Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 19, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 19, 1847 Page 1
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>1 (__ TH] ? !. XIII, >* n-WWto HT4 I THE LATEST FROM MEXICO. NEW OVERTURES FROM THE UNITED STATES TO MEXICO. AM INDEMNITY OF TWENTY MILLIONS OFFERED MEXICO, THE RETURN OP A T 0 C H A , The Special Messenger, to the United States. MARCH OF SANTA ANNA ON SALTILLO. , HIS ARRIVAL AT MATEHUALA. The Number and Condition of his Army. MSZXOAN TZNAN0S8. HIS RECEPTION IN MEXIOO. Passed Midshipman Rogers sent to Perote. ARRIVAL OF VOLUNTEERS AT ANTON LIZARDO. MORE OP SANTA ANNA AND HIS PLANS. THE CONCENTRATION OF OUR NAVAL FORCES OFF S. JUAN DE ULUA. Additional Intelligence from New Mexico. THE CONFIRMATION OF THE MASSACRE. &C. diC. die. NEWS FROM MEXICO. [Prom the New Orleans Picayune, March 9th.] Alter the closing oi the mail for the East yeaterday, we were, through the courteiy of a friend, placed in possession of papers from the city of Mexico, a fortnight later than we had before seen. They conaiitod of copies oT El Republicann of the 11th, 19th and 13th of February. Wo proceed to au examination of their contenta. By a despatch from the commandant of Vera Cruz, dated the !):h of February, wo learn that en that day 8e nor D. Alejandro Joae Atocha landed at Vera Cruz under a flag of tiuce from the American squadron, with dee. Katcbea from the government of the United States,which e was charged to deliver in person to the Mexican government. Sanor Atocha waa to leave the same evening for the capital, accompanied bv Lieut. Col. Alania, au aid of General Morales. [Gen. Vega does net appear to have yet assumed the command at Vera Cruz ] There ia no clue given in the papers to the teno* of these dea patches, save that they are new propositions for peace. A letter ia published in F.l Republicano announcing that Gen. Santa Anna took his departure from San Luis on the 2d of February. His destination is said to be Monterey, towards which point the main body of his army had already moved. The following is given as the num ber of troops under bis command, with the dates of their departure irom tho city of San Luis :? List of Troops which have recently marched for Monterey. January 26?The Sappers and Artillerist*, with nineteen guos of heavy calibre 660 January 39?1st, 3d, 4th. Ath, 10th end 11th Regiments of the Line, and 1st and 3d Light Troops, 6,210 January 31?4th Light Troops, mixed, of Santa Anna, 1st Active of Celaya, do of Guadalajara, do. of Lagos, do. of Queretaro, do. of Mexico.. 3,200 Total departed from San Luis 10,090 Troop* which Gen Parrodi conducts from the town of Tula, with three pieces of heavy calibre, with their munitions 1,000 (lavulrv on tho march K nnn Artillery " " 360 Division under Gen. Mejia 4,000 31,440 The artillery was supplied with over 000 rounds of ammunition. I In the above enumeration are not included the force stationed at Tula, nor the brigades of Oens. Minon and J u vera. At the latest accounts from Santa Anna he was at Matehuala, where he arrived on the 7th of February. Matehual.1 is a town nearly north of San Luis, and about one third of tb? way thence to Saltillo, according to the maps before tie. His urmy was in the utmost distress? rodtado dc mnrrtai?the Government having provided no means for undertaking such a march. We havo a frightful picture of the state ol the troops before leaving San Luii. One of Santa Anna's last acts before marching was to distribute twelvo days' pay for the month of January. This could not sustain them more than a week, and the question whs asked, "What shall we do when in from of tho enemy?" The troops are represented as patient and ley&l, but in a pitable state oi distress. In derision, they speak of going forth to solve the problem of " fighting without eating " The same paper which announces Santa Anna's arrival at Mntehuala, mentions that Gen. Taylor is fortifying Saltillo, and has with him 6,000 troops and sixteen pieces of artillery . This shows again the accuracy of the information possessed by the Mexicans of our movements. In tne papers before us, the latest accounts we see from Vera Cruz are to the 9th of February, two dayi later than the advices via Havana. Not a word la said of the evacuation of that city, nor, indeed, of its defence. AVe have not seen an allusion to the movements of Gen. Scott, nor is a word said of any threatened march npon the capital. El Rcpublicano is very much engrossed with the discussion oi the political atfaira of the country, and tiuly Ihey appear in toe most deplorable state. The nation would seem to have reached a crisis which must result in absolute political disorganization or revolution Tho Administration of Gomez Farias ia charged by the press with inability to obtain the assistance of a responsible ministry ; it cannot by any exeition raise a cent of money, altbeugb it h.,a a congress so subservient as to pass laws placing the revenues of the church at ita command?and the press is boldly preaching aedition and revolution, and tho church threatening eicommundcation, in such circumstances as these El Rcpublicano calls npon Gomez Farias at once to reaign Ihe article io turiHan with irr?at Inrrn nml nlnnliani>A ond kU it urged home upon the Vice Frciident, with a powerful appeal to his patriotiim and magnanimity, to yield at once, and tbui ward off the imminent danger of eivil war. We have the proceeding* of the Mexican Congress far several day*, but it would be weariiome indeed to follow them. Scheme after *cheme ia luggeitedfor railing a revenue. Some contemplate paper money to be issued on the lecurity ot church property ; other* are aimed at the revenue* of the church ; and other* call for a reduction ot (alarie* of civil officer* But no meaiure appear* to aerve the turn of Senor Farias. The capital iita are alarmed and will not part with a peony ; the church is enraged, and i* stirring up tire people to opIioiitioc, and the Legiaiatarei'oi the different state* opeuy protest against any law touching ecclesiastical property. A bill he* been introduced for removing the aeatof Government ftom the feity of Mexico to Celaya by the 1Mb March. This i* urged with the obriou* view of withdrawing the Legislature from the control of the city and securing its periect independence Senor Iriarte is still acting a* Minister of Finance, and Senor Jauregui has recently been nominated Minister of Justice. We soe no official acts of Rajon or Canalizo, but no announcement of the resignation of the State or War Depattmants The pioclaiming of Santa Anna as dictator at Mazatlan by (Jen Mora, has not called loith from the government any active nieaiuros to repress such a movement, snd the presa censures it for its indifference. Presuming our readers to be more anxious for incidents than lor the endioss and fruitless discussions which nbound in the Mexican pspers, we here hieik off from our examiuation of them. IKrom the New Orleans Picayune, March 10th.) By the ariivslof the U. ,8. levenua cutter Forward Cspt. Nones, a large mail was yesterday received from Anton Lizardo. Our own letters come down to the 2d-h of February, on which day a norther prevailed which prevented the Forward from leaving belore the 3d of March instant, 'the information which follows we derive exclusively irom our letters and papers it appears that Manor A toe ha, whose arrival at Vera Cruz, with despatches, we announced yesterday, went over there on the Forward Irom this city direct. He reached there on the ?th ult, and proceeded immodiateIv to Mexico lie returned hum lh> --r-ii,,! .ia,k. v?* ??? 4Ul" ult , iu><t repaired again immediately on hoard the korward, and is now, we presume, on his way to Washing ton It is not supposed that he baa accomplished mucD by hia mission. The Mexicans had personal objections to hiin, and ins reception by the authorities of VeraCruz nud tbo people and government of Mexico, was anything tint coidi.il. homo speculations in regard to hia miaaion will be found in the copious end very inteieating oorreapondence hoiealtor subjoined. Passed Midshipman Rogers hat been ordered to Perote, and he is now confined in that gloomy prison. We learn that the blockade of Vera Cruz continue* to be violated with almost parler.t impunity. This la attributed not more to the want ot vaaaala of the proper daecijpti jit thun to the inattuctiona by which the commoenforces the lew ol-blockade. Two baika have arrived off Vera Crus with voluniaara from the North, and gone late Antra Liaarde. One of E NE I them ie the 8t. Cloud. Weeanuot, at this momentr?Col | loot from what port the St. Clond untied : The now* from Santa Anna is no later than we have ! already given, though It la more full. It will be found I in our correspondence The paper* are literally crowd] ed with hi* numerous letter* and addresses, but wo find nothing in them to demand of u* a translation; the pub lie hasnad almoat a surfeit of hia production*, clever us we coufeaa them to be. Although Santa Anna announce* the capture of Capt Heady aud bit email company of KenMickiaoi, we And no mention of the murder of Lieut. Ritchie, and the aeicureof hia despatch#*. The despatches have not formally been made public by him. The paper* (peculate upon our plan*, stating confidently that We are to advance upen Vera Cms by land with lOOOO troops, while a fleet of 16 ship*, carrying 800 gun* attach* San Juan d'Uloa. Thi*, they say, ie the plan at Washington, where they could not have anticipated Santa Anna's march upon Saltillo, at the head of 30,000 men. Thi* march, they think, may diaooncert all our schemes. and they already discover evidence of this in Oen. Taylor'* movement*. Military critic* condemn Santa Anna'* plan of campaign. They ?ay he waa driven from his original designs by the outcry of "apathy" made against him They anticipate that he will now drive everything before him, and defeat Oen. Taylor, but complain that he leavo* the cons of Vera Crua unprotected, and can obtain no advantage that will be decisive. He must i eceisarily subsist his troop* upon the poor inhabitant* of the country he traverse* with hi* hordes, by which they will become exasperated. But the great point insisted on i*, that Santa Anna ha* left the country open for tho march of American troop* upon the capital, where they may dictate a peace before he can return from his distant expedition El Suldada it la Patria defend* Oen. Santa Anna from the charge of gambling, and passing hi* time in like unseemly sport It declare* that the storiea to thi* eflecl are pure inventions of hi* enemies at the capital. im |#M|i?st?Kive us uoi a wora 01 newt about ftlon'e rey. The force there they eay, i* much reduced, and ia now withdrawn from the city proper into the citadel and the work* on tho Bishop's Hill. The latter work hai been much improved and strengthened. Senor D. Juan Soto, the civil Uovernor of the State ol Vera Cruz, waa in the city of the same name on the 14th ult. He is inspecting the defences of the country be tween the coast and l'uebla. The latest advices we see from Chihuahua are to the 16th of January, a fortnight later than our former accounts. The city had not then boen taken by our troops, nor do we see anything said of their advance upon i\ Four Mexcan soldiers, who had been in the action of Dec. '.loth, had arrived at Chihuahua, and given their account of the fight It differs but little from the one we before published They say the loss of the Mexicans was less than JO killed, and that of the Americans was 0J, ot which number one was a captain. They protest that great cowardice was shown by a portion 01 their troops, and demand an official and lull account of the action, that the brave may be rewarded, anJ cowards stigmatised as they deserve. The citizens of El Paso are charged with capitulating in a shameful manner, and the Amerisans are said to have abused their power as shamefully. They pursued some of the Mexicans to San Elceario. a small tort on the llio del Norte, a few miles belew K.l Paso, and there cemmitted depre dationa, carrying ofl "the archivee" to El Paso. The news In the papers before us bas been very care fully scanned by tho correspondent whose letters we annex. He has introduced into them every thing oi importance, and takes a clearer and more commanding view of Mexican affairs than will readily be found. Let not the length of his communications deter any one from careiully scanning them LU. b-.SuvADHon, Anton Lizardo, Feb. 17, 1847. The Fredonia, Lieut. Com'g. Chauncey, arrived to-day from Boston, afU.r a long passage ; the Relief came ins few hours afterwards. Several;other vessels are expect ed, and every facility will be afforded by steamers tc bring them into harbor. The Vixen is waited for from Laguna. The politics of Mexico present no new phase since I last wrote you. In a country where the scenes shift at often, and at a time when everything is so unsettled, ii is an interesting piece of news to know that those whe were at the head of 'flairs a week ago are still in power that the changes which were anticipated have not yel been consummpted. At the date of my last letter, Gomrz Farias was without a} Cabinet. During the early part of this month his hands have been strengthened by entrusting Rejon with the portfolio of Foreign Rela'ions ; and Francisco 8 Iriarte with the affairs of the Treasury. No change has, however, yet occurred in foreign relations, and the embarrassments of the treasury are as formidable as ever. The committee of Foreign Relations, to whom was re fdrred Mr. Buchanan's peace proposition, are expected to report unfavorably to negotiation in a few days. It is presumed that they will at the same time issue, in the form of a solemn manifesto, a reply to Mr. Polk's message on Mexican affairs. There is also a qpport that the old intriguers are at work,and that Spain is about to join France and England in an interference in Mexican aflairs The rumor, it may be proper to state, is purely of Mexican origin. From all 1 can learn the most amicable feeling appears to exist towards us on the part of all the representatives of foreign Governments, and the only solicitude entertained is to see what must be the inevitable result consummated ai soon as possible. *uq puuuviuvu vi iuv averse auiaonsing me nypotuecation and aala of church property wil every where re ceived with clamor and riota, which were easily suppressed by the inteference of the military. It does nol appear that anything has been done towards realizing s dollar from this source, and there are additional reaxoni every day for entertaining the belief that little or nothing of the church property will ever And its way into the geueral treasury. A proposition has been adopted in the House of Representatives to remit to the|purchasers ol church property 60 per cent, on con lition that the remainder is paid immediately, one-half being in specie and the other half in paper. At this rate the entire sacrifice of all the ecclesiastical property, liable to appropriation under the law, would not suffice to produce the fifteen millions which the Government is authorised to raise. It is also stated in the newspapers that the Government have solicited od'ers as low as -16 per cent?receiving JO per cent in coin and 6 per cent in paper. To entertain any propositions of this kind is to completely annul the express provisions of the origioal law, which secures the property from being sold at less than 77 per cent ol its value, and expressly forbids paper or credits. Congress is also engaged in providing other resources foi carrying on the war. On the 30th of January, the Committee on Finance was instructed to report a bill foi raising a gross amount of $800 000 monthly, including means now available. On the -Ub inst., a law was pro mulgated, authorizing the Government to raise by looi five millions to be applied to the delence of the nationa territory; the Government are, however, prohibitei from forced loans, the appropriation of certain kinds o property, especially such as is excepted by the seconi acts of the law authorizing the salo of church property also from making any colonization contract, or alien ating in whole or in part the national territory. The Minister of Finance has also agreed to cstablist inland custom houses at Tulanemgo and Zimapam, ii order to cut off the contraband trade tromTampico Congress has also passed a law that the daily salariei now due the national deputies shall be paid by the re spective States, to the amount of three thousand dollar for each one. The charge for the district of M exico an< the territories will, however, devolve on the nationa treasury, and the expenses of the six Northern Statei will also be assumed as a loan. The news from the army at San Luis is interesting so far as we are assured that Santa Anna has left tha city with the main body of his troops in the direction o Monterey, although his ultimate destination hai been much speculated upon- His resources appear to have been of the most meagre kind. He was so dei titute that he offered to pledge his private property for i loan of $60 000, at the rate of two to three per cent in terest monthly. It is said he was unable to negotiate a loan. He is als< reported to have seized ninety-eight bars of silver be longing to a Spanish merchant of San Luis, and coined i for the use of nis army. This trifling relief enabled hiir to march towards Heltillo. A letter from San Luis. 30tl January, says thattho army has taken up its march witt on 1 \t toralva /lans * a mo ? *-??4? ?0 " * ? w?.7 .?v., v . ;?wuivva. ? uo onuiliaiei OI IQ0 twc lait month* have been nearly all unpaid. Sickness hat been the consequence of privation. The medical ofllcen report that the measles had appeared among the troop*; that Ave hundred were lick?a number far beyond the accommodation* of the hospital*. The disease is a*' cribed to the intensity of the oold and the nnie state ol the troops, who stretch themselves at nigh', upon the bare wet pavements and huddle together lor warmth. A despatch frum Mania Anna of January SO.announcei the capture of a scouting party of twenty men with tneii horses, arms and eqipment* near Han Juan del Prado It appears from tne official account that they were treacherously invited by the Mexican spies to a par ley, and thus drawn into an ambush of a squadron of ca valry under Lieut. Col. Valentine Crux, supported by JflO horsemen, " In case this party (ours) was only i detachment from a larger one, a thing very possible considering the short distance of their camp, and the vigilance with which they look out for every thing thai is goiug on," Hants Anna parades this surprise and cap ture by a lore., twenty times outnumbering the Amer icans, as an assurance that the triumphs of his arini will not cease until the invaders are exterminated. At Vera Cruz the state of things is very much as i was when I last wrote. The authorities are busy in is suing proclamations, announcing the threatened attack and issuing some preventive orders, among tbe most un palatable of which is one forbidding the masquerade a the carnival. There are many, however, who regard ths threatened invasion with incredulity. There are fivt thousand men in tbe city of Vera Cruz and ono tbousam I in the castle?three thousand of these belong to the Na i tional Guard, and are pretty well disciplined and sup { plied with arm*. The National Uuard of the State is, 01 | the contrary, not organized and is destitute of arms. Congress has passed a law placing the National guart ! of the State* at the disposal of the Government. Thi I tci> <->> << i.riji.ifiiunp .... a um meu an cxtraordiuni) I monthly contribution, to b? Hiaeaaed at the rate of $4 foi very $10.0 of capital, ai a biiei*, and an addition ol t w< reala iorje very additional thouiand of capital up to $10 000 beyond which ?um the increaae i* ti for every $6000 o capital Salaried officer* to pay .>0 centa for $.100 o annual income, and an addition of half a real for each h?dred. The Governor of Vera Cruz haa gone to aunerinteni in neraon the fortification of the paaa of Puento Naoional and a company of artillery and two field piecea have al ready been ordered there. A reaerve of aix thouiand men ia to be con mantra ted a Jalapa, under Oen. Canalizo, Gen. Filoaola being th< aer.ond in command. Gen. La Vega ia to march to Vera Cruz. Soma complaint* have ariaen in conaequenca of aol dieri being preaaed for the National Guard, and Gen. Li Vega haa orderad them to be releaaed; the preaa ap plauda hla conduct aa liberal and diaoreet. The forward arrived on the 9th inat .and landed Se nor Ateoha under a flag of trace, with deapatohaa free W YO ? - - NEW YORK, FRIDAY MO 'he Government of the United State*. He proeeeded to g Mexico immediately. Tho mob railed some icruple? d< about allowing him to proceed, but he wet finally dia- w I miated on hit way without nppoeitirn It it ituM that Mr. ALocha hat ottered in behalf of the ic United dtale*, $16,000 000 for the line of the 30th parallel at from the mouth of the Kio Grande to the Pacific. m 1 While I mention the diitretiei of the Mexican*, I hi mutt not forget to mention that they have their eye* m I alio turned on u>. I And tbe following in the Indicator ; of the 9'U init:?" We ere assured tuat the American to 1 frigate Raritan, anchored at Anton Lizardo, ia alHicted tc with poatilence, inaimuch ai ahe has 160 men aick of ai scurvy and vomlto. Com. Connor ia aaid to be ono of m | them " 1 am happy in being able to contradict this re- M i port before it reaches you by the way of Havana. There la not and has not been one cms of scurvy or vomito on fo ! board this frigate since last summer, and the sick Hat of pi i to-day is 93 trilling cases There has been only one oi ; death for many months, and that from anctiarism sj | I had forgotten to mention that Oen. Valencia has left e< the army in disguat, and under pretence of sickness, tb lingers at his hacienda. He is, however, auspected of tr i design* to subvert the Government. Ct The movement of Gen Ventina Mora at Mav.atlan ap- at pears to have been premature; it is denounced by Santa ei t Anna, by the press in his tinterest and also by some of tb i the State legislators. Gen Bustamente was sent to ar- w i rest Mora, but was himself dttained by the latter, and hi had sent to the Government for aid. tb U. H. Squsuaois, Feb. 10, 1847! P! 1 I mentioned in a letter written u lew days ago, that Rejon was then Minister of Foreign Relations It was 'J 1 so stated in the papers of the caily part.of this month ; ' but I cbseiva t h it the official communications of the) . ' Home and Foreign Office are now signed by Josii Maria ' Ortiz Monasleno. Whether he is an under secretary, 1 llejon still being Minister, or the successor of Itejon at H1 the head of tho State Oepaitment, 1 am at this moment 10 unable to say, as I have uo liles or other sources of in1 formation to recur to Change* in the Cabinet are now f" ; so frequent that it is no easy matter to keep pace witli ?' them As the confiscation ol the ecclesiastical ostates is . ' likely to ulturd large opportunities lor plundor, I have no I" I doubt that the principle of rotation in office will ho vigo- >* 1 rously contended lor. On the 10'h inst. Don Andrea w I Lopez Nfcva resigned, and 1). Jon's Maria Jauregui as- 1" 1 stimed the portfolio of the Minister of Justice, eleven 1 days'later news has been received, as late as the 7th instant gq ; Gen Hanta Anna has advancod a* far as Mutehuala on re his way to ffnltillo. Nothing new had occurred-, but as ta the g-iveininont hu.l failed to furnish him with lesources th tinder circumstances so urgeut, ho is represented as ft | " stirroun toil with misery ." s; The following occount of his march is from the pen of ci an officer, and n quoted in the lndicador as reliable ou- to thority : ? oi "iu the critical position of our army with regard to it* w implacable enemies, no honorable resource remains ex- pi Oept to advance without supplies, to capture them from tho immense store-houses of tho enemy in Saltillo and M Monterey, and to live upon the country. The way to w glery and honor is to be preferred to turning our backs upon the enemy. People will not now say that we are ar traitors. Tc- lay the brigades have begun their march, th and ?n Saturday there departed 10,000 infantry, 600 horse r and 400 artillery, which uniting to the force* already ar advanced, will swell the whole body of the army to go 1-2,000 infantry, 60tK) oavalry and 400 artillery, with 20 w pieoes of heavy calibre, viz : three twenty-fours, three ti< eighteen*, twelve twelvea, and two mortar* of nine s< inches. There were also 700 mules and 21 wagona of fr munitions alone, without counting th* equipages, camp w cnests, or absolutely more than is set down, we go to try ti our fortune, since anything would be a less evil than to L die of hunger and complete inaction, beaides being sailed > 1 traitors by those who really are such. If we do march ri without more than twelve days provisions for the troops l< ' and half a month's pay for the officers, we will live upon k 1 the country and the plunder of the enemy, now that they e will not lurnish us with any supplies This resolution is h 1 heroic and will always confer on us honor." g< ' Dates from Tula of the 31st Jan , state that General ti ' Urrea left the night previous for Saflta Barbara and n ' Romero, with all the c ivalry from Cuidad Victoria.? Urrea is ordered to watch the movement* of the enemy g ' ;is far aa Tamnif.o ami Mnntar?v. fnr whirh oorvii?? th* cavalry will remain under hit orders He take* euly p five days supplies (socorros) and live days rations. An officer writing says:?'* Last night an order was received j to expedite the march, but how can the order be ri carried into ettect while there are no mules of burden, i especially for the park of cannon.'' h Santa Anna has negotiated ywith 'certain commercial v houses of San Luis, for dratts and a loan to the amount a of $180,000, drawing on Mexico and Vera Cruz, and ai pledging all bis property as security. He has paid this 1 sum within a month to the Commissary General, by p whom it has been disbursed lor the absolute subsistence m 1 and clothing of the troops. In this way he has been p enabled to make his movement on Monterey. ci Ventura Mora, who declared for a dictatorship at T | Mazatlan, having plead the instigation of Santa Anna, n the latter addressed a communication to the Secretary ci of War, formally repelling the charge, and accusing ol Gen. Ventura Mora of a calumnious falsehood. It is very Ci ' plain that Santa Anna is suspected, and narrowly watch- w 1 ed. His delay at San Luis, has been impatiently de- n 1 nounced in Mexico, and every one who reads the long and elaborate defences which have from time to time L een put forth at San Lais, must come to the conclusion oi that the breach is widening between the Uoverment and ei Santa Anna The movement at Mazatlan was doubtless h intended to leel the pulse of the country. It has been b< 1 supported in no quarter, it haB not even been received | in silence, but openly denounced by several ol the States, p and Santa Anna prudently confoiming to the preseut t! state of opinion, still manages his defenco so as to throw p ' additional opprobrium on the Government L It is said that the Government has under consideration certain proposals with regard to the city and rustic se f, curi.ies of the religious communities. Out of six bids y the least would produce to the Government $100,000 ? ? The value of the securities is said to be infinitely greater (< than the sum offered. The Rrpuhlicano refers to one a sale which it pronounces scandalous. " It is said that n the great hacienda of Acahuistla, in the valley of Cnautla, belonging to the religious order ol' Dominicans, which produces $50 000 annual rent, has bean sold to Don Miguel Mozo for $300,000 in money and $80,000 in ? bread (nalUla). , 'I'k.. f L'ln.... I I? C ' 11I.U mvmw j v- riuouvo uo? uuuoi 111H u w II iiKuaiure J, contradicted the repoit that he ha* negotiated lor the sale of eccleiiaitical estate* at U& per cent of their value, g I receiving 6 per cent in paper and U0 per cent in cash. 0 I The i)i?hnp of Guadalazara has offered in the name of 0 the clergy ot bis diocese, $30,000 towards the expenses of tho war, which amount Hanta Anna ought already to i, I have received. The patriotism of this worthy prelate is , duly applauded. . The govemor of the State of Vera Cnu has declared a . ! forced loan, to he raised from the merchants and capita1 lists, oi "M't.OOO. The city ol Vera Crux and the places J ' near Alvaraldo are exempted from tax, in consequence ot ' their previous liberal contributions for the subsistence , of the troo|>s. I 1 As in consequence of the cmtsrrassment of the ' treasury the Government will be nnable to pay the | salaries of officer punctually, it has been proposed to re- ] ' mit a portion ol their taxes. ( Congress has resolved to appoint a special committee | | to drafts law for organizing the National Guard. j { The canton of Oaoiuama and the district ol Huetjutla, . ' hove agreed to establish a rendezvous for the National j 1 Guard, and to sustain the expenses by a subscription | among themselves, without calliDg on the general go- j vernment. ' A proposition has been made In Congress to transfer i ' the ssat of government from Mexico to Celaya by tho , 1 I'J h March, which, afier some discussion, was referred j 1 to the committee on constitutional points. t The evidence, that we intend to attack this place, ? 1 seems to accumulate. 1'he Indicator invite* special at tention to the fact that ten vessels, supposed to be trans ( ports, are anchored under the Isle of Lobos, and among . > them one vessel of war, the 8t. Mary's It is thought ' these vessels aro transports, because one ol them has ' been shipwrecked, with four companies of seventy men 1 each, (another account says lour hundred men,) who ' marched upon Tampico under the protection of the sloop f 1 ot war, because when the military commandant at Tut- I J pan received notice it-was already late, and he arrived at 1 1 the point after they had marched, so that ho was only 1 1 able to seize some ol the cargo . The military commandant ol Vera Cruz has issued a 1 general order to issue provisions or rations in kind, te ' ' nil the office is who desire it, as there is an absolute want of money to furnish them even for the supply of their & 1 tables. In stating the troops in town and castle at 6000, 1 ex 1 ceedcd the number hv more than a thousand. The nuinr bar ot regulars was, however, stated correctly at 2300? the town having 1800 The rest are ot the National > Guard. Probably more of the National Guard will be called in and located near the city, but 1 do not believe that many more will he crowded within the walls, as i luoy I'diiu"i uv I'm. a u?j U91BUCC1 oi ion piRco nppear.io ? 1 | combine great strength andRinat weakness ; oi course, , 1 the facility with which the city may be carried, will da- f ' |ieod upon tha points attacked. 1 ! We are to-.lay told that there are 'WOO men at Alvarado , , ?half of them regulars. (June have been drawn from f ' ! overy quarter to strengthen the delencaa, which now ? 1 | aquul eight forta, w ith a total of sixty guns of various (i ' calibre. The entrance to tha river ia alao defended by a c ' i chain of ahella or topedoea, whioh can be exploded from the land. g L I I waa pained to hear from Mr. Rogers that be waa or ? ' derod to I tote on the 14th init , ami I have antbentir. ' informati, . that he ataitcd on the ltith. When all the , ' promise* i! Landero and La Vega are recollected, the j | imposition of additional hardships at thia time doea not a 1 woll comport with the magnanimity of which the Maxi cans are constantly boasting. Under the expectation of a speedy release, on the faith of many promises, hia dis1 appointment must be acute indeed ; but.his.friends will be gratified to know that he communicates the news of | hia clise imprisonment with philosophic cheerfulness. r U. S. SquADHOiv, Feb. dt), 1847. r The subject of Mr. Atocha's despatches is discussed in > the recent papers, but I have not yet seen or heard of ; any favorablo allusion to it The Vera Cruz papers t state that our government have proposed to Mexico an f Indemnity of twenty millions for the line of the ddth i parallel from the mouth of the Rio del Norte to the fa I confirmed thin (tatement 10 far aa thia, that fifteen mil- ' , liona are offered for the above mentioned boundary line, the United Statea waiving all claim* on Mexico, and as- 1 liming tha indemnities due her citizsns. There ia a I t story that tan thouaand men are to be kapt on the fron- ' I Her to prevent smuggling. These reports are rrgarded a 1 among us with a great deal ef incredulity. Personally, Honor Atooha appears to hava been the t - most unacceptable person wa c ?uld hava sent to Mexico. j i His reception at Vera Crux was any thing but flattering He landed at Vera Cruz en the flth, (I believe ) and < reached Mexico, aocording to tha papers, en tha ISth ? , t The next day he was ordered to leave the capital for 1 I heelenda near Jalape, there to await tha response of tha i r tr i 'RNING, MARCH 19, 184' overnment It is rumored that hii proposals hare been I ti eispatched to Santa Anna. Judging from the tuna of the h owspapers, I should suppose that tney would be reject- i ai I with disdain. One print declare! that it i? the greatest . h nult whi'-h hai yet been offered to Mexico; another it iks how long Mexico will permit heraelf to be aet at | e

aught. The odium in which Honor Atocha i? held, j w as apparently prejudiced the prepoials, whaterer they w iay be. al Santa Anua was by the latest account!, coming down ri > the 14th instant from Ouadalaxara, still advancing n iwards Saltillo, and had reached Cedral. On the ldth, s a extraordinary snow storm occurred at Sao Luis. We s< iay ex|iect melancholy accounts from the denuded m lexican army. w The money contributed by the Bishop of Ouadalaxara ti ir the use ol the army, has been diverted to other pur- d< uses The opposition to the law confiscating the church a Mates is Unabated, and is b?ginning to assume a more si rstematic character. The State of Jalisco had suspend- p 1 tho execution of the law until Congress can consider 8 te petitions of the several States for its repeal. Die- fc usting capitalists consider the investments as too ins u ire lor speculation, even at enormous discounts. The y nount of propeity held by the church in Mortmain, is w itiraated at $30,000,(100. and the Government cannot, at te proposed rules,raise $10,000,000 by the sacrifice of the hole of thl< property. Mr. Waddy Thompson says that a is residence iu Mexico has thoroughly convinced him tl iat no political movement can succeed to which the c 'iesthood is opposed. The issue of this fevorite flnan- r, at scneme ol young rarias is lilcely to illustrate the uth ol the raairk, us there is much reason to suppose latthe law will evontuully be repealed. J5, The people of Veru Cruz hav-j turned out en mate* to "j .ear away the saud embankment against the walls of " 10 city on the northern and western side, and to dig a tch. The women and children were actively engaged i carrying away tha sand. It has 11Hon reported that Santa Anna hat remitted ? 16,000 of his own funds to Vera Cruz,to aid the garrison ' that place. ' v The Spanish brig , captured by the Albany, will n -obably be sent to New Orleans for adjudication. She a seized fjr informality in kerpuperr, and lor evadiDg the A a ruing ol blockade. An enemy'a schooner has become < iza to the Vixen. " [From the New Orleans Bulletin, March 10 J . The U. 8. schooner Forward, Capt. Jones, left the , [Uadron oil' Veia Cruz on the SB'.h Feb., and wo have coived by her a tils of Mexican papers, but they conin nothing el' importance By this arrival we learn at Mr. Atocha, who was landed under a flag of truee om the, American squadron on tho ath, with special delatches from Washington, returned Ironi Mexico and tme uplin the Forward. He proceeded for Washing., n yesterday, with his despatches, which are said to be high importance ; but the contents had not in any ay transpired, though it was reported that there was a ospoct of a favorable termination of tho negotiations. s So far from Vera Cruz having been abandoned by the exican troops, their number had been increased, and as numerous. Two transports from a Northern port with troops, had rived at Athon de Lizardi?names not ascertained?, . ,e squadron off Vera Cruz, oontisted of the Fotomaof aritan, John Adams, Albany, Princeton, and a fleet o nail craft? Oen. Scott had been expected daily, for me time?the ships and troops would rendezvous, it as said, at Anton de Lizardi, but the place of debarkaon would not be Anally settled, until tne arrival of Oen. jott?it would either be at Anton de Lizardi, 9 miles om Vera Cruz, or opposite SacriAciot. At either of 'hich places, it would become under complete protecon from the guns of the ships?Santa Anna had left San uis, early in February, and it was said, bad proceeded lorth, towards ,8altillo, with a portion of his army- We amain incredulous of his intention to attack Oen. Tay ir?indeed the situation of his army, as described by is recent proclamation, forbids all idea of the kind, and ven throw* some doubt on tho movement of a poition of t ia nrmv (oivnrilR the North, thouwh this hitter far.t ia am. orted in the Mexican papers, with much confidence? ' le force that moved with him, ia stated at about 10,000 \ tea. . . Several vessels have recently ovaded the blockade, nd got into Aivarado?one with a very valuable cargo, < nd another, a Spanish brig, and, as reported, with 40,000 e ounds of powder and 4000 stond of arms on board. There hud been three northers between the 17th and Slh February. The thormometer on board the squad an, and ia the coolest positions, ranged from 84 to 80.? { 'he vomito, it was thought, might be expected in the city . y the 1st April, and great anxiety was felt for the atrial of the troops, that operations might be commenced, nd the place, if possible, captured before the appearnce of disease. It would appear that many communications have been nbliibed in the Mexican papers, tendiog to infiame the ' linds of their readers, evidently showing, that in many ' laces a lukewarmnesa pervades the community, parti- 1 nlarly in those districts not yet menaced by the enemy. t 'he following extract from Kl Dtftntor. shows the geeral strain of the whole. It declares the North Ameri- c ins to be " enemies of our (the Mexican) race, enemies t r our religion, usurpers of our territory, strangers to our ustoms and manners, speaking a hard (dure) language, hich we cannot understand?the North Americans can J ever be esteemed by us. No : it is impossible !" The Indicator of Vera Cruz notices the arrival of the ouisiana Volunteers, and asserts them to be men withut country (tin patria.) who will soon learn the differnee between themselves and those citizens who know ow to defend their hearths, their religion and their lierty. The Congress appears to be determined to restrict the I ress from publishing anything that could militate egeinst 1 >e government, ana have appointed censors for that purose. ATKAIRS IN YUCATAN. we are iniormed that letter* nave been received on the Yucatan commisaionar, who i* now in YashiDgton, announcing the success of his mission. It tentioni that hereafter Yucatan veaaelaare to be admitsd into the port* of the United State* on the lame term* in 184.1, when Yucatan itood aloof from the governlent cf Mexico. AFFAIRS AT SAI.TILLO. [From the Auatin (Texas) Democrat, Feb 30.] Messrs. W. W. and James Thompaon, arrived on Wedesday evening from Saitiilo, which place they left on le id in*t. From the Arst of theie gentlemen, the lol} wing information i* obtained : ? The army is encamped on the south side of Saitiilo, bout three-quarters ot a mile from the main square. It ccupie* two hills?Gen. Wool'* command on the right f the road?the remainder of the force* on the left, in tie fort built by Gen. Worth. The valley between the litis is watered by a Ane spring, sufficiently 1 rge to upply any number of men From this position the town an b? battered?the Son Lui road raked, and the vall-y irotected. Gen. Taylor arrived at Saitiilo on the morning of the li, with about 1000 men and H pieces of artillery. Mr. l'hompson estimates our forces at 7000 men. The utmost rigiiance is observed?both ofllcera and men aro itching lo measure arms with the enemy. Henry, who understands the Spanish language perfectly, brought intelligence that there were two bodies of cavalry, one on each side of the mountains, numbering u ail about 10,000. The infantry, as he learned from the VIexicon officers, were advancing upon the San Lnis road. They are represented to be 'JO,000 strong. The Mexicans of Saitiilo say the intention waa to attack on he 3d inst. Saitiilo ia almost deserted?the inhabitants rave been leaving for the laat month, contemplating a ight. Mr. Thompson speaks in the highest terms of General Wool?represents him as unremitting in his watchfulless?sparing no pains or labor to see that every thing s performed aright. He keeps out scouting partis* con inually?and does svery thing a prudent man could to tvoid surprise. Gen. Taylor will not resist the entrance of the Mexi:ans into the town, his intention is to batter down the ilace if they take possesiien of it. NEWS FROM TIIK BRAZOS. [Frem the New Orleans Picayune, March 10.] The John Rowlett, Capt. Hanlon, arrived yesterday rom Brazos Suntiago, whence she sailed on tne 37th of 'ebruary, four days subsequent to our last advices. She irought no mall whatever, not a latter nor a paper that ve ciin hear of. Gen. Worth bad not yet embarked with his division ? f he steamship Alabama, and several other voaseli, were >11' the tier, taking in troopa aml>tores for the Gulf. The John Hewlett brought over four or Ave lick and liicharged soldiers. THE CALIFORNIA KXTBDITION. [From the 8t. Louis Republican, March 0.] We were favored yesterday with the perusal of a let... ...eitten b? Ova aMoao Is. tk? ..f I '?1? I ;ooko, who is at the haad of tha Mormon battalion on ts way to California. The letter ia dated on the 34th of Sovembur, at Lai Playai, Honora The writer says: ? rVe are now about 350 milee from Hants Ke, on our way 0 California 80 far we have been successful in finding 1 food road, that tnay he considered a natural one, lor ve have but little work to do. We find water acarce, and prospects atill worse ahead, nough I am in hopes we shall not sufier. The grass or our animals is very fine. We have crossed several ligh mountains, or rather passed through them, without lifflculty, and have suffered but little from cold. Our ourse has been farther 8outh than we wished to follow, nit it was necessary on account of water. We are about fty miles north-west of Varas, so by reference to the nap, you can see our present position. from hero, we go to Han Bernardino, and thence to he Kio Han Pedro, and down that, to the Oila , thenoo own that river to the Oulf of California, and thence cross to Han Diego, and up the coast to Monterey, ['here our journey westward will be ended. We will W ?. .VW-. ?v W??y "?J /o? v\# I'UIIUIUI VUO trip, iur lur animals muit necessarily tail, if we attempt to push hem. They are our only hope, and it behoves us to avor them in overy poaaible way. Thii is a wild country, and too far from home ever to ie settled by white men. The health of the command a good-in lact, the air is too pure to hare disease it uny kind generated in it. This will be taken to Bunts i >?e by a Mexican, who was found trading here with the ndiani. This letter must put to rest a report which had found < ome believers here, that Copt. Cooke's command had teen captured by the Mexicans. It is the latest intelli[eoce from that quarter. NAVAL NRWfl. [Krom the Boston Traveller, March 17 ) The Bomb-Ketch Htromboli is about ready for sea. ler odicers are all ordered to her, and it is expected that he will haul out from the Navy Yard to-day, and probacy sail to-monow. Her officers are : Commander, W. I. Walker ; Lieuts , Jona. K. Tucker and N C. Bartori , Voting Master, Kdward H. Nichols ; Assistant Burgeon, , ? Rice, Midshipman, Jona. McLean Murphy; Captain's j Jlerk, Mr. Abrams. The crew consists of forty hands, ill told. The Btromboli (late New York packet schooner Howard) la rigged as aa hermaphrodite brig, sod Is vary isavtly sparred. Her length to about eighty feet, beam .? w - V * * - IERA r. verity-ti* feet, and har burthen 180 tona. Her aidea ! are been strengthened by six inch oak planking, anJ re abeathed and ceppered. The entire thickoeaa of er aidea ia about twenty-two inchea. Three atout on roda run through her, from aide to aide, fastend with nuta and acrewa. She haa one immenae gun reighing 16,3J8 pounda, mounted on a carriage . rhlch weigha about 3,000 lba. Thia ia placed amidaipa. and ia made to traverae on a circle. Thia gun cariea 10 inchahella, and i* natimated to range about tiles at an elevation of 30 degreea. She haa on board , ome 300 or more ol theae ahella, loaded and ready for irvice, aud a quantity of unloaded onea. The immenae | 'eight of thia gun and carriage ia aupported by a frame 'ork of aolid timber and by tranaverae oak beama of ; n inchoa by twelve, placed under the old beama. In- ; eed, it ia difficult to conceive how any thing can be lade more Arm with timber than the centre of thia versl ia. She ia furniahed with four linr-ol-battle ahip urnpa, which will keep her clear trom almeat any leak, he la very low in the water,preaeating but a email mark ir the enemy, while the immenae power of her armalent may prove extremely destructive to the enemy, beond the reach of whoae guna ahe may lie and do her 1 ork ol deatruction. (From the Norfolk Beacon, March 10.| TheU 8. aloop-of-war Uermantown, lelt tho naval nchorage on Sunday, and haa gone to aea. We learn ut Commander L). O. Furragut haa been ordered to tho ommand of tho U. S sloop o! war Saratoga, now nearly aady for aea, to join the aquadron in the Gulf of.Mexico. Commander Ueo. P. Upahur, U. S. N., haa been orderd to Annapolia, (Md.,) to take the auperintendance of tie Naval School at that place, recently vacated by Comlander Franklin Buchanan, ordered to the aloop-of-war lermantowu.? Norfolk Herald, MarcK 17. | From the N. O. Picayune,- March 10 ] TheU 8. revenue achooner Forward, Capt. Henry B. fones, arrived at the south-west paaa on the 7th Inst, romja cruise in t'> e'Gulf. The Forward hua experienced ery severe weather, having encountered several heavy u.mvin. \>uiucia ?uu uiow ait ?vmi. tuo luuuwiUK ! list of her o(Jicer?: ? Henry It. Nones, captain; John IcUowan, 1st lieutenant; Wm. U McLoan ami Edward Kennedy, c2d lieutenants; Wm. F. lingers, 3d lieuteant, Joseph Davis, acting masier. The ateam revenue cutter Bibb, Capt. Foster, came up ) town yesterday from the mouth of the river, whero he had been lying for iome lime. Capt. Nonei came up 1 her. THE MASSACRE IN NSW MEXICO. PECIAL DESPATCHES TO THE NEW YOB It HERALD. St. Loud, March 7, 1817. 1 have just received some important intelligence from le Plains, which I hasten to communicate. A party of ix persons have arrived from Santa Ke, which place hoy left on the 13th of Jannary last. They bear the tartling intelligence that an insurrection had occurred t Taos, a small town one hundred miles north of Santa "e, and that a number of Americans had been lulled, imong whom were His Excellency, Charles Bent, Oorernor of New Mexico, General Elliot Lee, Msj. Stephen .ee, acting sherifl' of Taos, and a Mr. Turly, a trale r. The information was communicated by the Alcalde >f Taos to the Alcalde of Los Vegas, and was gene ally credited at Santa Fe when my informants left. The military force at Taos was small, consisting of but wo companies, belonging to Col. Price's regiment. The orce at Santa Fe numbered about twelve hundred men, >eing composed of a portion of Col. Price's regiment and Major Willock's command. Fears are very generally intertained in this quarter, that the people of Santa Fe' imboldened by the success ol their countrymen at Taos, will attempt a revolution in that city, which moy prove mocessful. It is presumable, however, that the Americans at Santa Fe are on their guard, as a plot of this tind was detected and crushed there about the first ol lanuary. March 8th, 1847. Since writing the foregoing, further and later intelli(ence has reached us. A Mr. Maxwell, a resident of Paos, overtook a party of traders from Santa Fe, (who rave just arrived) and coroborated the report above men' ioned. He also stated that the Alcalde of Taos, whose communication is alluded to, had fallen on the day after he Americans were killed, in consequence of having nade an attempt to quell the insurrection. Ameng the Americans killed is a Mr. Leal, of this State. Wa are hourly expecting further intelligence, which, io noon aa received, I will communicate. ARUUS. (From the St. Loui* Republican, March 8.] I InoarariDKncB, March 1, 1847. I I have new* to communicate to you again, from Santa Ke, but it i* of a different character from any heretofore Kiven. Mr. Miller, of Saline county , and Mr. Hoffman, of Baltimore, and some others, are just in, having left Santa Fe on the 13th of January. The -70 arrested on suspicion were released, and all apprehensions seemed to be quieted, when our informants left. Alter they had progressed some few days upon their route, they were overtaken by some men, who told them of an insurrec tion about to take place, or just then going on at Taos. They placed little reliance on the report, until overtaken by Mr. Lucien Maxwell and a Spaniard, who had been in the employ of E.lLeitensdorffer. Maxwell, who had a farm, was fortunately apprised of their movements and escaped by fleeing to the mountains. All his stock had been taken. Through the Spaniard, upon whom reliance can be placed, and who had also to flee for his life, we leant that 3ov Charles Bent, who went up to Taos, a few days before, to look after his farm, near town, was killed; as well as Stephen Lee, then acting sheriff, (who had, a day or so before imprisoned some supposed insurrectionists,) (Jen. Elliot Lee, Henry Leal, and all the Americana in the place, stripping them and their families of all they had on earth,and killing also all the Spaniards at all favorable to the Americans?the chief alcaide of Taos being one of them. This occurred on Tuesday, the 7th. On Wednesday, it was their determination to attack Mr. Miller's party snd wagon; but in this they foiled them, by travelling fifty miles a day. On that day they attacked Turley's itiatillory, in the valley of Taos. Turley, with eight men defended himself for two days, having a kind ot breastwork thrown up around his establishment. At the commencement of the insurrection, the alcalde el Taoa icnt word down 10 mo alcaide ol vague 01 their movementi, and wished him to join them, lie would not, but aent an MM immediately to Santa Ke advising them te be on their guard, aa the mob, who were compoaed of the loweat rabble, and whoae deaire wua plunder, about aix hundred in number, were hurrying on to the Puebla Indian villagee and aettlementa, to arouae them, and march directly to Santa Ke and take poaaeaaion ol that placo.and all that waa in it What can bo done there, ne one knowa. Meatra. Miller and Hoffman aay that there are only about four hundred effective men in Santa Ke?the reat all on the aick liat. or have gone down to Doniphan?and of couraethey cannot aend any help out to the neighboring peinta, and in all probability will not be able to defend tbemaelvei there. The fart ia not completed, aa the hlock-bouaes are nol liniahed, which rendera it irapoaaihle for the troopa or nitizena of 8anta Ke to retreat to it, with their aick, in caae of an extremity. The cannon are all in the square, in town, and are in a bad eituation to be of great service. Alter the mob had attacked Taoa and Turley, it wee their intention to take >ome got ernment wagona, going into Santa Ke with auppliei. When news waa received at Bent's Kort, by aome men who had flod there with Mr. Miller's company, they immediately lent out a few men to pick up the remaining atock and other property which tney could find. General Doniphan bad representation made to him, that Chihuahua would be nn|eany conquest, and, alter a few easily obtained victories, he waa to march down sufficiently tar into the interior tebe surrounded and all hia men cut off. No word bod bean yet received by him of (Jen WooL Megotfin waa to?make hia eicape with Kirker, who waited a long time at an appointed place for biin ; but from the fact of hia not coming on, it ia supposed Ins esca|te was made known, and that he has been dealt with accordingly. Mr. Miller met our paymaster (Capt Murphy we suppole,) about one hundred and fifty miles from Santa Ke, and Sublette about seventy miles from this side of lient's Kort. Lieut. Ahert, of the army, coming in with aome government wagons, lie., had all his mules taken Irom him, and he left upon the plains to get alengas he might. Mr. Brown, one ol the lesaeei oi the penitentialy, lelt Santa Ke a few day a heforo Messrs. Miller and Hoffmau, with the express mail, and is now a short distance from hare, in distress Help baa been sent him. Vou will get letters by him, which will tell you more. It ia the opinion of all at Santa Ke, that if Wool had gone on direct to Chibuahue, there would have teen no trouble anywhere in New Mexico. IrtDiraisDKix-R, Mo., Marsh 1, 1847. Mr Geo Hoffman and several others, arrived here thia evening from Santa Ke, end bring aome startling intelligence. They at ito that they left Santa Ke on the 13th ol January, when thay reached the Moro, an American came to them fromTaoa, who stated that there waa an insurrection of the Mexican! at that place, and that they had massacred ahout twenty Americans, among whom was Charles Dent, who waa on a visit to Taos at the time, and has a farm near there. They drove oil' all the stock Ilov. Bout bad there. This company state, that the information which tko Amencan Rave them, waa, in tliair opinion, tiuo. They wore at the time within ahout forty miles ol Taos, which alarmed them, as there were only lour in companv. They travelled night and day, till thay were out of danger- and came by Bent's Fort, wheie they tariied awhile. Tliey also state that they had received news from Col Doniphan, who bad taken possesion of K1 Peso. A let ter had been received at El Paso hy the Mexicans, from the Oovernor of Chihuahua, in which he said that (Jen. Wool was within three days' march ol Chihuahua. This was hitenried to deceive the Americans, and induce Col. Doniphan to venture down to join Wool. The only chance of his escape, is to retreat back to Santa Ke He will be certain to be attacked by forces sent up from Chihuahua. These gentlemen think the weakened oondltlou ot the Americans In New Mexico, by the scattering ef the forces, will give the Mantoans such an advantage, that they my retake the ecuatry LD. massacre all the Americana, and oonftieale all the goods of the trader*. " Tuexsv Cbksz, K?b. 'JO, 1847. On the 19th of lint month, Gov. Bent, and all the Ameiican* residing in Taoi, were cruelly massacred by the New Mexican*. For tome time an outbreak haa been threatening, and when I wai in Hants Ke, the troope were in a state of the strictest vigilance, and all lay down to rest with drawn sabres or pistols by their side*. Kight Mexicans had been arrested and imprisoned ; the moat eminent were Tbos. Ortiz, second in command under Armijos Diego Archulette, formerly a member of the Mexican Congress ; Nicholas Pino, Ban tin go, Armijo. Manuel Chavez and others. These persons hsd arranged a plan of attack upon the city of Hants Fe, which was deferred, in order to extend it, so as to produce a complete revolution throughout the Department of New Mexico, which was to take place on Christmas night; but the arrest of the conspirators frustrated this plan. This late success will doubtlass quiet the pertuibed spirits of New Mexico, but our little bend ot men are in a dangerous situation. From the official returns thst fell into my hands, whsn in Sanm Fo, I find the population of the department of Now Mexico estimated at 100,000?thia include* the Pueblos or Indian villages. As to the character of theae people, the horrible murder of Gov. Bent, together withlhe Americana in Taos, on tho 19th of January last; the plan of cruol massacre of all the Americana in Nsw Msxico, on tha night of the -JAth December last; the battle charge of tho government troops and militia, at Brazito, under a black flag, Jives one a faint idea They ere entitled only to So ealt with as outlaws, bandits or pirates. Near the crossing of the Arkansas, I lost all my mulos; they wore stolen by the Pawnees. We had saan no Indians for a week previous, nor did we meet any for four days subsequent to the robbery. On the evening of the fourth day, while all the men were in the trecea, laboring to drag the wagon to Pawnee Fork, a band ef Pawnees came out and met us; they were seventeen in number, and 1 had iourteen men well armed. I went out and met the Partizan, told him I was an oScer of the United States, and that the government would revenge the deeds of the Pawnees who had been killing our people, and stealing our animals. They excused themselves by saying, that some of the young men over whom they had no control, were guilty of the theft. The next morning ten of there came into the camp. All night the men were talking, aaying that they would be delighted if the Lieutenant would let them make "smooth woik" of the seventeen Indiana, but 1 would not conaent, and thia morning I could acarc* restrain them from falling upon the ten Indiana and "whipping them all out." Misy of my men had owned the mulea that were loat, andth ey were exasperated to the highest degree at thia misfortune, and irritatod by the idea of dragging a wagon ot provisions and a sick man to Pawnee Fork. When about to start, 1 found that these Indians had borrowed one of our axes to cut the ico and let their animola drink; this had not been returned; ao I called my men, end ordering two of them to stay with the wagon end sick, commanded tho rest?eleven in number to follow me. The Imlieno xsrsimm ai. (kin annnaiie sl.le a# the s*i vme* met/4 as soon as they perceived our movements, hastily fathered their animals together and fled to the sand Bills. Seeing it useless to continue pursuit?as they eould even outrun my men who were on foot?besides having plenty of horses, I returned to the wagon, and took up my line ot march. On the night of Februnry 1st, wo lost four mules, which were fro/.en to death in a snow storm. Feb MOth, Mr. Brown, whom I met carrying the mail teKort Leavenworth, and who kindly let mo have some oxen to carry the luggage of the men, lost two mules, froxento death, and the next morning, six more. I had to dig tome of my men out of the snow, that lay above them to the depth of (We feet; one ot them was dead?the other half frozen?but we still enteitain hopes of his recovery. We were on the head of Turkey creek at the time of the storm, entirely exposed to its fury lor thirty-six hours. My men were obliged to leave bedding, provisions, guns, and cooking utensils, covered up with Ave feet snow. We had aloug and ditttcuit march of twentytcvoti miles, when wo reached Cotton-wood Fork, here wa found the master from Fort Leavenworth, with plenty f provisions, and we were again all comfcitable. While in Santa Fe, Cot. nice kindly furnished me With the testimony of some of the insurrectionists whom he had in confinement. They wore not allowed to converse together, and yet all give testimony to the vnma effect?in fact their evidence is so similar that I shall only send you a copy of one translated from tho Spanish. Testimony of Don Jose Maria Sanchez. On Tuesday last, the lath Dec., I was called in the name of Tomas Ortiz, by Miguel Fino, to the house of the former, in the evening, which I will verify. When I entered I found the following persons assembled:?Don Tomas |Oiiiz ; Don Diego Archilotte' Don Nicholas Tino, Don Miguel Pino, Don Santiago Ar miio, Don Manuel Chatvey. Don Domingo Boca, Dan Pablo Dominguez and Don Juan Lopez. The consultation was to form a conspiracy against tha actual Government. Don Diego Archilotte commenced the discourse, and said: ?1 make the motion that ll>era be an act to nominate a Governor and Commander General; and I would nominate Don Tomas Ortix, far tha first office, and Don Diego Archilotte, for tha second. This was unanimously carried, and the act signed by each individual present After this was concluded, they commenced a discourse relative to the method of surprising the guardsmen st Santa Fe, and taking possession of the place. They decided upon the following plan On Saturday evening,the mthof December, all were to assemble with their men in the Parish church. Having divided tm mselves into several parties, they were to tally forth, some to seize the pieces of artillery, othera to go 'o tho quarters of the Colonel, and others to the palace of the Govorner,if he should be here, and if not, to send an order to Teoa, to seize him, because he was the one who would give the most trouble. This act was also agreed on by ail.? The sound of the church bsll was to lie tho signal for the assault, from the forces concesled in the chuich, and these which Don Diego Archilotte should have brought near the city. Midnight was the time agreed on?all ... ... ?!.? PI .< <u. ..I,, ll,. piece* of artillery, and point them into the atreeta. The meeting now dissolved. On the 91st, I went to the house of Don Tomaa Ortir, arid he and Don Diego Archilette told me that on the evening hefoie, they had concluded to suspend the assault, and egrard to fix on .Saturday, 9fltli Dec., for which reason I win called, and they told me before Don Blaa Ortego and Joae Sanchez, until they could gain over the people of the whole department. Tomaa Ortez wa* going to El Bado; Don Diego Archilette, to the valley of Taos; To ma* Baco to the Kio \baxo When 1 entered, Blai Ortego delivered a letter to Tomaa Ortez, from the priest Leyba, of San Miguel. It wa* in anewer to ono from Ortiz, and Tomaa Ortiz commenced conversation, and told Don Diego Archilette. Leyba waa a man well calculated to excite the people, hut becaueo at ill health, could nr>t come to the capital. Archilette aoM the prieat waa all talk; Ortiz got offended, said he would wait there no longer, but at once put the flret plan into t fleet Toma* Boca then came in to take leave, aa he waa going off to sound the people?Ortiz said that Pablo Domnguez and Miguel 1'ino would go and aound the "Vacarrio" at Kio Tesuca. Tomer Oitiz kept the minute* ot the meeting. The many inconvenience* I have autfered have diaerranged my material* for writing?ao you muat axcaae my letter if tbo period* appear a little rudely turned. Believe mn, your* truly, J. W. ABKRr, Lt. U.B T. E ' Taoaia one of tho moat northern town* in New Meaico, aituatod on the east aide of the Rio Urande, and dlt tant some few miles from the river. The population is composed mainly of half breeds It iaon the direct route travelled by the Missouri tradors after leavlog Bent'a Kort, on the Arkansas, for Santa Ko. Tho distance from the last town to Taos is about IdO miles. [Krom the St. Louis Uniou, March 9.1 Last evening we received the following important intelligence from an extra, published at the office of tho Imlrpendfvct Expotitor, on March 1st. We failed to receive letters from our correspondent This information is alarming, as tho plans of the insurrectionists may have covered the whole territory of New Mexico, in ourpoasessiou :? * * * ??. Home of our citizen* here, acquainted with froatier Lite and engaged in the Mexican trade, doubt tho correctness ol this rumor. They suppose it to bo aomo of I the many fahrioations of the Alcalde'. Many stonoa of the kind originate there without loundation in truth Krom previous advicos we think the rumor probable. The Maxicana are active in the country, and notwoll disposed towards our tiocps. Taos is used a* an outpoet for our army. INSTANTANEOUS HAIR It YE BAT>.MfcLUH B Li'iatd Mair L?ye, is tnn Pent stlici# re offend f?r coloring the hair to * perfectly rrcn en i natural black or brown, without auiolai or injuring the akin It ii pronounced by hiiodredi who hare uied it, the oely per KCt liair Live yet discovered. Hold whojeaale and retail by WM. BATC i fcLUll, 2 Wall street, uear Jlroadway. fie m e r WlNuuW StfADEs' WINDOW NHAOho!! fMTY AND COUNTRY MERCHANT*, Upholsterers, ' v> Pedlars, kc , can And the largest, best, and cheapest assortment of Shades and mitensls lor nuking and hanging Hbadas in the city?at KRLTv it RIKER'* Kaelasiee Window Shade ml Im* r store. 111 I. hathain street. 6nna~^4''^ patent miijkrkd SUMPKN u" 'v/DKHS. eiiibraring over twenty ettles and prices, varyiug from bel?w >1 to tn per doiaa, for sale Ho jobbers and tiportera, aud at retail, by the only mannfarin rrr of the Itbric in ihe Umird Mutes, and etclasiva owner af all the patents lor processes is the mannfacinre of these good. II. H. DAY. fttlmre# M t 'onnlsadt sire# l!?2 < KNKR OK J tilly MTHKKr, TO iliOSl'r WHO bllAVK THKMSELVES. I Krom the Bo* ton Traveller 1 K|,N<r? VKHBKNa Cft K VM?This shaving compnnad M now all Ihe r-ge, s. wrll amoug tonaorial proleasoii ts among those who prefe, to gather their own dtntaal crops ? The b-tbers say that a pot of it laais twice aa long ns ihe saDto 'plan t it vol anynther sapoiiacions preparation ;w hue those who sirs their siipences declare thst with the Verhens i reem s doll rstor will insure n smoother face rhtn most ol the cltl I sosps with s shs-p steel. bss'des It is frayisnt to the tense oIlcniDK'n in* ?ain, a grtai neairoyrr ?i irec?ir?, r-y I lir ; And what i>better than til, in theae hard timet It i? ?< I allium for a mug. Wholesale iind reUil.by CHARLER H RIN'l. R3 lm?rli Driieaut, 1M Broadanv. enraer John at ERVAUCNTA. fit UK Undarticned here ronitntly on haod a freeh aarrl X ol Krvalenta, a valuable remedy in obturate, e"V.? couttipation Pot op in ponnd pachaae- Kor a,*rV> ale and retail, by UKLLU*

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