Newspaper of The New York Herald, 25 Şubat 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 25 Şubat 1847 Page 2
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- .* J' J. LJ NFTtV YORK HERALD. KUw York, ThurtJar, K?brumrjr 85, 1UT. MR. BENNETT'S LETTERS PROM EUROPE Paris, January 22, 1847. The \ewi|>#l>?r Press of France?Its Clrcu' latlon nnil Character?Interesting Facta. The newspaper press in Paris is one of thi mni remarkable engines in France. In govern menr, religion, morals, modes, philosophy, litera ture, and commerce, it is more or less a poten element, exercising an influence not only ovei Paris and France, but over the whole surround ing oontinent. There are over fifteen daily news papers published in Pari*, each possessing a dis tinct character and circulation of its own, but al forming a general similitude in management ami design, somewhat different from the press ol London, and perhsps more resembling the journals of New York The circulation of all the daily Paris journals is probably over 150,000 sheets per day?that of London about one half of thatnumV*o*? R >r.ieu tliA* ftilir p^v/ilutinn. iournalisni was restricted and expensive, though perhaps equally powerful as a moral anil political weapon. As far as 1 can ascertain, the circulation ol the Pans newspapers before 1830, did not exceed 50,000 sheets per day, the price of each journal being about #15 per annum, more or less. Since that time, a remarkable movement and developement took place in the newspapers, very nearly about the same time, and of the same character, which began in New York in 1832, when I started one of the first cheap papers commenced there. The cheap sjsiam was then adopted in Parts?more vai iety was introduced?and the result has been, a v rst increase of newspapers, both in the number of individual sheets, as well as in the circulation of many of them. At this moment, the Shtele is supposed to have a circulation oi 25 000 per day?price 40 francs, or #8, per annum. The C'onatilutionnel is believed to be the next in circulation, mid is rated at fifteen oi twenty thousand per day. These journals are both decided advocates of the Orleans dynasty, but opposed to the ministry of Ciuixot. Odillon Barrot is said to be the ajjlatut of the SiScle, and Thiers of the Comti.utiunnel. The whole daily newspaper press of Paris may, however, be divided into three classes?first, those supporting the Orleans dynasty; second, the advocates of the exiled Bourbons; and third, the republicans. One half, if not two-thirds, of the whole circulation belong to the Orleans dynasty, although the individual journals divido on the ministry. A fourth or more may belong to theIcgititriatists, or Carlists?and the remainder are the republicans. One of the daily journals idbercs toFourrierism, or a sort of social demoracy; but it has a limited circulation, and more limited influence. Itio most prouiauic, popular, ana widely circulating journals arc those which occupy a sort of independent position, anil found generally u opposition to the ministry. The same feature marks the press in London, and also in New fork. This is a curious and remarkable (act in the history of modern journalism in every free and civilized country. The income of the several journals of Pat is, varies as much as their circulation and influence. Out of nearly sixteen or more daily papers, not over three or four yield large and liberal revenues?the rest are barely supported, and some of thein sink capital supplied by speculators, who have particular purposes to effect. I have heard it estimated that those few which are profitable yield from $50,000 (f.250,000) to $80,000 (f 400,000) per annum, over and above expenses. I doubt if these estimates are nol very much overrated. One or two of the London journals yield even a much higher revenue, and arc managed on a far more scientific plan ; but 1 will speak of those when I get to London. Heretofore, the Parisian press exercised a despotic power over public opinion and the departments ; but this influence has been diminished oi late years, by the establishment of well conducted papers in the large provincial towns. Th< provincial press has very much increased of late years ; but it is doubtful if tbe establishment o the great railroad system, radiating from Paris t< every point on the frontier, may not restore to Pa ris and us journals its old centralization of power ii a higher and more aggravated lorin than ever ye existed. In fact, journalism in Paris, and ii Europe, is in a state of progress, or transition just as much as society, government, religion am philosophy. Again, the manner and mode by which the Pa press is conducted, is very different froi: of London?but it has some features in coir with that of New York. There are probabl three hundred literary persons of all kiruli every degree of talent and genius rsvr .MW * ???? ^ivon. jl n\yj aio ^ciiciaujr tuuij'uac Of young adventurers from the provinces. Thiers Guizot, and,many other distinguished men, conn menced their youthful career on the press, eithe as contributors of editorial articles, literary re views, theatrical notices, or feuilletont, as the lite rary portion of the journal is called, Each journa of importance has an editor, one or two suls-edi ors, besides several contributors, reporters ant critics, who furnish the diversified character o the sheet. These literary gentlemen go into thi best society here, and 1 have seen some of then at Guizot's ?oir?tt, at the Tuilleries, and in othe high walks of life. In this respect, the estimatio put upon literary merit is very different in Pari to what it is in London. In the latter inetropolii none but the professions?the army and navyare considered fit to associate on equal terms wit rank and power. Intellect and genius, if not st ofT with epaulettes or throat-cutting instrumenti are consigned to the outer regions of human s< ciety, where no gentlemen are found. The editorial literature of Paris is a peculis feature in itself. It differs from the same kind < literature in London and New York, in several in portant respects. The press in Berlin, Viennt and the other capitals of Europe, has no literarj no peculiar, character. These journals are th mere blind and paid advocates "of the several gc vernrnents. Mind is not allowed to ripen?am genius is banished as a disturber of fhe peace. Nc so in Paris or London?great freedom of though exists, but it is a freedom regulated by power am influenced by wealth. The Paris newspaper will, for months, luxuriate in wordy editorials, ful of theory, fine sentiment, and well put language They rto not deal so inuch in practical writing, o diversified articles, as the London or New Yorl press does. The Spanish marriages, and the ex tinction of Cracow, have occupied the newspa pcrs here for nearly four months. These twi topics have been turned an i twisted again am again, into every possible shape?the governmen Journals defending, and the opposition attacking The discussion is only now just coming to a crisis either in the retirement of Guizot or his retention English or American readers would soon get sick tirad and tormented by the eternal iteration of th same topic?marriage, marriage, marriage?Crs cow, Cracow, Cracow. The collection of foreig or domestic news?the publication of novel an extraordinary events, in any department of lift which generally form the staple of English o American journals, are not cared for here?nc attended to?and little heeded. A new idea on a old subject, no matter how odd, is more sougk after than new and pregnant occurrences. This ideal character of the French press, ha g rown of late years, in consequence of the dea calm in political affairs, produced by the firi hand ol Louis Philippe, who is not only King, hi his own minister, his own editor, and his ow banker. There is little or no enterprise, in th shape of extended and rapid reports of ptibli events, running of expresses, or any effort which i so often characterise the newspapers of London : andNewYork. The editors,critics, and reporters of the Paris press, write and prepare their articles : with comparative leisure, in their little ornamenti ed cabinets, and then no to work, varnish their boots, put on their white gloves, sally out to a rettuurant to dinner, and close the evening at the theatre or the talon. There are few who possess the originating, energetic spirit which you some5 ' (imes find in London or New York. In one respect the Paris press is peculiar. Its editorial " | columns, and all that inlluence, are reguiarly sold 1 to the highest bidder, in lavor of any kind ol spr ' culation?theatrical, financial, or political. The ' ! price of theatrical notices and similar things, is " regulated on the same principles, precisely,which rule the price of beef and mutton. 1 have some J curious facts on this subject. ! Affairs In Congress?Close of the Session. i Only seven working days of the present session of Congress are left. Within that short time, several very important measures must be perfected and passed, or laid over until December next, unless an extra session should be called. The most important of the bills now under consideration, is,without doubt, the three million bill, as it is called, that amount being asked for by the President to carry on negociations with Mexico, and bring the war to a speedy and honorable termination. This bill passed the lower house of Congress by a small majority, in such a shape as to annul its principal features, and so restricts its operation as to make it almost useless. We allude to the Wilmot or Brinkerhoff proviso. This bill is under debate in the Senate, and its fate is extremely problematical. The ohruces are decidedly against its passage, with that proviso attached, and its fate in the house, with that proviso removed, is exceedingly uncertain. So that between the two houses and the two parties, there is no', much doubt but that the bill, in any shape, will be laid upon the table. The President has relieved himself of a vast deal or responsibility by sending this bill into Congress, and has thrown the whole upon the representative part of the Government. Should the war be protracted, Congress alone will be to blame, in the event of this bill being laid over. We know not what the President has in view, in > proposing this measure. l<et it suffice that he must have good and sufficient reasons; at all events he is accountable for whatever disposal is made of tho amount required, and nothing but the most paltry pettifogging can prevent the passage of such a just and humane measure as we are disposed to consider this. We, however, expect such a course will be pursued by the fanatios in both parties, in both houses of Congress, and are, therefore, prepared for the deleat of this bill. The alterations and modifications of the tariff proposed by the Committee of Ways and Means, have not yet come up for consideration. The little time that is left of this term makes the adoption of these always extremely doubtful. There is a division in the two parties in relation to taxing tea and coffee, and this may defeat the whole bill. A few days will settle all these important questions. Attacks on Vera Cruz and San Juan jsk Ulloa. ?Our citizens arc anxiously looking for the result of the tremendous preparations which the Government have been making lor some weeks past, and which have in view the reduction of the city of Vera Cruz and the castle of San Juan de Ulloa, which are to be attacked simultaneously by sea and land, and a blow struck that wil . probably end the war. All is in commotion ; among our army and navy, both of which seem [ eager to commence the fray that will reflect honor on our flag and country. It is pretty well understood, by those who havo the means of acquiring information, that this great demonstration will be made between the [- 25th of the present month of February and the j tenth day of next month. Within three or four } weeks, therefore, we shall no doubt receive news ; of the most important and exciting nature; and f the probability is that the April steamer will 3 convey to our transatlantic neighbors accounts of . i one of the most successful and brilliant naval ;1 and land engagements that the history of modern t warfare enumerates. A very large naval force rl will be employed; and the immense number o( " Mexican pills" (as the bombshells are called,) j that have been manufactured during the last two months, look as if some hard work was expected. n Our navy has been accused of doing nothing since the war commenced, but our word far it, y j when they get an opportunity, they will nrove to the countrv and to the world, that thev , -- ? - ' (l arc not behind their land brethren in gallant ^ daring and bravery. ( We will be able to judge by the result of this de' monstration, whether the war will be ended withr in six months, or whether it will be procrastinated longer. The Mexicans are so obstinate and selfwilled, that it may require the city of Mexico to I be taken before they will come to terms. If severe thrashing can have any effect on their dej cision, they are destined to receive enough of it. j Scarcity or Vessels a.nd Seamen.?The dea mand for vessels is so great, that our merchants r are glad to charter any thing that has ahull and j masts. So great is the scarcity of both vessels g and sailors, that several of the schooners employ( ed as packets between this port, Boston, and othei J j cities on the coast, and even Gape Cod fishinp ^ smacks, are chartered at high rates, to load with ,t flour, grain, kc , and a bounty of $25 paid tc t sailors, to induce them to re-ship immediately. The sailors now in port, knowing this fact, take advantage of the demand, and refuse to ship : even at these rates The consequence is, no lesi , than six or seven vessels, among which is tin large packet ship Constitution, are detainad it the rivers, at a heavy expense to the owners. ' Bailors, as well as other people, understand tht ' law of supply and demand. And why shouli ' they not? This has beea a prolific year to tht I shipping interests of the country; and the sailor I as well as the shipper, should share a fair propor 1 tion of the fruit. In examining the lists of vessel! . advertised for Europe, throughout tho differen ports of the United States, we find that no less I than one hundred and eighty-three vessels art ; now loading for the old world, with the product j of the country. This activity and life in ship ' ping is without precedent in the United States and uas of course the effect to make freighti higher than was ever known here. Consul to Shanohik?The appointment of Mr Caleb Lyons, of Lyonsdale, as our Consul at tht portol Shanghic, is one of the best selections tha could have been made. Mr. Lyons is well knowr iu me (icujin- oi iniscouniry bs a linguist, arm i ' gentleman possessing talents of a superior order ' and is, in our estimation, eminently fitted to fulfi 0 the duties of this important office. " The Consulate at St. Johns?In publishini ' the letter of Count M^rasnl, Captain General o ' Porto Rico, to George Latimer, Esq , our nowlj r appointed Consul, we should have described tin latter as Consul at the port of St. Johns, and no " of St. Thomas. Mr, Latimer was formerly Con ll sul at St. Thomas. s Steamship Soutiiernhr.?This charming iitth d ocem steamer, under Capt. Berry, arrived yes n ten I ay, in 71 hours, from Charleston, full o U freight and passengers. Her performances, si n far, have been as regular as clotk-woik?alwayi e in advance of the mad. She is really deservinj c of the very liberal patronage bestowed upon her _ LI 1 ?g f Tn D*pa*tvu or the Stham Shit Sax am Sands.?This splendid steamer sailed yesterday tl afternoon, at two o'clock, and is probably now far si at sea. Annexed is a list of her passengers:? ri Mr. Thos Ferguson, lady and infant, Now York; Miss ! Elizabeth Bishop, do; Mr. Lssarus Arnold, Pbila delphia; Francois Ouszzati, Havana; Adrian Cairo, J' Peru ; Antonio Garcia, Peru ; Antonio Benisos, Chili ; " Wb. Glasgou, Jr , St. I.ouis ; T. E. Witteveon, Antwerp ; 8. T. ihbotson, Francis I,eland, T. W. Crook, o Now York ; Edmund Hope, Richard Lord, Providence. it The following is a description of her cargo t? ^ Floor, barrels. , I SOU c Corn meal, barrels 604) c Corn, bushsls 4 006 ;< Chsess, boats 461 a Cotton, baits 374 n Bscon, baits Ill ti Jalap, balei 30 Oniona, hbla 60 b Potatoes, barrals 00 n Chrome ore, tons 30 n Rice, tierces 60 u i Apples, barrels 60 jr It is fair to suppose, from the success of her '< passage from Liverpool, that she will perform c her return passage in fifteen days. ? Not a Candidate.?It is said that Father ? Ritchie is not a candidate for the United States h Senate. Italian Opcka.?In consequence oi the sudden indie, g position of Signor Benedetti, there was no performance at Palmo's last evening. On Friday "Lucia di Lammer tu moot" is to be piesented fir the last time; and on Monday ^ evening "I Lombardi" is to be performed. When is "Nine" Dl to be repeated/ We lost much last night in losing its performance. It is to be hoped, however, that it will 5, soon be brought forward again. cl Christy's Minstrkls ?This much admired Ethiopian Y band will give two concerts at Newark on Friday and ! Haturday evenings next From the success they meet ol with every where, there can be no doubt their entertainments in Newark will be well patronised. ^ Bonixetti's favorite opera of "The Martyrs," was pre- 0' dnred last week at the Orleans theatre. The Delta says: "j. "Never was this opera better performed, nor the artiitei ! greeted with louder applause. Dnffeyte, Fleury-Joly, and Uubreuil were called out aud showered with Bl ' bouquets. Enthusiasm never reached a higher pitch, T. nor wasfit ever more merited than on this occasion.'* ^ Theatrical*. " Bowaav Thcatrs.?Mrs. Booth's benefit last evening, " was attended by a vast concourse of her numerous fiiends. " Brian Boroihme;" or the "Maid of Erin," 0i was produced in a highly oreditable manner; bringing h< out the Bble talents of Neafie, Yache, Chapman and Mrs. si Booth, herself, and also the popular and accomplished tc Mrs. Sarreant. " Court Pages" followed; and the bill of tl the evening received every demonstration of applause.? Vl To-morrow evening a magnificent performance will take ' place for the relietof Ireland. st Bowaav AiirHiTHSATaa.?The Juvenile equestrian champion, Master Hernandez, has a strong claim upon ? I his numerous friends in New York, previous to his do- J ! perture from amongst us His benefit takes place this fr evening. The attractions ofl'sred for the occasion?the 31 high talents of Master Hernandez?the attractive bill at Eut forth?will insure for Master Hernandez a bumper m ouse. b Okneral Tom Thumb, as will be seen by reference to advertisement in another column, is to make his appear- Cj ' ance once more at the American Museum. He has just A | returned from Europe, polished by travel, but feeling 41 not a whit bigger than when he left his republican ! home. He is not yet too big for his breeches. In his I travels he has been accompanied by an English instrucI ter and a Orench governess, who have been diligent in 11 I their endeavors to make the general's travels useful in i 1 the highest degree to fit him for the rational enjoy merit " ot the immense wealth which he has accumulated by ! 1 his exhibitions, and by the royal presents which he has Cl received from the various crowned heads and nobles of P I the courts of Europe. The Museum possesses maay { ; other attractions, besides the little gentleman " from his f travels." There are various performances in tho lec1 ture room, where tho Ethiopean Minstrels attract much 0 I attention, anil in addition to all the thousands of natural .... ,..,.;??llQ.l li.? ..nnnl foil SI to draw crowd* lo the house. Mr. Anderion, the tragedian, i* playing at the St. n Charles, Naw Orleans. He is very popular. t, H Placide is still at the American, where he is hand- oi somely received, as he mnst be everywhere. ti si Rklioioki Affairs in German*.?Dr. Baird, who ha* ? just returned to this t ountry from tho continent of Eu- ni rope, where he ha* been carefully observing the reli- 11 gious movements in Italy, France, Belgium, Prussia,Ger ? many, Ac., brings home information of no small interest. The movements of Rouge and other reformers are inte- *< resting, not only in a religious but a political point of j| view. The Boston Traveller of Tuesday evening says:? p We are indebted to the Rev. Dr. Baird, who came passenger in the Cambria, for a copy ot a London Uniotrie i of the QOtlv January, which contains intelligence irom ' Germany oithe deepest interest and importance, namely, that the King of Prussia is about to extend to a liberal degree, the religious liberty of his kingdom, and to give to ni* people the long expected constitution. Dr. Baird assures us that implicit reliance may be placed upon the statements, and that the next steamer will probably bring us the official documents which relate to these important movements. The Untvmt announces the intelligence in the following language The King of Prussia will, in a few days, issue an edict or law, granting a very large measure of religious liberty to his kingdom; a measure quite as large as eould possibly be expected in the present condition of things in that kingdom, especially under the maintenance, and even the existence, of the Prussian national chuixh.? This is a matter whioh calls for devout thanksgiviog on i the part of overy sincere friend of a pure Christianity.? We understasd that the measure is so comprehensive that it will cover completely all such movements as those of Czarski, Ronge, and their adherents In a word, whosoever are dissatisfied with the existing Protestant, Catholic,or Jewish modes of worship, may have such as they prefer upon engaging to support it at their own charges, and to maintain a due regard to the laws which enforce good order and propriety. We consider this act ol the King a* constituting a most important enor.h in the history ot religion in Germany. It is worthy of the enlighted and excellent monarch of Prussia?a man who fears God, and seems desirous of doing what he can to advance the interests of true religion. In rvgaid to his paiticipation in the suppression of Cracow, we havo authentic iniormation, which will go very far to exculpate him. and which we shall lay before our readers next p week. tl In a very few weeks the long expected constitution will be given by the King of Prussia, and the Statesgeneral of the kingdom will be convoked to carry it into I effect. This body, it is decided, will be the union of all the provincial assemblies of the kingdom, eight in number. This is a great movement, and may be followed, and doubtless will be, ny the most important conse j quenc.es. May Ood give wisdom and guidance to all ( who take nart in it'. If Prussia should succeed in estab lixhing a wise and good constitutional government, it c will be a great thing for humanity entire, and especially for the whole German people We ihall watch cloaely both the movement! alluded to above, and give our rea. dora the eailieat and moat authentic information respecting them which may come to our handa. They are movements to which no Christian, no friend of human liberty and humun righta, live where he may. cau bo in different We are approaehing momentous times Great and extensive cnanges in the state of the world are not tar in advance of us?or we are wholly mistaken. Coma what may, let us held fast to the true source of consolation and of confidenceThe Lord reignsth ; let the earth rejoice, let the multitude of the isles be glad thereof." MILITARY AFFAIRS. The whole number of recruits enlisted in the army, from the first day of October, 1844, to Sept. 30ih, 1848, were as follows:? For the general service '2,tilt By regiments?Dragoons 1.200 " Artillery 1,043 " Infantry 1,020 Sappers and Miners 108 Total 6 945 The enlistments for the general servi te are made in twenty one States?in which there were opened sixtytwo rendezvous for recruiting. This would give an average of about forty one to each rendezvous for the year, or about one recruit for every eight days spent in the service. What a contrast between the general ser vice and the volunteer system! under which two regiments were raised in Pennsylvania alone, in as many weeks If Congress had resolved to raise the ten regiments required to strengthen the army, by mustering recruits into the general service, under officers appointed for them, how long would it have taken to fill the re. quisitionl O'rom the Providence Journal, Fob . 23 ] Captain Pitman returned lrom Washington yesterday morning, with his appointment as Cantain in the army. His company will be immediately enlisted, and as soon as It is filled up to the requisite number, will be disi patched to Fort Columbus, in New York harbor, and mustered into the service Captain Pitman is prepared to pav the l>ounty to which the men become entitled upon enlistment, us will be aeen by hi* Advertisement in thil day's paper. The company will form apart of the New KngUnd regiment, and will be tho only one received fioni thia State. We hope Captain Pitman will not be allowed to leave without some toatimonlal of tho esteem in which he ii held by hia friends in this city. , NAVAI, INTKLMOKNCK. [From the New Orleans Delta, Feb. 10 ] The steamship New Orleans, Captain Wright, cleared yesterday for Brazos Santiago; and she will probably get away to night. She will tako down about two hundred horses and government stores. We have been informed < that the government has chartored thia vessel for three f months, at $ 11,000 per month, with the refusal, at)the expirition of that time at FiJiOOO, less the $33,000 which r will then have been earned. " It is said that the Government have now over one t hundred line merchant shins in the Gulf of Mexico, and on their way there, which are chartered for two and throe months, and longpr if required. A Crash ? Lnst night, between 8 and 9 o'clock, 9 the first and second floors of John Shelby's grocery and produce nstanlishment, on VVater street, gave ' way, from the weaknesi of ths pillars in the cellars f Lugo quantities of sugar, whukfy, Stc , were tumbled pell melt into the collar. Messrs i'ortls and Pilkington, * who were in the sleeping room, in the second story, j made their escape through the window by, the means of a bed cord. The walls of the buildtojj* sustained ne < injury. Mr. Bhelhy's loas will not be leak (half^lAOOO.? Mr my hit Monitor. City intelligence. The Weathib?Yesterday wu remarkably fine?and >e mow of the previous day began to thaw rapidly bout 1 o'clock. It began tofreezo toward* evening, and te thermometer itood at 5 o'clock, P M., at 'IP deg. The leigha were kept in requisition during the day, and save tl private ones, of every shape and design, were to be ten in all q tartars, inoviDglto end fro in our streets. The laighlng on the Avenue yesterday was splendid, and te vehicles were fully freighted with some of the most ishionable of our fair denizens. Dbstbuctite Kibe.?A very destructivo Are broke ut yesterday morning, between one and two o'clock, 1 the large building No. 396 Water street, occupied by VIUfam Moore. Tne premises, with the adjoining one, Jo. 199, were entirely consumed, with a portion of their ontifnts, consisting of a quantity of sugar, cotton, and rockery ware It is estimated that the total amount of >is and damage approaches to something nigh 100,090, which we understand was insured in save tl of the insurance offices in our city. About wo thousand bales of cotton, it is understood, were detroyed. independent of the other property in the uilding. No* 204, 300, 301, and 304 were somewhat da laged by the falling of tha walls, and some of the flrelen were injured. We understand that the fol >wing is a pretty accurate estimate ef the amount of isurance on the premises :?City Insurance Co , $16 000 i $19 000 ; New York Kire Insurance. $15,000 ; Fireten's Insurance Co., on building. $0,000 ; do on mer handise, $5 0' 0 ; Howard Insurance Co , $1 600 ; Knickrbocker Insurance Co., $8,000 ; Muluul SiiMy Insurance o., $6,000 ; Columbus Insurance Co., Ohio, $11,000; ranklin Insurance Co , Philadelphia. $9 IIOO : /K'na Inirance Co , Hartford, on building, $6 COO. Insurances are also been effected in eome oi the Brooklyn office*, he Are companies labored with a piaisewortny activity uring the continnance of the Are, which would have (tended itself considerably, were it notlfor their uatirig eaertions. Too much praise cannot be given to our ulaut fireman upon all auch occaaions. Relief to Iiblanb ?The Rev. Henry Oiles will leeire at the Tahernacle. this evening, at 7>? o'clock, abject?The causes of Irish distress eaamined, and ime of its remedies indicated. On this intareatiag topic ? one is better able to lecture, than the Rev. Mr Gilea. id from tha crowded audienoes that have heretofore >en present at his lectures, we think that the Tabernae will be orowded with the beauty and fashion of New ork. Immicirants ?Over 1100 foreign immigrants arrived at ir port within the last two days VcisKi.i in Pobt.?There ere at present, ever 100 ves' ils afloat in our harbor, awaiting an opportunity to pro ire seamen, so as to enable them to proceed to soa. base are Ane times for the sailer. The Sidewales?The condition of the sidewalks in tony parts of the streets, is truly disgraceful, and in iolation of all law. In Courtlandt street to the ferry? fall st ? East Broadway?Bowery?and even in parts f Broadway, the snow is allowed to remain on the sidetalks, and the danger of walking thereon, in their promt condition, often results in a broken leg or arm ? fhy not enforce the law in all such cases? Caution to Labiei.?Female pickpockets are numer11s at present, and with their male accomplices commit eavy depredations npon the passengers in the public

eigba. A gentleman bad his pocket cut through yesirday, in one of the East Broadway stages, by one of lose accomplished hands, and a gold pencil ease, a velet card case, together with other articles,were abstract1 therefrom. Look out for pickpockets in the public ages. The New Tract House?The total cost of tholTract ociety's new building, at the cornar of Naeeau and pruce streets, including mason work, carpenter*' work as, and all other expense* connected with the removal om and re-occupation of the house, amount* to (41 !? 1. The sum of $41,000, towards the liquidation of the line, has been raised by loan Aboutjtweuty years sgo ore than $15 000 was contributed towards this splendid nildiog,which enabled the Society to purchase the voluble lot of ground upon which the present building is lotted. The parts of the building not occupied by the soietv will be rented to tenants. Messrs. William Hurry, rcnitect; Lorenzo Moses, mason,and Thomas Gardiner, arpenter, wer* the principal persons employed in the rection of this superb building. To the Judges of New York. Some of the Judges of New York appear to have been ibering under the strange impression that minors canot be properly enlisted in the army ; and I am informed let many have been discharged by tham, without inuiring whether they were authorized to enlist by the onsent of perents or guardians, or whether, having ne arents or guardians, they were autherizod to act for lamtclves. The eleventh section of the law of the nited States, passed March 16th, 1S0J, is as follows : " And be it lurtker eDacted, That the commissioned (Beers who shall be employed in the recruiting service, i keep up, by voluntary enlistments, the corps as Hforeud, shall be entitled to receive, for every efleetive, ble bodied citizen ef the United States, who shall be nly enlisted by him, for the term of five years, and itistered, of at least five feet six inches high, and beween the ages of eighteen and thirty-five years, the sum f two dollars : Provided, nevertheless, that this regulaon, as far as respects the height and age ( the recruits, lall not extend to musicians, or to those soldiers who toy re-enlist into the service : and providtd, also, That o person under the age of twenty-one years shall be nlisted by any officer, or held in the service of the United States, without the consent of his parents, or uardisn, or master, first hod and obtained, if any he ave ; and if any officer shall enlist any person contrary i the true intent and meaning of this act, for every uch offence be shall forfeit and pay the amount of the ounty and clothing which the person so recruited may ave reoeived from the public, to be deducted out of the ay and emoluments of such officer." Every part of this act relating to the enlistment of linors nas remained unchanged to the present day ; and II the regulations and orders which govern the recruitig service are framed accordingly. 1 hope the Judges f this State will reflect upon the great injury done to tie army and navy, by the unnecessary exercise of State urisdiotion over them. And 1 hope, especially, that, rhen writs of hahtat cci-pus are necessarily granted, the nteresta of the United States will not be overlooked, iscause the agents of the government are absent from the rials. It is not alwsys possible for officers of the army >r navy to be present at these trials ; and we all know hat there are innumerable tricks and technicalities by vhjch the ends of justice may be defeated, if the intsristed party be allowed to have his own way. If 1 had ime to enumerate the various plana by which discharges from the army are obtained by writs of fcaiess oipui, it would appear that that sacred instrument of iberty has been degraded to one of fraud and injustice, 'fans for obtaining bounty, clothes. &c., by enlistment, >nd for obtaining discbarges immediately after, are now egularly laid in this city. 1 do not mean to complain of he judges of this State, for 1 believe them equal in patriitism and justice to those of any other State. But I hope hey will see the propriety, especially in time of war, ot irotecting the interests of the government, and of allowag hs lew men as possible to avail themselves of their uttrference to enable them to violate their obligations o tbe United States. I will take this occasion to warn the relatives and riends of persons enlisted in the army against obtaining tieit discharges improperly by writs of kaheai corpui. 'wo men thus discharged are now in prison in this oity, tDjitinir tkair trial fur nhiaininff mnnev nnMor falm* nr?. nee* j >n<l they will undoubtedly be cent to the State iriion. It cannot he expected that these crime* against he govtrnmsBl will b- to age r overlooked. MINER KNOWLTON, Capt. lit Art., U. 8. Army. Recruiting rendezvous, 95 John it., New York. Police Intelligence. F*b. 94.?Jlrretl on Sutpicion of Hurglary?Officer leed, of the 10th ward, assisted by officers bloom and faugben, of the 6th ward, arrested, yesterday morning, in the corner of Bowery and Ba>ard atreet, three men, tailed Daniel Moran, John Moran, and Daniel Kennedy, taving in their possession, the lolloping articles, which ire evidently the proceed* of several burglaries:?93 luncheaof lowing silk, Id pair* of kid glove*, 10 pair* if thread and *ilk glove*, 4 suspenders, 4 tooth bruihei, 0 hair bruRhea, 4 pair* of half hose, 9 pen knives and 11 tomb* Since the above was writton, we have ascerained that the above property has been i entitled by Mr J. A. Senium, whose store wu* broken open on Saturday light last, and about $130 worth of dry good* stolen herefrom, a portion of which has been recovered, and he arrest of the thieve* effected, through the vigilance ind ingenuity of officer Reed, of the 19th ward. Justice Drinker committed the accused, for examination. Burglary in the Third Degree? The residence of Mr. bin les Copping, bootmaker, No. 53 Liapauard street, was entered by two young entry thieves, with the aid >f a falsa key, on Tuesday afternoon, about 4 o'clock, Ka n.nra naaainirnn ataira with intAlit tO itial whfill ottl. ;er uilhert K. Hays, fortunately, wa? in the bootatore, ind on opening the door which opened into the entry, iaw one of them coming down ataira, whom The otlicer leized, which proved to he the notorioua entry and till thief called Thomaa Burdett, aliaa Barton. On searching liia perann, a chiael was found in hia pocket, an instrument which theae fellows always carry for the purpose of breaking open bureau drawers, trunks, Icc The oilier rascal ran ulf, and made good bis escape. The accused was taken befoie Justice Drinker, and committed for trial. Entry Thievei at Work Jlgain.?The dwelling bouse occupied by W. B. Worrell, No. lfiti Elm street, was entered on Tuesday evening about 7 o'clock, by some sneaking thief,who stole therefrom one lady's blue cloth cloak, and one gentleman's over coat, valued in all at $30, lrom a closet in the hall jinother.?The dwelling house occupied by .Mr 8. F. Criasey, No.H Birmingham street, was entered on Tuesday afternoon last, by some sneaking thieves, who forced open a desk, evidently with a chisel, and stole therefrom a gold necklace, with gold ornaments hanging to it with three stones ; also a hair bracelet, gold clasp, with small red stone, and $80 in bank bills. Where's Charley Hayden 1 Burglary?The store occupied by O. A Sauham, on the corner of 31st street and 7th avenue, was hurglarioustly entered between Saturday night and Mouday morning, by some burglars, who stole therefrom a lot of cambric muslins and mull muslins, together with a lot of other dry goods, valued in nil at $130 Dithoneit Apprentice!.?Officers, Wall and Duflon of the 7th ward, arrested on Tuesday afternoon, Alexander Murray, William Manly, and Thomas Carter, on a charge of robbing their employers, Morton A Browner, corner of F.lizabeth aud Hester streets, of a quantity of brass castings. Committed by Justice Ketchum for examination. Stealing Clothing.?Officer McOee, of the Oth ward, arrested, yesterday, a woman called Ann Kennedy, on s charge of stealing a quantity of female wearing apparel, belonging to Harriet Williama and Mary (Jest. Committed for trial by Justice Drinker. Driving without a Lieenee?Officer Leonard, one of the Chiefs aids, arrested yesterday,a cab driver by the name ot Thomas Carr, on a warrant issued by his honor, the Mayor, on a charge ol driving cab No. 30, for hire, wiihout a license, contrary to law, The .Mayor fined him $3 for the violation, which he paid, and was discharged. HDkstructivk Kirk.?On Friday morning, the woollen factory situated on the island on the falls, belonging to (Jen. S P. htrong, and occupied by Mr E. Jewett, of this city, wss discovered to ha on Arc, and before proper resistance could be made, was aonsumed, together with the excellent new mill belonging to Mr. C. W. Bradbury. The loss sustained on the factory is estimated at betwoen $4000 and $3000 All the books and aecoants o( Mr. Jewett were destroyed. We have rot learned the amount of insuranca. The loss on the millli betweon $?0o0 and $7000. lusurance about $3000 ? yermonttr, Feb. 17. Citt op Sr. Domingo, Job. 3S, 1847. Dncription of Ik* city ?Dwelling Houie of CKrUtopbor Columbue? The Dominican Female*?financial affair* of (As Republic. Having boon lick during the greater part of my brief residence in thia city, I have been unable to write to you, or in fact, even to my own family; but, ai the schr. Henry Q King is to fail to-morrow, I have detei* mined to threw together a few iacts, that you muy digest them at your leisure. This city lies at the mouth of the little river Ozama, and is bounded on the south by the sea; it is not strongly fortified, and is very weakly garrirened. The only fort, or castle (se called) is at the entrance, on the south-east point of the city, and with its range of commodious, extensive, and, one might say, elegant barracks, capable of accommodating live thousand men, might be rendered almost impregnable from the sea, situated as it is, on an abrupt eminence of fifty feet ol solid lime-rock, incessantly washed by a heavy sea-surf On the north and west side*, (the city is square) the wall* are more.than rsaneotable. but sadly deficient in material. On the south, or sea aide, there is no wall, but it is protected by a perpendicular bank of lime-rock with heavy surf. On the oast, or river side, though walled, there is no defence, unless we mention the little inactive naval force, consisting of a small three-masted American propeller built vessel, on* small hermaphrodite brig, and three little schooners. The city is laid out at right angles, and contains only one equate, (La Plata Nacional,) on the east side oi which is situated the President's house, en the South the front yard, one side and rear buildings of the catholic cathedral. This oddly constructed edifice was bef;an in 1414 and finished in 1640?it is large and eitremey massive, for which it is mainly to be admired Tho roof is of en* arch of masonry, not supported inside by columns, and not inelegantly grooved ^ ^ mvsn is a * i imavstln/lml hitmK rill i-im.l in tVaaa rnnf n f thii cathedral, throwu by the English during their last war with France This cathedral haa, as an Invaluable relic, the first cross, ('tis of wood,) ever erected in the new world. It was made by order of Columbus himself. Speaking of Columbus, 1 must tell you that the house commenced by him for his son Diego, and in which he was confined in chains before he was sent home, has never been completed?its roof was never put on. It is about fifty feet square, two stories high, and massivelv built; but haa nothing el a castellated appearance, though it so terribly frightened his enemies It may not be amiss to remark the magnificent wells of this city, and its suburb, St. Csrlos. They are dug through the solid lime stone on which the whole islan I is based, and of course not walled up. Thms wells ate generally round, of about six feet diamater, (but some of them are square,) and from one hundred to one hundred and seventy-live feet deep. 'Tie a most beautiful sight to sea tha pretty maidens al these wells with their jars, which they carry in the limner of the ancients,on their heads The congress art to meet next week, (in this city,) and tha finances of the country seem to be the piincipal topic of conversation among the M. C '< of 8t Domingo. The government has about $4,000,010 of paper money afloat, (and a little copper,) and is from time to time issuing mora, with no means of redemption, unless by confiscated property, should the Dominican Hi public avar ba established. 'Tis true, there is a vary l?rge amount of this confiscated real estate, yielding, however, comparatively nothing. A large house, very large, is hired lor $30 paper per month, equal in Spanish coin to less than $18 per annum. Colombian, Veiiezuelian, New Orenadian, and Mexican doubloons have avoraged since the middle of November, $180 in government paper, and have eccastoaally sold In extreme cases as high as $300. Little attention is paid to agricultural pursuits, as all able bodied men, white or black, are soldiers per force, the privates receiving fourteen reals per week for subsistence, and $4 per mouth wagas?in all equal to aboul one dollar Spanish per month. The mass, of course, are not on duty continually, but take turns, and are allowed to work for themselves the greater part of the time. There is now a great deal of fever here of the bilioui type, and the small pox (called varioloid) is alto general Provisions are far from plenty; still the prices (in Spat ish coin) are v< ry low. The President published a Banda, equivalent to a dc cree, in the early part of Deoember, to remain in force till the 38th of February next, permitting the free im portation oi all kinds nf provisions. Flour is selling at $80 per barrel, which is less than $7 Spanish rica $80 perewt.; French, about 6c. per lb ; codfish $46, same weight,[equal to say 3>?c.; butter $380 pel cwt. French, which is less than 18c. per lb. Other pro visions in proportion, and European goods are lowei than in New York The exports at present consist of mahogany .almost ox clusively without regular price, but exceedingly high Fustic, ligaumvitic, and hides, are so scarce, tna scarcely any are shipped. Cottee and cocoa are onlj produced in sufficient quantities to supply at high prices the home demand. Of tobacco, none is shipped from thi; place: on the contrary, the whole of this section of tih Island is measurably supplied from the north side. flgAll religion is tolerated. The Jews have meetings but no synagogue. The Methodists have meetings, bui no church. Yours. Ac. O. W. Relief to Ireland. T? thk Editor of the Hkrald:? Sir? Having received a letter from Ireland, regarding the famine there, the writer suggests the propriety o sending over provisions instead of money, as he statei there are English speculators who would enrich them selves even by the benevolence which is bestowed bj Americans upon a starving people. Now. as a subscri ber, I would suggest that the money which remained ii the Mayor's hands, alter the first remittance-togetbe: with the amount derived from the'Relief Ball, (which b; the by, ought .to have been published before now) b< given, by the Mayor, to the Shipping Committee, a Prince's Building, Wall street, in oraer to add to thi cargo of provisiuig which they are about sending to Irs land. By insetting the above you will much oblige. HUMAN If AS. Movement* of Traveller*. The following unusually numerous list of arrivals, a this early season of the year, were registered, yesterday at the following hotsls. In two instances we were ne cessatily obliged to curtail the full amount. American.?Dr. Woodworth, U. S. Army; A. Hay wood, Charleston; Dr. Heyward, do; J. McKennon Fisbkill; J. tiilliian, Charleston; J. Roberts, Georgia G. Moran, do; J. Anderson, do; A. Jarney, Baltimore W Jurney, do; J. Muueli, Georgia; S Wharton Fisher Phil.; L. Ashmead, New Bedford; G Underbill, Pensa cola: M McKenna, Georgia; C. Bryan, Georgia; 1 Phillips, Alabama; W. Weeks, Georgia; J. Wellman, do W. Seaver, Phil.; W. Scott, New York; H. Bennett Newburgh. Astor?J Watson, W. Prescott, W. Perkins, H. Hall Boston; C. Tuurbor, Norwich; T. Wheeler, Syracuse J.Ellison, J.Matthews, J Wassen, P. Aulden, Boston G Sullivan, O Elliott, Darlium; H. Benedict, Troy; W Akertun, Phila; H. Kinsman, Newburyport; N. Palmei New York; R. Montgomery, New Orleans; B. Hallett Boston; 11. Cowles, Macon; W. Lewis, Indiana: T. Wet ster, Phila; W. Holmes, Ireland; L Audeuveld, Phils D Thorp, W. Mann, J. Page, Bosien; R. Dean, Tauntot E. Dauam, Baltimore; C. Geer, W Elliott, S. Sawyer, 1 Hackett, Boston; W. Stringer, Georgia; J. Dane, Boi ton; T Yard, Phila; C. Fairbank, Halifax; J. Simpsoi B Green, Georgia; Hon. A. Parko, Albany. City ?F. Waid, Va; D. Morton, Ohio; Com. Kearnej U. 8. N; J. Fairchild, N Haven; T II Adams, S. Mai nah, l'rov; J.Souther, Richmond; G C"cart, Georgia; 1 Newhaad, Boston; J Lewis, J. Boker, Philsd; A Hamlii L. I Fsanrlin?H Hoadley, New Haven; o Van Allen Salebury Mills; C. Cowles, Buffalo; J. Tomlinson, Nei Haven; J. Kyle, Columbus,Ga ; H Cauthrop, Mass.; I. Keller. S. C.; W Black, do; P. Ford, Augu.ta, Ga ; I Taylor, Baltimore; J. Kelli, Concord; J. Bryant, No' Havan; J. Colt, New V oik; C Benliam,U 8. N j 8. Ooli Plnla ; R. Granger, Albany; W. 8eave, Bal imoro; | Rogers, Buffalo; A. Bacon, New Haven; N. Adams, Lai singburg; L. Damg, Troy;H. Rogers, Buffalo; W. Sea' r, Baltimore. Howard?J. Travers, Baltimore; J. Bailey, Tanneuei J, R. Hudson, Georgia; L. Hopkina, do; N C. Warrei do; G Wakefield, do; W. Claggett, do; W. Barnes, di J Robertson, do; M.Winfield, do; W. H. Sims, do; I. Car Charleston; C. Paulson. Pittsburg; H. Atken, N. Vorl W. Heudrix, Alabama: J. Hutchinson, do; J Lynn. Lnf 5land; A. Davis, Ohio; J. Clifford, Canada; Mr. Richard o: M. Peterson, do; N. Diaper, Hindsdale; R. Curti Baltimore; W. Davidson, do; H. Lambert, Columbus; 1 Lambert, do; J. Smith, Virginia; W. Butler, do; L Prat White Plains; G Underbill, Pensarola; T. Smith, Wi mington; Dr. Smith, Louisiana; D Wallace, Decatur; V Harrison, Baltimore; J. Lluson, Philadelphia; C. Menol Baltimore; C. Brinley, Boston; F. Cat tledge, U. 8. A; ' Wheedlen, do Judson ? J. Shackelford, Ala ; George Miller. Quinc; G. Carroll, T. GailiarJ, Ala.; 8. Williams, North Car liua ; 8. Moore, J. Adams, South Carolina ; J Uarlre Louisville; J James, Mass; C. Penott, Louisville; Power, Boston ; VV. Caningtoo, Colrbrook ; l>. Karra: J. Borden, J Kuimons, J. Sears, J Haywood, Bolton; / Sherman, New Haven ; J. Ayroid, C. Humphreys, I Kenny, J Smith, J Seymour, Hartford; Dr Bishop, ( vlygslte, Now Haven; J. Hildebran, I'hila ; Mr. Hil Nmhville ; Mr. Knight, Mr. Hester, Mr. S'ockttn, V PamvRt, 8. Pumvat, borJentowu ; J Beach, Now York J. Maher, Boston ; W. Joyher, Memphis. Raihbuh.?Thos. Perkins, Buffalo ; A. Hazen, Con R. Chandler, Batavia ; H. Morris, Pniludelphia ; C. Va Volkeubeg, P. Van Volkenbeg, Hudson ; (J. Boater, Pr videuce; D. Smith, I'eughlteepsia. The Snow Stoum.?We were not alone in tt enjoyment of the glorious snow storm ot Sundj and Monday. All flown Last paiticipated with us. Boston it commenced on Satur ay aight, and kept it t until early Tuesday morning, when there was over hi a toot ol snow on the ground, making firat rata sleighin In Worceiter and Springfield they were favored wr ten or twelve iushes of sledding, and thelaimersa molting the most of it. The Hartlord 'Ames of Mondi ays:?It has been snowing for the last foity hours Tl snow is now twelve to fourteen inches deep. Wind m derate Iroin the north. Tiiermometor, dining the ston 17 degroes above zero. The snow hit tallen fast tt afternoon, making the greatest snow storm of the sease There is u large body ot snow on the ground. The mai mo inwiruintu uy una severe norm. The augor crop in Texas ii look el forward to wj nigh expectation!. Great additions are said to h? linen mailt lately to the quantity of cane elieady planti In otiu county three-hundred liand* heretofore employ in raiting cotton, are now at work in the cane flelda. Goiirnurt'e ItailAii lUeilliaUd Soap, f curing [> mples fr-cklet, kc.j Oourio i'i I'oo 're 8uo Jl*. I eradicating snpeiflunut hair; Oounud'a liquid rouge. (J rand's Illy win e, and oilier coimet ee. at tne only drpct, Walker it on. first store f om Broadway Agency lor Bad tlor'a Ii11unl hair dye and Ueil'a rea oratire. Alio, fine all pomtnade for the hair, black, brown and fair Mouge tlieatro, in pota, blai.e de pe.le, in pota, and a very gri variety of choice toilet articles. Metallic Tnlaleit lln*or Strop.?Uy tin: u of this article the operati in of shaving becomes at once ?i and agreeable. Kor nearly 30 years whirl tint nuclei been before fie public, none hat received so inauy en iniiima in pioot of their utility, or enjoyed its enviable rei latioa A liberal discount made to wholesale purchasers. O. HAUNOKKH tk HO.v, 177 Broadway, opposite Howard's Hotel I A Ifaw Gu Barner?Woram A Haafhwout Ml Broadway. beg to call (he attrnlioii of the public to a new and beaatifal Oa? Burner, jutt rceeiyed from the inanu'artory of Meaara. Cornelius ItCo., of Philadelphi > Thia burner has been tiied by aevaraj learned and acien'ific fan tieman, who havn had rnurh eiperieore in measuring light, and theraault ia, that the improved burner uvea ihree titnai ae much light aa the ordi isty batwug burner, without conturning any mora gaa; or, iu other w rda ? ? Pull wutth ot gaa burned th-uugh the new burner, will y led i.a much light aa three dollars' worth bu ned tlirongfa the eommon batwiogburner. These aaaertioaa may be relied upon, and we invua the public to call at our wararusma, Ml Broadway; at .vlesars. Johua-.c'a, Lauphier and Nascy's, 2S3 Broad, way, and at the ofllee of tbie paper, where the burner tnnv be aeeu m uae every evening. fjj t, Portable UreulugCaaea nfan entirely new ' and compact construction, fnrniahed with aiticle*. the sue 'which do not detract fr< ui their uaefnlneaa; forming au elegant and complete appeudage to tha toilet, mid al?o peculiarly adi pled te the wanra of Die travelling public. Kor aaln at I O. BAUNUHHH k BON'l?. 177 Broadway, Notice.?^Renin, Hatter, Hit Broadway, opposite Ht Paul's, is now praparad to offer hia Spring Style, aorpassing in beautv any atyle aa yet offered by bun. witn i n entire new etyle of lining IU gt Philadelphia Agent* for tha He rail at?O, B. ZIKBKK at CO., 1 Ledger Building, Third afreet, below Chesnut. Those wishing to have the Herald served regnlarly at their aiorea and dwellings, will please leave their namee at ahove. Terma 7J cents per month. Single copies i (or sale da11v. Price 1 cents ill lm Navigation ?l the Ohio Hlver. placei. TVait. Plate nf Rivet. Wheeling Fob 2(1. . ,\TX feet. Pittahnre Feb20 13 'opt Cincinnati. .......... ?.Koh 20. ,.l(l feet. Loutsviile Feb l? 5 fnet 3 inches nO.MKY JUARKEI-. Wednesday Feb, 24?flP. 91. The stock market continue* firm, without any ery great activity. Government and State stocks are net plenty, and appear to be held more for actual investment than usual. Even the (tocks of delinquent State* are not aa much used for speculation aa in fonuer yoara; and holdara appear aatisfled that they have reached (he minimum, and nold on, for the purpoao of being benefits d ' by any improvement. Fancy atock* ere at praaont tending upwards, without , any improvement iu their aotual value. This is the result entirely of speculation, and cannot be permanent. Illinois Bank advanced 3 per cent.; Morris Canal X; Long Island fell off Harlem J?; Canton Company ; Reading >?'; Farmer's Lean >?; Norwich and Worcester X; Reading bond* closed at yesterday's price*. a There ia a report current in the street that the house of Rothschilds has made an offer for a twenty million U. 8. loan for twenty vaara. This cannot be trne, aa every member of this houie made tow sometime niece that they would not loan another dollar to thia country ,1m any (bape or way, until every State in the Union acknewli edged its indebtedness,and punctually paid ita interest at maturity. This does not look much like loaning twonty millions of dollors to the general government. The Madison and Indianapolis Railroad Company have 1 declared a semi-annual dividend of seven per oeat. New York stockholders will be paid at the office of the Ohio i Life Insurance and Trust Company on the [1st of March The Secretary of the Treasury has issued a circular 1 stating that the drawback of foreign sugars refined in 1 the United States is 3 1-6 cents per lb. , A bill to repeal the act forbidding the circulation of j small notes, passed the House in the Legislature of Illinois on the 8th inst., by a vote of 65 to 40. It is stated that six millions of dollars of specie were ready to come in the Cambria, could insurance have beta ; obtained upon it, and had the directors of the line permit. ted her to take it. | The following table shows the quantities of corn, pulse, and flour imported into the United Kingdom, in the month ended the 6th of Jan. 1846 ; the quantities upon whiok duties have been paid for home consumption during the same month, and the quantities remaining in warehouse at the close thereof :? Impohtation and Consumption op Obain in Urxat Britain. O,Quantity en- (Quantity Specif of Urn. tend for remaining in < ' coniumption warehouse Qre.bueh. Qre. buth. Qre.bueh. Whest fm British Postessioas... 10.462 2 9,364 7 2,519 6 Barley, do 357 0 357 0 ? Oats, do l.ors 4 i eec 4 ? Peas, do 7,076 5 6,773 5 593 3 Beans, do 4 2 4 2 ? Wheat, foreign... 110.327 2 4 2,747 3 200,713 5 Ba<ley, do 93.293 5 S8 264 5 20.191 2 Oats, do 75,491 7 66,003 1 59,328 2 ' Kye 595 4 607 6 57 0 Peas, do 44,315 7 38,277 0 33,820 1 Beaus.de 32.1S6 5 25 594 6 43,446 5 Maize or Indian Corn, do 116,549 6 116 912 4 3 411 7 . Buck wheat, do.. 7,688 4 7,876 0 411 5 L cut*. ?rt. ill. cull, tjri.lbe. exote. fr?. ill. 1 Klnur fm British | Possessions... 85.970 2 6 82,720 1 24 13.319 2 26 - ! Flour,foreign... 217,781 1 16 45 966 0 I 485,487 3 21 ' The quantity remaining In warehouse on the 6th ep j January, lili", wan large, and the arrivals during the ror | mainder of the month were exceedingly large, swelling f the aggregate stocks on hand the 1st of February, to an f immense amount. Notwithstanding the largo supplies, s the demand for consumption was to a corresponding ax'* tent, and prices, under the circumstances, unusually firm. It must be borne in mind by holders of breadstuffs, that there were a variety of causes operating upon the market to depress prices. The advance la the rate ' of interest cramped the operations of small dealers, and ' compelled them to throw their stocks upon the market* 1 Biid force sales. The abolition of the Corn Laws released a large quantity of breadstuffs from bond, and the opening of the ports brought out lots which had been i held back for better prices. All these thing* tended to ; depress prices, inorease the quantity in the market, and I. strengthen the impression that prises had reached their i maximum, and henceforth a steady decline weald be l' experienced. If there is any truth in the reports which , reach us from the best authority on the other side; if the i; famine is half as wide spread as stated; if our faars in '? relation to the next potatoe crop are not without founders tion, there is no doubt but that prices will reach a higher , point than they have yet touched, and the demand for !' | breadstuffs increase as the lesson ad vancea. Every thing, of course, depend* upon the extent of the scarcity, as j. ' that his more influence than anything else upon pnoca |* 1 The Bank ef 1 .nglend may double the rate of intereit; ' but if there is a scarcity o{ food prices will be affected, in r, proportion to that scarcity, more than in proportion to v j' | the rate of interest. I The importation of grain into Marseilles, for the | month of Deoember, amounted to 1,046,337 hectolitres; j and for the first two weeks in January, 740,896 becteliI : tres, making an aggregate for the six weeks of 1,771,79-2 I. hectolitres, equal to about 6,316,100 bushels. This ian- ? * I mense quantity came from the eastern ports of the Medi- f ^ | terianean, and the demand from France was rapidly ab>i ; aorbirg the surplus supplies of thoso sections. ' The movements in this market since the Cambria ars. rived, indicate a belief among operators generally, that i, ! prices have not reached their highest point. Sales ef #? breadstufis have been made, since the receipt of private aJvices, at prices within a triio of those previously cur. ( rent, and shippers have not relaxed an iota in their rates *> for freights. All these things exhibit a confidence in [*' the market which must have a very favorable effeot it, upon prices. j| The exports east (rom Milwaukie, during the shipping i season of 1840, were as annexed:? r. Extorts f-rom Mn.wAt'Kie, 1816. Whtst, bush 213.448 Wool.los 18 Mi | Flonr bbls 14.746 Ashes 16.248 ' ' Us ley, b>sh 4.3*4 Hides 4,418 | Corn..... 1,(34 Kurs, pkfs It* r> I I ...,| 5 l?K> 24,294 Hags. Ions 148 J. i < or I OS I ,">70,640 P.i lis, doz 2?5 I), ' Broom I oru, Ibi 107 444 Mdie, Jtc, lbs 814,143 j 11 roam a 40.414 j' tVhrat txpurted Fltur raptrltd. 1044 94 Jhii push. 1844 7.MI0 hols. 1816 213 41* 44 1116 14,746 " ! V. Iocr for'46.. 117,914 8,246 '' The increase, it will be sean, baa been more than 100 n; j percent. No doubt a similar increase would be shown lU j by a comparison ef tho othor articles of export; but we ? have net the means of making it. The above audioes at least to show the rapid growth and development of tha to ! 'Wisconsin territory And this is but tho beginning. ly i The annexed statement eshibits the condition of the ! State Bank of Illinois on the 7th day of January, 1847, acilf cording to an official report to the Legislature of that State, with en estimate of the value of the suspended debt. It appears that the cash value of the assets will >7 fi'*? 8 n^Plu, 0Ter 11,8 c"Piu' ?tock :>e State Bars or Ii.liisois, January, 1947. ? ? St ? j -Atoa ra/iaivohlH whirh ara crsvsts! lOl n?Q id Suspended debt, which will probably pay 34 iii pgr cent 4A4 087 n. I,win* ou Real Kstate 47,n8l 11a R.-al Kstate, cash valuatiof) 1,071.041 Duo from State of Illinois 114,701 Sundry stock", (food 04 noo ith Duo by other hanks H OUO v? Cash oil hand 10 000 d 3338.498 Deduct 74 per cent on account of the euepended debt 840,400 i.aaijio u. This amount is considered good. 07 The bank owes 411,708 :h ok This ntnount, deducted from the assets of the bank,leasts 1,479,313 The capital stock is (1,414 over. This shows the hank in a condition to divide among the stockholders nearly par upon their stock. The bank lands, which compose in? the greatest portion of the sssets, are mostly improved . (arms, which are situated near the line of the Tilinois Iand Michigan Canal. These lands, in consequence of the resumption of tho works upon the canal, and tha i

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