TH * 1. XIII, Mo Gtt-Whoi* MO.MC0 Our lltiadoiiH with the Jnpauieas. U it bur Columbus, I Off the const of Japan, Jul* SI, 18*8.S Sir This ship an* the Vincerines sailed from the OUuian Island* on Iks 7 th instant. As pour instructions direct me to as srtaiu if the ports of Japan are accessible, 1 proceeded, upon leaving the ooast of China, towards the coast of Js|*s The Jepanese, as you know, have always been mere rigid in the exclusion of foreigner* then even the Chinese. The only Europeans admitted to trsdo, are the Dutch, from Batsvia; end their trade ia confined to a single port, and limited to one annual ship. By the law* of Jepm, foreign ehip* are not permitted to anchor in any iMitof the empire, except that of Nagasaki. Any attempt to penetrate Japau mad* at that port, would be ure to encounter the hostility of tbo Dutch, whoa* ox' ertions hare hitherto been successful against every attempt to disturb their monopoly. The Japanese officers m+ Ms?ns?hi ..iiU.iil nitlliAeU* In Iraai wtUh fmusimsi officer* i they could not accede to any propositions; they could only trammit than to tba lout of government at Yeddo The distance between Yeddo and Nagasaki U ?4A leagues and the journey between them ia 'usually performed in seven week*," according to a work on Japan, puHuhad; at New York, in 1841. I cnnehnled, thsrefore. to proceed direct to the bay of Yeddo, where I anchored on the 30th instant, the Vincennea in company. 13 e fore readilng the anchorage, an officer with a Dutch interpreter, cunu-on board, lie inquired what waa my object in coming to Japan. I answered, that I came ee a friend, to aacerixin whether Japan had, like China, opened her porta to foreign trade, and, if she had, to fix by treaty the condition* en which Amerioan vessels should trade with Japan He requested me to commit thia answer to writing, and I gave him a written paper, a copy of which is herewith transmitted. He inlortned me that any supplies I might require would be furniahed by the ffeverninent To my inquiry, whether 1 would be elowed to go on shore, he replied in the negative. He objected to onr beet* pasting between thia ship and the Vincennea ; hut aa I insisted upon it. he yielded Upon anohoricg, iho ship we* surrounded by a vest cumber of boats belorging to the government. The iblp was aoon throngod:wiih Japanese. 1 permitted them to ooma on board in large numbers, thai all might be convinced of our trioudiy disposition, ea well as of our ability, in any event, to tako care of ourselves. On the following morning, an offloer, apparently of higher rank, came en board He stated, that foreign ships, upon onto ring a port of Japan, always lsnded their guns, muskets, swords, Ito. I told him it was impossible for us to do so, that trading vessels only could be expected to do no, and 1 assured him that we were peaeeably disposed, so long as they were peaceably disposed. He iniounad me that my written paper of the preceding day had been transmitted to the Kmperor, who was at some distancn from Yeddo, and that an answer would be reoeived in five or aix days. 1 asked him why we were surrounded by boats, and he replied that they might be ready in oaie we wanted them to tow tha ahtn Thia of course, wai not true ; the object, of course, being to prevent our commuaioatlng with the ehore. When our boali ware lent to sound at tome diitanoe from the ihip, Japanese boats followed them, without, however, molest ing them. During our whole stay, these boats continued about the ship. 1 had on board copies in Chinese of the Krench, English, and American treaties with China. I offered these treaties to the Japanese officer, who declined receiving them, saying that he could not receive them without the peimission of his Emperor. 1 offered theie treaties subsequently to other Japanese officers, who in like manner decliued to receive them. it is worth while, perhaps, to mention that, on the first day, the Japanese undertook to water the ship. They sent off let) gallons ; and on the second day, 860 gallona ; our daily consumption being nearly 800 gallons. 1 told the officer, unless they watered the ship properly, that I would send our own beats oa shore for water. He said there would be trouble if I sent our boats on shore. I replied that I should be obliged to do so if they continued as heretofore to supply us so inadequately. The result was, that, on the third day, upwards of 11,060 gallons were brought off, and on the following day nearly 10,000 gallona. On the 36th, not having raceived any answer to the paper sent ou shore five days previously, 1 expressed to he Japanese officer mv surprise et the delay, and requested hiin to inform the governor of Yeddo that I desired an answer uaearJy as possible. Ontheiiiih. an offlct-r, with a suite of eight persons, came on hoard with the Emperoi's answer. The answer was translated by the interpreter, as follows ?"According to ttie Jspuueso laws, the Japanese may not trade, except with the Dutch and Chinese. It will not be allowed that America make a treaty with Japan or trade with her, a> the same is not allowed to any other nation. Concerning strange land*, all things are fixed at Nagaaaki, but not here in the bay ; therefore you must depart aa quick as poisitile, and not come any more in Japan " I staled to the officer that the United States w ished to snake a treatv of commerce with Japan, but not uolesa Japan also wished a treaty; that 1 came here lor information on this subject and having now ascertained thai Japan is urn yn prepaien 10 open nor ports to foreign trade, I should sail tha next day, if the weather permitted. This answer vat, at the officer's request,aommitted to writing, nnd given to liiin. Tne Emperor's latter I forwarded by the Vincennss to Dr. Parker at Canton, for translation, and requested him to transmit to you the original and the tiansiation of it. I- may here mention that Mr. Walcott, our consul at Shsnghi, lntorr-od ma that he had sold American cottons to some extent to Chinese merchants for shipment to Ntgusaki. In this way the supply of American cottons in Ja,;an may perhaps become equal to the demand. \V Kile at Batavia in Octsber last, 1 was informed that the Dutch trade to Japan was insignificant in amount | that its profits scarcely covered the expenses of the factory and < f customary presents : and the Dutch valued their intercourse with Japan, chiefly because, while their own fl<g was admitted,.all other European flags were excluded?a distinction gratifying to their national pride. This account oi the trade scorns to be confirmed by the fact that some years ago the Dutch East India Company voluntarily telir.quiihed it to the Dutch government ft is coiifir.ii'd bl-'u by the accompanying letter to me from our consul at Batavia, Mr Huberts, a well-mformvd merchant, who has rtsiden many yaara in tha East Indies. 1 diu.it duw communicate ati occurrence of an unpleasant character. On the morning that the officer came down in.a junk with ths Emperor's letter, I was requested to go on board the Junk to receive it. I refused, and informed tho interpreter that the officer must deliver on tuard this chip any latter that had been intrusted him for me. To (Jul. Ueomoor assented, but added that my letter, having been delivered on board tho American ship, be tin ngbt tho Emperor's letter should bo delivered on board the Japanese veaiel. As the Japanese officer, though attaching importance to ids own ptopoaal, had withdrawn ii ns H urt as i objected to it, 1 concluded that it might be wall tor me to gmtiiy bim, snd I informed the interpreter thM I would i;o o-.i beard the junk, and there receive tha letter. Tho interpreter then went on board the junk. In an hour oharwuids, 1 went along tide the junk in ttfl ship's boat In my uniform. At the moment that I waa cupping on beard, a Japanese onthoueckot the junk gave bio a blew or a puah which threw me back into the t>eet. I immediately called to the interpreter to have the man seised, and then returned to theabip. I wa* followed on board by tha interpreter and a number of Jspanaie ottcors. 'J bey all expressed the greatest concern at what had ooeurreti, stated that tha oilender waa a common noldior on boerd. and assured me that he should be punished severely. They asked in what manner I wished him to be punished, and I replied according to the laws of Japan. I atated that the officera also were greatly to blame, as they ought te have beea on deck to receive me. They declared that they had not expected me alongside-, and I was subsequently convinced that, owing to bed inteiprotnUjn.. they believed my Anal decision had been thut they were to come to the ship. I was careful to impress upon thorn all the enormity of the outrage that had Peril committed, and how much they owed to my forbeotancrf They mamiosted gieat anxiety and apprebenrion, and endeavored in every way to appease ine. Iu the cum so of tho day the Uovoraor of Yeddo sent an ofilc> r to inform me that the man should be severely punished, and tbnt he hoped I would no think too sericisly ol the ufl'jir. The conduct of the man It inexplh cable, ? *, ecinlly as ull the Japanese in and about the si p ued evinced great good nature in all their inter course with us. As I wis convinced thr.t tho outrage had been cummin, d without tbo procurement or knowledge of the Jspitiiurft > Hirers, as every atonement that I could espect in di-s.u whs promptly rendered, I should not have dinned it ncceisury to commui.ioatc thii occurrence, exucp to gueid t gainst any incorrect slot-merit that may appear in the puniic prion; i laud irom uiu Day ui vcddo on the 38th. The Vineeuiiei psited comi-uiy yesterday. I enclose a copy of hci crdera. V? ry jesprcifully, yeur most objdi*nt, JAMES BIDDLK Hou Osoi>o? Bahcrokt, Sacretrry of (he Navy, Washington Vat l?ll?a. A fuh'cription has been opened at Wirkford, K I, for the s ock of a new steam coiton mill, to coat $100 000 ? Tim stibtCiipHnni in rh? villsge amount to *40000 ? AVi-klord is vrrv favorably siiusted for iMnofacturiisf ptn poses, and we with ti>? cntnpu-ii.pt projector* too Ctsa in their ?| tsrstiona. The lute enow storin lent week wiaof unusual severity in 8' Lawrence county On the 3d met the mow wai thiec fret deep, and much drifted. fho St. Louis \rw Kra learni that a man named 'V! ipj>'r, d li' en.ti ly murdeied a man named SkilarenKon, in St. 1- rune ITU, by shooting him. The bill tonatabliah the city of New Bedford Anally paa-ed in both brotcirea vf the Legislature j eatarday, to to ciMCtnd, ardawaita only the executive sanction and adop'r-nby the vutcia of tho town to heroine a law. A special town meeting was held on Halurday to remon htiate against the adoption ol the ch?rt?r, hut immediately u .juurued sine die by a vote of 398 to 373. A pike, weighing 3d pounds, waa caught in the Ohio c;<( on e Cn cfnnatl, last week, and wua aoid for |t. A ilethcdlat Conference waa to assemble yesterday in Washington wt tho Foundry Church. Bishop Hamiltou waa to prnslda. A Urge numbwr of miuiaters arm dolega es attended. The annual Conference of the Methodist Fmteslnnt Church was to assemble at Kaaton, Md., on tho eanie day. Bid'Sui. Haasioas in Mabti ami ? The liill providing that t e sir*-ions of the Legiaialure of Maryland a hall be held biennially, has become a law. Nkws prom tub Kio ok la Plata.?Letters nnd papers Irotn Montevideo to the 2nd of Jannary base been received The only intelligence furi Jstied is that on the 38th cf December General Rivera trnitc hlmsctt once again master oi Paysandu, capturing III kilting the whole g?ri ison ol 600 men He took alio Cloven puis funr to twenty.four pounders. Hia losi u as shout lt d killed > ml wounded Psyaandn waa taken once hetoio br Rtvara, three or fear yeara ago. E NE NE THE PLAN OF THE CI I ^ / / / i / i f / 9 9 I f I / / 9 # t 9 t 9 9 9 9 9 9 / / t. Plat* de Ann**. 2. PI*** del M*ic. 8 Plaruela da la Contadurla 4. Plaznela da la Calet*. 6. Soldier* Lodging Mouia* 0. Small Sand Hill*. 7. Small Lake*. Description of Vera Crux. Thl* city, the capital of the Department of the nmi name, i* at the lame time both the principal mercantile station, aa well a* the moat important part on the ea*t ern coaat of the Mexican Republic. It ia celebrated foi it* political and commercial ntandingNfor its topograph! ; cal potition?for it* former wealth- for hering been thi , theatre of etirring event*, and for its autl'eriug* durinf the various struggle* that have taken place in Mexico.? I we nelieve we ere not mistaken, then, In our anticlpe I tiona that the various particulars we are about to girt ' retarding thia oity, will be read with intereat Vera Crux ia situated in ID deg., II min , 63 ieo., nortt I latitude, and Farenhelt's thermometer -inis an averng< I range there of 77 deg. One portion of ito'walU ia wa*he< 1 by the Atlaatio, and the shore on tho opposite side is i i dry and sandy plain. Measuring iroin the wharf of thi city to the fortress of Sen Juan de UUoa, thu latter 1* 1.073 varas distant, and its circumference is 8,174. The city is situated on the exact spot where Cortei landed on the 31st April, 1610, to which he then gavi the neme of Chalchiuheuecan The city, however, w? not founded at that time. The first Spanish colon; which occupied the Mexican territory, was the Vill ricade Vera Crux, according to tha account given b; tha illustrious Clavijoro. This was situated threi leagues from Tampoafa, but waa abandoned three year subsequently to its occupation ; and the town, after wards known as La Antigua, was raised in place of ii I This latter is situated mora to the south At lb l end of the 18th century, during the period who ' the Marquis of Monterey was (fovemor of Mexicc ; the present city of Vara Ciuz was founded. I ; waa termed New Vera Cruz, in order to distinguisl it from the other one previously alluded to, and in th year Ml#, it was incorporated os a citv, seventy eigli years after, that is to say in the year 1633, by the hucca noers, who took it by surprise and sacked it, and th tradition of this event is still spoken of in Vera Crui as the "invasion of Loroncillo," that being the popula name which was given to the Hollander, Laurence d Orstf, the chief of the pirates, who committed this out W The reason of the several changes mode in the siti of the city erected by the first settlers, howevoi, ina; be somewhat attributed to the ravages made among th' two first colonies by the yellow fever, or vomilo pritli Unfortunately, though the new settlement of net Vera Crut did not at all assist tho new settler in this particular, for in addition to the insalubriou nature of its warm and moist climate there were othe oauses that were equally unfavorable, such as th ponds and marshes in the immediate vicinity of the cit; ?the exhalations from which poisoned the atmosphere again the reflected heat from the sandy plains the', wer till nearer, raised the temperature of the atmosphere t a most extraordinary height. Added to those dilkcultie was tho bad quality of the water, and tho immense abut VIEW OF TH Daecrlptlon of Smi Juan d'Ciioa. ? The Caatle ef Nan Juan d'Ulloa if tiarjueationably th? most celebrated of all Ameiican foment* Itaconatrur : tien *u comment ad in the year 188.1 npon a bar ei i bank in front ot the town of Vera Cruz, at the diatancr i of 1089 Caatilian vara*, or yard*, and it ia entirely ?ui rotinded by water. The centre of the area occupied by thia fort real i* a email friend, upon which Juan de Ori jalea landed a year previou* to the arrival of Cortcz upor our continent, and at that period it accidentally received the name which it retain* to thia prevent day. It aeemi that there wa* a ihrine or tnmple erected upon it, in 1 which human viotim* were aaoriflced to the Indian god*: and aa the Spaniard*, were informed that theie offerings were made In accordance with the commanda ef the bluff* of Acelhua, (one of the province* of tlie empire) vv re ' ? ? .- XT', - - w YORK, THURSDAY A TY OF V?RA CRUZ AND THJ T 7 1 / ! t I / J J ? i i ? ? i i I 5 A re ! ?K> 4 i i 1 t J I I I I I I ! A The Walls. B The Oate to the City of Mexico C. Gate of Laa Villas. T>. Capilla de Loreto and Hospital lor Female* E. Baa Gate. F. Mole. O. Tower of Santiago. H. Tower of St. Joce dance of that tormenting kind of mosquito called th< Tancudo, whose bite alone gave rise to great irritatioi of the system. All these causes operating together gare ilse t< various affections among those who were acclimated? the moat common effects were, more or losa, aerioui tertian fevers, whilst the stranger felt them in at [ attack of the terrible vomito pritto, the very name o which ii sufficient to terrify the inhabitant* ot the mere salubrious interior Obiervation an<l experience, how , ever, have now served to show all that can be done to ward* curing thia uwful disease, and consequently iti > rav.iges have not been so great for soma years past < The two following facts have likuwiso been a*certaine< I regarding it; first, that foreigners who have once be i come acclimated in Vera Cru/., then enjoy better healtl 3 than do the natives of that place; the second is, tha i though the climate is so unhealthy and fatal during thost periods of the year when great heat and heavy rains pre i vail, yet, that as soon as the north winds (which com 3 mence in October and terminate in April) blow sufficient s ly strong to remove the miasmatic exhalations and mos 1 qnitnea. and cool the atmosphere, then it becomes mud 3 more healthy than the climate of many placet in the in 7 tenor. o Tlia city i* small, but from the regularity which maik' s its laving out, it is beautiful. The streets are wiJe straight, urd well paved. The houses, of which then t are lOGi, aie mostly two stories high, and built of thi n Mucnin stone, taken from the sea beach. There ari n somu three stories high, some of them of flue architoctura i, design with their internal arrangements oorrespondin| t to the beauty of their oxternnl appearance The fines ti public buildings are those near the whaif, which havi n not long been built, and they contain the principal publii t offices. There may be noticed also, the market place i> that has been recently laid out?the parish or piincips e church?the military and female hospital*-the snari ;, time custom house, and the convent of 8t. Augui r tine, formerly occupied by the Josuits. This lat a tor is remarkebie for the solidity of its walls. Th - other convents of Han Francisco, Santo Domingo, L Merced, and Belen, are more remarkebie for their exten a than for their architectural merits. The street* are wel y lighted by mean* of U8J lamp*, which luffloo to illumi h n ite them perfectly on dark night* ; the excellent or i. gaaizitlm of the night watch peifectly fulfil* It* objtct v In addiiinn to the hoapital* we hare mentioned, there *r< * otherj fo. the reception of male patient*; the Gemoten ? which it ?itu?ted outside the wall* la one of the hand r t j nbit In too republic. e The country in the vicinity of Vera Crux produce* al y most ..-vet. thing in the way of eatable*, that I* required ; by th > Inhabitant* of that city. The wood* abound ii o guie, the 3tli* in graiu, vegetable*,and tropical fruit* o un 1 the xvanna* or plelu* with cattle. The aen river* * and lar^e leke*, abound with a gr-et variety of tl?h; the ) moro elevated and temperate region* abound with th< :e celebrated castle of : . 7*. wr'r- . \ ^ ll~ . . 'J ^ jjijfrjifi ''' . ^ - _v- ' '
. ' t' ' I-"! ' . . they confounded dt ebhreriated thl? name into the woid Ulloe, which they affixed to the lalani. Sixty-one yaara after the conqueat the weth waa tin r dertakeo, nn.l although it ieem? to hare been designed > not only to defend Vera Crux, but to attack it, in cam ol neceaaity, that city wa?, nerortheleaa, aacked by the ' pirates, under the renowned freebooter, Lorencilto, in the year IMS. The coet of the Caatle baa been estimated by rariotn writera, to hara amonnted to the sum of forty millions ol doitara, and it may not be regarded aa an exaggeration, if wa conaidar the difficulty of obtaining aome of the ma toriala of which it ia composed, end the fact that a large poitlon of it la bnilt on foundations laid in the aea, who"* wavea it has resisted for mora than two centuriea According to a report malt on the 17th 01 a e a 1 * 1- ??' 1 . IRK ? 10RN1NG, MARCH 11, 184 2 POSITION OF THE CASTLE 0 Aj.< tflBiiJ flllll V* 1 IB VI mm* 'MR1 mm K ^ f| H an. - is I t\aSi I S1 J. Tower of Rt. Barbate. L. Tower of St. Gertrude. M. Tower of Sen Javier. N. Tower of Sun Mateo. O. Office of the Captain of the Tort P. Tower of San Conoepclon. Q. Gate Merced. 8. Convent of San Kranciico i various fruits and vegetables natural to those climates, > and the numerous vessels from Kurope ami America, that trade to the port of Vora Cruz, bring all the various ) wines, liquors, and delicacies which the most refined epicure can desire. As Vera Cruz is one of the strongholds o( the republic. > in this description of it, it will not be amiss to give I some idea of its fortifications. These consist of nine i towers, connected together by means of n stone and raor tar wall, which, however, is not very thick. Tbo two towers named Santiago and Conception, are the most imi portent, as well from their size end strength, as from the fact, that by their position, they contribute much to the de1 feuce of the port. They are situated at that portion of the walls looking towards tho Castiu of Run Juan, and sro die i tant from one another l'J7(> vara*. The other tower*, int eluding the one called Ken Fernando, are Klsnost equal i in shape, size and strength. All of them no mount one hundred pieces of artillery of various sites And their fires all cross, (save those of tho middle ones) in (ront of the guard houses, the external wslls ot whioii 1'orm nart of thai urolli Ufliirh suiTnnn^ tk? <iitsi i Although the port of Vera Crut is the principal on* in the Oulf of Mexico, it in a very dsngurutis on# during the seasons of the norther* ; that whli h i* called the bey. i is in reslity nothing more th.iu a bud roaditsad The , republic ef Mexico ii as h illy til latud in this res spect on Its eastern coast, us It > highly favored i on tho western side; and Baton Humboldt bat ) too faithfully described tho harbor of Vera Crut, 1 when he said that "the only shelter it affai Is shipping ( is a dangerous anchorage nmoiig tho-ls" Theiuinous t condition iuto which >he city wharl bin iatterlv been alb lowed to fill has net,by any means contributed to lessen p the serious inconvenience end rlak which the MtittM commerce of the place experiences from this statu of i things This latter difficulty, however, wo trust will not be of long duration, as the necessary ropairs lis vo lately been commenced on the wharf, and unless the funds lail we hopo to see this work completed during the coining u year. n ,TU* situation which Vera Cruz has occupied in the t scale of Mexican civiliz ition since the era of the emailI cipation from the Mpuidih yoko, is undoubtedly very high. The rising generation it gifted with excel'ent talents, and imaginations as ardent und lively as iheir climate ; and it is murh to ba regretted that the) have b not had tho advantages of good colleges in their city, to i foster and bring out their cipaclties Tho Vera Cm i uos are not lass distinguished for force of character than they are for ospacity? as they are (rank, affable, and generous. Indeed, it would be difficult to instance imy t Othal' part Of the reUUblic wlinfe tho inhahlli,nt, nr., hn?_ i ter informed or 01010 refined, or whirl tuere are mom Idaaa ol liberty uud progreitiou, lei* tsnaticiim, or bet. , ter cu<tom>. Tua lower darnel ja the vicinity are no, i ?o addicted, generally ipaaking, to thote lamentably di?. i upateJ and debauched hablta which are, uaforttinately 3AN JUAN D'ULLQA, OPPOSITE . - - ; W m... _ * ' ' ' '' ^ " ?'177i, It wa* the opinion of a council of war composed of distinguished officer*, that thl* for'rasa, after *11 I'a do fences were completed, would re>vtir* a garrison, for eft'eotive service, composed of? 1700 Infantry soldier*. 300 Artillary do JIB Bailor*. 100 Bnparnumerariaa. The ?Timor polygon, whirl) lane* Vera Orui catends 300 yerda In length, whilet that which defends the nerth channel ia, at leeit, 900 yerda lor.g Bcaidai this, there la a low battery, situated in the baation el tUntieg*, wtur'i double* the tr* on that channel The southern channel ia commanded, alao, by the battery ol Han M gut 1 The whole fortraaa is construct* 1 ol ailrra , s a specie* of soft coral whioh abound* in the neighboring \ " IE EA 17. F SAN JUAN D'ULLOA, 11 ? ?oE s%l d'J I IS. $ ' IBIlV VS \*M/ wmmw/ m .( rj 5f/ r , . - .: \V I 1 1 1 . of *?? AuRUtttn* \ T Con,,Dt. ot Honto \ V. Convex of JUBI1 w To*** 0 X. Convent Le Merced. V . Tower of Ran Fernando 7 Convent do Belen, now unoccupied by religious inmates but u*?d for the Artillery. too often found among the lower claaeoa ol the populace of the larger cities, and long periods of time often elap?e in Vera < ruz without tbe occurrence of any of those awful crimes which are so frequent in other parts. When homicides or murders occur. It is generally among the sol diory, and the robberies that ere committed, are almost alwaystha work of st'angers to the place. Travellers arriving In the night, during tbe hot setsons, would be much surprised by finding the doors of the houses left open, end their inmates asleep. Yet such Is the rosult ol the confidence which the morality of the inhabitants inspire*. Though in times past. Vera Cruz, from ita richea and mercantile activity, well deserved the title oi the Tyre of America, it is at the present day falling lopidly into dr cay. Ita business, whioh in the year 180) amounted to the enormous sum of $83 047 000, has now (1844) become quite insignificant; it population, which In 1804, exceeded SO 000 souls, now scarcely amounts to 7r00, even including tbe garrison Vera Cruz is, bsyond all doubt, the point in the Republic whioh has been most severely triod in these latter times In I 631 it was besieged and carried by the Independent troops ; in 1833 it was HgaJn besieged by the Hpanisb troops, and between the iftth September, 184*. ami the 33rd November, la-JJ, it was thrice bom bulled by the Rpenjsh, who were occupying tho Castle of Ren Juan In 1833, it was again beaiagad by what were termed the ministerial troops ; in 1638 it was blockaded and taken by the Fteucli Tha results ol soma of those sufferings havo been very benefl-ial to the Republic uml honorable to the city itaelf. It 1* the key storm ol tln> Republic, auii well deserves the title of Htrotca, which it baa benie since the year 183&. when ehe occoinpliabcd the taking of the fortreee of 8an Juan from ite Hpaziish occupant*. In conieiiueDCe of the increasing prosperity of which we mentioned aa taking place in the cominducement of tho present century, ttie project of enlarging it* boiirdarie* in the northwest direction was entertained, this however via not carried out, aa the insurrection that occurred about then had the effect of decreasing, instead of augmenting the population. These projected improvements ere deiignated between the Sand ltilli and the two imall lakea, and the city; and we would aiata that the preaent limit* ot Vera Cruz ate terminated by the line running from P to J. that istoiay, from the Tower of Conception to that of Hants Barbara We ought also to nien ion that the wharf marked oppcaite I' iloes not oxlat, being marely introduced because it was am ng the projected enlargement*, * well as tho it., cteale and strengthening of the fortifl-ation*. The llo. it* of an artic In like the present forbid our anterlng into mot* minute detail* of lome interesting point* in u da cription of Vera Cru* 1 hose which we have monitortlcncd, however, are sufficient to awaken an interest in .1 city which, notwithstanding it* present dilapidated condition occupies, from many circumstances, nn important place la the hUtoiy of the Muxtran Republic VERA CRUZ, >'T:~ iidi ilLm'ft p l" ialanda : and Ha wall* are from four to IWe yarda in thieknoai, their axterior h?ln* fared with a herder atone. It la wall ?U| nlied with water, harm* aereo "la torn^Jwithin thacaatfe , rir : ? Ona'oontainin* J4,#4A cubic feet o( watar | ? 17.?>4 " " iptxx) " "MX} H 000 .. " iin " '] ?,?*' " r* via*" ... ? ?j4, BE? r rcr ?aTotal 91,7*17 nafore the oaatla waa attacked hy the Krene.h, IntlHl, it wm defended by 177 plecea, of vrtona n?||hrea-tnataad of 170, which would form iU full equipment ? 1 LD. mm vw* owh * a xr ?? - a- In tba y??r 1 M l tbero war* in tba Caatla of Sao Juao, and In Uta city of Vera Crua, tha followin* munition* of war, balonf ln( to tba artillarjr aarvUa t? h Ian Juan d'VlUn /? Prra Cms. Faixhan .u-.i^o \ ^ * * *?". ,?? Twenty-four por'a, ?7 braaa in " U braaa " '* sa iron 19 " iron Kigbtaan poundara, 9 Iron b " IS braaa Sixteen, " 6 braaa b - T Iron ' " 8 iron 0 " 10 braaa ? 9 " 0 Iran Cannon, 04 4 lAbraa* 14 inch mortar , s brtu S " A brass " 3 Iron " Uiron 3 Inch " 1 brass ? " " S iron Cannon, 00 0 inch " I bra?? Mortare, 7 bras* i,S, inch " 0 brass 00 cannon? 7 mortar* Mortar*, 01 04 cannon-81 mortar*. In both places many of the ubov* plana* war* no mounted at the period indicated There was a contract with Manor Eacander, at that ime, by which h* wa* bound to rurniah the Mexican govariiment with the iollowinir material* of war, at vara rur, or at Han Juan d* Ulloa. vis : -*? A48 boUaw ball*, <&13* solid do, 4,000 F.nglieh mmkets. t.OOtt tarcarolaa 1 000 cavalry awuid* o 000 Infantry do, 800 mnaiciana do' 10 Patxhen guus, 16 eight and twelve pounders, 0 mor* lara, 3 obuaea Of the**, all had beau delivered, except 40,000 hollow projectiles, and 13 uiu solid Accordiug to this account, which first appeared lu a Baltimore paper, it is doubted vary much if the munitions ol war have been much lncreese,l since that petiod, us the repabli* haa bean lu coutiuual revolution, and embarraiaad far manna. It is more likely that some of thensafsrirl bae Ween uanaleired to the interior, as recant traveller* have mat tralna oi fifty and sixty mules, dragging heavy caiman along the Vera Cruz road, in the direction of tho capital. Blnco our blockade theraatle aud town he**, of course, net been reiutorcod. MILITARY AFFAIRS 1 From tlie Washington Union, March 0.1 We understand that many brevets were conferred by the President, by and with the advice and consent ol the Heuate, the last evening of it* seiaiou, and that the official general order for publishing the same ia in course of preparation. We ahaill take pleasure in laying it bafora our leaders a* soon a* we can obtain a copy of it. W* announced the other day that the brevet of major general had been conferred on Brevet Brigadier (Senerel Worth, for " gallant and met itoriou* conduct" in the battle of Monterey ; and in anticipation of the official list,we now mention the name* of Colonel Percifer F. Smith,of the regiment of mounted riflemen, to b* brigadier general by brevet, and Lieutenant Colonel Henry Wilson, of tho 1st regiment of infantry, to be colonel by bravot, for their (tannin auu mariiui iou.i conduct in ina capture 01 Monterey. Lieutenant Colonal John Garland, of the 4th regiment of infantry, to be coioael by brevet, and Captain Thomas Childs, ot the 3d reglmsnt of artillery, and lieutenant colonel by brevet, to be colonel by brevet, for thair reliant and meritorioua conduct in the battlee of Palo Alto and Reeaca de la Palm a, he. he. [From the Boaton Tranecript, March .] We learn that Col. Cushing took hit departure for the eeat of war thie day via Washington. Ordora have been inued for the tailing to-day of the Hamburg, with coseptulei K, Capt. Paul, and K, Capt. Whiting. The Smyrna, with the two remaining oompeniea of the regiment, will not probably tail before Saturday. We learn from the Pott, that Col. Cuahing'e financial relations to hit regiment stand thus -.?actual pay advanced, in anticipation of remittances from Washington, $3,800; expenditures for clothing, bedding, ho , $4.3?7 ; advances and expenditures other than the above, 11,3911; whole amount, $9,889. He has received $3,631 contributions to the patriotic fund, and the $3,800 advanced pay, on account of the government, leaving a balance of expenditures over all receipts of $3,069. NAVAL NEWS. [From the Charlestown (Mesa.) Aurora ] There has been a good deal of activity at our navy Sard, the past two weeks, in fitting two achooLera, the owerd and the Welcott, that were purchased to be used to carry each a 10-inch gun to operate against Vera Cruz. These schooners, now rigged as brigs and called^ IUB uuu lur ,T,uia, anu me oiuer in? siromDPIl, W?r? Of the New York line of packeta, and draw a light draft Thoy will carry tome fifty toult each, among whom are ' vera! officer! of ikill ami experience. They have been tubatantially filled, and are now nearly ready. They are already under (tiling ordcra, and Thuraday nest ia fixed upon lor their departure. The Htiemboll U to be comnihnded by Commander W. 8. Walker, and the .Etna by Commander (J J. Van Diunt The guna were cant by Alger at Month Button, tor the army reivloe. They weigh each 16 000 pounda, and will carry a ahall weighing aome 36 pound*. The ordinary charge ia 90 to'.'6 pounda of powder. It ia known that theaa guna will carry at leuat half a mil# further than the guna of the cattle of ban Juan, oi the aama aixe but conriJarably lighter. There two vatiela will will act in conjunction with two that are fitting away at the New Y erk nary yard, mid which will carry each a gun timilar to thore Uetidea thoae, an ordnance tranaport la to ami froaa New York about the tame time, with fonr apara guna ot the aame calibre, to b.: u?e<l in caae either of tnaae ia loat or ditabled. They will all renJrxvoua at Vara Cinz ; and the place from which it ia deigned to emit upon the caatlo (if Vera Cruz ahould not fall baforo they artive there, which aeema not improbable) ia a abort dlatance aouth of it, whare the water ia aaucb moother than at the north. In fitting theao veatela, it haa l>een found rery difficult to get drat claaa rarpenteia at the wagea allowed, though we underatand tbev are now paying 99 60 per day. It it tuppoted that one oi ihe ateamakipa juat aifctborized by Congreaa will ba laid down here. The following ia liat of oflicara attached to the U. t'eum frigate Miatiaaippl, which (tiled on fteturday attarnoon latt for the UulfCommo<lore, M. C. Perry? Captain, iaaac Mayo?Commander, Henry A. Adema? Lieutenant*. S 8 Lee. John Decamp, Jamea A idea, CM'Dougai, 8 K Blunt?Acting Matter, Henry Rodger* Surgeon, Lowia W. Minor?Patted Aeaiatant Surgeon. John flatting*?Aaaiatant Hurgeon, XVaahington 8het> man?Pui'tr, Williaai H. Kennon - Chief Engineer, Wm* Mewoll, Jr.?I ieut. Marinea, Willinm L Shuttlewortb? Paaand Midahipmen, C. tV. Kauntlemy, Peter Wager, A. Barhot Miiihipmen, Tboa. 8 Killehrown, A Dealoado, T. H.Shuhiick, J. Mauray, U 8 King. 11. il. Key, J. B. Hmith, T U. Wainw right? f aptain'a Clerk,Wm. h. Perry --Purter'a Clerk, tieorgo Hutchinnon -lat Ata t LngP reara, Joahua h'elluii'baa.Jraao day- ad Aaa't Engineers, Win P. Mercier, Wm. K Everett? 3d Aaa't Knglnaara, Wm LvucU. Jr., L. ( aldweil, Jamea M Adaata?Boetawaln, John Kaatheraton?Uuuner, John Martin?Carpenter, R. L- Sheffield? I'aaaengara, ComT. A. B. M'Kenxio, ("apt Holmea. bearer of deapatchea, Mr Rodger*.?Afarfalk Btacan, Alarch V. 'I'he Auguam Bridge Cam. [Krom the New Orlcana 1'icayana.J Among the many ?liunger? io our city at pteaent We uotlca Henry Hhultz.tba founder ol the town of Hamburg, H. (, , and who ia alao tha principal actor in tbo notonout "bridge cam' against the Bank o(tha ftato of | tlrorgiu and the City C ouncil ol Augnata, mention of whicu Urn often hem made be tor# The vary Largo amount involved in thia cuae -over hall a million of Julian inalleii it at unuauftl internal and importance. It ' ha* bean over twenty yean pending, hut it ia auppoaed, however, that it will ha In ought to a cloie by the j Supreme < ourt now in aeaalou nt Washington* ity We . learn that both Mnaar* Berrien and Wabater have been | retained by Mr Slitll'.z. I I'luin the Waibiiigtoii luleillgnuC' I | I'will bo aeen in another column that thi* ce-e, io I which there i* ovei hall a million involved, and mora thiii) twenty yearn pending, has been brought helote tl.a Supreme Court by hu<h parti*** Si'fukMi ' 01 a r ir lilt Ifrin uSnin, j December Term, l?J? V Nn ItO loI.ii W Varburough. truatae, lit, aud Hemy shult/., kppoJlmt*, vs. the Hank oi tha Htete n( (ieoigia, Inhn McKiiine, (>ai*jw*y U Lamar, and tha City Council of \ugiiata On appeal from tlio ( Irctiit Couit of the I'nited <1 .tea mi the liistiictof IJeorgi*. i ti-iuu... mi, - I II I-..L. .L- ? Court of 'he United Stale*, ,!o l.eiiiliy oertiIf (hat tli? above B| pre! wa* docketed and the trnnrcipt of Hi* ro old hetrot wa? : >! at Hi* teifoeatof R'-rcnly J.ihnaon. f.s'l , count" 1 loi Hi* Biipd!'v*, ou the ti"t day ?t January, lighteau hundred and fori} tetrtn. In 'eetimony whereof I hereunto aubacrihe my nam* andaflKth* m?1 of raid Supreme Conit, at the i ? 1 rit> ol Waihington, tliia t went}-sight It day of Jimtirjr, eighteen hundred andfoity arvr.it. wm. alios ? srroll, ? li tW of the Sup,erne Cent' ,it*d State* Si rraiu Cot, rt H'T'ii t':itir Sitrii i December Term, litii < No lit lohn AV, Yir'crough, truttee, h inif'anrT Sbul a, appellant*, cr iho JJit V of ihe State ol Oaoiglt, tho ( ity Coutcil of AttgutW, John McKion*, ?ul Carta ay b. lamar On appeal from llio Circuit Court rl the I'.'fed state* for tho Uiatrlct ol Gay <gl?. I, Willtam Tbomaa utroll. < leik of tli* ''uprrrna Court of the I nited Stat'a. do heiehy ctrtll} loat the abota appeal ?** ilorkatod ai.d tha tiunaotipl of Ha a tocord thare >f win filid at (he it.purt of Datijal \V*t>rter, Klip, counael foi the "ppeluilt, un tha twenty sixth da? of January, eighle<.n handled and loitt aavan. In teatimony tvhmrol I hereunto eubadrifce my nam*, and am* th?> r*al ot mM supreme Court, at Ihe i (l. a Jolty ol H'aahmg'oii, this twenty uightli day of !at.uaiy, eighteen hundred and fuity-'aven. WM. THOU CARROLL, C leik of tha Uuproma Court United Stater Viooima Ltsiiiuii(.-Tha guaranty of thioo bun Jrtd thouaand del an of tha homfe of 'tl.a Choaanoakn and Ohio canal, finally paired tha Virginia Legislature on Monday. aa??????? INST AST AXE O US HAIR DYE BATCHELOR'R Li"jnid Hair D>*. la th* ban ruialea off* ed let catena* the hair tu a perlectly *?*n ? natural black orbrowe, withont traiulnt or injuring th* ik'n It ta erooonnfrd by huadre>'a ? ho haea ?*'d it, tha only ut" |?ct Hair Or* yet dtreoT*'*d. Sold r?he|?ral* and retail by WM. BAT" HRl.OR, I Wall aireat. neiu Broad way. _ __ KRVALENTA 1*HR ITnderaigned hay* ron<r??tly on heud a freali rapid? of Kryaleara, a yelnabla remedy la obstioata c?*V ,nT runatipation Put np in poaad package*. Kor ral*. ?no" tale and retail. by OKLLUC * CO.. Apbtiiecariea and ChemlaU " fll lm'rn Wo. S.Parb Row, and M Broadway.