IT""] ; th: Vol. *111. Ho eo.Wfeol* Ra,ie67 tsb spaa a a OF Til hon. john 0. calhoun, IN XKPI.Y TO TRB ii 0 n. thomas h. benton, RKLVilVB TO the mexican war. | In thn Scute, on Wedneaday, tho 24.h ult.. Mr Be* too having concluded, Mr. Calhov* roae und said Ono thing Mr. President. a' Nam may bo inferred from the unprovoked attack of the Seuxtor anl thn groat solicitude he evinctd t.Miacethe authorship of the war to me?an', that ia that the war is unpopular There can he no mistake. He teit that the tide of public sentiment had turned against it, and hence,the uuxiety exhibited to place ita responsibility ou my shoulders, and take it Irom those on whom it ought justly to rest. Had he supposed the i?o?h.iu no ummwn mm war wu necessary ami uuavnideblp, and that i'a termination wou IJ be mclessful I .mi the left inan to whom be would attribute any agency in causing it I am gratified that the Sana tor has turuished thii evidence. It atibrdi reasonable hope, th it tltuse who aro reapomible for it, will exert themselves, and.I hope with success, to bring it to a speedy termination He tracea the authorabip to me, because, as he asserts, 1 am the real author of the annexation of Texae, and tha. annexation la the real cauie of the war. I truat, Mr FiesiHeot, thare will be no disputa hereafter ai to who is the real author oi the annexation. I.aai th hi monthi aiuaa, I had many competitor* for that honor: tha olH'.'iel organ hare claimed, if my memory aervaa me. a large ahare for Mr. Folk and hie administration, and not lea* than half a doxen competitors from other quarters ctai aed to be tha real authors. But now, aiuce the war has become unpopular, tuey all aeem to. agree that I, in reality, am the author or annexation. I will not put the honor airde. I may now rightfully and indisputably claim to be tha author of that great event an event which has so muoh extended the domains of the Union, which has added ao largely to its productive powers which promises so greatly to extend ita commerce, which has stimulated ita industry, and given security to aur most exposed frontier. I take pride to myself as baiug tha au hor ot tbi - great event. But the senator objects that I so conduc'ed tha question of a nexat on as necessarily to lead to the war On what does he ivit this charge? He rests it oo the giound tout 1 selected the resolution at it came fiom the Houte ol Repirseuia rvea, as the hesis of the annexation, instead of giving the Trxua government the choice between trie H?'ii?e resolution and tha amendment of the Senate crifcina ly moved by the senator himself He complained bunny that the Heunte resolution - passed at the verv heel of the session, under the expectation that it would be carried into eflVct by the present administration, then Just commg into power, and not by Mr. Tyler'a administration, than about to expire?bad not been adopted. He ?cemtd to think that the then administration had no right to act upon it, and that, undertaking io do so, was depriving Its successor of soma of its tigbu. Ho accused me oi acting with the greatest promptness. Tha faot is so The re wution, if 1 recollect, was signod by the lato Fresi <*nt about tue first of March. 1 saw the importance of acting piomptly, and advised the resident to act without iit-.i.i - .that ue had the constitutional right of doing so, and that I deemed it necessary that heshould act in order effectually to secure theiucoess of a measure which bad originated wi h his administration. His cabinet was suwmoDod the next day, and concurred in the opinion.? That ni|.bt I ptepared the despatch for Mr. Donelson, our Charge iu Texas; and the next day, late in the evening ol the third 01 March, it was forwarded to him. It was my l.st official act of any importance as Secretary of State. I selected the resolution e the House in preference to the amendment of which the senator from Missouri was the author, because I clearly saw, not only that it was every way preferable, but the only certain mode hy which annexation could be efTscted. My reasons for thinking se were fully set forth in my despatch, which may Lit found among the public documents accompaning the flisi annual message ot the present Executive. They will speak lor themselves; they never have be?n cootioveitod, and never canbosuccosstully. Indeed, I never considered Iho senator's amendment as expressing the deliberate sense either of the Senate or Hsiise of Rrpre sentaiives. it is well ki.own that he, and a few 01 hiP fiieudt, ha 1 tbe power ot greatly embarrassing the pasa?gc ol the resolution* of the House, if not ot defeating them; and that his amendment was mavod, not so much as ?n improvement of the resolutions, as to gtu'ify bitn on<i the in. phut the Cuutse I adopted did (secure annex Hon and that it was indispensable for that purpose,! have high t.mhonly in my possesion That which alt would admit to ho the highest if I could with propriety in loouce it; and for this prompt and decided act, if for nothing chc, ' might claim the authorship of annexation Mow, can nn> thing be more absuid than the assertion that the war with Mexico resulted from selecting the House resolution, instead of the amendment ot the sens tor7 Ha has ventured the bold assertion, without the shadow ot an argument to stil'Sin it. Wb it possible dtf I'eiettce could it make with Mexico, whethei the annexation was i,.ale upon one or tho ctbe* 1 Why t .ould the one not be as oil naive to her as the othei 1 la eed. I ilou'it m irk w hether oven to this day, the government ot Mexico knows wh.-ther the tesolution was pascd wi'h or without an alternative. Such Is tlia baseless ground on which he has charged me with bslng the author of the w ar f had btard. far seveiai d.<ys past that tie I ad prepared to make an elaborate aitaek ou me Some ol my til. ads asked, father jestingly, if I did ou' expect to be nonitulued After these givings out, and eut h lahoi ions | re; mat toe, 1 did suppose the senstoi wtitiid make some show of a formidable charge ; hut <d all the attacks I have ever witnessed, iu this or any oth-r leiri lativB bod) , I hare never known one so empty sud rMleaittts Every one of kit charges i-fiunJeu cuher in grcra etior or paitiel statement of fscts, or on aoine lorcrd and absurd ronclusion I may begin wilb toe veiy first that he made He had the aa<uiance to ascert, n; the prsst ace ot the Senate, that 1 waa tha first to introduce tuO nuestion who was the teal author oi cause ef this war t Now, I appeal to every senator, and every wirier individual wl.o was prosent on the oocesion. uheiitm the m-n.tor lm.ii T, nm ssee, [Mr. Turnejl 'ltd not tiist ci.arge me with being the ruthor ol <hi- war an 1 whether I did not limit my self to repelling his charge by shoo i. g that it origu ated in the order to General 'l ay lor, to mar. It rum llorptts 'Jhiirtl ami tuka p.m ion on t e II10 del isorte f I go fintlier nnd a^k, is tm-io ? s nator here igi orant of the I:Ct, that the quetion ol Alio was the author or causa of the wir, h<d tieen 1 >ng bs'oitr elaborately <lUcu?-vd in this I ody?in the Hou-e ct kepiefen'atives, and throughout the whole Cuniitiy from its declaration up to that time. In the fare o! all this, the S.nator rises up id his place, alter a long unit laborious preparation, and asserts, that it was I who originated the inquiry as to who w.s itsauthui. Ttils is a lair rmmple ot the accuracy of the Sena or, in li s nunneious allegations to show that I was the author ol the war I migat go 011 And take them up one hy one, and show that every onn ol hit positions and deduction* is equally unfoun ed in fact or lalte in conclusion loo not d.ittn it nscesiaty A Is.f portion of his speech 1 was hut the stele repetition ol wits be senl in the sas ston ol I8ti? '43, when the treaty which I had conduit- d wi'll i>n? was under discussion in this body. All the d -cumenta now brought forward wins then before the Senate, hi d he went over thu tame topics very elshorat< ly , and with much more power than on the piesant occasion, without making any impression on the coun try The country was against him than, an i s ill n muins against him, and it is in vain that he uiideitakea to dhtuib its settled coi.viction It will remain ever un changed, in spite of all that he can do. Under this con victicu, I will not wrin y the Senate, hy rep-lliug assaults then made and than replied The rnost ptomi neut of ihe rhirgss- the aiders given hy the adminietra tinn to plscc u fleet in tha Ouli ol Mexico, and a portion of the army on the frontier of Texas?was tepelled by n,y then colleague, (Mr McLiufH*,) of whom he speaks so highly on this ocaanon In repeiJiog it, he said, that if the orders to which the Senator then and now objec's. had not been issued, ths Executive would here uoeu guilty of great deieliction of duty. J be hlorida tieaty, lorming another subject of attack, figuied alio on hat ucoaiion, in connexion with nnuexa lion; end what hi has laid now is but a it-paii-i n ol whst he said then Mo then, as now, made me re-ponsi hie for that treaty although 1 was but one of six members of Mr. Monroe's ca> ioet, and the youngest ut us Ihtiul ais?rsS|K>usible. without advauci-ga particle if nroul to ahow iliat I even gave it my sunpoit or appro baiiou- tieifku tha charge on aoine disclaimer as i< so' nm, that the then Secrttury ef State fV1 r., \<i im.) has at lono time, made, that be whs not leapun Ihle lor the treaty. The Senator may be right as to tha-; hut how ran -hat. by any possibility,show that I was lesponsi'leI But 1 a in pi' paie . to take my full shaieoi reaps nubility si a Ricml-i r nl Mr Monroe's cabinet, without having any | AMiculai agency in forming the treaty, orii lueoce io im uoiiig cabinet to adopt it I than thought, and still (link it a fund trnaty; aud so thought the Heiiateoi the V .its d "hates. for, if my memory does not deceive me, it ii ceived nearly every vote of the Senate. [A S' n ator ' Vti, every voto."| It then received the unnnimoa* vote of the Seiia'e, promptly given Of course, if that treaty wss tlia cause ol the war with Mexico, ss the Senator seems to suppose, this body is as much the mnhor and cause of the war, as the individual on whom be is now in anxious to Ux it I liavo xai t it is a good treaty, not without due rsflec tion We acquired n.uch tiy it. It gave ux Horida?an acquiiitioii noi only important in itself, but alto in re- | lerance to the whole touthweitorn frontier. There j was, at Unit time, four powerlui triiiet i f Indiani. two of i whom?the Creeks and the Choctaws?were contiguous ! to kiotiila, and the two others?tba Chickasaw > and t hi rokres?wera adjoining They were tbo most numerous and powerful tribes in the l.'nited States, and. from thoir position, were exposed to he acted on and excited against us from Florida. It was Important that this state of things should terminate, which could only |>j cone by ob<eiuiug the possession of Florida. I'.i.t their were other and poweiful considerations for the acquisition. We had a short time belore extinguishod the Indian tille to large tracts of country in Manama, Mississippi and fltoigm lying upon stream* and livsis which | asset) through Kioritla lo the (lull?lands in a great m< uaura value lass, without the right of avigating them to their month*. The acquisition of Florida gave u* ibis itght, and enabled us to bring into successlul cultivation a great extcut of fertile lands, which have added much to the lucrested production of our gnat staple?cotton Another impoitant point was elected by the acq'ihi ion It terminated a very troubieaomn dispute w.tn Hpain growing out of the canture nf Ht. Marks anil l>n?a.-ula t?y timer al Jackson, in the Heniinole w at ; anil, Anally, it peri acted our title to Oregon, by ceding to ua whatever right Spain had to that tern* tcry huoh is the treaty on which the Senator haa lavished E NE N to mnch of hi* ahaae; but there were other reasons (c r adopting the Stbioe the boundary, i ud oi which 1 w?* ignorant at he time the treat* ?u iormed, and to th? knowledge of which i have come within the ia*t few year* Mr Monroe, if I am correctly informed, in adopting that line, acted under oireumitancet which left him little option I am not * liberty to etate them?the information I received ouAdewialiv It it nutti -i-nt lo tate that he bad atcertained that the Senate would not ratify a treaty with a boundary fa ther weat. It was | rommui 1 '.a'ed to him by Senator* if first respectability. Their r>-a,ou for rrfuting to ratify a tioatv winch would extend >he boundary b-youd the Sabine, I do not choose to go into. Although it wis communicated to mo with the information to which I luva alluded But if wo take out of tha speech of the Senator what he has stated in relation to annexation, and the Florida treaty, in which, as I have stated, lie lias but repeated old and stale charges, that made not the slightest nnpie* sioo on the country at the time, whet is there lelt oi his ptaseat at'ack upou me? It i* surprising thnt man of hi* experience and aegacity should suppose that the repetition of these thread-bare charge*, regarded as futrla when first made, should make any impression r ow Indeed, i may consider nryaelt obliged to into fur repauting them, alter such elaborate preparation, as it affords the most conclusive proof how exempt my course huh been from any just censuie during the long peried oi trine in which he hns attempted to truce it To make good hii allegation that I am the auihor of annexation, aud that annexation caused the war, he as erta that I was in favor of the auuexaliiii of Texas as far back as in its, Immediately after the battle of Sun J a unto, and the capture of genta Anna, to prove which he read an extract from the apeech which I delivered on resolutions from Mississippi, printed by her Senator now secretary of the treasury, iWtruoting the senators to obtain an immediate recognition of the independence of Text*. It is ttue that I then advocate I an early recognition of the independence of Texai, end its admission into this Union ; but I was not alone in that, nor dii I take a leading part in the discussion ; the two most prominent nJvoc.iten of her cause at that time wero the Senator fiom Mississippi and my theu colleague. ( VIr. Preston.t hut they were secon o.i by a large poruon ot this body at the time. The distinguished Senator from Massachusetts bore a part in the debate, and expressed hia opinion iu favor of recognition at an early period, and of the vaat importance of the future condition of Texas to our country. I have not bad time to examine the discussion ; hut And that I waa among thoae who adviaed delay until further information could be obtained, and many were for prompt action ; bnt the Senator from Miaaouri ha* thought proper, in the face of these facta, to hold me Bp i* ili-only inJividuul disposed for a prompt and imme hate action. Ho baa none more. He haa suppressed ilie tact, vory important to be known, that before the oloae of that very aeaaion the report of the committeo on Koreigu Halation*?recommending that the acknowledgment of llie independence ot Texna aa noon aa satisfactory information could be obtained that it bad auccessfulI > ealabiiabed a government?wai adopted by the unani. moua vote ef the Senate, i eluding the Senator himtelf; md that at the .very next Seaiion her independence was pocognised. Sir, 1 admit, even at that eatly period, I aaw that the incorporation of Texaa into this Union would be indispensable both to her safety and ours. I aaw that it waa impossible that she could aland as to independent powei between ui and Mexico, without becoming the aceue of intrigue of foreign powers, alike destructive ot the peace and security of ootn Texaa and ourselves. 1 saw more; I saw the bearing of the slave question at that early stage, and that it would become an lusti ument in the hands ot a foreign power of striking a blow at ua, and that two conterminous slaveholding communities could not co exist without one being wielded to the destruction of the other. The Senator is right. What I then said was intended to shadow forth the future; that future hlch ao tually came, when 1 tvaa called, by the unanimous voice of the oonntry,|'o take charge of the State Department, in reference to these very events. I saw, with General Jackson, that the golden opportunity had occurred when annexation must take place in order to avoid iuteraiioab a riifll -ulties and great disasters; and, seeing it, 1 did not hesitate to undertake tho duty which had been assigned me, notwithstanding the difficulties, from the weakuosr of the administration, at that period. I succeeded, in de spite of them, and that, too, without war; and all the ela berate efforts of he Senator from Missouri nt-vercandu Btfl me of the credit to whioh I am entitled, in reference to tho great question oi annexation. On a review of (he whole, my couiae, I may say, exhibits not only some foresight in reference to it, but alsi sum - powers of aveitiug the dungais, and securing inland which I desired. Every measure towards the accomplishment of annex itiou ha I been consummated belore tne present udiniuia tration came iutu power No war followed, aitnough tne iCt of annexation had been completed moie than a yea. '?e tore the rupture between ua and Mexico took place noi would war hjve followed at all h.id we acted with ordinary prud-.uco. That Mexico was chafed, chagrined; that sue threatened much and blustered much; talk i about war, and cv-ntr.e exiatoneo of hostilities??r 11 true, it was however, but talk '1 he strung shuuh dwayi pel inn tho weuk and aggrieved to talk, to blus the two po??r? wore fiom each othor, there whi en intimate connexion beta eeu them which could not he overlooked in cotuuciiiig the negotiation, without fulling into a great anddangeious enor Much at leuat la my opinion I wiah to aay nothing to wound the lacllnga o! the d.itinguialied individual who had charge of the logout tion. hut it aeema to me that be fell into e f eat erior in oonlcqnence of overlooking tiiia conueaion bit ween the two aunjecta. To my mino it 1a one of the cleaieat of piopoeiuuna, that there could he no well-founded hope ol adjuating our dittianliiea w; h Mexico until the Oiegon queation wan filially a.-Hed Why an 7 Ti e reaaon ta ohvioua .Mexico knew that we had heavy claiina againat her which atie wai little able to pay Debtors without meana aie uaually any ol their ceditoia Hhe mild not hut tea that there wn* a chance of > acapuig our <1 an nda eg-iinit bar. ptovtded a conflict aiiotild enatte between ua and Kngland iu reference to Oregon, She could not hut ate more?that it might poaaibly afford her an oppoituiiiiy of recovering either the w hole or a nart ot Texas tiy an alliance with Kngland, and availing herself ol the eid of Bntiah atrength and reaouicea in wa ur anu kcoM wittioui taking t hence; nni.it wu hail su a -ted, and exercised proper .kill in the m inagtment u our affairs, Mexico and ourselves w.itild, by una time uave quietly and pe uceably settled all diiiiculues, an. 'taau g..od luanda. V/? Lava chosen to pursue the oppo <ue cnuiae, and are in war. Every Senator known that I wa? opposed to tha war but oune known but oi> neil the depth ot tnat opposi'i >u Vith uiy conception- ot i a character and const quenceit wni impossible In me to vole lunt VV tiuii, i C -ur my y.i w?a deserted by every fueuJ wtkbiMt ul ta lotme, including my then tionoisble colleague, . iiiou, ne iart tvlr MoDuttie ) l waa nut anakeii in tue leant d. <ree in nf-rence to my comae On tire pannage ul tin ict recognising tha war. 1 aaid to nauy ?>t m> friend tint a deed had been done irom which the countij would i.ot be aide to recover lor a long tima, n tVlt; and added, it baa dropped a curtain between the praaei .ndthv future, which to mo ii impenetrable; and lor th rtiat time unce I nave tiaen in putil.c lite. I aui unable t< tea the iutuio. t alto a.ided that it baa closed the lit at vulture of our political history under the countpu ten ind opened the eecond, and tnat no niortul could tali what would be written in it. These deep impressionwere made upon my mind, become I nw.ium the cat cUDKtanct I under which the war wan made a total de parturo Item ttiat coutao o'policy which had governo he country lioiu the commeiicenieut ot our govcrunjen uii il that time; end that, too, under cnturinai.cn eti itiloted to lea i to mod disastrous concequeuoes nine, tie ii. lea* than a y ear han ?lapsed.but in tnat short prlio. (tough ban nirta y been developed to make win. wax turn taid look lite prophecy. Dntttie denj or charter, entertaining us I did, th?s. mprettions, tnat 1 did not take a stand, mi l arratt tli maroh of lien Taylor to the Jt o d. 1 Nofto. I have u icaly stated the reasons on another occasion why I d.f not, and however unsatisfactory they may b* to tin Senator they are satin tnctory to rsyaell, and 1 doni aot they will be to the community at largo, lie also mtlmuted that I ought to hov-.< communicate.i myvhwr to the P, evident I was guilty ot no neglect in th.i iaspect; I did net fail to state in tha proper quarter ex, li citly wiiat I thought would result Iroru thb order givei. o Gen Taylor but I found vary different vie.vt from mine eirorta.ntd there 1'hose in power were quite as confldont that the in ircli of General Tay lor to the Dal Not to would not in its. con oqaencea involve war,as they were that notice without compromise in reference to the joint occupancy cf Die gon would Dot involve war with England. In lookirghnck upon these matters I have the satisfacion to feel that I fully perlormed my duty both here and elsewhere with reference to these important questions With n y view of the character and consequences of he war. I nave foreborne much, i have suffered not a little in the estimation of my friends ho'h in and out ot Congress lor refusing to vote lor the bill recognising the existence or a war made by tbe act of Mexico. I Lave jeen urged by them to explain the rnuoua u>r my course on that occasion; but I persisted in decliuing to do 10, because I could not see that it would be of any service to the country, while it might weaken the hands of those who are charge I with the prosecution of the war. I adopted the only course which, according to my opinion, l could with piopriety?to tako no active or leading part n roterence to measures intended for carrying on the war. but to give a quiet and silent vote in favor of all which did not seem to me decidedly objvctionoblr. but, n the mean time, to look out for tho first favorable opportunity of pieseuting my views how tbe war should be ondneed tobiing it most advantageously to a succesrful a: munition I accordingly embraced the opportunity on 'he discussion nt the three million bill now before ti e senate to present my views, not In the spirit ot opposition, t u> 01 kinunssa, to the adminutiat ou, reserving to aiysslt tbe expiossion of my opinion as to the causes ol lue war for soma suitable occasiou. It seems, however, tnat the friends ot those in |>ower were not satisfied with 'hit course on my pait ; it became an object of assault both in this obaimer and without its walls Tlie Senator from Tennessee immediately on my right [Mr. Tutney] commenced the attack here by directly charging me with being the author ol the war, and it hue since hern (ol towed by the Senator Irom Miasoeri on this occasion I have thus been foiosd, in sail defence to depart from the line which I had prescribed lor my sell, a d to enter into the question, Who is the author or tiie cause oi ihe wai 1 The responslbi'ity is hot on me, but nn those who hive compelled ma to make the de|iarture. Thus far I have limited what I have said strictly to self-defonce, as I shall ulso do on ttio present occasion. In looking to the causes which led to tho war, 1 go one step further back than tho senator from Maine, (Mr. Evans,) who decuneil tbe subject in this aspect wl'h great accuracy and ability. He began with Mr SlidoU's mission and negotiation. I go a stepfurther back, to the management ot the negotiation pr.or to thut period. When this administration camo into power Ihete were two grim questions on hand connected with ur foreign relations?the Oregon and the Mexican. As diflATsnt flfl thav u.f>r? in th? ir c.harj?**twr W YO EW YORK, TUESDAY MO giog war again at a*. At all events, <ha would look it w with coi 11 lence to har being protected aa an ally of Enf - cha laud In the treaty by which tba war ahould bo terinioa etci I tad. Whatever objection may be made to England, aha pen never d-?arta an ally In war It aeatno 1 to ma, undor wbi I theae circtmatancea. that it waa a gr?at error to auppoaa fore | that the diiferaucea with Mexico coull oe adjuatad while diat , thoa 1 wiih E-iglaud wera pending Our true policy, erat ! then, uncording to my opinion, wua to auapeud all at- it w tempt* at opening negot a'iou with Mexico until tha* the qu-etiori waa fluwlly aetiled. When that waa t-ffecled iog ami Mexico could no lo grr luok to the aupport of king- two land in her contiovetay with ua, aba would aae the foil) niuli 01 decjinirg >o adjust the d tt\>roncux between ua. and Vi eut?r iuto conflict with a power every way ao vaa'.ly har that kUperier. Unf I I'hrre would, then, be another alvan'age which tiun would greatly favor asettlement of our difliculliea with ane | Mexico. Tha eiuquent Senator from Louisiana has truly the laid that Mexico, at lea-it no tar aa capital ia concerned dial waa aUiitiih colony l'l e immense interest whichEugl rnd In tiai In the country, would have enlisted ber on the aide the < f peace, and the whole of her vast ti.tt lenc.i would have m?r been exerted to iuduca Mexico to enter into a aalialac- had tory arrangement with ua. I cannot doubt that, under T bearanca and prudence on our part, all the c?ucoi of d<f tree ference between the two countries would, ore this, lievo advi been eettled by a tteaty satialuctory to both. lech An opposite course was, however, unfortunately coul taken; both negotiations weie pushed at the same time; pare and that with Mexico, with at lent as much isul antes cisit strong a pressure, as that with England The than Pie ratii sidem of the republic of Mexico iHerrero) was friendly tacc to tho United Status, and anxiously disposed, on that ac mak count, as well as others, to settle the oidereuces with Us the Acting uuder these feelings, he ucceded to the proposi- to hi tion to receive a commissioner, without duly reflecting, triei as the events proved, on theae great impediments in tn? take minds of tho Mexicans against treating with us Tho by t result was us might have been anticipated Paredes took limi advantage of the error, und hurled Herrera from power; H and the effect of this premature attempt at opening nogo thn tiation.waa to overthrow a friend, and place sn enemy in Pale power, deeply committed aguinst settling the differences voli between the two countries, and thereby, as ought to agai have been foreseen, greatly to increaae the difltcuiy ot tags anyl'ulutc settlement of the questions. What lollowed host from this unfortunate step, until it ended in war between seui the two countries, has been so clesrly traoed by the lie or fi nutor from Maine, as te supersede the necessity of my tere touching upon it. . oth? The overloeking of the intimate connexion of these arm two questions, was not only the first link in that series el wot causes which Anally terminated in this war, but it came mot near preventing the settlement of the Oregoa question, dise Hqd the action of Congress, whioli finally led lo the set met tlement ol the Oregon question been delayed until it was mad known that the skirmishea bad taken place between our to t forces and the Mexicans oa the Kio tiraude, (but a at tl short period,) there is every reason to believe the Oregon was question would not have bean closed. 1 speak upon of v high authority?the escape was a narrow one Foitu- His nately, the British government promptly acted upon the evei notice, and tendered a proposition to our minister on thei which the settlement was finally made, which he re- nity ceired and forwarded to our government but a tew days belore news was received in England of the skirmishes on the Rio Orando. But whilo they fortunately occurred too late to prevent a settlement ot the Oregon question, they unfortunately occurred too soon to preserve peace TKt with Mexico. But if the policy which Uie admim-tr* tion first adopted after annexation, had been pursued, to occupy the frontier of Texas witn our militaiy foices to T the extent of country which she held at the time of an- tion nexation, aud no furthtr?there is every reason to be uoto iu?i uu ui? viuowvui 01 me urnpa question tne peace of the two countries would have been preserved and It la true Mexico claimed the whole of Texa*, but it in i4ji equally true that she recognised the difference, and snowed a disposition to act upon it, between the country V0B known as Texas proper and the country between it and stre the Del Norte. It is also true that wo and Texts rocog niscd the same difference, and that both regarded the . boundary ae unsettled?as the resolution of annexation, which provides that the boundary between Texas and 'am Mexico shall be determined by the United States, clearly r0" ihows. It is worthy ot remark in this connexion, that '**1 this proviiion in the joint resolution i< understood to hare H8a been iusei ted in consequence ot the grouod taken ot the W0' preceding session by tne benator irom Missouri, on the 10 1 diseuaeion ot the treaty that the Nueces was the west- I""1 el si boundary ofToxss and that to extend tout boundary UP? o the ilie del Norte would take in part of Tamaulipas n>01 Coahuila and New Mexico. What, then, ought to have ltru ueon trio course of tbo Executive, ufter annexation maJ im'cr this resolution ? Tbo very one which tlioy at hi ft pursued-to testrict the position ot our troops to the c'l'j ouutty aolually occupied by Texas at the period of an stution. All beyond, as Isr as the Kxecutivu was con CT01 MIMtlt ought to have been regarded as subject to the ",oc provision ot the resolution, which authorised the go' Dcei eerninen' to settle the boundary. Toere are but two 11,0,1 'nodes ol settliug a d.sputed boundary?one by the "0B' <oiut consent of both parties, that is by tiealy, of whim w"" me President and tne Ui-natn are the organs - the *uc mer, by tlia deleiuiuiatioii of ouo ot tlie parlies foi i sell alter failing to obtaiu the consent of the other, alio ' ? T the', uuder out governmrnt, can only he done by Contress. Indeed, when we speak of our government, it is orders cod to meuu Congreis and tne Executive, acting cu" toiutly?the one by passing an act or resolu ion, and tne I"9* ither by its approval And in Congress, tukeu in tUis suse, all disci etlonary power under eur system ot gov- 410 'foment is invested. It is ouiy by 'his power tnet a dis '"'8 ,iuted boundary can be determined by the goveru-naat tot ,JVI itself, bud without the consent of tne other paity. The Piestdent had i.e more light to oetenmne oohis own wiil , ' -hat the boundary was, than I had. or any other hem 1001 ot. huch,indeed, appealed to b? the cuuvicliwii ol the 'resident nnnseil It is only on such a supposition th e _ 'so cau explain his course in a'tenipting Is open a uego '?u,u 'ittiou w'i i Mexico, with a view ot settling ali d,n?i nces between tne two countries, emoog winch the s t lenient ot the boundary was considered a paramount 1'ies'ion Wny negotiate, if it were not an unset'le t irttioii' Why negotiate, it the li.it> del Norte-as it T vas utter >vaid>. a.sune t?was the clear aud uuq les'.iou E \ abie boundary t And if not, upon what authoiity, altei com he attaaipm.i open negotiation had failed.could tie da Bm orinme what w<s the boundary, viewing it as an of en ? question! Wa- 1: not his plain duty, on such an otcur ()ra elite, to submit ilie q<ie>tiou lo Congie-s, winch wa- Vol' neu in session, and in whom the right ol establishing lb- \rti uuinUry aud declining war was clesrly invested ' lis i [, uat course been adop'ed, I giedly mis ake it fne pw sent of this body < onld not have Oven decidedly pposed to von liking any step wmuh would have mtoivtd the two |.lt ouiitrtrs in war Indeed, I leei a strong coiiviotioi i.ms . at, it the Senate hsd been lelt fiee to decide ou th ,| i| j lestion, i ot one third ol the body won J lisVs he. i jUi.d in favor ol war As it was. a large majority fal u nemselvrs compelled, as they believed, to vote fir tin me ill recugui ing tho existence of war, in ordor to ran. ,yrHs I supplies of men hii I money nacrssnry to res u>t th. u irmy uuder Oeneial Taylor, on the Del Norte, from the .,m, dangers to which it was exposed. ,nrl but to tiring the matter home, the benutor hims-lf is neu ii no ?'mmii degree re*ponsibte tor the war I intend uu 0j [ c.tecit ou him. I hire made none, and will make none o I'lie relation* between him and my (elf personal and p i day li'icai hire Jong been such, that self-respect,-lid a sense r?,(l d propriety, forbid my alluding to him, except whan an- teer .voidable, and tlien in a courteous manner , and I now m illude to hi* ooutse only became it i? necessary to ex truo plain mine, and the motives which governed ine on the iron .locution ?uit The donate will remember that when the Prexidont'a mil nesa.ige wua leeeived recommending Congieas to re- ii cognize that a war existed between iia and Mexico, aim Mnd to raise the uecesaaiy means for it* prosecution the h ut l nator i.nm Mississippi, whose seat is immediately on my tortt right, hut who ia now abaeut, [Mr Speight ] moved tu goo< pr tut ZO ,1/00 copies of the mesa age and documents The "no icrne vraa a aolemn one, and what occurred will loi g 8am tie lememhered by tbo members ol the body. I roae ami use bjected ; and (aid that we were on the eve ot great tieut event*, and expreaied my hope that we would proceed tieuc calmly anil deliberately. I auggeited that the printing tree of *o large a number of copie* would ba construed into a is an endoiaement of the message ; adding that I 'vai un satis willing either to endorse or coudemn, until the message and document* were printed, and carefully peiuaed by w me A debate ensued, and the journals ol the Sanaie . will show what *ook place. The Senator Irom Mi-sou. i was the individual wlie made tho discreet and appiopn " ate motion to separate the recommendations of the urns sage tat* two pur s, and teler tbat which related to re- !'r" cognising the existence ol war to the Committee on 'J-* ' Koreigii Kelatious and that which related to tho raising . of men and supplies to the Committee on Milnaiy Ai- * .J fairs of which he* was chaiiman The latter, it was ex pMted, would repoit immodiale measures Inrthe suppoii '!' of Ueneral l'aylor. I seconded tho motion, an I it was * ' earned by n large majority I saw in it 'hat which go? < ins hope and that I should be able to effect the object 1 ["* J* hud in view,and which I will herenper explain. ' , Tha House of llepresentutive* acted with much more 1 precipitancy; it passed a hill tho very day the message ' waa received, recognising the existence ol the war, and ^ providing mean* for its piosacution. It w#i lite in the evening wtien it passed the House, and I am of the im j pi omen urn iiib neimi" iihm aujuuruea; ana n wai not rrpoitod to it that Jay; tiut, ho tliat at it may, the nen ** f Jay the Senator, as chairman of the t.ommittea on Mill- J tary Affairs, reported tho bill to the Senate as it cauio trtm the Hnus.i, with both provision* in itj diroctiy con ' trary to tho order of the Senate, made on his own motion y' te i ear the pait tf the mesaago rotating to the recogni tion ol war to the Committee on foreign Relatione. fu ; 1 that and tho fact that a coiic.ua had been held of tho par Tti ty which agreed to sustain ton report, may he traced the ing 1 precipitate, (to uae no atronger word ) notion ef the mi- will uatH, ami tl e recoKnition I the war. It emphatically and made the war. Hail the order of the Senate been re?pect- Vlajc ed?had the Henatorfrom Miisouri. in coufoimitv with it, **r?./ and ii* he waa in dirty hound to do, moved to atrike out the t ail that related to the recognition ol tho war, anil referred it to tho Committee on foreign Relatione; and conilned _ hi* tepoit to raisiug the neceaaary meant ol leacumg |g" General Tay lor and his army lioin the pleasing dengeis Jo which kurrotinde 1 tliam, the possibility la. that tho war j0 miaht htr. o been averted, and the two coitutriea at this jgl day liave been at tieace. Sir, 1 aay poaaihly, because, y |
even then, alter the skirmishes between our forces ha< 1 ! ()il occuired, I did not despair oi escaping war, if aufhaieiit ,, firmntas and prudence wore u?? d on the part cf Una I ^ I body ( bed deeply red r ed on tho subject in adviinoo, ' I and at great as weie tile dilbctihies, I anil iaw u gle.in of : i'j. I hope. The inte 1 fence of the akirmUkca on the Rio Grande A, Waa (aoeiveo here on Saturday ; i at oi ce 'aw tha danger, I p and furned my inind to the subject. I anticipated that a #(, mo*, age wuulo ho received on tlnnday f.um the Kxecui.ve, and formed not an incorrect opinion ua to what i o would lie ita character, (.'sating my eyes over itie i (? whole, with a view ol avoiding war, I oiu,e to the con \ cliinon in my own mind, what course waa heat to elT. et I w that object Neat morning I communicated the conclu- x aiona to which I bad coma to two olmy colleagues, who u, Were hoaidiog with me. | ana to them, that there waa I . . but one way ot escaping war, hut 1 am Dot certaui tnat J RK E RNING, MARCH 2, 184 dll be successful. It will, however, plica a* In th? ptar of accident*, and thereby afford a possibility of ipe 1 was asked what it was, and replied that it daded on separating the question of war from that ch relate* to the rescuing of General Taylor end his as. Let the mean* necessary for the latter be inme. ely granted but let time be taken for due and delib I consideration of the fotmer. Had that been deoa, a* my intention to throw my whole weight against | immediate declaration er recogorion of war; treat 1 what had occu-red as mere h utilities between the armies, with* u' authority of >he t oi>gre?s?the war ling power of either government In had not a parti 'le of evidence then, or even now, the republic at Mexico had made war against the le I States Indeed, we are in the anooinious con !:of the two countries being at war during, and almost ntire year, without either having declared it, although constitutions of both eipressiy provide that Congress 1 deflate wai istead, then, of recogni-ing war, I would have taken very opposite ground-that what had occurred was e lio-tiii ies, and not war, as the Congress oi Mexico not authorised it. o provide lor the contingency of the Congress of tico approving of whet bad occurred, and lefusing to t lor the settlement of our difflcultieS, 1 would huve set the raising of ample provisional force, to he colsd at some convenient ami hoalthy point: where they Id ho trained during the interval and be fully preid to rae*t such decision; hut oven in case such -lain should be made, instead of adviing n formal declu >u of war. I would have udviseJ. as Oou Jackson uumetitlod, giving authority to the ^executive to a reprisals lor seizing uml holding *urh portion el l Mexican territory a* w.iul l tlford ample indemnity, s retained nntii tlio differences between the two coun i were tattled ; but, in the meantime, would have in measure* to repel ill* attacks made upon our army ho Mexican forces, and to drive them far beyond the is of our hordere. ad this course been pursued, we should have had all glory and reputation of the two biilliant victories at t< i Alto and ltenaca de la Talma without being in'ed in tbe present indefinite ami expensive war waged mat Mexico. We would also have had the advani of the chapter of accidents- of Mexioo disavowing dlities, and indemnifying our citizens?either from a ti ie of weakness, or of isturning justice on her part, rom the influence of other powers, which have an in- t< st iu preserving peace?from their aammeroial or ir islatious with her, and thereby save a retort to t< s on our part. But, at ail eveuts, failing in that, we lid have avoided, by retorting to reprisals, the enor it expenses, the saoriAce of mtu and money, anil thr start to which the war hat exposed us I have now ti , and 1 trust, successfully repelled, all the charges e by tbe Senator from Missouri, except those relating ho Missouri compromise, an I the abolition question let period, for which I am in no ways responsible i P not then in Congress, i Ailed tbe oAlce of secretary w var al the time, and had no agency or control over it charges are light as air?old and stale, without in i plausibility, and I have not (he slig .test fear ol tb r having any weight, either here or in the commit- O The Mexican War. HERALD MILITARY CORRKSPONDKNCK. L Miuuuiii (Mexico), Jan.'J4,1947. o Coael and iti Dangeri ? Oaod Remark* on tk* Con v duel of Congress, he nature of this coast is such that our communiea i with the old country is, at this season of the year, 'J it difficult and dangeroua. The abaanoo of harbors, the continued prevalence of " northers," cuuso the or to approach with dread a shore whore so many en are anuuauy w recited, ana which U at all timea | iwn with evlJeucea of the aea'a destructive doings. .a there ia now a prospect that the number of vessels ' he public service will be greatly increase J, this me- | -.holy ruth will, wa feur, become more aodly appu- f t. The chief and almost omy cauae of apprehecaion reeling any deacent auppoaed to be io contemplation [ nut any point ol the Mexican coast, ariaea from the 1 known danger of nav'gating that part of the Gull 1 he winter. It a rely have we read in history of an ex- v ittou pi ejected on a considerable acale, and dependent u the ravur ol the capricloua element, wherein one 01 v eoftht transporta liaa not been loat. What juat a und ot foar, then, nave we that some marine disaster ' happen to our own troopa, to sadden tho triumph ? ch moot certainly awaits them, tint I will not euti- c ite disasters. We will hope that ell will be well ere, in Mexico, wn are kept long in ignorance ol ti utmthonie. Nothing has been beard liom Congress e the t?t IJp to that date the members seem to have tl a mute engaged in tho diacuwiori of the war'a oom ice nout thau intent uikiu the inquiry respecting the tl mode ol its successful prosecution. Now, i* th s tl s, or patriotic, or atateamauliko I One proposition i. b tear that I think it will hardly be denied, even on the ii r of Congress Wc are ut war?our enemy is Mexi n end whr ther the people of that country aie black or ? te, slaves or freemen, is not e question that sooulii ato our naiiouul councils Nor is this the time to dis- h i the question of the ancient Texan boundary. The t 'a charge, "you began it," nitty bo properly urged sufti r lint I greatly fear that uppeals of this nature ' useless, an! almost despair of ever seeing those 1 hly men who-o intellects were never given for tb? sncemeut ol party, usiting iu the cause ol their corn I i country against ttie common enemy hey call the war a "Pieeident's war " and yet it hav u declared under all the toi ins of the con.titU' ion ? > ay witn ttie.e uroumlle-s ..lid unmeuiung cavils, )e ticiana. and come up to tne hearty support ol tin i s? oi th u.mini stration, which iu Una mutter ia cer I ly tnat ot tue couott y U. P. Q MI LIT Ah Y MOTKMRNTS. 1 IFiuiii the New U'leans Delta ] , Mourn or the Uutins Jinuiry 39 , his encampment (Camp Pag>) is commanded hy .Mai. J ttumr.er, of the 1st K?gm nt Dr. goons, who took mand ol the Mounted Hifl men iuate id of Mojoi huge, whose health is so tied as to prevent his doing It nunibora at this turn : In tlia 8.aft, 9. Kagiment (ooua,701i H.Ms ilegi nent 43 i; 3 1 Infantiy, 190 unteera (mdiaiM ai.d Illinois) lOd, company H, 9 1 ! tiery. 87. he tt Hi H'gimen? his b?andismounted fot the pre- , , io con-eq ienc? ot the great loss in horses in tieD? at ion I roiu New UiL-h is to mis piuca Tue loss oi liuiskge, us uiieuciy mc -named w ui two bundle t an tj-tw w, beri leu a I* w .nil tl O ie bundled and te I ssir l.oli >?ri? utuedovei this duy tut.apt Ug '* t 'I ut in u poit O tnat uuiiiti r one Pur is si a eel % it usa at pieseU'. aud many of lie n will tiever ha o itusl seivica 1 he be.let ones will he giten to tin (oons. i mounting them is a rnstUi of much lugret with th> , :eis, au-l has Caused much cist tisfuctiou with the , i, and it is saul tuat Major Sumner, who urged its ,, ig 10'.e. was many da) ope'utmg with (he " Hero .ULdy's Line" before it was effected , en. Worth tin.1 col Childs were ut this place a few s ugo, aud aie now encamped with a portion of then .oc'ive com mauls at Palo Alto. A number ot volin. >id Ilia' uli ot Gen. vVorth'e coram ?nd, with olnei 0 IM willnaitiftwat this niaoe and Mai i*at>ei ( i whence they will nmtmk for Ta u.pico as noon h> ' stile tunspoitstioii con he provided Gen. Ta>lori? t at Sjlti'lo or ila neighborhood. en Hc-ott make* hi* head quartan at BrozoaBt Jago, has hut little intercom if ?l any kind with the officer,. , hia |>o><t. in one i-sped he hat been |iecultail> Q mate. It la aanl that it 1a an ill wind which blown t to none; anil for the laat month we have averaged a f irthet" once in every three daya?and though Uncle hat luflired ' aome," an l the ciptaint of vessels, to j, their own expreaaion, "pretty considerable," he has v i greatly the gainer Thu winda have blown on the U laigo nutntieia of Quo turtle, and he liaa indulged u ly in nn favorite <!iah - u ' hasty plite ol aoup" - and u to l e hoped ih i J he hat taken a autticient quantity to t| ly lutn until- September. a [From the Philadelphia Inquirer.March 1 1 'e have been politely levored with the parua.il ol late n rslrom Tamplco. Gen Scott bad not arrired,hut wua ii cted daily MM hourly. Lieut Kama, of the fourth Ii llery, whi at Tamplco, awaiting the General's /tl He w.,a Juti lioin Vera Crux, whither ne lnm I tent with a hag, to deliver an in e of Uon Taylor's 0 mere. There were about IJWI troop* iu Vara Ctux ? e time, and lUuO in the Uuatle, all badly provisioned " with worse iqtiifmeots The Lieutenant whs re- n ad by the officer in command in exoe llent style, and great courtesy. He represents the land defence* at " frreut, but in prooaaa ol impiovemaot by ailditiotial " ubt* and lines ICvarything la, however, commanded ? sud-luil*-bmtt Too yard* distant from the city, and ri calculated lor tnn posiliona of our artillery The u le, it was thought, would be shelled and blown up I' tmeiiran had al?o Jus'. arrived et l'ampico, who had " ed the Cattle ol hail Juan da Gilo* a* well as tlie c ol Mexico He experienced many Darrow escapes, was supposed to bo ehle to communicate much '* uble inloiniation to Gen. Rcott, whose plans hnd not 11 ipirrd Home of the officer* held toe opinion that a " ? pait ol th* force at Tampico might make a wagon I* , end match on Jalaps Hnd Pernio, If necessary, md a k any Mexican lorces that might be lent to the aid of rcroa cl Kioeitlie Wilmington (N C.) Courier, Fob. 14 ] ie Utig Samuel ,N Uott was towed down this morn- r >y sioamer Ksyetteville to Hmithville, where she . isko on boaid to-moriow the Wayne, Cabarrus Yancy companion of the N. C. volunteers, with . >r Hlokrs, andnQ, wb.d and weather permitting, lor ' osHan'isgo The achoener Hanison f'liceia to be text ve??ol, and will be ready on Halurday. ^ AHMY ITRLMttKINCK. B| Affoinlmtnii lu thr Nt.w Rrgtrntnlt of /n/unlry. U mm J Aicber, of Maryland, to be Captaiu. lin t Howard, of Maryland, to he < aplaui fa hn A Hemlrlcka, of Indiana, to he Captain. tl inet II Calwall of Virginia, to be Captain. o xha \V. Mc.( omuB, of Virginia, to hn Captain. it linU"t*l*.of Mary land, to f>e Captain. cl riiOtt It Blair, o( Mix , to he Ca|>tain in.nci'l B Hill, of lllinoli, to be Ceptain. . B slm H M< K*iine). of Unmix, to Cnptain. > lornn* K Betiiell, Of ladtOBQ, to be Captain o W Tbomixon ol Mmne, to be Cap'aui. j p idrew T Palmer, of Maine, to be Cnptain. at N Bodflih, of Maine, lo be t ap'ini 1 w jpben Woodman, of Maine. to lie I aptain. lender Wi.kin of N^w York, to b- Cnptain ? ? .ward*, nl Vtrtr inn, to be Captain. >1 in virp'nald.cf Ohio, to be Captain. C Cumming*. ol V 1>Kiitta. to ba ( ap ain. ? B laliafniro of Vug.ma, to be i apt nn 1 1 K. Rotvo, of New iiaaipahire, to lie captain li niiel BaOtiel.iar, ol Naw llan p hirn, to ha Capt?it). , al ireiiio Johmon, of t ounecticut to he apleiu i A W. Peikina, of I'enneaaee.to be Captaiu. hi [T? Tt A Jli Jti iY 7. 8' Bogardus, of Illinois, to bo Captain airv Smith, of Michigan, to bo Captain. W. W Tompkins, of New YoHl, to be Captain. John Jon?n. ot (Jeoigia to bo Captain Joseph A Yard, of Ne? Jersey, to ba Captain. A H Cro?s, ot Maryland, to be First Lieutenant. J C Marriott, of Ma yland, to be Firat Lieutenant w B 0 Fry of Virginia, to be Fust Lieutenant. J A Woolfor.l of Maryland, to be F.rst L eutenanL Joseph He?lop of lllmoia. to be Firat Liautenant. Joseph K-lloag of lllinoia, to be Fiiat Lieutenant. John I' Hign?? ol ludnna.to he First Lieutenant. Jamee Hugh' a, of ludiaua. to be Flrar Lieutenant. Alexander Mo row of Maine, to be Fnat Lieu Una it. Albert Tracy of Maine, to be Fi at Lieu en ant. Hiram Cba) m in, of Maine, to be Firat Lieutenant. J M. Carlton, of Maine, to be Firai Lieuienau' F. M Cumtniua, of Now York, to be Firat Lieutenant. 1 I J. B Miller oi Ohio, to bo Firat Lieutenant. D S. Lee of Virginia, to bo Firat Lieutenant J. K.Hdmlett. ol Virginia, to be Fiiat Lieutenant. J Lyman Bineill, ot Connecticut, lo l>e Fire! Lieutenant. I J. M Bl.ikey. ol Virginia, to be Fir?t Lieuieaent Thorn a* Smith, ot Illinois, to be Fir?t Lieutenant. K. A. Bontaa. of New York, to be Firtt Lp uvnunt Leouidas Mclntntb. of Ueorgia, to he Firat Lieutenant. Allen Welle, of New Jaraey, to lie Firat Lieutenant J. W Leigh, ot Virginia, to be be First Lieutenant George W Carr, of Virginia, to ne Second Lieueuant. Joseph Samuels of Virginia, to lie Second Lieutenant. J. A Frost, ol Maryland, to ba Secnud Lieutauaut J. M Winder, ot Mat) land, to be Secou 1 Lieutenant. Robert Swan.of Maryland to ba Second Lieutenant. Olivi r Dicdendorf. of Illinois, to be Second Lieutenant. W. II. Slade, of lllinoia, to be Second Lieutenant. James Tilton, ol Indiana, to be Second Lieutenant. Win. W Carr ol Indiana, to be Second Lieutenant. Alpheus T Palmer, of Maine, to be Hecon t Lieutenant. N. F swett of Maine, to be Second Lieutenant. * ? wivtu;,ui uhiuu iu do ceconu uiauienonx J P hadbiune, of Maine, to bo Second Lieutenant. John Ulackin, of Rhode Inland, to be SjconJ Lieu nant. P. H. Buryere.of New York, to be Second Lieutenant. W R. 8 aft'ird, ol Onio, to bo Second Lieutenant. 0 W. Clutter, of Virginia, to be Second Lieutenant Thomas J. Peyton, of Virginia, to be Second Lieu nant A. A. Stoddard, of Connecticut, to be Second Lieuenant Van Renialeer Otey, of Virginia, to be Second Lieu nant. A.G. Moon, of Tennenee, to be Second Lieutenant. L H. Martin, of IUinoii. to be Secoud Lieutenant. Lortmer Graham, ot Near York, to be Second Lieuinaut. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. [From the Norfolk Baacen, Feb, W ] Accounts from Washington state that Commander* earaon and Carpender are suspended for twelve mouths, I 'ith piy. Captain Stringham came passenger yesterday morning 1 the steamer Georgia, from Baltimore, and got on board ib Ohio, in Hampton Koada. It is rumored that the hio it to sail on Sunday, with sealed orders. A Pittsburg correspondent ol the Baltimore Sun, writigonthe -Jill instant, says:?The U.S. steam frigate lleghany left Pittsburg to-day, under the command of ieuieuant Hunter. The Ohio is in exoellent navigable rder, and the will have a fine trip to her destination, rbicbl believe Is either Peusacola or New Orleunt. [From the Norfolk Herald, Feb. 37 ] The U. S iship lJecatur, Cotn'r Pinckuoy, dropped town to Hampton Roads yesterday, bound lor the Gulf ol deiico. Common Council. Boakd or Aluermki*, March l.?David 8. Jackson, Hie , President, in the chair. 'As Tombi?A communication was received Irom the lecorder and the Distiict Attorney in relation to cortain iractices at the Tombs, which said practices were devcoped at the Court of Mission* during the trial of Cytler or forgery. Helen o I to a special committee. Pelitiont ?A number of unimportaut petitions were iresented and referred. Rtltatt from Priton ?Report of the committee on poice in lavor of rele-aing Irom prison James Leaby, vko had been confined for letting his pigs run at large. Suits a<at?sl Ex- Mayor Laurence ?A communication vasr.ceived from tho counsel of the board, relative to mm u'hir.h hail hat n pummancml ?????"a? *' ^ erje.'or d .iniReh sustained by the blowing tip of oertaiu | toies during 'be fire of 1834, while he was Major of the uy Ali. H?rt moved that tlia cotiniel be Jnstiucted to ake measures to dsfond said luiti. Adopted. Beturnt of Chief Engineer ? The monthly return* of tie chief engineer were received and accepted. Police Four?Aid. HmT presented a reaolutiou that tie Chief ol i'olice report to tki* Board, if, in hia opinion, lie present mimlier ol the police lorce nl tbia city can e reduced without detriment to tho public interest; and, so, what number of policemen can he dispensed with rom oach wuid without disturbing its efficiency. Ldopted. Pier at Ike Font of Broome Street ?Report in favor ol tiiiduig a sup and pier at the foot of Broome street, last Hirer. Adopted Pier, foot of IVarrcn street Kopoit in lnvor of lejai' g he pier at the foot < f * arien street to 1 nomas Kow to i Co.. for their line ol Ne wburgh steamboats Adopted Eopuleion of Fi> emen ? Heport of mo Committee ou '"ire Uepmtineut in f,vor of Confirming certain cxpuliions. Adopt, d I hiriyeiehtk Street ? Report and ordinance io favor of (radliiK I'ulity- igi.th stieat. Adopted. Cnmpeneatiuii /or ttornngee ? Rei-oit ih favor of pay ng Patiick vieBairoll $MW lor damage' au.taiue-l by the 3untogulasowariii.ua llthwaid Laid on the tatile Pier foot of Broome Sheet?A lesolutiou to build a pier at tlia loot of uroo.na at was Hiloptad I l-e k of Second tV.ird Court?It-port of the Finance ouiuilitre, adverse to p.iyiua D. hull vxtra coaipm-a iou tor dunes perlor.oed by i.i.n as clerk of tu? Second Ward Court. Adopted Funeral Ob ii/uite ? Kesolu'ion from the Board ol As is-anis, relative to the luneiai uo-tqui a of Captains Field and otners Cuneuired in. Madteon tpuare?Aid. Li virxjsTo.v called up th* retort ol the ! oiumic.ee ou Lauds, relative te the opening >f Madison Fqnaie. The r.port was takcu Up and sdvoMted by Aid Livingston, and opposed by Aid. Mesa-ole; and af.sr some < i otisii-ui, tin'report tvss adopted. Closing Porter //votes on Sunday ?Aid Hosnl'i ailed tip lbs report Slid ordinance- lo-pi'Oting tte clo iug ill the doo.s Hint ? i down oi poitei tiou~a* ou hu?- | ay s. The s ime was taken Up anil a t.ip'ed Srwrr in Jamee It Ropoi t in f. v .r uf coustriiuti g ? [ kwdi in J ini.- t a.iuot, lii 111 1110 t ut iw?o, to CU*tu*,i. t Ad >|* ed Compmialio* for Meitiaul S'rvieti ? Report of th?/uiniuittf e ui. Fn? U' lMrlim nt, in luvoi oi pi) lug Di i U iMiwick filo for medical s-u vices icn lirt i '<y liim to utin vlatinew s. juu., n u reman who w?? ruu ti??r by hu unina Ailop'eu UnlarKtrntnC of Lunatic. Jhytim If All. Pcrii* uile t ii|> in0 re|xirt relative to eci irging the Lunatic vsjltimou IIwokwoil's Itianduul bull uug a mod hwuiu, md appropneth g P64 0iu lor the same, l'lia r>-( oit won taken up, and a lj plod uunuimouily. Aid. Li?i iuitu.1 call. J up the repoit ot the Chairman m Lawn relative to tne petition ol Robert It Morrisi md otliera, to be lelieved Irom the penalty against Ihein a Supervisors. i'ho report it accompanied by a result!ion in favor of authorising the Comptroller to pay the eveia) judgments in question Considerable discussion ensuod, and at a late hour, lldoimau bensou was ieit speaking ug.iiust the adoption 1 the lesolution Bo*ii[> or Assists.vt ALoaaMsn.?Neil (fray, K?i| , 'resident in the chair. Compensalien Jar Uamaft.?Petition of Ii. Mebeo, to e cuuipru at d lor -tamagea done to his pro|>erty b) later, tne foot of Delaucey street. Referred. Sneer tn 33d Strut?Petition ol suudiy property wnurs, to have the building of the sower in 33d street, etweeu titb and dth avouues, given to a responsible conactor, who will engage to have the same completed irthwith Referred. LoAorer'i Wapn.?K petition was also received irom uiuerous laboieis employ od in 331 and 33J atreats, askg to be paid tho amount ol Wuges due to them. Hetrred. Aihei, lluUuh ?Report tnd resolution from the Hoard f Aldermen, in fnvor of authorizing the comptroller to outract lor the removal ol all ashes, rubbish, and street enure (rom the city, provided a proposal should be tade to do it for a lets sum than now- paid h'uturr appointment of Afedirof O/ficert ? Report and ssolution tiom tlie same, in lavor of lepeating the ordi ances relative to ihe appointment ol medical oflicets onuecled with the alms house department, so fsr as rgatds tlie lespient ph) sician's contiol ol tlie instl ution n black well's Island. Tko appointment of stiitaldn arson* to take c'.uige of the tame, to be hervatter ude by '.ba Common Council instead o esident p hysilan. < (incurred in /t>. if r fiiifi /i rp'oini on wos inert onfrFii in ivor ol tutting V0*1" from the city troa.ury, am! expendig the tamo in the purchase of proviaiona for the death lte ol Ireland. Altar lomt debase in opposition to the roposed disposition ot public money, the resolution 'as adopted. Ai/fy Air?t ?:rs'f ?Report and resolution in favor of j lunug .">tat street, between the Bloomwgdalo llosd imd til: Avenue, to l>e regulated, graded, he. Carried. Pirr tfaol of Uuanr street. ? fteport sod reiolution in ivor i f leanug the pier at the loot ol Duaue stiect to the ri? Kuilioad Co. Adopted. Pur Foot of Bmomr Strut Resolution in favor of uilding a pier at tlie loot of Uroome street. Referred. I Utfmding Polictmtn.? Report and resolution in tsvor i f requesting the counsel to the corporation to defend i >me policemen of the ISih ward in a suit commenced J (amst ihe;n lor an alleged false imprisonment of one aniel Mailan. L >id on the table. Latin of CountfI to tko Corporation ? Resolution in ivor ol requesting the committee on laws to irport at le next mooting, whether it is the duty of the counsel I the corporation to defend such suite ns he may be <11 cted hy tho Common Council, without eny extra hargo f r his services. Adopted. I Knploymtnt of Pnupm - Hesnlu'ion in lavor (f esi:h oardap|ointir.g a special committee ol thieo to Inquire ; ito the expedi ncy ot purchasing or leasing s quantity I f land sdjscoiit to the city, and e cploving able hodled nu| ers in cultivating vvg-tables, he., t inn on Thereglutton was referieu tj*?p<cial romm ttae having the UbjeCt oi pauper lalior UDiier considers ion. li.O Boars men adjourned. Rvmorio Dcki. ?A toneipondent of the Ha- , rr% t/wn iVnri n en ioi.i ? rum it thut Col. J. 1 u King and n >1 hea >?*. Eio , of cumher an I, lave di that |i am to ll^iit u duel. i he m under*lauding is llegsd to nave incurred befoie the Orpheus' ouri of , ligehany, nen Mr Aemmss rack vtr M< Ku| with U csne W# Hurt the matr Is unfou nlsd. hrmmmmMI Li D. Tttmm 9in (MM. i ? scaa?a? AFFAIRS IN ALBANY. LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS. XKLUUKACUIC. A?uate. Aum, March 1,1MT. Tha bttainesa thU morning commenced with a report of a general bill for tha incorpoi ation of turnpike can paoiaa. Tha raMlutioo au'horiting tho Committee on State Pd ion. to vliit Clinton county prison, wet reerinded. Mr. Tow<i*ki?o laid on tha table a resolution for tha adjournment of the Ltgislaluie on the >l<t of May, and far lu retuncmbling ou the lit of 8.-ptemb?-r. Nothing farther worth reporting. AMtmbljr. Aliikt, March 1, 1847. Mr. Caoier reported a bill to establish au industrial eeaociuiiou in Now York, fur mothers, wivoj, and widows of tailor*. Mr. Latfant reported a billtu amend the charter oftho Washington and Saratoga Railroad Company, authoruing ihera to Increato their capital. The contract bill wan reported complete On the question of agreeing to the report Mr. Cka.vdin, of Oneida, apoke in favor ot the bill generally. Th?, debate wat continued by Meur*. Dean, Baker,and Baacom. Mr. Divelir reported a bill to puniah and prevent friuda at election*. Alio a bill againat making habitual drunkenneaa ground* for divorce. Mr. McFaaLai* reported a general bill to authorise the lormation of manufacturing corporation*. Mr. BvancLL made a majority report, reducing the rate of intereat to aix per cent. The judicial diatricta bill |waa then taken ap. The whole of the bill, except that arranging the diatrieta was stricken out, In committee, and the bill, a* amended wa* reported to the House, sud ordered to a third reading. The bill to extend the capital, ho., of the Lake Champlain and Ogadenaburgh Railroad was passed. The canal contract bill wa* ordered to a third rsadlne. Adjourned. BY THK AAILI. 1.K<*IHL,AT1 V K PKOCKEDHIUH. Mmu. Aliant, Feb. 38,1m7. i?m? orricisi a*n the inn. Keverul erniy officer! are at the Delavan Hotel ; among others, Lieut Augur, who ia engaged In the recruiting service at Syracuse ; Major Barnum, who will set off from town to-morrow morning tn ??utc for the army In Mexico. < apt. Morris, a military officer of floe qualities, will remain hero on the recruiting service in place ef Major Barnum. I understand that the Capt. Morris now here is a relative of the Capt. Morria who was killed at Monterey, and whose remains are expected to arrive here soon for final burial. I have respect for the talents of the general officers now in Mexico, but I think the bill which has passed the House of Representatives, authorising the President to appoint a chief officei, is generally regarded as a measure of wise policy | particularly tl the President sends a General officer into Meilce, ablo to devisu and mature a system of operations for the annihilation of their army, the r.ziog of thsir castle, and tlio .destruction of their capitol in one month ; this ia timo enough ; a good offloer, with a sufficiency of rapplies, can do it In less time Bonaparte was a good officer. Millions of money have been expended; but the s-jctet of success has >et to be learned ; the army must march quick, fight quick, and gain quick victories in quick succession This kind of fighting will save the army from tbe harassing horrors ol guerilla warfare?a warfare which made Napoleon's invasion of Russia so disastrous to him, and which may make the invasion ul Ruseut and Mexico something similar in their raaults. A ludicrous scent occurred in the House yeslerdayt the House w js in Committee of the Whole on tho Canal bill. Mr. Dkav, of Oneida, rote to the question; the design of the honorable gentleman seemed to be to "apeak against time," for the purpose of defeating tbe efforts of the wt.ig? to bring the bill to a vote. Mr. Dean had oocupie.d the floor several hours, when Mr. W?lih rose to n point ot order: he demanded te know if theie was a quorum present. Tbe Chain said there was a quorum preeenC Mr. Daan proceeded. Bttoie another hour had elapred, the ( hair announced there was no Quorum. I'll" tolw w-il called-, H orn ul members lushed dawn fiora the galleiies, and ita|>p?ared there wu a quorum. Mr. l)*?m wts pioceedmg with distinguished ictai,. when Mr J Smith rose ta a point of order. He Mid the ROB tleratn was not speaking to the quaatiun. After an effort to reduce hi* point of older to writing, Mr. S. needed irora hi* poin' Mr. D*ap, again, an! with more ardor than ever, proceeded iu bit i>peecb| whin Tne Chaib rote, and declared there wae no quorum. Tue trmimi took hi* aeat. and ordered the denrItnepers to clear the gaiierias and uloaa the doora. SrcsBaa?The Clerk wilt c.di the roll l oe ciaik called aercial names, when he on Interrupted by Air. Si cat: ls, who moved to suspend the oall. "1 ho motion was adopiad, end the House again weal into Committee of the Whole. Mr. Daan, with commendable pertinacity again got the floor. A number of members left the Hall. Mr. Da Aft had arrived at an acme of eloquence, when 'i'lie Chaim, ( *lr. lllodgetti again interrupted aim. Tlie Chaib ? 'l'bero is not a quotum present. I The Ssksbsk, (heving taken bis seat)- Officers Will c.'rar too gsiienes and lock the 'loots i'ne Clark will | call tho loll. J ho Clerk was calling the roll, vvh n omi twenty or thirly members weie seen lu.lnng nit the halt thiuugh i ride door. Mi. Biooostt? 1 wish lo kno v it m*mb?rt are to be permitted to enter tbu ch .oi. er during e cell e. the don scf Tne f rsASsa?The officers will perform their duty| members must not enter II'. was too lata? the member* had entarad ] Mr Bi ooostt?I wish to know how that doer was opened. SroABaa?The Sergeant at Arms will answer hew the door was opened. Sahssastat Arms (roming forward)?1 ordered It In be locked ; it was locked. SrsABsa? Who unlocked It 7 On or mi. Hook k .? r?*? ? I unlocked It. DrrASkS- Bv whose Older 7 Oook-Ksi raa?by Mr. Burntll't. (A promtaent whig menihorof the House J 1 supposed tie hud authority. i mi Durum wii uot arruigned lor an assumption of authority | Un motion of Mr. Hicklsi the call waa suspended. The House ugaiu went Into commlttao of tha wbolo, and Mr Dt,sn made a speech in c mtiuuaUon, and ullimately ai rived at a coucl'iaiun it it said. Tlie committee repnr'ed tha bill to tha House, and K was releued lu the CO mui it tee ou canals to report com* plata. albsist, Feb. 2?, 1S4T. Legal Co mm listeners? Afuck Jluclianttrt. Tha bills for tha appointment of tba logal "inmitfifn art will remain in abeyance until soma sort of a compromise can ho effected between the conservative and radical democrats, in regarj to the appointment of n democratic commissioner of the coda Tba conservatives have nominated Henry A. Foster, formerly n United States Senator, and the radicals have nominated Ren ban H Walwoitb The wings of the Houee brought in a blU with tba name ol Henry v Foster lor this oAce; bat the member who introduced the bill hts consented to suepend it until the |?*esgr ol th? hill now in the Senete. The House will, undoubtedly, he K?iid?<l hy the ttenete In the appointment of * democratic commissioner of the code. f| t member of the Judiciary Committee will introduce e bill Into the House to-morrow, which fiiee the maximum puai?bm?nt of all moch auctioneers, at three years impri-oument in a state prison, and tha minimum punish m?iit at one yeai's imprisonment in a county Jail, or e Ana not exceeding four timea the value of the property of which any person may tie defrauded by mock auotioneer. Tho act will only extend to the city of New Vork It wamrawnophy the District Attorney of New York. ___ Vsrlstlrsi The anniversary of the founding of St. Lonia was oelobrsted in tbst city on the lAthult., by a grand procoaaion ball and banquet. 'I he surplus product of coru in the State of New Jereoy is said to be worth JI.SOO.OOO Sisty-four pounJs is the weight of a bushel of clover seed, as settled by the Philadelphia Board of Trade; ladun corn U lbs , and wheat ?0 lbe. <tenrge C. Buckley, ot Cincinnati, has boon arrestod on a charge of kidnapping a negro boy, end taking him to Kentucky lor the purpose ot telling him. The bachelors of Mllwaukie have been giving a ball There were about one hundred couple pressnt, and M if said to have been the t all ot tne season. The annual income to the British government, fiom tt penny pott system, exceeds F4 ihki onn Gamhuno consniiac* Cash.?-In the City Court on out unlay the motion tor a newt.mh in tha cops of Ho'.art Peny. Win Jam??, Goorjo CamibeV and Oeerge James, convicted of a com piracy to del end Isaac H lone* out of $10 h>0 by nnf\ r play, was withdrawn by their counsel, end the court sentenced * li ad the pertios to pay " tine ol $1 to l> < imprisoned I tho jail lor alarm of two )asr*. win on the eapirauou oi kel* sentence to give security in lbe sum of $Ip00 esch fsr their g >od behaviour loroueyesr ensuing W? u dee tiud hat three eouvictx par,l?s have pers-nylonl' i used to make soy prt uniaiy i ,'Stitutioii to 'ones, and hence the seventy of thvir seiitci C BAHmort Jim trie tan, Marth I.