Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 23, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 23, 1847 Page 1
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^ i mi him?eeeaam TH1 * *, *111. ki .wkti. ?. Ml? ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE 1 FKOII TUK SEAT OF WAR. ANOTHER ARRIVAL AT NEW ORLEANS The Latest Authentic Accounts PROM GENERAL TAYLOR. Further Particulars of the Reported Battles. Abandonment of Oerralvo. die. Ac. <*M. fEYom thn Wnahinsptnn ITni^n MopaV OA 1 We l?arn that no official intelligence giving any confirmation to the rumors of a battle, haa boon received at the War Department [K-om the New Orlean* Picayune, March 14 ] The U. S schooner Ariape, Capt W eat, arrived in port vetter.lny afternoon from the mouth of the Rio Grande, having sailed thence on (the 6th inat. Dr. Jarvis, of the U. ? Arsny, came paaaenger in her. He is the bearer of dqjpatches from Cel.Curtis, in oommand at Camargo, to tha gov-rement at Washington. Dr. Jarvis loft Camargo on tha 3d inat. There had been nothing received there from Gen. Taylor in aaveral days. The rumors which prevailed were brought through by Mexicans, and ware of the moat contradictory character. To eaable us to distinguish what is known te be trne from what is merely rumored, and thus to correct es far as possible the exaggerated reports in circulation. Dr. Jarvis haa, at our request,'furnished us with tha foliowiag memoranda of events daring the month ef February ef whioh he was personally cognivsnt mkmoravba ar na. jarvis. Lett Monterey on the morning of the ?d of February for Matameras. At that time no approhonsion or expectation ef the approach of Santa Anna towards Saltillo was eatartainod. either by us or the Mexicans, so far as we could learn from the letter. A large force of cavalry ~ mm auvvru, UVNVTfl, IU UV IU 1IVUI VI UVBVDU JL WJm lor, which of course ?u made known hy thoir cap turo of the dotachmont of Arkansas and Kentucky ca valry advanced beyond Sen Ineernacion. The force of cavalry on thia aide of the Sierra Madre under command of Oeneral Urrea, eatimated at from six to eight thousand, was aaid to be at Victoria, and pert aa far towards .Monterey aa Mont Morales, when I left the former place. Thay were, in fact, in Victoria at the time our troops marched to that place in January last, and returned to Tula aa aa advance brigade under Gen Quitman entered the town They were aupposed to b? aatiag.ua a.corps of observation; a belief was entertaiiud that they would seize the first favorable opportututy te strike on our lino of communication between Camargo and Monterey,snd capture such trains aa ahould happen to be on the read at the time. Gen. Taylor must have appreheuded some intentions of thia kind, for on my arrival at Matamoraa I found thorn fortifying the Flaza of th*t place,in consequence of orders Just received from Gan. Taylor to guard against the sudden attack of the whale er part of tnis force. t I lift Camargo on the morning of the 38th February to returnto Monterey, in company with a train of 70 wagons, ladenj with supplies, and escorted by a company of Kentucky cavalry, under command of Capt T. F. Marshall, and a detachment of 90 men belonging do the 3d Dragoons. We had not proceeded five mUot when an order arrived fer our return, in consequence of instruc uuni ju?i riceivea 9j wxprvw, wuicn pama Ul OD in? road, directed to the quartermaater at Camarga from tha quartermaitar at Monterey, which wara received from cel. Whiting, aaaiatant quartermaater general at tha headquarter* of Qen. Taylor, directing, for the future, that all train* be (topped, aa certain information had bean received that a large force of tha enemy'a cavalry, aay four er live thoaaand, waa in or near China, and that Caidarayta waa already oocnpld by them. The** iaat particular* are coatainedia a baaty acta from the quartermaster at Monterey, dated February 28 J, and terminating it with the remark " look out" With Col. Whiting'* inatruction* alto came the order of Gen. Taylor, dated Agua Nuera, February 91, the laat on* received up to the time of my leaving Camargo, March 2d. Thia order ia doubtleaa the daapateh of Gen. Taylor calling for reinforcement*, alluded to by Capt. Montgomery ia hla note, aa mentioned to him by Col. Whiting On the morning of the 37th another eapreei arrived at Cemargu from the quartermaater at Monte rey,atating,in a note, that ha had aeat on* off the day bafore, but apprehended that ha may have bean cut off; end, aahe underatood from Col. Whitiag, that there were important docpatchaa from Oen. Taylor calling for reiforoemeuts, ho nud aentaraother to adviao of thia fact. About 2 o'uiock tn* earn* day another express arrived with a note from tha aamn officer, dated Moateray, II o'clock A. M , February 3Sd, aaying an express had juat arrived fromSdtillo bringing information that SantaAnna aent a snnimmon* to Gen. Tar lor demanding hi* aur. render. The general told him to " come and take him " Santa Anna etated that he had twenty theuiand men,and that it Taylor did net eurrender he would cut him to pieces The note concludes:?" The express which lett alter dark laet night says that Taylor wee firing the Mexican! hell." Thismuy bo contidered the laat official communication received, all the aubaequent information being de lived from the Mexicani 1 might here remark that a note waa received from the poatmaater at Monterey, at the aano time with the leat communication of Captain Montgomery, which givaa tha additional particular! that General Taylor had lallsn back from Agua Naeva to Haltillo, which I should infer alio from tbo nolea of Capt M , although ha doea not diitinctly atato so Tha Mexican! any he leat aix pieces ot cannon at the former place He moreover atutee that Gen. Marshall had gone to the pass of Los Musrtos with a view ef fortifylog it, and large quantities of ammunition had bean despatched from Monterey te Haltillo. Tho dstaahffieats of the Sd Ohio Ilegiment nnder Col. Morgaa and Lieut. Col. Irving- the farmer having aavan aeaapenies at Carralvo, and the latter three at Marin?it wh? greatly feared at Camargo, had been out off by a Urge force of 8000 men, who are said to have occupied the latter place on the afternoon ol the 23d. Lieut Col. Irving,infcihedience to general order No. 11,la said to havo loft Marin tho morning uf tha same day It waa occupied by the enemy, marohing towards Cerralvo, with a view of lormiag a junction with Col Morgaa, and than proceeding to Memerey. Col. Morgan leit Cerralvo on the 24th, having destroyed, in obedience to the endorsement oa tbe si use general order, all auoh provisions and supplies as he oould not carry with him. Ha must of consequence have encountered the enemy in hie route, as they had already, as we have seen above, occupied in force Marin, lying between him and Monterey. Moreover, a train oi 190 wagons, which left Camargo about tha 10th ar 17th, laden with provisions, clothing, ?se is said to have been attacked on tho 24th at or near Ramos, lying betwaan Cerralvo and Marin, and, with tha escort, captared. "This jatalliganoo was brought in by an American or Mexican mule-driver, who was with tho train, and escaped at tha time of its capture. He says the Mexicans ehat gad at the seme time both tho front and rear ef the train. After the firing, which was of shoit duration, ceased, he oauliously ventured Horn oat of tha chaparral, with a view oi finding some of his comrades. Ha dutcoveied the Mexicans busily enxaced in uahar nes-iirg the mulei from the urtg ons, and seeing nona of bit oan party mi da hia way back, c artfully avoiding bo road to Camsrgo. A hundred Mexican stories were in circulation at Camargo when I lalt, io reference to the battle going on be twain General Taylor and Santa Anna. Thay aay it had already continued three days with considerable loss on otir tide, but much greater on that of the Mexicans ? Subsequent accounts represent Gen. T- as having fallen back ou Monterey. The day 1 lalt Camargo a letter was received fiom the alcalde of Meir, saying that the Mexican tioopi had entered that town, twenty-four miles distant frjin the former place, and had made him prieopor, in consequence of his endeavoring to suerete stores loft behind in his charge, when Lieut. Col. McCook evacuated the place. Col. Curtis intended to march with hia regiment for Monterey, the moment Cot. Drake, with the 3rd Lidiana regiment, arrived Irom Matuinorua to relieve him The letter olllcer was awaiting the arrival 01 tba Mississippi regiment, which I mat on the river, a short distance below Msumoras, on its wsy up This ra gnnsiit and six companies of the Virginia regiment, 1 under Licnt Col. Kandulph, which anived at Camargo the day I left that place, are the only volunteer regi- 1 ments arrived on the Ilio Grande, all the other regimeme that had arrived having been sent belew to Lobos from ?>. > ?oii. jiui ik r?|tti rtllfl II II impoi- I litlt to ?ay. Evory ioldi?r, *ud in fact double or tbrioe tl.e number tbut now .-.onititute the gerri*un at the different depot*, ore actually nece***ry for their defence, > and not one can be ipareJ. Information can hardly reach ] Ortiiuial Scott, in time for him to match a diviaiou to hia relief" In addition to tho abort, which reduce* to aomo order and certainty our information from the Rio Orando, we I learn further from Dr Jerri* that a hearer of deipatche* iud lait t.umaigo lor 1 ami too, and tailed trom the mouth of the Rio (irando en the 6th init. on the McKim. If the infrrination we ifire in another column Irom Tampioo be 1 entirely nuihentic, tho me*?angar would not reach his 1 destination till the departure ot all the troop* which can he ipated tiom that point. It would teem, Uawerer, that from l'ampico, hy tho way of Victoria, Gen. Taylor muat look for hi* rolniorcomant. The .Vatican citizen* in the ralley of tha Rio Grande 1 ore abandoning their homea in crowda. Matamora* and i Camatgo are stripped of their natire inhabitant* They i dieail tne approach of their own army mora than tha preience of oura. No fenr* aio eapraiaed for the aafetr of Camargo, where we have a ra*t amount of *t?re*. There are 1600 fighting men in the place, including all claaaee. They are well armed, and the place ao ilronglj fortified that it will not probably be attempted. g. We ere most happy to kay that tha reported capture of McCulioch and hia command i* nnfoundod. 11 narm lia* occurmd to htm, It muat hare been aomawhere beyond Monterey. We have an abundant itipply of reported incident* hy thi* arrival many of which are interesting, anl would k. Ini?.>l>sl >1 - iuwj muuenuc : dui enough ii known j with certainty ol the pontio.n of affair* on the Kio (in 11 a ami at ftaltilio to excite alarm, withaut aggravatii'R >' ') Mexican rumor*. NEWS FROM LOBQS AND TAMPlOO. The *clir. Pioneer, Capt. Brown, arrived in the river on Ktiday. and the captain and several of hia pa**enger* cam* up to town during the night. The Pioneer left hobo* on the 1st mat, and Tamuioo on the Sd. All the hoop- winch were at Loboa had gone on board hip. with the exception mentioned lielew. There were nearly eighty tad of vernal* of all deenriptione lying tee ti, but they ware to tail for Anton Usardo on the Jd 3 NE N] init. Tbey folly believed they were to attack Vera I Crux on the 10th. They were all alacrity and eager for the frav. The only troope left et Loboa were the companiea on board the ahip on which the email vox had appeared? our informant think* the ehip Qen. Veeiie. ???' "Vim naiiTVU ?l iiUUU* UU iUO C.U11U UU IQ0 ill inst., from Brtzos. Uen. Twiggs arrived there two or three days previous. Oen. Patterson was still at Tampieo on the 3d inst. The steamship New Orleans arrived there the morning of that day with Gen. Jesup on board. The Louisiana volunteers who were at Lobos have arrived at Tampieo on'he ship Archeleus. With their companions wrecked on the Ondiaka they are to garrison Tampieo. There were two transport brigs at Tampieo on the 3d. The brig Ann Still sailed the same day for this port with discharged volunteers. The Mississippi volunteers who were at Lobos (part of'id Regiment) had sailed for Brazos They are ordered to Monterey. Our iniormenl thinks they sailed on the ship Ocean. They have suffered terriby from sickness, and aro said to look misersbly. The Louisiana regiment, too, is said to have suffered much from sickness. On the other hand, the Pennsylvania and New York regiments are said to be as fine looking a body of men as ever was seen. The steamship Alabama sailed from Tampioo on the 3d inst., for Antou Lizardo, via Lobos. The U. S. sloop of war St. Mary's was still at Lobos on the 1st. The general depot established at Lobos is broken up. Nothing is to be left there but the few companies before alluded to. We have derived the above information from a passenger on the Pioneer, a very intelligent man Our own correspondence was placed in charge of Capt. Brown, who brought over a large mail. He came up to town from his vessel, bringing the mail, but he unfortunately left our letters on board the Pioneer, which is lying at Fort Jackson. We have been politely faverod with a copy of the Tampieo Sentintl of the 34th ult. The troops were thau leaving as rapidly as possible. We made mention several weeks since of a party of amateurs from Covington county. Miss . whorenaired to the Mat of war in a aplrit of bold adventure, armed ami equipped at their own expense, and determined to take part in the struggle. From the Stntinel we learn that they have at last Been enrolled in Capt Davis's company, Oeorgia regiment, under Gen. Quitman. Their uames are as follows:?G. MoLaurin, D. G. McKeazie, Thos J Lott, A Lott, IVm. B. Lord, Wn. Laird, 8. K. Magee, H. A. McLeod and O. W. Bteele. Our whilome contemporary and worthy friend John Gibson, Esq., has been appointed clerk of the court at Tainpieo. It is a responsible post, to the duties of which he is most competent. The threef men arrested at Lobos as spies, hare been tried and acquitted since Oen. Scott's arrival there. Our readers have not yet lorgotten the case of heron, convicted of murder at Tampico. He has been sentenced to be executed. Island or Losos, Mexioo, Feb 33, 1847. Oen. Scott and Oen. J esup and suite arrived here on Sunday last, on board the steamship Massachusetts. Oen. Jesup landed during the afternoon, and immediately ordered the Mississippi and Louisiana regiments to make preparations for leaving. Accordingly, on Monday they reembarked on board ship, and sailed in the evening for Tampion or Brazos. On Tuesday and Wednesday the balance of the New York Regiment arrived, as did several companies of U 8 infantry, Artillery, Mounted Riflemen, a company of Howitzer boys from Philadelphia, and some Sappers and Miners, iuoreasing the foree considerably upon the island. In the evening of Wednesday orders were given the First Pennsylvania and South Garolina Regiments to reembark oa shipboard to-day, which they have accordingly done, and will probably Eut to sea to.night. Their Anal destination is unknown; ut I have no doubt it is Vera Cruz, where all seem to think a blew is soon to be struck. Since the encampment of the Louisiana Regiment here they have lost three men by sickness, the Mississtppians five, the 8outh|Carolinians one, and the New Yorkers one. The Pennsylvania Regiments have not loit * ilngle man The Second Pennsylvania and the New York Regiments will probably leave on Monday next, as will also the other forces mentioned above. When all are concentrated together, there will be some la,000 m?n in the leld. About 40 sail of vessels are lying at anchor off the Island. The three Mexloan prisoners, alluded to in my last, were yesterday discharged by order of Oen. Scett. The heat here is very oppressive, and the volunteers have a hard time of It when out on regimental parade Bat little sickness prevails utneng the men. Kksbuabv 3t ??leven sail ol veisels arrived yaster day, among them the steumship hudora. (Jen Worth is hourly expected. We shall all be off in a lew days; and I presume that in a fortnight, at the farthest, a desperate oonflict will take place between the two armies, which, I trust, may rssult in our gaining possession of Vers Cruz, in the (Jod of Battles we repose our trust. P. 8 ?We concentrate at the I aland of Anton Lizardo, from whence we are to land by means of suif-boats. Immediately after which the line ef march will be commenced, and bv Sunday next the grand battle will be fought Two ahipe, with horeea, arrived yeatarday.? Already la our Hoot moving. NEWS FROM 3KNKRAL TAYLOR'S DIVISION [Correspondence ef the N. O- Picayune ] Steamboat Bio Hatohib, on the Rio Grande, | SO miles above Matamoras, S o'clock, March 3.) Tha U 8. steamer Brownsville, Capt. Breath, left Camargo tha 1st inst., and furnishes the following news, foundedprinoipally upon reports of Maxicana : ? Uen. Taylor commenced fighting at Saltillo the night of the 33d February. Tho Mexican* report that he repulsed Santa Anna, and that tha latter eustained a loss of about 3,000 men. A train of about 130 wagon* has bean captured be tween cerralvo and Marin, by Bustamente's cavalry. A number of pack muleahova alao been taken, loaded with good*. lie., belonging to citixena and auttlera. Col Moigan, of tbo Ohio regiment, with three companiea of the aame, is supposed to have been taken on nia march from Cerralro to Monterey. Capt. lrvin, (?uppoaed to be Colonel lrvin, of the Ohio regiment, has alao been taken, with a amall command oi volunteer*. (It baa been suggested to n* that thia gentleman may be Capt. Irwin, of the Quartermaster's De partment, on bia way to Montery, whither he waa recently ordered ; but from later information received thia cannot be ao) Gen. Urrea i? reported to be on hia march for Matamorai, with 8000 men and 450 raneheroa, between Meier and Cerralvo The raneheroa were riaing in every direction The laat report or rumor reached Camtrgo on tha 25th alt, aud atated that Santa Anna, with 10,000 men. waa in front of Gen. Taylor, and that there were 8,000 men in hia rear, and that Gen. Taylor had fallen back to Monterey. I hope thia laat may prove true, for if he haa sueceeded in getting to Monterey, he can hold out until he can be reinforced. All communication with Monterey i* at preaent cut off. The following letter la from an officer of the army poaaeaaing every facility for obtaining infora ation We place more reliainoo upon it than any thing we have yet aeon Cam a a ao, (Mexico,) Feb 25, 1S17. I have only time to aay that we are again in motion. Yeaterday an order came from Gen. Taylor (who ia at Agua Nueva, 30 mile* beyond Sal ilio,) to atop ail train* of wagon* and mulea going from here to Monterey; and alao an order to aend up immediately Col. Morgan'* regiment of Ohio volunteer* from Cerralvo. The report aocompenying thia order ia, that Gen. Santa Anna ia within thirty-H* mile* of Gen Taylor, and that Gen Santa Anna haa 23,080 men. Hia force ia at Inoarnaoion, and it ia more then probable a fight ia now going on or will come off in a abort timo. It ia alao a aid that a cavalry farco haa aomo through tho Tula paaa, and an attack on thia wkoia Una ia contamplatad. Brazoi Iii.aud, March 1, 1M7. Wahava no furthar Information from tbo direction of Camergo or Monterey. The fact that Gen Taylor haa ordarea all tha truin* to ceaaa running between the two place*, would ahow that ha had good raaaon* to believe there waa a laige force of tha enemy in tbo vicinity, bout upnn making an attack upon any <telanr.nle.aa point. The abip Mayflower naa arrived here with thiee additional companies of tho Mlaaiaaippi volunteer* on board, under Lieut Col Kilpatrick. Ho baa lost seven men of hia command linen he left New Orleans, while the vesael on which the command oi Col Davit waa placed, has lost about aa many Tha aoa voyago haa finally bean ol ,rfnnla? ... Ik... ... 1?. r i- - < , ? luvin ni? uun mil mw mbK in me itgr ment. The men are all to be landed here, and protmb.y will more toward* Mouterey The entire lo*( ol the regiment, tlnce leaving New Orleans, ha* been twentythree. They are itill getting the dragoon horse*, *nd equipment*, on board the Teasel* outside, although the wind is Ireih and the water rough Whether tne New Orleans will sail lor Tampico today 1* a matter of doubt. Oen. Scott is said to be encamped at or near Lobos, with four thousand men. and on beautiful ground You [itobahly here later intelligence from him, however,than we have here. I am in hope* that we shall receive later Intelligence Trom Oen. Toylor be fere sailing. Ali are sanguine in the belief that thare aoon will be stirring times in the direction of Monterey. [Yrom the New Orleans Delta, March 14.] By the errival last night of the schooner Ariape, Ca|>t. West, from th# month oi the Rio (irande, we are put in posresnon of still later intelligence fiom tbe seat of war. Though no defluiteor authonuo information had been received at Matamora* at the time the Arispe left the mouth of a l>att,e having been fought at Haltlllo, still th* geneta1 impression was that such was the case; and th* Mexicans at Malamoras, whose means ol obtaining correct information are well known, asserted in th* most positive terms, as will be seen by reference to our corevs pendent's letter of tho Oih instant, that a battle had been lought, and that Oen. Teylor was falling back on Monterey. * ? * ? Mouth or th* Rio Obandx, March 4,1147. No news yet from Oen. Taylor ; Id days hav*| elapsed since the last despatch reached Camargo from him. Tha Mexicans say that he has had several fights, and that he ! I<?.>UK U|'UU .Tiwiiieie/. ? ei j JIIWUBUIO- UUI ine enemy's force is to great that all communication it cut off between Oamargo and that place. If Santa Anna succeed* In cutting oft lien Taylor, good by to our da pot* at thia place and the Brazos. But we have been ery biuy fortifying our place? Brazos islilrewiae very wall lortifled. NAVAL NAM'S. [Correspondence of the Mobile Herald ] United States Suitanaon, \ Off Anton Lizardo, Keb. i7, 1847.) Mince my leat letter, no event* of importance havj transpired, aliheugh we have been constantly on the yui ?< ? tor the great operation of the war, via > the - * 1 '?* ' >*> **. ftmvi M? w vn v v rnrnmmrnm EW YORK, TUESDAY M storming of 8. do Uluo. Tho aquadron woro to rondoe oai at thia anchorage on tho UOth of the month, to bo reedy for .co-operation with tho army, which under the command of Uen. Scott, wore expected to amount, whon concentrated hero, to 10 000 men Capt None* of the Forward arrived on the Uth, with informati <n that eight to teu veeael* loaded with troopi had left New Orleane; he himaelf had paeied three largo ahipa carrying 600 men each, from whom ho learned that the traneporta were to rendezvoue at Loboa Iiland?a high hammock aituated about halt way between Vera Cruz and Tamrico. In tho meant me too squadron iaactively engaged in aaercUiug men and guua, and in otharwiae putting it aalf in oomplata order lor a land flgkt. We are all anxious for it, knowing it is the only opportunity we hall have at the enemy, the cattle being tbo only place on the whole ceait that ourihfpe can get near enough to batter. The vessels now here are the frigate Karitan, the Princeton, the hpitdre, the Reefer, three gun boat* and the storeship Kredonia, which arrived on the 16th, beiDg 36 daya from hot ton. The frigate Potomac and (loop John Adams are lying at Oreen Island, and the St. Ma[ry'sand Albany are blockading further up the const. The Vixen and Petrel are daily expected up from Laguua, the Porpoise having sailed on the 10th to relieve them. 1 must not omit, however, to add with what extreme reluctance the officers o! the Porpoise sailed lor a blockade which takee from them all ohpnce of participating in the expected attack. Capt. Hunt ottered to resign the command and remain in any capacity that might be assigned him?even as a mere volunteer?rather than lose the opportunity of lighting. During our last norther, one of the men stationed at the hospital on Palmettina Island, effected his escape in a boat,and suoceeded in deserting to the Mexicans. Two other men, who got adrift at the same time, were picked up by the Princeton. She got up steam expressly for the purpose of pursuing them, but the distance between the island and mainland being so little, she succeeded only in capturing the lost boat CORRESPONDENCE between THE WAR DEPARTMENT AND GEN. TAYLOR. SPICK AND SPIRIT. (Continual) liKABql!AXTKhS Aim or OCCUrATION, ) Camp Dear Monterey, Oct. li, 1840. J Sir,?I bare the honor to acknowledga the communication of the Secretary of War, with enclosure!, dated the 23d ultimo; also one from|your office of September -11, relative to the resignations of volunteer officers, and " General Orders, ' No. 41, all of which were delivered by Lieut. Armisteadon the lbthiustaut. It will be seen ot once that, under the term* of the capitulation of Monterey, 1 cannot detaah a force south of a line from Linares to San Kernardo, and cannet, therefore, even were there no other obstacles, comply at present with the instructions of the Secretary. 1 cannot doubt that on receiving the intelligence of the capture ot Monterey, modified instructions were issued by the department. I shall, with as little deity as possible, reply at length to the Secretary's communication, and present my views in talent* on all topios connected with the campaign. 1 am, air, very respoetfully, your obedient servant, Z TAYLOa. Major General U 8. army commanding. The Adjutant GanaaAi. of the army, Washington, D.C. Hradruartkrs Armv or OccurATioif, 1 Camp near Monterey, Oct 16, IBM. S Sir,?In my acknowledgment dated the 1-Jth inst, of the instructions of the Secretary of War, of Sept Hid, 1 briefly stated that the detachment to Tempico could not be made without contravening the convention of Monteray. Other reasons and mere detailed views on tbi? point, and the general Question of the campaign, I left to a suboequent oosomumoation; which I have now the hoDor to submit for the information of the General-inChief and Secretary of War. Snch a point hat baen reached in the conduct of the war and Ihi nrnrma nf our arm*, ? to make it proper to place my impressions and convictions very fully before tho government. 1 wish to remark, first of all, that I have considered Brigadier General Wool, though formally under my order*, yet as charged by the government with a distinct operation, with whieh I was not at liberty to interfere Though greatly in doubt as to the practicability ef his reaching Chihuahua with artillery,and deeming the importance of the operation at any rata to be not at all commensurate with its difficulty and expense, 1 have accordingly retrained from controlling his movements in any way. Hit force, therefore, forms no element in my calculations, particularly as it is now, or soon will be, I entirely beyond my reach. The Mexican army under General Atnpudia has left Baltillo, and fallen back on San Luis Fotosi?the last da-, tachment, as I understand, being under orders to march to day. General Santa Anna reached Mm Luis on the 8th instant, and is engaged in concentrating and organizing the at my at that point. Whether tho withdrawal of the forces to Han Luis be intended to draw us into the country far from supplies and support, or whether it he a political movement, oonnecied with Santa Anna's return to power, it is impossible to say ; it is sufficient for my present argument te know that a heavy force is jssembling ia our front. Baltillo, the capital ef Coahuila. is virtually in our posseaaion, and can be occupied, if necessary, the moment the convention ie at an end. The occupation of Baltillo will langthen our line 76 milea, but, on the other hand, may enable us to draw at least a portion of our breadstufis from the country 8an Luis is about 800 miles from Baltillo, perhaps more. Bon Luis is a city of semt to 000 inhabitants, in a country abundant in resources, and at no great distance from the heart of Ihe republic, whence munitions of war iriuivionanii can readily M drawn. It I* at the ant time Marly 000 miles from the Rio Oreads, which must continue to be the base of our operations, at least until wa reach tian Luis. In view of tha above (acts, I hazard nothing in saying that a column, to move on Han Luis from Saltillo, should, to insure aucceaa, be at least 30,000 strong, of wbioh 10,000 should be regular troops. Alter much reflection I consider the above as the smallest number of eifective troops that could be employed on this service without incurring the hazard of disaster, and perhaps defeat. There would be required, besides, to keep open our long line, protect the depots, and aecure the country already i gained, a force of 6,000 men?this, without including the ! force necessary to send to Tampico to take or hold that place. The above estimate may seem large when it is remembered that important results have been gained with a much smaller force. But we have hitherto operated near our own base, and the Mexicans at a great distance from thsii's. Saltillo may,"be considered about equidistant from the Rio Grande and San Luis ? very day's march beyond it lengthens oar already long line and cur | tails theirs? weakens us,and gives them strength. Hence the movement should not be undertaken exoept with a lorce so large ae to render success certain. Inthe above calculation I have supposed the Mexicans able to concentrate at San Luia a force of 40,000 to 60,000 man. With tolerable stability in the govsrnment, I doubt aot their ability to do this, and it ia not aala to aaaunaa any laaa number aa a baaia. The force of twelve month*' volunteer* haa suffered (really from diaeaae. Many have died, and a great number have been discharged for diaability. 80 much ha* their effective strength been reduced by thi* cauae and prevent sickness, that, in the abaence of official return*, 1 am aatihfled that 600 men per regiment would be a large average of effective* among the volunteer*. Thi* would give, including tho cavalry, a lorca a little ahoit of 0.000 men, or, adding 4 000 regulars, (our preaent strength i* not 8 000 ) a total force o( 13,000 men. Leaving the very moderate number of 3,000 to aacure our rear, 1 thould not be able to march from Saltille, with praaant and expected mean*, at tha bead of mora than 10 000 men-a nuaabar which, from conaideration* above atated, 1 deem to be entirely inadequate. And 1 now come to the point preaented in the Secreta? '* latter. A aimnltaneoua movement on San Lui* and ampico ia there suggested; but it will readily be aeen that, with only balf tbn force which 1 coueider neceteery to march on one point, it ia quit* impoaaibln to march on both, an.I that nothing shoit of an effective force ol 36 0C0 to 30,000 man would, on military principle*, justify the double movement. And it i* to be remarked that the poaiewion of Tampico i* indispensable in casa we adveuce to San Lui*, for tha liua ht-nco to the latter place is an irely too long to be maintained permanently, and muat be abandoued fur tb* shorter one irom i amino, ?l,b moir.euijBau Lnu is taken. I have spoken only of the number ( troop* derm id necessary tor tbo prosecution of the campaign heyend Hvltille It will be understood that largely increased mean* and material* ef evenr hind will be cqna lylneoee ary to render the army efficient, auch at cavalry and artillery lioriei, mean* ol tramport, ordnance Mount, hi The department may be atiured Ibattbe above views bave not been given without mature reflection, and have been the result of experience and careful inquiry. It will be for tbe government to determine whether the war ihall be prosecuted by directing an active campaign against Han Lull and tbe capital, or whether tbe country already gained shall be held, and a defensive atti'iije as umed, In the latter case. tbe general line of tbe Sierra i Maure might very well be taken; but even then, with tbe eoemy in iorce in my front, it might he imprudent to detach to Tampico so large a force as 3iKtO or WOO men, |ps iC'lUrly ol the description required for that operation. If the co-operation of the army, therefore, lie d.i-med van*!,list to the success nf lh? ?.? i>?,lliiftn against Tampico, I truit that it will be poatponei for the pre tent. I here not been unmindful of the importance of taking Tampico, and have at leaat once addreieed the department ou the tubject. Nothing but the known exposure of the place to the ravage* of yellow fever provented m? irom organizing an expedition against it lait mmmer I knew that.iftakeD, it could nut witti any certainty be held, and that tht cauae would not be removed before the laat of November, or first of December. It may be expected that I ahould give my view* at to the pulley of occupying a defensive line, to which I here above alluded. I am free to context that, in view of the difficulties and expense attending a movement into the heart of the country, and partlculatly in view of the unsettled and revolutionary character of the Mexican government, the occupation of eueh a line seem* to me the best couraa that can he adopted. The line taken might either ha that on which we propoae to inaiat a* the beun- \ dary khetwsen the republic* -any the Eio (Jrande ? or the line to which we have advanced, viz. : The Sierra | Mad re, including Chihuahua and Santa Ke. The former line could be held with a much smaller lorce then the | latter ; but even the line of the Sierra ,\l?dre could be held witn a forca greatly leas than would be required for j an activ.i campaign. Monterey control* the greet out- 1 let from the Interior: a strong garrison at this point, Willi en advance utfteltillo, and email coipe at Monclora, Linaiee, Victoria and Tampico, would effectually cover

the Una 4 i D XT 1 ' XI JV J [ORNING, MARCH 23, 1 I have limited my remark* to tka position of tka army on this frontier and the requirement* far a campaign againat Ban Luis Potosi . the suggestions in the Secretary'* latter being coi.iined to thi* general theatre of operation*. Should the government determine to strike a decisive blow at Mexico, it is my opinion that the force should land near Vera Cmx or Alvarado, and after establishing a secure depot, inarch thence on the capital: The amount of troops required for this service would not fall short, in my judgment, of 'J6 000 men, of which at least 10.000 to be regular troops. In conclusion, 1 feel it my duty to make some remarks which 1 would gladly have been spared the necessity of submitting. I feel it du# to my position and to the service, to record my protest against the manner in which the department has sought to make an important detachment from my command, speeidcally indicating not only the general officers, but to a considerable extent the troop* that were to compose it While I remain in command of tbo army against Mexico, and am, therefore, justly held responsible by the government and the country lor the conduct of it* operations, I must claim tha right of organising all detachments from it,and regulating the time and manner of their servico. Above all do I consider it important, that the Derailment of War thould refrain from correeponding directly with my subordinetes and communicating order* uud instruction* on point* which, by all military nrecept and practice, pertain eX' clusively to the general in chief command. Confusion and disaster alene can result from such a course. Tha reason alleged, vis: the loss of time iu communicating with (Janeral Patterson, has no application; for the Be cretary's despatch came from that officer te my head quarters in sixty hours, and ba could not move, at ans rate, without drawing largely upon this column for artil isrv ami regular troops. I beg it nuy be understood that my remarks have no per sonal application. It is quite probuble, that in the even of making such a detachment, I would have placed it un der Major Oen Patterson ; but I conceive that this modi o( tegulating details, and ordering detachments direc from the Department of War, is a violation of the iote grity of the chief command in 'ho Held, pregnant will the worst evils, and against which 1 deem it my duty re spectfully, but earnestly, te protest. 1 am, sir, very respec lully, your obedient servant, /. TAYLOR, Major Oeneral U 8. A comd'g. The Adjutant Ocksssl of the Army, Washington, D C. HsADqusBTeas Ariut or OccursTioi*. ? Camp near Monterey, Oct. 16,1H4H.) Sir : In reply to so much of the communication of th? Secretary of War, dated Sept. '11, as relates to the mods of supplying the army, 1 beg leave to submit the follow' ing remarks It would have been impossible hitherto, and is so now, to sustain the army to any extent by forced contributions of money or supplies. The country between the Rio Grande and Sierra Madre is poor, furnishing ouly corn and beef. Those articles we obtain at moderate rates ; but if u different system had been adopted, it is certain that they would not have been procured at all in suffl cient quantities. The prompt payment in cash for the few artioles of supply we have drawn from the country, has neutralized much of the unfriendly feeling with which we were regorded, and has contributed greatly to facilitate our operations. The people have it in their power, at any time, to destroy their crops, and would undoubtedly do so, rather than see them taken forcibly Add to which they would have no inducements to plant again. The prices that have been paid are reasonable being in almost all casts the prices or the country. Should the army, in its future operations, reach a por tion of the country which may be made to supply th< troops with advantage, 1 shall not fail to conform to thi wishes and instructions of the department in this parti cular. 1 am, air, very respectfully, your obedient servant, Z TAYLOR, Major General USA. comd'g. The Adji'tint Gbkkbal oi the army, Washington, l). C War drrabtmkftt, Washington, Nov. 28, 1S46. Sir?You will havo perceived by my despatch of thi 13th ultisno, that the government apprehended at tha time that you would be likely to encounter many and se rious difficulties In extending your line of operations a> far as San Luis Potosi. These apprehensions are con Armed by your despatch, of the lath ultimo, which wai received on the 20th iustaut. In the belief that it atigh not be advisable, unless circumstances favorod.fto pusl forward in that direotion, it became mere important the operations should be undertaken upon the Gulf ooast. Ii ease that it should be decided net to attempt at present t< take any place beyoud Monterey or Saltillo with a view of holding permanent possession, it was believed that t sufficient force would be detached from the troops now in the fluid (with such additions as can be soon made; lor a successful attack upon the most important poinu en the coast, still loaving enough to hold the position! you have gained and menoce the enemv with a forward movement. By intercepting my despatch of the 3d #f September (a copy of which I herewith tranimit) and probably througfe|other meant, the enemy haa already become aware ot oar iatxruiom to operate in that quarter, and undoubtedly will be prepared to make a vigorous roststanoe. It hae become quite evident that a larger force than that indicated in my communication of the IStb ultimo will be required for that expedition The Preii dent having decided to tend M?jor General Scott to the Mat of war, communicated thie determination to him on tha 18th inatant. Sinoe that time tha general haa been engaged in making praperatioui hare, principally with a viaw to military operatioaa on the shore* of tha gulf, and laft yesterday for tha Bio Grande. The cempetencd of a military tribunal to take cognizance of auch a caae aa you have presented in yeur communication ol th* 11th ultimo, viz : the murder of a Maxtoan soldier, and other offence* not embraced in the expreu provisions of the article* of war, waa deemed ao questionable, that an applicatien waa made to Congress at the last session to biiug them expressly within tke jurisdiction of such a tribunal, but it was not acted on. I am not prepared to any that, under the peculiar circumstances ol the case, and particularly by the non-s xistenco of any civil authority to which the offender could be turned over, a military oourt could not rightfully act thereon ; yet very erioue doubts are entertained upon that ]*oint. and the government do not advise that couraa It seriously re grets that such a flagrant offender cannot be dealt with in the manner be deserves. 1 see no other course for you to pursue than to roleaM him from confinement and send him away from the army, and this is recommended It is intended to invite the attention of Congress again to this subject in ordsr to havs provision made for such cases, but it eannot be so done as to operate ex past facto, I ruler, with reluctance, to your remark* upon that part of my deapatob of the 2X1 of September, which re late* to the Tamplco expedition. Aa you havo mlacon oeived the view* of the government end made the c> urac puraued heia the ground of a lormal proteet, it aoera* U be proper that I abould notico your ammadveraion* upoi it. 1 think you hero erred in retarding what wn pu forth a* auggeationa, in the light of peremptory com mand*. It waa Intended to leave the whole aubject, a well the organizing and aending forth the expedition, a the deaiguation of the ofllaera to command it, to you approval and Anal Judgment. Such I think the fair im port of the languago uaed to manifeat thi* intention. Con aidering the large number of troop* on the Rio Oram! and on the way there, it waa preaumed here, that a par1 of tham could be apared for the Tainpico expedition; bu you were expreaaiy informed that none would he with drawn from that line if, in your opinion, it would " in terfere with your operation* and it waa not then aug geated that any ahuuid betaken from your advancing column. So in relation to tho general officer*, propoaci for the command of tae force, they wore not to be taken if " it abould interfere with your previoua an angoinent it regard to there officer*." They were preaented to youi conaideration lor that aervice, becanae they were not em ployed with the column advancing into tna enemy\ country, but were with the troopa on the Kio (Iran Jo from w<>ich moat of the foice for tho expedition, it wai preaumed, would be detached Certainly no diareapect waa intended toward* yoa ai commanding general; nothing waa propoaed which colli I deprive youo i the mean* of aecuring auccea* to y our own plan* of operation. Alter a respectful conaideration ol your remark*, and e re-oxamin*tion of that part of my despatch which you deem exceptionable, I cannot regard it aa an encroach tent U|h>d your juat righta, or a " viola tion of the integiity ol toe chief command in the Held." You uuat be aware that in my official communications. 1 am only the medium of presenting the viewi ol the Treiident, and you will no't queation hie tight, at cumman let-in-chief, to make auggreliona aa to the movemeutaofthe force* under your command, or aa to th? o(S. era to be employed in theaa moremeuta Having, In thia iiiatxnce, carefully qualified bia ruggeationa to aa to prevent them from being regarded ia punitive direction* or command!, and eaprexely riiiclaimod the intention ol employing any part of the troopa whi"h, in your opinion, "would interfere with your operation*." he ia entirely unconacioua of having given any jnat cacao for proteit or complaint. The rea*en olfeied for communicating directly with General Pattrraon, and inatructing him "to make pre parationa lor the movement, (the Tamplco e*j>edi'ioti) to lar aa it can he done without disturbing your pieaent arrangement* on the Rio Grande," he., waa "to prevent delay" Thia you declare to be inapplicable. Your Ian guage ia "The reaaon ahegod, via : the lota ot time iu communicating with Gen I'atteraon, h?i no Application for the Secretary 'aleapt ch came from Hut itti erto my head qua-dare in aixty heura, and he could not move without drawing largely upon thia columu lor artillery and regular tr?opa " To vindicate the good taith witn w hich thia reaaon waa aaaigned, I daam it proper to ap prize you that it waa not known here that General Patleraon wa* at t'amargo ; but aa lio waa In command on the Kio Grande, it wa* reasonable to conclude that my communication would reach him at Matemorna or in that vicinity ; neither waa it known at what i.lace in the enemy'* country my ria*patcb would reach you. The casualties of lending conimunicationa to and fiom you, niter you had penetrated far into it, wa* not overlooked. The taut that the one from thia department of the 2nd of Hepteuiner, having relation to the Tampico expedition, win intercepted by the euomy, ahow* that it waa not onreaaonable to apprehend delay from thia cnuae There were causes lor dalay in the contemplated eapedition other than that suggested in your remark*, viz: the concentration of troop* By my lottor to (lenernl Patterson, it will bo porcetved that it waa her* ccnodered important that he ahould ho at once engaged in enquiring ecourate Inhumation aa to tha route*, whether i?y land or *oe, and in forwarding it with the least possible delay to the department. The early rnceipt ol this .nforuiation waa deemed important lor the seasonable preparation of transport*, and collecting noediul supplies, he. With the disposition which, I am snrs you po**as*. to Judge fairly on the aubject, I allow myself to hope that, on reflection, you will perceive that the reason alleged tor a direct communication with (lanoral f'attereon was nolaa idle ?M| and perhaps yoojmay regard it aa it was, # HERA 847. w<l till i?, bin regarded, aa of sufficient importance to Justify the courie adopted. In concluiion, I assure you that nothing could bo further from the tic we of the department than any intention to interfere with, or derogate from the authority belonging to you by right or usage as commanding general, and allow ma to add. that aft?r fall ronii.i?rttion of tha oart of the despatch deemed by you exceptionable, I am un?bU to convince myself that either in the manner or matter, all clioumatanoea considered, it furniahea joat (rounds for your animadversions. V-cry respectfully, your obedient servant, W.L MARCY, Secretary of War. i Major tien. 7. TavLoa, tic. kc. kc. Wis DtrssTMKKT, Washington, Nov 3>. lMti. ' Sir : The President, several days since, communicated . In person to you his orders to repair to Mexico, to take command of the forces there assembled, and particularly to organize.and set ou foot an expedition to operate on the Gulf coast, if, on arriving at the theatre of action, you shall deem it to be practicable It is not proposed to control your operations by definite and positive instructions, but you are left to prosecute themes your I judgment, under a full view of all the circumstances, | i shall dictate. The work ia before you, and the means I provided, or to be provided for accomplishing it, is com mitted to you, in the lull confidence that you will use > them to the best advantage. i The objects whicn it is desirable to obtain have been indicated, aud it is hoped that you will have the requisite force te accomplish them. Of this you must be the judge when preparations art ' made, and the time for action has arrived. Very reapectfully, your obedient servant, W. L. MARCY, Secretary of War. - Major General Wim iild Scott, commanding the army, t Washington. Hcaduuaki ess or t*e Asmt, \ t Wsst Point, N. Y , Sept. 13, 184<l. j Sis : -In the le'ter 1 had the honor to address to you i the 37th of May last, 1 requested that I might be sent to * take the immediate command of the principal army against Mexioo-either " to-day, or at any better time he (the President) may be pleased to designate." The horae regiments, (twelve months' volunteers,1 destined for that army, being, I suppose, now within fifteen or twenty marches of the Rio Grande, and the season for consecutive operations at hand, I respectfully ask to remind the President of that standing request. I do this without any hesitation in respect to Major General Taylor, having reason to believe that my presence at the i head of the principal army in the field, in accordance i with my rank, is neither unexpected nor undesired by that gallant and distinguished commander. A alight return of chills and fevers may detain me here with my family long enough to receive y eur reply to this i note. Should the President yield to my wishes, a few hours in New York and Philadelphia would enable me to make certain arrangements, and save the necessity of a return to those citiae from We&ington. 1 auppose it wauld bo oaey for me to reacn the Rio Grande by the end of Jhia month With feign reipect, I have the honor to be, air, your moat efeafeinnt lervant, VVINKIELD SCOTT. Hen w. L. Mabcv, Secretary of War. Wab DiriiTMtNT, Washington, Sept 14. lt44C. Sir?I hare receired your letter of the lUth instant, end submitted it to the President. He requests me to iu1 form you that it is not within the arrangements for con, ducting the campaign in Mexico, to supersede Oen. TayIdr in his proseut command by assigning you to it. I am, with great respect, your obedient serrrnt, i W. L. MAIICY. i Msjor Oen. W. Scott. f Prirate and confidential.] New York, Nor *26, 1846. Mr Dkax Obkbbal : I left Washingten late in the day yesterday, and expect to embark for New Orleans the 30tn instsnt. By the 12th of December I may be in that city, at Point Isabel the 17th, and Camargo say the J3d? in order to be within easy corresponding distance from you. It is not probable that I may be able to risit Moo> tnrey, and circumstances may prerent your coming to ' mi. I shall much regret not hariug an early opportunity of felicitating you in person upou your many bril liant achierements , but we may meet somewhere in the interior of Mexico. I am not coming, my dear general, to supersede you t in the immediate oommand on the lino of operations ren > dared illustrious by you and your gallant army. My I proposed theatre is diderent. Yon may imagine it, and I > wish rery much that it were prudent, at this distance, to > tell you all that I expect to attempt or hope to execute ' I hare been admonished that despatchea have been lost, and I have no special masaenger at hand. Your imagi ontion will be aided by the lettera ol the Secretary of I War. conreyed by Mr. Armiatead, Major (Jraham, and > Mr MnLane. i But, my dear genoral, I shall bo obliged to take from you moat of the gallant officers and men (regular* and volunteers) whom you have so long and so nobly com mended. I on afraid that I shell, by imperious necessity?the approach of yellow fever on the Uuif ooaat? reduce you, for a time, to stand on the defensive. This will ba infinitely psinful to you, and for that rsaaon dis treising to me. But 1 rely upon your patriotism to sub mit to the temporary aacriuoe with cheerfulness. No man can better afford to do ao. Hecent victoria* place you on that high eminence, and i eveu flatter myself that any benefit that may result to mo, personally, from the unqeuai division of troops alluded to, will lessen the psin of your consequent inactivity. Yen will be aware of the recent call for nine regimeata of now volunteer*?including one of Texas horse. The President may soon ask for many more, and we ere not without hope that Congreaa may add tailor twelve to the regular establishment. These by the spring, say April may, by the aid of large boun'Jes, be in the field? should Mexico not earlier propose terms of accommodation i and long before the spring (VI arch) it is probable you will be again in force to resume offensive operations. 1 am writing at a late hour of the night, and more than half aick of a cold. I may despatch another note befoie I embark ; but from New Orleans, Point Isabel, Ac., you nan near from me officially and fully. It waa not possible for me to find time to write from Washington, as I muck desired. 1 only received an intimation fo hold myself in preparation tor Mexico, on the Itfthinat. Much has been done towards that and, and more remains to be executed. Your detailed report of the operations at Monterey, and reply to the Hecretary's despatch, by Lieutenant irmistead, were both received two days after 1 was instructed to proceed South. In haste I remain, my dtar ganeral. Yours faithfully, WINTIELD SCOTT. Major General 7. Titim, United Slates Army, Commanding, he he. he. (Tv it Continued) ) City Intelligence. t The Weather?The vernal equinoctial gales may ho said to have commenced yesterday, which waa ex s tremely cold a d stormy, the wind blowing l.igh through s out the day. The heavy rains of the previous day and r night completely Ailed up many of the baaementi in the lower part of the city, as wall as thuir back yards. The i. frost, wo opine, is gone. ? The Rives.?We hive no doubt but the heavy rains . that prevailed during the last few days will have the Aat to opon up the river a* far as Albany, as the rain ml Tieavily along thia line during ths whole of Sunday and Sunday nighi. j Yeacas at Tammane Hall?A fracas occurred last I night at Tammany ilall between John Orr and John , Tiller, captain of the 13th ward police, in which conflict, , Mr Orr, it seems, lost the tip of his noee. It seems from the facts in the case, aa near aa we could ascertain, that the above parlies were in the committee room as delei gates for tne nomination of an Alma House Commissioner, when an argument arose between the parties, and I Mr. Orr called Mr Tillv a black hearted individual in ieply tothii, Mi Tilly remaiked that if be was, he diTnt i nisei. Mr Tilly MM after left the room, and wan Handing I at the commit teo room door talking to a friend when,Mr. O. , came out of the room and atruck Mr. T a blow m tne face ' which reanlted in both clinching together. Orr endeavoring to gouge the eyo of Tilly, and Tillev seizing hie | opponent by the hair, drawing their faces in close eoi? tact togn'her, which terminated, it is sald.by.vir Tilly biting uff tlia tip end ol Mr. Oil's nose The parties were then separated by Cuptain Wood, of the 7th ward, and f several others piesent. Mr. Oir was deluged in I lood i liom the wound, which was subsequently dressed by Dr. Johnson, and he was then conveyed home by his It lands. Titr Fibx ComsasikS ?Ths: Ki.k tios.?The resul' of the election now going on among the liie companies i fur the Mppoinlaannt of some AsaHtarr Kngincers, to All vacancies, & will he announced at Firemen's Hall, to morrow evening. There has been much e Her tic n used among the companies on this subject during Urn last lew weeks, and much anxiety is jnaiiilested a nong the antira (orea as to the result Fias.a.? A fire was discovered at about ten o'clock yeater Jay morning, iu the attic of No r.9 Hester street. The ' die was soon extinguslied. Damage trifling. I is mi Ms is Dkscrtioiv.?A fsmale infant, some few days old, was thrown into a sink opposite No. niS Mott street, i yesterday morning, but was leacued from its |?rilous , position by Joseph Welch. The child was taken in charge by the proper clAcer. 1 Militast.?The Third Regiment of the United States Dragoom is fsst filling up. I.ient. Divver, at No. 197 Koosevelt street, will enlist any able bodied man whi may wish to see service, an I hero a tilt with the Rancheros of Mexico. There is some tun in store for the 1 boys, as there are a few more Mexicans left. Militaxt?'">e I'urdy Ouaidt, Captain Kavanagh. | paused our om.e yealeriay on their return Irorn a target | excuialon. They are a floe body ol man, and riddled their target pretty Wall. HrrtMsniT Arcioartr ?The steamboat Independence, ' Capt Karris, while on hrr way from Aml.oy to thi* city, yesterday, brolta liar main alialt, which detained Lor in the lower bay for the night. No further damage waa sustained. UntH ar ArorL***.?The Coionar war yeaterday called to hull an mqueat at 149 Leonard afreet, npon tha ' body of ilunora, wiln of i'hillip Mcurry, aged t? years, a i.ativa ol Ireland The deceased waa vriy intemjierate Hhe waa taken suddenly ill on Mrtnd iy altamoon, and died in the cnuiaa of the evening Tha jury rendered a verdict of death by apopliay. Thi Liari-Tat Htobk* ? Tho |>olice returns \ Beaant nightly a long liat of delinquent*, who violate i.iu regulanone laid down hy the police authoritiaa In leaviig their atoree open at night, a neglect which frequently leada to robberiaa. the ahop holder* ahuuld h* mora guarded in this raapact. The shameful neglect In relation to the gaa and oil lamp*, alao hua proved dan- { ( garuua iu many instance*, giving awry facility to tha , % LD. burglar and the robber to plunder the public with impu- ? nit jr. Many of the police attribute moit ol the bergleri?? that nigbtlv take piece, to the ihatneful neglect of the gai und oil lauipe which, in many of the atreeta, are not lighted before II o'clock at night, and then bum out before 1 o'clock iu the morning We tiuat that this otber item will be placed in the name category ol abueea, that hare marked the carter of the "diity ?i rector* 1 during their incumbency in i iHcr. It will, douhtleas, be remembered et the approerbing charter election. A heevjr retribution awaita the whole partv in tha Common Coun cil, wbo have winked eo long at toe many abuse* that we have from time to time pointed out to them, me emitting under their eenction, ou the part of uudarliug* end auk ordinate* in ofllce The people will talk out at the neat election Common Council. Boabd or Aldikhm, Monday evening. March til.? Preiidant Jackton being abcent, on motion, Aldermen Hart took the chair. Intujf'erablt Nuitance.?A petition, signed by numeroua cltizena, waa preiented, asking the authorities to pat a atop to a certain auiwnce, conaieting of a place where (at the petition aeta forth) bone* are boiled and burnt , alio, autraila boiled, creating throughout the neighborhood u moat abominable and unwholesome effluvia. Referred to the committee on arta, acieuce* and achool* Mire Jiiarmi by Telegraph ?A memorial waa alao pre anted urging the eatauiUtiment ol a line of telegraph!* communication between the eereral fire alarm station* iu the city. Referred. Engine Company, So 13 ?A communication waa received from the oniel engineer, in which ha atated bin reason* for not approving of tha reorganization of togiue Company No. 23, to be located in the fttb ward. Afore Claims allowed ? Keaolutinn in favnr nf to Lloyd nod Bryant the ?um of (301 lor serving pro cesses for the late Corporation Attorney, who had tailed to square account* with the petitioner*. Adopted. After disposing of a few other paper* of little intareet, the Board adjourned until Monday evening neat Board op Assistant Ai.dkbmii), March 36 ?Neil Gray, Esq , Pre*ident, ia the chair. New //?? Carriage?Petition ef Engine Co. No. 16, for a new ho*e carriage Referred. Sewer in 40/A street?Petition of Gabriel 8 Winter for a *ewer in 40th itreet, between 6th and 6th avenue*. Referred. Purchase of City Left?Petition of John B. Morrell for the purchase of aix l.rta of land at the corner oi 4th avenue and 60th afreet. Referred. Thirty-first itreet?Petition of ntndry owner* of proper, y to have curb and gutter atone* aet in 61at street, between the 6th and 7th avenue*. Referred. Fortieth street? Petition of aundry persona to have 40th street, between 6th and 0th avenues, regulated end graded, and the curb and gutter atones set therein. ReLower Police Court?A communication from Justice* Osborn and Drinker, of the Lower Police Court in answer to a resolution adopted by the hoard relative to the employment of a young gentleman in the capacity of clerk. On motion of Asst Aid. Smith. it was referred to the Committee on Police, Watch and Prisons Sewer in Nassau street ?Resolution in favor ef permitting John P Irvln to construct at his own expense, a sewer from No. 6 Nassau street, to connect with the main sew er Adopted. Medical Attendance on Firemen ? Report end resolution from the Board of Aldermon, in favor ef paying for medical attendance en some firemen, who were severely injured while in discharge of their duty. Concurred In. < Third Avenue ?Report end resolution from the same in favor of appropriatidg $600 for repairing the Third AveDue. Concurred in. Shipwrights' Benevolent Society ? Resolution In favor of granting the Shipwrights' and Caulkers' Benevolent Society , the free us* of premises lately used as an engine house, in Gouverneur street, uutil required for public purpoiss. Adopted. That Six Thousand Dollars ? Resolution in favor of requesting the Mayor to apply to the general govern maut to refund the $6,000 voted tor the use of the First Regiment of New Yoik volunteers, prior to being mustered into service. Adopted Ferry Leases ?Assistant Alderman Smith then presented the following nreamble and resolution wi* _ Whereas,|lhe present lease of the ferries to Hoboken, from tbo foot u! Barclay, Hoboken and Christopher stroeta, will expire on the 1st of May next; and whereas it is notorious that the conditions of the lease of the Christopher stroet ferry have not heen complied with by the lessee?therefore, Resolved. That it be referred to a special committee of three to enquire into and report to this hoard forthwith, whether the said lease has not been forfeited, and also if it is uot proper that uo renewal ol ths said lease he granted to the present lessee. Adopted; an i Messrs. Smith, Webb end Oliver were appointed by the chair. 1'oughkeepiie Boait.? lteport and resolution in favor of leasing pier at the foot of Murray street for the uae of t'ougbkecpsie steamboats and barges?Adoptad. Newark Packet* ?Report and resolution in faror of leasing the pier at the foot of Albany street, for the nee of packets plying between this oily and Newark, N.J.? Adopted New Dioitien of Fifth H'ai it ?Ordinance dividing the 6th Ward into five election districts?AdoptedAfter disposing of a few o uer papers of minor importance, the board adjourned uniil'Monday evening next. Police Intelligence. Rubbing a I'tioel ? Some dock pirate entered the cabin of the schooner High Priest, of Kdenton, North Carolina, lying at ths foot of Market street, on Saturday night last, stealing therafrom HOP in North Carolina Bank kills, *10 in gold, and *140 in silvsr coin?in all *J60, together with 6 linen bosom shirts, 4 vests, S Canton tlannal drawers, and.I patent.silvsr levar watch. Ne arrest at present. Stealing Srgari? Some thieving fallow antared the office occupied by Mr. L. Arnold, In the building No 03 Wall atraat, between Saturday night and Monday moroirg, stealing therefrom several boxes of so gars, valuod .t ft IN, which the rascal carried off without detection. Jirrtit on Sutpicion ? Constable Joseph, of the 4th ward, arrested yesterday, s slippery looking thsp calling himself Charles Osgood, on suspicion of having stolon a gold watch and chain valued at >60, belonging to Samuel Blood, residing at No. 108 Dunne street, whore, ItaMwara? the accused was a boarder for a short time, bat loft suddenly, which crested the suspicion, the above property having been lost at about the seme time. Justice Drinker committed him to the Tombs for a further examination. Uithaneti Tailor.?A Journeyman tailor, by the name of Christopher Kingsley, was arrasted yesterday on n charge oi obtaining the material for making of two eeata from John Van Pelt, No. 16-J t hathmn street, for the parpose of making up, instead of which be placed them In pawn and kept the money. Justice Drinker locked him up for examination Jirrtit on a Bench Warrant ? Officer NorriS, ODO Of the Chiel's aids, arrested yesterday Pater Chrystal (formerly an auctioneer in BroadwavJ on e bench warrant, I wherein be stands charged with obtaining money by false representations, by some mock auction oporationa with a countryman, about a year aiuce. Chrystal has been absent from the city for some tew months post, in Now Oiiaatit, and only returned on Saturday last, whan yesterday ha called upon the Chief to ascertain hew his caae stood, and was Informed that bis recognisances had been forfeited, and the above warrant issued. The accuse 1 was then detained, and finally committed to the Tombs by Justice Drinker, in default of >K0 ball. Stealing Clothing ?Officer Burley, one of the active officers attached to the lower police, caught a woman called Ann Farrell, yesterday alternoon, in the act of stealing a cloak andltwo dresses,belonging to Mrs. Brown residing at No 30 Kim street, valued at >10 60. Committed by Justice Drinker for triel. Reecunkt a Witt from Pritan.?A man bv the name of Thornya VVilJiarra, wai arretted yeaterday on a charge of attempting to rearna bit wife from thepriaonat|Jetrenen market; be wee taken before Juatioe Uoome and committed Sifting Hnoit ?Two men by the namea of Edward Murphy and Janaea Nugent, were nrroated by Captain Dwyer, ef the Kirat ward, and polio-man Gunning, on a charge of dealing neyeraJ pair of boota and ahoea, belonging to Meeara. Oabome k Hug ley, maiding at No. 334 Grand atreet. Committed for yxamiuatioB. Lew Intelligence. UaitfD Hurra Pi?t?ict Conat ? Before Judge Betta. The United Mafrt lit Welter It. Bideeell.?Thie wee an action brought hy the government, i ti ter the etatnte of I viarch 3, I84y to recover a penalty of $300, for carrying 1 riewapapera ou'aide the mall. The defendant demurred generally, on tho ground that the atatuta did not nuke II a penal offence. The following ia Judge Betta'a opinion. The Corct rounder tbet aecrlon IS of tke eot of Coogreat ot March, Hit, in tho pleading* mentioned, doeo not riinael or limit the awcentian in tha Oth .action ni Mini act, inionprct to newa|>apera; tod tbat tha natter* i in the declaration alleged againat the defendant, do not conatilnte nn offence. In the tine meaning of the eal4 act, and that no penalty baa been incurred by the defendant, in cotia. qaeoce thereof Wherafcre it ie ordered hy the Court, that the demurrer in thie behalf interpo-ed on the part of the deiendaut, tie allowed, and that Judgment thereon he rendered In faror of defendant. Kalenfm* f.tna vt Thr Hrig Htnry Ihirk ?Thia waa n libel lor thirteen montha wagea. brought by the libellent lor acting a? cabin boy The owner* of the brig made him a voluntary offer ol S* a month for hla aorvioea and having paid b rn vanotu mni on aooennt, they aitotward* brought tbe balance into court, 117 98. Up /..II ?- t -/ tke ..ou,. (tie r?.ne( Miieeed ik.a n* the litieliant did not elect to take the itun la court, that it be ri-lerred to a < ommioiotwr to report the amount of hit claimi mid of tlie mm* pttld to him, acd la raae tha tender it not accepted, that the ?|t>aatk>n o( coeta abide the further oidar of the Court. hi min# Court.? Dcciatont in Banco.? Patrirk Smith n FAltn Commrrjard.?Judgment reverted, w thont coatt. /.? in frr?r ?t. AcUrtr i* error ? Judgment affirmed Orrrn H JKelt! et Theodore Mallahy ? Judf m?ut affirmed. I.arour, plaintiff in errer, re Haw, defendant in error.? Judgment reverted Fnhtr and olhrri, ptninliffi in error, rf Vallaby, dejindant in error ?Judgment affirmed. Syft-eifer ftenne'f, plaintiff in error, re. Tallon, daftudant in error.?Jqdf mailt affirmed Hnnilet, plaintiff in errer, r? Jmkin?, drfrndant in error ? Judgment affirmed. h- earth plaintiff in error re. Me Uaiinld, Ji/nulant in eirer.?Judgment reverted Cet.'itT Continue*-Thi# l)*r - Circuit Court ? No! ?1. U4, lit, 1M. IM, 184, IA7. iftt. ins, 147, ITO, 171 to J.'iO Cowmen Pleat, let ptrl No# VI, 17. VtJil, 41, M, IM. ?,!&,??,et.fM, M, #7,110, l'>t?. * put Nee. ?Ji4, 110, 110, 114, 1 JO, 110,1?J. 114, lit, Igi, 14J, 14-1,144, 144 Persminl I iitelll(|er?ce-. Mr. (teorgr M ill Jdon lea roi eluded one eWliaeef lecture* on Kgyptuii \nt-i|illtle? at Pitleburgh, ami h*a con m-nco I u ti com! lie !nu lergo ami uahivi able I uuiaBJo*.

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