Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 13, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 13, 1847 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

I j 1tx to the ottyof Orizaba ot Jalya. Vy regular day ! marches (iroor.iln# to the custom of arai? on % march "l Tho ? ul garrison shall march cut with'oU tV honors of war color* dWidurad <lrtim< beating. storag bolou/lug to t!iu corps of which it is composed, the allow.in'-.' of Held pieces corresponding to Its force, baggage an l munition* of war 3d I'ho Vejdr.ui liug will ruinatn displayed on the bastion of Sautiugo uutd (he retiring Mexican garrison ball be out of sight of the city. and. on hauling Tt down. It shall be saluted with twenty-one guns, flred from the same bastion, uutil which time the forces of the United States shsll not enter the place. 4th The lnhabitau's of Vera Cruz shall continue in the free possession of their movable and immovable property in the enjoyment of which they shall never be disturbed, as w-ll as In the exercise of their religious faith 6th The uatioual guards of Vera Cruz, If they And it convenient to retire peaceably to their homes, not to be molested on account of their conduct in bearing arms In defence nfthu place 9th The undersigned desire to know, in ease tho Senor iGeneral Scott should have 11> contluue hostilities on account of not admitting those propositions, if he will per mit the neutrals to go out of the place, at well at tho women and children belonging to the Mexican families PEDRO M HKRKERA, JOSK GUTIERREZ DE VILLANUEVA, MANUEL R0BLP.9 Translated from the original paper for the Hon Secretory of War He an qi- arteiu of the Armv or tiie United Statlj of Amebic*. \ Camp Washington, before Vera Cruz, { March 27. 1847 ^ The undersigned. Major General Scott, General-inChief of the Armies of the L'niteJ States of America, has received the report of the commissioners appointed by him. yesterday, to meet the commissioners appointed by his Excellency General Landero. the Commander-iuChief of Vera Cruz and the Castle of S Juan de L'ltia. In making that report, the undersigned received informally. from bis commissioners, the vrolet of an ar rangement presented to them by the Mexican commissioners consisting of six articles. Without reproducing those articles, in tilmao. the undersigned will simply refer to them by their respective numbers :? Article 1. Is wholly inadmissible The garrisons of the plaoes in question can only be allowed to march out or to evaeuute them as prisoners of war; but the uuder lgucd is willing that each garrison, without distinction Put ween regular troops and national guards or militia, timy retire, in tho delay of days, to their respective homes?the officers giving for themselves and their respective men. the usual parole of houor not agalu to serve against the Uulted States of America in the present war. until duly exchanged. Article 2. The garrisons may be allowed all the honors of war usually granted to gallant troops; but to surrender their arms of every sort, save the side arms of the officer*. Article 3. As far as practicable by the commissioners of the two armios. this may be arranged to satisfy the Just pride of the gallant defenders of the places in question. Article 4. Is readily agreed to, and may be solemnly promised. Article 0. This Is substantially met in the above remark under article 1. Article 6. Not admissible in any case. Taking the foregoing remarks and the instructions of the undersigned to his cnnimbwioncrs?which instructions were substantially communicated to the Mexican commissioners?as the basis of an honorable capitulation. the undersigned, to spare tho further effusiou of blcOl, is willing to refer back the whole subject to the stuue commissioners of the two parties?provided that the said commissioners meet aguiii to-day at 10 o'clock, A. M.. at the same place as yesterday, and proceed without delay to a dctinite conclusion of tho whole subject. The undersigned will wait the answer of his excellency. Oeneral Landero. up to 0 o'clock, this day. and. iu the mean time, renews the assurances of bis high r?speot and consideration. WINKIELD SCOTT. Copy of the original paper for the Hou. Secretary of War. E. P. 8CAMMON, A. A D C Articlm of Capitulation of the City of Vera Crux and the Cattle of San Juan dr Vlua. Pt'EJITE I>?. IloRNOS, ) Without the Walls of Vora Cruz, > Saturday. .March 27. 1847. S Terms of capitulation agreed ujon by the cnuiuiisslonere. vli flawarals U' V U/aw*K .n/l IX I Pillow w?.i f so f G. Totten, chief engineer, on the part of Major General Soott, gnneral-in-chlef of the armies of the United Btatee; and Col. Jose Guticrres de Vlllauucva. I.leut. Colonel of the Engineers Manuel lloblen. and Col. I'odra de H err era, commissioners appointed by General of Brigade Don Jose Juan Lnnduro. commanding in chief. Vera Cruz, the Castle of San Juan dn I'luo and their dependencies?for the surrender to tho arms of the United States of the raid forte, with their armaments. muuilious of war. garrisons, and arms 1. The whole garrison, or garrisons to be surrendered to the arms of the United States, as prisoners of war. the V'Jth Inst., at 10 o'clock. A. M : the garrisons to bo permitted to march out with all the honors of war. and to lay down their arms to such officers na may be appointed by the general-in-chief of tbe United States armies, and at a point to be agreed upon by the commissioners. 2. Mexican officers shall preserve their arms and private etfecis. including horse and bnr?u furniture, and to be allowed regular "uJ irregular officers, and also to rank and tile, five days to retire to their respective homes, on parulu, as hereinafter prescribed. 8. Coincident with the surrender, as stipulated in article one, the Mexican flags of the various forts uud stations shall be struck, saluted by their own batteries ; and, immediately thereafter, forts Santiago and Conception and the castle of S. Juan de Ulua, occupied by the forces of tho United States. . 4. The rank aud file of tho regular portion of the prisoners to be disposed of. after surrender and parole, as their gencral-in-chief may desire, aud the irregular to be permitted to return to their homes. Tbe officers. in respect to all arms aud descriptions of force, giving the usual parole, that tbe said rank and file, as well as themselves, shall uol serve again until duly exchanged. A. All the viateritl of war. and all public property of every description found in the city, the Castle of San Juan de UUla and their dependencies, to belong to the United States , but tbe armament of the eame (not Injured or deetroyed in the further proeecution of the actual war) may be considered as liable to be restored to Mexico by a definitive treaty of peace. 6 The sick and wounded Mexicans to be allowed to remain In the city, with such medical officers of the army as may be neo-ssary to their care and treatment. 7. Absolute protection is solemnly guaranteed to persons in the city. and property, and Tt Is oloarlv understood that no private building or property is to be taken or used by the forces of the United States, without previous arrar.xein jut with tbe owners, and for a fair eaul alent. ~" 1 8. Absolute freedom of religious worship, and csremoxaonies is solemnly guarantied. (Signed in duplicate.) W. J. WORTH. Brigadier General, G1D. J. F1LLOW. Brigadier General, JOS G TOTTF.N. Col. and Chief F.ng'r., JOSH GUTIERREZ DE VILLANU E VA, PEDllO MANUEL I1ERRERA, MANUEL ROBLE8 Captain Aulick. appointed a commissioner by C onimodore Perry, on behalf of the nary, (the General-in-Chief not being able. In consequence of thu roughness of the sea, to communicate with the navy until after commissions had been exchanged)?and being present by General Scott's Invitalir.ii. and concurring In the result and approving thereof - hereto affixes bis mime and signature J. 11. AULIUK. Capt. U. M. N. Headquarters of the army of the United States of America. < amp Washington, tx-for* Vera Urua. March 27, 1847 Approved and accepted : WIN FIELD H( OTT M. C. PERRY, t ommander-ln-Uhtef U S. N. forces Gulf of Muxioo Vr.a* Cruz, Mario '17, 1847 pprobad y acceptado : JOSE JUAN I)F. LANDERO. A true copy of the orlginul articles of capitulation E. P. 8CAMMON, 1st Lieut. Topo. F-ug's. Act'g. AiU-dc-camp (Oruf.Rs No. 16.) llr.Ao (4' artv.ns, 1st Biiioadk. ) Camp Washington, near Vera ' ruz. March '18 { 1st The brigade, except the guard of all descriptions, will be under arms at 8 A. M. to-morrow morning, ounteens filled and haversacks supplied as prescribed Id. Lieut. Colonel Duncan's light battery will tnkc the head of the column, aud be prepared to fire a salute of 98 runs. 8d One oompany of Id. artillery, and one company of I 8th infantry, under Major Wright, will occupy Fort Conception ; one company of 3d artillery, and one oompany /infantry, under Major Scott, will occupy Fort St Jago, one company of artillery and one company 4th infantry, one company 6tb infantry and one oompany 8th infantry. under Llent Col. Belton. will occupy the Uastle of hi Joan de Ulda. the remainder of the brigade not on duty, will be marched to the Plaza. 4th At -J o'clock P. M . the (lag of the U. S will be hoisted on the several nsmcd works, and a salute of 3* funs fired from each, beginning at Fort St. ./ago? next ort Conoeption?next S Juan de Ulda? and finally from Uj? light battery of the Plaza Ath Not an officer or soldier will be allowed to leave Iheir ranks or station until further orders. 8th. During the ceremony of the surrendering of Ihe . Mexican troops, not the slightest noise or cheering will to permitted When our flags arc hoisted, in addition to the battcrioe. they inay be saluted with cheers by soldiers not under arms. By order of Brigadier General Woe i ii "dgned i W W Maceall, A A G. (Ox!?gs al Ospciii No 72.) As.wv Hzad Qvartv.ri. i Camp W ushingtou, before Vera ( ruz. March 'A* S 1 By articl?? of oapltillation signed and exchanged, the e.lty of Vera ( rut aud the taatle of San Jnan de Ulua. with i.hair dependencies, are to be garrisoned by Un ?roea or the United Statee. to-morrcm at 10 o clock, A. M ? In the mean time, no officer or tnau of "aid force* will approach either of thoee plane* nearer than our hattart ea, Noa. 1,0,* t, 6, rnepeettrely. exoe|it by apeciaJ order or p?rrala?lnn on some matter of public duty 8 Fending the ceremony of eurrendor. tbe whole army will etaod by it* arm*, each oorpe near ita preeeut ground, ready to odv auoe and attack If neceaeary 4. The lat Brigade of Regular* and a Volunteer Brigade, to be designated by Maj (>en Patterson. together with any detachment from the U. S ?f|uadrnn under Co?. Ferry, that he may be pleaeed te. designate, will be present at tbe ceremonies of evacuating aud aurrendtr>nf. 1 boat force* will occupy such positions at tbe eeiemonie* oe uiay be assigned by Brig <?ener.d Wortb. d?tachmanti of whose Briga<l? will garrison the surrendered work a A Until those gnrrlsona. with their neeeeaary guard*, sentinels aud patrola. are duly netabllahed. no other pierson whatsoever will be allowed, oioept on apeclal duty, to enter either of the aurrendered places 6 The lnbabltaou of Vera Crtus. and their property, are placed under the safeguerd of every American a honor and any mieerennt, who aball do Injury to any persona or property, aball be promptly brought before a military commission. under General Ordera No 30 By command of Major General OTT ( -ifned) H L Scort( AMt, Act Adj't (Jen ; ri in -, w ? OfUnna Dalta ] March 36. Id4. ? Lint night Oct Morales wu rtrang ly importuned by the inhnhttants. who arc said to be attiring Muiuly. to -.urre'.ider the town but he was obstiuale. and would not listen to their appeals Ho declared he would not surrend"r the garrisoned works until 0Tery man was buried underneath the ruins, and not one atone left on top of another Thereupon a meeting of the National (luiu-d was held, and Oov. Moralos was deposed and Oon Landero placed In command March 27. 1817.- This morning the Mexicans did not accede to tho terms of the commissioners, and orders wore given to flre again at 9 o'clock However, about that hour the enemy solicited another meeting of the commissioner* While speculation was rife in reference to the result of this meeting and every person waiting with eager anxiety to hear the finale of the deliberations of the commissioners. I hoard a young oflcer propose a new and somewhat novel mode to Induce the Mexicans to oome to terms, which was as fbllows ?To despatch a messenger from head quarters, without being dressed In the pomp --' I- ntiii circumstance of glorious war. and announoe at the gate* of the city that Gen Taylor had arrived, with a force of Texan Ranger*, and intended to Sleep In the city to-night I do not pretend to say what would have been the effect of the young officer's proposition, but it did not appear to meet with much favor among his associates Gen Patterson's battery was relieved to-duy by the following officers from the Navy ;?Capt. Forrest. Lieuts. Case. Eld. Blunt. Humphrey. Almy. Rogers, and Claiborne: Midshipmen Hunter. Remdiaw. Cllley. Smith, Genet. Barbour. Carter. Jones and Lodge. A general impression pervades the camp to-dsy. that the Mexicans are treating only for the purpose of repairing breaches und fixing up their destroyed fortifications but our englnoers and ordnance officers have not boon behind them in this respect. During the day. wo have boon pluclng our guns in bettor position, supplying it., magazine with ammunition, and providing the anny witli scaling ladders, and their appurtenances ready to scale the walls and pass the breaches. If necessary, to take the city by storm The terms, however, were agreed upon, und submitted for ratification. March 28. 1847 ?Com Perry was preparing to land another battery of 10 guns from the Ohio, but tne necessity was obviated by the ratification by both parties of the stipulations agreed upon by the commissioners. The Mexicans surrendered the city of Vera Crus and custle of San Juan d'l'lua. and the armament and munitions of war. together with their small arms. The officer* retained their side arms. and the whole surrendered as prisouers of war. and are allowed to retire into the country on their parole,Gen. Seott furnishing them four day'a rations. 2UfA March. 1847 ?Tho oanip of the I'irst lirigadc has been very active In making preparations to receive the compliments of tho Mexican nrrny. and their arms, and to occupy the posltiou which they are about to yield to tho superiority of our arms and courage of our troops. At 9 o'clock. Gen. Worth's and Gen. i'illow's brigades formed about 300 yards apart, opposite each other, and tlie Mexicans marched out, stacked their arms, and marched off. Our troops then moved in column into tho city at 2 o'clock, planted the Star Spangled ilanncr ou the walls, where but a short time previous had waved that of a vain and conceited foe. Tho Stars and Stripes wont up first on Fort Santiago, then on Fort Conception, and then on the Castle and other places. Karh flag, as it went up. roceivcd the national salute, which was answered by the squadron?the yards of Die vessels were manned, and our oolors hailed with throe chi ers. Com. Perry was present in the Musqulto Moot, under ( apt. Tntuall. at the evacuutiou and surrender. The Mexicans variously estimated their 1>>hs at from >00 to 1000 killed and wounded, hut all agree thut the loss among the soldiery is comparatively small, and the destruction among the women and rhildreu is very groat . Among their killed is Gen. Felix V'aldcz, an officer of MM celebrity. <5 ?' At the time of the surrender, the Mexicuus had but two days ammunition and three days subsistence, wiiich accounts for their generally withholding their tire dur- 1 ing the night. Luring tne bombardment, our army have thrown tho following uumbor and sizo of shot1 Army Battery. 3000 ten-inch shells DOlbs. each. 500 round shot 26lbs. each. 200 eight-inch howitzer shells.Odlbs. each. Urn. J'attcrson's -Van/ Buttery 1000 Palxliau shot t>81bs. each 800 round shot 321b* each. Muti/ailo Fleet. ('apt Tatnall. *' 1200 shot and shell, averaging. .0211m. each. Making in all 6.700shot and shell, weighing 463.0001hs. The deDruction in the city is most awful?one-half of it is destroyed. Houses are blown to nieces and ftirni turn scattered lu every direction?the streets torn up/, and the strongest buildings seriously damaged. * (?en. Scott has certainly achieved a grout, glorious nml j almost bloodless victory over an enemy iu u position that ' was considered impregnable. Throughout the whole af-: fair he baa preserved the jr>o*t perfect equilibrium of temper, and the characteristic cool no- a and courage of a' great genend and noble sot'1'?r. ami ctein.ftom tho neecssitlea of demanding fi om the enemy Ua own term*, he has tempered the rigor ot iuu vatuuuiunriw with lilt-' nuinity?the beat evidence of a brave and competent officer. I The Engineer Corns uuder Col. Totten have applied: themselves to the discharge of their duties aa became1 them In their position, and endured the privations nnd c*po?uro to the weather and the lire of the enemy with out regard to health or loss of life. No division or portion of tlio army lias been better conducted than that of the Ordnance throughout the, whole of the operations, and no men.ore entitled to a A When the A ie-' ' .1 IlljiLflli V : ' ". ? ' 1 -*- - *&*' - i Fhidat, Mareb 'Jfl, 1817. Aia:?Tho detention of tho 1'rlncotou enables me to Inform the department of evouts up to this hour, (10. \. M.) Captain Mnyo and bla party have returned. hnving 1?en relieved In the batteries by ii detachment unit or ' >ipt Breeee I hardly uoivl assure tho dopartmont that llio party under ' aptaln Mayo sustained. with unabated outage"and spirit. the admirable Ore of tho naval l.uti?ry. The bombardment from tho trenches *?, eoni in tied through tho night A heavy norther now blowig. (tho third In llvo days.) has prevented eomninnieaiion with thoshore since last evening. Severalniorrliant <ossols have been thrown, this morning, ashoro by the gale The report of Copt. Mayo Is enclosed. as alio an**ddltional llet of killed and wounded. Among tho names of liio killed, will he found that of Midshipman T. 11. Shubidek. a most amiable and promising voting officer. I havo tho honor to l>o, your very obedient servant. M. C. PERRY. Conunandlng Homo Squadron, io tho Uon. Jo?i> ^ Msiofr, Secretary of iho Navy, Washington eity, P. C. Scsnar, Mareb UA. 1817. Sir ?I aui happy to Inform you that tbo elty and eastl? of Vera Crux, surrendered yesterday to tha combined I -rre of Ibe army and navy of thS United States, ou terms highly favorable to us ' With tiign respect, your obedient servant, M C PFPRV, Commanding Homo Squadron o tho Hon Jons Y. Maios, Secretary of the Navy Knelosod Is an Informal oopy of the terms of stipulation M. C. P. I ml nj kiMtd and wnttnJe/t ?/ the iletaehmrnti at the oniimrt an mr jim ana ~ >rn jrgarra, KilltHnn ih, i\th -WlUiam Mnrcm ?eani?u; J"tin Wlllltnii, quart vr-aunnor; Jnn. llarrlnaton. bonuwaln'x mat*; Dnnlsl MrUlnnio, Inndtmnn; Jonn Tookajr, Mft1 man Killti nn ibr 35fk.-_TW ti Rhtibrlck midshipman .Inhn Williamson, mimiin j ll'ovndtd on IA? 34M A 8 Baldwin, lieutenant, - - ? ?- - mu f j The Diagram of Tart Cnu. The 1 March 1 }; u ? V fl 1 J V-IIUEGAIUCIAN whitish ISi ft v v .. S teltATCHl ICtAH w -aia*. O- ' <S5f " " . tlii jho*I.,?? S..? ,0AM ; <-0A , - _-"r" ?ryu.mr x . " ' V' C6U 2/ ^ ^>\ ^V- - - - - - .'.V"."'.:". T H IS RIFI A Si C?The position #f the Steamers Spitfire and VUen. O?American Una of entrenchments, established March 13th? extending from Pt de la C'atlta to a point opposite B. greater degree of crodlt than Capt. linger and Lieut, liagner; their duty has been arduous, tml they have labored night and day to discharge It. in fair weather and foul, both at the general depot and In tho entrenchments : and I saw these officers up to their knees In water during the prevalence of the heavy norther, to rescue their stores from Ions Orn. Patterson has acquired fur himself a high reputation ns a gallant soldier and ablo oHloor. His official ' duties have been necessarily heavy and laborious; hi which ho has been well sustained by <ln efficient staff, consisting of Maj. O. A. McCall, Capt. MoC lcll&nd, Lieut 8. Williams and Lieut. Mead. Although the veteran Twiggs and that able officer, Col. P. K. Smith, have not had an opportunity of attacklug the city, or figuring conspicuously in tne engagement. they buve had an important and responsible position assigned them, on the road to Mexloo, which they , maintained and occupied with great vigilance. The general health of tho army is good. The men have been well supplied with provisions since their first landing ; bnt bow could it be otherwise with such an officer as (apt. Grayson at the head of tho department, seconded by the quartermasters now in the service? Gen Quitman',- brigade is to take up its line of march for Alvarado on the 30th. and Gen. Twiggs will move iu column on the Nutionul bridge, 30 miles from VeraCruz, . where it Is expected some resistance will bo made. The Princeton left on the evening of lho'J9th. and was { saluted by the Castle of Han Juan de Ulna as she passed , out She made the trip in 3 days and 10 hours. ? i learn that Com. i'urry has laid in a claim for tho captured property as a prize to the navy. The array is not entitled to prize money, and 1 can see no good reason P why the navy should not receive at least one-half of the raptured property. They have done all tho labor In lauding the army and their provisions, armament and quartermaster's stores?have laborod assiduously,in good I and bad weather, to perform their part of the service? ' they havo done au ample share or the fighting?their ' battery has done as much as any other to bring tho ' Mexicans to terms?and from the first landing of the . troops, to the surrender, have distinguished themselves iu the discharge of the duties assigned them. Without jj their co-operation, in my humble opinlou, wo would not have beeu able to operate against Vers Cruz at all. ^ col. harney's dragoon piout. f [From the New Orleans Delta. April 4.] Information was received lu cornp this inoruitig that a ^ body of Mexicans were banging on our rear intending^ v to force the lines If possible and majfe their way iuto* LPPEARANCE AT VERA CRUZ merlcan Flag was Hoisted ever that ; jj >. * ' - \ * > W * r **"1 "*'- , ' .JKE SALUTE rROM THE OAS -Ultlitljr; Edward Black. aeamnn. filljclitly. Mathlna Nice* <Kim?n. nlif(litly; Win Itamblln. *<>amau, Might ly; Defori'vt ( arey. aeanian. alightlv. ' Wounded on the l&th.?'fliw boh men. alightlv. names not n?oortainod. Respectfully, your obedient servant. M C. I'KRRY. Commanding Home Squadron To the Hon. Jvo. Y Ma*oaf. Secretary of the Navy I'sitin Stitii Sair f#T?M*c, ) Off Sacriflcioe. Marrh 24, HW7. \ Si* In compliance with your letter thia moment re reived, railing for ft report of my proceeding* in command of the detachment on sbor" yeaterday, I have the honor to state that the tmttery of throe tMrirh Palxhan can* and tliree long 32-pounder* landed from the aquad1 on wa* turned over to me at 10 A. M. by the aeootnpllabed engineer officer who eonstrurted it, (( apt. R E. Lea.) who, a* well a* Lieut*. Smith, of t.ba Engineer*, nd William*, aid of Gen. Scott, remained In the battorv throughout the tire; the enemy having but a few minute* liefore dleooTered oar position, commenced the afctac.k upon a* I Immediately ordered the guna to ha unmaaked. nnd the Bring commenced on tho euem/'a batterie*. which wae ateadily and deliberately continued until about b*lf-p**t J P. M . when oar lout charge of ammunition, of which we hnd only about fifty rounu* to eneh gun. waa expended. Uy tht* time our anndbag t reaslwork* nnd traverwa were much dilapidated by the allot of the enemy und tho concuaaion of our own hoavy I _ Ml,..-I...I .V- ?.1 . * - ' IH17V rip. I nun <??.?? . vri IUO fill nntfurm lO tw CiQPCU up clth sand hag*. (for tba suggestion of which I must i h*nk ( apt Lee,) nntl everybody to seek thi brut shelter from ?hot that the work afforded. until the ammunition we expected ahould anrive. At 4 o'clock. ( apt Mayo, with a freah supply of ammunition nuil a relief party of offl.-ert and men. arrieed I then relinquished the command to him agreeably to your order, and returned to my thip Our Iom waa four men killed, and one officer and Are men wounded, one f the latter mortally, (since dead) the others slightly Then it is considered that wt had ihe concentrated and M-rj acttre Are of At? of the enemy's batteries upon us hi a distance of lesa than eight hundred yarda. heaides occasional slieUa from the oasUe of "Ana JtMS do Vl |* ! II I 'osltion of our Forces on Landlny, 1847. W W jfl?1 -c ;,? ,,kC ? ?v -7 r c D t, H* ! ? RIRORI. B, D, E, and F?The peettlewi of the gunboats. 1 H?A Mexican redoubt, captured by our force*. The eloop of war John Adam* wae anohored on the south side of Sacrlficioe. opposite F. the city with it number of cattle. 0ol Harney, with ] on* hundred and twenty dragoon*, wan ordered out in ( search of them, and report his observation*. He disooverod them about'two thousand in number entrenched at a bridge and supported by two pieces of artillery, three miles flrom Oen. Patterson's head-quarters. Col. Hurney started on his return. Intending to prepare properly and attack them the next morning. But the gallant old soldier kuowing that delays are dangerous, could not bear the Idea of leaving tho enemy after having come in sight of them, without having a brush. Accordingly, he returned to the place, took a position where ho could watch their movements, and keep his men secure from the enemy's fire. The Mexicans commenced firing ut him, and threw a perfect shower of balls all around him, but without injury. Col. Harney i then despatohed a messenger to camp for a small reinforcement, and some artillery to break the breastworks. He was reinforced from Gen. Patterson's Division, by Lieut. Judd, with two pieces of artillery, about 60 Drugoons, dismounted, and six oompanies of the 1st aud2d Tennessee Voluntocrs, under tho command of Col. Haskell. accompanied by Gon. Patterson in person, although he did not tako the command from Col. Harney, but merely participated as any othpr individual who was engaged. Col. Harney then formed tho Tennessocuns on the right, his Dragoons on the left., and advanced slowly, to draw the fire of the Mexicans, until Lieut. Judd got his artillery in such position as he desired. The movement succeeded admirably : Lieut. Judd got his grouud within 150 yards of the Mexicans, and commenced firing ?they attempted to return it, but ns soon as a slight breach was mado In the parapet. Col. Harney ordorcd a charge, which was answered by a veil from the Dragoons and Teunossoeans. Col. Haskell, Capt. Cheatham and Capt. Foster were the first men to leap over the breastwork, and, as a naval officer remarked, who witnessed the whole afiair. the balance wont over so much like ' a thousand of brick" that there was no telling who was first or last. As might have been expected, the Mexican* were unablo to stand a charge from ' the , boys who stood the fire of the Black Fort at Monterey." A few of the incumbrances were soon thrown out of tho way, and Col. Harney, with his Dragoons, leaped the breastwork, and gave chase. He had not proceeded more than a mile before he found the enomy , formed in line to receive him. He immediately deployed, find, from the head of the line, ordered a charge. When me approached within about 30 yards from the enemy's ill?a wa?a Vilm a Am fpam f iiaip irfo.flpvna K?t Awar ' hot. '/hen com* the teat of strength and 'sklu?the ON THE 29th OF MARCH, 1847 t City and ever the Castle of San Jna . - | * ' ? ^ mm Pi JW59A WW ' .; "' ' ., - ~. - ' " :.; t?***: --* ;v :' ; --. -;i: : \'~"~S..t$:'-" *' TLB AND AMIAZOAN FLBBT L'lua," It I* matter of surprise that oar low Is so imal!. K afford* me great satisfaction to add that every offleer and man in the battery behaved with the atmoet coolness, activity and cheerfulness. Commander A. S. Mackenzie, who bad superintended the duty of placing the guns In battery, promptly tendered his services to me, and took charge of ono of my ,1'J-pounder*. which he managed with great skill, and.'I doubt not. with great effect upon the enemy's works. In the course of the firing, the flag on ono of the enemy's forts was brought down by a shot from a gun fired by l.ieut Baldwin It was. however. quickly again displayed fioui the same flag-staff. It Is due to Midshipman AUan MeLane that I should not omit to mention that on a call for volunteers to cut away some brushwood which obstructed tbo view to a battery on which we wished to direct our Arc, ha sprung through an embrasure, followed by two men. (William Carenaugh. seaman?the name of the other I hare not lieen able to ascertain.) and amidst a shower of balls, quickly removed the obstruction for which gallantry I complimented them on the spot. I a m, however, sure that any other officer present would have been happy of an opportunity to hare done the same A* von desire to forward this report to the department by the Princeton, leaving at 13 in to day, it is necessarily a very hasty and hriof one I annex a list, of the killed and wounded, and also of I he officers of the detachment I am. very respectfully, your obedient eerrant. J II. AULICK, Captain. To Com. M. C Piasr. commanding Home Squadron off Saorificios. Lilt oj effttiri e/ (At ArtacKmml Commander : A. S. Mackenzie. Lieutenants Charles Kennedy; Sidney Smith Lee. Harry IngursaU. 0. H Perry, and A 8. Baldwin Assistant Surgeons: O. F. Baxter, and John Hastings Passed Midshipmen; C Kanntleroy. and Charles Liyvr Midshlpmeu: Wm. II Parker, Allan McLane, John P. Jones. R. B Rtorer. M. J Smith, W. K. Mayo, W V. Ulllis. and J. Maury Captain's Clerk ; S F Kmmona?(Potomac.) J H. At'LlCK, Captain Hit of killed. Ww M?ou?, HWU, MiMlMippl; John WUUuw, / . 1 Y - - - : L J Jr?w-r wtib "-w rj in hinJ in i tb' ccnfl.Hnn Iw r with pointed l?nce. ready to receive him The ?rmt-iir wa? but for a ahnrt time In mnnv Inetnncea. lances we?e I twisted ftin their clenched h<>M tht> Mexicans worij J nn> iddied. and driven hcltrr?Vpl'or in evrrv <11 r<"*H' r? t and tmreiiod hv the drnennns in detachments Colonel Hamev and several of bin officers. mot their men In J slngl" combat >>nt none nf them received anv injury ex- ' cent I.lent NVM1 MMnt of the regiment. who tent wnnnded severely in two places from hi* marnianltnUv . In attempting to capture a Mexican Instead of hillintr " him Tn full rtin he orertnoV the retreating Mexican, nnd placing hia sword In front of him commanded him J *' - drove hia lance j xo surrender. wnorcuDnn me Into hU magnanimous adversary As the Lieutenant , whpeled his horse to despatch him another Mexican charged up end struck him with a lance. However severely wounded as he was. In two places. he conanercd one of his foes and a corporal camo m> In time to "scttl-loootinta" with the other In this affair Colonel llsrnev had four wounded and one killed Lieutenant Judd had one killed: and the Tennesseeans had Measrs Fox. Lonir Woodlv. and one other of Capt. M'Cowen'a company whose name 1 oould not ascertain wounded Mr. Young, a Texan Hanger. who waa acting as (rulde. was also wounded slightly Nineteen Nfexlcans wore found dea.l at the bridge behind the breastwork. Col. Harney killed llfty and wounded about the same number. The Mexioati force nearQOOO: Tol Harney's about 800 Colom 1 | , Haskell Cants. c|n-atham. Foster. Snead. Lieut Judd. , and all the officers and men In the command, are spoken i of in the varv hlithest terms by Col. Harn<y for their jal lant conduct throughout the wholo affal* THE NEW VOPK vnt.rVTKKP*. 1 On the -20th. a detachment from the New York and t Pennsylvania Regiments had a skirmish with a body of cavalry In which they killed and wounded 8 and lost 9- | Mr. Miller. Company O lat Penn.. killed, and Mr Bull. t New York, woundeil alightly In a skirmish with some i Mexloan scouts and Own. Twiggs' picket. Sergeant Blake 1 >f Capt. Balnhrldge's company. 4th Artillery, was killed, ind private James Stevens wounded. I The Navy. Official UcpatchM from Cominodor* Perry. U S. Steamer Miisitatrpi. At anchor near Vera Cruz. March SI. 18-17. Sib?I have the honor to luform the department of , ray arrival, yesterday. at this anohorage. and of the transfer of the command of the home squadron to mu by Commodore Conner, this morning at 8 o'clock With great respect. I am. sir, your obedient servant, M. C. PERRY. Qommandlng home squadron. 1 The Hon. John Y. Mhos, Secretary of the Navy, ; 1 Washington. D C. I ' Fi.au Snir Mississippi, ) ' Off Vera Cruz, March 08th, 1847. J Sim?The sailing of the Princeton this day for the 1 I'nlted States offers me an opportunity of Informing the department that Oeneral Scott had. on the *2d instant, the day after I assumed command of the squadron, so far completed the erection of his batteries In the rear of 1 Vera Cruz, as to authorise the summoning of theelty, 1 and on the refusal of the governor to surrender, of opening his fire at three o'clock of that day. _ j In eonfomlty with arrangements made In the morn- ' in* with Oeneral neott, i airwwa mo !>? ? ... it??mcr? and gun-boats of the sqnadron. led by Com- J mander .1 Tatnall. in the Spitfire, to take a position and _ commence a simultaneous fire upon the eltjr. The or- ' der was promptly and gallantly executed, and the Ore ' was kept up with great animation until late In the evea- J inp. 1 On visiting them at their position. I found that the ' two steamers had nearly exhausted their ammunition. 1 but harinp received a fresh supply during the night 1 from this ship, they at sunrise moved to a more favorable and advanced point, and resumed and continued ' their fire until recalled by signal ! ' At tho earnest desire "of myself and officers. General 1 Scott generously assigned a position in the trenches, to 1 be mounted with guns from the squadron, and worked J by seamen. Throe 8-lnch Paixhans. and three long 33-pounder?. (all that were required.) were consequently 1 landed, and after immense labor in transporting them 1 through tho sand, in which parties from the divisions of ' Generals Patterson. Worth, and Pillow, respectively dotaehed by those officers, cheerfully participated, the pieces were placed in position and opened upon the elty aoout 10 o'clock yesterday. Immediately drawing upon them a sharp fire from the enemy, whicn In a short time killed and wounded tun of tho dotachmont from the squadron. In order to give itll a chance to serve In tho trenches, for the honor of which there is a great though generous strife. I have arranged that detachmeuts from each ship In charge respectively of lieutenants, and the whole commanded by a captain or commander, shall be relieved every twenty-four hour*. Captain Aulick, assisted by Commander Mackenzie, and several lieutenants, had the direction of mounting the guns and opening the fire, and well and bravely was the duty performed. Captain Mayo Is now in charge and will be relieved In turn. The Ohio arrived on the 22d instant, hnt In consequence of a norther, did not reach her proper anchorage until yesterday afternoon. Detachmonts of boats from all the vessels are employed night and day In landing from the transports the storee and munitions of the army. Enrloaod Is a list of the killed and wounded ascertained up to this hour. (13 meridian.) with the report of Captain Aulick; also a list of tho small vessels comprising the flotilla of the squadron, all of which were engaged on the 33d Instant. I have the honor to be, your mort obedient servant. M. C PEKRY, Commanding Home Squadron Hon. Jon* Y. Mason, Seretary of the Navy. f, n de Ulna# !, i: i, U'~ ^ f. . ' " 1 1 " " ' ' I mmarm3XMsans=x=x3z==mmt==3WMmams=xxXx qaarter gunner, Rarltan ; John Harrington, boatswain's inato, Ht Mary's ; Daniel McOinnls. landsman, At. Mary's ; and John Tookey, seaman, Potomac Lilt of wounded. Lient. A. S Baldwin, Potomac ; F,d. Black, senman. Totomac ; Mathia* Nice, seaman, Totomac ; Win llamMln. seaman, Potomac ; and Deforest Carey, landsman. Potomac J. II. AULICk, Captain. Uwrrrn flr*rrs Stcamcs Mississippi, ) Off Vera Crur,, March 38. 1817. J Sis : In obedience to your order, I proceeded, on tha afternoon of the 24th instant, to the naval battery opposite Vera Crus, with dctuchraents from this ship, the Potomac, Haritau, Albany, and 8t. Mary's, nnder the officers named In the accompanying list, and relieved , ? aptain Aullck and the officers and incu nnder his oom- | mand. * Tho breastworks having been mnch broken down In the cannonade of the day. the night was passed in re- | pairing them by Lieutenant Tower, United Btates engl- I users, and his party, from whom I received great aasls- j lance Shortly before sunrise of the 30th, the enemy htrinff nru,n?^ hia Spa ,, ,, - e 'nnp r.f V, I a htttsrlna 'in active cannonade was returned by ua, and continued without interruption until half-pant two, p m.. when ihey were lilenced. Two batteries ou their eitreme left ' ubBoqucntly tamed their Are toward* us ; but on ourbriskly returning it. they a Leo ceased firing, and about balf-psst three, p m , our ammunition being expended, t ha cannonade reaped on our part I cannot too highly commend the teal, courage, and activity display id by every officer and man under my command . and I regret that the efficient per vice which they rendered should have been attended with the lo*a of one officer. Mldihipiuan T. II Sbubriclt, and ouo seaman. J. Williamson, killed, and three slightly wounded The admirable conduct of Midshipman Uhubrick, down to the moment of hie fall, whilst pointing a gun on Ilia enemy, oocaaioned me the mora to lament hu loss lie waa a young offlcor of great merit aod promlae. and had he lived, must have become an ornament to his profession and country. Very respectfully, your obodient servant, J. MAYO, Captain To Com M. C, Faaar, t eati'g lion* Squadron. '? Lxf of offlctro tugagtd at the Mitil lattery on the "ilth March, 1147 I leutaaants: Simon B. Biaaell Raphael Scmrnes. John )e Camp, t harlin Stednian. Jam"1* M. Frftlley. and lame* 8. Biddle. Lleutenuntof Mmiu-s : U'm. L. Shutlcworth. Assist* nt Surgeon : James Hamilton. Acting I drwter: T M. < roaaun Paa*< d Midshipmen : It. M. uyler. William NeUon. anil Pete* Wager Midshipmen: r. 11 SUubrlck, Joa. B Smith, C. T. Andrew*. A H ,faring J. II. Upahur, and S McCiaw. Respectfully. J. MAVO. Captain Comd'g. ["o Com M. C Psaar, Comd'g Homo Squadron lilt of vtutli comprit.nr the flotilla of tht Ouif Squadron, March 33, 1847 United Statoa atuamor Spitfire. Commander J. Tattnall United State* steamer V ixen, Commander J. H. Sands. United State* gun-boat Bonila, Lieutenant Comm&ndng F. O Benham United State* gun-boat Heeler. Lieutenant Command ug J S Sterutt United State* gun-boat Petrel, Lieutenant Command ugT. D Shaw Uulted Statoa gun-boat Falcon, Lieutenant Commandug J J Olaasou United States gun-boat Tamploo. Lieutenant Cum. nanding Win P. Oriflln Very respectfully, your obedient sorvaut, M. C. PLRRV, Commanding Home Squadron I'o the Hon Jto Y Maaos, Secretary of the Nary Ukitsd St*tc? numta JVIissusirrt, J . un sacrincios ibiauu, low ) Sim : I regret to announce the loss of the steamer luuUr, the particular* of which disaster aru detailed in .he accompanying report of Lieut. McLaughlin 1 had arrived a few houri before, una fortunately, 'rum the admirable qualities of this ahlp. was enabled to go to the assistaucu of the throe vessels aahore, the rnonunt at early dawn 1 discovered their distress, though It was blowing, at the time, a gale. The boats of thU vessel, under the special charge of .'apt. Mayo, who volunteered his service, and command J respectively by Lieuts. Decamp,Aldeu, and Blunt, and Passed Mid. Kauntleroy.happily rescued every one. more than sixty In number, firom the wrecks. I havs the honor to be. your obedient servant. m. c. perky, Commanding Home Squadron ro the Hon John Y. Mason, Secretary of the Navy United Statics Steamer Mississirri, t Anohorage near Vera C'rus, March 36, 1S47. S 8ia?I am writing In the nsidst of one ef the heaviest northers I evar experienced. Twenty-three merchant reasels have alreay gone ashore since morning, many of them with army stores and munitions. The vessels of the squadron have so far held on. The loss of llfo I fear will he great. This is the third norther we have had slnoe I took command, five days slnoe, and we have had thirty wrecks. I write this In anticipation of the early sailing of the Princeton, fearing I should not have time in the morning. Botn the Raritan and Potomac have had vessels icross their hawses. I am Ignorant of the extont of danagu done to tbeee vessels, but notice that the Raritan has her fore and spritsall yard carried away. We have parted uue of our chains, and hare not yet recovered our anchor. It would seem to me very neoessarr that we should lave a spare chain and anchor for each class of vessels, fhey ran easily be put upon one of the islands. Several juai> UBTC BUOU iubv iu iuo a?io, uuc actually Vluwa rrom the davit* of this ship; not Tom than ten email boate are lbsolutely necessary to our wants; the oommon Iron asteued whaleboat, such an are made at New London ir New Bedford, costing from $30 to $60. will answer rery well, and they euu lUypigra be purchased ready nade. Spars of assorted kinds arc also wanted. It is hoped that the frame for the hospital, to bo erected, and one ir more sheds, will soon arrive. Wo may soon autlalpate.much, sickness, aud the rainy season Is fast approaching The Ohic and Mississippi are the only vestals arrived of all those expected; and I have ail day been fearing that the former would not bold on. The iteamers are not In so much danger, as they all work their wheels or propellers. I am, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant, M. C. PEBRY, Commanding Home 8quadron. * P.9. We are already In want of Manilla hawsers, those ruoolved at Norfolk being tarred: four hawser* were la use to-day in this ship. One merchant vessel Is partly riding by us. 17. 9. Flaci Stiir Missiiairri, ) At anchor near Vera Cms, March 3!). 1847.) Bis?It is) with infinite satisfaction I announce to you that the city of Vera Cruz, and the castle of S. Juan de I,'Ilia, were this day occupied by garrisons of United Status troops. Detachments from the army and navy, with the flotilla, were in motion early in the morning, and the Amuricau colors were hoisted on tbo forts of the city and castlo at 13 o'clock, under a simultaneous salute from all the large vessels of tho squadron. Enclosed Is a copy of the articles of oapitulation. I have the honor to be, most respoctfully, your obedient servant. M. C. PERRY. Commanding Home Squadron. Hon. Jetiv Y. Mason, Secretary of the Navy. 1 P. M., March 3?, { . Within the Castle of 8. Juan de Ulua. ) I write this within the castlo. The batteries In tha city are now saluting The American flags are already hoisted on two forts of the city. Tho American colon will be next displayed on tho caatlu M. C. PERRY cixcl'lab. U. 8. Krioate Raritak, Sacrificios, \ March 31, 1847, } Sir?Id taking leave of the Home Squadron, which 1 have had tha honor to command since December, 1843, I should not bo doing justice to my own feelings, or to tho merits of the officers, seamen and others who have erred under me, were 1 to part from them without expressing. In this public manner, the gratification I hare experienced, upon a review of their long and faithful scrrieee. They have submitted cheerfully to discomfort and privations of no ordinary character, performed with seal and alacrity the ardous duties that have, of necessity, been linposod upon them, and patiently awaited the moment which was to give them an opportunity of participating in the war. In a naval war, where the stimulus of battle and tho hope of distinction are present to animate and eneourage to axertion. those evidences of fortitude and alaorlty are naturally to be expected ; but the merit of the brave officers and men whom 1 leave behind me, and from whom I part with so mueh regret, is enhanced an hundred fold by a consideration of the barrenness of honors of the field In which they have been compelled to labor. Whilst they battled manfully with tha storm, In enforcing au arduous and herrasslng blockade?have braved the wreck and disease?no enemy's flag has appeared upon the sea ; nor have thoy been able to reach him In his strongholds, by reason of the peculiar difficulties of his coast. Wishing them every happiness in life, and the success, in thoir future career, which they so well merit, 1 shall ever remain their attached friend and brother offlonr. (Signed) D. CORNER. THE PAUTICltLARS OF TIIE NAVAC BOMBARDMENT. [Krom the New Orleans Delta. April 4.1 As soon as Com Hurry perceived the land forces on{agml, ho ordered ( apt 'i'atnall. with what is called the lusquito fleet, consisting of the steamers Spitfire and Vixen, nnd five guubont*. vis:?Reefer. Bonita, Tampico, Falcon and I'etrel, to attack. Capt. Tatnall inquired at what point he should engage Com. i'erry very emphatically replied?" Wherever you can do the most execution,sir.'' Accordingly the little fleet took position under a point of laud known as tho " Lime Kilo," about a mile from the city, where they were protected from a point blank shot of the castle. As soon as they got their |>?eition in line, thoy opened a fire of round shot and shell, at a rapid rate, and threw them handsomely into the towu and Fort Santiago. , * in irii|;n ir m Hnpittiu 1 ttlUHII, and tbe powerful engines of havoc and destruction woro now lu full Must from every quarter. hurling their dreadful aud deadly missiles iuto each others'! ranks In rapid succession, which they kept up until about dark, when the Mexican batteries comparatively censed, and the " Musquito Fleet" also held off for the night. At eight o'clock the party that were In the trenchoa were relieved by another detail. The troops who returned front the intrcnchments were literally covered with smoke and dust, and so mneh disfigured that they could not be recognized except by tboir voices. Shell after shell exploded lu their midst, and shot after shot threw barrels of earth from the embankinuutsover their heads as they lay in the trenches. Their escape seems to have been miraeulous, Indeed, and every person Is surprised that at least one half of their number was not slain. But here allow me to relate an Incident that ocaurred during the heaviest of tho fire?it is an evidence of thu coolness of the American soldier in time of the greatest danger, and at the sumu time illustrates the ruling passion of a small portion of the army, which amounts to a mania in some instances, brought on. no doubt, by having too much spare time, and no means wherewith to convert it Into usefulness A small party, who had been laying in the trenches nil day. hecomiug tirod of doing nothing. iu> they said, were devising some means of pasting sway the time. At length one of thein proposed a game at curds, and haufed out an old greasy paok. and some half dozen of thrui sat down in the ditch to play, with nothing but tobacco for stakes. They became much Interested, and it was not long before they forgot all about cannon, bomb-shells. Mexican batteries, or any thing else, but their tobacco and the cards. It was not long, however, before a thirteen inch shell fell on the top of the embankment ; the explosion completely covered Ihem with the earth; they nil scrambled out as iiuiek as they could and shaking the sand from their clothing, ana cleaning It out from their eyes, one of them very coolly remarked, ' Well, boys. I'll be darned if that didu'l come mighty near beluga "leu strike." MarrK 33 ?A Norther sprung up this morning, which has been blowing furiously sll day, filling tbe air, and oovertng everybody with sand. The Mexican batteries havo been quiet, with the exemption of a few allots about midnight, when they opened a sharp flro for a short time Our mortars have not ceased during tho night, tint own tinned to pour iuto thu city a constant stream of Ore At one time I rnw ss many us six shells in the atr. tho whole of which exploded in the city, about tbe same time, with a terrlOe and deadly effect. Just ss daylight was approaching.Capt. Tatnall's Musquito Fleet weighed anchor, and under cover of a moon somewhat clouded, approached within fl'.O yards of the f astis. As soon as they bad got tfaclt respective positions, they opened a broadside from the I- lost, whiota was answered by tha Castle with great spirit, both by round shot and sholl. Capt. T. continued the engagement for about half an hour, although the signal from thu Commodore's ship rolling him off had been hoisted tor some time , but, I suppose, was not seen, on account of a cloud of smoke which hung around the sbiypiuir, im? HttucK or (.apt. i on the ("astlc U rbniid~rred one of thu nioit dtirlug fenta that hw been attempted xinoe tho commencement of hontilitirH. Since writing tho foregoing. I liare been furnished by a gentleman with the following memoranda Monday Earning. March 95.?Hove up anchor and got under way at 6t?, vix : Stenmcre Hpittlre and Vixen, sehr* Reefer. Lieut flterrett ; Bonlti, Llent Benham Tanpleo, Lieut. Oriflln ; Falcon. iieut Oloxeon ; Petrel. Lieut. Hhnw, rnrne to anchor at A SO. and opened fire at A HA ; caned firing at 7 30, by order of Cnpt. Tatnoll. Tun day Morning, March 93 ?At A 80 Itove up anchor M4 ww taken la tow bj Spltfiif and VUea it 1W, and i

Other pages from this issue: