Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 20, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 20, 1847 Page 1
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Vv S % TH1 r?U XW, Is, 7?.WMl M.M73 THE HIT YORK HERALD. j JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. j i Circulation-- Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every aay, Tnee i oeeie per copy?$ ?!> per annuin?payable iu advance WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday-Price 6* eeett per copy?I ltjt ceuta per annum?payable m advance. HERALD fcOR EUROTK?Every Uteain Packet day? Price ecuu per copy?$1 per annum, payable m advance. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HKRALD-rnbliahed oa the let of January of each year?eingle copies aiipeuce each. i ADVERTISE vtENTU, at the usual pricea-always caib , la advance Advertisements ihoold be written IB a plain, , leicible manner. The Proprietor will not be responsible for ; <^c,':r a .. ..a i tnuilliiuuiui ftiuua sacvuiew umuumuj nuu despatch. All letter* or communications, by mail, addressed tc the eitaUisbmeuu meapbe pott paid, or tne postag* will oe deducted from (lie subscription money remitted. JAMK8 GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor of the New Yonx Hxxai.d Kstabmshmxiit, Hwtk Wessenvuevol Eel to* and Nana* street' FOR SALE. a A THREE BTORY HOUSE on 23d street, between the 2d and M Areneot. It i* well finished, and replete with the latest improvements, iaeiadioa kitchen innge, sink, cold and warm baths, water eleaets lie , Italian marble mantels throegbont the hnnse; a court yard of firteen feet in freat, with verandah and French windows. The honse is one of a row of sit houses on the south side of the street. For further particulars, apply to VYBEkHONh, mlD lm?ih 171 Pearl staeet. FOR SALE, tA FARM of fifty two acres, most delightfully si tueted, about five miles from Klizabethtown, N J., eomp'isiug a handsome commodious Dwelling House, with marble mantels, and everv convenience for a respectable family; toe whole, including gardener's house, barns, ice house, and other buildings, in a substantial state of reptir; the orchard contains twenty acres of choice fruit trees. The easy access from New York, either by the various cars from Jersey Oily, or ihe ferry to Elizshstbport, whence a railroad train ran* within s hundred yards of the houss, renders this property very valuable to those doing business in this city The greater part of the purchase money can remain lor three yeats on bond and mortgage, at five per cent. YY8E k. WON8, 171 Pearl at. Also for ssle, a dwelling house, No. 381 Washiugton street, mil lm*rh TO LET, BE THE two story BRICK DWELLING HOU8E, Tj*M No 81 Forsyth street, near Grand, to a good tenant; it JUILwill be pnt m geed repair, and a Isase given. Enquire on the premisaa, be. ween the hoars oi 1 and 4 P.M. ml8 3t*rc TO LET. mA RO Wof new two story Cottage Houses with court yards, in 40th street, between Broadway and Bix'h avenue, siiuated on the north side of the street, i as follows:?8 basements. 2 parlors with sliding door* and hard finished walls, I rooms and 2 bed rooms in the second story, geod pantries and dry counter cellars. Rent $180 Forfurtwr particulars anqoire on the premises of the agent. mlSlw*r W. K. PENDLETON. TO LET, MKrom 1st of May next, three three-story brick houses, now finishing, at Hoboken, within three bnndrvd yards of the ferry. They will have good well and cistern wt-tur brought in the kichen,and other conveniences, that will render them desirable for either a Urge or small family. Apply to W A. Palmer, at the caipenter's shop near the ferry. One of them ie for sale. mi3 2w*rrc STAT UN ISLAND PROPERTY TO LET. JaL A LARUE COTTAGE, with three acrei of Land, K';W iuclnding a garden well atocked with the beat fruit JjjKt<e?a, a coach honae, atable, and pomp, an the prrmiaea and in front a good bathing place. Commanding one of the tieeat proapecta on the inland, and near toe ferry at Tompkinavule. ALSO?T?o Hotela, aereral Cottagea and imali Honaea at Tompkioaville, Siapleton, and Clifton, to let or for aale. Apply to WOLFE, m!6 lw*r Wolfe'a Hotel, Tompkinaville FOIl SALE OR RENT. JmA THE THREE STORY HOUSE No. 14 Barclay nil atreet, (liable in rear) lurniabed if required. JttHL ALSO TO LET-Ou 3d avenue, Noa. 173,176,178, Storea aud Dwellings, auitable for fancy dry gooda. ltent low, to gord teuanta. Apply at 203 Broadway, Johnson, Lanphin at Haacy, or to T. J. Hail, 63 Barclay atreet, before 9 A M. ml4 tf rc MKOK MALE ?A amall houee and about six acrea ol land, aituate at RockiWay, Long laland, < u the Rock away and Jamaica Turnpike, and within a quarter of a nine of the poet office. One acre of the laud ia under peach treaa two acrea tillable, balance in wood. Alao, acveral other pieeea of land in the aame neighborhood. Enquire of John L. Norton, jun., 14 Delancy sticet, or at the office of John H. Power, 129 Fulton at. in3 3w*rc JSL siuhcb OIN Ttit aixTtt AN"u e.luit'1'H ff? AVENUES TO LEI.?The three atery and attic JiaHLkrick dwelling houae with atore underneath on the eaaierty aide of the 6th avenne, between 12th and 11th atreeta. and now known aa No. 196 in the fth avenue. The three atory brick dwelling houae with atore under neat;., on the easterly aide of the Ich avenue, between 4Jreeiiwicb lane and 14th atreet, and now known aa No 65 ia the 8th avenue. Alao, three atorwe on Oreenwieh lane or avenue, near the 8th avenue, at very moderate rente. The dwelling part <n each houae will be rented reparately, if require!, and ia well finiahed, with marble man tela, eliding door*, aud every requisite for a respectable family. Apply to (a H II Wall ?lr??t _ m8 2w?rc over ike Mechanics' Bank. tOR SALE, tAT PKIVATKSALK?The property known u No. 186 Mulberry itreet, near Broome straet. Lot It by 100 feet. A two story brick (root house on the front of lot ill two story frame house on the side of lot, with a large work shop iu the rear. St by 36 feet, with a cellar It feet deep in the unit. Half of the purchase money can remain on bond and mortgage, at T per cent.?J?aquiro on the premises. 118 lm?rc ~ FUR SALE CHEAP, tin RURAL LIKE, fronting the beautiful Han tan Buy,commanding a full and entire new from the Highlands of Nerersiuk to the Narrows. Large and small improved and unimproved property, so that the pur chasers can at ail times smt their fancy in a selection of pro ^aTs'o .fourteen valuable building lotst at West Bloomfield, I Plimpton, adjoining the Methodist Church parsonage, and opposite the New Episcopal Church. Perots easy. Persons demons of retiring from the city to a healthy location anywhere aioug the shore, can obtaiu all information desired, by let e.- rust, to W O. HAVNIC*, Keyport, Monmouth county, New Jersey. fJ6 lm*rc FLOKbNUfc. HOUShi. No. 400 Rroadioay, comer IVulker Slrett, N. Y. kd JOHN KLOliKNCK, Jr., has now completed his pWW airaugements for opening to the public, at the elegant JigflLard rpacioui building above designated, and wnich he has at great espense erectrd, .1 Ho'el, to be conducted on the Euro, eun plan. Iu addition to the commodious Kestaurant below, he has arranged extensive suites of dining rooms on th? floors above, splendidly furnished with every modern improvement in furniture, decorations, fcc. Besides these, are smalle' apartments, similarly furnished, for the accommods.ion of individuals, or of small parties, where (as it the larger apartments) meals are supplied at their own hours, by carts, ou trie plan alluded to. Attached to the establishment, (eulrimcequite distinct from that with the public department) are some sixty bedrooms single and double, with elegant parlors adjoining?the whole lorming a first class hotel for gentlemen, to be conducted on a scale af convenience and a?commodatioa hithert > unattaiued in thia country. J. V . Jr, trusts that it Is unnecessary for him to asanre the public that his larder, hit wines, snd indeed his entire ftulinary department, will he of the beat kind throughout; and Km i.iuiios i/?nflounon u Kn ire fluiirniia of at fh* an mm fimai obtaining rooini and board, or either, separately, to etil upon him as above, where he will be happy to affurd them every facility of examining his uew and commodious establish' ment. m3 lm*rc March 2, 1847. A COUNTRY SKAT FOR SALE. an* A COUNTRY Residence and Farm on the South QjMVside of Lime Island, about 40 miles from this city; can ^kkbe reached in three hours by the railroad. It lies on the old South Road, 4 miles Fast of Babylon, and directly opposite Fire Islaud; contains 177acres, about SO of which are fenced into lots and under good improvement. 1 he House is a most convenient one, comparatively ne a, and sufficiently lirge, having five rooms on the ground floor. '1 he outbuildings consist of a Barn, U.aiuery, Carriage House. Ice House, &.C., are in good erder. It > as a good Garden with a ya-iety of excellent fruits, Strawbeiries, large Asparagus beds, and the grounds about the lidpse beautifully ori amrn teJ with flowers, with two wells of excellent soft w-ter. The land extends down to the Bay on the South, ami reaches back to ran road near the Thompson Station. There is fine lisliiog. fowling,See , and is oue of the healthiest places in the Uuitei States Half the parchase money can remain on moitgage at 6 per cent for live years. It will be sold exceedingly low. Apply to , OE(IKOI) B FliK. at the Office of the Cong Island Hail road t o , in 11 2w ewh 42 William St., Merchants' Exchange. NOTICE! ~ ra TUB CO-PARTNERSHIP hithertoexiatiug between PcUNKKTT !t I'AH DE88US waa dissolved by mu tnal consent on ihe lit instant. W \1. UuBERTeON, Jr., and JULESPIUNKETT have this day formed aco-partnershipunder the tirm ol ROBERT SON It Co., and will continue the Hat and Cap bnainess on Robertson's well kuown principle at tke PIkbiiix Hat and Cap mniinlftetory, No. IS Fnlton street, he* Ytrk, and at their Branch store Jvo. 63 Koltou street, Brooklyn. New York, March 113. 1847. m!7 I6tr [D VKNTLEMKN'S HATS Ur T11V SrniffO UL ,S7 K/.J5 Hre Dow ready for stle M HOURft I SOS S PUfKNlX it JIT AND CAT MJIXIJ FACTORY, No. ? FUi. TON mm, (between William and Hold.) 'I lie ii dersigned. imur iwo yesre since, commenced business in this street, npou ihe plan of LaEoe Balps aivd Small rm?'iTi The eminent nieces# which lias crowned hie efforts to furnish hie cnitomere with en eitiele of the rust (Quality, and at the loweet price. has induced him to more (rum hit former contracted establishment to the above much more romiuodioue etore. Hie prieee ate still the tame, m: Ki'tt quality Nutria Hata. $3 10 .Srcunu do. do 3 00 luf. Kirat do. Moleskin ... 3 30 Second do. do. 3 00 't lurd do. do. 3 30 A liberal deduction from the abore pricee made to wholetale dealeia. WM. KOBKKT8 N,Jr. mt tw'r No. 89 Fulton tt. A BOOTS AND KHOKS of the first quality, at great if bargains, at MAO'S New St re, 198 Canal street. The JM' aubicriber would call the atieurion ol hit num*roni friends and .uttoinera and the public in general. to hit laige and well attorted stock of all the different kinds ol Hooit, Shoes, Uaiteia. Ito., that the inarketcen afford, which lie will sell low for ra?h. Krer grateful for the full share ol patronage he received for the last ten yean while in Ihe employment of others, and now having commenced basinets for li ni.e I he e u as;ore his friends aud the public that there hall he nothing wanting i n hit part to please and give atiafaetion to all those who will De to kino as patronise him at |9? Canal street. New York. JOHN MeOUlllE. m9 lm*rh ^ HCIcK BALES AND SMALL PROFITS IS OUR M.MOT'iO.-kina Boou at fl 30. city made, and are equal to thoee usually aold for $3. Fine French calf ^ drea* Boots at $4 3d, equal to the beet aold in the city. I t est leather Boots, Shoes, Oaitere nd Slippers, on hand tnd mede to order on short notlee. All good* warranted to "t Im ee Near die Museum, 3 NE NE CORRESPONDENCE ?TWE*ff THE WAR DEPARTMENT AND SEN- TAYLOR. To (A? Htui< of Ilrjireientativci of IA? lint ltd Stolen? I communicate herewith a report af the Secretary of War. with the accompanying document*. in anawer to the Reaolation of the Hottae of Repreeentalivaa of the iat inatant, requeating the Preaident "to comaiuuicata to the Home of Ue| reaentativea all the eorreapondenoe with General Taylor aince the commencement of hoatilitiaa with Mexico which haa not yet been publiabed, or which may not be doomed detrimental to the public Mrvice; aleo the eorreapondenoe of the Quartermaeter General in relation to tranep*rtation for General Taylor'a army; alao the reporta of Brigadier Generala Hamer and Quitman of the,operation* oi their reapective brigade* on the 3lat of September laat." A* aome of tbeae document* relat#to military operation* of our force* which may not have been fully executed, I might have deemed it proper to withhold part* of them under the apprehenaion that their publication at thia time would be "detrimental to the public aervioe," but I am aatialied that theae operation* are now ao far advanced, and that the enemy has already received so much information from other sources in relation to the intended movements of our amy, as to render this procaution unnecessary. JAMES K POLK. Washinotos, Feb. 37,1847. WAS DuriAvaiKT, Feb 37,1847. Sin?Pursuant to your direction, 1 have oaueed to be copied, and herewith transmit to you, the correspondence called tor by the resolution of the House of ^preventatives passed the 1st of this month. The documents are numerous, and an attempt hat been made so to arrange them as to brine together letters relating to the same subjects; but it has been iound impracticable to carry this out to the fullest extent. In regard to the correspondence with General Taylor, from one to two months usually intervened between the date of the letters written by and to him, and the receipt of the answers ; and within that period, several other letters upon different subjects were sent and received.? Had a strictly chronological order of the corresponlenoe been observed in the arrangement, many different subjects would have be in introduced between the letters and the replies to them. An attempt has be?n ma le to bring together the letters and the replies, aud it has been done to a considerable extent in regard to those which have reference to the campaign and to military movements. Those which relate to transportation have also been brought together as far as practicable. Among the letters embraced in the call, several, merely formal, such, for instance, as enclosed returns, proceedings of courts martial, &o.. have not been copied : but the dates are given, and their contents briily stated in the accompanying synopsis In the correspondence ot the Quartermaster's Department in reference to transportation, only letters and parts of letters relating particularly to that subject have baen selected In answer to that part of the resolution whloh calls for "the reports of Brigadier Generals Hamerand Quitman of the operations ot their respective brigades on the 31st of September last," 1 have the honor to state that no such reports have been received at this department, uor has any other reports from these genrrals been received, except those ot the 38th of that month, which have been already published. 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, W. L. MARC V. The President of the United States. Was brrartment, Washington, May 30,1848 Sir : Enclosed I transmit an order assigning you to duty according to your rank as brevet major general. 1 alto send you a copy of a letter from the President, the original ot which, with your commission, has been forwarded by this day's mail. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, W L. MARCY, Secretary of War. Brevet Major General Z. Taylor. WstHirieTon City, May 30,1846 Sir: I transmit to you hart with a commission as major general by brevet in the army of the United S ates, conieired upon you for gallaut conduct and distinguished services in the successive victories over superior Mexican forces at Palo Alto and Resaca do la Palma, on the 8th and 9th days of May, 1846 It gives me sincere pleasure, immediately upon the receipt of official intelligence from the scene of your achievements, to confer upon you, by and with the ad vice ana consent 01 we senate, una testimonial 01 ine estimate which your government place* upon your skill and gallantry. To yourself, and the brave officers and soldier* under your command the gratitude of the country is justly due. Our army have fully sustained 'heir deservedly higu reputation and added another bright page to the history of American valor and patriotism. They have won new laurels lor themselves aud for their country. My confidence in them never faltered. The battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma rank among our most brilliant viotories, and will long be remembered by the American people. When all the details of these battles and of the noble defence of the camp opposite to Matamoras shall have been received, it will be my pleasure, as it will be my grateful duty, to render to the ofliceis and men under your command suitable testimonials for their conduct in tne brilliant victories which a superintending)Provideuce has enabled them to achieve for their country. in transmitting to you this commission, and in commu nica'ing to the officers and soldiers under your command my profound sense of their meritorious services, 1 but respond to the patriotic enthusiasm manifested by the people in behalf of their brave defenders. Whilst my wannest thanks are tendered to the survivors, the nation mourns the lose of the brave officers and soidiers who tell in defence of their country upon the field of viotory Their names also shall be remembered and appropriate honors be paid to their memory by a grateful country. You will cause this communication to be made known to the army under your command. JAMES K. POLK. To Brevet Major General Z. Tat lob, commanding United Slates army on the Rio Grande. Headouabtc** A amy or Occupation, Matamoras, Mexico, May 30, 1846 8m : On the 38th of April, I had occasion to advise the department that hostilities had actually broken out, and that in consequence I had found it necessary to use the authority witu which I was vested, and call upon the governors of Louisiana and Texas for a force each of tour regiments. The eight regiments thus called foi would make a force of nearly 5,000 med, which I deemed sufficient to meet the wants oi tue service in this quartar. At tha aama time that I wrote to the governor of Louiaiaoa requesting tbii volunteer force, I addressed t letter to General Gaines, deairing him to aniit in organizing theie regiments, and having them properly supplied. In my communication to the governor, the organization was very exactly prescribed, being that indicated from your office on the 36th of August, 1845 1 And, however, that this organization has been exceeded, and moreover that General Gaines has called for many more volunteers than I deemed necessary, extending the call to other Statea besides Louisiana It will, ef course, bo for the government to deoide whether the future opera lions in this quarter will require the amount of- lorc? (entirely unknown) which is coming hither, i only de sire to say that this reinforcement, beyond the eight regiments mentioned above, was never asked for by mn aod that, in making the call of the 30th of April, I wall knew that if 4he Mexicans loughtf us at all, it would be before the arrival of the volunteers. It was for ths putpose of clearing the liver, and performing such furthei service as the government might direct, tnat I thought it proper to ask lor reinforcements. It is extremely doubtful whether the foot regimenti from Texas can be raised, and I shall desire the governor, who is expscted hare, to suspend the call for them Nono of the mounted companies, except Captain Trice's already in service, have reported to me. 1 fsar that the volunteers have exhausted the supply of tents deposited in New Orleans lor the use of this army. We nro greatly in went of them, aad I must request that immediate measures be taken to send direct to bra-.os Santiago, say 1000 taut?, .or the uso of the army in the field. Tne tents of the 7th infantry wore cut up tc make sand bags during the recent bombardment of Fort Brown. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 7 T A V f HD Bt. Br. Gen U. 8. A. Cjing. The Adjutant General of the Army, Waihington, D C. Hean<ii'**Tr.e? Ahmv ok OccurATion, I Mat* moras, Mexico, May at, 1840 j Sir?Not being fully in possession ot the view* or i>o licy of the government in regard to operation! in thii quarter, modified ai they perhaps have been by the ro cent defeat ot the Mexicar army, 1 have the honor re. specifully to folicit further inetiuctiom for my guidance Our future movement! mu*t depend, in a great degree on the extent to which the llio Grande ia navignble loi steamboats, and I fear that my expectation! in this par ticular will not be realiied. Though, at tlmea, uaviga ble ai high aa Camarge, er even Mier, it ii doutittu whether a boat oen now be puahed higher than Key noes Indeed, the " Neva," which ia in the river and accompa led the expedition under Uen. Smith, baa not yet reach ed thia place, though hourly expected Could we eata biiah and keep ap by water a depot at Camargo, opera tiona might be carried on in the valley of the San Juai toward! Monterey, the Brat city oi importance in that dj red ion. A direct movement from thia point to Monte rey would requite vaat tranaportatiou, chiefly by pack mulea, and would moreover be hezardoue in auaimer 01 account o( the acarcity of water, part of the route beini aupplied by walla only. The country between thia anc Monterey, by whatever route, cannot eupport an army. 1 shall lose no time in aacertaining the practicability o the river lor ateamboata, and ahall occupy Keiaoaa am such other pointe aa a boat may be able to reach. All the eavalry,regular and irregular, ol the army, un der command of Lieut. Col. Garland, ii in purauit of tin retreatii g army, to barraea ita rear and capture priaoner end baggage. We have no authentic intelligence fron the lieutenant colonel aince hia departure? deaerteri i however, are coming in from the Mexicana. Lieut. Col. Wilson1* battalion, 1st infantry, with aornt JOU volunteer!, waa at Burita on tha 17th, and haa ainci been reinforced by Uen. Smith with about 700 Louiaiam volunteer* 1'hia column Uardarad to move up the righ bank of tha rivar, and I look hourly for iu arrival A large amount of public atorea, chiefly ordnance, ha been feund concealed in thia town. Wa are graluallj , recovering it from the placea where it waa hidden Twi field piece#, several hundred muaketa, and 100 ahellaan among tha aitlAba recovered. I am, air, vary reapactfully, your obedient servant, i Z. TAYLOR, Brevet Brig. Oea U. 0. A-, Cemd'g. The Adjutant Geoerai ef the Army, 1 Washington, O. C. W YO :w YORK, SATURDAY IV Wit DrrtBTMBNT, Washington, June 3. ISM. | Sib You will hava racaivad balora thii will ranch you, a brevet commiMioa of major general, and the rrs- ) idaut'a ordor uiaigning you to the command of the army on tha Uio Grando, according to your brevet rank, it i* tha PreaiJent'a intention to continue yon in that command, and to commit to you tho oooduot in tha ensuing campaign. Owing to tha irregular proceadinga of Gan. Gainaa, in uiuateriug into aarrice yoluntoara without authority, it ii impossible for tha department to tell at thia lima, what amount of force you have under your command ; but auch aa you hava, it ia not doubted, you will employ to tha beat advantage in proaecuting vigorous operations j againat Mexico. In my latter of tho 38th ult you were left to your own discretion aod judgment, aa to the meaaurea to be puraned before the end of the unfavorable reason ahall be paired, and it ia not new intended to control that diacretion. Vou best know what amount of force you will have under your command, and what can be beat accomplished with that force. ? It ia presumed you will bold both banks of the Rio Grande to a considerable distance from its mouth, and secure the uninterrupted use of that liver for the transportations of supplies I hope you will be able to take and hold in possession all places on it, as high np aa Laredo It la proper that I should edviae you that a considerable force, which will be also under your command, will soon assemblo at San Antonio do Baxar. Tho ultimate destination ol this toroe is Chihuahua, if it should bo determined tliot ouch an expedition would havo a favorable operation in tba conduct of tha war; but it migl)V be at oaoo used to tab# and oecuro tha seraral place* oJtke Rio Grande. Though we hatra no dispatch from you amce thoeo giving an account of tha battle I ewdtw tJth and 9'U of May, we hare euoh informational induce! tha belief that you are in poneiiion of Matamoroi, and that you are not now threatenad wilh any considerable Mexican force. It 11 duiirabla that you should Had yourself in sufficient srength to capture and hold Monterey with your present foioe. You a'e apprised thst large reinfill-cements are preparing ta join you. Besides the regu lar forces now under your command, and which will lie speedily augmented, you will loon have nairly twenty tuoussnd volunteers, (including those to reulexvou* at San Antonio de Bexar,) who are to serve lor one year ? Your determinations as to immediate movements will, therefore, be somewhat influenced by the consideration of tlio additional force which will soon join vou. Much apprehension is felt ?s to what is called tha unhealthy lemon All agree that it is sickly on tha cosst, mid it is the general opinion that it is hsalthy la the interior. Your positions should bare a particular reference to this consideration. Ail the towns on the Rio GranJe above Matamoras are represented to be healthy, anJ Monterey, in tbo interior, puticularly so ; it is therefore hopel that you mat bo enabled to place a considerable part of your troops in these towns un il the fall campaign shall open In taking positions, 1 scarcely need observe that the means of getting supplies, transporting muuiiions of war, at wall aa the ability to keep open the channels by which these supplies and munitions are to be furnished, are points to be woll considered Your ictorinstion as to the practicability of effecting these objects, and as to the piobabla ability of the enemy to inter! upt your lines of communication, and to oppose for midable obstacles to your controlling both banks of the river and to takiog and holding Monterey, ie far batter than any whieh can be obtained here. 1 have nothing to add to what was said in my last letter to you in regard to retaining in set vice those now with you who have engaged for a leas term than a year. You will uot discharge, until the end of their terra, those who will not eugsge as volunteers under tho act of the 13th May last, it they oan be advantageously employ ad in carrying on your immediate operations. The President is desirous of receiving, and hopes soon to be favored with your views and auggestions in relation to tha fall campaign. Hia determination is to have the war prosecuted with vigor, and to embrace, in the objects to be compassed in that campaign, such as will dispose the enemy to desire an end of the war. Shall the campaign be conduoted with tha view of striking at the city of Mexico, or confined so far as regards the forces under your immediate command to the northern provinces of Mexico? Your views on this point will doubtless have an important influence upon the determination of tba government here. Should our army penetrato far into the interior of Mexico, how are sun plieito be obtained? Can they be, to any considerable extent, drawn from the enemy's country, or must they he obtained from the United dtatesl lithe latter, what are the facilities und difficulties of transportation ' These are very important questions, and the answers to them will have an essential bearing in settling the plan and objects of the campaign; and it is desired that you should express your views lully iu regard to them. Again: itis important to know your opinion of the description ot troops best adapted to operations in the interior of Mexico; what proportion should be infantry, artillery and cavalry, itc.1 A peace must be conquered in the shortest space of time practicable Your views of the manner of doing it are equested. It is not doubted that you will push your advantages to the utmost extent it can be done with the means at your command. With this you will reoeive a statement of the volunteer force which it is pioposed to mister forthwith into service, the description thereof, and the places designated for lendexvous. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, W L. MARCY, Secretary of War. .Yfak Oen. Taylor, Comd'g Army of Occupation on the nio Grande, Texaa. HKADuUAETxas or the Abmt, Washington, June 1'J, 184< Sia:?Having been assigned to duty in your present position, according to your higher brevet rank, by order ol the President of the United is his intention to charge yoa with the general command of all the United States land forces, regular and volunteer, operating, or to he directed against the republic of Mexico, below the province of New Mexico, with a view to the conquest ol a speedy and honorable peace of that republic. After the zeal, intelligence, and prowess you have exhibited in the military seivice of your country, it ia considered that no e xterhal stimulus to promptitude and energy in the further proaecution of the preaent war is deemed necessary. The Adjutant General will make you acquainted with the forces, regular and twelve-month volunteer*, who have been recently ordered to report to yuu. Of other voluateers, for shoiter periods of service, wh* have joined, or may join you, aud who, after reaohing you, may volunteer for a twelve month, wo can here make no nncurate estimate. The whole volunteer force, I lor twelvo months, it is now intended to place under your general command, is (ray) 16 J80 Should vou deem an augmentation necessary, your wishes will be lavorably considered, Recruits to Ail up tbe ranks of L the regular companies which are with you, or ordered to join yon, to (say) about 7U men each, shall bo sent forward as fast aa practicable, so ai to give you, we hope, in a short time, a total loroe of about S3 070 man. I Without waiting for tho arrival of that amount oi force, but before, and as soon a* you shall deem it safe in reI epect to tbe relative numbers aud positions of the enemy, i your knowledge of the country, your supplies and means i oi transportation, it is tbe with and expectation of the President, that with your accustomed energy, you take . up lines of march bayoud the Hio Grande, and prees i your operations towards tha heart of the enemy'a coun try- that ia, upon such important points as you may I deem necessary to conquer and to hold. The high road , to tho capital of Mexico, will, of course, be one of those lines, and if successful in your advances, the establish inent of posts in your rear, well-guarded, according to tboir distances fiom each other, end the danger* oi rer capture, will bo objecti demanding your care. How far t it may he neceaaary for you to ponetrate, if not, at 'eaat, to the capital, and what halta yon may find it proper to i make, abort of that mark, will of courae depend upon the eveDta of the war. .Should continued aucceaa attend your operations, you may aome time before bo mot by the , proportion to treat for peace, with an intermediate armiatice. No audi proposition will bo entertained by you. without your being firat aatisfied that it ia made in good i faith, and without your being in poaieiaion, or put by atipuletlon into possession, of auch commending positions i as will insure good faith on the part of the enemy. Being satisfied on this point, you may conclude an armistice for i a limited time, reler the proposition to treat of pence to tho government hero, in such case, it should t>e stipulated that, pending the armistice, the authorities of the enemy 'a country shall luruiih your army with all naceaaary supplies, according and at near as p aeticable to our regulations ; for which yoa may agree to paaa the proper receipts- leaving the payment or the settlement, on account ol auch supplies, to the definitive treaty of peace between tho helligereuts. But ea the credit of tbo Mexican governmant may be bad even with ita own people, you may bo stiU foiced, during the armistice, aa before, to r*iy on cash payments tor all your neceaaary i supplia*. The contingent difficulty is here suggested that you may turn it in your mind in advance. Instructions will be given here at once to cause the disbursing staff officers with you te be woll supplied with cash for prompt payments, to satisfy justice, and to conc'haU the people among whom you are to carry on military 0|>erations. An expedition set on foot against the province of New Mexico, and probably North California, under Colonel Kearny, is coniiderad, on account of <he distance of his theatre cf operations from youia, as independent of your teoersl command ; unless, indeed, events should bring im unexpectedly down the Hio Grande, or south within your spl e In such event, you may extend your orders it u, directly or through Brigadier (Jen Wool. Of the foops ordered upon Han Antonio, it ia intended by the President, as intimated in the copy of inetrucions (herewith) to Brigadier (Jen Wool, that a large portion 11 should, unJer his immediate command, be directed by r yon, under the proper general instruction*, against the I city of Chihuahua, and other important points you may indicate, withiu the province of that name, in order to r capture and to hold the name, aubject to a aennmve 1 treat y of peace The particular torse a to constitute this expedition the I'restdent ha?, to some decree, him elf designated, Tit: the cavalry or mounted regla menta from Tenneeaee ar.d Arkansas (two iu all), and a one regiment of Infantry or ride from each ot the 'i 8tatea of Kentucky and Illinois. Such I understand i, to he bis wish, not his positive command, in respect to those regiments of twelve months volunteers ? ) Thinking an addition of regular troops might he needed s with that expedition, i have ordered upon Hsu Antomo de i Dexar two companies of the first Unitod States dragoons, t from Kort Oibson ; one company of the United States 4th artillery, (Washington's,) with a harnessed battery, and two companies of the O il United States infantry, from r Fort Smith. All those regular companies may be com o puted at about 70 men each So many of them as you a may deem neeetaarv, you will put under the immediate command of Brigadier (Jen. Wool, as a part of thi expedition against Chihuahua The latter should be instructed By you not to Interfere with the expedition un.'Exclusive ot thoee who may ravolanteer, as auggeitad abova, for twelve months RK I IORNING, MARCH 20, H der Col. Kearny, except a? above, but avail himself of, I < or make opportunities, to communicate occaiionaUy with j i the colonel. In reapect to reciprocal communications, ] Col Kearny will receive inatructiona from me aa auch i intercommunications may become useful or necessary to i all pirtiea Any force* remaining at San Antonio, beyond thoae i you may order to march upon Ghihualiu, will, of course, be aubject to be diapoaed of according to your general plau of operatiena. I need acarcely to direct your attention to the high im portance of obtaining frequent, and, aa far aa poaaible, accurate Pitelligance of the enemy'* numbero, poaitiona, movementa, and daaigna. Kor tbia purpoae many employee!, each known only to yourself or one ofyour stall', will, probably, be needed. They, of courae, muat be more or leaa liberally paid by the Quartermaater'a I Department?in each caae on your order*, or in highly confidential caaea, directly by youipelf, out of money drawn by you specially from that departmant. You may axtend lika inatructiona to the commanders of any columns under your orders on detached and distant service I am, sir, vary respectfully, your obedient servant. WINFIELD SCOTT. Brevet Major; Gen. Taylor, U. S. Army Commanding, Sac., ho HaaoquABTiaa or Tax Abut. | Adj't General's Office, Washington, June 1, 1848. j Oknkiai.?On complating the duties to which you were specially aaaigned, in|inatructiona from thia office, dated the 28th ultimo, I am directed by the Mejor General commanding the army, to desire you to repair without delay, to Sun Antonio de Bexar, Texas, and there assume the immediate command of the troops, regulars, and volunteers, ordered to that point Brevet Major General Taylor having baen aaaigned to duty, according to his higher brevet, by the President of the United States, and clnrged with the command of all the land torces ot the United Slates operating, or to operate ogainst the republic of Mexico, in that quarter, you will, previously, and after yaur arrival, repoit your- ' on uy leuer m uiru, i oTn wuum you will, prooamy ioou receive initiuction* to march with a part of the troop*, assembling at San Antonio, against Chihuahua, the capital of the province of that name In advance of ueh instructions >ou will hohl yourself in readineia for that particular expedition. Captain Washington's company of light artillery (full battery) ia en mute for Sou Antonio de Bexar; and two companies of the flrat dragoon*, and two compauiei of the Oth infantry, drawn from Korts Smith and Uibaon, are under order* for the lame point. This regular foroe will, it is supposed. constitute a part of your command. Aa loon ae you can ditpenae with tae aervicea of Col Croghau, the general in-chief direct* that you ordar him to report in person to Brevet Major Oeneral Taylor for daty aa Inspector gnneral. In roply to your letter of the 10th instant, on the subjeot of arms and equipment* required for the volunteer regiment*, 1 may rater you to Lieutenant Colonel Talcott's communication of the Otb instant, which apprizes you of the measures adopted by the Ordnance Department, to insure the prompt and adequate aupply. 1 am, general, very respectfully,your obedient aervant, It. JONES, Adjutant Oenaral Brigadier Oenaral John E. Wool, United States Army, Cincinnati, Ohio. [With the approbation of the War Department, I proI pose te write immediately to General Taylor, aa follow*:] ilcid or the Altar. ( WaaUington, June 14,18*8.) St a: For the greeter certainty of reception I send (herewith) a duplicate of my letter to youefthe l ith Inst. You will pleaae consider this note as a poit tcriptum to that lettar. Should yon be met, es therein supposed, by a proposition to treat for a psaee, under circumstance* which you may deem sufficiently formal and sincere, you may, with or without agreeing to an armistice, at your own sound discretion? looking to the intimation* of that letter on the subject?grant written passports for the use of any minister or commissioner, and bis suite, who may be duly appointed by the Mexioan government to treat with that of the United State*, to enable such legation to communicate with our blockadiug squadron on the Gulf of Vlexico coast, or to enable the legation to nasi by land our military posta in your rear In the latter caae, a small militury esoort to (say) Toint Isabel, with permia. siou to the legation to take passage in some vessel thence to (say) New Orleans, may be necessary. I remain, sir, with high respect, ^our most obedient BUIVUUl, TTUIFI&UU Bl/UH. [I tliink the within should bo sent to Uen.T. W. L. M ] Hkaduaartebs Armv or OceurATion,) Matamoros, July J, 1816. 5 Sir : -In reply to the communications of the Secretary of War, dated May 38th and June 8th, and to that of the general-in-chief, dated June 13, I hare the honor to submit the following riews in regard to the operations against Mexico from tbiequarter. I will remark that my awuUnt efforts to procure information in relation to the qyturt of the country, amount of supplies, Itc, hare not been as satisfactory as I eeold wfab. thtf various accounts ofteu differing even in important particulars. Either from the ignorance or interested motives of those who profess to give information, it is extremely difficult to obtain any upon which we can implicitly rely. In calling upon the States of Louisiana and Texas for an auxiliary lorce of about 6000 men, it waa my expectation with that foroe to be able to deer the course of the Mo Grande, as high as Laredo, and to occupy or control the country to the foot of the mountains, capturing and holding Monterey, if circumstances permitted. With the proper river transportation, this could have been easily done, a depot would now have been established at Camargo, anu our operations pushed up the valley of the San Juau. The difficulties and embarrasimants that I have experienced for want of auch transportation, have already been sufficiently made known. These difficulties have been increased by the great excess of volunteers that have been sent out?say 3,000 men beyond my original call. 1 nevertheless propose, upon the arrival of the steamers now hourly expected, to throw forward this force, with the regular troops, to Camargo, and establish there a depot end base from which to operate to Yards the mountains. Mr reasons for retaining these six months' volunteers in service, have been set forth in another communication; and I desire, from motives of health, and other considerations, to keep them employed as actively as possible. The twelve-months'volunteers can, in the meantime, form camps at healthy points in my rear; and, while receiving instruction, await the season for more rxtensive operations. The above dispositions can be made in the rainy season perhaps better than at any other time, as the river is then in a good navigable state For operatiug with a heavy force?say fi 000 men Irom this point?towards Monterey and Haltillo, through which passes the only artillery route across the mountains, it is indispcusable to employ the river as a channel of supply, and the valley of the Han Juan, on one of the heads ef which Monterey is situatod, as a line of operations. The direct land route trom this point to Monterey, is much longer then the lin? from Camargo; in wet weather impassable for artillery or heavy wagons, and in dry, scantily supplied with water. Assuming, then, Camargo as the depot, and the valley of the Han Juan as the line ol operations, the question arises, what amount of supplies can be obtained, and bow can a column be subsisted on this route7 It is pretty well determined that we cannot depend upon any considerable supply of breadstuffs short of Monterey, or perhaps Haltillo, seventy-live miles further south. Deer in abundance, it is believed, may be procured, and on this, with perhaps occasional issues of mutton, we must mainly depend lor the meat part of the ration. From Camargo to Haltillo, then, we must expect to depend upon our depot for bread; and I am of opinion, from all 1 can learn of the resources of the country in pack mules and means ef transportation generally, that a column, exceeding 000 men, oannot be maintained in bread alone as far as Haltillo. Haltillo itself is at no groat distance frem two or three fertile grain growing dlstiicts, but how far the production In those districts may exceed the supply, I cannot with any cettainty determine. The above calculations in regard to subsistence, are made on the suppositions that we shall find the people of the country if not friends, at least passive and willing to part with their produce to the best advantage. I be II ?s.?l 1 An.I ?A h? ?kaSe towlnae n? ikie mlA~ , f the mountains whether this neutrality or indifference eitend* be>ond, may well bo a question Should they prove hostile, destroy their crops, and drive away their stock it will be an extremely difficult matter to sustain a oolumn at Haltillo?still more so to pass beyond that city, Supposing a column of the above strength- say 8,000 men?able to maintain itself at Saltlllo, it will become a question, depending for its volution upon the elements above indicated, how far that force may be increased, or what amount of fhe twelve months' volunteers may be safely and profitably thrown forward from the rear, with a view to future operations. From Camargo to the citv of Mexico is a line, little if any short of 1 (MM) miles in length. The resources of the country are, to say the best, not superabundant , and over loi:g spaces ot the route, are known to be deficient. Although ^the road, aa we advance south, approaches both seas, yet the topography of the country, and the consequent character of the communications, forbids the teking up a new line of supply, either from Tampico or the Pacific coast. Except in tne case (deemed improbable) of entire acquiescence if not support, on the part of the Mexican people, I consider it impracticable to keep open so long a line ot communication. It is therefore my opinion tnat our operations from this frontier should not look to the city of Mexico, but should do confined to cutting off the northern provinces - an undertaking of comparative facility and as?ur..nce of success. With the view of cutting off the northern provinces, the projected expedition from 8 in Antonio to Chihuahua may be of great importance. From the best information however, which I now possess, I would suggest mounted troops alone for that expedition I am satisfied that tho route from that point to Chihuahua, is not practicable for aitillery or wagons, and infantry would rather emharrass the movement of a mounted ex|>edition. Moun tain howitzers, to bo packed with their carriages on mules, m'pht be advantageously employed on that service, and indeed, with the columh designed to penetiate to Saltillo. There may be great diffiouity in supplying uny considerable force batweea run Antonio ai.d Chi ' huahua, although the line is not verv lone?nrohablv I not exceeding 300 miles I hop* to procur* Detter infor1 mntion than any I now possess in regerd to this route It will he perceived that my reawrka on th* line of operation* iron th* Rio Oraode, southward, have hem 1 confined to th* question of subsistence. which i* certainly the moit important one to he considered There ar* military obstacle! on the rout*, particularly in the space between Monterey and Saltillc, where th* defile of "La Kinconada" is represented to be of great strength. This point, and perhaps others, If fortified, may give us some trouble, but If they can be turned by light troops, and 1 such I believe to be the esse, they will not long imped* oar mtrch. In regard to the " description *f troops beat adapted to opa rations in th* Interior of Mamies," I am scarcely erapared at this time to give a dsfiaitivs reply Th* facility SERA 347. or difficulty of obtaining forage suit necessarily control :o Home extent the amount of cavalry employed. At the Kstate of the Conde tie Jarral, aome 40 leagues from SalUllo, there will, I underatand, he no difficulty in obtaining a remount when neeeaaary, and forage for the cavalry. The held artillery under my ordera (four batteriea including Washington's) will, particularly filled up to the , complement of gunti,be quite sufficient for any operations in thia quarter. We may have occaaioa for heavier guna, and I have directed two 12 pounders field guna to be pro- | cured, which, with the 24-pounder howitzers now in depot at Point Isabel, will constitute an efficient battery.? We shall have two, perhaps three regiments of horse from Texas, under my original call. They are cow organizing under the governor's directions, at Point Isabel. These are six-months' men. Should I Sad it necessary to increase the cavalry fcrce, 1 can draw certainly ore regiment from San Antonio, and still leave quite enough for the expedition to Chihuahua. 1 have given my views on most of the points connected with the operations from this frontier, purposely abstaining irom any reference to movements against Tampico or Vera Cruz. The former place, I am induced to believe, could have been easily taken a month since,and could be so even now; but the yellow fever would not have permitted us to hold it, and I deemed it best to undertake no movement in that direction at thia season of the year. Should we advance as far as San Luis Potosi, which has a communication?though not for wheels? with Tampico, the possession of the latter place would be important. I am awaiting with the utmost impatience the arrival oi steamboats suited to the navigation of this rtver, to establish a depot atCamargo.and throw the troops gradually forward to that point. The rainy season lias commenced, and the river is now iu the best possible condition for navigation. Several small boats were to leave New Orleans about the 30th of June. If not wrecked in the recent severe gales, they may bo hourly expocted hero. I have the honor to be, respictfully, General, your obedient servant, Z. TAYLOK, Brevet Major Gen, U. S. A. Comd'g. To the Adjutant Ux.vkral of the Army, Washington, D. C. I ;0RKIUKPITI4L ] War D?rautmknt, Washington, July 9, 18> . Sih : The proclamation which you were directed to ipreed among the Mexican people will have put you in possetsiou ol the view* of tho government in relation to the mode of carrying on the war, and alae in relation to the manner ol treating the inhabitants. The war is enly carried on to obtain justice ; aud the sooner that can be obtained, and with the least expenditure of blood and money, the better. One of tha evils of war is the interruption of diplomatic communications between the respective authorities, and the consequent ignorance under which each party may lie in relation to the views of the other The natural substitute of these interrupted diplomatic communications is the military intercourse which the usages of war allow between contending armies in the field, and in which commanding generals can do much towards re opening negotiations, and smoothing the way to return of peace. Tha President has soon, with much satisfaction, the civility and kindness with which you have treated your prisoners, and all the innabitants with whom you have come in contact. He wishes that course of conduct continued, and all opportunities taken to conciliate the inhabitants, and let them see that peace is within their reach the moment their rulers will consent to do us justice. The inhabitants should be encouraged to remain in their towns and villages, and these sentiments be carefully made known to them. The same things may be said to officers made prisoners, or who may visit your headquarters according to the usages of war; and it is the wish of the President that such visits be encouraged, and also, that you take occasions to send officers to the headquarters of the enemy for tho military purposes, real or ostensible, which nre of ordinary occurrence between armies, and, in which, opportunity may be taken to speak of the war itself as only carried on to obtain justice, and that we had much rather procure that by negotiation than by fighting. Of course, authority to speak for your government will be disavowed, but a knowledge of its wishes will be averred,and a readiness will be expressed to communicate to your government the wishes of the Mexican government to negotiate for honorable peace, whenever such shall be their wish, and with the assurance that such overtures will be met in a corresponding spirit by your government. A discreet officer, who understands Spanish, and who can be employed in the intercourse so usual between armies, can be your confidential agent on such occasions, and can mask his real, under his ostensible object ol a military interview. You will also reudily comprehend that in a country so divided into races, classes and parties as Mexico is, and personal division* among individuals, there must great room for operating on the minds and feeling* of large l>ortions of the inhabitants, and inducing them to wish success to an invasion which has no desire to injure their country, and which, in overthrowing their oppressors, may benefit themselves. Between the Spaniards, who monopolize the wealth and power of the country, and the agixed InJiaa race, who bear its burdens, there must be jealousy mid animosity. The same feelings must exist between thn iewor and the higher order* ol the clergy, the latter of whom have the dignities and the revenues, while the former have poverty and labor. In fact, the curates were the chief authors of the revolu lion which separated Mexico from Spain, and their relative condition to their superiors is not much benefited by it. Between the political parties into which the country is divided, there must be some mere liberal and mere friendly to us than others; the same may he said of riva1 chiefs,polictial and milit ry; and even among the departments there are local antipathies and dissensions. In all this field of division?in ail these elements of social, political, personal and local discord?there must be openings to reach the interests, passions or principles of some of the parties, and thereby to conciliate their good will and make them cooperators wiht us in bringing about ar honorable and a speedy peace. The management ol these delicate movements is confided to your discretion, but they are not to paralyze the military arm, or in any degree to arrest or retard your military movements.? These must proceed vigorously. Tolicy and (otce ere ti be combined; and the fruits of the former will be prized as highly as those of the latter. It is seen from the Mexican papers that great attempts are made to prejudice and exasporate the minds of the people against u*. Thj war is represented, on their part, as one of " national existenoe as if it was out wish to destroy the Mexican nation! It is represented as a war of " rapine and plunder as ii we intended tu rob and oppress the people ! It is represented as a wat of " impiety as if we were going to rob churches and pulldown altars! The conduct of yourself, your officers, and men, baa shown to all Mexican citizens that ) ou have met, and as far as you have gone, the injustice und absurdity of all such imputatians ; but they are still systematically propagated through the country, and must find believer* in a country where ignorance is so greet, end the means of disseminating truth so smsli 1 he couutsr action of these injurious imputation* will be your particular d'..ty?first, bv a continuation of your just and honorable conduct towards tne people, their property, end religion, BDd kindness to prisoners : and, next, by making it a point in your interviews with the oommauders ot the army of the enemy to speak ot these .unjust imputations lor the purpose ot correcting them. It is the President's wish, not only to bring the war to a speedy conclusion, but so to conduct it as tc leave no lasting animosities behind, to prejudice the fu ture irienaanip ana commerce 01 iue iwu wuuum nor to permit iojurioui repot ts togo forth to excite the ill will ol the other republic*, ot Spanish origin, agaimt ui Availing yourself of diviiion* which you may flm existing among the Mexican people, to which aliuiioi ha* been made, it will bo your policy to encourage tin operate department* or State*, and especially tbos which you may invade and occupy, to declare thejr in dependence of the central government of Mexico, am either to become our allies, or to assume, a* it is under stood Yucatan ba* done, a neutral attitude in the exist ing war between the United State* and Mexieo la unci of the department* or States a* may take this course you will give the inhabitant* assuranco* of the protec tion of your army until the return of peace, so far ei may he consistent with your military plans of operation When peace i* made, they may decide for thomselrei their own form of government. In such departments ai maybe conquered, or assume a neutral attitude, yot may, at your own discretion, obsorve the same course o conduct as that prascribed in the instructions given U (Jen. Kearny by the department on the 3 I of dune, 1 A copy of the instructrons to Den Kearny is heiewrtl transmitted to you. No reply has yet been reoeived to the inquiries con tained in my lettar addressed to you on the nth of Jurn last. Ki om your superior opportunities of acquiring coi | rect information of the country to be invaded, and the la cilitiea or difficulties of conducting a succesfiil campaigt ' through it, much reliance will be placed on your opin ions If from till the information which you inty com | municate to the del artmeut, as well as that denved froo I other sources, it should appenr that the diffirul'ies am I obstacles to the conducting of e campaign liorn ti.e Itic I <>rande, the present base ol your operations, for an} con j siderable distance into the interior of Mexico, will bs very great, the department will consider whether th< ! main invasion should not ultimately take place from loni ' other point on the coast-say Tampioo? or some om I point in the vicinity of Vera Crux. Tide suggestiotii made with a view to call your attention to it, and to oh tain from von inch information ns yon may be able t< impart. HhoMld it be determined that the main arm] aoouU invado Mexico at lomn other point thui the Uio Grande??ay the vicinity of Vera Cruza large and lofllciont number of traneport vei i eela could be placed at the mouth of the Rii Grande by the time the healthy aeaaoneeta In?eay earl] in November The mam army , with all Ita munitioiia i could bo tranaported, leaving a suAcient force behind t< hold and occupy the Itio Grande and all the towna am ' provincea which you may have conquered before tha ! time. In the event ol auch being the plan of operationi your opiaion ia desired : what increased force ii any.wil be lequired to carry it out with aucceaa ? We learn tha the army could be disembarked a few miles distant fron Vera Cruz, and roadily invest the town in ita rear with out coming within the range of the guna of the fortrsai of 8. Juan d(tJloa. The town could he readily taken bj land, while the foitreaa, being invested by land an< sea, and all communication cut oil, must soon fall. Kroo Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico there is a hoe toad ; upon which the diligence*, or stage coaches, tun daily | The diatance from Vera Cruz to the city of Maiico, 1 ! not more than one-third of that lrom the Rio Grandi ' to the city of Mexico. I.'pon these important point*, ii addition to those mentioned in my letter of the 8t1 of Jui.e, your opinion and viaw* ara daaired at th eailiest period your duties will perm t you to give then lo the meantime, the department confidently roues on yo to pi see foi ward y our operation* vigotously to the oxter ' of your meaus, ao a* to occupy the important points will I in your roooh, on the Rio Gtande, and In the interior. I j is proauaad, that Montaiey, Chihuahua, and other placs I la your direction will ho tsken and hold. If In your pov LD. - r- ? :- _ ?^-r--ST3g r to l'?' information, Ik* department desire* t* b? informed of the distance from Chihuahua to Uuavmae on th. Gulf of California. Wheth.r th.r. h, a raid ow which ordnance and baggage wagon* could bo tahan. and whethar it ba practicabla for an ar.ny to march (raw th* former to the latter place, and what time would Srobably ba required (or mounted men, and what time >r infantry or artillery to do ao I Thia information ia daaired before the department can be orepared to decide upon the propriety or leading forward auch an expedition. Your anawar to thia communication you will plana* to eddreaa directly to the President of the United State a 1 have the nenor to bo, very raapactfally, Your obedient servant,ONi . W. L. MARCY. Major Gen. Z. Taylor, Comd'g, fcc. liaaohuaatsa* Abmt op Oocupatiov, ( Matamoras, Aug. 1,1840. \ Hi a :-I haya tho honor to ocknewlodge the receipt of the confidenUel communication of tho Secretary of War, datad July 9th, aad to preaent th* following remark* in ralutien to the *ey*ral point* embraced in 1L Agreeably to the injunctlen of the Secretary, thia communication w addreaied directly to the President of tho United State*. lit. A* to th* intercoure* with the enemy and manna of obtaining information with regard to hie movement*.he I fear that no very satisfactory results will be obtained in the way proposed Th* Mexican generate aad ether officer* hare axhibitad, linca tha commencement of hoatilitia*, a determination to hold with na aa little Inter course a* po**ibla. A most rigid non-intoreeurae tee bee a observed throughout: and sine# tha 17th of Jane, no communication whatever has passed between the hsaiiquarter* of thaftwo armies. 1 shall not tail to improve such occasions when they present themselves, in the manner pointed out by th* Secretary. Since creasing the Rio Grande, it ha* bean my constant aim to conciliate the people of the country, and I have tha satiafaction of believing that much has bean dona towards that object not only here, but at Reinoao, Camera*. and other town* higher up the river. The only ebetacle 1 encounter in carrying out thi* desirable policy, ariaea from the employment of volunteer troops. Bom* excesses hove been committed by them upon the people and their property, acd mere, I (ear, are to be apprehended. With every exertion, it is impossible effectually to oontiel these troops, unaccustomed as they are to the discipline of camps, and losing, in bodies, the restraining aens* of individual responsibility. With increased length of setvice, these evils, it is hoped, will diminish. 3d In regard to availing ourselves of internal divisions and discords among the Mexicans, it is hardly time yet to say how far thi* may be relied.upon a* an element of success. 1 have good reason to believe that the country lying between the Rio Orande and Sierra Madre is disposed to threw off the yoke of the central government, and will, perhaps, do so as soon as it finds a strong American force between it and the capital. 1 shall d* all in my power to encourage this movement, of which 1 received indications from many quarters, and shall comply fully with the instructions of the Secretary on that point. 3d. As to the military operation best calculated to secure an early and honorable peace, my report of July 3d will have put the Department in possession of my views touching operations in this quarter, and I have new little to add to that report. Whether a large force can be subsided beyond Monterey, must be determined by actual experiment, and will depend much upon the disposition of the inhabitants towards us. If a column? aay 10,MB men ?can be sustained in provisiens at Baltillo, it may advance thence upon San Luis Potosi; and, i doubt net, would speedily bring proposal* far peace If, on the other hand, a column cannot be sustained beyond Monterey, it will be for the government to determine, from consideration* of state, whether a simple occupation of the frontier departments, (including Chihuahua and New Mexico,) or ia addition ;to such oooupation an expedition against the capital (by way of Vera Ciuz) be moat expedient I cannot give a positive opinion as to the practicability of an expedition against Vera Cruz, or the amount of fore* thet would probably be required for it. The Department of War muat be much bettor informed than 1 am on that poiat. From the impracticable character of the routes (rem Tampico, particularly that laadiag to Mexioe, 1 hould judge an expedition againat the capital from that point, to be out of the question The eimultaneeus embarkation of a large body of troopa a) Brazes Santiago, aa propoeed in the Secretary's communication, would bo attended with great difficulty, if we may judge from the deley and danger which accompany the unloading of single transports, owing to the almost perpetual roughness of thejbar, and boisterous character of the anchorage. It may also well be questioned whether a foroe of volunteer*, without much instruction, more than these now hete can receive in season for such an expedition, can prudently be allowed to form the bulk of an army dot tined for ao delicate an operation as a descent upon a foreign coaat, where it can have no proper base of operationa or supplies. I have already bad occasion to represent to the department that the volunteer force ordered te report to me here,is much greater than I can possibly employ,at any rate in the first instance ; the influx of twelve months' volunteers has aven Impeded my forward movement by engrossing all the resource* in the (Quartermaster's Department, to lend them and tianspori them to healthy positions. This circumstance, in connexion with the poeaibility of an expedition against , leads ma to regret that one division of the volunteers had net been encamped?toy at Pass Christian?where it could have been Instructed until its service* were required in the field. These embarrassments, however, are now mostly overcome; the regular force is nearly all et Camargo, and all the arrangements are made to throw forward the volunteersto the same point. The President may b* assured I that no one lament* mora than 1 do the inevitable difficulties and delays that have attended oar operations here, and that no exertion of mine has been, or will l<e wanting to pre in forward ine campaign wun an possible vigor. But I deem it indispensable to ttka auoh p amount of force, and obeervo auch precmiitiona aa not to ' leave success a matter of doubt. ' In anawer to the inquiry relotive to the route from > Chihuahua to Uuaymc.*, 1 hava the honor to aubmit a in#moramlum derived from , an American gentleman residing in thia place, who haa lived in Chihuahua, > ami travelled over the routea The dietaneee on the mule route are probably overrated, aa it ia a direct route acroia the mountains. The wagon road by the city of Aritpe, ia the only one practicable for artillery. 1 I have the honor to be, very respectfully, sir, your obedient servant, Z.TAYLOR, Maj. General USA Commanding. 1 To his Kacellency. the Hon Jamks K. I'olb, | i'reaideut of the United States, Washington, D. C. Appointments by the President. The following promotions and appointment* heve been made by the President, under the provieion of the act of Congress ol !fnd of March, 1*17, for the Increaaa of the Marine Corps, which separates tho staff from the Una of said corps : ? raoMOTioas First Lieut. Francis C. Hail, to be Captain, vice Park G. Howie, Adjutant and Inspector, who retains his staff appointment First Lieut Uoorga H. Teirott, to he Captain, vice Ueoige W. Walker. Paymaster, who retaiua his staff appointment. First Lieut. William K Stark, to be Captain, vioe Augs. A Nicholson, Uuartermaiter, who ratains his stall appointment. ' First Lieut. Nathaniel S. Waldron, to ha Captain, vice Oeorge F. Lindsay, Assistant (luartormaster, who retains his staff sppointm'nt Second Lieut. William L. Shuttlaworth, to b? First ' Lioutenant, vice K C. Hall, promoted 1 Second Lieut Joseph W. Curtis, to be First Llauten1 ant, vicn U. H. Terrett, promoted 9 Second Lieutenant Robert Tansiil, to be Firat LieutenJ ant, vice W. K Stark, promoted. Second Lieutenant John C. Grayson, to he First Lieu tenant, rico N. 8. Waldron, promoted. ?rro?TMKiTi Charles Alexander Henderson, to be Second Lieutenant, vice W. L Shuttle worth, promoted. John Strieker Nicholson, to be Seoond Lieutenant,vice J. L. Curtis, promoted A. Satterthwaite Nicholson, to bo fleoond Lieutenant, vice II Tamil], promoted. (Jeorgo K. Lindsay, Jr., to be Second Lieutenant, vice J. C. Orsyson, promoted. Navv Dcpabtmcivt. March IS, 1847. Naval Newe. The bomb ketch Btromboli sailed from Boston on tks 18th instant, for the Oulf of Mexico. Lieutenant Gordon has been ordered to the V. I. brig Porpoise. From thr Pacific.?Letters from Commodore Stockton, dated nt San Francisco, October 1st, and at Han Diego, November JSi, 1840, have been reeei ve I at the Navy Department. The officers and craws of tho squadron were in fine health ami apirita. The Mexican ofltcera in the torruory, with one or two exception*, having violated their oaths, und nga in taken up arma againat the United .Slates, had succeeded to pes testing themselves ot the City ol ttri Angels, and one er two other places, bordering on Sjnora, wlifcb bad been previously captured by the American! Upon receiving intelligence, however, ol the msuri eotion, torn Stockton adopted the most prompt and vigorous measures lor the recovery of tho places thus taken, and his efforts, which had already been in part sucaessful, promised to be completely so.? W??A??gi?n 'Jman, March 18. Launch.?We learn thai the U. S frigate St Lawrence, now on the stocks at the Oosport navy yard, will be launched on Thursday next, the 10th Inn., at 4 o'clock, P M.?Sarfalk Hrncan, March 18 > We understand that John Brown, the seamm who was tried by the naval court martial, whieh reccn'ly sat here, upon charge of mutiny, was scquitted, and wu discharged from custody, on board tho I I Pennsylvania, yesterday ?Nerfalh Brecon, Meruit 18. t 1 ????a? ???a?a? 1 SE< iARH. , HAVANA AND SI". J AGO LEAF TOBACCO. A A. HAMaNOS, ?t Urnjwiv, up at tin. (oppoaite Tnnity ( hatch) nlTera for a tic. in lot. to toil pure hat ' eta. at nrholeaale and retail ' ' 1*4 balea Havana Lenf Tnfcn'en avrappera and filJere i Sd " V a "an T W " Comherl.tnd H -bnr, * I 40 " Hi J?f<> Leaf I'.ihaero S " ( IS " " " dark wrarpetf IS raaca old Connatural Hard Leaf Tobacco, l? d eolf re. I | Alao, gegata of all and cWaaci, lurliding ?ome im . 1 po ta-d eapreaaly for private em >nere, together with ' 'J auiuble for the trail ' Joat received, n few o( the ua w broad t 'I Iiramurenii n " imported aolelv by the enbieribir. U Ordere received anil pnuciaally attended to lor el elaaeea it olatgira Alan for i*le, nil kinila of .Hmokinf Inleeeo.ei t. American, hp.ini,h, Oeimnn, aod Tarhiah oiaiiofaeiare. lar Iti'&S1' HdLfcSWSSin

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