Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 4, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 4, 1847 Page 1
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11 Lai i , in . . i. , TH] Vol. XIII. No. 9&?Whole No. 44MW. THE SCENE OF WAR ! ADDITIONAL INTELLIBENCE FROM VERA C R U Z . AiTAmni GENERAL TAYLOR'S CAMP. ANOTHER HIT OP THB KILLED AND WOUNDED. ARRIVAL OF GENERAL KEARNEY IN CALIFORNIA.^ THE CAPTURE OF LOS ANtiELOS. THE REVOLUTION IN MEXICO. Another Revolution in Yucatan. Aic., Air., &c. [Krom the Now Orleans Picayune, .March 3ft. | The eorreepondent of the Tropic, writing on the 11 th inst , mentions that a report was in circulation that Panned Midshipman Rogers had been recaptured, but declares that, it is not true. The Delia has tho following paragraph on tho subject:? During the advance upon the rear of the city, ruffled Midshipman Rogers, who had not yet been sent from Vera Cru*, was bound on a cart and ordered to be conveyed, under guard, to the prison at Pcrote; but fortunately they were encountered by our forces, and Mr. JlogcrN was rescued and is now on board his ship. We most devotedly hope this mav be true: but the t Tropic't intelligent correspondent positively contradicts * it Our own correspondents make no mention of it, r though wv tliiuk it could hardly have ramped Mr. Ken- * doll were it true, a* ho writoa from ou board a vessel of war. and fool* a .Tory peculiar interest in Mr. Rogers'* welfare. Our apodal correspondent in the squadron wrote us that lie wu* ordered to Pcroto on the 11th of t February, aud that he set forth on hia journey on the t I6tli. We have later letters from hitn In which no makes ? no alteration in his statenient. although Mr. Rogers was n very yoar friend. Still, though wo fear it is " hoping t against hope,"' we ardently pray the news of his rescue may bsj true. b U. H. Stkamsiiip Alabama. > ^ hobos Island, March 3, 1847. j ^ The Alabama sailed from Tampico offing at a o'clock J this morning, and wo have just arrived (half past 10 A. ? M.) at the Lobos anchorage. Wo learn that the Por- " poise came to this place yesterday and communicated n with (Jen. Scott, who immediately proceeded, with sonic J twenty five transports, containing Twiggs' und Worth's ' divisions, to Anton Lizarilo. Wo wore met ahout an * hour ago by a pilot boat, which brought orders for Oen. 4 Patterson, aud minute sailing orders for Capt. Wlndle, '' the accomplished commander of this ship. The most in- ' tense anxiety was manifested by Oen. Patterson and all ' on board, until it was known that wo wero to proceed c directly onward. We remain here only long enough to } allow the transports to communicate with (ion. Patter- J| son. which will occupy but a few moments, as the small >' boats from a dozen ships are already putting off to us. 1 Those vessels have already weighed anchor and uufurlcd u their sails, ready to put out to sen. As the wind is light n and ahead, and the Alabuina a swift sailer, wo shall uu- ' doubtedly he at Anton Lixardo as soon as the foremost b of those who have gono ahead. '' It is now only 11 o'clock, and we are off. sure enough ! l' The noble Alabama is lending the way in gallant style. * and Die transports, with all their cauvnss stretched, ure ' gracefully moving out of the anchorage. In a day or c two " we shall see what wo shall see," and If the Moxt- J cans at Vera Cruz do not " see stars," then wo shall see (? snakes, that is certain. " The Alabama has over 300 troops on board, consisting ? of a part of Col. Campbell's Tennessee regiment and one company of the 8th infantry. Besides Col- C. und a h number of his officers, we have tho following regular 1 officers, most of whom are attached to lion. Patterson's ( staff: Majors McCall, Abercrombio and Bennett, (U. S. li Paymaster,) Capt. Anderson of the artillery; Capt. ? McClellen, of tho topographical engineers; Capt. Wal- 11 ker, 6th infantry; Capt. Myers, quartermaster's depart - v inent ; Lieut. Mead, topographical engineer ; Lieut, 1 Beauregard, engineer corps; Lieut. Armstrong, urliUcry; 8 J ieut, Krnust. btli infantry; Lieut. Woods, infantry. 1 b Ajitoh Lizaroo. March 6. o Wo reached this anchorage this morning, about l? b "o'clock, having been detained twenty-four by a severe a norther, which sprung''up about 4 o'clock yesterday morning, when we were about 40 miles north of Vera u Cruz. The gale was severe from sunrise until about IZ b o'clock, when it abated gradually, and at 10 o'clock last s< night it was perfectly calm We lay-to uutil daylight this morning, and then run h into this harbor, passing the city und castle near enougli ti to obtain a tine view of both. The Kdith. with Oen. o Worth; the Kudora. with (ien. Twiggs; and the Vlrgi- is nla. with lien. PIUow. had already arrived. Tho morn- h ing (as well as the whole day.) was beautiful, with a light breeze from the east, and shortly after our arrival, b tile transports begun to appeur aud have been running c< in and anchoring, all day. in a gallant style. At noon Is tho Massachusetts entered the harbor with Oen. Scott y on board, und passing through the tleet. anchored near si the tlag ship, Raritnn. from which n salute was ftrcd h As the general passed through the Uect lie received t< throe liciirty cheers from the troops on each transport, ti ,\ more oenumui spectacle than the harbor prcaented tl to-da i, could scarcely be conceived There uro sixty vessels present, nearly all of large size. To-morrow I h shall make it a duty to uncertain the name and size of n each, h ? well its the names of the regiments. and nuui- b her and character of the troops present. tl Ah wo passed hobos, day before yesterday, we e learned that the ship Veazie, which was then in the an- ci chorago. with three companies of the 'id Pennsylvania w regiment on hoard, had been visited by tho small pox. f( Kive ruses lind bwn reported. The troop* were about to be lunded on the island. Three other cases of small- a pox had been reported there aiming other troops. o Avto.v Lizaiioo. March 7, 1847. JJj In my letter of day before yesterday I communicated w to yon every thing of interest that had fallen under my ? observation since leaving Tampion, and announced our t| arrival here. Very few vessels arrived yesterday, but j, they are beginning to appear this morning, and dm the jf wind is fair and sufficient, it Is hoped that the most of the balance of the troops will come in to-day. Vester- r, day wns a day of excitement for every one here. A t| Vera Crux paper of the 4th was received in the licet, giving an account of a battle between ?>cn. Taylor and j, Santa Annn. I have been furnished, through the po- w lltencsu of (.'apt. Vinton, of the artillery, with a transla- t| tlon of Santa Anna's report, a copy of whieli is enclosed, jj, Tlie excitement and aiyilety caused hy this intelligence ^ is Intense ninong the troops No one believes that there ' is much truth in Santa Anna's report, hut many are t| fi'arful that the gallant old liougli and Jleady and his handful of troops have sutfered severely, though we all tj believe they have given the wooden-legged geutleiuau a sound thrashing. ?j f'amr mkar vrsa Carx, March 11. 1847. The work of investing the city of Vera Crux is going rapidly on, and by to-morrow morning it will probably be complete. A fire from tho batteries on tho laud abbot the elty has been kept up. witli short intervals, during (lie duy, yet few of our men have been killed. The ei army has to mourn the loss of ('apt. Alburtis. of the 2d w infantry, who was killed by an 18-]>ound shot. During Is a short notion this morning, with the cavalry of the en- w emy, Lieut. Col. Dickenson, of tho South (-arollna vol- tl uiiteer*. was seriously although not dangerously wound- tl ed?five men besides of this regiment worn wounded. !' Shells of tin- heaviest kind have been thrown to-day within (leu Worth's lines, but fortunately no one in vl tliis division lias been killed so far. The flghting as yet. at least so far as our men have been engaged, has Irt-cn tl with parties of infantry and cavalry, thrown out to nil- pi toy our columns as they advanced. To-night i learn that some of the tanks supplying the tl city with water will be cut off The entire army, although suffering much from marching over the sand m hills in the hot sun nnd from want of water. Is in excel- ri lent spirits To-morrow it Is probable that some of our own mortars will bo In position, and than the game will p? commence in real earnest. v "I i AMP SKA* V?:llA i box, ) 'j( March 12. morning $ tif] On the body ot a Mexican officer who was killed last ^ evening in tin-engagement with the Rifles, a letter was found which he hud ju?t written to one of Ills friends. It (>< appears to have been closed after the nffair of the mornlog a- he alludes to it. After a few lilies in relation to i some money matter, and an allusion to some business < with Santa Anna, whoso principal hacienda lies near I Vera Crux, the writer goes on to say j " I much regret that Concha. Ithe name of a girl.I wns I . (i tiuioroUH that they had t?> fend li?r to the rancho, | According to iny uioilo of thinking. there in hh yet no hc great occasion i'or *uch fear* Prom what I heHr, the it Americano, to the number of 1000 or .'>000. have dlnom- o| harked near Vera Crux. and have occupied ( oea Mala, fi which waa abandoned. The light troope at tha Cemetery. 1< with Koine other column, are Hkirtninhing with the enemy on the raud bunk of the Kneanto, in front of the Little fa Well". Our troop* arc very enthueiaetie. and it i." "aid ai dial on account of the expected arrival of 600 men from hi Mvarado. the Colonel of I'uehla ban offered to march out | ti cf the idly with IiIh men anil Home other*, and give the Pi enemy a little buttle. [Thin may have been the action I fo in which the writer of the letter wan killed | L'ntilmow. m the Americana have attempted nothing worthy of attcn- ih lion. Thin morning four wounded men ladonging to our T Hi|uadron were brought in. which ia all up to the present re time It appear* Unit the American* have had more killed and wounded than we hare, n* it ha* l>oen a*eer- N tatneil that aomo of our cannon at the harrleadea iiave pi lwcn aimed witli fatal effect. It la Hiiid at your liouiie I tlint the American* nro in (he neighborhood of the Per- of rltoa. and in all probability will arriv? to-day or to- fo morrow iih far a* Bergarra."' Thi* letter wan idgued M Muntada, and wan found, aloug with coma cigai. in hi* pocket* The lalormatlon that reinforcement# war* expected_from Aivarado ia E NE1 i luoed our oomuiander to throw out a atrong picket In the llrertlon of the Alvardo roail U. S Sloop ok War Albkmv# Hacriflcloa. March 13?Afternoon \ | I cam* on board Oapt. Beeec'a veaael tlila niornlng. to Inisb a letter 1 bad commenced on abort-; yet ere It wui * ompleted a fierce norther aprung up. and there la now no , ommunivatlon with the thore There haa been no ap- [' tearance of active opcratloni on land, however, although * here may have been aonie alight aklrmUblng with the F oUirnn under Gen Twigga. * There ia a ramp rumor?the camp la alwavi full of j umora?to the effect that Gen Scott dora not intend to iccept the aurrendor of the rlty unleaa the cuatle la in- * luded in the capitulation I truat It may be ao * The McKim, crowded with troope. came In to-day dur- , ng the norther, and ia now anchoretl near ua. Two or h.... t?:_. .1?u -i .... . .. i u.r?u.,,.?..??uiru,wri H1M> U1U111' inCir WUylllKlUc Ol . Vnlou Lizardo. It li hoped that the present wind will J >ring In C ol. Harney '? command, as well a* the vessels aden with ordnance, wagons, mulct, and other lmpor- i J' ant moan* and munitions for parrying on the telge with | igor. ' " Col. Totten. with other engineer offlcure. were out , in foot yeiterduy among the sand hilU. making a recontoissancs. Although fired upon hy the batteries. not one , if the party wan injurud. To-day they were to contiuue y heir reconnoissanee. and by this tiino hare probably | elected tho different poiut* at whirh to plant their bat- t eriet. j, A atrange ytory la In circulation in relation to the laat evolution, whirh liaa been termed the jironumiamtnln y Ic lot Muemrt. [Declaration of the Women.] Ah the ^ ale run*, it it tniil that tho prieatihuvc enjoined upon nil B uarried women to foraake their husbands for a apace?to tuny them all marital privllogea until they would prom lac (l o Join the church party, and use their influence In op- |( >o*lng the obnoxious law* sequestrating or hypothec*! v ng the property of the clergy. ThiaHtory ia told with all j eriousncss, and may be true. Tho holy padre* certainly , leaorve credit for their originnlity. if they have thua at- v cnipted to work upon the men through their wive* I have uot aeon a paper in relation to the laat revoluion. but am told thutfall wan anarchy and confusion at | he city of Mexico at last date*. Our only source* of inormation nre the ofllcer* of the foreign veaaela on this j, tation. and thia aourco wo have been nearly deprived of J or the laat throe days. ' The norther?(It is now fl o'clock, night)?la fast dy- n tig away, and a week of good weather will probably ciiue In which to get oahore such of the aiege guini and nortar* as have arrived. Moat nobly has the nnvyact- H d from the first, aud gallantly have the officers been eady to undertake any and every exertion to forward . he operations of the army. U. 8. Si.oor or Was, Albamv, > p Off Vora Cruz. March 11. half-past 8 o'clock. P.M. > I wrote you yesterday, via Tamplco. informing you of H ho commencement of operations here. It is cntlnrly w oo warm at this moment, and I am too much fatigued t rithal to recapitulate what 1 then told you. For t wo o ays I have been moving ubout over the sand hills. In be hollows and on the beach, watching the operations oing on. As yet nothing like a battle has been fought; 1< ut two dAys of most laborious duty and hardship have si ecn gono through with hy our troops. The engineers n iavc been kept incessantly occupied In exploring, reeon- h loitering, cutting roads, icc., while many of the troop* k iavc been operating in their footstep* and scouting h bout over hill and valley?freiiuetitly encountering h ,nd repulsing the enemy, composed of cavalry and innntry, in our vicinity. The e.astlo and the rity v lave not been Idle, but have kept up a pretty con- a tant blazing away at us whenever they thomht heir shots would reach far enough. In moat cases t ur people wero a little too fHr removed; hut un- * ortunatcly, although at a distance of two miles and a t lalf or more, their Are was too well directed, and some asualtien hud occurred in consequence. To-day about I o'clock, P. M.. (.'apt. Alburtia, of the 2d Infantry, was U astantly killed by a large round shot from one of the arts on the northwest side of the city. He was fully wo aud a half miles off. aud the shot which carried way part of his head, also severely wounded two other " ren. Poor Alburtia ! lie hus fallen almost before the " eginnlng of the fight. His friends will mourn him as a rave and generous spirit. Capt. Alburtia distinguished w imsclf in Florida. Besides ('apt. Alburtia. we have lost o-day some three or four others?not more. These t ere killed in skirmishing. F.urly iu the morning Lieut, ol. Dickenson, of the South Carolina volunteers, re- * oived a severe wound in the right breast near the ahoul- P er. by an etconelie hall. He is not supposed to be danerously wounded. I learn that a few others of our men " rero wounded this morning. We have killed or wound- rtl d more of the enemy than they bavo on our side. 1 have only room to state that nearly all the skirmish- >' ng and fighting on our part has been done under (leu h 'lllow, or rather by the forces in his hrigade. which with Jen. (Quitman's is now In position of investment. The ' me of investment is nearly completed, (lens Twiggs " nd Shield* have been moving to-day with the forces d indcr them. I am not yet prepared to tell you uudcr ' /noHO commands tne Uiltercut regiments of regulars and I1 hose of thu volunteers have been placed. Suffice It to ay, " the work goes bravely on It would be incrcdtilc were I to tell you how much work tana been done leru in two abort days, and that too uuder indescribable ^ hstacles?the greatest of which probably in the intolera- ^ ile heat. I have never experienced warmer weather j, ny whore or at any time. jThe troops are in fine spirit*. and ua soou as the big ]( ortars aud field piece* are landed, and the necessary u atteries erected, my word for it. the Vera Cruxans will oe auch a eight ae they kavu little dreampt of , We hear, uh I felt assured we should, that Santa Anna j as been handsomely licked by Oon. Taylor, nnd lo add i big misfortune, there is another revolution iu the aity f Mexico. The latest accounts here state that ft had , istod six days and atill continued. But of all this you a ;?vc probably hoard ere (his. _ I must say a word about the navy, and that word mu-t e in praise The utfnost promptness and attention mark- w 1 the conduct of every officer and man from first to . ist- in aiding the inovements of the army I assure ( ou that without the assistance rendered by (he navy, arcely a thing could have been done in getting mrii. orsea provisions. Ice.. 011 shore. Not huving a chance ( > operate directly themselves, they seemed determined j| > do all in their power to help their army brethren, aud u ius essentially help their country , March 111.?Since I wrote you last night 1 have not ad an opportunity of going into the camp. Karly this (> lorning a sudden "norther" came up. and I am kept on w oard the Albany (till. The blow is very severe, and t) aero Is no communication with the shore. I am. how- -j ver, very comfortably situated, I presume there ? an be but little done in the lines, owing to the violent t inds which are drifting the sand about in clouds, I el quite easy in my situation r We have not beard nny tiring from the city to-day. a ud as It is now j o'clock. P. M . the presumption is that ur troops, shelteringtliemselves from the wind and sand. , re out of sight from the batteries of the enemy. The ^ ,orm has not the appearance of long continuance, nnd ? ill probably abate to-night. If so, some of our heavy ^ lortarn may be landed to-morrow It is all important ? nit our batteries lie as soon planted as possible, us notlilg effectual can be done without thein. The point sected. as I am Informed, from which we shnll first com- j, icncc to throw our shot Into the city, is not wiiliin the r mge of the castle's guns; though quito near the city, H lc castle cannot bear upon it. j .Vlr. Kendall has informed you of the engagement. Is'- j-( vcen the llitles and some of the enemy last evening, in liich the former were finally successful, though at. first ^ 10 Mexicans seemed to have the advantage I did not j, now of this when I wroto last night. The Hides, under ol. Smith, are in Wen. Twiggs' division, which lias it.' j, isitinn In the line of investment to the north-west of ^ 16 city. (ien. Patterson's division of volunteers are vsted on the west side, and Wen. Worth's division takes ic southeast extremity of the line?the whole line derililng a sort of half circle, and uxtcndlng some five or x miles from right to left. I'MOKANbt'M OF FACTS TRANSMITTED TO WASHINGTON FROM VKRA Cltt'Z. [From the Washington Union. April 3.) a f)n the 15th February the people and military of Oaxn- el 1 ttronounced nirainst the irovernmont of Honor Artcnmi hi) hud nhown himself very r.ealons in carrying out tin- w .w relating to rhurrh property. The pronunrlamento" ti as successful. and the government <>!' Artcagn uvorirown. ufter Home little bloodnhed. The people insist int the law of the ilth Jununry against the eliureh roperty hIihII not )?e exeented. The State of Puobln han pawled the following decrees la:? 1. The general Congress shall be petitioned to revoke hi decree ot tho Itli instant, (in relntion to tlie rhurrli rojierty.) '2 No law or regulation looking to the disposition of ie church pro|>erty shall be executed. 3. The State protests agatust raising the " cxtraordiary contingent" imposed upon it, In proportion to Km s sources. Tha Indicator of tho -J7th Kebruary says : ' The pa rs state that there is a mutiny in Mexico, as to the 1' i.jci I of which there is a variety of opinions None of . M reasons assigned could possibly exist under the pre- ' 1 lit circumstances, out of the city of Mexico." .. The Indicator of tho *J4th Kebruary lias a paragraph . i the following effect :?" Scnor Sussex Iriartc has regned his office as Minister of Finance Wn had foreen that he was making a useless sacrltiee, and expected 'cry moment to hear of his withdrawal. Having now i Minister of Kinauce, of Foreign Kelations or of War id Marine, it may b? said we are without a govern- ,, cnt." * IIK PROC l,AMATION OF THE GOVERNOR OF VERA muz. ( oMrxtaroTi?Having seen the enemy a si|Uadron, H\ > long expected, enter this port, in conjunction with is vessels containing tho mercenary troops destined to Ji icrnte ngninst this heroic city* It is the moment to per- II >rm the obligations contracted to our country, with vnir. and boldly sustain her snored rights. K CoMSAors?My heart beats with inexpressible satisiction at the desire that animates ns to mcasureour Ti ms with the daring invaders. They present them- U Ives this moment in stronger force, but you well know ie forces were never superior in discipline nor valor, la Dssesslngboth advantages, you see the struggle in view r our hearths, in defence of your Interests and your failles. in fact, for the Independence and liberty of your Ji >nr country, united to that justice which nssists us. liase will be da flic ion t incentives to Inflame your cou- S ige, and convert you into heroes. Brave and suffering veterans! Worthy soldiers of the utional (liiard! The hour of combat Is near! Tho ea- N tul of your State is the point of American ambition! Pi trust our enemies will And their sepulchres In the porta ' the same city which they pretend to possess, and liere we all succumb, we will cause to descend to posterity lesson of virtue and honor. N These are the vows of your compatriot and friend Pi JUAN MORAJLLB. Vim Cava, Mareh oth, 1847. I (V YO VEW YORK, SUNDAY 1 AFFAIRS I.N OKN TAYLOR'S C AMP, llr'rom the N O Picayuue. March 96.] The *choonor Southerner. Capt Uoodppaad. nrrlvnd ?*tarday morning from tha Braxop, having tuft on the Utb inat. MuJ Coffee. of the Payma*lcr'* Dopartmtnt. n<l Mr. Thos L. Crittanden. whoaated a* volunteer aid n Uon Taylor in the tatr battle*. eauie paHHeuger* ou wr, tha latter bearing denpateh?*' from OfR. Taylor to hv Government I Uon. Taylor at laid, account! not only held Saltlllo and luenu Vlata. but wa? hluuelf i|uirtly cucuniped nt Agua >'ueva?Jiut before occupied by Santa Anna The Mcx:iin bad been alarmed by a report that ticn I'ntteraon raa moving from Tampico upon San Luia. lie needed ntna pretext of the kind to cover hit retreat. A letter hap been received in the city front Ocn. Tay r, dated tlie Ivt iupt . from Agua N'ucva. lie write* bat hie men had liven no hurraaitcd with the fatigue* of be week preriou* and hip hone* were ho completely roken down, that he hud burnt unable to purNite the enuty. whom he puppoMCH to have retreated townrdH Salillo. We learn from Major Coffee that Lieut. Sturgix rho hail been taken prlaoner by the Mexican! un the Oth ult. und wax *ub*e<|uently exchanged?reported but Santa Anna hud fallen back to Incarnueiou. and ven retreated further, under the pretext of giving up lie arooiumodanmaa of the place to hi* wounded it run *evcrul day* after the buttle when I.ieut. S wu* in ucurnucion. Gen. Taylor, when he heard of Santa Lima being there, deuputehed Col. Belknap with live ittndrcd men thither, but the bird hud Bown." We huA- been allowed to *ec letter* from an authentic ourec. dated the 'id iu*t.. from Monterey. They gave he Hamo deplorable picture of the dcptitution und de imrnllxatloD or Manta Annu s nriny which have before eneheil uh. .Their situation in such that they must Iglit or starve, or retreat. They cannot. bo brought gain to the flrst; numbers are disbanding to avobl si aril t ion ; ami Santa Anna niul the army which remains to lim are actually retreating! The only doubt is as to lie route he will pursue Some have conjectured that he illl go to Mexico by the route to Zaeatern*. on account f the greater facility of feeding Ilia men. Ilut the geicral opinion ail the s|sit is that ha falls back to Sau ,uls. for which city he has actually struck his tents Letters from Monterey of the 'id. further say that. It < believed at Saltillo. that Urrea and Canities have been rdcrcd by Santa Anna to^vithdraw to the other side of lie sima. and if this be true. It indicates a real alarm ii the part of Santn Anna for the safety of Sail Luis. It is stated on the best authority, that cabals and tiler symptoms of insuhordinatiou were beginning to how themselves in his army, and our officers predict his peedy downfall, to lie followed shortly by peace?they elieving that no other man In Mexico can rally around liiil the leaders in the ariny. and other aspirants fur ower. One letter speaks of "den. Taylor's latest and most stonisliing victory." as being a surprise to the Mexicans, rhich will inspire them with a degree of awe towards his country, which will restrain them from auy further ontcst. lb-fore Santn Anna retreated from Agua Nueva. he i-nt in a message to (ten. Taylor. In substance as foliws: That In- should light him again, but that he lioubl select a Held belter calculated to display and tarshal his troops. To this (ten. Taylor replied : That c (Santa Anna) was whipped?that he (Sunta Anna) new that he was beaten, and therefore. Oen. T. advised im to send in proposals for a surrender, and they should e promptly and favorably considered. That the above messages were exchanged substantially rc are assured by a letter from Monterey of a lata date nd from a most respectable source. Some of the Mexican prisoners made by us decbi hat they hail not tasted food in three days, and th It nation of the army was such thnt It could no' I ogrther four days longer unless rulieved. We nnnox a very Interesting letter from Paynin I. Duller, with a copy of which we have been mo itely favored :? Mostskt, March 3, 1817 I have no doubt of the dissolution of Hants Anna's rmy. morally and physically, and there will be no more htlng in this region, if there be anywhere. lust twelve hours after I had sent niy second express 'ith a Mexican, giving him my best horse and $60 to go f) Camargo. we received from above intelligence from ?en. Taylor's army. Hen. Santa Anna is really to bo pitied. Wis men area retched set. He had twice, during the battle, to luterose his lancers to prevent desertion, and they shot own some M) at each time before he could prevent tlio ightof his infantry. The information comes from primers who deserted as soon as exchanged, and came in a Oen. Taylor's ramp They report that Santa Anna i destitute of all kinds of provisions.aud that he cannot eep them together. Hnuta Anna expected an easy victory Ills army was Libl thnt the Americans had an abundance of provisions nd lots of money, and that they must enter Hnltillo the ay of the battle, and take their supper at our expense, 'lils Is from reports of persons taken, officers as well as mates. * ? ? . , * Respectfully. 8tc , J. B. BUTLER, r M ., U. S. A All are curious to know the extent of the loss of the lexlcanx in the battles. The Mexicans ?lo not know hemxelvcs. and probably it never will bo known We iave converged with gentlemen who should be mh well inarmed as any one. Noun of them set down that loss at ss than twenty-five hundred killed and wounded, and ione of them would be surprised were it four thouHnnd r forty-fire hundred The (daughter wax awful. The Imcrlcan loan wax not lexx than aeren hundred or xcveu mndrcd and fifty. Maj Coffee tells ua that he heard nothing of tho " Ensign Legion" in Santa Anna'x army, but ho inentioux hat two dexerters from ux were made prisoner* by our rmy. and Gen Taylor sent them both back to the enely They were foreigner* Of the prisoner* we took from the Mexican* none ere of a higher rank thun one of (ten Torrejou'e aiilx ; ut we took enough to get bark all the party of Maj* iainc* nud Borlnnd - officers and turn. Col. Curtlx, of the Ohio regiuieut. has bad no action ith Urrea t'rrea attacked the train with which Mr. rittenden and Major Coffee came down, near Cerrnlvo. lis force wax ItiOO cavalry against about 400 troop* idler l ol. < lidding* The train consisted of '.'00 wugnn*. f which M were destroyed, it being extended so far nearly two mile*?that tpe whole could not be protect, il Urrea w** routed with a loss of forty-five men, while e lost three soldiers and ten or twelve teamsters it is elieved that Urreu lias now fallen back to Victoria hrcc Mexican generals were in this fight, two of whom re said to have been wounded?one in the liaml, and he other in the leg. Col. Curtis wax at Cerralvo on the 13tb, with hi* own rghnent and souio of the Virginia companies who have rrived on the Rio Grande. The last train which cante down, saw the remain* of ho teamster* who were cutoff by Canalex some weeks efore. lying by the road Hide. Krom that moment they ever passed a rancho on the route without burning it; hey swept every thing before them. Communications re now considered safe for companies as large as fifty ion. The Id Mississippi Riflemen left Matamoraxon the I It It istant for Monterey, ax we learn from the Flag. This cgimeut has suffered awfully Originally consisting of M men. it now numbers Tin have lost ISO by eath alone, and fifty are now sick. Tho rest are eager >r a fight. Some Virginia and North < arolina companies were at latnmorax on the 17th. awaiting tho arrival of the rest f their regiments Two government boats, the Enterprise and Panola, ave been recently snagged and lost in tho Rio Grande, laehlnery and engines wiU 1** saved : the bulls are lost. We. conclude this long summary by stating, on tbe uthority of Major < offee. that General Taylor is shortly x pec toil at Monterey and ( atnargo. and Is very probably ow in one of those places. Movti iu t. March 4. I think 1 shall not have an occasion to trouble you ^ain. I think that the late battle nnd triumph will be "pcacc-coni|ucring victory." and that this letter will use my correspondence in relation to it. Messrs. Crittenden and Coffee will leave Immediately ith the official despatches, and this will accompany ictu. THE KILLED AND WIU'VDKD. The following completes the list of the killed and minded at lluena Vista. We find it in the New Orleans ' /fa: It was not *ent with tho despatches from General aylor :? Thb Kr.ntci xr Catai.xt. Killed?Adjutant K. M. Vnughan. Company A. (Llllard's.)?Sergeant I). J. Lillard, Pristex Lewis Sanders. A. J. Martin. Company B,,(Price's.)?Privates J, D. Miller, B. War>n. Company C. (Milam's.)?Privates Jantes Sexton. John nndvr. John Kllingwood. Company I). (Shitwhau's.)? Corporal J. A. Jones, Prlltea I) I' Rogers. W Mcfltntock, J Poineroy. Company K, (Beard's.) ?Privates A. U. Morgan. C. i tnex. Win Tevarts. N llamey, II Carty. ,W W llalcs Company K, (rcnniiigton's.)- Privates H. Ilnnforlh. J VI..-1U. k' II.I M It-". II" ("I- L' Illy" < ompanyti. (Clay1*.) Private Tho*. Wright. Company II. (Heady*.)?C. B. Thompson t ompany I. (Marshall*.)?C. B Denipat. Recapitulation of Kilted - l omml**loned officer. . . I on-commi*aloiiou officer* 3 rlv liter 3A Total .I!' IVnundrd.?Compuny A.?I'rivate* John Walker. B. pencer. K. W. Huron Thou Scandlctt. < ompiiny B.?Hecoud Lieut. Thoniaa < on Private* >hn II. Cluscrlan. Samuel Kvnn*. Joseph Murphy, Wui erndon. Company 0.?Privates John Reddish. B. K. Pierce. J. Ooodloc. Company I).- Private* Snodprnss. J. S Byrani. W. ( arkor, J. M. Vanhook. (ieo. II. Wilaon. Jan. Warford, .11. Knwler. Company K.? < has. Hhephe-id, J Shepherd, M.C Calhan, Lcrasy. Company K.?J M. Jackson. Thon Brown. S Help. Company O.?Second I.irut. It. W. Brown, Corporal is Scooley. Company H?Second Lieut. J. II. Merrifleld, Scrp't Manahan. Company I.?II. K. Brndy. Recapitulation of Hounded ? Commissioned officer*. 3 on-comnii**ioiie<r ollleer*, *. 3 rlratea, 37 Total wounded 33 Total Kilted and Wounded. -Commissioned officer*. I on-rotnmi**loned officer* A rlvatca 63 Qrnnd total killed and wounded, 01 RK I VIORNING, APRIL 4, 1847 ~ THE BATTLE OF nilCNA VISTA?INCIDENTS. ' I [Kroin the New Orleans Picayune. March !6 J > Kvery addition to the iutelligcnee hitherto In posses- i aiou of the public respecting the buttle of Buena Vistn 1 serves to enchauce the glory of that sanguinary action An more is known of it more la thought of It As an achievement of arms It stands preeminent amongst feats of chivalry; as on illustration of military skill It places the gallant commander of the American forces amongst the great captains known to fame We have listened to 1 j the recital of the incidents which occurred during the two days' fighting without knowiug which moet to ?pr ! plaud the courage and constancy of the soldiers or the

professional wisdom of (Jen Taylor What a change lias I been wrought in the public mind within thu last few | days ' The best that was hoped of the little urmv In | < oabuila was that it had cut its way to Monterey, wlierc j it might rest in comparative security. But instead of pursuing this course. Qsaml Taylor awaited the \ | approach of Santa Anna ami overwhelmed his vast army j with uiiparalleled slaughter Not an inch of territory 1 I h*s been retrieved by the enemy, ami now there are none to opposo the progress of,our urine In the direction of San I.ule I'otost. Ae we hare before stated, the lighting on the 3*id of February- an unfortunate day upon which to attack an American urmy was confined principally tO cannonading and skirmishing with light troop* The bloody business wae done on the ?13d. which wuh opened by an attack from our aide under the direction of Gen. Wool. A portion of the advance win shaken by overwhelming number*, but wm supported by (Jen Taylor, who brought forward the reserve and decided the day by a resistless change. What Is here said In a few words required a day to consummate; and a recital of the incidents and inanteuvres which ended so triumphantly would demand tunny columns for space. An eye witness ?one who was near General Taylor's person nil the time with the exception of those intervals during which lie was carrying his orders oyer the field?Inform* us that not a man. wit It the exception above noticed, of UnAmerican lines wavered for an instant whilst faring the most galling lire and receiving the repeated charge* of the enemy, which, it is hut candor to say. were conducted with spirit and address As an Instance of the desperation with which hotli armies fought.. Mr. Urittciulrn. who acted as Gen. Taylor's aid throughout the fight, when asked whether the Mexican* had taken three pieces of ordnance from its. as Santa Anna reported, replied in the affirmative, and said that the guns were not given up till every man at litem was shot down, and every horse killed near them; and. moreover, that in hearing them off. the Mexicans suffered a loss of some six hundred men. They interfered tnudly ftetwoon the retreating guns mid our men seeking to regain them. These guns weru a pari, of (' apt. Washington's battery, under the command of Lieut. O'Brien. Lieut. O'B. was wounded before bis guns were taken, and when reporting his loss to Gen. Gen. Taylor, was complimented for his bravery?it was no fault of his Capt. Washington was in another part, of the Held, and sustained himself with great coolness und intelligence, as did Capls. Bragg I Sherman, with their respective batteries -In all but fourteen guns. It may tic iter- per to explain tin circumstances upon which a i wu* founded that Gen I'aylor had sent Santa .A (tog of truce during the action It occurrcdthn' oily of lex .ut infantry about a thousand stroi letached I Sat ta Anna1! army, and being mowed down with terrible slaughter Gen 1 eylor sent .Mr. Crittundcutwith a tlag to say to them tltat if they would surrender he would stop ding them. When Mr. Crittenden got amongst tlicm ue was taken by them to Sautn Anna with ills eyes bliud| folded. This he remonstrated against without effect. ! When he was brought to Hants Anna he woe asked his -ion. lie told hint he had no message for him; that a'as sent to ask a detached force to surrender to save (fusion of idood. and as his errand was uusticcessleinauded to be sent back to his general. It was t Santa Anna requested him to tell Gen. TayT he would surrender he would be protected cured for. Mr. Crittenden replied, that he hud no commission to speak with hitn (Santa Anna) upon that or any other matter, but It was no use to send any such message, as Gen. Taylor never surrendered. [From the Matamoras Flag of the 17th inst j Domingo Martinet an old. intelligent and wealthy citixon of Matainorus, reached here on Saturday evening last, from the Mexican encampment in the neighborhood of Ccrralvo. lie is plunged into the most profound grief in consequence of the loss of his son. a most promising VOllttl. the nrllln of the town um.mi, Sii own people. and very popular with thu American portion of the population lie reject* nil connotation ami. in tho 1 prosent distracted state of his aiiud can give no distinct detailed account of what took plaeu ut the attack near Ccrralvo?but hi.-, statement, ho far ns it goes, may bo rclietl on as correct. MarLtncz. on the fttli of th? present month, placed hiuuelf and son under the protection of a guard of ttvu companies of Ohio Volunteers, who weru detailed to escort a train of one hundred and ten wagons to ( anlargo On the Hth. when within ouu league's march of < 'erralvo, they were uttneked by a large body of Mexican cavalry, commanded by (Jen Urrea. with Romero nnd Ponce de Leon. Martinez nnd his son wore in a close bodied carriage, and the old gentleman can tell but little about the fight. only thnt the Mexicans were beaten off As they sat in the carriage, his sou was pierced through tho body by a lance, and himself, slightly wounded, dragged away as n prisoner lie pleaded hard for his life?represented his perfect neutrality from tinbreaking out of the war. and was Anally saved through the Intercession of a ftw friends whom he had obliged on furuier occasions. lio was told that he might return to Matanioras. but, as ho had been found in bad company once, if they eaught him among Hueh companions again, he might rhaunt his Ave They then took from him one hundred doubloons, having previously robbed his carriage of nine thousaud dollars?despoiled him of his clothing, giving him in cxchaugc a few old rags, and returning liim a single doubloon?and guarded hlui a long way from the spot, rautioning him nut to attempt a return to the wagou train These precautions were adopted to prevent his carrying any intelligence of their real strength to our forces So great weru their fears on this head, aud so completely did tliov exclude him from all power.of observation, thnt. had he returned, he could liave reported nothing Martinez, from the retired and unuxceptionablc manner in which ho lived among us, was thought to be inimical to our cause, nnd as furnish iug information to the Mexirun generals Ills misfortunes have awakened the sympathies of many very exoellent lltl?ni Wheu it was thought n Mexican army was approaching Matanioras. and a little gun|iowdcr would have to be burned In its defence, a great tunny timid men. with a whole army of women, retreated to the ranchos. twent y or thirty miles south of this The men. poor fellows, were afraid to risk their lives and property so near the "'voluntaries." when their blood was up; nnd the women, dear creatures, thought bolls and liars, paints and mammas. could not shield their lovely persons from Insult. Precisely what they apprehended by remaining here lias befallen tbem at the ranchos. hands of marauding 1 Mexieans. who live by plunder, have combined, ami ' made tlie ranchos the theatre 'if their operation* From an undoubted source, we lenrn that robbery, murder. and violence to females, have been evory day occurrences for the last week. One man was waylaid and shot a couple of hundred yards from a raneho. for the small sum of Ave dollars It is to tie regretted that the excessive caution of these deluded creatures should bring down upou tlieui the evils they so inueh dreaded. The second regiment from Mississipsi. who occupied this place for a few days, left here on Sunday morning Their orders instruct them to proceed directly to Monterey. The regiment originnlly numbered 8.X) ; present strength, ti.'it); dead. I,')5; discharged, ti.1 Of the Oat), fifty are sick?the rest In the very best of health, and ull eager for the fray." Speaking of the Mississipplans. a Matanioras correspondent says ; ? "Matanioras has settled down Into quiet again All apprehension of an attnek from the Mexicans has died away During the excitement nearly the entire Mexican population removed, and still remain away The Mississipplans are a wild set of h'hoys. and would frighten* people with stouter hearts than the Mexicans. Their first appearance in the Plaza struck terror to every Mexican heart. Their drill Is peruliar to themselves, and in performing their evolutions they nrc thrown into all sorts of postures and attitudes, throwing themselves on their backs, crawling on their bellies, nnd dodging and cavorting about in a manner perfectly original As to their fighting, there can la- no doubt hut thnt they would run a tilt against the devil, barked by a whole legion of his Imps Three companies of the Virginia regiment reached hero on Sunday evening, the |4th instant?two companies passed up the river some five days ago?the ha mm I' ri' nv wn wilt' "I inc companies in Aiatanmra*. commanded l>y Capt. Aihurtls. n printer ; one of the lieutenant* in 11 printer, the orderly sergeant In ft printer, ftnd IN of the private* Mexican*, look out for these boy*. The dagger nnd tile shooting-stick have been Iheir plaything* almost from Infancy, and their ImlIIh always make an impression to tlie tune of Yankee Doodle [' apt K. <?. Aihurtls, mentioned lu the above paragraph was for a number of year* a resident of thia city, ami la brother to the late ( apt. Wm Alburtls, 'id infantry, U. N A., killed in the attack on Vera Crux.J Six companies of the Massachusetts regiment, we arc informed, were landed at the Drains on Monday. The traitor lliley. who deserted at Kurt Brown, for the Mexican service, in April last, and pointed the tlrst cannon that was flred, we perceive by an extract from the Tampira Sentinel, wns arrested at Monterey, in character of a spy. nnd sent to Tamplco, to expiate his traitorous conduct. bather Rodrigiiex. the worthy Padre of this ilk. who has denied the possibility of the Mexicans being defeated now that their overthrow at Bucna Vista is proved to him beyond a doubt, accounts for their defeat by seeing In it " a plain explanation of the reasons widen ; induced President Polk to grant a permit to Hunt a Anna to return to Mexico." 1 he worthy Kathcr thinks the supposition preposterous that upwnrd* of JO.lNki brave Mexicans should have been defeated by less than .'>000 raw Yankees, unless treachery had n hand In it Hout, tout, bather-?that's not halt what Oun. Taylor can do. i I TIIK OPKIC1AI. DESPATCHES OK SANTA ANNA BE- | I.AT1VK TO T1IE BATTMC OK III ENA VINTA. llm ai.ii AN l.isf.siTivo Aawv. Gmrnal-in-Vhief Kxcellent sir: During a moment of leisure?it being now 7 o'clock in the morning I have to ' inform your KxMilcncy, in order that you may rommunicate the same to the Br Vice President of the Republic, that the army under iny command, after a painful and long march over the desert between the (Jedral ; ami this place, has had to encounter, in a battle that lasted two days, the United States Army under <>eneral Taylor, composed of 8000 or MOO men, with twenty six Jnccee of artillery Both armies have fought a bloody an d ^ leeperate fight. Thia morning the action commenoed at o CERA t clock und continued untU ?un?#t The Held of battle t? roTercd with the dead Blood ha* flowed In torrent* Two dandarda. which I hare the honor to nend to your Kxcelleucy, were taken by u*. together with three ptac erf of artillery, of the calibre of 6 and 4 pounder*, w Ith their complement of ummunitlon. and four wagon* with thrlr horee* Although thu battle wae not olaclairn 1 can ?.i?ure vour [excellency that the field, however ehortlv die mitI'd. finally remained in our po**e**ion. a* ie manifeeted by the trophic* 1 have mentioned Upward* of 3000 of the enemy * dead Ho utrewd upon the Held of battle, and we have taken some priaonvrs. the exact number of whom ha* not been made known tp me On our owu part I regret to *?y that with general:', officer* and troop*, we have lent in killed and wounded ulsnit 1000- readily accounted for by the obstinate encounter we have hail?lasting through two successive (lavs. During oue of the charge* to day Uly horse was killed by a griipfxhot The strong position of the enemy was ull that waved him froiu a complete route A few hour* before 1 reached this point the enemy, having notice of our advance, retired from his position at Agua Nuevn. where he wa s first posted, unit Ji ll bark to hit Jrfi/r. u'hicli illny hr torn ro ntl>ai t d tn Ihr Pan of Thtrmopyla. But he must have been taught by the experience of these two day*, that neither the rugged steep of the mountain nor his fortified position, nor uuy oilier of his advantages, could restrain the Mexican soldier from buttling in defence of his country and her rights. Our soldiers tire indeed worthy of nil commendation, and I glory in the consciousness of being at the head of an urmy of heroes, who not only know how to tight bravely, but to suiter patiently both hunger and thirst for forty-eight hours, a sacrifice required of them by the nation, unu of which I have myself been ? witness The only painful reflection I have at this moment Is that not a biscuit nor a particle of rice ean be had here for our sick and wounded. We have subsisted, for many days, on meat alone Thus is verified the complaints I have heretofore made of the neglect this army lias suffered from, having to depend for supplies on its own resources during the last two months. I will now add that it is not possible to carry on the campaign successfully unless the army is provided witii all the supplies required in war. I therefore think of moving my camp, early to morrow morning back to Agun Nuevu, tnr<w leagues distant, to provide myself with sonic necessaries that must, have arrived at the hacienda of Knrurnaciou; and it I succeed ill obtaining those necessaries, and relieve myself of the incumbrance of the wounded, I will return to tile charge?in spite of my own wound, which lias reopened in consequence of being continually on horseback twelve hours of each day. In the iletulled account of this obstinate romhat, which I shall soon present, dlie yotic will lie given of the generals, chiefs, officers aJ^Lothcrs who have bravely fought, and poured out t^V blood in defence of the country. I have not been^Rlling to detuiu tills report for such details, supposing the ..Supreme Movernment would wish to have the earliest account of these successes. To-morrow or the day after I will cause to lie transmitted to your Kxcellency the said detailed account, together with a notice of subsequent, occurrences. leccpt, I pray your Kxcellency. with this explanation, the consideration of my particular esteem. Hod and l iberty Klehl of Augostura, near Uueua Vista, February ?J3, 1847. f ANTONIO M|Z DE SANTA ANNA, liis Excellency, the MiHTahiV of War. TICK l.AMIJVriCI) YKI.I,. [From tho Washington Union. April 3.J Extract from a letter of a gentleman attached to the army, who was with the garrisuu at Monterey during the oattle of Buenn Vista. "Montkrky, Feb. 'Jtt. 1847. "Dkxh : While is copying my letter bo you, I feel tllat I ought to keep writing almut this glorious event?glorious to that little but Spartan army, and thrice glorious to tho country. But, what a sacrifice It has cost in blood ! As to treasure. it is nothing in comparison. I'oor llardin ! Poor Yell! They wore my friends, and the pride of that army. with others who fortunately survive. There are names on the list of officers who nave fallen, whose loss is a national calamity. Tho President will grieve for the fate of all; but for several he will mourn as for the lost) of pursonal and dcur friends." Passing over the other brave spirits who were endeared to the President by ancient ussoeiutious or eminent virtues. we may specify Col. Yell, who has successively filled the places of judge, governor, and member of Congress. from the State of Arkansas lie was one of the oldest and best friends whom the President has ever had, and one of the noblest spirits whom he has over known. Me wai Inttnuilely acquainted with him before Yell left Tennessee. The chain of friendship which bound them together, thougli lengthened by distance, was always kept bright. Wo know he feels for Ills loss as that of ' a clear aud personal friend.'' When Uov. Veil parted with him to go to the army, his lust words to the President appeared almost "prophetic of his end." ARRIVAL OK OKNKRAL KEARNY IN CALIFORNIA ? ANOTHER HAITI.K AND ANOTHER VICTORY. ( From tin* N. O. Ficnyune^Marrh 2.) | Letters froui Tupic, near Sim Mas, give accounts from <Tilir<>rniit to the 18th of January. Urn. Kearney 1ih<1 arrived with 200 men from New Mexico. Uniting other forces with liis own. ho immediately attacked the town of Loa Angeles. and retook it after a stout resistance ? Upper ('aliforuia is now in our undisputed possession ? ur letters we will give to-nioN'ow. NEWS FROM NEW .MEXICO. It whs rumored at Olasgow, Missouri, on the 18th March, that ( apt. Reid'a company from Saline, and a company from Boone, had been eut off by the Mexicans near Santa Ke. Though this comes iu no official shape, it waa generally accredited. AFFAIRS IN MEXICO?TIIE REVOLUTION. [Correspondence of the N. O Picayune | U. S. Shfadaon, Anton Lizordo. March 7, 1847 By an express from Mexico I learned, day before yesterday, that a revolution ?|| in progress altended with tlghtiiig and bloodshed the object, of which was the de posing of < iomez Farias and the present Congress, the repeal of the law confiscating the ecclesiastical property I cannot learn that they have set up any particular chief, or form of government, as a substitute for the t xistiiig one. The friends of Santa Anna, and partlcu larly Almonte, are ostensibly engaged iui peace makers and it was a few days ago reported that they had succeeded in compromising the difference, but we hear by this express that the Insurrection bud broken out afrrili and that they had been lighting for three days The issue is not doubtful ?the fall of (iomez Farias aud tlie repeal of tile odious law The revolution is said to have been instigated by tlie priests, who ure ehnrgi d with using the weaker sex as their agents Vour classical readers may recollect a comedy of Aristophanes, iu which the Athenian matrons, in solemn conclave, determined to lay ii certain embargo on their lords until tliey coerced them into the support of certain political measures. The Mexican women, after the lapse of seventeen centuries, have revived the idea and applied It with ii degree of success transcending the fancy of the < trcclan tour writer Ho that this revolution is generally known in Mexico as the " pronunciumrnta dr ln? rangers." The revolution appears to have been invited by similar demonstrations in Onxiiea. On the 1 !ith of hebru.i ry. a meeting of malcontents was held in the convent of Han Domingo,' in the capital of the State of Oaxaca, headed by Fernando Martinez, and composed of officers of the army anil National liuard, together with some citizens, wlio proclaimed for sustaining the national re ligion by repealing the decree of llth January, confiscating (he church estates, annulling the function of the legislature and deposing Ortiaga. the governor, and all tlie executive and judicial officers The military commandant, l)e Juiiu Diaz, was,invited to place hiliifelf at the head of the movement; Diaz, according to his own report, tinding that he Intel not sufficient force to resist the revolutionists, advised to treat with them upon the best terms he could without resorting to bloodshed. The council of war overruled his pronosition. nnd the convent of Han Domingo was assaulted with grcnt spirit, until severs! of the leading officers aud about twenty men were killed mill wounded. After two hours' hard lighting Dinz drew off. and next morning declaring that Inhad despatches from tlie government, advising him that III., Ilil?ri|.|,?. l.n.l T,,mI,.,.I.. tin I, pose thi' difference, which Marline/. agreed to. nnd n commission was accordingly named. In view of (lie mournful eonsei|iiencen of ?-i v 51 wht. mid tin* reported in vaaioii of the enemy, the insurgents agreed to suppress ?> iiiurh of thi-ir plan an repudiated their representatives in f'ongrcss. and to modify it. in otlmr respects. hut as n lliinl agreement suspended no far an Oaxaea wan roncern<'d tin- law of tin- 11 tli January. confiscating tin- church property. Ahout the time tho intelligence of these events reached Mexico, the order was given for J.immi of the National Guard to march aa a reaerre to Vera Crux The *oldlera rofuaed, saying that they were not afraid of the Yankees, but they were afraid of the vouiito On the 'Jlstthn Government. anticipating a disturbance, took certain prei'autlona. which attracted general attention, and were commented on by the newspapers. A force of 000 inen waa directed, hy order of dome* h'ariaa. to occupy the university. which ?ai the i|uartel of the regiment of National Guards. called Inileptndrntia. The Nation nl Guards reaented tliia attempt to overawe thein. and uniting with other couipunica and wllli tln ir confederates iu tlio city, aent a deputation to Gome* Harms. to demand the evacuation of the mwrtcl The Vice I'realdent yielded, and the Nationala dlsperaed. This outbreak appeara to hare Ucn the germ of n revolution in Mexico To ahow the eplrit of the preaa, the Hepuhlit tint reuiarka : " Hucli event a aa tlieae prove thv incapacity of Gomel Karlas for the Government, which at this moment ia uioat improperly culled a Government," and ndda that they feel conatraliied to preacnt to Kariaa the tremendoua reaponaihility lie owes to the nation In obstinately holding on to an oBlce in whieli he enjoy a only the doubtful ffti ulty of producing trouble A hint is afao given Unit public opinion calla for a resignation. By tile latest news from Mexico, received wlille I am writing. It is doubtful how the matter will end The soldiers appear to vacillate, and one regiment has gone back to the Government Some sales of church property have recently been made at very low rales In a stil>sc<|Uonl paper we observe that. ! ernauder. del < ustillo hua been suspended from his funetkuis for three months, in consequence of refusing to authorise hy his signature the record of the iiIhivc sale This suspension is denouneeil as a moat nrbitrnry nnd despotic net. (tn the jtith of January several modifications were proposed in the law of tin- 111h of January for the sale of the church wroperty. hy the i onimtltcc of Ways and Means. Twenty millions are to be confiscated, instead of fifteen, as proposed; in per cent Is to be reoclvcd in paper of the national debt, and the property to lie sold at the least possible loss; the 7th. "th and 0th articles to be repealed beuor t aserta. In a speech againstjthe law.'acta'down the value of tho church estates, in rustic and'eity"securities, foundation, benefice, fee , at 003.000.000 la addition to this an church ornaments, Iw , to tho sua of * LD. Pikf Two Canto. $'l 000.000. o! which la?t hreatlmatci that 000.000 mi; t# dlapoacd of (or the benefit ot ihv State " r the whole dilpoeable ehureh property $67,000,000 About $44.000.000 of the eecurtUae are to In rented that tbo mien would ruin numerous famtltu* ?<> that onl* $M,000 000 remain for the uw of thu government ft la attempted to be tliowu that only about $10,000 000 could, be reuliiod with the greatest aacrlflcre /\ prujcct una ueeu uurrru m supply lue Lru*#ury by contribution throughout the Republic of ft upon every $1000 yearly of real and persoual property amounting to $6000 and upwarda. which In to be paid in advance by iuatalmenta of oue-third Tboee who have lee* than *6000 arc to pay *2 per *1000, laborer# poor persona and servants to be exempt. Certain liberal terms of colonisation of waste Landa of the Republic were proposed by Senor Lafragua on tha .'6th of January. I The sale of the useless vessels of war ha# been author, Ized by a large vote In the discussion of this amendment, to the law of the I llth of January, Henor l.anuza made some aevera remarks upon one of the projesta "of a bishop, and waa greeted by loud marks of disapprobation from the galle! rles On the 23d February. Gen 0. Antonio Vlaeayno took ! the usual oaths and assumed the portlbllo of War Minister The Government have given marching orders to Almoute and Lu Vega?the first to Chihuahua and the latter to Vera Cruz. The Governor of the State of Vera Crtta gives notlow that having overcome the difficulties which occurred in fortifying the pass of Puento Neclonal, he left that point ou the 12th iust to go to the town of San Carlos, whorw lie will innku his arrangements for the barricading and defence of the roads, and then he will go to Vera Crus to agree with the commandant general upon other means relating to the defence of the State. He left Vera Crun yesterday. AFFAIRS IN 'rilE CITY OP MEXICO. I From the New Orleans ricnyune. March 2A.J We have letters from our special correspondent at Anion l.izardo to the 7th Inst . all devoted to the discussion of Mexican affairs Not liaviug room for our correspondence to-day. we will only say. that the revolution in the city id' Mexico is not yet determined. There has been milch lighting and bloodshed, and the troops appear to in- vacillating, and one of the revolted regiment# has gone buck to the side of the government. AFFAIRS IN YUCATAN. [From the New Orleans Delta. March 26.] The Martin, from sisal, on the 15th. with dates to tho 8th inst.. from Merida. where a new proniinciamtnta took place on the 28th February, in which Don Miguel Burbnohuiio lias again been appointed Oovcrnor of the State of Yucatan and recalled to his post (Governor ? Barbacbano was at Havana at last accounts.) Don Sebastian Lopez Llergo was appointed temporary Governor. until tlie arrival of Senor Barbachano. The Notirinse, of Merida. in noticing the pronuciamtnto, says that " it is witli the object of placing things in the ions footing as they were before the 21st January.'' It seems, nevertheless, that (a in peachy was uguin opposed to this movement. \A VAI. INTELLIGENCE. [From the Norfolk Beacon. April 1 ] The U. S. steamer Polk, Lt. Commanding Ogden, bound to the Gulf of Mexico, sailed yesterday afternoon. The following is u list of her officers :?Lt. Commanding, Ogden ; Lieutenants. 11. Bache, Win K.. Leroy ; Acting Master. Passed Midshipman James Blair: Passed Midshipmen. Jno. Wolcott. T. S. Phelps ; Midshipman, Cbaa. Lattimer ; 1st Ass't K.ngineer, D. B. Martin. The following is a list of the officers of the steamer Union, to leave on Tuesday, for Norfolk, on her way to tlie Gulf:?John Kudd. Esq., Commander; Messrs. Green, Reid and Noland. Lieutenants; Wllmer Shields. Acting Master; John V. B. Bleecker. Purser; Win P. Williamson. Chief Engineer; Van /ant. Assistant Engineer; A. G. Otis, Midshipman, and J. Rnggart. Purser's Steward. Itllncelliuicoii*. The annual commencement of the collego of Charleston was celebrated on tlie 24th ult. The degree of A B. was conferred on eight young gentlemen, and the high 4 M ........ I.A... II......... I,- 117... It.ok... Hunt. J. Randolph Burnt*, YVlnfldd .\1 Rivers, and Henry L. l'iucknoy. Jr., former graduates of thin inntitutiou. I IIIon.'M O. Brown.who killed Judgc<>aithor. at llsrdstown. Ky., n few duys wince, hut* been acquitted. The government buildings on the pier at Cleveland, with mnrhinery and hurliour implements, were burnt tha other night by nn incendiary; loss $4,000 Asparagus has made its ap|>earuucu upon the table* at St. Louis. A new eiiHtoni house in to be erected at New Orleans, and also a I'. S. Marine hospital Kor the former. Congress appropriated $ 100,000, and for the latter $41,(19(1 The good people of i'ittsfleld, Mass., have had 114 daya of uninterrupted sleighing The St. Louis papers give favorable aceotints of tha state of tha upper rivers. A return of the assessors of the dock ward in Philadelphia, for the year 1.7.>(?. shows that there were then but '17 persons there assessed at that liuie Mrs Pierpont, formerly wife of Colonel Austin, has laid claim to the whole of the sita on which the city of Houston, in Texas. Is built*; who claims that the land was originally grunted to her lirst husband. Co! Austin, whose heiress she was. and sold illegally by her husband. Anti-rent, difficulties are again making their appearance The Hudson Rrpuhtii an states that a man In that neighborhood has recently been tarred and feathered, and driven front the house which he had hired, by a gang of masked men The inmates of the jail at Plymouth made a muUaaM demonstration one day last week. The disturbance wat soon quelled, by aid of shackles und the dungeon. The loss by tire in Boston during the year 1*46 wa? $IHb. ti'Jb. ol which $114.Hit) was insured They ha>l another snow storm in Boston and virinity on Thursday uud 1* rtduy An Knglisbiuan in llalilax wrote to his Boston correspondent. "How does your loeofoco war get along?" The Uostouian sent htm a " History of the Battlu of Bunker Hill as n reply ?l. l.^U, OPTICIAN. FROM OKRMANTMOHT resiwctl'ully informs the citucn, of New Voik snd the public in gearrsl, that lie lots located liitnselfia this NO. (17 BROADWAV. Where may be found a lirite ami complete aiiortmcut of 8PKI T.U.LKS AND KK AD I Nit WLAH8KS, |N HOLD, SII.VKH ?TM L > HAM> ?. Mr. W. would alao remind the public. to whom he it pai tially* known by hi* annual visit* to Saratowi Spring* for the la?t ten ye ii s that by lux km* w ledge of the Optical science lie it enabled to determine the iila>?*e* suitable lor auv ?ve. Tiriont with weak ryea cmi be supplied w irli glutei which will jreat* ly benefit Hint not atmin tin* Night. Particular attention it railed to n new atylet of Perspective Ground Gla**, of the finest flint, which, through their high &H>|iah and true ground, product the purest vision. and Itav# Im-I'll highly recommended a* the h? *t hi their effect upon the eve, for preserving and tmproviiiK the sight in coiiliiiued w ritno; and reading. U /-Shortsighted persona. and ?ueh us hive hern operated upon f??r (Jatirart, can alao he suited. ! > 'llr uiacrts New (lliurt, of superior quality, in old frame*, <iud solicits the patrmiogr of .ill m want ol hi* artlc lea. J / *'I will w<ui:tut all Spectacle* purchased from in* to suit the sight lot lite year*, ??r richange the in without istrn charge. mt1lm*r MoNKY Li s .N T. MONKY LKNT.?Thr price* advanced in large and -iimII sum* on gold and ?ilr?r watches, diamond, I plate,jewelry, furniture, clothing, dry goods, Ikr., Ike. I01IN M. DAVIKS, Limited pawnbroker, 232 William street, near Dunne, rrrwiw received in private office, by ringing the hell. iii 17 tm*r FRENCH MADDER ALWAYS ->n hand and for tale by the importer, C . E. II ^ ftlt.ilT, mlfl2w*rc ft.'? We*t atr?*rt ^pHK l/NDKKSItIN KD ha* ilir pleasure of informing hit X IricinU and the pithli< , he ha* commenced hu iin<?* at No. 2jU Broadway, <..rnrrof Murray street, where ! will at H id to the atndv <?f utring and making <linitflit* to ?uif ?|| iwr'm??ia (hat may favor him with their imtroniir. Jl< would from tin* ri|it*ri?'iirr he ha* received in some of the principal cities of Kurope and America, in the late?t French, Kng lull, and Aineriatu style, that all will receive that graceful appearance rhaC will p|ea?c the ntosr fastidious. Aho, all i?er* *ou% will liiul price* to suit the time*, and goods of the first <|ii tlity and wotjrrmudiip. Person* finding their own i loth*, ran have the in made and trimmed in the neatrat and rheaiwst nuuner |Nu*ilde A* the spring i* approaching. he wishes In* mend* and the public to call before buying elsewhere. N. II.? All order* eiecuted hi the <|iiicke*t possible time, tnd on the shortest notice. J AM KM LATINK, a I 2w c Kntrance hy Mr. Plwmbe's (Jallery. ANOTHER CHALLENGE. ON< K MOHK we challenge the New York Shade dealer* to compete with 11% in the tale o|* Window Mhade*. W?i are now in iking Urge daily addition* to our ?tock of Shade*, and pledge ourselves to lie undersold hv n<?uc. A* to the finality of our Shades, we have but one ward rnsav. They took the premium at the late lair at Newark, N.J. We oivite five citizens of New York and the surrounding country to give us a call, and w e w ill prove the truth of our assertion*. OUN? KKK Ik BKKKKR, No. '?# t liatham street, nearfhambers *tieet, in 10 lm*r Nrw York l!>2 liltn.tllWAY, 1'uKNKK OK lulls STHKKT, TO THOSE WHO SUAVE THEMSELVES. (Kroin tli* Ho.ton Traveller.] RING'S VERBENA CREAM.?Thi? .hAVing compound m now all ilir rage, a. well tin.'in,' lou.orial prnfen.or. a? among iIiok# who prefer to (lather their own diurnal crop* ? Tin' barber. ?*v that a pot o( it la?t? twice aa Ioiik ?.< the vimc quantity o| Any other MponariuiM preparation; while lho?* who in their ?H|>*iice? declare that with the Verbena 1'rrain a lull ra/.or w ill in.nrr a .moodier face dun mnat of the o|?l ao?|ia with * 11 ? r | iter I; be.idea ii u fraiiraut to the .enve, fcr.; ?nn wIiai i. littler dun all, m thine hard lime., it I. .old almo.t for A AOIIg. Wholesale and retail by CHARLES II. KING. I2tlm*ih Diuggi.t, 192 Broadway, corner John 't. NEW r.\PER II VNGINGS V WINDOW Sll VDK* Nnitoi.a. I'ikv k ( o . No. 17:; I'e.irl ?trn t IMPORTER# ami minulaetiiier., have ju.t opened in'r. e.leniive .iiiiply of every ?t>le anil <|iufttv of American Ami I trench Paper limiting,, Ilorilrr., Kirelionril Print*, and wnl? Window r iirtaln paper. Mao, a .plendid a,AOrtmeiil iif I'ainteil | Window Shade., aiiiI future. for the .ante, wlneh they offer t>? I ineirlunt., dealer., And oilier, at the ver> lowe.t price., IY7 lm?rs MI SKETS AND IMSTOLS. HUiaS il Mu.keti, , lt/Uv mou American Hand'd Mn.kei*, with bayonet., complete in the ino.l |*rfect order. HH) pan Ship Pl.tolt. 100 Rerolving C> barrel Pi.tul*. * 100 llowie Kiiive., 100 Double barrel Fowling Piece. ' 100 Single do d" "J . Spoi ting Aiticlea, Gun m a. uaU, Tool,, kr . e> ei> Hmu ?" quned bv the Spur lain an or Guu;luith fro ?di J?v. . f311a*re A. W. Si'lJuB It CO . ?l M?d?.i h*?? ' i 9 % y A