Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 6, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 6, 1847 Page 2
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herajIp! urtlny, February at ^?ate news corSays?the general perhaps, alto States or per steamer now her that Capt. Thompson, expects to make She will thirteen Rtramihlp?-WlMr? of years by steam the se new tli<' MftiMiftmtiigfl ftg tiling to turn ^^^^^^^^^^^^H^^^^^^^^Kiscovery to of ^H^^^^^^^^Funicatjon between the old and the put beyond question, the people are notorious for want for possessing it, stepped in, and monopolized the profits of this ^^^^^^Ttrade. They not only built steam'0 ply to tliis port direct, but to ^^^^Blton and her Ainericun colonies as well. ^^^pRtor a while they found the business so profitathat they expended it and established other lines; and now they nre about to build additional j' vsssels for.tlie West Indian trade, a line to ply to 'J New York, and as will be seen by an article in this day's paper, extracted from the London Eco- j L nomist, they arc about to establish a line between ' B the port of N^sw Orleans and England. Thus, for j a numbe^ of years ? ever since the successful . voyage ut the Sirius?they have had the exclusive ' B beieli t of ocean steam navigation, to the discredit oy' indeed we might say, the disgrace of the peo|>lo of the United States. W^M We do not know how to account for this apathy in our people, whose go-ahcad-itiveness has oovered every sea with their ships, and who B have hoisted the flag of the Union in every part of W the world. B^^^Last year, a few enterprising and intelligent ^^^H^h^noderate means, when compared with II the importance of having an f steamboats, ami entered in to a e government to carry the mails, ire to receive four hundred thouannum, but, rand what is very millionaires kopt aloof from the I although they well knew that ? received for carrying the mails bably cover all t4.e expenses of built, they have not, we believe, igle dollar to the stock. Ono vessel launched the other day, and the cond is laid, and the building 19 rapidly possible, rospect of the line paying good dividends; but strange to ins a large amount of the stock fourth steamers to be taken.? y men of the United States longer >le of Great Britain to amass forrpense, when, by a little energy, too, together with the exercise of u proper public spirit, they can step in and provent if? If they do, they may at once acknowledge that they are a changed people. They talk boldly of cutting a canal across the isthmus of Panama, and making a water communication between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans?they build large basins, capacious enough to alford ( protection lor the navies of the world?they talk f building a railroad to the Pac;fi??but they ok hsilessly on, and see foreigners build steamiips, and make fortunes at their expense. What range inconsistency?what unaccountable ck of enterprise. It is consoling to know that the wealthy men, e millionaires will be the principal sufferers in is case. Our men of " moderate means" will ill soon reap the reward ol their patriotism and iterprise, and when this new lino is finished >d doing u flourishing business, they will have e satisfaction and pleasure of knowing that it is i then i alone the credit and honor of establishing liue of American steamships is due, and that e most fortunate thing they ever did was to vest their means in the enterprise. Magnetic Telegraph ?We are informed that elate storm and heavy blow did considerable image to all the telegraph lines, with the excepjnol'the h'ew York and Philadelphia line, the ire of which weighs three hundred and thirty Jttnds to the inile, and is represented as oapaI i>le of sustaining a weight of two tons. With such wire it is almost impossible for communica tiontobe interrupted. We hope that the proprietors of lines about to be established will use wire like this. The Society Library.?Tuis valuable and ven i*ruble institution, situated in Broadwny, is cons'antly increasing in its usef ulness to its subscri hers and the country. It is new equal, if not superior, to any institution of the kind in the Union' and with the spirit and energy ol the present trustees, it will soon become the greatest literary institution in the world. We refer our readers to a sketch ot its affairs in the advertising columns. < h/a Troubles with Brazil.?The Albany Ars gits of yesterday, contains the Brazilian view ol the recent trouble with the Hon. Mr. Wise. We have never before had this side of the question and we, therefore, give it on the outside of this day's Herald. Trade with Japan.?We give in another ^^^^olumn an interesting account of the visit of Biddlc to Jeddo. We have no doubt bul ^^^fl^Hwith an effort, trade could be opened with Japanese. They are singular people. Musical. Italia* Orcae.?" Nina Pezza Per Amour, 'the nsw f opers Un thii country) by Coppola, was last evening pieiented to a crowded end fashionable audience ut Palmo's. Bignora Tieo, as the love mad Nina, led the A'bole house awny jn k miration of her performanceW " hich thev evinced by showers of bouquets and other marks of favor. At the end of thj scene seventh, act second, where Nina is restored to reason and her lover hom she supposed she had seen murdered the stage was strewn with (lower* Irom the hands of the admiring epectatora und audience. Notwithstanding their late indisposition, Signors Sanquirico and Ueuedetti sustained their parte weil, as did all the performers. Mignota Pico | was celled out at the close of the piece, and received fiir iher testimonies of iavor in the shape of nosegays, I as well as vo al applause. " Nina" is to kt tapSated SB ^ Monday night. To-night " Lucia di Lammeimooi ' is to A r>e pcrformoJ. . W Ma. Tijsm's Cowcbbt.?.Mr. M. C. Tiinm gives n ruI cart this evening, at the Apollo Rooms. This gentleman I is so well known to the public, that it is not more than | , MOMSWJT to announce his concert to ensure it boing I # well attended. L n ne<l at Belleville, N J, R K. Wei wall in going t shoot, by playing on the ice Me was a very promts . jouth, and bad left the house but ten or fifteen ^^k^Bdte* before the sad aroleut S ssd warning to SocrrrY fob thi Information of Jitvbnil* . I>KUNQUSNTi ? It appear* from the twenty-second annual report of the managers of thi* society, that the "House of Refuge" has since its establishment in 1*23, received 3 966 children, most of whom have been indentured to farmers or mechanics to learn practical agriculture, or a ( trade, by means of which they might obtain an < honest livelihood. It is really gratifying to leurn, as one may leam by perusing this report, how much can be done by the systematic exercise of benovolence, towards changing the current which is apparently hurrying youthful delinquents towards the vortex of irreclaimable crime and hopeless ignominy. The efforts of the society in this respect have been productive of excellent results. Since the organization of the institution, twenty-two years ago, a register has been kept, in which, under the name of each child, a brief history of his or her life, from the time the managers of the society became their guardians, until they are established in the world, or given up as past reclaim, is written. To make up this history various means are retorted to in order to obtain coriect information; but principally lrom correspondence with me cnuctren themselves, una with the persons to | whom they are indentured, the managers are enabled to judge of the permaneKcy of the impressions received by the children while at the House of Kefuge; and the present report states that "More than three-fourths of those who come to them (the manager*) destitute of moral, religious, or intollec tual culture, have been reformed " The first thing taught at the House of Refuge is a systematic division of time, and the devotion of certain hours to study, profitable labor, active recreation and rest. A library of upwards ol one thousand volumes, and.continually increasing! ' furnishes proper reading for the inmates. Three teachers are employed in the school, and it is the design of the managers to have imparted to all the children an education sufficient to enable them to manage the business, trade, or occupation to which they are indentured. One Of tao teachers in the institution, a worthy man, was once an inmate of the Refuge. In alluding to him the language of the report is :? "Here he laid the foundation of his education, and aa hia mind dcvoloped under the influence of religion and moral instruction, he learned to diacriminate, and to clipoao that courae which led to reapoctatiility and happineia fly that light he has been guided, and has been enabled to become h succeaaful and efficient teacher in I that very school where he learned the first lessons in moi rafity and virtuo." 1 A little spice of romance is to be met with occa- > sionally, arising out of the separation from, and restoration to, society of these youthful delinquents, as the following case will show:?Some six years ago, a promising pupil, named M. W., i left the school at the Refuge, being indentured to a hatter in Connecticut. About two years afteri wards a girl, named M. K., was indentured from the same institution to a gentleman living in the same neighborhood with the hatter. The young , couple were entire strangers to each other, but as | their employers were near neighbors, and the 'amilies attended the same church, a strong attachment sprung up between them. It was not until several months had passed that the lovers ; learned that they sustained towards each other the ; fraternal relation?they vfere brother and sister. - They had been separated fjr years, and had grown ' entirely out of each other's recollection, and the girl had assumed another than her family name. | ' They were not driven to desnair, but like sensi! ble young people served out their time to their two i i masters, and are now worthy members of society, j Tbc expenses of the institution, for the year ! 1846, was $22,572 17, of which $7,161 41 was received from contractors for labor performed by the children on the premises; $4,000 from i the Corporation of New York city, the amount . received from excise fund, and $3,015 75 from theatre and circus licenses. The balance was made up by receipts* from the Health Commissioner and State Treasurer, and from amount > ; advanced by the treasurer of the society. The i health of the inmates of the Reluge is excellent, i Not a death occurred during the year, and a strict regard to cleanliness may, no doubt, be given as I the grand health-preserving recipe. The Society for the Reformation of Juvenile ! Delinquents is a grand institution, having its very ! existenco in consequence of the necessity which i vice and degradation imposes. It seeks to reform those whom it would benefit; coercion is only used in extreme cases, and then in such a man- | ner as to awaken no vindictive or revengeful feel- i ings; and the consequence is, that three-fourths ol those with whom they have te deal, as crimi- i nals, at first, turn out, after a little care?a little ! mercy shown?a little sympathy evinced?good | members of society. What a pity the philosophy i oftlie managers of this institution could not be ] generally taught and practised in tire world. j There would be many reformed delinquents? : many an erring one btought back to rcctitudo who now becomes brutalized by harsh treatment, I or hardened into recklessness by the chilling ; scorn of a censorious and philosophical cominu- ! i nity. j City Intelligence. Tst Weather.?Yesterday wa? a fine frosty day, and I Broadway was thronged with fashionables. The ther- ; mometer at Delatour & Co 'a, No. 26>? Wall street, stood at 32 deg. We give the following table taken at the above place during the week :? 7 a M. 1 2 m. 3 r. x. 6 p. m. | 1 Monday 30 34 34 34 1 Tuesday 33 37 30 37 j I Wednesday. . , .43 48 49 49 Thursday 26 29 31 30 ! Friday 2d 31 86 32 Riot amoniiit the Larorehs on the Erie Railroad, i I ?We were informed, yesterday, that a serious riot oc- i furred Wednesday last between the Irish and German , laborers employed en the Erie railroad, at Otisville. It appears that ovor a hunated new hands were sent up ' from New York to work on Carmichaal's contract, and j the laborers already located there refused to allow them | to work, which created a revolt, aud at night they con- | eluded to mako an attack on the Germans?the latter, i however, were warned in season respecting their inten- j tions, prepared themselves accordingly with loaded guns i and muskets The Irishmen were all armed with their national emblem- a good thick shillale. When night set in, the body of Iiishmen made an attack on the German 1 \ shantecs, in order to demolish them ; but scarcely had ! they commenced thoir work of destruction, when the Germans opened a brisk Are with guns and muskets, which they had already prepared for their reception, killing two mon on the spot and wounding several severely, if not mortally. We give the above as we received it j yesterday from a gentleman who came down by the rail^ road, aud have no doubt but what the account is correct, j Ma. Ryder's Lecture?The public must bear In i mind, that the Rev. br Ryder will conclude his lecture, 1 " The ouly true worship of God in the system of Christianity is to be found in the Catholic Church," to- \ morrow evening, in St. Peter's Church, Barclay street. A pi-ointment.?Thomas Jefferson Smith, Judge ef the MariHe Court, has been appointed by the Governor of ' Loni-isnau< ommissioner to tako the proof and acknow ledgmsnt of deeds, and other instruments, to bo used or recorded in Louisiana. Protestant Kpiscopai. Church ok the Messiah, j Houston street, near Broadway.?The Rev Aug. Wm. Hanson, Chapllin at Cnpe Coast Castle, Africa, will officiate morning, afternoon and evening. Stray Chiujreh ? Parents are often too negligent in i rotation to their children, and the records of the Police ftflicc treqiiently are filled with accounts of stray ctuldieu, who lire picked up in the streets, und afterwards aie sent to the Police Office or Alms House, where they are taken core of until their parents apply for them. Vesteiday a child, nearly five yours of age, named John .Sweeney, was picked up near the Bowery, and wan sent to his parent's residence, No. 44 Hinry street. Stray Horsx tun Ca*t.?A stray horso and cait were 1 pickr d up yesterday morning in -J4th street, between 9th and 10th Avenues. They were taken to Dunn's livery stable, in that vicinity. Park Kouistaiis.?The fountain was In full play yes, terday about 3 o'clock, and drew a large crowd of admirers The "Moid of tho Mist"' inn er looked more attractive. Her visits, however, are but "few and far between." Statk or thr Tasi Oaouenj?There is evidently something wrong about the preseut mode of manuring the Park grounds, where piles of rubbish are heaped upon tho grass, and aie left in such a atate as will do injury instead oi servo the ground Alderman Messerole, a; the last meeting of the Boaid, took exception to this plan of manuring tho grounds in the Park, and it is to be hoped that the filth will Dot he showed to remain in its present state in this quarter. The heavy supply of manure, intended for top dressing, should he either properly used or removed. A practical farmer looking at tho Paik, yesterday, suggested the propriety of throwing some grass and clover seeds upou the heavy coating of niauuro at present placed upon the grounds. Csiitioi* to HoulK Ki.Antes.?The house 19fl Hester street was entered between 7 and H o'clock lait evening, and the stair rods removed, and the carpet all ready to be taken nway; but tho servant going out alarmed them, j and in their hurry left a valuable damask carpet and co- ; veting behind, the property of Mr. Joseph Cateby, who occupies thnt part of the house. Tho same premises j wei i'.Meted a short time ago an I a valuable coat was I : stol . Dsath iit Arori.siv. The Coropar was called yes- ; tci lay, to hold nn inquest at No ft Bowery, on the I i y of genera Stowart, a native of thle City, egod about 4w years, who svas found dead is his room. The deceased at one time wea well known as a highly respectable merchant, doing sn extensive b tsinesa in this city, i but has fas several yews past been very Intemperate iu I j his hebits, end ended his days in very destitute circumstances Verdict- death by ?f?pUxy. > Theatrical*. Pa** Thiathk.?The mw conedy of " Look before you Leap," *n>1 the comedy of the " Married Rake," a* well aa three dance* by the Italian ballet, composed the attraction* at the Park la?t evening. In the Pat it Trois, > Siguor Morra positively eialted himself, a* did Signorina Mantin and Signora Ciocca. These artist* have obtained a ttanding in thi* city which may well be envied, and one that will entitle them to a hearty and welcome reception in every place in the United States where they may appear During the short time they have been in this city, they have gained thousands of admirer* who will regret that they are not permanently located iu New Voik. They will appear again this evening in the same piece* in which they performed last night. Bowear Thkatuk ?The most decided success ha* attended the production of the grand opera of "Cinderella" at this popular theatre, which ha* been crowded to excess nightly during the week. It has been got up in a style of magnificence seldom if ever equalled in thi* city, both in point of scenery, costume, and the highly talented cast who represent it. Miss Mary Taylor's person, ation of the principal character, Cinderella, may be deemed faultless, and the more she appears before the vast crowds that nightly flock to this theatre, the more she rises in popular tsvor. There is a naturalness, an ease about heracting, that is highly pleading, and her magnificent voice greatly sets on the performance. Mr. Hunt, as the Prince, is excellent; and Iladaway's I'edto has nightly kept the house "in a roar of laughter." Miss Julia Drake, Mrs. Bootn, and Mrs. Sergeant, Vache, Chapman, Stevens, together with tho entire cast, have perlor-red during the week in a manner highly creditable to their talents, and improve as they proceed. The gorgeous scenery und dresses, und tho closing scene in particular, would do credit to any tlieutre. To-night " Cinderella" will be repeated. Ghkknwich Thkatbk ?This once favorite resort has undergone thorough repairs, both in the exterior and in' terior. The boxes and private boxes are newly and splendidly decorated, rendering the theatre euited to the comfort and convenience of the fashionable circles of this city Mr. K. N. Drew, a worthy gentleman, foimerly treasurer of Niblo's, is tho lessee; Mr. Fredericks, acting managor, and Mr. H. P. Ora'tun, stage manager. We are well persuaded the stage management will be properly conducted by Mr. Urattan, whoso histrionic talent and writings have been so often eulogised. They open on Monday evening next with " The Hunchback," and the laughable farce of the " Pieaaant Neighbor ." The part of Julia will be sustainod by an excellent actress, Mrs. Ada Stetson, and Master Walter by Mr Fredericks. It will be recollected, tna* Mrs Stetson has boen the pupil of Mis. Vernon, and is the lady who so well suoceeded at the Park. By the selection of light pieces, this theatre will go ahead. Alham bra.?The origioal and harmonic performances 1 of Christy's Ethiopian Minstrels have drawn to the Al. j hambra crowds ot the admirers of negro melodies, bur- ; lesque cacbucas and wit. The portraiture and peculiarities of the Southern negros are given to the life, and we ! a 1 vise all who are melancholy to witness the burlesque i of the Swiss Bell Ringers, entitled the Virginia Bell ! Ringers, or Cowbellogian, and we promise that laughter and mirth will change places with gloom and despond- j ency. They aro really well worth seeing. This company, it will be recollected, are those whose entertainments were so well patronised at Palmo'a last spring. Ma. and Mas. Khar.?These distinguished artists, whose fame reaches to the axtremitios of the civilized world, will, as we are informed, appear at tha Park theatre on Monday evening, and we pradict for them a hearty { and enthusiastic reception. They will appear in the tra- ' gedy of' Richard III which will be produoed with tha ! E; re ate s t fidelity of historic illustration. This, we beieve, is the last time these great actors will appear on ! our boards prior to their departure for the South, and i we hope, for the credit of our city, that they will receive . the attention so eminently due to their extraordinary j talents and artistical acquirements. Roc a well's Circus?This troupe have been highly I successful in their western tour, ewing, in a great mea- 1 sure, to the excellent arrangement of Mr. H Rockwell, whose selections for the amphitheatre are so chaste and j classic, as not to oflend the most fastidious. The newspapers speak highly of the company, and thoir perioral, ances. We wish them every success. Herr Alexander is in Providence, and has been highly successful. Model or New Yohk.?This great work to interesting to our citizens, has, we see by the Newark papers, been opened for exhibition in that city. We are assured our j friends at Nawark will not fail to see a representation of our metropolis so faithful and so beautiful. Every street and alley, every house, store and shed, every nook and j corner of this entire city has been completely inspected ' and accurately portrayed. In short, one cannot be satiefled, while viewing it, that he is not gazing upon the . actual city, so lifoHike does overy thing appear ; and he ' every moment expects te see tha crowds rushing through the streets, or hear the din arising from a thousand work shops We feel confident, as we kave frequently assorted, that this immense work of Mr. Belden will be duly appreciated to whatever part of our country or the world it may be transported, and that it will evory where produce a conviction ot the vast re- I sources and the growing importance of this commercial emporium. Police Intelligence. Fes. h ?Charge of Burglary?Captain Dwyar and Officer Armstrong of the 1st ward,- arrested last night two chaps called Michael Murphy and Timothy McCarty, on a charge of burglariously entering the store of Her man St Killenham, stealing therefrom $? SO irom the desk. Locked up for examination. Robbing a Show Cote?A fellow named Bill Brown, waa detected last evening by one of the policemen of the second ward, in breaking open the show case in front of the store No. ?0 William atreet, stealing therefrom silk purses, bead bag*, and various fancy articles, valued at $18, the property of Mr. A. Ligoux, the occupant of the above store. Committed for trial by Justice Osborne. Jhreit of a Convict.?Officers Boyle, of the 4th ward, arrested yesterday an escaped convict from Blackwell's Island, called Oeorge Holtnes, whom ho took before Justice Osborne, and that magistrate sent him back to hia old quarters to serve out the balance of his sentence. Arrett of Another Burglar.?Officers Mansfield, Modare and Hartell, of the 17th ward, arrested last night ! another fellow called Jacob Marcello, on a charge of burglariously entering the premises of Fisher & Bird, also of Mr Chapman, situated in Houston street, near 1 the Bowery, iuconnectioa with three other chaps, called Griffith, Long and O'Brien, who are at present confined in prison on tne above charge. Committed by Justice Thompson for examination. ' Patting Attired Bank Bxlh.? Officers Teno and Harts, of the loth ward, arrested, lest night, a German called ! Charles Miller, en a char/e of passing a one dollar bank bill, altered to a $20, on the National Bank of this city, upon Mrs. M. B. McKenaev, residing at No. 1iH Hudson < street. The same fellow also passed a similar bill, (a one dollar note altered to a $20,) on the Mochanics'Bank of Ogdensburgh, State of New York, upon a Mr. John Robb, residing at No. -i'JO Walker street, evidently knowing tho ramo to be altered. Justice Timpson committed him to prison for trial. Attempt to Kill tier Hut hand ?A woman, by the name of Mary Johnson, was arrested, last night, by officer , Baker, of the 8th ward, on a charge ol attempting to j kill her husband, William Johnson, by stabbing him en the head with a knife, inflicting a severe wound, evidently with intent to take his life. Committed to prison , by Justice Roomo. I Superior Court. Before Chief Justice Jones. Fen. 6?John P. Manroto vs. Jared L. Moore.?This was an action of trover for the recovery of thirty shares 1 of the F.rie Railroad Company stock Previous to the year 1844 Higginhotham and Manrow, the plaintiff, were contractors on the Susquehanna section of the Erie Kail- i road, and in the contract between them and the company , there was u proviso that they should-accept stock in paymsnt for thair work on the road. In pursuance of this proviso a credit waa opened for them on the company's books, and a certain number of shares of stock transfer- ! red to their credit. In 1844 they entered into an agree- ment for fthe purchase of a mill and factory at I Seneca Falls, with n man named Hezekiah Kel ley, ond in part payment of the purchaso money | transferred to him forty share* of the stock, i of the value of about $4 000. Kelly's title afterwards ; turned out to l>o bad, and tho contract for the purchase i whs tiroken off. In the nienn time, procured the! defendant to accept a draft for him tor $200, which he | passed to a Mr. Lnngiy, in this city, fur a bill of goods, < and deposited the stock with defendant as see rity. After the purchnse was broken offi, the plaintiff called upon defendant by notice to give up the stock, and ten- | derud him the amount of the draft. The latter ref eed to givo it up, alleging that Kelly was largely in his dobt, and that he pledged it for his general indebtedness Kelly's testimony taken ife bene ene wo* read, and i,., u,.,,,r? ?h?< d,. a ??i? , ... ....... ..." * ?= " ,..j lor the defendant'* acceptance Several witnesses were ; then called on behalf ol the dclendant to impeach Kelly'* . character lor truth and veiacity. The cuse atand* ad journed to this morning. Kor plaintiff, Messia. Sturtevant and Marsh; fordofendeut, Messrs. N. U. Blunt, ami Abner Benedict Before Judge Oakley. Charln JlrmtruU vs. Livingtton and WrUt?Thi* was an action on the case to recover the value of somo ' boxes of cigars which the defendant* undertook to carry ( to Canada for plaintiff; the cigars were damaged, the nlaintiir alleges, through the neglect ol defendant* , and ho now hi jugs action to roeover their value. The ca?e was tried btfore, and the Jury disagreed.# Adjourned to ; thi* morning, Common Plena. Before Judge Ulshoeffcr. Fra A ? Francis H Hawnr vi Sam'l Arnold.?This wa* i an action on the defendant'* acceptance for fil&O. The defendant entered into n partnership in the commission business with h man named Bradley, the profl'i to be equally divided between them; he gave several of hi* acceptance* to Bradley for the purposes of the partnership, amongst which wai the one in suit; Bradley passed it to plaintifl'. The defence was, that the draft wa? perverted from the use for which it ?? originally given; and *e._ condly, usury. Tho jury found a * erdict tor the plaintiff for the full amount. Kor plaintiff. Mr. A II. Butt; for defendant, Messrs. Sandford and Porter. Court, of Gene i al Sirsslons. Before Recorder bcott and Aid Biady and Walker. Jonas B. Phillips, F.*fl District Attorney ail interim. Kkb. 6.? Trial for Highway RahLrry.? William Davis was then aalled to trial on an indictment lor robbpry in the first degree, in having on the night of the I8:h of October last, been concerned with William Milrey, in knocking down a sailor named Lucas llannett, at the corner of Read street and West Broadway, end robbing him of his watch, breastpin, and a purse containing about >3. The prisoner had previously been put on his trial for the above named offence, and on which occasion the jury weie unable to agree upon a verdict. The jury found the priaoner guilty, and ha waa remanded for sentence. ] The Court than adjournal) until tomorrow morning' ' Court of Oyer ?nd Terminer, Before Judge Rdmonda, Aldermen Smith and Comptoo. The Prmplt v&. the Htv John Sryt?CNtim or Rtrr ?Feb. 6 ?FiriH D*v ? After the Court waa organized, J udga Kdmonf a called on tlte connael for the proancution to proceed. He waaanawered that they reeled. Mr Childi, on the part of the defence, aaid they wiah ed to aak Mr. 8mith one queation. The OiaTBicT Attoexet objected, on the ground that they were taken by eurpriae, and that it would be opening the whole caae again, aa they would inaiat to have the caae poetponed, and an opportunity given to them to go into a sur rebutting caae. The CocaT decided that the evidence waa admiaaable. Thus D. Smith waa then called and examined by Whiting. The Coi/bt called upon the witneaa to atate to whom he communicated the facta he waa now about to give; he replied that Mr. Luckey, one of the counael for the dafence, came to hia atoro, and he communicated it to him. By CounaEL?Did you communicate it to any one i elae? Witnem?Yea, air, toaeveral; Doctor Badger and aereral othera. Q ? Did yoa come to Court aince the trial commenced? A.?Yea, air; I came to look at Mra. Cram, to aee if nhe waa the peraon 1 had reference to; and the moment I saw bur, 1 recognized nor. CoumtL-I'roceml, sir, and tall all you know. Witness?Ahout three yeara ago I was going down Broome street and met Mrs. ('ram and a gentleman together; hiving ascertained that he waa not her husband, I followed them until they came to a house in Kim street, opposite the Synagogue; I did not know what sort cf a house il waa at the time; went to a house next door and enquired, and I found there it was a house of assignation; I went to her after tea and charged her with being at an assignation house that night; she denied it at first, and said she weut down to a neighbor's; 1 said it was lalse, as I dogged her to it, and saw her go in and come out: she then admitted it and begged witness not to expose bar, that she was driven to do so from necessity, itc. Croti examintd.?la clerk in a store in Broadway; is a man of family; was a man of family at that time; aid not know Mr. Cram or Mrs. Cram, nor never was in their house; never had but the one conversation, as he recollects, with Mrs. Cram; cannot say how long they were neighbors; thinks about three months. Q ?Have you ever since that time supervised her me. alsf A ?No sir (I.?Are you in the habit of going about the street at nigbt to supe'vise the morals of ladies, and see bow they behave themselves. A.?I hope 1 am not, sir. Counsel?Well, I hope so too, but I want to know the fact. A I have not. 14 ?How long did you mount guard on herl A ?About lour hours, I walked up and down the streets. Counsel?We recommend you to afplace in the police. Q ?Did you ever see her do any thing else? A.?Yes, sir. <4?What was it 7 A ?I saw her look out after men and laugh at them as they passed by. Q?What time did you see these things happen 7 A.?At all hours of the day. Counsel?I thought you were at Mr. Newman's store the greater part of the day 7 Witness?Well, I came home to my tea and dinner every day, and it was then I saw her. Counsel. ? Well, then, you could not see her at all hours of the day 7 Witness ?No sir, 1 mentioned the circumstance noxt day in the store. John H. Burlei?h examined?Is a police officer; knows Mrs. Cram and her daughter; saw Mrs. Cram frequently in the evenings; she lived in the same street, and visited my house; taw her ;round St. John's Parkpicking up'men and fetching them to her house, where they would remain for half an hour and then go away. Crott-examined ?This was in 184'J, in the winter time; she lived there until May; she moved in there in the broken part of the year; the witness proved the house in Kim street, deposed to by the former witness, to be a house of assignation three years ago. The Chief or Police confirmed the testimony of the former witness. The defence was here, at last, arrested. Smith Cram, the husband of Mrs. Cram, was next called for the prosecution, and examined by the District Attornet.?Has been married to Kliia Cram about IB vanrfl* hni alauvi (Inn her sufficient means of SUDDOrt for herself and family; and haa always had tha mean* of doing go since they were married; when he went to New Orleans he left her $1000 in bank: never had any reason to suspect the fidelity of his wile; she was laboring for years under a complaint that precluded the possibility of her being guilty of what has been alleged against her. The testimony was hereelosed on both sides, end Mr. Childs commenced summing up for the de'ence, and continued to apeak for about four hours. He was reBlied to by the District Attorney, for the prosecution ? !r. Whiting rose to reply to the District Attorney about 7 o'clock, and was speaking when our reporter left. It is understood the case will not be given to the jury before Monday. In Chambers. Before Judge Edwards. Fib. A.?In the case of Francis McLaughlin, the deputy : keeper of Blackwell's Island, convicted in the Court of j Sessions last week, for aiding and assisting in the esoape ef prisoners from the Island, Judge Edwards granted a I writ of error, after which McLaughlin was discharged ; from custody, on giving $600 bail. Boston, Feb. S, 1847. i Volxintitrt?Naval. The filling up of our volunteer regiment progresses I very slowly. Had the Legislature appropriated the $30/ I 000 which Mr. Cushing proposed, the regiment ere this would have been full. - , As a specimen of the encouragement which the volun. | teers receive here, I will state the case of Mr. Keen, a cus- | torn house watchman, who volunteeredfor Capt Wright's company. When he resigned he requested our worthy i Collector to appoint his (Mr. K's.son) in his place, which j request the Collector assured him would be complied ; with. Weeks passed away, and Mr. K. being unwilling ! to make another personal appeal to the Collector, some J of his friends, among whom were several of our most respectable merchants, presented a petition to bim, to which the Collector replied by appointing another man in the place vacated by Mr. Keen. No objection could \ be urged against Mr. K's son, for he is well known as a young man of good education and irreproachable moral ; character. Mr. Keen, himself, for his past services, de- ' served better troatment than this. He is an old sailor, j and served on board ships of war and privateers during j the last war with Oreat Britain, and distinguished himself upon many occasions. He was the leader of a party who suspended the coward captain ef a privateer, because he avowed his purpose of surrendering to a British brig of war and schooner, without fighting. The captain was made prisoner, and tho command of ftie vessel was entrusted to the First Lieutenant, who fought the enemy bravely, and finally succeeded in esoaping from them. Mr. K. is a true patriot, devotedly attached to his country, and one, too, who would make any sacrifice to uphold her glory, otherwise he would not bave given up j a good situation, considering that be is between 60 and 00 years of age, to go to Mexico. But ha is strongly built, full of fire, and capable of great eaduranco. The j services of such a man in the field must be highly valuable, especially in the transportation of artillery, or any other work which requires the rigging of purchases. He is at present one of the lieutenants ef the company, and is vety much beloved by the men. Those who | dislike the Collector say that he refused to appoint Mr Keen's son, because he (the Collector) is too much of an abolitionist to countenance J by his influence the prosecution of the war in any shape; ! but I am inclined to be more charitable, and therefore, as " charity bopeth all things," suppose that he will remove { some one of tho twenty or thirty whigs at present in the custom house, and appoint young Mr. Keen to a better situation than that vacated by his father. Th? iTnitod Mtntps shin of the line Ohio, is now at an- j chor in tha at roam, with tail* bent, powdor and boata on board,water full, washerwomen'* bill* paid, and all ready for **a the fint fair wind. She loosed sails, and croaaed top gallant yard*, yeaterday, by way ofexercising her crew. She ia unquestionably the most beautiful ship of in war the world. Movements ofTravelleri. The following arrival* yeaterday exhibit a still further lncreaao in the quantity of travelling:? Amkbicax?C Peimplank, N J ; Y T Smith, Charleston; F DeSllver, rhila ; D Buck, Uartford; W. Scrug ham. yonkera; O U. Ulieheraten, Boston; R Burbank/o; C. Blnquieu, British Army; E. Parson, N. V.; J. Know, or, Albany. Astor?Mr. Purdy, Buiralo; H. Blcecker, Albany; Captain Hunt, Boston; J. Morris, Krie; Cant. Titus, Buffalo; T. Tlumer, Baltimore; C. Weneck, Boston; Lieut, luppan, do; J. Leavitt, Salem; T. Cleveland, Troy.; T. Tufts, Boston: E ('oilman, Phila ; E. Oreenshialds, do.; F. Vincents, do ; D. Turner, N. York; WD. Snwnll, Boston; J. Baxter,do.; E B. Stuart, Rochester; F. Washland, Rochester; J. Oilbeit, Ogdensburgh; M. Cbapin, Hartford; K.. B Cadwallader, rhila.; it. Huntingdon, Hattlord; O. Bayne, Alexandria; Dr. Passe, Ohio; H Stotsburg, Savannah; B. Burroughs, do ; 8. Bacon, St. Lotlis; \1. O. Baring, Boston; B. Bates, do.; C. Wish, bttrne, Worcester; J Lyman, Boston; W. Way land, do.; A. Rice, S. C.; T. Davis, do. Citt?W. Foster, Harriabnrgh; W. R. Deane, New York; A. Greene, rhila; J. D. Compte, New York; J. McCree, Phila; S. De Couraey, do; 8. R. ValeeJN. York; Com. Whitney, Boston; Hon D. Franklin.?H. Dutton, Bridgeport; Oeo. A. Hyde, Charleston; J. Wilson, Pittsburgh; J. W. Tompkins, White Plains; J. Ooodell, Caxenovia; W Whiton, Piermont; B. Alexander, St. Louis; J. Madison Kelly, Philadelphia; P. Couovur, do; N Wilcox, New Haven; M. Delano, New York. Howard.?o. H. Sedgewick, Boston; M. Cummlngs, do; J. H. Cross, do; J. Fletcher, Phila.; M. Bacheclor, Boston: B. Patterson, New Orleans; J. Kin*, Albany; 8. North, Penn ; R. Hardy, Bangor; 8. Landell, Phila ; 8. Nocross, Boston; J Kennery, Phila.; R Pittman, Providence; 8. Chat wood, Newark; E. Wheply, Worcester; 0 Lewis, Boston;Capt. Field, do; T. Menshall, Philti.; W. Oray, Lowoll; Hon. J. P. Howard, Howard Place, L. 1 ; Capt 8. H. Roe, do; Capt. ShermaD, do; H. Ferguson, Fairfield; M.Ellis Mass ; Dr. Harcourt, Htaten Island; M. Tompkins, do; W. H. Babcock, 8. Carolina; W. BleI ven, Nassau Hall; J. Myerly, 81. Louis; E. Ogden, Conn ; J. Pancost, do; W. Spencer, do; E. Hanington, ! Conn ; F. Jay, Boston; J. Brakely, Conn. JuDsoie.?N. O Kellog, Connecticut; R E. Hitchcock, Watorbury; 8. Collins, Waterburgh; E. smith, Hartford; W. Thomson, do ; J. Elton, Watorbury; A. Ely, Hartford; W Fitch, New Haven: E. Collins, Hartford; M. Collins, St. Louis; C. Humphrey, Hartford; H. Reney, do ; A. W. Little, Philadelphia; 8. Pieaa, Boston; A. Richardson, do.; E B. Thayer, do ; E. Ely, Rochester; C. Church, Springfield; L. Russell, Middlebury; R. Borden, Fall River; A. Hammond, Connecticut RatHatns?A. B. Barker, Worcester; J. Van Butkirk, Norwich ; J.Corneps, Connecticut; 8. Phillips, Philadelphia ; 8. C. Evans, J. R Evans, Buffalo ; W. Warner, | Newburgb ; Mr. Cladding, Chicago co : Mr. Wycbar, Utics; A. Konigmacta, rhila; W. Hazard, Savannah; 8. 1 Mara hart, Xf. , * Stum Ship Sarah Sands ?This splendid new steamship will be due here to-morrow. The following Irom tho Liverpool Timet is a tie- j scription of her:? I The trial of this floe ship has bean looked forward to ! with (treat interest, she bring Die largest vessel in which ' the principle of auxiliary steam power has been fairly | ' tested. Messrs. Sands St Co. are the largest owners, and : she is commanded by Capt. VV C. Thompson, late of i the Stephen Whitney, also a large owner, and for ' twenty Ave year* commanding vessels from New York. I * She was built from the designs of Mr. Grantham, of this J town, consulting engineer, who has had considerable < experience in this description of vessels; he also super- ' 1 intended her construction, assisted by Captain Tkomp- ' son. The proportions of the Sarah Sends era as follows: ?Builders' measurement. 1 000 tons; now measurement, ] 1,300 tons; length of keel, IttB feet; length over all. about ! < 215 feet; beam, 3d feat; depth ef main deck, 19 feats i inches; height of spar deck, 7 feat 0 inches. She is bark- I I rigged, with the addition of a low mast forward, making I | four masts in all. She is a clencher-built, and doubleriveted, has a clipper bow, and a handsome billet head; hut not haviDg tho bread flanche at the bows, for which tho American vessels are distinguished, she loses some- I thing of their bold appearance forward. The broad bow J has, however, been found to possess disadvantages 1 wnen going head to wind. The engines havo cy- ! lindcrs fifty inches in diameter, and three-feet stroke, , nominal power two hundred Horses, and capable ot working much higher, which are made on the oscillating principle, connected direct to the propeller shult with- ' out spur wheel*, an arrangement patented by Mr. Grantham, and applied by him to several vessels with great success. Hur bunkers will contain 300 tons of coals, I hsving room for stowing about 1,000 toas of cargo. Her 1 screw is fourtetn feet diameter, has four arms, and is on [ a plan pateiited by Mr. Woodcrolt, of Manchester. Hhe , has water tight compartments, and lower, main aud spar decks. Her cabins are considered by all who have seen them to be much superior te any thing yet produced in Liverpool, leaving the celebrated New York liners far . behind, both in arrangement and magnificence. Instead \ of the long narrow cabins generally adopted, with , sleeping rooms on each side, the forward end in the . Sarah Hands ia the full width of the ship, forming two long recesses, which are fitted up in excellent teste. This arrangement admits of thrao rows of dining tables, capable of affording ample room for nearly seventy passengers, while in the day time the side tables, with their fine sofas, wilt form the favorite lounging places. The equipments of the vessel generally uro of the most su- l perb description, no expanse being spared in any part. . Tha Sarah Sands was taken out of docx on Tuesday for . a private trial. She remained out tlueo days, and returned on Friday last, to take in a caigo for New York, < for which place she starts on the 18th instant. The fol- , lowing account of her performances may be relied upon, being taken from the lo^ and from the testimony of the various parties who witnessed them. Her draught of i water was fifteen feet four inches alt, and thirteen feet ten inches forward. The steam averaged about five . pound* pressure instead of 14 lbs. as intended ; a defect which will easily be remedied. It does not appear ever i to have exceeded ?>? lbs. The engines generally mad* | thirty revolutions, 180 feet per minute for the piston, or forty feet less than ths usual standard. With full steam, the speed of the engine* will b* thirty-five to I forty revolutions The speed of the vessel under steam | alone, and with thirty revolutions, was full eight kuotx, and, for a short time, when the steam-pressure was at its best, the revolutions'reached thirty-lour and a-halt, and the vessel rather exceeded nine tiots. When Mr. Atberton was on board her, she ran from the Rock Lighthouse to the Bell Buey in fifty-eight minutes, although obstructed by a large fleet of vessels inward bound.? Under canvass, she fterformed most admirably, being remarkably stiff and manageable. The following remark* appear in the note* that ware made during the passage:? " The pilot says he tkeuld never wish to be in a stiffer vessel, as she would roll to wfhdward " "Tha idea that the ship would tsnder is all nonsense." Wo consider I that the facts developed by this vessel possess the great- I est Interest to the shipowners of this country. The Sarah Sands has cost about half the money generally ex | ponded upon steamers of her class; with speed very little short of tbeir's, with even superior accommodation for passengers, requiring about half the quantity of coals, and capable of taking about four times the amount of cargo, thus putting beyond a question the practicability of having a steam communication for the more valuable cargoes to all parts of the world. In addition to these advantages, the Sarah Sands, being a fully rigged ship, will be perfectly safe if any thing should happen to her machinery, the idea that she would be tender under canvass, or difficult to manage on account of her length, proving quite fallacious. 8he js.ontho contrary .perfectly stiff'; and has elicited the unqualified admiration ot all who were on board of her. Financial Prospect* of tlie United States. The period has now arrived, when the financial operations of this city should assume a stand of pre-eminence so elevated and se distinguished, as to merit and command i the highest respect and confidence. It cannot be a matter of diapute, that we form the great centre of foreign ; and domestic exchanges, exist as the acknowledged emporium of American commerce, and j thus constituting the radiating point of intelligence, j we must, necessarily, produce, in the ratio of the integrity and wisdom of our negotiations, a healthful or a de- I leterious influence. Our systom of transacting business j ought to be enlightened ; it should be based on the most liberal principles, and must be free and independent of ( any tendency which might lead to tho encoui Hgement of , i mercantile gambling. Thore is a responsibility in our position we have no right to disrespect ; the Federal Union has made us the fruitful channel and mighty de- | not. to cherish and nromntn. not to imnair and retard, the common welfare This is the character, thin is the re- j sponsibility, und this the foreshadowed greatness of our position, to support and preserve which we have a task to perform, an intelligence to exhibit, and a reputation to acquire, for fiscal stability; but, should it be asked, whether either, or all these requisites be recognizable in our conduct, and our career, we apprehend that public opinion would grant us a most reluctant assent. There is not apparent in our. community any established criterion oi public sentiment ; we posiess no roliahle standard to regulate our financial movements ; we act, on most occasions, through mere impulse, uniting, incontinently ; and inconsistently, in a baneful spirit of speculation; con- | equently, as a natural result, when the scene becomes reversed, the centrifugal power produces'inevitable ruin and dismay. We are constantly wandering without a polar star, ignorant of our way, making improvident and j heedless efforts to ascend to the Midas summit of pros- . parity, and then, like the ill-fated Thaeton, aspiring to J drive the chariot of the sun, wo fall a sacrifice to our ( rash ambition. ! In what single measure of importance do we find a con- i contrate policy 7 Where do wo see the full develop- 1 ment of the public energies ? How, and in what manner do wn nppcir as one people 7 Is there any common cause, any embodiment of a unity of sentiment 7 Are we not always warring against a general issue, drawing, , with tiger strife, to counteract each other's efforts 7 In 1 our political views, we maintain ne consistency, we are J for and against every system, by turns. Sometimes, wo j are high protectionists; at others we changn,like our fashions, without reason, to the lowest standard of frco trade doctrines. If our mercantile community be sue- 1 cessfttl, they, forthwith, forget all the inflictions of bad government, and, thoughtless of the future, make no pre- 1 cautionary provision, to guard against the embarrassing chances ol misfortune; their prosperity comes as a charm, ' without any premonitory intimation, founded on the speculations ol wise calculations, am!, when troubles and difficulties overtake them, having no enlightened principles to rest on, there is no recuperative power to stem the tide of our disaster. The sound abd enlightened mind Deglects not the lessons of post experience: these are, at all times, subjects of deliberate consideration;, contemplating them as safe beacons, to guida the coutse of the future, they become safegu rds against the allurements of giddy prosperity, but, these who move by impulse alone, I forgetful of the shoals and quicksands ou which they may have before stranded, lose their discretion, their balance, and their goal; shunning the counsels of pru- 1 dence.and disdaining to seek advice they stake their every hope on the inflated bubbles of their own creation,,them- j selves the only dupes. If the present condition of the country be calmly contemplated, it would be found intensely buoyant, presenting expectations, stretched to the utmost limits, and by thus incautiously raising the ! domestic value of our riches, we shall either teacn ex treme economy to the foreign consumers of our goods, and thus reduco the consumption, or we shall starve and ruin the goose with tUe golden egg. In what are the speculations, now going on, justified 7 If we are accumulating wealth from our foreign commerce, are we not, in a greater degree, suffering depletion by the war with Mexico 7 We are exhausting with one hand what laborious industry produces with the vt*n<r>r*/lihlA ns it mntr hn. we contamnl?tfl ! I tbif retrogrado movement with indifference. The blaze ' i of victory now cloaka with a false lustre oyery extravagance, but when the time of settlement shall arnvo, and we have an opportunity to investigate the account, those who are most sanguine in their estimate of our pecuoiary 1 prosperity, will And they have very far overrun their [ reckoning. We are not only supporting our immense I military force in a foreign land, nut we are losing, lor i agricultural purposes. the ptoductive services ot the i power thus employed I It cannot he doubted that there must be a large balance of trade in favor of the United 8tatea, hut the amount | will fall very much helow what is gent rally estimated ? ! If we allow twenty millions as the result of the euhanc; ed prices of our previsions, wo should then only mako good the deficiency occasioned by the short ciop ol cut| ton: hut aa there hat been a very consideiable auvunca in the value of this great staple article, the improvement may leave the twenty millions still good. It must, bowever, be borne i i mind t ut our exports 01 cotton will not exceed two-thirds of the shipments of the last season; anil should there he twelvo hundred thousand, instead of eighteen hundred thousand bales, the sales must avoiago filty percent advance to realise tho product of the larger quantity. With these estimates and drawbacks, the national government extending its credit to the utmost limits, what 1 foundation have wo for the spirit of adventure which appears sympathetically to range through every channel of business? It is a mere speculative excitement, without any substantial ground to rest on. It is essentially incumbent on us to examine these important subjects with cautious scrutiny, that we may not he induced to trespass on the hounds of discietivn; we therefore respectfully intimate that when the dangeia which may arise from tho extravagant increase ol private credits are properly appreciated, we shall perceive the propriety ot shewing to the country that we are not prepared to enter the aiena of speculation, while the accumulating distresses of the natidnal treasury ought to awaken the most anxious apprehensions ior the stability ol the common prosperity. AR1ITIDF.S. Iowa ?A correspondent ol the St. Louis Journal, writing from Iowa city on the 18 h of January lays: ?'The locos held a caucus last night for tho purpose ol reconciling their difficulties, or rather to choke off several aspirants for the United States Senate?snd lastly, to try to bring over the j<o*aums Huner was with tham, but immovable; he is a man of tho atiictest | integrity, and the result was, that the meeting broke ur? and no abow, as yet, to elect aemeciatic Senators Thi y say that if they cannot elect two locos, they will a 1 tendertheir resignations, and refer it hack to the people. On this ground the Whigs armaady to meet them. Drstructivr Firk.?A letter lrom tho ttage agent at Alton, written yesterday, and adilreMed to the agent in this city, slates that a destructive fire waa raging in Springfield, Illinois, when the stage ieit, (sup! poaad to have been orr Maturday ) which had aiicady consumed the City llOtel and out-bullJinga, and In* i whclc of Hofftau i *ov?i No porUoaten wort giro*. j Varied**. 1 Tha Albany Argue evyt: ?The thaw of Wednexdav was I followed on Thursday by a cold, bluafaring wind from I [be northwest. Thia ba* checked tha rise of the water I here from the eftecti of thoatoim in our neighborhood, I mil unless there baa beon a heavy thaw watt of ua, the I reahet will gradually aubaide. The water yeaterday I ior^rod Quay street, but had not entered any of the itorea. The Albany .Argut says:?An endorsement on the way iill of the Catskill stage, states that at 9 o'clock yester!ay morning, no stage had arrived from below. This la in unusual detention, and it was supposed that Rondout reek was too high for crossing. It further states that be bridge over the Catskill creek was not in a condition o cross. Tha ice had leit the creek there. The snow storm of last week was very severe at the Ristward. At Bangor it began on Friday evening and :ontinued through the day on Saturday. The snow fell o the depth of Id inches, and was so much drifted as to ilock up the roads and render them almost impassable.? It ii good sleighing in Portland. To Master Tailors?Take Notice that the Lease sod Fixtures of the Clothing Store, at the cernsr of harlesaml Baltimore streets, in the city of Baltimore,wll I >e offered for sale at suction, on the premises, on the tSth tisiaut, or will be sold at private sale previous to that time. Die klo e is about 36 feet front, and between SO and <0 feet leep. It is Sttud up ia the best p-asible maimer, and it has lie Inrgestcasb custom ia tha' city. Apply at the st'<re, or to Richard T. Shepherd, No. 96 Jhestuut street, Philadelphia. tf Philadelphia Agents for the Herald.?O. I] Zl kBKll it CO., 3 Ledger Building, Third atreet.beow i.heauat. Those wishing to hats the Herald served tritularly nt their s'oree aud dwelling!, will ideate leave their Mines as above. Terras. 75 cents per mouth. Single copies or sale daily. Price 3 cents. J31 lm Navigation of the Ohio lOver. Placet. Time. Slate of River. Louisville Jan J7.. ,9 feet. Wheeling .Jan 3d. . .8 feet. Imcinnati. Jan 34, . . ft feet. niunniK. mJHn '4V t . o i???i # jxi nONBY 3IAUKBT. Friday, Feb. 6-8. P. M. The stock market opened quite tight thii morhlng.and pricei advanced a fraction all round. Harlem went up K cent ; Morria Canal, >g j Norwich fc Worceater, K ; lllinoia Bond*, *,i ; Farmers' Loan, \; Canton 1 ; Ohio 3's, >41 U. 9 6'a, new loan, i North American Trust and Long Island cloaed at yesterday'a prices. ' At the second Board there was a very alight decline in in* or two of the fancies, but the aalea were limited. The annexed statement exhibits the condition of oach bank of this city, at four periods. Not having received returns from all, we have been compelled to estimate the movement of several, and wo have placed the figure* rather under than over what we consider the full estimate. Those estimated we have given in round numbers. All the reports are official but seven. New Yobs Citt Bissi. /. an* and Diseounti. Nov. 1Mb. Jlag 1816. Nov. ltd. Fob. 164T. National tank 1,278,132 1,lT7 317 1,205.3 7 1,878,MO Bank of Commerce.3,487,144 3,70",530 3,300.978 1,878,301 Merchants' tlx 1,517,114 1,435,736 1,412,748 1,748,109 Merchants' 3.179 87 3 2,880,713 2,319.792 2,844 611 Mechanics' 2 741,775 2.581,885 2,310,344 2,s30.S2l HX of America 3 442.279 3,027,48) 8.7*7.329 3,429.847 Tradesmen's 88.,949 815 655 875 291 973 6*1 Union 1 990 910 1,969 794 1,898,647 2,158,912 [Tnlton 1,031,860 925,056 1,206,111 1,177 618 IN Y Dry Dock... 385 241 359,707 241,912 300.009 Seventh Ward ?4l>,892 838,717 010,"41 918,28> xorth Hirer 1 221 941 910 SS3 839 806 986,868 Uree?wich Bank... 286,391 325,685 356,443 460,0?0 Phenix Bank 1,859,833 1 687,045 1,306.426 1,9 2 3IS BkofS-ateofN. Y 3,170,123 3 705,716 3,123,115 3,461,504 Leather Mauur. Bk. 1,334,985 985,141 1 161,374 1 231,560 BsakofN. York... 2,029.427 1.997 756 2 072,152 J.JJO.OOO American Each.. .2,375,291 2,115 992 2,424,889 2 672 663 Butch St Drovers'...1,143 675 1,152.193 1 131.820 l,2a6 096 Chemical 914 493 789,835 819,640 900.000 Citv ......... 1,532,859 1.249 , 65 1 204,219 1.300,000 Manhattan 1,8'4,964 1,643,688 1,640,133 Meet. Bnke AsiO... 568,<84 436 721 423 232 405,427 Mechdt Traders'... 396.8u5 414,641 463,710 500 800 39AO7.407 37,098,708 35,814,193 40,389,978 Nov. UO^wSu'r 1846. Nov. 1846. Feb 1817. National Bank .... 911 136 567,874 638 677 776.033 BkcfCommerii.: .1,184.331 2,351,669 2,197 339 2.403 976 Merchants' El .... 713 763 572,6.8 660 956 611.245 Merchants' ",...2 455 039 4,058,139 2,'699 4 2 321.890 Mechanics'..". ... .1,418 159 1,863,489 1,393 369 1J111.888 Bk of America 1.415,851 1,233.461 2.8o7,8?6 Tradesmen's 457,477 480,112 485,403 MI.8W Union 1,319 463 1,037 217 1,208 93 1.466 085 hnlton 145.071 521.109 755 547 745 994 N Y DryDoeX... 23,752 26,589 29 814 36 000 Seventh ivard 404,>02 406,613 458.267 422 500 North Hiver Bank.. 791 795 704.414 748,8? 627 S(H Qreenwich 138,694 ' 64 625 159 161 160,000 hieiilX ......... 916,(91 746.810 1,160.292 1.385,460 Ilk of Bute of N. Y.2.798,916 2,916,633 2 230,444 2 72),096 Leather Manuf. Bk. 699.106 426,874 511 507 Bank of N York ..1,67.',830 1.393 934 1,03 2.924 1,7?J h?T American Eich .. 1,271,712 1,26 ! 911 1,919.688 1,763.897 Batch "Drovers... 576 793 514.195 532 876 W.935 Chemical . ..... . 76,633 118 671 651,147 TOO 080 [ ilv 953 151 692,875 864,177 908,000 Manhattan ...1,035.245 862.157 1 054 450 1.100,000 Mech Bankg Aeio . 711 785 516,218 482,744 552,637 MechS Traders'... 291 018 258^266 266.2)8 W0,080 21,606,103 21,166,623 24,278,289 25,481,752 Nov l.M* 1818. Nov. 1846. Feb 1817. National Bank 271,39 1 217.367 219 800 1*S.2>2 Bk of Comtnarce... 3.7,291 501 490 581 81 800 759 Merchants'Ex 117 217 119.513 111.088 126.348 Mir HW ...... 969 605 1,073,124 090 958 710.155 Mechanics ... .."! 624,337 669,612 521.413 451,262 Bank of America.. 871,571 881,741 1|058,11? 612 3-5 Tradesmen's 86 618 99.019 106.549 81,795 Union Bank .. .. 531.14 2 4 20 824 4 4 4 313 6 45.835 Srilton Bruk.") ... 137 392 120.371 119 201 172 168 N V Drv Dock . 12.121 12.783 13.VU0- 14,WW Beveuth Ward..*... 115.017 93.781 103 169 16S.077 North River . . . . . 178 586 126 206 107 498 141.195 Qreenwich Bank! 1 21 567 35,264 27.405 22,000 I'henin Bank 498,928 309,449 304,150 511/43 Ilk of Bute of N. Y. 595,271 1,816.291 850,57 1 977 676 Leather Mannf Bk. 110.236 112 716 138 6-9 191 911 Bank of N. York... 721.399 477,728 528 889 68 * 080 American fii hr... 439 4 81 5 2,544 4 06.136 Butch 8t Drovers'.. 100.758 121 441 Chemical 78,419 61 614 08/99 Ltirv ! .. 217 586 91 #56 149 ?47 158 00) Maohattin'.. 354 315 300.1*8 22 ,9!9 100.000 Mech HnkxAsso .. 131 382 114 911 92 551 135 01 M ech ATradn*. ! . 56 107 66 081 48 831 _50CW 8,206.731 7, 33,116 7.314,103 8,201,468 I Circulation * Nov. 1015 dug 1045 Nov 4846 Feb. 114/. National Bank 85 315 2( 9 2*2 2 9 0?7 ?'? Bk of Commerce... 247 7 JO 209 6.58 282.430 2?-, 49i Merchant!' Ex 218,450 208 073 224,121 22 912 Merchan.'...... 291 720 315 164 316 215 216,910 Mechanics'... . . . 431 664 474.8*7 508.211 465 J?J KU of America .... 2'49'0 20-.63I 211 <15 264 097 Tradesmen's...... 170 065 189.146 201.147 2 3 454 Union . . 4'6 011 3 2 606 428 421 418 43! Fill on Bank"' .. 230 926 229 8 M 239 434 223 *91 NY DrrDeik.:: 62 415 51.284 0 /21 61 00. go'venth ^Vard 2'8 299 51' 903 "1669 2?6 022 North River . . 334 618 310 6 '7 333 415 317 015 Qreenwich 1*2.625 107,106 123,576 128 000 pi. ; J R.?V 361 671 517 312 357.060 311,953 Bk ofS'ite of N.Y. 301.485 296 971 3 3 422 PiZ'!?! Leather Ma'uf. Bk. 262.432 214 0 1 228 j* H8 86S itsraW.fN Vfirb 349 836 ?97 512 456,096 4,n Am^f n Er 811 118 2 6 4 32 168 356 810 246 &;tc*,.DrJTi"':: gio* Cite 180 *21 147.717 160.069 140,00? IteSiwi::: .SiS ?8 ? #3 Mecn ^Traders'... 123,171 '38.303 110.184 l<0-'00 5,830 523 5.916,831 6,119.518 5,891,*91 The offlcisl roturoa will, without much doubt, show o greater increase, since November, 1846, in the line of discount* and in the amount of specie on hand, and, perhaps, a more reduced circulation, but the above aggregates are sufficiently accurate to enable all those interest ed to draw proper inferences from the presont position of things. There is every appearance of an expansion on the part oftho banks ot this city, calculated to give a very great impetus to trade, and if it is net carried too far, and is confined to the legitimate wants of the commercial classes, there need be no fears of a sudden reaction. The line of discounts on the first of this month was larger than it has been at any time within the past year or two, and the amount of specie on hand was unusually large, a* will be seen on compariog the retains with thoso of the three previous periods. The immense quantity of produce daily reaching this market, and the immense quantity going forward, require an increase of cupital by those engaged in the movements of our great staples, and the demand upon tlio bunks for discounts is therefore unusually large. This is legitimste business. i The activity in the flour, grain and cotton rftarkets, has . been produced try the increased demand from consumers; ' and tlio supply at the placea of consumption not being equal to the demand, prices rapidly advancad. There is In reality no speculation at the bottom of all this, al though speculative movements to some extent may ( grow out of it These products have increaned in volue by tbe regular operations of trade, by the influence o the demand for consumption upon mo suppiy, nuu uu>u. ing in the way of commerce can be baaed upon a better or a safer foundation. This business cannot, therefore lie over done so long as it i* regulated by these two influences and confined to proper principle*. If price* for our principal s'.nplcs advanced a* rapidly a* they have, without any foreign demand or foreign shipment*, in the face of such full supplies for the domestie cun'umptien, there would have been good ground* for apprehension, as it would have been purely speculative, and a tremendous crash must eventually have been the result Or, on the other hind, had there been a surplus ef breadstuffs in this country to any ox'.eut after supplying the foreign and domestic dasnand, and prices had been inflated to the present point, there would have been dsn. ger of a collapse, or in other words, were thore not the J best foundation snd the strongest masons in the world 1 lor the recent advance in prices for breadstuffa, we migh1 ] expect a blow up and a smash among the operators any moment. The Legislature of Indiana adjourned tine die on the day of January. The Butler hill received tho signature of the Governor on the 37th, and is therefore a ' law. The annexed statement in relation to the character of the bill we extract rrom the Indiana Sentinel, not having a copy o f the bill itself The public debt, both principal and interest, is dividod I erptally, aud one h ili the state is ,to pey by taxation, ?t J tho present rate; the other half Uncharged on the canal, I and " the faith of the Hut* is in, no wis* pledged " far I

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