Newspaper of The New York Herald, 4 Şubat 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 4 Şubat 1847 Page 2
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I NEW YORK HERALD. | >ew York. Thuralay. February 4, H The Hunori of Peace?'Tricks of the Spccu latore?Take Care. The public has been kept in a state of trepi drttftii and excitement, for a few months past, H by rumors and reports purporting to be received from Mexico, that tirst one ruler, then another and then the constituent Congress of that country' had sgrt ed to our propositions tor peace, and were willing to come to terms. These rumors have a. serious effect on those business opera tions affected by peace or war, and are mostly set ailoat, particularly those of recent origin, by speculators who wish to till their pockets at the H expense of the people. These philosophers know very well that the I United States were never in a stato of greater prosperity than they are at present, and that at no time have we had so brilliant a prospect be fore us. With a heavy dram upon our cotton and corn markets, that may last probably for some time | to come, and a continual How of the precious metals from the old world, there is every inducement lor our people to extend 'heir operations, and commence a cnreor of extravagance and speculation similar to those we have so trej | qnently witnessed, and which generally end in ruin and disaster to thousanJs. The elements of another such era as that ol 1835,'6 and '7 are now at work, and all that is requisite to develope them, is for peace to he restored with Mexico, and (or common sense to lose its balance. The moment that takes place, the prices of stocks, real estate, and a very thing else, will reach a point higher than ever known before; and those who lloat with the tide, and reach dry land in season, will amass princely fortunes, while those who enter the list at a later hour, and dabble too long, will come out bankrupt. Thus, then, peace with Mexico having so much inlluence in this respect, it is tho interest of speculators and stockjobbers to circulate rumors of it as often as possible, for the purpose of availing themselves ol the temporary advance in prices that they create. These chaps know very well what they are about. They do not set these ru , more slloat here, because their tricks are well ! understood; but they circulate them in Philadelf, phia, Baltimore, Washington, and other places (' connected with New York by telegraph. As soon as they are heard of in those cities, they of course form the topic of conversation, and, as a matter ol course, are immediately transmitted by tele graph to the New York press. Thus, a rumor of peace is given out in Washington or Baltimore today, and the next day it appears in all the New York papers as a "postscript." Prices of stocks I immediately rise, and the authors and originators in the coolest manner possible, step in, take ad vantage 01 mem, ana pociret some thousands ol dollars from the trick, or whatever the operation nny be called. We warn the public against placing any reliPuce on these rumors. We have it from pretty , ^ ) id authority; indeed, all the indications j i o that the Mexicans are not at pre- | t. nt inclined to look favorably on our peace pro- 1 p uals. They wish first to see what effect the vumito will have on our troops, and if they disco- ! ver that the advantages that they expected to gain by its ravages are not as great as they calculated j upon, they may then consent to peace. We have facilities for obtaining the earliest in- j formation from Mexico, and until the New York j Herald makes an assertion of the probability of peace being soon restored, our readers may bo as ; sured that all rumors are not to be depended upon, j We of course shall give all the rumors afloat, but \ we shall characterize them as such. We shall be careful not to mislead the public by our own statements. The sure side is the safe side. New Department Proposed.?The Comptrol- ; ler has addressed a communication to the Common Council, suggesting ah alteration ol the time and mode of assessing taxes. He proposes to change the time for assessing personal property from May to January, and also to establish a Botfcd of Assessors, one of whem is to he donominated "Chief Assessor," which officer is to prepare, with the assistance of clerks, all assessment rolls, and perform the principal duties connected with the assessments for personal estate, an office being established for the transaction of this business. The other assessors nre to be called "District Assessors," and are to make the valuations of real estate in their respecti?e assessment districts. These assessors to be elected by general ticket, at the November election. The advantages proposed to bs derived, consist in a " nearer approach to accuracy in making the assessments, greater convenience to citizens t in examining their assessments, and a more thorough assessment of personal property " The Comptroller states, that, at present, a large number of our most wealthy citizens reside in the city from November to May, and manage to escape taxation by removing to the country about the time that the assessors commence their work; and claim relief from tax under the provisions of the statute made for the protestion of non-residents : against taxation. A case of this kind is cited, in which an individual, although occupying a re- ! sidence in this city during the winter months, was relieved from a tax on $200,(MX). This is done by the assessed party swearing that ho was a non-resident at the time the assessment was made, which enti'les him to relief from the tax. The comptroller thinks that, by making ttie assessment in January, these birds of passage would not escape so easily, and would be compelled, in common with others of their fellow citizens, to pay their taxes, and thus reduce the rate. The expanse of making assessments under this , proposed system, are estimated as follows:? j Salary of Chief Assessor $ \000 Principal Clerk 1,000 <? u..,,,,,.,! * iki\ " Throe additional Clerks, for 4 mos. . .. eoo " Persons serving notices 800 " tight Assessors, at $1,000 each $13,230 The amount allowed to the assessors during the past year was $15,100; and by the clo?e estimates of the comptroller, this new method of assessing would cost the city within #1,850 as much as the old system; well, even this would be better saved than lost?but, in the comptroller's estimate, no allowance is made tor contingent expenses of a whole department of the city government. No office rent, no fuel, no lights, no allowance for the thousand sundries which it is out of the question to think of avoiding. First estimatesarc always low but this one seems to us to be cast very low. Departments may be useful as a part of political machinery?they create patronage?but, they are expensive. Setting up a Department is like setting up " an establishmentthere may be many reasons for doing both, but surely economy can never be effectively urged as a good plea for either. The reforms proposed by the Comptroller ought to be made; the tax eluding citizens ought to be jnade to bear their proporti n of the public burden; but, let us be sure that when wo leap from the frying pan wc are not going to alight in the fire. Nrws from Mo.NTEvinKo.?We learn from a printed letter from Montevideo, dated Dec. 1, that vessels were in great demand to load on the llueiios Ayres side, at Salado, for the United Stntes, and that the barks Creole and Lzpelata bad been chartered to load immediately for the United fc'tates; the latter a) #(>,50). The Roselba had just arrived from l'aranaqua. We learn also that Rivera intended shortly to attempt to raise the seige of Montevideo. 1 n a political point of view, the newa is unimportant ; there limd been no change. % IMPORTANT WAR INTELLIGENCE. SPECIAL MESSENGERS TO THE GULF AND TBS FAOZTZO. MEXICAN PR^VATEHHS. tie. ?Skf. Our special correspondents, stationed at Key West and Pensacola, have sent some important 1 int.llin.noii m Ilia ATiitt Vartc Jlrrillli office. It will be r< collected that we yesterday published a letter stating that we should soon hear ol the appearance ol Mexican privateers in the Mediterranean and Indian seas. We have before received such intelligence ; but, according to our despatch from Key West, there appears to have been some foundation lor this statement. True or not, our navy must be on the qui vive. We annex the letters Irotn our agonts:? Kky Wkit, Jan. 18, 1847. I learn from Havana that the smack Mariner, Latham muster, sailed on the night ol the lGth for Vera Crux, with despatches to Commodore Conner, from Mr. Campbell. the Consul. As there are vessels fitting eut in Havana, and whose destination, as privateers under the Mexican flag is well understood, it is supposed that these despatches relate to that subject. It is also reported here that an unusually large body of troops are assembling at Havana, from old Spain ? Several regiments have recently arrived, and our quid; mines are all agog as to iU object. The Dogberrys here ! conclude that it has some connection with the placing a | son of Louis Philippe on the throne in Mexico; although ! we are very gravely informed that the reason assigned in Havana, is to prevent Mr. Senator Yulee's proposition of annexation being effected by the Yankees! LOOK OUT. PimsacOla Navv Vaid, Jan 2Sth, 1847. Two bearers of despatches for California?the one Com. Stockton's secretary, Mr. Norris, the other, Major Rich. Paymaster U. S A.?arrived here yesterday morn| ing. direct from Washington, and are at this moment em! barking on board the U. B schooner Onkshyee, Lieut. ' Berry man, commanding, for speedy conveyance to | Chagres ; thence, they are to ascend tho river a short j distance in boats, and then cross over by mail conveyance to Panama, where a U S. vessel probably will be ! found awaiting them Major Rich was formerly botanist to the exploring ; expedition, and this appointment of paymaster has been : conferred on him, unsolicited on his part, with reference, no doubt, to his peculiar qualifications for the duty fn California. He speaks the language like a native, and is thoroughly acquainted with the country and the manners and customs of the people. He takes with him a large amonnt of Treasury notes, made payable to his own order, and of course useless until endorsed by him. besides about twenty thousand dollars in gold. The Department desired him to take one hundred and fifty thousand, but he deemed it unsafe to carry ao much I of the nrecious metal, although he is accompanied hv I two young gentlemen. Messrs W R. ami J. D Mutton, kinsmen ot liii; ami it wan wall he had the prudence to decline the risk, lor the stage broke down in the forest between Blakeiy and thia place, during a severe rain storm, in the night previous to their arrival here, so that the greater part of their baggage was neceaaarily left behind, to come up this morning. The Potomac frigate, Captain Aulick, having replenished her water ana stores, is on the point of sailing hence to rejoin the Gulf squadron. The store ship Relief, Oscar Buller, Esq., Commander, will likewise sail in a iew days for the same destination. THE PROFESSOR. news from the rio grande. [From the New Orleans Mercury, Jan. 2d] The mail of the U S. steamer Edith, at the south-west pass, having been brought up last night, we have received a copy of the Matamoras Flag of the 13th inst. Information hud been received there of the afl'tir in which the rear guard of Col. May wss cut oil' The version of the affair, as publiahed in the Flag, is that besidos the eleven men, a lieutenant and sergeant commanding the guard were cutoff. The Flag publishes a correspondence which took place on the 4th and 5th inst, between A. Mennhaea, the Ayuntamiento of Matamoras, and Coi. Clarke, the military commandant, the former complaining of excesses committed by the volunteers, and the 1 itter promising to do all in his power to prevent them. At the same time he observes: ? "It is unfortunate4hat two recent attempts upon the lives of volunteers have been made. In one instance there was no provocation whatever; tho other attempt was not justifiable in the circumstances of the esse.? You will readily admit that such cases are calculated to sour the minds of the troops, and so render the task of controlling them more difficult." Col. Curtis's regiment of Ohio volunteers wero the only troops remaining at Matamoras, and one of them having murdered a Mexican to rob him of his blanket, the adjutant of the regiment had issued an order that no non commissioned tfficer or private be allowed to leave the quarters with arms, unless ordered to carry arms. another battle in prospect. [From the Mutamoras Flag, Jan. 12.] it was generally believed that a decisive stand would be made by the enemy at lula, where General Urroa's forces are now concentrated. Our informant met a large number of armed Mexicans, at various points on the road from Monterey to Camnrgo, but they appeared to be lying I in wait for booty?robbing parties merely will there be peace. (From the Bosten Advertiser, Feb. 2 ] The following extract from a letter received in this city, dated Jalapa, Dec 23, is confirmatory ol all the re' cent accounts from Mexico : ? "The United States government and people will now ; see that there is no hope for peace with these people until they are driven to it. "The vote of the Congress has been taken on the sab! jcot oi the lste propositions from the United States government, and they have been rejected by a large majority. Previous to the vote being taken, a caucus was held, ' composed of a majority of the members of Congress, in which it was agreed by unanimity that an oath should be taken by all present, viz: to listen to no propositions of pescs, nor admit of any loreign mediation, while a ingle United States soldier stood on Mexican territory, ; or an armed vessel blockaded her ports "This meeting was presided over by Gomez Farias.end this is the very man whose election to the Presidency we are momentarily expecting to hear, by express from Mexioo. Thia, then, is the Congress to which the United states government and people looked for peace. Really, the Cabinet at Washington must have a fine selection oi blockheads for its agents at Mexico, if it his been led by them to believe, for one moment, that thia war wss like, ly to be terminated by the force of reason. Be assured, that this people are more obstinate than ever, and will never come to terms until driven to it." Mails for Europe.?With the change in the wind, the packet ship Oxford, Cant. Yeaton, for Liverpool, and the other packets that have been detained, will sail. They will now carry four days' later intelligence to Europe. It will be highly interesting to the people and the politicians in that part of the world. The Oxford is advertised to leave at 10 o'clock this morning. Assembly Districts.?In our notice yesterday I of the plan propased by the committee of the Board of Supervisors, for dividing the city into , Assembly Districts, we stated the 16th District to : consist of the 12th Ward, and the 3d and 5th Dis; tricts ol the 17th Ward. We should have said the 1 12th Ward, and the 31 and 5th Districts ol the 16.h I Ward. Musical. Italia* OrinA.?In consequenco of the illness of Signor Sanrpiirico anil Signor Bcnodettl, last evening ' performances of the opera were unavoidably postponed The new opera, " Nina Paxzi Per Amour," will be performed on the next regular night, which is Friday. Theatricals. Task Thzatrz.?The Italian ballet appeared agaii last evening ; the house was very well attended, al | though not as large as it undoubtedly would huve boen j if the weather had bceu propitious, yet we never saw | more enthusiasm or more satisfaction evinced by any.? These graceful artists ore be oming great favorites will i the public, and no doubt have a very successful cartel before them One thing is certain, that more graceful oi elegant performer* never appeared on our stage, while Signor Morra is without a parallel. His feats in the i pit ourtte are brilliant beyond all precedent. The new Kngliah comedy entitled "Look beforo you Leap," play ' ed last night for tho first time at this theatre, was received with enthusiasm. It is an eicerdingly interesting piece. The ballet company appear again thii evening Thaatrh.?Wo were highly gratifiod to wit neia, notwithstanding the wetnesi of the evening, tin bumper house which greeted Miss Mary Taylor, las evening, at her benefit, in this popular theatre. " Cin dorella" was the principal attraction offered for the oc casion, and it w as presented with a powerful cast, aticl as introduced it at the commencement of the week Miss Taj lor, as Cinderella, may be aaid to have eurpasi ed all her former efforts; and her reception was as cor dial as it was fiatteiing to her high talents. She opened her engagement at the Bowery id a manner so as to wit , her a popularity which will be lasting here, ai it is ever; where that the has performed, and delighted her audi. I once with her rich and witching singing She wai I throughout the opera ably and effectively supported by a full and efficient chorus. Mr. Hunt's Prince, and Mia Julia Drake's Queen,were well sustained. Vacho.Chop man, Stevens, Had iway, Mrs Booth and Mrs. Sergeant together with the talented atock company, performei with excellent efTect. Tmc Ai.hambha.?Christy's band of F.thiopian minstrel will appear this evening, at the Aliiambra. and will in troduce a variety of new aonga, burlesques, glees ant choruses -with a change of performances every nigbi We have no doubt they will aucceod. Mn. Wai.( ott, a great favorite, and an excellent co median, tvkes a benefit next Tuesday evening, at thi Olympic. The comedy of the "School for Scandal, Mra. Walcott as Lady Teazle; and the opera of the "Bar bar of Seville." Mesara. H. P. Mrattan, J. Oraan, and A hillipa, have volunteered their services City Intelligence. Tils Wxathsb ? Wo were visited yesterday with a heavy rein storm, which lasted daring the aay, and about one o'clock it was accompanied with heavy wind from the S E . which Mew and increased to a fall gale about 3 o'clock. The bridge leading from the Battery tc Castle Garden was blown down, ana is a perfect wreck with the exception of the abutmenta and the timber* laid across them;such was tho iury of the gala in thia quar ter. A canal boat named the "Trndor," waa sunk near the Battery, and we perceive that little damage has been done to the shipping along the wharves We observed during the gale a perfect wreck of old hats, shawls,cloaks and umbrellas, strewn about it all quarters, in many of the streets; but about ? o'clock the wind moderates a good deal, and the rain, whicl ' was actually tepid, hail nearly ceased. During the cor responding date of the past year, the weather was intensely coid : and we had a heavy snowstorm. The i wind suddenly shifted, and changed again ft 8>f o'clock to north-west, when it became extremoly cold und pierc j ing, and the sky became rather clear and bright a little , after this hour. The fluctuations of the weather since the ' 1st of January have been frequent and sudden. The rivei was considerably swollen duiiog the early part of the < day, when the tide was full, and tno wares washed ovei the Battery with much fury, i \abmibs' Club.?The Farmers' Club assembled lasl Tuesday, in the rooms of the institution, Judge Living ston in the chair, ostensibly for the purpose of hearing the continuation of Mr. Pell's valuable paper on manures { which was postponed from the last meeting, as also tc discuss the subject proposed for the day, the "Soiling ol I Cattle." The accumulation of other matter of paramount importance, excluded the opportunity of referring to the legitimate business of the occasion, and the time oi the 1 meeting and.the tulentsof the members were exclusively i devoted to the discussiou of the merits of the petition now before the legislative assembly at Albany, for the es'.a[ hlishment of an agricultural school or college within 1 this vicinity, and the result ol the mission of Oeueral ! Talmadare. who was denuted bv the club to nroceed to [ Albany, and secure,by his presence and experience, the consideration of the members to the prayer ot the nume | rous memorialists, who, by their signatures, bore tostif mouy to the value an l necessity of the required endow ! ment. Previous to this, Mr. Meggs read a translation on the subject of horticultural exhibitions, from the pen el Mons La Martiu, lull of sublimity, lofty piety, and sentimental sorcery, but possessing no other merits than any rational or contemplative mind, (for such only can appreciate dowers,) could suggest, upon such u topic. This being finished, a communication wis read from Mr. Archibald Potter, on the probable suceess of the fall planting of potatoes, and his intention of trying an oxpeiiment to that effect in October. An accidental application of powdered charcoal to potatoes was discovered as a modifier in the prevailing disease, when a handful was put into the hole at the sowing. The same theory was successfully tried with cabbages and turnips A pamphlet, that contained plans of the various modern inventions in agricultural implements in England, and the medals for each awarded by the agricultural societies in England, was produced, with the prices of each. Mr. Meggs stated that the Hymalian cedar grows in diameter thirty feet, the truth of which he could vouch for no more than he could for another assertion, that somebody, from one grain of | wheat, by planting and transplanting, produced an inI crease double that recorded in the history and works of Pliny. Mr. Wakeman then introduced to the club the I result of General Telmaege's embassy to Albany,and re| cited the various sentiments of members of the Assembly | inside and outside the house, and advocated the persei verance of the club in a cause that promised the highest benefits to agriculture, end the moral | and physical improvement of society in general ? i This brought about a discussion on the common school appropriations, when Gen. Talmadge ceiled upon Mr. Close, whose former connection with the schools, gave him facilities of stating the inequality with which this fund is distributed. As this did not appear to ua a matter relevant to the precise object*, of the meeting, and calculated as it opened, and subsequently proved, to bring in contact with the club subject* discussab'e before other tribunals, we omit the many assertions then made, that were calculated to throw suspicion on the moral integrity of those entrusted with the appropria tion of thegrants, or the impartiality with which they are distributed. They were sufficient, however, to induce Gen. Talmadge to disclose, that the distribution of the public funds in the cause of education called loudly for investigation, and was willing te commit himself in the great cause, in which he had gratuitously labored, in prasneting the union of agricultural science with the useful branches of element) ry education. He said that the American Institute had worked itself into life by its unflinching zeal, and integrity of purpose?that more premiums and patent privileges were distributed by the American ((Institute Sthan the State Society, or all the country societies in the States?that, after ail, they had $8000 in deposit, and a library estimated at $5000, all completod by the unwearied and perseveting exertions of Mr. Wakemen. Gen. Talmadge warmly advocated the grafting of another society with it, which would ditfuse incalculable advantages wherever its operations extended Our limits will not permit us to trace to the full extent the remarks of the General, in his advecacy of the system recommended t* the adoption of the State Legislature, nor Or. Underbill's judicious contrast between the health ol those trained and educated in agricultural pursuits, with tKnea nr^nsa rltitiA* in itnnpnfithhU lniiiriiQanu an/1 flnianoui had exhausted their constitutions and diminished theii days (of whom, 2.*> to 30 per cent fell victims to close and confined applicaptiou,) or, in a commercial point of view such encouragements would afford to a further cblti vation of the soil, and the consequent advancement of the public revenues. Nor do we, from the same cause, recapitulate the opinion of Mr. Close, that it is from the i agriculturalist ranks our statesmen und senators and ge nerals should be selected, but all united in showing that this was the time for prompt, immediate action, u obtaining the necessary grant. Mr. Stevens , in a speed of considerable interest, expressed the views of the Stats Agricultural Society, at Albany, on the importance ol the petition, its probable success,lrom the large iacroase of tne members of both Houses to the institution o | which he was a member, and, in a forcible manner, urgec the Farmers' Club to persevere in their appeal to thi wisdom of the Legislature. In the State Agricultural So ciety, the Executive Committee have offered a premium o $SU0 for the best method of giving corn to hogs,and also foi ascertaining the given quantity of corn necessary to pro duce a given quantity of flesh to hogs, beef, and mutton an experiment that onlv could be properly tested by thi agricultural school. This gentleman's remarks elicitec much approbation, and deservedly. lie firmly recom mended schools to be scattered through the country ; bu contended that, for the agricultnral college, the vicinity of New Yoik ; in its proximity to the library, the mode room, the repository, and its reserved funds, that noigh borhood was the most eligible position?the proper loca lily. The meeting was protracted to a lata hour, aud, ii I consequence of the suspension of the regular business a meeting for Tuesday next wss proposed and adopted previous to which, Air. Meggs presented to each mem berot the club present, and to the reporters, a beautifu copy of a work from Mr. Cyrus Judson, of Judson'i Hotel, New York, entitled " Hasty Pudding," a poem, ir three cantos, written at Chembrey, in Savoy, January 1798, by Joel Barton, Minister Plenipotentiary to France, with a memoir of Indian corn ; compilod by U. J. Brown, under tho direction of the Ameiican Institute, and containing, besides the paem and the treatise on Indian corn, several recipes for its use, as an important and untiriDg luxury for the tablo. Whitwxv's Evimisns with American Orators, kc.? Mr. Whitney gives two more elocutionary entertainments on Thursday and Friday evenings next, at the Society Library Hall. On this occasion he will intra duce the celebrated and powerful speeches of Clay, Webster, Rundolph, See , on the (Jreek question, with a variety of other raro oratorical reoitations and impersonations. He will be relieved by the celebrated l)r. Valentine, in u variety of humorous characters and parforrnances The union will be very attractive, and must All the large hall. RoDBtnv or Plate.?Some person well acquainted with the premises entered through the basement window at 4 o'clock on the afternoon of Tuesday, the dwelling bouse corner of iM street, one bouse from the railroad The thief carried off seven silver tea spoons, and sail I ver ladle. A crockery mender hud been at the house t | short time before the discovery of tho loss. Fise?a ire occurred yesterday morning, a No. 7! Columbia streot, in a bakery. It was promptly put out Another occurred about three o'clock, A. M., in i stable attached to a soap factory in lmh street, betweei 7th and Hth avenues, belonging to Lent ScCo. Six sleigh were destroyed on the premises. Fire Alarms.?There were no less than three firi alarms yesterday during the heavy storm, which drev out the Are companies, and harrassed them n good dea unnecessarily. The Arst false alarm originated in the 611 district, from post office hell?no Are. The second fiom th Dutch cfiurch bell, and there was another false alarm fret the same quarter, thus unnecessarily and miachievousl; bringing uut the Are companios in the inidst of the heav; I storm that prevailed at the time. There were no les than lour hundred men thus unnecessarily called ou yesterday, and between the damage to engines and thci own dresses, the loss must have been considerable. Th alarms were made nearly iu succession, evidently wit a view to harrass the Arcmeu. Is there no remedy l'o nhiiflca in inch cnfipi 1 Wn nnnrohend that there is Scicidi?The Coroner win called yesterday to hob 1 an inquest at No. 10 D?puyster street, upon tliu body o Mary Ann Walt, a native of New Jersey, aged 18 yean who committed filicide by taking ai renin From th facts elicited in this case, it appears that the deceaset ' who was of prepossessing appearance, when in her 1611 year, was seduced by a heottless villain in this city , and in due time became a mother. She subsequently r became acquainted wttn Peter Walt, to whom (notwitl f standing his age, 36 yean)she was married about 9 week i ago; but scarco had tho honey moon passed by, thai the deceased bagan to he low spirited, and finally put a end to her unhappy life hy taking a quantity ot arietii for that purpose Verdict accordingly. Dkath bv ArorLnir.?Tho Coroner hold an inquei ! also at No Hi) liroonic street on tho body of Mrs. Ji hanna Fritz, n nativo of (ionnony, aged 36 years, wh was lound dead in her bed yosteiday morning. Verdic death hy apoplexy. 1 Superior Court., Before Judge Jultley. Fra, 3?T/totnat I). Jh mtttad vs. Crawford Living ton ? An action to recover damages for alleged negiti 1 in the transmission of a quantity of sogara to a house i - Canada The defence sets up due diligence in the pe - formance of the contract. Adjourned over to this fori noon. I Before Chief Justice Jones. I Davnl L'ovitt, J'rssMenf ?/ thr .! Ktachanf t Putnam g- Co?Action to recover an -inoui of $1,670 62, on u note dated August 39, 1814, drawn fc i eight months, in favor of J. Taylor Jc t o. of this city. appeared the note became due in May, 1816, the <h s fondants having endorsed it, when it was transmitted b Mr. Taylor to his partner named Morton, to Column u , Ohio, who handed it over an negotiable paper to a solic l ter in that city. The note, however, was not protests until September, 1846, and suit is new brought to recovi , the amount. Verdict this forenoon. Court Calendar?This Day. I Co si moiv Fi.a&l? Part 1?fiS, tin, 3, 33, 71,73,86,3' t. 76,77,79,81. Part 3?34, 31, 38, 46, 48, 62, 86,91, 98, 113, 18, 38, 6t 88, 96, 136, 62. Rvrisios Couar.?Nos. 17, 30, 31, 32, '23, 3 , 36, 36, 37, 38, 39. 31, 32, 33, 84, 33, 3ri, 37, 83, 80, 40, 4 ' 42, 43, 44, 46, 44, 47, 48, 40, 60 The Rising Sun Hotel in Trenton, N- J., was to tab destroyed by fire on the 3d inst. ??-?mmwmmm I Court or Ojrtr and Terminer, ( i | Before Judge Kdmondi, Aldermen Smith end Compten. ' S The Profile v? the Rev John Seyi?Chaxok or Rtrc. ! I 1 | ? Thud I)** ?The excitement caused by thii cxtraor 1 ' dinary trier remains unabated. Long before the hour for . .' ' i the organization of the Court, yesterday morning, every ' i | i arenue, from the vestibule to the court room door, was ; i 1 crowded by a large concourse of persons, of all ages aud , 1 grades-, and so dense was the crowd that the counsel for t 1 tlie prosecution aud defence had great difficulty in tea- i 1 king their way to the court room, ami finally it wai found i ' necessary to give an order for an additional posse of ofll ! 1 cars to preserve order. After the Court was organized, c 1 and proclamation made, a Justice Uoomk was called and examined for the da- c ' fence, who testified as follows:? 1s a Police Justice; his i I office is located in the Sixth Avenue; on the 24th Decern- | bor, 184V .Mrs. Cram was required to give bail; she was ; t | afterwards before witness in the first week in January, ' n 1846; she apologized for not coming on a previous day, I h ' and stated as an apology, that she did uot kuow any gen' tleman, as her husband was not in the city; but said she ' had no doubt her puutor would become bail for her, but r did not like to ask him, as she had only recently become 0 \ a member of his church, and would rather he knew no- r i thing of it; but if witness insisted on it, she had no doubt j a he would go bail for hor; she mentioned no name. I 0 t Thomas Lawisscs, examinedjbyMr. Whitiho- Is a ? police officer; called on Mrs. Cram in the beginning of tj ; the month of January, 1846, but saw her previously; j v , witness went to serve a warrant on her, and she said she f, i did not know who to call on as her bsil, except it was a her pastor. Mr. Seys; she also said to witness she had ( been sick for a length of time before; she also told wit- e i ness the nature of her disease, and that an operation had n been performed ou her a short time before. I Cross examined?Had no personal acquaintance then, j or since, witn Mr. Seys; the reason witness did not take 0 her then to the ofttco, was that she looked sick, and wit- ,, i ness thought the complaint frivolous. H Mathkw, jr examined by Whitiwo ? Resides t > at 458 Hudson street^; knows Mrs. Cram for two years a and over; has been at her house twice; went ou his own ? invitation, except that Mrs. Cram's little son asked him n to go soe his mother; Mrs. Cram dealt at witness's arrocerv store; thinks it was on the 4th of January; the y conversation wbi all on her side; she told witness that j she bad an operation performed an her and that she had a i v complaint for a number of years, but did not know the | j, nature oi it until October last ; she said she had three tumors, and mentioned the doctor's name that re- a moved them; she then thanked Ood that she was as well x as any young woman. The witness went on to detail ^ some further pat ticulars of the conversation, which are ,, teo gross for publication. ( By the Copbt.?What was her manner when she held i this coeversation with you, was it that of a bad person >, or otherwise 7 d Witwi ??.?It was not; she seemed to apeak as if she j had confidence in me. j Crut taamintd ?There waa no indecent exposure of ? her person; the conversation lasted about 10 or 30 min- 4 utsa; it seemed to witness that the whole of her convarsation tended to show her sufferings, and all sha endured t, while laboring under the diioasa. j Mrs. IWcHiEL Vkivsuss examined by Writis*? Resided in the same house (but in different apart- v moots) with Mrs. Cram ; it was in May, 1810, 0 she w?nt there, and remained until May, 1846; e does not belong to the Methodist church; Mrs. Cram had conversations with witness during the summer she lived a in the house with her; these conversations were before , and after the camp meeting at Sing Sing; romombers c one remark she made; she said she was in love with r Mr. Seys, and would set her cap for him; witness re- |, marked, " Is he not a married man" "Oh yes," said r she, "and I envy hi* wife-." witness attended the camp meeting, and was introduced to Mr. Seys by Mrs. Cram; he and she afterwards came to wit- _ doss's room, and held religious conversation with * the witness ; Mrs. Cram remained during the t| time he stayed in the room; there were no prayers of- al fered up ; it was after Mr. Seys came to witness's , room that Mrs. Cram told witness she was in love with Seys ; had no conversation with her afterward* abeut .. Seys, but heard her mention his name, but not in an improper manner. Cron-tatmintd.-^la not on good terms with Mrs. Cram ; we got warrants against each other ; she made 0 the first complaint, and had witness arrested ; does not know Mrs. Makey, but knows there is such a person ; he used to ceme to Mrs Cram's house. I Counsel.?She kuows you, madam Witnkss.?I daro say sho doos, sir: knows Mr. Corlies ; he called once or twice to see a lady that boarded 0 with me ; his wife was with him ; witness's husband is 0 now in the room 1 Ueo.L. Tuout, jr., examined ?Lives in Hudson street; ' is a mason by trade; thinks he knows Mrs. Cram; was in r the employ of a man named Stanloy, in fileecker street, 1 0 in tho spring of 1846; Mrs. Cram and Mrs Ridley were * living there at the time, while he was patching up some ground and the house; he had sociable conversations 1 with her; she said witness "put up tho mortar pretty 1 slick," and wanted to know if I could do other things as ? lick; witness laughed at it, but did not charge his mind with it at the time; witness thinks his reply was, ' 1 "that ho could do other things as slick if r ' he had a chance ;" a coupU Of men came there 1 while I was there, and I snortly after missed one 9 r of the men, and Mrs. Cram out of the room; cannot I swear whether the man went out or not. " 1 Mrs. Eunice Bell, (examined by Mr. Whitinq?He- * sidoN in Duane street; knows Mr Andrews; he resided * in Bloeckor street, in 1846; lived in his house for three , i months; during tliAt time hal an introduction to Mrs. ' ; j Cram; thinks it was in August; she was introduced to < 1 her; Mrs. Cram visited Mrs. Andrews frequently; wit- 1 | nets heard her always speak very highly of the Kev'J ' 1 Mr Seys and his family; she invited Mr and Mrs. Au ' draws, and witness, to her bouse in September; we went < there alter tea; Mr. and Mrs. 8e>s were there; Mrs. 1 1 Cram sent her husband for them; she said Mrs. Soys was 1 ' 1 I in a doiicato state of health, and Mrs. Cram wished to 1 1 r have Mrs. Andrews magnetiseJ, to find out what was j f j Mrs. Seys' complaint; they came there, but remained ' > | there only a short time; Mrs. Andrews wos not magner tised; Mrs. Cram afterwards had n conversation with * 1 witness about a merchant down town; that ho was a 1 s j very fine man, and was very kind to her; he assisted her j j very often; Mrs. Andrews asked witness if he gavo her 1 f daughter anything; Mr*. Cram said no; that he did not f r . know she had a daughter, and that she weuld not toil ' * ' " " 1 .UmmUiav isrltU har- on.! that Hib t mm 01 11, or IttKtt u?*r uaugu^t n*M .UM ?... MV ; did not know that she (. vlrc. Cram) was a married ' J woman. < I Crtti-rxaminrii?fi.?Sho was a well behaved wo- 1 ' man, us (ar as yeu know? 1 A?Yes; only she was very talkative. ( ' Maroarkt Orkei,, examinid by Mr. Whiting?Is ac1 quainted with Mrs. Cram; she became acquainted with ' - her daughter, and the daughter mado witness acquainted c - with the mother; witness lived with Mrs. Cram, as a help, 1 J lorn month in the fall of 1*45; Mr. Seys ceiled there i i once, and made a prayer; Mis. Cram spoke to witness ' * i about Mr. Sevs; she always spoke in his favor; never 8 heard hor speak bad of him; witness always retired to c 1 rest at 10 o'clock; Mrs. Cram did not retire at the same 1 1 time; gentlemen were in the habit of calling there, and " ' sometimes witness would leave thein after her; witness <1 i heard her say one day, that she loved Mr. Seys, and " i wished he'd kiss her; and that she would kiu him, only t i she was afraid he would he offended; she said she kissed * another clergyman on a New Year's day, aud he was so * offended he left the house and never came there afterwards. ' CV?ss-r;ramtn*d.?Lives with Mrs. Rutherford, in 1 White street. The witness underwont a long cross-ex amination by the District Attorney, but nothing was elicited to shake her direct testimony. JoHn Van Nosthand examined.?Lives in Vandam . street; knows Mrs. Cram and Mrs. Ridley; the latter hired a house of witness; it whs No 9 in the rear in Van- ] dam street; Mrs. Cram was there Irequontly ; witnoss frequently met men going in nnd out there ; there was a 1 complaint made to witness, and he went in and requested I Mrs. Ridley to move, os the people up stairs would not remain if she continued there : saw two men coming out ' one morniog very early, ona was undressed an J ran into the privy, the other was a well dressed man, and brushed . past witness ; witness, when he removed her, told her 1 ' that the peoplo up stairs complained of so many people I co ning back and forward thoreranil of playing cards and , making noise, and that they would cot stay there it she remained i Crou-rxaminrd?The conversation with Mrs. Ridley ' was about four or five days before she removed; never ' asked her to remove until the complaint was made, ali though he saw the two men coming out of her room be- 1 i fore that lime; there was no difference between Mrs. ; s Ciam and Mrs. Ridley and witness about strappiug Mrs Ridley's boy, the hoy cut witness's horso's tail off, and a threw snow balls through his windows; got a hammer, 7 and hammered down the ceiling of the privy, and witI ness did not strap him half as much as he would ODe of n. .....k.... iaIhi n Williams lived in Sullivan street B ! in 1843; the house was formerly inhabited by Mrs Cram. n I Child?Were persona in the habit ol' calling there efj. tcr j ou moved 7 ? DisTaicT ArTOHt?tr objects?Child, we offer to show H that it was a house of ill-fume while she kept it, and that lt persons were in the habit of calling there to carry on r tho same btuiuoss. B Court?Mr. Child, you must prove the character of I, the heuso in soma other way; you cannot give the infar reuces of the witness, and muke her accountable for I what olhsr people say. . Ahhiiuii ConniMiroit, esamined by Child.?Knows ' Mrs. Crnmdived intbn house with her ut 07 lledfordstreet previous to May, 1816; she lived there six or eight '' months; witness occupied un apartment in the house. Child -1 offer to show that Mrs. Cram received men at ' ! this home at all hours, and that the house was a house . of ill fame. ' ; i oi kl objects, on the ground that the rev. defend' ant cannot go through all ttie sinks and gutters within " ; the city to hunt up testimony te destroy the character of ' the pioiecutrix to justify his own acts, oral least to ' show that she invited bimto do the act, for which he is J now prosecuted. whether he did it or not. The Court allowed tho testimony on the ground that it implies a consent on the part of Mis. Cram, if the atit | tempt was made by Mr Soya. ?- Ass iwinolienrssusKd.?Mrs Cram receive ' men there ? at ulI hours; there were men there ai late as 1 and :3 o''f clock in tho morning; her house had tho reputation of being a had house; witness was told so by a cannon On his cross-examination he said Mis. Cram had invited him to visit her, but fortunately lie did not go, ai ho ' was sine he would tie seduced if ho did > Ralph Bo'jaut, examined ?Resided in Bedford street :t in 1*30; knows Mrs Cram; she resided in the same n | street; there was un alley way between hsr house and r- ; witness's; saw men going in and out there in the evens' iiig pretty much whilo she lived there; thinks her reputation is bad; saw her talk famiiiaily with persons in the niley.and thinks that a respectable woman would not r? talk so; heard Mr. Cox and Mr Hopper talk had of her; it knew a young man named Andiewa that was in the habit r of calling to see her, he was afterwards taken up for pasIt sing bed money. L* I Jrsik Brush, examined.--Lives at 94 Barrow st ;kHlws y 1 Mrs |Cram; she lived for three months at 08 Barrow strost; *' j r man was in the habit of frequenting the house two or i three times a week, before her husband came there, I which was not for a month after she came there; upon )r i one occasion the windows were up, and be saw the gentleman above referred to parading the room with Mrs, I Cram, and anether gentleman aiding on the sofa with her daughter; on one occasion, she met witness at her door, and said to bim that her silver spoons were stolen out of the basement; and another time, she asked wit'< nesa to read a letter; ha thought it was very strange con duct *i Croit-examined?Was a member of Brother Seys' ' church when Mrs. Cram joined; did not belong to the same class; dees not know who the men were; they were respectably dressed; the men hed his arms around ly some part of her pareon, from her head to bar feet; the window waa opan to that any person passing could see vhst wm going on; was a wttnoia on the trial of Mr. | leys in the ehuroh, and testified in substance to what ho is* testified to beta. Cmsblks 8 Bill?la a teacher; know* Mra Cram and dr? Hi-liejr; knows them aincol84't; Mrs Ridley lirad it tha corner of Bleecker and Morton street* in that rear ; witness and bis brother let the bouse to Mr*. Riday I one of tha tenants complained that men were there It night, and Mrs. Ridley having beard it, cam to witless, and said they were finding faalt with her about nan; and she said it washer cousin that called to see her. ? Joh.i McLxam examined?Was one of the prosecutors if Mr. Sey? ou the church trial; Mrs. Ridley was eximined as a witness on the trial; as wall as witness reollects, she said that she told Mr. Says to go to her mo her. and endeavor to settle it and step her Aftar the examination of this witness, the counsel for bs prosecution called over his list of witnesses, and lone having answered, the Court was adjourned, to islf past ten o'clock this morning. Police Intelligence. Fes. 3.?Jirrtit oj Burglan.?Captain Westerfleld, >f the 17th ward, together with some of his officers, ar- ested yesterday, two fellows called Richard H. Griffith, lias " Limping Dick," and George Simpson, on a charge f burglariously entering the premises of Fisher ami lird, in Hous'on street,near the Bowery, by which means tiey obtained access to the premises of Mr. Chapman, j rhose place they entered by false keys, stealing there-| rom eighteen pieces of Neapolitan lace, valued at i r73; two pieces of French silk lace, worth $11 ; )n search ng the rascals at the station bouse, ieven skeleton keys of all sizes, two lock picks, , pair oi nippers, together with the stolen property,were jund on their persons. On the officers searching the resieuce of Griffith, located in Watts street, a complete lot f burglars' tools wore found, together with about 33 ounds of costings of musical instrument keys, some ! nished and others in the rough stato, and 30 pawn ickets of different articles evidently stolen, for which n owner is wanted; apply to tha above captain, at the ! tatiou house, corner oi 3d street and Bowery. Justice ietcham committed them both for examination. ? a.,1.1 nina ? MeGee. of the Sixth Yard, arrested, yesterday afternoon, a woman callud j letsey Caldwell, on a charge of stealing a gold ring, alued at $4, belonging to Churlos Smith. Locked up by iy Justice Osborne for trial. Owners Wanted ?A variety of articles, such as male .nd female wearing apparel, together with a red and vhite shawl, all of whicn have been taken from thieves >y the Sixth Ward officers, for which owners ure wantd; apply to Mr. Snow, the property clerk, at the Police i )ffice, Tombs. A Block "Touch."?Captain Horrigan, of the 6th ward | lolice, together with officer McDougall, arrested yester ; lay a colored womau calle t Mary Jane Kelsey, also Eliza I trown and her man John Brown, black likewise. Mary I ane is charged with " touching" a white man by the | tame of William Steel, on Saturday night last, out of a >60 and a $30 bank bill, making $7ll in all, while in a ciib" at No. 43 Anthony streot The two Browllt are ' eld as accomplices after the fact. _ All locked up by untice Osborn for examination. Pooling Spun,>ui Money.?Officer Ooodwin of the 3d ; sard, arrested last night, a man called John Williams, : n a charge of passing spurious money. Locked up for ! lamination. Disorderly House.? Officer McDougall of the 6th ward, ; rrcsted yesterday a woman called Mrs. Wilson, on a warrant issued by Justice Drinker, wherein sho stands harged with keeping a disorderly house, and common ! esort for female prostitutes, at No. 313 Church street, ' eing a perfect nuisance to the respectable neighbors esiding in the vicinity. Held to bail to answer Burglary.?The lamp and fancy store situated under I re Lyceum, in Broadway, near Prince street, was bur- | lariously entered on Tuesday night, by some ingenious I urglars, who cut through the psnel from the entry of ae Lyceum, aud obtained an entrance into the store, tealing therefrom about $6>>0 worth of articles, making ; ood their escape with the booty. Entry Thieves.?Some sneaking entry thief entered le hall of the dwelling house, No. CO Lisponard street, etween H and 9 o'clock last night, with a false key, and tole from the hall two elegant over coats, and walked i fl' without detection. Court of General Stsiloni, tefore the Recorder and Aldermen Roberts and Tappon Jonas P. Phillips, Esq., District Attorney, ad interim Fxa. 3 ?Case of Francis McLaughlin.?At the opening ' f the court this morning, Francis McLaughlin, late an : ssistant keeper in the penitentiary, indicted for aiding i he escape of the prisoners from Blackwell's Island, on 1 he night el the 3d of November last, in order that they night vote at the election on the following day, appeared ' it the bar, attended by his counsel, to receive the senence of the court. His Honor the Recorder, after'commenting severely ! ipon the character of the offence committed, sentence 1 j he accused to be confined in the city prison for 30 days ! md pay a fine of $150. In justice to the presiding magistrate, Recorder Scott, ' t is deemed proper to state, that while he passed judg- I neat upon McLaughlin, in accordance with the views of ! he majoiity of the Court, he, himself, was in favor of | entencing the accused to pay a fine of $300, and be imirisoned in the penitentiary for the term of six months. The prisoners who made their escape througb the assisance or connivance of McLaughlin having already been :onfined in prison for a period oi about niDety days. , Trial for Mayhem?A young man named Joshua A. j id'- ards was then placed at the bar for trial, on a charge if having on the 3J of January last, committed a felolious assault upon William McOovern, by biting off his eft car On the part of the prosecution, William McOovkrm leposed that while on the | ier No. 1 North River, at- | ending to his labors as a public porter, he was assailed >y the accused and several others; that the prisoner muck him some severe blows, and then, at the instigaion of others, bit off his ear, from the effects of which I in had not fully recovered. Charles D. Allaire deposed that he witnessed the I ransaction; that for some cause or other, Edwards first ' nado use of threatening language towards McOovern, hen wont up aud struck him; when McOovern threw | Cdwards down and went off; that Edwards's companions i teized McOovern, struck him several times, then threw , >im down, and pushed Edwards upon him, at the same i imo telling Edwards to smash McOovern'* face, also to j lite off his nose or ear; that Edwards did bite McOovirn's car oft ; saw blood about the mouth ol Edward* , I tnd observed him appear to bo chewiug something. Officer Presdrville testified to the arrest ot the ao- j :used, shortly after the occurrence. The jury found the prisoner guilty of an assault and lattery only; but the ofience being one of an aggravated :haracter, the Court sentenced him to a year's imprison- ; nent on Blsckweil's Island. Trial for Passing a False Token.?John Carroll, who ros coavicted yesterday ef a petit larceny, was then gain called to trial, on a charge of having on the 16th it November, obtained from John M. Berrisn, hardware nerchant, thirteen locka of the value of about $lt, by neans of presenting an order, purporting to have bean Irawn by Mr. John Campbell, paper dealer, in Nassau <i?ot In the course ot the trial it was shown that ho tad alto attempted to obtain from Day & Broadway, a number of lock* in like manner, when he was irrested. The jury found tho prisoner guilty, and on motion of lii counsel, sentence tn both cases was deferred until Saturday morning next. The Court then adjourned until to-morrow morning. Intelligence from Hayti.?We have received , he ituille du Commerce, published at Port au Prince, to the 10th ult., inclusive. It contains no news of consequence. It is filled with laws, j irticles relative to tho education of the younj; ! lluyticns, and an account of the celebration of ; New Year's and of the forty-fourth anniversary Df the independence ol the republic. Apparent* y, tho utmost tranquility prevailed. Col. Watson and Capt. Ridoely's Remains.? The remains of Col. Watson have been plaoed in the splendid coffin made by Mr. Weaver, and art under charge of a guard of honor, consisting of a sergeant and six men. The Independent Blues were on guard until last evening, when they were relieved by the Columbian Riflemen, who in turn will be relieved this evening by the First Baltimore Light Infantry, who will be relieved successively until the day of the funeral (Monday) by other carps. The remains of Capt Ridgely are at tho Eagle's Armory undsr a guard of honor also, which is to be continued till the day of the luneial.?bait. Cli/iptr, Pei. 8. Suicide atMiddlkton, Ct.?The Palladium of Saturday contained an account from Middlerown, which stated that a lad, whose family name is Allison, and who is only twelve years of age, committed suicide on Friday morning, at Middletowu Upper Routes, by 1 auRii g hitnself He was taken from the tied in the morning by his father, and punished for some olU-n ?, the particulars in regard to which we did Dot hear. His school teacher, whs had employed him to make Area, finding that his duty on that day had not been attended to, called st the house to learn the reason. Search was then made for the lad, and he was found in an outbuildng, suspended by the neck and dead. The Qiest Family !f(wspap?r,lhe? Home Journal.'Yubnrhed and ediied by George P. Mnrria and N I'. Willis, he*in? its second year on Saturday Willi tt-acunns which must rank it amour (lie Gsrpublictious of the day ? lis greatest me-it* are Inst it dittos essenli-llf from all other weeklies, in matter ?ud appearance, is primed on elegant paper and type, and preserves a curtain tune v hich at once stamps it a literary journal of high merit, worthy of n pi ace on the parlor table or iu the library of every faintly.? Wil is'i letters afford a neror-failing source of amusement and instruction t Mrs. (Jor>'? new novel. "The Nest of Kin," is a bonne houche, and tbe edtronal department m always ample rntl yarn d This is the jourii I for the eveutng'a lireatde on hscrtptiOtis taken at the office of publication , 107 Fulton strce.. Single cnpie-sold an .Iit'ira aiii p le t by BUtlUK9S, STRINGER St CO., 3U Broadway. Italian Opera.?The Manager! of the Italian Opera ropeetlully announce to their patron. mid the public. ?fN?.w York, that in coiarquence of t e illaeaa of hignori Hened'tt' a-.d Sainjninco, l-cy were eon.trained no' to perform la.t ereniiig They regret thia cicumit-uce, both for the p.tron. of the Opera and for th?m?elee?; all the ?ea a in the hiiune haying been aecnred f r the right Ther hope that Siyuori Benrd-tii and Hanqu-rico will recorer f-om their lickneta end be able to pet form " Nina " o? Knday eraning neit To Mnater T. Ilora-Take Wotlco that tho Leaie nnd Future* of the Clothing Store, at the i corn* ^ Charle. and ttattimore atraeta. tu the city pi ?"ltim ,5^ be offered for a tie at unction, ou the . ? ,1 at time, in.taut or will be ...Id aiuriraf aale previori. to t at#t ^ The ato e ii bout 3# feet front, and ?>??? "* ? nnd it ha. deep. It ta flteed np in the beat p aatbla manner, nno the hrge.tcaah cnatom in that city. Rhecherd, No. 9S Apply at tha at re. or to Richard T. Shepnero, ^ Che-taut atreet, Philadelphia. Philadelphia *?*>'" '".adi*" B ZIKBK.R ? CO., the Herald .erred low 1 hfunut. Tho.e ,7!5#|iintl, w,|| plen.e learc the* regnlarlv at their P*r month. Single eopte. ?*? * "S2?* *?<r. Phew. .. .Jan 17. . .0 feet. Jan 2H.. feet. Wheeling. 34, ,, 6 feet. Cincinnati Jul 99 ,. . 6 font 7 la. MtMDur* a * i n \ \ OKIT BARKET. Wedntidiy, Feb. 3?A P. M. There waa a alight depression to the ilock market toil ty, and price* fell off a fraction. Hailera declined % per cent, North American Trait }?, Reading Bond* lJi, Canton %, Pennsylvania 5'al>4, Norwich and Woroeeter '4. At the Second Board the lalea were limited, and pricei about the fame aa those current in the morning. The Butcher*' and Drover*' Bank ha* declared a dividend of Ave per cent for the hit fix month*, payable on the 15th init. The New York Life and Truit Company ha* declared a lemi-annual dividend of three and a half per cent, r.oimhln nn thfl 10th iDflt . The City Fire Insurance Company a dividend of six percent, for the laat six months, payable on the 10th inst. The American Mutual Insurance Company of Baltimore has declared a half yearly dividend of three per cent to stockholders, and a dividend of six per cent to holders of script certificates for the last year. The Insurance Company of the State of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, has this day declared a semi-annual dividend of five per cent The North Western Insurance Company of Oswego. Now York, has declared a semi-annual dividend of live per cent, payable at the Mechanics' Bank, New York. The receipts of the Erie Hail Road Company for the month of January, 1947, amounted to $16,379 08, against $13,018 83, for the corresponding month In 1940, showing an increase of $4,364 36. Several of the Commissioners of the Hudson River Railroad Company have again appeared before the public, in the shape of an advertisement in some of the Wall street papers, cautioning their fellow-citizens against being influenced or misled by attacks which have been made upon the features and merits of the river route.? We have more confidence in the judgment and discernment of our fellow citizens, particularly of that class likely to be applied to for subscription to the stock of this river road, to think for one moment that the caution alluded te is in any way necessary. Our citizens have suffered too often to be again drawn into doubtful invest, ments, with their eyes open. There are innumerable instances, still fresh in the recollection of many, where the estimates were full as flattering as those put forth by this company, and the reality nothing but ruin to those involved in them. We have only to refer to our stock list for ovide nee of the immense losses the original sub. scribers to certain stocks have experienced. Stooks which are there quoted at forty and fifty per cent, have cost the original subscribers par ; and we cannot call to mind more than one or two railroads in the country the stocks of which have not been seld many percent below par since their construction commenced. The Erie Railroad, which we have before mentioned, is a very striking illustration of this thing; end, with this fact before the public, we can hardly believe that anolhor will be added to the list. We are informed that Mathow Morgan, Esq , Las already abandoned the river route, and we are induoed to believe that several of those who take such a deep interest in that line, have othor considerations than those directly connected with the road as a profitable investment. The absent associites alluded to, have given in their adherence to a more feasiblo route, and we trust, now the question is agitated, that the citizens of this city will determine at once which of tho two routes to Albany is the moat feasible, and concentrate their capital and their energise upon it, that a speedy completion may be ensured. Wo must have a railroad to Albany, and it ie not right that the public mind should be distracted by the superior pretentions of one route over another any lotger th?? justice really requires. * Tho annexed statement exhibits the amount to the credit of the Seeretary of the Treasury in the various banks holding public deposits, and the mint, by returns received to the 25th of January, 1847, and the amount remaining subject to his draft, showing also the amount of future transfers to and from certain banks Monthly Statement or the Treasurer or the United States, Januart 35, 1847. Amount on A n't. tubIn wltat Place.. deposit ject to draft. Assistant 1 reasurer, Boston $88 373 59 $33,553 76 Merchants' Bank, Bostou, Mas 34 490 14 19,8 >8 63 H:ateBink a{ .Votris, Morrislown 40,000 00 40,000 00 Arcade bank, Providence, K I 3 84 ? Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank,Hartford, Connecticut . 80 00 80 00 Brooklyn Bank, Brooklyn 21,roO 00 30.000 00 H. W. Kogert, depositary, Bnffilo... . 1,492 84 1 028 36 14ink ol t.onuner. e, N. York, N. Y 163 387 ?5 44,<35 90 Built of America, " ...139,515 34 85,400 51 Bank ol the State of N. York, ...393 535 92 176,94 4 65 Mechanics' B1 nk " " ... 40 011 57 48,006 44 American Eichange Bank, " ... 82 303 69 83 302 69 Merchants' Bunk. , ... 105 30191 15.111 38 North Hirer Bank. New York " ... 30.146 93 30,146 94 As?ist?ut Treaiuter, New York " ...560 073 3 $67,884 19 Assistant Treasurer, Philadelphia,renu. 74.304 76 51 691 85 Kxclumge Bank, Pittabur* "..17.637 78 13.793 33 11 ink of .Vlidd etown, Middletown 45,535 79 45.545 79 itauk of Erie. Erie 26 153 00 11 614 06 ?bunapeak Bauk, Baltimore, Md 115.488 40 114.104 73 treasurer United States, Washinfon.. 45 679 57 45,335 95 Bank of Washiu?tou, V5 ashmgtn'i, D C. 14,645 77 14.015 77 Patriot C Bank. " 10,746 29 10,396 29 Cprcorsn and Kissrs " ... 196,357 05 197,927 75 Thomas Nelson, dep'y, Richmond, Va. 7?9 09 4> 0 00 Bank o< I'li onnc, Alexandria, Va 6.074 46 4,938 85 t a-mers' Bank of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia 15 611 30 14,439 21 Bank cf Virginia, liiehm nd, Va 83.745 51 13.17 5 61 Kichanre Bsnk of Virginia, Norlelk.Va 1,796 96 611 16 M. V. Jones, dep'y, Wilminnton 1.513 39 361 86 W. B. Bullock, dep y, "avanneh 8,670 15 4,316 69 South-western Railroad Bank, Charleston. S. 10 6*1 91 10,565 98 Assistant Treasurer. Charleston 394,767 75 350,336 89 Pl- nrers' Bank of Oeergia, Savannah, O reia 33,351 94 33,161 86 B*nk ol Mobile, Mobile, Ala 756 76 ? " " (Alabama bank notes)., 5 353 00 3,353 06 Assistant Treasurer, New Orleans... 33,111 82 19,147 34 Back of Louisiana. New Orleans, La .. 1,313 64 ? The I'anal cud B anking Company, New Orleans La 305 395 33 > 847 16 Farmers' 8t Mercnants' Bank, Memphis 16,929 61 16 >79 61 Union Bank ol Tennessee, Nashville, Tennessee.., 31,693 73 30.390 23 Louisville Savings Institution, Louisville, Kv 9,757 31 9,123 37 The Ohio Life Int. It Trnat Co.'s Bank, Cincinnati, Ohio 33,195 74 37.916 34 Clint in Bank, 4 olumbns, Ohio 13,739 54 13,999 64 Bank-if Norwalk, Norwalk 13 44 ? B. Collins, dep'y, Cincinnati........ 47,712 09 13,7(3 38 Wiaeniiain Marine St Fire In., Co. Milwaukie. Wis Ter 1,030 46 ? Bank of Missouri, St. Louis, Missouri. 43,067 7 3 13,631 (8 Michigan luan-snce Co. Detroit, Mich. 100 00 ? J. Rearsley, dep'y, Detroit 7,4*7 00 4,6'9 83 T. Dyer. " Chicago 249,382 50 22.74M6 D. O. Brigh', " Jrffe ton?ille 21155 26 3,239 59 J k . Saunders, " Mobile 23,954 35 11,413 72 Suspi-nse tcconat ol ontitsndiug drafts ? ? Mint ol the Uaited States, Philadelphia, Peoutylvanis 419,529 69 419,336 69 Branch mint nl the United Slates, Charlotte, N. C 33,906 00 32,006 00 Branch mint of the United Staes, DahInn n. (la 2b 8.0 00 36,850 60 Brnnch mini of the United Statss, New Orleans, La 79,671 9S 79,011 99 $3,911,196 79 1,704.101 71 Deduct suspense account and tranilen 19 399 17 Amount subject to draft $1,604,904 04 Tr ant fen Ordered. Trans fern Ordered. To Uanal and Banking Co . From Bank of Erie, New Orlcane 10,COO 00 Krie 10,614 90 From (he Ohio Life Ine. fc Trait Co., Cincinnati 19,000 00 $20,4.4 00 According to theio returns, it appears that the government had on hand the 2Mh of January, more than two I millions and a half of dollars. It ulao appears that nearly I fout and a half millions af dollars of Treasury notes wero I outstanding on the 1st inst. We have as yet no accounts I of any notes having been iitued under the new act, but I the absence of an official notice of proposals for a loan I induces us to believe that they will be issued as rapidly I as possible, or as fust as the wants of the government re I quire, All the government will require for the nest year independent of the receipts from the ususl sources, according to the estimate of tho Secretary of the Treasury, will be ten millions of dollars, and it is very probable that this amount will be raised in the same way, the first ten millions was, vizFive millions by an issue of treasury notes, and five millions by a direct loan. Tho recent riso in government stock was caused by the belief capitalists generally entertained, that the 1 wants of the treasury would bo satisfied by an issue ol treasury notoa from time to time, instead of creating more stock. It was supposed thst the appearance of e largo amount of these notos in the market, would make things easier, and upon this supposition prices advanced, and the now United States sixes went above par. An issue of proposals for a new loan of ten millions, would not only depress the nominal and actual value of the government slock now on the market, but it is a matter of much doubt whether the loan would be taken. It would place the trea?u-y in a TWI J ?s r tion to fail in iucIi movement, and it i*, therefore, I very important that nothing of the kind ahoull ba I attempted, without the beat assurance* that it would ba ucoemful. M An isMie of treaauiy note* for five million* of dollar*, I in mim* of fifty dollar* and upward*, hearing interest at I the rate of six per cent per annum, would draw that I amount of money from puttie* who have it now in de poiitories, in no way connected with the commerce of H the country, nnd would ndd *o much to Ihe available I capital, and increaie the facilitie* of trade. An addition H of ftvo million* of dollar* to the active currency of the H country, would relieve our money market* very mate- fl riRlly, and enable the Secretary of the Treasury to make H a direct loan for the other Ave millions upon more fa- H vorable term* than be could under existing circnm H stance* realise or expect.

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