Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 27, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 27, 1847 Page 2
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I NEW YORK HERALD. 1 > Vcw t'H'H. S.lur ny, K?br?nrr 41, >Ht1. I THE WEEKLY HERALD. I ILLUSTRATION I OF TUE I FAMINE IN IRELAND. This sheet will be ready at S o'clock this morning. It Wiil contain Professor Bro Alison's lecture on "the Revolutionary Spirit of the Age"?the foreign news received by the steamer Cambria? Mr. and Mrs. Bennett's letters from Europa?the latest Congressional and Legislative news, inclurting the tilt between Messrs. Benton and Calhoun?and a variety of financial, political, miscellaneous and commercial news, from all parts of the world. It will be illustrated with an engraving representing a scne in Ireland, where the bodies of two victims of (amine were taken from their cabins, conveyed in a cart to the place of in- ; terment. fcingle copies, cents each. $3 per year in advance. the: herald for Europe. Mails by the Steamship Cambria. TLo steamship Cambria will leave Boston on Monday next. The Herald for Europe will be issued this time in two editions, one of which will be ready this afternoon at oneo'olock precisely, and the other to-morrow morning at eleven. We shall do this with a view of providing lor contingencies. At this time of the year, we are net sure of the continuance of good weather from one hour to another. If a heavy snow storm should occur on Sunday, the mails would, probably, he detained on the route until after the steamer wottlu have left This would be a cause of disappointment to many, and we issue two editions for the purpose of providing against such an occurrence. The Herald for , Europe will contain the late important news from Mexico, as well as any other that may be received up to the time it is put to press; also, the Jfev. Mr. Giles'lecture on the causes and remedies of Irish distress ; the oxtiaordiuaiy correspondence between Gcvernor Wright and Secretary Marcy, in relation to the Calfornia ex edition; the latest news from Washington; the Congressional debates to the latest momen ; interesting correspondence; the latest reports of the American markets and Bhip news, nd a variety of political, financial, and miscellaneous intelligence. An extra edition of the Herald for Europe, with lialf-a-d<zen beautiful illustrations of Mexico, prepared on the 24th instant for the Sarah Sands, lias been printed lor the Cambria. Single copies of either, in wrappers, can be obtained at the office at cents each. MR. BENNETT'S LETTERS FROM EUROPE. Paris, 24th January, 1847. Suclety unci Fashion In France?The Old and the New Kegline?The Nobility of mind? Oulzot and Thiers? Fourlerlsin In France ?State of Iteilglon?Americans In Parle? Our Artists, die. Every thing is now in the full tide of enterprise the orators are talking?new operas and new dlbutt are preparing? iotrees and gayeties in every nbuniiance?and the whole world of Paris on the i/ui vive for to-morrow. We have been presented to every branch of royulty at the Tuilleries? we have attended the grand ball given by the king at the same palace?we have been at several soirict of the minis ers, and many others of more private and ncktrchi society. We have seen the society and the fashions of Paris from the highest to tho lowest condition of life?from the gorgeous mltmi of the palace, to the small nobltut who live np three or lour pair of stairs. The highest di plomatic and oliiciai society here is much more diversified than that in England, and resembles in some of its phases the condition of affairs in the United States. At the toiriet of the palace as well as these ol the ministers, we find artists, htteruteurt, philosophers, all mixing on equal terms with old and new nobltut, or the diplomatic body. I have seen a great deal of the French?their manners?their mode of living?their peculiar character, and their peculiar passions. They are not .he French of former days?they are not the historical French. With a great many amiable iraits suited for society, there are frequent traces of manner, though polite or well bred, yet are any thing but benevolent and generous. Then again the modern French nobltut are the funniest ever seen I have had pointed out to me a distinguished French marquis, a member of the old nobleru, who lives on $200 a year, up four pair of stairs, in a little bed room, and regularly polishes his own hoots to save expense?and yet this noble personage frequently appears in the fashionable tttlont, tho admired of all the ladies. Counts and barons, living up near the garrets, are as plenty as blackberries at the close of a fruitful summer. We occupy very elegant apartments in the first door, at the hoad of the Rut dt la Paix, with a iiuu |Mua|Jci;t. m uiu uumevarui iviaaeieine. Above our heads, in the same house, there are a Russian Prince, an English lady somebody, a German baron, a French count, and 1 don't know how many more notabilities, as they are called Yet the true nobility ef France are the men of real genius and talent, such as Guizot, Thiers, who have risen from obscure but respectable lite to occupy the first places of the nation, and to give a tone to civilization in Europe. ] have been much pleased with Guizot and some other of the distinguished French diplomats. 1 have not yet seen Thiers, but I received a note Irom him the other day, desiring me to call upon him and talk of America and steam. The statesmen of France are anxious to get information ol the great nation beyond the Atlantic. They be gin to see in the United States, the rise of a new power that will change the history of the world, and give a new turn to the civilization of tho human race. The fantastic remains f an antiquated nobility, such as the counts, marquises, barons, &< .., of a former age sink into oblivion in 'heir garrets in the faubourg St. Germain, or the Boulevards, before the effulgence and magnitude of such m -n as Thiers, Guizot, and their cotemporanes in intellect and genius. Notwithstanding the disruption of the entente cordiait, and the abuse of the English press, M. Guizot is one ol the purest statesmen and men in Euroj e. Of M Thiers uavc heard some curious anecdotes, which may or may not be absolutely true. Madam.- Thiers is one of the most beautilul women ol I'.tris, and gives the most recherche toiriet. riiey live in splendid style in the Place St. Georges. 1 have made sonic inquiry into the piogress of the new system of society, invented by Charles Fourrier, but 1 do not lind that it has made much headway, either in France or Germany. There is certainly a lair chance to introduce a new systern of society in France, for the soil of the whole kingdom is nearly all divided into miserably on ill larms, varying from eight to twenty acres n family, and which might he much better cultiva lei in combinations than in s parutc parcels But the French, while they have grsat confidence in each other as regards philosophy, ideas, o mere theories, yet have not the slightest reli anee on each other in real life, or daily prac tice. The sect have a. daily newspaper issued iu Paria. They also count upon a considerable list of disciples in Ion# hair and terrible boards, including a lew ladies in shocking lank petticoats They have also tried some experiments, but there seems to be no great chance to change the social habits of France for along time to coase. Indeed ihe antique Catliol.tA who want to go bark to the faith, practises and manners ol the middle ages, have as good a prospect ofultimate success as the modern Fourrierifes. The I celebrated Capuchin friar called Lacordaire, has been for the last few mentlis filling the church ot j Notre Dame, on the Sundays, with enthusiasts I and devotees, who crowded over each other's heeds and heels to hear him pour forth his eloquence, directed against the new philosophy of the present day. Religion, however, in France, and especially in Paris, is at a very low ebb. Indeed it could hardly be lower. Poor old men, and decrepit old women, with some few young girls, are the only persons to be seen in the churches now adays, unless indeed a (real preacher suddenly spring up, like Lacordaire at Noire Dame, and then the fashionable world follows him for a few weeks. Even in Geneva, the birth place of the Protestant religion, there is as much indifference to the affairs of the other world as there is j in Paris. The great bulk of all classes of society ! in France, Italy and Germany, care little for any species of religion There are small circles here and there who may be enthusiastic or supersti- t t'ous, but even the feelings of these circles only resemble the sentiment felt by travellers towards old buildings, old paintings, or old places, en- ! shrined in antique associations. Religion is in a statu of rapid transition, leading no one can tell whither. Philosophers and litterateurt now occupy the places which the priests and saints did in l the middle agss. Even a dancer or a singer now produces a greater outburst of wonder than did the holy men and miracle-woikers of the year one thousand Look at the career of Fanny I Kllslor in Rome, and alt over Italy. She gets more admiratioa, deeper devotion, than the Madonna, or the Lady of Loretto ever did The Americans in Paris form a considerable society of their own. There are probably about 1500 or 2000, permanently residing here, or at , least for a part of the winter, or fashionable season. Many of them are engaged in business, others live on their incomes, and make successful efforts to get into certain French circles, who are partly fashionable, partly poor, partly accomplished, and partly proud. I have seen very few Americans at Gnizot's or the other ministerssome English and Rrussians go there, but the career of some of the American fashionables heretofore in Paris has left bad impressions in these and other quarters. I have heard a great many curious anecdotes of the Americans heretofore living here, and their laughable servility to the eld and beggary nobletu of France, in order to get up a fashionable reputation. There is a large portion of the English society here just as ridiculous and absurd. Doughty and Catlin, two eminent American ' artists, have been living here for some time. Doughty's productions in landscape have been well known to the Academy, and to artists in New York. He spent tome time in London, but has been here for a few months past. He is at present engaged on a splendid landscape painting, a scene on the Tioga river, on the frontier of New Yoik and Pennsylvania. This work has been performed for the king, and will be placed in the next extiibition. I went to his rooms the other day, and saw it, not exactly finished, but nearly so. It is a most gorgeous autumn scene, displaying all the rich colors of an American Indian summer. There was also in the same room a verv beautiful view on the Lochleven in Scotland, done by an amateur, Mr. Brent of Washington, and the contrast of the two scenes was striking and remarkable. Doughty is one ef the greatest of American landscape painters. He has been much prized in England and France. He will return soon to his native land. Of Catlin, the amiable, the enthusiastic, the excellent Ca'lin, I could not say too much. He has been engaged by the king to sketch a series of designs, showing the adventures of the celebrated French traveller, La Salle, who travelled from Montreal to New Orleans, in the wild days of the west and the Mississippi. Louis Philippe has shown a great deal of delicate attention to Catlin, who has visited the royal family at Neuilly and the Tuilleries, at least a dozen times. Catlin has conversed with royalty, on the subject of American scenery, in the most familiar and easy style. He has breakfasted, te'd, and chatted with the king. Catlin also intends to return to the United States next year. The News from Mexico. We published news from Mexico yestesday that threw a partial gloom over the city. It appears that eighty men, of the Kentucky and Arkansas cavalry, under the command of Major Borland, Cassius M. Clay, and Major Gaines, were surprised and taken prisoners by a largo force of Mexicans- under General Minon, at a place about thirty miles from Saltillo; and, also, that the yellow fever had broken out among tho volunteers, and was daily carryingfthem otf. This news may or may not be true; or, il true, it may be exaggerated: but, even if it should prove true, we must reckon it among the calamities which all wars inflict, on the successful as well as on the vanquished. Contingencies will happen that cannot bo provided aguinst, but tliOHA frnnf inc/nnni*? nan Vtuua no nffV?nt nr? tiie general result. Some of our citizens , are disposed to look on this unfortunate occurrence in a gloomy light, because they think it is the commencement of a long guerilla warfare, which will be waged against us by Mexico, in ' fulfilment of Santa Anna's threat; but it must be recollected that all our troops are being concen| trated as expeditiously as possible, for the pur( pose of attacking San Juan de Ulloa and the city of Vera Cruz. As soon as this concentration shall have been effected, there will be no opportunity i for a gaerilla warfare on our troops. Cheering news however arrived with this. Tho - capture of Chihuahua, as far as we can form an opinion from the meagre accounts that have come to hand, was indisputably a very brilliant affair. The Mexicans admit a loss of one hundred men on the occasion, but it is more than probable that it amounts to double or treble that estimated. This is more than sutficient to wipe out the cap. tureof the eighty men under Major Borland, and tho hero ers, and leave a balance in our fa, vor. The blow about to be struck by General Scott, will, undoubtedly, place the two most important Mexican strongholds in our possession; and we , should not allow nytbmg to dampen our own, r nr th<? KturifH nt niir coniitrvmen. who tmvi' left their homes to fight the lattks of theii oountry. Whehe is our Mi.vt I?About one million ol dollars in specie, has, within the past fewdajs, been transported to Philadelphia, for the purpose of being coined at the mint in that city. It is very strange that wo cannot get a mint here. The government has been at an expense of several hundreds of dollars in sending this amount ol specie away for ociuage, which would liavo been saved if wo had a mint in this city. Several millions of foreign gold have arrived at this port within the past month, and after it gets here it must be locked up in the vaults of our banks, or 1 re-shipped to Philadelphia, boing the nearest plsca, lor recoinage. What is the reason we cannot have a mint! The hill before Congress 5 j could be passed in one hour, if it was taken up r We hope it will be disposed of this session, as we - } want a mint now more than we ever did. Th<atr Icuta. P??k Thut-.;.-'h S ViVnnoise concluded tlieir engagement in Boston yesterday, nnd will certainly appMr in the Park on Monday evening. Wo have no doubt that their reception will be ns favorable aathey or their conductress can wish During their five wceki engagement bore before thoy drew Urge and fashionable nouses, and will >'o so again, and again Their career in Boston has been n very successful one indeed f Bowery Theatre ?The entertainments of last evening, given for the benefit of the Irish poor, by the liberal and cnterpiizlng manager of this popular tboatre, passed off with much eelat. 'Brian Boroihme"wns re peated with a highly tnlentod cast?Mr. Booth taking the part of the Irish monarch, which he performed with much ability Vac,he, Nenfle. Chapman. Mrs Booth and Mrs. Sergeant, also performed with admirable effect ? " Tho Lady of the Lake" succeeded, and was receive! wph unbounded Rtiplniis" To-nisrht will be repeated, " Ivnnhoe," " Black Eved Susan," and the comedy of " The Court Pagos " This bill will be found highly attractive. and will draw a bumper house New Year OeEa* House?Oreniswich Theatre.? This theatre will re open on Monday evening next, with a bill that will secure a largo audience. The manager has kindly set apart the receipts of an evening for the benefit of the Iiish people. We trust his liberality will be preperly appreciated. Siovosa Ciocoa a"sd Siosor Morra?These distinguished artists, we understand, are engaged at the New York Opera House, and will appear there on Monday evening next. They are highly accomplished, and their success at the Park in this city, at Boston. Icc? be., is n sufllcient guaranty that they will draw crowded houses at the " West En<l."i Bowebt Amfhitheatre?Last Night.?Tryon'a benefit was well attended last evening, and the popular John Oossln was rich as clowu Wo would remind the patrons of the circus that this will ho the last night fir the season of the appearrnce of the highly talented com pany, who have drawn such crowded hoases to this po pulsrpla^e of evening recreation May fly. Cinderella, the Gghting ponies. ja addition to the grand attractions ptit forth In the bill*, will draw a full and crowded house this evening to hid ''farewell" to the highly popular amd talented troupe of Hand*, Lent It Co., previous to their departure for Boston Hvm Aleiandkr?Thia extraordinary magician will give an entertainment for the suffering poor of Scotland, thia evening, at the American Hotel, tho proprieter having kindly tendered the uie of hi* aaloon for thi* occasion The Wizard will present many new and ?tartllng feats in chemistry, pneumatics, optics, natural philosophy, and magic Among an endlea* number of expert ments will he presented the beautiful chemical operation of the wine separation : also the wonderful feat of tho treacherous candlo ; nlso, the lautrhable experiment, called the electric chair, or the terrified assi*tant. Mualcal. Italian Oprra.?There was another good house at Palmo's last night, where the opera of "Nina" was pre. ented. Hignora Pico was received with enthusiastic ap plause and greeted with bouquets of lovely flowers, which her performances well deserved. Signor Petti who took Benedetti's place, In consequence of the latter gentleman's indisposition, was well received, and be sustained the part of "Enrico" well. At the close of the opera. Pico was loudly called for. and came out accompanfcd hv Signor Patti, when thev received th? usual tokens of the approbation of tho audience. An Monday night, the onera of "I'Lombnrdi" is to be produced. It ha? cost a handsome sum to bring out this opera. The efforts of the proprietors will, no doubt, meet with the reward which they merit. M. Lani dr Farranti, the eminent guitarist and tornpoaor, will leave Boston in the Cambria, on Monday next. Consul. Genkrat, for Hawaii.?'The President has recognised Schuyler Livingston, of '.his city, as Consul General of Hawaiian Islands, for the United States. fltj- We received Boston papers at an early hour last night from Mr. Cloyes, via New Haven and Springfield. City Intelligence. Mors Relief for Ireland.?Atthe young men's meet lug. in Clinton Hall, on Monday evening lait, the follow tee. to make collections, and receive donation! for the benefit of the famishing people of Ireland, viz. A H Postly, L G Lock wood, Geo. Grundv, C. E. Milnor Peter Park*, Richard Burlew. W. J. Clark, Hear* O Hcudder, C. N. Bovee, E. R. Freeman. Isaac W. Half Edward Mallny. W F. Richardvon, W Churchill. H M. Benedict, John T Rollin*. W Robertson, Junr., C. L Everitt, Henry P. Bushe.Waah. Meeks. R E. Lockwood Thomas D Greene, H. G. Pritchard, W. Murphy, M. D Jamet Beatty, E. H Keats, James R. Delveccbio, A G Zabriskia, H. K Bull, Jos. C. Kent, Francis L. Cook The above committee are in session during the day anc evening, at Clinton Hall. Mr. George Vandenhoif kind ly offered to deliver a lecture on behalf of the objects ol the meeting, whioh be did last evening. Th? Sliiuhioo?Our citizens are still enjoying the sleighing, though it is getting to be pretty tough worl for hordes. Yesterday the streets wero alive with al kinds of vehicles. Wheels and runners were in abou equal demand. There were not a few splendid turn outi on runners, all determined to see the end of the sport i The avenues are worn bare, and if we had not miscalcu lated before, we should be inolined now to bid a Ions adieu to winter. But the clouds even now look as thougl they might produoe a little more of the same sort e going as we enjoyed for a day or two in the beginning of the week. If, however, we should have no mor< snow, and the sun should favor us with his face to-day we shall see the last of our sleighing before night. Fibk Alarm.?There was an alarm of Are in the 411 district, last evening, at 7 o'clock. A wooden shanty, be longing to a man named Dillon, was burnt down at thi foot or Ludlow street. Diicd irv a Fit.?The Coroner held an inquest at liar, lem. yesterday, on the body of Daniel Leister, colored a native of Long Island, aged 3d years, who died in u fit Verdict?death Dy Epilepsy. Fatal Acoidsnt.?An Irish laborer, by the name o Phillip Riley, while at work in a ship yard, yesterdaj afternoon, one of the limbs of a shlp.feli upon him, in turine him so severely that he died in the course of at hour after the accident The Coroner wit nailed to hel< an inquest upon the body ol the deceased, at No. Hi Ridge atreet. A verdict was rendered in accordance with the above facta. Police Intelligence* Jlrrnt of a Diohoneit Sailor.?-Assistant Captaii Dwyer, of the lit ward, and conatable Rue, arreated yet terday morning a aailor from the ahip Roaciua, by thi name of Thomaa Kearney, aliaa Brown, aliaa Riley, on eharge of etealing AB eovereigna from a man by the nam of Michael Corcoran, reeiding at No. 88 waahingto atreet. It appears that Corcoran and hi* wife were pai engera in the ahip Roaciua from Liverpool, and ht coming Rcnuainted with the accuaed on hoard that ahi| consequently when on ahore he paid them a visit. It during Corcoran to take a walk, which reunited in th accuaed bringing him homo drunk, and in putting him t bed, extracted a email bag from nil pantaloon* pock* containing the above amount of sovereigns On aearcl ing tho accuaed, the officers found on hia peraon .'>4 aovi rtigns,'1 half aovereigna, anil S7 cents, being the majo port of the atolen money. The accuaed waa com unite tor examination by the chief of police. Burglary.?The basement ol the dwelling houae occt pied by Mr. T Hemming way, U4 Oliver atreet, waa bui 111 i.>uily entered on Thursday night by aome hoi krackamen, by breaking a pane of glaia, which enable them to unfaaten the window, thua obtaining accent t the h .lement and stealing therofiom.9 silver tea spoow 1 deaert apoon. and 3 14ige table spoons, marked A 1 valued in all at $70. No arreat. Whom waa the polici man on that poat ? Ptiil Larceny ?A woman called Klin Pine waa a roated on a charge of atealing a ahawl belonging to An Pine, reaiding in 3&th atreet near the 6th avenue, by oil c?r Whembry of the Hth ward, who brought her in, a* the captain locked her up. Petit Larceny ? Officers Smith and Stevens, ofthe III ward, ai i eatcd, yeaterday, June* Adama and Andre' McLaughlin, on a rhaigo of stealing a (rock, a cap two ahirti, one scat, and a pair of pillow*, the propert of James McLaughlin, reaiding at 44 Clinton atre? I u.l ,m hv It.-t, k' Stealing Clothing Officer Burklo, of the 11 war'1, a reited. yosterday, a Dutchmen called John Oiese, on charge of atealing a cloth cloak, coat, pantaloon*. ar other article* ol wearing apparel, valued *t upwards (it), the property of Phillip Darnell, residing at 31 Lu low itrect. A portion of the proporty nu recovereil h officer Floyd, at an old clothe* (hop located at No. ! Orange atreet. Lurked up lor trial J1 Haul of Blaclilegi.? Alderman Hart, of the 6 word, assisted by Captain linker ami officer McCord mndu a descent into a gambling 'crib" keut by a negr in u email cellar, at No 174 Wear Broadway, where they found the following "bevy" of "nigi," of varioi shapes and sizes, with wool and hair combined, snug! alowo i away in the rear ol this cellar, play lag card* f money. They weio immediately ordered into custoc by the Alderman and ccnvsyed to the station house lit a (lock of hi .ck sheep, where they gave their names Ueoige Kelao, Wra Blame Jonas Ferguson, Sydrn McFarlain, Samuel Laton, Jamei Jackson, llanj imin Cc liua, Abraham Anderson, Kdward Gilbert, Peter Thorn son, and John HuUsod. Locked tip lor larther exjmin r Uou. Stealing from a Steaminat ?A black fellow, calls George Williams, u u* at rested last evening, by assists I Captain Coirigan, of the bth ward, on a ch.irgo of stei ing u quantity of copper pipe, together with a lot of I : malo wealing apparel, valued in all, at $U, tielonging Captain Thomas Kiloy, of the steamboat New Jerae Locked ac for examination. Burglary ?Two snenking thieves entering tho dwi , I ling house No l id Franklin street, with a false night k< about 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, aud paaed up to tl attic bedrooms uinl forced off the lock, broke open tv i trunks therein, stealing f>7 therefrom The rascal* we discovered . up stair* by an elderly lady, whom thi pushed down in the entry, in ordet to make good the escape, which they effected by tiie nimble us i of th< legs. Sphcik ok CftMkalA.?A morning paper maki i a partial statement ol the specie by th? In steamer Irorn which an inference might he drawn th tha entry upon the News Doom hocks was incorrect, i without authority. We learn that upon the arrival tho boat the conductors if tho room addressed a nete i ( the purser, to ascertain tho quantity of specie on boar lor the information ot their sucscribers, and received I reply that the whole amount on hoard was $3,600,0< ! | This is no doubt correct All the entries are not y made at the Custom House, and it is a well known fa that passengora otten bring ssljore considerable itirr which are not entered et all. Coin must come this wi in payment of halanoes, and it is not philosophical to I I unhappy about it.- Boiton Courier, t'ot> 74. Law Intelligence. Pursato* Codkt, Peh. 26 ? Before Judge Vaoderpoo) - -Jotr/ih F [.uifll and Anna C. hit wife vt Daniel D Gunner ? I.ihel cate.?Third d-<y.?This cause wat resumed thia morning by calling John wsssner for j the defence He deposnd as follows :?la brother of plain tiff, and defendant In 'kiaauit The occurrence apoken Of belore, In which witneaa'a name waa introduced, aroee from witneaa'a mother liuvi.g direction with witneea in regard to Vanderpoel: shortly after she left, Vanderpoel came, and Mra. Lovell and lrcr youngest aiater ! Sarah, went out with Vanderpoel; witness was out at the time, and when he returned ho was informed that Vanderpoel waa below ataira; witneaa went down immediately, and ordered him away; witneaa'a youngest aister waa orderud by mother on no account to be s. eu with Van derpoel; witness felt indignant at her disobedience ; he intended te chas'.ise her lor it, and wns proceeding to do it, when Mrs. Lovell stepped between her and witneaa, and alio fell againat a table and broke an astral lamp ; that waa the assault and buttery referred to in the course of ' the trial ; witness has heard his mother repeatedly re- j quest Vanderpoel to atav away from tho house ; has heard Mrs Lovell say to Dnn theae words?" You do n't j know me, Dan Gsssner, but I'll make you dread the I name of Ann Lovellounnul fix the time she made use of these words ; recollects that witness signed a letter to Mrs Lovell to make peaceCroti-exatnintd?la 22 years of age. [Letter pro- ! duced purporting to be written by the witness, apologizing, &<*., rend as part of witness's cross-examination] Cannot fix the time wneri witness's mother forbid Vanderpoel (rout the housb; it waa alter Mrs. Lovoll broke | the lamp; she made use of the words stated on my direct elimination in reference to Daniel; the letter above referred to was drawn up by Schaffer and signed by me to ! make peace with Mrs Lovell; she prosecuted me for assault and battery, aud Schaffer was her attorney. Derut, examined.?Knows the parties in this j uir, iiml also Vandarpeel. Q.~Do you know that Vanderpoel slept at King's Bii'ige 7 A.?Yea, sir. (Question objected to. District Attornev?Vanderpoel swore that he never slept there, and I meant to show that he did. Mr. Cochrane-This must be subject to analyxation. Witness?i don't know that he slept there, but i know be staid there all night. [A laugh I Fatness UtaacTT, examined ? Q ? What is tho connexion between you aud Atwill, that was examined as a witness on this trial 7 A ?Hit brother married my sister. The onto i'or the defence was here rested. Plaintili'a' Counsel then called rebutting testimony. Mrs. CtsitiiKH was then placed on the stand anil examined?Keeps a boarding house iu Warrematreet; knows the witnesses, Draper and Molton, thev hoarded with witness; Mrs Lovell also boarded with witness; she earns in May and remained abeut four weeks, from the middle of May to the middle of June; thinka Molton left two dava, previous to Mrs. Loveli; recollects that Vanderpoel oalied at witneaa's house, and lett invariably before 10 o'clock at night; does not recollect aaeing Atwill there; did not know him. Q ?Do yon know the relation bstween Molton and Draper 7 A ? Yas, sir ; I think I heard thay were cousins ; they roomed together ; witness retired at 11 o'clock at night, aftor which she left the house in charge of the waiter ; does not know there was any difficulty between Draper and Mrs. Loveli. except that he said she was net a proper person to be in my house ; Mrs. Lovell was in the house two weeks without speaking to Draper. Croee examined?What waa the difficulty 7 A.?Draper waa associated with her brother Daniel, and the difficulty originated out of that. Q ? What did you do aftar that remark was mado, did you request her to leave your houee7 Question objected to, and overruled, and decision excepted to! McKxoiv.?The lady dressed in black sitting beyond, Mrs. Tenbroeck, 1 believe is her name, is your daughter Witness.?Yes, sir. VcKeon?Pray do you know Mr. Cowdry7 Witness.?Yes, sir. Q.?Does he visit at your house. A ? Yes, air, and with my full approbation and conaant. MoKkon ?Are you married at praaent. madaml Witness with graat warmth?that ia none of your basinets, sir. McKkon.?You may go, madnm. Court-Mr. McKeon, you have again enJeavored to trench on the rules of the Court. The testimony you are now endeavoring te get in ia wholly irrelevant. 1 appeal to your chivalry. MoKeon?O, chivalry in a court of justice! The age of chivalry is gone by. Court?Whether the Bge of chivalry is or is not gone i oy, i i> protect iu> wiuiess. xuu uiusisu uvwu, air. McKeon?i am done; I will ait down, air. Mary Brown examined?la servant to Mr. Atwill who ! was examined on this trial; knows the hoars he returns | I home at night; I never knew him out later than 10 or 11 1 at night, except one or two nights; witness is in the ha| bit ot letting him in at night ' j Crtu-rxamined?Mr. Atwill has not been absent from home lor any length of time; Mrs. Atwill is always up I when he comes in. | Rurus Davykfort, examined?Resides at 8 White j I street; Mrs. Lovell occupies rooms in my house; knows ' Mr Vanderpoel ; does not know Mr Attwill. ' . Mr. Vanruren, examined?Is related to the partios in ' this suit; is married to their aunt; had a conversation ' ; with defendant about this suit, about three weeks ago ; ' witness told defendant he was sorry to hear that a brother and sister should have a suit, and that it would get j . into all the papers, and witness advised him to make it 1 up : witness again went to his store, and advised him to | make it up: aud upon this ocoasion, witness understood j from Duniel that he had not written the letter, but that he had sent it to the boarding house. * 1 ; Cron-txamined.? Did not tell witness the first time that | : he sent the letter; but the last time be acknowledged ' ; that he sent it; made no memorandum of the interviews 1 between witness and Daniel; keeps no memorandum of 1 i>uch things. Mr. Western was here recalled by the defence, to show that Mr Oassner's estate was taken out of his power, f on the ground of incapacity, and vested in Mrs. Gassner; j the estate is of the value of $40,000 to $60,000. ' The examination for the prosecution was again re1 sumed, and Mr. Schafler, the plaintiff's attorney, was 1 placed on the stand. Objected to by the Distriot Attorney, and overruled. | Mr. SciiArrxn swore positively that he never saw the I i letter containing the libel, it was put into his bands I - by Mrs. Levell. i Mr. Cochran was proceeding to ask the witness, did : he not write the libel, when the Couit interposed and stopped the examination. Cron examined by the Disirict ATroRNV. ' q ?Were you not coudss! for a man named Cruslar i , A.?I was for a short time. . Court.?I will not permit this examination. 1 McKbon was prooeeding but the Court stopped him. | ' Tbe case was here rested on both sides, and Mr. i O Conor commenced suming up for the defence?he was { replied to by Mr. Hchaffer. Mr- McKean followed Mr. j Scbaffer for the defence, aud Mr. Cochran closed the case on the part of the plaintiff. Judge Vanderpoel wilP 1 charge the jury this morning. In Chambers, Feb. 36.?Before Judge Kdmonds.?Heheat Corpus in re Pal'k AfeQuade.?McQuade, who was ! convicted last week, in the Court of General Hessions, of i receiving stolen gooes nna remanaeu tor lenience, wh > brought beiore Judge Edmonds on a writ of habeei cor pus, to ba admitted u boil. After some discussion, the ? cue wh laid over to tha next (thii) morning. a n novementi of Travellers. h Tha arrivtls in tha city still dailv increaia, ai the fob lowing luminary from tha registries of the respective ' hotels, yesterday, demonstrate Amkrican?8. Bricelund, U. I. N.; J. Munn, A. Ban8 crolt, Newbutgh; U. Harney, Brooklyn; M. Force, " Washiiigtoii, Cupt. MctJrawdar, U. 8. N ; J. Millard, , Troy; H. Stowell, Philadelphia. '' Aitor? J. Richardson, Oswego; W. Curry, London; *' Dr.; P. George. Washington; D 8t John, Moo'!j ticello; W. Lewis, Philadelphia: D Elliott, U. 8. Navy; W. Whitney, Baltimore; B. Whiteley, do; T. Filguer, do; H. Bayard, Pennsylvania; A. O'Kile, Providence; T. 1 Halves, Boston; 8. Salisbury, Worcester; K. Miller, r\ Masaachusatts; T. Btamsfeld, England; 8. Ashman, Lon, don; J. Ferns, Boston; W. Henry, Quebec; J. Higginsten, Boston; W. Appleton, do; E Kings man, do; E. Ho8 hart, do; F Stockbndge. do; O. Wickham, U. 8. Army; . A Uikbs. Philadelphia: (J. I'arkor, Worcester; C. Lubeg, ' New York; E Blade, Bsltimote. Cirv-J. Jones, Richmond, Va; R. Sewell, Baltimore; Ed. Voothies; U. 8 Navy; Hon H B libett, South Ca' rutins, J. Dooley, Richmond; Com Koarney, U 8 Nail | vy; M Farnum, New York; C. Robertson, Washington; . J. Veiem, Virginia; J. Hare, do; F. Snmmsnto, Philadelpliia; T ll.nnpet, B. Harrison, Baltimore; J Meeker, , Troy; J Foieman, Antigua; L Reynolds, Georgia; D. dooraem, New Jersey ; J. Barker, Louisville; Dr Row bertson, Luuchiter. Kharslipi?R. Beers, Georgia; O Eaton, New York; J M. Hockley, Philadelphia; 8. Oridin, f'ittsfield, J. Williams, do ; Mr. Kendrick, Boston; J. Bennett, Alabama; J. H. Hall, Albany; M. Townsend, Troy. ' Huwah? ?II Lslice, Ware; 8 Foulhel, Alabama; C. . Dsbrell, Denmoik; J Maxwell, Memphis; J Elliott, Lex . mgton, J. Hale, do; E. Mammons Charleston; J Steele, , Georgia; J lias.s, J Keeber, J Osborne, Ohio; P. Chase, T Jonas, Philadelphia; B Skinner, N. Y ; M Wheat, ... Ala; J Blacti, Lowell; M. Stebhins, J McClushen, ' Richmond; Hon D. Howard Howard Place; L Gunner, ,, N Cabot, Troy ; M Cinch, Va; J. Morris, B. H. " Morris, Washington; E Pitman, Baliimore, B Wilkin son, l olumbiia; C. Leonard, I. Browne, Htanfonl; Geo. Patterson, Texas; 8 Adams, Worcester; R. Myers, ' Washington; J. Bryen, J. Lords, H. Glover, Boston; B I Harder, J Browne, F Rickets, Worcester; J. Uoher, R. J Tyler, Lowell; W. Bradshuw, Philad.; N. Johnson, 8 * Junto*.?J. Williams, Newport; J Lincoln, Norwich; (J. Hamhlia, Providence; M. Hobineon, Hertford; J. ,v Freaa, Washington Lity; Dr. Worth, Springfiald; Levi L Hale, New It oven, J H. Lyman, Mas*.; E Plumb, Hartlord; F Andrews, Savannah. p Rathiu*'i.?W. S Smith. Buffalo ; h. Burlinghnm, Rhodo Island; J Nicoll, Nashville; H. Anderson, St. . Lotua ; J. bell, Wheeling; C. Bouter, Providence ; R. Chandler, Bolivia; 8 Bowen, J.W.Bingham, L bulke[j_ ly, F. Baluntmo, New York Relief to Ireland and Scotland. " Taasjuar Chambeis, Feb. 3d, 1047. I am commanded by the Lorda Commissioner! of Her Mejeaty'a Treasury to acquaint you, in reply to your '1* letter of the lit instant, addresaed to Lord John Russell, >> that the Lorda will be prepared to pay the freights of any 30 provision! or clothing which beuovolent persona in the United States may aoiul to Ireland or to the distressed disrf! tricts in Scotland, on proof being afforded that the articles >> were puichasnd from the produce of private subacrip. " tlona, and have beon appropiisted to charitublu ohjecta. ir i am, gentleman, y?ur obedient servant. 0. E. TRK.VELYAN. as Thk Laik Stokm.?The storm on the Cape was te very severe. We learn from the liurnittible ?t (Mail) Oartlle, that it commenced there on Fliday or morning, nnd continued whh little inteimisaion until of Titeaday evening The Patriot pronounces it one of the to longest and moat severe snow storms that has been eg. d, penanced on that (Jape for a quarter of a century. Th? la length and aevei itv of the storm excite apprehensions M for the slopping near the Cape, at ? ? ct The racket Ship Saranac, Turley, from Philadelphia, is, for Liveipool, sailed yesterday morning, with the lolly lowing cargo, vix: 16,100 bushels Indian corn; 4,000 bbla he flour; 1300 hhls corn meal; 100 bbla bread; 10 tierce* dried peachoa, fee, thelreight ol which exceeds gil.aoo. HIGHLY IMPORTANT INTELLIGENCE 1 FEOM THE SB AT 0 7 TAR. MEWS FROM Ta.MPICO. [From tbe New Orleans Picayune. Feb. 18 1 The 8t. Paul arrived yesterday from Tampico, having sailed on the 8'h inst The St. P. brought over $6 600 in plate, and :M .too iu apecie. Wo grieve to lav that the new* in regard to tbe i volunteers on the Ondiaka i? leu favorable than we bad reaaon to expect. The main body of them had not arrived at Tampico. On the contrary, at our lateat accounts from thein they we'e eugaged in a conflict with a body of Mexicans far auperior to them in numbers and equipment. Tasirico, February 8,1847 The plot thickens. Rumor is followed by rumor in . quick succession. I begin to think there is something iu the report about the Mexicans havirg attacked Col Do Hussy; but 1 claim that I may be excused for my want of faith in the story as it first reached us. Mexican rumors, in the main, are worth Just what importance people may be whimsical enough to attach to them.? ! "Wolf, wolf !" is the common cry; but it may be that the wolf has come. At all events, those in authority here have seen proper, owiDg to roports that have reached the city in the last twenty-four hours, to order a whole brigade?in addition to Lieutenant Miller's and Captain Magrudar's forces, mentioned in my letter of tbe 6tb?to go at once to the relief of Col De Russy. This is what ought to have been done at first, if it were deemed aecessary to do anything at all. If CoL De Ruesy needed aid, it waa aid beyond the power of n mere handful of men to render, and a suBeient force should at once have been despatched to his assistance. But to the laat "bulletin"? which miv or may not be true. A Mexican, said to be worthy of belief, has arrived hore, and reports that Gen. Cos hud arrived on Thursday last, the 4th inst., from Tuspan, of the wrack of the ship Ondiaka, with 480 troops, consisting of 190 of tbe battalion of Tuspan, the rest National Guards and cavalry; that ouhia way Gen.Cos wos joined by HO men fromTamisgua, 180 from Papantla. and HO from Omelma ?his whole force amounting to PbO men. with four nieces of artillsry; that after summoning Col De Rusty to cut- | rendar hi*force a* prisoner* oI war, which lutnmon* was i promptly rejected, an engagement took place which lasted till 10 o'clock P. M , after the Mexican left, and the result was not known. Gen Co* had stationed on ad- 1 trance of 00 cavalry and *0 infantry at a pas* to prevent , reiuiorcements arriving from this place. The brigade which has been ordered to go to the relief 1 of Col De Kussy is under the command of Brig. Gen- j eral Pillow, consisting of three regiments Tennessee volunteers, two of foot and one mounted, and four companiea of artillery. This lorce started last night.? Success to thoin. in great haate, F. A. L. In addition to the foregoing, we learn from Mr. John 1 C. Howard, who came paasenger on tho St. Paul, that aa ! the vessel was coming over the bar on the morning of the j 9th inst, the propeller James Cage was seen returning 1 from the wreck of the Ondiaka. The Cage had no other persons on board than her regular crew, and as she took down Cant Magruder and his command, it is certain that he had effected a landing. We must remain in suspense in regard to the fate of the volunteers until another arrival. If they have two hundred guns and a tolerable supply of ammunition, wo have great fuith that they will beat off the Mexicans, or at least h-id them in check till General Pillow arrivsa. The ships Statesman, Prentice and Catharine wore off the bar ot Tampico on the 9th inat, ail filled with troops I The 3d regiment Mississippi volunteers, on boerd the | Statesman, were suffering terribly by aickness?they were dying in great numbers daily. On the other ships the health of the troop* was excellent. The New Yorkers on the Catharine, are particularly spoken of as a tine looking act of fellows. We nave the first number of tho Tampico Sentinel before us, a well printed and well filled sheot. We find in the Sentinel the same rumor in regard to the taking of Chihuahua which we mentioned yesterday. We incline to thiuk it grew out of some skirmish between the American aud Mexican forces near Ei Paso del Norte, mentioned in our news from Mexico. Tamfico, Feb 6, 1647. I wrote you last from the Brazos. On the 39th ult, I < sailed from that place, and arrived here yesterdey?just one week from the day of sailing. The paasage was a most disagreeable and uncomfortable one. Only think of being at aea for seven days in a small sahooner witb some seventy people on board, first encountering a "Dorther" and then becalmed for the rest of the time? drifting and beating about with the current, and going where no one on board could tell. But that's all over, and, thanks to Providence, 1 am once more sale on terra I fir-ma Very great changes have taken place aince 1 was last here, occasioned principally by the large acoeasion of forces from varioua points. We have now at Tampioo about 7000 troops ?regulars and volunteers; the whole under the command of Maj.Gen Pattersou, who aucceeda j Brig. Gon. Shield* in command of this station. Tho forces now here con<iat of the following brigades and com mands, as neatly as I can ascertain, viz : - G*n. Twiggs' regular division, beiag parts 01 ine isi. jj, .11, ami / m inlentry, and twe companies of rifles?Gen. Smith commanding the rifles and 7(h infantry; (ieu Pillow's brigade, being two regiments of foot and one of cavalry? Tennessee troops; Gen. Quitman's brigade, the Alabama and Georgia regiments and U alii mora battalion; General Shield's brigade, the 3d and 4th regiment Illinois volunteers. It is supposed that the 1st and 3d regiments of Illinois troops, now with Gen. Wool, near Saltilio, will be ordered down to All Gen. Shields' command. In addition to the ubove forces, there are also four companies of the 1st artillery, three ot the 3d, three of the 3d, and one company of the 4th. together with one company ef the Uth infantry, which garrison the lines and defensive works of the place, under Col. Gates 1 assure you wo have quite a nice little army here at Tampico, and every thing seems to be moving along regularly as clockwork. 1 have before teld you of our excellent police regulations here, and have still to say that the best possible order generally prevails. The selling of spirituous liquors is most strictly prohioited, and if the order is infringed, and the offender found out, he pays the penalty most dearly. Within two or three days past two men have been arrested for violating the order. A number of soldiers were discovered to be intoxicated, and the police by great vigilance ascertained where they had been furnished with liquor, and arrested the venders. They weie taken befere a regularly constituted court and each fined three hundred dollars; and sentenced besides, one to work upon the lines, and the other to banishment irem the city. This may laeem pretty sevore, but people should not break the laws, and patticularly not sell intoxicating drinks to soldiers. Io regard to Gen. Shields' administration, or his govarnment of tha city, thera la but one aommon opinion, it is universally regretted that necessity should seam to have required him to take charge of his command and State troops, and every one unites in praise ef his efficient end wholeseme government while in command of the town For ene I cannot but hope ho may have an opportunity to go actively into the tteld, and that he may win rich laurel*. 1 A neat little paper, called the Tampico Sentinel, made its appearance to-day. It ia published by Messrs. Barnard St Jowsll, two young gentleman from New Orleans They are worthy, ieapectable and enterprising practical printers, and moat sincerely do 1 wish them success in their praiseworthy undertaking. This ia another improvement?an Amerioan newspaper in Tampico! I tend you a copy of tha StnUntl, and beg an exchange with the editors. The U. S. gunboat Nonata, Midshipman Smith commanding, has been here tome days. She tails this morning for Anton Lizsrdo. I can gain nothing of imuortance lrom her officers relative to our squadron, ana do not even know what brought her here. A cruel and most foul murder was committed here last night in the Plaza, near the church. The victim was a young man named James D. Bowlin, formerly of Maryland, who had been irore siuce about Christmas last. He came out in the schooner Fulton, from New Orleans. Two men are now in jail on tuspicioa of being concerned in the bloody deed; one a Mexican, who, it seems pretty certain, indicted the fetal wound?the ! other a white man named Oraetsr? so spelled to me? supposed to have instigated the murder. They are to be examined on Monday -day alter te-morrow. The murder was committed with a lurge knrle, the blade pierc ing the breast bone, und penetrating several inches, which must have caused instant death Graetsr, 1 learn, formerly resided in your city, and had some connexion with a livery stable, or was a horse trader. He end the murdered roan had quarreled the day belore about some money transaction. Kxx.7 ? Lieut Gibson, of the 3d artillery, died last night i f fevsr. He had been sick but a lew days Gen. Scott is looked for here in a short time; he will probably arrive in tho course of this week NEWS FROM THE BRAZOS. By the arrival yesterday of the Sea, we have dates from Brazos Santiago up to the 6th, lrom Matamoras to Uth, and froan Camargo up to the 1st instant It will be seen, by the letters ot oureoirespondents, that a party of eur troops have been captured near Saliillo, and that Majors Borland and Gaines, an l Capt Casaius M Clay have b.-en taken p'tsonera It will also tie seen that murder* and outrages are constantly being committed on the roads by the Mexicans As our letters contain all the more important pin t ol tho intelligence, we hasten to lay them helore our renders : ? Cimp on thr. Rio Oranu*, > Near Palo Aito, Jnn 3D, 1617.) Everything hern betoken* a sudden in >vamant ot the troops Seventy days rations havo been isnsied, and orders given to be in readiocsi at a moment's warning. YViihin a few day*, if I nm not greatly mistaken, Uen Worth's division will he on ship board, moving towards Vera Cruz (ten. Worth is up aguiu, and, although ; lame, is beginning to luok quite well. Some changes ! hare been made among the commnruling officers ot the different corps. Col. Whistler, of the 4th iiifcntry, has been ordered to take command of tho Now Orleans bar racka, and Col. Garland assumes the command of the regiment. Lieut Mackali Ins been promoted, and will act as assistant adjutant general, with Gen. Wo^li, with iun idiik ui "level uipiBin. iiioui. ucui^d uv,+nt bvijuj taot of the 5th inlantry, lias reciiive.l a similar commitI sion, and ii ordered to report to Oen. Wool. Capt. Arnold, (,'ormerly ol tbs dragoon*.) of the quar' termaster's department, has juat arrived here anil joined the command. It teams that the Mexican army at Han Luis hare haen making some movement, as reports have several times reached Hani.In, since Worth's division left, that the enemy was marching against that pUoe, and two regiments of volunteers were sent up from Monterey to stiengthcn O-n Cutler's command. No 1 newt from (Jon. Taylo since lie 1. It Victoria The 8th Infnntry have not ail arrived yet, hut the bal ance are eipected to day I had the pleasure yes'erday | of meeting rapt Alexander, oftheOtli Inlantry who has arrived and assumed the comm md of hi* company Me is looking wall, and is eager, like the rest, to appruacn | the walls of Vera Crux. I am requested hy < apt Blinchard to any to the public that he lins been authorized to receive sixteen more men into his company, to setvs only to the end of the year for which the company was mustered into the service, say until July next Any gallant young mm. therefore, who may desire} to smell gunpowder, end to gain laurels in the victoiies thut await oururnia, now have an opportunity to do so in a corps which has glorl. I otttly sustained the honor ol old Louisiana in tho face of tha enemy. It i* a great honor to serve in such a comSany, and under officers who have so distinguished lemselve*. Among tho many officers who havo recently arrived, no one has racaived a warmer welcome than Col. Hitchcock, of the Sd Infantry. He la ? truly esteemed and 1 respected, by both officers and men. as any man In the oarvlce. The Colonel it looking well, and Mr ng to sea b<m at the head of hi* regiment, from which he has b;en ae long separated by sickness Nothing but ill luck can prevent this accom [dished officer from leachii g the head of hia profession. You will hear of liim at Veiaf'iux. . Mouth or thi RioG: avik K b. r?, 1347. i!?!11 i 7. k?d now* to give \iu, g.'n, and very little that it pleasant. The fate of Col. Maj'a rear guard and baggage you have already heard of?but intelligence haa just reached this place, too painfully true and well authenticated, wiucu proves that the enemy have opened on ua in earnoat, and that their hatred i? mortal. l-lOu the 11th January. [ met Lieut. Ritchie, of the 4th Infantry, but fb?n acting with the 2d Dragoons, on bit way from Saltillo, with ten dragoons, to Victoiia, bearing important despatches to Gen. Taylor, from Gen Scott and others It Is laid theae despatches contained tho whole plan of the operationa in which we are about to. engage. While on the road between Monterey and Vic* toiia, but ut what place I cannot learn, the party waa at tacked; young Ritchie was lassoed and dragged acroaa a cornfield, auil the despatches carried off. The ten dr?goona were either killed or taken prisonera. Lieutenant Ritchie waa one of the moat distioguiahed and axcelient young oflicera in the army Hia conduct at Pelo Alto and Resaoa won the admiration of the army, and he waa much eatremod for bia talents and the excellence of his heart. There is little or no doubt ot bis death?still, whilst there is a shudow of a doubt, there ia hope. A few days ugo, an officer of the 3d Ohio Regiment, Lieut. Miller is believed to be bia name, waa murdered at Chichironi, and awiully mutilated. His heart wee cut out and hung upon a ahrub, to show us, I suppose, how deeply seated waa their hatred towards us. I would like to havo command of two hundred mounted men, with unlimited power over the country between Cerralvo and Camargo, My first act would be to shoot every man In Mier ; then go and burn every rancho on the route, tor ten miles tight and left, and shoot every man, to Cerralvo?and then continue to shoot them, in that region, no fast as they mads their appearance. But here is news that will sraate a deep sensation in tho States. Tho following lottor reached Gon. Worth last evening or course there is no doubt about its correctness. It is front Capt. Chapman, of the army :? Sw.tillo, Jan 26.1847. I have only time (o write a word. Major Borland, ef the Arkansas cavalry, with fifty men, and Maj. Oaiues and CasMua M. Clay, with thirty men, wero surprised and captured at Kncarnaoion, (about forty fire miles beyond Bdltille.) an the morning of the 264, by General Minou. lie heard that Borland was there, and marched from Matebuala with 600 cavalry, and took them without firing a fun. This is no stumpid*. Tours tiuly, W. W. CHAPMAN. The above is all that has raaekod us on the subject; lit fact, it is clear enough Between eighty and ninety of our mes have been taken prisoners, aud are undoubtedly at Sun Luis Potest ere this. The hatred el the Mexicans ia so inveterate, however, against eur volunteers, that fears aro entertained fur the safety of the prisoner*. The troops are beginning to move down from Camp Palo Alto. Gen. Scott would have embarked to-day, en the Massachusetts, for 'J'ampico if a heavy noithar had not sprung up yesterday. He will bo accompanied by two or three companies of the artillery battalion, Captain* C. V. Smith and Vinton's companies being of the number. Th ' destination of the troopais Lobos, about asventylive miles from Vera Cruz. Aa Santa Anna knows all about it, I presume there is no impropriety in my telling you. It is au island, very near tho main land, and behind it is a safe harbor lor vessels of considerable sizo. Tho shore is rocky, and the pass very crooked, but not extremely dangerous. In the course ef the week we shall be on tne Gulf,land if the northers and southeasters do not send us to another world, you will soon receive a description of the battle and capture of Verm Cruz. Mouth or thk Rio Urandk, Feb. 4. 1B47. But it seems almost a sacrilege to write in such a vein at a moment like this. Last evening the ship Talbot atrived. She ia a transport of 624 tons burden, and with accommodations for 400 men She has three months' supplies for this number of men. To-day, about 1 000 troops will come down frum Camp Palo Alto, and. if the weather continues as moderate aa it is this morning, the embarkation will commence to-night. Gen. Soott has not gone on board, but is expected over here to-day. We have received further intelligence respecting the fate of Lieut. Ritchie. It seems that the ten drageona reached Victoria in safety, but there is ne longer any doubt about the death of the valuable young oflioer. The party halted at a town on the road, and Lieut. Ritchie left tne men for a few moments, to go with a guide and procure forage for tho horses. They had proceeded but it short distance when a Mexican came dashing up ou horseback, threw a lasso suddenly over Ritchie's nack, and dragged him full speed, across a field, and then murdered and stripped him. Histoid now that the transports will assemble at Loboa harbor, with all the troops, and than move together | to a landing much nearer Vera Cruz. ItKWS FROM VERA CRUZ. Krom Havana, we are placed in possession of the advices by the British steamer frem Mexico Our letters and a portion ef our papers have also corao to hand Oar (jaws irom verauruz, are to we evening ?> me 1st inst., and from tha city of Mexico to the 29:h of January. The Medway brought ever $600,OOu in speeie, and fifty, two passengers. i Tho rumor of the assassination of Santa Anna turns out to be unfounded ; so also of his active opposition to the seizure of church property. At last accounts he was still at Ban Luis Potoai. Vera Cruz papers of the 28th ult. announce that letters from 8an Luis speak of his immediate departure for Tula. Letters from the aity of Mexico are to the same effect, and represent that h? would move at tha head of the main body of his farces. Letters ou which ws rely confidently say that his whole I strength does not exceed 23,000 men of all arms They j are represented to he in a deplorable situation for want I ' of means. They are destitute of clothing end provi- I 1 sions, and one regiment bad actually left lor the city of | Mexico. Hnnta Anna employs his time in gambling and cock lighting, and writing menacing and energotio representations to Congress for inouey. We even have assurances that ho quite recently wou $34,000 at montc from his own officers, veiy many of whom are vary young men. The latest aooounts we have seen fiem Han Luis say that he would move upon -Tula the nsorning of the 37th ult. This is stated in a latter dated the 38th. General La Vega has beeu appointed cammandant general of Vera Cruz. Lsttars of the zoth 4 fiimo, frem Mexico, mention this fact, and there can ha n* doubt ot it. He will be fortunate it lie has not an earln opportunity of revisiting tha United States in his ferker capnehy. 1 Our private accounts, from most responsible sources, sot down the number ot troops in the eity of Vera Crux at 3j0u?some say 3000 The garrison of Sag Juan da Ulioa does not exceed 1100 troops. Soma accounts reptesent that there are two months' previsions in the oastle, but we have a latter from s gentleman who has access te the most rsspectabls sources of information, but whom we need not name, in which he assures us that there is not a barrel of salted previsions in the castle; and that the troops, both of the castle and city, are denendent upon the back ceuntry for their daily supplies ef feed ? 8o far as tho troops in tha city are concerned, this has long bean the case, and wo have all confidence in eur correspondent's information as te the castle. They hava beeu tor sumo time in continual apprehension of an attack at Vera Cruz, and the inhabitants appear to have as little doubt as to the issue as we have. For seme reason or other, they were cxpoctiDg an attack on the 8th of this month. Preparatory te it, orders had bean issued for tho removal, into the interior, of the cargoes of three or four <nnu,viuii>u iimi erttaeu we uocuai 01 vera OIUI ana got into port 1he Congress of the State of Vera Cruz bad Ueued a manifesto calling on the people at all hazards to reiist the invasion of the Americana. During the month of January the approeehee to Vera Cruz ou the road to the interior were strangthened bjr a battery of heavy guns. Through the lame well-informed gentleman lroin whom we learn llrii fact, we are confirmed in our belief, express*.1 above,, aalto tho destitution of the , troop* in the city uud castle. He write*?" I do cot lee how it is possible to introduce any more troop* with any prospect of leeding them " In regard to the condition of the military throughout Mexico, we have the evidence of an eyu witness Ho testifies that everywhere it is deplorable, from ihe state of desti'utiou iu which the troops now are. They are miserably clothed ami fed. The Congress of the State of San Luis receutly passed a decree authorising the Governor of their Slule to negotiate, within forty-sight hours, a loan?either voluntary or forced?to be applied to the supply of too co nmissariat of the army of operalions. 'l'njs is annoueced tu a Vera Cruz papor ot the 30:h ult. Nor does there appear to be any prospect ef relief, for the want of moans which prevails in Mexico. The law authorising the Beizuie of fifteen millions of prop rty belonging to tho cnurch promises to he a dead letter. The pioperty cousin* almost wholly ot real estate, in different cities of the republic. Kvsn if the law of Congtess be entoiced, it is said that uo one will advance money upon ttie property so seized, muoli less purchase it Tho who'ebody oi the clergy had protested against ' the seizure as Haciiirgious, and they were eupported by a large portion o( the lower classes of the people. Santa I Anna gsvu in his adbesiou to the measure with great rei luctancn A letter from hiui is published, addressed to 11' jon? agaiii i ppriri-h'ly bis friau t?in which he avows that he has uuilormly oppised sued a measure, and is only induced to as?ent to it by the necessities ot the ceuntiy. The p..pcii before u< are lilied with accounts ; ot the actum ot the different State* in icgard to the measure. PuvIiIh, Mexico and Hue-etaio, among other*, wcic 0|)^h>acu iu 11 , wajticrf u?*u uwi/iaifu 1U 1 a- , vor of it. Still the Government uppvur determuv | ed to carry the plan thiougii. It is a favorite one wiih (Jotaez. Katies and His friends, the federalists, or radicals. at we may call theru. One of the clergy in the city of Mexico has been imprisoned tor hi* factious opposition to tho measure. At our last accounts, the Mexican engross had before it a modification of thn law, I which would render it less burdensome, hut without ; changing the principle. t> ir letteis say that all tho lite mimaters havo resigned Too ministers of foreign affairs and of finances hovn certainly done so. Honor H? j n, who so recently quarreled with Hanta Anna, bus gone back to the State Deportment He is nn ardent ledoraliai, and is relied upon to oiny thiougb the of church property.? Neither our papers nor letters mentions who now has charge ot the wai department. Senor Krancisco Suaiez I mi te lis* taken chuge of the finances. He was a member otthe chamber of deputies, and received thoir assent to his accepting his present i (flea. To add to the general ditorgan'/.ztiou, tiio congress is said to hare date* ruined to dissolve about llio first of this present monlh. A report was in circulation in Havana, derived from a letter of tha very latest date from Vera Cruz, that dsn. Miuon had had nu engagement with some American troops nsar Victoria, and taken 800 nl them prisoners. ? I lii? transpired threu/h ibe Mexican consul at Havana, and was'olully disciaiii.e I hy our country men thereWe liars no doubt the rumor was founded upon Minon's exploit mar Haltilio, mentionoJ in tho news from the Brazos in another column We find tne prizs seized by Minon noticed intli? Indicator. Thst paper s ts down the number oi his prisoners at seventy, two of whom, I*, sai s are field offlcei* nod four company officers. Tne Ylextc ins appear o ho par L ularly well in ormcd of the movement* and pesitinns of our troop* ' lt?y give from time to lime, the forces at Tampii o, saltillo, and Victoria and other places K.very where they see our atms advancing, and to tne consternation of all parties, sweeping > II before them. This occasions much speculation in Mexico, as may well he imagined, a< to tho final issue Letteis Horn Havana express the belief, founded upon information from high quarters in Mexico, that their government will very soon enter into negotiations for peace, from total inability to auhsist And protract thn struggle. Still we read that one regiment of the auxiliaries of Dan Luis had made a formal proclamz' 4

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