Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 4, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 4, 1847 Page 1
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/ / TH Vol. XIII, Ro, 34-Whole Ro. 4631 THE NEWYORK HERAm JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day, Prioe ? eeatt per copy?V SS per anna in?payable in adi <tnee. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?friee 6* ceatn per C"uv?S1 I2>. r-enM I*r anunm?payable in advance. I HERALD KOK fcUKOKE-Krery Steam Packet day. Price ?id ccute per copy?*1 CD par annum, payable ua advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the tuual prieae?alwayacaab In advance PRINTING of all kinda executed with beauty and danPatch All letters or communications, by mail, addressed to tho aaubliahment. mult be poat paid, or the poattge will be deducted from tbe aubacription meuey remitted. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. Proprietor of the New Yore Hkral, KiTAti i?hmxivt, NnrtJi Weatfeoruar of Vuluin and Naaaa* atreeta'. JmR TO LET find po.aeiaion immediately given?the trSn dwelling and bikehouve at Manliattanville: alio, the diiUL leTe dwelling on lEighth Avenue and 116th itreet, re i inoder.ae. Apply to j31 St*rre T. DIJNLAP. CSS Broadway. HATH HUN'S HOTEL, 161, 16:1, 166 8f 167 Broadway. New York. 'I'hia iiew nud infigniftceut e.tabliahuieiit. recently !- opeueu ai a runuc Motel, n lilted up in modern atyle, XiSLwith the latest improvements, Bud u ol sufficient capacity to accommodate 2U0 persons. Bi-si' es n very spacious Dining Hall, it contains an unusual e mber of pleasant tVlors. with large wsll ventilated Bed. cms, all splendidly furnished with entirely new furniture 't h location is very desirable and convenient, both for busine .andpleasure, being between CourtUudt and Liberty streets The i roprietor ol this establishment intends to nuke it one ot ' i e most comfof"'ble, pleasant, and Ouslness like tlaces in ' be city cf Mew V. rk, and no pains or eapense will * r.aie.1 ' nkis pant o meei the wants of his guests?thuroby hopmic share lib-reliy in the public patronage. while lie remains th | n'i'ic'j humble servant, B. HATHBUN J27 1m*ro WlASSAl'fcClUA HOUSE. JnlL THE mOPHlCTOK of the above honae, having |--.j3r letirea Irom the bnaiuesi. the house will be let on moderate terms for one or a number of years, commencing ou the first of March next This establishment be in? so veil known, as also the celebrated trrut pond ad joi> iug it >s needless to say more. Kor particulars apply to the subsciiber. near the premises. N. B. 1 he "bove es ablisnment would be rented very low to a party of gentlemcu. THOMA8 FLOYD JONES. _ "outh Uvsrr.B>>T, 1,. I. j27 2w*rrc for sale. MKOUIt LOTS, on the north side of tlsf street, betw-cn the 7ti> and 8th avenues, with a 0writing Honse sHtl Carpenter's Sb?p on one of the lota. A Iso, a-mall Farm on tfie turnpike road, Far Roekaway, Long Js'and, containing about six acres ol land, two nuder cnl'.vHtion, eue acre or fine large Peach Treee, of the choicest fruit, a small House, aud about four acrea of Woodland, all enclosed in gojd fence. Also, severai over nieces of land at ilockaway, for sale. For particulars, apply JOHN L? iwORTON, Jr. ll Delaneey at. or j18 1re?rc-JOHN H POWER. 12f Fulton at. N. Y MFOriBALK, or to exchange for city property?A handsome cottage, with fire er ten acres of land, situaled wirhin two miles of the Marine Pavilion, Kockiway, l.nag Island, on the Kockaway Tmnpike. The five acres of I >nd attached to the cottage are welt studded with peach aad fruit trees. There is a good barn and other oatnouses on the property; also an ice house; and the same is we I situated for a gentleman who would like a comfortable ecu. try residence. Also about seventy acrea of land, consisting ol wood-land, ineudow and tillable land, which will be sold in different parcels. Apply to j!8 im*rc JOH'1 L NORTON,Jr.. 14 Pelancy it. i fob. sale, a A DESIRABLE RESIDENCE in 19th street, near Irving Plar.c?a modem built two story aud attic,witB under cellar, and aewer communicating with the street, marble mantels in basement, and first aud second stories, fonr rooms in the third story, house twenty leet by forty, lot twenty by eereuty-live, built and fiuished with especial refereuce to its occupation by the owner. Two thousand dollars can remain ou bond aud mortgage. Kor terms, apply at 118 CHEfLHY ST. jal? 8w?rrc farm for sale at auction. Will he sold at auction on TuetdaV, the >d day ol JaffaRM .rch next, th* valuable Farm ou which the subscriber ^afhwnew resides The .aid farm contains about 47 seres ot gimu land, with a Kooil D < ell Inn, Barn, Carnage House, and a I the ut-cevstiry eut buildings: if situated in tl>e town of MfionronecW. count; of Westchester. about one mile fiorn the village of Mamariner k, on the Weaver itreet road. 21 rail l orn rlie Ci y Hall, end uear the line of the New lieTea and >ew York railroad; has au abundance of the belt quality of frnit. The aa'e will be polities, to take place at U M ou the prenuaes. Fur further particulars euquire of T. A. Lawrence, Mew Kochelle, or of the subscriber, on the pre raises j?J# lra^re LEONARD UEKLYN. PLUNKET & PAR D ESS US, MO 121* FULTON STREET, pa Bell wi recalled h?t at S3 00 and nnlr charge S3 M for their f msr Uualitv Moleskin and Nutria Hats. N R.-i H a K f, IT It PARDKBSUS warrant their first quality hais to ic eqnal.af Iht very least, to those ol any other eaUblishmra', and assure the public riant it would be utterly impossible to sell such an article at a lower price than $3 50. dan im*rie iNATUllAL MUSIC. rjr-rp. STILL greater attraction at ARCHYM. Mo. S John i/agfstreet ?A. ti. his just reesifed by the lest packets yajr from En ope, a considerable additior to his slrracy "eaoXmust eitsnsire stcck of Kinging and Fancy Hi ds? Amuuest the following will be found 5M ol the moat choice description of Long Breed and Uutcn C nariea, moted and prepared to be pill up f..r hatching Birdl'svca. BirdSeeds, Hi-dall other ihiniia pert.iniugto ihe aboTS, will tt all times be found at Arrhy's. ' o 5 John at. N 3.?Shetland Ponies. King Charles Hpanicls. Italian ?r"'vhnnuds, and other Isncv do*! cot.atau ly on hind. P S? An early inspection is requrated, as this is without dr. bt 'ho he f ?> l-ot'on he ' ?* ever ottered. j26 1mre J. IINnTuVpi lillvD o I ORIS, WJh Mo. tlltt BHOADWAY, ene door from Chamhera t/JR&si'eet.?tts bags < nnary seed, sifted, at wholesale nrire. by the single bushrl ; a liue seleerion ol the long 1.1""s boed an-iries, high colors; German song bircs, Ckieeae epi> e birds, Juva sparrows, muekinE birds, larks, red birds, all in song Fancy cages. breeding cages, bi*d seeds, uesr botes, s.uff tor net's. AH articles in the line in grsat yariety, by VV. h. J'>H>STON, Srg'i Broadway, Mew York. P S ? Letrarses aho?e will be attended to. j23 lm*r ~~ Dil. KKLLlNGKK'B dfl _ INFALLIBLE LINIMENT is warranted to J.aMJLT'cnre sores and ulcers of every nature in^few days. XJLEJLo't art* l.ko magic in removing rheumannn, and all or liar puns. One or two doses is'ertain to relieve bilious eh*lic. diarrhoea. Sic., as tt is taken. It is perfectly delightful in ita odor and Hirer. It is universally acknowledged to be the best mmi< v medicine ever offered to the public. Price 60 cents per bottle. Bold at *30 Tcarl street; C. Ring, corner of John and Broadway: comer of Bowery anil brooine; Id STCnne and 10ib sir-. e' ;Jel!'riesTdruK store; l>r Hnrrett's Doyer and Chatham, and at the H H. office, ( iff Hall Jl lm*re hDlDAl; NO I ICE TO L. A 1J I K S. DOCTOR McDINNILl, Author of the L-.diets' .Manual of Midwifery, and member of a large Lving-ln Hospital in F.urope, attends Isdtes during their cnnli ieme< t in any p>rto loia city or Brooklyn, fur from $3 to $j, according to circurns auees. A uote afl- ressed to him at 91 John street, N ew York, will meet with strict attention. Ladiea residing at a distance, who are suffering with diseases cl lot.g staurlrg surhai obstructions, retentions, if re jalrrtties, ice t htthave failed: h? hoasted nnstrnms of the d y. e hi apply with Caiiliilrnee to llie Doctor, hy letter, drarribing t> e si nipp nis, ireaiment received, duration ol the disease, fcac., for wliieh a chest gont*ining the necessary silver said medicine, w.ll he lorwnrded to their direction m any pan of me Union. Tei mi, $1 Add. e-s r. w. McDonnell, m d , j\2hlm*r^ ^ 9! lohn afreet, New York. ]T~ " TO BE SOj7l> AT NO 21 OLD SLIP, or at hit different reacts in the Uuited rt-stes, Hmdlsn's celebrated flNUtr, called the Deifceo i Knnfl. The rereilit was tiirienteil mehv K it llu-Ko or Button, ai.d as a compiimen 10 him I have taken the liberty to call tt the betheiis *nuH' Mr. Ostein, who i? now no more, give the receipt to Mr. Derby, ami he received it f.om Aleppo. M H uidhng has for tale elan, his Amu-inn gentleman'? SoulT. m ide Irom the pnrtit .lairti-i llirer Tobacco, end both the Deihene and ilie Americau Oriilleraan are to be had in it a 1 i>r * hole pound hnt-lea ?> a b"re jtl 1w*rre I'l'uNi Y FAFfcK AIND FcPEll HOXE8. [ONKd KKlEDEL 111 John atreet,near Pearl,upatairt. J .Yanu'actureis of paper b-iaea aud sample carda and d-aIrrt 11 la cy papers. All ordera thankfully received and executed promptly aud on reaaonable terms. Hr.NRY JONKB, Jll !m*rac IIK.NHY EKIKOkL. aiJSFKNlJEHS FOR EXPORT^ r | MIK E K thonsand iloien Patent corrugated .Suspenders. I. rtflapred to thi. Mexican aud South American, at well as domestic trade, aud w -rrauted to stand unaffected by nay climate. Kor tale bv the manufacturer and tenet of the <i3f1 3?n r HORM5R H D A V? W (-oortlandt itTMt ITS WORKS WILL PRAI8B IT. It ia now nniveraally admitted tint KIIAKK' 8 IODINE LINIMFAT IS NO HUMBUO Dozen after doien are uaed daily and dees ell that it ia repreaented to do; will core the wor?t poaaible taxes ol RHEUMATISM, sprains, brniera, awelled aad painful JoMts, apinal aaet-tions, ernpttina of the akin, Ac. H I.NUEHSOLL,Hole Propnstor, Depot iju I'earl at. two doori below John. See ee-'irinetea in I'rue Son Jll lm*re lu LMGUtiUtlAiN AR'UnTO. JUST RECEIVED by )vc arrivals from HavrePi. ATK8?1280 of the Planiahed and titer Uremia. FKAMK*?A large lot new aud splendid patterns. VOIOHTL.ANDt-.il TUBES of mediu.u, half and full sire. h-nr sale by JOHN KOACH. Optician. S3 Nassau it. IN B.?Chemicals, Cases aad ail materials used m bagnerrtiageonnantlv oa hand Jan 14 lm' rh " M1NCK FIE. PUBLISHED THIS DAY, a book entitled "Mince Pie for the Million," containing over 400 engraving*, and 361 pape*, lull of Die wild and wonderlal, hnmorona and witty? pure only 33 t ents. A eonipatiion to ihe "Idle Hoar Book," rut entirely different Irom that odd volume Altojuai pnhlished, " Leaflets of the Ball Room." being a r ireple-e inarruetor in the celebrated Polk i Quadrilles, with the louaic of the Rodowa Wall*? price !3>? centa. TUnNEI* k FISHER, 74 Chatham street. VALENTINES Tho moat extentive asaortiuent in A metier, on the eve of eomplotn a. Head along y oar orders IS I re* re _____ Is I'll L ecutiao* to sell the rest qnalitv of lied Ash C> at at theae prices for ea,h Mr ken. e?(, and stove, t6 SO ; large iint, $6 00; screened and delivered in good order, from mt yerd. coru?r of Kineand Oreenwieh streets, to rents will be allowed to those e m wish to send their own raita ! * PETER CLINTON. RAOK IlOUOtPf " I ? oasiei. ? ? HI ? " E N E1 NEW 1 AFFAIRS IN ALBANY. LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS. ,S TKLEOHAPI11C) " Albany, Feb. S, 1817. Senate. 1 Mr. Clark, by oonsent, reported a bill in relation to the In { Seaman's Retreat in New York. The bill to appoint commissioners to codify laws, waa : " ' taken up and debated. The question of salary gave rise ; tb to considerable discussion, but was not disposed of. The w sums ef $'1000 and $-1800 were named. | J* ' The bill relatlre to paying Jurors in Kings county, was j oi ; sent to a committee of conference. ' j The resolution of thanks to dsn. Taylor, was referred t), te the Military Committee. rc Assembly. * j Mr. Sicilss presented a remonstrance from thirteen ' Hurlgate pilots against any alteration in the law regulat- tc ' iDg their business. 01 | Mr. Bloduct reported, with amendments, the Sanato rj i bill for re-submitting the amended city charter to the vo- w ten of New York city. | ?] The principal amendment* propoeed are aa follow*:? j? The icction relative to levying taxes, 10 amended that <1 the power to levy la to be continued with the Legisla- P ture, a* at present. j, The amended charter to be mbmitted to the people at ai the naxt charter election. Opening and laying ont atreeta to be don* by contract, C; which ia to be approved by the Mayor. 1' The 1Mb lection, which provide* for compeniation of J , member* of the Common Council, itricken out. tl There ii to be an appeal from the commiaioner* making y anenment* to the Board of Superviiora. *' The bill waa referred to the committee of the whole houia ii The annual report of the New York Institution for P the Blind wai receive d. t, The Home non-concurred in the amendments by the d Senate to the bill increasing tho number of jurors in Kings county. 1, A bill was introduced to relieve Orange county from v the expenses attendant upon the trial of Folly Bodine. " A resolution waa introduced for the appointment of a joint committee to consider the propriety of making far si ther appropriations for the manufacture of iron in the v Clintonoounty State prison. 0 A resolution waa adopted instructing the bank com- e : mittee to report on the expediency of increasing the 11 I premium to be paid by agents of foreign insurance com. ' panies, and the taxation of the receipts of mutual insu- v ' ranee companies of this State r { Mr. Sickles oflared| a resolution that the Judiciary J1 Committee have power to send for person* end papers in l the matter of the petition of H. P. Hasting*. Laid on the u able. J Mr. Walsh offered a resolution calling on the Comp- c I trailer for a list of the items requiring $ 109,000 for main 1 taining the peace in Delaware and Columbia counties.? ? Laid on the table. o The bill forming judicial district* was made the order v of the day for Friday next. " Mr. Backs called up his resolution, directing the Judi- <> siary committee ta notify John McKeon of tho charges 11 | preferred in the petition of Mr. Hastings. The motion ' was debated, and the wholo subject laid on the table, 07 j to 31. * ' Mr. Blouoct called up the resolution directing the ^ railroad committees to bring in the bill to allow railroads ' to carry freight on payment of canal toil*. A debate cn (1 ' sued against pledging the House to Buy such principle , " | The resolution was laid on the table, antf tho Assembly [ ci adjourned. w Strange Cask of Ecopement and Crime? Arrest of the Paktibs, &c., &c?A few days ,i since a man by the name of Batei, eloped from Coving t-n with a Mrs , and oame to this city. Bates left Vl a very neat little wile and six children! one of them sick Cl and going blind. The woman lett a husband and seven ri children, one lying at the point of death. The eloping |, Parties came to this city, and as man and wife.huntad a a, ouse. They found one to their liking on Lynn street, n near Catharine;and took possession. Here ther setup en w thoir own responsibility, having left, all their little responsibilities in Kentucky Ytsterday the men who w had lost his wife and the woman who had lost a husband, <( heard of the runaways, and, together, pursued them to ,j, this city. They made known their grievous bereave- _ menu to the city police^and William Vance, f'eter Karly, J John Shields and Samuel Colby, determined to bring the ? runaways to Justice, espoused the cause of the pursuers, ,|{ and with them proceeded to Lyuc street. Mrs. Bates ' want ahead, ana got her husband out of the house, and Jfl while talking to him in the street, the officers named came up and took him prisouer. Karly and Shields con- n ducted nim to Kiquire Brook's olttec, and he was bound over for examination to day. Vance and Colby then ot tempted to enter the bause to arrest the guilty womau, w but found the door barred end the windows fastened, tha ju women defying thum, or the law. One of tho otllceis, | w however, succeeded in enteting the back window ofthe j ia . bouse, but was met with a brickbat in the head. Re- t>, covering, he found aitnself grappled and hlowsSfalling in ; r) his face with such power as to leave their imprint most | j. certainly discernable. She fought both otficers to such T] an extent, with clubs, brick bats and fists, that they ^ i oi their hands full to take her. They had a cart at the w door, ready to convey tha wanton to a magistrate's i , office, but before getting in, she swooned on the pave- ^ ment. In this situation ( vhi-h was affected) site was I ( put into the cart, which had proceeded a square or so, j r when she suddenly came to-Jumped out at a hound, ami ; (| seized Colby, one of the officers, ia a grapple. The j, struggle lasted for some moments, w hen both came to tbe ground, the enraged woman hol ing her enemy | fast, to the infinite amusement of a large concourso ol citizens The enrtman lett. He was not to be feund , when the fight, which the woman hud all on her aide, tj was over She finally agreed to walk to inquire Urrok's .? office, and was, like her paramour, held for trial today This rase is truly narrated, and, taken all in all, ia a disgraceful and tickauing affair. That two persona of the . age of these, holh With large families, should have eloped ' and acted as thev have,cannot be accounted for i i the >' promptings of our philosphy ? Ci'n. Journal, Jan. 30. * ' IH Affair* in Canada.?Tho only exception to oi the general scarcity of topics, is the movement rr which hns been made toward* Ike establishment of the fn electric telegraph throughout the British possessions ia c.< North America. It ia dow certain that, at a very e.irly ot ueiiod. this mode nf sawwanleeiu. -m * ? - ? win cuiiueci inc sr. 1 citiei of Canada with lha other cities on the continent; bt and the people of (duehec have undertaken the task of rr | stretching the wires to the province line, in the direc- la tion of New Brunswick and Nova Hcotia. vi Licking other employment, the press have been very di opportunely supplied with a bone of contention, in Mr. th Howe's recent letters on colonial Vovernmcnt. This has di produced criticism, and criticism cavilling, and cavilli g has been, in some instances, succeeded by quarrelling.? fn The old subject of tes|)ODsible government has been f0 again ripped up; and once more the word bus been tor- an ; tured into all sorts of excruciating and agonising shapes, ce ' by those who understand by it the exact opposite of its lni 1 obvious meaning, which has hitherto contented Lotd ; Metc.ilie, Kir Hubert Peel, Lord John Hutsell, and all i stotesm. n, Hii ish or colonial m. The late news has, ol courso, created some cxci'emont ' in the tlour market. We hear of no transactions having tl, ! been effected Some holders oi flour are. we understand. ! asking 36s per barrel, but, In the present excited ar.d unsettled state of the markot, no puce can bn fixed.? j,. i Montrtal Ihralit ,Jbn '.'H i a , Rt 1 Anti-War Mketino in Hoston ?A meeting m com post tl of whigs, abolitionists, non-resist ante, ve and deputations from tba various tactions of the day, wns at bolden at Tremor.t Temple last evening, to take into au > consideration the expediency of withdiawing the U. 3 in troops irom Mexico, and of memorializing Congress to ' bring the war to a speedy termination, Dea Samuel to ' Oreeley waa chosen chairman of the meeting, and Mr. loi | Ocorge Merrill. Secretary. A committoe of fivo was I wi I appointed to draft resolntiona expressive of the views of w, the meeting, who subeequen'ly reported a list which an viewed the Mexican war witn "ueep sorrow and dis- I co guat.'' The resolutions were spoken to by Kcv. C. re ?roo**> Mr. Burton, Rev Theodore i'aikei , Rev. | at Mr. Wnterston, Oea Grant, Mr C. F. Adama, Mr 'liask, eo and others. Mr. Trask.ln the course of his remaiki, , in used some rather herd language about the volunteers, fu' which were rather tartly answered by Mr. Morse, ol 'h Company A, who happened to be present. The roioiu of ttonswas laid on the 'able te be taken up at the adjourn- tl. ed meeting to be held at ranaull Hall on Thursday pr evening, and the meeting adjourned -Booton Transcript, , an rse.3, RV Fiek anij Dratii in Asinotun ? A fire broke 1 t* out in the box manulactory ol Capt Isaac IIer?Fy 1 ce ia Ablngton, on Sundev evening,which wee wholly cou- 1 l>? turned, together with 10 000 feet of lumber. The wife ,Bl of Mr Josiai Vining, who was in feeble health, died a let few minutes after,as is supposed in ceneequence of heirg frightened by the alarm of fire ? Boston Mlat. du pr. Fire in Wrthkrsfield, Cr.?The large factory 0< in tiilawoulville, (Weihcinfield,) oc< npied |,y B" Messrs. Ives, llioker It t o , oi this city , for the purposes [?' ol wojTing and knitting, waa destroy td by tire last ovenlog The building was owned b/ the Uriswoulviile j company. There wis no insurance on it, l ut Messis. j , . Ives, Hooker fcCo , are said to he insured on stock end , ,h( machinery to the amount oi tl6.0:'0. The lire originated [ nc from a spark irom a lamp.? Hartford Cournnf, Tuesday. , (,k| cr< The eteam[ahip Giraffe, under the commend of Cant. A. i If. fildridge. was lost near Bratoe Santiago, on the Tth of qui January, lour ofths hands perlihad. te W FO STORK, THURSDAY M01 REPORT OF THB EGRET ART OF THE TREASURY, i un?w?rt'i i c wo I ul Ion of til* Nmtr, calling for Information In rrlullon to an llicr?*ae or dlinlnuiloii of dutlra, wlili a view to tlia augmentation of lite rtvinor, Thkoi'iy DerARTMariT, Keb 1, 1847. Hie?On the 7tk ol January, 1847, the following lesotion was adopted by the Senate of the United Htutei : ? "Resolved, That the Secretary of the f'reamry be dieted to report to the Senate on what article* embraced the tarirt' act of 184(1 the dutiei can be iucreated.ba) ond e exiiting rates, ao as to augment the revenue, utid to * hat extent the said duties can be increased, and hat additional revenue would accrue therefrom And irthcriuore, that he be requested to report what articles i the free list may be taxed, and what amount of duty touldbe laid thereon; and that he also report on what "icies, if anv, tha rales of duty may be reduced below ios? imposed by tho alorcaaid act, so us to iucrensc the ivenue, the rate of ruch reduction, and the amount to bich the revenue would probably be increased there ; |r, and whether, in his opinion, any tax which may be ; id upon such articles wilt increase tire price ot the seme [ i the consumer to any amount; and if any, to what nount" In order to reply to this resolution, it became necessn? to review evory item embraced in tho tarirt" of 1848, i re-examine the imports af each article, with tho rute r duty and revenue accruing thereon lor the dscul year nding U,e auth of June, 1815; and and also to have preuretl and consider new tables of a similar character for le fl<cal year ending tho 30th of June, 1840, and to comire the lesulta It will be perceived that this has been a work of great tbor, iei|uiring much timo and investigation, and the nwwer has been prepared witii as little delay as praoticbin. ..On comparing the new tables for 1818 with thasj I 1843, it will be found that in the great majority of a so*. wheru tile duties were snecillc. under the tarirt" at s4i. the vq'iivulent ad valorem linn been much l.nvor umiif( the last fiscal year, than that which preceded ; nil hence, calculation* based, and estimates made upon ne impoila of1B4A, must bo corrected by tho?e of the ear succeeding, as being nearer in date, and furnishing tier and better data upnu which to calculate the riled t>on the revenue, of an increase or reduction of the preent duties A* the equivalent ad vuioreras under the n|Kirta of fan generally Qpproximu'o more nearly the resent rates |f duty than the rquivsleut ad valorem! of 446, a smaller augmentation of the present duties will e required to nugmcrit the revenue in cases where any ut> under the lust tarili'produced a larger revenue on le import otany at tide tnun the present duties on theime. To illustrate this position, the equivalent ad va irums on the imports of )B4j, omitting fruc.tions, 'ere, on certuiu article* of iron, as follow*: Pig 'on, 4tt; bar iron, manufactured by rolling, 76 , ound or square iron, 66 ; nail or spike rods, 9B ; aeetiron, except taggers, tiO ; hoop iron, lid; banu 01 croil iron, 70; Wood screws, (id; spikes, cut or 'rought, 1KB ; and on the imports of IB4I3 the equivalent J valurems on the same articles impoited, in ttie same rder, were 44, 63, 61, 83, 47. Bl, H4, 45, and B5, being, in very ca?e hut one, u i cry large reduction of tho tate of uly estimated us ad valorem This diiniuution ot the ste of duty when specific, converted into an equivalent d valorem hv comparing the actual duties realised ritli the actual value of the import, is produced by a i-re in tho piico of the article, and in (fleet brings the uty estimated by the imports ot 1848 much neater the resent rule* than when estimated hy the imports ot B16. Unless, then, in cases where there are other date, ntitled to higher consideration, which have been pre' anted since the eatiinates made lust yeur, the depart tent would, as a genoral rule, in cuses where any inrcase of duty would augment the revenue, estimate a uiuller increase of the present duties as neccsssry to reduce, in such a case, the lurgc.it umaunt of revenue, judging Irom u compaiison ot the duties undsr tho acts f lb42 and IB46, estimated by the imports of lSld.) than then th? tables wero prepared lust rear, when the estttates were made hy the imports of 1946 This princile is believed to be correct, hut if the Benate should he f a contrary opinion, the tact is stated, together with le views ol this depuftment thereon, in order that the eta upon which any change of estimate, as now made, lull be failly and fully communicated. tiuiJed by these views, and all other such data as it ra* within the power of the department to obtain since 10 adoption of the insoiutioii, tables A and B aro hersith communicated as tho result ol" this investigation Table A prevents a list of tbe articles upon which the iltios may be increased, so us to uuaineiit the revenue. igotber will) the rule ol ir-cie-ise, au-1 the augmented : venue produced thereby 111 eoch owe. It will be persivetl ttiMt the total uuiuuut of augmented revenue hich can thue bo obtained, is $1,418,000.' Table B pieoenti a lie', of the urlclea upon which udging from the data now before the department) it i? rotmblo the duli->* might bj reduced so us to augment te revouuo, together with the rute of diminution on i sch article, and tlia aggregate amount ot augmented re- I enue which would thus bo produced. It will tie per J jived that the totul amount ol tho augmentation oi re | tnue arising from these reductions, a* indicated by tale 11, would only be $5.1,000, and the total eggiegale ol i Iditianal revenue derived both from augmentation aud ' iductiou of duiiei, as indicated by tabict A and B, culd be $1 473 000' In augmenting, as well at in reducing the dtitiov, it rill be scon that the ad v.ilorem system has been retiinJ throughout?the pilnciple of nnuimums or of specific nties, being still regarded by tins depaitiucnt us lineiial and unjust iu their ovulation, uniformly pioducinl; higher rate ol duty upou the cheaper than upon the tier and dearer articles, thereby imposing a higher rate [ duty upon those who are least able to pay it, and 1 roducing less revenue than the ays cm of ad valorems irly and honestly adminixteie.l. The u l vsloiem is a itter duty lor revenue loan the specific, because it ope ites r<|U.,l)y in pro|>ortiuii' to vuiuo upon all clussos ol m is, uod asscxses an i ijual rute of duty upon each, beg iliu? apportioned so us to insure the largest revenue; heirus the specific duty operates as a im illor eqtnvant ad valorem upon the fine and high p-iced goods, hich can bear the higiiest duty ,for r evenue, aud a much rger equivalent ad vuljrem upon tho cheap uriicles, us diminishing the consumption and importation of such leap at tides, and in this manner decreasing the revenue he ad valorem duty upon each article, selected with a ew to revenue, fines tho duty according to the ability I tho consumer, aud the actual value of the artic-le; l hereas the specific duty reverses this rule, by sub -cling the bight*', pneed articles to the loWMt duty, | sing the same nominal, but an entirely diff'-'ioiit actual i ite of duty occordiog to value. The specific duty dis- I rimiuate* agonist revenue by taxing highest thn cheap rticles which can I ear it least, and taxing lowest tho j 'tides which can bear tho highest duty. Hence, in nt, it is that, even under the t.uitf of 1341, the ml vulo -m duties produced a lsiger revenue than the apeciflt; id this, in part, accounts alio lor the fact that the t.mft f |H4(i, which is exclusively a I valorem, produces thus ir a larger revenue, even at lower rates of duty, thuii I le tun if of 1844, which was composed portly of ad vuirem, and paitly of iniiiitnum and spec fi -. duties. As regards the aiticles exempt fiom duty, their rum r hns been gieatlfr reduced by the laii/l of 1H46 The rincipal of tbo tree tiade articles is tea and coffee, upon hich, as w as estimated at the commencement of the anion, a duty of'45 per cent ad valoiem would produce u it revenue of at lo ist $2 .',00 Odd. Upon the leinain-lei "the present free lint, it might >e possible to ohiairi u -vi nun of $400 000 This however, is extremely douhtI for noailv the whole ol the free list (except tea and flee and gold and silver coin, and bullion) is composed lirttr l??u tiati/1 in AhfiuHiintr rati 1L ?nr# AT rai.aiiiuir v?a. Is, the duties upon which would compel tho repair* to ) made,and the woilt done on the vessels while iu fo 1 iff n poi in, and thus oporuto inju^ioualy upon American hor, with little er no advantage to the revenue. The na gating interest is already sufficiently burdened t>y the itic* imposed by oxistiog laws, without augmenting ese hurilens by increased duties, especially whan these ities would produce little or no re venu--. The revenue necessary for peace is always inadequate i the extraordinary oapenditure* of war When, there re, sncli a cal imity occurs, uniform experience I ere id abroad has always demonstrated that it becomes nessary to resort to loans, and at the same time to augsnt the levenne. II the expenditurea are greutly ineased, and heavy loans negotiated, whilst no provili in made hv augmented revenue to meet the new de tnds, all sxpeiier.ee at homo ami aliroad has never fail, to drmonsirate that the cie< it of the nation is lor the ne being sfleeted injuriously, and loans negotiated ion terms )e>-s advantageous to the government. It is lieved that the only loan over effected at or above par > this government, or, so far ui us known to this dortmeu', by any other government, autho'izod and neitiated. durjrg a petiod of war of any duration and gnitti 'e, is the loan of five millions negotiated in No. niher lu?t; the l-ians dining tho late war descending in iliding real", as the war progressed mid the expenses gmented until the lo ins last effected in 1814, reuli/.ud specie about sixty cents in the dollar. In view ot this event, and from an anxious solicitude maintain the credit of the governoneat, to nego' lata its an* at or above par, and thereby preset ve its ctedit us oil as prevent increased taxa'iou to meet this sacrifice ith a view also to meet promptly nil our expenditures, d especially those req Ired to sustain the houor of the untty and to pay punctually m gold or silver, or its i al equivalent, our soldiers, seamen and volunteers,who 1 the peril of their lives were fighting the battles ot their untry, this department lelt bound to recommend what, I a state of peace it did not favor, a tax on tea and c?f j a Aefmtod hy these motives, it was deemed advisable I .it an bnuinil addition of at lc.ist two millions and a half I dollars should be tnade to the revenue; sni to ifi'sct at object a duty of tw<-nty-fiv? per cent ad valorem was oposed on tea and eoJl>e This plan of procuring that ' lount of revenue is still deemed the best and most , I ailahle, hut if ths fvueto as well as the Mouse should ;! i of a different opinion and an additiohal revenue of ' to millions and a hall were still deemed all that ii tie- < ssary under existing ciicumstances, it might, iu nil j obability, be obtaiui <1 by the reduction* proposed in ' tile B, as well as the additions suggested in tttble A, aving. however. h11 sugars at the existing rate of duty, ceptlo.il and other retir ed mgar, and redm ing (lie itv upon tea snd cofl'ee tiom twenty-five per cent, as ] oposed, to fifteen [ier cent ad valoicm. Snotihl either thosu alternatives he adopted, it is respectfully vug stetl that the credit of the government would ho t to untamed by pledging tho new and additional duties to > pay ment ul the principal and intcsert of any loans 'endv autlionsed tiy t.'i<iigres<- duii-g tho pi. sent srs < >n, and to terminate w hen tha*o loans shall be pnld in j I. II in the absence of vucli additional revenue, doing ! rec.pss ol Congress, the necessary loans i annot be gotiated atyur, or treasury notes main'ained always at I r, ooiiaeqiieuc.es the most disastrous to the honor and ' sdit of our country might ensue. 1* regards that portion of the resolution which in Ire* how mueh the ptice of trtiole* will be increased | 1 the consumer by the augmented duty, this deportment ) RK I FINING, FEBRUARY 4, ] begs leave moit respectfully* to refer to it* report to the Senate (ill answer tu a similar inquiry ) communicate J on the -J3il of July lent. l)y refertuceto that report, and the table* and pnceacurrent thereto appended, the following punch lea would ieem to he clearly eetahliabed ai a general lute, mhject to modlttcation, in tome reapecta, by extraordinary cuuses. luch aa greatly increased or diminished production, changes of season, augmentation or diminution of demand and supply, and also to increased or dimiuishi d cause of production : 1st. That where the article is produced morecheaplv in our own country than

abroad, the price is not affected by the duty. ad. That whera the difference of the oost of manufacturing or producing an article here, aa compared with the same cost abroad, is less than the duty, the enhancement of price, neverthelaiia, cannot exceed such difference in the coat of production, although the duty may be ruuch greater. 3d. That where the duty exceeds, or is equal to the difference in the cos*, of production, the enhancement of price, as proved by actual pricea the ratio ot 119 to 7ft, or about two thlrda of the duty. If this were assumed tho itaiiJard moat nearly approximating to the actual iexult*, in tho pre**utca*e. a duty of fitteun por ccntj cii tea and coffee would, in a terie* of year*, unaffected fry other disturbing cauiei, enhance the price here trn per eent, and of the twenty-per cent on refined sugar, ami ten and fire per cent in aoine other cose* would enhanoe the place of the ariirlea respectively on which these additional dutia* were imposed two-thirds of the uu(nie,ited rat- As, however, in noma case*,on aome of theao articles this would make the enhancement of price greater thin the actual difference in the coat of production, there mutt be a correspondent reduction In such case of the augmented price, so that the enhancement of price shall never, in any cue, where the supply is abundant, exceed the dilbfUM in tho cost of production. by reference to the table* appended to the report of the 123 I of July list, it appears, in regard to tho great minx.of our imports, that the enhanced price, taken in the aggro? to, it about equal to two-thirds of tho duty. Whatever theories may huve prevailed upon either side oa this subject, this seems to be unascertained fact, proved by actual prices current appended to tho report. A? a general rule, in the case* referred to, it appears that about a >'birds of llie duty fi^ls as a burden upon the container fcy enhancing prises to thut extent. The question si, on whom does the tax fall equivalent to the remaining one-third of the duty, whether in some cases in part upan the foroi 'n producer, or in part upon the Anie rican exporter of all our products, or upon both, and in wliHt propt rtions, is u most interesting inquiry. But the antwer requiring much time to collect the nocessary foreign Md home price currents, and not being culled for, particularly by the Honate, is not obtruded upon its consideration utlhii time. It is certain, however, that when < Ire at Britain levies or repeals a h-avy duty on our great exports, we realize to a certain extent, in many cases, n correspondent gain or lest ; and the same principle, if applied to the pro l>oted duty un tea and cotfee, might show that, whilst two thirds of the duty on a similar enhancement of price might fall cn the consumer, a portion of the remaining one-third might fall upon the foreign producer, ait-nded also by tho turther advantage, that, in the case ol tea and cotfee, tho wholo rovenuo will be naid without any additional tax into the treasury , whereas, us Mioivn by the report of the J3d of July last, iu the case of duties upon many protected articles, the tax arising from the enhanced price of the domestic article, often far exceeds the revenue on the foreign import. There is herewith submitted a table, mat Wed C, of du ties paid from the first ef December, 1845, to 34th of January, 1046. under the tarilf of 1843, compared with tire duties realized from 1st of December, 184b, to 13d of January, 1847, in the five ports of Bolton, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Charleston, showing an incroase of the duties paid on the tariff of 1848, to exceed thosu paid under the late tariff in those five ports for the period ol one month and twenty three days, upwards of seven hundred thousand dollars. It is fully believed that the tarilf of 1848 is vindicating itself by the results in augmenting the revenues of the government, and advancing the prosperity of the country. Annexed is a table, murked D, of the imports, duties, anJ equivalent ad valorem* for the fiscal year 1846; and u similar table, marked K, lor the fiscal yasr 1848. Also tables marked F, O, H, I, of imports and duties on tea and coffee; of iron, marked K; of coal, marked L; and of sugar, marked M. A tnblu is also hereto annexod, marked N, shewing that if the dutios were arranged on iron by reference te tables A and B, that, according to the imperts of 1848 the value of iron and its mauu'acturea, on which theie ild ha no change cf dutv, would be $5 670,616, the value on which there would be an increase of duty vfould be $j.977,898, and the value (exclusive of nonenumerated because not specified ou the returns) on which there would be a decrease of duty would be $8.f 810. If the duties on all the dutiable articles are raised and dimini'lied according to tables A and B (oxcept brown and white sugar,) whilst it will probably increase the revenue us suggested, it will, a* believed, diminish our imports to a small extent'compared with the imports under the net of 1840, if unaltered. It will be perceived, that in order to obtain increased revenue on manufacture)) of wool, it became necessary to divide them into two classes, imposing the higher duty only on the very high-priced weoilens For tbe same reason, it became necessary to divide manufacture* of cotton into throe classes, the duty being reduced on the lowest priced, stationary on tho medium, and raised five par cent on tho (high priced cotton goods No change litis been suggested as to tho important articles ol silks and linens or worsted, because this department is not in i>o?*rnnoii at this time of sufficient data upon which to found tho belief that an augmentation of tbe duty ou these articles would increase tbe revenue. This information, however, may bs furnished by the acta tl operutiou of tbe tariff of 1816 Of all the aiticle* embraced in table A, on which the duties are raised, the increased duty on loa' and eher refined sugar will be the least onerous, and most certain to produce a considerable addition to tbe revenue bv augmenting largely the imports ol brown and white sugar as the raw material for (he refined In submitting at present only tho articles mentioned in tables ,v and B, it is pro er to rema.k that these tables ere of course only estimates subject to correction by the actual operation of tho tarifl' of 1848, and that time, together with tbe results of that act may indicate othor articles upon which duties may bo reduced (or augmentcd if iudisiiensably neoessaiy) so as to increase the revenue. The Seriate having celled for the prosent es'i ma'es, and fining supported as probable results by all tho data at this time within tho possession of this department, it becomes a duty to submit these result* because thuy are believed to bo true; but this department has not rc-commended any change of the tarilf of 1816, except a duty of twenty five percent on tea and coffee, us tho least onerous, tho roost certain end available, to bo levied only a* a war dit'y, and to pay the expense* ol the wur, and liquidate the dnht created thereby To the supenor wisdom ol Congros* i? wiaelv submitted by the Constitution the sole puwor of imposing duties, und tlii* department will teuler it* cheerful aid and co-op?i utiou. whenever renuired, in carrying into effect all ?uch law* on the subject as may lie enacted to supply nil the mean* adequate lor tliu prevent occasion Having now answered the resolution referred to os fully a* |uacticahle within the brief rx-riod allowed for a reply, the result*, with the table* ana data upon which they mo founded, are submitted to the indulgent consideration of tha Senate. Moat respectfully, your obedient servant, R. J. WALKER, Secretary of the Trtaaary. To lion Gcob<;k M. Dtut*, Vice-President of tho United States and President of the Senate * Tho statements A and B will be given in the HtraU to-morrow. Movement* of Travellers. The following wrn the {number of arrivol* rag inter# j yeaterduy ut the undermentioned hotels :? AmtctS.?O. H. Day, Catskill; S. Day, do ; V. Dal ritntdo, New Jersey: W. Brammels, Haundersvilie; K Muilord, Georgis; Col Ifoue, Long Island; J. Ive* and jr-.ily, (hnrlcton; N. Reeves, Newburgh; E. Wlioloy, Charleston; J. Bushbey, Ne?v Jersey. A*roa?C. Holhrook. Boston; M. CliRtlin, Hartford; J Gilbert, Phila ; A. Colby, New London; L Hurlhurt, Mv chester; A. Gray, Va ; 11 MiJdlatoo, Charleston; J. 8trad, I'enn ; J. Ooddard, Boston; K. Knstman, do; il. Gilbert, Lewiston; II Hiliiiird, Boston; K. Johnson, Me , K. Kid.lie, Boston; W. Allen, do; 8 Hiiliard, do; Gen (J. Miller, do; J. Monroe, do; C. Smith, do: Mr*, tlovernor Voting. Albany; J. Whitwell, Bo*ton; G. Todd, Paris; J. Gallagher, Cincinnati; J. Caching, Bui imore; J dates, do; B Gardner, do; A. C. James, N. O ; M Dotr, Boston; J. Cheever, do. Citv.?A. Butler, Conn ; J Wcdsn, Phila ; W Blancaid. Sintm Island; A. Reckless. New Jersey; II. M. Srriih, do; J O. Pease, Phila; W. Cttmmings, do; S Matle, Louisville; J. M. Brown, do; D. Pratt. Now Jer sey; i*. Pearce, Boston;: J. Meorhoru, Now Jersey; |( Mci'arlund, do; L K. Lsney.fAlbany ;,J Hoymour, Peekskill; H Reaves, Phila ; J. I'homa*. Richmond, K Massy, do; J White, I'hiia ; M Stevens, New Jersey. f Bk.iai.iv?W. Nillen, Cincinnati; A. W. Tt rrell, Uticn; K Dungsn, Baltimore; W. White, N'owark; R D. Thompson, Pittsburgh: G Richmond, Boston; J. Brown, Salem; P. Chadwlck, Little Kails; W. Warren, Newburgh. llow**n.?M. Spe'.r, Cspe May; A. W.Tyirell.L'tici; \1. Brigham.B Krancia, Boston; W. Beadalsy, R Kenuedy, Bait; C. Sampson, Boston; J. Sampson, Middle [own; U Waddy. Boston; Col. Moiill, B. Anthony, Prov; I. Mederd, riiilad: R. Garsed, t rankfort; T. Haffner, Boson; B Harden. Worcester; II Wmgate, Saiem; 'i'. Os<001, Boston, T. Cooper, Delaware; 8 Porter, N. Jersey; II Marks, N. Y;G. Piterscn, Ptiilail; M Black, Lancas;er; A Noyes, Washington; G. Vinges, Bait; Cap'ain lewett,H Gunning, Boston Jrnsoi -4 Stanley, New Britain ; D. Pratt, New Jer>ey ; T. Titherick, Pennsylvania ; J. Griswold, Stoning on ; K. Klsher, Baltimore ; J. HerUon, Philadelphia ; A. M Stevenson, do.; M. rrescott,.New Haven; Capt J. Imlth, Hartford ; A. Ldla, Boston ; Angelo Monte Lllls, !o.; W. Kmlay. Hartford ; A. Redston, New Haven ; A. Hammond, Connecticut; N. Kellog, do; L. Barlow, Madison; O. Weod. L'tica ; II. hlocum, Pioy ; M Burtich, Lanaingburgh; O. Sibley, Boston. J Brooks, Si walk , J. Rice, New York n?TMeri?Thos. Wilmer, Phila ; J Buckiev, New Hamburg; P. Adiiance, Mnnche*ter; G Vsn Vranktr, V. J : F. Holhrook Pougf ksepsie; N P Kan:* < inn , W U Londsdsle, N V K Grant Newark C'ousutuii Pitas. Belota Judge L'lshocIter f?:n .1 IJorh.n v* Kagan -In this esse, noticed ill |e<terday'a iitrafd, tho Jury rendered a verdict of $400 or plaintiff' Naval,?-The w n. b'oinhip Southampton, [,iauteii?nt Commandant Thotbnrn, hauled oft :roin ihe Savy \ srd at Gotport, yesterday afternoon, and will sail n a few day* for the Paciflc. Thi sloop cf-war Dectur, Cominanler rir.cknsy, has t.kvn the piece of the fouthampton, at tha Navy Yard, to.mtke prsperatkn lor ma?dastinatian uakaawa -JY*r/? >k HirtU, r?? I IERA 1847. Dr. Ity dor's Loutnr* on Uie Tenets or tho f Catholic Church. ' On 8unday evening laat, the apaciou* and elegant ? building known at 81. Peter'* Catholic Church, in Bar- r ' clay itreet, wa? filled to it* utmoat, by a large and ret- J pectable congregation, of all denomination* of Chria tian*, who aaaemhled there for the purpote of hearing ., the Rev. Dr. Ryder, Treaident of the College of the Holy ? Crou, Worceiter, Mai* , deliver a lecture on the tenet* v I of the Catholic Church, by which he (tated ho would I prove that the only hue worahiy of God, in the iy*tem * of Christianity it to be found in the Catholic Church. ?, I After reading lop. Hah , chapter II," We have en altar," e i k.3 , and making tome preliminary remarka on the Iran- b cendent importance of the <iHeition to all denominatinna tl 1 of Chriatiana, ProteatanU ua well at Catholic, the V eloquent divine proceeded to remnrk that u... ... h all 'Christians, or at least we all deiire to be Clint- b tian*. The first question we should nut to our- i ui : selves, is that contained ill tho text he had hut quoted, sji 1 and which wat the fitst point he would take up in the h order ol tho discourse. Have we an altar of which the tl j Je with priests would not ho admitted to partake, or iu ri I the tacritkcet of which they would not bo allowed to u ! participate! Tan wo all my to I Can we all point to tl such an altar, and make the same boast that tho a;>o?tlcs o mude to the Jews! My beloved brethern.'he continued, ! fi we all cannot do thia, and yet it is essential, nay, abso- ' f lutely necessary, that wo should all have it iu our p power to make the boast which the apoatles made, so r that we could show that we are Christians in commu- 1 nion with the Christians of primitive tin-os. Mr. ltydor s then spoko of the Protestant Ueformation, and ) said that a reformation, if such u thing could a he allowed in Christianity, must bo a pot urn to i the primitive and original state of the Christian t religion, and, of course, to tho privileges of which that iaith could boast from ihe beginning. Thus, i if we would reform our political institutions we must I return back to the original republicanism and inde- I pendence which our fathers had provided. This is what I we all maintained by reformation in civil matters; u re- I turning back, a retracing of our steps to fjist principles t Now, the apostles boaaied of an altar which tho Jews cuuld not -partake ol; and toan we say < that we have an altar superior to that of the Jews, ] to which wo can point; one which we can say ia i more pure, more perfect, and one on which the Alnugh- 1 ty required sacrifices to be oflered,up to him/ This is the I question which every Christian should put to himself, I snd here is the glorious question which Catholics ca-i | put to themselves. tDd conscientiously answer in the affirmative. In the system of Christianity there must be 1 an external sacrifice, for that is the most perfect lorm of divino adoration which man can offer up to his Mnatar; i and thia sacrifice ia to be foanil exclusively iu the Ca- < thollc church. Now, 1 may be met here at the very thrash < old ef my ergumant by my dissenting brethren with the i assertion that in the system of Christianity, our .Saviour 1 intended to exclude all external worship, and that he re- i quired only i he worship of the heart, hut have I tinder- 1 stood my dissenting biethran to say that the Almighty ( Dod does not intend to have any external worship at all! t If they assert this, then they accord with deists, who ex t clu<!o all external worship. No, they cannot excude ex- t terna! worship. Man is required by his tiod to worship 1 him with the wholo man, with all his soul, with all his ( h?ait, and with all his body; for the whole msn consists of body and soul, and the Almighty has a claim on his homage; and if they pretind to say that they worship him with the heart, and not with the tongue, they must deny the authority of God and dolrau-1 him of a part of his lawful rights. Nay, more; I will assert that without external sacrifice there is no complete system of divine adoration. Take 1 away sacrifice, and God is no more served than crea 1 tures may be served; for every form of worship, with the exception of sacridco, may be offered up, within certain limits, to creatures, as he showed by examples.? Where then will yen find any form of worship not common to creatures and suitable to God I You may give thanks to your fellow man for aervicaa and favor* re I ceivod; you may ba truly thankful for them; but can you, without blasphemy, offer up thanks to a creature by asc rificel Sacrifice, my beloved brethren, belongs to the Almighty alone, and that is tho form of worship by wbicti divine woishipis to be distinguished; become extemal sacrifice ia an offering to Almighty God of an external thing, for the purpose of acknowledging his superior authority; acknowledging that we adore uim with our whole man and leave nothing for ourselves?that wo i ha*V?? l'AO.nivnil nvorv thine/ frr?m him t%v\A thi U 1 , a ....... ..... II in |>iupsi I ! we should offer up every thing to him. So if you I 1 will'ravel ovor ell countries, you will find no people t . that had not en idea of external sacrifice in some way or < I other. Thus from the days ot Adam down to the < | days of the advent of the Messiah, when the I | primitive Catholics and the Apostles ottered sacri- I . tiees to God, every people in every nation offered | up external sacrifices to Almighty Ood. Cicero, a Pa < gen, states this as an argument lor the belief of a (Iod, i ; that there never was s people known who dij not admit < , the necessity of sacrifice, and who did not use external I > sacrifice; that you would soouer And a city without u < suu, than a people without an attar. Now, as the At < mighty Ood required sacrifice, uud established its lie canity ? aye, and its vnry torm, In the old lew?shall ! Christians do lets than Pagans and Jews,and exclude this ossential form ot worship! Khull Dot rather Christians, ' who have the most perfoct system of toligion, have the j most perfect form of worship and sacrifice I Ruth teason and religion demand it- We havs uo w como to the point, my beloved brethren) we have fouud the necessity ofes ternal sacrifice,which is essential to divine adoration, and now we are to find where the altar exists lor that saeii fioe In the Old Testasient, we shall find tint it has oeen foretold, by the Almighty Ood, that Clnistiaui'y i should be distinguished by a sacrifice, to bo substituted in the room of the impeifect ssciifi:es of the Jewiali law. But, before I quote the passage to which I allude, lot me tell you, that you must not confound internal with externa) sacrifice, luteiuul sacrifice, my beloved brethren, is not sufficient; thero must be, likewise, exi ternal sacrifice. In the first chapter of Malscbi, we read { that the Almighty Ood deolarad his intention to do j i uway with the external sacrifices ot the Jews ? | lie was not satisfied with them, b. cause they ' had corrupted the offerings he hud prescribed. *'l ! have 110 pleasure in you," saitii the Lord ot Hosts,"neither { will I accept an ottering at your hand. Kor Iroiu the lis ing of tne sun to the geing down of the same,my namn is ; great among the Gentiles, and in every place sacutice shall be offered and a pure oblation." Here we have an external sacrifice and a pure oblation to be offered up ! throughout all Chiistiarity, in all times. The very term i mmcAa denotes the pure host, which the Catholic rscog 1 nisos on his altar. Bo then in this prophetic language ' the Almighty God will not have the sacrifices ol the J ?ws heeautn bo means to substitute another winch will be mote perfect than were those ol the aews ?one sacrifice, which will tie offered up every where. Now the Jewish peoplo wore commanded by the laws of Moies to offer up sacrifices only in Jerusalem, consequently nowheie else was it just.fisble to offer up external sacrifices. The Bimeritans, who may be styled tho " Keformers' ot the Jews, in opposition to the system established by Moses, erected for ' themselves nnother altir and temple, and on the altar o! fcred up sacrifices, iu opposition to the law of Mosul. Miinii wui i/iimo ?" *?im um onniait;nh 1 woman discussing the advent of the Messiah, uml when die asserted that her fi.tlien adored on acerteiu mount, our Divine Saviour said that it wm uot |>io|>?r to Jo to. " Wo udore,"he said, " whom we know, but you adore whom you knew not ; tint tho true adorers will adore in spirit an t in truth ttua tnakiug a distinction be, tween Urn two Join.* of adoration. The Sainaritaui chose to think for themselves, and said why should they not have an altar an well as tha lew* I They >hJ so in tha apiritof reform, and established one in opposition to the 1 form of Moses. Almighty God dispprovea o( it, end our Divine Saviour raj I that they adorn.I whet they did not know. But lot it nut be supposed for a moment that Almighty tied intended only to be adored internally?it wai in ipnit an.l in truth, by a real and true external sa- 1 criflce. Now let u* turn to tho prophet Malaccbi. He moke* o dietinction bntweon tho sacrifice of 'tie Jews and thnt of the Christians. or converted Hentiles. Now : tine one oblation which the prophet retara to, mint cer; tainly be extornal sacrifice. Why io I Became Alnngh . . ty Uod speaks first of the paternal sacrifice! of the Jewa, , and then apeaka of the pure oblation to be instituted. Now if it i* saaerted that the Almighty Uod intended to coufiue it to internal adoration, then you inuat come to tho conclusion that he did not intend to institute anything peculiar. And why? Because homage of the heart, or internal aacrifice, waa I always thought neceaanry Davrl apeaka ot interne! | adoration aa being always known to the Jewish people, j Ho, then, it is clear that the Almighty Uo.l meant exter- 1 nal oblation in addition to internal adoration. Now, what ia the o' ject of this external sacrifice? Is it not as 1 the prophet save, to make the name of Uod great among the (ientilea I I an you say for a moinant that if we adore Almighty Hod only in spirit, that the name of Hod would ever ho honored? Certainly not. You ennnot make the name of (rod celebrated in this way How can you, by any lorm of worship merely internal, glorify bun before the Uentilra? it imut be by some external act, hy which the name of Hod is made great- by wliich he win to he honored more than he was by the Jews Again, it aUowa that this itcriflce mm' he external, became it was to be | oolebrated every where? in every nation and every clime, Irom the rising of the eon to the going i down of tl,o same. It was to be offered in every place?in the Kaat an) the West-in the capitals of civilization, aa well aa among barbarians - in future conn trie< to be discovered and in future republic# to be established. 8c, than, my beloved brethren, if we would not contradict the words ol the prophet, there must he no ex 1 ternal aacrifice in Christianity. The very (01 m la shown 1 in the Hebrew text-aye, the very material, aa it were, ] ia pointed out in the ti rm mtnrha, which means "pure 1 paste," ?? it the prophet law the mystic t (Turing of tho Catholic Church j t Now, my beloved brethren, we come to ask ourselves ; 1 what ia this pure oblation, and we have only to leok into : the old Testament lor It We inust look for the characteristics ol the Messiah, which should re fulfilled by I Jesus of Nazareth, and substantiate them, or we mtM 1 gite up to the Jews They would say our Testament 1 has pointed out characteiietic* of the Messiah, end if 1 you can't find them in jout Christ, jou ate not worship- J pert 0! tho trie Ood-tho tiue -Messiah They will J point us to tlie expressive language ol the psalmist. | where, in tho iBth l'i. m. the tiue Messiah is rac igmw.J j hv the title ol h.rfb pi teal lot c vet, ?c. nidicg '.?> the or lee 1 oi Melchlsedck, not seconding to the order of Aaron , but 1 ] of Melchiaedek Now, have wo any Indication of tl ? 1 form of oBsiis.g up of Melchlsedtk. Wo l.ave, and it is 1 rather en exti aor.Unary fact, that there is hut one pa-- , 1 sage in Mcripture that gives us any light upon it in the , lam chuptei ol Heursis we read : "And Melchisedek, 1 . king of Salem, brought forth bread and wine, for he was | the I'll#*' of the Most High Uod, and blessed" Abraham. ! The right or order el Melchisedek is qui re d sacrifice | U bread end wtae-an unbloody eoorifico, tad dieting! 11 -?- - ~? ? LD. rorathe sscnflrta of tbe ordet of Aaron The great high >rieit of Cbriitiaiilty m tut offer up a saciitice according o tba order et Melchisedek. only moia peifect end nore divine, aa ti e I igh priest Chi let is Infinitely sueaior to Melchiaedek. beicg bo'h Oo4 and man. iVe are tben bound to show that Jesus Christ baa off?rd up thia aacriflce, and we hnv? only to refer to tbe <ew Teatauient to ahow he effered it. In Mattbew, lurk. Lake, and Paul's Cpiatle to the Coriotbiaua, you ead tbat tbe Divine Saviour, at tbe laat supper, took >reud, Messed it, and pronounced ovvr it these solemn bonis, l' Take you and eat?tbis is my body." kc kc.? fere is en offering of bread, according to the order of delchisedek He likewise took tbe wine, an! said. Thia is my blood." fco. "Dothts in remembrance of me." fuw our divine Saviour did all tbat is requited for an sternal aacriflce?ho bad an external object, end after leasing it, be offered it up. Here you #?e the aacriflce of % ie god man accordion to the order of llelc iaedek ? /ben he took tbo oieaJ, be charged it into hi? flesh, ae a changed tbe water into wine et tbe feaat in Ualiliee. y the inherent authority which be poiaessed over ell iiture. He changed bread into his sacred body, and lid,"This is my boJy which is given for you " i em not ere at present to detend'the reel presence of Christ in ie Kuch&rist ; I um only speaking of it as a a sort co, and I find that it is au offering of a aacriflce uder tbe foim of bread and wine, according to ;ie order of Melchiaedek. Now, I know that many f my dissent,ug brethren will say that our Saviour ofered up only one aacriflce, and tbat on the croee. iut will they recollect that he was not tben acting aa a iri?st according tu the order of Melchiaedek, (who did lot offer a bloody, but au unbloody aacriflce) If we ook at the luuguugo of ?t. Paul, we ahull see that the ipostle, among those Christian brethren who were eat ait on the subject, speaks te them as a mutter of course, ind makes a diKtmctiou between the adoration given to dols and thot given to tiod; and he tells thorn not to auciflce to idols, and that those who participated in thoee lacritlcea must be kept alool from Christians. But the ucrirtro of tbe Christians is the pertakiug of the >ody and blood of tbo Lord under the forms of tread and wine Tbie sacrifice ie superior to all be offerings of the Jewish people. Look into he sacrifices of tho Jewish priest*, and compare them with thia sacrifice of the Christians. What are the lacrifices of the Jews ? They ore animal*, beaita, and ither things, which were slain by the priests for the [utrpoae. Man could not be redeemed by them, but mother otTcring was to be made by which man should tie redeemej, und God supremely honored. Wai it the lioraoge of the heart 1 Not at all. The homage of the heart wa* made br the Jews It ?ai to be aomething greater than the homage of the mere creature. What was it? If it 1* the body anil blood of Christ. then heaven can't rofuie it, because it i* the sacrifice which was to make the name of (tod great among all nation*. It ie an offering worthy cf tiod. By it the christian adore* tiod in (pint and in truth ; in truth, be ause it ia a public sacrifice, and offered up only to Ood r n spirit, became what i* offered under the forma of iread and wine, is something invisible to the human eye, inperceptihle to the aeneea ; it i* something that is an lomage of our intellect?the object of faith. That boat pointing to it,) we adore, as an offering of our homage <i tiod in spirit. When the Catholic aeea the bo?t * rerated, he cloaca hi* eye* to external object*, and, with ho eye of faith, recognise* Jutui Christ in hia sacred mmauity?as the sacrifice he aiade on the altar of relomption. Ho, then, the Catholic is adoring la spirit when the host is elevated Now, my brethren, you see at once, bow, in the Catholic worship,the lunguage of our Divine Saviour i* carried out. We adore out God in spirit and in truth, by an external sacrifice, required from the principle of all religion, according to the character of the Mesaiah, and according to the command of the prophet; and thia sacrifice i* to be perpetual, according to the word* of our Saviour When our Saviour gave hi* body and blood for tha redemption of eiunera, ha said to the apostles, "do you this in remembrance ol me " They are commanded, from that moment, to do it, as he had done it for them?to offer up the same sacrifice; and we And that the apostle in yesrs after, alludes to the same, and ih his letter to the Corinthians, xpatiates on tha subject. Now, as our Divine Saviour is, eccordmg to the languego of the prophet, a high priest lorevcr, he must lorever ofler up sacrifices. In Heaven it is Dot necessary to offer up sacrifices?it is on oarth it is necessary; so that on earth we must find this terpetuul sacrifice; .Tnd it is to be according to tha order >1' Malchisodek. Now, where are sacrifices olfeiod up aooording ;o tha order of Melchisedt-k ? Is it in your tamplee, ralaces, and cathedrals-in churches, however ofty and splendid? Where can you find it T You will have Ij enter the lowly and hu ble edifice* of tha "atholic*. There you will find it?there you will see he altar?there you will be reminded ef the anguage of the apostle*. There you will find the oblation which ia to be ottered up tram the rising to the letting of the sun. While we are offering it np here, >ur brethren at tho antipodes are preparing to offer it ip; and our Divine Saviour ia still ottering up the divine rblation, because it is the ofi'oring of Christ himself, and he Catholic priest i* merely performing the duty which jur Divine Saviour commanded to do in commemoration if him. Again.it it in this sacrifice, and this alone, that we Und fulfilled the l.ngue'ge of the apostle in regard to the new law. st i'aul says,'* At often as you do this you will show tho death of the Lord until he shall come to ludge the world theic must be this exhibition of the desth of Christ. Now where is this showing of hie death? It cant be in the celebration of the Supper, according to the Pro'estant ritual, beceuie there (ho reality of his body and blooJ is excluded?it i* enly en empty figure Christ's body is not there. Nothing but a representation ol it Consequently if the body of the Lord is not there, you cou't exhibit trie death Vet, eocording to the language of the apostles,you mast exhibit the death of the Lird, and must doit until he comes? Irom the rising to the setting ol lha sun. So then ws come to this point again i Is thers anv showing of the death of the Lord in any Chriatian chuieb at all I Yet, in the Catholic ; but in none other. The doctrine of the Catholio ohiltch is tlmt n the sacrifice of the altar tha hrvlv and blood of Chriat are offered up in the form ol hired end win*, Becoming to thi\order ol Meicht??dek. By virtue ol lh? coi.ert tatiou, tho Dread if cheii||eil dnectl) into the body, end tho wine into the blood of l.hriaty and thueemyeUo aeporetion of the body end blood ia wade, end the* the d?*tli ol the Lord it ahowti foilh. Dr. Kjder hero mid that the auljTt wee >o ample, end o important, I lint be could not poaaibly conclude ell he intended to aa) on it in our lecture. lie would, therefore, take next Sunday evening for fihi'bing whet he had ? to any, ond in the meantime imprutaed on tu* haereratbe great neceaaity of Uiu queation. I nnn l'KUsO.NK I.N rim. \LIKLPHI A. audi** te 1V/V7V/ the city m.d stait ol New York can teaufy to the wonderful efficacy ol that powerful remedy, mUMPSON'S t IIVII OUNU Si hi;r Ol TAR AND WOOD NAPHTHA. Kor Conanmption, Congha, I ol.ii, Aailima, Bronchitia, Spiv tiujr ol Bluod. Ac Ac. KtAll' HEAD !! AaioxiiHixu oi'bb or Chromic Brorchitir Philadelphia, ,Vlay <13, lit* Mr. 8. P Thompeou? Dear Sir:?Kor muit than lour year* pair I had bran dreadfully afflicted with ui affection ol the throat, winch my p'.iyucian p . no.iucrd ' < h ouie Broochltia," eaoacd by repe?lrd and neglected colda The Ola treaa anfferrd ia ludaicribatilr. 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