Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 6, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 6, 1847 Page 1
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rTH] Vol. XIII. Ho. 30-Whole Ho. *033 TIIE^W\FyoM"HERAmt JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. I L I Circulation?Forty Thousand. D AILY HEKALD-P.very day, l*rice 2 Mill per eopy?W , 24 per turnout?payable iu adriuice. ... WiCKKLY HEKALD-Kverv Satnrder-rriee eents per copy?SI ?a>3 rrgu wr annum?payable in advance. HLRALD roll r.IRO re?Krsry Steam Packet day. | Pries SAf cmta per copy?13 00 per annum, payable w adADVERTISEMENTS at the uanal prices?always eaab \ In advance ... . . PRINTING of all kinda executed with beauty and d?o- ! All Utters or communications, by mail, addressed to the , establishment, mutt be post paid, or the postage will be dedusted from the subscription mouey remiUed, JAMES GO HI ON fltt.NNll.TT. "ruunetor of the New Yorb Hbbal. tsTaBi isHSsewT, Nersb Wesltenreor of Velum and Nassau streets | UNITED wTATES MAIL LINE. _ ?mjUL meg FOB ALBANY AND TROY, VIA ; idicport and Hoaiatonic Railroad. Dor- | > irrfiM^ inm i.tit summer, the iiouaarn ic nauroad lit! been alaid with a heavy H It Ail. from Bridgeport to ttie Western U.iilroatl Through br Daylight, daily (Sunday's raeepicd) at o'clock, A. M. The H>-?iiiboi>t MOUNTAIN* KR, Cipt. W. H Fraaee, Irani ilia lout of Market street, 10. H. for Bridgeport, Daily, at ns* o'el ?ck, A m. Mo freight taken iu th* Passenger Liue. Patsengei* tab* the Car* at Bridgeport,a*d without change of Car* or baggage Crete*, arrive in Albany and Troy at 5 o'clock, P. 11. New Car* and Locomotive engine* have b-eu procured, and the 11,,ad i? iu every reaped equal to the beet New lungl oid Road. U~7" A Freight Line by Stranieri Nioirod, and Nlohegan, daily? Fruabt 'laritt ?ame a* leal year ? For lurther particular* inquire at t>>e Office on Market atr-et Pier, and at Liviagaioa and Wella' Express, It Wall street, fri 'in re (C M. PE1U1Y. Agent. Old ESTABLISHED TAcoAliK UEH.E, j M. Mt.0ki i7l rCARL (TllKCT, SAMUEL l HU>1PSU> A NU NEPHEW, i Aoc*n you thk "Bi.aex Stab" Ling op PaOBtTe. Mi7 himrpotl to Ntm York JM7. Shipi Ciiplaint. Tni Keg. Tin if'n hr?, T. p. Fieeinan, ti7 14M Li any, P P. Morton, 7kg I let Cornel>e, F M French, 108) 1750 Ohio, H. Lyon, 7t!t 1)75 9 inutl H'cka, T. (i. Banker, tit 1500 , Empire, (new) J. O Kaaiell, 1000 1000 Peurhea, W B Line, 7)) 1315 Indiana, Jauiei l>. Bennett. 710 1300 Hugtimiot, 8 Uoodliae, 031 lOOd Mnimon. (new) W. Edwards, 005 Into Peter Hstlriek, J. L) Poet, 070 1300 . " lit.b. th Ueuiatou, W. hpeucer, 006 MOO ' Devenshne, W. T. 1 hompsuu, Stt 1500 I Niagara, (uew) H. Kutaell, 730 1350 Atlas (new) H. Coffin. '90 14(0 Chios, (?ew) i. L Yvil*on, tit M00 Sardinia, (new) C K.Crocker, 802 MOO America, (new) Weare, 1180 19(0 F The subscribers would respectfully inform their friend* aid the pablic that they have mld-d aeveral splendid new hip* t ilieir line el' parkeie between thi* port aud Liverpeol, whtcli has been favoraely kuown and rxteniively pttroaised fur a period of more than thirty year*, and have no hesitation in i-.??uring thoae who may with to make engagemaci* it r the passage ot their (riauda f ont England, Scotlmd or lreUud. lha. tney will fin* Dies* aliipa iuferior to noue i point ?f comfort, couvauience and aafety, one of wh eb will aail fn ua Liverpool every tlx ilaya, throughout the yeur, makiug deluy, and the coniequent expense to cmigrauta ai 'ha peit >.f einharkatiou impossible. A tree passage per aieiiner f out ibe various Irish i.ud !*cotch porta, with I bieud >luffs and hospital moiie* rsaid, may be secured all at the lowest an l when those settled for decliua coming I out, the full aaa uut paid will be promptly refunded, as, For (briber particnlars, apply to 8AMUCL THOMPSON ic NEPHEW, I 37y Pearl atreot, ior to O. unmsliaw Si ijo., 10 Unree riaziaa, Ltv'pl Drafts or exchange, payable at sight, are also furnished lor say a" nuat, ou It. 0. Glvn k Co.. Bankers, London; C Griutthsw k Co., Liverpool; the National Bank ol .Scotland; National Uuilt ol Ireland,and Northern Banking Co Apply as shay. fet lm?r aar- t .lb# A< i ti. Tu A,>D KKO *1 OK&Ai'BRl i vfifliV tain and ike? and 'AliBr OBOHOE slfERLUCK k i.O.'S OLD r.STABLIS iKI) Passage Ol&ce, lis Maiden Lane | N?tic .?Mr. Cf She Iocs will sail lor Liverpool, on toe (It'll o' schruAijr, and r-ni'n the e duriug me inmths of klaruh and April, 10 personally superintend the embarkation t li s paid puieugeri. fe.'ios wishing to hare out llie r friends, oulti d> wr II to avail themselves of this npportunirv ns \t A. returns to New V nrlc in ftuiv jail lw*rh i'Hh NEW CONsTltUTlON-Tnie maguIr4 'it'jfVh ce'"> packet ship will sail from New York on 'aedMKitlre?1 St lustnn and f.oiu Liverpool ou the Sill April. I he ?,0 *811 I'll riO.N is t e I rgest (being 1,600 tons reg tier) aaJ decidedly ihe ui< st elegant ef all the L verpool line, fkti- is commanded by the Uistu gniahad Onpt John fir tton, (lie of the pack* t snip Hocnester) .uid the ihiphs accommodations uutqa lied for cabiu, aeread eabin, and steer ge passengers. Persons tending lor their f iends will dud this ihe iteit ouportuuit' ersr uflrred. Apply ou beard ihe > h.p, loot <1 Burling slip, or to f* W St l I' Tdl'si.OT . 86 South sr-eer. N Y | idsdt 1 *.UN UNa. UK rrv. Ke.lS lo aiD k I O Vl LIVERPOOL.?i heleniendid and fast sail- i JBmUmmi'lt new I'aeket ship ?i a L?,N A, Cart.Dennis.will sail f.< in n c w Yora hi h ridt/.h ehrnary iih, and from Liver- I poi.l on o> ab-iui the Kth diy of v.a'ch next. The sccomano- ! daiions of ihir m <guiliceiit packet for comfort aud conveiii nee it u h?1I Luiihii are superior to moat other packet ' ships Per * wialin g'n >eru r baitha, or those about tend- 1 i 11K itir their f.teiidi in an v pail of I lie old country wonld do wt il to r iswuiie the ' iiale a." and her accommodations, be- ' foie eegigiug elsewhere. Early application should be made i u board loot of Tine suae', or io W kJ T.TAP8COTT, 86 ""outh street. 3d door litluw Burling Slip. One ofthe abme line ol packeta will ke dispatched twice a week dating iht nco? lr?m Liverpool. Draft ou Ireland,kc. for an, am Junt, at tight, by applying ] aa ab-ve fed h r,ar-A EuK LIVn-RPOUL?NeW L.lue? Keauiai lack- J Klfwv?V" for February 26.?The superior faat-?aili> g packet I wiMktaSial.ip (iAKhiCK, I'tp'.alu B J U. Track, iwitf loua I builntu, mil - II w^rbo'e, her rrgnlur day Fur freight or ' pk sage, han k arc minndaiinns uuaurp aard li<r splendor I Oi c.imiort, apply on bourd at Oilcans wharf, toot of Wall i autet, or to ED WARD K COLLI 8, : id South atreat. frifle ol passage 8 WO J aa ship R08CIU9, A. Eldridge, muter, will ruececd Die U'.inck.and tail 16th March, her regular day I JU I a .g kuu LlVhllftiOh-lnt New Line ?Ac j gu'ar )*ackeipf 21st February?The new, superior. ' JLmuUrfs '&?' sailing packet ship CIINS'l ITUi'lUN. 1,680 tons bsuihea. Capt. John Britton, will sail as above, her rego. < day. For ireight er passage, haying splendid, large and eomfortaltla stale rooms and cabin, apply te the captain on board, at west pstr Burling slip, or to wuuDHULI. k MINTURN. *7 Booth at. The packer ?.! -p HO i Tl NOIJ ER, 10)0 tons bnrthes, It Buisvle>, will s i eeeutue Couslitucion, and aaij Or. I tr i-gatar nay. 2fat March. _______ Jfl en, FOR LIVERPOOL ?To sail on or be for# the 1 "ht'i Fehiusry.?The last sailing, first class ship ( fllftim lU L hU.N, i nptni i Page is now luadiug and w II | can uk u'lVe. F<m f, eight or pnssagr, hating g .ou accomroo- ! darioua, ipply ou hoard, Orleans ivuarl. foot ol VVtll stieet, j or in EDWARD k. COLLI NB. I i 2d in Sort h street. i Ainu bill It a V UL?The hieucli unique VI'/TUK Cdpt. Lc Roy. For f eight ..rpts age. apply to WHU,, I'll til k Lk BAitBfER. 141 ti or to PCM I) P. HI >CKK ?, B hers. ~,- HiK MEw (IULK VMS? Loaiaiana and Mew ftylrVc Vora Line of Fitkers ? Kegu'ar packet for MoniWMhn I '' binary 15th.?The splendid f*?t stil ag packI el aiiip HLBKON. Opium Circus, will ny aail u some, her mgular dar. For f. eiglu 01 paa?.ge, litrinc handsome accommodations, 1 apply on I)..urd. at Uitc ...? wriart. tnoi of w *11 ttrcet, or to K. K. COLLINs, b6 South ?l. Fotitirely err freight will be received on board after R>tu-(l?y ? . iiidk, 13th Kak'yAgent* i.i Mow Orle.iua, John O. Woodruff k Co.. who , will prnmpty tirward ill good* to their a'U'eaa. jJ1 rh I .. . I- . hi r i\ iiiiLi, .i"?? - l.'iuitiau* and Maw I t*EjT^|, v,.k Li e of t'aebe'a?tirgular I'arket for Mondty I i 'fa' i iFi "* '* " -* - '' "* T"' ' lackat abip W > oil, W in. Hathaway, muster, will positively sail h* 1 above, bar leauior day. Kor fiei?ht or p.iaaaas apply ea j b J '.rd, at 4>ew Orleina wli'.r I loo of Wall atleet, or to EIIWaHI) K COLLINS, Jo Pouth it Fo Itively hi freight rereired on board after Saturday | evtiii 8 i3 h mil. Ageui iu Mew Or'eaua, John O Wootliuff and Co , Who will promptly fi.-ward all goods to ttit-i addreaa. M. ti Shii pr ra may reiy upou Una raaael aai iut( paactaal- 1 ly 'it adr, r iaed 'J'tie picket b.rk Heaton will aueeeed the Wabaah. frl I " I /vl'cCOlT'd O-M'.KrvL KMlOKAilOM OFFICE ktfaL' Persons wiahiig to aeud foMheir friesdl aJ^ . a.,1 Vy ,n ?,,y part of England, I eland, Sco land, *83^^ I JfUteMw'T \Va1e>.''*i. Ii ve I hem brought out m < Iir^Hb tu.v i rw packet ?nip "li.4LE.NA," on the Oth Maick, on : reaaonanle terma, by aj ptytug to VV.kJ T. TAPSCOTT, fy ?0 Sooth afreet l tie ninth >' progre-a lei tnr nntar ti, line, In p> u Jo-aeieuce, and empiric lore. < > iiua l science! how art i turn profaned, tin Ii w quicks, and niirearrained. Ft am. t in thy innea; aad vag-bonda are known To hrawl thy nun# who ni v?r wiote their own: vVneu er iy ih-orn(? their ail'Hed ichrmea, (Cii<eemly product of dyapeptie dreimO . mpolr to tl ee !-*r eouitf reua i t ; ore The ir apunnna tiantlinga laid at Mara'a doort \Vli?n eai-h p ejector of a p. tent pi, L, Or Ii 'ppy t iuiid r of a coffee mill, I ,r yea thine aid to nrlabr te hia waraa. And e own with gold hi? pbliuttnopie earai . Tuna l-!ai*'? h.iwkera pioualy proclaim TI cir fitta a-.d pipi r i in iha propheti naina! NOW, >MH?. JKkVlSS CiiLD CANDV anonld not ba elaaiifted iti Ii ton anovr * i iib It ii the happy and aci ; i: r a I eo nortmn ol .i ft etiile, and laying i a cl -tin lo acten. a, in f ho common aceept-tton of the word, but id the fact ct ita <-u ij'.' colds, c.onahi, hoaraeueaa, lore throat, whoop, niy- a h, influe ?.?, rod ell the early effects nf a eld, that t i foe dread eon.n'nptt ni. It stands nadoubted. and proa d by the iiuiDeroii temin rr.iali of our raott rmiaent men ft Id by Mrs JtbKVM, 3*ii Oioadway, naif door to the Tabernacle. ! n nton k < 'o. I' Aati'IT use, 110 aud 8M Broadw j , UUckeit.iMI "i ivery; Burotoii, 19 Smh Avauue', Bug I . ,ni, 7 an i Iff.I An nir? 1<1 Ji.r.'a, 311 Million at; i1e a?n ci oti sthenic ami VW ami, I.TCom.i,Cor. of irrand and Dlvirion strreta: J29 IVarl a ; sod Vlra Hnya 139 Fulton ai, and 1 A:l?"''c?t. Brroltlyoi K. R T. lvilli?mi, Broad at, Mewk Z? c-ach parkuAS is I .variably ug .ed Mra W. JhKVI i a. i, ii pacltngea of la, 9a. <a. and $1 Bach fet it?r .1 BNVbLOPB i'A PER. T.N IV I' HII NUKED KK.AVIS Patent K..awh>pe Fapar. aottV L able foi i iiifing bp aptcea and eoff?<-. Ju?t leeeiisd I and fo- aale i,y FKRMK k 8HOOKB, | f il nr _________ Mande7 Numbu at. I [IAOB. HAQt), RAOS. I f u'hK. ?Hb'cri' a will pay >h* hiaiteat niaiket prtea in ( 1 eiali for Innta and ro'on raga. bagging, ropea, rnii# I cut n (1 c i ropt.O aay other ilnflk for ('ape-making, daft Itttrad t thaia repar Works, Wni.:,,,, Locks, ltailroad Ce o t. or II thai' Fa.i?r Wa in iB'e and S7 Mnaaati sr. 1 felJwr I'EkRIK k BROOKS,M k IT Nassau at. E NE' NEW AFFAIRS IN ALBANY. I| LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS, ! TELKUHAPU1C, Allot, February a, 1947. 1 Senate. < The bill appropriating the income of the common school J fund wee paeeed. .j The Senate waa engaged in Committee of the Whole on the bill for the appointment of commissioner! to codify 1' the lawa. Mr. Hakd moved that the namea of Alvah Wordenand 1 John Collyer be inserted in one of the blanks. This was decided to be out of order, as tbe question waa on fixing the salaries of the eommirsioners. Mr. ppenciii addressed the Sonute in favor of filing \ tbe salary of tho commissioner* at (3,600 pot annum i aach. Tke debate wu not finished when the Senate adjourn* , ad. 1 Aoaembljr. I Mr. Wkxman presented a petition from 0.600 inliabi. tanta of the city of New York, againat the repeal of tbe liccnae law of 1846, and praying that ita proviaiona may be entended to that city. A memorial waa preaented from tbe State Medical Society, praying for aid to tho College of Physicians and Surgeona of New York. Five memoriala wore preaented for a repeal of tbe law of 1814, relative to Trinity Church corporation. Mr McFabland reported a bill to extend the right of pilotage by way of Hurlgate. Mr. Dcvelih preaented concurrent reaolutione relative to immigrant paaaengera. They were adopted Tbe bill to appropriate the revenuea from tho school fund waa takea up, but no vote woa taken on it; the pending queation waa the motion of Mr. Bascom, to add the further aum of $36 000 to the capital of the aehool fund, from the income of the United States depoaite fund Tho bill to organize tho Judicial diatricta waa then taken up. The bill reported by Mr. Chandlk*, waa offered aa a aubatitute, and after debate, waa rejected, 43 to 35. The Uouae then adjourned. ? BY TUB MAlhS. Albany, Feb. 4, 1847?10 P. M. Tht I.'fl Committionert?Demon alir Caucus Tho democratic members of the Legislature met in tbe Senate chamber this evening at 7 o'clock, for the purpose of nominating gentlemen for the office of Commitsinners to revise the laws, Ac , according to tho requitementa of the constitution. David R. Floyd Jones, of New York, waa appointed chairman, and Messrs. Develin, ot New York, and Pratt, of Onondaga, were appointed se cretarits. Senators Young, Clark, Hand, Ac , and aome promi nent members of the lower House, were present, and participated in the dabate. Sixteen Senators and thirtyfix members of the House, answered to their names on the calling of the roll. Mr. Hand, of the Senate, moved that it it expedient for the meeting to prooeed to a nomination. Mr. Wataon moved, aa an amendment to tho motion of the Senator, that a committee of three be appointed to confer with the whig members of tbe Legislature, and to ascertain whether they are disposed to concur in the appointment of an equal number of whig and democratic Commissioner*. Mr Sickles moved, as a farther amendment, that the democrat* nominate and insiat upon two members of tho board of revisors and one member ef the board of codification. The motion and amendment* were discussed at great length: a number of member* would not consent to be bound by a caucus nomination. Tbe caucus finally agreed to vote nico v?ae for one member of tbe hoard of codification, and for two mem hers of the hoard of revisoia kc. Some of tbe members retused to nominate any Candidate because they weuld not he bound by a caucus nomination. Thirty members nominated Rueben H. Walworth as a codifierof the laws; two nominated Chas. H Ruggles, one Henry A. Foster. On metion of Mr. Sedgwick, Rueben H. Walworth was declared to be unanimously nominated as one of tbe codifiers of the laws After several balloting*. Nicholas Hill Ir- <t>. I clared to bo nominated aa one of tho reviaors and aimplifjera ol tlx- practico. Aphaxad LoooaU, of Herkimer, waa tbe next moat prominent candidate, and tbo can cm adjourned. The whig mambera met in caucuet few nighta ainoo, and nominated two on each board of commissioners; Alvah VVorden, of Ontario,and John A.Collier, (now) ol Albany,aa cod.tiers of the lawn; and David Graham, ol New York, aad a Mr Tetera.of Western New York, ua reviaora of tho practice. hKOIILATIVB PROCRRDIYGS. ALBaRV,Keb 4,1847. Senate. The President appeared, and called the Senate to orderA memorial waa received irom thci State Medical Society praying tor tbe eatabliahment of an aaylum for idiots. In the lunatic aayluma no proviaion la made for 1 Idiots. Mr Backna ha* already introduced a hill having I thla laudablo object in view. The memorial waa re | (erred. LURATIC AaVLttM. Mr. Heart, from the printing committee, reported in fn vor of the motion of Mr. Spencer, to print 3A00 copiea of ! the annual report of the manager* of the State Lunatic 1 Aaylum. A majority of all the aenatora elected not I voting to agree with the report, it waa laid upon the to- , ble for tbe preaent. covrtii soar adjcdicatior. The Important bill amendatory of the reviled atatutei, ' trendy ptihliahed by you, entitled, "An act to compel I the determination of claims to real property in certain case*," was paaardby the Senate?ayes 20, nay a I. The bill providing for the distribution of tne journal ' and document* of the conatitutional convention, alio ' passed the Senate By the term* ot the bill, two copies oi ' each volume are to b sent to the I'nited States Secretary < of State, to be deposited among the archives at Washington ; one to the Governor of each state in the Union, ami one to every county clerk in the Stale, Ac lie. At this point of the proceedings, an effort waa maJe to bring forward the bill appointing the legal commissioner*, but it failed. COMBOS SCHOOL VCRD, A", The Senate resolved itself into Committee of tho j Whole on the bill reported by Mr. Sedgwick, from the 1 Committee on Literature, entitled "An act appropria- , ting the annual revenues of tbe common school, liter* . turn and United States depo-ite funds " The bill ea originally drawn contemplated approptia- i tiona to the coilrgoa, academies, medical, and other inati tutiona, lie. Bui tho section* of the bill were to-day everally stricken out, except the drat aectiou, inatruct ing the State Treasurer to pay out of the common acheol fund, in each of the years 1147 and 1818. to tlia Treasurer* of the several counties, and the '.-hamberlain of the city of New York, the sum of one hundred and ten thousand dollars, for the use of schools, according to the apportionment made by the Superintendent of common schools; the aectiou also provides, that there (hail be paid < ut of the'United States depoiite fund, in the ' same years, and for a like purpose, the sum of one hun > died and ten thousand dollar*; and that there shall be 1 paid fifty - ti ve thousand dollar* for the payment of the ! wage* of teachei* of common schools ko.; fourteen thousand dollars Is r.? .u_ ? tlia aalaiies of county superintendents ol common schools. * Mr.Svrxckb made a motion to reduce tho appropriation of filty fire thousand dollars for tbe payment <f the salaries of the teachers of common schools to fori)fire thousand dollata, and to give the $10,000 remaining to colleges an 1 academios. Tho motion tras opposed with consiterahle feelingMr. Spencer was charged with being hostile to common schools, aud he was reminded that many thousands of children receired a'l their education at common schools Mr Srtiscia replied,mid contended the children of the poor were almost the only stndents at the colleges in the interior of this State, lis stated that the children of rich parents, who could afford to pay $1,000 annually for the education of their children, were commonly sent to old Yale or the Cambridge L'nirorsity ; that when poor stndeuta at llamlltou and Union colleges could not pay their bills they were cancelled, fcc., fcc., Sen. For these great raaaon* he urged that the colleges and academies warn equally entitled to a share of that aid and protection which the State extends to common ichools. The motion of Mr. Spencer was rsJeceJ. Then tbe committee rote and reported the hill to the Senate. And the Senate agreed to the repott of the committee. And the Senate adjourned. AsNmbiy. Fiom the immense number ot petitions for the abolition ol capital punishment, which aro being constantly receive I, and from other indications, I judge the present Legislature will pass an act to submit the question of ca- , pital punishment to the popular vote IMnciCHMKIST or MB. MHOS. Mr. Tottlr irom tho Judiciary Committee, to which was referred the petition of Mr II. H Hastings of New York, praying for thaimpeechment of John .vioKeon, for | alleged oon piosecution of a libel, reported that the com. i mitiee had bad the petition under consideration, and on behnliof the committee, the honorablo gentleman heggi d 1 leave to offer a resolution Tho Clkhk read tlie resolution, which is as followa I Kasolvsd, That the prayer of the petitioner ought nol ' to be granted. And the Honse unanimously agreed to the resolti 11(1. amrskja* rsser iocirtt, Mr. Bowit, of New York, offered the following resolti- I lion i ? Resolved, That tha Ofltcara and Directors af tha Ame j W YO YORK. SATURDAY MO! lican Tract Society are hereby called upon to report to ' thi? Homo, under oath the number end nature of the book*, lie. published by tt-ein, and if they aie not now ind have not been herettfrie, dealing in paper, pane, board, binders' leather, and other articles contrary to I iheir charter; and that they also report, under oath, the i Tail amount of 'heir income from donations, rent, sale of | nooks and othei sources, and 'lie lull amount of nil sala. ries and perquisites paid or Riven to their various offlcors and persons tu their employment; and whether their Det income does or does not exceed ten thousand dollars ptr annum, the amount au'borired by their charter. The House passed the resolution It looks as if the charter of the society wa* In danfer )f revocation. tlllt xokthkrx paiso.v. A resolution making additional appropriations for the maintenance of this prison, and providing for the appointment of a committee to ini-pcct the institution, and report to the Legislature, passed the Humid, to day. TU* ruKVIOL'l UCKITIOI -THK UiU. .nr. mcuim intioiuceu u resoiu'ion. ysiiTiay, to , tmend the 36th standing rule of the House, so that two thirds (instead ul a majority,) of ail the mamhers present ihould he necessary to second the previous question, whenever it may be moved. The resolution wn called up this morning aud deha- | ted with great feeling The mover stated that he had been count rained to introduce It on account of the arrogance and intolerance ol the majority, nnd ot their Spea ker, whom ho compared to ucouutry school matter, and whom he cautioned to observe greater impartiality and equanimity of temper, toward the minority. At 14 o'clock, M , Mr Bicklks withdrew the resolu ' tion, its his object, he laid, had boon lolly accomplished common school ri'sp, IkC. And the llouso resolved itself into committee of the wholo. on the bill making appropriations Irom the United States Ueposita and t.'ommou Hchool Funds, for the support of coilegt-s, acadamiei and common school*. No action was had Thcte is a similar hill pending in the Senate, or already passed. The HoU"e bill is. there | lorn, of no input tance, fur an important bill 01 igina'iog in the House has never been, and I believe never will tie pasaed by tLe Sonate during the present session, without material amendment. Mr RuTiiki-sovD introduced a bill for the establish- , raent of fire evening schools in the city of New York ; ' an eminently philanthropic proposition. Aad the House adjourned. Our Trouble* with Brazil. [From the Jornal do Coinmercio, llio da Janeiro, De- ; ceniber 17 ] On the evening .ef the list of last (October, i let'-' as a patrol ot regulais was making r.s round, they s.iw a sailor, who proved to belong to the American eloon of war Saratoga, attack some nthe-s with knife iD band They arretted him and two others; but as they w ere ahi ut proceeding with them to the guai d house of the Imperial Square, an officer of the same ship cama up and demanded ot the patrol the release of the ptisnneis mis being relused, he went and got his swoid from a neighboring cutler's, and aidad by some sailors and individuals of the same nation, attempted to roscue tiie prisoner* by force. In the meanwhile, an escort of fitlileers, who were engaged in drumming up recruits, came up, nnd joining the patrol, they forced the sailors along with them towards the guard Lome, giving them an oc cshioim! shove, as they were not disposed of their own accord to budge. Tn?- officer kept following and ine nucing the patrol, sword in hand, until they entered the square, where the commandant ot the guard, to prevent the sentinels from seizing him, beckoned him to appi ouch and disarmed him himself A multitude of people gathered in the square; to die perse the crowd and preserve order, the guard were reinforced. The Consul of the United Statoi also presented himself and required the commandant of the guard to release the officer, which Tie declining to do, the Consul protested on the spot against the refusal as an offence to the United State*. At a later hour, the officer was taken in charge ol a Brazilian officer, to the head quarters nf the corps of tegular*, and tho three sailors to the aljube, (fort or prison ) These facts, which aro of public notoriety, and whioh we had not thought dtwoith while to publish in our columus, as we did not suppose they could be the source ol seiiotH difficulties, have assumed a certain importance so that it is no longer possible to pass them over in silence particulaily since the proceeding we know ne word to qualify Commodore Housseau.chiefol the United States naval station at this place, in a proceeding which was witnessed day before yesterday by the population of | the city. iuii aver) juiiai-iion 01 tag uwi or public regulation* pel potrated upon the territory of h Ds'ion, n puui hahle !>> tho auihontie* ol tho country, appear* to u* an inconteatible principle of the law* of nation*. Whatever he the quality of the transgressor, we maintain that this principle can never be disputed ; and any departure from a Mriot application of the regulation* in order to aave him from deseivcd punishment, should be viewed a* *n act of benevolence, and not considered a warrant fur ridi culoua pretensions, atill lea* for intuit. Suoli, how eter. we are informed, have not been the consequence* of the facte we have mentioned. '1 he want oi redaction in the American plenipotentiary, who up peara to supiiose that a nation cannot be great unless it* representatives tiample under foot the most inconleitihte right* of other power*, ha* not allowed him to view a* an act of kindnea* the deteimiqation taken by the imperial government on hearing of the imprisonment of the Ameiicun officer, to direct hi*release, with the declaration. however, that thi* act waa not to prejudice the con liuuativn oi the process which had been began aga.nst him. '1 ha plenipotentiary of the United States a*o'lbed perhapato weakness thi* net ol courtesy of tho imperial go vernment, and the legal imprisonment of the American I ciU.ier, therefore, appeared 10 hii eye* an inuult lor t which ho pretended to claim the moat formal reparation ] The release of this officer, seiaed in Itigiaut tranagrea I sion making an attack u|ion the public lorce. and entering the juipeiial square with drawn sword iu pursuit ol a pstiol which had arrested some American sailors found j making a disturbance and armed witn knives, wui on the purl ot th* imperial government a deviation from strict ule, made out of exceeding icspect lor the government of the United Ntatos, and based upon the urgent n-cessity which was alleged to exist, it it said, My Coin, lloussenu, lor tlio departure of tho Saratoga. But this deviation Irom tule, t.iis act of couriesy, hai not mat at the band* of the American minister the interrelation it would receive f om every ambassador, who, knowing his own right*, yet fe.'ogidzs* the rights ot foreigner*. Mr. Wive, as wa ma informed, would not consent to accopt tho reiver? ot the officer (alter th-r latter had been given up to him) ac-inpanied with tb* declaiation that the process against him was to contiuue, but demanded pa remptorily hi* release without aoiiditionpiia dismissal oi the commandautof the guard of the square, and the pun ishment of the soldier* who ariel'.td the Atneric u *ai Ion, ieiu*ing to racognioa in the soldier* the character of a legal lorce ilo itpreaented the impri*onui?nt ol the officer and sailor* as an insult to the llsg, and command of Commodore Rousseau ; argued turn they wete upon tho coast, and that tn lit tun has not a per ioct sovereignty ; that the suiloi* having Isoen quarreling among th'mselvoa in the presence of an American officer without offence to any citizen of Brazil, the RUihoritie* ol the country had no right to inteifere, and ended by declaring that il his demands were not complied rvith in n specified time, he would cons-- to recommend Cominodoro Rousseau to refrain Irom using the mean* he hold* iu his power. The singular doctiine of the American plonipoten'inry j ia thus, a* we see, carried to the point of denying the sovereignty of Brazil over tho square whura the offence was committed, ot refusing to acknowledge tho cbarar. ter of a legal force iu patiola of regulars und furileeis becau'o ol accidental circumstances or the want ot brilliant uniforms, and finally, of pieiondiug that American* were not to be punished by the laws ol the country ior the crime* they m<iy perpetrate against eaih other upon it* territory. When people have the faco (quandv it tern valor ) to make demands of the nature of those preleireil by Mr. Wise, end founded in similar pretensions, it l* not to be wondered that the simplest fact should giro riie to eerioui misunderstandings. The American Minuter,on being resisted in hit unuaual pretensions, suspended, we are informed, hia correspondence on the subject with tha imperial government, and the latter, we are alao inlormed, accepted the suspension. Bat for the American plenipotentiary, since ho had referred the mutter to hia own government for decimon, there waa no reason to change tho cout so lie should puraue in hia relationaof friendship and good will wnh tlie iiupeiial got ernruent, alter the latter, in order to uphold ita dignity, n? waa la duty, reluaed to adopt the mensurra which the ininiater wished to |tre*crib? lor the aolution of the difficulty. In these reiatioua of trien tahip and court, ay, Mr Wise proceeda na if the United Htatea wete on the eve of o|>en inpturn with Brazil The Iftth of the prraont month, (November,) wee de aigna'ed tor the haptiam of ller Highneaa, the I'rinceaa la.bcl >oine lay* br lore, un officer ol tho imperial navy boar lei the Amen an frigate Columbia, to apprize Com. Knus-eau that on the occnaion of the chriatPiiing, the Biazilian vessels of war would show then colora und tire a eulute. and to invite nim to do the same?ati invitation no foreign naval ccmnuiider refuaca to comply with. Com Itouaaeau dec'sred, however, that during the con flict (O <or/f<?fo) w hich was pending between the government ot the Uni ed Htates and that of Brazil, he ahould ahatain from allowing any of the courteaiea which are customary between civilized nations ! Day before yesterday, then, while moat o( the foreign .hips of war were taking in the demonatrations ol national rejoicing made by the Brazilian squadron, the Ametican frigate Columbia exhibited to the people of this city the acandaloua ipeotacle ol remaining in our port an indifferent spectator ot theae rejoicings, neither showing colors nor firing a gun?a scandal ull the more unjustifiable, for taking place on a festival of the august imperial family. This, if we are, as we believe, well informed, is the complicated situation to whicn the American plenipoten tiary, without donbt through thoughtlessness, (test dunfA i for irre/texmn) has biought a matter in itself simple, of no great importance, and suactptibleof a piampt and amicable adjustment. Wo trust that hia government, in disapproving such a course ot conduct, will bo 1811111011 with the friendly and well-intentioned proceeding ol the impeiial government, on tho occasion ot the imprisonment ot tue lieutenant and sailois ol tha sloop Saratoga; and that unr own government ?ill recrive lull latlstuction (or the gratuitous iu.uit offered day be tore jcatorday to tha imperial Umily and Brazilian nation by Com Koutseau, in obodienco, we ore told, to the orders ot hia milliner. . Cvack.?There was n severe South Enst gale hare yr stent, y (Wednesday) afternoon. It c mmerced nt about S o'clock and lasted 11117. The Connecticut river la broken up The ice waa thin, and a ri?e, caused by the torrents of rain that tell on Wednesday at once look n off?Hartford 'limit, fit, 4. The Albany .Argus says t?Tli esnti rent prisoners released Irom the Clinton county prison by the Oovernoi's pardon arrived hare yesterday. RK K RNING, FEBRUARY 6, 1 Stcnin Coiittnatifcullmi betwNn Rutland Mini tlie Duuthtru VlHlraolllilnt'iiloii. lFrom the Londou IlllHillt Dec. Hi J I III taking 3 general view of Ibe condition of the United < lutes of America and ol this country. ? fur ?a regards our commercial re'aliens, it la impossible Dot to make a { ri eat distinction between the northern and the southern I livnioo of the Union Of the former, tha pursuits of 1 the people are so similar to iUoju of this country, and ' the products of the soil so little iu oxcess ol tbe itnmedi- , ito wauls c1 the home popula'ion, that t v- r y year must make them more and more our rivals than ourcusto- I mers. While, on the other hand. In the eouihern nod louth-western States, the capital and labor of the corns- 1 try are utmost exclusively employed in railing those productions which we either do not raise at all or whioh we raise in insullicient quantities lor our consumption, hut which uro all essential to tha existence cf oer population and our manufacturing industry, lit the northern half cf the Union, manufacturing industry has already > so far odvunced, that they have a laige surplus to dis- 1 l?oso ol, while their papulation has Increased so milch, ' tieftt arnu lh n/ti tri. itlinrnl iirn/liiCA is hurfllT fllliul ^ ! to their consumption uu th? other head, in the loutb- ) rn end western States, the case ia reverted. Their | 1 commerce is in grain, cotton, rice and tobacco, which hi i Mr to occupy their labor oud their capital ao prollte- t bly lor many years to come, that manufacturing of any kind i< not likely to be adopted to any extent. it ia not difficult, then, to unieratanJ the striking distinctiou which bun been of late ao obvious iu the riewa , and tendencies cf the Southern and the Northern Statea, with regard to the principles which ahould regulate their external commerce. The Northern Statea hare felt a two lull intercat in maintaining the principles of pro tectiuu Aa long lie Groat Britain excluded the produce ot ilie loMhlM West, nnd aa long aa America equally excluded the produco of O'reHt Britain, by high dutiea the maiiufactureri of New England had a two-fold ad vantage in such mumai restrictions They limited the market for Ameiiran produce, kept the price artificially lower, or.d enabled the manufacturing State# to be ?upplied with food even lower, in compariaon with their nvala in England, than natutal circumatuncea would wiinuat ; while attch restrictions, on the other hand, garn them a moie oxcluaive command ovor the home itiaike' at d enabled tnem to enforce higher pricea from the Southern and Western States than they could hare done under a fair competition. But thoae two-fold ad vantages to the Northern Statea have operated aa a twofold disadvantage to the Southern Statea. The latter, by the operation ot these restrictions on each aide of the Atlantic, have hitherto been compelled to accept a price for their produce in the home matket much below its real value, under a free trade in England, while, at the same tune, they hare been compelled to pay a much higher pi ice for ail they require to purchase than they would do under a free tiade in America. The restiictive ayatema of England and the United State* hare been thus a clear tw o-fold advantage to the northern half of the Union, while they have equally been a two-fold loaa to the Southern and South-Weatern Statea. It ia, then, no matter of surprise that the ablest and clearest headed men In America have long seen that, if this system of restrictions on commerce i* to be persevered in, the diver sity of intoiest* between the North and the South must, before a very long time, lead to a separation of the Union. Tlio policy of England, in the adoption ol free trade, hts removed one-hull of the obstacle to a preservation of the Union. Let the Sou hern States ol America tee that the policy of the Union removes the otner half of those obstacles But whatever policy England and America may pursue in the future, and taking it for granted that the force of events will compel both countries to |ieraeveroin the free trade course which we have nearly perfeated, and which America has already begun, it ii obvious that the intercourse between Ureat Britain and the Southern status must daily become of more and more importance. It is the Southern State# that mint raise our cotton, our rice, and our tobacco, it lathe Southern and Western States that must chiefly raise our c rn and our provisions It ia that diviaion of the Union that muat, from the eutire absence of home manufactures, become the great American market for our goods. The highway to this great market ia the Mississippi and ita numerous contributing streams. The capital ol tbia great natural division of the States?the lap into which the productions of these States, with which our intercourse must so rapidly, and to auch aa unlimited extent, increase under free trade, muat he poured through the Maasiaslppi and ita ministoua streams-is the port of New Orieana. That city muat become the great entrepot for British manufactures destined for consumption in that part of Ameri ca, and the chief place of shipment of all those product! which England will tako in return. It become*, then, with relert-nce to the future, a matter of the first consequence that every possible facility should be uflurded in our intarcouiia with that impoitant centre of European trade. J'hc city of New Orleans Is situated on the Mississippi, on* hundred and tan miles from the see. Unlorluuatuly, at the entrance of thia noble atreani there ia a bar, called the Balixe, so ?0allow, as materially to have interiered. hitherto with the vavigatiou of ships heavily laden with cargoes of gram flour, or provisions. Even fur the coi t?n trade, a particular construction of ship has been found needful, with a flutter bottom than usual, to pass ea-ily over this bar, which the rapidity of the stream would render it a fruitless < fTurt to remove. This circumstance, and the fact that there ia no harbor at the mouth of the Mississippi, has hitherto prevented the poa ribiliiy of any direct intercourse by steamers, and much cm tailed that by tailing ships, with New Orleans 1 he want of a mora pai tec t and direct intercourse hat bean lung felt to be a terioat grievance by thoaa more immediately connected with thit trade, and especially with le-uect to the transmission of letteit, which ia tedious, and at tome aei'tuns of the year, uncertain. At the present time lha letter* frem New Orteana come by the Boiion steamer, and it only requires to look at the die un< e, ?nd the numeiouv ch nges ut conveyance in this route, to understand tha cause of the fieqoeut delays and disappointments to whiclt parties are exposed. The distance Ironi New Oilusns to iloston ia 1,703 miles, and the mail is com eyed in the following manner:? Milts from New Orleans to Mobile, by steamer 190 from Mobile to BtucUtuii, do 9* a'looi 8 ocltton to Montgomery, by staging. ..... 171 Kiom Montgomery to Wast Point, by railway ... 60 from West Point to Atalania, by staging 130 i- tom Atalanta to Augusta, by railway 171 from Augusta to Cherlestou, do 186 There ia a branch railroad that goea to Savannah, vi* i tha Macon and Wastern railroad, 101 mile* to Mucon, and the Central railroad, 190 miles to 8aTenouh. Kioni Charleston to Wilmington, by steamer 180 from Wilmington to Waldou. by railway 101 from Weioou to Hichaond, do 108 f ioin Richmond to Washington, do. and steamer.. 00 from Washington to Baltimore, by railway td Horn iJ iltimoiu to Philadelphia, do. and steamer., 117 from Philadelphia to New York, do. do 90 from New York to Beeton, do. do 180 1,703 In looking to this extraordinary distance, and the numerous changes of cenveyauce, irom steamboats to railway s, and Irom railways to stage-coaches, and censider! ttig that tie sailing is, in many cases, upon open lakes, ex|K>sed to all the vicissitudes of weather, it sp aksiuuch fur American energy that the communication is as perlect as it is The recent discovery, by surveyors appointed by the I American government, of a magnillcent harbor, betwaen I < at Island and lain Apitre, within Lake Borgne, and only ten miles distant liom the coast to the mainisud, at length I promise* to get rid of the difficulty hitberto experienced in Die direct intercourse w ith New Orleaus, not only on I account oi the bar of the Balrre, but niso on account of the | gieat cost of leaving ships ap to New Orleans,a diatanca of I 110 miles Thit new harbor, with an easy access from (Ac St a, at all times contains water varying Jram thirty to filly I fret, and is protsctrd on all sides by land beautifully wasded, so thut vt ssels may rids with the greatest safety j in all states of (Ac weather, from the haroor to Bavou, I on tha maiuluad, is a distance of twelve miles, and Irom ' Bayou to New Orleans is a distance of forty-six miles? | making, in ail. a distance of only fifty-eight mile* from | cat Island harbor to New Orleam, instead of one hun| died and ten miles by tbe present objectionable and difficult louts up the Mississippi. Already has a railway been commenced from New Orleans to Bayou, and, with the exception ul twenty railea, ia either now, or will very sboitly be, in operation, and arrangements will be made to communicate between the lailwuv at Bayou and Cat island harbor with small s earners; so that, in reality, tlio cuy oi New Oiieatu is now brouaht into connexion with a fine sale harbor, open at all times to tbe sea, by a railway and steam navigation, covering a distance ol enly fiity miles, and occupying not more than three i hours. | The advantages oi this new discovery, and its ultimate J importance to the trade ot this country, in opening up a i more direct communication with New Orleans, and the intei lorol the country ,are too obvious to be dwelt upon. A teh-reuce to the map will at once ?how tbeae advantage* in a striking I'ght Itii ui ttio first place propoied that the Wert India uteainera, which at praaent pan within (our hundred nule* of Cat Island harbor, shall call theia for passengers and latter*, on their way outward and homeward. The proposal too, we believe, ha* been (ununited to the Lord* of the Admiralty, and, a* we understand, ha* ?o far received their sanction, that it haa been referred to tbe West India Steam racket Company for adoption, if found connatent with their other plana. That it would i prove a profitable brunch oi that service, we c*h entertain i.o dou^f, when wa consider the great number of passenger* whops** annually between Now Orloans and turtps; and that the company will be, by adopting the plan, conferring u great boon upon our present aud future trade wiln the Southern States of the Union, is to us equally i lear aud certain, by thia first effort for a direct communication by steam between Kurope and the capital ol the southern diviiion of the United Slates. Thete I i* no man mote a la to Judge of anil appreciate the importance of this step, the honor able genii man (Mr. Ward) who now, with so much ciedit and ability, oecu' pies tire position of Secretary to the Admiralty, Iron Ins knowledge nod intimacy w ith that pert ot tbe world, end nom his ability to undsrstatid great commercial advantages StimiMg Cockt or the unitin Statin?Wednesday, February 8, 18-17.?Lewis Benton, E^q. ol' Mm York city, was admitted an at'rnnet and counsellor | ol tbi* court.- No. 110. Wm. T I'ease, plan.t,ft in arror, v* William I) wigln. 1 his cauie was submiltad to the court on Use recoid and prin'cd aigumaut* try Mr Dates, | ror the plaintiff in eiror and (Joveruor Woodhridgn for the defendant in error - Nn I II The United Slates, plainliiff, vs. k. Diigg*. Tina cam* was submitted to tne court on the record,nod printed argument* by Mr. Attorney General and Mr. Norvuli tor the piaintid', and by Mr. Bite- (or tbe detenJau'.? No. S7. Ne Jaisey Sieatu NaI vigatiou Company appellant, vs. Merchants' Bank of Boston The aiguinent ol ttiis causa wih coutinued by Mr. VVhipple lor the appellant. Adjourned until to-moirow, I 11 o'clock A. M \ [ERA 847. New York Hull road Stn flat lea. / We hare procured the following important railroad tt?tlatica from the returns Juit received at the Comptroller * jfflce : ? MOHAWB AND HL'IMOtt BAILBOAD. ( Length of road in operation, 10 mile* and 46.17 lent. a ''o?t of construction $1,461,16*1 91 ft Paid for rebuilding two engine* and thirtyfour freight oar* 11 814 04 1 L $ 1,471,966 96 a Interest which accrued In 1346. $96 049 69 f< Do " " 1946, 1094 09 tl $33 149 71 h Repairing and operating the road in 1840, $41,776 84. 3 Income from 174 663 passenger* $99 194 67 e " " Local and weitern height 18 39 1 69 J " " Mall contract 1,960 00 ai " " llenti 1.390 3*3 , el $111,367 08 oi Haceired from tha ula of houtea, land and o: material* $8 973 01 B' Raceired from bond* of 1946 3,000 00 | n tu ; u Xumbir of Locomotive*, 4. 1 i CTICA AND iOHKNCCTAOT RAILROAD. < A Length ot roait, 78 mile*. j 11 Cost of construction $3,lfc9,60i lo " Income from psssengers $347 636 61 * ' " freight 66,290 67 ? ' " L'. H Mail 6 f-M) 00 {j " other (ourcte 9,713 IK) _____ n $428,396 99 ? Expense* of running tho road 107,?20 82 '! " " for engine# and couatnicting and . grs 'in g 76 009 70 Amount of dividend* IOo.ooO 00 , ; ft Total expenses end dividends $403,430 6J '* Number of Locomotive Engine*, 16. IVRACUSR AND L'TICA RAILROAD. Length of road 63 mile*. Coat of construction $1,139 940 34 {'. " " leaa depreciated property 30 000 00 j $1 098 940 34 ' 11 Receipt* from 103,798>?' through paaaengeri $307 697 00 !! " " 61,491 way paasenger*. . .. 23.111 69 " " transportation of freight... 19.023 60 " " " U 8 mail... 6.389 76 ? " " mifcellr.neou* source*.... 2,916 41 * $367,637 33 ^ Expense* for repairing, operating and run. ? ning the road, including amount paid for J debt and new cara $124,933 48 {! Amount paid for new trench 38,341 l-l : " " permanent fixture* h,oi7 66 ' $171,191 10 J Expense on account ol construction for lend $13,112 73 ' Dividend* paid Feb. 16 no , ' " Aug 16 40,000 t?) ' Number ot locomotive* 9. , ADICR* AND STRACUIB RAILROAD. Length ol road 30 mile*. ' Cost of construction $670 230 03 , Expended in construction in 1S46 3 947 AO Interest 106,037 38 ' $784 233 1)0 1 Income from 106.8C9H passenger* $98 061 71 " " freight 10 886 32 . U. H. nail a e\iu\ itn " " incidentals 40 00 j (119,038 03 | Expanse of repairing and running the road 41,164 om ( Amount of dividends 31,000 00 | suaus* A*D BOCHESTCB BSILBOID Length of road, 78 miles Cost of construction to Jan 1848 (1,83101* 18 , " expenditure in 1846 31 999 38 | (1 803 044 46 J Receipts from 83.718 through passengers,... (lt)9 ooo 90 " " 80 037 way " ... 84 068 33 . " '* freight 20 mi 76 , " " U. 8 mail and other sources, 16 69* 60 (190 170 66 Expenses lor rep?ir< and running the road, (110 363 24 , Dividends paid 1st Feb 1848 (60 000 00 " " 1st Ang. 1846, 66 000 00 , Amount of dividends paid, (119,000 00 loniwtNti asiLBOsn Length of road, 4*X miles Cost ot construction (761 OAS 38 , Rxpendedia " 1848...., 9 60) oi (76.1 666 19 ! Receipts from 91 387X passengers (Ill .683 09 , " " freight, 93.779 97 t " " U 8. mall 6 847 26 | " " storage, 2,107 89 | (143.818 30 Receipts from sinking fund and N. V. Life Ins and Trust Co (6,333 81 ' " the sale of iron, he 3,161 66 " " cars sold, 800 00 " interest received, 447 91 (9,343 89 Expenses of oonatruotion, repairs and running the road (89.634 44 1 ATTICA AMD BUrfALO SAII.aOAU. Langth of road 31 miles 98 chains. Length of branch road about 80 chains. Cost of construction (108 704 69 " anglnes and car 48 104 33 $364 AOS 85 Receipts from 87 633 (72 406 6i " " freight 8 l?6 C4 " " U. 8. Mail 4 800 Oo " " salo of stock,. . 877 60 " " various sourcoa 316 87 (188,494 06 Expense of constructing in 1816 (1 446 63 " engines and cars 9 711 80 M running tho road 33.664 98 (46 713 41 Divldanda February 1, 1846 (13 646 00 " August I, 1646 16.960 00 Amount of dividends (30,406 00 SCHKNKCTAOV AMO TBOT BAILBOAP. Length of read 3QX miles Cost of construction to 1st January, 1846.., (641,440 01 Expended for do in 1846 3.007 64 (018 647 64 Receipts for 67.793 through passengers.. , . (37.997 96 4 996 way " .... 1 199 19 " freight 6,7-10 86 " t 8. Mail and other sonrces .. 670 oo (36 786 03 Expense of repairs and running tho road... (81,646 ao No dividends. AI.B16T A61) 1TIST STOCBBBIDOK BAII.BOAD. Length of road in operation, 38 X miles. Coal ol construction (1,777,019 67 Number of through passengers 76.413 " way " 27,914 Expense of rood, including ferry boat and dock in the city of Albany, paid by lessees (17,600 63 There is no income. The lessees pay the interest on the bonds of tho city of Albany, which amount to (1000 as rant. Kllltlitl A">" llltTOut RAILROAD. Length of road, '2i mile*. I'ottul coDAtructfou $47.'> nuI in Receipt* from 18 477 through paisenger*. . 18 866 63 " 33.930 way " ... 13 ftIO 03 " freight 8,103 81 " U 8. Mail 324 66 hri'lge toll 0,410 04 " other iource* 340 40 $60,434 07 Ks|>etuf i for repairing anil running the roa<l $30 03'' 48 toll 3 829 7a dividend* 9,100 00 $60,460 23 | Number of Locomotive Engine*, 3 Cav oa Ann *f*eutHAnnA railroad. Receipt* of pauenger* an < traniportation .. .$17,167 39 Fxpenre* of rnnmug the road $8 801 44 " repari n on road 6,683 64 " " carl, lie 3 193 68 $14,667 66 Length of road 77 mile*. Coil el c.onitructioii $100,000 00 Receipt* from 17 160 through paiiengen. . .. $18 690 99 " " 18,827 Way " .... 8 76U01 " " freight 4 668 74 $33,118 74 F.apentei or repeiring end running the road.. .$26 368 41 Dividend! in January, 1646 <1 ( 00 00 December, 1846 9 OOn 00 $44,368 41 nxw ton* Ann ran RAii.aoAi The receipt* of the company fiom all "tiurcei $1,160,731 41 Ex|miim? of cnnitructlun. repair*, and run ning the road for tha pait year 9)7 6)3 M Ralanre unexpended on the I't of Jan.. . ,$243 "00 17 Tabular Statrmmr. Number of mile* in op< ration, 62 Coet of conitiuctlou, (63 mile* including pier) $2,084 408 33 Kx|*nd*d on 0 mile* prevlou* to 1646 18 1 927 3i " " conitiuction in 1846 202 682 ?o $3,661014 tfi " for repairing and running the road and ferry rxpenaei I M 173 07 Receipt* from through |???*nger* 19 ?87 87 ' " way " 43 116 86 " " freight and IT. H mall 120,761 7.? ) $IM,*|6 48 Nonber of Locomotivee. 9-wfi4*nyye?ra?2 I met Iran The Frenrh similar nr we can opt r.g Che Japanese lava an alien unable to the a landing under barelore in the voluntary lurcamty recolla the idea erome j>owerleaa before is to be common amoDg during the the A met apaneia were desirous uy artiMical or of giving them an exalted one and reaourcea of their y. The n aa deacribed in were all to awaken any Of the articlca curiusib^^^^^^^^^^H ithing whatever purchaeed. rere aa forgotten TI.e tinifortj^^^^^^^^^^^^H the waa of a ?u^H rather thnn a 80 fair aud youthful were were the two have The wort It waa tna tack the were painted deugn aud he theae, Ir we were i# wo Komiin T aa for ruaitiveneaa the Americana the bladea which ware eaa appearanca^^^^^^^^^^^H ha beat Damaarene. There a aayiug apaueae valor are inarpaiahly hey cannot with any of the former of the It waa with eviilenfWffi^^^^^^^l herefora, that they allow the bladea ot lheir tide a aeen at all, and no inducement could have proc^^^^^^H no. They all carried two. ouo a large two hi reapon, the other smaller and intended lor e!o*er a. In politeness, the Japanese gentlemen were uot^^^^^H a excaliod. They generally, while on hoard, eat of thefl^^^^l wn food, but weru gratified with winea or li"UoisT^^^H Jn the first night of arrival the visitors raameated a strong desire to sleep on board } but teing given to understand that such a libertv waa con- ^ rary to the rules of the ship, they good naturedly left. j 1'he progress of the Columbus and Vincenoes along tha I oast was duly telegiapbed to the canitsl, end every ' nessure for their inception probably derided upon bo- J ore their arrival. The Japanese were anticipatiag the A rrivul of the French wh?n the American squadron left. ^k '.ithor from design, or want of better mea-s, the Japaleae exhibited but barbarous management in their me- H boil of wateiing the ihip The neighboring inhabitants M termed to be uidered MMM to aupply the veaaelf.and H hey cimo off very much ?n the native* here do to aimilar VI work. Hun.tre I* of boat* ot all kind* were putin re- * quliition by the lower order*. The water wa* brought* off in pail*, bucket*, tutu, or whatever container* each family could tupply, each hont at flrtt bru pn g but a t|M mall quantity. No junk* of over aixty or eeventy tone were *een, and theae carried one large made miut, with one eaiL All the hoata had heraldic llair* aimllar to the deiign* on the eoitumc* of tho vanou* clacae*. The hoat* were propelled by scull* Ttie boatmen are re- V presented a* a line, athletic race, poiaeasing uncommon- S ly good muicular development* throughout, which la ^^k awing to their manner ot (landing to propel their boata^^^H by which exorcise all the muicle* are tqually into play. The rich *aid to aecuatom their tocoarae raiment, that their pride or vanity timulated by too fine an appearance. Tho far from the bore, battery, about lour point, around which, a* suppo?^H mile*, lay Jeddo, aa there pronouncad, vernment under two accleaiaatical and civil, though the lormer rather a | tho hand* of the latter.^^^^^^^^^^^H erpotic, and the excluaive policy no the The common people he pleatod foreign but sang were the country to become free to loreig^^^^^^^^^^^^H commerce Should any disirnaion* a may be to foreign Japan may be the l>aiie*e ladie* ara well educata^^^^^^^^^^^^H Ireely society without tha in We give theae a* * ad (hem in ?-on- eieelien, m hit iuiti?* > known land n of iiitsre?t to readei geneially. luthentic information if derived I rem the Dutch who accompanied tlie embassies oveilaud iron acki to Jeddo. In China,.especially ut -ho northernflfl^^^^fl the American tipiadron iscsived mniked attention hospitality lrom the Cluneaa author uie? There appeo^^^^H to he a gvimml impieasion hi luvur of th? America^^^^^H slung the whole co ut, probably from 'he fact that whii^^^^H 'heir commerce uvaluable to the Chinese, they have^^^H suffered nothing It om them in war. MEXICAN ON PITS. (From the N. O Picayune, Jau. 3? J A letter haa haeu rvceiva'i hero from a K1 ntieuiau In J Havana, who has access to the heat sources of uiformation in Mexico, lie writes >h?t San a Anna wna at Han Luis I'otoai ai Jt'u ai the 34ili Dec . unJ had no thought of an immediate hoitiie movement lie ootitirmt what oaf hoeniajj of Valencia commanding a strong <Uvielon at Tula. The moat interesting fact announced in hie Utter D the nrrivni at the city ol Mexico, juxt oel'nre the depaitnre of the British courier for the itoemer, of en express from J San Lull, with a demand ot Santa Anna upon the o*w Congress for a loan ol $3 (XH) .tttiO. The writer suggests tint the general supposition was that thie amount could only he raised by seizing upon tbo property of the clergy ?that it was the only poesiole resource leit. navai. intkllkiinck. Tlio U. S ship ol ihe lino Ohio, sailed lrom Boston et hiif.pas'. I J, on the 3d Inst. She went down cur harbor In flue style, the <vi .?( beiug ?trou< lion iho north- west ^^^^fl We understand that she is to tou. h at Norfolk, where will probably receive orders as to her ultimate datlioa^^^H lion. Boitou pilots go in hor 'a Norfolk. The U. S sloop of war Shark s> rive.l on the IBth O^^^fl July, 34 days lrom the Sun iwich Dland* She was ruf^^^H upon SneiiooU Shoal in entering the river, liy the t nakil^^^fl (ulnea* of a n?gro man living ou the cap*, who took to pilot liar in, hut w as soon goicQ w ithout The following is a list of h<*rothcerv: l.iPTPtA^oriWg., I Neil M Hnwieon; t.ieiit. W ? Seherick; Acting Mai- M ter, James D. Bullock: do Purser, W m 8. Holliuf; As M sistant Surgeon, Kdward Hudson; Pns?ed Midshipman, I I'. Mel.uiabaii; Viidshlpmen, T. J Dunes, It. Davidson; fl Captain's Clerk, J. M.Maury. fl List of nflcer a attached to tbo shlp-ol-the line Colum- fl bus, which left Honolulu, S I , Sept. uV, lor Boston, via H Valparaiso and Hio Janeiro! ? Commodore, .lames Diddle: Captain, Thomas W. Wy- ^fl man: < ommander. Thomas O. Bcllrldge; Lieutenants S Johnson, P. Drayton, H French, and J. 11 Strong, Acting Lieutenant, Mr Itush, Fleet Surgeon, 1) Tick- ^fl nor; Passed Ass't Surgeon, D. F. 0. <><uUon Assistant ^fl surgeon, I) L. Ilryan; Ptiiser. K T buna; Acting Maui flfl| ter, S M. Wmnw'iight; Captain ol Marines, 11. 11. i'yler; 1 Chaplain, J W. Newion; Prnle"sor ol Ms'hematics, M. | Aarnall; Corotnodare's S. cretary, F. st C ? lark; First ' l.ieut Marines. F S WaUtron; Second Lieut. Marines, J. C.Cash; Pnssed Midshipmen, D MrN. F'lirfax ar d A. J. Drake; Vlidthipmeo, W. I), whniog, O. M Dihhle. WW Low, B W. Stevenson, II A < olborn, K A Beldon, J. II. Htuart, C. K Orahtru, N. H. Van /emit, J Young, s I) Luce, H Harrison, Jr., David A McDermut, A K Simmons, J. A Forrest: Commodore's Cleik, J Lewis, Captain's Cleik, R Harris; Purser's clerk, W. II Needles; ' ummsnder's Clerk, J. L Keller; Boatswain, V H Hull; Uuruer, T. Robinson; Curp?.nbr, J Dibble; Haiirnuker. 11 C. Itodruaii. In addition to the loregrung. thrre are on board lh? Columbus the (allowing Brazilian niidshipD.en, received at Ilio de Janeiro, at the request ol iho Kmperor: ?Mr Froea, Mr Silva, Mr Andraha, Mr Santos, Mr Uaibedo * Kubopeax Politics.?The I'rrtf lies the follow . it>K version ol the j^rotiitclfl on which the Bey r f Tilni? ii laid to have laiulvod not to vmt F.aglaed. Fh? mmn fact it tha same ua bM elready been gtrnn '<y ai other journal, but tha Prut* endeavors to matin it apfiey.that Lord Pelmcraton hod endeavoured to induce in Bay to go to England "Tha preaenco of the Boy ot Trnts in r.irU appear* to have seriously occupied tho ati?i>tion ot t ord Pelmet# ton, even in the innlst of the core* demanded fiotn tLls iniuiatar, hy the fnarriapn ot the Dnki do Monti ansier and the ("recow art iir Fngland it vet y tcoehy about eil that telata# to tha Medlterianean end the Bey ot Tuoit the neighbor of Algeria, icid tbe ally of France, woult^^^fl hare been ?eon with grant pi, mire hy tho court Hueen Victoria, taheie everything would done Mi "natch liitn Irom tha OMlttM** | itiKiuige^H French nation. But an olieteda occurred. Scarc^^^^^^^H tha Bay ainvad on tho I- irnrh aoil, v h?n ha a* a eovereign prince, an I Kngl irid, which hat "of recognised hit right to thnt quality, o at not inclined t^^^H en is, 1,-r him i.thoiwiea than a* a vassal of the Porta Lord Nnrmaotiy wan th- ra charge I to Dtgaolet* th grave all'tir with M. Rslfo. and to prove to Inai that in^^H matter lied a great interest in showii g romidcn-tion t>^^H <treat Britain: that hitherto the Bey hud been anltnaM I with intentions t qually lavorabla jp all nations, Iiuttiiet H lie ,ipi>a:iir 1 nt t . hi,a.I to lienga hit |s. i: '. ?*k V I |tn uiiilfopeatinlyto Praam, which few toMw -J compiately tvMnt it ha old aet consent to to to i ngland ^ oo the cou htiuiia pinposed to him 1 no hey, nut nei g . convinced that ha tight to giro up tha prerogative# of ( 1 ieigning prino I, M Itaflo inioinied Lord Noiiaaubv of , | the reiutei a*pia<t? i b) in* maater Lord rAJmeie'oa, j craetdertog lliat be ougbtnot to r. I nttiM ?Wj h'* l ; tir?t i ffoit, * ( ? day* bookeeat e dispetcb inter.uedto re a S lead to M Hurto, dacitring th .t if the Bey proc* eded to 1 I Loudon he thoulJ be xcaiv I with grvat corfiia?Py? bat the* the " , I obligation* to observe, which would prevent it irom M- | utiing tins Prima ta tha Qu id, ?l?## pwaantadjr the I iirluth ambassador 1 ha La", it is tai I. * , to hear lu nund that na l.a I m mat*?"J M sides AJgai ia and tint heoaght not t.? ro'.lu.d <ol ly with lins let at roMiderau n in via I hie row edranca w?? not atlen ad with a y giaetei -in . eee than H tha ,'oiuser, na lha Bay in hi* i.a-l" * '? ? even oanooread that be leaves Pari* ?TmjjFf >g Tnoia. whither M do Legsn, lha coDeaFgonvtal, te to M *'l h'a'ttoy ol Tunis leit Pane en Tnaedoy fat Toulon, hie wey to hi* own

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