Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 21, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 21, 1847 Page 1
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= rn ri i S 8 I J **l. ?1U, M?. 7y-Wk?)? JU.M70 VERY INTE RESTING FROM MEXICO. ' Highly Important from Gen. Taylor' s Division. j Santa Anna's Advance Confirmed. Arc. &c. Sia. LFrem the New Orleans Mercury, March 19 ] We learn from Cspt Somera. of the achooner Jamea & 1 Samuel, which 1 to-Jay from Brazos Santiago, that 1 an express came into that place on the 4th inat, stating that a Mexican force had passed Matamoros on the oppo- { site (Texas,) side of the river on the morning of the 4th. Cspt Burners could not learn the number of men, or who commanded them. This arrival brought no letters or pa ' pen lor this city. 1 (Krom the New Orleans Bulletin, March 19 ] i Oen. Worth left Brazos on 96th ult., on board the ( steamer Edith?one company of infantry, one company . of artillery, one company dragoons, and the light batte- . riea, all hail embarked?six companies of dragoons were still at the Brazos, waiting transportation. Oen. Jesup was still at the Brazos, using every effort to send off all the troops. The steamship New Orleans was off the bar, to sail in ; a tew daya for Tampiro. We learn from Capt. Hughes, of the Illinois volunteers, ' Who left f l?n T??t?.'. ?" ?? ?' ? * - .V. - UMUI l', IWDUlY D1UC8 irum SIIHIlOi ' 13th ult, and Monterey lath tilt., that Gen. Taylor had i s 000 men with him, and there wera twa regiment* of I troops at Mentcrey. Kvery thing was quiet at Saltillo, 1 when Capt. Hughes left. Gen. Taylor intended to remain i at hn camp near Saltillo, until the 1st of April. There were many reports at Brazos Santiago, on the 29th ult. It was rumored that a large body or Mexicans i were in the neighborhood of Saltillo, and that General Taylor had fallen back on Monterey, and expected every day to have a battle, as the Mexfoans were lollowing him up. The mail by this arrival was not assorted last night, but we received by a private hand the following letter : Baazos Island, Feb 37,1847. During last evening, we had an express here from Ceralvo, which also Drought an official letter from Camargo, giving some rather alarming accounts from Gen. Taylor's column. It appears that a considerable portion of the enemy's forces nave suoceeded in getting j in the rear of Gen. Taylor, and are now hovering in the , vioiaity of Ceralvo, which post is commanded by Col. | Morgan, 3d Ohio volunteers. Gen. Taylor has stopped, by an order, the trains of wagons from Camargo to , Monterey. I also learn, as a rumor, from Coralvo and Camargo, which, however, is well sustained by circumstances, thai Clan I--- '-'I? 1? '* ?w?u. *?iivi uas iau?u uscik oo Mooierey, mougu many doubt it be hw returned at all, whether he haa , pasted the Rinconada ; and alio that one of the wagon , traini on the road from Camargo hat been captured by , the enemy. It wat currently reported at Camargo and Ceralvo, that Santa Anna waa advancing on Oen Taylor 1 with a large force, and that he waa within about 30 leaguea of him. Fiom the information received here, I kavo every rea- ' aon to believe Gen. Taylor will shortly try the gallantry' of bis volunteer force, which I have no doubt will prove j themaelvea worthy the name of American soldiera. The greatest enthusiasm ia aaid to prevail throughout the entire division. , | The following article waa in type previous to the re ceipt of the preceding news:? Lettera are in the city, from well informed sources in ( Mexico, which state that the recent movement of Santa Anna haa no connexion with any contemplated attack up- j on Saltiilo, and ia intended to mask other operations, in timating tiiat the army would make a demonstration on the posts on the Rio Grande, and thus cut off General Tay lor'ti communications and supplies. Another letter ( lays that the movement waa absolutely necessary, to procure supplies, as the army had exhausted every thing j of the kind in that district of country. One of the let- | ters to which we refer is from an officer in the Mexican . aimy. j If Santa Anua can find the needful supplies and raoaua of transportation for his army, to the bunks of the Rio , Grande, and can seize upon Matamoraa or Camargo, or . both, be would be playing a much more effective and . sensible game than the dangerous one of attempting to attack Saltille, or even Monterey, for though the Ame- , neon gui nion ?i me latter place i* only about 3,(Mio men, t they are so advaatageously fortified as to be able to re. , Mint the whole army that Santa Anna could bring against , that place?there ia one fort in which there are mounted j upwards of thirty cannon, and which completely com- ( lnamia the city The next adTicea must bring some more decisive in- j formation on the subject, and advice of tho appearance | of his columns in the vicinity of some of our troops, un- ( less, indeed, his only object has been a separation of his army fur the greater facility of procuring supplies than , in the district of country around San Luis?there is one ( letter which states that the whole army would be moved i to the protection and defence of Vera Cruz?and that tho portion of it that had already left San Luis, was actually j on the way to the seaboard We have very little coufi- ( donee, however, in ihis latter report. , | Krom the N. O Delta, March 13 ] fly tho sour. John Howell, Capt Warren, which arri- ( ved hero last night from the Brazos, we were put in pos- s session of soveral days later intelligence from Monterey 1 and Saltillo. A loiter of the flth ult, from Gen Taylor, at Agua 1 Nueva, tbiity miles beyond Saltillo, states that he louud c the volunteer* on his arrival at Saltiilo somewhat dis- * heartened, and having soon discovered the principal * cause, inaction, he applied the remedy for ita removal 1 He pushed his camp thirty indes nearer the enemy, cou- 1 fi lence was restored, and the utmost enthusiasm took the place of lethargy and inactivity?the volunteers were 1 anxious to meet the enemy, and aa tho old Goneral says t in his later, ' I won't disappoint them " * The reports in circulation, us to the advance of the enemy, 1 A.000 strong, on Saltillo, are, beyond a doubt, ' true ; and Gen Taylor has by this time, either fought l: and whipped the Mexicans again, at Agua Nueva, or has fallen back on Monterey. The great fear entertained 8 by Gen. Taylor's friends is, that should he fall back on f Monterey, and a force of 16,000 should advance upon that ' place, that being obliged to keep his whole force (6000) 1 tl Monte icy, the enemy would be strong enough tode- v tach a portion, (say 6()0ti) to act on his base of opeiations, c and by uniting with the force knewn to be under Urrea, * Gome 3600 or 4000 men.) efiec'ually break ap in detail, ' Cauiargo, Matamoras and the Brasos St. Jago, thereby 1 cutting ofi all supplies from Gen Taylor, and obliging 1 him to subsist in a country even now drained by the de 8 man,Is cf so large a force us we have maintained, in tho country around Monterey. The Black Kort at Monterey may be made impregnable, and with even the small force under his command, Gen ' ? Taylor cuuld hold it against any foice the Mexicans might bring against it, should he be compelled to retire on that position. Camargo is tolerably well fortified, andjtlutamoras has recently been foititied under the direction r.nd superintendence of that able engineer, Col Lloyd Tilghnm, who, at the request of Col. Drake, the commanding officer, laid out and superintended tbe construction of the defences. This Col Tilgham was en- ( abled to do while remaining in that place awaiting tha mraris of transportation to the United States. Besides the large forco advancing under Santa Anna from St Louis Polosi, and that of Urrea by the way ot Victuiia, there is cnother force of the enemy under that hydia-hemled monster, Cansles, who, though a bragadocii, has a force under his command well calculnted to give great annoyance along the whole line of tbe Rio Grande. This is tho force referred to by Col Morgan, as acting between Monterey and Camargo A portion of it is under Ctrabajal, engage! in levying a tax on all goods brought into, and carried out of, Matamora* by traders. Cartbajnl, wilh his hiin. it rancheros, has established a cordon of posts for 30 miles around Matamoras, and in the absence of custom house buildings, helds his revenue , i cuiiTeuipm iree. such I* hii audacity, a that on the 16th ult. ho sl?pt with his command ol 100 t( nu-n, at Puerta Verdes, only one league from Matamoras, t1 awaiting a stock of goods supposed to bo coming from the Boca del llio, by way of Burita. The commanding m (91'or at Mutamoi-ds has no csvaliy at his disposal, and tj this 1'arnhajll is perteclly aware of, and can levy his contributions with impunity, even within a unlu cl the i, city. a Gen. Worth left the Brazos on the 96th ult, on hoard e the steamer Kdith. All toe troops had lelt tho Brazoa c except six companies of dragoons. _ Bsaios Island, Feb. 36, 1947. Tho st'amshin New Orleans has just arrived oft" the gl liar. The ship I'rentico, with tbiee companins of the 31 ? Mississippi regiment, under the command of Major Price, a Captains Daniel McWillia and Clarke, reported to this t< poit 1 ist evenii g It appears that their orders from New j, t)i leans destined them lo join the expedition rendezvous- u tog off I,olios. They repartod at Tampico, and were or- 0 dered by Gen. Patterson, and suhsequentlv by General y Hrott, to this point, aud to report te Gen. Taylor. This will throw them into the column to movo shortly on to p Ban Luis Potosi. ri I legist to learn, from some of tho officers, that there w is a v st amount ol sickness on hoard of the vessel, and -j that they have lost nine by death since they left New al Orleans I eriloHVcred to ascertain their names, hut u could only lr nru those of the following : Messrs. Lucky, p Lan-li, Srott, Inipjis, Kllis and Lord. 1 ? urn vt o.mnujiir.n iblt thin morning in the steamer Rj Kdi'h, forTampico The whole of the roar of the exro- ? di ion will ami in the course of two or three days, under m the commend ol Lieut. Den*. Contrary wind* ond had H weather, (or the lam ten day*, hafts very much retarded ti the opt'ration*, hut through the energy and great exer h ton* ol Captain* Hill and I letuell, and their asiiitantu, the j troop* ond muni-ion* will he shipped as soon a* could y hove been expected. o Ctwzos Island, Msrch 1. a Great interest is at present felt here in refcronce t* the ? situation ol rd tiis in Uen Taylor's column An express a arrived I . it evening fiout C.-l Morgan, at Certslvo, to- * g.dlicr with one Irom Col Curtis,at < amargo, to Colonel 1 j sylor, (tirother to Gen. Taylor.) who immediately set c cut port haste for the country above, intending to go to Matamo'BH last night. 1 give j ou the information just f as it ha- hec n ren ived, stating what is positivo and what t is hoard upon tumor. I , llv the nxpresi of Col Morgan, wo leurn that a large b Mexican force has made its appearance In the vicinity of t Cenalvo, between that town and Monterey, and that a fl large iian.b t of n.aiauding Mexicans are tanging the t country between Carraryo and the latter place General Taylor had ordered nil the train* of wagons from Camat* o go going lot ward,to be stopped?thus you will see there t] can he hut little doubt of there being a considerable body fj of the enemy in the rear of Gen. Taylor's main body,and I have no doubt their emissaries are in Matamoros, and c ever v pest on the river, every night. t There it also a rumor from Cerralvo, from three sources, ? 3 NE J ajj corroborating,' fthat Gen. Taylor had fallen bacl unon Monterey with hie main body, and that Santa Anni was within about 30 leagues of him, and advancing.Thia rumor ia also referred to in a letter from Camergi to a gentleman on the island, the wtiter oi which is i person who has resided in tbecouutry for some time, am is intimately acquainted with the Mexican character. It (be course ef bis remarks upon the news received thore he attaches much importance to it, and says "there is ni mistake this time?we shall be certain to have a brusl with the enemy." It was reported of Camargo, and generally believed that one of the trains had been cut olf and captured bj the Mexicans, between that place and Monterey. The opinion was sustained by the fact that it had not arrivei at its destination after the proper time had elapsed. The only portion of this news which is questioned here Is that in reference to General Taylor tailing back oi Monterey. The times are certainly getting exciting, and in cam of an engagement with either column of our army, yot may depeud upon receiving, with the flrst despatches, i correct and detailed account of it. Cols. Mitchell aud Weller aad Or. Chamberlain, of thi Ohio Volunteers, arrived in the steamer New Orleans and will leave for the purpoee of joining their command this morning. San Luis Potosi, 11th Feb., 1847. At this date, I suppose you are aware that Genera Santa Anna left this city on the 3d ol the present month iathe direction of Saltillo, Monterey, Cemargo and Ma tamoroa, to fall on the enemy with ell the energy am decision ef an intrepid and valiant soldier. His arm; constat* of some 31,600 or '4-1,000 men, according to th< information I hare been able to obtain. The cavalry ii particular is the best that has ever been seen in thi country, aa the horsee as well as soldiers have bee picked. The infantry consists altogether of soldiers (a the line) well disciplined end equipped, chosen froc among the crowd* he has been sble. to get togethei We are in hopes of soon seeing the result ef this grea expedition, which must decide the iuture aspeot of th war. Santa Anna haa also an excellent park of artiller; of ilf'y or sixty pieces of various calibre, ami from Tul the brigade, stationed there, with its twelve pieces mora wiu ueparc to joiu ine commander in chief Karly In thia month, twenty American prisenera arri red in thia city. The lower class of the inhabitant wished to atone them to death, but to prevent all sucl attempta theae priaoneia were shut up in barracka til the fury of the people ahould have paaaod. Comparing thia with other atatemeuta we have seei lately, we come to the concluaion that aomebody "i guilty, to aay the beat, of an inexcusable looseneaa o assertion, in which the truth" has little part. We adhere to our constant opinion of the so undoes of the advice of the old Roman maxim, " Audi alteran 9 artem." TUB MASSACRE ill NEW MEXICO. [ Krem the St. Louis Union. March 9 ] We have published the rumors which were brongh to Independence by a party of traders on the 1st instant together with their apprehensions and speculations 01 the subject, not doubting, however, that there is leai ground for an alarm than their representations would lead tbo public to believe We have made due inquiriei of those gentlemen likely to form correct opiuious witb respect to atfeira in New Mexico, and we find that the) apprehend no danger to our forr.ea in that country. Tin Last express from Santa Ke informed us of the varioui military movements in that quarter, and of the arrest o a number of Mexicans charged with forming an iusur reationary plot On the latter subject, the letter of Lieu tenant Abort, which we publish in another column, give interesting information, as well as upou other points. Several American residents there are married to Mexi can women, through whom they would probably reeeivi information of any formidable plot, in season to proven its execution. They have been there long enough to un derstand the true character of the inhabitants, and ti ruard against threatened danger. Tho informatioi brought by the traders was obtained mostly from Mexi can sources, and it seems that the alcalde of Taos wa playing a deceitful part, giving different versions to dil lerent persons. It may be that there had been su out Break and some assassinations at Taos, which is abou oventy miles, we bolieve, on this side Santa Ke, and 171 fiom Bent's Bort. Wa do not know the exact nositioi >t Los Vegos, but understand that it is on this sid'o of th< Taos mountain, liuar iU toot, and not fur fro i. Taos A' ha lattur place the inhabitants are in a degraded condi :iou, scarcely hall civilized, and might be excited to nur ler without difficulty. As Gov. Bent's family reside al I'aos, it is supposed that durirg a visit there he may havs leen murdered, together witn the prominent Aiaericam with him. The Mexicans have been so long accustomed t< regard tbo assassination of a governor as a complete revo uuon, that they may have killed Gov. Bent, Mr. Lee, th< ihorilt', ami other officers. But no one here seems to sup rose it probable that there has been a general iasurrec .ionary movement in {lew Mexico. Our forcos in Santi h'o are considered too numerous to render the success o tuch a plot probable. The whole disposable forco in th< irmy of the north must hnve been about 4000 men There were two regiments, numbering upwards of 10O< lach, two battalions of 600 each, two infantry corapa nes of 100 each, three companies of United States dra joons, aud the Laclede Hangers, besides the officers amsters, traders, artificers, kc. At previous dates Jol. Doniphan hod with him about 600 men, and u rein oi cement of less than 600 had been ordered to joiu him The Mormon battalion was on its route to California ind 100 men accompanied Gen. Kearny to California to that, after due allowances are made, Col Price couU rot have had under control, at or near Kanta Ke, lest han 1600 men. a force aufficient to crush any iusurrec ion which might ba planned. Besides, the iortiiicutiom irected at Santa Fe under the direetiou of Lieutenanti Imery aud Abert, would euuble our men to hold oul gainst a superior force, if it could be raised against hem. The Mexicans have no cannon or ordnance it hat region with which to attack a fort. in review oi the whole matter, with all the informsion we can gather from the best sources, we are inclined o the opinion that, in the worst aspect ot the case, lothing soiious has occurred there, except, perhaps, the saasunation of Gov. B.-nt, the Messrs Lee, and the riecds who were with them at Taos ; and that all oppre tension far the safety of our army is wholly unnecesary The urgent appeal of the Indeptndtnct Expotitoi nil our coriotpondant, for more troops, although dieated by patiiotic impulsos, is rathor premature. In would be impossible, at this season of the year o march a regiment ucrosa the plains. In a few dayi ve shall have more reliable information, until the re eipt of which we can sea no cause for apprehension at o the safety of the volunteers. It is natural that those vho have kindred anJ friends in New Mexico, should eel uneasy at Hie exciting rumors pubi shed ; but i: hey will examine calmly all the attending clrcum tances, their fears will vanish. LETTER PROM MAJOR OAINES San Luis I'orosi. Mexico, Feb 10, 1647. I wrote you from Haltillo, informing rou of my move nrcta up to sbout the 10th inst. Wit i the three com loaies under my command, I was stationed alternately t Agua Nueva und the Pass of falomas, both outposts for more thau one month after my arrival at Saltilk ho re were constant rumors of the approach of th< neniy;and the great advantage they had over us (being a their midst) niado my duties extremely arduous. They iad evei y means of knowing our precise condition from ay to day, whilst we found it very difficult to find oul ny thing concerning them. 'I explored the country ir heir direction by day and by night, and for about thirty ays never slopt with my clothes off, and most generally purred. On the 19th ot January 1 left my camp ut the alomas Pass with Capt. C. M. Ulay, Lieut. Davidson and iirty choen men, taken equally from .Milam's, Penning on's and Clay 'a companies, and travelled about eighty liles towards this place on the Palomas road, and liadig no enemy and hearing nothing of him. 1 bore west rani and passed the mountain into the plein, through ihich the Agua Nueva load passes, which I struck be' ween the hacienda Incaruacion and Ban Salvador. At lis place I met with many Mexicans, who gave me the lost positive assurances that to their knowlnlgo there > > im I'lvAHjan army in me neignoorhood, and it beirg ita in the a vcning of the third day of my roeoonoistanre nd mr men being very tired and hungry, I determined > go to the hacienda, about ton mile* distant, and spend Se night. At this place I mot with Major Borland, of the Arkan?.? cavalry, with about tarty men, who had been there jrec days, awaiting the ariival of en ad li'.ionul force, ) enable him to attack a detachment of the > nemy, two undred strong, then said to ba at the town of Saluda, bout lotty milea distant. Our united force* u a cooaidrod equul to ,the undertaking; and on the following ruing, ii little beforo night, we atsrted on this enteirite. Alter travelling about twelve milea we met with oiiis .Mexican#, who assured ua there were no Mexican jidiers at Hala.lo, and that the distance was at least sixty lilea. We had no guide, nnd the night was very dark, nd a tremendous storm was coming up. These iacts, igetlier with the information given ua of the noii-exitenco of the enemy in the neighborhood, determined to return ta the hacienda |ilad wn continued our route ne or two hours longer we should have met Ucuernl linon with 3000 cavalry. On the lo'iowing morning we found ourselves comletfly encompasaod by this force, and a little after sunise their bugles sounded ou all aides, which we answered 'ith our solitary hugln and three cheers twice told.? 'he troops approached on one side, and a white (tag ou nother We required their troops to retire previous to ay confercn e, which being complied with the (lag an roached, and the result was, that m one hour we would uswt-i their admonition to surrender. We had sixtyix man and six officers, with about twenty rounds of mmunition each? no water, no brand, no meat. They lid they hud 3000 men present, and the demonstrations round us left but little room to doubt ita truth substau ?ii? <n,??~i? ~t '* -?./ ?"? ic-unwi Iiur (lenuerauon wa?, that wo would earn proportion from them in eu?wer, to which they iropon il to seud in an officer of equal rank with mynrlt, rhiUt 1 repairud to their camp. 1 hi* being (lone, I rode ut, received the proportion* of the general, returned, nlitated them to our officer*, whe agreed to them, gain returned to the general, and about 11 o'clock we urrendereda* prisoner* of war?the term* being that re were entitled to the moat liocrai anil extended privi ege* to wbich ptiioner* under any circumitancc* are ntitled. Notwilhitanding the great disparity of number*?about arty-four to ono?our men exhibit* da thirst f.rrtho fight ruly astonishing. If there wan a tingle individual who elt the slightest ditincl.nation totha conflict, it could not >e detected, and many, very many, actually *hed tear* at he neceiaity of a surrender. To have allowed thorn to ight under the circumstance* would have subjected them o inevitable destruction, without rendei ing any valuable eivicts to their country. Whatever may be thought f (hi* misfortune by our countrymen, all we ask is, that hey will he slow in passing censures until they can hear rom us more in detail. We leit the hacienda Incarnation the day aftor our apture for this place, and on the evening of that day lapt. Hetirie of the Arkansaa volunteer* made hit >acape, and ha* not since been heard of. He i* the son of VV YO NEW YORK, SUNDAY M ? ' Mai. Arthur Henria. fnrmarlv of th? Pearl Street House. I i Cincinnati. 1 Ilia escape was tha occasion of aome occurrancea on > our route which it ia unnecessary to repeat hero, but ? which were far from agreeable to ua. 1 | On our route here we met the renowned Oen. Santa l ! Anna, in a large clumsy carriage drawn by eight mules, , two behind, two in front, and four in the centre. I had > a short conference with him, in which, after asking me i a few questions concerning our army and generals, and the purpose of my expedition to Incarnacion, he gave , me assurances of good treatment whilst prisoners, told r us we would be sent from this to the city ef Mexico, and i he hoped shortly to our own country. His appearance 1 made a favorable impression on our officers and men. We have now been here five days, but know nothing as i to the time we shall leave. i 1 shall write you frequently, and tkeough you to my i | family, should circumstances favor it i I am, very respectfully, t JN9. P. GAINKS. a To this letter is appended the following postscript, without a signature, and written by another hand. We s presume the information/ it contains is entirely authen, tic s " Major Gaines and party (97) left the capital on the | 10th of February ; the officers were supplied with horses for the road, and will doubtless be allowed their parole on arrival." 1 MEXICAN MAGNANIMITY, b (From the New Orleans Delta.] From the letter translated in our to-day's paper from J La Patria it appear* that ioma American prisouert, who f hare been taken to San Luia, were ill-treated and threat ened by the rabble of that city. We have alwaya ? thought, and have irequently given utterance to the 8 thought, that the generosity and magnanimity of our Q government and military authoiitiea toward* the Mexi 'f can*, were entirely misplaced. They are not to bo at? footed by there thinga. 'l hey are only to be governed and restrained through their loam and their senses, d Magnanimity, wilt; tuem. is fear and weakness. But a hard knocks, chain* anl handouffa, and close conflnef ment, are matters they fully comprehend and readily, yiald to. We trust that in future operation*, the prlio>i ners that are taken by our forces will be hold as prisoners?at least, those who aro worth holding?until the war is concluded, so as to meet the vary contingencies which hove lately occurred?to wit: the exchange for > our own men in the hand* of the Mexicans. If the priao1 neis taken at the battle* on the Rio Or&nde and at Monterey had been retained, we should now be able to esi change for Majors Oaiaes and Borland and Capt. Heady's command. f A mortifying evidence of the inability of even the higher class oi Mexicans to appreciate our magnanimity, > is given in tho conduct of Oen La Vega, who wjs treat ad here with the most extraordinary kindness and heapltality. Indeed, we have never seen any of our own great man so feted and distinguished by public manifestations ol courtesy and respect, as was this Mexican officer.? t Oen. La Vega had been frequently associated with Am , pudia, in the Texan campaigns, and his name was not eni tirely disconnected from the deeds of treachery and orui elty which marked the whole conduct of his superior ofI fleer towards his gallant and noble foes. Yet these things i were all forgotten, and a bravo enemy,taken gallantly i fighting at his post, appealed to our warmest sympathies. i Kvury care aud courtesy .were lavished on him by mr i military, our government and our pfople. Now, what return does ho make fer our kindness and hospitality V f One of our gallant naval officers, whilst engaged in eiegitimate act of war, in an enterprise of the greatest peril, is taken prisoner after a brave and manly res siatanca. Ha is kept a close prisoner, tried as a spy, and actually condemned to be shot. But that deed of i- cowardly infamy they would not dare to perform ? q He is, however, kipt a close prisoner for months.? t In the meantime. General La Vega, our nation's - guest, assumes the military command of Vera Crux, > and youijg Rogers might well hope that in common i gratitude. La Vega's tirst act would be his release from prisou. But instead of that, he is marched off in haste to s that gloomy and desolate prison, tho BastUe of Mexico, f- (Perote,) iwhora he is now closely confined in it* dungeons. It is vain to aay that this act is not done with the t consent of La Vega. He, as tho military commandant. > even if his personal influence could not obtain so small i a boon, had the power to release the prisoner. And if a ) spark of generosity or gratitude could be kindled in hi* t bosom, he would rejoice in the opportunity oi showing - to the citizens of the United States, that tkeir kindness - and liberality to hirn were not thrown away upon an unworthy object. We trust that our army,in it* futuie i operations, will not stop short of Vera Cruz, but will i consider it a saored duty to tho many valiant sons of our > country who have languished in suffering and misery in - the dungeons of Perote, to halt not its onward course, i nor stay ita avenging arm, until this gloomy prison shall he levelled with the plain, the ploughshare be drivon over its' foundation, and salt be sown on the ground it i once occupied. ) SANTA ANNA's MOVEMENTS. [.From the New Orleans Delta.] ) It is rendered now certain that Santa Anna has left San - Luis. He must have left about the 1st of February last. lie fled from starvation. This is a cuiioua atate of things, and exhibits tbe Mexican government and people in a most degraded light. The army collected for the defence of their couutry against foreign invaders, b compelled by hunger and want to inarcn agttntt niwTnvader, and to depend for their reacue from atarvation upon tbe extremely uncertain iaaue of battle. The capture of our supplies and defeat of our army are tbe only meana by which they can eacape the thrice-told miseriea of gaunt buoger an I remorseless want. They leave in their rear an enemy far fiercer, and mere cruel, than the bold but generous foe in their front. They prefer the whizzing bullet, the crashing shell, and the aharp steel, to the savage gripe of hunger, the maddening fever ol' thirst, and the debilitating effects of nakedness. The ur^oncy of this impulse is proved by the character of their movement, which ia contrary to all military rule, and to the original plan devised and for some time Kursued by Santa Anna. A march actoss the great Basra which separates Saltillo and San Luis, by a large army, destined to be attacked as soon as it completes the wearisome journey, unless that urmy is immensely strong and fully supplied with all the munitions of war, and greatly the superior of the force it is mjrching against, is one of the most desperate military movements ever made. If it is successful, Santa Anna may wr.te himself down, and history will write him down, as tho greatest military genius of the age Such nn exploit will outshine the brilliant movements of Frederick the Oreat and Napoleon. If this movomcnt of Santa Anna has not been disconI oerted and prevented by hunger, or by tbe tempest and | cold which oveitook him, there has been, ere this, a conflict between his force and that of Uen. Taylor, who is now stationed about thirty miles in advance of Saltillo, on the San Luis road Of the issue of such conflict we have no doubt. The Mexicans, though driven on by tbat powerful stimulant, hunger, will prove an unequal foe to our gallant soldiers, wno are impelled by the lofty motives of national pride, patriotism, and the love ot glory. ' MEXICAN XOITKS. Of two routes from Chihuahua to Uuaymat?one is a , wagon road, the other can be travelled only with mules and packs. The wagon road from Chihuahua to Ouaymas leads at first in s northwest direction to the small village of Carmel, upon a large creek, 110 miles; the next village is Oaleaua, alto on a large oreek. AO miles; then Casas uiuufi, ou uiuvi ; men rresiuio ue rang*, miioi Thia in the most northwest settlement, at a distance of ' 13b miioi from Chihuahua. Kroin tins point the road heart to the touthward, having ma le thii turn to avoid the high mountains. At 70 miles froin Yanos the donor* lino is crossed, and we enter the department or State ol thut name. It it thence ho miles to Kronteras, thence (it) to Bacuaclii, and 40 thence to Aritpe, the oapital of the State?making from Yanos to Ariape 350 miles Arispe contains 6000 Inhabitants, and is on a small river called the Sonora liver. Krom Ariape to j Pitic or Hermosillo, it is M9 miles . and thence to Ouaymas, GO miles?making from Arisps to (Juayraas 310 miles, end from Chihuahua to Ouaymas hy the wagon route, 796 miles. The mule route item Chihuahua to Ouaymas, to he travelled with packs only, leaves Chihunhua, in a direction a little south of west, to the mining town of Cosiquiriachi, 70 miles; then 40 miles to Sierra Prieta ; then 40 milts to Concepcion ; then over the first mountain to Jesus Msria, 140 miles?making ! from Chihuahuu to Jcsm Maria. 'itiO miles. Jesus Maria | being an extensive mining town, numbers 10,0h0 iuhabi- i tants ; thence to Heal de Alamos, 140 miles ; thence to Pitic or Hermosillo, S60 miles ; and thenco to Ouaymas m before, GO miles?making the distance from Chihuahua to Ouaymas, hy the mule routo, 810 miles This route is over stupendous mountains ; it crossas the Ilia<l'ii river, and puatea throng,i the tribe of Indians of that ! name. TI/?? *3 Chihuahua to Carmel 110 miles. to Oalearia AO " to Cases (Jrandea no " to Presidio de Yano* .10 " to IJm of Sonoia ho " to Kronteraa 70 " to Bacuechi 00 " I to Arispe 40 " to rttic 2.W " |i to Guaymus 00 " Chihuahua to Guaymas 70.1 milei. Afrits Rant'. I Chihu ' :a to ( usi'pnt luchi 40 miles. , to Sierra Prieta 40 " 1 to Concepcion 40 ' to Jesus Maria 140 " 1 to Ileal da Alamos '440 " to Pitio 2AO " < to Guayma* 60 " Chihuahua to Uuaymaa 010 milei. thk our-p squadron. [Correipoudence of the N. O Delta] ] U. S. HquauaoM, nrr Anton Lizasdo,) February 'JO, 1847 $ | | Having seen many letters relating to the Mexican blockade, and being an observer of the doings, lie. ot the United State* force, under command of Commodore ' j David Connor, I thought myself in duty bound to en- | , lighten you aa to the manner in which this blockade (as | | it is called) i* carried on. Tho U. S. sloop of war John , Adams, now on blockade two months, has, during that j time, allowed six vessels to enter the port Five hove j t already discharged their cargoes, and loft without being ! , overtaken. , The first vessel which ran in was a bark, having n ( cargo of ten thousand muskets, and several hundred bar- t rels of powder. She was reported from the mast head i at an early hour) but the captain, supposing her to he the ir. H. brig Porpoise, did not get underway When she neared tha castle, and proved to be a nark, two i armad bouts, under command of a lieutenant, were die- I patched to cut her off, and could have aucceadad in to t doing, bad they not put back OB account, I believe, of I RK 1 ORNlNfJ. MABrH Q1 IS 3 ~ ?W being within gun-shot of the caatle. The other crmft I whirb claimed the protection of 8 Juan de Ulua'i gun*, were a full rigged brig, two hermaphrodite brigs, and two acboonere. The U. 8. ateamer Princeton, now at our anchorage, ia kept aa the Commodore'a yacht. Had ahe been on the blockade, no veaaela would have paaaed her. Still the Commodore believea that the cloaeat a ailing ahip in the squadron, the John Adama, makes the beat blockading veascl. The aloop-of war Albany blockades Point Delgada, forty miles to the northward. 8he has been placed there to prevent craft from making the point when bound to Vera Cruz. The U. 8 ateamer Vixen, Com J R. Sands ; gunboats Bonita, Lieut Com'g Benham, and Petrel, Lieut. Com'g Sbuw, nave arrived?the Vixen and Petrel from Laguna, i and the Bonita trom Tabasco?whore she left the U. S. outter McLane, Com'r Howard, on blockade. The frigate Potomac has sailed, supposed to be bound to Lobos Island, to convoy the troop-ships. Anotbar report saya she is hound to Point Uelgada, to raliava the i Albany At Anton Lizardo : U S. frigate Karitan, steamships Princeton, Snittire and Vixen ; gunboats Reefer, Petrel, > Falcon and Bonita ; storeships Relief, Lieut. Com'g Burrows, and Kredonia, Lieut Coai'g Chas. Chauncey; prize steamer Petrita. and merchant brig Ahrasia. Off Oreen Island : John Adams, and revenue cutter Forward. [The Forward is off the Mississippi J List of oftkcers attached to the V. 8. steamer Vixen : ? Commander, J. R. Sands ; Lieutenant, F. Parker; Master, Alex. Murray; Passed Midshipmen, Matthews, Simpson, and Jeffries ; Engineer, Archibald. Spitfire: Commander, l'atnall; Lieutenant, t Passed Midshipraen, Barney, ( Acting Master,) Laild, Bradford, oud Lowry. Gunboat lleefer : Lieut. Com'g, Hteriett; Acting Master. Kidgley ; Passed Midshipman, Dance ; Midshipman, 11. St George Hunter; Gunboat Petrel: Lieut. Com'g, Shaw ; Acting Master, Preble ; PjssoJ Midshipmen, Geo. Walsh nud Wells. Gunboat Uouita : Lieut. Com'g, Benham ; Passed Midshipman, Cobburn, (Acting Master); and Midshipman, Seth Phelps. Steamer Petrita: L-eut. Com'g, Lockwood ; Midshipman, t^ueen, (Acting Lieutenant.) February Jl.?At anchor off Sacrificios : Spanish sloopof-war Kaiuando ; brig : Ktench brigs-of-war Griffon, and Mercure; British orig-of-war Daring, and steamer SkylaikA Spanish brig was taken by the guard boats, on the 16th ult., while attemping to run the blockade She was released by Cuptain Aulick, the aristocratic natal officer. Immediately after getting under way, she stood for the Castle and anchored, weathering the Yankees in great style. The Albany hus arrived?she has taken a prize. Thia has been tho third vessel taken by her?two have been releasee uy the commodore, an J I expect ttie tliird will bo allowed to take her departure. [Correspondence of the N. O. Times.] U S Sql'aphon, oi? BLo? XiOK, ) Vera Cruz, 17tli Keb , 1U47. 1 We are kept continually on the blockade, anil since the Somers was lost, have been in port only once for a few hours. Our|communications with the shore, and squadron, are equally rate, and I havo no moans to obtain papers, or information, from the interior, until they have become stale iu other hands. I give you what little news has fallen into my lap within a (lay or two. The British sloop Alarm will have forestalled anything earlier, as she sailed two days ago, 1 presume, for Tampico. The Spanish brigantine Orbe arrived here yesterday morning from Havana, with a cargo of assorted merchandize. and was picked up, and brought in, by the boats of the Potomac and John Adams. A merchant on board belonging to the firm of Hargous He Co., (of New Mork and Vera Cruz.) had some despatchea for Commodore Conner; in consequence of which the biig was permitted to return unmolested, after having delivered them, end being warned of the blockade of the coast. She this morning got under way, aud stood to the northward un til quite out of the reach of the Potomac's guns, when she suddenly put her helm up and pushed for the castle. The John Adams, then about two miles to the eastward, and standing on the opposite tack, tacked ship immediately and attempted to cut her off, but it was too late. The boats from the Potomac stood a better chance, but before they could reach the brig a lire was 0| eued upon them from the castle, and they consequently hauled off, while she quietly cleared up and ancnored under the (doubtful) protection of the castle walls. It was a daring and imprudent proceeding, aud created a pleasant excitement, particularly on the part of those who understood it. The squadron at Lizardo Is rather small, and consists chiefly of small things. It is composed of the Keritan frigate, with tne Commodore's flag; the brig Porpoise; the store ship llelief; the Spitfire und Petritn, steamboats; tho revenue cutter Forward, and a half a dozen launches with masts in them, yclept gunboats. Tho Princeton is in the neighborhood of Alvarado.with me uujeci m imercepung auco dealers in "aid and com fort," as may obtiude their evil noses thithorwise. The Vixen and other email craft are still at Lag una, and the McLano, &.C., at Tobaeco. The Albany ia blockading the coait botween this ship and cape Delgata. The St. Mary'a baa not yet returned from the ceaet of Texas, although we hero expected her daily for two weeks past. The Po tomac lies at anchor under the lee of Oreen Island, (Isla Verde,) and the John Adams is engaged in the cruising blockade of the port. This disposition of the squadron is certainly a judicious oue, except, porhaps, in ono par ticular, that ot the Potomac. The affair of Alvarado sleeps, and nothing will be done until the transports reach here. I presume a landing will then be immediately effected, Vera Cruz taken and occupied, and the castle inverted. A very few weeks will afford ample time to burst its gates, for I am asmred its supplies of provisionsate extremely meagre. U 8. gqusnnos, ) Off Vera Cruz, Fob. a-J, 1847. ) We have nothing particularly new in the squadron.? The Vixen and Petrel returned on the '40th Irom Laguna, bringing with them a prize,captured off Alvurado-a verv fine schooner of 130 tons, with a valuablo cargo on board The ship Albany arrived on the amh instant, with a tine brig, Mexican, a prize. All are on tiptoe, and lull ol anxiety, awaiting an order to attack the city and cattle of Vera Cruz The Mexicans have fortified the city walls, and a few sand hills in the immediate vicinity, with forty pieces of cannon, harricodod the streets, and have 3600 men in the city, and 3000 in the castle. The city must and can be taken, hut not by the navy alene. Tho army mustjoiothe navy, as there is not forao enough with thern?sailors may stoim and cairy a fortress or town, but they cannot hold it; because their ships leqtiire then pretence, and particularly at this seatou oi the yeur, in the tiulf of Mexico. Alvarado has become quite a Gibraltar. They have erected eight 8-gun batteries, making 01 guns in ail, Irom tlie entrance of the river to the tow ii Thev have uuk in the chunnel way and on the bar lour vessels, to impede our progress up the river, aud have, it is said, 4000 troops there. Well, what of all this 7 We must take the city and castle of Vera Cruz and Alvarado ; but the Government must give us the means. Had steamers of surticient power and ptopor drait of water been furnished in time, Alvarado would have been ours, | and Commodore Conner would have been saved the insults that have been thrown at him. Now, we muit lake Alvarado, I say, bo it a Gibraltar, if you please, arid come what may. The navy, gentlemen, here is in a Serfect frenzy, and are ready to do or die. They are eeply mortified at some of tho editorials that have appeared ia some of the public paper*. NAVAL NEWS, f From the Norfolk Itenron. Marrh IX I Lieut. Jamec 8. l'aimer, who in ordered to the command of the U. S schooner Klirt, arrived lieie yesterday in the ateumer Georgia, (rum Baltimore. Thursday next, at about half past 4 o'clock P. M , is tho time appointod lor launching the 11. H. frigate St. Law renco. It will be an interesting spectacle The 8t. Lawrence is the largest ship that has ever been launched from the Oosport navy yard, with the exception ol the Delaware 74, in ItfJO?Norfolk HrrulJ, IwA. Appointments by flse President, Of officeri ill the tirw regiments, titlr* iht litt pnhlithfil on Ih* I f>th inilanl. Trueman B. Hansom, of Vermout, to be colonel of the 9th infantry. John J. Kay, of New Vork, to ha lieutenant colonel ol the loth infantry. Thomas H. Seymour, of Connecticut, *o bo major in the 9th infantry Seymour Webb, of Connecticut, to be captain in the 1 9th iulantry. Thomas I'ostley, of New York, to be captain iu the | lorn ini.iurry. William R AuJiewi, of New Voik, to be captain la the I Otb inlantiy. Ju?tin HoCge, of Connecticut, to be lit lieutenant in tho 9th intently. John C. Howard, of Texan, to be I it lieutenant in the 12th infantry. J. H. Howard,of New Vork, to be Ut lieutenant in the loth infantry. Levi Woodbome, of Connecticut, to be 2d lieutenant in the !'th infantry. Charles Van Alen, of New Vork, to be 2d lieutenant in the 10th intantry. Edward Cartwell, of North Carolina, to ha 2d lieutenant in the 12th infantry. K N Satinderi, of Noitli Carolina, to be 2d lieutenant In tho 12th infantry. William Klournoy, of Louiaiaua, to be 2d lieutonant in tho 14th infantry. Char lea Simmon*, of Maino, to be 2d lieutenant in the Hh intantry Do Witt Clinten, of New York, to be 2d lieutenant in he 10th 'nluntry. A.J liacki, of Louliiana, to be 2d lieutenant in the I I'.h nfentry. C. J. Milli, of New Yoik, to be Jl lieutenant in the 10th infantry. W.J. Noyei, of New Vork, to be 2d lieutenant in the I0:h infantry. D It. Cram, of New Humpihire, to be 2d lieutenant in he 0th infantry. Tiik N*w Plankt.? We underntand tliat on rueeday evening last, at a apccial meeting of the \merican Academy ot Art* ond ftcioncei, I'roteiior ierce of Cambridge preaented a communication, to the (Tact that the observations which had beon mode ai to he new planet, led to the remit that iti distance from he lun, the path in which it move*, and its period ol rn rotation, vary ?o much from the computation* of l,e Ver- 1 ier, ai to deprive him of tlie whole merit of the di? nvery of the planet, in a scientific point of view,and irove that it wua merely the reiult of a fortunate acciIrnt-AotlM Conner. In Philadelphia, on Friday, a cabman wa* hound over n tho rum ol $H00, to appear and anawar at the U. K. >i*trict Court,to a charge of having obatruoted tha mail, i ty rafuaing to move hi* cab to allow a mall wagon to i >asa. I ' IERA 47. CORRESPONDENCE HRTWRI1 THK WAR DEPARTMENT AND GEN. TAYLOR. {Continutd ) [This despatch was intercepted by the enemy J W>? Orr^aTMKNT, WiiHiauTon, Sept. 'J, 1840. Sir?It ia intended to make a descent on the gulf coast of Mexico as soon as the season shall have so far advanced as to render it safe in regard to the health of our troops. Our attention is turned to Tampico as oue of the places for the attack. It may be important to take that place, and hold possession of it and the surrounding country, with reference to your line ot operations. Tnough our infermatioh is not so full and accurate ns we desire in relation to the interior of the country iu the vicinity of Tampico, > ot it is such as induces us to believe that this | will lie an important position to be occupied to facilitate the futura prosecutiou of the war The possession oltlio I i northern provinces of Mexico as lar south as San Luis de i Potosi, is undoubtedly an important object with reference to bringing the war to a successful termination. The ditlicultres you will encounter in pushiug your forces thus far, can be much better appreciated by yourself than any other. San Luis de I'otosi is stated to be from one hundred and fifty to one hundred and eighty miles from Tampico; and if there be a good road between these two places?as some allege to be the case, while it is questioned by others?it will be highly advantageous to have possession of Tamnico, and to penetrate the country tiom that point in the direction of Han Luis de Potosi with a considerable force. This matter is under consideration, and will receivo the attention it dosorves. It is important, in respect to the plan of operations to be adopted for a movement on this point, that you should furnish the government here, at the eaiiiest period, with yqur opinion of the progress you will be able to make on your present line of operations. When yaushuilhavo arrived at Monterey, you will be enabled to determino as to the practicability ot your further progross. It is important that we should know whether you can teach i Han Luis de Potosi, and your opinion en this point is par[ ticulurly desired. The administration is, to some extent, aware of the obstacles you will have to encounter, of the difficulties of sustaining so long a line of communication, and of the uncertainty as to tho force which will upi'usc y uu; uui yuur uencr liuuriiiuiiuu oil mese several points will cnahlo you to form much mora accurate opinions. Vour views also as to the cflVct of taking possession of Tampico, of penetrating the enemy's country irom that point, of the amount and kind of force to be assigned to that service, are desired. It is not intended to weaken the force of your advancing column by any movements on tho ceast. It is sup posed thst fifteen hundred or two thousand men will be a sufficient number of troops to take and hold possession ol Tampico. At least half of this force ought to bo of the regular army. These, it is presumed, can be obtained without withdrawing any ol that description offorce now with yon. The amount of tho volunteer force required for this purpose can be taken from the Rio Grande, it is presumed, .without too much weakening that line. As you are in a situation to obtain more full and accurate iulormation in rulation to all the matters touched on in this communication, it is desirable?indeed quite important?that the adminii istration should have your views upon them. It is unnecessary to assure you that they will have an important inllueuce upon its ddterminations. 1 am, with great respect, your obedient servant, W. L. MARCY, Secretary of War. Major General Taylor, commanding U. 8. army in Mexico, (Jamargo, Mexico. Waa Dkpartmunt, Washington, Sept. -id, 18-ld. ia?You will tierceive by a copy of a despatch?here with confidentially communicated, Irom the Mexican government, in reply to one from our own, proposing to open negotiations lor terminating the existing war by n peace just and honorable to both pai ties?that the Mexican authorities have declined to treat at this time, and defer definitive nation on our ofi'er until tho udvice of a new Congress, to assemble on the Oth of December next, can be taken. This determination on the part of our enemy bus en important bearing on our military movements, and suggests the prepriety of a change of i-oncy in regard to our dealings with the people of the country occupied by our troops. I'ublic opinion, it is to be presumed, will have some iuiluonce unon the derision of that Cnrirres* Tits ,,rotrrnss of our arm*, aud the positions we may occupy when that body ahull come together, cannot fail to havo effect upon ita action in regard to our proposal to nugotiute Should the campaign he successful, unJ our troops bo in posset si,<n of important departmoute of the enemy 'a country, the inducements for a apeedy peace will he greatly strengthened. Itis far from being certain that our military occupation of the enemy'* country is not a blessing to the inhabi tants in the vicinity. Thoy are shielded from the burdens and exactions of their own authorities, protected in their persous, and furnished with u most profitable market for most kinds of their property. A st.ite of things to favorable to their interests may induce the in to wish the continuance ol hostilities. The instructions heretofore siven have required you t0? troat with great kindness the people, to respoct I pnvate property, and te abstain from appropriating it to the public uie without purchase at a lair price. In some respect* this is going far beyond the common requirements of civilized waifaro. An invading army has the unquestionable right to draw its supplies from the enemy without paying for them, anJ to require contributions (or its support. It may he prcper, ana good policy requires that discriminations should be made in imposing these burdens. Thoso who are friendly dispose ! or coutiibute aid should be treated with liberality ; yet the enemy may be made to feel the weight oi the war, and thereby be come interested to use their boat efforts to bring about a state ol peace. It is also but just that a nation which is involved in a war, to obtain justice or to maintain ita just rights, should shift the burden of it, as iur as practicable, Irom itself, by throwing it upon the enoiny. Upon the liberal principles of civilized warfare, either of three modes may be pursued in rela'ion to obtaining supplies liom the enemy : first, to purchase them ou such terms us the inhabitants of the country may choose to exact; second, to pay a iair pi ice without regord to the enhanced value resulting Irom the presmico of a foreign army ; and third, to require thorn as contributions wi.limit paying or engaging to pay therelor. The lust mode is the ordinary one, at d you nre instructed to adopt it, if in that way you are satisfied you can get abundant supplies for y our lorces ; hut should you apprehend a ddiicnlty in this respoct, then you will adopt the policy of paying the ordinary price, without aliowiug to tho owners the advantages ol the enhance- , merit ot the price resulting from the increased demand k?ls ,1.....I, 1 .. .I-*..: 1-- -I..- i?? 1- I w?vm>u jw.s ?|>|>taucim a UOUUCIl*JJ UUUV1 IUII ITISW UlUUft I of dealing witn the inhabitants, you will bo obliged to submit to tlioir exaction*, piovided by this mo<lo > 011 can | supply your wunti on bettor term* titan by drawiug what | yoti n:ay need Irom tb.c United States. Should you at- I tempt to aupply your lioopi tiy contribution*, or the ap i propriation of private pioperty, you will he carclul to 1 exempt the piopeity of all fircigneis from any aul all exaction* whatsoever. The I'renidcut hope* you will be ablo to derive from the enemy ' countiy, wilheut expenile to the United State*, the supplies you may need, or a con*idetuble pert of them ; but should you fail in thin, you will procure them in the moit economical manner. It is proposed to take possession of the department ot Tainaulipas, or some ol tlie principal places in it, at the earliest practicable penod. In this eutcipiise, it is be lieved that a co-opeiation ot our Mjusdron in the (lull will be important, if not necosiuiy. it is presumed that a force ot about three or four thousand men will lie suttl sieut lor this purpose, ouo third of which ehould ba of the regular at my. We have not now sufHciently accurate knowledge of the country to determine definite.y ns lo the manner ol conducting this euterpiise The da-igcious navigation of the gulf at this season ol the year, luduces the hope that a column may be advanced by land from the piesent I use ot operations-the Hiu Ur.iudn ; run I that it may have an occasional communication with oui ships in ihw gulf Should thii land route bo adjudged impracticable, or a debuikation bo prilerrod, two point* of landing have been suggested, one at the iiiy of Suntandpr, and the other at l'anipico. If a lorce be lande 1 at the li.iy ol M.inlander, or in the vicinity ol Solo U Marina,it could probuhly reach, without much dilti'.uliy, some ot the principal places in tlio Department of Tainaulipas, and march to, and take possession ol Tampico, while the route is yet open to lie settled, a* a better knowledge of the country may indicate, it i* proper to speak more in detail ol the lorce to be employed on this s >i vice It is not piuposed to (Viliidraw nny ol that now with yon in your advance into the interior, nor t.i divert unv of the reinforcement* thai >011 may net I to cairy on 1 youi operations in that quarter. It is believed that a [ sufficient force of the regular army for this expedition ? | ahout one lugiment? may tie 'Ira wn nooi the * a hnkid, including mic.Ii companies as in n have been loll on the lower It 10 Uraude, au<l can he spared lor that purpose If a column should advance bey end that river into the in taiior of Tamuulipas, a part ol the troops now on that , line might, it is presumed, he safely withdrawn to aug ment the invading column. It is not, however, intended to weaken the lorceon tbnt line any fmthor than it can, in your opinion, be safely done. muSttCu , It la also pioposad lo put the lorco for the invasion ol Tainaulipas tindei the immadia'e command ot Major , lien Patterson, to be accompanied by Ungadier Generals 1 Pillow and Shields, iinleta it should interior* with your previous arrangement witli rrgar.l to these oliicers To prevent delsy, General Patterson will bo directed to make preparations lor this movement, so far as it can be done without distmbiiig your present arrangements on the His Grande, ami proceed immediately, and without further orders from the department, unless you ahould be of opinion that the withdrawal of the force proposed for this expedition would intarleiu with your opeiations This direction is given to lien Patterson, became the time necessary to receive information from you end n turn mi answer from the depertment msy be the propi tions moment for opernting wi*h etlect The mnvt ni.-nt ! ought lo be m.uie with the least |>oa*ih|e delay consistent ly with the health ol the troops. It will be lalt to Gon. Patterson, under your instructions, to decide whether the movement shell he by land or by sea, or partly I y each It is de'ired that you should give him your views m i e garil to the list mode ol prosecuting this expedition, particularly as to tho amount en I description id torce, and tho quantity and kind oi ordnance, in: , which muy bo routined Preparatory arningornonta will be immediately ordered here for nttug out tl.n expedition herein proposed, by which trsnsyoits, provisions, kc , w 11 he | in ieaduiess at the Pi am* Ssntiago. By the tune this communication will be received hy you, it Is expected , you will have leached Monteiuv, and per haps naltillo, and he able to present to the department a satialactory apinioii of your ability to lung-ess beyond that point We shall anxiously look for information Uoui you. kour L I >. nr? uaw. advance to ttau Lai* Potoei, i( practicable, i* rendered greatly mote nnpoiUut by Hu< movement contemplated to Tampico, by wliwU you will, it ia believed, ba enabled to effect a co-operation wilu the squadron, and with thu column under Major General Patterson, on a Hah in advance of the Kio Grande Thu squadron ia now under orders to attack Tampico, with every prospect of sucreaa, and tho probability ia that the place will be captured in advance of General Patterson's movement 1 cucloae for your perusal tho list despatch received from Commodore Connor, whtcu contains interesting in formation on Mexican affairs. Very respectfully, your oheJieiit servant. W L MARCY, Secretary ef War Major Gen. / Ttnoi. Commanding Army of Occupa tiou on the Kio Grande. Was DtrtiTMrsT. Washington, Sept fcl, lsdo Sis: With thia^you will receivo a copy of a despatch forwarded to Major General Taylor lu that despatch you will timl the views of the government in relation to an expedition to be titted out to take possession of the southern part ol the department or State ol Tamaulipes. Unless General Taylor ha* made arrangements to employ vou otherwise, it ia designed that this expedition shall be under your immediate command. We have not the requisite information to enable us to determine whether it shall be conducted by land or by water, or in part by each It is very important that the department here should be put in possession of all the information which can be collected on the subject at the earliest period.? You are therefore, directed to terward to thia deportment, with the least poasible delay, all- the facts you con collect on this subject. Ws ere aware that the land route is long, and hut for the dangerous navigation at this sousou of thu year, wo should at once determine to proceed along the coast by water, and make debarkations at certain points. Your particular attention should be directed to this mutter. In case of a debarkation on the coast, it is presumed a smaller force would effect the objects of tbo enterprise than would be required tor a land expedition. You will perceive that 1 have suggested in my communication to General Taylor that throe or four thousand mou may be considered a column of sufficient strength lor penetrating tbo interior of the department of Tamaulipas. Peihups we have not rightly estimated the obstacles whicu may be brought to resist this movement. On this point the department desires to be favored with your views. It is not anticipated that any part of tho force now with General Taylor can be withdrawn, and it may be that lie is calculating upon reinforcements ? If so, then it may be difficult to assemble a larger force than that named lor this undertaking. The Kio Grande is regarded the baeo of operations.and that must be hnnly maintained. It is left to Gen Taylor to flotarmino what fnrr.A ifl nar.ABBurv far that rtn *>**/>** ? But the movement of the expedition is not?as you will learn from my letter to lien. Taylor?to be dalayed for further direction from thia place as to the mode of advancing into the enemy's country. As aoon as you shall learn trom General Taylor that a sufficient force for tho enterprise can be spared, end receive his directions in regard to it, you will lose no time in putting them in execution. If General Taylor should not give directions to moving by luDd or water, the choice will then be left for your determination. As seon as you have settled this point, you will at once make known to the officers of the several branches of the public service, now on the Rio Ur.iude, what may be required They will be instructed to comply with your impositions as expeditiously as practicable Measures will be adopted, by direction from this department, to have them prepared to answer the requisitions you may make on them. Should you determine to embark your troops in trmnrports, it wtli be necessary to givo the earliest notice, not only to the department, but ulso to the commander of our squadron in the gulf, who will be instructed to dispatch u force to attend your movements, snd to co-operate with you, should there be occasion for such add. It is proper to apprize you that the squadron has orders to attack and captura Tampico. This may be done with out waiting for tho presence of the land forces. Vour attention is directed to that part of the despatch to General Taylor whicli relates to subsisting our trcops while in the enemy's country, by suppiies.te be procured from the inhabitants thereof Should the representations which have been made of the friendly feelings of the people of TamanJipas towards the UniteJ States, and of their disposition to withdraw from the Mexican govern meut be realized, you will treat thsni with great kind iiess, and cherish friendly relatiou, with tnem. But should they manifest decidsdly hostile feelings towards our people and government, you will act on the same principles in your treatment of them which have been presetibod to General Taylor. This mutter is lsft to your discretion, which will be influenced and controlled by circumstances. Vou tvill perceive that it is suggested in tho communi cation to Goueral Taylor, that Urigudier Generals Pillow *ud Shields anould he assign. I to tho ex|ieditieu under your command. Should this suggestion be adopted by him, you will,u? a matter of coutse, avail yourself et their services in collecting the information desired, and in preparing for, as well us in conducting, the contemplated cntnpriso. The ileliuT tmen' will eveprt from von without the dp. lay ul sending through Gunernl Taylor, a reply to this communication, embracing your view* und all the facta you may possess on the point* suggested for your consideration, and on any other having a bearing on matter* connected with the propose 1 expedition. Tnit com inunicetion, aa well aa tlut to General Taylor, will be sent by a messenger, with instruction* to deliver it to you, or, in your a'oiooce to either Ueueral Pillow or General Shield*. Ho will proceed with that to General Taylor to hia head quarters. You wili, if in your power, j afford him all necesaary facilities for aendicg him for- * i wunl. I have the houor to be, with great reaped, your obedient aorvant, W. L. MARC Yd Secretary of War. Major Goneral Tattmaon. I 7'o hr continued ] fitAVlfl.Mlib A'.'VfJK.H.'UAI'lUaa, CHANGE OF HOURS ftaafla anaBB BtoAIl uKn^'vN IM'A .SSriJ" f/l.NTlCH AUUANUKMKNT. On aud alter Monday, Dee. !8, 1*16. Train* will run a* follow*:? Leave Bkuoxlvw?at 7 o'clock A. M. (boston train) for Orernport. daily, (rrcept Sunday*) slopping al kar.mrgdal* and 8t. George's Manor. ' " a: '.'.'A A. M., daily, for Greauport mid 'i titer rnediatr places. " " at i 1'. M. for Karmmfdale, daily. Laatk #?*ekwi*?i** t?at 8)4 A. M., daily accommodation traia f<?c Brooklyn " " nt 3)4 1*. M., (Uostou Train) or ox the arrival of tie niat fr-itn Nurwi h, daily, (eteepi Sawdaya.) i ppmg ?( St. Georga'a Maao' aad rarutingd -le. okavk KaaMnvonnt.c at u'4 A.M. dai'y, (except Suaday*,) aeeointnodsti >.i tram; and 11 \l. and 5* P. M. Lkitk Jamaica?aa 8 o'elc-t A. 11., 1 P. M., and C){ P. M., lor Brooklyn, or on the arrival of Boatoa train. HUN DAY TRAIN:) will hrraafter run to ThomQioa 8U ion? leave Biook'yn ?u t .\i. for Thompson and interna*b ite i Gees (commencing Jbiuiar the Cth Novemktr, return, ug leave Tnompaon at 1 o'clock t*. M., Yarmingdale 1)4, 3)4. Kirk to?Bedford, * centa; Kaat New Yark, 11)4; Baea 7ouisc, 18)4, Trotting Course lt-)4'. Jamaica, 2'i, Brainvill*. II'4; Hyde Park, (17 m.le.) 37*, Ctow.ville, (during th* aea mm m i mini j.Tii, iicuii'iiB&u, Jijfc, oroncn l^aria; Weatbury, <1; llieksville, (I; KariningdaTe, #2ft; Ucer l'.ir*, fit, Thniiipvou, M; Suffolk Station, ll.Lnka ltoad 9titioii,?l 1?V; Mr Station, ?l lift: 17ft; it. Oeorse'a Manor, t' MX; Kiverncid, tl a2ft; Jameiporl, II (,2U: M.illeluck, 11 C2ft; Cutchoeur, $1 (2ft; Hoolhold, II Mft; llreeuport Accommodation Tram, fl 71; Boston irain, ?2 25. Sure. nrs in readiness o.i the arrival cf Trains at the aert ral Stations. to take passeoeers at var v low farta, to all paru >1 the Island. B WMge llrntea will lie in r?adinass at the font of Whitehall street, to receive hnstitmre I, r the several trams. M inmates no lore the hour ol startiug from the Brooklyn vide. , The steamboat "Htatearnau' leaves (Jreenport lor Sac Harbor on the arrival of the Boamn train from Brooklyn d25rh NOTICE. ncM On and after Friday, Norer.ibar Mth, the it ram host S V 1,1*11, ( aptaia Uraisted, will jK^jBCXainnke the following trips to and from HUisa 'aland until farther notice, vix ? Leave Navy kuik. I.e*vaHiataa Island. \t 9 A.M. At I* II A.M. I? . 1 P. M. 11 M. ?? i r M. 5* " <X" a 111 dVC>*L THK I'KOPKIKTORS ol Htnamboats < &h?MbJP?"Iii"| Hells hung wonld do well lo pay a Y^MQK-Viiit on hoard the steamhoais iNlagara, Iron witch, llovernor, irou bo-i John Stevens, Worcester. Tra seller, Thomas Powell, fcr , nnil raamine II HOMKH'H improved style ol Hell If m-'inir. put np neat aud vlrnuc, aad earranii'd for cue yetr, hy II H. No I Ann st. fll lin*rre NOTli'K ?On and altar Monday, ,March y^*y-?3?l5th. the Steamboat HTATKN ISLANBKH, 3E_wdHLaJEL< :a|'tain Van I'elt, wi'l tnike the followinc trips in and from Kt?ten I'land until further notice, vis ? I.fives Stolen Ivlaoil at 1. 10 and 12 A M , 2 and i P. M Leaves New York at 9 and II A. M , I, 1ft aad t P M in If. REGULAR MAIL LINE KOR BOSTON. VIA NORWICH It WOK- ???^| MQ >f| GEBTKR.withont change of t u^fv' ddtairs or Bayyaae, or withoul^^^^^^K % icroaaian auyTafry. turiii(tm ummi their aeita at Norwich, art man red their I > ts through to lloston This heme the only inland rout# tlit coinmunicniea through by steamboat and railroad. Passengers by tins line are accompanied through bv the eoulurtf.r of the train. ph" will hare particular coarse of their Vag-nge, and who will otherwise sire hia atteatioa to their ur and comfort. Thir line Inrni tr.nth ?iilr l'ier No. I, North Kirer, foot 'f Battrrr Place, dnily, (Sundays eacepted) at 4 o'clock, P. M., and 'ii,Tea iu ISoaton in rime to take all the eaatern (raise 'J ir tew atearner WIIKl EHTER.Capt. Van Pelt, leasee ererj I'ueiday, Tlinraday, and Saturdays, at 4 o'clock, P. .VI Th* steamer ULEOPATKA. Captain Williams, 'earea arery N, niday, Wednesday, and rnday, at 4 o'clock, P. M hor further information, inquire of J. II. V ANDEmP.ILT. No. * Hatters I'laee. North Hirer. dM if re DRAFTS ON THE NATIONAL BANK OK IRELAND & mJGSSSmmSL W I it T.'TAPSCOl'T lea to mforni their I'reinda and the public, who wish to remit mo ry to act part of the old country, that they draw draft* for small or lacire amounts, payable at sigh", with.tit'int. ilirret on the Nationnl Bai.k of Ire and, Dublin, ur any of the nnmerniia branches the nahonl lie conctry Drafts ran alao he ht ined i ayan'e in ail the principal places throughout England, cntlai.d and VV ilea by si pluug to. W J. it T. TAP-I 'lTT. M oiith street, in 11 r r J|| d.a, r rrejt Bnjiaf slip rail A I' 20? ton a I III, I. o .per ship Hnaia B pe ire's cargo, ih* tj rt rrar imp ?r rd in this coontry; for tale M Inn to anit pn thaa* a bv m4r * K COLLI S.M' si. /

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