Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 19, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 19, 1847 Page 1
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th: *~* , . . *- ? .T ~7 Z~ ' Vol. XXII, Ho. 49?WhoU Ho. AFFAIRS IN ALBANY. LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS. TBLGORAPH1C. Sanate. Alb.WT, I#. 1847. ?ii. ii* mi ii r?ponea a general law lor xne in corpora tion of religious societies. A debate eniued on a motion to refer to a committee with a direction to report a general bill in relation tc bridge companies. The debate resnlted in sending ths Whole subject to the oommittee. The resolution of thanks to Gen. Taylor, end others was debated, but no question was taken. Adjourned. ___ Assembly. Alsant, Feb Id, 1847. Mr. BcasriL reported a bill for the appointment ol doc?tmasters In the counties of Westchester, New Yoik Kings. Queens,"and Suffolk. The bill in rslation to certiorari in certain cases, wat pasted. This Is the bill ralatire to Freeman. Mr. Smsll introduced a general bill for the incorporation of charitable and religions associations. The Judicial District* bill was further debated. Several motion* were made to amend the bill, which were rejected. Fending the motion to strike out Tompkini ceunty from the tiath district, sod insert Tioga, the committee rose, sad the House adjourned. * BYTHK 11 A I L 8 , LB?ISI"ATIVE~PROCB3ICDIN?H. Albany, Feb. 17, 1847. Senate. Mr. Folsom, from the Committee on Literature, t* which was referred the petition of 376 citizens of New York, praying for an appropriation of funds for tha establishment of an astronomical observatory, reported a bill coniorm-iLiijr to the prayer of the petitioner*. The bill was read,and referred to the Committee of the Whole. Mr. Hand, from the Committee on the Judiciary, to which was referred a bill entitled "an act in relation to usury,n reported adversely to the passage of the bill.? The report was ordered to be printed. The ooneurrent preamble and resolution, introduced into the House by Mr. Rutherford, conveying suggestions to our Senators, Ac., in Congress, that their approval of the bill brought into the House #f Representatives, appropriating $000,uOU for the relief of Ireland, will redound te their honor and fame, were received from the Assembly, and laid on the table, under a rule ol the Senate. This preamble and rasolution la creditable to the government and the representatives of the people of New York. Spirits so humane, and hearts ao suscentible of the brightest features in the human character, are an augury of that "better time" which ia coming, when gentle charity ahali reaume her throne, and when entire gladness ahali fill the hearts of men. The concturent resolutions respectfully request the President of the United States to permit the seventy Indiana of the Mix Nations, who have been illegally removed west of the Mississippi to return to this State, were received from the Assembly. Mr Koi.som asked the unanimous consent of the Senate to tske these resolutions into consideration immediately. Mr Van sehsonhevkn objected. The resolutions were laid upon the table. Mr. Kolsom called for the consideration oi the House resolutions of thanks to Oen. Taylor and others. Mr. Folsom rose with a copy of the resolutions in his hand i he said that the Committee on Military Affairs, te whom tbsse resolutions were referred, had violated their instructions. The Senate' had inatrucied them to make some simple verbal amendments, but they had added a proviso or a preamble, that the war with Mexico was an Inevitable result of ber repeated outrages and aggressions upon the great North Amerioan Republic. The intro ductlon of sueh a preamble into resolutions of this character was impro|>er and uncalled for. He had hoped that these resolutions would have tecei ved the unanimous vote ol the Senate, but with such a declaration they must be inevitably defeated. He moved to strike out so much of the second resolution as referred to the censes of the existing war. The honoiable Senator said that in order to effect bit obisct, be would modify hit motion ; he moved to recommit The resolutions to the Military Committee, with instructione to strike out the clause referred to, aud report them to the Senate Mr. Hand suggested to the Senator that the Chairmao of the Committee on the Militia, who reported the resolutions, was now abseut. He submitted to the Senator whether it would not be preper te withdraw his motion until the chairmen (Clark) return. Mr Roliom withdrew hit motion, end the resolutions were laid upon the table. And the Senate, in committee of the whole, rceumed the Consideration of the resolution* of reference ol portion* ot the Governor's Message. The leadmg characteristics of the debate, which occurred, were o! that peculiar nualitv which randan m> n?tlce of them unnecessary. The committee rote, without ha ring taken vote Mr Jonks, iron the Committee on Finance, to which Wet referred the Aasamhly bill for the remisaion of tolla on contributions ol flour, kc. ier Ireland, reported the hill to the Hanate with amendment*. Referred to the Committee of the Whole. Aaetiitbljr. Albany, Feb. 17, 1847. THa convict rncEMAR?iNTicareaiTiON or oov. iiwiid. Mr. pretented the petition of William H He ward and other*, for au amendment of the law in regard to the allowance ot oerltorari in criminal caiea, *o hi to secure to accused peraona, who are inaane, the same benefit* of said writ* which are afforded to ?*ne peraona. The petitioner* freely admit that " they desire such an amendment immediately,and wiihjrcferenee to ca*e* now pending, while they believe it neoeiaary as a poimanent improvement. For this reason the petitioners humbly sat forth the occurrence* out of whloh the necessity erises for the iinmcdiato interposition of the legislature The pet>ti< ners then proceed to reoount and talate the circumsiaaces associated with the dreadful murder of the Van Nest lamily by Freeman. Tbo petition also contain* the application of Coventor steward for a new trial for tuc iisgio I raeoian; it uUo contsius a certificate of certain Justices of the Peace of Cayuga county, showing that Freeman, beincr very deaf and a lunatic, was unaole to execute rec< vnicance* for hit orpeaianca in Court, or to cumorchend the natiiro. ohirfci nr r.n.?? ?f !>.. i stances. Km men* reomiiM tho petitioueis pray for the passage of u law to secure the object mention*! ubovc for the bene tit of Freerouu. Xh? CUrk, having read the petition, ylr. Cont<wki.i. brute, and asked the unanimous content ol the House to introduce a bill for the object'! mentioned in tho petition. >1r Br.LL objected. U.v consent of the House the petition was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, with instruction! to report a bill conformably to the prayer of ihe petitioner* After a little delay, Mr. Shitmwiv, from the Committee on the lU'ficiary, repotted the following bill AN ACT concerning the allowance of writ* of erTorin criminal casea. The people, lie., de enact aa follows : ? <jl. Section ta (teond edition, which is section tti of tb* third odition) of title 4, part 4, chapter -J, o: the Revised Statutes, is hereby amendod, to that in caaet of indictment tor murder, it shall not be necessary for the ofllccr allowing a writ of certiorari, to take any recognitance. \t. Whenever it shall appear that the accused, applying for a writ of certiorari under the before mentioned son Ion. is insane, and tor that, or any other cause, incompetent to enter into a lecuguizunce, the lame may be taken from sureties Mono without hit being a party the i tin. o.t This act shall Ulte effect immediately. The lull v.-.-? read, and referred back to the Jadiciary Committee to report complo'-e Vlr I tfu.VU Ul.ed.ie ..I - l.ttt ? '? ' .... .. r.... r. miviiuiiu u mil 10 ux uie taiaries o( the Judge* ol tbo Court of Appeal* and ttio supreme Court, an oiganized under the new conititution. i'Le bill lixe* tke salary ot tbe JuJgaa of the Court ol Appeal* at $3,uOo per annum and tbe soiauev ot the Judge* ot the Supreme Court at 12,400 per vnnuin Mr. Lxaviisi reported a bill to authorise railroad* to carry freight during the whole year, upon payment of tell*. A number of private and local bill* were reported. 'l'he comrois* uuar* appointed by the Legislature of last year, to examine into the conduct ot cerietn engineer* and contractors upon the canal, and to take testimony in regard to frauds which were aald to have been perpetrated upon tbe treasury, made their volumiaou* report to tbe House to day. Several week* prior to the meeting of tbe Legislature, I alluded to the report of the so commissioner* at length. They were invaeted - oitlx pluulpotentiary power*; thev were organired into n board, and autbotized to take teitimony, tic , and make up a report to tbe present Legislature upon the merit* of their examination. Their able and extraordinary report <\ ill disclose some fset* which will not redound vastly to the credit of the government or its subordinate ofHoeis. They will show that there has boen au extensive system of collusion and co-ordination between certain officers, appointed and ,salaried by tne government, end certain hired contractors, to tob th* giast treasury, and pile up the immense piiieriuga ot an organized horde of partisan* who hf.v* been lattened upon and diugged with th* oltals cl th* government vaults lor hair a century. It ta tin infamous riolicv ef th* ? '-< . n uxn I'HUH lawa?thia iJoiatryof pa?tjr, and thia undue rocompente of thete political Idmplighiera, which la equivalent to a title of nobility, ana which diveita the aurplua fundi of the government from tboeo channel* wbare their uaa wuui.l benefit the r.iaaa of tha people and enure to the jfeiiperity ofthli giait country. Tha teport of the commiaaionara waa referred to thj Caoal Committee. Mr Do aa offered the following preamble tad rcaolutiona which were adopted:? Whervaa, it itprevlded by the Mh aectioa of the 14th a, bolii ol the amended Couatitution ot thia Htate that ' rathe tint Mommy of July, one thonaand eight hundred und loity-aeven, jurisdiction ol ell auita and proceeding" oiigmeily commenced and loan pending in eny Court ol I oiomoii I'leaa, (except in tho city andcounty ol N?>'< Yoik.) a ball bacome yetted in the Supreme ( ourt : and whereaa It ia deairable that the aeveral < outis of Common Pleea in thia State, (other then that Pltried to is tho eacentiou above mentioned,) ahould i lrporooi and ttnallv adjudicate upon the aereral mat E NE NEV I tor* and proceedings now peri ling In (aid comti, thereby | relieving the new Supreme Court from the moss of bu' ilneea which would otherwiie be thrown upon it: Therefore be it Reiolved, That the (tending committee on the JudlI clary be requested to inquire ami report upon the crepe; (liency of providing, by law, lor un extension of the I several terms of the Courts of Common Plea* and Ueo| ersl Sessions of the Peace lor such period of time as I each of said courts may respectively determine, provided that such eatsnsion shall not he beyond tho last | day of June, 1847. j Ana tne tlouae, in Committee of the Whole, reiumed I the consideration of the collegiate and academical appropriation bill. a. ' A most remarkable and incomprehensible anxiety ap> pears to pervade iho Homo in regard to the fate of tbis ) bill The amendment to the bill now tending, proposes to take away an annual stipend of pi5,000 from the rovecues of the United States deposits fund, which h is been hitherto appropriated to colleges ami academies, and give it to common schools. Upon the fate of this amsudnient there appears to be u great deal of interest felt. The speech of Mr BurntII to-day, against the amendment, was intermingled with bursts ot oloquance, tremendous sarcasm, moral sublimity, and semi-breves of . passion, it was a lo.ig speech, and it was made with ' especial reference to the probable extinction of the ace , demits and colleges and seinin rios of learning in thia State. The Committee did not vote on the amendment. ' The same Committee went through the following hill, and reported it to the House; it is an important bill, and was btought into the Houae by Mr. Uutberford, a member of good intulleot, and ono of the ablest men in the New York delegation: ? > AN ACT To authorir.a the Board of Education of the , city of New York, to establish owning free schools for the education of Apprentices and others. ' The People of the State of New York represented in - Senate and Aasemby, do enactaa fellows Sec. 1 In addition to the sums of money now author ir.ed by law to be tailed and appropiiated for the aunporl ol common schools in the city and coUDty of Now York 1 th? Bosril of Min?n,inr. ..14 -? *- " annually raise and collect by tax in the same manner at the contingent e barges of the said city and county are levied and collected, such further sum of money, (uol exceeding ten thousand dollars per annum ) as the Hoard i of Education of said city and county shall certify to the said Board of Supervisors to be necosa >ry for the organ! ration and support ef evening public schoois.ard the said , Board of Supervisors or the Common Couucil shall cuuse the said sum of money to be deposited with the chamberlain of the Mid city aud county o( New York, subject to the disposal of the Board of Education by appropriation , for the organization and support of evening schools for , the gratuitous education or instruction ot apprentices and others, whose daily avocations are such as to prevent their aiteuding the public or ward schools now provided by law. Sac. 3 The Board of Education are hereby authorized to organize and establish such eveuing schools in the city and county of New York as they may from time to time deem eapedientt and to adopt the necessary rules and regulations for the government of the same. Sec. 3 This act shall take effect immediately. COMMON SCHOOLS Annual Report of the State Superintendent. The fifty-nine organized counties in the State, contained on the first day ol July last, nine hundred and twenty towna and wards ; and tne whole number of organized school distiiots, the school houses of which wero situated in the town or ward reported, was, on that day, eleven thousand and eizht; of which eight thousand three hundred and twen y-seven were whole districts, and five thousand three hnnired and forty-eight were parts ol joiot districts, composed ol territory oi adjoining towns i'he trustees cl eight thousand one hundred and ninetythree whole districts, an! of live thousand two hundred and seven part* ol joint districts, have tiled reports with the town clerks, pursuant to law. There were, therefore, one hundred and thirty-four of the lormer, and one hundred and fortv one of the latter, from which no re ports ware received ; showing about the same number of delinquent or nen-report<ng districts, as occurred iu lb-It Tue delinquent districts appear by former reports from <ui? department, to be ubout one in fnty of tho whole number, for the years ending 011 Ihe diet of December. 1843 and 1814 ; and at the close of the year 1843, the proportion remained very nearly the same. The last annual report shows there were, in the nine hundred and eleven towns and wards then in the State eleven thousand and eighteen school districts, the school houses being in the samo towns und wards ; eight thousand four hundred snd nineteen whol districts, and live thousand three hundred nnd eleven pu ts of Joint districts ; and, comparing the results collected from the reports of the last year, wi>h thoso of lb 13, we l.avo a decrease of ten districts, the school houses of which were situated in the same town or ward ; and nlso a decrease | oi ninety-two whole district*, and en iucreaie of thirty even parte of joint districts ; allowing for the city o( New York one Hundred and eeventy-two whole districts, and tstimuting, or rather piecing these district! in the column of thoia baring the school honaee withiu the same town or ward Thi? i? the only inetance, save one in 1843. where tie returns exhibit a diminution in the numbar of school d.s tricts in the State, for a period of more than 31 years, and this has been caused by consolidating old and feeble dis tricts, by dissolving others of like character without school houses worthy to be so called, and annexing the territory of such d.ssolved districts to others adjoining. ***** The whole number of common schools in the State, on the 1st day oi July, 184ft, as roturned by the marshals appointed to take the laat census, was 10,649, exclusive ot the city of New York; and the whole number of acbool districts, having the acitool houses in the tamo town reported by tbo town superintendents in the other counties, on the 1st day of July, 1816, was 10,636; the difference being 407. The Marshal*' returns, lor July, 184ft, exhibited '408 lest than the town euparuitendenta of the same date. it is worthy of notice, that returns were received from the trustees of all the school districts, in ths counties oi Kings, Montgomery. Onondaga, Ontario, Queons, Richmond, ochoharie, -Sonoca, Wayne and Yates; and the truateea of one district only in each ot the counties ol AlbailV. Clinton I .nr-ll jrt.l 1'u*' A- ' i Schenectady, Tompkins, Washington uud Wyoming neglected to make their report*, la tiro tallowing counties no report* appear to have boon made by the mister* of whole district* an 1 part* of joint d.stricts, to the number horo stated, viz: Columbia, lour wnole districts am: eight parts: Delaware, eight wholo and fourteen parts, i Dutches*, ono whole and eight ports; Ltio, fourteen wholo uud two parti; Franklin, twelve whole and lever part*; Omens, tf whole distiicts; Lewis, eight wholo di? tricti, Oneida, tun whole and eight part?; Putnam, two whole and nine parts; St Luwrunce, ?i* whole and one part; Steuben six whole and sixteen pirti; S't;f Ik seven whole district*; Sullivan, four whole and two parts; and in Warron, 11 vo whole and live part*. The number of " unincorporated, select and private lohools" returned in lsss. was 1 .I'd 1 The number reportedin lain, was 1,731 Decrease of privatn schools in one year 260 On the first d*y of July, Hid, the aggregate of all the ' common" and 'unincorporated, select and private schools" in the State, was 11,733, averaging nearly 14 for each town and ward- The whole number of common and private schools reported in 184.6, was 11,1)91); showing a decrease during the year of Idl. This diminution nl uthmilu anrl echn?.l ?" 4 * 1 ..... Iiuana, iiuuiu mil proilUCO BDy apprehensions whatever of retrogression, or want ot public confluence, in our school system. The whole number of children in the State, on thr Slit flav of December, 194V between the ages of 6 anil IS, exclusive of the city of New York, was . . . G3.V-109 The whole number reported for the year ending on the 31 it of December, 1944, also excluding the city of New York, was iW0,9H Increase In 1945 4 48f> Regular returns ol the whole number of children, between 5 and 16 yeara of age, are not made to the depart ment by the scboid otliccrs in the citv of New Ycrk; and it i-i presumed the whole number ol children in New Yoik, between those ages, would bo found to exceed 99 (km. With a view of avoiding an over eatiina'e tne number of this class of childien lor the city of Now York, has been put down at 7H.000. The whole number of school children io the state, on the 311 at day of December, 1915, within tho ages limited by law, including 78,000 for the city ol' New York, was 70J.390 Whole number for the year, ending on the 31st of December, 1941, including 70,000 lor the city of New York, was 600,914 Tnnruuh-O.. 1..I .... I?I..." ? " * .w? vuv imi jcai, iuciuuiuk ?^ew i or& 1*4,489 Thia, however,cannot be the true segregate ol the whole increase in the 8tate, during the year, 1846. The whole number of birth* given by the census of that year, waa eg,706, and the whole number of deaths of all ages, 30 591. The following table show* the duration of life, a* cal oalated by some approved writers en that Interesting nb|ect, Irani the time of birth to the expiration of five ' yeart thereafter a? Of every 100 bin ha, ai 39 survive one year. 74 07 two years 60*10 " five years Of 100,600 children born, 00.360 survive one year 00,101 ' two years 74,*101 five years. If(.we take the calculation must unfavorable to the du ' ration of life in iufancy, the loss by death, the first five yetts, would be 34V per cent; showing very c'early the increase from led-4 to 1944. must, under any circumstances, heve exceeded 13,404. for it win * UV1 LTV MIHIIIN, ; contrary 10 all rational li.obabllity, that, with a total in : crtaaa of population for tha last five yaari, of only I 188 874, tha numbar of birtha, for the year andlng on tha I lit of July. 1810, ahould hara boan ao far below thoia of ' 1846. aa to giro only about 13 000 aurrlrora at tha cloaa i of tha lattar year Tha echool r*porta ahow that on* in arery S f?-*7thaof the aggregate popuiatiou of the State ! in 1846, ? aa between 6 and 18 y eara of age. Tha whole number of children of all ugaa, under inatruction, aomo porion ot the time during the year 1846, in all the eommou achoolain the State which have been returned, including th? city of New York, wea 742,181 ; and 01 thaaa, 4,138 attended achool the whole year. 12.881 do 10 and leaa than 13 montba. 40 061 do 8 and Uaa than 10 do. 80.047 do 6 and laaa than 8 da. 141,108 do 4 and laaa than 6 do. 188,410 do 3 and laaa than 4 do. I 300,(38 do leaa than a do W YO V YORK, FRIDAY MORN Thai* statements >lo not compare favorably with tha ! report of the last year on this subject ; anil apparently there kaa been, for tha year 1846. not only a diminished attendance in the aggnsgate, hat for each of the period* above given. Of the 78, 861 children, in the city ol New York, taught durine eotne portions of the year, not one la iucludei? in the ubove statement, owing to the manner in which the soliool abstracts and statistical report* are made to the departmont from that city. The last annual report from that office show* an attendance of 44 677, for tko period of "ten and less* than twelve mouths;" aud of this number, 45 841 were reported by the county superintendent ot New York. Tha aarraeata of uerlodi cjl attendance should correspond exactly with the "numher ol children taught during the year;" it doe* not, however owing no doubt to some error in taking the | amount from the teachers'lists, or from the trustee*'or town superintendent*' reports. Tho difference it quito email, and will not average but a fraction over one, to every two ot the reporting di*tricta. ??? School* have been taught in tho several countlea is I the State, other tlmi tho*o above enumerated, for such ' perioda as to give an average of eight months. In sixi teen counties, the average is nino mouths, in twenty- ' ; one counties, eight months; iu thirteen couuties, seven , mouths; in four counties, six months; and in one county, ' I Hamilton, flvo mouth*. a Tim number of children reported es having bean ' ! taught, s inii portion of the your ldlh, in all the counties of the tiule, was . 742,433 The uu.-uter .limine ted during the year 1844, as uppeuis by the report of 1848, was 730.045 Inert are during tho year 388 The averu<<> uumtieg of pupils, la attendance at the " unincorporated -"h-oi an 1 private schools," during the year 1846 wn .;t,-J?ti fh all the counties of the otato, i except the cite of New Vork. from which none have been re|oit*?l tt>e present year, although 20 000 were returned tor 1841, wheu the aggregate of tin* attendance I : ueiounted to M.i'u*. > The whole number of " incorporated, select, and pri- | > vate schools," at the close of 1841, was 2,008, and the j i average attendance of pupil*, was 37,048 lor the year, ; excluding the city of Now Vork, where, frurn the cen- i ' sum returns, itieie were, on the lit day of July, 194ft. i > ot these schools, anJ a reported attendance of 8,364 . ' children. The marshals' tcpoita alio give 03 private and ! sel-cl school* iu the city ot Albany; and the number ol j ' cbihtrea attending the >MM i? itateid it 9,491 In the sui>eriutendeni'i annual report for the year 1944, ; , it n;-peais tnere were 34,105 pupil* attending the "prt; vste and select srhooU," in 1843; but here again the city ot New York i* not included. The following abstract ; i present* the aggregate of the whole "number of children ! taught during the yeer" 1946, with the "average number 1 of pupil* in attendance at" the "unincorporated, select, and private school*," and "the students" attending the I "'.ucorporated academies," reported by the Regent* of the University, in 1940. Whole number of children taught in the comI mou schools some portion of the year 741,433 Whole number of pupils attending the private school*, teported by tru?tees 31,340 Whole number of same, attending in the city of Now York, taken from the census returns. , , 8,3114 Whole number of students attendiug the "incorporated academios," not allowed by the Regeuti "to be classical scholars or student* in tne higher branches of Kngliah education". . . 11,092 Whole number attending same, allowed as classical scholar* or student* 13,431 i 807,200 i The aggiegate population of the State, on the 1st ot July, 184ft, was 3,004,40ft; and, from tha foregoing, 1* de> duced the remarkable statistical fact, that nearly one, in 1 every three and one-fourth of the whole population, or four of every tbirieeu were under instruction, some part of the year, in the elementary and mare advanced I branches of Knglish education, and in the class toal de partments of the academies and other schools before enu, ineraiod. Locul laws, containing special provisions in reforeno* to the schools in the cities ot New York. Brooklyn. Al bauy.Troy, Hudson, Schenectady, Utica, Rochester, and Buffalo, and in the towns of Poughkecpsie and Williauisburgh, have boon passed liy the Legislature. In New Yoik, Brooklyn, Rochester, and Buffalo, these schools aro free, and the charges for their support and lor the erection and repairing of school houses, exceeding the public money annually apportioned, are defrayed by a taa upon the real and personal property therein. The fallowing abstract, taken from the reports of the town superintendents, exhibits the condition of the school- m the respective cities and towns above mentioned, except ffcheuec'.ady aud Poughkeepsie. No of No of .frnount ofpubCities and No. ot months vols in he money rte'd Towns. Schools, school has district from alt sources. been library, and applied to taught. school purposes. Buffalo lb Iff 3.100 10,330 13 Koch: tier lb 'l>, * US II,tab SO I'tict li in 1,0bI b 833 30 Alu.iny II 11 3,1 II 11,671 0J Tioy 6 10 S.1I4 4,3610b Hadsou 1 I! 773 ?,ufl bi nrooklm 10 11 3,Mi 16,916 71 Willismibarg... 3 II 1,10b b, 100 10 New York .... 171 II 11,494 108,107 17 i No of No. of No. of pu- No who No. who children children pile who attended attended Cities 4" Iheiw'n taught in attended 4 <f less 10 months 'i'owns. b 4 i6. districts, school than 6 4- over. lees than menthe. 3 mouths. | Buffalo 6.911 8,01* 3,680 1.170 DDI I tiiicnmter .. 6,341 4 219 ? ? ? Uttea' 2,919 1,710 310 340 J?7 41 bully .... 9 >17 S.WO ? ? ? troy 4.013 2,410 071 309 348 llu (tun 1,410 9)3 l(M 16 3 362 oiooklyu.,. 13 3)8 4.8J4 ? 991 1,9-,) Willinn.b'x. S.ibT 2,111 437 331 4,A New York. .78,con 73 1)1 ? ? ? ? ? % Tin- following abstract, token from the county superintendent*' ieporta, ba* been compiled, in order to give icundnused and comparative vie w of tue MHlttM ot the common schools, in different sections of the btste, md in counties adjoining to those iu which the cities uuintd in the above ut,struct ore located ; and these counties h ive l,oen, except in one instanos, selected to afford greater facilities for observing the difference, if any, be' acon the system of lree anu other schools established in the cities under pniticular laws, and that of those iu i:i? immediate vicinity, organized under the general school laws of the State. Amount of public mnntfl T'L t from all Ivorcn. and No of -Iv'k* No. No. volt. uppiiid ic districts month* lit die tiacAeri' icain Countiet. in ic hoot trict libra- and ichoot dn't county. iin. Utirariii. ('altir.iujfui Ill 6 lb.WS7 JU.'il 24 Oauirio 229 8 2/', HQ 21.189 60 uii'jhii ika 204 8 37,'*$6 33 933 69 4Va>hibHlan....24? 8 27 .636 18.700 98 Greene 1*0 8 19.713 23,477 40 Jrouine 170 7 11,790 0,677 39 Wetichettcr ... 149 0 26,48 ) 23,1/3! 0) Queen 70 10 13.803 16,7.7 99 sc. Lawrence . ..407 7 33,191 24,834 97 No.chil- No. cAiL No pupiti No. who No who ih in dren who attend- attended attended taught in the ed ichoot 4 f leu i0 m'nthi Countiei. during Co he- ten than thani and the tween 3 <{- 2 mom he. month* over, year 16 yeari I .'a tiMUgiK. 11,911 8,89 1 3 409 2,691 . 27 Gutarin .... 11,617 11,968 4,718 2,7.8 267 Onondaga. ..24,323 19,31) 7,313 3,381 410 Waihiuatou. 13 414 10 747 4,392 2,647 IM Greene .... 9,071 9.491 2,768 1,M 967 Urooine ... (I.JI.j 7,380 8.312 1,331 91 Weitcheiter 8,312 11,244 2.091 1,4 9 390 Qneent .... 4,96'i 8,011 1,131 801 473 st.Lawr'uee 22.201 19,80 1 6,787 7,210 172 I ' .. * i The average of the monthly compensation paid to teachers, in the foregoing counties, varies v.ry mate, rially. in <}uaatj'* county, the average of the whole mini actually paid the lait year, for teachers' wages, "pals (it 97 per rnooth ; in Westchester county (17 00; Ououd igu (13 09; Ontario (11 09; Oreene (8 91; Washington (a 61; Ca iataugiu (7 si; Hroonie (7 39; and in St Lawrence (7 10. Tho average expense for tuition, depend* as well upon , the number ot scholars in attendance during the time I tho school is kept open, as upon the rate of compensa j tiou paid to the teachers In (Queen's county, tho average expense per scholar, estimating the ausudanco at ten mom ha, is (3 09. If the whole number of children reported, between live and tixteon years, had attended, the average would ba reduced to (1 !?;. Also, in Weit cheater, where the estimated attendance for nine months is (1 08, i: the wnoln number of children over five ana under aix'een years, had been under instruction during tho asms period, there would bo a reduction in this average of 00 oents. Cur an eight months school in Ontario this avarage is (I 31 |>er scholar; in (ireene (i 84; in Onondaga aud Washington (1 hi each; tor a seven months ichool in Broome (1 34; in St Lawrence 08 cts ; and in Cattaraugus lor a six months sobool, 97 cents. The county superintendents for each county snd section of a county in the Bute, exoepting the countie* of Hamilton, Oueida, Orange, Richmond, Schenectady, and Tioga, and the western section of Cattarsngus county, have made returns ot examinations ot the winter schools 1'ne whole uumber of districts visited during the winter teim was A,7AO; aud the eggregate numbei of pupils in attendance at the time of such visitation was 347.7no ? 1 i ne nuoioei 01 mete learners employed wu 4 463; and ' of these, 164 were under 1# years ot age, 06b between the ages ot Id and 21; 1,775 between the ages of 31 and 39, rlP l?tttveen the age* of '36 aud 30; and 033 over 30 \ t-ai h of age. The number ot males who had taught In the whole, for a leia period than one year, was 1,673; who bad taught in the wholo more thin one year, 3,803 The number who bad taught tho lame school, (or a pa riod lee* thau one year.waa 3,070; for one year, 713; two year*, 300; and for three years, 343 The uumbar of fa mate teacher* employed, was 2,340; and of the**, 170 ' were under IS year* of age; 09U t etweeu the agaa of 21 and 30; v?o between ao and 30; and 118 evar 80. The I number of female* who had taught In the whole, lor a i let* period than one year, was 618, who had taught in the wbol* longer than erne year, 1,364 The Dumber who had taught the tatu school, lesa tbao one year, was 1 170; for one year, 349; two years, 140; and tor three I i years, 08. 1 * Tho roturns under the above several heads for the 1 toims of the summer schools, are complete, with the **- 1 oeption ol the counties ot Chumung, Delaware, lleilti- > mer, Kings, Livingston, Ontario, au.l Schenectady, aud theweetern section of Oaeide county The numbsr ot 1 mala teachera employed jduriug the summer terms, was J 1,1 IS; and of these, 37 ware under 18 years ot age ; 1 one hundred and foity six between the ages oi 18 1 and 3J; 880 between the agea of 31 and 26; 768 1 RK 1 ING, FEBRUARY 19, 184 between 33 ami 80s and 317 over 80. The number ef male) who had taught, in the whole for a period leu than one year, wm 173; who had taught, in the whole, more than one year, t?o7. The number who had taught : the tame tchool leu than one year, waa 463; for one

year, 347; for two yeara, 143; and for three year*, IBS. ! The number of female teacher* employed waa 6,331; of i whom 1.103 were under 18 yeara of age; 3,873 between 13 and 31; 1,768 between 31 and 35; 614 between 3A and I SO; and 213 upward* of 30 The number of female* who had tuught, in the whole, for a period le?a than oue year, wa* 3.443; who had taught, in the whole, for a period ' longer than one year, wa* S 403. The number of femalea who had t ught the ?ame school la** than one year wa* 4.340', lor one year, 1 040; for two year*, 3-24; and lor three year*, 171 The whole number of district* visited wa* A 90S, and the aggregate number of pupil*in attendance at the time wa* 311.747 Of the 337 7rti> pupil* in . atten Urre at the winter school*, and ih 311,747 at the ( fumuiei, the com as and extent of the ?tudy wa* a* follow* : ? Kcgayd ia laming I he alphabet 13.484 SI,970 to apeil 23 *74 S8.48S " " to read 227;2S3 2I1.UI " arithmetic 137.38S 90,636 , " geography 7j.3lll 113.161 I " history 13 9'>1 10,767 ' K.igli-n j-riiiimar 31.461 12,269 | " u?e of g obes, tic 10,697 18,687 | algebra 5,184 2,? 41 " geometry . utveviug.itc US 381 " 11 Mural philosophy ... 9,733 6 618 " " meuul'iuid.uio.-al philosophy 1,111 237 " phi ml gr 4 388 5,4tl " " lioh-krrpioj 1,3,3 6J4 " composition '|n,2:< 20 914 " eocal muaic 63,444 72 811 " " to verne llti 471 90.681 " chruiis ryKt astronomy HT'S 6,723 ' niialy*!* and deftui'ioii, 7, i]..0 66,367 Tk? ?? ? ? -r II. ' "" uH Hj^Kiiiumi" r o[ couoron iu | attendance at the winter examina'ton*, wai 39 ami a I fraction to each diftrict, end at the summer visitations i about 31. These return* shew <0016 iuc.iea ie iu tho attendance of pupils, at tho 'una 01' vi-i'xtiou, 01 or that of 1843, and a decided improvement 10 the hum mr of pupiii augag- 1 ed in the higher br<nche* ot Knglwh education taught ' in our common school*. What stronger indication than . thia ahould we desire ot the graduul advance of tha \ schools iu allo'ie element* necoiaary to meat the public \ want*' and what exhibition can be mora gratifying than i one presenting the school children of the State steadily and progressively advancing in the acquisition of knowledge, practically uietnl iu all condition* of life? The number oi 1 upil* in attendance at aur common choola, engaged iu the study and practice ol vocal mu *ic in 1843, during the winter term*, wa* 10,440, in 18U, | 17 tili; in 1843, 77 940; and in laid, 08,444? during the i summer terms the number* for the above correaponding period* were 17 ?J3i; 43 443; 77,934; and 74,811. The county suiieiintendenl* have visited and examined during the yeur 13,600 school*. ? ? ? # We regret that *0 lew of our colored population appear to have attended the school* during the pa*t year aa the report repietent*. The view* prevented of the condition of the achooi houses are upon the whole quite satisfactory, and ahow aome improvement on the past; and an extended field of operation for the future. Tha compensation paid to male teacher*, during the lait winter term, average* $14 16 to each per month; and during the summer term, $16 77, exclusive of board. The avetuge monthly com Herniation nuid to female I teschers. during the tormer, was $7 .17, aad for the letter $ 03, also exclusive of board. The average paid in soma counties li aa high a* $10, $30, and even $30 per month, for utalei, and $B, $10 and $11 per month, for fa male* The average of the wage* of the male teacher* i* higher in the lummer than in tha winter, and with the female teacher* it ia the reverse ; owing to the fact, that *$ considerable leas number of male teachers are employed during the season the average is the highest, and se with the females ; and also to the farther fact, that these of both sexes, who have devoted themselves to instruction, as a profession, and are proficient and faithful in t e discharge of their duties, are retained in the same district, or continued in some other during the year. The whole number of teachers, found at both visitations, under 18 years of age was 1,543, the greater portion of ; whom were female ; theie were 1,301 over >0 years old, three fourths of whom were male. At the winter exami| nations we found l,0tf3 teachers, who had taught the same school for oue year; 408 for two years; and 375 for throe years. At the summer examinations, 1,306 were found who hud taught the sasae school for one year ; 466 tor two veers; and 366 for tbreo years. It was also as ceitaineu, that 8,836 had been employed in teaching oioie than one year; and 4,699, for a less period than one year. Of the estimates end amount* of expenditures of the school moneys, we give only e brief statement. The whole amount of money received by tne tiustees during the year 1846, and applied to teachers' wagus and district libraries, was $1,191,097 79, being sn increase of $3,663 97, over 1844. The receipts end apportionment* by the town superintendents during the year 1846, including the sum* raised in cities under in*ri*l laura u,-? ewe o* n.i . k..? *wt.. J net. uot embrace the contribution* by rate bills. The estimated expenditures for the year 1047, including the supi* raieed under tpecial law* in cities and by rate btUe. >-? stated at $1,390 473 01. The. whole amou .t of the re reave of the oomnsen school fund during the past year, including the appropriation Irom the U. S. deposits lund, wa< $376.-407 09.? Amount paid out during the same period, $471,073 91, letiriog a balance of $104,313 37. In the Comptroller'* report to the Convention, it U stated that irom 1016 to 1330. the general fund advanoed to the school fund $81,863 10 more than was refunded, to uialte the annual revenues equal to the sum required by law to be distributed. Krotn 1830 to 1846 inclusive, the annual revenues of interest itaid Into the treasnrv -.mount to $l.0ii W7ii 78 ; and the aggregate of the mm* paid out ior distribution, i* $ 1,804,4*4, during the una period, leaving an saceu ol receipt* over ippropriations of about $19,000. Betide* thi* balance, all the benefit aridng from tne payment ol the income into the treasury and it* remaining there until subsequently paid out. whatever that may have been, ha* accrued to the general fund. * * * * The protect productive capital of thi* fund would, at aix |>*r cent interest, produce an aaoual revenue of $118,090 68 ; and at live par rent, $117,800 87 if promptly paid at the treaaury. or TMK OSPITSL or TMR COMMON IOMOUL riTNL), KTC. 1 he report theu proceed* to date the Item* of the capita* of the fund, tha total ol which on tha SOih ol Heptem ber, 1840. wa* $-J 183.941 06 Total 30lh Sept, 1?44 1,090,031 41 Increase during the year. $48,309 04 The capitsl of the common ichool fund ha* euitained los?e* since iu*?i?bllihment, ainouutl&g in the aggregate to $179 103 90 ; and baa been mcieaced by tiaaater* Irom the surplus revenue of the Uuued State* deposit fund, 'Aiucn acortied in the year 1839, 1040 and 1041, in the sum ol $U8,i0f 34 The whole amount ol aurplua received by tue common school fund trom the United State* depoilt luiid, including he $91,033 70 tran*f?rred during :ba last > ear, i* $144,988 00 ; and Irom ali other sources, ince 1088. tbo net amount received and carried.iocapital ha* been $09,967 89. The following detemeat shows tha amount of capital ol tins fund at every period of five yeer* d.ice it* creation, cerreipondiug with the year* in which apportionment* aie made a* now provided by law, the Increase of capital during the same time, end thn nnmlur nf rh.l. ilmn between five end sixteen yeai* of age, from the time of the first statistical reports in Ibis, with the in crease of the tame during the same periods:? Increasefrom \u of chitd'n In. from Volt, Capital. one period lo at same one period lAc other. date to the oth'r. 1811 ... *181,326 28 - ? ? IS,I... 9112,342 2S StSS.SU 97 198,110 ? 1821... 1,313.328 90 333.283 74 339 238 140.818 I824...,l.9i9,?88 48 104,180 49 411,2)4. 71,998 1811... 1,0%,713 SO 978,837 38 309,*>7 V8 711 18 Hi... 1,873.191 71 178,44 8 03 318,398 28,431 1811... 8,036.823 68 181,433 97 '.83 117 44.919 1846... 2,133.943 91 97,317 33 703.399 130,032 The Superintendent recommends that the Town Su pcrmtendent he elected bienally or trisnnally instead of annually, aa at present. It has hitherto heen the policy of the Legislature to apportion the lunds of the State in such manner as to allot, is near.y si practicable, an equal portion to each child, net ween five and sixteen years of age; and, atone period, tbo apportionments wore based upon the another of children reported Irom .the several towns and counties, between those ages, and not upon the aggregate of tho whole population in each. Kor obvious reasons, this mode ol distribution has been agsin changed, and the apportionments ore now " made amongst the several towns and cities of the Htate, according to the ratio ol their population respsotivoly, as compared with the population ol the whole Male, according to the last preceding teu sun - nut mo io?u luprrintenjenle are directed to apporitou the acbuol money*, received by them, among the everal eehool <iidrio a, parta of dittrlct*, and neighbor- 1 hood* Mparcely *et off within the town, in pro|ioitioa to the number of children redding in eaoh, over the age of Ave, and under that of sixteen 1 year*, a* the came thall have appeared from the lait annual report* of their reipeutive truatae* " If the enumeration* upon which both of theae apportionment* are baaed, be adfcurate, then it ia evident that the proportion of childien between the above age* to the whole population, ia much larger In aome couutiea than in other*. The following autement give* the amount apportioned under the late cenaua, to each of the conntie* named, the number of children in each, between live and aiateen year* of age, on the Ut day of January, laid, and the ratio of public money for each child ia the *ameSuinn tin. tf c hi Mr en rmpnrlion C npporlionri, htlwr.'n j and In rnr\ 10 y?or?. rkild. | AlUgeny S3,314 SI ie.?>3 *0.11 j.iyi u:t ie.a?i a a St. baivreuce 0,3*1 7* ly,Mil 0 n I Uieeua * JTJ IS 9.1*1 0 .it Jrllerma 6,?o0 97 i9,'/0< ii 33 Bioume 2,I'M 13 T.3M 0 1* yum i in ii u i3? or Uayuaa 5 ill 9t Igor DM t*a?h}ng:on 1,311 33 10,7|7 ?. ?? i" I?,7?l DO Alb ay 13.457 0*1 Richmond l.UI r> 3.152 t <9 U.ieioi Mm 94 20, Ob J 0 ** I KooWd 1.459 02 4.130 0 <5 New Vo k 39,193 59 79 0th 0 50 BchenOCiady 1,7453* 1,051 0 57 Tbia table ibowi a great Inequality In the tuina apportioned to the children in the' aixtaeu eoun tie* above given ; and like difference exiiu mnong th? letaainiug couutma of the btale If it be the porpoae ol the Legialature to make a diitribntion ol the School Fund equally, It la obviou* that ob|ect is not eooompliehod by the preient mod* of apportionment and distribution. Why ihould there bo ten cent* lew snaigned to each acheol child in Alleghany, then la Albany, or twenty-four centa more to eecb of | IE RA 7. the school children in Schenectady, then in St. Law reuce' Iii preparing the ebove statement, it was not (teemed important to put down the free ions of the cent, and therefore they are not stated. Tbie exposition presents an interesting problem for the consideration of the Legislature. The number of volume* in the district libraries, on the 1st day of January, l*4d, w?? 1 MS OW?having increased during the your, only 67 889 volumes. The in- i creuse fiom 1844 to 1846. whs KXi 864 volumes. in two of the colliitips tin 1 v itnm thn nnmhar exceed 6,000 j in fix of the other couotiei, the number exceed* ' SO (ilH), tiut ere less than 3d (HK); iu fourteen couotiei, the aggregate number of volume* rang** from 'fft.Ooo ao<l upwards, to nearly 30 000; In eight conutle* the numbere range between -JO.ron nn l aft uOo, in ten coiintie*. be- < tween lft BOO and 'JO out>; in thirteen countiei. between in 000 aud lft 000; end the remaining *ix countiei, Irom 1 1,043, in Hamilton county, to 0 61* in Putnam. The average coat of euch volume purchased for the libraries in IMC, assuming the whole amount of library money to havo been applied to that object, ii one dolltr { and lixty five and a lialf cent* ; but thi* statement is sufficient to deitroy inch presumption. There Ii not any ' reasonable probability that the whale of thi* fund hai been paid out for thu and no other school object. It is i probable that, in many initonrei, the inhabitant* o( ; school districts containing the required number of volumes, have appropriated i be library money belonging to the dutrict to the <>uichu*e of map*, globe*, 1 lackboardi, or other acientiflc apparatui, for the uie of the school* in their reipective districts, as authonied by the ixteenth section of the act, chapter 133 of the law* of 184.1. In relation to the character of the book* to be used in common icheoli, the superintendent aayi that, " Borne elucidation of the term*,' and those of a lectarian character, or of hostility to the Christian religion,' seemed to bo if quired ; and It ii believed that thu following expo litiou of them met the entire approval of the diiunguiahed incumbent by whose direction it wm prepared. " 1. No wotk* written professedly to uphold orattack any iect or cieed in our country, claiming to be a religious ono, shall be tulerated in the lehool libraries. " 3 Standard works on other topics shall not lie ex eluded hecauee they incidentally and Indirectly betray the reiigiou* opinioox of their authors. 3. Works avowedly on other topics, which abound in direct and unreseived attacks on, er defence of, the character of any religious sect, or those which hold up any religious body to oontempt or execration, by sing ling out or bringiDg together only the darkor pert* of its uiaiurj ui cnancier, (onu lie excluded from the school libraries " In a country whose constitution and laws guarantee full and tree toleration alike to protestant and catholic, whether of Konie or not of Rome, to the unitarian, universaliat, and Jew, to the orthodox and neterodox, what right bare either to claim exemption from the operation ot this rule, and to insist that the district libraries shall become the propagandists of thsir peculiar tenets, while all the othors are excluded I Every inhabitant of the district, and citizen of the State, Jew or gentile, christian or inrtdel, conti ibute of tbrir means to support this charge, and, "even and exact justice," demands that tho rule ol exclusion should be equally and iudexibly applied to each; otherwise, all must be permitted to enter the arenaSabbath school, church and parish libraries are appropriate leoeptacles for works of peculiar sectarian teoUeD> cies; and no one, it is believed, who properly appreciates I hia own rights, and justly estimates the rights of others, would seek,by iuairecnon or otherwise, to enjoy any j immunity at the expense of bis neighbor. This prohibition, called for by the statute and entorced by the de , partment, waa not intendad to produce any injustice i or Inconvenience', but to prevent the perpetration of both, I and te guard the rights and interests of the minorities, : and preserve them tiom the encroachments of the majorities. 1 it appears that school houses have been erected on the ; Onondaga and St. Regis reservations, and schools opened i for the instruction of Indian children, and are now insucI cessial operation. I The superintendent's concluding remarks on this subjoot are as follows I Tho duty ol tsking the census of the Iodians on the ' several reservations in this State, prescribed by the ' act, chap. 140, of the laws et la-tft, was perlormed by ' gentlemen long familiar with the lodian character, their i customs, mauueis, aud habits, and the results given aie relied upon as accurate. The whole number of Indian children residing upon tho several lessrvatious iu the Sta<e, on the first day of July, 1&44, given in th? census reports, waa nine hundred and eighty-four, (Odd) distnbuted as follows:?On the Oneida ressrvution, t9, | Ouond'ga, 189; Tuscarora, 03 ; Buffalo, 117 ; Cattarsu1 gas, 131 ; Cayugas, on the Cattaraugus reservation, 31; 1 Allegaoy, 337 , ('oiriwaiidn, l;0, st Regis, 81 'J'he I aggregate ill the wlinla In/ti.n ...l-*i?? I ac nations, ia 3 768 , and the proportion of ch ldren, ol I the above agea, to Die whole population, ia nearly one to | lour, or twenty-Are per cent, a ratio almost aa large ua i that given by the cenaua for the white population in the 1 [ Male. The birtha and doatha among the Indiana during the I year preceding the Aral day ol' July, 1846, are elated to , no nearly equal, being I'll birtha and 130 Ju..the , and ( the lurgeet.exceae ol mortality ia fouudon the Onoadaga, I Buffalo, and Allegany reaervatioua ; while the birtha , exceed the daatha among the Coeidaa. Tuaoerorea, and 1 onawandas. If, from the above data, it may ba assumed ! that tuere cannot be any natural increaae in the aggrej gate ol the population, among tbeae remnauU of a once powerful aud co-iaiderably numerous people, the couclu aion ia quite atrong aad certain, from tne premiaea before i given, mat the latio of mortality inuat be the largaat I ; among the adulte auJ chlldien over and under the agea of five and aixteen , otherwiaa, wo ahould not find the proportion of children between Ira and aix, teen yeaia, to tbe whole papula-ion, to corrci: pood ao nearly between the two racea. Vain am utterly hopeleaa mint be all attempta to lntrr duce the I arta ol civiliaatiou among any people whoae nunda are untutoied, aud whoae underaiandinga are ahroude 1 with ignoranoa aa dark and impenetrable hi the legend a of tneir origin, and the macbinationa ol their evii spirit ? The policy of tbe Legislature, indicated by the acta before reierred to, muat oe peilectly apparent, and will receive, aa it deaervea, the cordial appiobation and auppert oi ii juhi a mi noeial people. The commissioner* <io i K uated by the act, to receive auil expend the money api propriated lor the erection of school houses, on the All*1 gany and Cuttaiuugus it-ser vatiens, have not tendered tue ie?|uired bond, on thegiound, an is understood, that no provision hat been made to compensate them for the service* to be performed. The beneficial objects con tempiated, can no doubt be attained by a change in the < commission, or by authorising a compensation to be pedd 10 the peiaoua already designated. 4 * ? ? ? No better plan of general organisation and supervision, under a form of government depending entirely upon the popular will, has been, or piobnbiy can bo devised, capanle ot producing the ustouish.ng results, annually ex mbitod in tne documents aocooipunying tho leporta j { trom this department, lor several yean peat; and while , . lome are opposed, and other* are in donbt, in respect ! to its greet utility and efficiency, in arousing ihe j ! active energies of the whole people, and directkug those I neigias in the performance ol an Important duty, other states are aaiimilating their orgautaation* to our*, and j are modifying their law* to produce, if practicable, cor- ) < responding result*. Why, then, should we eonndou a ' system ot inspection end superintendence so prolific ol ! advantage* and so es earned' A review of tho past and | present condition of our public schools cannot tail to ; produce a strong conviction of tbdr great usefulness) . and no better system itf instruction can l>e devised to | - bring its benefits and fu blessiogs within the reach ot ! ; avery one who may dosiro to embrace them, except ' schoolsentiiely free. It providos instruction in sli the elementary and useful branches of education, in the ! common lsnguega ot the country; and seeks to prepare I the youth ot tho .State lor all Die usual employments of I lite, and to imbue them with a full knowledge of their | duties end obligations as citizen* and constituent mem- j hers of a great and growing community. New >Stkamshi?A'kw Oruuas.?Thousands ol our citixons visifOTTVhia now and beautiful vomel on Sunday. (Jleteay wall be called Uie |>rid?? of the Gulf; for a more graceful emit, one of tirmar build, more elegant architecture, inore neatneaa of fini*h,or ol engine, ol finer mechanical execution, never floated on it* walere. She combine* atrengtn hi bet frame-work, and taatein the detail of oniamunt* and appointment* in a miperior degree Her longlh i* 127 teet; breadth leet, depth of hold, 14 feat; the inuuauro* about 1000 toua; het engine haa II leet *troke;9l inch cylinder: made 1,8000, .1.44 evolution* nlnce leaving New Voilt?making 14 cvolutioni to the minute, oajiyiuglOto li lba. *team, vacuum varying Irora lb to 47 incur*, averaga rate in a ?ea-way, 14 to 19 mile* per hour Kngine built by T K Decor II Co., New Yoik. William biaby, engineer.-Mr. Charlea Morgan, the owner of the New Orleani, under wboae *pecial auperlutendeiice the wa* built, ro queata ua to atate, that ahe will.be o|*n to-day to all who dealre te viaither. Ha will be preaent to explain the peuuliaritiea ol her atruolure. The New Orieaua leave* to-morrow lor (Jalveaton. May many proaperoua voyagea await her In her future career?A' O Dtha rJk i. A JJailo*. in rnk??aa*p oy Land Smakrs.?The Botlon Journal gtve i the following account of a robbery commuted in that city on Tueaduy night '" a aeafaring man, a native of Beliaat, Me., w aa robbed la*t night of $ 1100 in hank bill*, $100 in g aid, end a gold | watch, whilit in a atate ot intoxication He went inm u bonne of bad repute in Canal afreet, where ho looliahly displayed bia money, and, becoming alarmed at an at tempt to take it from him, ha lelt the houae, and requentad a hackman who wit at hand, to courey him to 1.la place of raaidanca. The hackman drove htm out on the Sack, where the hack waa atoppad, and two men, who had probably been tiding outai.le, got into the carnage, j aud notwithstanding hia raaiatance, attcceadud In robbing hhn, when ha waa turned out into the atieat. 1'he name man waa robbad of a large aum of monay about two yeara ago, in thla city, under somewhat umilar cfrcum- 1 ataooea Nltw Bhidoi.?The following is a dcacription of the railroad bridge over the Suaqurhanna river at Harriahurg. Juat buwhed l>y tha Cumberland Val- 1 ley Railroad Company, an imineuae atructuie ' h? entire length of the bridge la threo tbouaaad nine hundred and nin ty-two faat.or within aight leal of lour tbouaaud. It ia built upon an improvad double lattice plan?tha in ventlon of Mr. Kirkbndgc hunaalf thare being two tingle and two double segments of lattice. There are twenty-thieo i.pt.na.uvaingu.g one hundred and aevanty-thrco laet, and two arched viaducts?one fifty three feet, and tha ether aigbty-foor feat long. There are two carriage ! weya, above which, Immediately under the roof, la the 1 raifway track. The entire cott of the bridge la about )9e,000, of which about $16,004 ware required to repair 1 the damage oocaakwed by tha eeveraJ accident*. 1 LI). fiUi fw? On?k V ul?th According to eaperliiieni* n>?.le it ITuteia iron tutnon bronzed through, one thiid 1??? in thK-kti.ee th.n ordinary cannon, will b?ar a larger charge ol powder. The Merriaac Cannier ia;a, that the building m which it i* printed coat $66i. and rent* lor i*M-i The adltor'a home, the like of which can be built for $?mi, rente for *31-1 A man r aired Bird. eUDtioifd to ha one ?f tKa ?.?. who knocked down and robbed Mr. Fre7er on the Paw tucket turnpike, has keen ?netted and canuniued (ot trial A bouee caught lire in North Bridgcwatrr, on Return day. in consequence of the rain wetting a quantity of un$ tlacked lime on the premises A young couple in Allegheny elapod. the other day, got married, c?me back -?nd begged the old people'a pardon. who. teeing the knot waa fait tied, iorgave them, and bade them Godspeed The Toronto JCramrurr atatea, that an Friday evening, the 99th January, at a abort diatanco from the village of Limltay, in the townahip of Opa, the dwelling ot Patrick Coilina waa burnt down about midnight, and the unhappy man and hit four children.were burnt to death amidst ita ruina. Tkiit or JtHiLtr at Mav??iilr.?On Runday m cm Ing, any* tbe MayavilJe Eagle of the eth, during service intbe chnrrbeH, tome daring villain or villelaa had entered the jewelry eatabliahment of Mr. Joseph B. Boyd, and robbed him el between (9 *00 and fS.OM worth or gold and tilver watchaa, breaat pin#, diamond ring*, Ac. The store waa entered from the rear, and through the gun eatabliahment of Mr A. R Crosby, by the use of false key a and pliers. Between fifty and sixty watch ae were taken, about fifteen of them gold, and the larger part of them belonging to ouetomore. The remainder of the jewelry waa all recently purchased, and of the latest itylee. Jtellgtnu* latalllganea. The Baltimore Annual Conforence of tho Methodist KjiiMcopat Church, which is to hold ita next aeaalan ho Washington, will meet at the Foundry Church, on Wednesday, the 10th of March It ia expected that about two hundred and fifty ministers will be In attendance BUhou Hamiine is to preside. Thn number of colporteurs employed by the AMriou Tract Kocietv thii year, W out far from 300, distributed over all the State* and embracing laborer* for th? Enggliah, Herman, French, Walah, aad Norwegian population. Wialth or Philadelphia City ako County.? The following is an exhibit o( the assessed value of real and personal property in the city and conaty of Philadelphia, as givenby the Ckronicl* of that city:? Real estate $104,939 406 Horses and cows 417.407 Personal property 1,*74,001 Furniture, (above $300) 3,000,117 Cariisgea 103,403 Kmoluments of office 171,177 Money afintereat 31,019.030 Watches, (about,) 100,000 $101,999,046 This does not Include the amount invested in the trade and commerce of the city, and the stocks of goods to store. "Thomak F. Marshall Killed uy Cassics M. Clay," is the imposing caption given to ilia following story in the Loumtlle Democrat ef last BaturJay " We learn that news reached here yesterday, In a private latter, of a fatal encounter between C. M. Clay and Thus K. Marshal). Reports of this character have often been current before in our city. " The public know that a ftudge has long existed between them. We learn, that for some cause, Marshall challenged Clay ; thut Clay refused to fight, saying that they hail both volunteered in behalf of thai.- country, and should not kill each other tbare, but thai i be would wait until the war was over the matter eho sld be attended to. Marshall became enraged at t ? reply, and rushed to Clay's tent, when Clay iu the -..counter ran him through with bis sword " Gratifyinu Intelliuencx - The New Bedford Mtrcury of Wednesday says : Letters received In Boston yesterday, from Hnnoiitlu, Oct. 2ith, mention ; tho arrivul then, on the 13th, via California, of our long I absent townsman, Mr. tJoury Lindsay, :pccial messenger ! for ship owners engaged Ic the whole fishery, and bearI er of despatches from the government of the Linited i States to the Sandwich Islands From ths long interval that has elapsed since the previous tidings from Mr. L , and the aomewbat hazardous antorprise upou which ha had singly embarked by the overland route, this Inforinauon will be most gratiiying to many of our readers, both in the atsuranoe which it affords of his ssfsly, ted of tho prospect of his speedy retuin home. NOTIGJE^ 1"" uritiiii?ii nwn| rewra [new demiirned, under the firm of Biow.t It Bnookf. it till* day diaaolred by mutual couaeni '1 he cutataudiug debt* of ihc fi'Ci will be aeitied by Mr Brookt, to whom all debt* due tl ? concern in mi be paid, tad in the aeitlemeci of wulefe be i* aigjiurixed to me the nam* ol the firm. &Mfj2n?KboK? New Yo*. Jan. at. ??47. j? t**ee FF? WUltKa~WLLL. JEKAlSh. IT. It I* uow unieeraaily admitted thai KOAKK'H IODINE LINIMENT 18 NO HUMBUU. Doxeti alter doaeu are tiaed.daily and doe* all that it i* repreaented to do: it he* cured uii will cure Ui* worat poaaible caa*a oi RHEUMATISM, tprnina, bruit-?, welled and painful join*, apinal affenloea. eruption* of the *km, ke. 8. 1NOKKBOLL, Role Proprietor, Depot tM Pearl at, two door* below Jons. See ce-tificate eia True Bon 115 lm?re NtJAiOli. _ 'PHE co-parteerahip of Trime, Ward k Kin* ia tfci* day X iliaaoUed by mutual eouaent. The ouietanaini; buaiaei* I'llie firm will be liquidated by the auhacribera. J AM KB ? KINO. EDWARD PRIME, 8 \MUEL WARD. DENNINU DUKA. i ? . . AftCfl'U UKACllC KINO. I New York, Jaanarr <e5th 1147. The anbeoribfri haee thu da/ formed a Ropartnenhip, as <irr the linn of I'lUMlii, WAUD Ike CO., u4 will coutinoe the Hanking, Htock and Kicliangr Bnaintaa, at the office of the late firm, .No. M Wall atrett JOHV WAND. of the firm of John Ward k Co. KD WAKD PHIMK, I of the tare firm of Prime, AML'KI. WARD, ( WardhKiof. | New York. Jaimarr d^th. HIT. itt 'mi.?re M r. JJ 1 t, A L. .1 U 1 1 O t T U LADlEfi. DOCTOR MePCNISKLL, Author of the Ladiea'Manaal of Midwifery, and intruder of a largo Lying-in Hoepit?I in klnrone. atreuda ladiea dttnna rhei. e.t*iAneme?> I, .M? put o thin cur or Brooklyn, for Irom II lo >\ according tc cirenmaiancee. A Bote aneresaed to him at 91 John street, New York, will meet with arriet attention. lailiea residing at a distance, who are nffcrlni with df? eases ol toi.g standing, saeb aa obslrictjoua, retentions, jrreg-iler-itee, Ila t hat hare failed' he hoaated no at re ma ol the d v, ran apply with confidence to the Doctor, by letter, describing the ayrnpti.nn, treatmrat recrivad, duration of the diaeaae, Itc., for which a cheer containing ihe neeeaaary advice and mediciuaa will he lerwarded lo their direction In any ,.art of ton I'aioo. Terma, $1 Addtras r. W. MeDGNNKIX. M.D . )iSlm,l ? John afreet. New York A 0i7KJ? tiiKOOLDS. Vf HS. CARROLL'S Medicated Vapor and Nnlphar ivl. Hatha, IHt Knltua atreat, oppoaitt Charrh atreet. A certain cart for Celda, Congtia, hhentaatiain (tore Throat, and till inflammatory iliaeaaea incidrat le tha changeable atnte of the wearlicr. The hnlphnr Vipor Batli i> partlrnlaily leeommendcd by onr tirat phyeicinua a* a cure for ail eruptions and diseases ol the akia. No danger of taking cold alter the ore of llieae hatha. j? lm*rc C-'AL I8TILL continnc lo aell the beat .tualuy of Red Aah Coat at theae pricee for caab. Broken, egg, and atone, ft 91 t Urge not, fd ot; screened and delivered in good order, from my yard, corner of Kmc and Ureenwicn streets. Sk eeata will he allowed to thoao who wish u> tend their own carta, jn im'rt I'KTK.H CLINTON. SUaFENDfcKS FOR KXFOKT. 'IMIRKK tiiouaand doicn Fatent corrugated Hnsponders. A. adapted to the Msnean and Month American, aa well aa domestic trade, and warranted to aiand unaffected by aav climate. Kof sale by the manaficturer and uwaer of the patents. dM lm r IIIIRICK fl. DAT. 11 Cowtlandi street IHI FUWKLL., UoULlST AND AUK.I?T, % TTKNDM to Diseases of the Kye.and Kar, and to all in /a. perfeCiKiua of Vision. from iu 4 o'clock, at hia residence and office. *1 Broadway, comer nf Warren atreet. Opihalmia, stoppage ol the Tear Passage, Cataracts, ted Opacities, effectually removed. AMAUROSIS treated with great atteationaad success STRABISMUS. or Sqaintutg, cnra-1 ia a Taw annates Deafness, and ail disthaiges from the Kar, permaoenlir eared. ARTIFICIAL ICVKB inserted _ np?tet*r i?* M<U|?r?d to 9**ry dafoot )9 nnmrt j tiFPBRsoiTiNtju RANck CGjvTPANI Orricic Jfo. M Wall imiit, orro.n a tni MmHi.f i TKicNiriit. , HIS Company coatlanoato manre again.! l?>aa by Tiro, on dwelling honara, warahoo.ra, nnilolnga in goutral.gooda.waraa and marriiaadtae. andrrery dracj-iptien of paraooal property ; alio again.! loaa or daingr n? fnlgM Cation and iruaportatinn LtlKJCCTOKA l ? tdmiu *r. Thome. lw?.b-. Thonue T. Woodrp". Vo.?i Blk?i. H K. Ro bantu V n. narph Dmke. Thomeon Price, Joeeph Allea. Mhn Tueiff, faniet K.) iolme*. Jolth K pttrbn. J2h,!f- Mr*John H. Lee. William K. fWe. Caleb C. Tumi. nicmae Morjtll> | frueea T. ??**. tuaene Bofwt. Jf ha C. Merrill, Robert Smith THOMAS W THORNY,Preeidret UKO. T H?rr. Kner?iare *34 lire TO MARBLE WORKUifc. ~ POLISHING 0 L O T H . A/"IO YARDS aiipenor loliehiar Cloth, ramble f? t" "" ' Marble Pokubeia, i tvjrcei -to aad for aala o? iFl l-r>E it BHOOKS. acH ?,? Naeeap rx'itNT LA VLLUI'K PAPLR FIVE HUNDRED REAMS Patent Yxtfelcpa Paper, astt able for putting up apicea and cu/Tre Joar received aad Inr tale by 1'r.RSSE A BROOKS, fat liar -nd *1 hfeaaan at UL/vMNKSk- UDwliLi. >JU1 BROADWAY (J*.a (Mel.) I r.beerfnlly enmple with **0 A the reqaeet of Liealeuuit Mt Intoili, to etate '.bat r? wnt invalided Imme. at nnfu for aim y, la eouaeqoeare ..t total v dealuesa, and diecharvea line (he a.ira That aider ihe iret' meat of Dre. I.antle U Mwardi. ruriate in New Yore.ae er tiraly rtcot trail hia liaaring, and li>.? ?tti? trtaiaad militar* duty.?wipud, II. MlHtiVIfli H-iM*?a ! > H M. loreaa, Jamaica. . ^ . AeooiticOil?Amraearalo? laaipmat deafiM", 1 ? '*'from, of aouea, aad eollauioat nt l-ar I wn-fatHlt Ml lro?4?? * *'

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