Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 22, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 22, 1847 Page 1
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* ?-s????? TH] r?l. IUI, Ho, 59 -Wkolt Ho, 4640 bt marvdbn'I EXPRESS. accaidc im tuc inn la/noi n III I muvj IIM inc. ULU VfUIIL.Ua ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE IT THJt STEAMSHiP CAMBRIA. IHB FULL RBFOETS or THK M A R K E T S . The Distress in Europe. THE RELIEF MKASlTRiS~^)F,~TnE BRITISH GOfERNMBMT. The Contemplated Social Revolution in Xreland. MEXICAN UTTERS OF MARQUE, Opinions of the French and English fiorern ents relative to thein. AMERICAN LOAN IN ENGLAND. tfcc., &c., Aci It is stated that a loan of four millions sterling has been negotiated for the United States, by a well known firm in Liverpool. Usatb or C Ghimshaw, Esq.?We are sorry to amicuuce lhat. Mr C. G-rimshaw, the well known American emigration and shipping agent, suddenly expired on the mghtofthe 1st inst. His deatti is deeply regretted by the merchants on 'Change, as his conduct in all the relations of life, public and private, was such as to earn and secure lor him universal respeet and esteem. Dkatii or Cafta.m Paiaex, or the Pacikt Smr Utica.?Trie recent accounts which have reached us from Havre, announce thatCapt Pei.rce, of the Utica, packet ship, from Nsw Yeik to Havre, died on the passage. Captain Peirce had been, wo understand, in an infirm statu of health fur some time, and purposed remaining with his iain i /, who were ow Dosru, in franco until no rucovoied. Dcatk or Capt. Rathiionk, of thk Packet Ship Columbia ?A melancholy gloom linn boon cast over tan mercantile community of Liverpool, by account.* which reached tliia port oa the '27th ult , ptuiir-g that Captain Rath bone, of the packet ship Columbia, his Brit and second mates, Ave sea men, and a bey, were washed overboard in a gale ot wind on the 13 h of January. Deeply do we drplo.e the untimely end of Captain Kathboue and h.s unfortunate crew. Few seamen havo earned tnoro esteem (or tlicir skill as navigators, and petite and cenciliatery deportment as gentlemen, than he of whom wo write. He formerly eenintaudtd the Oxiotd, and during the awful storea ot Jan nary, 1M9, he was just arriving from his Deceeteer voyage, whan that terrific hurricane overtook him in the Mersey. Tet his excellent ssasnaai-hip and eooluess, under difleulties el ihe iee?r. extraordinary aud dangerous charautar, enabled hiai to bring his noble ship to Uu rKnr und l?n/l Vtiu tcaVuAra in iftfalw urkilat soveral other vessels fella prey to the terrific fury f trie w*v*t and billows that danced arouuu, healing out deutu and destruction to almest every thing tbat came within their unrelenilrng grasp. Wita his wife and family we deeply sympathise La the loss they have sustained?as he, who was so agreeable and engaging amongst strangers, mutt have boen one ol the best of husbands, and a kiud mi.el affectionate parent. Tlie Condition of (treat Britain. [Frea lha UwiyiilTtas, Keh. 4.] The railiamnutury preceedirigs have exclusively absorbed attention. The eyes of the nation are find on Ireland, where death is doing its work through tha iustrnteeutality of nervation. The details are horrible? sickening. 'The poor try to escape, and thousands find their way daily to Unglund and Scotland. Liverpool and tilaspow are ever run with these poor creatures. In the former town as many at 11)0,800 have received out-door relief tit a week. The pressure of local taxation on the rale-payers t? likely ts ruin many small house ken pern, and leave them without covering or shelter. The pressure has become so overwhelming that Parliament has been appealed to, but has hitherto given no relief A ds tvr mined effort is being made by the wealthy clas*< s in F'.nglanJ t* assist the Irish by means of private subscription, and by abstaining as muoh as possible 1'roei any superfluous consumption oi lood. A Queen's Letter has appeared, addietsed to the ministers ol' tha Church of Elugland. requiring aubforiptioni to bo made; and large sums ha< o bseu thus oollected in every place of worship 88U ny evoiy lurm OI nun hi ino Kioguum u ua|i(iuy, tHo s'ate ol the Highland poor ii nanny m bad at tlint of tbu destitute Irish For them, also, liberal subscription* outinued to he gathered. An occaaion li!u* the prthcnt depicts, in a forcible tuauner, the virtues or the vice* cf a people, in the tenia way that the presence of daufter t?:.t* the cnurane if individual* Knglish sympa thy for nifTeriog liumnuity ha* lorg been proverbial, hut never, under any lonner visitation, was thia philanthropic ko ilii.e virtue exhibited in a mere striking and graceful manner. Individual-, contribute handsomely to aolten the rigor* of thj calamity; mid the first tic: of the Prune Minister, on nieeting fariibraont, i* to (lip largely into the public purse for the some object. llul the djilress ia Dot confined to Scotland and Ireland; there it much at present existing io*England. The h'gh price of provia.oni. er.d the reduced atock of cotton, are "amongst the causes thnt havo aggravated the condition of ttie opera'ives in mfiiy of the iaige towns of Lancashire and Yorkshire. The eotten mills, under the influeiife of the present quotations of eottoe, are walking largo illy. Mr Itrialit is going to take up tl.e question of (Be cotton ciop, by moving lor a select committee to inquire into the best mode el'promoting the growth of cotton in India. Indeed, there is a prevailing conviction the days of cheap cotton are gone, and are not likely to rtiluru for an indefinite tiuie. The froeicillsga In the Urltlsli Parllnment ?Tl?i- Contemplated Social Revolution In lroland?fltilnnii Lclt. rs or .Marque. [From the Liverpool Timet. Feb. 4 j The ituioa of Parliament commenced on Tuesday, tka l?ik ult, with the speech of Uie Queen from the thione. [ fliis was given in the lUrald on tho arrival of the Sxiab Ssnda J The delete which followed the arcscli produced some Strung* result*. All the old party landmarks disappeared ander the inllunuce ot the oxlaanty which has overtakou Inland. Tbn protectionist leaders ware found sailing in tho aann boat with the Ministerial party, and the nit mbera of lha late Government appeared to coinc.i-'o with all that was said anal all that is to ha doue Sir llohait Fuel, it is true, at the fag-end of the debate, seemed to deplore that his ow n Corn liili of last session had not been swept away, as so much useless parchment, by the piessaro of misting circuinstancos On the second night of tho aeasion, the 30th ult., the lfaa'e ot t omaona condescended exclusively to think for the empire Tho other House did not assemble. Tho question relative to the constitution of railway committees was bi ought lor ward by V r I. wart, who endeavored in vino to * how that mombeia ought not to lit on piivate coiemitUee when their inteies'f, as individuals, were aiieolait. 1 be House. on a divi.ion, rejected the idea o( pi* ring Iho e ho lies above tii? reach of scandal by a nnsjority el c?7. 'I lac |ioot la-v underwent a putinl lint nnsntistact- r> di which the piiricipal speakers ware Laptam Fecbell and Mr Fcriaml. The samo rve nliig Lo< d John Russell declared that the law fer reguia nig the vise o( sugar in breweries would he permanent 'Ike same Boldcman, being pressed on the subject of :i report of Mr. Warner's " long range,"' intimated his inteaUvn of laying it before the Hourn, provided, that on a second, ho a?iw nothing objectionable in it On TLi&radav tho. 91 Lord John Rueaoii tu ?i#?elope tlit ecbetne to open the polls lor the aduii* inn o! foreign grain, outy Iree ; and in the courts of doing to, ehowtd that tne freight* on the importation of com hud ierioiiely,iiien, ami that, to enable this country to ccmp'tn with i'i neighbour* in tbu markota of the world, it wea r.ecr *Hury, n it onlv to rcpaal the duty, tut to ?u?p?nd tho Navigation Law* 'i he auspenaiou of the Com Lew, acceiJinj; to tti# mir.iaftrial intention, whi only t" extend to the let of Sep'ember next. Mr. F.wert and other mem Vers were in luvor el en amendment, making th" riiapt erion permanent hnt tho propoel tinn root with littlo mipport. The deb.ite wai diatinguiabed by two novaltic-x - a declaration on the port of t.nrd Otorge Itentinck, that all hoard'.rg of *rn n, in timet / acaicify, augAt to be hnttrtd, which ho illustrated by the reci aiot an oajtern anecdote ; and by the appear micm tf Vr. William IJrown, tho guat American mrr chant, in the iloiiar. Tho apeech of the latter gentle men, aound on I practical, and embracing the auf ject more ire mediately before the Homo, was referred to hv Lord John Itarsoll 111 term* yery complimentary to the new member. On h ridhy, the OS 1. the Home of Common) met for the par pom ot parsing through their lem.uiiii g stage* the ?uspe tiaion ol tho corn and tho navigation lawe. The v.?.-an, nun iuiu LUt wa? then coniUaied. Iho . vpitit pioduced from tuner in to pay the name amount at the ti'LTit made Irom malt, thn regulations respecting wt.ii ti weie duly set (eith hv thn ( l.uucellor of the Kxohequtr. He wortlit not the uio of molasses. an it would open the door to Itcttdn on the revenue. The diffemntial duty an |a iu tutor of Dri'loli spirits, over rum wu to he reduced to 64. The duty on ruin would i n .A' lc H, 41. und the duty on British spiriti 7s 101 Hum 1 to be r: ioited into Hcotluad at 4s 'JJ duty, nad Into Ire- j In.tat 2- 2 t duty, leaving the eame tela'iTo ditl'ervnre . hf.?. en tliv dutioa en apirit* diatilled in those countries, and the rum imported 1. to Knglend The geneial reault o.'ibe-e nieisuti i would he, he thought, to teriuce the price i (tain rathar' lien the price of spirillar bear. Tl'.o lame evening Lout Jot n ittinoil move.I lor a select commi n'.i let .tive to the law ot settlement The poor law commission would exj ire at the end of ita allotted taitn, und he lemodelled under a raw system, preserving the prevent central authority, but permitting the heed* of the , " ' ? E NE" NEW department to liava seats m the House of Commons ? i Thii plan, it was balieved, would obviate many of the inconveiiiencas *X|>erienrcd uuder the existing system, 1 and seemed to aaeet the feelings of the Housa ' ' Oa 8aturday.<he '28 1 ul'., the House of Lords me', to J pass the corn and navigation bills Lord S'anlty oxp e?i- ' ad isgret that the use o sugar for the purposes of distil. ' lutiou was to tie made permanent, and Lur l Brougham t entertained similar views On Monday, the 86th, Lard John Russell brought for , ward bit ureal tahene tor the teen.i?ra .i;.f ....j ,i. permanent improvement of Irrland. Monty it to It* ad- . vanced for tted for the next crept. Loam will be made to such of the landlord? at with to improve their wait! \ landt; or the lands will be bought ty government at a fixed j price, lucaie*, however, where the landlord! will neither , I improve nor aell, poweta will bo taken bv the govern- ( mont to bn> at a valuation. For the reclamation of watte ' . landt a million alerting it to be advanced The land so ( purchased will he retold in email lott, for the purpaet of creating a yeoman prirprietory, whose statue will fill up the dieting void between the peaiant and the present race of landlartla. Drainage i* to be extenaively earned out. 1 I Thoie may bo conaidered the permanent feature* of the | icheme. The temporary tirojecto of reliol are,a new l*oor ] Law, relief committee! to adeiiniater funla, And superin 1 ( teaj the diitribution ol' food without exacting work ia | , return ; giving outdoor relief at tha poor houaea to the ' . aged and iaflrm paaperi ; and othar measures calculated to mitigate the severity of the present visitation Further 1 lebemei are Announced a* being 111 preparation, but what ' thay are the frime Miuiiter hat not j et deemed it n?- 1 ceiiary to explain Probably they refer te iome politi- | cal ideiitiflcatioa between the in?titutiont ef England and | Ireland. One thiug i* clear, that the chutoh ot Ireland | ia not to be inteileied with. The ata'emeut of Lord John Russell wai most favorably received by tho Houve, and more eapeoially by the Irish landlords, who are not ( only to have twenty-two yeara to repay, at a amall rute 1 ef interaat, whatever aum they require from the govern- I meat, but half only of the present expenaa incurred in i the productive work ia to be borne by them ; the other i bull U I. V.. hn?? Ku IV ?' ' ' 1 .. u; U1I giugu aiiiciaujr. me mail , landloids a body are universally unpopular in England , and while there is every desire expiessed to nitigate the severity of the liisli famine, people on this side ef the water object to the ministerial project mainly bo cause it saddles the industrious people of this coun'ry with additional imposts to screen the owners of the soil in Ireland ?the absentees, who have hitherto danced ever the continent, spending money sucked out of their unfortunate teuants, and even under the pressure ol the present distress, appear to ba the only persons who will be permanent gainers by it. The i question universally asked is, how much will these Irish measures coat! The temporary outlay, it eppaara, will ba at least stveu millions only; the ultimata drula will probably raach twe or three times that amount. This is raally a sarious matter for the iodustrious classes in England, who ara now claaoriag for the repeal of taxes that press heavily ou trade, anJ obstruct the prosperity of the country. Hut these and ell other subjects connected with Ireland aie to undergo a search ieg analysis Lord Laosdowne, the same evening, made a similar explanation to the House of Lirda relative to Ireland. On Tuasday, the UCth, Ikt Rmjal anent wtt given ti Ikt ctrn and Ike navigation bihi, in Ikr. I'ttrt, voktrt Ikr tuiinisf, in olktr rttprtli, tens inertly rtuline. In the Lower House the subjects discussed had reference to tue Chelsea pensienera, the ten houta' bill, aBd the National Uallery? >11 the mutters, in the present condition of the eeuntry.of subdued intereit. Thursday, tha 38th, was principally occupied by Mr Forrand's attack on tba Posr Law Commissioners, and more particularly an Sir James (Jrabu.n. The reply of the latter was dignified and tailing, and ha carried the laelmgs af the House with him. On Friday, tha iltth, the Montptnsier marriage was discussed in the House of Lords, and the House of Commons was engaged in a good deal of multifarious business. In reply te a quest ion respecting letters of marque undor lit Jimerieen flog, Lord Falmerston stated, on the authority of the Mesmcan Charge d'Jijfaires, that no person in England haa teen authorised io issue sue A Utters Foreign subjects abroad, the noble lord added, were not amenable to be treated as pirates for being engaged in sucA en enterprise Tne parliamentary proceeding* an Monday [Feb. 1] hadesclusive relarence to the state of Ireland. The measures of the government were discussed at great length in the lower houae in, for the most part, a spirit ef geueroua criticism. Tha urgency at the crisis was admitted by ull the speakers. Mr. Koebuck made a bitter attack en tho Irish landlords? sneered at their poverty, at their extravaganee, their want of buiineas habits, and :heir incapacity to dischaigs, efllcieully, the duties belonging to than station. There was much truth, mixed with some exaggeration, in the statements of the houoruble member. The debate was adjourned. Un Tuesday tthe fid] it was resumed, when the second reading of the Destitute Persons (lieland) bill took place: I il. ?. i---. muu ?? v*u?4 Hivvauica ipi'uikuiom iviui iruJHuu, were Mtisa train to be speedily carried out. Sir Uobert Peel made e speech, iu which the couduct ot the prevent government was warmly eulogized. In parliament, as in the press, the distress in Ireland is tire only topic ? Hut the United Kingdom is ruing in its might, and the corn markets already /eel the influence of Ike symyathy In all directions ttfy are /ailing ; but, under any circumstances. the importation ot provisions must prove, tor months to come, t,n> most speedy w.iy of realising a fortune Happy they, on the western continent, who have well filled granaries to export! We have thus glanced at the parliamentary proceed ings during the la'-t fortnight, 'lire famine in Ireland, and the atate of society there, may be said to have almost exclusively occupied the attention of the peoples' representatives. The time ban oouie for grappling boldly with tbe chronic evils of that country. Never was the public mind in so fitting a Irame. The fault will certainly rest with tbe ministry, and not with tbe Hritisn nation, it a panacea does not spring, lihe the fabled ashes ot tho pLieuix, out of the gloom and miseiy and desula tiou which now, like a pall, covers Ireland througn its length and breadth. France* The advices from Fans are of the 1st inst. n. icw uays auer tne delivery ol the roynl speech, the Chamber of Peers began the discus 11011 ol its answt r thereto. Its debates occupied several days. The Spanish marriage was the main question dwelt upon. The only poiuts worth noticing, however, were two?tirst, that several noble peers heretofore distinguished for iheir devotien to an intimate alliance between Great Britain and France, warmly defended the conductof the Government in the Spanish business, even although it hstl had the effect of break mg off* the tnttnte cordiale; and next, that M. Gui/.ot, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, to^k a very irglt ton* indeed when speaking of Great Britain, strongly recommending the Chamber to maintain boldly what had been done?to make no concessions?no advances, but to wait until the good sense of the English people should convince litem that France had only exercised her right,and that they had nothing to gain by remaining on bail terms with her. Such language in the chamber of Peers.and from MnGuiiot. too. wns ?n novel th*t it created groat sensation, and ttie sensation was increased by the fact that the eminent Due do Broglie,tbrinerly a warm Knghsh allinnceman, took the same ground as the Minister. The destruction ol Gracovv was indignantly denounced by several peers. M. Guizot took no part in the discussion on that su ject, but he read to the Chamber a despatch he had received from the Kmsian ambassador, in which it was stated that the Russian Government indignantly denied that it had any intention, as whs reported, of abolishing the separate existence and even the very name of the Kingdom of Poland, so as to amalgamate Poland With its own ampin. The other paragraphs ol the address caused no debutes of any interest.? The address itself was finally adopted, and subsequently presented to the King. It was, a* usual, a mere paraphrase of his Majesty's speech. It will be on Monday next that the Chamber ol Deputies will begin the discussion ol its addross. Its debates will be much longer and much more violent than those ol the peers. The Minister of Finance has presented bills relative to the budget in both chambers. The deficiency of the year 184<i, in other words, the ex trf.i ?ii r ApL'iiuiiiiru ovc.r income, amounted To 81,237,96?f., or, on deducting the balance in hand from the preceding year, to 7!),305,h99('., and this vast deficiency -s in (pile of an increase in the receipts of 33,090,000b The causes of the deficiency are the vast outlay that has had to he made in the purchase of corn lor the people?the increase iri the army and navy osiiiyates, on tiecount of the dearncss of lood?the extraordinary expenses of Algeria, and the necessity of increasing the navy, especially for the service on the western coast of Atrica It is conjectured that the present year will also close its account with an alarming deficiency. Exclusive of the deficiency of Hist year, the deficiencies of previous years amounted to 354,996,765f. All these Incts are very remarkable in the case of a country so extraordinarily rich as Franco?a country in which, year alter yesr, the revenue increases in a i'- markable manner. '1 he Chambers have passed a bill, providing that, until September next,.the lowest duty shnll he levied on tne iniriortHilnn nf nil food giams, vegetables and live stock, 'the duty thus becomes almost nominal, lor it docs not exceed 25 or 30 centimes per hectolitre and pfr head. This will, it is hopt d, h&vo the client of causing large supplies of food to arrive from the United States, Kussia, and Turkey. The government has also, in consequence of the scarcity, forbidden the exportation of potatoes arid other | vegetables. The President's Message having contained nothing of very great in'erestto France, attracted but little attention. Its enormous length proven- , ed the newspapers from giving it entire, and lheir comments upon it were extremely insignifi- j cant. The Jotirnnldet Ihbait combatted the President's d lance of the Mexican war, and declared that t* e war, as it hud frequently declared before, wss unjust in prim iple. It is said that all Europe is unanimous in deploring the war, not from sympathy for Mexico, but because it shows that tha United .States hava abandoned that policy of W YO YORK, MONDAY MORI respect to law in which they so Kreat'y 1 Ml.?h?<l tKuir.inll/111- ....I T /i tl.attliu VL' . I 1/?r snterprise commenced by Mr. Polk waa of such h mature that lm presidency must be considered as :iaving given a moral, anil perhaps a material hock to the federal constitution, from which it is :o be feared it will never recover. The Courrier Francnit say?:?" On the express iemand of the Cabinet of Washington, our iovernment has just addressed a circular to lite French consuls and agents residing in the ports >f Mexico, enjoining them to inform French subccts who may feel inclined to make use of the etters of marque delivered by tbe Mexican government, that they have not the right to do so ?that the French Goveenment refuses them any authorisation, Hnd that if thev venture to employ he letters of marque they will expose themselves o the loss of their quality as Frenchmen, and to je treated as guilty of piracy." Another newstaper called Z? Porteftuillc, which has the reuitaiion of being well informed,also states that the Jovernnittiit has taken measures to prevent any ..... i. i?* fi *up:?i$jr5iiit3Ui5 wim in'.: mt:*ii;dii uuvriiiiHcui jeing entered into in any of the ports of France ; ittd it adds, that the Minister of Marine has di ect.ed the law ot link 11th of April, 1825, to be nought snecially tmtler the notice of any liersotis disposed to avail themselves of the etters of the Government of Mexico The aw referred to runs thus :?" Any Frenchman, jr snbj'-ct naturalised as a Frenchman,who,with jilt th?- Kind's authority, shall take the coinmis lion of a lor. ign power to command a vessel, irined as n privateer, shall be proceeded against, ind judged us a pira'e." The Pirrltfeuillt says, that the reaswii which has induced thKing's go vernment to act as it has done, is the interest it uas in the maintenance ot good and friendly reations with the United States. The saine journal declares that it knows from a certain source, hat in the course of the month of October last, et'ers of marque and ten thousand acts of na'uralisation were sent out by the government ol Mexico to be placed in England,France,Spain and die Antille*; and that M. Perada, Mexican :harge d'ajfuittt to the Belgian Government, is secretly authorised to make distribution llirrt-U'. ill UUIIIld'llUll VYIUJ 1111D laut 3U IJjeot it may not l>o out of place to recall to your reoo'lectinii that las', year some discussion took [ilaco in the course of the debate* on the address 11 the Chamber of Dsputies, relative to the manler in which the French government would feel tselt called upon to act with respect to privateers, ind especially with regard to certain rules relaive to privateering, proposed to be laid down by Mex'can government. fne Journal dr? Debati, the principal organ of he government, has reproduced at great length an irtiele from a Brazilian newspaper, setting torth the particulars of the tquabble between the Brazilian government and the American. Commodore and Consul, at Kio de Janeiro, and representing the latter as entirely and wantonlv in the wrnnir. The Dfbati seems to take a malicious pleasure iu publishing anything derogatory to tho United. State*. A letter (rom a Frenchman, residing in Ca'ifor"ia, lar? ly pnblished in the National, says, that since the Americans have been in possegsion at Monterey, both persons and property have enjoyed the most perfect protection. The letter adds: "M. Fasquet, our old consul, has been confined fifty-one days in his own house, on account of a certain difference between him and the American commodore, relative to ?orne false reports." VI Fasquet having resigned office at the beginning of Octeber, had been succeeded by M. Meuouhart This arrest of M. Fasquet seems to confirm the report currentj some time ago, of the unueu states commouore naving thrown trie French consul into prison; but the Parisian press continues to express doubts that anything ot' the kind can have taken plane. The Moniteur announces that the King has received a letter irom "Son Excellence," the President of the United States, in roab tea notification of the marriage ol the Due Tte Montpensicr with the Spanish Infanta. One hundred thousand barrels of flour having been ordered for France in the United States, thirty-live thousand barrels reached Havre last week in eight vessels Tlio rest are expected shortly. A few days ago the large tobacco contracts advertised by the government were entered into.? The supply of 1,800,000 kilos, of V'rginia, and 150 (K)() kilos of Maryland, being taken by M. I'rscatore, the first at 86'. 33c, the latter at 1G3^f. >'h? minnlv nf > tiki Oik) lr,ln. A 1 ft",. ..... i A..,...,. nons ol iviaryland was contracted ItoMiscliild ai 1031. 81c The conveyance of these vast quantities of totmcco Irotn the United S'fa'es to France, gave rise to a discussion between the American Minister, Mr. King, and thn French Government. The latter at first laid down the condition that the contractors should ht bound to bring the tobacoo to France in French vessels, hut eventually consented to ahondon it, in compliace with the remonstrances of Mr. King. Had it been persisted in, it would not only have been a heavy loss to American shipning, but a violation ofthe Navigation Treaty of 1822 The scarcity of tho last harvest has occasioned great distress in this country, and this distress has led to serious, and even alarming, d sturbanccs iri many departments, among others Magenue, Ille et Valaine, Cotes du Nord Cher. At Chateauroux the population rose,and destroyed several houses, murdered several persons, and commi ted actsol grosss violence. At Kennes, too, most serious disturbances liRve taken place. At one time great alarm was felt by tho Government, but the rioting now appears to be calming down Nevertheless, it is dreaded that there will yet bunion; violence and bloodshed. The misery ol the lower classes is dreadful, and even people comparatively well oil, complain of the extraordinary denmess of food. The .Bishop of Oregon, lately nominated by ihe Pope, is now at Havre, waiting to take fns departure lor his destination. He is accompanied by several priests, monks, and nuns. The Jfturnaldes Dtbalt has published a long art'clo on the past and present condition of Mexico, ... t.? T, 11.. 1-. at the conclusion, that a republican form of government has ruined the country, and that it is destined to dismemberment and conquest. The charge d'affaires sent by France to the Ktnporor of Morocco lias been received with great honors and every maik of respect, to the great astonishment of the native population, who cannot conceive the motive of so treating a Christian. If the French accounts be not exaggerated, no Christian envoy was ever received in a more Haltering manner by the Court of Morocco. To add to the general distress arising from sc.trciiy of (ood, a severe pressure has weighed upon itie money market. The Hunk of France itseil has been so seriously embarrassed for money ns to be obliged to borrow 20,000 000f. Irom the Hink of hnglnnd. It has also been coin p? lied to increase its rate of discount to b per cent, to restrict iis accommodation?measures that are felt in all their rigor by the small tradesmen, who do the greatest part of Parisian business. Some sanguine people hone ihnt ihe worst has passed, but the snrewdest believe that it lias yet to come. Altogether, the present position of this country is really alarming. Its relations with all the great powers are unlriendly, not to say hostilt; thousands are literally starving; food is unpreccdentedly dear; and there is an extraordinary f-carcity of money. Italy. The celebrated Gotifalonieri is dead ; and bis interment has taken plaoe et Milan, with every demonstration of resnoe.t from the nomiUimn He wri a martyr to Italian liberty On New Year's Day nil the people in Home went in gram! procession to pny their respects to the Pope. I hey were ntconipained )>v flags and bands of music, and sung hymns in his honor. The Pope appeared on the balcony of Ins palace, and was received with an immense shout ol j >y The vast multitude than knelt, and the Holy Father, with much solemnity and emotion, gave them his blessing, to which alt the people cried, as with one voice, " Amen !" On the 13th inst , his nohncss preached a sermon in the Church oi Saint Andre dclla Valle. I lis intention to do so had been kept a profound secret, sj as to prevent the collection of an immense crowd. When be appear, d in the pulpit, the sensation was intense, and almost ail the congregation literally wept for joy. It was the first time that a Pope had preached for three hundred years. His hohness's sermon is said to have been v^ry eloquent and nft<? tin.r The Pope ha* introduced important reform* in the administration of criminal jus'icc, mid continues to manifest the same libers! opinions an on his elcctioti. The love of the people towards htm appears to increase every dayThere have been m?nio disturbances by the scarcity of oorn and the consequent clearness of food. In Tuscany and Naples, the discontent ol t ie people is very gn at, and the Governments arc continually in dread ol an outbreak. A meeting composed of English and Irish was held on the 18th ult., at Romfe, for forming a RK I MING, FEBRUARY 22, II (X. ?v.? rai;ai'Ai Tvuia*%a i are received by Mr. Packcnbain, and all the other English hankers The Pope has sent to the committee 1000 Roman crowns Irotn his privy purse. Spain. In the Senate, of which the Marquis tie Viluma has been nominated President, some discussion took place relative to the expedition of General Floras; Senior lstaritz, as Minister for Foreign Affairs, declared that the government would not permit any military expedmou to he organised in Spa 11 ugainft any Republic that the Government had recognised ; hut. ho added, that it would regard us rebels tuo inhabitants of the Republics of

Peru, Chili, ike., that it had not recognised, and would take such measures Willi respect to them as it might think advisable. The expedition of General Fiores appears to be definitively abandoned. in iin- uiilus'iuii ffimin) m mr cspamsn mar- 1 ritige, the Ministry declared that Grtat Britain , would not lend any support whatever to the designs ol the Count do Montcmolin. Nevertheless, you tnuy he assured that that will not deter the partis ins of the Count front another appeal to arms, l'lepuiuiioua are actively making in Catalonia lor rising, and the people generally uto heart and ?oul for the Pretender. Belgium. There is no political n- ws The misery in Flanulers, and othrr parts of this kingdom, is dreadful ?as bad as it is in Ireland. Dtiunnrk. The number of vessels thai passed the Sound last year was 18,7ti5, being much greater than in any preceding year. The increase over the number of 1845, was 2 815. Alt engineer lias taken out a patent lor a new steam-engine, winch, lie says, w.ll only coasuiue I one-eiglitn of what is r. quired lor leeduig the ma- I chines <11 resent tu use. Htveden. j Several prisons have been built in this country on the American silent system. Our government has protested against the annihilation of the free state of Cracow, being entitled so to do as one of the parlies to the lamous treaty of Vienna. Its protest, it is said, has created more pain to the three absolutist governments than those of Knglind and France, as they never dreamed of so small a country as ours diring to mine its voice against them in favor of right and justice. The snow in our streets has been of tho extraordinary depth of five or six feet. Regular steam communication will, on the lit of May next, be established between England and Sweden. Our government has determined on abolishing slavery in the island of St Bartholomew, the only colony it possesses in the West Indies. A sum of ii2,00<) is to be devoted annually until the freedom of all the slaves shall be republished. A royal ordinance is prepared by which the fullest liberty of commerce ii to be allowed in this country. The ordinance will shortly be published. Germany. The German Diet resumed its sittings, en the 14th ult., at Frankfort. The Bavarian Government, as a special act of favor, has allowed the editors of certain Bavarian newspapers to receive copies of the English^. French, and German journals that are forbidden entrance into the kingdom ; but it has enacted from them a solemn oath not to allow them to go uui wi men unices tor a single moment, to DO seen l>y any other person than he who has need of them in the preparation of article* for his own newspaper, and not to keep them for more than twelve hours at a time, but to give them up to the government censors. This fact will give your readers an idea ol the delightful liberty enjoyed in (iermany. The trial of the Poles, concerned in the events of Cracow, will shortly commence, and, front the number of prisoners?about 250?will, it is believed, occupy three or four months. It is believed that the three Courts of Russia, Prussia, and Austria have replied in exactly the same terms to the protests of England and France, against the suppression of Cracow. Report is again very busy with the long promised constitution, asserting with the greatest coulidence, that it will soon bo promulgated ? The government i> in sueh want ol money, that it is not impossible that it may give something hke r constitution to the people in return for a liberal subsidy. At Elberleld 438 heads of families, almost all well off in the world havo determined to emigrate to the United States. The emigration Irum different parts of Germany to the States, is expected to be greater this year than it has ever been heretofore. In some places entire villages are preparing to go, and in others people are trying, by all means, to sell their little properties, so as to be enabled to try their fortunes in the new world. All throughout Germany great distress exists. Corn and bread are very dear, The governments do ail they can, but they cannot prevent great suffering. Switzerland. Considerable agitation exis'sin the public mind of this country, and there have been some attempts at disorder. On the 6:h instant the discontented and factious, aided by the inhabitants of Morat?a district distinguished lor its Protestantism, but which, nevertheless, makes part of the Catholic Canton of Friburg?took arms and inarched against Kr.hurg, with the intention ol overthrowing tfie local irovorntnent. The audio ritics took measures lor resistance, and were aided by Ioiom sent by Berne, now the Vorort.? They soon came to blows with the msargents, and, alter a short contest, defeated them. The viotors then took possession ot Moral. Uuaala. The official newspaper, yesterday, gave an account of tne repulse of the mountaineers, in their attack ori a fort occupied by Russian troops. The mountaineers gavo proof, it appears, of the most ex'raordinary and daring bravery; but were finally unsuccessful. The government is concentrating troops on the Polish frontier of G&llicia? lor what purpose it is not stated; and it is whispered that it is preparing lor some grand c*uj> in the province of the Danube. Russia, Austria, and Prussia have addressed a note to the Canton of Heme, on its assuming the post of Directing Canton of the Confederation, in which they say that they will maintain friendly relations with it as long as it shall respect, in spirit and letter, the pact of 181(5. This is cqniva lent to saying that the three powers will not permit Switzerland to make any changes in tbo constitution of the Canton, if it should think necessary ; m other wonli, will not allow it to control its own domestic affairs. To this insolent and extraordinary communication, the Executive of Heme replied, that the question referred to interested Switzerland alone, that Ibey were only responsible to Switzerland for their ants, and that ilicy were firmly determined to maintain the independence of their country, and not permit any foreign intervention iit their proceedings. This l?r?!d :t rid ^nPri/Htip. fttiHUTfcr Kn* sifTnrdfl<l u#>nHr:il satisfaction throughout the country. jr. According to an oHicmi report, several thousand persons are in danger of dying from hunger belore next spring. A demand for 50,000 florins was made to the aristocracy, but only 8000 florins were accorded ; and yet that aristocracy takes all thewea'thof ttie country, and keeps too people in slavery and misery. India. The news by the Overland mail reached London on the 2.1u tilt. The advices from Bombay are to the 15.h of December. The Punjaab remains tranquil, and the British anay, it is said, will march in the course of the prcs.-nt week Lahore. It is rumored that it vs ill make a halt some march or two from the capital, to watch the immediate results of its retirement, beloro billing buck on Ferozepore.? it is probable that for some time to come a strong force will bo maintained at our principal Irontior stanons Just as it was supposed, the most satisf >ctory conclusion had been attained, it is stated that unquestionable rvidence lias transpired of tlmre | n ivuig an uiuiersianaing oetween Hie IUj i Lad Singh, Vuzeerat Lahore, nnd Sheikh Lma; inum-odd daen, the Casliine.iart insurgent leaI der, with the purpose of keeping Ghoolab Singh from taking possession of his new dominion. | Should this prove well grounded, it will materialj ly alltct the concluding portion of our arrangements. i Tne proposed fair in the Jullundar Doab appears i to hnve turned out a failure. Lord Hardinga is s ill within our lat ly acquired dominions, in progress to the westward. Lord Gongh has by this time left Simla (or Urnbulla, ho not intending at present to visit the Jul* luadar L'onb 1 he Lieutenant-Governor of tbe north wpst provinces was last heard ol at Nusaeil ubad, in progress to A jinere Sir George i'ollor k has returned from the Cape to Calcutta; and tho | Legislative Council of India, dormant during his IERA 347. absence, is once more in a state of activity. f3otne mnnt hxir?nrditiurv instances ol iramblilllf in opium have occurred in the course of the month. 1 he Bombay bargains are usually made contingently on Calcutta quotations of the (Government sales. To raise these, the rival speculators hid, till ?13,000 was offered for chests usually disposed of lor ?150, the bidding being so arranged that no sales could he effected tha' day. (Government have made it a subject of special notification, and large fortunes depend on the result. A hurricane of unusual violence, by which much loss has been occasioned to the shipping interests, occurred at Madras on the 25th ol Nove aber. Simitar visitations at this season of the year a re frequent on the eastern side of India, t'rom Calcutta to the line; they are almost unknown in the Arabian sea on tho western shore of the Peninsula. Our intelligence from Scindo is scanty. None of the military movements formerly announced have as yet occurred, though the withdrawal ol seven regiments is known to have been determined on; a breach of confidence ill the subordma'e military department having enabled the relief recommended to be published before it had oh. tamed the sanction of government. No authentic intelligence has as yet been received as to who is likely to he Governor ol bombay. Lord lUlhousie and Lord Elgin aie both i spoken of; the former with considerable con 11dence. The Hon. Mr. Reid, acting Governor, has returned with his family from Kandallah, and been at Parell since tho 29 th nit. Considers hie sickness prevails in different parts ol the country, though not of a very latal kind. The weather was becoming cool and pleasant. Kushlons fur Fibrilary. Materials of light colors are coufituwl to indoor dreitec; pekinees, with alternate satin uud ailk stripes, or stripes ipoaUSMa, brochecs, ItO., poulta de seie, plain volvota, ottomans, or epingles, are tiisbioiiuhle (or high dresses; ledingotes, cavaliers, Vitchotiras, lor carriage, visiting, or ptomutiade dreases; gimp, lace, and fur, form at this moment the umal trimmings, excepting for full dross; all corsages are worn quite high even covering the throat with trimmings or rihbon, buttoning close up, and long tight sleeves to wrist. In evening dress, silk materials ate principally trimmed with bouillons of gauze of the same color, intermixed with ncciids or bouquet* ot velvet (lowers; lace is introduced in every vurlety of form. White il very fashionable in moira, untique dainas, velours epingle, for full dress Tink antl bluo are alio worn, the latter thado very pale and silvery. The mantelets and Crispins of wadded velvet ere generally made small, but of a pretty form, trimmed with lace and gimp; the latter is made very light and elegant, and is laid on flat near tha edge. Very pretty capotes are made of satin coulisse, having two rows of narrow lace lulled ?n to each runner; feathers are used very small and ronnd; bonnets of pensee satin covered with black lace, having two little feathers placed on each side anil matching In color, encircled aDd divi led by double coques of lace, are very elegant. In coifl'ures the toquets Caatillancs are much approved ; they are a melange of velvet, reside of gold and feathers; turbans and dress bats Ana quan ure equally fashionable; the coiffure lsahelle is composed ol blonde d'argent, ornamented on one aido by two demi queus of birds of paradise, so delicately mounted as to possess the lightness of marabouts, on the other side a lappet of blonde d'argent falls on the shoulder. Kor the hair wo hare guirlandes nayades with long green foliage. Ondino wreaths of marine flowers sparkling with eteiles ot diamonds The Foutarge entirely ! cooiposed ol rosebuds,and the couronno des hides formed I ol small wild flowers, tin , St.c. The Corn Trade of Europe. (Krom Wilmers' Times, Feb. 4 ] Lonoorr?The buoyancy which has prevailed in the maiketsfor sometime past has disappeared. Sales are only to a limited extent, ami prices are on the decline. This welcome state ef things began to show itself on the lSthult, when the previous currency for wheat and flour could hardly be supported The announcement made in Parliament on the eveni' g of the 19th, that ull foreign grain would be admitted fiee of duty, caused the trade to he very flat, and a general diairiclinatisii to putchase Ob the 2'Jd, wheat was in moderate demand ot previous currency Last week the market was much more dull, and continued in that position on tho U6th and 27th On the 2Blh, wneat declined Is to 2* per quarter, the market closing heavily Flour, as a matter of courso, was only in limited demand, anil prices have rocetlod Irom our last quotations some Js per barrel. Tliero was a good show of Knglish wheat fresh up for the market i.i.i in.t >... ,.r ?.i,;,.i, inferior, and business commenced i.mgui liy ; indeed hardly a tain win made until one of tho leaning factor* submitted to n decline of 4-1 to ;>* i>cr quarter, tin* leduc tiou win, however, not generally submitted to, und a con sideroble quantity remained unsold. Foreign wheat win held at price* barely Is to da per quarter lower, hut the transaction* were restricted. The top price oi flour of town manufacture remain* the same, hut ship sample* and American receded 1* to -J* per rack and barrel. There is little alteration in Indian Corn, the quantity on show being very limited. The proceodings at vlark Lane yesterday, Feb. 3, wero vary unimportant . . few sales, either of wheat or tour, were effected, but no ' change worthy of notice took place in prices, although they aiu reported as having a continued declining tendency. LiesarooL.?Turing the last eight or ten day* wa hnye hail enormoui arrivals of grain, and rrun produce, trom the United Htates and poits of British North America; besides which, several quantities of Wheat und Indian Lorn have been received from the continent of Europe. In our marketa here, on the Udd ult, we had but u moderate businese transacted in wheat, and could not vary the quotations statsd in eur last. Freo Flour also moved otf slowlv without alteration in value, and with luii inquiry for bomloil parcels, price* rather declined Indian Horn and kgyptian Bonn* lather exceed oui lata currency; of the former some largo sales warn made the markat i* again pretty nearly liare. A* it whole ihere was only a limited amount of transaction*, lPtlt done epoo speculation, and scarcely anything reported 11 floating cargoes of any de?cription. Tho bui inesa dole curing the week ending January 'J9, wm Arm, and a rather improving rate*, but upon that day the rules e wheat proceeded ruthor slowly; at the sumo time, ul though the piincipal bolder* wore moatly fi'm, a declin of 3d per 701b. win, in several instance*, conceded leal Hour extremely scarce but of Kngltsh u tolerable supply which moved sparingly at our last ^notations; of Amen can some further parcels were taken at 40s 61, and ther were buyeis upon a large scale at 40s; hut sup brands o western in granary, hoing held att ndily at 4lsperhhl the operation* lit that price were limited. In oat* ond oat weal no variation Indian corn not being disposed ol it freely ? ol Inte, wn* slightly depresied in value The ge netal depression ot the trade became fully visible at th? uiitkot lis Id on Tuesday last Influenced by the recent unactments of tho legislature, the l?ondou rnJ provincia matket* through the country being depressed, producer at our Horn kxchunge u declining tendency regnrdins most article* of the trade, an 1 all description* ot wheat upon a limited demand, receded 4d to ttd per 7*lh beliv the rate* of that day weak, although several holders r* (used to comply with this abatement. Ot b'.ngli*h or Irisl Hour, scarcely any appeared for sale te day; but with large >how ot American, loosed from bond, tho matkc opened heavily, and lower price* were accepted than in poller* wero afterward* disponed to concede; the tia *. thus rloKrtd ratner muio firmly than it commenced, at decline of 3a 61 bcr barrel from the currency ol Tueida last. Indian corn, hainif taken cfl sparingly, was Is to per quarter lower tliuu on that day ae'nigkt. W* amie tho i>riee* now current at Liverpool, and tboio paid o the 4th January last. Jan. 4. Ftb. 4 Wheat, per 7# lb*. Prom Ta From To t.anadiau, red V 9 10 0 10 4 10 I while 10 3 10 6 11 0 11 Uni d Sulci, led 10 0 10 t 10 0 II white 10 10 II a 11 J II D tbZiK, onicil and red..., 9 9 10 4 10 (1 10 I high in I led 10 9 114 110 111 Hteiun fc hileuan, led.... 1 0 0 7 0 0 0 white ? # 9 0 so o forneraniau ti Mrklutg., 1 0 0 7 10 J 10 Hit* k Ceteribuia, red ,, 7 9 0 0 10 4 10 Archangel 7 J 7 9 10 0 JO Odrna, ttunnion red,.., 9 0 9 9 10 0 10 APolllh 9 10 II 2 10 4 10 French, Span Ot Ual. red. 9 3 10 0 10 2 10 while IU 0 1U 5 10 4 10 Bun-?t It .Mnriauopoli red 9 10 10 3 10 G 10 I K^Tf'lon 09 9 0 9 3 9 Medil'reoiieaa, Ire, hard.. 9 9 9 0 10 0 lo Indian Corn, per 480 lb 64 u 73 0 G? o 72 Indian Meal, i or 196 lb 0 0 0 0 33 0 34 t lour, per barrel I9i iti Canadian aweet 38 9 39 0 38 0 33 I VJnited Mta'ei awetl 38 6 10 0 38 0 39 Do U Canadian ?.t)r 33 0 34 o 33 0 31 i , A?r,?ii,i. Pane or Unarm. I IfW liily. Halt ltye Un?. Prat, flour ) December 19. .64 3 43 I 2li 7 42 5 4.3 4 4N 0 0 0 Deeemlior 86.. !9 in 44 II 2? 5 42 1 1 4i 0 48 7 (I n I January 2. .61 0 43 2 96 3 48 1 44 0 48 10 0 0 I i *? * ji 1 or. in 49 7 4'. 6 .14 4 0 II i January 16... .70 2 40 0 59 6 70 I 41 0 41 11 0 0 January 31... .72 2 41 ? 21 3 11 0 41 1 41 11 0 0 Aggregate average of the ix week;... ? 0 40 !0 30 3 47 0 47 2 41 1 0 0 Duty on Krfn I'rnd preaent aerk 00 00 00 00 000000 Do. ether Bn1 tiah t7elnniea. 0000 00 00 00 0000 I'ouTiuKiTii.. Memel letterx are to the 10th Jar The lnitfi ptio< a of pram wore drawing aupplpa lion the interior; tranaactione weie however limitei!?lami ! Imht ijtia!ity oat* were oMainnt le at 30a 61 to 31 a per qr ! f. o h in aprmg. l.iuaecd cakea nt ?7 per ton, f o b At Danzig nnout iHtiAOqrs wheat had ehi.nged hand during the pr.oedin< fourteen day a, price* hating gradu ally advanced to Hla to r.fti per'|r., f o h. for h'gn mixed ! and ft7a tofl'Je per qr. for mixed 60 ta 01 lba per buehellower qualitiea in proportion, and tho market very firm j The auppliea fiotn the country were pretty liberal, tin of aatpfactory quality. The giowera in the f'rutaiai provincee were very high in their pi terieion-, the pncei :omai.<ien neing , qui 10 win . tig. In Pol*i.d the advance haa not been ?o rapids bu aa many t uyera from Hiring had piocaede 1 thither, l further enhancement wua expected. Krone 11 urn t > ti r? It letter* urn to - J J initant The grail 1 market had received a (ie?lr impulae, owing to aiinnatoi account* from Holland, ai d \ory ron-ile ruble aalr a h#. taken W heat. l-IOOqi* Mark* and Haal at 6J* 6 to 63* per qr s and ftt oo qra (ll.tflb* Wnmarf>3a6d to 04 I *r qi , fil.'.lhi lloliteui Bile to 63*61 per qr ; 6I>{ lb hoDigaherg 61* to 61a (id |* r qr j 81.', p.a K.lblnc tid- t (,'|I (id per qr ; 61 ih? Nya'nd, K.ltre, 4t", , Bt 67a 6(1 to 6J pir qr Aliuut Id (i0?) qr* It y a, 60 to />V? I ha. I tenia h, Hw< <h*h, Mental, A* , at tla 6 1 to 44a 6d per qr.HiRtiMti Feteraburgh 64H to 66)f lba 34* to 34* 6d per qr lor Me I hiirment About 0000 qr*. Beiley, 61 to 63 lira Jtttlet 1 tad Danish lalenda, ?#* 6d to 10* 6d per qr ; SI* to 60 hi LD. Wm Www OuMi Mill moo ?6s 9d to 37 s i*r qr ; 48 to 49 lb, Jutland Ml to 32, fid per ?jr Ot Oats about la dOU to 19 quo art cbat geil hands -, 37 to 3? lbs. Jutland 26 io JIa p,-r nr. 37W to j 3fi>i lbs. Fuhnen and SeeUnrf at '47? to2tt? 6d per qr SOW 1 to 3a lb* Sweden 'J4s fid to 27s per qr . 30Va to 37 Ih't P,. teishurgh 23s 8 1 lo 24s per qr.; 33)$ to 34 ll? D?i,i,h I (Weit Coast) 25 to 25 fid per qr.; this artide had been in graut lavor, the advance being fully 2, to 3s per qr. Rape I Cakes rath?r dearer. Fleusbuig jL'a 2s CJ, f. o. b , Linj seed Cuke A'7 12s, 1. o. b. At Leghorn price, of Orain have oontinaed to advance I on account ol the favorable advice, fiom knglund, I France, The arrivals during the three Jays pr< ceding the 2(>th instant, amounted to lOO.OUO qr,., 46.(00 qr, of which waro forwarded to Oeuoa end Marseille!, and fi.'i (HO qrs landed there, ami further supplies eipeotcd daily. 1'ho import duty had been an,pan-ted until the 1st Juno. Indian Corn was in great demand at 48, 8d to 47# 6d per qr. lor Tuscan, and 62, per qr. for Dunnt ? 't he .Sardinian Government has levied an eeport duty on the article of 8 franca per cwt. The Roman government has prohibited the export of Coin from that State, and the same was expected daily in the kingdom of Naples. Polish Odessa Wheat is quoted 68, to 60s, Marianople COa per qr. Ft eights 7c 6d to Us Od per qr. to United Kingdom. From the north of Kus,ia, the latest advioes from Archangel rc)-ort wheat ui good demand in 34, to 35s per quarter, hut holders insisted upon 37s Oat, were 18s buyers, and lis fid sellers, and some extensive sales of rye, had b en made at 37s, hut this article was also belJ lor more money At Kt. Petersburg!!, grain was in con' durable demand for Knglund ; a quantity of about 6000 chets good soft wheat ieuli?ed ro 23 15 per quarter, and tin' little more offering either on the spot, or for May delivery, and for such ro 32 i, demanded A parcel of 2500 diets for June delivery bud been done at ro 30, with two thirds advance ; IfiOO chet* Kuhanka hard wheat were taken at ro 32^, and 3t.0i) chets io 331*. Oats 19s 6d to 22s Od, aecordingto th? quality and period of delivery Rye 30s lor May delivery At Riga there wai a general demnnd for all grain. Wheat 50< to 68, per quarter . iye 31s to 34s 0J ; barley 30s to 31 j ; oat* 33* to 34* per ijr. f. o. b. Kroai the South,of Russia-Odessa, letter* are to tho | 11th and 3o:h of Juoiiary, the demand for all good ;qualitie* of Wheat was extensive, but the quantity offering of such, limited; tio to 01 lo* i* quoted at ro V> to 37 per qr. No Indian Corn lor sslo, and us yet contractor* decline to name a prioo for future delivery; Rye 13* to 33* 8d per qr.; Linseed 3(is ?J per qr , f. o. b In the Azoffport* owing to the favorable advices lenewed from the Mediterranean, Wheat was in extensive demand at ro 13 to 10, for hard, per qr , f o. b. at Kartell. Slocksjwere low,hut considerable supplies woro expected from the Interior.? Saratofl"soft Wheat for delivery in May und June, wu obtained at 30a per qr , f. o. b., at Kertch. Linseed 31a per qr, market!. Loxnov Mo,vet Mabket. Feb. 3.? On the 31at ultimo, the Bank of England again raised the rate of bills discounted to i per cent. Tins, for a time, produced a great depression in the market The step, however, is considered to be dictated by sound policy, sud the market has since rallied considerably from the alarm which me nep ni si cannon ; in rsci, uui ii>k a "? giee of firmness has been attained that could hardly have DM lipieM a month ago ; the laaJaany hai been throughout upward. '1 be appearance of (lie foreign exchanges has alio inipioved, particularly on Pari* and llamimrgh. Thn diain tor bullion continual heavy on the bank, and will, perhaps, continue ao lor a short time longer The Cambria takes out hardly less than two millions, chiefly in silver; but it is understood in the Hist mercantile circles that the bank is quite resolved to raise still higher the present rata, if appearances should warn the diiectors to do so. 1 he accounts from Paris were moro favorable during the groater part of the week, but there is still some cause ot uneasiness in regard to the hank of France, which establ'shment is said to be about to raise the present high rate of discount, and also sell a portion of her securities ; but it was again said that the Minister of Finance^interteiad. Consols have been donn to-day at 9fl{ to 91V. and close ot 91; there is no difference in the prices for Money, and fortbe Account; Reduced Three per Cents, 91V to 9P{, and Three-arid n-<4uarter per Cents , 9I,V a 92j; exchequer Bills 3s to fli. premium; Bank Stock 303 The Foreign market has,in a great measure, followed tho course ot the British Funds. The resignation of the Uturits Ministry caused hardly any ettect upon Spanish Stock. The bmluess doing in all descriptions this week has been considerable, and at improving prices. The latest operations iuciuded Mexican for Money, at il\ and for the Account, at 33; Portuguese Fottr per Cents., at 34,V for Money, and at 14 for the Account; Spanish Five per Cents , ut for Money, and at 24?? for I the Account; Passive, at 6*,; the Three per Cents, for i the Account, bt 3J!i: kntir.nnri a.Half t??r (Janti at 94>?; Dutch Two-an J-a-H ilf per Cent*., at ibS, nod the hour per Certificate), at 92v BANK OK HWLAND. An Account, pursu nit to the Act 7th and lih Victoria. etp. 32. tul the week ending on Saturday, the 23d ef January, 1847. Issue Dr.ranTMChT Notes iiaued ?26,766,260 (raveruuient Debt.?11.Oil,too Othur Securities.. 2,984,900 O ld Cuiu and Bullion 11,Ml,711 Silver Billion.... 1,974,8)9 ?26,766,260 ?2),76) ,289 B*?sitsu Dirsnr nitty. I'ropiietora' capi?l?l I 133.0WI (.internment SeruItest 3,100,663 riliea (including I'uhlic deposits (tu- De'd Weight Aneluding tliche- uuity) ?11,717,1* qurr,Havings Hits, Other securities .. 14.4* t!7 < emmnsioners el Note) 8,167.17) Nntiuiial ileht.and (Jold Jk ailvereoin 676,41) Dividaftd acc'u). 4 fr,3,4Uh Other deposit. 10,311,) 1 Seven day and other bills 913,781 ?34,090,773 ?14,(99 779 ^ Livrneooi. Cottow Mankkt, Jan 53 ? Cotton is a dietinet and lull '?d lower tin) week Tbure ta nothing . new with regard to the queitien of cotton itaelt : but tka rising price of tool and the disturbance in the utonejr ' market urn causing apprehension* on 'change, aud theck' lug commercial enterprise everywhere < oneequently ( our niurket i.r paitaking of the general gloom and dapresiioti. At tne public sale of Sea Islands brought lor I want today, but little was iol I, and that little at a de, cline iti the common quelitie* of >44 to Id par Ih from the | bent busitieaa doing previoti?ly hy private. 1(100 American hnvo b.-an t*k?n thi* week on ip?cnlation, and 4#0 '' American and 460 Hurot* lor export. The aalaa of to-day 1 are eHimated at lOoo bale*. The aalei lor the weak. 1 amount fo 10 3J0 bole*. AaoTHKK R>roet.?The iarreaxmg a't i agency of tha monty market, and the preenir# of new cotton for aala, , hare depreiied price* considaraldy tbia week Tha 1 market ha* I een eery irregular, American having been ' ?old at ltd to tfd, and all other Ja*criptio-i* at h>d te >*d per lh Oecljnn, cloning heavily. At the public aale Uii* ' day, confuting of 1994 Sea UUnd and 371 H'ained, UtQ of 1 lie luroif r and 00 ot the latter no I d at a re luctton of %i . to Id in the lower qualiti** Speculator: have takea . :t( on hale* of Amet ican, and axporter* 40O Amerioeo and ' 160 Aurat The *bio* for the week are 10 a-lOhalea. f llfeif roa thi ??; * miira J*% 19 I'riderthe rettimning it fluence of the tailed rate ofdiiconnt by the ' t)etik of England, an4 the conaide ration*connected tnerej" witli, our nutket suffered a little luither depression at ? tl o clone of laat and beginning of the preieut week But " w ithin the last three day*, Including this morning, the account* Irom I.ondonrome rathar tietter, and from Manchu'ar anl tlie dintnrt* no worae ; we e have consequently iwcoveied a mora cheerful toue, end u the full |Uo>ation? of hriday l*?t lor tne middling quaik ' tv of American have been revtored. Thi* morning there is a noon ucu oi stir hum acnvny, uie ( roceeniDfa on mo pun of tho trade being followed no by considerable btry1IIK o? speculation Wc have lis(1 letters a lew day* later fiora the United States, showing the receipt! of cotton nt Die port* to be considerable, coming pretty well up to 10 ?kose ol hist year nt ttie comparative period, the state of s trie ronda nnd facilities lor convavance to market having 2 beca aiogularly lavorablo this let!. Tbe general eatiraate 9 of crop remain* mueh e< kefore, and, at any rate, ha* " not been plocrd at a higher rale of quantity than pre? viously. POOO American and SOO Sura's have bean taken 0 on speculation , and 660 American, 600 Surata, find 1'X) 6 hgjptian lor export. The aaloa for the week are 14,6*0 6 baiea. J AniiTHK* It?poaT?In the early part of the week, the 4 mniknt was much depicaaed, end prices gave way Xd to 'ad. per lb, but yesterdiiv bo h tl.a tra !e ami speculator* 9 r ime lorward Ireely, ami a good htiirnea* bai been done n during the two da) * at higher intra, the i|tiota'iona of r, Kiplay being now fiirnly maintained lor moat deaerip 2 tiona Hpecul itora have taken 0000 American end 000 0 Hurat, an I exportera o.'.O American, 119 P.g yptian, and " 600 Sural '1 lie aalea for the week era 11,609 balee 9 Ri roir i ?hi J?? 30 ra F?a B i-nucaive ? Since the n piiMicatiou of the weekly circular on the Wh nit , tbe u market baa been in a very quiet end ra'her dull position, flu rale* are limited ia extent, and price* are ra'her on the decline. On the Xflth olt. 9000 belea. including cono on apeculation. were sold On the 1st, ?oSo t>rleicii*aged hand*, ol which atirculatora took 160? Th# hi'sfrivs* of tna i.l was eilimatrd at 1000 bales. 600 ef w hich ware .*i.e..luliA,. Vo.?o.,Uw .n ha I U dII I I tlMVV j market, with price* for American, generally ,'fd per lb. lower Oth^r i!e?criptiorn remain, however, unchanged . J The aalaa amount to about 4 00 bale*, of w hich apecula I tola took '4601) American The t<iiei:>ea? roneiated of 4000 Amaru mi at ? , I to 71* I, 800 Kg) I tiaa at 7J to 7JCd, uud 200 Mm at at 4'4d?? > ? 1 Leano* Miimn, Keb .1? Uop<?The maiknt continue* very harvly ?up, lie 1 w ith ?lmo>l overy detaripi tioti niid purticulaily ?" With anmplea appro ichb g to n choice golrtii g character I'ticea, ol comae, fully u<aii. a tiiiiu .1 ol all aoit*. nn<l the lower priced, ench ea Weald t f , Kent, and particularly Minn, evidently atill disponed to ii alight advance. A few American hie c.iop,.irig in. hut a tlio ?|*iotity i? ao varioua.Hnd lor the moat part ?o bad, tut they find no buyer*, though i ff*red at great lorn to , ! the importrra; moat of them ate I eing re exported - [New Kent Pock* te, OOe to 108?j ihoice ant Kv*'Kent, | III shilling i to ISO "hillings; Nee ttilaaex, "fit to 94a. 1 , Metal*?The trauviction* in the Iron maik"t nr? on a 1 very maricnT.i bchjp in?? I'^nu.pni ui no immey iiiimoi i havii q an unfavorable uHiim ce on prloea of nil do actlptlona. In Kcmcli Flq only n an,oil buMtieaa il ret portp.l at a further (Incline ot la to i? ftd on lu>t week a a retea, No. 1 Hiilirg at 7ii it i to 78i. t>n4 mixed number* 7 la to 7is chkli; IhoaM rati a ere, roe ever. quite nominal, rt ! ui it i* more eeay to buy Wrliii Mud rt.?(1.>r,l1 ahiro arc quirt; Initiate* are Imr-ly main'ain.d Rvila I are dull, and t.ow not more tU tu ill) to A*f> lbs ca b ( an be d obtained In foreign iron no huai ices reported. Bpelter a again advanced Kb-, but ? net have lit en at >ppod owuifto X the am nil <|riMiitliy In r? an J the high tales aalieil; ao re ntlo i iilea*) ia reported at 4MJ to X i'i i*, nad for arrival at about a 4,'Wl ia ( upper Kiary ac -iro an I dim, but a* yai no prlcve are llxrd by the amelter*. (.inland a*?e|ieiraj 4 noiniiiMily the . In Hip val n> ol Biiti'li r?o al y change baa taken p t-e, ami it ie j at vrry aca-oei at IM d amali lot* of Miraiu a e rrpur ed ml* week a*. Bo. to #Si a. ' 01; Banc* la Arm at tola to I OKI per cwt la other V