Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 23, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 23, 1847 Page 2
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, - - - JUL?- JNEW yoRK HERALD Blew York, Tne?<l?jr, Moreh 43, IM47. Mr. and Mrs. Bennett's Letters from Europe We have received, by the Hibernia, a series o very interesting letters from Mr. and Mrs oenueu, anu saau puonsu une aver/ day unti they shall have been exhausted. We are advised by Mr. B. that he will send u a fresh budget by the next steamship. We havi no doubt but that they will be read with interes by our patrons. Annexed is the first of those brought by the H hernia t? Paxis, 28th Feb. 1847. Or* Weils, ths Medical Discoverer of Use Power of BUser, in Parle?Singular Con* (rast?Opinions on Use United Slates In Barope. There is nothing very exciting?nothing very wonderful?nothing very astounding, to-day. Dr. Horace Wells, of Hariford, the celebrated discoverer of the power and utility of ether or nitrous oxide gas in surgical operations, has been in PariS for some weeks, endeavoring to bring his claims to this discovery befjre the Academy of Sciences. It seems that Dr. Jackson, of Boston, who borrowed the idea from Dr. Wells, taking time by the forelock, had previously presented a nunAr tn thf* Aearl^mv. plnimincr tViA Hit. oovery. Dr. Wells, an amiable and modest personage, has sufficiently, in the public mind, refuted this assumption ; but he leaves Paris to-lay to return in tha next steamer to the United States, for the purpose ot procuring ample testimonials of his priority and exclusiveness ofdiscoveiy. I have no doubt he will return 10 Europe in the spring, and es ablish his claims beyond contradiction. The discovery here is considered, among medical and sci ntiflc men, as one of *he gr? ntest which has been made since the time of Dr Jenner, who di-covered the method of vacoi'ta ion. Whatever meru, fame, or emolument spring* from it, properly belongs to Dr. Wells, and Hot to Dr. Jackson, who, at first, repudiated and ridiculed the idea when it was revealed to him by Wells ; but who, afterwards, finding it of real value, boldly came before the world and olaimed it as his own. This subject has created a great sensation among the medical circles in Pahs. The progress of the contest between Wells and Jackson, I shall watch with interest Justice ought to be done, though the Heavens tall. Dr. Brewster, the eminent American surgeon dentist, and several other medical men, have taken Dr. Wells by the hand, and I have no doubt they will see him through the woods oi Paris very well. Cracow, and the Spanish marriages, which have animated the press and the politicians of Europe, during the last few months, have nearly died away. The assembling of the Prussian States General in Berlin, in April, and the sensation which that event has caused in Germany, begin to absorb public attention, diversified, indeed, with any amount of misrepresentation upon the United States and the war in Mexico. It is curious to see the course taken on this matter by the French journals, such as are supposed to be immediately under the influence of the government. The English journals are equally hostile and equally unjust to the United States; but they have old grudges and fresh jealousies? Banker Hill, of the last century, and sad visions of the next. There Is yet a lingering hope among the politicians of France, and in some of the green ones of England, that Mexico will adopt monarchical ideas, and send for a European prince to rule over her destinies. Louis Philippe has a considerable assortment of young prinoes, who would have no objections to become kings and emperors in th? new world. They would supply any deficiency ot he royal raw material in the new world. The Due. e Montpensier has an old olaim in virtue ot his youu, wife. The transmutation of Mexioo into an einpir", or a kingdom, under a branch of some of the r >yal dynasties of Europe, would aid and assist the empire of Brazil, and be the means of prolonging its existenoe, and extending its system on the other side of the Atlantic. These ideas are not visionary among the statesmen and politicians of Europe. They believe them as they do the truths of algebra. It was but the other evening that a distinguished literary man, attached to the press of Paris, and formerly in the diplomatic service of his country, told me that the Americans oould not send a fleet to sea ?that their men could not fight a fleet?that they were good sailors, and oould work a single ship, but that they could not manage a fleet, or work the guns so well as the French or English, and that it the American fleet attacked S. Juan de Ulfla they would be defeated. I hope the American tars, men and officers, will take the first chance to prove the contrary. State oT Use Corn Markets or Or sat Britain? apply and Demand. Ws hare from the firs' contended that high prices must rule in uraat Britain for braadatufis, Evan <n the mulal /if fan!-. 1 1 J >mv v* ?* Miutuv biiu |(vavnu uv oUne, and notwithstanding the efforts of the go vernruent to fill the marlceta of tlie United Kingdom, we have adhered to the opinion we expreaaed aeveral raontha ainee, in relation tp prioes of breadatnffa in Europe. It appeara from recent reports trom the trade, that notwithatanding the auapenaion of the corn lawa and the opening of the porta, therefwas, at the lateat datea, a lower atock of grain in Liverpool, than had been known for years. Ot wheat, the supply waa equal only to abont four or five week* consumption ; ol eata there wer s very few; and the whole of the Indian aorn waa i. immediately taken off as it arrives, and the supply was not large enough to equal the demsmd. The wants of Ireland are weekly increasing, and what t stent it will reach before harvest, it is impossible to rell. Whatever it may be, it can be supplied from this country. If there are ships enough to carry and money enough to pay for it, we can give them all they want, There are no restrictions upon the exportation of grain from our shores. It was rumored in London that the Russian ports were to be closed against the export of grain. Should there be any foundation for this report, or should such be the fact, the bulk of the supplies must go from the United States. The demand upon the continent will require every quarter the different nations el the continent can furnish. There is a scarcity in that section as great as in Ireland or Scotland, and we are under the impression that those in England anticipating a large supply from that source, are doomed to be disappointed. Th? Uhlffl ftf /?AmriBrafiva * * K? ?> v .juuiBiiuiu rcoeiveu by the last three arrivals from England, given bclo < , will show the course of prices since tire first week in December. 1846:? Avisos Price or Urai*. KOr Brly. OaU. Hy*. Bm. Ptoi. t>a??uibrr 7 ?a II S 7 42 J 4) 4 (I t Dsenabtr 12 .. 60 1 ? 1 26 J 4111 41 0 a 7 UeeenboiflS... .19 10 It II 21 1 4) | 44 1 4110 Uaeewoer ? II Mil 1 IS 41 7 4J I 49 4 j?ua??y 1 04 4 4 4 1 27 2 41 II 4} 10 41 I iRRB'ryS SI IS 46 J 17 IS 40 4 || s J| 7 nlirNIU ?? ?! or IBS US waafcs.OJ I 41 t 21 IS 44 1 41 7 44 4 Detf o? Forsism Prndaeo present week-........ * * 1? 10 10 is Do. other British Holla IM 10 10 10 is 11 |0 Tbe above was received by the Sarah Sands, and shows the average, for the six weeks ending January 9m, was 63* Id per quarter. Atbraoe Prior or Urair. Wht. Brly. Oat i. Ryt Bni. Pimi iftnbtr 19 is 2 *3 I 26 7 41 J 41 4 41 0 Derwaber 29 19 lu 41 11 20 1 42 li 41 0 40 7 Jaoaary 1 910 <>1 20 I 43 1 44 I 40 10 J.naaryl 04 4 44 2 M 10 4] 7 41 9 49 4 Jenaary 10 70 3 to 0 29 0 19 I 49 9 11 II Jenaary 91 W ? S< I 31 2 11 9 11 1 Mil Aii'tfiM ivtn|i ofth. sis wsalu.99 I 49 19 19 1 47 0 47 I II I This was received by the Cambria, and shows | the average tor the six weeks ending Janui , 2Bd, was 68s per quarter. i Arjaaot Paiee ee Oum. ? WTkt Hrlf. Omit. Hyt. But. P January IS Tt I MS ? t MS 53 5 & - January 11 71 S MS II 7 MS It I i January IS 74 11 66 11 MI Hi 61 I J , Februarys 73 IS 51 5 SI S 55 S 51 7 51 , February II 71 7 51 IS II I Ml 51 11 3j February IS 71 T 53 S Sill 51 3 53 5 51 ' ^sraasasr. T ? . ? . ? ? ? The lest came by the Hibernia, and exhibits advance of 6j. 6d. on the average of the i weeks ending January 28J. 8 i It appears by this that, from January 80th 9 February 20th, prices fell oO 8s. 4d. &v&r&g6s mucontinue 10 uuvance in i, laca of the active demand and the reduo ' sources of supply. The consumption of forei| grain in Great Britain was so Large that it w impossible to accumulate a stock in Liverpo | and the great difficulty experienced in getti shipping must, if not relieved, have a very fav< able effect upon prices in Great Britain, ai rather a contrary effect here. Under any circumstances, there is very lit doubt but that prices of breadstuff's will be mai turned at remunerating prices, and that all e gaged in the trade will make handsome fortum Highly Interesting Intelligence from Cuba Important Movements Relative to Mexl -What's In tha Wind ? I It will be recollected that there was quite number of rumors circulating throughout the p litioal circles of Europe and America, relative the demolition of what ia called the Mexican i public, and the erection of a monarchy on ruiua, the king to be a Spanish or French princ It was then stated that Paredes was in lavor oi monarchy, and Santa Anna opposed to one; and was as much on this account as any other, th Paredes became apparently unpopular. Afti this Paredes, the head of the monarchist part; was banished, and Santa Anna returned power. ? From information that we have recently o tained from Havana, and lrom the ihot that tl military force stationed at that place is unusual large?so large as to attract the notice of the Hi baneros?and that there was a large number i ! French naval vessels there, we are inclined I j place some relianoe on the rumor, that Franci England and Spain, have really some design o Mexico, and contemplate establishing a menai 1 chy there. We pukliih the following letter received fron our special correspondent in Havana, whicl throws additional light on the subject. Havana, March 3,1847. You requested me, in some of your letters, to commu nieate what news I might hare relatlre to Mexico. It is said, among the most respeotable circles in thi city, that the King of France advised the Infant Dc Enrique to ask the pardon of the Queen Isabella, by Ui famous protest he made when he was banished fio j *paiii, and that Queen Isabella would help him to co 1 quer Mexico, in order to establish a monarchy there, which the Infante would be king. Don Enrique, ea good ten vivant, accepted the propoaal, offering t# tal for his wife a French Princess, of Louis Philippe's fan i ly. Both parties having egreed, the Infante wrote Queen Isabella, lrom Paris, a very interesting letter,as iug for her pardon, which was immediately grante This latter has been published in ell the Spanish papei I * * * Alter this the Infante started for Ma rid, where he was nominated, on his arrival, as Oeft Etcuadra, and want to see the English ambassador, whom ha apeka about the affair. This gentleman assu ad him that England would see with pleasure a Spanii i monarchy in Moxiooda order to humiliate the Americi 8ride, and that the English Minister had informed hi rat the English government waa always ready to ha the Bpaniarda in any attempt to reatore their power Mexico. After this, the Infante bad an interview with Quei | Isabella, and then went to Jurol end Isle do Leon, to l emit sailors, and put every thing in readiness for that i fair. Qeneral O'Donnell has received a communication ? daring him to have the troope on the Island of Cuba r< i dy to start for Mexioo, end tie has been secretly appoii ed the leader of the army. This is the first part of the business. Now for tl second pert It ia said that when the time comes for the movemei the Infante, as Qtft dt Eseuadra, will arrive here with fleet, which will bring ten thousand soldiers to tl orders of General Roncali, who will remain here, ei the troops, with General O'Donnell end the Infante, wl sail for Mexico, where they will be aided by Hants Ann who will proclaim the King Don Enrique I. of Mexic I Vera Cruz will be immediately attacked and surroundi j by the Anglo-Fr?nch-8pawah float, and the King w | proceed to Mexico, where, after hii coronation, he w proceed to nominate hia cabinet. Santa Anna will be i pointed Captain General of tho Mexican army for li and bo dnbbod " Principe de la Fidelldsd." After tl the new Prinoe and the Infante will go to flght the An ricana. All thia appears novel and extraordinary, bnt ever i body here is acquainted with the facta. Now I will t i you what I have seen with my own eyes, i Almost every vessel that arrives from Spain con with new soldiers, and the garrison hero is in a oentint ! movement. Last month we had an encampment of t | troops out of the city. They remained three days , camp, with tents and everything, as it they were on t i fleld of battle. Afterwards, two regiments left the cl and went a asckai fonaiat, one to Villaclara and t other to Bah la-hoods, by land. They Were ordered , march twenty miles per day, and it is said no efforts I spared to properly inatruot them The Yugtnitroi ha been ordered to make all kinds of shells, cannons, li | and the artillery has boon augmented with a brigade I Jir tiller oe it Hon In a. This information is of an astounding eharacu and deserves the most serious consideration ai reflection of the American people. By itself, ai ' unsupported by facts, it would be of liti i moment, and probably would not deserve or r j ceive any attention; but the fact of the gre | Spanish force stationed there, and the numb i of French naval vessels lying in the harbc I together with the recent movements of Sen | Atocha, of which we have likewise received son | authentic information, induce us to place reliant : on it, and we think entitle it to belief Of Senor Atocha, we learn that he left Wai ington in great haste, possessed of imports ' secret intelligence, which he was directed to ir j part to the Mexican Congress immediately on h i arrival thdte, and after doing so that he was return immediately to Washington, and arru , there, if possible, before the adjournment of Coi ' gress. We are not lully acquainted with the tea of the despatches that Senor Atocha was entrust! with for delivery to the Mexican Congress, but w would not be at all surprised if they related, : part, to these occurrences at Havana, and to t) 1 faots which our correspondent mentions in tl letter above published. If this supposition be true, then our affairs ; that region] are beginning to assume a more ii teresiir.g appect. The view which we take ol this matter i further confirmed by an article whioh we hat ! extracted from the French Government paper : Paris, the Journal rfe Dtbatt, and which weanni j as follows. We direct especial attention to tl ' parts italicised. [From the Journal dee Debuts, Keh 33 ] The war between the United States and Mexico h ultimately assumed, in the opinion of the Confederal of the North, a character widely different trout the o it bore in ite origin It wea then but a abort mart which waa to be terminated by a triumphal entry in t ,MtlrtCe of Montezuma. It la now a militaiy enterprii the en 1 of which ran be foreaeen by none. Not that t ,>ioAii/?ua iu?uii?itci uBve upposoa any great ohstar ito the invasion. They hero ? yet proved but lor soldiers, end their Oenereli here not even etteined t standard of mediocrity. But the difficulties of eoil, c mete and Don-culture, would erreet armjee more nun roue and more acouetomed to war than thoee or t United State*. The American* have yielded to an t ; lortunate inspiration, in attacking the Mexican territi. I by the frontier the mo*t dietant from the capital, and t one which present* the greatest number of apacic I deserts, deprived of every nece**ary reeonrce, even tl of water, resembling in all points the desert of Zaai Numerous detachment* of Mexican* had for ifled the selves in some of the most formidable positions, fn whence it we* absolutely necessary to drive them awi Many lives have bean thus lost in battle, and still m< by hardship* and diseaae. Tactics, difficult to be und stood, still more so to be Justified, have divided the an f the United States into a great number of oolumns, a so far distent as to be utterlv unable to relieve e* other. Some are placed at Tampico, on the Oulf, a others at a distance ef four hundred leagues, at Sat Fa, la New Mexico Some are dispersed at Mooter | and at Saltillo, at Chihuahua, and at Ourango. Th 1 have endeavored to he ???nvh?f? i? "> ??- 41 - tt once on the Pacific and tha Atlantic, in the iola and littoral provincea, in tha mine diatricta, a on tha linea ol lorugn trade Tha greater part of t 1 trot pi form a long Una, extending from Mataaorai tha tlulf, by Rto Hrande to Cainargo, than paaaii through inland porta, by bodiaa af troopa, placed frc .k- m6? t0 di"?nc?. ?P ?<> ???ltillo. Tha beat aoldiara .i.n .?!? ,r' thul occuP',d an operation without no into. TKP/!,? . i T*rT freat number of vulnerat o h. V P*rtregiment! are reduc In iihort th? twodhlrda of their effective fore ad !??c? * wh?cfa waa daei ad ao certain, haa completely failed, thonah the* ha had the advantage in every engagement, ^t ia be* onr doubt that they mnat begin n new war; and Oenei arv I Taylor, who ii the commandar of tbo principal carj 1 d'Jrmh. ha* declared ?* much in a lattar, which hi juet bean made public ConaaquautlT. the cabinet of Waahtngten. who i rat. willing It precipitated thamaelraa into thoaa difflcultia 1 {' are reaelved to maka another great effort- It ia reaohra ,}} I to make a great attempt by aea, and appeara datarmioi ) a to adopt the only plan wh ch can accelerate the eoli ; 11 tion of the campaign, and which would be. by takio i l? Vera Cruz, to march directly on Mexico. The diatanc hataMH thaaetm *ma? * - L * * ' , i r. .? ? ;-w Hoon a nunarea'league it preaeota, in the fint csee, an excellent road; io tl an ?acond, a vaat extent of cultivated Und, affording amp i ix faAUKwa.and ?ariou< eatabliahmanta-aa at Xalipa, at la Puabla da lot ADgeloa. The meuntaint, it it tru pratant tome difficult peiiet: but it ill greater obatach to could ba ovarcoma br Rood aoUiart Tha main did culty of thia plan would be to take poatattion of Vai Cruz, or ra^ar of tha citadal of 8 Juan da Ulua, whic lie u turroundad by tha taa, and mun bo attacked by . tquadron Thay are now boty in tha docka of the fed. ea ral marina, in preparing armamantt for thii purpoa jrn Thaoaatla of Ulut ita wall renowned tartrate in theNe1 World ; it paetea, and certainly falaely, for having coi as the Spaniard! two hundred milliona oil tranka. Since th ol; French axpodition, commanded by Admir*! Baudin, too pottaation of it, tha Mexican government hat had it r< "s paired, and it it aaaured that tha American fleet, tuch I >r- it it, la tha pratant moment, would have much ado t , taka it. If tha United Statai fail in thit antarprita, tha na would themiolvet tuflVr no tmall damage The Ke World, where they attribute to themeeloee an undivide , tupremacy, would compare their defeat with the triump obtained by the French arme, about nine yeurt back, an n- their influence would long evffer by iti fl. Juan da Ulti mutt then ba attacked with a certainty of tuccata. Bu preparation! for war are tlow, eepecially in ill-furniahe 98. dock yarde , and if tha attack cannot taka place befor May or June, the very ttaton of the yellow fever, th tojourniog of the American troopt in tha town of Var ? Cruz will be tignalized by tha moit dreadful mortality co for the yellow tever breaka out with more intenaity t Vara Cruz than it doot eleewhere. Thit tide of tha quel tion it not free from embarraaamenta. Tha operation! b; a 1 land pratant dlfllcultiea of another kind. Tha bett tbini that could ba dona, in order to march on Mexico, wouli ba to traniport to Vara Cruz, by tea, tha troopt undo to tha ordert of (Jen. Taylor, who have already paid thai tribute to the climate, and who are aocuatomed to fa i tlgue. But If tha Americana evacuate Saltillo, Monte its I ray, Camargo, tha Mai leant would interpret thit manotu _ : vre to aatiafy their own vanity, whioh it exceitive From either and of Mexico thay would proclaim that th a American troopt fly before them, and that tha bravery o tha Mexicana hat relieved the provinoea of their pre tence. Thay would contaquently reiiit tha invaaioi at with lncreaaad obstinacy. Br Than comet tha embtrraaament of tha Wathington Ca blnet with Congreaa. Tha Chamber of Hf pre tentative! ft whioh forma tha popular element of tha American Parli amant. waa at flrat, inclined to favor war, and oven now tha great majority are flittered to tea tha atarred Aaj wave victorioualy in diatant regiona. Thay acotpt tb< b- war. but not the meant Thay are pleated with tha glo , ry of oonqnaat, but refute to pay th* taioa, without whlcl 16 : it la impoaaihle to conquer The federal government ba |y bean authorized to forward tan now regfmenta It wil alto obtain leave to negotiate tar a loan of 31 milliona o dollara (133 million! of trankt.) Tha turn la inaufflcien of for iha expenaaa of war, and not oven large enough foi , capitaliata to content to land their money to ths Union10 aware at thay are of the ayatem of repudiation of th< 9, public debt, which haa bean put into practice by tome o _ tha Btataa of tha Uoion, they muat ba convinced thattlu I federal treaaury it evidently provided with all necetaarj r- to piy tha interaat of the loan, before thay content tc land their money In one word, tha loan doaa not hart diapenae with the eatabliahing at new taxaa. Tha Waah fl infftnn r.Bhinot k?o paAwamw.toeatu.tOl>- 1 * - 1 ? , ?? > vwB.vijnyuil/ |IIU|IW?? to 11/ 1 DVW u duty on tho entrance of too and coffee. Thar arc tha < only artloloi tho customs oan lay a doty on. In fact, tha ; fodaral government haa no othar income but theindireot taxaa of tha excise. Tha aala of land produces but a i. | trifling turn, and tho Poat Offloe ia not conaldored aa a i meana of bringing in a claar produce. There la no chanco of establishing a land tax to tha profit of tha fa* [a ' deration. It ia not laaa impoaiible to raise any interior ,n | indirect tax, without a complete matamornhoaia in the ie public mannara. Every other article o< the exoiae haa m > been combined ao aa to bring in the greetoat poeaibla re n { venue. Tee and coffoe alone remain, and aa thay are it of I great request in North America, it would be e<tar, by a ! laying a tax on them, to procure not only tha thirteer la , or fourteen milliona, required by the miniatei n. I of the Trenury, but even fifty or aixty. Bu to | far the laat twelve yeara the population of tha Unltei It. States haa bean accustomed to receive the above articlei id. free from duty. The tax.on tea and coffee la unpopular ri' and, in conaequenoe, the Houaa of Repreaentativea hai d. declared, by an Immenae majority, that they would re ject the propoaal of tho Secretary of tha Treaaury, tend to ihg to lay thoaa articlee under an exciae tax. 11-. The Preaidant ia thna placed in a difficult poaition, am ih in one aaarcely supportable, with respect to the Ameri to oan pnblio in ganeral. What would it be, if ho had ti m do, with other man, on tha aide of tha Mexicans 7 Bu lp there all ia disorganized. AU the springs of governmen in are without strength ; there ia neither army nor admi I uiauwvu, aui uuiuitoa , sua U1IB IKK 01 UllDfl serve m ' to explain how a handful of North Americana hav< e. ! boon enabled to penatrate ao far into tho conn if. | try, a weeping away all that opposed their pas ago. It well deserves our attention, that thi ,r. forces which invaded a vast empire, with a popu ,a. lation of eight millions of souls, did not exoee< jt. 24,000 men in three separate armies, and which do no count more than IS 000 er 18 000 men now remaining oi le duty ; this number of 24,000 men, is the result of a docu ment addressed to Congress. However, Mexico hai >t succeeded in forming above San Luis do Potoei, an armj a under the oommand of Santa Anna, of 30.000 men, 8,00( ,a or 10,000 of which belong to the cavalry ; hut this sute vt 1 ment is considered to be exaggerated. It la assured thai ill I Santa Anna has a pretty good artillery. Bat his troepi a are ill paid, because the Mexican treasury was sustained i0. by the excise, and the ports are now either in a state ol Bj blockade, or in the power el the Americana. The post' ill tion of San Luis do Potosl is advantageously chosen. 1< ill ! is possible for the Mexicans to descend from thence and ,p. attack three or four depdtt of the American army. II le was reported, for a moment, that Santa Anna had iallet iia upon the corps of General worth at Saltille and had de ke. strayed it. The report was groundless But anothei general, with other soldiers, would most certainly havs y. done so. ill The Mexican troops are remarkably frugal; all thi travellers who have been enabled to observe their man ies ners, have been struok with the little number of theii lal wants The Mexican soldier sleeps on the ground evei he when not on servioa. His food consists in a little maize in seasoned with pimento ; however, though the quantitj he of flour necessary for each is but trifling, it requires i ty, : good deal to feed 30.000 soldiers, and Baata Ansa wil he |oo? be foioed to attack the enemy or disband his army to To satisfy the most urgent necessities, the Mexican gov ire ernment has borrowed two millions of dollars, for whirl lVe they have mortgaged the property of the clergy. Oi c ) this sum, near five millions of francs are required of thi ol I town of Mexioo and its suburbs. We have before ui the deorce by which the government has divided thii : foroed loan, and no distribution can be more arbitrary " The five millions are placed to the charge of one hun id dred and fllty-three persons alone t seventeen o j whomare taxed tothe amount of 107,000fr.; 27 to 40,000 fr. 21 to 27,000 fr., and so on to the last class, which oom ie prises 33 names, for each of which the loan is of 1,101 (races. A government cannot go far with such expedi onts; and (ion Santa Anna has reduced, it is said, thi at pay of his men to a quarter. ar However, the Mexican nation, who at first seamed ti look with an indifferent eye, on the invasion of their tar ir, ritory, now appear animated with more energetic feel or ings. As Palafax, the hero of the defence of Sarrasossi against the Froaoh, once said : " With Spaniards when i to war beoomea national, it becomes a war of knivas."ce Bands of guerillas are organized ; they rob the convoys assassinate all solitary men. It has even beeu reportei that the corps of 200 men, commanded by Col Fremont h- who was imprudent enough to venture with so small i band, I know not how many leagues in the country, ti nt take the Port de San Francisco, in California, and who n- in fact, had then hoisted the Union flag, was cut to piecei In the environs of Monterey, the Indians and the Ranche 19 ros do all we see done by the Arabs and the Ksbyles to ; they lay snares- their victims never esoepe. The Ann , rican soldiers quartered at Monterey take bloody vec seance on them. Th? ,,( r.nt,,Mi,.. a.. a- . adopted thebarbaroua principle, " eye for eye, tooth fo j touih " For every American, who fell* in an ambus cade, two Mexican*, the firat who pan, are ahot. Thi A aummury juatice, if a atop were not put to it, weald ei re cite the Mexioan* to revenge. It (orma a contraat will tna kindneaa of Santa Anna to the American priaoneri in it wjull provoke, were the American* to ke worated ,e the moat horrid revenge. The M-alcana are fa from being aa warlike aa the Araha, but the; ie are four time* more numeroua, and if to th antipathy founded on a difference of religion were to b< I added a thirit for revenge, the United State* would per in hapa be obliged ere long to have in Mexico aa many aol tl. dier* aa we have in Algeria We can but own that i the United Stetea be obliged to keep up for aoine year an army of 100,000 men, their inatitution* would necea it | aarily incur a total overthrow. I Thi* war ha< aurpriaed Mexico in the midat of a ven intereating movement, then taking placer?thi monarchi in cat idtai a*Mch tha btinil obtlinaey of Firdinaud 1th hat priventtd from lUCCffitinf, a/tor tho indrpindenot o Mrxtca. wm growing into favor. They had played i 18 part in th* late changea which had takeu place in tba country. The party for a monarch had obtained evei the adheaion of Uen. Paredea, who haa once been Preal dent. A paper, declaring itaelf for a monarchy, El Ti ai , rmpt, had appeared at Mexico, and had excited unequi o,, vocal marka of aymputhy. The moat diatiogui*i.ed mei r* | of the couniry aeemod uuanimouaiy convinced that ex he 1 turn t? the direction of a monarchy or perith. Parhsp te( | the trial Mexico now labors under, awakening the nu he tion Irom their present torpor, will eerve the vrtgren o la thie i a tiff; but In the preaent moment the public mind a ry Mexico u solely bent to one thought?that of reeUtini he the invasion?and nothing can be more natural. The conclusion that these three Europear he powers really contemplate establishing a mon ,r " archy in Mexico, is from these facts, letter*, ant he articles, at all events, reasonable; and we shonlc us not be much surprised if the thing were attemptec ry' before a year. But news vtnront. m am Thk Dinner to Hon. T. Butler Kma, 01 Georoia.?A complimentary dinner is to be givet r- at the Astor House this afternoon, to the Hon. I "J Butler King, of Georgia. Many of our c xens oh in viow of the vast advantages to result from th< nd *?_!. o. n.. |U man cienmer out, passed at the late sesnon o ay Congress, take this method of showing to Mr King that they appreciate the service which h< ad rendered in procuring the introduction and pas jjjj sage of the bill, which is to introdnce a new en oo in our commercial affairs. To the intelligent and foresight of Mr. King, and to his untiring ex of ertions in the cause, we owe the consummatioi of the necessary legislation in Congress to effec (<j the desired object. He has the thanks of thou * sands. ' Noxtm Rim Natioation?The steamer Hud 'JJ son arrived at Hudson, and not a M Trnumteiuly l>ar(< and Boisterous Meeting i M at the Tabernacle, last Evening, on the w object of the Emigrant BUI?The Bill j ?. now before the Assembly Voted Down? I ^ i Qreat Confusion. j Pursuant to a call for a public meeting of our , _ . , , . .. . . ... i_ _r , >k uiuzens, 10 pass juagmeni on trie om now ucioic '* the Assembly of this State, on ths subject of tax- t is ing and bonding the emigrant passengers arriv- < [(? ing at this port, signed by his honor the Mayor, a r s, ! very large assemblage of persons convened at J" the Tabernacle last evening. The hour mention- * -a ed in the call was seven, but it was not until eight * Jj o'clock that the meeting was organised; and it ? would not have been organised even then, if par ties who did not expect to take part in it had not ? it come forward and done so. <t ? Mr. John. S. Doylk at that hour went forward f, j and proposed Mr. Freeman Campbell as chair- * n ! man; but that gentleman was voted down. !' j Charles O'Connor, Esq , was then proposed j and accepted, amid demonstrations of satjsfac- % i tion. / i J. B. Nicholson, Charles H. Marshall, M. H. tl i Grinnell and Geo. W. Blunt, Esqs., were nomi- ^ nated oy Captain Rynders, and accepted as Se- J! ' cretaries. * The meeting being organized, the call was then ? i read, and 5 Hon. John McKeon being called for addressed ii the meeiing as lollows :? s Kkllow Citizens?I had hoped that the distinguished ! body under whose auspices this meeting was called, ' I would hare been present for the purpose of organising ' | it, but from some oause or other we are disappointed in ' not meeting the representatives of that distinguished body | here. W have waited till eight o'clock, and we are 1 ! obliged to organise the meetiag, and take into oonslderm. 1 I tion the subject which now agitates the legislature. Feb 11 1 Inor ritiranf thasm la aeaai s __ tl (. ? w.... ?*? ? Mm >iu?uuu? ui v|jiuivu io re- " gard to tho moan* of acquiring tha objaot wa all have in view. What ia that object? It ia to pro tact tha aaaigrant k aa wall ai tha city and State, and to accomplish it wa r with ta bare aa little legislation aa poaaibla. far oaa. 1 * am not wadded to any ayatam, but altar a patiant invest!- b . gation of tho system proposed at Albany, y own lmpraaaion ia againat tha bill that baa lately passed tha * Aaaambly. i am aware that many able man in thia city 11 are under tha impreaaion that it ia the beat maaaura wa * oan gat. Indeed I have bean told that unleaa wa take " tha Aaaambly bill wa will get none; but I believe if tha ' voice of tha oity of New York ia given, that wa ahall 0 ' have one paaaad by tha Legislature. What haa bean the 4 outcry hare tor yeara paat I it ia that tho eity haa bean ? I burdened with taxation by supporting pauper emigrants, f , Now, this ia not altogether true. I am prepared to show, >' by soma official documents which I procured thia aftei '{ . noon, tha enact number of emigrants that arrived hare " . for a law yeara paat, and I proceed to place you in pos . aoaaion of them- Jf 1843 43 989 b , 1844 69.838 ' r 1846 78.780 " , 1848 113.407 ' Total 304,113 In four years. Such an immense increase to our popula- T* tion excites the attention of our community, and it is stated that they are not all of them thrown upon us, aa , oan be likewise proved. In I834 it was provided that bonds should be given for emigrants arriving in this city, rf There was a commutation foo in addition, and tho monoya arising in thia way, it was supposed, would amount _ to sufficient to Indemnify tha city. Under the bonding system tha number of bonded emigrants amounted to 5* 383.037 in four yaara, and tha bonds amounted to seventy.eight millions of dollars. The number of parsons who commuted for lour years, amounted to Si ,000. Tha foreignera who ware oommuted for in 1848, ware , brought in 476 vassela. pl The do do bonded do 813 do. ! You will have some idea from this of the amount of . passengers arriving in this city. It ia supposed that an _ immense amount of money ia expended by the oity in ?! . the support of emigrants, but 1 am nnn>r?i #?. u j from official document*, which I procured in the Aim* , Houie commiMioner'a office to-day. that the amount ex- _ ponded for foreigner* in the Bellevu* Hoepital amount* .. ' to only $63,000, and that the expenae* of the penitentiary are $4S,OuO. The aum expended over theae two iUmiia h expended on your lunatio aayluma, hoapitala, Ac., and in that way the excea* la expended. In the law before . the Aaaembly, it ia provided that one dollar ahall be paid f by each emigrant arriving at thia port, and it ia alao pro ' Tided that bend* ahall be given in addition to thia aum . J The merchant* ebjeot to the bonding ayatem aa onerou* ji r on them, and calculated to injure the commercial into- _ reat* of the city, and be of no benefit to any one . ' The bill alio provide* that the money ahall be paid _l { into the treaaury of the city and expended. Thia, th I am in favor of I would go for levying a fee m of $1 on eaoh. Let it not be auppoaed that thia mo- _ ' nay i* paid by the ahippora?it ia paid by th* unfortunate _ and poor emigrant. Thia dollar haa alway a boon fleeced from them. The honeat merchant* of thia city aay w* { will pay thia dollar to the treaaury ; but we do ob: j*ct to thia bonding, beoauao wo incur penaltiea that we * know not the extant of. There ia another dif- M ) leronce between what th* Common Council of thia ' city want and what 1 would advocate Tbey lay c > give u* tb* money, and we will expend it My plan la, ? let i( be paid into the city treaaury, but let trueteoa be . appbinted to hold it aaorod for th* opjeota tor which it to q. raiaed. 1 would aay to the Commen Council, " None of your money ia in that fund ; it ia th* hard-earned money * r of the emigrant*, and I aay let it be held in truat for the f purpoae of indemnifying the city, in the firat place, and tor protecting the emigrant ia th* aooond place." Theae . I are the main point* of digeronoe between th* two aya. tarn*. Now what to th* plan that I advooat* 1 I go for a ** plan that will protect the imoreataof thia city. I aay * that th* emigrant* ahall pay the aum of one del- {, ' lar n hand. That mm they have alwaya paid ; but . It never wont Into th* city treaaury. One hundred ? and twolv* thouaand migrant* arrived her* laat year, and we may calculate that ona hundred and fifty thou ,, aand will arrive hare next year, from that anmber we ' will receive $1*0,000. I* not that aum mora than auffl- B oient to pay th* expanoaa of all that may becom* chargeable on the city 1 Will not that give ua too th* mean* of ! tending them to tha interiar, where they can find laoor .. and employment 1 (Cheer* ) ] am on* of thoae who , would like to empty hurope on our ahorea. I waa d travelling in Ohio, and 1 will tell you a remark that b) waa maua to me. " Would to Ood, aaid a gentle ^ " man, in whoae company 1 waa, that w* had th* indua uious minions 01 Europe to build houioo on these rends, and till these grounds. Every able saan that comes here is a blessing to the country?one who Is capable of cutting our trees, and tilling the soil of onr western country?' 1 would place no obstructions in the . way of emigration. 1 wish to break up the system of v private poor houses. 1 have been told that persons are dj taken from the Alms House, and placed in these privste poor houses, and led on the most disgusting food. This , s) stem 1 want to hare broken up. 1 want to have this (und placed in the hands of honest men?men who are well Itnoern to our oititens?men whose names will N carry conviction that they will expend it honestly. I have seen the names of men proposed who are opposed to me in politics?the Borlands, the Harveys, lie, in wnose hands it would be held sacred. A member of the , Common Council Invited me to-day to come and address v this meeting. He asked me if 1 had made up my mind on this bill 1 told him I had, and was opposed to it. ei " Then," said he, " I withdraw my inyitatien " (Laugh- th j tor) If that is not freedom of discussion, then 1 know si not what freedom of discussion is. in i Mr. McKaois then proposed the following resolu- hi B tions: ? m Whereas, The law of this 8tate relative to passengers Uj i' arriving at the pore of New York, as at present adminic- <!' tared, has failed alike to afford indemnity to the city and ai . protection to the emigrant, causing s traffic In their euf- in ,. fa rings which is abhorrent to humanity, creating private v< i. hospitals and poor houses, which give to the emigrant at e neither the food nor care proper for their situation, and tb r deny to their dying hour even the consolations of rob- m i. gion. " s And whereas, A bill has passed the House ol tb Assembly, which tends in some measure to remedy these J a eviis, ana is now oeiore tne aenate. awaiting its action, ta Resolved, That in the opinion of this meeting, any and pi I, all legislation on thia aobjeot abould bo diroctod in that ai r oourae, which, wbila it boat advance* tba in tore it* of the ai r emigrant*, will have reference to the complete lodemni- ai a ty ol the rity and State from their aupport, and will not, ol b at the aame time, by impotioK uoneceaaary burden* w on the hoaeat ahip-ownar tend to enhance the prioe of t passage and retard immigration from land* of starvation fo f to lamia of plenty. at * Resolved, That the enactment of a law requiring from Ji i- the Maater or Conaignee of any vessel arriving at tliia gi port with foreign emigrant* the aum of one dollar, for w 7 each and every passenger, with the privilege of exacting. b< inatead thereof, in caaea of mental or pbyaieal incapaci pi ' ty for aelf support, where from the total want of relative* T t and frienda, such persons are liable to become charges- hi s ble to the oity and S'ate, bonds which will secure the ai t city and State lor their aupport, will create a land, which fo i properly administered, will not onlv relieve the oity and tt i- State from a heavy burden, but will greatly benefit the o! emigrant. I i Heaolved, That In the opinion of thia meeting it would m 3 be advisible to separate the receipt and disbursement of It - the fund ae to he created from the rest ef the city reve- at nue, and place the aame in the hand* of Commissioners n * to be appointed for the purpose, whose high character M and moral integrity would, a part from all political conai- .V / derations, be the guaranty for the proper administration w t of thoer duties. f Alderman Pcaaaa then stepped forward and said that (< the question before the meeting was one of great impor- L , tanee, and should demand the attention of all our cititena g of all political partis* The Common Counoil, he said, tc had appointed a committee to prepare a report and draft oi 1 resolutions on thia subject, Doth of which he would b< , read, and which oonveyed the sense ef that body on the o< * bill now before the Senate. He read the report and re- b 1 solutions aooordingly. The following are the resolu- tt tiona:? 11 Resolved, That In tha opinion of thia moating, the bill p in rolatlon to alien passengers, whioh recently passed tha ai r Houseof Assembly of this State, and Is now poD'ting be- 1fore the Sonata, ia Jnat In principle and detail; and that M 1 IU passage, while not interfering with oommerce, would vi promote the interest of the olty and the emigrant. ?i Resolved, That the right reserved to the city of exact- H ? ing bonda for pataengera, in the erent of mental or phy- tfc I aical incapacity for labor, when they are aotuaily trana- ai ferred from the periahee of Europe to become a perms- cl 1 nent oharge upon the oity, ia a just and reaaonable power, w and not in oonfliot with humanity. it Resolved, That the Senate of this State be respectfully pi 1 requested to pass the oill mentioned in the preceding re- te . solution, et as early a day as practicable ai Resolved, That, in the opinion of this meeting, the corporation of the oitv of New York should, if this law w e be peeeed, Immediately provide, by ordinanoe. for keep- ct ing a separate and full account of all commutation pi moneya received for alien passengers, and of all dis- in a buraementa made for the suppoit ot suah passengers, or , procuring them employment In the manner moat likaly to protect at onoe the emigrant and the city. Resolved, That a copy of the report and resolutions tb be transmitted by the ofloers of this meeting te the rre- a< sideut of the Senate, te be laid, before that body. oi Jaa. T. Baser, Esq., then spSke as follows : -1 perceive w that there Is, beyond doubt, seme difference of opinion w , among tboee present en the question before them, and ai thare fc been some manifestations of feeling which teemed to m* not called for by any thine that ha* taken place, or ehould occur at thi? meeting. I know the opinion! of the three division* into which thie meeting may t>e aeperetrd I fee before me aome of our moat respectable shipping merchant*. I aee before me the face* of :ho*e who nav* com* from all land* over the broad earth, wd I aee many who hare no object but to witneaa our leliberationi and under*land the question. and tome to a ronclution, which will make thia meeting have tome toluene* on the council* at Albany. 1 am wedded to no pinion in thia matter; and whether you decide on the 'eaolutiona which I have rote to tecond, favorably or >*t, 1 ahall leave thia place aa calm and unaffected a* my man. But I atand her* for the purpose of stating hat if the principle* adduced here thia evening shall ire vail, w* shall have reason to regret it Mr Brady ban atatad that the bill before the Legislature waa not irepared by the Common Council of thia city; and the mputation that tha Common Council intended it aa a cheme to make money, was false The Common Coun11 had prapared a bill and presented it to the Legialature, int it arrived too late. The bill now before the Le;ialatnre received the support of the emigrant i/tniatUi Wha> it nuakaH th. H.-.t. it , "... ram gentlemen engaged in the hipping business. What ra? their opposition! Thojr claim that a dollar a head la ?o much?that leas than a dollar would pay all the exeoses of the city in supporting the emigrenta here ? 'heir next objection was the bonding system They ranted that abolished and oommotation in place of it.? ill I can say is. that in these respects they agree with he Common Council. Mr. McKeon says in his re solaions there ought to be bonding ia seme cases. We agree a that. Now what is the language of the law before the enate It ia that a dollar shall be received from every essenger,except from persons who are likely to become hargeable on the city. I agree with him that $1 should e levied, and that sum is enough; hut I ask this audience ' they go with the merchants ia saying that the bonding ystem should be entirely abolished? Mr M'tleon spoke t some length in faver of the bill before the Senate, and i support of the resolutions offered by Alderman Purser, nd then sat down. Mr. Bovav, editor of the Young American, here came irward ami I mingled hisses, groans and choers. He aid he was the humble representative ef a class of citlens, who had some interest in the subject matter before lie meeting?(groans, hissas and cheers)?and held in is hand resolutions proposing their views. (Groans, loses and cheers) The Ckaibmsk here called to order. A Voioa? I would ask, Mr. Chairman, is it in order for *??/ *" " w iuiiuuuuo a ivauiuiivu?Y^uovrB,!!ruau*,?uu i?Mi)?and to apeak 7 Chair?It la in ordor for any gentleman to ipoak whan motion ia balore tba moating. Ha baa annoancad bia atention to apaak to a raaolution. Ha may apeak, but rhatbor bia raaolution will bo recaivod ia anotbor queaon. Mr. Bovat?The ground ia ooncodad to mo. 1 will omo right (Laughter and ironical ohaora) I abali peak portinantiy to tbo raaolution. (Groana)? rhat I am about 'o propoaa will not impoir tba abippiog itereat. (Groana?crioa for Mr. Grinnali, wbo waa atandig in front of the platform, and waa about to addraaa ia moating baforo Mr. Boviy took bia plaoa in front of ia chair.) Mr. Botat again proceeded to apaak amid mingled roana, hiaaea, and ohrera, which completely drowned ia voice?while it will enhance?important queation hare are other queationa involved in thia queation. Ia true that tba merchant will not reduce the market rioa of labor7 [Groana, hiaaea, cheera, amid criea of turn him out," turn him out "J Chairman.?It atrikea ma that tba apeakar ia endea>ring to introduoe new matter. I muat rule that hia imarka are not in order.?(Crioa of " Put him down," put him down." Tba apeakar (Bovay) bare vary >oliy|eat down on tbo railing that aurroundod tbo chair, aid a perfect atorm of groana and hiaaea, mingled with ughter, land loud criaa for Mr. Grinnell. CkAiaitAia.?When the reaolutiona now before the eating have been apoken to, than the raaolution to hioh the gentleman ia about to apeak can be road, and i can be heard. A Voica.?Not, if they will oauao diaturbanoo. Mr. QaintiELL hera came forward, on being loudly died upon, and aaid -Felkow-citizana, it ia with great eaaure A Voice, from the body of the crowd ?" Let the work* ig man be heard?let the working man be heard." Thia waa the aignal for a vociferoua yell among the orking men, who were aoattered through the meeting i different quartern?when Mr. GamncLL reoeded from the platform, atating he ould cheerfully give way to the working man, if the ?eting ahould (prefer hearing him firat. (Groana, leera and hiaaea) Chairman?Gentlemen, aomebody muat be heard. I ape you will come to order. Mr. Bo vav here again preaented himaelf, and waa relived with a perfect atorm of hiaaea, and aome cheering om hia frienda. Mr. McKbon here came forward amid loud and deafenilng cheera. He hoped they did not mean to choke up v>wu. 11 u? i??ui| uiu not com* 10 oraer iney oald disgrace themselves. The gentle man who wu tempting to addreee them wee called to order by the talr, and the meeting wiehed to hear him; he wee sure e chair would allow him to proceed. (Loud cheering, ingled with some hissingirom the laboring men) Hear e, continued Mr. McK , for one moment You don't ean to choke off every one. (Loud laughter and tears) Mr. Botay again presented himself, and the hissing, roaning and cries of turn him out, became loud and claoious, continuing for some minutes, amid loud oalls for x. Grinnell. Mr. Charles Riddle here rose in the rear of the hairman's place, amid much confusion and uproar, and id it is impossible to proceed with business in this manir. I move, in order to bring the matter to a test vote, at Mr. Grinnell be heard. (Loud cheering, hissing and roans, and oalls for Grinnell, Grinnell. Mr. Kibdle here made hie way in front of the plat rm, and renewed his motion amid continued uproar. Chaishaiv?The friends of Mr. Bovay are anxious to ive him heard. The friends of Mr. Grinnell are also txieus to have him heard; if the friends of Mr Bovay ill be silent you will all hear him?(Laughter)?but if >u will all continue speaking, neither Mr. Bovay nor r. Grinnell will be heard?(Laughter, mingled with tears, hisses and alternate calls Tor "Grinnell," "Bety.")?You will not be able gentleman to hear either? >r will the voice of sense nor of reason be heard? -sughter)- You will not disgrace this city by this mrse ; I say if Mr. Grinnell yields the floor to-Mr. svay, Mr. Bovay will he first heard. Mr OainnELL here gave way. Mr. Bovav oontinued, if you will allow me but for ree minutes gentlemen, I will only detain yon briefly id settle ell tnis matter- The honarahla rtuiiatn hu loided that I wu out ol ordar?I would not lmpoae on m a speech, but my friems have called ou me. (Hare e meeting became moat clamoroua in calling lor Mr. rinnall, amid chaara, groans and hiaaaa ) Mr. UaiRNBLL.wban order waa r aatored,came forward aid loul cheers, and aaid Mr President and ganlleen, it is exceedingly gratifying to find my salt surround1 hare by gentlemen representing every class of prosaion and of politics (loud oheerlng) as ciliaana of New orb, to take part in ti.ese proceedings (bear, hear) I d not come here for the purpose of speaking, but listling to the views of those who would be present, and the gentlemen who had been instrumental in calling lis meeting ; but wh*n I came here at 7X o'clock, 1 iked where waa the Common Council of the olty of w York! A Voice.?They are gone to supper. [Immoderate >ars ot laughter, amid cheers and hisses ] Anothss toice?They were gone to the tea-room tenewed laughter and cheers ) Mr. Obinnbl.?I have no doubt these gentlemen were nployed on business appertaining to themselves, or to is city. I did net know whether they had gone to ippt r or not; - (i enewed laughter and veoiferoua eheerg)?but for all, I must say that I entertain feeliogs of igh respect, and I do not mean, in introducing my sentiente here, to do so for the purpose of reflecting ponany of them. ! came here to give my opinion on a lestion affecting my interests, not as a ship owner, but i a tax paver of this city: and, above all, on a question ivolving the interest ef the poor emigrant. (Loud and ociferous applause) Now, look to the question as it ands for the last sixteen years. The law then gave to power, and I would ask them, why did not the comion Council have the power of taxing from $ 1 to $4, as ie law allowed I Why not, under this law, have used te bonds? The last gentleman, Mr. Brady, has told ou about the bonds. If the Common Council did not ike such bonds as would be suflloisnt for their own prosrty, why should they take them for the city 7 (Hear ad cheers) Where was the city treasury, he wouid ik ? (Cheering.) In the city hall, cloaked up, unseen >d unheard ef; no one knows anything about it; none ' the tax payers know much about it. (Cheers.) 1 say hen the poor emigrant arrives here, let him pay in his I, to a Board of Commissioners ; let that be held sacred r the benefit of the poor emigrant who pays for it. Why tould that sum go .lor the benefit of you or 1. or Jehn icob Aslor ? (Renewed cheering.) Let it aid the amirant in takinx him to the rich lands of Ohio, or else her* in oar fertile liod. (Cheering) Now tbo bill lore tbo Benote will work in tbis wojr. Lot mo *ap>ie tbot o (hip wilb BOA pooeengera orriraa boro to mo. bo Moyor may any, " Forty of tboao may boooao a trdon on tbo city, I muat novo boada for thorn." In ldltion to tbo commutation of $1, benda aro given ir thorn. I muat go to tho Mayor IVrat after 10 payment of tbo $1, and tboro glvo tbo bonda for oach rthoao40 poraona, mukiug a total of >40,Ow. In addition muat a wear I am wortb twice the amouut. Tbare ia no miohant in the United Statoa or abip owner would atand . (Hoar, hear, and cheora ) la it honorable, I would ty 7 No. I will not aay honorable; but, ia it Juet 1 (No, ? ) Tbia ia propoaed to bo lelt to tho Judgment of the layer. Why, tbo uCommiaaioner ol tho Alma Houae, Ir. Laooard, himaelf aay a, that one dollar per head 'ould bo auffloient to cover all oxponaea ?(Great Peering)?both the lame, tho blind, and the vicioua ihoering)?and I would aay to the Common Council, at that tund bo bold aacrod (or tbo banetit of the amirant himaelf. We, tho abipping merchant!, aro willing i pay pi. or even pa ; out are not willing to entail on nr children the responsibility of redeeming these onds. Suppose poor family in Liverpool wanted to ome oat here, with one blind child amongst the numer. The captain says, " I cant taka the blind child? in laws of Now Fork won't allow it." Would that family bandon their blind child, or would they not be comelled to return to their homes again I I would ik you then, my friends, are you ready to meet this tw / ("No, no ") Are you able to meat it? ("No, no ") [r. Orinnell, alter further speaking In support of his lews, and passing a high tribute on the excellent menfern ent used in the Seamen's Retreat and Sailors' Snug arbor, in illustration thereof asked in conclusion that ley should be afforded an opportunity to test the matter i proposed by the resolutions of Mr. McKeon. in eon_ iusion, he differed from the Common Counoil and ould fight hard against the bill now before is Senate; at the same time he was fally i>r?ired to heat the sentiments of every one who wlsueo 1 speaa on tne subjeot. Mr G. concluded amid loud id vociferous oheeriug, and loud cries ol " question " Mr Bov*r hate was leudly called for, eud oame for ?.| imi.t I....a nrtmm nl n ,1 >. 11., - 111 (loWO -SmSIII lean, hiaaea Ha laid ha conaiderod thia preamt tlia opar oocaaion lor bringing up tne reaoiu ion ha held i hn hand (Uroana, hiaaea, qua* ion, cheara), Mr. Botat?Wont you hoar me/ [Loud obaora hiaaea, gmeiia ] Chairman?I bo* you will coma to order; I appiehend tare ara tome hare who wi'h to hear Mr. Boeuy, and ima who do not?(Cheera and hi- ?<*a, with oriae of turn it Bovay, queetion, quaation ) The only way in which a can (at at the and ot hearing him ia to ha aiiant until * hoar him?(Tramandioua roara of long htar, c hoar a id hiaaea ) ?r11 1 1 ' 1 V " Mr. B?VAr?1TW* ii power? [Gro?M, ohe?r? tnd kiMM.1 vn?i>?m-i/euu?iinn, l propose to mu< run uimi eh speaker b* limited to ten mi nute*?(Lsughter) A Voice?He has kept ne already ten minutes. Cmaibmaw?1 boae who are in faror often minute* will lay " aye " (Hoar* of laughter, and crie* of " Go it, Boraj. old fellow." Renewed cheer* and hitaing.) Mr. Bovav?No, I wont commence to apeak until I hove ailen 3D, and then I muat be allowed a fair start? (Renewed cheering and laughter, amid renewed crie* of " Go it, Borey, old fellow.") Ch * mi* aw?Gentlemen, at every interruption you muat give him ao much time A acene of laughter and general ooniuaion here aroao that bafllta deacription. A general uproar of ororr kind of noiae -hissing, groaning and cheering followed^ amid lood criea of " Time i* up, time i* np when, amid crie* of " Read, read," end " Question, qu- ation," the apeaker proceeded to read the revolution*, and waa Interrupted, when Mr. Oriwwkll waa here called upon, and read the following, amid much laughter Where**, the public mind ha* for aome year* past been considerably agitated on question* connected with immigration to thia country ; and where** theae questions, or some of them, are new in a distinct form befors the Legislature oi this State ; and whereas the present is as favorable an occasion aa oould be expected or de sired for thia oity to express its opinion on the whole matter ; therefore, aa the sense of the citizens here present, Resolved, That in considering this subject of admitting 1 oreigners to a residence in thia country, we are not to be uvuuubu wuguy ?r mmiuij 10 quvauuua vi luiuuu ? Some feelings of philanthropy should be extended to the foreigner, hie depressed and forlorn condition in Europe, and, above all, hie right to come and dwell on this contii nent, when so great a portion of it is unoccupied, ought ! to be duly considered. Resolved, That the cauie which underlies all other causes in impelling so many of the people of Europe to leave tbelr own native countries and to seek lor new homes in a distant land, is that they hare been unjustly and wickedly deprived of their right to a portion ot their native soil?that the unendurable exactions of the landlord have deprived their first homes of all the blessinss and attractions properly belonging to the spot called by that endearing name; Resolved, That the true polioy for this city is to urge, seeing that so long as Europe is covered with the blighting ourse of land monopoly, the tide ef population must, in spite ot all stringent legislation, continue to low hither, is that the vast public domain of this government be thrown open free to all the world, under this single condition, which we regard as vital, that no person shall acquito property in land on the said domain, either in the first iustanoe from the government, er alter wards, by Surehase or otherwise, from individuals, beyond a oertain xed limit. Resolved, That in our opinion this polioy, if oarried out broadly, would relieve this and other oltios and towns ef a heavy and increasing burden of taxation ; would relieve labor ofa far heavier and faster increasing burthen of ruinous foreign competition, while it would welcome to our happy snores the worthy outcast, and give him, on his landing, net a vote, but a spot on whioh to work and live, and a country, or at least Ihe hope of a country, and that a free oouutry. Resolved, That the paupers of this city should be located upon the lands of the State, or of the United States,and the communities thus located remain under the guidance and protection of the Common Council until they become competent to take care of themselves. The Chaiuman here rose, and remarked that the resolutions just read had nothing to do with the question before the meeting, and was altogether foreign from the present enquiry, and out of order. [" Hear, hear," and cheering. " Lay them on the table."j He apprehended that, in a meeting of this deaciiption, a majority oeuld decide on the question, and should take the liberty of submitting to the meeting whether this proposition should be entertained ? I Mr. Botav?The last resolution was net read. Mr. Gbinnkll. was here again called upon, and was reading until he came to the word "faster." whioh read I if written "foster." Mr. Bovav ? 'F??tern?I say, "Cuter," if you please. c$Tbe meeting, many of them conceiving that thia waa a rt quetl for Mr. Onnnell to read /aittr, let up a simultaneoua roar of laughter, which ooatinned for some time?when the question was put from tho chair, on the propriety of entertaining tho resolutions, and a very vociferous ory|effc"Ne, no?o?o?o?o"?which nearly rent tho roof off the Tabernacle, decided adverse to their being entertain?!, when Mr. Bevay retired, amid loud groans and hisses, and oriea of "question, question " Mr. John T. Doyle here came forward to propose a serial of resolutions, and tho meeting being already pretty much tired out, received him with much groaning and cries of " Question." Ha proceeded te offer some remarks, amid a perfect s ons ot hisses, groans, and cheering, so as to render him for a time inaudible. He saw, he said, persons present who seldom ware to be Men at public meetings. (Hisses.) The Cmaiamar rose to order. I Mr. Dovna, amid the interruptiens, walked up and down the platform, expressing his determination to get a hearing, when some one in the orowd rose and hissed very loudly ; upon whloh Mr. Doylo proceeded to the end of the platform, violently gesticulating towards the quarter from whence the man had interrupted him. Mr. Dotlk?A public meeting is not a proper plaoe to discuss the da tails of any public measure. (O roans and hitMs.) Chaibmar?I put it fairly to this meeting whether Mr. Doyle shall be heard or not 1 (Loud cries of "no, no? ' no, no.") A Voice?Wo won't bear him. Chaibmar?Sit down gentleman?we can do nothing i whilst wo go on in this way. ThoM in favor of hearing Mr Doyle will say " ays." Several voices in the crowd expressed themselves affirmatively.] Tho Chaibmar?ThoM to the contrary will say "No." A very decided expression In opposition to hsariag Mr. Doyle was given in response to the question from tho chair. A young, man with a pale Foarierito countenance hereupon jumped upon the platform, and threatened to decapitate some person in tho orowd, whoa ho was ; hooted back to his plaoe. Tho Chaibmar, when order was restored, decided In , faror of tho VlAWl of tho mslnritv nf Km meelinw ! wUah wu adverse to ha trine Mr. Boy la. Mr. Dotlb raad the raaalotiana propoaad by him, , which were negatived. I A strange paiaon hara offered a resolution, which waa 1 pronounced out of order amid ranawod uproar, upon I which the question on Alderman Pursor'e raaolutione?ai an amendment to thoaa offered hy Mr. McKaon waa taken and leet by a Urge majority The quaation on Mr. Mc! Kaona raaolutiona waa than taken and carried, amid the moat deatoning applauae, which letted far aetreial minutae. Alter the adoption of the resolutions, the fallow. ' ing wara offered, when On motion, it was onanimeualjr Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed to | procee 1 to Albany and urge open the Legislature the | peas age of a law comiormable to the policy el the prosed; { log resolutions. I On motion of Mr. MoKaon, it was Resolved, That the Chair prooeed to appoint the oommlttea. The Chairman then announced the following gentlemen as the committee: ? ) Jamas Lao, George Montgomery, Mortimer Liriogeten, Theodora Sedgwick, Andrew Carrigen. On motion, Resolved, That the proceedings of this msatiag be I authenticated and transmitted to the Senate and Assembly of the State of New York After en additional resolution, that the minutes of the mooting bo signed by the Chairman and Secretaries, and bo published u> the city papers, the assembly adjourned. CrlAS. O'CONOR, Chairman. J. B. Nicholson, Chas. A. Mabskall, f . . i.. M H. Obirnsll, i G. W. Blurt, ' ^ The meeting bere^ separatedJn the beat possible geod >< ?? , ?hk?*"vw wiui iHwiiTuuaiTirr oeoy l?e ; and never nave wa aaao the aid adage "after a storm cornea a calm" mora folly illustrated-for, la lira mutator after, all was tranquil aa the "unruffled aurfaoe of the ocean in a mld-aumiaer day " Scavioi or Plats fob Mm Chasb.?The plate which ia to be pre ten tad to Mrs. Chase, of Tampico, by.the ladies of New Orleans, has been procared and appropriately inscribed. It oonalita of two large sod massive ailrer pitchers' with a aalTer.aH highly finished and elaborately ornamented. Each pitcher Bears the fallowing inscription, ear rounded with a wreath of oak leases: " Presented to i Mrs. Ann Chase by the eititens of New Orleans, as a tribute of respect for her noble conduot, which secured to the United States government, oa the 14th day of Nov., IMS, the poaaeaaion of the city of Tampio >, Mexico. New Orleans, March is, 1M7." Tha New Orleans ladies deserve all oredit for this patriotio manifestation of their appreciation of their heroio oountry woman's peculiar virtues. Tint Launch or ma Va?? Va?? ?ti,. J packet ihip New York, intended for Meura. Fox Sc Livingston'* Havre lino of pitokets, under com mand of Captain Lines, will be launched to-day, aft 2 o'clock, from the'yard of Mr. W. H. Webb, loot of Fifth street. Movements of Travellers. As Is generally the case on Monday, the srrirals yss- . 1 terday were limited at the following hotels:? " i AMsaicte ? W ftcrugham, Tonkors ; C Finlay. U 8. ' Army ; C Osvis, Now York ; R Davis, Boston \ J. M. I Powell, Washington ; A. P Howoll. Candutgna. Astos?E Pleasants, Phllad.; J. McLaughian, Penney 11 vanla; J. Lunaheur, do; M. Bnatnor, Boston; M. Chaffer, I Halifax; C Foster, Phllad ; W. Blanc hard, do; F Loam1 lax. ; Gen. Cunningham, Now York; C. Davis, do; M Loach, Phllad.; Edw. Stephens, do; C. Hallowell, do; I L Bangston, Baltimore; J. Troy, Phllad ; W. Dexter, { Boston; A. Richardson, do; B Tucker, Richmond; W. I Parish, Phllad ; T. Pomroy. Boston; B Linsondl; O Sche| p ilso, Bremen; J. Ereaul, Duoby of Nassau; L. Tappan, ; Boston; T. Bigelow, IBangor; W. T Pierce, Bangor; D. ! Tony, Washington; T. Round, Provldoneo; W. Ham I mend, St. Johns; 8 Hart. Phild | Citt?H. 8 ewart, Philadelphia; A. Harnlin, L. Island; I Mr. Jamas, Connecticut; A. Ballna. New TnrU n. n...? 1 U. 8 A. Fnaifnui*.?W. Hopper, Now Oilrani; R. Taylor, N ? I. Gregory, Phil.; E. Henry, Berlin; W. Va??ar, Poughkeepeie; W Murrey, New York; J Boynton. Byre! eu-e; K Cook. Baltimore; H. Morgan," do; J Oorly, I Albany; W Naileon, Phil t C. Bobene New Orleane How??o?M Miller, New Jeraey; T Bient Long 1 Inland, J?ehue Hnhha, Portleu <; H. irnltb, New OtleenM J. Hendiix. do; W Taylor, Boaton; 8 Graham, do; 8. fariley. Bcoilanl; rl ga'hewe. New Brumwiok; L. Compton, do; L Harrie, N Orleane; J. March do; J. Mott. N?w Yoik; H Burr. Phiia ; U Hyde, Miaeieeippl; Colonel Jonee, New Je.eey; J. Olraaon Phna ; C Preit, B iton; W Hart, do; i. Hammnn do; R Cameron do. J Bowdith, North Carolina; J. Huntley. Philadelphia; J. Bradbury, Baltimore ; R Cameron. New Orleane; T. Keller, Tenneeeee ; B. Hule, Georgetown ; J. May, Iilinoi*. Jooeoi* ? Geo. Byeell. Del; O. Wood, Utica; L Bear, Ed. Ott Virginia; H. Gilbert. Boaton, Ritnbun? J. Bird, Boeton; B Montgomery, North Carolina} M. Jaivia, Naw Brunewick; W. Btrauder, Byi ?BBna?. t

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