish simply to ask, taking for granted all that each party claims, to which ofthase companies may the public look lor an answer te our query t Mow are our citieers to have the advantage of a continuous railroad to Albany at the earliest period, and with the leeat expensed The annual report of the Belgian Minister of Publlo Works, in relation to the railway traffic for 184a, exhibits rauny very curious, important and Interesting results, and is well worth a careful perusal by ovary one engaged in these work* It will ba aeen that there has been, within the past five years, an inoreaae of about one hundred per cent in the gross incoms, while the increase in the working expenses has only been ebout fifty per eent The receipts per league i-ince 1841, have increased twenty par eent, while the expenses par league have deoreased about seventeen per cent. The profit per league sinee 1841, has increased one hundred end twenty five per oent Tasrrio on tmb Bslsiis Railways. It appears from the annual report of M do Bsvay, the minister of the public works, that dnring lass 4 gag . 043 08f. (?198.79-1) wa3 expended on the railwsye. The total sum expend d in the construction of the 818 miles o railwav up to the 31st Doe , 1544. was 140 714 817 141 (?6 #88 402) bsiuget the rate ol ?11,404 per tiula There are 114 miles of double line, end 118 miles ef single line The double lines are?Brussels and Antwerp 48 kll' Malines end Oand 47 kil., Ostend sad Plasnehendael 8 kit' Courtray and the frontier 14 kil, Molluas and the frontier of Prussia 131 kil., Brussels and the frontisr of France 81 kil. Brsia le Csmte and Goderville 14 kil Gosselias and Cbarleroy # kil ; total 361 kil The single lines are?ubuu iu i su mi., nana to llottrtenay 44 kit., Mouaeron to Torney IS kil, Landen to St. Trond 10 k(l.. Godnrville to Uossalies SI kil., Charieroy to Namur 37 kil, Branch at Antwerp 8 kil , and ditto at Bruateli 3 kil ; total, 1V7 kil. in 1844 they kail three now engines with cylindeis of 15, 14, and 18 inches diaweter respectively, 62 new passenger carriages, 29J goods wagons, and 29 othar wagons. So that, ont'ua 1st January, 1846, the working atock consisted of 149 locomotives, 146 tenders. 684 passcager carnages, 2 200 good, wagons, end 400 other wagons. In March. 1844, orders were given to construct three carriages, such as the one constructed in 1844 on the American system, capable of holding 84 persons, differing, however, from the American plan, by introducing first, second, and third claea piaapngers in the asm# carriage (the Americana have only oat) class) which the report says was found to be a very economical and satisfactory carriage. The following table abowa the working expenses, 'he length of the line opened, tho number of leagues (i;{ miles) run, and the cost per league train. Total mark- Length of Total Ifo Coot per St pen tee ing eec- line open of la agues milepr pr leaf us peine*. runhyihe** train, pr tresis. train* Front*. League*. Leagua*. Free. *. 4. 1111-4 3JS,61V:i7 ?"<X 289 7*0 li:67 4 3 1813-4.no i 7:U8 7?X 317 S 8 !<:78 3 II >4 1843-4,476,815:73 9t>H 377.<44 14:59 3 10)7 1814?3,703 430:80 111 8-10 437.081 11:60 9 I 1. 43 - 0 321.575: IB 111 8-lt 5(3,??l 11: 6 3 1 The increase and diminution in the expense per train per league depeuds upon several ci'cumstaneea. Tho number of trains per day, the number ol oariiagat par train, the number vf peraetigrre per train, nod the spaed et which the trains travel. 1 he average number ot carriages per train in 1844 was 10.6, while in 1846 it amounted to 14 5: toe cost per league per truin in the former care was II C0I., and in the latter but 11 591'. I'he conadoption of coke per leaguo per train wb?, in 1914, 67Cl kd (12CK lbs.) ond in 1845, 57 17 kil (129 lbs ) I his anomaly is explained by the e.ioouragoaient given to the engine dtivers, stokers und MOiekeepeis to economise the coke. I'he former are alloxan 76 : and the int. ter 6Xc; total 31,V*,. for each hectolitre (77 lbs) of coke saved on the amount allowed, which was at the ra'e ot 4 kil. per csrriuge in a truin per league. The amount oi coke savod by this means on the quantity allowed, during 184r, was 4 1101310 kil. (3 934 torn.), which, Lt the price ol 23 78f per 1,000 kil (uvarly 1 ton.) amounted to 93,270 061.; deduct from thia eu.n 31770 841' (? I,430), paid to itokors, oa comani-alon tor aavthe coke, which leuvei a net laving of 80. 400 '3If. (?4 870) in favor of the itato on the quautitiee u.Mially allowed for the locoinotivei. The number of |MS*e?g?ra carried in 1841?first elan, 807 8 >9; reaond class, 070,684 ; third Ciasa, 0,074,706 ; total 8 443/ 036 soldier*. 10,980 i extra peraom, 16 673 ; total 27,614; total carried 8 470,673 ; ditto in 1644, 8 381,629 ; increaae 89,114 paiaengen. The number of pa-tHOger* aimed in September wai 13 438; while that in February wdi bnt 6 483. The average weight of the luggage of aich passenger, in 1816, waa 141 kit. (7 961ba), and io 1844, 3 12 kil (6 36lbt). In 1846 , 614,611,664 kil of roereheudiie (633,970 tuna) waa carried and in .84 4, 640,44$,667 ; increase 126,079.087 kil, or more thao 24 per cent. The receipt* for passengers in 1846 were 6 303 809 30f, and in 1844, 6 160 646 911; increase 246 760 261, or about 4 per cent For goods in 1848, 4.17o,493 41f; in 1844, 3 848 013 0Of ; increaae, 884 679 6], or 26 percent. I ha ' total leu*i ta tor 1*46, ameuul to 19 4u8 404 66t (?400,12*) or ?1 446 per inile per annum; in 1314, tbe ram , wa ? 1.391 ; lucreaae, I0>? per cent The international ' traffic with lleiniuny emouoted io I-jJu per cent, aod tba I with France to per cent of the total receipt*, it u j alao interesting to know that tha woiking expenses iq 1844 were 61 33 percept of the receipt*, while the divi' (lend on the capital expended w.ia equal to 3 8? per cant. In 1843, the working expense* wore 3)94 per cent, and the dividend on the capital t-qual to 4 1 6tn per cent The label would have amounted to 4 39 per cent had the carriage of provision*, be , been taken into account, which were carried gratuitously on the rail wuy* lor the 1 public benefit. CoMrvRisnN or Tin ItrcKiPTi a*p Working Eirtmn rxa Lsaguk irou is?, t>< ill nvcLiraira 'J'oial Hec'ph Eipemee Profit IkM'fa uarMaf Length par peg per Year ceipia rxpeniet opened league league league. Prance, trance League! p'lanct P'ruuct. Fiance. J 811 ? 6,440.413 4.8:963a ?<:7 91.9*4 a'.IUs 2.,*06 ' 1814?7,461,311 4 70S .14/ 79:1 01213 if ji? 31,8 4 1013? 0 041 464 C 476 6111 0 :1 01 601 8* 714 36 840 1841-11 2<0a91 1 7*1,441 ll'H 104,111 11,100 48,0*1 1141 ? 18,404,201 6,321,176 111:8 116,011 16,414 64,393 Old Slock. Kllidiaagti 01000 U S6?,'16 100 io aha NAmer Trait tjtf 7000 de 0*?i 1*0 do 8v. KOI Penn la alt .0?* 21 Cast on Co :n K loouo do b30 71 109 de 3l j 7 0 Ohio 6?, *70 91 31 do ?60 33)* 100.1 Ohio 7a 101 21 Mohuwk 18 , 14000 Heading Bonda 72k 121 Nor k vVor K R ,14 2:0 0 do s3 7/k If de bit St 1 liniOO do bit uy, 100 do b30 i?>a 10 >h< Blr of America to lot <o biS lik to do >3 96 110 do atO t ,'i II) i'henix Bk I'M 30 d > *10 kiK Ml banner*' Tiuit Sl.1* 1*0 Re?dmg R R M* 3 ,0 do 27 n F.i ie H it 3* it do b30 27 S <0 do ?SK 110 c o 2", >n lluEiieicnp Hi 100 do (30 t) 40 do 0 }\ I (I Vick.b -m Bk 03d 3o L lil oid *60 2IH 4UU -Viorru Caual fci< 130 do IS 2,0 do tli '00 do 30 do bfiO iu 30 do blO >6 30 do (30 10 30 do *10 2) 25 Illluo a Bk >M # 0 Harlem R U 32 76 d<? 10 250 do *3 5lV lo " i y loanronce l'O loo do ?io 3 X 10 ~H>nkHart t>.dRR 91 30 d? bio 3.* ICO U Main B nk 4J, 2o0 do O** 15 i>*ii juul D.uik louH Hccooil Hoard, 30 ihi Harlem RR 53* l'O *h. Morrt* ]0? 39 do 5i)a Sim> do b'O l?)d 11 do b 10 51 100 ^ do blO loS '0 do b30 54* 13J N#r?l*h 51* 6i0 do S'S ? ??*t Bo*toa I 10 k) d? blO 3 H 100 do lib ",|l d<? MB ink I ? d ia?H ho LomMURR bio j? ? t sg s i; 5S ii So ?<* ? ? ? *8 7. do ?4 100 Loan W* ti Morrn 1" 10 do 20 Jj0 ' do 10 100 Canton Co 34 Sew Block Ktrhange. v Sorb Wot 3i* 50 Farm Loan r? 27 ,M do ? * 40 Vick.har?h ?X do M 40 do l'< j do $>'( 30 <>?t hi ?crip *70 t'f r. do "* 30 Caat"n Co blO It >00 do Bat 57', 100 do *10 31 23 do ? 3>M 50 do ?*w *J*< 5o HatWm R U *1 ?'tf 30 do 3itf 50 do 51 iLii- Mitral > d. On the 931 nil, at Lorgwood, the reiidoncn of Fred. Riool. Eq. Mo'itgomerr ':o,, Alohtmi lir ih? fl??, vr Ki'8|n> Atrou v|cI)oi**ld M I) to Oi.iri* I'.t.nr CoofKB, daughter of Thoo'x* A l onper, E q UKU. On Wednesday mornintr <n V7, M*av. only dsugV 1 ter of ueorgo nnd JSnrnh Kndicott, aged three year* imd nev n month* The fiiemN of the famllv are requested to a'tai >d the fun'r<l wt hont Inrttier invitation at dS# Ninth at eat, i ?hi? (Thursday) afternoon ni > r M. 't he mniaina will he taken tn vtusseclnnetts f'?t interment. On the J7 hin-t , Anuatw Jon<i Co.me, aged one year, four month*, anil eight daya The fr.endaofthe lamily, Washington Assembly No 3, and 1'nanl* Assembly No 1, of the Benevolent Order of Bereiwf, are lesjnsctiul'y invited to attend his fuoetai,