Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 10, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 10, 1847 Page 1
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w TH] I. X1U, lo tiU-Wfcvl* Mm. MAS IMPORTANT INTELLIQCNCE FU M Till WAR QUARTER. MOVEMENTS OF GENERALS SCOTT t TAILOR. The Intentions of Santa Anna. THE PREPARATIONS FOR THE Clamin. .1 D.u r.n. o*1/1 San Inun Jtllllna ruviuimg ui vera blur uuu uuu a uuu u envu. dee. Ac. dee. NRW9 FROM TAMFICO. [From the New Orleans Picayune, March 1.] By the Oella, Cspt Ham, we have date* from that city to the 20th et February Geu Scott arrived at Tantpico on the 19th ult. He via j received with flutes fired from the land and from the U S. schooner Nonata. An accident accurreJ in firing the salute on shore by the explosion of some musket cortridg?.-s, by which two men were pretty severely but not duogereusly wounded. We annex hereto the general orders promulgated by General Scott, immediately on his arrival. Ths Oenanil was looking in excellent health, and Tampico was alive with excitement. The Mexicans hud the utmost curiosity to see the " great general" of whom they hed heard so much. Quits tha most important news by this arrival ia the reported ivacuation of Vera Crux, by order of Santa Anno. This news was received here in the following letter from a mast respectable source : Tamfico, Feb. 13,1847. This afternoon tho mail carrier Horn Vera Cruz arrived, bringing letters for foreign merchants in this oity, winch stated that the commander of the Mexican forces at Vera Cruz had received positive orders from Santa Anna to withdraw all the forces from that city and to march them into tha interior, and it ia aupposed by all now, that Vera Cruz will be occupied by our troops, without a blow being struck Preparations were making at Tampico for the embark auou ui lug uuops wuu iapiuuy. Tho Smtinrt announoes the death of Capt Archillei Morii?, oltbe lllinoia volunteers. He iliod on the 15th tilt. and wan buried with military honoi*. We ropy tho following from the Taxapico Sentinel of t he 17th iThe leliowing U a lint of the death* which have occurred iu the hotpital* in thia oity lince our flrst number in which we repotted the death* up to the lit inst : Lieut. Uibaon, company F, 2d Artillery, died 7th February ; Private Mot gin, company D, 3d Artillery, died on the 3d ef February ; Daley, of 7th Infantry, died on the 0:h of February ; MeGarvey, company 1, of 4th Illinois volunteers, died Oth February ; Ignatius Morse, oompany B, 3d Artillery, died 7th February; Samuel H. Uoswell, compaiy D, 2d Artillery, died 7th February, McBrkrty, oompany B, 1st Artillery, died 10th February ; Marion Wallace, 4th Illinois volunteers, died Oth February ; Bedford, company ? 4th illinoia rolunteers, died 14th February ; Mofftt, in quartermaster's employ, died 14th February ; James McDavitt, company B, 3d Artilte y.died 15th February. A letter bus been received here dated the morning ef # the I8th ult. from Tampico, which declare* that General Urrea had received po.itive order* to move against Mate moras end the Brazos. Tamnco, Feb. 18, 1647. A vessel is to sail early to morrow morning for New Orleans, and 1 avail mysolf of the occasion to send you whit little news 1 have picked up tiace my last. 1 have seen an extract from a letter written at San Luis Pntosion the ttk inst. by a Mexican officer to hia lriend in this place. This extract state* that Santa Anna was te march upon Saltillo preparatory to attacking Monterey ; that I'rrea, with some 6 000 troopa at Victoria, was to attack Matsmeras, and that both expedition* must prove successful Tho writer indulges in the most sanguine expressions. He says "the Yankee* will see a etiong blow struck against them, and be made to pay dearly lor what they have done." It is pretty certain tn.it santa Anna is ot Sjltillo, and it ia even reported that he haa engaged U.-n Taylor. Thia, however, we do noi believe in Tampioo. 1 mint confeai that the extract of the letter to which 1 here allude give* me aome concern " We shell give tbo Yanlceea some hot work in the North while they arc marching on to Vera Citix," ia the confident language of the writer of this extract, who is none other than the private secretary of Santa Anna. Of this I am altogether well assured. Midshipman Perry is still here with the Tampico, formerly the llelle, taken as a prixe. He is to sail in a day or two for Anton Lizardo The Nonata, commanded by Midshipman Smith, sailed a few days ago, but returned in u leaky condition with her hull working badly A survey has been held upon her, and she ia condemned and turned over to ihe Quartermaster's Department for (he uae of the United State*. By an ariiv?l tiom Lobos Island, I leorn that there are now at that piece one Pennsylvania regiment, the South Catoliua Palmetto regiment, part of the Now York regiment, the whole of the Louisiana regiment, with the exception ot that part which wai wrecked and are now in Tampioo under Col. De Hussy j also, 40* ot the Sth regimen U S. Infantry. I learn further that the vessel by which I have this intelligence, on her pas a;*? ?P. spoke a vessel with troeps oftha 6th U.' 8 Infantry on hoard, bound for Loho* Island. Many of the troops at the island had not disembarked?others had landed and commenced di tiling. The island furnishes scant cud bracked) water ; ot wood there is a sufficiency In addition to the ships at anchor at Lobos, the U. 8 sloop f war 8'. Mary 'a ii also there. The British mail steamer fiom Vera Crux, due here some two or thiee day#, has not yet arrived. I ice that some of tiro volunteer* lately in your city were g <Uty of a little bad conduct, und " H ," in hi*correspond nee, corn pi tins severely of their depredation* in his wheiuabouts ; i.ut it lolls to my lot to speak in the > fullest teims oi nmise of tne vulur.teara atthn I post I bare never seen a mora orderly set of *nieD anywhere. HciD<<iAKTrti or thk Ann,) i'amiuco, Feb. lb, 1817. J (j?NtA4i, Oitoam, No. 19 ?Tho generai-in-chief an no-jiicu.. to tiio auny tho At a II officer.) who are attached to general headquarters in the tit-id. Urjiartmim of Ortteri.?First Lieut. IT. L. Scott, Ath Infantry, anl da camp and voting assistant adjutant gene ral i lnt Livut. X. Williams, 4Ui Artillery, aid de camp ; 1st Lieut E I1. Scammon, Topographical Engineers, acting aid do camp ; uni 3d Lieut. G. VV. Lay, 6th Infantry. mili'ary secretary. General Officert ?Lieut. Col. E A. Uitcheock, Id lnthotry, acting inspector general; Capt. James Monroe, t>;U Infantry, acting assistant Inspector general; Col- J G. Tetien, chief of Corps of Engineers ; Major W. Turn Lull, acting chief of Topographical Engineers ; Capt. B Huger, acting chief of Ordnance ; Major S McRee, acting chief of tho Quartermaster's Department; Capt J. B Grayson, acting chief of the Subsistence Department ; Major E Kirby, acting chief of the Pay Department; and Surgeon Gee. T. Lawaon, chief of the Medical Department. The senior officer of artillery, Col. J. Bankhead, 31 Attillery, will enter upon the duties of ohief of artillery as soon as there shall be occasion for planting heavy batteries. All genernl staff" officers will be mainly employed in their respective departments of duty, aud any orders that any chief of department may give in relation to hia pr ouli.'.r duties, in the name and by the authority of the gtuersi-.n chief oi the army, ecill be promptly obeyed. By eemmand of Mnjor Gen. Scott, H. L. SCOTT, A. A. A G. hasducaatras or thk Aamt, / Ta.muco. Fab. 10, 1647 j OcnaasL Oancat, No. 30 ?It may wall be apprehended that many grave offences not provided for in the act of Congress ' establishing rules and articles for the government of the armies of too United States," approved April 10 laid, may be ag'in committed, by or upon Individuals of those urmit-e in Mexico, pending the e< isuag war between the two republics AUuaiqu is hereby ir.udo to atrocities, many of which, if committed witiiiu tk (i Unite J State* or their organized territories, wool I ot couiho be tried und severely punished by the orulojiy or civil courts of the land J Anamination, murder malicious stabbing or maimitiff, rape, malicious assault and battery, robbery, thett, tbu wanton dastiuction ot oliurobaa, cemeteries, or other ' religious edifice* aud fixtures, and the destruction, ex : capt by otdar of a superior clticer, ol public or private I property, arc such ofl'jnces 3 'file good ol thu service, the honor or tha Uoitrd ts' ites, and the interes's of humanity, imperiously demand that every crime enumerated above should be severely punished. t But the written code, as above, commonly called the rub ? and articles ot war, provides for the punishment of not ono ol those crimes, oven when commuted by individuals of thonrmy upon the persons or property of o ner individuals of the same^except in the very restricted caso of the 9;hof those articles ; nor for like outrages, committed by the same individuals, upon the I eisoii* or property ef a hostile countty, except vary partially In the 61st, Udd aud 66th articles ; and the same -.ode is absolutely silent as to all injuries which may be inflicted upon individuals of the aimy, or their property, against tho laws of war, by individuals of a hostile country. A. It is evident that the Oth article, independent of any ipfcrvuco to the restriction in the P7th, is wholly nugatory it. reaching any one ot those high crime*. >> Kor all the offences, therefore, enumerated in tha second paragraph above, which may be' committed atuuad? in, by, or upon the aimy, a supplemental code ! is i.lwolutely needed. 7. That unwritten eodo is Martial Law, aa an addition i to the written military codo, prescribed by Congress, in the rules and articles of war, and which unwritten code all armies in hostile countries are forced to edo t?not only C r thsir own safety but for the protection of the unoffending inhabitants and their properiy, about tha tbta?r?s ot military operations, against injuries contrary to the law* of war. tt. from tha same aupreme necessity, martial law i* hereby declaicd, at a supplemental code, in and about , all camp*, putu and hospitals which moy bo occupied by any part ot the force* of the United Ststes in Mexico, uid in und about all column*, eicorta, convoys, guards and dctu> 1 meii'.a of tho said forces while engaged in prosecuting ihe ? xisting war in and against the said republic. lb Ac< ot Jingly, eveiy ciime enumerated in paragraph 1 Mo *J v.luthii CvmnutKd?1. By an inhabitant of Mexiio Iri wt?r cr trinllcr theiain. upon the person or t- i y of ai-j ird.vi lu.-l ot the Urd rd Siutss' loices, .?i I Oil cu t lha laaie J By any individual oi ti." siii loir**, KeUiner or follower ul* ths same, upon E NE m m m?rT??nw1?1 i NEW the person or property of nny Inhabitant of Mexico, ?ojnuiner or traveller therein?or ( By any individual of the asid force*, retainer or follower of the aanie, upon the person or property of any other individual of the aaid foroea, retainer or follower of the aame?ahull be duly tried and puniabed under the aaid aupplemental code 10 Ker thla purpoee it ia ordered, that all cffjndera, in the matter* aforesaid, shall be promp'lv seized un I confined and reported for trial, before military commission* to be duly appointed aa follow* : U. IC very military com nie?iou under this order will Iia annnintsarl tmonr,,r.A ..? l 11 ?j * rl .... 0-.uuu aiiujivu its presenile J ny the ' 84th, 88th. 67tli and 97th of tho saiil lulet and mi ticlea of war, and the proceedings of aach commissions will ha duly recorded in writiug, renewed,revised disapproved or approved, aud the .sentences executed-all, as in the case of tho proceedings and sentences of court-martial; provided, that no military commission shall try any cato clearly cognizable by any court mmtial, and provided alao, tuat no sentence ol a military commission shall bn put in execution Bgain-t any individual wha eoevcr which may not bo, according to the nature and degree of the offence, as estHb.ished by evidence, in conformity with known punishments, in like cases, in some one of tbe Siatreof the United States of America. 1:1. Una order will be read at the head of every com ' pa.iy of the United Sta'es' forces serving in Mexico, and about to enter on that theatre of war. By command of Maj. lien Scott. H L. SCOTT, A. A. A. O. i [From the New Orleans Mercury, March I ] All the vessels at Tampico were uuder charter to carry the troops to their final destination, Vera Cruz, as is believed, and the troops were prepuring to embark. The Veia Cruz mad arrived at Tampico on the 18lh, and brought letters from several foreigu merchant! residing at the former city, which stated that orders had beau received there from Santa Anna for the troops to evacuate it and retire into the interior, leaving it to be taken possession of by our troope without opposition. We do not believe the report, lor the capture ot the city | would involve the fall of the castle oi San Juan d'UUoa, and that will not be given up uatil every effort to save it | is exhausted. It may be, however, that Santa Anna ha* ordered the evacuation of the city, with the view of | bringing on the main body ot bis army and besieging it, and by shutting up our troops, force them to surrouder. The accounts received at the Brazos from Saltille lead to the supposition that the a.vauoe of the enemy in that quarter was a feint. At Matamoiae an attack was apprehended, as on the night of the 11th a considerable body oi Mexican cavalry approached the outskirts of the city, and dismounting from their horses thought to pass the guard uupercoived They were discovered as they passed in dtfil* ovur the the old Mexican entrenchment, and were fired upon by the guard stationed at the upper end of tho town. The alarm was soon given in the .city, and our troop* were underarms and at their stations without the loss of time and in excellent order The Mexicans made good their retreat. The belief we? ?h?t ?kl< made with the view of ascertaining the pr?csicability ut night attack Since then we leaiu from the Flan, Col I C rake, commanding the post, has, with a seal and promptitude which cannot be'too muuh.commerded, commenced ! and almoat completed the fertiflcation of the maio ('lata | The atreeta loading into it are now crotseJ by a wide and | deep ditch, and embankment, and cannon have been placed ao aa to defend every appioach. There were aome caaea of small pox at Matamoras, ' but they were of a mild natnte, and yielded easily to medical treatment The brig Virginia, Capt. Hood, was lost by striking on a reef of rucks, on the 9th ult., a* aho was on her passage from Brazoa to the Island of Lobos. NEWS FROM THE BRAZOS. [From the New Orleans Picayune, March 1] The propeller Washington arrived on Sunday from the Brazoa. having sailed on the 3.ld ult. Major Oenerai I Butler catne passenger on her. We learn that be is still suffering so much from the effects of the wound he received at Monterey, as to be disabled for aetive service We append two letters frtm our correspondent, " H." J From the first one we learn that Capt Albert Pike has | not been taken prisoner, as we were informed and be- ' lieved We have a very Interesting and particular ac count of the surprise ot Majors Haines and Borland, and escape of Capt. Henry, of Texas, which we shall give In eur next Brazos Santiago, Feb. 20, 1347. The following lettor was received here to-day by Capt. | Cross, ooa&rmitig a report which reached this place some ! days since, and whioh has, no doubt, been communicated to you. Saltillo, Feb. ft. 1847. I have only time to write a few lines, and have but j little nows to communicate. Cept Heady and nineteen men were captured by the Mexican cavalry on the '18th ult. This is now osnftnned j Oeneial Taylor, with Majora Pquadron, Brigg* and Thomas's batteries, and the Mississippi regiment, arrived i Hereon the 3d inst. H? hsi taken his poiitinn at Aqua I Nueva. All the troopa will go there day ulter to-morrow except a few, who will remain in tewn. and Pike's squadron, which baa gone to Polomue. The enemy are atill I near ne, but will not attaok ui. Your*, Sec There ie little doubt now hut that Oen. Minon will give Oen. Ttiy lor considerable trouble. A regiment of Texan Rangera ia very much needed. They should be allowed to enlist for aix months, if they are averse to engaging for aa indefinite time. Gen. Taylor wants light troops who thoroughly understand this kind of warfare, as the Taxana do. Brasos Haktiaoo, Feb. 33. 1847.?The propeller Washington ia to start for Now Orleans to night, and 1 will drop you a line, though there ia nothing new to communicate Oen. Butler arrived hare yesterday, and will go out on the Washington, acoompmieJ by Maj. Tnomas, Asst Adjt General, and Lieut Hooker, one of his aids, and Mr. Butler, a nephew of the General, who has bseu acting aa a volunteer aid It seems that Oen. Taylor is busy making water tanks, and collecting a large train of wagoua and pack mules i The enemy has left that part of the country tor parts unknown, but is supposed to have moved towarJs Vera Crua Worth's division is now all afioat except the dragoons and light batteries, and one or two companies that were left out of their ri giments for want of room on ship I beard. The wind has been blowing tram the north these I two or three days, and the lighters have consequently been idle. The whole division would havo been em- I barked before this, if the weather had permitted. Du I ring two-thirds ot the time it is too rough to unload or j load ships in the othrig. Gen. Worth will sail on the : ICdith in a day or two. The vessels lying here are dressed off in their prettiest i attire today, it being the 331, and salutes have been fired. No ateamer has arrived ainco the Alabama, but we are looking impatiently for the New Orleans. A portion ei the Virginia troops, nnder Maj Randolph, arrived here a day or two since, and will land at the mouth of the Rio Gmndn, and proceed to 8 iltillo. The volunteers, or most of them, who shall hereafter arrive, will join Gen. Taylor [From the N. O Bulletin, March 11 Hai.tillo, Mexico, Feb. 1, 1847. Tho ctm#?irg? ?f /i?Imaa r* "l _ r.~.? ?i Miaj. uatiiroi UUU V?|H. b. *Vl. bjgy, 01 i the Kentucky Cavalry, with 30 men, and Mai Borland and Capt. Pike, r.f the Arkaniai Cavalry, witu 60 men, haa just been confirmed. They were captured on the morning of the 23d of January, at El Salada, 93 miles from this city, on the San Luia road, by about 2000 Mexican*, under Oen. Minon. The party captured ware sent out to roconnoitre the road, and bad been absent tevaral day*. At the time of the capture, they were encamped in a valley where they had remained over night. A dense fog had aettled in the valley, and a* the sun rose and disported it, the Mexican* were discovered completely surrounding them. Escape was impossible, and to have fought would have been madness, es the entire force would inevitably have been alain. Surrender was the only condition left them, which they did upon the boat terma thay could obtain?to bo treated as prisoners of war. They were immediately marched off towards Kan i Luis?the men being dismounted, and the oiHcers suffered to retain their horses. Capt. Henry, of Texas, who was acting as interpreter and gui le for the dotachmant, | made his escape the next day attar the capture, on Msj j Gaines' horse, and arrived hero with the intelligence.Hedpshed off in lace of the whole Mexioan guard, kill- ! ed two who pursued him, and rodo his horse, who was a noble animal, until he fall dead beneath him, completing the remainder of the distance to ti.ii place on foot. This j unlucky occurrence has created a great teDtation in tho army, and it is regretted the inoro on account of the in- j flu.-nee it will have upon tho Mexicans, whom it will incite to acta which they have not heretofore dared. Misfortune* never come single?another capture of j our men haa Just Keen continued. Capt. Haady, with 17 men oftha Kentucky cavalry, sent out to procure forage, I haa been captured by a party of rancheros at a i snr,no some 35 or 30 mtiaa from here, i understand that this party were in attendance ate fandango, and wore in such a state of intoxication as to be incapable of resistance.? ' vtuiiii nancing and Junking, their arm* wore secu;e<?, 1 and Khtn tbe rancheros eame upon them, they hod nothing to defend tbainielvai with. Thay were like wile ( marrhad off to 8au LuU. 80 we go. Rumor* are rila that the Mexican* design an attack on (hi* city, but tha knowing one* in our camp do not apprehend any danger. If tbi-y n.ake an attack wo ore prepared to meet them 1 alio understand that old " Hough and Ready" will reinforca u? to morrow wi h hi* pre*enca and a considerable body of troop*? hi* preionco alone would be sufficient to detar the Mexican* from paj ing u? a ?i*it .My belief la, that all their demonstration* in this qua iter are Intended to mislead?look out for them in jour direction. They could gain mora with leaa risk to themselvee, by operating upon our lino of communication ?cutting eff email detachment*, taking possession of our trains?sud, perhaps, falling in an unguarded moment upon srmo one of the depota on the Rio Orunde. Santa Anna, in person, will not leara his stronghold at San Luis, unless it is to prevent our ormy from marching to tha city of Mexico. [From the Now Orleana Mercury, Maroh 1 I Basso* Sserisoo, Fab 34, 1817. As the stram propollor Washington leaves to-day for New OiWeus, with Gen. Butler, on sick leave ; Major Thomas, Adjutant General, and Capt Hooker, A. D c\, 1 propose giving you a few items of new* concerning the movements of tbe troops. Gsa. Woith'* division hns embarked for parts un known, (destination supposed to be Lopes Island,) with tbe exception of Cel. Duncan's and Capt. Taylor's companies of Light Artillery, six companies of thn 3d. sod Lieut. Kearney's company 1st Dragoons, under comment of Col. Harney A portion of the aitilleiy batteries are on shipboard ; but tbe norther which he* been blowing lor the lest twenty-four hours, and which is a very iraquent visiter on tais coast, has forced th* discontinuance of the embarkation Gen. Scott and staff left this place on Thursday last for Tarnpico, onboard the steemer Messachniette, when he will complete hie atiangementi for pushing lorwerd the snveiul division* of tioo| a at that place, and willthrn proceed down tho coast. Thr. commander in-chief lies boon subjected to groat annoyance and delay, awing to I W YO YORK, WEDNESDAY IV the non-arrival i f trar.iport?, which ought to have been ' ] here atleaat three wteka ego The tJ'h, 4th, tlih and Ath i reglm<-nta of Infantry, Artillery Buttalion, an) regiment ] of riflemen, dtamouuted, have (ailed in the order named I Gen. Worth and atntT are to sail to-morrow for Tarn- i pico io the steamer E llth, leaving Col Harney to Bring i up the rear as speedily a- po.aitilo. The regiment of Virginia Volunteers have arrived off < this place. The Virginians are to debark at the mouth i of the Kio Giande, and ere to proceed to the head quai- i tera of Gen Taylor, now at Aqua Nueva, about thirty ' n ilea beyond Sultillo We have had frequent repoit* recently of the toaich of 8 inti Anoa unou Siltillo, but t aatntW'-hnve i dtliine reliable. Another detachment of Kentucky cavalry (niuetcen men) under Captain I heady, hat been taken by .ho e einy. ' lie report is c true cominK from the Quarter Matter at Saltlllo. It is ' i aid tliey havo fallen into tlio band* ol tl e ranoheros, and 1 If 10, inioui apptehrnsion* may be felt for their aafoty. '1 he steamship Alabama tail* for Tainpico to morrow, with troops, etc C'ai>t. tieurga I'oas, Ih'o Atjhnt Mi ' I Infantry. guts down to join Una Quitman'* iteS', e* Assistant Adjutant ilensral I 1 Jnotice tuo vei?eliia the harbor are (porting the I i buntii g they can rainr in honor of the annivenary of j I our beloved Washington's bitth-day. For the cunvfi ieoce of nil control nod, I would sttgfje at ! t that letter', eto intended for the urnry bo <1 it acted speci- j I lying tire nemo ol tho regiment, eta , mil if known, the 1 particular head quarters of the (Janei.il comtnandiug i 1 the respective division. Letters iuteuded for troop* Willi 1 (Irii. Sco't, may he directod to bi* head i|u,irters, lor his ! dellui'.e location canscaicely he known tor noma time. I This will pievent agreatdealof unnecessary detention ' Letteis tin frequently in tho port odico at Mabel for weeks because the regiment or corps is not meutioned In tbo direction, without which it is impo-srble for the postmss'er to forward them with any certainty. Uy the way, we were all rojoiced to loam that the postmaster at Now Orleans had ordered the post olHc.e at Point Isabel to lie removed to this place, but unfortunately tor 'he |.ublic convenience, rt seems the post ctttca agent out here It ,s ''taken tiro responsibility " to disregar.] this order ui.lrss the same be reiterated by tho Postmaster General. According ti the present arrangements, the post utile,, is a perfect nuisance. AKPUKS IN NKW MEXICO ANl> CUIHtTAHUA. LKrom tire St. Louis Republican, Keb tib j We learn Loin Mr Coons, a merchant of Santa Ko, who arr.vud in this city yesterday, that tho attempt to produce a r. volruiou in 8auta >'e was to be nude on t briefinan night it was a tnno when u great number ef ,Mexicans wore expected to congregate m Santa Ke, lor the |iui |iub0 vi niwuviv^ iuv vdiouiuujos ui iuc lihluuuc Church A very large Lumber were iu attendance, from all secti.ui. of the country, and no doubt by pre-concert. A priest frtm El Paeo, habited aa a greaser, was present, and took an activo part in tbo preliminary arrangements. Hut the whole plot was disclosed to the Americans by Mexican women, and the authorities were able to secure a (food many of the leaders. Our corieipondent alludes to a letter which he had previously wiitten, giving an aocount of these oocurren- I cos, but which has not yet oome to hand. i Mr Coons left rianta Fo on the 14th of January. At 1 that time nothing farther was known of tho movements ' ol Col Llouipban than is stated in our lettera. After his i depotture, Mr. C. tell id with some Mexicans, who had | been iu the battle of Brazito, and he learned from them that Col. Doniphan eutered El Paso on the 3dth of Decern- I her, and took possession without resistance. The military lorce which he met on the *Mh, and defeated, had scattered to the mountains. [From the St.Louis Reveille 1 Hants Fk, December 14, 1848. I havo sent you a copy of the new American laws of this territory, and I now enclose a notice of the appointment of officers of the territory, which you will see has been printed at the Santa Ft Prnt ft is the first priui ins done here, and may be considered a kind of a curiosity In its WJy. Tho press is only large enough to take a Kheet of loolscap, and in printing the laws?which rvas done t?>- men from the volunteers?much time and trouble were lost. We hare many other uppointments for tho territory, many of them made from the volunteers; amongst them some from Major Clark's battalion, viz: out ot Copt. Weigbtman's company of artUlery twoJames H. Quitin, to bo Circuit Attorney for the Valentia or southern judicial district; William C. Skinner of same compuuy," i?rk ot tbo Circuit Court for the samo Hiatrict; and John C Correll, of tho same company, to be Prefect lor the county of Valentit. Thia Prelect is the same an our County Judges. From Cept. Hudson's company have beeu appointed James White Leal, to he Circuit Attorney tor Taos, or the northern judicial district, and Robert Carey, Clerk cfthe Circuit Court for the same district Krom the other volunteers havo been appointed Hugh W. Smith, of Doniphan's regiment, to be Attorney Clone ml and Circuit Attorney lor Santa Fe, or central judicial district; t.nos Vaughn, a eituon, She rid'of same, and Thiuston, Prefect of same Mr. Thrustou is from Louisville, Kjr.; has been in the country twenty yeais, speaks Spanish fluently, end is a citizen. Stephen Lee, lot marly of St. Louis, u citizen, hss been appointed Sheriff ot Taos district; and Peter M. Pratte, of Sto Genevieve, a private in 31 regiment, Sheriff of Valentin district; ao you see w? volunteers flourish as civilians as well as soldiers. The Government is in full blast, and Judge Hougbton, oil the first Monday of this mouth, opaued his couit, which is a novelty In Santa Fe, hut quite respectable. Lawyers era plenty as huckleberries. i even out this far, anddojust us they do in the Recorder's Court, St Louis, vis: try to houeyfuggle and dumlundlc ! " his Honor." Major (.lark has received orders, and will by Christ mas, sat out to join Col Doniphan, or Doo l'hati, a? the vlexicoes call him, lor a descent upon Chihuahua ? Doniphan has learned that Uun. Wool is not marching oa that plaee, and intend* taking it with his regiment and lid of the hattauon ol aitillerv. with 4 six noutnlaru ?n<l J twelve pound howitzers, wih which Clark will join hun, leaving Cept. Fiscbei't company hereto garrison Kurt Mercy. Tue nattalion ia in hue trim; they have regular drill* twice a day, evening parade* and regulai inspections and inueten, i.s ioquiit>d b/the regalluons. it h u euriou* f ct, that not one man of the artillery hun died, an i but tntee of Hudson's company, attached to ibe Uaitilion, whilst many buve died from Dearly every company of the other volunteers; allowing the: city troopa are the hardieat, those |from St. Louie county neat, aad the country troop* Lait *o. Charltt Bint, Gotunnrof thf Triritory tf N'w Mtxito I a lit', inhabitanti i Pillow Ciriznts- A concnttence of extraordinary event* crowd upon me. and furnish me with materials to addit*? you for 'he fl.st lime. I will not make use ol eloquent or iiiblt.-ie language, lor truth need* not trie ornament* of flattery toe lutein impression - its uttrnction* are inherent, and will always ootain credenco. lariived in iliir countiy for thn liist lime in l?i9; from my (lint acquaintance tvi'h it, your ingenuous and frank character arousod my sy mpathy, which has now token deep root, end 1 joined my destiny to yours. New Menco became my adopted country ; all my interests are centered in its soil, uiidtho more so at present, aince joined to the United Statos, my uativa country, you compose ? pert ef the Union, the cmdlo of liberty. General S. W. Kenrney took military possesion of this Territory on the IHthoi August of last year, and he experienced tho most lively pleasuie in hnding that with out the force of arms, without mourning, or tears, you acknowledged tho republican government, to which you now belong. You ara now governed by new law*, ami yon now onjoy the the free government pro i.-ud to you by hi* proclamation. Use ibis liberty with moderation This will enable you to gather tho rich Haiti which await you for the future. Those who composed this blind opposition; who, notorious for their vices, snd full of ambition, aspired to the first offices - and thoie who thought to bind the people sluve* to thair cuprices, undeceived, and finding that they could not obtain the ofllce* conferred on honest and meiitoiious men -Thetnas Oitix and the olJ revolution ist Diego Arcuuleta?rushed forward dtsperately to head a revolution against the present government, 'i'uey collected in this capital, in the middle of last mouth, a lew noeiiets and unprincipled persons, who, after attending their meetings, were persuaded to seize the standard of rebellion. This treason wn discovered rnty oppor lUDely, and smothered at its birth; they are now fugitives, but their doctrlres are still diMaroinated among the people, an tennae aomo anxiety, as the discontented who remain givo publicity to their destructive pi ma. The organic law and the atatntea are the basis ou which these anarchists repose ; the y say that contributions and land ara the minima of the present government ; that it wishes to levy thi former aud deprive you of the posses ion of the latter- astoufldiug falsehood ' Kxemina the laws from the beginning to tbe end, aud you will not find a tingle page that upholds the falsity. The statutes, it is trus, impose duties on commerce, and en distilleries, but in no manner do they impose taxes on the people. There is, likewise, un ofilee established for (be registering oi land titles, but this is to secure to you the titles of your property, end not to despoil you oi them, as the revolutionists'would induce you to believe. They likewise avail themselves of other mrans to create alarm, deceiving you by the, repot t that troops afe coming from the interior to recot euer this country. What succor can you expect from tne Department of Chihuahua, your nearest neighbor, when theia the spirit of party Las cruthed end reduced te a nullity its inhabitants? Colonel Dompnan, who was advancing on the Pueblo del Puso 'vith his regiment, was attacked by a superior force a-. e Punto dot Itineito-in a few minute* they were io't ed with the loss of thirty men Much, my friends, ate the futility and artifices with which these turbulent spirits would delude you ! Listen not, I beseech you, to tboir false and poisonous doctrines - remain quiet in your domestic occupations, that trnder the protection ol the laws, you may enjoy tho unspeakable bless- I ing offered, and uniting with your government you may 1 point out any measures which may tend to tho improve- I ( uient of your eouutry, and thus enjoy, individually, all | the happiners which your best tricud wishes you. CHARLKS BKNT. 1 , Santa Fe, January ft, 1847. MlblTART MOVEMENT?. j I QMabch or t Conrisr or U. S. Sot.nis.ai thom Fobt > Hvri.r.is(j ? tVe have already announced the arrival here, of a company of If. s |nf tntry, under the command of Captain Piummvr, from Fort Snelling. But this Information was conveyed In so brief a manner as not to leave the impression that there was anything unusual in this mnrcn, or that the command had endured almost incredible hardships. We propose, now, to do what ought to nave been don* then?to publish n few la ta in connexion j wnh a march which hat no parallel in the history ot this country, and the order lor which was cruel hu<1 outrageous la the first place, it it to he observed, that tun order was for tho movement of a company of troeps from Fort Snelling, n post in latitude 40 degrees north, in the depth of en unusually severe winter The order lot the troops to move, was peremptory, and required Instant o.edlfiro On the 18 it or January, < opta ri r.unutiei, the commari. Ing oflicei ot the deUcunenl, look i up hia line vl match liom Fort Snaliing for the Uuif of ( fi? ? [ORNING, MARCH 10. 18Mexico-starting in mid winter from 4t? decrees north to ' go Ji degrees south The second night alter the cum- gr pany K'tt Kurt SueHjng, the vayegawss, a.ho were along with the transportation train, say that it wua the ooldest night they had ever experienced, and as tbe> had been

accustomed U exposure in that region, the presumption Is that they were good judges So ?ol<l was It. that the "* horses employed in drawing the trains, had to he cover- i ** sd with blankets, and were brought to the camp lire, to j" keep ibem Irora freezing ! The treops could not pitch J" their tents, and were compelled to lay in heap* bvlore " the csmp flie, and of rourre with no shelter what-ver. ' It is not suiprising, ? h n such was the case, to learn, 1,1 Lhat the mtn became so stupilied with cold,afier laying T( down a short time, that Capt. Plummer had to threaten * ihem with ser.ne punishment, to keep them from aban- J* Joning tlicmnrlves to their fate?It was absolutely necessary to keep thotn stirring and the blood in circulation, to pu-veut them trorn freezing to death. ; For ten successive day a be lure their arrival ut Prairie du L'hien, the thermometer at that place averaged eight da- | *' grees below zero It ii h-rdly necessary to say, that it 1 win much colder where the troopw were, aa thoy were ?' ill the time marchicg to the aouth. Still won#, lor lorty | ? miles before they got to Prairie du Cbien, the soldiers ; ' Ii id 10 break a road through sixteen inches of snow ; and i *' Iron) that place to Dubuque, they had to wade through j}' two feet of anotv. This was one phase of their hardships, but, before tho company reached the lll.noU river, they bad another. The soldiers had to wsde in mud half leg ' . deep, and when they stopped at night, they had, in same J instances, to cut branches to lay down upon, hoping l" thouhy to keep themselves trom sinking,in the mud.? '' These arc some ot the incidents of this extraordinary msreh. For neatly seven weeks these laithful men en- " dured almost every estrrmo ot privation without a muruitir, and duiing ell that time they had no shelter ever " their heads save one night. What ehall we say ot thede- . otionof both olllcers uud men, who cheoifully endured . such hitter trials ' What mud ha their love o( country and their regard fur subordination I I.ieuts. Granger end * Denbaui, who .w pro the > uhaltems with Capt. riummer, v marched wbli ihu com any all ttie time, wading through n the/ BOW. gad after wards through the mud nearly knee- w Cecp, and taring in all respects like the soldiets. And J! these gentlemen, w mutt be permitted to say here, are West I'omt greiuatas, to whom common tame, until this '' war/iaa not given 'he c et it o:|great powers ot endurance. '' ( a,-tain PiUiamei's duties required him to be on horst I* b ck a poition of the time, but whe n not thus compelled, j1 ha marched with his men. It msy nlso be mentioned, 1 that during this teirihla march, only two men were lost by desertion- -a t >cl which speaks volumes for the euer- f gy, rare and rftlciuncy of Captain 1'lummor and his subalterns-the iwoie especially us we learn that the coin- J man 1 consisteJ in part o( recruits, who had Joined the !' company only -i short time before the ciimmencement of P the march. Upon the arrival of the detachment here, P, most of tho nun were unlit for service, their ears, , , fae*. fnmt nnrl hnriila hnirtir harllv Irnal hift?n TIiav are, however, it in nn lerstood. getting better, and in a * fe* week* they will be again on their way to the outhSt. Louit Rrp.Ftb ati |*J [From the Savannah Republican, March 4 J n it give* ui pleasure to atato that Mr. L Macintosh has tj? been appointed to the now regiment of Voltigour*. his t( rank la first lieutenant John Forsyth, Ksq , of Coluin- to bus, Go., if second lieutenant iu the same company.? 0r rho regiment will he commanded by Celonel X. P. An- mi liews.well known as an eiHoient and experienced officer re from the regulur service. th The undreM or service uniform of this tegiment will i0 he a dark gray frock coat, single breasted, with nine Ha regimental button* down the frout, conforming in other th respects to the (reck coat of the artillery. c( Scales?Or counter straps for the shoulder, in lieu ol v? epaulettes, with the usuel insignia, denoting the rank. x Huttnni?Gilded. as ior the mounted riflemen, with the to letter V. ee Trnwtri? Dark grey cloth, with stripe of the same lt color, edged with yellow cord. re Su>?rtl? Same as for infantry. u, Shoulder Brit? Black patent leather, as for inlantry. 0( Th* regiment ot Voltigeurs will be commanded by an officer ol tried character and experience. The men will hH be mounted ami will carry with them mountain howitzers c(j and a light battery. The nature of the service makes a er situation iu this regiment one of the most desirable in the -pj array. The soldier will receive, iu addition to hit regu- -p Ur pay, a suffi tiency ol comfortable and genteel clothing, v< good quarters and luel, and ample subsistence; in tddi- ?f tion to which, the best medical utteudauco it always pro- 0i Vhlflil mill t\f\ ilmliiriiAn t a ouur made fiir aisttrnesa 1 ? -- V.VV. ?IU The United titates have ordered 37J mere baRgtigo 41 wagons for the war iu Mexico, ot which, together with 41 about the tame number of sets of harness, 7A have been >' contractod for in Newark. Another Destructive Fire at Columbus ? jf It is our painltil duty to record another visitation of our fatod city, by the Are king L??t evening ubout 7 j" o'clock, smoke aad flames were discovered issuing I ruin ,, the book atore of Tarhox k Co on Broad afreet, the (lie having originated in that or the hack part of the adjoin iug tenement, occupied by Hammis k Hoonoy si n turnituro atore. It being unpoamhlo to arrest the die on the spot, the efforts of the citizena were mauftilly directed to removing the goods from the adjoining stores The Are . extended right and left and buck to Oglethorpe atroot, jj consuming on Broad street the f Mowing huilniogs:?P . A. Clayton two storv building, occupi'd by James I) ., Orernwood, Oeorge II. Betz.and Mrs. Dessau I, Hpvu . cer, brick store, occupied bv Meudheim k Bio?( R. P. , Hponcer, occupied by Satmuiiik Roomy, furniture store, j it P. Hpencer. occupied by Tailiox k Co t Wade k Mid dlebrook, seddlery store; Hall k Moses, fund ware; ll?v Mr Cairnea, occupied by K. k.M Meidner; L. A L'gay, occupied by A H McNeil, shoe atore. A large nuumer ? oi men wooden buildings were destroyed, noil cariied the flame* to the retir of the extensive livery stables ol ' Hater er It Pitta, which wete burnt to the ground. The kpiscopal Church adjoining the atable* very narrowly r escaped. For twenty minute* we thought ita doom wa* t scaled. The cupola, blinds aod eve* were charred, o b'ackeued and covered by the flamea, and but lor a change ? of wind, at a moat critical n omeut, anil the heavy rain ? that had fdllnn during the day, and the bold and active a exertion* of the citizens, (among whom Mr H T Brice, v W. Koater and L. W. Well*, firemen, and Mr. Jesse Hut- v ton, J. H. DavU end olhera performed valuable and dan- ' geron* duty on the roef,) it would have been deatioyed. o Wo regret to atate, that in hi* gallant effort* to aave the a church, Mr. (icorgo Peatody came near loaing hia life, f He fell from the roof ol the back purt of thechurcb, frac- ? taring the linger* ol hi* riglit hand, hi* light erin and l< thigh. We muke a rough estimate of the lot* in build- >> i k?, a* follow*:?P. A. Clayton, $1,300; L Hpencer, o $1 000; It. P Spencer. $3,000; Wade It Middlebronk. o fit WO; Hall & Vicars, $1,51)0, Ur.Carinea, $3 01*0; Legoy, ft $1,000; ka'chir It L<ary, $3,000; Party spencer, $600. <1 The amount of good* deatroyed mnat be $15 00(1, '.asides e: a very large amount damaged by being thiown into the F ram and nr.ud iu the street*. Wecatimute the total losa tl at $!i#,t00.?Calumhui, Gta. Timet, March 4. o Muhdir Suicide.?The Sumlrrvillt Banner 'j oft he 3d instant, gives tho folio (Ping particular* ol the murder and *uicide noticed tome day* ago :? It ia again our puinful duty to record a murder attended ' by successful suicide, committed by a in an of tho nam* of Samuel Htuckey, on February Jad, near Spring Hill, } in Claremont county, of thia dl.trict. Htuckey, it *eemi, j and not well treated hi* wife, had left her auddenly ami ; unknown to her, and after converting the greater part c of hi* property into ready money, had gone to Ueorgiu . to seek a uew toc.ation, a* waa supposed. This was *ix . or seven weeks since. His wife, (lading iiim gone, she ' knew not where, by her friends' advice, so.M the remaining propeity, and went to live with her mother On the . 30th February, Stuckey returned at night, and aakad lodging aa a traveller merely, at hor mother'*. It wa* ~ refused, fo' hi* voice we* known. Hi* wife, however, a' conversed with him for some time, also on the morning of the next d,.y, each time refusing to live with him, , though he acknowledged hia wrong. On the morning ' , of the 33d alio saw him again, and agroed to remain with y him'ho coming night at the house of hia aunt, which h the failed to do A little after aunriee on the 33d, ahe . aguin mot him ut the gate. After the lapse of n few miunlet, the report of a pistol wna heard, and it waa found ' th it be had shot her with a pistol unJ killed her?the 1 ball hnving entered juat below her left eye?on her flnsl refusal to live with him. Alter killing hia wife, he ^ walked Irom the geto about one hundred and filty Tarda, r| lay down on the ground, and, with another pistol, abet 0 hunself dead through the head, the ball antering behind j hi* right car Stuckey succeeded in consummating his entire design, by the tite of surer and more certain f( meAn* than thoso used by Stark. It ia much to our re- . gret tb.it our duty, after the abort interval of one month. compel* ua to record a second instance of this kind in n Sumter District, South Carolina." c A Kit kit op Damhi, Footk ?We noticed some ' uajro nunc HID ucaiu 01 Kirn L/amci riiuw, (II p New Berlin, Chenango county, in coneeqtience of brutal c treatment inflicted upon her by her husband, Dr Daniel |, toote, who hud eacaped. The Ch'nangn TfltgrapU ,, atatei that he hai bean aireatod, nnd gives the following particulari - On leaving New Berlin, after hie wile be- f, came insane, undoubtedly in consequence of his abuse , ,j and violence, be went to Kredonia,' bautauque Co , aud , not dreaming, we presume, that death would so soou , overtake bis victim, wrote to-bar brother, who resides jr in Mishigan, that for eeitaln reasons, which he assigned, I , he should not live with her longer, and (as we are In- | i foimed) ie(|uastad him to provide for her lor the future. The brother, on reading this lettei, immediately enclosed n it to KlderChumberlin, at South New Berlin, making in- ' i|uiries as to the tacts of the case Learning his tempo (> tarjr residence, Mr. John Sergeant left this county, in g company with constable Mott Burr, lor Kredonia On 1 (, arriving at that place, the bird had flown, he having lalt , ,. for Pennsylvania. They tracked htm on to tVarren to, ^ Pa., whero a warrant was issued, on which he whs ar- ^ tasted, and ratbei than be imprisoned there until areuui- (l litlon could be obteined from Governor Young, he vulun- n isrily consented to return with them. On Thursday or D Friday last they reached South Bow Betlin , but the \ examination wes poitponed until tc day (Thuisday), in , t| rons,'juenco of the indisposition ol the prisoner He ( has employed ableoounsel. r The Cherokee Country?The outrages ol the |) noted Starr gang forms thu subject of much s< omment in the .Jiiincote of tha 4th Kob It is said th. t ( they persist in muiders and robber)**, and united effnit n is called lot to put them down. Four of them, It appears, tl were pursued, about the 1st of tebiuary, l,> a l umber t( ol Cherokee* and soma dragoons ti?m Kort (fib en, and j i, though tboy escaped, tw o 01 tl.em. n,tniuel Mc P-mii-l anil | p James Cnls'.on, woie baitly wtutn ed Mr Daniel ? as at- j, forward CiUght nnd killed by a taity of Choiokeea. ! c Pennsti.vania LBntSLAlTRB ?The appropria- J tion bill passed the Senate on Mor.diiy. Among h its provisions Is a section authoii-li g -h n i t treasurs r I n to borrow WO 000 to pay the August Interest should a ? il? tl- It in the treasury terjtii.i it 'i'uo lull or Ihv a.ile of |! the public works also pasta 1 the -ei.ate, tut hat yet I ? to be acted on In the Houae ' B [ERA 47. Ocean 11 team Navigation. tttn or Ma Mills a. or niw vc*?, 01? th? w*? Brn.MtH Bill, i.v tut Hovu or R?ra*?*r?T*Tifai, Ult fUK LUt Nioht or TUK SrtllON. Mr i'haismih? In the few remark* I have to offer this late hour of the union, I promt** to confine my* If strictly to the matter embraced by the bill before e Committee I am solicitous lor the passage of the II, ami tor the adoption of the amendments proposed by ii Naval Committed, contomi fating the tatension of overnment ail to a coastwise tine of steHniem, sad a te of s'eamera to ply between New York and Liver>ol I shall go for both uieurures, deeming them esntlol not only to our commetcisl Interests ''ut to otxr itionul honor and security But, though I shall rote r both umstplmacts, I leal bouud to ssy that theio is no casure pending belore Congieis which has e*cit*d ore interest among my immediate constituents than e nronoted - line of mail iimw.n >? i i - i<l pno whose fate they regard whit more w! if stride' ho amendments (all in naturally with the ohl?c*a ol tho .tgiual bill Dotli cvutrnipiutv the rll'octiri incrrur ol ur a'enm uiariue?the bill, that ol tho nuvy prcptr, the mndments, Unit of our m rcaimi.i war navy. Both ago within the aupsivisiou ol thu Nary Department, id are subject to iti control Mr Chairmun, when 1 insider thv present situation of our country; i a extendi and extending territorial"; ita immenie Alieutic conit; te grout L ikes on ita uorihatn frontier; the Mexican lulf, with ita large end exposed commerce; our actual SK'oatioii* on the I'aci&c; with our vast meicauUle mane, beuiiDg our flag to Uie lemotesi sees -I ileum it ut a moaatire of ordinary prudence and loreiight to ngment tho rttciency ot our ateaoi marine by the toit liberal uppiopiutious Koituxately, Mr. t'hairlan, the apptehenxion of immediate hostilities with .ugieiid tei minuted with tho hippy adjustment ol ie Ongon controveny; but, a* long aa we are ordered on the north by tlie colonic* ot any Kurope* u power, we are in constant danger ot collision. Heolt or disaffection in thuae coloniea may at any moinenl Utarlliijf iurreuie thoac dangers, and we may not si rays be utile to avail ourselvea of the masterly wisdom rhich mved us on the uortheaxtern boundary uueation be Me Leo I case, aud the Oregon dispute. When I peak ol these dangers I do not s|x>ak of remote and im rohuble events, hut of events so little unlikely to hap en that it is the part of common prudence to provllt gainst their occurrence. It was not merely tor the pro ection ol the border possessions of the Hudson Daj ompany? it is not from tho Jaeger she apprehends fruit hanges in the thrones of httrope, that Great Britain bin eoa so industriously occupied for the last seven oreigh ears in the oxtousiun of her steam marine. Her legis ition contemplates uniformly u wise provision lor pre able events iier policy is not based upon that from mid to inouth wisdom which bluudeis into war and landers through it, without knowing where to expeel lows or where to strike them. Hhe knows as well aa e know, that as long as she maintains colonial possesons on tno North Americun continent, in view of the (position which they have manilested Mini I \ all during o last dO jears, and ix viewot the di?p< j;i which i< ills, and always will prevail, in tho ' y ol prosel) im and acquisition, there is always . ,in< mote, of misunderstanding and ?rl n, and - u ... de rmined to be prepared in any mi I u| i us with an overwhelming for \i hy, air, look a oaient at the preaent naval lorcu oi (treat Uiitnin, as gistered in the report ot secretary Bancroft, ma in to o Senate on tin of March, IS 16 Krom this I am that the DUint ot vessel* in the British navy is id, mounting, \ en armed, 17,?8X guns, und that in ,eae are empl 10 (loo men, hoys, and marines. The immerce and 1 (treat Britain employ 33,698 issoia, the ?K in ige ot whi-.h is 3,007,681 ? his gives 688, -nine navy to each 100,000 tis ol her shti immense force, and this Unrated protec vo of 14 sailing vessels id 33 steamers in vy, 73 vessels in the venue service, ano . a contract mail steamers ider the contiol of the Government; being a total 134 additional vessels, mounting 810 guns. Kroin the same source 1 learn that the United States ive 77 vessels in tlielr navr, mounting 3 316 guns, and iryiug 8,(34 men; that their commerce an J fisheries nploy l'J,000 vessels, whoso tonnage is 0.416,990 tons his gives them 97guns to each 100,000 tons of commorca hu calculation is exclusive of 13 selling and H steam vseis in the revonue service, carrying 01 guns and 767 ticers and men. The ditleienco between the numbei vessels and guns of the British navy and those ol the ivy ol the t'uited Stales, furnishes a very mad. ijuutt id insufficient iudex to the difference in actual lorce id efficiency. The Introduction of steuui as an clement naval warfare has completely lerolutionlzod its cha icier. 11 is idle to look any longer for our defence lo our sailg frigate* and sloops ol war that won our old battles or 0 ocean. In comparison with vessels combining tlu id of tlaain with thut ol sails, or (team vessels ol war, il obvious tuat iiitiu sailing vessels cau never move witb ie same facility and celerity, or effect thoircombina itiona wi h the same success, or be brought into or out " engagement* with the same certainty and speed The ue relativo strength, then, i* to bd eitimuted by the jmparison of our >team navie*. The total effective earn navy of Lugland number* l?!> vessels, acccording 1 the authority I have already quoted: that of thu nlta-1 Hiatal number* three war steamer* in commie ion, with J3 gun*; one building, to mount 4 guui, and iree in ordinaly, to mount 4 guns; oi a ol the la*t clas* ?ing deiigned for harbor delonca. and the other lor a toum tug. Nino " war steamers," as they are *et dowr n the report to which 1 have referred; while we wan >ld, however, in the annual report of thut Hecretary liat the Mississippi and the Princetou uio tiia only tw< fllcient sea going (teenier* in our service. The Urilist var staameis for ocean navigation stand to ours m tht roportion of about fifty to <>ue In the annual message of December last, the Presides ecommends the addition of an effl lent war steumer U ach oi eur foreign squadrons, and I rejoice that this u ommendatlon ha* been acted upon by tbe other blanch if this body, and is now before us lor an approval; for I ui persuaded the time has arrived when tho main reli oco of a squadren must rest emphatically upon its sttarr ' ssols, and that the timo is at hand when no vessel o tar will be deemed altogether jelia la without un mix llary steam power The practicability ol an t IHcieul omtilnation oi the two great agonta ol propulsion?steam n<l wind?has been already demonstrated by the per ormancrs ol tbe auxiliary steamers now in tbe seivicr 1 tbo War Department in the Gulf of Mexico. Out. sir, t is not enough that wa should inneJy increase otii avy proper. Great Britain is eating into the heart ni ur comma cial greatness, as well es esta'distiing and (tending her naval dominion at out expenss?and all >r tbe want ol a little govaimentul aid ou our pa:', to lut private enterprise which stands ready ant ragei to liter into un active cornmerciel competition with the nglish steamers. Why, sir, how C.iu wo hesitate in lis matter without subjecimg ourselves to the cbaig.< I the motl culpable apathy mi l imbecility l I?o am punier* only in the navy of Iho United glutei! One ol rem now undergoing repairs at Norfolk; one of them iu aily danger ot neinfC declared tin t for service, so bog nd to constantly haa her ileum mecUni My hecn cm ilovod t At the preient moment, air, with our large aarine force in the Gulf, and in view of the greut enter maea apparently contemplated there, not a aingla re table sea steamer at our command; not a steamer of an) Ascription whatever on any ol our foreign stations Vith u equadron in the Pacific, and with the militaiy or upation of California, and with our own colonies ii Iregon to look alter, wo have not a ateamer calculate >r cruising in the Pacific, or keeping up Ilia eoUUl ation between the occupied point* on our wostern coa nd the home department. Not one, sir; not one. Twei y thousand American vessels traversing the watori ottntless million* of praperty nlloat in vnriou carters of the gloho, and dependant ail on Biitia nterptise and British couitosy for every lotto bat passes between its owner* and their agents ook at the city which I have tha bono i part to represent. What was the condition of Nev ork sod its environ* when we were last menaced witl oitilities with Great Britain 1 Haifa million of peopl* ir, and threo hundred millions ol property, liable a rompt uotice to be descended upon by a hundred arme< nd etllcient war steamers of Great Britain, half a scori f which, uodor the command of a ruul Jones, couh avo laid that city under contributions and in ashes, ii pite of all its present defences. We have nothing, lite illy nothing, tu o; pose to these formidable instrument f destruction. Thousands of gallant man, with the or inary aims and with the common Held artillery, couf< ave availed nothing against such a force ; lor such i uco can select its own time otid its own position for at ick. Sir, i* it wise, is it right that this great commcr ial city should longor continue thin exposed to th< tercy of an enemy ? (livelier some means of defend apatite of coping with the destructive (teams/a and mi? ilea of modern science; glvo her war steamers construct d altsr the specifications of our naval committee, am aixbau guns. With these arms, and her own brsvi it'zens to look alter them, they can defend the city an< srbor against' ail the navioso! tho world , but withou asm *ho falls an eaay prey to any wall conducted enter lise. Hir, the whole country is interested in the sccuri f una uatence 01 mat |>oini rroduce and manutacturai -om all sections at the country, in which ih- c??t oit i, aouth ho I well me ?like n, err-le l, luim largi ortion of its accumulated wealth. Im|>ortation* coocen atirig thai a, to be distributed hv r.nal* aud by rail naile to the remotest points of the interior, form anotbr irge portion hvery taction of the country?the bmall it village thu aide ut the Kocky Mounteini? hat mtei ati there, to protect which the expenditure of ono mil on or of Ave million" of dollar! In tho incroaae of ott flicient navy?would amount comparatively to nothing lut when w?. look to the protection ol the whole Atlanti ontier? of the Combined millioni of proiarty on the aai i the porta of Boaton, Phil idelphin, Baltimore,Charleator avaonah, .New Orleana, aa well aa New York?la it n? 1?K iaceful lo ua aa a nation (hat we ere ao waek.sodeat ite. >o utteily unprovided in thia arm el defence, whir lodern acience haa rendered ao efficient, and which th olicy of other natloni lendera aoindlapenaable to our m lr. Chairman, I urn aware that the genius of our inatitu onai* pacific, but tho disposition of our peopla la martial ahoiil-i aay, peihapa, the dupoggtiun of our government ather than onr people. Our motto in reapact to our In ircouise with other nationa la, " a>k nothing but wh>i i right, and auhmit to nothing that la wrong but I :rik?a me that our practice ou thia point la rather rig), nd ahielute. We take our own view of thlnga, aclec nr own bo'm'ariea, an I thin detormino to udhere t i?t view and thoae bouuda, i igiit ni wrong atibmittmi i no interleranee from any quarter, nor to any aibitri on offriendly nations I am lot opposed to thia positioi ut a nation which aaaumea it should hi prepared te d? nd haraell nt all pvinta, an I to aucaor and protect h? ilizana in all qiiarte: < l.< t ua be admiinianed by la! rent*?let IU reriously consular thai tho very meur dopted by President Puik lor the preservation of pear eve plunged ua into a war wiih Mexico. And wnat a prevent an me fu'ine PieaiJcnt, who shall venture I aumn the like powct and reaponathility, trom commi "J a similar n'lital.e and theiehy involving tho countt a suddenly in hunt.liitira with .1 more lurmidshle auoni) ly the agency of bei oontrac* mail a team era, tireat It 1 =asalBillBBa:5#^^ LD. PrtM www Ccata. taJo it now monopoliting tbe tea pottage* and tbt oat. sage money of tbt world Tbt Cuoard lint from Livertool to Boiton. tod tbt Canard line Irotn Livarrool to New Vork-tiietilned by tbt wite policy of the British < government?by tbt advene# ol Juat about tba turn they are reimbursed in postage*, will take milliona annually oat of American pocket# in the shape of freights no* taget. and pattsga money. Tbt French government i I *ce by late edvioea, have resolved to enter tbisAeld ' nlao with Great Britain, and have contract*.1 f r a lint of four ateamera between Havre and Naw York. With 1 Ukase linea thus sustained, private commercial enter price cannot compete But a propoaltioo baa been made to our government bv a party competent to carry out I ita engagement*, to build at their own ecpeaie Ave ateamahipa of two thouaand lona and one thouaand bone power each, and to run them for leea than tireat Britain now paya for tour atetmer* of inferior burden and power, or the animal aum of (BBA.OUO Tbree-fourtha ' of that amount our government would receive beck in i postages ; but suppose alia received only one half, she weuid than be in effect keeping in oommiision Ave Arat clan teunera, Jlwaya ready for the publio aervlce, at a coat of lei* than $40,000 a year each. This lurniabea a nut vary and *chool fur our young midabipmtn and Jiautenania, in which tba? can learn (omething of that ; migbty ngent of propulsion, the eteam engine, in ibe ktiowl. dg? of which our ncyal officers are sadly deA| i uiut, becauaa they have had no opportunity of acquiring it, ana tur behind those of knglmfui. f ranco or jntaaw ? Our younger naval oitteers must no* be suffered to continue in thut devout iguorsnco of steenf, ?nd equally derout attachment to the old machiueey of g*xett and Mil*, which mark wmc oi the oldor mensbera of thtf forrioo.Wo cannot rely upon the wimli to propel ouf oltipo of war. That day has gone by. It wa* tho modo of tlto loot , generation?wo ahall aoon eay ol Iko laat ago. Tho ti.'we ha" coino whan our naval officers mint all bo engt noers, and tho introduction of tho science of stoaa ao a branch of naval education will do much to alavote tho character ot our naval tot vice But yeara ao 11 on, and ' our midshipmen are (till, with tome very few excep' lions, nothing better thun mere aailora. They caa be nothing better, lor they have no opportunities of beoom ing 10. Ibe eatahliahment, therefore, of thoao mail teameri la all-important, ai furniahing a practical school for our younger officers, in which they may bocome good ' ongineerv, and relievo the service of the reproach of Ignorance which now necesaarily attache* to it in thi* respect. AnJ why should we not forthwith adopt tho logialatioo necessary to establish the propoeod liuo to Uvoi' pool at least I The expense must be the only censidora: tion ; and that expense we must incur in some shape or other, or abandon tho whole system oi naval dafances. It is idle to delude ourselves with the idea that we have a naval force, when we have only a naval force of a de[ sorption incapable of officiant service in competition with the improved naval force of other countries. In this matter of economy, us far as the navy is concerned, 1 Great Britain keeps up her navy at u smaller expense than any other nation of the estth. She has counted the cost < 'his policy. She has tried the experiment fairly, and si has now forty war steamers nil out in the guise of ill ste nets, and she is yearly adding to their number. e has found it to he tho cheapest moo* of providing In p. '? for tho exigencies of wur that tho wisdom of nor -men has ever devised. WhBt consummate policy,to bt mo ' 1'wo millions u year levied on American transportation?on American commerce alone?to sastaln the nnval power ol Great Britain and w# supinely nthmltling to the tux?abandoning to her tho steam-canyijig iru'in oi iue wuuu : AUU wuciwwio I shall it ha said that thli Congress was incapable ef understanding this subject, or too illiberal and penny-wise to act upon it I Shall we leave to the next Congress the credit and honor of carry ing out this work J Establish this line we must, some day er other. Why not do it while American enterprise is ready to embark in it 7 Why defer it till the Havre and Liverpool lines are both in lull operation, and till the American business is so completely absorbed into French and English channels, that competition, even with government aid ond protection, would be almost nopeleM J Mr. Chairman, the intereat 1 feel in thia subject, end which my constituents feel, is not a local and selfish interest. it must melter very little to any individual citizen ol New York whether he pays his postages or passage money to one set of men or another But when these items swell inio a large aggregate, end that aggregate is paid into the cotters of Ureet Britain for the msintainance of her navy, then 1 feel as a citizen what to me as en individual is a matter of indifference. It then become! a (uegtiou of patriotism ; and, as a rjuestion of patiiotism. it divests itself ut once of all local and personal conside ' radons, and appeals in no more emphatic language to the ' citizen of New York then to the man who dwells on the borders of the grout lakes, or at the southern base of the Alleghauiea. Mr. Chairman, I go for the country, under any and all administrations , and I will gs heartily for ' hU measures which cousult the honor and satiety of the 1 Republic, and which, in the eyes of the world,give re ; sped and dignity to the character of an American citisea Nsw Ort.kann, March i, 1847. The European A'rvi? Intelligence from the Ou'f? 'l'ht Market*. The news per steamer Cambria nrnved this morning in the mail, anil from its unfavorable character hns had the effect of completely cbeck ing business. No letters came through, and mer cimuis are consequently air.uu to operate, u disposed to do so. Up to the present hour, literally nothing has been done either in cotton, corn or flour, and the sales of the day will bo very trilling, us holders generally will not submit to a decline, until they are better posti <1 up than at present, und purchase is will not purchase txeept Ht present rate J. There is some little news front Tampico and the liruros in this morning's papers, which you will get by telegraph the day Lelore this reaches you. The weather is delightful to-day, warm and pleasant, i here is no news afloat which wauld lie likely to interest ycur readers. The escape of Francis D. Ncwcoinbe, late U. S. surveyor gene; ral from the State of Lonisiauu, from the city pr>j son on Saturday tiighr, is creating quite astir and I talk, and un unusual activity on the part of the 1 p-.Uie, who are anxious 10 pocket the reward of 5?loh0, ctlercd for his apprehension. It is boldly asserted that he made use of a g .Iden key to escape. I trust he will be caught Vours, &t;. D. Varieties. Tiik Osolaist Head.?Ti.e rsn.ains of Captains Wll haius slid Kii'ld are on tbeir way to Btiflslo, r scoriod by tlio burgesses Corps ot Albany The operatives 011 Ilia Tiovil.nca and Worosster rall; ro i l have returned to work A i.'tsrclrv atnm in Prnvlrfenr* u as broken nnin leaf Sunday night, and about fjoo worth of property stolen, among which wcta four gold watches. A mill rider between Augusta and Cat uenvllle, CJpopgin, wn arretted at the former 11 ice on Sunday, by the piht oilier ugent, on tha cliurge of robbing the mail bug of *100 In money and a check on the liiuk of Augnita a|/Wl KKWtKII -ihi. NV.W tOKK AI bat. v. ip a"/"" nud Buffalo Telegraph tompnuv will nay e reward id $|IJU to any |>ern?>n whontmll aire nreh info mauon* ! in ilinll lend i> ttie conrlcnou uf any individual, in ?l?r the I lot low ma law, for wilfully injuring ihe Telegraph l.iae ut | I ropertr T- H. i'AXTON, PrenideotLTtich, Oct. lili, lll? I An nrt In facilitate the counlruttion uf Moih'i Klectro 1 Vlagnei in Telegraph. I'miril day I J, 184V I lie i-eop'e of the State of Mew York, rrpreteoted in fc'rn.ite Old Assembly, do enuci aa follows Sec. I?The proprietor* of the patent riolit of Morae'a ICIec iro Magnetic Telegraph. in ay be, nud are hereby anthorixed, no iiuuntruct lines of laid Telegraph from point to pout,mid aeron any of ihe watera wit Inn ibt limt a of thin Hi .tr hy llie rrattionof potta, piern or butmenti for aaataiaina the wires t of the name : Provided that the itine shall not, in any inI stance he 10 mnntrticted an to endr-cger. or injnrioanly latern rnpt, ihe nnviirarion of nnch wnte-n; nnd, provided al.e, tl ar | the private rights of individuals nha'l he in no wise impaired ,, | ? iik miuiaaci, m i uiiui una act auioorise ir.tt I eons-motion ill any kr.dge, or other similar erection across ii.y of 'he aireaint ol wa'er in this Mile. /urrtrax orprr1 lu.a who ilnll knoaingly or rviirnlly lujnre. uiolrat or deatri-y any of l)>a aaiil liaej, or the mnWiali or pioperty petI laming thereto, shall, on council*,u thereof. ba (termed I* guilty of a mmteino u.or. and lc pnnKhid by imp or .inprivocinent, or both, at the dieeieiion ol the Conrtwh-ch shall hare and t he eognir tnce the mil tee J The Leg'sla'ore tnav at any lime a) rr, modify or ' reto-al ihli act. and Die aanie ahall take i 3e .! immediately. # krejieri or owr.eia of Jonk Moo|ia and all other {.erases are re,|iieated to give uo'tee at the Teleg'ru-. Oft,e, >u Feet's Bu ildtngs. corner of Hsuorei street Mid Ktehange Flaee, or i to ihe nnderaigne I, of any person e ferine cooper wire for i sale C. LIVINUHTON, Wereury. ? Mew Yoeu, March 1. IM7. .No. I* Well atrraL 1 mi. tin r ! NOTICE. 'PI1K copartnership heretofore raiattng hetwecn the ei? L deraigued, tinde; the Ann of Raawi ? Bnooei. u ihia day dieaolv ed hy mutual ennarut J he outat.tndiug debre of the Arm will be aettted by Mr Brooki, t,> whom all debt* 1 due tl e concern mutt be paid, and in tli- settlement of wliieh - he ia eiuhorized to nae the name of the firm II IIMOVVKH, r RAMUKL BI!t?ORB. New Turk, J-n.K. I?i7 i* lm*e KK.VALKN I A. I- 'l^HK Undersigned hare eomt mtly on heed a freah tapply r X ol Krvalenia, a ealinbla rencdv hi ot.a I <ata eases of . couitnetii.il I nt lie in pcuud pack., get. lor aal-. whola '' aale and retail, by UKI.LUU k CO.. Arotnecanea and Cliemiala Moie ratcssanisto ; PtrACK fc AOCItLARD. i HI lrn"rc No f l'ark How. and Sgl Rrnadway. '! LEFT OFF WARDROBE AND FURNITURE h WANTED a I ADIK.H OR (?.-.N IUCMK, N having anpetflaona elfte'i r) a~J to disrosc of. inch aa Wean ig \prsrel, Furrtitnrn, ki . can obtain a tan cash price for the lame, hy aenatag for the I inbacrtber,through the Poat Oftce, or otherwiac. who arlll attend at their leetdnacei I I F.VKNHTYN. Ida Broadway, no ateira I adiet can be attended tn by Mrr J LK VKNllTTN * f'd ln*'c ) l/UA Farms Mm SALr. to HO aetn?i settler*. of the J A V/V/ beit and most [ rnduc^re lind> Payment will be 1 , reeetred in their i.rodnr tons. They are aitnatrd abotu ike t> , eentie of the United St tea, at ha terminna ol the ratlr is g from Charleston. A C. J'he ehine'e egree tlDr, steady, ere i. ' ertr-metv heil'h ; we'l wooded with abet)deet springs <* . i water PatMenlve of thti region of country gaiy be bed 'a I piiutcd ah'rla t'ther at the Northern Hotel .corner ol (.own ' : lendl and Weit atreeu, or the Trniteea'Offiro * Mt HOL mAIOHT. e ' mJ lw*e Hi Wall arreer. 3d atorT 1 TXs / A.V TAN tit) US HAlH I) YK i. n ATCHELOR'R Liquid It.ir Dve ia the be?t article ire ' . O Olfe ed f t coloring the hair to it perfectly V.-J" "? natural black or brown, without staining or ij luring 'he mm t |r is nruwoeneed hy hundreds eh.ih.ee ..yd ?. the -?e > pet r l.rr ||?r|J),v.|,lirei..r ol, Sold whole-ale v ret*.I eg V I. B \T< HELOH.I Wail street n*siBi?bd? I fib m*f

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