Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 4, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 4, 1847 Page 1
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" ! THI Vale Xin, Ms. 69-WkaU Mm. MSO AFFAIRS IN ALBANY. LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS.! T BliBGRAPHI C . Senate. ^ Albany, Maroh *, 1M7. A Mil was reported to change the name of the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad Company, and to authorise the oompuny to borrow money. Mr. Van Scmoonhovbn made a speech on his motion 1 to refer the petitions to restore Boughton, Earl, and ^ others to their rights of citizenship to the Judiciary I committee. This gave rile to a debate, that lifted to the wh hoar ef adjournment, which era* very warm and per- m*' tonal, between Messrs. Harris, Been and Leiter. var Assembly. t0? Albsnt, March 8, 1847. moi Mr. Bi.odciktt reported a bill to incorporate the town of Syracuse as a oity. (rol (|Mr. Alhus re|>orted, in pert,on the petition! relative vet to landlord and tenant. It it a bill to provide a mode for valuing whatever Improvements the tenants may make 0ft on their leased property. A The canal repairs bill was read a third time and passed, ayet N, nsys 36. bro The Senate bill, making appropriation for the interest wai of the oanal debt, for superintendence, fco., lie., was ^ passed in Committee, and subsequently rend and passed? the ayes 94. Cat mr. \Vkii;ht gave notice of a bill, locating the Erie a ^ Railway entirely in the State. to t Tho bill to rc-submit the City Charter of New York, is ran the special order for to-morrow. , A motion to inake the bill for carrying freight on rail- (tat roods a spocial order, was lost. C The sebool bill was then taken up and debated to the j**1 hour of adjournment. '* ? ono Afalnln (Jssada. T [From the Montreal Herald, Feb. 26] and Ireland is at this moment the great subject of internet T on both sides of the Atlantic, and surely never did any ton, f;i?e occasion for a more beautiful display of brotherly Th? ore. en the pert of individuals and netione bound by no dec otber tie than that of charity towards all men. In pro- gra Eortisn to tho increasing bitterness of the misery at lufi one, have oar sympathies been more and more excited T here, and we have determined to show that our feelings wei are not barren of substantial results. It must bo confess T ed, that we in Canada have been nobly anticipated by nun our neighbors in the United States. We have now ta- opp ken tho field, and shall neglect no means which rivals moi should employ t# maintain an honorable place ia this worthy contest; yet we shall have cause for rejoicing, G na the pert of these for whom we are anxious, if our ' bent exertions are far exceeded. The American paper* win uuuiam mil particulars 01 me suDseriptions raised "" % within the Ur.ien : the following items of intelligence ho will give some idea of what is doing in our own Pro- f Tince. A public meeting was held at Kingston on the .l" the lBfh, and v. on the 18th instant, for the pur- .... pore of organising relief committees, to receive collecttom in aid ef the Irish and Sootoh sufferers, and at last t A dates from these cities,172 and ?360 had been contributed by the inhabitants. The Roman Catholic Bishop of T Quebec lias issued a circular letter to his dock, inviting b 7 their aori-tance for the some object, and the subscriptions jVL rocoived by the Quebec Committee had reached ?3033 1 Ids. 41, on the 22ud inst The subscription from the last J"* named city is to be divided between the Scotch and yj* Irish ; the latter receiving threo-fourths of the whole. "f?? In Montreal, ?3 000 huvo been already raised for a joint fund, on the tauie principle as that adopted at Quebeo, I . and ?* have been collected by another committee, who jr". are making a separate collection for the Highlands ; . having d> cliatd to anite in the combined movement In *H Cobourg, C. W., ?300 has been collected : and in Bellevilla, C. W? ?75. "*5 Next in importance to this attempt to relieve onr fellow h T subjects, we may notice the excitement caused among ? " U3 by the arrival of our new Governor General. Up to thiit moment everything has gone smooth, and hi*excel- "0 ' lcucy has gamed as much popularity as he could well ? look for in thu course of a month. While we do not for. . get,however, thst tins has happened before to many po " Y. tenlutes,. who have not long retained the favor of their . ' subjects, we must acknowledge that his lordship's man- ' ners ar# well calculeted to secure the general good will "V" it wax somrthinr novel to see a Governor General ? walk lo Church like an ordinary Christian; but if people were stiu. k with the manly fraukness of such conduct, wa' on an occasion when even rulers must feel themselves 1 but men, they were equally pleased to find that his lord- J? ' ship knew what was due to the dignity of his office. The 1 splendid equipage in which he drove into town at his first <u" levee was sccioruiBgly tho geneial talk for several days. j* P The crowning act, however, was his lordship's appear anee at the lcs'.ival of the Mechanics' Institute, where. in the pietunce of more Uian two thousand persons, he ' proposed two rounds of cheers, and heartily took pert Ul" in them. Ho has since signified his intention of being 11 present at a toiiic in the New Market, to be given in aid "wl of the hootch aad Irish Relief Fund *'*z sir F B. Head's book on Canada has been freely criti- , clzed, and in the I.owei Province, at least, has met with little apptovel. His ridiculous exaggeration of the rigors ill our beautiful winters is looked upon as J**' highly mischievous, because it tends to cheek emulation to a country which he represents in so unfavorable a light. In politics ha ol course finds some snip or'ers, hut theso aro lew ; lor those who approve '" thu extreme doctrines upon which he based his adminis- ' tration an as much behind the age in Canada as politi- 'n'\ ciaas ol ford Castleraagh's school would now be in U'K F.cgUnd. it is also qui'e plain that the cx-Uovernor's mermiiy has played hiui some treacherous tricks. His l<? J account of the sffsir with the rebels at Toronto is B'c' tnenght to present tbo author with much more promi- """ nence than the tacts would wartunt; the story of Mr. P Bi.lwell, by which the lnttiibnce of the British nag is so happily iliustiuted, is declared to be very inaccurate ; 1 and nobody in Cauada c: n tell from whence the quota- m,il tion was extracted iu which Loid Metcalfe is made to VIS' dec.are openly, " That the union of the Canadaa was a i'ea fatal mei. uro, and tliat responsible government was on not imprac: cable theory." Lord Metaalfe's enemies certain J?*' ly osier: that he was the secret opponent of responsible noc government; but all hi* public declarations give the lie }' direct to Mi'Fit.ncis's statement. It would refteot little "J* credit on the character of the departed statesman if ha "e could bo 1 howti to bo guilty of such mean dissimulation i'"' us th.ii of which he is charged in the Emigrant. The 0RI1 protended quotation is a foul libel on a good and great ?" insu. F < I'oliticnl parties seem likely to undergo some ohsnges; P?l' ail kinds of rumors are abroad, but uothing certain is ne'l known. The death of the late CUinf Justice ol the Mont n?' real district m..y probably havo the elloct of facilitating any ministerial arrangements that may ha in contempts- au? ieu. I he late Judge, while resident Judge of Three "u'( Rivers. ?m mi nended he Ihe /lAw?nnr ruKAH.i f? elfls granting writs 01 habeas corpus during ilia troubles in ,0" Lower Canaan. Ho was afterwards restored, and pro- DB1 moted to the chief place on the Montreal bench, under PB*' Sir C. Ugot's administration. n J Our Provincial Parliament has been proroguod until n' the 14th March, and does not meet then for the dispatch ?1"' ?l l>UNines?; allowing the necessary period to elapse at- ' a" ter it is summoned lor business, it cannot assemble ear- t0^[ ln r iliuii the end of April. Public m ' tingo have been held in Montieal, with the design ot obtaining a subscription to erect a Metcalfe * monument; but hiihorto, little practical advance has *BP bm nmda towards that object. occ i On the 1st of March will oscur the municipal election ' of Common Councillors of Montreal, so that in our nszt Bt>3 summ.ry we shall, probably, havo to report some broken >sw iiaads, or, perhaps, some worse miafortuues. Ttie changes in 'he prices of pioduce, during the last fall, havs i noroed an exc llent proof of the advantage y Cauaia will doiive from a railway to the era The 0ft] Montreal t'.rnnnmitt stitea that there were in Montreal of s on the tilli K< oruary, 8<>,000 barrel* of flour, and WO.OtWJ jHn buaheli of w heat, which could not be sent to inarktt.for ]t want ot lucau ol conveyance. The conaequence #f this tjon stats ol things, we give in tho words of our cotempora- 0iir r> j chf1 ' tdent rally speaking, flour is 2i. toS?. a barrel higher jn ticu this market than it is in New fotlc, and whoat in pro- ?ua Jiortio ., but what is the state of that market in relation toihisr ow f Kloiir is 36r cash thoro, per tiarrel, and tt0(j svhesi 7s. to 7s. tid per 69 lbs , while in our market they ore only worth 87* Od , and about fls. Bd. respectively, two pi) id le not in cush, but by bill tailing due in Mav n?*t ,vhrn the articles rax be shipped. By tluse facts, '? i? I res! evidriiit that tho Canadian nxruillturist sacrifices is. 6d y n t airel on his flnur and rid. to 9.1. a bushel on nis wheat, gBn bemuse ho is j eprived, at tho present season, of access eve to the sea. It follows that tho direct and palpable loss te ergj tlic country, without taking interest and various other ?IC( rhaigv* into the calculation, is at least XI3,SOU curren- mol cy. ? ? ? ? xhd people of this Province plj, would rn.'ke a j roflt of fully ?AU,<X0 on wheat and flour gjnu alono by shipping them ut the present inomer.t" W Hii c? that time markets havu been still higher, but no jBto equivalott udvnnlugo could be tuken of the circurastance. haT KportlnK Intelligence. jf'!1 TsoTTitto at thk boi'TH.?Bavanuah, Feb. 28?The /' ' drst was two mil? lieats, which resulted as follows: ,7 N C. Trowbridgo's br. h. Tormentor 1 1 . W. II. i'vlongtn's b. m. Mrs. Caudle 2 2 Tint'?'it that. Time?id Ihat. h,,<. 1st m e 2:M 1st mile 2:54 Bn(; id " 2: (8 2d " 2:1* "J flQH Total 5:17 Total 5:12 Tlie -ec >nd trot was won by A L. Lamar's g. ni ucci l olly U' di io in 3:12 and Srlfl. Tne track was very heavy tion 8m OM> 1) av. Feb -2T?lit Itace?JUtle Urati?beit 3 in 6. na;' N. C. Trowbridge's Tormentor 2 1 sain \V II. Moiigm's JJuchess 1 dr. i unjt Time, 3:4. ceu Hsrosn Trot ? Afr'le Ifiots ! wel W. It. Mnrgm's Mrs. Caudle... 1 1 recr C. v. L Liitna r's II u lem Boy. 2 2 A Time, 3:2 3:19. The track very heavy, and raining Nut tram ndou ly during the heats bed Tlliati Toot? Single JHs/i of a Mile PJ1* Y.r. MonginV Oregon 1 chili . ,r I'ri i,teen's Lighlfoot 2 |? {f I 7 ime, J:3M. b"e atetr The heretofore known as Mead's Creek, in A * m. .en * ouu'y, has been called Monterey, by * vote of etixi the inhabitaots, _ exis 2 NE m higiilyIntebestog intelligence FROM THE Jit H A M A ? ' - ? J A T 0 2" WAR. THB PREPARATION! FOR TUB LTTA01 ON VERA CRUZ. Naval and Military Movements, Ac. Ac. Ac. NEWS MOM THE ARMY. [From the New Orleans Pieay una, Feb. 31.] .fter our paper was made up this morning, the ooner Haroiua, Capt. Show, arrived from Brazos, auce aha tailed on the 18th inat. She hu* a large i onboard, which of course is not opened, but from or two lettari brought by passengers, and from bal raporta, we gather the following news: ? ten. Scott wai itill at the Brazoa, but wet expected aaveonthe Alabama, which arrived there eu the ruing of the 18th. .nother account aaya that he waa to aail on the Eaachuietta, which wai certainly waiting for him ? ir companies of artillery were already on board that sal. Capt Smith'a, Capt. Swartwaut'a and Lieutenant ckleford's ofthe 3J. and Captain Vinton's of the Si. o are to act ee a body gaard to Uen. Scott. A part he 8th lafantry wai alio on coard .11 the privata veaiels at the Brazos bad been tskon by Oovernmaat.and wars rapidly loading with mules, ions and provisions. The eamp at Palo Alto had b >en ken up, and ties. Worth end staff were at the mouth, ting to embark ,11 the troop* were in motion The 4th and 8th Intry were already on board transport, at tho mouth of Rio Oranda. Tho 1st Rsgimant Riflss. 3d Dragoons, it. Taylor's light artillery, Col. Duncan', battery, and I'echment of recruits, were si ill on shore. 'ho roads batween Camargo and Monterey were raid >e almost impassebla on aceount of robars. The chares ware gathering in all quarters 'hey were expecting an attack at Ma'n moras, and Plaza had bean fortified and the oity placed in a a of defence. apt. Lowd, of the 3d Artillery, had bnon ordered to re Fort Brown and join his regiment. His place had n filled by volunteers. ol Bank head had arrived at the Brazos and sailed at o for Tampiao. 'ha news of the capture of Majors Borland and Oains, Capt Cassius M. Clay, ia fullly confirmed, be Heroine brought up as passengers Lieut, l'lenear., 31 Dragoons; J. W .Powers and lady; Miss Clayton, imas F. Towusend, Capt. Smith, R. L. Ogden, and SO k passengers. Tho bodies of Lieut. Blake, topophical engineer, and Lieut. Chadbourne of the sth intry, waro also on hoard, in charge of Mr. Ogdon. he U. S. steamers Alabama, Kdith, and Virginian -e left at the Brazoi. 'ho grostest ectivityfprerailed at the mouth. Oreat nbers of paasab^ers wore in the vicinity, waiting an ? ....... tui. uiiy. rr m nave no room this -nine f?r further item* by thi* arrival. Bbaio* Santiaoo, February 15, 1847 ten. Scott is actually packing up hi* dud*, aud will on board the Ma**aehu*etta thi* evening or to-mnrIt i* laid, too, that Worth'* diviaion will all b* joard by the 30th. Thi* can hardly be accomplished, revar, even in good weather, and we shall not have r lair day* in succession. Vessel* have arrived with Missiasippi and a portion of the New York volunteers, sy are anchored in the offing. ; is now stated postivoly that Cassius M. Clay was sn prisoner, as well as Major Oaines, with Borland's imand, at K.ncamacion, on the 33d ult. 'hey had a regular stampede at Matamora* the day ore yesterday, and went to work like good fellows i 1st Indiaua volunteers, Col Drake) and fortified the ca and prepared for a grand fight. But no Mexicans eared. It would do that regiment a great deal of d to have a hot fight with the Mexicans; they would, r such an evant, leel above the species of amusement f have heretofore indulged in. There is no mistake that the Mexicans between here and Parrai are much lor than they havs heretofore been, aud they begin to active in their vindictive epeiations. They have it aeir power to annoy us very much, and seem detered to do so. fe have received no tidings of the Alabama yet. expect her every moment. Three schooners will re hereto-night for New Orleans, and tho mail will out in one of them. Camsboo, Mexico, Feb. 5, 1847. Phen 1 wrote you last the mule train was in check a ranchero force near Aldanias. Col. Morgan, of the 0 volunteers, who is the commanding officer of this ;e, uponthe rooeiptof the intelligence immediately luted a party oi .his men and proceeded to the soeue ction. When he arrived there he found tho train had ted,and waited a reinforcement. He ordered it for-d and psameedod two days, and when within three as of CapiAro ho encamped for the night, placing his tea (about 300; in an enclosure, with a guard over m. That might tho ladronesor robbers fired upon the ird, stampeded the mulea and broke for the chaparral, arty pursued them aud recaptured all buteighty-twe . Morgan, with a party of thirty men, next morning ted on the trui'. which, winding along the bases ol mountains and through the the ebaparral, toad in the ictiou of China.v 1 his route he passed several ranchos occupied and led by these ladrones, and used by thorn as tenvous and depots. In tevaisl of them he found pistols, von, swords, saddles, ko , kc , all ofwhich he directed m burnt. Thus he contiuued on until he reaohed nu. find in ita mburha *> i??? L- ?L' * ...MX ?||? lUlbUO, WU1CD i well known from it* el*vatud position to be on# used these people ?>i a lookout, and for other purposes.? e, also, the colonel burnt. He was about to commence operations on the town, as he hed trailed the party > it, and was only induced to desist by the entreaties he alcalde and his offers to return the some number of lee. Tiie colonel remained two days, received aty-two mules (better than those he lost), sent nt to the train, which he directed to pass on ilonterey, required fresh horses for his men, paid ths tide tor what provision* they wanted, and left with ly protestations of friendship from the alcelde and sat?always the two "head devils" in every town of xiao. 0 show you what a favorable impression the colonel le upon them, when he spike of the probability 01 ting them again, if acts of a s milor nature were reted in hie neighborhood, they told him that he need put himielf to the trouble of coming himself, but : send them ward and they would do everything essary. 1 China they came near grabbing the famous Car il, one of the moving spirits of all these depredation* was sitting in the house with the priost -they had . returned trom mass?when Morgan and his party >e in sight, and the sentinel on the lower no doubt imunicated the fact to him, end he ramottdxpeditions of this kind are the best conciliatory icy which can be adopted with such people. In the (hborhood of Cbi a, Montemorellos, -Vldumas, Reya and Miar era regularly org,-.nixed ladrones, to Dm the alcadea and priests g.v i their countenance support. The party that Col Morgan was in put of was not less than two hundred strong, and the tide of thia place haa a ion in the hand. Krom their ner habits of smuggling, murdering and robbing, they e acquired a purlcct knowledge of all the mountain ies, loads, paths and traili in the whole ceuutiy, and efore yon can imagine bow easy it ia for these ?ers to escape pursuit; we must therefore fall on some ?r plan to prevent their depredations, (fen. Tavlor, a told, has now in Monterey hostagss from the little n where Lieut Ritchie, with despatches, was taken; further, that the general has given the authorities >o weeks to produce the actors of this tragedy, or lie I ltvel their town to the ground. Let thia system bo t up, and in a short time nothing of this kind will ur; any other course is tooling away our time. apt BenMcCoUuch is again in the field. He, with ut twenty picked Texsab'heys, joined Gen. Taylor a days since at Monterey. MEXICAN AFFAIRS [Kiom the N t9. Picayune, Feb.31 | He take ad van age of the little room left by the failure lie mail to gather lor our columns a few more details flairs inkltxiOQ. They are not very important, but urate the condition of things in that country, ia aatanishing to note the accuracy of the informs possessed by tbe Mexioms of ovary movement of troop* Not a regiment marche* or countor mari, not a reconnoitring party (allies forth, that a parUr account of it ra not transmitted at once to headrtera. We find in the papera an account of every idahle or exposed point, and it ia to this minuteneaa accuracy of their information that we attributo thn success ef General Miuon. That officer has nearly thousand fine cavalry under his command, ready to nee upon any detachmout of our troops too weak to at his attacks. he rage of many of the Mexicans is unbounded that ta Anna has not attacked our urmy ia detail, whenr no opportunity has offered They deprecate a genaction, now that the Americans are flushed with :ess and the Mexicans dispirited by reverses, as alt sore to be fatal to their national hopes and oven tence; and they do not spare Santa Anna in their inistiona as to the motives which influence him. 'e are sorry to see deserters front our army received vthe Mexican ranks and organized into companies.? rough they are obviously very great scoundrels, we e no deuht that they are the best soldiers in the Mexi army. We translate the following from FA Soldado s Fatria, published at San Luis Potoei on the 12th ol nary \smv or tm? North?Ftreign Lfgitn ? On Sunday wo had the pleasure of seeing a beautiful company, ch, by the directions of the cotamander-in chiet, has n formed of the deserters from the American army, for the moat part Irishmen. They are perfectly ipped and armed, and are preparing to depart forTu Tnis company has had prepared a peculiar standard, rrdiug to tnelr custom, on one side is depicted the nasi aims, with the mptlo "Viva la Republics Mexica' and on the other side is Ht Patrick, their patron t These brave men, who have abandoned tho most jst of causes to defend the territory oi their adopted ntry, will find in Mexicans open and loyal hearts, come and hosp.tality, besides the justice and ample impense which their services merit " paper in Puebla mentions the suicide of Col. D. Jo?e tez, an officer of the battalion of (Juanajuto He stabhimself to the heart, impelled by the act, saya tho tr, by the destitution to which himself, his wife and dren were reduced He had risen from the ranks by (ailantry and good conduct. Other incidents ol a character are related in the papers, showing the t of the snny letter 1* i u!>M?bed from an officer iu the regiment o liaries of Guadaicezar, which shows the spirit which , ts in the army. It *11 written from the naciando of | w yo :W YORK, THURSDAY ! Atotonilco, between San Luis and Tula. The following will glva some idea of it : ? "On the 0th of January we arrived at thia hacienda without any news We returned from Tula in consequence of an order from headquarters to countermarch, notwithstanding wo were very near the Yankees, who are now iu Victoria But who can tell what is going on? To me all is mystery, a meat favorable opportunity for a considerable triumph for the Mexicans having presented it itself, and yet not been improved. Their entrance into Victoria was made in the utmost disorder, the men being druuk and unconcerned, and we occupied a highly advantageous position and could have forced them to surrender. The cavalry was upon the point of falling upon them and pouring in their tire, when the order was received that not a gun should be fired and an attack be suspendod. Our troops were enraged to the |>oint of des Deration. In this manner did we abandon the point the Yankees now occupy. Who can toll the fate of our republic f" Another letter from San Luis, dated the 10th of January, gives details of the distress of tin army in that city, and then adds the following : ? "Tula is now being fortified. Yesterday there left here two ld-pouuders. one 8 or 0-pounder and a 4-pounder, together with the requisite wagons loaded with munitions, ami titty mules. Seme money only is wanting to despatch a brigade to that point, ant the rest of tho army will take up a position at I'ellotilioa or Vails del Mai/.. As I have before written yen, it appears that the next operations will be on this route " The Mexican Congress on the 03d ult, approved a pro position whiiih declared the constitution ot lfi-14 to he in full vigor Another wbi adopted which forbids the deputies, in forming a riAw.fundamrntal compact or constitution Irom infringing upon the principle* of the representative, republican, federal system. Also another, wiiioh irstrauis them at the same time from attacking the independence an t sovereignty of the States, relative to thr.ii iiitern ii administration. All theso resolutions indicate greet fear' on the part of the present dominant majorpy, U-?t they should he speedily dispossessed of power and tha>y would fain tie up the hands of their successors by these formal declaration*. Troops have began to pour into Vera Cruz from the intoriur 111 considerable numbers. The papers pray ths government not to send them forward without ample supplies of monny and provisions, lest by their presence 'he previous distress of the regular garrison should be enhanced. The LtetnMtr, of the same city, denounces, in harsh terms an order directing Senoras Aguado and Zomora, two officers of artillery now in the castle of Han Juan, to repair ferth with, the one to Tula and the other to San Luis. The order is attributed to the dissatisfaction expressed by them at tho removal of Oen. Cerrera from common I, and supplying his plaoe by an officer who had long retired from the service. The Loconotcr says that the services of Aguado ami Zomora cannot be spared from the castle in its present critical.situation,and it call* on the commandant general to suspend the oxecution of the order till bo has had time to remonstrate with the department. Two schooners, one a Spanish and the other a Prussian sailedfrom Vera Cruz ou the,JSth ult. for Havana. When the decree authorizing the confiscation of church property reached Queretaro, the Secretary of that State refused to take part in its promulgation, and resigned his office. His example was followed by his subordinates in office, and the decree was at last proclaimed without the usual formalities, signed by the governor alone. Bodies of the military patrolled the streets and protected the points where the decree was posted. A mob collected introntot the governor's palace and insulted-him by thsir outcries. The military were agaiu called on to diapease the rioters, and eight were shot in doing this. The vice er deputy governor resigned his post, and the govrnorwas constrained to rauke arrests ef principal citizen* to check an insurrection This shows what hold the clergy have upon the sympathies of the people. The revolutionary faction in Tabasco, we infer from a paragraph in tho Locomotor, has been put dowD, or those engaged in it have voluntarily returned to their allegiance to the general government. This proceeding was hastened by tho entrance of a division ef the regular troops into Tabasco irom Chiapas. Gov. Troconis was mado prisoner by these troops and sent off to Chiapas. A long exposition la published in the Mexican papers, circumstances oi the invasion and conquest of that department by Uen. Kearney, without a gun being fired or a drop of bleod shed. They attribute the whole blame to Oov. Armijo. He may well exclaim, they say," I have lost all, my honor included." Their exposition is intended to exonerate themselves from any responsibility for the loss ol the department. NIWS FROM TAMPICO. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Kel) 31 1 The Cayuga has arrived in the river, fine left Tarnpico on the morning of the 13th inst. Our readers will rejoice to learn that the four companies of Louisiana volunteers, wrecked on the Ondiaka, are ull sale with the exception of six, whom the Colonol was constrained to leave behind We give the full particulars below, adding here that thore was no action between the volunteers and the Mexicans-, and that they reached Tampico city the morning ot the !)th inst., generally speaking in guod health, but very much exhausted by their forced marches Seven were abandonod a | few miles from their first camp, being unable to march, and the men finding it impossible to carry them through the sand on litter?. One of these .overtook the main body before they reached Tampico; the remainder will probably fall into the hands of the enemy. The nam a of those left behind are. Sweeny, of company F; Collmrn, of cempaDy (J; Winn, Washburn, and Sergeant Warner, of company I, and Dolke, of company K. The same day the Cayuga left, the schooners William Bryan, Knapp and Tiogu, also sailed for this port, and some otrier vessels not recollected. A very heavy mail wss put ou board the Tioga. General Scott had not arrived at Tompico, but wai still hourly expected. A levero norther commenoed on the 9.h inst., and lamed till the 13tli, but no shipwrecks had since been heard of. The schooner Monitor had sailed from Tampico for the island of Lobos, with a supply of water, but no troops hud left for that point. Tho reports of sickness among the troops of Tampico have been exaggoruted. The health of the troops was generally very excellent. There are about 7,000 at Tampico, very linger for uction, but they are kept profoundly ignorant of their immediate destination. They only presume that Vera Cruz is to be the next point of attack. I'lio general opinion was thnt they would get away from Tampico by tho end of February, and they hoped sooner. The Catharine was still off Tampico with a portion of the New York regiment. The officers hid many of them gone ashore, aud were in the city when our informant left. Tito soldiers were not allowed to land, nor will any volunteers from this city or tho North be disembarked at that poiut. We can hear nothing of the Mississippi troops on board 'he .Statesman, who at our last accounts wero sutfering deploranly front sickness. Our readers will recollect the murder of Jas. D. Bowiin, of Maryland, who was stubbed in the I'laza on the night oi the sth inst., and for which an American named Oraeter and a Mexican wero arrested. When Ornoter's case came up for trial, a flaw was found in the indictment, or other legal question raised, so thnt he obtained a postponement ot his esse. The trial of the Mexican came on before the alcal le on the 12th inst, and wu* conducted according to the laws of Louisiana. He was defended ably by u lawyer belonging to tho Tennessee volunteers A very strong case ot circumstantial evidence was made out against him, but at a lato hour 011 the night of the 13th inst. tho jury hnd not sgrood upon a verdict. An American boy, in the service of Major Morris, was shot at and wounded in tho arm on the night of the Bth instant, as we learn from tha Sentinri, by one ot the guard in front of Col. Gates's headquarters. It is said that the soldier was drunk when he (Led. The death of Lieut. David Gtbsori, of the 3d Artillery, was announced by the last arrival The Sentinel adds that the deceased was a native of Virginia, and graditn. red at the U. States Military Acadomy in the year Ibtl. His brave and manly heart ondeared him to hts friends, and will cause his loss to be severely felt by the army. The tollowing order was isiuod by tho commanding officer of the post: ? Hkainti.'arters Camp Breton, t Tampico, Feb. 7, IH47. j Orders No 6.?The commanding olHcei has the melancholy duty to announce to the command the death of 3d Lieut. David Gibson, 3d Regiment U. 8. Artillery, which occurred utter a short illness, at retreat, > ester day. Cut off in the bloom of youth, and the meridian of his usefulness, the deceased will be long romembered by the officers of his regiment, aud his friends throughout the army, for his many shining qualities as a soldier and a man. The funeral of the deceased will lultu place from this camp ut 10 o'clock to-morrow, with tho military ho nuts due his rack The officers of the co.nmand, and the ollcers ol the army generally, are invited to attend, lly outer of Lieut. Cof Belton. [Signed] W. F. BARRY. lit Lieut. 3d Art., Acting Adj't. Krom the Stnlintl wo learn that Certain Brown, of tho schooner 1'ioneer, arrived at Tampico on the !?tli instant, from the wrerkofthe Undiaka, whither he bad been xent tiy Gen. Patterion with succor to the Louiiiann volunteer*, and reported that finding tliem gone, he had tho hip set on fire and burnt. Ho also brought despatches ftom the U 8. ship St. Mary's. We recur now to the case of tho Louisiana volunteers who were on the Ondiaka, and we make no apology for the fullness of the particulars which we give, as all our render* are interested in the subject. We mnko use of the narrative of the Srntiml. It seents thot the J.imes Gage, which the St. Paul reported as crossing the bar of Tampico as the latter came out, carried word to that city that the volunteers and an escort for them wero then within ah >ut twenty miles of the city, and this of course put an end to the preparet'ons which ware atill going on to insure their safety. This was on the 8th inst. The next morniDg the volunteers arrived We subjoin the particulars of their adventure nearly in the words of the Stntintl. It appears that early iu tno day on which the volunteer* had taken refuge from a watery grave, upon the sand neatly opposite the wreck, thoy received visits Irom several Mexicans, who came in the character of presents, fishermen, lie , and were led to expect assist inea, in tho way of trauaportation, from the vanoua proj1 ',?,,T0'un'?rily made by the scoundrels, who were dauntless busily employed at that tlmo in informing the Mexican commander at Tuipan of the exact condition of the volunteers, thsir numhor, lo. In the afternoon a nag of truce presented itself, with a demand from Gen. _lor *n immediate and unconditional surrender', and to them that the country was swarm11* ^'j., ?rm?d men, cutting elf all retreat unleaa hy ?>' course WM impossible. Cos represented tne force* under his command to amount to 1800 regular oan^d f ould only muster about 080, all told, of whioh at least throe fourths are said to hart baan raw recruits, who had entered into the toheme iRK i MORNING, MARCH 4, 18 1 with the hope of Rain by plundering the wrocked ahip ' and passenger*. Col. DeRussy nil* wered through Lieut. Osier, under cover of the enemy's ftig of truce. He was met outaide the euemy'i line* by Gen. Co*, who refused him admlation Inside, but after tome little refloc- ' tion. upon the request of Col DeRussy, granted him , until 9 the next morning, at which time the Americana ! were te aurrender, or an action muat be hazarded. | At night-fall camp diet were liglite I, and order* im- i , mediately given to march, leaving knapsacks and all ; burthemaome material* which could in the least im- | ' pede, and which were not wanted for the purpoae o1 : sustenance The first twenty four hoars they are said ! ! to have made thirty-five mile*, and instead ot hard fight- | ing or skirmishing, not au armed Mexican was seen on i the way to Tampico. Men. Cos had so posted hi* men that he thought he 1 had cut ott'the retreat ol the volunteers us well as the advance of supplies or succor It would teem that he di J not pursue the retreating party. Most of the intantry under Gen. Cos came in canoes from Tuscan, and landed in front ol the wrecked volunteer*. He had four ! pieces of light artillery,and when he received Lieut. Ozier about ona hundred and fifty troops were drawn up in column. We learn verbally that there wero ninety or one hundred serviceable guns in possession of the wrecked vo lunteers, the others being either lost in getting ashore or renderod unserviceable?one reason for Do Rusty'* not waiting the twenty four hours. It may perhaps interest some of our readers to seo what proportions were made by Gen. Patterson tores cue the volunteer*. We copy from tho Sentinel: ? (ion Patterson, upon learning of the wreck of the On diaka, Immediately despatched sixty pack mules, five daya provision*, fifteen saddle horses for the sick, und forty men to act as an escort und to assist the Louisianians in maintaining their position in case of attack. This force was sent under Lieut. Miller. The next day a company of artillery, under Capt. Magruder, with one six pound goo and additional supplies of provisions, ammunition, flints, etc , wore sent in the sumo direction, and | the schooner Mis, a vory light draft vessel und well adapted to the coasting trade, was put in requisition, Midshipman M J. Hmith being putin command, aud two 43 poun lors belonging to the U. S schooner Nonata, with tier crew, were transferred to her, together with two huu Ircd urtillerists, two companies of artillery, under Lieut. Auderson, of the 3d artillery, with a full supply of provisions, ammunition, Jtc. In aJditiou to these measures, which worp intended, no doubt, to act more in the light of succoring ordefensi ,-e ho lies than for attack, General 1'iliow's brigade was held iaiosdiness to march, skould their services be required The cavalry, under Colonel Thomas, to go by the coast?tho 1st and 3d Tennessee regiments of foot, under Colonels Campbell and Haskell to go via old Tampino to the ond of the liko of Tamigana, thence to proceed to tho relief of the Louisianians, and to cut oil" the retreat of General Cos, who headed the force against tho wrecked volunteers, and assail lum in the rear. On Sunday night, the 7th instant, one company of artillery was despatched te eld Tampicu to seize ail canoes that might he found in the neighborhood, for the transportation of such of the Louisianians as might be unable to march, should such inability bo occasioned by wounds or sickness, und ouo company of Tenuesaee volunteers was sent to lake Tamiaga upon a similar service. These canoes, it was designed, should be drawn by mules, after the manuer of sledges. It was likewise intended to throw the (United States schooner Nouata with three hundred men, into the inlet of Lake Tamiaj i to intercept and aid in cutting off the retreat of Oeneral Cos. These and other measures were in rapid preparation when the steamer James Cage arrived, on Monday morniDg, with information that the volunteers and escort wero within about twenty miles of this city. This, of course, put a stop to ail further preparation. THE NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS. The following is an oxtract from a letter written by an officer in the 1st regiment N. V. Volunteers, who sailed from here in the bark Isabella:? At Akchou orr Bassos Santiaoo, Fab 8, 1847. Here we are at last, almost within reach of the enemy, and expect to meet them face to face in a short time, as you willsee. We sailed from Fort Hamilton on the 9th January, and arrived here, all well, Feb. 1st, makiug the passage in 34 days. We reported ourselves yesterday, and received orders from Gen Scott, who is here, to take in stores as soon as possible, and proceed to the small Island of Lobos, about 60 miles south of Tampico, and 7 or 8 from tho main land, where we are to remain until further orders. NAVAL INTELLiae.NCE, The United States ship of the liue Ohio, Cant. Stringham, and sloop of war Uecatur, Commander Pinekney, went to sea from Hampton Koads yesterday morning about nine o'clock, with sealed orders, destination believed to be the Gulf of Mexico. The following is a list of oflicera attached to tho Ohio. Captain?Silas U. Stringhum. Commander?Louis L. Goldaborough. Lieutenanta'?W. C. Whittle, Fit* Allen Deaa, Kdward L. Handy, Joaeph F. Green, J. B Marchund, John J. Almy, Henry KM. Junr., Peter U. Murpliy, laaac M> Brown. iMpW daily Washington. Passed Assistant Surgeon ?Silas llomea. Assistant Surgeons?Kphraim J. Bee, llobt. J. Maccoun. Purser?Jolrn UeBiee. Chaplain? Peter G. Clark, lat Sailing Maeter?Cnteaby Ap. R. Jonea ad do ? Jo.? Wm. C. Boudinot. Captain'ajClerk ?Goo. 11 Korde. Conrn'r Clerk?J. Thornpaon Hallett. Puraer'a Clark?Wm. H. Parka. 3d Lieul'a. Marines? Algernon L. Taylor, J. Contne Grayann. Paaaed Mid ahipmro -Jss C. Beaumont, Miles K. Warrington, John P. Hall, Samuel P. Carter. Midshipman -Robert Stuart, Oreauletil Cilley, Kdward Keuahaw, Johu 1). Laughorn, luminick H. Lynch, Bancroft Ohorurdi, Augustus I Lodge, Jamea Breden, James P. Foster, Kdward O. Mi nes, Frederick W. Robinson, P. C. Johnson, Jr., Beverly Kennon. Acting Bortswain ? Juiues Simpson. Gunner ? Joseph U. Pennington. Carpcntot? Patrick Dee. Hailmalter?James Ferguson. The (allowing ia a list of olflcera attached to the Decatur Commander? R. S. Pinckney. Lieutenants?John P. Gilliaa, Win. H Bell, Napoleon Collins Acting Master ? O. II. Cooper. Purser?John F. Steel. Paas'd Aaa't tiilrffnnn?? B AJdiarm l? vtof!,,? ? I T Pass'd Midshipman? Pierce Crosby. Midshipmen?^Vm O. Hoflmau, James llochalle, James M Horde, K. T Carmicbael. Captain's Clerk-Win H. Cochran Boatswain ?Alfred Hingerty. Gunner?Thomna Duwty. Haiimaker?Jos. C. Bradford.?Norfolk Htacon, March 3. [From the N. O. Delta, Feb. 33 J On 8unday night last, the steamship New Orleans, Cantain Wright, left this city for Voia Cruz Dsn Jesup nnu stall' Captain Grayson, commissary, und a number of officers attached to tbo regular anny, went paaseu gers in her. She took nearly two hundred horses also, and a large quantity of munitions of war. This looks like preparations for an attack on Vera Cruz The ship Sophia Walker, Captain Grafton, with Cspt Prealon's, Robertson's and Archer's Cooipauies, of the Virginia Regiment of Volunteers on hoard, sailed from Hampton Koads yesterday, for Point Isabel. The Condition of Ireland?The Government measure* for Relief? The Speech of herd j John Il.tHNell. lu the House of Commons on the 36th of January, Lord John Kussell, in introducing this subject, said he never hid more occasion for the indulgence of the House, or less need to ask ler it,being quit* sure, from the kindly disposition manifested by the House, that it would be voluntarily bestowed. (Cheers) Glancing at the past and present condition o( Ireland, his Lordship stated that even in ordinary times a great proportion of the working population was constantly fluctuating on the verge of pauperism; and that owing to the great variances be twoenthe lew resident gentry, the clergy, the leity, and the laboring population, there wai great difficulty ia Riving elft ct to the measures already passed to improve the condition of Ireland, both in the construction and working of the parochial boards, and other bodies organizoJ for that purpose. On the authority of the third re l>ort of the I'uor Law Coratniisionnrs, he stated that in Great Britain agriculture constitute! one fourth of the business of tlio people, whereas in Ireland it forms twothirds. In 1N31 the number of persons engaged in ngri culture in Great Britain was 1,661,000; in I round it was 1,131,716 At the same time while Great Britain had 34 36.) ('03 acres in cultivation, Ireland had but 14,600,1)00. (Hear, hear ) Ireland had, therefore, in proportion to ita extent, Ave agricultural laborers for (Jreat Uritian's one At the same time. while in Ireland the wages of the laborer was from 6J to 0J. a day, it was in Great Britain from 3s to 3s Od. A great portion of them were not sub flcien'ly provided at any time with the commonest necessaries of life Their habitation* were wretched hovels, in wbich several families slept upon straw, covered sometimes wi<h a blanket, sometimes without even that protection. This was their ordinary condition, which was now aggravated by a calamity almost without a parallel, a famine resembling that of the 13th or 13th century, so destructive and uuivursal were its effects. (Hear, hear ) His lordship then described the measures taken by Parliament and government to meet the calamity. Under the labor rate act of last session the sum of ??r? wiv ll*il LiDVII "II I|I1)TU<111C.IIV!1 WUIKI, (Uf) object being the preservation ol Ill's by labor, In prclersncs In un ill in Iged and in discriminating charity. Subsequently, at the request of many parties in Ireland, and with tho consent of tha cabinet, ihii labor w?i turned on productive works An active superintendence was necessary, as it was found that the laborers worked ineffi ciontly, or not at all, if left to tbemaeives. The total number nl officials employed under the lloar I of Works was now II 6H7, 01 superintendents IB8, and the amount expended was ?1,410,386 The number of laborers had ; increased from J0,13Ain September, to 440,A(7 in December. Last week they were 409,000) and ha did not doubt j that, at the present time, they were upwards of hall a million. (Hear, hear) It waa calculated that four or 1 hva persona gained subsistence for every laborer thus i employed, making the total number supported by this i plan upwards of 'J 0OO 000. (Hear, hear ) The expense ; in December was ?48.1.000, and for the first three weeks , of January it was calculated at batween ?700,000 and ' jtsoo.noo Many evil* bad neceaaarily arisen out of this system. Mlt tho compulsory snbititute of task woik, 1 < i ga bodies of laborers receiving government pay wer.i touud standing idle; afterward* men found that on task , work they could earn double or treble the wage* they | had beon accustomed to receive, and tha result was that | there was a strong competition to obtain employment 1 upon the public works, and farmers found a difficulty in ! procuring labor to till their land at any sum?nay, many | of the farmer* themselves who held twenty, thirty, fifty, | ; and even sixty-eight acres of land, removed their sons ' and laborers from their usual occupation of tillage, lo 1 place tbem upon these public works (Hear, hear ) The evils ot this system were so many and *o great, and the want of food and consequent dissatisfaction had ?o much increased, that government had now come to tho conclusion that it waa desirable to attempt some temporary scheme by which eom* of these evils might be mitigated, and with so vast an expenditure ol money mare relict might be administered. (Hear, hear, hear ) They i thought it desirable to iorm district relief committees, 1 which committee* shall be empowered to receive subscriptions, to levy rata*, and to racalve donations from I tha government; and that by this means they would be IERA 147. enabled to purchaae food, establish soup depot* end dl*. I I tribute relief to the famishing applicant*, without requiring the indi*pen*able teat oi work?(hear, hear)? whilst the laboring man might work on ill* own plot ot ground, or for the faimeri, un t thus be doing something toward* \ the next harvest (Hear, hear) The*e arrangement* | I would be carried out under the luperintendence of Sir j I Johu Burgoyno, who had expressed hit wiiliugnei* to go I 1 to Ireland. (Cheer* ) Caie would be taken not to ren- ! i dor the substitution of thr* system for that of the publio 1 work* too mdden, and alio to finish the work* already c commenoed when neceiiary. (Hear, hear) He thought I 1 that the whole burden of thea* publio work* ihould not i t be borne hy Ireland, and he, therefore, ahould propoia ' t that each year, ut au instalment became due, if one half ! [ was paid, the other ahould he remitted, keeping up tho \ whole debt until one half iliould be paid. It ahould be r recollected that this was placing a considerable burden t ou the liuaucea of the country, ur.d which prevented him t from muking several propositions entailing expense, i which he should otherwise huvo proposed He also pro- i poaed to advunce a sum, not exceeding i.'iO 000, te be repaid before the end of December, for tue purchase of i seed He proposed that this advance should he made to i tho proprietors, nod not to the teuunts. In pro|>o*ing < I theae advances, lie declared that he did not, nor could I he, expect to ward oft' the rtfjet* ol the awtul visitation I ot Providence with which Ireland had been sllltued. It i was not in the power of man to do away with the affect of such a calamity. He should not have felt it necessary : to rnuke the declaration so emphatically, hail it uot beau for a paper put forth by the M nqui* ot Sligo, uigng his countrymen to demand from I'uriiumeut that they should tike step* to secure an immediate and cheap supply of food, lie was surprised that any man of education could have imagined that it was in tho power of any government to turn famine into plenty. It was impossible. The utmost thoy could do wus to alloviate the calamity.? (Hear, hear.) At Castlebar there were only one hundred an i thirty inmates in a workhouse capable of containing six hundred, the reusou being tho non-collection of rates; and it certainly surprised him to witness such a tendency to vaguo and visionary plans, while the easy and practicable duty of paying rate* for th* support of the poor wu* neglected. The interference of Government to alleviate diatreia might be made in this way. Assistance might he granted to proprietor* by loan* for the improvement of pie|ierty?by l public works?by euactiug that relief should be given to l the destitute by law. These throe mo le* should he kept separate. In advancing to proprietors, security should i be tuken that such advances should ha applied to the purposes for which llicy were granted, buck security i was taken by the law* passed in the last session, and by I the Drainage Act mote particularly. They proposed to t take the terms proposed in tho Drainage Act, for making 1 advances, and to extend it to other improvement*, doing I away wnn me technical difficulties which obstructed ( the o|>eration of that act, allowing proprietor! to borrow c money at 3)a per ceut., to he repaid in 31 yearn, making i an allowance for repay mailt if auch repayment aliould i take place earlier, l'hii would be better thaa combining J auch a plan with any plan for tho relief of tho poor.? \ They ulao proposed to consolidate and improve the 1 Drainage Acta, to undertake by the State the reclamation i of a portion of tbe waate lands of Ireland. They pro- 1 peaed to devote ?1,000,008 to thia purpose - that if the t proprietor chose to part with it he might cell it, bnt that i if he refuaed to aell or improve there should be a com- i pulaory power of taking land by tha Commiaaionera of 1 1 Woods and b'oiesta, when ita value was below Is (id an acra. It was proposed that it ahould be generally re claimed, roada ba made, buildings erected, and divided into lots of from OA to b% acres, and either let to a tenant for a number of yeara, or soldi but thay did not intend to undertake by that grant tbe taak of cultivation. He unti. cipated great advantage from the location of the expelled tenantry from other properties on these holding*, and he thought it would be u nucleus for tha formation of a body of small indapendant proprietors. (Hear, hear, hear.) He also proposed to bring in a bill for the more effectual relief of the destitute poor of Ireland, empowering the I guardians to give relief eithsr in or out of the work house, at their discretion, to the infirm poor, and to all j those who are permanently disqualified from earning their living by labour, thus giving the guardians power to relieve tha destitute at their own homes; and when the workhouse was full he proposed to give thi Poor Law Commissioners power to give leave to the guardians to give relief to the ablebodied poor out o! the workhouse, relief to be given in food only. He proposed to appoint relieving officers, who, in cnae of urgent distress, ahould have power to take persona into the house, or to give out door relief until the next meeting oi the board of guardians. Such were the measures for the relief of Ireland which lie proposed immediately to introduce, liovern ment also intended to introduce a measure lor facilitating the sale of encumbered estates. (Hear, hear, from I all aides.) This might bo effected either by tbe appoiutment ol commissi. nera to make arrangements in each case, or by application to the Court oi Chancery, lie I could not now say which plun would be ado 'ted, but I tbe subject was still uuder the moat anxious consideration of tuu government (Hear, hear ) He should also , propose a measure by which long loasehold tenures, re- I nnwabl* lor ever, might be converted into freeholds.? | (Hear, bear) Nothing was moro injurious or occasioned groatei difficulties than the v-hoty and complexity of 1 tenures, which mado it almost impossible to ascertain on I whom tbe duties oi property devolved. (Hear, hear)? > il w??, UIOICIUIC, ?U11U lac aiiDuuviu ui i in iiauioin w | consider how tar tenurci might lie simplified so as to cuiiuect the proprietor with the tenant and laborer, in i the same way as iu England and Scotland, where they ; found proprietors, themselves embarrassed, nevertheless ready to become responsible for advances necessary to j relieve their tenants and laborers. (Hear, hear ) lie | should also have to piopose a measure oil the subject ot the fisheries. (Heur, hear.) Last autumn tbero was j great neglect ot the (liberies; aud, in some cases, vast j quantities of fish which, if properly cured, would have afforded considerable suppliue of food, had been thrown j on the land for manure. (Hear) There was another subject with tespect to which a very strong feeling ex istud in Ireland, namely, tho subject of omigratiou. Extravagant expectations had been excited and entertainud on ihis subjcct.which never could be realued. lio dil not think that either from public or private resources, means could be afforded for this purpose, so as to lead to such an extensive emigration as would produce an increase in wages. it should be recollected that it was not merely providing the ineuus of carry iug a million of poisons to a distant country, but that, us ..u extensive | system of emigration, they should look to the state of the j countries to which they sent them. fiv injudiciously | punning tucha count ihey might glut the mmkoti 0/ In- ; hur in tut United Statei and Canada, and product the greatcit distress in thou eeunlriet by the introduction oj <14cli u matt of pauprri, oj which those cauntrtet might very properly complain. (Hear, h?, r, on all sides) ? the best inoue ot promoting emigration was by affording aid on the arrival of the emigrant* at tho place of their j destination This had been extensively done last year it Montreal. Last year 110,190 persons emigrated to Canada aud tho Tinted .States, and 90 000 tho year beforo i Hear, hear ) The (fleet ol any other stimulus would either he to send out vast numbers of paupers who wou d not llnd employment, or to induce those who now louud the means ol emigration lor themselves, to do it at the public expense. Tnere were sumo difficulties with , regaid to emigrant ships, oocationetf by the I'lmei.gors ' Vet, anil these were uudcr cons deration, with a view to their removal, but he did not mean to propose, on the part of Oovernmont, auy extensive scheme of emigration. (Hear, hear) Sir 11 Kane stated that such were the resources ol Ireland, that il tliey were properly developed, that country would maintain seventeen millions of inhabitants, lie did not go so far as this, but u the landowners would undertake impioveuients in agri culture and in othor ways, with the co-operation of other classes and the government, ho could nut consider ibe present imputation excessive. (Hear, hear) Other countries, which had been in as bad a state as Ireland, were now flourishing in a stale of order, peaco, and security. (Hear, hear ) A retrospect might bo useful, as some persons were disposed, in view of the present calamity,to despair of Ireland. He (Lord J. Kessell) was nut so disposed ((Jtieers ) lie saw no reason why Ireland might not, like other countries, rise to a state of a.sat nrnkiisritv llbi.nrul Ilia Inrilsbin It.-.. Irom tliw writings of Sir Thomas More a description ol Kngland in tiie sixteenth century; very similur to the prevent condition of Iteland, and i|tiotud other authorities, to show that at that tune thero were (rem 'JUOOflO to .lOO.UOO persons who weut about living by thieviug, and ?f whom, mono lower than 70,000 wera hung (Hour, hear) lie sl<o read, Irom Hatcher, ol Haltoun, a description ol the lawl"?, .> moralised, and wretched itate ot Scotland at the end ot the seventeenth century; Had briefly glancing at the charge w hich ha* tahwa place in botu countries, said that they would be unworthy ol being memberi of the British I'urliument, if, after thia, they ileapuir- | ed of Ireland (Cheers.) He believed that the effect of the meaiurea which he should pro|>oae would do much, hut other measures would ho required, und when the proper time came for proponing men moasurcs, ha should tie icady to uunertake the duty, or to propose any thing which he believed would he lor the henetli ot that couu try. But wi'h iei|>ect to thia and oilier ineuaurei, all that thu crown or the country could grant, and which retirement could euact, was aa nothing without the ex- , utence ol the ipirit ot >elf reliance on themselves on the ' part of the peoiile. lie ihould deapair of the taak which he had undertaken il he did not tee lymptomi on the part of the Iiirh landowner* to rsly on tliom*olvo?; and it wa* the dnty el the l.egnletnre to ercourngn that spirit among*! them, and to iliinuUte them to exertion by showing what ha J been done in thie country and Hcotland They should not always look to the government and to Parliament tor support, but look to waat waa before them, and see whetiierthe sources of Ireland could net be ao developed a a to bring mattera to a happy issue. (Hear, hear.) There was no question as to the fertility of the land, or the strength and induatry of its inhabitants. "There have been faults," said his Lordship in conclusion: "there hava been defects. Happy will it be lor us if we lay the foundation of a perlact cure of those evils; happy, indeed, will it be if the lush them selves take lor their maxim, 'Help yourselves, and then Heaven will help you;'happy, indeed, will be tho day when, having done ao, they can at length Icel that theie has been aouie use in adversity." The Noble Lord concluded by proposing his motion, and sat down amid vociferous und continued cheering In answer to a question from Mr H. W. Barron, Lord John Russell said that the guardians woul l be : enabled to impose additional isles lor the iclicf committees, who would also have portion* of the *u'. acrlptions raised in this country, and ol the grants ol the govern- j ment. In answer to a question of Mr Smith O'Brien, Lord John Russell stated that the government ware not nrepured, as a general rule, to say that railroads should be assisted, but the subject was still uuder consideration A measure as to tenant compensation would bo prepared, but It would not be brought forward at present, and would then be introduced in the other House. The Governor of Massachusetts Imv appointed Tkarr- I day, the ath day ot April next, to be ob*ei ved a* a day ol I lasting, humiliation and prayer. 1 ??ggggd LD. MM VM Oratii -TT- - M-r-T-r-v ?- ff?M Singular Trial In Washington?Excitement In the Court Room. UltiTt* Histki Circuit Cet-ftT? W??hi?oioi?. M?rch I?Unit J SlaUi vt Fr an*n Th >mu?At the opening ol the Court this morning, Mr. Key, the District Attorney, stated that the Hon John J. 'Jrittendan, one ot the counsel for the prosecution, would lot be able to attend till the hour ef eleven. The Court laid that till that hour they would hear other bualnoea. Neither Governor Tbomae nor either of his counsel yet ipueared. At twenty minutes past eleven, James M Carisle, Esq . rose and sta ed that he bad received a letter his morning from Gen. Jones, requesting him, (Mr. C.J 0 state to the Court that the accused desired that a reslite of one week might he granted; because the accused vas compelled to attend an inquiry now going on at Anispolis, which could not be postponed, as the constituion of Mary land required the legislature te adjourn on he 14th ol' March; that a number of the witnesses necesisry for his defence were obligsd to attend at Annapolis, md cou d not bo at both places at one time. General J. dated further, that imperative and important duties denun led that li? should attend the Supreme Court, and :oubl not appear before thia Court Accompanying thia letter was uu aflldavit ol Gov. T., to tha facta concerning iiis necessary attendance at Annapolis. These nepers be read. Attached to the emiavit wsa the proceedings that had been held in tho legislature. Mr Msulsbv, one of Gov T.'s counaal, came into the Court during the rt-uding of these papers, and Mr. Carlisle then aaid, as the accused was represented, his connexion with the matter was at an and. Mr. MaULaav stated that the accused asked a postponement lor .one week only, for on that day, under any and all circumstances, they would proceed with tha case. 1 Tho District Attorney objected to any postponement. He stated that some of tho witnesses lor the United States bud eomu over two thousand milus, and were now to attendance at great expense and inconvenience. Moreover, aaid he, we nave been obliged to bring from their homes in Virginia, a number of frail women? (fragile, you meant, no doubt, Mr. Key 0?who were alio in attendance anil anxious to rotuni to their homes. Mr. Kkkdali. then proceeded with a most indignant tone to inflict a severe castigation upon the author of this "'most atrocious libel," and spirited remonstrance against the continuance. He commented with much force upon the various attempts to avoid a trial on the part of rhomas. He alluded to the delay occasioned by the issuing of a commission to take the deposition of Mrs. Linn, and Thoraus's then declining to do so. This he pronounced a fraudulent attempt to delay the case, and then, in the meuntime, attempting to have the case dienisued, by appealing to the President and to Oovernor Vic Dowel, tho first to order a noils yrmtgui, and to the latter to have the case withdrawn. Alter Mr. K. had oou ludud, the Hon. W. C. Preston, of South Carolina, edlressed the Court in opposition to the postponement \lter alluding to the cause upon which the postponeueut was asked, the absenco of the accused at Annapolis, Mr. P asked why was he absent 1 He knew the caae vas pending, and that it was fixed for this day. He mow the deep leeling this libel had occasioned, and why vas ho absent f Because he wished to avoid the triaL le knew he was to be prosecuted here, and ha has income voluntarily a prosecutor elsewhere, summoned ill the witnessee that should ba here, to attend his prolecution. and now prays the Court to postpone the ceee ;o suit him. He hoped the court would try the oeae now ?now before Congreas was^dissolved. This libel, may It please the Court, was published during the seatien of Congren, when people from every section of the land were here, and that was tha period (elected by this libeller to publish it in all the deep blackness of its malignity. Tha tables of the members of Congress were loaded with the libels, till the hall became filled with foetid atmosphere arising from this deteatable and infa raous publication; it stunk in tho nostrils of every nan. He (elected thie season,because then only can a man gain that terrible notoriety which the leiaiona of Congress at the eeat of government afford. Thii proiecutien, for technical purposes only, bore the uame of a certain high and distinguished citizen, (Colonel Benton,) but if he alone were concerned, thii caie would never have been called; thia Court would never have been troubled with auv attempt to wipe out an imbecile effort to blacken hia character. Thomaa might aim kia arrowa forever at him; he coald not rouae him from hia lair, to cruah him with hia paw. The trial here ia the character of the victim of thia unmanly, cruel and tyrannical wretch, who haa for auch a length of time held her up before the world, with her aoul torn and mangled by hia infamous falaehooda, that bar body haa become putrid in the pub lie view. Ho hoped the court would no*, auffer thia cruelty to be practiaed any longer; nor lend their aid to him in prolonging the agony. Thia mun'a calumniea, of the moat horrible and revolting character, have been circulated by every meana that power and money oan obtain, by u dastard and villanoua calumniator ; and when we come into a court to give him that trial he baa naked lor, we are met, upon every day fixed for the trial, by .1 repetition of thia malicious libel, in his various affidavit!, which Mr. 1*. denounced an bolstering up the infamous charges by perjury; and now, when we come at his own timo, tho day tixed at his own suggestion, he, in order to escape the trial, breaks tha war out in some othei place, and alter summoning away the witnesses, asks the court to postpone the case. Mr. P. concluded with a moat eloquent appeal to tha court to try the case now; in hopes, said he, that on Thursday next. when steam and wind carry off those who are engaged hare at present, the joyous and triumphant verdict ot the innocence of this long abused lady, may be borne to the utmost extent of this Union. Mr. Maulsbv replied that he lelt much embarrassed. Ho stood here without eveii the leave of his senior oounsel. yet felt it his duty to reply to the deep-toned feeling and eloquence of the hon. gentleman who had just addressed the Court. Sir, said he, I stand here to represent a man as high-toned and honorable as any one concerned iu this prosecution. I consider, however, what haa been said as tho language ol the counsel only, therefore, not to have any weight with the Court upon the motion tnow before it. We have nevor invited such discussions ; the prosecution has voluntarily, upon every occasion, commenced th-'in They have charged perjury, and the most disgraceful epithets applied to him, black calumnia| tor and w retch ; and he is engaged lorty miles away In another place. A man who is here to defend himeelf trom the punishment attached to the offence with which ha is charged, and only asking that tha trial may be posti poned for one week, I think ho might be spared the epi tlicts applied to him The libel has been denounced as hlaok, malicious, ko. I do not undertake to my that it ii not a libel; but I do undertake to say that the counsel n i\e no i igui 10 i i> uiai u is mm k, viuuicuvo, ?? j aim I am wlieily at a luis to understand the motive or object to lie accomplish-!J by thoae who have instituted tbli prosecution, which induces them thus to address the Court, or hour tho accomplishment of these pur|>osas is to bo obtained by the discussion of tnis matter, it being iho proper duty of judges, Jurors and witnesses, who ere entirely unprejudiced i cuarge not that tho inotivs is to prejudice any one, but ( can sen no other, although I n nit admit that distinguished inen ofteu say things without having any particular object. Doth gontlomen hav "aid that if thsre wero any certainty that Iho triai would proceed on Monday, they would have no objection to the pos'ponemriit. The application is to postpone, snd that is the point before tiie Court ; and thoir opinions that (Jov. Thomas wished to escape from any trial, Sid Out oil Monday next he would come with some other application lor postponemen and oontiuu Hi -o, are, ttioutoro, entm-lv inapplicable, ami should have no weight upon the question tielore the court. Those discussions which have ensued, in which the subject matter of tins case has been commented upon, at the several meetings of the court, have been against tho earnest deprecations of the delendsnt and Ins counsel, ami it was only iti defence of his client, against tho unjnst imputations that had been thrown owt by Messrs Preston ami Kendall, that Mr. M. spoke of these m titers at all The whole (purport of the remarks upon the issuing of the commission to taks the deposition of Mrs. L.iuo, an<I afterwards (iov T.'s dnclina'iOD of taking her evidence (is she assentod to come hero,) under that commission, w .is to establish the lact that this was only ano'her link in his scheme ol'perjury and fraud, to escape s trisl. The matter having btun alluded to, Mr MHulsby felt it tr be bis duty to give the reason why flov T uskod to hovo a oomminion to take Mrs. L.'s CTlueuoe uy ur jiusr luu; it wim mm uut, j. w us luioini oil liy good authority, mil Dor I'. Inioimed Mr. M. that the proer.u'or in the cum liu l threatened that if Mra. L. cauio hern, that ho would rip up coitain private circumstances iu her family nflaira that would farover disgrace her, and? Col. Bknto.v, (with much eacitoment)?Kalae'. falsa". Mr. Mari.srv If, air, the truth or falsity, of the ftatem-iit depends on the assertion of the distinguished gentleman who pronounces itlulae, I, having been informed of it by my client a* true, shall ao atato it. Col Bkitov?Kalae ! Judge Moaxi u- Order in Court. Col. llaisTols-KaDe fslee [ The CoraT?Order. Let there be order In court. Col lie*roe liero roae, and after cor.vorning a few nto menta with hia counael, put on hia bat and hut be court ro un. Mr. resumed, and after alluding to some other toinca, uigeil the postponement till viouday neat, stating that on that day (Jov. T would be r? a ly lor trial, provldml that three ol the iediea annimonrd loi the pro aecution, were in attendance The Cottar, by Judge Cmni'H In order that nil par ties muy he ready to proceed with thin trial, the caae I* postponed till Thtiradfiy next, when it will he perempterily called and must be disposed ol TO TAILORS. 'I'MK Hpnn* "?d Hun mer Kaibiena for 1847 are now pab J. lulled, and for a de by CiH iw'r T. OLIVER, 4 Courtlandt at. N Y. oentllmen's hats. ffl THE SPRING 14T YLE la now ready for axle, at Jflk KObl-UTdOMH I'M <10 NIX MAT AND CAI' MANUKA' TOHY, ml iw'iii 13 Kulton atreel, (betwesu William V Gj d MTU La, r?Klum tin lit 'I .?lay next, a pin of a < atory brick home, with ' rotoii water, situated in Lonrtlandt atref K >r Inrther partinilura apply to P, NENTZEL, hi liioadwAy, ml3t"re corner of Liberty at new york. legal observer for march. ARTS.?Privileged Communication; Btiiher's Promissory Note; Presumption of Death; Reporta; U. S. D?tncl Couit, iu le Me r.<?r, treaty of Krance as to f jgitivea; Chan eellor Wal worth's t'onrt, Partridge v. Menck, trade mark/, Superior Court, Urnriner t Jours, Common Pleas. Deei aioua December lerrn . English eases,' hsuce lot's Court; V C. Court; tfucen's Bench; Kichcqaer; l oounoa I'leaa; Ad mirally.hc . Iteview, Lube's Equity, he., he. mSll'rc tJ.l.ML. U rV EN, Eduo', tl Ami sr. REMOVAL I Oil N O WIV'.EH has removed Irs Eteb^ege ar si butinest fioiri the ollice dinar nl > ?'' ' Willisui sir sets, to No. J? Wail auaet.m Duai' Sja bundlag, opposite lha Exchanga. mJ Kia rn

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