Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 28, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 28, 1847 Page 1
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r I TH] THE MEW YORK 11 ERAXJDr JAMES CflRlHlN BFMBTf, PROPRIETOR. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAII,V tlEH *?LI>?Kvrr? (!S>, I'rica 3 cents parcopy?-S n"'~ i'JSrtb" in wlvar.oe WekKCV (U'!r aLD?Kv.T" Hatnrdny?Price 6M cent* p?rp"|ij-] |2U out.- rer '.nuain?payable id advance HKH \Lu FUK > I tUK'K?Every -team Picket day? Fries t>,'. cetr-i par top',?$3 per annum, payable in advance A.ANuAL PFL'TOHJAL IiV.IIALU?F*ubl'ihed on tha 1st i>> J.m 11 irv of eM h veer?linule copies Mip-nee etch. AIH'EMTI:-F. K.NTi. ut (be usual pricev??l ways cub lu ad-aiice Advermeinaiiufhonld be written in a plain, lepibla maaner. 1 lie hrupriutor will not be responsible for err,f? that mi: , ore r iu llie--. , . PlliNTIMl Ofatl kimlt executed beantilnlly and with devmrh All l-ti-ro or eoir muni cations. by mail, addressed tc the ei.tsld ishm*n*, mint be poet p>id, or tne po-r&ce wiLlnedw ducteil from the soSscro niu-. mi.nev remitted Jh.Ml'IS <H>HDON BUNNCTft Pioi rietor of the f|? V'l.VK iC*T ISUIHMtST, Waiih otiel in*' i,' -lilief tad Mattta styee i ??il ?a-.U-'U v-'t TO LKT IN wlLklAUSBUIlGH.?The two "Si I'ory b'iek f ont hru?e with folding donri; it eouuiut ru ro'wns -nd basement, iu g.,od order, pump iu the y.;rd with ?i? lots of yoii?d, ranirge hone, i berry, plum, peurha il pe r ir-rt; 1 bedf of u-ptininn, w.tli a geod grass pUt, i.italullv laid i.ut with rnaa bathes and giaat Tiriaty of oili r ?v ubbrry, about one rail* from Pack slip ferry? F.nqui a of t.-tmle i M < bmcli, 100 ( batlioni stiect. ur of J,ni? daillmna, corner of North Second tind Lorirre' street*, Oil the emit- a. mil iw' c MtJ bvill o?. L.r.? W II be ?>ld ?t i'uhlic Aue ion. iu piTHf li-niliaruyilie. p. J., or. Titeid y. 6'hdsy ef April, '''/ft 017, all ol tiist eeinnble new bl .ck ol Snwr lldiaa* o? ,.iie a rurr of Corvvl end Kraakiin street Foundry, Maetiiirtbop, hnctr.ry. md throe Homes ta the highest bidder, to clnir a conrerii Tw eans'i pass th ough and yil age to i hilt'lelphia onil New Vork; olsn, Delaware tiret. New /eras r i I rood, from Philadelphia to Now York, within Afteen miles. A'so. a new rtil'oan about to be bui't ia soid village 1" fh ir', no p!ac? ia the Unios possesses it enter facilities for tiaiip.irio'ioe The village if Id railea I'iooi Trenton, 30 front Philadelphia CO from New Y orli, 30 fiom Eoi ton, Ta . 30 Irnoi i>i w Brouiwick For further particulars tpply tnthe ondot ig cil on the premises. J. t RICH. March 21.1. 1817 is2JIw?rh MA ''OUNtR #TOHK to le:,*ud Stock tad Fixtures for sale, situated in the lower part of the city- a first ril>! s'astl for the retail Gror# y and Liquor business x he stock is r?r> sm?ll ud will hi rold cheap, sod the premi.e* lat. low to it (nail tenant Possession given imssediatrly. f ?<tmre at 1:3 Warren streec. i?t3 lw'rre TO LET MON l?t May in Hammond street, ee\r KeVory street, ta excellent tbiee-etcry residence, in a complete state ill ors'imeniel rctfuir, Often with matble uiaas Is. hot tided J water bath*. Ac.?A lofty row ?f trees in front of ihalinisa. Be-.tt47Srerasr.Tini. Apply to ;u71 1 v?rn- vrst A Htt.NS, 172 Pearl sfeet. FUR SALE. Ma THREE STORY HOUSE on 23.1 street, betwesn the 2J au.l 3d Areuoes. It is wall finished, and reple'e with the latest imii.-oTimients inc admit kitchen mure, rick, rnld end w?rm nathr, water cl'<sets An . Italia inarfile runnels ihieugnou the h use ; * ennrf yerd of ft't'm feet in frort, v ith verandah end French windows. The house is nse *f e row of six houses on the south side of the street. Fur further particulars, apply to VYSEfcSON", mldlm'ib 72 Pearl street. ran hale, AT PlUVATf. 8 ALHi?The properly known as No. jrgW lis Mr lbs try strsst, ue*r JBrooin? street. Lot 32 by 100 J.ViMliset. A two story brick front house on the front of lot ?nTffirll two story fi line houso oil the side of lot, with s l*rs.e wo'r. shop in the rear 32 by 2(1 ''ret. with n cellar II fest dree ir ths same. Half?! the pnrch"*e rauney ens remain on bond and m-.flitaye, at 7 per cent. Faquirs on the premiaea. II- t m"rc TO LET\ Mfrem 1st of Miy n?xt, three rh res-story briek liens**, n.iw finishing, >t i.oboli'ii, within three hun lr'd yards if th ft ri. Tley will hive (soil well and eistorn, orsnyht in the ki chen.nnd oilierconrenirnrea. that will render tnrm tlesiral 1? for either a I irg? or small fflatily AppiytiW A i'ol: er, at the caipsnlni's shop nrer the feyy Ose I.f them is f .rsale in 13 tw'rrc Km SAL--, jfiBa A FAU.M of fifty two acres, most delightfully si E3KB tiiTtstl. iibi ut fiye miles f eio P lixabsih'.own, N J. JV'tSXenaip istttg a hindsem* n<nntn dioui Ltwellins Honsa, fillrn With m-itble mantels, and eyerr cooyeoiescs for a respeciahls f-mily: tne whole, inclutliug sardener'n h nrs, bam., i'-e rod otl sr buildings, id a subslnuiiql state > f; the oieliaru contains twenty notes of choice finit tr-es. 1 It' easy access from New York, aither by the yarious ears from Jersey ci y, or the ferry to ?litab*tkp?rt, whecce a tailrcad train runs witlin a hundred yards of the house, renders this property rery ralunble to 'hose doieg basinets in tins ci'y 'i he g eater pert of lbs purchase money can re main I t three yen s on b::nd mortgage, at fiv* ceut. V Y8E A AUN8. 172 reail sr. A'su for.trie, a dwelling house, No. 321 Washington street m 2 !m?ili FOR SALE OR RENT. Jjn? THE THKEt 8TOHY ROURE No. 14 Barclay Cjyd street, (s.altle in rear) famished if requited. Jw?. Al>0 TO LUT-On 34 avenue. Not. 172,172,171 Uteres end Dwetlu-ga, suitable lor fsscy dty good* Kent low to g'lsd Apply si 2U3 Bro?<lw?y, Johnson, Lauphialc liascy, or to T. J Hall,23 Barclay street, before 9_A Jd. ml4 tf rc FUK SALE CH&Al', A In RUK.A' . LIFE, fronting the beautiful Heritan Bay .eons*. aiuMnf s fall tied entire yiew from th' RTghlaads of Nevs>*,nk to lha Narrows. Large and smell if an, imivo'ca iuio aaruproved property, to the put iktnti etu at all tirnn aoit their fancy in * selection or pro pertr. Alto, lonr'eeu valuable kaitdiiR lot% at Wet' Bioomfield, F'mi toe. ndjrtit're 'he Mathonir.t '-hutch patios agn. and oppoult 'lie New Kpitcuptl t hutch. i'e'ltt eaty Portent deal out of retiring frnm the aity 10 a healthy locution anywbera -ou( ihr thorp, can obtain ?l| information daaired, by let or pott to W Q HAkiNlfin, K?i port, Munmonth county, New Jtniy. fw lm*te r Huuofc. No 4<K) Dromdway. corner IVoiker Sirttt, N. Y. AeA JOH N kLOft&NLIC, Jr., has aor completed bit l?f?g a-raatemeatt far opemag to the public, at tie elegant Jj^HLaad kpaeuioi building above detignafed, mid wnicn hr h?> n great exiicnse erected, a Hotel, to be conducted oo the La o eau plan la addition to the eommodioaa Restaurant below, be una arranged riteutive ruitet of dining roomt on th? 11 'or? ?iuvf, spUnl-dl/ I'uruitlied with erery modern uupruvrmrui in (uiu.lure, drrorntiuut, tee. Betides these, sic nubile' apnrt-weuts, tiltul-rly furnished, f-.r the tccoiomean i-m of tsdividuala. or of small parties, where (at it the It srr nrsrtntnu) meal, are anppltev at tlieir ewn heart, by carte, on toe plau alluded to. Attached to the eitabliahm< nl, (o.mauee quite distinct from that with the public d? panuieni) aie .oiur tiny bedrooms tingle and double, with elneaat parlors adjoining?the whole foiraing it firtt clsat lntel for gentlemen, to be conducted ou a scale f eouveuienct and a' coioiaodu io,? hithert > nn-itlain?d in this ooun'ry. J V Jr , traits 'bat it u unneeataary f.r him to anture the public that hit larder, hu wiuet, end indeed hia entire culinary depaitmant. will be of the beat kind throuihoul; and be invites genilamou who are detiront ul ' t the tame lime obuiaina looms and board, or either, separately, to call qjhju h'? aa above, wheie he will be happy to afford them every facility ef examining hu new and commodious e-tabliaha"i ma lm*re March 1,1MT. amft UFCCHUNORKD FARMS FOR 8ALR to one *05'>nndred actual tet'lert, of the bust and mot) productive dim a-idr. P y in* lit v ill be r.ceivcd in their prudaG lent 'liny aie aitu- t-d ab<-nt the eeutie f the United States, at the iciuiiuui of ihe nil road from Charles ou. B. C The elimil* aaleenble, ateaay and ex remelr healthy ; well wooded with abned r t ap.i at ofwater Particular! of this region of country may be had in printed iheett either et the No'the n Hotel,corner of Conrtland end Wear atree'i, or the Tnutret' office. NICHOLAS HAHJHT. mil I - *in tl Wall a reet. 3d tiory M>K .-ALlh? WhtiTG.-lhol hit LAND ?Pu? TO UKM'LKMK.N in want ol t trt for eonotry MjQ teatt. To market gardenert in want of land for gardeet, nnd to all persons wishing a location in the uri?iibo:hood of New Fork VOrertt l i laad in (he town of Westchester, within nine milts cf ice Citv Hall, With the right ol patting over Harlem Bridge tree ot toll, tre no* offe-ed at private tale, iu lota en- taui ig Irorn S to AO teres each. The lands are witniu li minuiet welk of the tailroad; front -n good roads; are in the nrighbo hood of tchoolt and clmrchea ofdiffeient rienoiniua* tiou ; the water is g od and location h??lchy. Title India* putable. Tertns moderate Apply te <i()UVnEHNJtUll MORRIS. Mortmain, Wttlchetler Co., or to mJllB??re WALTER RUT I KRFOKD 79 Na.asu sr. U. Y AO'-'UiNllO fcr.A'J tUll SAI.Ii. etif .A COUWTRV llesideuee aad Karm ou ihe South ft^qk'ida "I L"ug It'and.ab at SOmilet fmui th,t e"ty;ean A? k-,i te thite heart by the railroad It lies on the Id ao.nth K"ad. s miles Kast of Babylon, and Hi.ectly oppotue b ire Island; r.outaina |77 .seret, elinui Ml of whirh are fcuced iu'.o'o'? snd and#'c-iod imp-etemeirt. the Cense in a inosi c nvniient one, ron pnrnurcl. ?e?, and >* flic is-( Is'lsrte, havu g fise looms on Ihe gronr.d tl-xor 1 he outb'lildiuga consist efaBam, it. aipei r, Carnage Ilonte lee it,iii>e ire., aie in good tnler, it at t gi-ed Uarneu vtnh a va idv ol escftiluri liui-s, Atrswherrea, large Aaportgua bvdt. .,n.i 'he g di ah ut lb- IpWl.p lieaniifully ornaien te<' " ithtlowe't, with two wrlh of rtcvllem t, It water The Iniid ixiii a do-n to the Bav oo Ihe South, ana roaches back to railr< i.d r ar the Thimpton ."tttiou There is line ftstiiLg, lo-sling tec . and it nne of - he heslihirtt placer in ihe Usilo-i Bftet lielf ih porehaae money can remain ou mortfaae at (1 r-er ecu. lor hvt ycart. Itwil'he s> Id exceedingly ow. Apply in OKHHOU B FI?K. at the Office rf the Long laiend Psilri ad ' o., ra'7 9-1- ew h aa Wiiltem .i len SIM is' ~"jli/i''fcRyON I'NauranCITTJOM}'A? *" OpruK No. to Warn. aa'gggT,orrotiTB thk Mkrchirt'* Kicgtaai f I' tl IH Uomr-aAy 'n insure agmaat lott or damage J- by Kir-*, on dwelling liocant, w arelioutet, bnildntgi in geu*r,.l, goods, eeret and mere Mud ?e. and every deacrtutloa ol peiaooal property ; elan mutual 1 oir or detaag* by tltlMil tf yt/acion aid traaiptuinliiti UiitEOTOfcH Thor?*a W. Thome. KlinCa 'vjSK*, Thou!** T Woodruff, Apaeu Iffittr, )\ H Flobaott, 11.D, JoveplUm**, Prion, Jneepli All**, M??e? Tucker, J.unri 1.. Johh I', llatiaaa, Jolto P. More. John H. I,ra, William K. Tbtra, Caleb C. 'i uiiii, Thomaa Morrall, fiance* P. *l?n*, Euftruc Boirart, JflUB C. Merr.'.t, Rnh*rf Smith. THOMAS W. TH(>JtrsjL.rr?ii<t?M tlft t> T HOPE Secretary. >,< 1;t |v OU-H ilf.uT V f'K PLA I ?.*?Juat r cairrd, a Huge \f aanrftneat of U-gitetrroM pr plaint, full qui far arid itnlM *>T* i for ?ale bp WM 11 SnlTHkCf), niO w* Y f tlairf-n lane. Ni'liW^V IH-'i*i lw .ya ,on .liaiof mi ' f> r mI? n/ die viannfacinrer'* Agent, c. >. HABICHt, ? t< ?w*re ti We?t ?treet. M. >S h \ LK >f MONlt-V L* NT?The higlmat price* a<f?an?ed on large ar <f amell tnnia mi (old uoilsilaar Wilcbr* diamonu*. pCle, jewilry. Intuitu r. rlottoag, dry |?i di Ike , fcc JUilN Si. UAVIE8, l.ieenaffl pawnbroker, JM William at rear, tear Unane. reraon* teeatted in ptivbi* office, by riuciuit tha bell ml? fm*r ClfciM P*< We.H?rtooma to rant with Mr em Power >3 A|J' T to li HOK Ii CO , pi. !w rb ? and 31 Gold treat. E NE JN VERY INTERESTING FROM MEXICO. OFFICIAL ADVICES- FROM SANTA ANNA. NEWS FROM SANTA FE. MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, At., Am., Ate. ! El Rtpullieano, of tho 3?th, announce* that CJenerel Almonta had received ordere to march for Chihuahua, and General* Baaadro, La Yogs, and Falcon, had racetv' ad ordart to march to othar ramota point*. Thi* la a kind of baniahment wall undcratood in Mexico. The Reyub1 licant calla it poreacution. Almonta and B.tadra are ' Tarjr near friend* of Sacti Anna, or have bean, but Mexl1 can friandahipa are fickle I A latter ia publiahed from Santa Anna, dated lha 17th February, from San Salvador, at 10 o'clock A. M., which w a give entire LietBATifto Rarueucin Abmt, 1 Head quarter* in San Salvador.* > ffeb 17, 1X7-10 o'clock, A.. M. > Excellent Sir?Bt the annexed document* you will learn that Gen Taylor has concentrated hia force* at the hacienda of Agiih Nnava, tweuty league* diatant from this paint. This nawa baa just bean confirmed by my apiaa, and than ia no doubt that that general U preparing for an action, and that he will preaont himaelf in it with from 7OhO to MOO man, and mora than twenty piece* of artillery. On my pait, I hare taken all propor measures for giving him battle in hia oamp, on the 'list Inst. By the time this not* reach** the hand* of your Kxoellency a great battle [tin gran Ktcho >le armat] will hare taken place, the remit of which will bo of incalculable consequence to the country. 1 confidently ti tut tnat the Justice of the nation will be protected at this time by the 1 God of armies, and that 1 shall hara the satisfaction of so announcing to the Supreme Gorernmeut. The troops under my command aro marching with enthusiasm and eager to rindicatO|lhe honor of our arms. Neither the privations, the fatigues of a laborious march, nor the elements, which appear to have conspired against as?for duriag some day* we have had to travel upon anow?have cooled their ardor. Those who aapposo that by taking this route there will bo nothing ior the army under my command to do, will very soon aee that to give an opinion upon a matter whioh they do not understand, some circumspection ia nacaaaary. Be pleased to communicate this to hi* Excellency the Vice President, and aocept th* assurance* of my consideration and respect. God and Liberty. ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. To the Minister of War. This latter la published in El Rtpublitano of the 33d. karing been received by an axtraordlnaiy express Wo have the paper* of the five following days, and in nans *f them do w# find anything direct from Santa Anna. The captain who arrived at San Luis on the 30th we think may be considered the latest messenger from Santa Anna'* army. Thia captain, we may add, also reported an action would be fought on th* 3l?t Gen. Vezqnex, who wa* to command the Mexican reservo, did nut reach Matehnalatill the 10th It ia mentioned that at Mitr, Canals* seized 497 mules laden with provision*, and lour wagons. At the same time it is said that he killed about one hund-ed men Another aeoouat ot the same date seta down the fiuita of the victory*of Canaies at 000 mule* captured, and say a nothing about men killed or taken. Vet another express from Canalea is nnounced, with an account of the asm# capture oi mules between Mier and Monterey, at a plfcce called .\iautecr. The despatch of Canaies was dated February ?. It announced that nil the rancheros of tha village* were in arms against tha enemy, and that 100 Americana had been cut offby them Another letter, written from Matehualu on the 10th, say* that Gen. Taylor had no idea that within a few day* he was to encounter an army so superior to bis own. It alleges thtt in a conversation which wa* bold at saltilio on the Sill in?t, ha declared that ha wa* on hi* march to Ztcatecas, and expressed himself entirely indifferent whether lie should encounter anJ ight Minon on bis route or not. On this slender foundation the Mexicans counted upon taking Ta> lor by surprise with their much larger forces. The papers of tha capital speculate much about Santa Anns'* chances of sucoest against Taylor They con Ian to tbair superietiiy in mere numbers, Lot claim thai the Mexicaua are worn out by fitiguts and hardships, while the Americans have calmly prepared for the con flict. lit regard to the hardship* which ware enceuntaied bj hi* troop*, all accounts agree ; they must have bean sovere. Stagnant water soi.i at iVialeuualaut one dollar a barrel Soldiers fitqaeoUy fell ov amnion with fatigue and perished without shelter, in tha suow Bitterly it the arimibistiatlon denounced for not having raited means to mitigate their hatdships All the credit of laitiug anu suppoiting the army is justly baatowadon Santa Anna. aDd should he fall in hi* attack upon lien. would haidly shake hit authority with his countrymen A letter dated tne iMllIt fioni San Luis tjysthe army wa? compelled to laava behind in thai city a por isn of its arUUtry.far want of mean* af transportation, but <hat it wonld ba despatched in a few days sgraeably to tha orders isft by Santa Anna. We have no where aaen any further mention made of Majors Quints and Borland and their fellow prisoners An English vestal of war arrived at Vera Crnx an the 17th tut from Jamaica, and, it was said, with ordsrs for tha whole English squadron lying at Bacrificiot to sail lor Jsmtioa. Senior Iriarte, the Minister of Finance, hat resigned lie had submitted his views of the financial condition ot tha oountry and the proper lemedy to the President, asking either an appro al of them, or an acceptance of bis resignation. The Vice President was constrained to ac cept the resignation, but they parted with apparently mutual and sincere ettetm. We Bud an announcement that about the onth ult by the reotiog or farming of the mints, tho Government htd succeeded in raising $8'X) #00 in cash, one-third el which was despatched on the 2?d to the eimy. Moro than half of the sum tbua raised waa from the contract for the mint in the capital, the contraat beiDg for ten years.' The Qovornment lias begun to raise a little money out of tue cleigy. The sale of a house belonging to tbw church is mentioned. It it said to b* worth about $60 1100, aad it sold for $30 000, part in pdper, part in cash Th* putting in force the law against the property of tbu clergy prshably hurried on tho insurrection ugtintt Farias The Secretary of the Treasury, SeuorCastilW, was dismissed from office fir lelnaiug to sign the bill of sals of the house mentioned. There hat been a pr onunciamtnU made in the Stale ot Osjaoa, followed by acts of violence, in which several lives were lest. The military commander had effected a compromise of some kind with the revolutionists, but by making stipulations against tbe authority of the Governor of the State and other concessions The official document* in relation to this affair are voluminous, but their Wet sat is swallowed up by occurences in other paits of Mexico. The regiment of Jalisco is said to have desnrted in a body, and other signs ol military insubordinaiion are mentioned in the papers. The Government has introduced a bill in Congress for an amnesty to tboss engaged in the late revolutionary at tempt at Mazatlan, tare only Gen. Mora, woo is not .f . -?j? ? ? a I'Biuvn. vv? Had another loiter frjm Santa Anna, dated the 17th ult , from San Salvador, in which he denouncea what ho calla the aaaaaaination by the invader* of t wentyaix individual*, inhabitant* of Agua Nueva, who had taken refoge at the Ojo de Agna de Catann. fie make* thia ahaigo on the authority of Gen. Andrade, whose let ter he add*; and he aay* the facta are confirmed Irom other aourcea. Santa Anna bidatbe Secretary of War to | aay t? the Vice Freaident that he " will very *oon take I aatiafaction tor the exceaaea, committed by theae men, | which are an outrage to civilization and the humaD tare " Gen Andrade aay* that, betide* tho-twenty-aix | " a*aa<*inated," aiateen war* made nriaonera, and that i they were ell peaceable citizen* There i?, of cour**, , exaggeration about thia, hut tho truth will hardly be ! cleared up till we receive de?p*tchea from Gen. Taylor. I We havo come aero** a letter ofGan. Anita, dated the i 30th ult, in the city of Mexieo He defend* himaelf vigo roualy from the aaperaion* of a paper called tho Drmn etat lie tbu* apeak* of the battle* of the fi'b and 0tb of May " In regarj to the milfoitunef of Palo Alto and La Resaca, I will tell them that i tvoa not the author of thttte. A great calamity, without doubt, wh* the action of thoOlh ; but that ol the 3th never bronght di*crace on I the republic At daybreak on tue 9th the Mexican toli dier* taw tha fl.g of the enemy flyirg more than ? mile in the rear of the tileody fluid of ac'.lou of the day pre; viou*." I Aricaatk* a snanonsion of public opinion till he can | have hi* trial, which ha i* anxioutly awaiting He *uy* . lie will then explain the circumitance* which led te the diaaataraaf La Haaxca. He must find aome mora auN I atantinl defence than the p-etext that ttie American* did ; not remain mutter of the fi.-bl at Palo Alto ; nay, that they old not drive the Mexican* from their position end ?ler p upon the ground occupied by the Mexican* in the meriiiiig. [From the Tampico Sentinel, Merch ? ] j A com|?ny of voltinteeii hive been orgamzad in thia I city to toko part in the next fight, numbering about 60 | The following (flour* have been elected .N B Burrow, I Captain : R W. Health, let Lieut ; < ha* A Clarke, 3d do ; Fijian Browne, brevet 3d do. Tbia company aervea wihout pey or emoinmvrit. (lt wai accepted by General Patterson, and will he drabnnded alter the next battle. It | It compoied chiefly of Texan*, Walker'* Hanger*, Mier ! in nonet*, Re , and ra attached to the 4th lUinoia llerriI ment. Among the number who aepire to command we notiae I P B. Teyler, E?q., and J R W ?*t, E?q , gentlemen fully | capable, wo beli. ? .?. and poaieaiing extraordinary vigilance oud i?*l in whatever they undertake?thereture, pollening jriat tli* guatifi. ationa nace-aary for auch dutiv* We eie told tbat the kind ot company proposed to | be raiand by Mr. Taylor will be artillery, aud that by : Mr Wmt mouetad men, either of which are calculated to h* ol grvat nervioe to the pra-entdy diipoaed of our ci>i/.n!'*, and a terror tollio*e who ate not Death* in the military ho*(itw 1 at l ampico :-Private i Mone. company B. 3d Artitleiy, Feb 1; piivule Morgm, | company D, 31) Attillery, Feb. S ; private Burweil, I cnnipunv D, 31 artilleiy, Peb 6; private Daly, 7th In fantry, Feb #; private McGaiviy, 4 h lllionuia volunteer*. Feb 8; Lieut Oibaon, Feb 6; private Wallace, 4th IlJir.oi* velunteera. Fat) 9; private J a* McBriety.comlieiiy B, let Attillery, Feb 1U; private McDavitt, cempany B, id Attillery, Feb 13; Muffltt, <4 M. employ, Feb. , 14; private Bellord, 4th llliuoia volunteer*, Feb. 14; private Hawkiii*, company A, 4th Artillery, Fab 13; Sergt. ( liia. WohiO, lit Regiment Louisiana volunteers, Feb. I *6, puvate Lyuerd, 3d Teenetaee Kegiment, Feb 30. W YO EW YORK, SUNDAY MO NEWS FROM QEN. TAYLOX'S DIVISION [From the Augusta, Geo Sentinel. March 33 ] The following brief extract from a letter of J?.bn F. McKinne, to bit friend in this citv. remove* all doubt a* g to the position of Uen Taylor. That the battle, tf any O haa been fought, occurred at Salttllo. there la therefore . no lenxerany doubt-and aa little doubt, in our opinion, | that old Rough and Ready haa whipped Santa Anna gen- i I teelly s? Siltillo, Feb 31, 1947. Daaa We are all armed, and in -xpeotntlon of yi a fight to-night. 3anta Anna ia elose bv. and with 17.000 oi men Qen. Taylor'* force ia above 6 000 Wahavepo* li aeaalon of the town, and we are well fortified. I will ' dc write the result, if 1 am aliva. I m P> SANTA PI. Ot [From the St. Louis Republican ] Santa Fa, If. M, January IS, 1947- th 1 wrote you a few days ago, giving *otne account of m Col Doniphan's tattle near El Paso An express came { in last night with the information that Col. D.had an- t* i tared that town and taken possession, without firing a ia i gun, the enemy having been sufficiently whipped to st ! cool even Mexican bravado. Th# kil'ed had been as- al certained to be forty, instaad of thirty, as first supposed? l>< wounded not known. We further learn tbat Oen. Wool ej had taken a town near Chihuahua, and that he would tu soon be In the latter place, but this ia not authentic?it is ui Mexican news. Major Clark's Artillery have leit here. C| but Sal Donishau is proceeding south without him. All is quiat hare?weather oold and clear, and the ground frozen eighteen inches deep, but the winter is dry, no y moisture haviug lalleu for many weeks, except an occa- di sional light wow, which aeon melts away in the valley, 0i but the mountains aro eousiontly coveted with it. Some of the letter writers are giving uuti ua statements ) of the value ol this country. So far from being a liarreu waste, as has been represented, the soil is decidedly rich, h and needs only water to make it highly productive. The ] Arnni ftf u/hnnt in (l<ia noiwhh??rhnA/4 ing whon Gen Kearney arrived, were good, and I think n it a better wheat country than Missouri. It will not d yield aa much corn to tho acre as can be raiaed in Mia- a souw, but its greater value more than oounterbalancea 0 that deficiency. Aa a proof of the fertility ot tho soil, I H will inform you that the onions are generally aa large u c aucers, and many of them much laiger, and every gar- n dencr knows that ouiona will not grow in a barren soil. Q 11 is unquestionably one of the best aheap-raising coun- h tries on earth, an t tho dry uplands, whioh to a Missouri- ? an appear worthless produce (a rich pasturage, from tke tl melting of the ,siiow in the spring and occasional show- o era, which feed thouasr.di of aheep, and which an anter- o prising population will at some future day ii. crease to n millions d There are immense tracts of land on the strenms which iasue from the mountains, of a superior quality, which tl the Mesioans have never dared to settle on account of a tha Indians, who have horetofore been the terror of these o people. American back-woodsman hava no auch faar, p and unless I have mistaken their characters, they will ti soon find where those beautiful vallies are Even at this o time, there i* an indication of a move toward* these tj ohoiee spots, from Santa Fe. The mineral wealth of Una st country has bean but partially developed ; the mine* nre n badly worked for want of means and enterprise Usld is vi found in many places whore M- alcana dar* not go ; and st recently,* grazing party has discovered that metal in a mountain two hundred and fifty miles nearer the United v< States than Sunta Fe ia, and it is said the prospect is Tery al flattering 1 have no privet* motives ia muking these bi statements, for I expect to leave it by next summer, and q hope to spend the romaiuder of my days in Missouri- n< bat I express my honest opinion, when 1 say that Now Mexico will be a valuable addition to the United States, tl when American capital and induatry are brought Into it. p o INTELLIGENCE FROM CALIFORNIA. 0 [.From the Washington Union ) r San Limau, Head Quarters,} tl November 36, 1M0. \ tl We are still contending wiih tb* insurgents in this t< qusrter. My lest informed you of tho success attending P our movements as late as the middle oi September last, u sinoe wtikh time many obstacle* have prevented our e usual rapid movements. At present we are preparing for a second march to the inteiior, end intend once more making our way into the t ity of the Angels, distant from o this place one hundred and twenty miles. We shall, of ti cou so, have to eioounter some difli .ultics and atposure t< in this undertaking, as the rainy season is approaching; a but noth ug is too great to accomplish, when undertaken it with such zeal as our officers aud men evince. The uutc bar of our enemies has increased since I last wrote you, it if we canjudge correctly from appearances; but whether o thiy have really sufficient courage to give us fair fight n in the field, is yet to be ascertained. Stimuli! their brave ry prove equal to their treachery, we should have fear- li fulfees to contend with. A want of proper management U has defeated ma of the commodore's well digested ? plant tor aeounng tins territory to the united States ti This muit eventually be tbe esse, although atteo*'- tl ed with much trouble; which coulJ have been avoid- o ed, had the Commodore received the prompt co-opt- ii ration of those who were entrusted with his orders. t> Every facility that moDey, clothing and provisions could v afford, has been promptly granted by Commodore t< Stockton; and bimsslf and oili:ei8 have been con > stantly and vigorously employ od. The Callforniaus, u since I lsst wrote you, have placed themselves tinder the commaud of Qeneral Flor.s, a Mexican officer. ? whom ha bad taken prisoner with a number of other i' officers of Caatro'a army, all of whom were placed on c 1' parole of honor, end by their atiocions conduct have g again taken the ield, and forced into their service hun- n dreds who perhaps preferred remaining quiet at their ti homes. Tbe result has been to give as much trouble si and annoyance, with the loss of a few of our breve see ii men, who were killed in an action recently between the a enemy and a detachment from the Savaaush Tbe ex- d pedition from the frigate Savannah was very uuforiu n nately planned or th* tesnit must have beenol a more si favorable character. The advantages wore all on the tl nonly's side?they being mounted on fine horses, with tl some artillery, while the American! faced them on foot, a with small arms only. It is strange how the party from r; the Savannah could ever thhik of getting into such a snare : fortunate indeed for them that they got out as o well as they did. They met the Californlans ou a plain near Domingo's rancbo, about half way from San Pedro it to the city ol' tbe Angela?distance about fifteen miles U frem the ship ; end hew they expected to overtake their u foes, who were on hones, with artillery, eul tliey ou ; tl foot, with smell arms, remsiua to be divined. This act w has strengthened the courage of our enemies, and pi deprived us ol important teaourcss we formerly ci had. They well understand the impossibility ol tl eur pursuing them to advantage without horses w and cattle, and have driven hem all far into the interior, so that they have it in their power to a annoy and taunt ua at pleasure, although we oow and u then get a shot at them, which leaves their liumlxr Use. si A lew horses have been captured in occasional akiimuh- t< es with the enemy; but so poor and undt for service, 1 they break down in an honr's ride. A party has jus: re- o turned from an expedition a few miles fiom our camp ? Their object was to cut off a few of the hoists end cattle 1 at Warner's rancbo. and they partly succeeded in doing t' so; but unlortunately fell in with a party ol Culiforbin* 1 doubie their number, who succeeded in killing ono ol P our men, William K Manchester. This dhu was in the n act of watering his hotse, a short distance iroin toe main r body, and wnt suddenly su prised by u party of eight e horsemen, who rushed upon him with their apeei s. Ho tl succeeded, however, in reaching bis comrades, and wa u met by Lieut. Beale, who was in charge; and remarked o to him as he passed?" Sir, 1 u.n a deaa man." and expiredina few minutes. This is the only one from the a Congress we have hid the sad misfortune to lose. We " are .going on mounting our own n.en; and before next It Tur s Jay 1 expect our commodore will be a general of t< dragoons, and that we shall ell be on our march te Ciu- c dad de los Angeles, where he is resolved, it his Isle is d p<*icu, i^diu hi uviai mo Aiuoiicaii uo?. i u MILITARY. < s. [From the Washington Intoiligencer, March 3ft ] I Major General Butler. of theuimy, arrived in this city laat evening and took lodginga at Brown'a hotel. tl [From the Newark Advertiser, March 36 ] *' A detachment of army recruita, conaiating of half doven n. persona who have enlisted during the past fortnight in this city, were aent to Fort Columhua thia noon by Lieut. " Maclay, to remain till the next transport is ready to con- " vey them to Mexico. This ia the second detachment sent from thia place during tee month puat. * | From the Norfolk Beacon, March 31) Gaptain Kdwards of the Voltigenrs, has received orders to hold htmrelf in rsedmess to embark from Kurt a Monroe, for Point Isabel, in thiee or font days. The com- , pettier ot i aptaina Biddla, Birnard end Howard, belangtrig to the asms regiment, will embark at the aame time ' ft cm the ?8 mo place t upt Mwmii*'compeny , we oie , pleased to npoit, Is full und lu le id.neaa at a moment's | warning. ratal w U. 8 Bate JCr?r*. > ,j Boston Hi'bjr, Msrob 18 1647 S o Sir?I luve the honor to teport that I anch .red the n dld'tia below Fort Independency and trcd three times, as u ! allow*:? w lit flie.Elevation SI d"f . recoil 4 feet, weight of j, charge IS ponttda, hollow anot 9A pounds, without uaing i ,p the compressor n 3d A.e - Klav'-tim IA deg , recoil A feet?, weight of 1 charge IS pound*, hollow shit 91 pounds, slight turn ol , Cl cotnpreaser ! w 3.i fire?Elevation 3 degrees, recoil 1 leet, weight af . tv chaige 'S pounds, hollow shot 91 pounds, compreaaar moaera' i need. | m The jn to tho vK.sel was very alight, mneh less than I anticipated. gi I liavo the honor to he, m Your obeoier.t servant, [Signed| G J. VAN BRUNT, Commander. ts Com F. A. Pskkcx.U. 8. Navy Yaid, Boston. 0, P 8 ?Heel ol vaaaelwUeu gun was run to battery, 4 pl dagrees. V. B ,, U. 8 Bain Stsomboi.i, March IS, 1847 Sir?I had an opportunity while underway, of Bring a two aiperimantal snots (rom the Columhiad on beaid trua w vent I Rnd the result is pritectly satisfactory. ei 1st (lie? (elevation 30 deg charge 15 pounds, weight 1> of shell 101 pounds, tecoil 3)4 itut, no cumpisstiou, t.rod *? too leeward lj 31 (Ira?Flevation 30 deg , charge u pounds, loaded si i shell 104 pounds, recoil 4 feet, no compression, gun tired | p i to windward. tu The gun is wciked with ease, and tho cairiage eppsars tl to bs psriect in its construction If The jar to the vessel was so slight that it did not dirturb the glasses on the cabin table. if I have the honor to be, very respectfully, ' Your obedieat servant, * [Signed 1 W. 8 WALKER, Commander. , P< Commodore Foihsi.i. a. Pskhs, (commanding Navy hi Yard and Station, Boston, Mass. i tu irrem the Norfolk Beacon, March 3ft J '* 1.T5f 8'. Lawrance will be launched from *' the Navy Yard, thia afternoon, at 4 o'clock. RK 1 RNIJNti, MARCH 28, lb SOUTHERN POLITICS. peach of the Hon. John 0. Oalhomn, In Charleston, on the 9th inat. Fallow CltiaeneIn complying with the roqueat of our committee to addresi >ouon the general state of tr offaiis 111 conuectioo with the Federal Government, hall restrict my remarks to the subject of our peculiar tmeatic institution, not only because it la by tar the oat in;portent to us, but aVo, because 1 have fully ex eased my view e, in my place In the Senate, on the only her important subject, the Mexican war. 1 fully ooncur in the a drass of your committee, and a resolutions accompanyiag it. The facts stated are jquestionanle, and the conclusions irresistible. Indeed, after all that has occurred during tba last reive mom ha, it wouhf be almoat idiotic to doubt, that a rge majority oi both parties in the non slaveboldiog ales bava come to a fixed detet initiation to appropriate 1 the territoriee of the United Siutoa. now possessed, or ireafterto ha acquired, to thomselret, to tee entire exusion of the ilaveholdtng States Assuming then, that i be bevond deubt.tLa trruvn. ar 1 to ua vital ruination ia resented for consideration . have they tlie power to irry tail determination into ?U*ct ? It will be proper to prermae, before I undertake to sneer this question, that it is my inteutien to place before qu the danger with which wo are threatened from this stermiuation, plainly and felly, without exaggeration r extenuation, and also, the advantages we have ter resiling it, leaving it to yen to determine what measures iould be adopted for that purpose. 1 now return to the question, and answer, Yes, they ave the newer, as far us ui ri numbers --an give it. 'hey will havj e majority, in the next Congress, in very department efftt.* Federal (foverniurnt Tho itdtission of Iowa and 'Wisconsin will give them two aditionai States, und # majority of four in the Senate, rhich heretofore heuheeu our shield against this and thei dangers of tUFKiud. We are already in a minor:y in the House of Jteproscntatives and the Electoral College; so that witMne loss of the Senate we shall be i a minority in every department of the Federal Govrnment, and ever jaust continue so, if tho uon slave oldiug States should carry into effect their schema ol ppropriating to their exclusive use all the territories ol tie United States. But, fortunately, under our system t (government mere numbers are not tho enly elumont f power. There are others which would give us ample teuns of defending, ourselves against the threatened anger, if we should be true to ourselves. We have, in the first place, the advantage of having ae Coustitutien on our side, cleat ly und unquestionably , nd in its entire fabric, so much so, that the whole body f the Instrument stands opposed to their scheme of ap ropriating the territoiias to themselves To make good lis assertion, it is only necessary to remind you that urs is a Federal, and not u National, or Consolidated lovernmout-a distiuc ion essential to correct tinieraudiug of the Constitution, and our aatetv. It ought aver to t<e forgotten or qverlooked. As a Federal Goeminent, the States composing the Unicn are its condtuonts, and stand in tho same relation to it, in that re>ect, aa the individual citizens of a State do to its go ' turnout. As constituent members of the Union, il the territories aul other uroperty of the Union along to them, as joint owners or partners, and et to the Government, as it erroneously sup used by some. Tho Government is but ilie g- ut intrusted with the management. And hence le constitution expressly declares tho territory to hotha ix-p, i ty ol the Unied Slates -that is the States united, r the States of the Union, which ure but synonymous xpressions. And hence also Congress has no more ight to appropriate ttM tertiteries oi tae United Status to us uso ef a-y portion of the States, to the exclusion ol ae others, than it hts to appropriate, the same way, the urts or ether pubho buildings,or the navy, or any other r- petty of the United States. That it has such a right. 10 uue would venture to assert; aud yet, the one is placed xsctiy on the some ground with the other by the conliutiun it was on tiiis solid foundation that I placed the right 1 the elaveholding States to a full and equal parricipu ion in the teriitoiie* of the United States, in opposition a the determination of tue uou-ilaveholding S'atea to ppropriate them exclusively to themselves. It was my ateution to urge iheai to u vote, but I was unable to au n, in const-quvnce of the gi eat prassuro ot business dur < ]g the last few days el the session. It was felt by tbost ppoied to ns, that, if the foundation on which I placet! ly resolutions be admitted, the conclu?ioo^.-ould not be ucaesefully aisailsd; and hence the bold, bat untuccass 11 attempt, to asiail the foundation itself, by contending aut ours is a national or consolidated government, in rbich the States would stand to the Uuion, aa >ho entities do to ihe Htxtea, and be equally destiute if oil pollical lights Such a aonclusion, il it could be establish d, weuld, indeed, p'ace us and our peculiar domestic utitutions, at the mercy 01 the nou-slaveholuing State . ui ionaiiftieiy i? unw.?t uj maintained, Without ?ut>ei ting ili* Tory Inundation of eureotiru political ?)? im, ami denying th-j most incontrovertible tacts cod acted with ice Inundation aud adoption oi the coiutiJ lion but, it may bo asked, what do we vain by haviig the onstitution aver so cleat ly on our side, when a majority i the nou sleveholJing States ituud prepared to deny it ) ostibly iucIi muy be thecasc: Hill wa cannot (ail to am much by the advantage it gives un. 1 ippuk on liom long experience. 1 have never known ruth, promptly advocntod in the tpirit of tiutb.lailto needed in the end. Already there are many highly enghtened and patriotic citizone 111 those Stet-s, vtio agree nth ueon thli great and vital point. The efface ol the iscustion will not improbably gieatly increase tbeit umber; and, what ii ot no little impoituuce, induce u till greater number to hesitate, aud abate somewhat in seir confidence in former opinions, enatheieby piepaie He way to give lull i fleet to another advantage which re poises* To understand what it is, it will be Decease y to explain what 11 the motive and object of this ctu ide, on the part ot the non-tlavebolJlng States, againsi ?r peculi r domestic iostitudon. It is clear that it does hot originate in any hos'ility ot iterests. The labor of our staves doss not coutUci with is profit of their capitalists, 01 the wages of their operaves ; or in any way injuriously affect the pros(?rity ot lose States, either as it relates to thsir population or ealth. On the contrary, it gieatly in:reasea both Its roducts aro mainly stimulate and renJer their ipital und labor piolituble, while our slaves luuiisb, at ie saros time, en extensive suit profitable market lot 'hat thay make. Annihilate tuo pioducts of heir labor -strike trom the list the three articles, which are imost exclusively, the pioducu ol their labor?cotton, ice sod tobacco, aud what would become of the great hipping, uivigaiiog. commercial hod manufactuiing inmats ot the nou-slaveholditig Sia'es I Who'. ol tlieu ,ow?ls and Walihams; their New Vork and Boston, at d ther maruifacturing end cosimarciai cities f iVhet, to nlarge the qunrtion, would become ol the exports and mpotti ol the Union itself; lis hkipplug and tonnage t? immense revenue, in the disbuiicmeut ot which mil tone in those States, diiectly or indirectly, live and plot a- I Fortunutsly, then, me ciusale ag-tni-t our no neslic insti<ttiioti (iocs not ongi.iute in huanlity of inti ests. If it did, the posmbility ol arresting tuo threaten d d inger, are saving ouisolves, short ol u disruptuie o ho Union, would be altogether hopeless ; so prcdotmsilt is the regard lor interest In those btatos, over ul ther considerations. Nor doe* it originate in any eppis'iennion that the lataholding State.. would acquire an undue prepurdor nee in thn Union, urilnit testricted ts their praien n.its If even u lull sham of the Territories should f-il ) our lot, wecould never hope to outweigh, by any in re.ised nuatbar of siaveliolding States, tun great pr> pun eranoe which their numbers give to the nou siavehol ig States in the House ot Representatives aud th# Klec ji til College. All we could hope tor weul-l be to pre oive an t quality in the Sine to, or, ut most, to acquiro t irvi oudeiaoco in that brancli of tho government. Hut, if it oiigio.itos neither in the on- nor the other o lose, whet are the real motives end objects ol their cru sde sgainsi our institution ? villi scexery to explain what are the feelings and views oi la people ot the non alxvebolding States m reference tc with their effects on their party oporutions, especially ] ielation to tho Preaulmitiil election They muy, in letererice to the sulject tinder consider (inn, be divided into four classes. (Jf these, tho aboii iiiarn nt nnrr?th* intm! Ihiiaf in ?rfri<t mnnril si-womi .. > i:o, an . thus regai ilm( it, dcain it tnoir leg(ie?t duty tu enroy it, ivon ai. inhi it involve the destruction ul tin oustitution and th* Union-constitute one olais. li ia . stall one, nut piobahiy cxioe lntg five per cent of the optilatiun ol those States l'ney voted, if I reuleot oliecily, about 15,tit 0 oi ul moat ao 000 vote* in the Insl at of tueir atro. gth in the mate ol New York, oat ol bout 401),W 0 votea, which would give Hliwnt flvi pm rut. Turn strength hi tnat s<ate, 1 Would suppos a fully equal to Itiuir avarjgu atiengtu ill the nouave holding ft'Btea geuer llyr. Another class c?m i ta I the fcr,<,.t body of the cil.ueni ol tnoao State a, consulting >.t lean evon-triillia of ihe whole, und who, while ley i c?irt shiver. aa ao thl, ami aa inch arn l i aid in raetiictir.g and extirpating it, when it tan ha uim ooiiiiotoiiily with couatinnion.ant without en nigering the pence ?r prosperity of the countiy, do n it Hard It aa ain to ha put down l.y a.l and every means Of the othor two, one n small class, put haps r ot ex aejirg live per cen' of iho wboie, who view slavery ai e do. mora a? an luailiution, an l tue only one, by which *o races, ee dissimilar aa thoae inhabiting the ilaveliobi ig Stutea. can live together nearly in equal numbers i peace end prosperity, and that tin abolition would emi i the extirpation ot one or the other taca. If (bay rt tid It aa .in evil, it is ill (he nbatract, just as govern' ut, with all ita buithi-na, lahor with all ita toi.a, pin., liment wttn till ita inflictions, and thnueanda of odiei nnga, are evila, when viewed in the a hat tact j hut fat heiwise when viewed in the conciate, necai.aa they re vent n greater amount of evil than what they inflict i is tha cn?e ol slavery aa it exist* with n* The retnatiiiag claaa ia muc.ii larger, but atiil relatively small oas, laaa, perhaps, than twenty p r cent ol thr 'Lola, but posaek.ii g great activity and political li flu nee in proportion to its numbers It coinists ol the pc Ileal bal<-ra ol the respective parties, and their parti ins and 1. line e a '1 hey, lor tha most p?. t, aie pel l? ct I iniliflereut about aboliuoa, and are i eady to lake aj'het de, lor or attains!, according to the calculation ol the btiticwl chancea ; their great aud lea ung object heii g i Cany the election*, e-p?rially tne l'r. si ential hi.'! atfby rocaiv# the honoia ai d tn.oltimtnu iniiJciitU i power, buth in tbe heder>l und Utate govetim.inta. Mich Hie tha viawa and ieelu ga of the aevoral i Inn ea i tbe non-iiavalioldliig tVatei, in lelaience to slavery, i it exists withua It ia manifaat, on a survey of ttiu hole, mat tha first claaa?that ia, the sheliliou party pi m li?is tha centre wtaic i baa given Ui* impulse Unit a put iu motion thiaciuaads our domestic mati itiun. It is tha only one that boa any decidedly hostile elinga in reference to it, uud which, m opposing it, it ;tuated by any aliotig deaiie to laitrict, or destroy it. But, it may be aikad, how can to imsil claaa tally HI? D A Hi MX A *47. I large mtjorrty ol b)th parties In the non-slaveholding State* to come to tne determination thay have in reference to our domestic institute n I To answer thia question, it i* Decenary to go one ttap further, and explain tha habitual itate of p-rties in those, and, indaad, in a. mint *11 tha States of tha Union. Thara are few of the non-slavtbolding State*, perhaps not more than two or three, in which tha partie* aro not o nicely balanced, a* to make tha re*ult of election*, both State ami federal, *o doubtful, a* to put it la the power of a amall party, firmly linked together, to turn the electioua, by throwing their weight into the acala of the party which may moat favor ita view* ; auch ia tha abolition party. Thoy have, from the firat. made their view* paramount to the party struggle* of the day, aod thrown their weight where their viewa could be beat promoted By puraulng tbia courae, their influence waa aoon felt inthe election*, and, in consequent, to gain' them aoon became the object ot party courtabip ; firat by tho whig* ; but for the laat twelve montha, more eagerly j by the democrat!, aa if to make up for laat time. They I | are now apenly courted by both ; each striving by their zeal to win their favor by expressing their earnest desire to exclude what t!i?y call slavery irom all tha territories ! of the United States, acquired or to be acquired. No 1 doubt the Mexican war, and the apprebonsion of large j acquisition of territory to the slave-holding State*, baa ! done much to produce this state of thing* ; but i f itself it : would hnve bean feeble The main ruusa or motive, t inen, 01 mis crusane against our domestic institution, u I , to b? traced to tlio ail-absorbing interest, wb ieh both par i tie* take, iu carry in* the elections, especially the Presi- i der.tial. Indeed, when we reflect that the exiwnditure | of the federal government, at all time* great, ia now , swelled probably to the rate of seventy million ot doll-ire 1 i annually, and that (he influence of it* patronage gives it j , great away, not only ovor ita own. hut over the State | election*, which giv** in addition a control over a vait I < amount of patronage, and the control of the federal pat- j ronage, with all it* emolument* and bonorr, centre in the President of the United .state*, it i* not at all surprising that both parties should take such absorbing interest in th? Presidential election , acting, at both do. on the principle of turning opponents out of office, and bestowing the honors and emoluments of government on their folL lowers, ae the reward of partizan services In sucli a ! state of thiugs, it la not a matter for wonder, that a course of policy, ao wall calculated to conciliate a party like the abolitionist*, n* that of excluding slavery from the terrir toriea, should be eagerly embraced by both parties, in , the uon-slavebobling State*, when by secuting their j support, each calcu'ates on winning the rich aud glitter ing prize ot the Piesidency lit this is to be found the motive end object of the p ?Mt 01 made against our doI mystic ins'itntion, on the part ot political lender* and their I partiz in* in those State*. it would bo a great mistake to suppose that it ia the lea* dangerous, because it uiiginate* mainly iu mere party c-nsideiatijns, in connection with election*. It will be on that account hut the more so, uolees, indeed, it should be met by ue with piomputude and unanimity. The absorbing, over riding interest, felt bv bulk parties to osrry the elections, especially the Presidential, would give aticb an impulse to their aborts to conciliate tho abolitionists, at our expense, if we should look on with apparent indifference, as would enlist in their favor the large portion of the non-slaveholding States, estimated at seven tenths of the whole, which aro us yet well offseted towards us an.l utterly diihenrten thi small but intelligent class, which, as yet, is perlcctly sound The for m?r would conclude, in that cu> o, that we ourselves w cte ready to yield and surrendarour domestic institution, as indefensible; aud that tha non-slaveboldiug States might cany th*ir determination into full iff.ot, without hazard to the Constitution or the Union, or oven disturbing the harmouy aud |>euee of too ceun'ry. Indeed, such lias already been our apparent indifference, tliut those opinions have bera wpnaai, even on the flour of Cong: eta. ! But, if wo should act aa we ought?if wo, by our prompt- I itude, energy, aud unanimity, prove that wc atand ready 1 to defend our righta, and to maintain our perfect iquali , t) , as members of the Union, be tho consequences what thoy may; and that the immediate and necessary effect of couiting abolition veto*, by eitbnr purty, would he to | I lose outs, a very different result would certainty follow, j That largo portion of the non-ilsve holding Suites, who, j although they consider slavery aa an evil, are not Aa* i posed to violate tho Constitution, and much less to endanger ita overthrow, and with it tha Union lUulf, would i take sides with us, ugainstour assailants; win ia tho sound portion, who are already with us, would rally to the rescue The nectstarv effect would be tha; tha party leaders and their followeis, who expect to receive tha ITesiden- , tial election, by tho aid of the abolitionists, seeing then I hope* blasted by the lota of our votes, would drop their I courtship, arid leave the prrty, ieduced to inaiguiliceoct' with acorn. The end would be, should wo art lathe ntaauar indicated, the rally of a now catty iu the ironsleveholtllog States, more powerful tliau oitnar of the i old, whiwou thie great juration, would be faithful to all of the ctMproaiiiee and obligations of the comtitution, and who by uniting with ua, would put a final atop to the lartlier agitation of tbia dangerous question Such woul.l bo the curtain eir^ct of luwliaj,', aitli ptoiiiptituJo un<i unanimity, tbo detoraiinanou of the noii-rlaveholding 3iut?s to sppiopriato all the territoiies to their own ua? That it has not yot heeu ao met ia certaiu ; and the neit question ia ?Why ha< it not been, tnid what ia the cause ottliu apparent indifference iu ictcienco to a danger an menacing, if not piomptly and unitedly mot on ourynrt I In ausweriug Una important MM, I am lieppy to aay, that I have it en no reason to uttubu'.a thia wuut of promptitudo aud unanimity to nuy division of sentiment orreul iod<fl'erence, on the pirt of the people of tho iltva i holding States, or their delegates iu Congress On the oontrary, as far as my obieitution exteuda, there ia not one of their member* of Cougresa, who haa given an) certain isdicat'Onof either. On the trying questions connected with the Wiltnot proviso, tho vole a ot the mom bera from the alavehulding mates, at the laat and present sessions, were tiuanimoua. To explain wbat ia really the i cat ae, 1 muat again recur to what has already boen fta'ed; the atsoruing lute rest felt in the eiuctioua. capei cially tho prcaidentiul, and the controlling influence which party leaders and their toiloweia exercise over them. The great atiuggle between the parties ia, which ahall auccead in electing ita candidate', in cons<" t quenco ot which, the Presidential election haa become the paramount queatian. All othcra are held subordinate to it by the leadera aud their foliowere It dai panda on them to determine whether any queation ahall he admitted into the issno between tho partiea, in the Presidential contest, or whether it shall he par dally or entirely excluded. Whether it ahall he ouu or 'ho other, if decided entirely in rm'crence te its favorable or unlavora'de beaiing outhe contest, without looking to the higher rooaideratious of ita effecta ouihr iroperity, the institutions, or safety of the country. Nothing can more atrongly illustrate the truth of what I have a'Sorted, than the course of the partiea in relation to the question which BOW claims your attention Although aone can be more intimately connected with the peaca sad va eiy of the Union, it ia kept out of tha itaue be tween the parties, because it is aeon that tha residential vote ot New York, und many others of tin tionalavehulding Hta'es, will in all probahility depend on the votra ?l tha .abolitionist) i ai d that tho election 0 lie Prea dont may in like manner d upend on the votes 1 those States And hence the lenders in them are tola rated by many of tha leaden and their followeia in the slaseholding States, in openly cansss-ing tor the vote of . the abolitionists, by acting in unbon with them, iu reler nee to a question, on the decision of which the I ssfoty of their o? n auction, and that of the Union r.aeii may<spend But whil- it is arcn that the Presidential I election nay be lacurcd by counting the abolition votes. | it is at the sarin t me seen, that it may be lust, if the coti sequence rhould be the loss ol the Vote ot the tluvehold . ing btaea: ami hence the leadeia are tore id to attempt t to secure ths former without losing the latter The 1 game ia a difficult one ; hut as difficult s* it is, they do . not despair ot accost*, ;with the powerful instrument wliich they have under their control. '1 liay have, iu the first place, that of the party preta, through which a . mighty inliueuca ia ex*rtod over pibltc opinion The line ot policy adopted is, for the party press to obaarvo a I profound silence on this great and vital question ; or.ii , iney rpeaK hi an, so aprae hb ui dun a lulie direction to I public opinion. Actio* in conformity to tbi* policy of the two leading urgent at the neat of Government on* never I alludes to the question. io that ?? tar a. ita remark* ere I con .crue t, no una could suppose that it wan tho caUBo of i tha least agitation or feeling in any portion of the Umun The other, occasionally alludes to it, when it cannot well avoid domic ?o ; hut only to pullmte the conduct ol tlioao who aiaail ub, !>y confounding them with our . detender* a? agiuh rs. uinl holding both tip equally to i piituic caiman. It ja calculated, by pursuing thm , cour??, that tie people ol the ilavr-hil'irig Mtatei i will be Ucpt quiet, und in a sUt? of inrfitfjreuce, until , . another ami >.1111 mote powerful ioatiumaut can he i ' brought in o play, by win h it la ii?p< d hat rluvehuldeia and all luminal* will he cot in d t* Jul i in I I nominating anil ?u| porting tho inula candidate fur | ilia Pietidcncy. I alloda to wiiat ib called a national convention, tr caucus, for noniturning candidate* loi | ton Presidency and Vioa Presidency. Already tha miichinvry Ina bean jut in motion, in order to coeice i tho old) t and muit po| ulou* of tha slave hnidi g Miatea ; and no doubt, w ill, in uun season, be put in motiuu to < If ct tha lama ohp < t in i ll ol tnem. Mioult tt succeed -sOoulI party machinery for Preaident , making picva a long enough to loce the slave-hob.n g Mute* to join in it convention to n rait ,no and auppott a cundida'e who will he acci ptuh e to the aho.illoiiiail, they will have committed tha moat BUI.-iiltl uct that a people ever p.-rpatratad. I nay acceptable : i for it m MMf ttmt the nun alaveho... ,ng Mta'na will oulnum'u r in convention the a avt-holding and that no one who n not acceptable to tha anotitiaumta can ecoiva the r vntea, and, of ceurte, tha votes ol the [ st.itea where tliey hold tho hsiaoce, end 'hat no other will tie nominated, 01 if nominated he ahead And yet, there are not a lew in tho slavi holding Hiatal, man ol Handing und influent", so hiio lad by tarty reelings, or the pioapect ol personal gam or advancement Uy tha ! r attccaea ol their paity, who advocate a step which inutt , pi ova so fatal to their portion of tlia Union, WDdei exist- I log circumstances. Can par y lolly, or ruth*r madneaa, ' go larther ? As to myaalf, I have aver been eppo ad to auch Con' ventiona, Iwcatisn tl.ey ate iiraipona hie to tea, not ' known to tha <,?omtilu.lon; .?'l oecuuae thay, in < fleet, * at t undo ilia Coi.s'uutton with its ci.mpiontm a, in la leiaico to so important a tuliject r a tnu election uf tha i-iiiat Magialiata ol lha Unn n I hold it faiaalar.anl < vt ry way pieieiahlc, to leave the inaction w hare tha 1 Constitution h a placeJ it; to the h lectoial ( oibge to , c.-iiae; and if ill*! luila to make a choice, to tha House ' oi lieprt DtOtlTM, TO'log by -t ,ti ?, to i I < t tha Preai' dent In m he t r -e undid.tea having the highest voti a ! it11', it I had no oi jcctiou to conventions, mi ar ordinary, I would tegaid tbn ohjnoimn at foul, tin ier tha existing, wueu nil parties ol the noi 1 slnv holding viates Hand united ogui at ua, ou tha moat iltal of all qi at ions, and whau to go into one would ha, ' tin Moot, o mncii.Ur on our iiait da both pert,ei tl ore I a ? united in divest ua of our juat and equal right* in the pub,ic domains, a is tuna Hut both parties w dta tit 1 anould uuita iu tesiatence to to greet an outrage. Let ua aliow, at least, at much spirit in defending our righti 1 tod honor, at they have eviucaJ ui assailing them Lot I ^ LD. rr*,vs ?WW 0?al*. u?, when our safety ii concerned. show at lesst ?? Arm a determination, end as much unatiD.ity, us they do wi'h no ilhir ft.Urest on tbc.r pait but Ilia tern porury one of succeeding in thr PttiMtDt tl con toat. Hencefoiword, lot uil parly distinction among u? resie, so long u? this naKraisien ou our ligh's en I hi nor ihtill continua on li e | ?itc.f the ii?>n-?la\ebolding Mates. Let us profit by the example of the at oh'jcn party, who, is small as they art, hove . rqtii>ed >( n tn h 1 y the course they have pursued. As tliiy make the d?. itiuction of our domestic iustitutkn the patamouuf quos. lion, so let us make, on out part, its safety the paramount question. Let us regard every man ol our patty, who .lauds up iu its defence ; ana evriy one at against us, *-ho does not, until agrress e-i crates It is thus, atd bus only, that we can defend cur lights, maintain our lonor, ensure our safety and command icspect. The op>oiite course, which would meige ibem in the temper* y and mercenary party struggles of the day, would inivitahly degrade and ruin ua If we should prove true to ourselves and our peculiar lomestic institution, we shall be great and prosperous, at what will occur. There is do portion or the globe noro abundant in resources? agnculiutal manufacturing and commercial?than that possessed by ui We fount among our productions the great staples of cotton. ;ice, tobacco imd sugar, with the mot efficient, well fed, ivell clad. Mil well trained body of laborer* lor heir cultivation In addition to lurnishing abunlaiit means (or domestic exchange* emoug ouraaiva*, and with the rect of the world, and building up fiouisblng commercial citie*. they would furaish am>ie reeourcei lor revenue. But far be it from a* to deure to be forced on our own lesomcea (or protection ? Dur object ia to preaet ve the union of theee hUtea, if it he done consistently witn our right*, eafety end parrect equality witu other monition of the Union. On thla we have a right to in*itt. Lou we cannot take. Looking ut the aamo time to our aafety and the preservation oi the Union, I regard it aa fortunate that the promptitude and unanimity on our part necetaary to aecu.e the one ate equally ao to preaerva the other. DeUy, iudecifioa, and want of unlou among ourselves, would, in all probability, iu the end, prove fatal to both. The darger ia of a character, whether we regard our safety or the preservation of the Union, which cannot bo talely tampered with. If not met promptly and decidedly, the two portion* of the Union will gradually become thoroughly alienated, when no alternative will be left to ua, aa tha weaker of the two, but to lover all political tiaa, or rink down into abject tubmietiun. It ia only by taking an early and decided atand while the political tiea are till strong, that a rally of the round and patriotic of all liortionr ol tha Union can be succassfuU) made|to so dire an alternative. Having now pointed out the danger with which wa are menaced, and the means by which it msy bo successfully met and resisted, it is for you ahd the peoploof tha other rlarr-bolding States to deteimine what shall be done at a juncture 10 try'ug and eventful. In conclusion it is my stneeto prayer that the Great Dirposertof,event* may enlighten you and Ultra to realise its full extent, auJ give the wisdom to adopt tha best SDd most efllcient couiso tor our own sscarity and the peace and preaervation of the Union. Abstract of the Speeds of the Hon. A. P, Uutler, In Columbia, M. M., on the lftth loat. ?* i , Judge Butler wus then requested to address the meeting. and the following is a briei summary uf his remarks :? Jndgo touched hricly upon tha importance of the great political topic* ol the tiaea immediately preceding hi* entering the United States Seusle. Said that the administration of Mr. Talk was lull of great and eventful on mures, ernongsi which was the erttTement of the Oregon controversy. It whs porteutious and threatening in its consiqutnces? and he believed, that tha country wus more nletuod for tire satisfactory adjustment of it to Mr. Uatliouii (than to any other statesman either in Kurope or tliu Unitrd States Said that by the act ol 18*g the doctrine o( free trade had Dot only been recognized, hut, in a meature, established, and that the experience under it went tat to teluta all arguments in favor ol sellisn restrictions, and that the progressive improvements and the spirit of the aga was against them; that hn fait confident,unJer no administration hereafter could such doctrinal obtain He mad* some temaiks upon the United States Bank, going to sflllW that tha p,,ri anrv (ltd .jimm.i.l.l the country could be natter regulated without it. What itfluence these two measures had smarted oa the Southern Slates was now beyond conjecture. Amongst the other great Measures more intimately connected with the topics under consideration?three States had bean admitted into the l/nion, one ef whioh wm a sovereign Republic annexed by treaty. That measure was dsatuied to bo a source of impressive consequences, nnd whether for witi or woe, time must deterniins.and underfill the circumstances, our government was undor a controlling necessity to annex Texas to the Union?as a coterminous republic she occupied en im pirtunt tositien tn us. i.nd n inch sbe would clwsys have influenced the policy 01 foreign nations and especially o! Great Britain, with the United htatea. He portrayed all < he consequences of the different relations she might occupy to the United States, end thought that the war had giown out ef thai can.'nation. Held be had gone to Washington under a strong implication to support the administration in all the great measures, both peat stnt prospective, sa fur as he understood ths-m, end he hud done so with cnu t xception?he conld not give the President leave to typoint a Lieutenant General in the person cf 1 homes it iieuton ; as such was the measure called fur by the President, aud it would have had a dangerous influence on the country, end would have been unjust to the army?it would have been a legislative censure upon 'l ay lor and Worth, w ho had been engaged in the active operations el the war Whilst awarding swoids and medals, he was unwilling that the bruah o( censure should obscure the disk of their leputa'iou.? Krora the hour that vote was given, he, end those with whom he had acted, denominated " the balance of power party ."had boen duuouuced with bitterness. In oonnaation with these circumstances, he spoke ef the exclusion ol the editor of the Union Irotn the floor ot the Senate.? spiil-.e of the prosctiptiun ol public meetings in Georgia ?that by the**, he, with others, had been excommunicated irom what is termed the democratic party. Thia would not change his course. Democracy was a term of doubtful aud Ulacious import-he pieierred the name ol republican?there were nine aecuiitiee in the guaranties oi an organised lepublic?none in an irresponsible democracy?and spoke at seme length, tracing with clearness the distinctions between a constitutional republic, aud the tuibulont action of irresponsible masse*. 41 If the South relit d upon the latter, as developed by the New York school of democracy, she depended upon a broken feed, that would wound the hand that retted upon it Said that the Wilmot proviso was but an indication of that, and here spoke of its origin and of the reeolutiotm passed by nine nou aiavelioldiug states, which had been iiitrtiluced dtiriDg its discussion in Congress. Thought that tlie diffeient sections of the country enterteiued different notions concerning this measure, as he believed iniuy ol the membei* of the New k'.ngland States were sveise to the acqulsitiouof l'erritoiy at present, for tba purp' n> ot evonliDg any agitation which would effect tnc Union, hut that they would ultimately be controlled by a misguided and ambitious constituency. Maay of tbo Nuith Western members at tbe present, bed no very unlrlerilly leolings to the Keuth, but ea statesmen, dare nut think or net against the dictation of an ambitious, Hiibuii'M uial wailikc constituency. They have a lust for tcrutorj, and will tisk any consequence* to th? Union in the acquisition of it. N?w Ycik, governed by s cold end calculating casualty, was itidiliuienl to any other consequences thin would i*fleet Lor own peculiar inttreS'S- she was s powcrltil commonwealth, aud exercised a powerful influence over public opinion. Whatever may be the present temper ol the time*, tbe day would come when all those (action* would make up eu opinion fetal to the eecuiity ol the South?and '.net tho Mouth must look to hew *? li lor safety, as any alliance with them would be wholly ueiusire. i>> iirniijett una untui.miiy uou< ine ooniu may be at;le to niaiDtuin her petition, but diiMuaioo una discord would be lue fatal elemeDU of her ruin. Her slat* amen, of all patties, must look to the Qnai issue with calamus and <leui nuuutiou, and make uptheir minde for raaulte. l'hare ware maoy association* connected with the tie of the Union which drtrireii to be venerated, end he hopi J it might aland all the trivia to which it might be ubjicteJ, t ut in comparison writ equality of right*ae aerured uudei the 'ouatitu'ion, it muat tun ail the rieke incident to ti>w maiiiivnance of .three right*, no matter wliut tha coii6r<|Uuiice ma) be. It the Sou h suffered |>er pio(.vriy to liu contiscuted by unjust legislative vnect een.ll weak! be an evidence ol deget.oracy, and the |iiiii|'hk upon the tumu itune* of our aucealry would re* liuke her aon*. 111 * . .... ~ FRKNCU MAUVE R. Vl.W.t V i on hand end f ir tile by the importer, C K JlAJIUHT. in A Iw'rc ft Willi lie. 7flis?-slNTAXtiOU& HA1U 1>YK " BATCH If.LOU'S Liquid H*tr Dre. is the he*t arttrle ye ofT-'pil f r the lair to perfectly evre an atuiai Pinch or brown, without tutming or i .Jnnng the aim It i* rouotiiiRad by hundrvn* aba luive u*rd it, the only per |rrt Halt t/ye yet discovered. rVild wbolraeie nod retail by W >1 It.V'l' . alCJLUU.i W'nll ?trret. ov.-.r Bread way. fll m r l.UfKUVtlU MAUNaTiV .Kaicii/iV/idf MOOUKHKAD'S GRADUATED MAGNETIC MA< H1NK I'ItM tnitrnmrnr i* an important improvement ever all ntlirr loima of ni inafictnre, and hat hera adopted by the mrilir Uiiruleaiiuti geceiaMy, e? the most effectual taegeeiie nnchi'ia in me It it peilecliy ?iuit>ie lu construction, aai therefore not liab e to act lint of orde-, as tt the tase With tinnier inMrumeiitt. It droits of perfect control, and can he en < outran to any power adapted for any infant, or tuthrirni fur the ttmnirai adalt, at the pleaaarc of the nperat >r. 'i he iiMsuatie force ta imparted in a contiuaoas in .naar, and WIS' no nuplaaatut teuannon to the meal delicate patieat. it nniiirca no assistant in ita use, and ia, in every respeet, pe.lei tly haimlraa. fcaeh machine ia compactly arranged, with the battery mid all net riaary appltaucea. pat up in neat reaewood caaea A? rnmpnying aeeh art full directions regard in* it* ate and applieation. OCT Owing tothe facilities potaetted by the subscriber ih.- . it.T > Agnatic Mcch'nrt are ae.d at p 'tr1 juilly low at those rh rgrd for iuferiot arliolta. '1 bey r m be reads* ly aeot to any part of the com,try. Price "I i he tnaihieea, |? gliand $14 each, recording to tteaud fluiah; and e?ch imminent it warran'rd. .itanv of the CI 'B perfumed by tin* machine srevmlv woudiilel, some of thr m to siteairi of iha moat trdioet and ( itifal tbaraetvr bo..wn to the medical | mfertfoa. lu all nervitia complaints fe i a * aim nr. magma. Ph tteisnaand othvri ate eantionnt t atnet yaicbsaiag the imitations oi tbrtc Machii rt, under wKdi rer name, aa ?hey Will be fend of 11 it! e i r to r uc Mnnuf.iciured and for rrle, whittle J^/^'.aV fj7 :m?r 'W Bf. mil war. Wrw V etk _ l MOURNING ( <?!.' AT WHOLK8ALS. Till- beat I . be I I rhc any. at H l - *? 'r ? I rat.rrct i. ' m. d ? m r ? Irri wi'l Mee w , i. their M*an >g? ui cm bel e the, pwnbat*. I im i

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