Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 12, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 12, 1847 Page 1
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fc???????^ T H1 V?l. 1III, Ho. 70 .Wtool? Ro,?fl07 Co liiv<Mtoru nnrt A diuIciivh of Ingenuity ?it<l ( kill In tli? .Htuh uilv Attn. T1 o following circular is 8dlre?s?d In mich paranna In tha United Sta'v*. ai m?y itrlctly be considered original inv mors, arid (o Ml other philanthropic onterptising men, who. in advance of Ihu atfe, preaume that improvements in tha art? and eciencea are yet to be made, equal to,if not lurpntaiug, those of the prevent day. it* object i? the eitahlialiment of on Inrontor'* Inatilute,tof ?ter inventive genius ; and thereby to advance, ns the wt iter heiievei, tha most important interval* of thia country. It is not too much to aay, that inventor* are, to lar as the temporal intoreat* of mau are concerned, tho moat uaefnl cla-s of men in the vorlt ; nor 1* i'h'p a rin.'s, peinaps, icos "icuri i'y tuoir ieilow-citizsn* They u>e urttally Considered vision ary, or nonomuiiinrs Frequently they are called extravagant ami indolent; end seldom over, If not immediately successful, nie tin y believed to be possess el o( sour, I com nun sense. In moft cases they are poor, as they mint of necessity bs, under the prerent di'advent.i^'.'Ous position which they hold ia society ; their calling being held in such low ratimation, ac.l iu its nature so expensive. Also, from the fret that tbey Ret uo returns until after months end years of toll; anil ! evtu then it iiirely ha[ peas that uu otiginal inventor ob- I tains a jurt icmunerotion for his labor ; although ncc-i ( 'tonally, by some bri.lnnt discovery or invention, he re ips the reward due to him, in wealth, i a well us lime. Hut fuw inventions uro approciatej, if even partially perfected, during the life-time of tho inventor ; and after tha', his heirs inherit only his tamo, which hn? no tondercy to amo iorate their Condition in n pecuniary way, in w o wiino-?.;i! in the caae of the li9>r? of Robert Fulton. Of this, however, ir.vo tors ought not to, and will not complain, hut endeavor to provide a remedy, It is necessity which gives impuifo to iuventive talent, and strongly urges the completion of the work first generated in the Urdu ; otherwise, their efforts would be like tho century it inventions of the Mai quia of Worcester, which, though publl bed, wore never put in praa'ice by him, aud cousrquently never benetitod mankind. But poverty mill stumls in the way of tho success ol the inventor ; for although a tuan may think with empty pockets, yet he cannot so experiment. Experiments are costly. They take time us well a a money, aud then, when do.- e, tney but add to hi* atock of knowledge and pave the w.iy to still further experiments ; whilst his daily supplies tor himself, and family peilnipq are diminishing with equal pnea Like tho movement of the hydraulic tam, only more irregular, he ia continually iuleriupted in his ; ursuit, in order to obtain the necessaries of life, and peihaps is never able to complete his experiments, fur want of time aud mean*. But upon whom falls this loss I We answer, the country. The iuvei tor dead, his invention sleeps with him. No drawing or dosciiption he can leave ol his inoounplote iuvention, will induce an original inventor to take it up eud complete it, if he be oapoble, and no other perron is capable ot so doing Invoctois, too, are libernl. No genuine invontorcan iiB mean or r.ouirvcieu in nn views, or neiiroui ro acquire wealth lor the mere love of money. He lovoi to project, mail wants money chiefly to enublo him to re duco to practice bin contrivance*, ond he spends his money freely upon thein. The risk i? too great for a clone, calculating, penurious man to invest his funds in such n fluid?in fact, a Held without a fence ; ond if he has natural talent for penetrating the unexplored field of scienn cud art, he cannot become an inventor, because be will not incur tlio hazard of experiments. On the contrmy, the trno inventor will'expend all his means upon hi- invention, and generally, as soon as it is completed, ho begins upon some other, -.vhich he thinks will ba mure valuable, instead cf upplj in; hi nsolt to profit by that he has done, Origiuul inventors are also hold in disrepute by prejudice, and in some measure justly so. Like " poor Trey," they are olten tound in bud company, and the sins of in pastors aro visited upon thein by those who have been imposed upon by some of the humbugs of the day. There ere mm who steal Incomplete inventions, and obtain pa tent rig!)?*, to sell. Some who get patents for worthless things, knowing them to be such, write or obtain certificates nf their utility, sell, and then "laugh in their sleeves" u the credulity of their dupas There are o hers, real inventors, w ho obtain patents, think 11 em extioiuvly valuable, and in good faith di-poso of them to the gre.it pecuniary injury of the purchasers, and the greater detriment aud dishonor of tiro craft. Thousands of persons have abundant evidence of the truth of this, in the mnl'iiiide ol p-,teiitad machines which are seen stowed away Dmong the old lumber in tho garret, or in the barn or wagon house, which perhaps were never sufficiently used to lequire oiling a second time. In the present day, we witness wagon leads of patented machines hawked about the country as great improvements, which aro bought snd soon thiuwn aside us woithless and a prejudice formed in the mind of the buyer agsiust ell innovations and iinpioveireuts, snd curses denounced upon the heads of all original thinkers. Certificates of approval are made of no value,or looked upon with distrust; and there is no institution in the counlry whose opinion may be safely taken by the siraplo uninformed buyer 8ud user, as conclusive evidence of the value of an invention, or the superiority of one over another." No institution in our country is capable of determining as to the merits of inventions, because their committees of examination are net inventors ; and not having experimented on the various parts,or perhnps not id.ill converHsnt with thesubjsct, they must take the " description of the inventor himself, as their entire guide, which is. in fact, consti'u'ing him the judge in his own case ; aud he usi ully sees his own invention as through a magnifying glats or perifocal spectacles. Having asserted that inventors are the most useful clues of men in the woild, it may be considered by tom* our duty to offer some proof of it. There will be no difficulty in doit g this. The position nan to sustained in any piece, from the country school-house to the t>enate chamber of tho cspito), end it will be done whenever occasion shall call for it. It is evidenced by every convenience with which we are surrounded. If cot a self-evident, it is n visible and a tangible proposition Inventors at least believe the tact, and there is no need of proof to them Thiit the cages of our o^antry ndmit its truth, is proven by the esishliikrivat of the Patent Office; the unir institution cherished by our government for the bunt lit of u aingle class of man ; bud by the appropriation in onu year of eighty fire thetujnd dollars by Congress for the publication of the Commissioner's report. Inventors however, mstt not look to the government lor other bid tfceti that of protection in their pursuit*. if it trill nrtVrd them the protection by law to which they are Justly ent tied, and thereby secure to them their own nsht of property in their inventions, for a reasonable lim tod time.io that they maybe guarded from the depreria'ifLu of impoatera, end pirates, it is all they need from that source. They ran, and they shoul I, ersocitte together for rotatuaal prth ction, for improvement, for the organization andp'rmonrnt establishment of their business, at a separate and antinct occupation, peculiar to themstleeo, and for the txpo-we of interlopers and pirates. They require an institution where real inventors may find suck aid as thiy nst d in the prosecution and porfeclion of their pl ans, in suggestions, tools and moteiials, and pecuniary mean ; Ichert a/t" m iluri ng, they may conduct and curry on their business with success and profit ? where they can have proper depots for the exhibition and sale of their in inventioni; where their inventions may be impartially and eompete ntly examined, and from whence a certificate of approval will be a stars guaranty to a party purchasing, that he as not imposed upon by a humbug IVhere comp tent persons can be found, not only to toil the merits of any new discovery, or invention, but also to produce when wonted, any new plan or mode of accomplishing on end; or any mw conirtvanct or desideratum which may be applied for vt the Institute, with a liberal offer for I'o accomplishment. IVhere models of new inventions will be made at rersanablr. prices, and according to the. wishes of the applicant. Whert theory and practice will be found in combination, and a eorps of inventors may be found capable of discriminating between the claims of litigant inventors; undo/fen, perhaps, thereby amicably to adjust the d Jfl alties, and save them the expense and perpleailies of fidget.on. .ind though last, not least, a school for the instruction of meohaiuee in the beet mode of accomplishing the detired ends ti en unanswerable argument be wentiDg to rhow tbe necessity of such an establishment,it will be fotiud in the lHCtthat some, und may we not say sr.any.ot our most ingenious nteu tie connote iu State prisons, or entitled to tnat honor. An ecoount which ia a fine illustration, haa Just appi-ured iu the " Emporium and Trus American," published a'1 ronton, N. J, January 9Vth, of ono who has invented and constructed In the New Jersey prison, a curious uud very useful coutrivauce to register the votes in houses of lrg isla'aon. Tha attention of the writer was raited to this lamentable tact whilst engaged in the msnulacture end sale of combination bank lock*, and collecting the facts connected with bank robberies. Tbe meat skiilnl burglars arc ot course ingenious, and but (or their ingenuity, could not be engaged in that busioaar. ' UO lUillUlllWVll III IUO IIIIUOl VI UIM vuuu IU? UOU tempt ot tfctlr leilow-eiUzena, leads them iuto crime ? The ?ritei has f.illen in company withi.ome most ingenious men. whum he bet no doubt were associated with gangs el burglar*; and learned from them their history, ae ineentort; whorsby he hat beon couflrmed in thia opinion, expressed shove During an interview with one in Philadelphia, the foregoing plan waa firat cotceived at being the moat likely way to turn their inventive talents into the proper channel- This motive alone, should induce all mural meu and well wisher* to society, to lend their aid to auch an establishment. We b >ve no reason to blush, wheu we say, this is a ^eat, a u>agi>it)c?nt project; and it may bo thought great tementyto propose so much. But it ia not the orio halt of what ought to be realized from it; and no loas ought to be stated, to awaken proper attention to it It may bo called a new contrivance; but it ia not new to the writer, it having been hit constant aim for the last ten years or more; and all hit efforts having been de .) ed to the attainment of this end. Knowing that nothing could be accomplished without money, and to begtu ay mikirg abdication for lundt, would only tuin the projsot, the efforts, thus far, have been directed to the procuring of nvcotaary moans tor the commencement of the establishment. These have been secured Beveial thousand dollars ere Invested in the necessity beginnings; and tho door is now (Dsn lor such as may desire to ue interested therein, to take part, and assist in developing the resources of American genius? to eatall ih tuch an institution as th* wotld lias never witnessed, nut even eiceptiug the Royal Society of London to produce inventions more uatonishiiig than the magnetic telegraph, the steam engine, or even printing. Will editois of newspapers, and periodicals, give us tl.etropinion ol the plan proposed 7 Who knows but it may give rise to some Invention to set and distribute typ- ?? otrender them more durable by coveting their I be itmithsonian Institute may perhaps be en exception t ibis ninn-h. It its lost a. log arms can reach to saw inv.ntioua III the n schaaic aits, so duubt eepnbla stamina's in sins paitfcular, will be sslsettd. Of this, we have an earaeat la Us appointments already made. S NE N facea with copper, or aorne harder mstal, by tho electrotype proem, or by pome other invention? AnJ why may not inch an inatitution invent, gratuitously, whatiter printer* may want, to make thetn its fait friend* 7 I' i* propoiod that any perron may becomo a itockhoi Jar But it is espreaaly contemplated, that the operative business lhall be under the control of rcientltio end practicel men in the mechanic arts. The commercial traniKttion* may be conJucted by any of,the itockhoderi who may he chosen to constitut- a hoard ot di rection for that purpose Fifty dollar* in jy constitute a dock holder; no one need be individually responsible for mote than he inveita, and ho will be rntltlad to profit pro rata according to his inveitment. Hero is a ironertl ou'iiQ'j oi tne 1*1 in ofopsration. It will t>o given in detail, or made conformable to the views and whiles ot the stockholders who may participate in it, should there be any such. If not, then It it entirely unnecessary. That the foregoing proposition is not u mere chimera, and dependent entinly upon what tho public may think er do in the matter, may l>o understood from the fact that tho works aro already in operation. The subscriber is now reudy to receive applications from inventors, who have not the means of completing their inventions, or of introducing thorn into use if completed. From among tho applications, If any aro made, one er more will bo selected ns the most valuable and promising. Tho purty applying, who may bo selected, will be made a stockholder; ha will be provided with all the necessary meani of prosecuting bis invention to completion, and if need be, means of suhaistenco furnished to his fumily during that period Wh u a patent is obtained by tbo invontor.it will become by assignment the Joiot property of the Institute end tbe inventor, and made productive,; cither by tho sale of rights or by the mnnutacture el tho article for ale. The inventor himself ought personally to attend to the work to be accomplished both in tho completion of the invention, and ita introduction to use, by manufacturing the artiole when that 1a to ho do no Tbe sales will be mada under the direction of the Inatitnte. Should the call now made upon the philunthropy o! the public be met either by few or many, who are willing to invest as much capital in the proposed plan as is now invested, not loss than torty or fifty inventors may be immediately admitted to partake of the benefits of the institution. It will be a rare case indeed, if from among that number Judiciously selected, some brilliant inventions will not be tbe successful issue, to roward liberally for the investment of capital, as well as tho toil of the inventor. Tbe responsibility of the task of makirg selections for the privileges ol the Institute, is not overlooked by the writer, nor lias he the arrogaucd to presume that he is fully competent to the task. He, there/ore, solicits aid in this particular, from among the scientific mechanIPU nf nill? nnnnlrw wltn ns* eemn. ??"? ' ...I I. .? j ?O vmii-wui, u 11*1 wuvuave meant to invest, and are desirous to promote tbu useful artt. Krom amongst auch, a committee may be (elected to perform tbit moat responsible tet unavoidable duty, who will do Juetice to the inventors as well a* the institution. Applications made, will be strictly confidential, so that no injury may be done to tbe interests of any rejected applicant. The subscriber, however, will not shrink from this duty, even if he has it to perform for tbe present, alone -, ami the proposed plan will be carried out as begun, with only one or two, until a sufficient num ber of inventors are in that way associated, to make up a competent committee for the admistiou of others. From six to ten boys, between the agea of ten and 1? years, who show marked ingenuity in the mechanic arte, will be received as apprentices They will be provided for, aud taught some useful trade or occupation : in addition to which they will be instructed in tbs use ol tools generally, and fitted as far aa practicable to become inventors. Many of bright natural genius, have failed to become successful inventors for want of early training and this has perhaps never yet been attempted. Foi nearly two years there has been in the employ of the writer, an excellent machinist, who is perhaps second to none in tbo country lor general purposes in the working of wood, or iron ; capable of building any kind oi machfaery, or carrying on any manufacturing operation, or instructing apprentices. And it is hoped, that ere long there may be foucd associated together such an array ol mechanical ?kill, as will furnish superintendents foi manufactories, and machinists of rare qualifications, as wall as the developements of ingenuity. The subscriber is the inventor of the present United States mail lock, and the manufacturer of that article as general agent uinter the charter of " The Perth Araboy vlauufacturing Company." There is also established a large manufactory ol kegs by steam power, capable ol making in tbo most perfect manner, five hundred two gallon kegs per day from the reugh timer, with only nine hands ; being an entirely new invention ond not jel patented With two steam engines, one of twenty and one of five horse power, a lock and keg mumifactoi y already in operation, including the contract with the posl olAce department for mail locks, workshops covering sixty thousand square feet of ground, two and three stories hieh ; about thirtv acres of land with dorkinarnri. viieges, and more than a dozen of neat and comfortable J veiling-houses; a charter granted in 1931, for Oft) y oars, for general manufacturing purposes, authoriziiifi I a capital ot half a million of dollar*, and an admirable location for cotton or other large manufactories, then teimi a promise of something more than a mora chimen of the brain. All these advantages are at commaud, ai< may be secured if deemed advisable by those who mnj mute in the plan proposed. As to the location which has been selected for thi above establishment, it may be necessary to say some thing, for the information of those at a distance am unacquainted therewith. Perth Amboy, in New Jer sey, it an incorporated city, with about two thousand in habitants. It is twenty .five miles from the city of New York, on the main route to Philadelphia, by which ii transported all the merchandize (so constantly passinf inland, between those cities; and in fact, between tin north and the south. It is a seaport, with an excellent hai bor, as easily reached from the Atlantic ooean, dis tunt eighteen miles, aa New York; and by Teasels of th< largest class The communication with New York by steamboats, which ran daily, in two hours, is uninter rupted dining the year. The chief business done is tin planting and growth of oysters, and more than belf th< population are engaged iu it There are a few manu lactones and two seminaiies; one for young ladies, au< one for boys. It contains five churches ot different de nominations, and one bank. It is a place of quiet, on ele vated ground, overlooking Prince's bay, and in sight o dandy Hook lighthouse. It is very healthy, em said to be one of the most delightful places fo residence in the countiy There is uo theatre or other public placo of amusement, for which thing inventors rarely, if ever, have a tusto. Their enjoy i,tent is in the ample unexplored regions of thought am experiment. Its proximity to New Yoik, the great me tropolis where may be found |if to be found in the coun try) all the materials which are needed by the inventor maJtea it a desirable location ; whilst he is sufllcientl; lar removed from the follies and allurements ot a gren city, which might interrupt his cogitatioos New York too, is the great m at for the exhibition and disposal c the products of ingenuity and skill, whore will be estat; iiihed the chief wurebouse of the Institution. And n place, peihaps, could boaelcc*ed hi mure ooutrnl, wher ihs same facilities are afforded to inventors as at rerth Amboy. At the Convention of Inventors held in the City of Ne\ York io October, 1844, it was proposed to form a nationH association of invantors, to be located in that city Ai outline of the foregoing project was then publicly sta'.o to the convention by the subscriber ; but it has been d? furred to see what might grow out of that, as possibly i might snperaede the necessity of this project. Honore with a place upon the Executive Committee of th Convention of inventors, for the amendment of the pater laws, and sl?o appointed a vice president of tho Nations Association of inventors, he has had a full opportuuit ol determining how far this has be?n tha case. Havini now arrived in the conclusion thst the wants of jnvei ion aio 1101 10 us supplied irom mat source, and th( this greet cause must be started by liberality and detei mined energy on the pert ol some individual, hn boldl; makes the advance iu pursuance of the original pier and hopes to meet a hearty reiqx>n*e from among th great body ol inventors, if from no others. Ono word now as to the query, which will arise i the minds of many, because it is almost universally b< iiaved that self interest liosat the bottom of all new pre jecU, "How Is he," ithe writer.) "to make money l>; this operaiiouT' Tho answer is easy, vlx whateve ptcperiy he has accumulated, has heen by ingenuity lie believes It to be a most prolific source of prctt' whan secured an l properly attended to He has mor contideiice in the investment of capital la ingeuii ity under proper organisation, that in any otiie species of property, because new inventions are no likolt to destroy the business lie believes it will be a ?al investment for the above reason, and because inventor being liberal minded, are at least as likely to be hcnei as men engaged in any other occupation, if not m<>ro s? He expccis to be ono ol the managers, so long as he hs in it a large investment; and prefers trusting his capita under his own management in company with others tha to investing it in stocks and securities over which b has no contiol. That which is obtained by ingenuity, to be lost, may as well be lost on ingenuity ; aud then will at least be a pleasing reflection, that it was rspent ed upon the most valuablo and deserving class of socb ty. He also knows the wants and let lings of inventor for be has seen the day that ho would have sold his tim and his talents for life, for the paltry sum ol five hundrc dollars per annum, in order to be enabled to carry 01 his inventions. He does not believe that ingenuity ; concentrated in any one individual, but that by a uuio ol original miuda, frequent interchange of thought i conversation, and a combination of Invontivo talent,thet is scarco a conception of Idea as to the things which ma be done In the mechanic arts, but what may be accon plished. Communications on this subject may be m dressed to the undersigned at Perth Amboy, Ne Jeraey. And as it is probable it will call fort a large correspondence,those who feel ablo, are request ed to rend their letters, post paid All enquiries will! answered promptly. The views ol inventois, especiail and any suggestions from them or others, ns to the i u thetance ol the plen, will be gratefully received; or 1 will be happy to see and conveise with any who may I disposed, with that view, to visit the place. Tenon* desirous to take stock will please aiy so, art how many shares, that some calculations may be mm! as to the reoeption of the proposition Hut no mone will bs received, nor scrip issusJ, until after the first i May next, it then; and in the mean time, a meeting c th# proposed stockholders may be bad to mature the piei 01 which due nonce will he givan to all interested pai ties. In order to giro general publicity to this circular, ft want of a belter plen, it will be seDt by mail, to all par of the United States, addressed to "the most irgmiou man''in ihe place oi its destination. As such are get orally known to Pest-Masters, except in very large citic they will no doubt bend itoverupou receipt ol the pos age, two and a half cents, to any such poison, if to h lound; or if not, to any other person who may ha dispo ed to take it. Such person, alter reading it, will confc favor by skewing it to wkomtoever he may think wl ko disposed to advanoe the oeuse of isvoation, and if an W V o ??I?r -FT?n t.-T" - EW YORK, FRIDAY MO] more circulate nre wanted, they shall bs sent to any a<* ' drosi, uj>on application by latter. SOLOMON ANDREWS. P* ntu Amhov, Feb. 21, 1047. P S ?Sine* the foregoing was in typa, it bns been suggested by several inventors that the sum of fifty dollars to become a stockholder, and thereby to become a member. will exclude many wot thy inventors, they not having !bo necessary means to invest. To meet this case, it may be stated, that the charter authorises each share to have one vote, and to be represented by proxv, whilst it fixes the su 11 of fifty dollurs to each alntro Suppose, then, such iuventor having some friend who is able <o purchase one or more shares, becomes the proxy of that person, aud thereby becomes a 1 member, during the pleasure of the said stockholder, at | tending the meetings und canting a voto for him. whilst ' the ciipituliat obtains the profit derived from the share no represented Inventors may thus become members, and . the institution Will be benefitted by their talents, wisdom aud rkill, whilst a large capitalist can extend his usefulness to many inventors, and bo ulso profited ; thereby. Perhaps some still better plan may l e suggested to meet the case. UIlillLY IMPORTANT INTELLIGENCE FROM THK SEAT OF WAR. THE REPORTED BATTLE urr w'krk GENERAL TAYLOR & SANTA ANNA, f WITH Tremendous Slaughter. AMERICANS AGAIN VICTORIOUS Vigorous Preparations for Tin; STORMIiMG OF VERA CRUZ. d(C., Ait'i, diCi I Tire dotrh'm mail brings the New Orloana | papers of the 2d inst. The Delia contain* a letter from ? correspondent at Tampico, which states the division of our army commanded by General Taylor, had met the Mexican troops, under Santa Anna, near Sallillo, aud that a desperate battle ensued. The slaughter on both sides, is said to have been very great. : Gen. Atista, who was in command of a divis[ ion, was wounded. 1 The Americans were finally triumphant. ! Annexed are the details aud reports :? I THK REFORTS or THE BATTLE BETWEEN ORNKKAI. | TAYLOR AND SANTA ANNA. ' [Correspondence of the New Orient* Delta J C*Mr Feb. 17?4 o'clock, P. M. After closing mine of this morning, I proceeded to ' the eucampmeut, und bad not dismounted from my horse ' before I was asked by a thousand persons whether I had the particulars of the fight between General 1 Taylor sn>l Urn Santa Anna, ut Monterey. I did not know what to make of it for a while, but at last sue reeded ill obtaining enough items to snow that General > Taylor had again met the enemy. As soon as 1 heard this 1 repaired to the quarter* of Gen Twiggs, and be luforme'i mo that three Mexicans had arrived this ' morning front Victoria, who had said (hot tho forces ol i ihe Americans, after retreating from Saltillo, hud made a stand ut Mcntorey and given tight to the Mexicans uut der Santa Anna. The conflict is esid to have been long I and severe, and the loss great on both sides, but that the Mexicans ultimately gave way, and they sustained a t heavy loss iu killed und wounded?among the la'ter was ; Uou. Arista. At this moment i have little time for comi merit. Kvor since 1 ltavo been aporisad of the departure ot tne enemy irom oan l.uis ae rotoii, I nave neon ax > |'fctiDg *0 hear the news ot a battle. To encounter (Jen i Taylor, Hsuta Anna would wish live times his number ol [ men, and knowiug that, I feared lor the Issue of a battle, > and I matt confess to you, that I believe more fully that ) u battle has been fought than 1 do of the reported result, i If the rumor is true as reported, (and why should the I Mexicans say so against themselves i) you will have the r particulars long before we will here. Tampico, (Wednesday night) Keb. 17,1847. 3 The rumor I sent you this evoaing, relative to a light * between Santa Anna and (Jen T..y lor, although Mexican 1 nows, is credited by almost every olUcer here. The advance of Santa from San Luis to Hultillo, had prepared every one for tbo receipt of the news of a battle, either at that place or ut Monterey, and from that Ibey more readily credited the report. Tho foroa of the Mexican commander must have been very large, judging from the notices of their departure Irom 8au Luis, and he had enough, in his own mind, to overcome the 4 or 6,000?if that mony?of Gen Taylor. Independent of this, the tact of the Mexicans reporting this news, whioh is against themselves, induces me to attach some credit to it?for, as I havo said before, there is ganerally some Are from where this sort ot smoke issues. The account, as I gathered it last evening, is a -little more in de" tail than is sot forth in my first letter. ' On tho approach ef Santa Anna to Saltillo, (Jen. T?y lor fell hock on the rond to Monteiey, followed by the . Mexican chief In his eagerness to outflank our gone[ ml, and cut otf his retreat, he extended his line too fjr, 1 and so weakened his centre, that the ready eye of old r Taylor immediately discovered the advantage,and wheel> rug hia column to the right by a quick move, cut through " tln ir centre and made sueh worn < n the advanced halt. lhat, before thu rear could render them any essential eer vice, they weie cut unaud dispersed Tho number of ' killed on the part of tho enemy, ii represents 1 by the ' ,Mexican to hove been greater than at any other battle Among*! the dangoiousTy wounded, 1 hear the name of (Jen. Arista mentioned, but do not learn whether he Is a prisoner I could mention to you the names of several distinguished officers who place implicit confidence in this ItWa, but it is unnecessary. If you hNve not received the news of this fight, look at your last dates irom Monterey. It wonld take thii news seven or eight days to reach here, and it may be a* many mure before it reaches your city. Tsmpico, Thursday morning, Fob IS, 1947 Again, laat night we were visited by a Norther, anil it is a doubtful matter to day {whether any vessel can pass the bar. Tho ship Klstler was o(T the bar Inst night with despatches for Gen. Scott 8he is from f.oboa 14MA There is still a great deal ol talk this morning about the fight up country; and if it did not occur as related, I feel coitain that a skirmish of some sort has taken place. It may look strange, In my brief letter of yesterday, to be detailing trum tumor how an attack was made, he., but 1 simply set it don n to show that if it is without truth, how rumor can gather up probabilities onough to work up a good story. As 1 said before, you 1 can compare datos, and exercise your own judgment as to the possibility of its ti utb. . THK^ MKXICAN MOVEMENTS TOWARDS SAl.TtJ.IA>, MONTRREY, ETC. Tampioo, Sunday ntght, Feb. 14. Lost evening a Mexican meichnnt came in from ' mduJ Victoria, and corroborates, as l'ar as a Mexic n can, the statoment formerly made, that a large body of the enemy r had concentrated at that place, and that L'rr i is their chief, lie says that a day or two before he let'., there wis a review oi the troops by the General, < w hi oh occasion two thousand mounted men and five lusand infautry were in line. Subsequently, half ol 't o cavalry lorcn and ahuuta thousand of the infantry hu I started on tho road to Monteiey, and that it was their intention to proceed to or as near that place as practicable. I let 1 very certain, in my own mind, that there is u considerable force at the above named place, but it ii a matter o( great doubt whether there is one half ol' the number set down in the foregoing. The genrisl ins pre sion is, that their objtot Is to make a dr scent upon tho tl place, anoui j 11 [>e iuii m cnnrgo ui a smut garnson, toil u I think it quite probable The facilities offered for a e sally on, and letreat from, Tumpico, are greater than at if iiny plnce we have occupied in the country .and the Muxit leans are well uwure of it. Independent of the town of 1- Alliin.ua, -JO inilei distant, ivluch contaia* a population a of near MlH) ao'ils, the ranches hiu very numpious, and a, the nuniber of mm n'ound them almoat incredible.? e Theae mon, in connection with a thousandor two of the d infantry of the line er lac ier*, could enter thi* town, it after the departure of the major part of the force now ia here, and take it, and should they ret deem it prudent n to remain in the plaee, they could diaperae in a few n houra, 01 ' <e to tne mountains, and thua avoid any forcn e that roig. pursue them Kaw men in Mexico are more y familiar v n the topography ol the country than Urreu, a. and if aucu ia the intention ol the Mexican commander, no hotter selection could hare been made. The Mexi]. cans here, say that the command of Urrea ia deitined for w ?au Fernando, and Irom thence to the Kio Grande, h | The advance ot the enemy irom fan Luia de Potosi to|. warda Saltillo, te noticed in the Htpubhcano ol the id, ie leave* ua in greet doubt a* to any immediate movement y, 1 from thia plaoe. The force under Gen. Taylor ia not r- deemed aufHcient in that quarter, end it is the opinion of ie several well infoimed cfllceri, that Gen S:ott will not ie > leave the Braaon until he ia satisfied that ell ia right in the direction cl Saltillo The number ol men aet down id in the letter from Hen Luia, as being nu the move toward e | Saltillo, (end it ii universally credited here.) would Imiiy cats that tho enemy aerioualy contemplated an attack of upon General Taylor, and tho great liittlculty ia, how if | ia ha to be relieved f At thia time it ia impossible tu o, j march e command Irom here to Monterey by the ,route [ we travelled down, lor independent ot the numerous stream* that caosa the road, and which may swell up at r this season in one day, so ua to be impastuble, thure ii la little or no corn to be obtained, and it ia out oi the que#ii tton to think of haoliug along a sufficiency of forage tti ?. do for the trip. It would not be prudent to divide a a, foieo, either, ae it would subject small parties to annoy t- once from the enemy, if they were not cut up. Th? e only means left u*, then, of reinforcing that wii g of th? a- army, should they need it, would be hy the Biaaoa and " Gemergo?and with the pieatnt low atege of 'he Hk ^ wou,<i not be very expeditious General jr ' Worth, 1 understand, ha* embarked irom the Bruios, and > li JSC I RNING, MARCH 12. 1847. ihoul I soy comhlerable lorco tie needed. tlio Command- ! gt nr-in-Chit f would havn to call thein from this place 1 , co flatter my?clf that I am neither a Rc'imbler or f:*<iIt-fin<!- th er, hut I mint ?ay that I think. It ?m a very Injudicious T move to reduce the force to so small ii standard undcrQ^n. . 8< Taylor, la that general'* late despatch to the Secretary pi of Wgr, he raid he considered SiiltiUn n? a point of the in utmoit importance to ua, ant that he hud taken the pro a.

caution to leave it in n atato of Rood dofenco, when he tl; moved in the direction of Ta nploo. The reduotion ot the at torce then there has been at least on? liulf If Jen Worth, 01 with the 8tU, O'h and 4ih infantry, Uuncan'a and another ci buttery : and I learned today, from Root authority,that 1 8 the 1st and i I regiments of Illinois volunteers had aWo h been ordered to join Onn. Shield*, and h id arrived Bt the h Hrtzoa,)- and that by lar the best half have loft there? t| (Jan. '1'aylor, from his intiinacv with the uature of the tl country, ought to be the best judge m to the foice re- u juired to maintain their position at that place, "n't ho tl thought between live und six thousand man putllcieut; , p hut Oen. Scott, premising that a smaller farce was b)N d sufficient, induces the number, including thn-ie at Mon- N terov, to n little over 3 000 men. I suppose it's all light, s ami that the Couiniunder-ia-' hief knows what he's about, p but for my humiile self, I Jo not feel altogether easy as e regards the situation of old Hough anl KeaJy. ! 8 When I left Mouteiey, in December. 1 believed, oml ; t! think 1 stated it 'o you at the time, that that place coulJ ' be JefenJeil lioin the Black Fort, against uny uum- j 1 Iter of the enemy who might have the temerity tocomo | against it. Tbi> I still he! eve, hut if the force has fallen i back from N.iltillo, and the posset Los MutrtosunobI slnu ti'il. a Miihi. niiii lot ve of the enemy may ctoss the f i mountains, so ni to lino the touJs lea,ling to the Kin Giambi, tin t cut olf the supplies Ultimately, this may force the foil lu iiiriemtur; tin J if they he not pretty well supplied when attacked, may liuve to yiulJ belore any assistance could t o rendered. The force spoken of nr having left Victoria fir Montrrey.ifit he true, will, no doubt, station themselves near f'adureyta, uml tho road leading through that place nod i himi to OMHrgS, which was gen. i.iliy travelled on | | account ot water when I left, will he commanded by I them This evening a mail was brought hero from New OfI leans by a st.umor tiom the Brains, and amongst other I items, was the gratifying intelligence that Bilgaliei! Uoneral Twiggs ha 1 hern breveteda Major-Gsneral There was nothing oilirial received on this head, hut the moro rumor ot it d it'.ised unbounded Joy throughout I , the campi. if it be true, und I trust it is, the big folks at Washington havo ut luatfoun 1 out that there was soma- j thing worthy of notice tint occmred at the mst eml during the sicgo r.f Montmev. Krom the tone of the newipapers througlmut the United .Mates, a person unac I quainted with thn import nit ev en's ot that division of the > , army, would look upon it as being of miuor couaidem- I * is., ts;. . i. .. .. i ' " <"?? < uraiiuiicu, aud owm its origin altogether to accident One of tho P editor* of tho IV. O Picayune and iti special correspond- n ent(ll ) witnessed the siege; but, uutortunatcly for the r credit of the whole army, wcro both with the same divi ? aiou, and, of courts, chronicled every important event n that occurred during the light. To do thla, whero meu ' fought aa well ond at bravely at those did under Oene- P ral Worth, was labor enough, and they fulfilled their task P woll, at the voluminous and interesting reports in that ?' paper will show. Before closing these letters after the *' capitulation, thoy had only time to say, before the send- | 1 ing otfof the express, that the east and had lost so many 1 * men, among whom were a number of officers, named.? I ' The Picayune's account of the battle was copied and j 1 enlarged on until Generals Taylor, Twiggs, Butler, ! 1 Quitman,etc., were forgotten,and paragraphs crept in the original account derogatory to the character and stand- I ing of tho?e gentlemen as officer* and soldiers. Papers I 1 that were read by the multitude contained paragraphs j 1 that " Worth was the hero oi this ali'air 1" " he did all the | c work 1" etc , until the American people in the absence of 1 all official accounts, huzzaed for Worth's division, nor ' cast a thought upon thosn at the esst end, who worked ' incessantly, day and night, to subdue the strong redoubt* that opposed them * * * * * Had they but wituessed what has since boon pointed 8 out to me, by men who fought and bled in the dreadful * onslaught at the east end, their account of the liege 1 would at least have been neutralized, and many a gal- i lant officer and soldier who hue inwardly sighed acijulescence to the si) ing, that "republics are ungrateful," m would have been spared the bitter reflection, tbat all ' t their exertions for the nation's honor hid been over < looked. I have had lurts and bastions pointed out to . | me that had bten reinforced for the third and fourth time , by the enemy,before they yielded. There is one in par- j titular, where an effiaer, who stands conspicuous in the ' i siege, told uie that the last reinforcement brought in ( amounted jo about 4(10 men, where,the original defenders did not oxcoed 30t> Kur these papers to claim that i , Worth did all the work la ridiculous, an l I am proud to i lrarn, by the sppoiutment or promotion of Gen. Twiggs, that the President did not awallow it That Gen. Worth , did well-did all that aoy man could have been expected to do-then .is no oo* more ready to admit than I am; but thore are others who labored aa hard, accomplished , as much, and are ready ugain to do so, as he did. Gen Worth went over a great deal of ground, but hud he ancouiiteied the difficulties that weie opposed to 'I wiggs and others, he never could have made the headway into the city that he did. 1 do not recollect one position of , the enruiy that Gen. Worth dislodged, where a rein- I iorcemmit was brought in. Inde|>endence Hill was taken 1 by n master stroke, hut there was no uttuoipl to regain it. The tame thing occurred at tbo hill that commands the Bishop's Palace, but the effort was slight to regain it ; I and so the battle continued until they approached the main plaza. On the other hand, I do not know u fort or [ redoubt, that was not maintained for a while, at the east i end, with the utmost ohstinucy , the reduction of each, ! causing the sacrifice of nuuy lives The .'ilference in : the defence, made by the enemy in the different quarters I of the town, maile the difference in the number of lives I Inst, end 1 do not believe tb <t the suporior generalship oi ' utiy one saved a single lile The enemy evidently j looked for little or no work at the west end, and hence ; too slight defence made in that quirter. I never should have alluded to this subject bnd not the | promotion of Gen. Twiggs called lor it, tor I had hoped lliat soma more able pen ttun I can wield would have I referred to it. lint the advancement of the brare old I general fills me with joy, aud in tdat mood I have proha- j bly ventured on a ground to which 1 have nut tue ability i to do Justice CsMsauo, February 0,1947. We learn from an officer who arrived here yesterday, | i that Col. Curtis, of the 3d Ohio, is on tils way to this , ; place, with his command The 3d Ohio will bn relieved by him, and will be stationed at the several points along the line Irom here to Monterey. Col. Morgan, of tho 3d ! \juiu, ivhuw.u? wu iiuvu Bimeu Hi lormor iKurrii, cum* manner of this pott. The vigilance and unremitting industry of thia young and gollnnt ollicer are woithy of tho highoat commendation. l-'rom tliu oarlieat tiineH of tlie Republic, the road* diverging irom Cnmargo, a* a i centre, have been infested by lobbers, and the imatl ranchjs and villagea hava been little more than the den* ami hiding-place a of petty banditti The jucafc* and i runc.ho* iu tbu juiitdictiou of Aldamoa and China are rich with many pattern* of "the Scotch -Sawney Bean;" Mier ran point with pride to her active murderera; and from Chiceromat through Agua Legas, there i* a flou- ; Halting organization of Turpnw. Murder after murder | enaued, rohbety after robbery; but the authorities, thoae 1 very discreet compounders of felony, nodded and alept over them. Tho Colonel haa adopted, undeniably, the heat perhaps the only method, of checking three proceeding* Every village and town I* made reanonaihla for the infety of tho road* in its immediate neighborhood; a certain portion ot the inhabitant* aio allowed to hear arm*, the better to secure that purpose; audth'ee hostages, selected from the more influential citizen*,are taken by the Americans. If any murders or robberies are committed, the offendsis must be delivered up to the military authorities at this 1 place in a stated period of time, or one of tho live* of 1 i lie hostages will he forfeited. It may lie that a more ju; <liciou? course might have been devised, than this double appeal to the only emotion* common to Mexicans, Intel eat nnd fear, hut in our poor judgment we think not. Intelligence wti* received here, a matter of some fifteen days since, from the Alcalde of Aldema*, that,Kami rut was about to attack tho mule train, en route for Mon terey. I pen hearing that Captain Latham, commander of tiie enroit. would halt ut La Laien. Col. Morgan started oil" at 11 o'clock in the night of the '16th of January, with sixty men mounted on mule* llefore hi arrival, the robbers, after n short rencontre with the muleteers, who had driven their mules into a kind of enclosure, drove oil' eighty mules. They were immediately followed, hut as their trail entered the chaparral, it was impossible to trace it at night Ramirez, who travelled through , the chaparral, went round by China, and making a somawhat hurried visit at that intorusting place, decamped i with his mules, heaven knows where Me had with him , over two hundred men, all mounted. Upon the anival of the Colonel at China, a requisition was drawn up, da* minding ol the inhabitants of China the number of mulue stolen, which wes filled after some trouble; and in return a drett on Chrlstoval Ramirez, payable by the Hecrotsry ol the treasury, 'Mexican) was given them, as Ramirez is understood to be acting without orders or commission Irom the Mexican (Jovernment. After destroying tome suspicious faealti, inhabited by men only, in which quantities of arms were found, arid strengthening the escort with twenty mcu, tho Colonel returned to this post. santa anna's plans ANJi intentions. La I'utria, the Spanish papor at New Orleans, gener- I ally well informed, states that Hanta Anna's plan is, in blief, as loilowz: ? " 16,000 men to occupy the road between Saltillo and Monterey; 1600 to march upon Montarey; IftbOto proceed to Victoria, and thence te Matamoras. Thus, if we csn believe the Mexicans themselves, Santa Anna is to get in behind our lorces, and cut up our posts, while Men. Scott is biasing away at Vera Cruz " The same thing, in substance, is stated in a letter from Santa Anna's pnvate Secretary to a friend in Tampion lie adds?" We shall give the Yaukeea tome hot work lu the North, while they are marching on Vers Cruz " < It looks tusplcioui to Hanta Anna's confidential olfl1 car revealing lua plans, and seems to confirm the idea that the rumor el a inoiemeut to the North is a feint to withdraw nttention from Vera Cruz. We have no leats, however, for the brave and sagacious Taylor. [Krcni the New Orleans riceyuna. March 'i ] The news frem Tempico and Saltillo leaves little doubt that Hint i Anna's forces at San Luis Potosi made an imI portant move about the beginning of the month The direction the Mexican army has taken is involved In mystery. One sat of rumora, and we might say facts, leads us to suppose that Haliillo and the valley ol tba Hio Orande are to be the scenes of busy deeds ; whilst another points to Vtra Cruz end the defence* netwern | the city of Mexico and Mia sea coast A letter Jatsly received at Tamptco states positively that Hants Anna has ordered an evacuation of the city of Vera Cruz, and that I there will be no battle in that direction, whilst many ' military men peicelved in the manoeuvre of the .Mexican I (Jenerai a ruse to covar a powaiful demonstrati a in that I quarter The teoer of the last accounts i u/. , la* our , IE R A ie?a. fix It ha* 'tone wiser heed*. At Saltillo the Atneri in tr'-ope think that thev ere not to he aitaulted. but at Gen. Scott will be i wbllit nearer Ihe *ea coast Ucn aylor is thought to bo tbreutened by the proceeding* at iu Lul*. He* Rente Ann* abandoned the idea of a tchcd battle I He* he broken up hi* camp into detacbent* ot guerrilla ' The>e ure quration* which many >k und anawer affirmatively One thing i* certain, and tat the only on*, that he hit* involved hi* ptirpoiaa in ich myMtarv that hi* reappearance in any portion of the Jimtry would scat caiy aa'onish any one TUo late acjunta of th? dixtrca* which prevailed in hi* camp at un Lui* mieht lustilv the lu-ln.tiii.it h.hn .iui>.?i,i?.4 i* army ; and yet the fact tlmt iom? of hit General* live imgo and well organ zed bodies of men under 10m, and make good ui? of them too, as the capture ot i* Arkansas an i Kentucky squadrons at hnctrmcion nlicatei, forbid* au> U a conclusion. At Haliillo it U aaid tat tlio dull :ulty in crossing tlio desert between that lace and Man I.ma haa deterred and will deter ttanta una front moving in force upon thut |ilac?. Yet tieu. bnon's pretence in tho neighborhood with three thou and horse, may well altake this opinion. Indeed resent indication* impart interact to intelligence lrorn very diviaion ot the aimy : a* one column scums to he ? much threatened as another. A very pretty state ot iiinge for newsmonger* this. HE l-RETAKA'TUlN FOR TltK ATTACK UPON SAN JUAN d'ulloa. [Krom the Washington Union, March 9 ] We regret to tee tho foil wing article, coming M|> ently from the camp it purport* to come from ouo who lad 'no " information from General Scott's owu lip*.'' It ireathe* a querulous spirit -and we shBil bo very relucjut to helirvu that >lu* information and these complaints hould have proceeded from hi* lips?much less,puhlishid to tlio world by hi* authority and concurrence. It vould scarcely be conlormulile to the spirit of the general irder which has been to recently itaued by the War lielartmcnt ; nor i* it altogether congenial to that eyetem if subordination which it so essential in military matters, isrtic'ilurly in a period of war. Now. without undertaking at this time to enter formal> into a defence of the War Department aguinst these gratuitous charges, we venture to say, upon the facts vluch WO hsve ascertained, that (Jen. Scoit bus received rom the government all the support which was promised ohim and they could command.according to the siitheriy vested intliem by the laws. 'I'he transports which he vanted had been ordered as soon as possible, and they iiid in rived both from New Orleans and the North. The onts which were ordered were luruishad in tho estrardinaiy brief pOfMof a fortnight. Tho came energy las pervaded the Ordnance Department. Tho hill for the increase of tlio ten regiments was reorted by .Mr. Haralson, chairman of tho Military Comaittee in the House, on the iltfth of December, and was ead twice. This bill was prepared at the War Departlent, on the 16th of December, the day alter the comliltees were announced by the Speaker. It will, '.here>re, be seen that the allegations that no lulls wore pieareil before the 4th of January, is not borne out by the roceedings in Congress. On tbe 4th of January, tbe resident'* menage of tbo "JUi of December, wui o|>eued a Congress Pursuant to a rdquest of the chairman of be Military Committee of the Senate, to furnish ainll d carry out the recommendations in that message, in the 'resident's annual message, and in the annual report of ho Hecretary of War, a bill was prepared and furnished ho t-eme day. Some of the provisions included in tbe Iratt of this bill were similar to those which had been treviouslv presented to the committee of the House, paricularly those in relation to the ten regiments. It is not 'onstdered the duty of a department to prepare bills for a .ommittee, unless requested, nor would it do scarcely repectin I to do so. Committees are deemed entirely qua lied,in case they approve of executive recommendations 0 Irame the proper provisions to carry them out. Dirt, after all, we trust that tien. Scott will have men ind means sulHcient to accomplish this great object, and ve hope to see, in a few days, the Aug of our country infurled from the castle of Stan Juan d'Ulloa. In.ami or Losoa, Keb. 1ft, 1947. We arrived here on the 4'.h ult. all well. Tho Arche sue,with Major (Jirault and three companies,^arrived or he following day, and reported having seen a wreck 01 Jape Koxo, about 18 miles to tbe northaid of this place ICarly tho next morning. Capt. Mace, of company A, witl 1 boat's crew, was dispatched to reconnoitre and repor iv but vessel had gone ashore. At 11 o'clock that inglit Uapt. M. returned and reportod the ship Ondiaka witl Col. DeRunsy und lour companies, ashore on tho caps The Colonel and his men were encamped among th sand hills, near the surl, and surrounded i?y Mexicans Col Minks immediately went on board tho sloop-ol-wa St. Mary's, and communicated the circumstance to tti< commanding officer ol that vosscl, who advisod, thut tin sloop should, na soon as practicable, bo got under w?] for the wreck, and that the Colonel, with provisions ammunition and reinforcements, should follow on boan a small schooner lyirg near. This plan wusagroodto and by sunrise in tbe morning, the Mt Mary's was ou and standing for the wreck, followed by the schoouei with tho Liout Colonel and 100 men. On our arrival a the wreck, about 11 M. we learned from tho MiltelB (with whom a communication was opened from the man of war) that Col DeRussy had left the night before lo Tampico Thia intelligence bemg confirmed by a ncl mao left ol the band, and ovary appearance of u atronf norther fatting in, it waa deemed heat to burn the wreck ed ship and leavo for our station, which we did, am landed all safe the neat morning- We have since bin confirmation of the Colonel's safety with his command a Tarn pice. We are in daily expectation of the arrival of doners "colt, who will give us Anal orders as to the object o the campaign. There are now here, seven companies u the flrst Pennsylvania regimont, three ot the secoud three of the Mississippi, ton North Carolina, six Lonisiu 11a, and 400 regulars, under Major dates, and the lialane< looked for every hour. No news from any place sincr lolt Brazos?and until we get within the pale of civil! zatiou again, I don't expect to hear any. 1 bore is a gooi deal of sickness among the troops from Mississippi urn Pennsylvania ; reports say tho Mi'sjssippiana have tin cold piugue, aivl the Pennsy Iranians the smallpox, if so the Mexicans are by lur thro most unira|>ortant enenr that threatens us For the lova of the Lord, send me piper or two, by some body coming down this wayThere have beeu several vessels arrived here - inc.- w loft, and the devil a letter or paper came for any body o the Louisiana regiment. By the way, what has becomi of that stand of color*, we were to have 1 Isla.-sd or Lobos, Coast or Mrxico, ( February 16, 1*47 y The Charloston Volunteer* nroinow encamped aioun me upon this lomnntic littlo isle of about a mile in en cumference, in the wide ocean. With three coinpanie of the Palmetto regiment, they sailed from Mobile on thi smh ult., on board the Alhambra, under command o col. ifutler. Upon crossing the bar. our sealed orders were opened and Gen Scott briefly informed ui that if we renche the Rio Grande by the 1st Feb., our ship must roport t hina; if not, thou repair to this island and await turthe orders. The iornier was out of our power, for want r time, so we proceeded on our search for thi* small spec on the boiom of thoso beautiful blue waters After bain buffeted about hy two or three '' Northers" fur tw weeks, our sight was gratified by the stars and strip flying from the peak ol the sloop-ol war 8t Mary's. SI was anchored to protect us end show us our harbor V found here the rest of oni regiment, together with sev< companies of the first Pennsylvania egiment, all asho in cainp, two or three companies of Mississippjana, ai six ol Louisiaiiians, in ail a force of about >100 men. Our small piece of land was a welcome sight, butupi landing we weie much interested at Hading nursnlv surrounded by tho lime and lemon trees, the ( so tchouc or indian ruhbtr tree, and the vegetation ins the variety ef the season. Ripe fruit and green irui ami tho sweet blossoms, wevo side hy side. The island lies about ten miles frem the main land, i sight of the Mgjticans, hut they have not ventured us visit, and will not do so. Upon referring to the map, yo will flud it near Cape Itoxo, about 60 miles from l amp co and 130 from Vera Cruz. As to our plana, they teem to lie after this fashion : (ten. Scott and Gen. Worth will direct our movement The point of attack, or rather landing, will piobably b Antonio Luardo, lllteon miloa holow Vwra < iu/ Th force will conaiit of about 40oo voiunteera an<l ?* mini rt|ul?a Our harbor already presents an enimnted acene Twelve transports, a brig or two,end the St .Martrid at anchor, and hosts ply about in all direction*. ICorreapondance ol the N. O Tune* j Camp Winner n, (Leber* island,) > February IB, 1*47. ) Thia ialand, at tho present time, pre'enta <|tiite a ho like eppeeiance. There are IS largo liiat cl??a vr?*e anchored in the roada, and about 4,000 men on tho iliori the latter bu'ily engaged drilling ftom morning tiJluigl ?tome of tho regimeota oven drill in the middle ol tl night. Two rrgimenta from Pcntin) Ivania are here, pottion of the Miaaippl, New Vork.and Louisiana rcg ments, with all the Mouth Carolina hoya. Wo have ah 400 regulars (8Ui infantrj). Three Mexicans weie arrested on the 14th lost, i pies. They pietended to he tUhermen from Tsmpicr but many of the Louisiana voiunteera new them la spring at Burita, Matamoraa, and other military poa along the Rio (Irande. Then they told milk and gree corn to the voiunteera. Some, even, go to far as to ai that they knew them in New Orleane, where they eo Iruit. Whether epiel or not, it has been determined n to allow them to depart Iroo the Island until the troo leave. A small veatel waa seen, on the 4th, oppoeite tl Island, evidently trying to slip hy, unpercaived. Capta flaunders, of the siooi-jfwai St. Mary'a, immediate! ha I aome hoata mtnned, to aacat tain who the Strang was As soon aa tha hoata war* aean approaching he ahe waa run ashore and abandoned-not, however, wit out her crew stripping her of every thing, even hi rcry sails The officer in command ol the boats, a* ao< a* he discovered she had been abandoned, ordered hi to ha sot on lire, which order wat complied with, imta Ifr. She turned out to bean American schoonor, an posed to be engaged in smuggling ammunition lie. 81 was from New Orleans?l-ud been at Taarpico?ai cleared from that place for New Orleaua about V) daj ago I have riot .earned her nine, but will endeavor And it out before the vessel which ceriies this atarta. One ceae of small-; ox has broken out in the Missisalp regiment.and for a time it csurod aome excitement tmoi tliu troops The flou'li aiohniatia are tioubwd wiihtl in u i it pa, and an order haa been issued forbidding tl Louisianiana firm going into their qqaitan. The heel ot the remainder ol the troops la good There is a great demand here for groceries. Port sella at ona dollar par bottle, and llaisina 76 eenta j pound, with every thing elaeat equally high prlcaa. Tswrn o, Fob. IS, 1M7 The tumor la atll) credited relative to a fight, ol *< i sort, In the neighborhood of RaltUlo. end those who 1 1,1). Mm WWW OMH> 1 not believe that any r MgiBahle conflict enauad. think that something baa c ><fld on which to found tha report. I tr. very sanguine that a akirmiah < f some aort h'ia come off Ofn Pillow la thn person who circulated tho report and he hail It from hi* own inteiprater, who convened with the Mexican*. Lait night, in tho Aral division, a solller shot a aergennt of the third, hut made hia escape, and ia atiH at huge. The punishment for thl* ia very heavy. In the roview ol' tho first, on Wednesday, no leaa than aix general* were on the field-Patteraon, Twiggs, Til low. Shield*, Quitman and Smith, and at least two hundred other officer* The day we* exceedingly warm, and many of thn soldier* fell down in the ranks. The drill was not gone through with tu consequence, and will be attempted again to morrow. The lirig Othello ha* been chartered a* a transport, and on the other veeeels stall* are fitting up very fast for the horiea. During o norther, a few day* ago, two French veaael* succeeded in running the blockade They had on board I 0,000 stand of armi and a large quantity of ammunition. The Palmetto regiment has reached Loboa Island. On board tha veaael with Col Butler, was Col. Staniford, of the tub, who had the misfortune to fall dov/n tha batchway, uud leriouily injur* himself. Tassrico, Fob Id, 1847. Tho propeller Eudora camo In laat evening from the Brar.oa, bringing u* a mail and date* from Now Orleans as late as the 3,1 Instant. By this arrival w* learn that I (ihOuial Scott urni till at tha Rtama fratlin# himaalf At the roil ai rival ol the transport*. Colonel Bankhesd, of tho artillery battalion, ran.e over in tlia Kudo I a, and a number of other oMceta. The Mth infantry had smbatkad for Lohoa liland. On the following day the 6th would alao embark, than an artillery command, then tho 4th, 4to. making up the whole of Worth'* command. I understand fieneril Patterson received orders to have all tho tranaporta stopped at the bar, and if Loboa Island waa found not to be aa good a place a* had bean rcpreaented to tho commander-in-chief, the troopa wete to bo lauded at thia placo. Colonel Harney, whu wai on trial at the Brazos for diaobedience of oidera, had been sentenced to be reprimanded by General Scott, but at the time of the sailing of the Kudora it had not been given. Another Mexican chief, who promises te become aa notorious aa Caualea, bus recently sprung up in the vicinity of thia place Ilia uame is Paulino, and he has under hia command 300 tegular lancers, who follow the double business of fighting lor their country anJ stealing lor themselves. A few daya since a man named I I'ni> 11y went out near Preteio, to purchase mules for tho quartermaster, and fell in with those men twice be, fore returning The flrat time he waa inside house eating, when three of the band came up to the door with | lance in hand. Donnelly jumped up irom the table, end with e repeating pistol shot two of them down, when the third made oft. He theu aturtrd for Tampico, but before proceeding three miles wta again attacked. The superior bottom of his horse aavodhim. but two Mexicans who were with him were overtaken and killed. There is not a rond leading from thia place lo any point but Pauliuo has a portion or hia band atationed upon it. Bsszns Island, Feb. 13, 1S47. We are preparing here for a movement towards Teia Cruz. All is activity. The wharf it lined with schooners, and supplies in the shape of wagons, mulaa, horses, harness, provisions, lumber, and a host of other article*, for Gen Scott's operations southward. Santa Anna has been playing a skilful game The evacuation of Tampico by the Mexicans, and Its occupation by our troopa, has had for bim the desired effect -, it has waked up and united the whole Mexican people, and brought them to a proper knowledge of what we ara about, and has stimulated tha wealthier classes to combine against what they consider a threatened annihilation of their na tionalily. A skillul game must now be played. Whether it is better to attack Vera Cruz at once, or to fortify iu the rear, and cut off all communication and supplies by a vigilant blockade by our navy on the sea side, and ' by the active operations of Urn. Scott by land, is diff) ' cult to determine, but we suppose the latter course would be equally certain of success, aud s great savicg of human lifo. We are glad to see that most of the political partisan* who declaimed against the government and the war, i h ive commenced to retrievo their mjudiriou* position, 1 and are beginning to learo thai their declamation had i itrongthened the enemy. The epoch ha* arrived when i tho?o who are not with us are against ui?when tboae t who rejoice to see the gie.it principli a of the North A meiic?n Republic triumphant at homo and abroad, moat ti e ?He up their dormant energies and eat their shoulder i to the wheel to make it go. It we falter, there la an and 0 ct national glory. The powerful nationa of the earth u ill vociferate that the soua ot the fathera who followed r Washington have becomo degenerate, and that there le a au end of aublimu heroism in the New World. the reported evacuation ok vera crue. ' TurnM) Keb. Id, 184A ; Tin* Hfternoon, the mail carrier from Vera C'rns arrived, bringing letters for foreign merchants in tbia city, which stated to at tho commander ol the Mexican force* at Vera Cruz had received positive orders from Santa : Anna, to withdraw all the forcea from that city, and J match them into the interior, and it is supposed by all now, that Vera Ciua will be occupied by our troops without a blow being struck. Ureal preparation* are being made hero for eomething to lie done. General : ratterson keeps every thing so close that It ia impossible * for any ono to find out a tbing concerniog the next j movement. All are anxiously awaiting the arrival of j lioneral Scott. 0^ t the capture or majobs oainks and dorlan*. CsMr Ban Juan or Uukna Vista, { 1 Five Mile* front Maltillo, Mexico, Jan. t$. ) l Various accounts of lbs capture of Msjors (Jainea and it Borland, and the detaebmant* under their oommande, I, willdoui{tless be sent to tb* United Stales-some of the* i- discreditabla to the olflcers in captivity, as tha Mexican a Ti-rsion ol the story which reached ua represented tho* I all to have been taken asleep, without having hod seotf I 11CJS IXIHieil OUl. I This evening ('apt Daniel Drake lienia, a Texan, il formerly n Mier piisoner, who escaped from the MexT a cnna, and v. ho is also acting in Gun. Wool's rolumn aa i, mi interpreter, whn was rnpturcd with lha jiartlaa of y liainei and Borland, reached the camp having made his u e>c3|>? Irom the Mexican guard. I heard him narrate all ip? circumstances o( the surrender, and of his esaepe to e U?Mi. Wool 1 On tho 17th instant, Major Howard, of Texas, whe i is asfiit.tnt commissaiy in (ien. Wool's column, and who hud henn permitted to go oat to make a reeen noissance wi'.h two others, retarned to oamp and} re* ptrteil ilist at the hacienda Kncsruacion, sixty miles . inun Sultillo, on the Han Luis road, he discovered a _ Vexlcan force, and was chased by their cavalry far AT " ten or twenty miles Major llorlsnd, of the Arkansas regiment of cavalry. "f bed been out on a scout at the same time In a different direction Major Oaines, who wea stationed at the Falumos Puss, twelve miles east of Haltillo, also had aceuta J out, who had made no discoverias. Great anxiaty waa ' manifested hy dilferent officers. to ascertain the numbers *1 ol the enemy, and very ninny doubted whether there was any force at Kncainacion. , At his own rt(|upat, Major Holland was permitted hy Genersl Wool to make another reconnoiianca. At the sumo time Major Guinea and Captain < lay went Oat on 1 reoonnoisance from Calomos On the Itlh, Major Bar: land started with forty officers and men who wars se, lcctod from the whole regiment. On the 10th he reach sd Kncamarlon nnd found no armed force there. He sent nn express hack requesting ( olenal Gill's re . gimcnt to be sent to join him, so that he might advance still further .rid And the Mexicans. After he sent offhls express, and before be received an answer, Major Gaines and Captain Clay joined him with thirty aeven oBcera * and men, selacted from Colonel Marshall's tagiment ef Kentucky cavalry. ( Tha officers ol the two parties determined to proceed ' farther on the Han Luis road,lor the purpose of obtaining some definite information. On the 01st, they marohed ? thirty miles towards Han Luis, but tound no Msxiead ? troops. The next day, the 00d. they returned to Kncar nucion, intending to continue their march into camp. In'.ha meantime information had been communicated to General Minon, who commanded 1000 Mexican cavalry, stationed one hundred mi,ea below on tho San Luis ' road, ot tp a arrival of Majors Borland and Gaines at Ks carnaciun. He is represented to bo a bold, enterprising 1 officer, and he determined to make a forced march end y cut them off. - Taking ull his cavalry, hepursuad them, end on the la night of the 0id ho came up with them at Knoarnacion ? lln had minute intoimatioii ol their ntunheri ami mmIIImi ! fiom tbo Mexican* maiding at that place. Ha quietly stationed hi* whola forca around the houa* wnara our troop* were encamped and waited the dawn of day. The night of the i'id wa* moat dlaegroeablet it rained r considerably, a very unuautl oceurrenco at thla aaaaon 1* of the year in tbit part of Mexico? the wind blow fail rionsly, making it difficult to hear any found at a di* it Unco? the nignt wa* dark and every wny disagreeable. ie About 13 o'clock, one of the sentinels in the A marl* can camp Rave notice that he thotiRbt he heard the i sound of arm* jinRling. Tho party wa* roueed and men >o sen'out to examine. They found nothing, and concluded it wa* the noiae of the mule* at work at the well In * the machinery pumping water. Moet of the party lay >, down to aleep again, nut many kept awake. Captain *t Henry *ay * be did not ro to aleep after that event, bat fa continued up during the remainder ol t e night, n When day dawned, to their emprise they found themiy reive* entirelyjaurrounded by e large Meaioan force, the Id very number* oi which they could not eetimato. The ot > Mexican troop* were itationcd nearly half a mile off, In pe 1 every direction, where it wea poeafbla to move wfth I hornea. >e Our little hand immediately took meeaurea to put m themaelvea in a poiture of (faience, determined to eoll 7 their livea aa dearly aa poaaibla A white flag wa* aent er from the Mexican* to the Americana requiring them to r, surrender 1 hey were wholly avaree to it, and wanted h- to tight It nut. Home considerable convaraation ensued r in which the Moxican officer etated that their force we* in tooo strong, and resistance was useless *r Doubt* of the truth ol tbl* ataUment were expressed " The Mexican General said that Major Oainea could *atieP fy hlmarlf ot the truth of thia atatement, and might ge t* out and count fh* Mexican troop* A Mexican officer of id equal i ank we* font in tan hoaUga, whereupon Meier I* Oainea did go out and aatiafy himaelf of the overwhelm h> iDg number of the Mexican army. General Minon promlaed that if th?y aurrendered, they 'pi should be treated end respected a* prisoner* of wer ill There we* a Mexican guide with Mojor Gain**, who hw I had been forced to guide the party. Ceptoix Henri*, ho who we* a Mier prisoner, also we* known to many to i of the Mexicans, all t?f whom antortein the groat**1 hostility against the Texane, and the Mier prieoner* r especially. _ uw *f General Minon wea informed of the** facta, sod pi**ed bis honor that Captain Hcnrie thould be treated * nnsbner of war, end should not be heit, *ed that the lie Mexican guide should hove a feir trial ul. do to put thee* guarenteee in wrtitng, he said that ??

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