Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 28, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 28, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Mtw Vork, ?mi'ii*y. February an, IH-17. THE HERALD FOR EUROPE. The stesunship Cambria will leave Boston tomorrow, and her mails will close in this city at hall-past one o'clock this afternoon. The second edition of the Herald for Eurojk will be issued this morning at eleven o'clock. It will contain the late important news from Mexico, as well as any other that may be received up to the time it is put to press ; also, the Ilev. Mr. Gdes' lecture on the causes and remedies of Irish distress; the extraordinary correspondence between Governor Wright and Secretary Marcy, in relation to the California expedition; the latest news from Washington ; the Congressional debates to the latest moment; interesting correspondence ; the latest reports of the American markets and ship news; and a variety ol political, financial, and miscellaneous intelligence. An extra edition of the Herald for Europe, with half a dozen beautiful illustrations of Mexico, prepared on the 24th inst. for the Sarah Sands, has ' ( been printed for the Cambria.1 Single copies of either, in wrappers, can be ob- ! tained at the office at (if cents each. The Cambria's Ulalls. The steamer Governor, with the Cambria's mails, ami several passengers for the steamer, winch sails to-morrow, among whom is'M. Zani I De Farranti, the eminent guitarist and composer, did not leave here till 7 o'clock this morning. The weather yesterday was thick and stormy, 1 and at 3ko'clock in the afternoon Capt. Thayer, I who is always right, concluded to hold on till this ! morning, as there was no prospect of getting lar- I ther than Hart's Island. The steamer Worcester went out, and would go through if possible, as she is to be at Green port to-day, to carry across the express mail, which is advertised to leave here this aiternoon; but we think it doubtful if she performs the trip. The express mail will leave, however, and go j through if possi' le. The Financial Condition of Use) Country? The Past?The Present and the Future. In the present eventful moment, when every j important interest of the country is involved in 1 j the future, we deem it particularly necessary to 1 c call the attention of our banking institutions to i a the claims of the commercial classes, blended fc with their administration of financial affairs, ai^l 1 to suggest for reflection, whether it will not best i c comport with their usefulness to ascertain what ' a degree of restriction ought to be adopted, to keep { their issues within the bounds of consistent uni- ( lormity, regulating prices by a strict specie basis, ! t the only real measure of .property. j i From official returns for several periods, we I , see that their movements have been governed , throughout with singular and creditable discretion, they having cautiously avoided any partici- ( pation in the speculative movements which have been for some time past carried to some extent in ' our principal staple commodities. In alluding to the propriety of the course pursued by our banks, in relation to our Huancial 1 affairs, we must not forget to give full weight and 1 due importance to the conservative influence of ^ the independent treasury, threugh the influence of which, the periodical inflations and expansions which have heretofore attended the employment of the government money on deposit, have entire- ] ly ceased. It should also be observed that the j course pursued by the banks f>r some time past, j lias not only established commercial credits upon ^ a more solid foundation, but an opportunity has been afforded business men of making their com- i inercial operations with more certainty of sue- ' cess. These institutions will, in the long run, And , themselves fully compensated for the legitimacy ( of their proceedings; they avoid all necessity for ; i sudden and ruinous contractions. Instead of stimu- | 1 lating speculation, trade has been permitted to 1 regulate itself, and in thus conforming to sound, solid and practical principles, the general pros- ] perity of the country has been improved and ! 3 established. As there have been no artificial , means employed to keep back our produce, through the illegitimate operations of our banking institutions, we have seen a perfect harmony be- ' tween the legitimate wants of the commercial 1 classes and the natural capacity of the banks to | afford legitimate facilities. As we now stand, the fiscal affairs of the community are at ease; we feel no apprehension of commercial embarrass- 1 merit or distress;and we have nothing in the per- j spective indicating a sudden revolution, or any change calculated to produce mercantile bankruptcy. In thus nrASAntinff f hn liriirl.f ei'la r\i' tlia noaf a ? ? ? *" i'?"' 1 and the present, we have only given an opportunity to appreciate the advantages which we daily experience from the conduct of the banks, in con- j fining themselves to the legitimate rules of trade; i but it is our opinion that the responsibilities of ! these useful and'important institutions do not rest ' there; they have other duties to perform, of a more difficult and embarrassing character. It is necessary, however, that their field of action should bo clear?that ?o difficulties should be thrown in their way by legislative enactments, calculated to perplex them, rather than prove beneficial to the public. The financial and commercial information recently received from Europe, is entirely too uncertain and variable to gratify any very sanguine expectations, or to confirm any favorable antici- o pations that our course of prosperity may not be ! disturbed; and we might almost add, that its un- | JJ restricted continuance would ultimately produce * the most embarrassing re action, inasmuch as ex- 1 ^ cessive profits would seriously reduce the resour- n ces of external consumers; and under this apprehension the Bank of England has advanced the tl rato <Jfinterest and restricted its customary loans " and discounts. The steady drain of specie was ii the cause of much alarm and apprehension, and although any reduction in prices for breadstuff's b cannot but be temporary, there is no doubt but b that the consumption of cotton will be very mate- ni nally restricted, and our exports in this way very el materially reduced in the aggregate value. " If these counteracting influences should prove I" inoperative, there are others which might be brought to bear on our resources, against which tk we have no protective power but the restrictiveness of our money market; a policy which the *t banks will, no doubt, soon see the necessity of pursuing, though they may not at present recognise the probability that sujh measnres of precaution can be required Should our importa- T tions. bv anv nossihilitv l.? l?r<r? >..<! ?k,. ? u . . , , /I B-l "*P c?' ; changes range high, trom this cause, and from the tr remittance of Stare securities lo this country for sale, the banks will soon see the necessity for a jt contraction The balance of trade in our favor, J m as exhibited by the amount of specie imports, must, for a time, continue large; but were it not K - r the increased demand for, and the increased C' value 01, cur bn aditulfs and provisions, our short 0] crop of cotton would make th* country for 1847 , 1* n heavy debtor. " It can easily be perceived from these facts, and ta vie possibility of an unfavorable change in our e commercial position, that the future may not be all sunshine?that there exist some grounds for 1 belief that we might run too fast in the career of ' <1 speculation; and the more especially at this time j, w ieri wo look forward to the period or periods , f? wiicn our public debts shall arrive at maturity, jj f he bends issued by the State authorities, inde- ! ir : < of that of tho gctieral government, are 01 i uinatcd at over two hundred millions of dol- | r. lars, a largo part of which is in the hinds of !o reign creditors, redeemable within the next twen ty years?making an annual average claim upoi the country of about twelve millions of dollais. These are diiiiculties the banks will have u contend with in the course of their ordinary bu siness, and ar of such a nature as cannot witl impunity be neglected?pay day is sure to come and we must be prepared with means to mee the demands. To do this it is essentially neces sary that we should husband our resources, and there is no more judicious and legitimate way ol doing so than to make as the basis of our opera tions, the strictest specie value of every description of property. In our remarks wo have had particular reference to the claims of the public on the banks, and we have endeavored to show that the course re cently pursued, has been, in an eminent degree, sound and satisfactory, which gives us some assurance that the future course of these iustitutions will not be less legitimate or less liberal, especially as their own security, under any different management, would become extremely precarious. Independent of the contracting inliuenco of the Independent Treasury, it must be ad. mitted that the large negotiations made by the Government cannot fail to restrict the capabilities of the banks to afford facilities to the commercial classes. It must be seen that the borrowing of so much money on the part ol me government, absorbs private capital; ana as this capital is chiefly held on deposit in the banks, whatever tends to withdraw it, of course reduces the strength of these depositories. If the government put into circulation its evidences of public debt, the security will always give them the preference over private responsibility, and in the ratio of such inves'nients there will arise a deficiency in the as ml accommodations afforded to the commercial classes, unless the banks should attempt to make good the deficiency by proportionate expansions, which we apprehend could'not with safety take place, with the specie clause ol the Independent Treasury staring them full in the face. When the Secretary of the Treasury shall have completed his negotiations for the loan of eighteen millions on the 10th of April, the government will then be a large creditor of the money market; and should the batiks attempt to expand, or even continue their present discount line, they may find themselves in a position of extreme embar-assment. These institutions have their own se:urity to look to, and any misconception of their trength may lend to the most serious disasters, 10th to themselves and the public at large. Beieving that their existence and that of the merantile community depends upon pursuing a teady, uniform and legitimate course, in avoiding :very variety of speculation, and in discontinuing ivery effort to sustain prices by affording facilities :o strengthen monopoly, we trust that the future will not be marked by those exceses in commercial pursuits which have filled the past, and that we shall soon find everything established firmly,upon a pure specie basis,and regulated by that standard of value. The New York Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb. The Directors of the New York Institution for the Initruction of the Deaf and Dumb, hare made their ann* report, as required by law, to the Legislature. The officers of the institution, at present, are named n ollows lltTEI.LECTUAL DEfAHTMSIST. Prt'idtnt of the Inetitution, HARVEY PRINDLK PEET, A. M. Profeiiori and Teaehere. David Ely Bartlett, A. M. Isaac Lewis Peet, A. B. losiah Addison Cary, A. M. Jeremiah Wood Conklin, J run Wilkinson Morris, AH. Gilbert C. W. Oamage, lacob Van Nostrand, A. M. Fisher Ames Spofford, Thomas Uallaudet, A. M Isaac Hoyt Benedict. DOMESTIC DEf AETMEIST. Phytician? Nicholas Morrell, M.D. Steward?Edmund B. Peet. Matron? Mrs. Harriet 8toner. Jlnittant-Mra. Louisa A. Frisbie. The number of pupils reported this year, is 981; of shorn 117 are males and 91 females. The beneficiaries if the State are 60 in number; those of the Corporation, 16; 7 are provided for by the State of Naw Jersey; 19 in ivhole or in part by their friends, and the remaining 6 kre supported by the institution. The receipts of the society, from every aource, incluling the balance of eight huudred and saventy-six dollars and twenty-six cents, on hand at the close of the rear eighteen hundred and forty-five, have amounted to lixty-one thousand thirty nine dollars and twsnty-three senta $61,089 93 Disbursements 67,491 68 Balance due the Treasurer 6,989 36 The expenditures for the Asylum have >een as follows for groceries and provisions $7,980 96 Salaries and wages 11,148 91 Buildings and repair* 36,664 63 Fuel and lights 9,918 96 Clothing 1,661 89 rurnuoie . 1 us Ktablo expenses 1,014 S3 8tock, tooli, See. in the ehopi, garden and school rooms 5,401 CO Kent, insurance, printing, postage, Ice... 1,196 01 The receipts have been from the following sources:? JBalsnce on hand January 1,1846. $876 26 From Comptroller of Suite for State pupils, 6 quarters 25,901 72 do do per act 3d April, 1834.. 6,out) 00 Regents of the University 1,242 34 Corporation ot the city of New York. . . 2,140 00 Treasurer of the State of New Jersey. . . 640 00 raying pupils 1,631 10 Seamen's Bank for Savings, money borrowed 30,000 00 Sales of clothing and cash advanced pupils 983 97 do artioles manufactured in cabinet shop 166 38 Work done in book-bindery 1 767 00 do Shoe shop 163 00 do Tailor's shop 98 19 Francis Hall, F.sq., Life membership.... 30 00 Annual subscriptions 16 00 Mrs Hart, Troy, donation 2 00 Kent of dwelling house 126 00 Boarders 131 82 Sales of coal, $56 66, soap grease,$20 64 .. 76 60 Sales of flour barrels, $30 80, potatoes $6 26 36 05 Mutual Insurance Ce., premium refunded 6 00 Total $61,039 23 The insfitution is thus described in the report, by one f the pupil*. "This institution, well sustained by appropriations tade by the Legislature of this State, by the city governnent of New York, aud by private munificence, is pleaantly situated on Fiftieth street,between the Fourth and 'ifth avenues, about 3>$ miles from the City Hall. It routing south, stands ou a beautiful eminence, and comisnds a tine view of the North river, ami adjacent coun ry. It occupies ten acres of land ef lease ; one of which as been granted to'thii institution by the Corporation ol lie city ol New York. The value of the buildings end rounds is estimated at about $3<),0(K). "The institution is entirely built of brick and stuccoed, i imitation of marble; the principal edifice if 110 feet ing and 90 wide, and four.storiea high, including the asement Two northern winga were added to the uiidiDgs in 1839, and a new piazza is ou the uorthernly ack of the institution, between the above mentioned logs. In 1846 two other additional wings, to be conscted with the institution,were erected, one on the eastrn and the other on the weetern side of it. When these inre are finished the entire buildings will accommodate X) pupils. It but large and commodious rooms, a chait, a library, a dining room, twelve schools, four loHg g rooms for the accommodation of I he pupils. The ltary has a valuable collection of volumes presented te e institution bv citizens. "It wm incorporated in 1318 and opened for the deaf ll dumb in April, 1819, and was removed to Fiftieth net from the Citjr Hall, in 1843. ' It is tubject to a board of director*, compoied of the -esident, two vice presidents, treasurer and secretary. "There are but three departments, as intellectual, daestic, and mechanical. Mr 1'eet, the President, is seated by six professors and lour assistant teachers.? ueru ore ren classes, under the instr uction of the same amber of teachers. "The domestic department ia under the care of the ma on, who it assisted by Mrs. Kriabie, a deal and dumb idy. "In the mechanical department the boys are instructed i Ave trades, such us book bled ok,cabinet making, shoe inking, tailoring, und gardening " The health ol the pupils for the past year has been very oodj there have been but two deaths, a young man by digestive fever, and a girl by dysentery. "both ea-es, says the report,occurred in the beginning I autumn, wncu similar complaints were fatally preva ut in many parts ol the country. Three deaths only In io lad three years, in a lamilyol moie than two hunted parsons, is a decidedly lavoieble result, certainly ir inure lavorable than the usual rales of mortality iu | yen the most heuT.hy portion! ot the country." In reference to tho work taught to, and pursued by the upiW in the shops, the President says "The mechanical branches continue, as heretofore, to j "fiay.or nearly so, thoir own expenses. The book- | i i-bug rsturns a small cash profit, and the other branch ? i Meet a saving in the necessary supplies of clothing i >r the puiuls, and in the repuirs ol iurniture und tix 1 lies, probably at least equal to the expense of superintendence and materials. It is gratifying to find that the i nportant benefits of mechanical instruction can lie sell red without addition to the annual expenses of the initution i but were it otherwise, for reasons lnilv exressod in former reports, connected with the futtue comfort and respectability of our pupila, the shops would . (till bo mil itained "The broncho taught aro th? same a* heretofore namely, book binding, cabinet making, ahoe making, an J tailoring One or two other branchea may doubtleaa be ) advantagaouslv added, when the circumatancea of the inMitution hall he attch na to jnstifv it The cultivation of the garden and ground' attached to the inatitutjon. and 1 from which no email por'ion of ita comforta and luxuriea are derived in their season. affords opportunity of im> provementin the theory and practice of cultivation to t aeveral )a?ta who prefer 'he business of forming. ' The increaae of pupila, which haa rendered an enlargement of the houae neceaaary. haa, ai might be ex I pected, made the want of room felt in the ahopa alao ? [ Here, fortunately, the inconvenience ia auaceptible of an eaay remedy By erecting a aepnrnte building for a stable, that part of the range of buildinga on Fiftieth atreet, now occupied for that purpose, can be added to the shops. This measure haa been some time in contemplation, but haa been deferred from tho more pressing necessity of enlarging tho principal ediSce." [ And in reference to the instruction in the schools " The ay stem of instruction pursued in the institution ia the fruit of nearly thirty years experience and study. Doubtleaa (till auaceptihte of further improvement, as it now exiata, it produces in the hands of our presant able teachera, results which, not many yeara since, would have been deemed incredible; but which have now become ao much a matter of courao, that they almost ceaio to aurprjae us " In our last report it was statsd that the Board intended to introduco articulation and reading on tho lipa, aa part of the conrse of instruction, in cases where there seemed a fair prospect of ultimste benefit. The experiment was accordingly commeneed with the greater portion ot tho pupils, though most of them eviocol a decided repugnance to this exercise. After a patient trial of several waeka, further efforts were, with the greater number, abandoned as a perfectly useless waste of time. A few cases in each class were found, in which, by per) severing e(Torts, and at much expense of time, some be[ neflt may be ixpectcd." The committee who were appointed to enquire into the merits of this branch of the education of deaf mutes, re1 nortat length, and wind up as follow* ' " Upon the whole, therefore, after a careful examination of the result* thus fir attained, the Committee can find but little to encourage, in any general senae, a continuance of this branch of instruction. They fully agree in the opinion expressed by the President, that little real utility is to be expected from the efforts to teach articu* lation except in those cases where the pupils '' retain a remembrance of vocal sounds, or a remnant of hearing." For the purpose of instruction in the school room, the pupils are divided into eleven classes, which are indicated in the reverse order of their standing, as follows :? Eleventh Class?Ir, this class there are 19 pupils,pursuing the following studies, viz : alphabet, penmanship, and elementary lessons. Tewth Class?Numberof pupils, 18. Studies?Alphabet. penmanship, elementary lessons, Scripture lessons. Ninth Class?Number of pupils, 90. Studies?Alphabet. pennmanship, elementary lessons, Scripture lessons, and articulation Eiohth Class?Numberof pupils, 17. Studies?Elementary lessons, arithmetic, Sabbath lessons. 8eveisth Class?Number of pupils, 20. Studies?Elementary lessons, original composition, arithmetic, Scripture lessons, and articulation. Sixth Class?Numberof pupils, 19. Studies?"Course of instruction part II."?original composition, arithmetic, Scripture lessons Fifth Class?Numberof pupils, 19. Studies?"Course of instruction, II"?elementary lessons in arithmetic, a ; weekly exercise of journalizing the events of the week, original composition, instructions in letter writing, Scrip ture lesson*, and articulations Fouuth Class?Number of pupils. 20. Studies? "Course of instruction, part II."?Mitchell's primaiy geography, Smith's arithmetic, reading, chirography, the Bible, and articulation. Thibd Class?Number of pupils, IS. Studies?" Natural philosophy." Morse's geography, composition, grammar, arithmetic, book-keeping, reading, Sabbath lessons, articulation. Second Class?Number of pupils, 20 Studies?Morse's geography, grammar, arithmetic, natural history, tbe dictionary, lectures, original composition, the Bible, and articulation. Fiest Class?Number of pupils, 9. Studies?Alphabetic language, geography, journal, arithmetic, the Bible, articulation. There is a yearly examination of the pupils in the stu dies which they have been pursuing in their respective I classes. The last examination was highly satisfactory to all concerned. The committee to whom was entrusted the examination make the following report " For many y ars t ast the course of the institution has been steadily onward Eighteen years ago, after ten yearn of doubtful struggles for existence, it WO* but n'.criirc id interior .ol. hndlv and inconveniently iteil, with fifty or sixty pupils, ill supplied with teachh, uud deficient in the of instruction Now, 9tands in the very foru most rank of siaailar institutions n either side of the Atlantic , second to but one in the orld in point of numbers ; second, we believe, to few or none in the convenience of its location, the excellence its internal arrangements and accsmmodations, the qualifications of its instructors, and its facilities for imparting a thorough education. We con hardly doubt that it is destined to reach a yet higher eminence of reputation and useiulness. The zeal and industry and talent that have raised it thus far, are still at work, and, if aid and encouragement are not withheld, will raise it still higher. When the additions te the buildings of the institution now in progress shall be completed, it will be I capable of accommodating throe hundred pupils, and if I the number of deaf mute children, as experience uni| form)y shows, increases with the increase of population, I the period is not very remote when this State alone will I furnish that number of deaf mute pupils. The happiness and usefulness of many hundreds depend on tho mea suree we shall adopt." Z i Theatricals. j Park Theatre ?The entertainments announced for I Monday evening, at this theatre, will be found very at tractive. Two excellent comedies will be presented j and, in addition, the Viennoise children will appear in three of their most beautiful dances, being their first appearsnce since their return from Boston. Bowrar Theatre.?"Ivanhoe" was repeated last evening before a full and crowded house, notwithstanding the wetness of the evening. The patrons of old Bowery "despite of wind and weather," are always to he found flocking forward here; and we are gratified to perceive that to-morrow evening a new national patriotic drama will be produced, entitled "Ethan Allen, or the Green Mountain Boys of 1775." This is a new drama of thrilling interest, and will be produced by a powerful and talented cast. Neafie, Clark, Stevens, Hadaway, Vache, and the entire talented stock company will all appear. New Yoax OrcRA House.?This nice theatre will reopen tomorrow evening with considerable eclat. The beautiful Jannetw Signora Ciocca, assisted by Signor Morra.a splendid daneer, will appear, and, of coursa, draw a crowded house. Bowebv Amphitheatre.?Mr. Pentland, one of the clowns at this popular place of evening recreation, has won golden opinions during his oogagement with the enterprising proprietors, 8ands, Lent k Co., during his stay here ; and it would be doing an injustice not to notice the popular manner in which he was received on his last appearance. The legitimate troupe will he reorganised under the talented superintendence of the pre nt finmnanv Inhn (litesin of tka koa.l r\f ?M\ire An immens* accession of talent, consisting of the" Wiaconain , Riant, the Yankee dwarf, .Visiter McKarland, with a I variety of other attractions, will be added to the circus here. The greatest anxiety is manifested to keen up the high reputation of the Bowery Amphitheatre The bill for to morrow evening will be found highly attractive. Haan Alexander, the wizard, will give another of 1 his extraordinary entertainments at the American Hotel ' to morrow evening. After that he proceeds to Havana, and, perhaps, to Vora Cruz to join in the attack on the I Castle of Man Juan d'Ulloa. The performances at the Orleans Theatre on tho 19th, wero for the benefit of the Irish. Mr. Anderson was still at the St. Charles on the 19th. Henry Herz has just completed an engagement at Mobile, end is probably at the present time entertaining the loversef music in New Orleans. Tho Ravels have closed their engagements at New j Orleans. Yankee Hill is "down East." He delivered a patriotic address to Captain Pitman's company of volunteers at I Provi lance ou Thursday. Signor Blitz is at Cincinnati, as is also Miss Mary Ann Lee M its Julia Dsor.e is still performing at Louisville. Mitt Mary Duff is playing an engagement at the AL 1 bany Museum. She is highly spoken of. Itluslcal. Italian Ores* ?Owingto the continued indisposition of Signer Benedettl, there w ill be nd performance at Palmo's to morrow evening. On Wednesday evening Verdi's new opera of " l'Lcmbardi'' will be produced, unless the frnors should still be unable to appear. This new piece it highly spoken of, and its performance by i the excellent company of singers who comprise the corps at Palmo's, will not fail to do justice to tne com. jioser. The strength of the whole troupe is brought into requisition byt*ii new piece, as maybe seen by the bills Signors Benevmtano, Benedetti. Manqnirlro, Patti, j Martini, Benetti.and Signora Barili and Signora Boulard, ap|>na>. .1 urai may us rxpec.ion irom Burn an army of talent. C hmiitt'i famoui minstrels will give their last concert at Newark to moirow evening. Signer Sivori appeared at tlie Mobile theatre on Thuradey night week. Ilia audiences are loud in Sivori'a proise The papers apeak of him aa the "musical executor of Taganini.' They aay he extrncta aounda occasionally which teem like the aigha nnd wailinga of aome attf I feting aoul, and anon a atrain cornea forth aa sweet aa the faint by mna of distant angels. "??at twilight hexrd Through sunset gates of heaven ' Low Intelligence. Uisitsd Statm Commission h's Orrica, feb 27 ? Before Com r D Gardiner ? L*rrtny on thr Hith Sroi ? Deputy Marshals Collin* and Morrison arrested four of the crew of the ship Niagara, named Geo. II Leach. tVm Kearney, Henry Johnson and Michael Gordon, on a charge of having stolan a part of the cargo, conii<tirg of bint kets and other dry goods, on the voyage from Liverpool to this port. Johnson w as discharged, and the others committed in default of bail. Hupkhioh Cou?t, Feb. 11 ? Boforo Judge Vandeipoel. ?Jot'ph F l.orell and -Inna C-, hif ?</>, v* Dani?l I). Oaitnrr ?This causa was given to the jury this morning alter au able and eloquent charge from the Judge, which occupied about two houra in the delivery. The jury retired, and in two hours afterwards returned inte Court with a verdict lor plaintiff for FftOO. Upon announcing the verdict th*ia was some partial cheering, which was Immediately suppressed by order ei the Judge. City ftitclllg?nce. Thb Wkathvb.?Yeaterday was the moat disagreea bit, wet, " slobbery" day of the season, and the rail continued to fall heavily during the day. The streets tho Park, the public iquares, the public thoroughfare* were all flooded to excen, and walking waa extremel] difficult in consequence of the ilipi>ery condition of th< sidewalks and croaawaya. Driving waa alao extremal) difficult, long and deep ruta being formed, in conae quenceof the melting anow and ice. The " oldest inha : bitant" himself, trembled yeaterday, under the chill . ing influence of ennui. It continued raining heavily uj ' to aix o'clock. Thi Sidewalks atill in many parte of the city, are in a I moat neglected condition. Fiaas.?A fire broke out yeatorday morning at No. 34( Sixteenth etreet, in a email dwelling, which waa entirely deatroyed. A woman named Sarah Browdy, waa burnt to death. A fire alao occurred at No 33 Attorney atreet in a email ahnnfy. Through the active exertiona ol some of the Aie companion, it waa promptly ex^o guithed. Aio roa Iceland?The Benevolent Society of Opera tive Maaona, of thia city, hive placed in the handa of the Mayor, $400 to be devoted to the cauae of Iriah Relief. Second Reoiment, Fikst Bbiuadl, New Yoax State Ahtilleiiv.?It will be aeon by an advartiaement in today'a paper, that thia regiment ia detailed to take part in the funeral obsequies of Captaina Moriiaand Field, who fell at Monterey. Police Intelligence. Fee. 27 ? Stealing an Ox ?Officer Hamblin, of the 3d Ward, arreated yeaterday, two men by the namea of Benjamin Hadley and Klias Crowley, on auipicion ol stealing an ox valued at $50, the property of Mr. Mar hall, of Waahington Market. Committed for examinei tion Jirrett of a Lunatic?Officer Curry, of the 3d Ward, I arreated on Friday night, a man calling himaelf Fatrick | Oilvey, on a charge of inaanity. Taken to the police office,and committed for examination by Juatice Drinker Charge of Rapt.?A young man by the name ol Humphrey, waa arreated yesterday, on a charge of committing a rape on the peraon of a young girl by th* ( name of Willie. The matter ia now undergoing a stricl I investigation, by one of our prompt and vigilant magi| at rat os. Charge of Fraud?Officer Bloom,one of the Chief's per severing aidi, arrested, yesterday, a man called Daniel ' Wanaler, on a charge of being an accomplice of Wesl and Matthews, who were arrested the other day for de frauding a countryman by the name of James W. War ren, of the sum of $40, and a gold watch, worth $30, by the process of" thimble rigging " Taken before Justics Drinker, and locked up for examination. Paaain.0 Had u?CliBflAr f An? af *Ka lltk waWI arretted on Friday night, a man called John Bearman, on a charge of attempting to paaa a counterfeit bank bill upon Samuel Harri*. Detained for examination. Petit Larceny.?OOlcer Van Benthuyaon, of the 14th ward, arreated yeaterday, a man by the name of Thomai Canning, on a charge of atealing $8 worth of atatlonery, belonging to Patrick Canning. Detained for examination. Jlrreet on Suspicion.?Officer Leonard, one of the chiei'a aida, arretted, yeaterday, a fellow,railed ltaac O. Raymond, on suspicion of atealing a piece of caaaimere from the atore of Wm. Milla, tailor, No. 131 Clinton at Locked up by Juatice Tirapaon for examination. Disorderly House.?Officer Stewart and conatable Van Duaen.of the 14th ward,arretted yeaterday,Jenny White, on a warrant iaaued by Juatice Drinker, wherein the stands charged with keeping a disorderly house located at 1H Reede street, the common retort for small girla between the agea of ten and eighteen years of age. who travel around town with baskets, pretending to sell peanuts. applet, Sic., and make this place a rendezvous daily for the purpose of prostitution, they having to convey home to their parents fifty cents each day, and if tailing ao to do, they are beaten by their parents for not obtaining the money. Two of these small girla were caught in the above house by the officers, one called Margaret Morris, of 9S Sherritl' street, and the other Elizabeth Riddle, residing in 11th street, both of whom are under 10 years of age. They likewise brought in from the house, two youug women boarders, called Eliza Livingston and Catharine Leslie, who were both locked up for further examination, and Jenny White was held to bail in the sum of (600 to appear at Court. Movement# of Travellers. The following are nearly the full ameunt of yesterday's arrivals un to a late hour last night, at the undermentioned hotels : ? Amkhicai*?C. Dorsey, Md ; J. Gardner, Va.; J. G. Pellett, do; J Walker, do;R. Temphis, Homers; D.Grant, Albany: J. Knower, do; J. Gibbon, Charleston; 8. Sealy, Ala.; M. Talt, N. J.; W. Campbell, U. 8. N. Astor- W. Emerson, 8taten Island; Capt. Rowland, ship Ashburton; D Bacon, Boston; J. Warner, Ohio; G. Seymour, Lima;.E. Miller, Valparaiso; W.lllis.N Y.; W. Ramsay, Phila.; J. Blake, Boston; A. Beckwith, Prov ; W. Sawyer, Boston; E. Foley, do; H. Richard, Maine; 8. Purkman, Boston; Geo. Lemett, Jo ; J. Munroe, New Orleans; J. Howell, Newburgh; J. Leeds, do ; Gen. Gaines, U 8. A.; D. Singer, Pa.; B Fisher, Princeton; J. Easton, Baltimore; F. Richardson, Bath; P. Morton, Petersburgh; T. Smith, Richmond; C. Greene, Boston; W. Duncan, Phila.; M. Leonard, do.; T. Peterson, do ; R. Yasser, Athens; 1. Richardson, Oswego; Mr. Curry, London; D.Blake, do.; H. Bayard, Pa.; A O'Kie, Prov.; C. Hawes, Boston; E. Miller, Salem; 8. Ashmon, London; T. Stansfield, England. ^gCirv.?E. Whitney, N- Haven; C. Coon, Ala.; M. Sherman. N.J ;-N. Thorn, J. Bent, and J. Ramage, Boston; P. Dickinson, N. Jersey; J. Alpin, Phila ; J. Pomeroy, and j. uiwvtu, ivra, oruwuor, uuu o. ocgu, raiiH ; J. Sheart, Georgetown; T. Heuton, Pa ; F. Murray, and J. Moddigan, U.S. Navy; R B. Rhett, Charleston; R. R. Myers, N. Carolina; J. Norton. Ark ; M. Campbell, Canada; J K Bird, Baltimore; J. Allen, Puila.; B. Peters , Va ; J. Kairohild, New Haven; D Clapp, Peekakill; M. Fish, N. V.; J. Travers, N.J.; J. Jones, Richmond Franklin?A. McLaughlin, New Orleans; Hasmair Loach, Coblentz ; L. McGunter, Worcester ; R Howland, New York ; J. Ileideli, Rhode Island ; J. Ripka, Philadelphia ; M. Fish, Washington; W Baily, Wheeling; J. Feaburns. Boston; T. Stoner, W. Leonards, Pittsburgh ; K. Pedchard, Waterbury ; J. Richardson, New York; 8 Hayes, Albany; A Sherman, New York. Howasd?K. Browne, B. Ilanlon, Worcester; W. Barrett, Saugerties; J. Van Bruns, Long Island ; J Kchford, Columbus; J. M. Shoemaker, Baltimore; 8. Oilmore, Trenton ; J. Stevenson, Virginia ; F. Oiliand, Alabama ; F. Fairbanks, Boston ; J. Wright, Philadelphia ; J. Marshall, Kentucky; O. Auburn, Boston; C. Stanley, Springfield; J. Buchers, Boston; D Lewis, Providenee; H.Bellows, Kentucky; R. Nayler, Pittsfield ; Dr. Aitken, Montreal; F. Van Brunt, Long Island ; E. Lyman, Clifton ; F. Tuthill, Chicago ; B. Mathews, New Jersey; W. Batchelor, Schenectady ; J. Moran, J. Sanderson, Montreal : A. Lawrence, New York; S. Swandale, South Carolina ; J. Tazwell, Lynchburg ; W. Harris, E Douglass, H. Prosser, J. St. Johns, Alabama. Judson.?J. Streety, Alabama; W. Stickney, do ; J. Stickney, do ; E. Aliens, Boston; H. Woods, Mass ; T. Addison, Middletown; VV. Harlord, Philadelphia; W. Hart,Troy; J. Sadlier, Alabama; J. Williams, Newport. Rathbun.?W Rath bone, Providence ; J. Devier, Philadelphia; S. Bowen, do; H. Bingham, New York; L. Bulkley, do. The Lunatic Asylum. The Common Council have now the responsibility of makiDg the important appointment of Physician to the Lunatic Asylum; and for the sake of the friends and relatives of the patients, as well as for the sake of the unfortunate patients themselves, and for the humanity and economy, we sincerely hope they will thoroughly investigate the character, disposition, and qualifications, of the physician whom they appoint to take charge of nearly four hundred unhappy inmates of that Asylum. A wise and benevolent institution, which, if properly conducted, would exert a most salutary Influence on its inmates?human creatures who have been deprived of one of the greatest gifts of God to man ; and whose wretchedness, ond whose aberration of intellect, make it so important that they should select a wise, firm, and benevolent governor, who can direct their movement, restrain their paroxysms, and pity their sufferings. And whan we reflect that not only our friends and relatives, who are near end dear to us, but we, ourselves, are subject te this terrible calamity, we the more earnestly entreat tbem to select a man who will not only be firm and benevolent, but who poetesses all the qualifications so indispensably necessary for a physician to a Lunatic Asylum, let the expense be what it may; for if they can, by any means, restore any of the unfortunate patient* to their reason, to society, and to their friends, it will be a great blessing, which will, with gratitude, be forever remembered, and it will cost less than to kaep them in the Asylum during life. HUMANITA8. The Side Walks. To thi Editor ok thk Hkrai.d :? You called the attention of the public the other day, to the state cf the side walks; tho neglect of the police or those whose duty it may be to enforce the ordinance compelling citizens to clean off their walks, which are almost impassible. |The true plan for any citizen who wishes to remedy the evil, is to go to the station liouse, or at the office of the Chief of Police, und complain of the offender, or lodge a complaint against him in tho Corporation Attorney's oflloe, as I have dona today. ONE OF YOUR READERS. Varieties. Jones, of Jonn's Hotel, Philadelphia, is sai d to hava made flfio ono in the last ten yenra in his hotel He has recently sold out, the property to be givon up in July next. Mr. William Tnggott, proprietor of Taggott'a ferry, near Newport, was feund in a lit almost dead in a Held, on Wednesday afternoon. He died shortly after he was discovered. Mr John R. Ackland, a boarder at Parker's hotol, Norfolk, was found lying ?n the pavement in the bac v yard, dead, supposed to hare jumped from his window in his sleep. The native American nominations in Philadelphia are? For Governor - Emanuel C Reigart. of Lancaster county. For Canal Commissioner?Robert fl. Morton, of Lfaitphin county. Mr. Kennorson. who was hurt on the Kail River Railroad, has since died. Corpus Christi is now improving, and the sometime vacant houses are all occupied. A verdict of acqui'tat was rendered at New Orleans, on the lAth Inst., in favor of James Alfred Morgan, (son of Col Charles Morgan, representative in the House of Representatives from Point Couple,)for shooting and killing Major Chat In R. Preaminaki, on the 30th ult, in the betoro named parish. The jury was absent but a lew minutes. On Friday week, some of the workmen employed in Spencer's mine at rottsviile, Pa , ware proving the air with their lamps: the foul air ignited, when a most tarrible explosion took place, killing six men, and dangerous ly injuring the aoventh, who It la thought cannot long aurvive. The owner of the Gov. Davie, Knoch Train, Kaq., left Boston in the Cambria, on the let of January laat, twenty two day a after tho Oo?. Davis hail aailed from Liverpool, arrived ntthe latter port on the 13th, trannacted his tmrinnaa in England, where he remained 31 daya, and arrived home again in the Cambria Ave daya before the Gov. Davia got inButton Trnntcripl. The bark Boatonian. Capt. Emeraon, arrived at Boaton on Kfidny morning, from (ialveaton 4th inat, with cotton and tobacco- Thia la the Arat veaael which hsa entered at Boaton from Texae ainoe the annexation .J ? ? - ' "L I Kcmembirthe Poor. When Pr viler.ce blesses, Id basket and store, 1 And conscience confesses i, You need nothing more; When plenty is smiling, And cheering your life, With comlorts beguiling All labor and strife? ' Then think of the needy. Remember the poor. For good ever ready, Drop aid at their door. > Wherever another In anguish vou And, \ Speak joy to that brotherBreathe balm on his mind. . His look of sad pleasure, The tear and the smile, . Repay in full measure. And gladden the while. f i Religious Intelligence. CeLcisDsa von Fraauaav?38. 3d Sunday in Lent { Mabch?7. 3d Sunday in Lent; 14. 4th Sunday in Lent; ' j 31. 6th Sunday in Lent; 35. Annunciation; 38. Bth Sun 1 day in Lent; 39 Monday before Faster; 30. Tuesday I before Faster ; 31. Wednesday before Faster. The Rev. ? L. James, pastor of the Wesleyan church, in Mulberry street, between Houston and Bleecker, will preach this morning, in said church. Afterwards, a collection will be made, in aid of the starving poor of Ireland. We must remind our citizens that collections will be made this morning, in all the Catholic churches of this diocese, for the relief of the unfortunate Irish. [ Rev. Mr. Winger, of Calcutta, in a recent letter to RevDr. Cox, of Fngland, says " Very interesting intelligence has just been received from brother Rareiro, at Barisaul He has baptised, at one and the same time, one hundred and Afteen poor villagers The letter has e?sue/selv left q simiht that it lira a urnvb mii<?h liba | a revival auch aa uied to occur aome time aioce in America. f BirTiiT MiaaiONAaiEi roa Chiwa.?Rev. Meaara. Shuck. Vatea, Tobey, Jamea and JoUnaon, misaionariea of the Southern Baptiat Convention, are expected to aail 1 from Boaten on the 35th inat, in the ahlp Aahburton, for Canton, China. Mr. Shuck baa been laboring for many yeara aa a miaaionary to the Chineae, under the auaph-ea " of the Baptiat General Convention. He returned to thia 1 country about a year ago, accompanied by a native Chineae?Yong Seen Sang, who will alao aail in the eame ahip, for hia native land. Four of theae miaeioneriea are accompanied by their wivea; Mr. Jamea ia a pbyaician, and will devote himaelf to the practice of medicine, aa a 1 department of miaaionary labor. ' Rev. Dr. Baird arrived in thia country from hia foreign ' i tour, on Saturday laat, by the Cambria. The Archbiahop of Oregon, haa left Paria for Breat, accompanied by three apoatolic miaaionariea of the Order of Jeaua. The veaael whdfeh ia to convey the arch I biabop to the United Statea haa aailed from Havre to Breat, having on board other evangelical laborera. deatined to carry the faith into the aavage countriea of North America. The Rev. Francia John Laing, B. A., of Queen'a College, Oxford, haa bean admitted into the Catholic chnrch Rev. Moaea Kimball, waa inatalled aa colleague Paator of Rev. Mr. Coggin, at Tewkabury, on the 30<h ult. Since the death of the late Biahop of Kildare, 176 clerIrymen of the united dioceaea of Dublin and Glenda ough, have petitioned the Queen to appoint a Biahop to the vacant aee. A petition from the clergy of Kildare to the aame effect ia in progreaa, and a meeting haa been held in Dublin to enliat the laity on the aame aide. The King of Pruaaia haa iaaued an ordinance which, ao far aa regarda all denominationa of Chriatiaua legally recognized, abeliahei the long formulary of oath hitherto uaed by witneaaoa, in the Courta of Eaatern Pruaaia ; and the following form ia aubatituted?" I awear before uod, i ,_ ,.ii ,u- - ?u.1. v.;>,.,1 ?u? i truth." This formulary is to be pronounced by the magj iatrate, end the witneaaiato repeat it, word for word, at i the aame time holding up hia right hand, with the thumb, I and the firat and aecond Angers reiaed, perpendicularly, I in sign of the Holy Trinity, and the other two flngera , closed in the palm of the band. The magiatrate may, whenever ho thinks At, addreaa a warning and exhortaj tion, or rather an explanation of the importance of an I oath. During the adminiitration of an outh, all peraona present in the court, including the members of the tribunal, are to etand." The trial of the Rev. Mr. Trapnell, rector of St. An. drew's Church. Baltimore, commenced on Tuesday morning, the 23d inat. The charges consist in a refusal on the part of Mr. Trapnall to allow the Bishop to administer the sacrament in his church, and hia correspondence with the Bishop onjthe subject, using disrespectful language, and then publishing said correspondence in a pamphlet, connected with other disrespectful remarks. On reading the charges, the Hon. John Nelson, counsel for the accused, addressed the council, and quietly remarked that it was the first time in his prac'ice ,that he | had evt-r been called on to defend an accused party before a body, a majority of whom had already, with a full | knowledge of the facts before them, pronounced him I guilty. He, therefore, moved an adjournment, in order that he could have time to present a written protest against the jurisdiction of the council in the case. A letter from the Rev. Dr. King, dated Athens, Dec. 80th, mentions that the Rev. Kli Smith and lady, with Professor Fisk, had arrived at Athens, and had left that place for Smyrna,in the ateamer which had brought them from Marseilles. The church erected for the use of the fir st Presbyte* ' rian congregation in Lower Sandusky, Ohio, was dedicated to the worship of God on Sunday, Jan. 10th. Rev. Augustus W. Cowles, late of the Union Theological Seminary, New York, was ordained to the work of the goepel ministry, and installed pastor of the first Presbyterian church in Brockport, New York, on the 18 h inat, by the Presbytery of Rochester. The Rev. Norman B. Sherwood was ordained as a heme missionary by the Presbytery of Rochester, at the Presbyterian church in Kendall, Orleans county, Feb 17, 1M7. The Rev. Moaei Marcus will deliver a sermon this I morning at the Anglo American Free Church of St. < George the Martyr, for Ae relief of Ireland. Jame* Culburtaon, peg* of the Presbyterian church, : at Zanesville, a few dtf^eince fell down in a fit ofparaiysis and expired. A report has been laid before Congress, giving the number of emigrants that arrived in the United - States for the year ending September 30, 1848, from which the following abstract is made by the BalUmort ' .American; ? | Emigrants arrived in | Maine 6,930 New Hampshire '36 Massachusetts, 14,079 1 Phode Island 83 New York 98,863 Pennsylvania 7,336 Delaware, 8 ; Maryland, 9 337 Virginia 82 ! North Carolina 3 South Carolina, 408 Louisiana 33,148 Florida BO j Texas, 364 168 048 Males . 90.973 Females 80 778 Sex not stated 897 4th quarter, 1846 39 339 1st ' 1848 10,936 3d " 1846 63,399 ! 3d " 1848, 66,086 ' News fkom Pernambuco.?By the arrival ofthn i Joseph Cowperthwaite, we are in possession of Pernambuco dates to the 30th of January. We learn with regret that on the 16th ultimo, toe remains of our j late Consul, George P. Manouvrier, F.sq., were interred with all the honors due his public station and private , worth. The proceseion to the gr ive was attended by all j the foreign consuls there residenta, captains of national and private vossels, and a large concourse of citizens, to whom the deceased was endoared by a long and honoraj ble association in his official capacity. There waa no i change worthy of private note in commercial or political affairs, at the time Cant. Cassin left Pernambuco.?Phila j U. 8. Oasetlt- Ft & 37. Seed Potatoes?Keeling and Hunt, the foreign brokers, tf Monument-yard, London, have received a government order to procure ?30,000 worth of seed potatoes from the Mediterranean, the Azores, or wherever , they can best be had, as speedily as possible. EE i i "tw Hudson River Railroad Instalments. ? 8cii|> drafts for (16 l>er share (wliicli is 10 per cental the | sinnaiii suliicrihed) n -II subscriptions lor 3 00 or upwards, ! are deposited according to the initial letters of the surnames ol anhseritien in the following banks A. and B., in tne Mech?nic?' Bunk, No. JJ Wall street. C and U., in the Americau Kiehuge Bank, No 50 Wall at. K. K.and (J., m the Bank of the oiaieof New York, No. JO H., I ,J. K and L., ia the Bank of New York, corner William and Wall streete M., N. and I) , in the Bank or America N'< 46 Wall itreet. P., Q. and iu the Cit? Bank, No. J2 Wall atrert. ri. an<i T . iu the It ink of Commerce No 33 Wall atreer. 1 U , V , W., X., Y It Z., iu tne Phenn Bank, No 45 Wall ' Subscribers for leea atiaaa than $100 will find scrip receipts ' prepared for them ar the office ?f the Company, No. 54 IV >-11 a'.reet (Prime'- build ug), and if any omnn nanr errors hare been made iu drawing tne larger drafts, they will be corrected. on applieatioa at the eflice. The banks will deliver unnces aa far as practicable ; but it is hoped no one will wait for nonce, but promptly par op Interest wiU accrue from the d \y of p lymcut, which the receiving tell-r will e dorse on thedralt I he Commissioners trnst that ihe spirit evinced in ft lirg np the aubscrip ion will not be anfleieil to flag fit the instalments are all paid np. All mnst be paid on or before the 1st dtyof March, rosecare the charter. Only three business data rem on to do it in Let none wait ti I Monday that can possibly do it tbis week. JNO B J Ml VIA, Pres't. Host Kcllt. Hec'y ATo'e Bene?k?bscribers who have g ven thei' residences as in Brooklyn, will find their drafts at the Long islaud Bank. It* A New Gas Burner?Worum At Haisghwout Ml Broadway, beg to call the attrntion of the public to a new and beautiful Gas Burner, just received from rhe manufactory of Messrs. Cornelius h Co., of Philadelphia This burner has beeu triad by several learned and acieo'ifie gentlemen, who have had mit'h eiperinn'e in measuring light, ana the intuitu, that the improved burner gives three times a? Iiuvn 11k 11 MS mn orci tary natwing ?uru?r, I auiniog nuy morn gia; or. io other words, one doll*? a wortn | ol |ii horned thiough ihs new borne", will yie'd aa moch ; light a* three doll wV worth ho ned through the ronmon batwing huaner These HSfertio- a ?'?y be relied upon, and we invite the public to cell ?r rur warerooma, #1 Broed way; at Meaars johna^'s, Lanpliier end Nasey a. 203 Broad* wey, end at the office of thia paper, where the borner m*v b? aetn in uae every evening I2' * \ IVo?Im?U?nl n,T?1* IIroH?lway.* Ht 1' iul'., i* .ow prnpired u> nffnr hit Hprina[Style,* in beaur* any atyle *? yat offsieil by him, wtin an ! entire new atyl* oflinina. bl PiUIadtlphla A?anU for tfc? HaraUl.?O. B ZlKBK.H k CO.. 1 L*df*r Boildma. Third below Chtmnt. Tho?* within* to hat* the H?rnld tnrted r?gnlarly it their ttoreaand dwelling, will Pjwje !?*? lh*i, nam** at abot*. T*rma.TJ oanta ptf ?o?h. Jmtltnopt*, for aaj# daily- rriea I aaatl ?? \ or tlia Ohio Hlvtr. JrUc''- Tiwu V(,,? af lUttt *l?*elu* Feb to. . . 17* feat. ? Feb JO . . 13 ieat ri2Si^?i*i ...Feb M. ?.10 feet. ! . ,,t .Feb 19. . .? feet a inches. money mark -or. Satutdajr, Fab. !4??O F. M. Toe atock market, for several day* paat, baa been ratber quiet, and pricea have remained without any material alteration, although the tendency haa been downward. It it impoaaible to get up any extensive move, meat in the fanciea, notwithstanding the atrength of the partiea holding them. One or two atocka, (Morria Canal and Illinois State Bank) have ateadily advanced, in the face of limited operational but a collapae haa already taktfh place in the former, and we look for a reaction in the latter, notwithatanding the actual value of the atock ia much beyond present prices, if there is any truth in the atatementa recently published. Good State atocka and other investment securities, are firm at our quotations, and we look for more uniformity in the market value of these stocks, than has heretofore been experienced. For some time paat, prices of all kinds ef securities have been ateadily settling down, and many have reached their minimum, while others have still a wide margin for a further decline, particularly those of a fancy character. Stocks of every description must, under the present financial policy of the government, reach their level, whether that level is , I above or below the present quotations. The time far artificial inflations has passed, we hope, never to return ! \ and if some ef the most worthless would pass out of sight' I it would be a consummation devoutly to be wished j There are enough really good stocks in the market to ' absorb all the capital afloat, without touching those i having no other value than that created by the - ' operations of the bulls and bears of Wall street. ! There are several stocks in the market, of companies | in a state of liquidation, which are at present rather oi a laocy eraer, oui wuitu u1? j utuiiwu; ??? mora valuable than preaant prloea indicate. Moat of theae stocks are abaorbed by capitalists for invest, i ment, under the belief that they will pay a very large per cent of the oapital originally inveeted ! in them. Our railroad stooka, now lookad upon aa fancies, will without doubt continue aa such foi a long titno, and aome of them are ao seriously embarrassed in their finances, that a tight money market, or any difflcul' tias in eur commercial attain, would place them in a very unfortunate position, ao far aa the stockholders are concerned. The immense debts hanging over theae companies, ready to fall upon|their property at any moment, must bo a source of great anxiety and uneasi' I nesa to stockholders, and we have fears that they cannot avoid bankruptcy. There has not been much activity in foreign exchange by this packet,and since the departure of the Sarah Sands rates for sterling bills have fallen off. We now quote prime bills on London 105 a 105)f; on Paris, 6f. 40 a 6f 3 '%\ Amsterdam, 39'4 a 39??i Hamburg, 34% a 36; Bremen, 77H a 77 At the first board to day, Harlem declined % per cent; Norwich and Worcester % ; Reading % ; Morris Canal Farmers' Loan % ; United States i's, 1856, improved % ; Long Island %. At the second board, Morris Canal went up % ; ReadIng % ; Farmers' Loan % ; Norwich and Worcester % ; Canton Co. % ; Long Island fell off % The transactions were very limited. The exports of produce from this port for the week ending the 36th inst inclusive, were as annexed Exports raosi the Post or Nxw Yoke. To Ortmt Britain.?Meal, bbls. 10,738; corn, bush. 306,439; flour, bbls. 17,367; wheat, bush. 14,860; cotton, bales, 993; Rice, tierces 388; peas, bush 337; bacon, lbs.306,331; beeswax, lbs. 3 893; tallow, lbs. 33 100; butter, lbs. 33,798; pork, bbls. 386; lard, lbs. 114,969; barley, bush. 3,187 ; cheese, lbs. 33 883 To Britiih Wat India?Flour, bbls 738; flour, half de. 40; cheese, lbs. 837; butter, do 3 803. meal, bbls. 81; pork, do 146; beof; do. 46; hams, lbs 6 980. Livestock?Oxen 40; sheep 38. To Spanith Wat India?Dry fish, lbs. 60,603; flour, bbis.49, butter, lbs 360; nr.eal, hhds. 16; meal, bbls. 60; rice, lbs 13,710; cheese, do 3,033; bams, do 3,600; lard, do. 1,787. The shipments the past week were not so extensive as those for tho week previous, which is attributed entirely to the absence of vessels. The quautity pressing forward is immense and daily increasing, it being impossible to get vessels fast enough to take off lots waiting for shipment. British vessels are arriving every day, but shippers do not relax a fraction in their rates, from which we should judge that they had do fears of a supply of vessels | large enough to affect current rates. Old Stock Bichsngs. #1000 Trees Notts, 6 2-5 101 50 slis Nor Am Trust 8W lnooo do 'tis, 102 50 do 6% " K)00 U 8 651. '56, 10IK 24 Housatonic RR 36 ' 2500 Finn's i'a 70K 225 Canton Co 36 K 2000 City 7's 57 25 do alO S6K 100 shs Mechanics' Bk 106K 50 do b30 36K 200 F armors' ilsK 50 do 30 100 do 4th March 2?K 25 do s90 35K { 150 do 20 % 50 do 36% 50 do b30 20 50 Mohawk RR 64 50 do *10 20% 40 Canton Scrip 3K 200 do 29 300 Iltrlem ltK 41% SJP 3>0 do 29 300 no blO 4?K 210 Morris Canal 11 SSO.NorltWor 52V 109 do S60 u 29 do bio 52K 100 do UK 200 do 3'H I 100 do bnw 1IK 100 do b30 51 200 d<> s60 UK 50 do a30 >2K 200 do 11% 50 Manhattan Gas 99K 150 Reading RR 39 50 L Island KR >7 300 do 59K 359 do s60 26K 2)0 do 60da CO 200 do b30 27 50 do 90da 60 150 do 26V 50 do 59% 100 New Jersey 103% Seconal Uoarrt. 100 aha Reading RR aty .59 125 Morris Canal UK |.o do a6ms 59% 50 do 11% 103 do 59', 50 do 11% 100 do 00da CoK 10 do 11% 50 do 59)6 50 Nor 6t Wnr 53 500 Farniars' Loan (60 29 50 L UUud HR boo 27 100 do 29% 50 do auw 26% 25 Canton Co 3?% 50 do buw 26K 25 do b3 36% 100 do 26% New Stock Bxchange, 56 aha Canton Co b3 36?; 100 sha Nor It. Wor bl 52% 125 do tb4 36 S 50 do s30 52% 2) d<> snw 36% 50 do Tnetdsy 52% 50 Faims Trust ilS 21% 50 do Tlmradsy 32% 50 do cash 29 50 do s3 52% 50 do alO 11% 50 do Wednesday 32% 50 Nor It Wor cash 53 50 do Monday 33 30 do essli 32% CITY TRADK KKl'OHT. Naw York, SiTURDty Aktrrnoow, Feb. 37. A heavy rain itorm prevailed through the entire day, melting the enow and ice in ite deecent, and deluging the ttreete with water, which rendered all out door business in a measure imprahticable. This alio beiog packet day for the Cambria, 'Change was thinly attended, and tranaactiona were very limited, without any material change in pricea aince laat report. Owing to the reported arrival of a large number ef vessels, freights were lei* firm; which ha I the effect of imparting greater firmneaa to the grain and flour markets. Sales of Oene ee were made on the spot, at $7, but holders grow stiff, and refused to meet buyers in a large way, at that price. Southern was also some firmer. A sale of country red | wheat was made at 140c. The corn market, in the prospect of cheaper freights, was also firmer at yesterday's I rates. Provisions exhibited no change since yesterday. If any thing, pork closed rather heavy, and without sales of consequence beiug reported. Other descrip1 'Ions were steady. There was no change in groceriei, while prices remained firm. Upon the whole, the week's business closed with favorable pros, pects lor the coming week. If the rain storm reached Albany, we may expect the spoedy resumption of navigation on the Hudson Hiver. Out this morning, the telegraph auoounced thut it snowing in that city. I Ashis?The market for pearls was firm, and AO bbls sold at J>6 87?*. which whs un advance; i5 bbls pots sold at (4 B7t-fc The stock in the warehouse of Messrs E. ; Driggs k Co, together with that of Masssrs. Freeborn, Jowett k Co, consisted of? ; Pots 1810 bbls 113 Pearls 1410 bbls 3ft7 To'al of both sorts, 3S40 barrels. Oskswax?There was no chango in prices, and no salea | I reported. fixxADsTuvrs? Flour?The market was some firmer, and we report sales ol 3 ? 3000 hhls (ienesce on the spot, ut 47 TntvarHi th? f IniA nf 'flhunir? hnl/lnra r?/l unwilling to meet buyers at that |>rice. A small lot (a little extra) Ohio sold at f 7 I3X; 3?0 do Philadelphia aold at $8 03)3, and 3<0 ilo Bi'Uimore a il I at ft) 73 IVhral ? The mmket wae firm, and we report sales of 3000 hushel* rail at ft 40, Weueseo pure wh,t? >v?s held at f,| 7ft; i ordinary white and mixed at 31 .',0 a 31 HO Com?The ulna reported reached about 15 a 30 000 tmihela, inclu! ding 3000 of Southern white at 95 rente; 1000 J >r?ey yel I low at $1; the rvroaiuder consisted o( various lota at its a ?) Corn Meal The market waa ateady, and we <|iiotu I New Jersey at $0 06'4 a jii 13)3, on the apot. Urandv! wine waa held at $5 26. Rye w,.h held at 96 cent* on the apot. The stock in market war light and h.ilders firm, j Kye Flour?The laat sales were made at 35 n V 13)3i Hurley waa meaaurably out of rnirkot. The lift sales i were mode at 84 n 83 centa. The exporta of flour from the United Stales from tiio I lat He, Umber, have been as loll*we: ? ! Flour 1,040 000 bills. 1,015,000 of which ivna shipped to Great Britain xroRTs raoM 1st to 33i> rihsi'shy Wheat Flour 124 773 bhla. t orn ahout 4.hoo ttoo biuh Wheat " i.oooooo " Of which there were to Great Britain? ! Corn about 4 350 000 buah I Wheat 1,300 ( 00 " j Cr rraK? In the expertatiou of the imposition i>! a duty i being levied ?n the article, holduia were Arm. Btazil woa hnl Ut T%/ - r?- ? w, wim amau aaiea ot eome primo at W40. Sale* ol Sumatra have been made tince the Railing o< the S.<uda at 7)^0, and dl Java ut Oc a lOo, on time. The atock in market wim estimated in firat handa at about 80,000 baga, and at 10,000 held on apecuUtion. t;?TToi?.?The inclemency of the weather haareatrrted operation* in thia article to day. Pricee are atondy. Uvawoooa?The market wa* Inactive, and without ailea ol importance. Dat'Qi?Amerioan ralphate ijuinine sold at J. t 40 |

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