Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 14, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 14, 1847 Page 1
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I 1 TH Vol. XIII. No. 103?Whole No. 4700. THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, \ortl?-wc?t corner of Fulton and Naaeau eta. I AMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. CIRCULATION-FORTY THOUSAND. DAILY IIEllALI)?Every day, Price 2 cents per copy?$1 I'l | ?'I auiinin?pay able in advance. wT.EKI.Y HERALD?Kvery Saturday?Price centi l*i c..I y ? $1eenti per annum?payable in advance. HERALD ! Oil EUROPE?Every Stouin Packet day? Price GV cciita per copy?$1 tier annum, payablr in advance. MOLIDA V HERALD? Published en the 1st of January anc Ut nl Julv ul'eich year?tingle copiet sixpence each. ADVERTISEMENTS. at the luual prices?always cash in advance. Adverlitements should be written in a plain, legiblt siaiuwr. 'I'lie Proprietor will not be ret|ionaiblt for errora thai may occur in them. , . ... PRINTING of all kiuds executed beautifully and with detpatch. All letters or communications by mail, addressed to tin establishment, must be post paid, or ihe postage will be de. darted frmn the subscription money Amitted. .rTSL TO LET?The up|>er part of I house in the lowet j|mpan of the city, rueeaaafon given immediately, rn .dial.particulars enquire at No. 1 N isaau street. al3 31'rrc I nl NTHY RESIDENCE TO LET OR LEASE. /f"A A BE il'TIKl'L and healthy situation on 57th street, ;; * near the Last river, with about 20 lota of ground, handddA somrly laid out in (lower and vegetable gardens, fruit i ? lie , with a stable and every'convenience for a genteel vs.deuce. Stagnare pasting every few minutes. Inquire of Dt St hmidt, No. G Warren street, between 9 and 10 A. M., and J ? d ? P. M. a!3 3t*r FOR SALE, sift! A OOOD PUBLIC HOUSE, desirable location neat 11 roadway and the Park, suitable for the accommoda J?sl& tio'i of Bo nders and Lodgera, will lie sold cheap for ' is the proprietor is about leaving the city. Enquire 34 i>. in II A. M.. to 5 P.M. al23t*r I i lit s VLK.?One of tlie best Porter Houses on the I '.River. For particulars.apply attlie bar, 127 KooseWsJUL'elt street. aU 3t*C j/ti. "1" I.I.T.?Au elegant front room,on the weat side of m Broadway, hetwrau Whitr and Walker streets. It ia in mJ^'Iki ' cond story, beautifully finished,and every way deo . le for the office of a professional gentleman, or for any It : .r I . icv business. Rent moderate. Possession given on the 1st of May. Inquire at No. 300 Broadway, third story. _ all lw?c TO LET, MA HOW of neat new two story Cottue Homes, now finished, well calculated for resiieclabU families, situate I .... it.. ......i. ...i- ~r m.i - ? i?. s? 1 way aud i.ih sseii'i*. Tliv stages pus regularly from 7A.M,, unul * it clock m the evening, every 10 minutes, for 6.L cents , i.nd alter il.t first of.Mty, every 30 minutes. Rooms as follows: l).|?i ini-ui?, J |.,ir| ,r.. wuli sliding doora, and hard fiuiahed w?!l? id story, 3 rooms and t bedrooms. (iood dry cellara. lirni SIR). Apply on the pramiara. a|t||-tin*r H.M. K. PF.NPLK.TON, Agent. /ffL I V It I oh A HOI MH. writh a amall gonteel family, ;;i| *inii d by * gentleman, whose family conaiata of himml'JM* "'If, Mile, infant and servant; a front Parlor and Bed ft d i tg, ? nli one or two small l?ed rooms, and base111|| il krulien, will be required. Location muat lie pleasant, and terms m derma*. Addroea, (. H. A., thia office. alO fh M il! l.h I'.?The Vtnie I.I lioiiie 33 Dry street; it is ill feet ilrs p and would be a rood location for a wholesale .i.irery atore. The dwelling iwrt would be let together i reii , (loot arparate The second floor rmiaiata of hack and 11.sit psilora. with iwntriea. and ia well finished; the two rooma re - Iret deep and 13 Iret high, a*iitable for an artist; the lliird il sir has J rooms w< II laidiM| the fourth floor ia JO fret deer, ii feet wide, and 16 lev! high, with ail windowa in the i ! fuied ipfnran engraver or any bnainraa wanting good In.'lit AI the areoiis! floor of house 66 Brrk man street, consisting of three rooms and pauliirs.w ith two bed rooms in attic, and a aitrluu with Crolou water and kilrhen range in it. Rent S3:, hit. | ii ire of A. UILHOULV It SON, ml! Im *r 7R Naaaan street. am l.h. I IN WII.M AMSbl'ltliH.-The two story brick front house, with folding doora; it eoutaiiu seven rooms and Isasetneih, in good order, pnmp In the yard, w nil a.l lota of ground, carnage house, cherry,plum, peach id ne i trees; J beds of aaparngne, with a good grata plat, v?'i I u 11 y laid out with rose boshes and a great variety of other biubbers about one mile from Peek slip ferry. Lmiuire of Charles ' r lamrcH, 100 < hatliam atrrrt, or of John NniHraan, ervrner of North Second and Lorimcr atres-ta, on the premises. mil fw re .1 ! CIS sir ? IIKAP, A A Til hi SH'BSI: RIBKR IS re.Wug from butinesa. the old eetahliahrd soap and oasamL raiulh manufactory, Noa. IS, llaud If, viz: dwelling, e->i| I shop and alible. Willi all the fiitures for carrying i vi eitr.iaite business, which can be wild as faat as manu11. trued . togvtner with a large stock of goods Terns made -uv ou the real estate, hlnqmre mi the premises. JAMKS SCMKRF.NDYKK. ?" lw ikro Relief street, Philadelphia. ^ KUM >ALi;, tA FARM offilly-iwo acres, most delighlifully situated about lite mi In from Fliubnhlowu N. J., comprising 11>tuds .mt-commodious Dwelling House, lilted with nturt-k, .md every ronreiiirncc for a respectable famil?;the whole, including gardurr'a house, barn*, ice home, and ithrr 1 >ui1ding?. in a substantial state ofrejwir; the orchard coilUlna twenty acrea of choice fruit Ireea. Tin es?y access from New York, either by the various cam fn in I rua-> I ily, or the ferry to Fliubethport, whence a rail ?>ad tenia ruua w itlna a hundred varda of the huuae. rrnders Hot pr rty aery nlittiile to th tae doiuic business in thia city. The greater Part of the purchase raonay ciui remain for uiree yrara on bond and mortgage, at (lie iter cent. V YMt k 80.N9. 171 Pearl at. Alt.> f r sale, a dwelling hnnae , No. Ml Washington street. M ft I m i h A TIIRKK STORY HOI'NK on lid street, between ihr 1VI and Id Areuuea. It ia well finished, and replete ith tbe I nest improvements. includuiK kitchen rsnge, aink, Cold and warm bilha. watrr cloeeta, fcc., Italian marble Miitals throughout the house; a eourt yard of fifteen fret ui f.o it, with iriandsli sod French windows. The house ia one of a row of sia houses on the south aide of thr street. For IWnlier particulars apply to VY8K It SONS, ? lit :m?rh 171 Pearl street. X-ns SI tit N ISL AND COi'TAOl.S TO LKT OR Joa l.KASE?Three < 'ottares situ tied on CaatlrUm Heights, i"1^, - t 'upn di Motile. Slalen Island, surrounded by fine lots, tiees, and commuiding an unsurpassed eicw of the city, thr IS a > and its islands, and the Ocean, wlilla the access Is easy, the distance to each ferry being leas than a mile. They contain as follows, via >? Itigatrlla? A parlor, dining room and 1 bedrooms. Crow's Nest?A |>ar|or, dining room, library, 4 bedrooms, suti J sera Sills' rooms?studied carriage bouse with suble for < In.-sas, Oik l.and?I parlors, large dunnf room, 12 bedrooms, bathr -'ia. and 4 streams' riNiois?stUeTiad carnage house, with stable for J horses. These ( .titters enjoy in common the use of 17 acres of tx-iutiiul woodland, enclosed, and La the midst of which they are erected Airly to Mad,me ORYMK.S, at hrr residence, Capo di Mo iti all 2awlm*r l-'Uil NALl'i U'l.M Cilh.s'l i.i; LANL). mw TO OKNTId'MKN, in want of sites for country To market prlealri hi wat of land for gsidens. ?4s, ind to all pursuits n islnug a location lu tha neighborhood oj N. a 1 mi V*1 seres of land in thr town of Westchester, within nine miles of the City II ill, villi tlir right of |iiuiii( over IWrlrm Bridg-frve rf toll,-re now offrredatprieate vale, in lol? eonteiniug from Im H arm each Tin- landa arc within II minutes walk of lb' railroad; fronton food road*; arc in the nctghliorhood of schools nod churches d different denominstioni; the water is food and location healthy. Title indisputable. Term* mode rata. MORRIH, Mnmaiana, Weatrheater to., or to WALTER RLTHERKORD. 7? Nassau at. N V. raW lm*re _ ONE fKICh MAT Kixilie fl WHINO KASH IONS KOR HATH AND CAPS.? J^nROWN It CO. will inlrodnre, on Saturday, Ar"l 3d, ilienew itylr of ( ape for children and boys; alao. the new all|r of Hate for frnllrmrn. i rire$>. in the manufacture of which thev have made such rerrnt int|>roeeiiientf aa will idare them in clone competition with the moat roatly. The while are invurd to rail at ITI Chatham Square, where I lehlon, urauty, u main lit > and eroaomy are rumbmed to adorn the heeal. < lm*r I.aTmTk WALKS \ ,h I i MM U.I. f'K (?>TfS fl $1 HATS can ba had Cor $1.M, at MILLS'well known Rmllat ratabliahment. 171 Broadway. (Howard Hotel)? lb i h nen are earnestly solicited to call and riamine these ) lata ttpooiirhly, the subscriber hetnf roaiAdent that the beauttful proportions of the uew style, with the unprecedented low |>r?ce, will command the approbation of all. /" A'tantion It called to the new style of cap railed the I'vriri ' ap. _ attw*r . "l,()Mi IIH LED ? IN I H \ BIKHS and Breeding (ages, Nest Soaea, Stall Im Neeta. Hong Birds, I'nm,Jj' mon and Kancy I afea, with a fine collection ?| rare and dUK etluablr Birds. Bird Seeds of all dnecnptnuis All arOcIra in the line tu greet variat), fm sale by* W H JOIINSON. t M B rv J way. one door from Cham tie re at. N II K itig Charles Sapntela. English and Scotch Temem, to sale as ahoee. >T tw*r UKKAT ATTRACTION. Archru at llomt, ,V?. 5 Jnhn Strut. .<en A tlRIEVK begs toeranaint hta friends and patrotw that hta agent has returned from Knt?|w. via Pitmen. alter a reaidenes of seven namilhe at Awdrnaherg. ana ISC'Ik other moat celebrated dialnru of < lermaay lie has been euabled to crdleet the beat selection of singles and fanry birds he has ?vet offered.also aa nnaanal variety of rare and fanr. birdi from all i-aite of the world, fele ned with f reel tionlde. wttlvont tegard to fast. V B.?Kaory dogs. hint land praties. < hmeee. eileer. and I n iltah pbnaannta, aw ana and every earttty of hundaei fowls, fanry and breeding rages, bird seeds. tu A Ire slow <? tl>e in ansa nnr ut nl breeding and lat.uag < am lie*. Icc P 8 ? Letters poei-peid wiU el all timet meet with mailt alien!me from A. QRJKVF. mp .m*rrr No s John street. N. V K??H HAleh. APAIR. ??h DO HORHCA, perfectly AirNar ond and we" W ok.n Tnbeae.s at the Mabla .a reef sf St. John's t Kerch Ml John's AUe y | Full HALfC '1^^ M>H Hv lf A hand, me ?... |l , ? ? i" ' ' I ? l?" . . r i" ^ > V ia <1 able aa4 >i*tvu aa4 u?4ai Mm ao4,TI> at < ?itta4 " 4 Arf4v al W ? harkam ai frwa tit* II **1 Pok mi.it, <r\ ArHj HO*?I.JIu?4.k?K. /a<iO?',l? kofaaoa m Ita ? JW iaa?..a ! ? IU oaafi ^ 1 > ' n?.?i.M w ilk kim, la. tkol ka II | I<4'<iw|ll4 Ml mrn.l. M J III *Om.N A illa'f Liibr *??* !> ITT T*? Ink Mraaa ll lloW <KP. vfli1*i f ate *! 'Sal a>M| ut#4 It m .la M tin- a" cU *? lk? aaitna < I motif T I'MBi ; k?? iIm |m.? i?4a at tailing ?>a A I mi MAT for tin** rtollara ?4 kftr rpt.W waa ftrM f?'<|.|iak?4 a?4 w mow 1 r?. iim4 Wj H- b.rlM<". at fltt Tkooit Mm M llfcllWT. V.iltnu at , M ? . "4 ? kaltna aTli-kip 1km ?>mi l? latamailt * Wlwtt will aoftro ta aa|a kaaai aw war |,.,w In inakr ??aft. aM lm*rk '"I'KINU M'VLK II ATM KOK ?.? \ III >11 \ (1 Tilt". .\IOHT ATI HOVk.lt ami 4waUa .1. la. ara jMknnw raoay faf latlMflwo btk ?l ika Aim aalilt kit a ,4 Baarrr. a>.J got ?P 1* at,la tkal iw?l f.,1 t.. tail -l? m .tl | ..l.UbHi. M ?Im * ?? ? *" ? J* .* '{'tf", " ?? * ? olrniti' RieHani^' fl. w. T ALMKR, lurft >???. mh? IffMVkArf VACUUM TaS'I f " a?l?. "Mb all Mw ai'rataia. lot mob. l-tm'" ? Mm I* Soil ma at.p. E NE NI ) The Froblem of the Afe Solved.' Dbnlftito ur nuuuui uwjii i<J i nr. civiui?b.L> wuRUUj O.l TIIK AfrROACUl.NO (1I1EAT AND HIPPY CI1ANME IN TUK GENERAL CONDITION OK HUMAN EXt.NENCE. How much longer must the world continno under the baneful influence of fundamental errors, the most , demoralizing in their effects, which, while they shall be, as they hitherto have been, supported by the authorities 1 of the world, caunot fail to yroducu wide-spread disunion crimes and misery to the millions in all countries over the I earth f Hitherto.by the operations of u system, based solely on false conceptions and inexperienced imaginations, the . well being and happiness of mankind, and the best and ' highest interests of humanity have been sacrificed. The i human raco. civilised and savage, have had their charac, tors so malformed, as to force them, through life, to feel, think and act most irrationally. At the present moment, j the history of our race in thu war now raging, (in 1 this advanced stage toward a superior civilization.) between the United States and Mexico?the quarrel of two : powerful nations about the mure marriage of some young persons?the supposod necessity, by othor powerful na- j tlons, for extinguishing the little ropubllo of Cracow? I the starving condition of the peasantry of I roland, whilst | surrounded by means the most abundant for the cr?\- : tion of Illimitable wealth?these arc a few, among the ' numberless proofs of the fundamental errors of the ex- | Istlhg system, as modified, even by the the most ad- | vanocd nations ot the, so called, civilized world. It has now become most evident to those acquainted with the past and present history of mankind, that a system based on falsehoods, opposed to all facts, anil now so pal- j Eable to thoso who reflect without prejudice, can never ' c made to form the character of man to be rational lti ' thought or conduct; can never conduct soctetv to virtue , or to permanent prosperity and happiness. The lamontable effects which this system, while maintained by the > authorities of the world, must produce upou the human i race, have been always felt and deulorod. Thcv have I been explained In different ways at various periods in Europe and America. by tbe writer of this manifesto; explained with the view to induce the world gradually to prepare wisely and with foresight, for the great coming change in human existence?a change which, more than thirty Tears ago. he knew and foretold, from the then unheeded extension of misdirected scientific power, ami of the rapid increase among the people of general knowledge, could not be long dulaycd. A short history of these explanations is now necessary as a preliminary to further important measures for so directing this great and inevitable chango that It shall consist in the adoption of means, sure and certain, to make all, by a rational education, through superior extcrnnl circumstances, intelligent, active, and good; to surround all with superior wealth which will be justly distributed ; to govern all most beneficially for each, and so placo all that they shall be always, from their birth, within good, and wise, andsuperior circumstances ; the ' only practical means by which men can ever be made to become good and wise, and superior In the qualities of humanity. Are there any philanthropists, philosophers, statesmen, experienced men of business or political economists, who know how to effect this change in practice ? The writer of this manifesto has beon long anxious to dlscovor them, either In Europe or America; Dut hitherto, ho lias sought for them in vain. His greatest pleasure would have been unobtrusively to work with, to aid, and assist such favored individuals, and if this manifesto ran bring them forth, such will yet be bis greatest satisfaction, for ho sets no value on wealth, honors, presont popularity or future fame?these from youth nave appeared to him the mere playthings of early infancy of mind. He will now enter upon a short narrative of some of his proceedings to gradually open the public mind in Europe and America to the enormous and direful errors and evils of tbo system under which all have hitherto lived and und to nrnnoro nil <?l?aa*u In nil "nunfrinu for the change which is lnevltubly coming upon the world, and also to prove that he has not takou up this subject prematurely or on a light foundation. In 1791 the writer, at tho age of 99, having had ten years previous experience in distributing wealth amoug all classes, as now practised, baa a population of 500 men, women and children, and an important manufacturing establishment, plaocd under his sole direction, iu Manchester, England. He commenced to govern this population on principles which to him tlicu. as now, appeared to be true and highly beneficial for practice, although in direct opposition to the crude notions on which society had always acted, and all around him were then acting. In this experiment he was eminently successful, for t licsc principles enabled him s|>ecdily to give an iuiprovvd character to this population, and through them to the manufacture, which was rapidly carried to a much higher state of perfection than had been previously attained. In 1799. another population at New Lanark iu Scotland, also came under his solo direction. It consisted at llrst of about 1300, and gradually extended to 9500.? Here lie adopted the same principles and practices which had proved so successful in Manchester, with increasing beneficial effects; and tliia experiment so eminently successful, both morally and pecuniarily, that for many years it attracted tho attention of strangers from all parts of the world, which continued until 1830. These experiments, which at their termination extended through forty years of extensive invaluable practioe, forced upon hitu by eircumstanres, were the foundation of all the writer's public proceedings, and such practice was necessary to develope such results. He had now ascertained that the world, through auother system, had a prize of inestimable valuo to obtain so soon as the deep rooted prejudices of latitudes and longitudes, which are at the foundation of all individual character, could be overcome, and the eyes of those trained from birth, gradually to become mentally blind, could be opened by some process that should not create too much anger, hatred, and violence to the operators; for such has been the nature of this mental malady that to attempt its cure, created in the patients, the most violent irritation and anger. To effort the object and prevent this Irrational excitement, an extended and arcurato practical knowledge of human nature, interminable perseverance, and an undevinting temper of charity and kindness for all errors, were absolutely necessary. Than 'juallties the writer ardently sought to acquire, and always endeavored to apply them to the proceedings he is now narrating. In 1819. after lie hud bail upwards of twenty years extensive experience In Vruilcg character and governing, and upwards of thirty y.'ars in producing ami distributing wealth, lie opcucd this subject to the world, by publishing four essays entitled " A New Vii-w itf S/i-Ut w ? ii.a l' -i ? . * - riwter.'" based on the knowledge that an entirely new character might, and must be giren to all. before society can be inade to become good, wise and hnppy. This work, through the aid of the British government, under Lord Liverpool *administration, woe widely circulated among the governments, universities, and leading statesmen of Kurope; all of whom wern reouested to state their objection* to these new views, lr they had any. on the alternate Wank leaves, bound with the work for this purpose .No serious objection to principles based solely on the unchanging laws of nature, was. or could be made, from any quarter. Lord Siduioulh, as Secretary of State, cut a c?my to aU the Archbishops and Bishops in Knglaud and Ireland. The principles advocated In these essays, which rapidly extended to live editions, made n ronvert of the Prime Minister of Kngland. and produced a favorable effect upon a large majority of his rabinct. These essays were well received by Mr Wllberforoe. to whom oue of them was dedlratcd; also by the late Archbishop of t'auterbury, and the late Dr. Ireland. Dean of Westminster. After a severe eiainiuation and most Intcrestihg discussion with the late Bishop of Peterborough, when be was Margaret Professor in the i'nlversity of Cambridge, and who was then deemed the most learned theologian ill tWNS having spent twelve years in the tic mum universities. hv frankly acknowledged, in hit library, at miduigbt after a second discussion of six hours, the unassailable truths of tlie principles, which be usccrtalued now but never before susjsected. were based on unchanging laws of nature ills Koyal Highness the late lJukc of Kent was not only a disciple, wnrmly attached to these | principles and new views, but also the chairman of a i commute formed to promote the writer's plans for preparing tbe puMic to carry them into effect, as soon as tin y should be sufficiently comprehended for practice, end their immense value to society could be made known. [ In fact at tins ; ni d incu In the upper ranks of life, of superior uiluds who had time and inclination to investigate a subject so uew. and. as it at first appeared, so strange. Iierainc converts ; as a long list of subscribers, with large sums to their names, to forward the object, continues to testify These sums, in the aggregate, i amounted to fifty thousand pounds ; hut the writer, to commence hit experiment, required two hundred and llf'v thousand pounds as the least that could he applied ihitvit. even an imperfeetsniodel "f thv superior arrangement which he contemplated. The most immeliate era- Ileal effect of these essays was the establishment by (be lata King of Prussia, of a national system of education recommended !u the work An autograph from bis Majesty to the writer conveyed through Ids Minister st I <>nd<>ii Heron Jarobi. expressed Ins entire appr helbm and bis determination to commence s . u*i ummI >y*tnu immediately , and this was lite next year I carried Into execution. I la I si v convinced through Ills own experience in prae| lice and sr> ing the effects proved In other establishments "f the baneful general custom of eniployiug children and young (grouts la factories and manufactories, far an many h ura dally as many manufarturcra were tix-ti ootng tae writer induced the late Sir Robert Tcrl , i to ukr charge I* lb* llouaaof ( omasona. of ablll which i ba had |>f'f?r?il for MbMhl the ?(t? "f vlmlaaion Into | '4 > r . - i . twriv* and the time per ' 7 10 ,*n hour?, ; .ill prostata* aia? for both art** bains instructed l.?-f?rarat*tinjc the Mill* II* had previously rtnlfiined th# , lajurwvna aiwta aftbaaa praMicer to the IwAiltiiR mem- j i?i? <4 i tb bmin aad had obtained tha consent of a i large ajiwily of Lnrtb and CoaBota to support tha MM. with tb? clauses as ba had prepared t hem Thebill with these rlauaaa la a?w astir dteeuasinti id the Houaa am It tu however rioleDtlr opposed by the wealthy end leading manufacturers all over the kingdom, aided by aa aelita < laaa. railing thainaalvaa political eeonouaiata un a full id imaginary theories without any of tbawi !- .... * I I % ||. al an-w|r.li;e ..f uat i"nal economy or results, ur of human naturu In couaa<|(Sanaa they j were aiwava fhwnd to ba oppnaed to ererjr measure of buMsmty when It Interfered with their mistaken abstract tu t?wa however permanently beneficial R might l?a to , be lanitvtdwals wtn.ee bawl Ml and happiness were to ba teein yed to atamiaiu tbnr false theories Through this obstinate opposition the blU was rafarrad toa committee i sad kept there through tbras asaatuan of Parliemeat to | W YO ' tzt"??.'iL-?;r- ~ ~ ~ !W YORK, WEDNESDAY create delay under pnt?nc< of examining erttm-aaee. in oo Ofltr to prora It ?a? dot run. ntal to children from 0 to IJ *u yeari fif ago. to work them for 14 or U hour* per day. It ra, waa only after tha fourth eaar of etruggle and teveracon- to teat that a moat imperfect art paaeeJ both houaaa Tbo an two flrat aaaaiooa. tha writer *ai the only advoeata at* | af tending th? committee In fhvor of thla Mil to (itt aome . lo< ellcf In tho moat Injured of the working population in au Oreat Hrltain hi In 1816, In an allr>'4 delivered at New Lanark, In th Scotland, on opening the tirvt infant tcbool. which tho Tt writer baai 't ou a new nvateui ol iuatruction by aonaible at sign*, familiar con* creation. without book* or ptiniah- Tl incnt. and governed aoU-ly by unjeriating ktndneaa. dl- th reeled by toe lawa of nature or an accurate knowledge pe of the qualities and fkcultlea of Immunity In tlila ad- eU dreaa. which waa widely circulated tile raiieee of good b a el and evil, aa ei|>erienoed iuaociety. Were fully explained, fr< with the only remedy competent ever to remove the lat- of ter I hr Theao aelioola lliut comineueed have become general. I"1 but in principal and practice aadly lufertor to tbc origt- : te: nul { at lu thla year. aleo. which waa a period of great diatreaa on among the working clinweg over the kingdom not only in ot munufui-turua and truilua hot aleo m the agricultural die- en trlcU. at a public meeting livid iu the great room of the in City of London tavern, to coneider the cauae of. and tile af remedy for. tbia unexampled diatree* in a time of pro- to found peace, the late Duke of Voik prealdtng. a commit- th toe wua ap|xiinted. (the late Arclihiahop of Canterbury da rliuirimtn) to luvealigate tIlia nnoinally Tho writer w>< V ouu of thin cominlttee. und at tta i'.r-t meeting waa re- Tl qucated to make a report on the Hulyeet. In conformity o| with tho explanation* and new view* reapertlng the pro- < i gross and amount of new mechanical productive power ve wliirh ho had stated at the meeting lie made an fo elaborate report upon the subject. explained in detail tho caueea of the general want of employment, pc and the principle* and practice* which could aiouc in overcome the evil, and eeeure tho population a- hi gainst a continual recurrence of it, and permanent- wl lv protect aociety from the uecesanrily increasing th danger* and dtaWM) tbould there cause* be unwisely permitted to remain Th* report waa onwMeroil of at *ueh natiounl importance, that the rhairinnn and com- cv mittoe recommended it to he nil.milted to the Ureal ar i o..r i,uw onimniticr 01 1110 House <>l < outmons. n presided over by Mr. Sturges Bourne. and krfown u Mr *1 Hturges Bourne's committee. *" The writer. being then well knowu to nil the mem- I" bcrs of both houses of parliament. presented himself. th with bis report, and working plans to the cocuuittee, to in be examined as to the rause of. and remedy for pauper- or ism. At that period, this eomuiitteo was deemed of the tn highest interest, it ronslsted of about forty member*, in of the first standing iu the Commons, and the members had previously known of this intended examination, for tr it rreated great excitement. The members had there- m fore met in full oommittoo. Soon after the writer 011- in tered. he was requested by the chairman to withdraw ,pr into an adjoining apartment, whilst they should discuss re the proper mode of proceeding on their part, with re- th spcrt to principles and plans, which, if adopted, would an require such extensive and fundamental changes, us or they know tho writer wn* about to rceoinmeud. There th were, as usual, two parties; one desired, and tho other en opposed examination. Tho committoo discussed this co subject with closed doors the whole day. when Mr. T* Brougham, now Lord Brougham, was directed by the i* committee, to Inform the writer, that the discussion ni was adjourned to tho next morning, to ho then resumed; and that lie was requested to attend and await P> the result. Ho attended from ? A. M. to 6 I'. M., waiting th while the discussion continued; at tho termination of in which. Mr. Brougham again runic to inform the writer, m that the committee had just then decided, by a very f? small majority, that ho should not be examined. w Tho impression out of doors was. that the committee ol eonld not disprove the truth of the principles, or tho c: soundness of the plans for praetlee, even to prevent slmi- P1 lar future distress ; but that they were too far In ad- ? ranee, for the aristocratic views of that period. *1 Had tho plain, simple measures then proposed by the t< writer, been carried into execution. Oreat Britain would B by this tlnio have saved more than ouu hundred and fifty m millions sterling; erlmes would have immensely diminish- ni ed ; a superior pruetieal charaetor would have been o| formed for the poor ; poverty would have gradually din- a appeared until povertv would have become unknown, it and famine in Ireland or elsewhere, would have been ll< an impossible occurrence. Ireland must yet bo saved, by 01 precisely the same principles, with some modifications in fc practice, as then recommended and rejected. Through Is these means Ireland may be made to support more than It four times Its present population, in comfort and security ul hitherto unknown in the history of that island; nor can tl it be made to become permanently prosperous by auy el other mean*. tl In 1817, as will appear by reference to the Timtt. and tc every otbor dally morning and cveniug paper then pub- hi lished in London, the writer held public inoclings in the City of Loudon Tavuru, of deep interest and high exciteuient to the political, ruligious, commercial and {n social world. w He held these meetings to denounce, in tho most pi open and public manner, the fundamental error of the fn existing system of the world, and to explain tho cuuses. p, hidden from the multitude, of tho ignorance, poverty. t discontent, crime and misery of which oil then loudly w complained, and ugain to propose th? remedy which 1) . V?I>1 His rejection and denunciation of the fundamental error* of all latitude and longitudes. ulono then pre- a vented, and until now have retarded, the adoption of Dl ills plana fur general practice. 0| Those proceedings were widely circulated wherever e| the English language was known, and they were trans- ,u latcd Into many other language* ; but they were natu- T rally opposed by old vested rights, the Ignorant, and by c< the educated errors of latitudes and longitudes. The n world has been hitherto governed by these local errors ; tl the time has arrived for it to be governod by universal tc unchanging principles, each one favorable to permanent ui virtue, cxceilcubc and happiness. m in 1818 he visited the coutiiivnt of Europe, and on his fr tour lie addressed two memorials to the Congress of Hove- , > reigns.held in Alx-la-Chapelle,which memorials were pre- pi seuted to the Congress by tho late Lord t astleroagh. Tliey j, explained In detail the rausos of the continually inereas- fr iug misery of the producing classes, and the future danger of the non-producing classes, unless tho govern- to ments could and would provide means to stay and pre- re vent this ovil and danger. These memorials were after- ui wards stated to be the most interesting documents pi presented at that Congress. wl On this tour, which was made In rompanv with the re- to lebrated Cuvier and Professor Plctet, of Oeneva, the til writer was Introduced to l.aplace, liumlxildt, and the leading ministers, statesmen, slid philosophers of France it, and Switzerland, and. among others, through the late a Duke of Kent, to the then Duke of Orlruns. now his Ma- tn jesty the King of the F ranch. The writer's chief object pi in making this journey was to ascertain the actual state pi of education, as it existed in the most celebrated esta- ai blishuiepts in Kranro, Switzerland and Oermany. Pro- |? fessor f'ictet having Wen several years in France. one of U the four commissioners of education, as well as ten ti voar* Member of the Tribunate in Krnnce, and ri for many years, at the head of literature in Hwit- si r.erland. " The writer had bv this time ascertained tl from ills own exi>ericnc.e the overwhelming intlu- Is once and importance of education ; and how easily, pi by a proper romliiuatlou of circumstances, it would is- cr to mako nnv population rational or irrational: but Hint ... hitherto (lie principles And practice* eompetent to produce the former character, had been unknown, or with- of held from the public, ami therefore all natloua were eye- |,r tcuiatically [educated to think and act irrationally In {., accordance with Home of the local error* of latitude and of lougttudc. no To know what ws* doing in the moet advanced ednea- dt tional eetahliehmenta. he vieited the principal eemlna- h? riea <>f inatruction in I'aria, and In Switzerland. The fo heet lie raw were Kellenberg*. nt Hofwell, F'cataloxzi. at er Vuverden. and Father ? at Kriburg. There, for their re?- tc pcctivc uhjccta. were good in manner, and for the attain- (> meat of particular hranehoa of knowledge, hut the eeaeutial principiee for forming a superior character in j)| temper, mind, charitable spirit, ami conduct, were un- .j( known there, aa now every where over the world , In 1810, through a report, reducated from him by the . county of l.nuark. Scotland, he gave the full details of a , plan for relieving the public distress then prevalent . throughout tlreat Britain and Ireland. This report was olao widely circulated among the authorltiea of Europe and America, as well as among the population of Ureal Britain. In on official report of n eummlttee appointed !'. by the county, thia report waa btghiy commended. In 1811 he visited Ireland, cxuinlued the causes aI of its discontent, and poverty of the poor, ami danger to the aristocracy : held most exciting t0 meetings, fully attended by all ranks. In the Hotun- I" da in Dublin, and there explained the causes of. tl and remedies for the sufferings of the poor aud the H< fears of the rich. These proceedings were also widely it clreulntod in the newspapers and nthor more permanent hi publications In 1814 he. for the first time, crossed the ai Atlantic to the lJnltod State#? enroinunicatcd his ideas P< confidentially to all the ex-Presidents then living, from en John Adams the elder, to John Uniney Adams, the ?t yonnger. Including Mr. Monroe, the then President, and t? to the leading public men of the United Htati-e. In the A spring of delivered to a numerous audience, inclu- tli eluding the President, Mr. Monroe, John (Julncy Adonis, re President elect the Judges of the Supreme Court. SI members of Congress, tkc., two leetnres from the w SpenkeT S elmlr in the Itonse of Representatives, llenry et ( lay brl"g Speaker at tlio first lecture, end Secretary of at State ni o second, given a week subsequent to the tint. ct In these lectures, the fiiudameutal errors, whence arise p' nil the evils of the existing stnte of soe.lety, were fully hi explained, with the eanses whtch have produced them ; ex and, also, the truths and henefits of the new system, with rn the mennsof obtaining them in practice. These lectures 'I' were most numerously nt tended, ami extremely well re- tu eeived ; and such were the Impressions made by them, | ft> that the Judges of the Supreme Court, on the morning | after the concluding lecture, came in a body, to U the writer's hotel, with Chief Justice Marshall st ! In their head, to thank hiin. in an especial man- | to ner, for the lecture* which he had delivered up- ' on subject* bo interesting nnd nationally impor- th tant. After winitinpc Mr. Adnins, Mr. Jerfrrson nnd tr Mr. Madison. he lectured gone rally to large nndienre* of throughout tho United States?from New Orionnl in the wl South, to Boston in tho North?from lilluoln in the i tc West. to New V ork in tho F'.oat; panning nnvernl tlmen l>etween the United States and Great Uriiain from IS'iA hi to IM I "I In IttJH, offlelal partien connected with Mexico and *1' noinc of the South American State*, with neveral large da proprietor* of land* granted to them by the Mexican . government In Texan, applied to the writer and urged no lilm. with greet earnestness, to a*k from the internment 1h of Mexico, a* a freo gift, the province of Coahuila and H' Texas in which to e*tabllah a government of peace, (on to the principle* bo long advocated by him) between the hli then republic of Mexico and the United Stale* of North en America Ha investigated the motive* of theae parties. I * ?

and found them sincere and wall-intsntlonsd ; he then f an RK H MORNING. APRIL 14. 18 tnmunicatcd the propoaed measuro to tile Brltilb gr? d North American government), and being oncou- be god by thvm to proceed, he uddreued a memorial 1 the Mexican government, Victoria bulmt Pruiident. Ut d it liberal administration iu powor Tn a month th Lur forwarding tbo mcmorUl to Mexico, the wrltsr fi?l- | ui< wed it, and was extremely well received by the thoritlcs there, who became greatly lute-reeled iu eh e views; but he wee informed that tlie gift of j ha 0 government and territory of Coehuila and ed xue wait not with the general govorniliCut, but . af the disposal of the population of the province. ?' ic government of Mexico, being however vory deairou.i pr at the writer should establish the practical tystcm of wl ace which he propoaed. between the two republics; that rli a government might become an example to them- us Ivoa and other civilized luitione. offered hint, us a wi ,-c gift, the frontiur territory un the American border an the Mexican republic, cxtuudiug flfly leagues in til eadtb. from the (iulf of Mexico to the Pacific ocean, bi rdvring the whole way ou tho United Slates, which tb rritory the general government has retained to be ? its disposal This liberal offer was accepted, el 1 the conditiou that the Mexicans and all w Iters, who should settle within this territory, should gs Joy perfect religious liberty. The 1'rcsldenl then tl formed the writer that he and liix cabinet hud. I?r considering tho writer's memorial, determined tl introduce, to the next Congress. a hill to place tl c religion of Mexico upon the same libvrul founition as it was then in the United States of North tl merlen With this promise tho writer was satisfied, w he government, faithful to it, brought in the bill, was hi iposed and defeated by the great exertions of the ol itlille priesthood, niul in consei|uenee. this liberal go. rnment was overthrown, and did not return to power ai r some titno. tt Tlie writer deemed It useless, under the then superior n iwcr of the catholic church, to attempt to pursue this easurc further, as. although unknown to the priest- f' >od. as now tnught. no permanent good can be effected hile they so carefully keep tlie mind in bondage, und * us ensure the permanent irrationally of all. w In 1810. returning from Mexico, he held for eight days, most formal public discussion, continued morning and tl wain, in the city of Cincinnati, with the Rev. Alex- U idrr t anipboll, to demonstrate the truth of the priu- tl pies which he advocated, and value of the practices U hlch would ueeessarlly emanate from theui. liy this scussion he gained u much desired opportunity of plac- n g. in the most conspicuous manner before the public, '' ipse invalualilc truths, which, as truth, is certain ulti- d nti-lv to nrevnil. himhI nr. Imn- .a- it cntc.i error* and prejudices of all latitude* and longi- ai do*, nnd iu*tvad thereof lutruducv universal uuchang- w g truths. n Tiisrovering tho long ooutiuued and increasing hostile I'ling which at this time existed between the gorem- K' out of Oroat Britain and the linitod State*, and know- Al g the evil* thence arising to both countries the writer ol weeded from Cincinnati to Washington, and by hi* *' presentation*. induced tho American, and afterward* e British government, to abandon thi* false powitlou, j? id to become cordial friend*, as members of the same 'c iginal family, who? iutcroHt* woro so interwoven, that ey could not continue enemies to each other, without tailing grievous evils upon the population of both < ' untrics. And this good feeling between the two go- " rnineuts continued unbroken for many years, and it nI hoped it may now bo renewed and strengthened, and p' ado pcruiaueut for the advantage of all nations. H Finding that the upper classes had made a greater c ogress than the industrious classes, In a knowledge of K icse- new views." advocated by the writer, and know g that, previous to suecess, the prejudices of all parties * ust be overcome, ho turned his attention from 1830, r several years, to arouse the dormant faculties of the n orking class of Great Britain, and through them of 1 :hcr countries* to the fearful position which the rapid '' (tension of mcrhanirnl aud chemical science, nnd the " ower thence resulting, was preparing for them? r power so overwhelming, that it would gradu- 0 iy reduce the marketable value of manual labor 1 > tho lowest state of mere animal existence.? 1 y various means?forming societies, holding public c looting*. giving lectures, publishing articles in such i-wspapers as, would venture to insert heterodox ' pinions opposed to long-established errora?he aroused ? new reflective and eharilul.le ur,l?*it u 1 * itroduccd temperate and superior habits in thoir pubc meetings and places of amusements?inducing thcin. i these occasion*. to exchange ale, spirits and violence r tea, eolTec and moderation. Many moat important >nefit* resulted from thin now instruction of th? workig classes. and which arc now in active progress. 11a so taught theui that no permanent good could ariae to tmnselvcs or familiea from violence, nor until a superior laraetcr could be created for them, that would enable icm wisely to unite in well-arraniced practical measures, i well educate, employ, place, and govern themselves ; tscd on principles of equal justice to ail. In 1H3M and '31*. the writer visited as many of the Euro aii govvrnnienta as his time and means would permit, eluding France, I'russia. Bavaria. Austriu. and Saxony, ith the view of ascertaining if any preparation was iu rogrosH in these States, to abauilou old errors and the jurious practices founded on them, and to adopt true inclples and the corresponding beneficial practices, he writer's personal communications on these subjects, ith Prince Metternieh, in Vienna; Boron Humboldt, iu srlin; the King of Bavaris at his country residence; Hie rime Minister of Saxony, In Dresden, M Salvandy. nud ,her of the then Ministers iu France, with the British mhossndurs to these government*, convinced hiin tliut net) more preparation to r.reata a general sound public >ln!on was uccessary. before the great change in priuiple and practice, to which he looked forward, could be rompllsned in peace and without confusion or disorder, hat before this chauge. from old errors to new truths, mid be effected, the sufferings of the many must contiuo to increase, until the fears of those in power. f?r lemselves and families, would prove sufficiently strong, > induce them to consent to make the desired change ; id then it would he discovered that all would be peranently benefitted to an extent, even now, except by a w. unliutgincd. The period for this entire chunge Is idently approaching, and the condition of Ireland will 'ove the tumiug point to bring about this most to be sired of all events ; and thus will permanent good arise urn temporary evils. On the writer's return to (ircet Britain, he continued instruct the industrious classes, as far as they eould reive nnd understand his lnstrurtions. under the very f favorable c ire must anees in which thsy have been " seed. He explained to them the eauses in progress. 1 Aim musi.. m no auiiini pertou. compel many of them offer their InlxT even tit slow starving price*. and tliin '' me in now ronie In this coarse the writer persevered until 1H44. when again crossed the Atlantic to thel'nitcd State*. with rlew of railing the nttmtion of all classes to the men,1 bondage nn<l physical dimdvanlnges whirh they ex- ' trienecd from fundamentiil rrrore. which perpetuated rcjudice* of education and local error* of mere latitude ad longitude. The present generation nre taught to lioTc. a* any generation can easily he taught to hoove. any thing however ineonaistent or oppoavd to fact*, tat they possessed n constitution which gave equal ghta to nil. while, in practice, It ha* no pretension* to cure a juat equality of right*. The system of society iroughout the most civilized part* of the world, while ised on these fundamental errors, will not admit of any actlce approaching to a just equality, yet a just practid equality ruu ulonn ever produce virtue and liuppi. **. ThL* evil i* now strongly felt throughout all the States ' the l uion; and many crude, undigested, and ill-prcired attempt* are making l>y various well meaning rermcrs. to produce consistency between the declaration Independence and the practice, law* and customs of clety. These parties fail in tiiol* object because they i not understand the law* of human nature, or eompre nd the extent of tho change which is necessary to mi a perniauent. prosperou* state of Mociety; or how to rate that change In praetiee. The same crude atnipts are also now being made in Kngland. France, ermauy and throughout huropc To prepare the American public gradually to eompra nd the change now required, he held conventions, pub meeting*, lectured to large audiences, wrote many nrI'les for the newspaper*, and adopted all other means in s power to arouse the attention of all clauses and parties, the error* and evil* of the existing system, list reimcd to Kurepe in the spring of |8li. to promote these cws; re-cros*e<l the Atlantic In the autumn of the same ar; always writing during thcec voyages article* for the ibllc pre**, which wero published after lit* lauding, in ic leading free pre** of New York, and iu the I'nion id National Intrtligrncer. in Washington In the winter of this same year, wbll* attending tho proceeding* of Congress. In Washington, he eparrd a constitution In perfect accordance with ic principles so beautifully expressed in their pubI proceeding* hy the founders of this repuMIr; a eonitution intended by them, evidently, to liecome. a* low ledge Increased, a pure democracy of equal right* id a just practical equality To the constitution proised hy tho writer, lie appended detailed reasons for u-h law; showing their milfnrtu consistency with each her, willi the law* of nature, and with the fundainen J fan* from which those laws have lieen deduced nd there 1* no other sure criterion of truth, than lis undevinting consistency This constitution he commended for consideration to the New York :nte Convention, whleh had tnet at AI1?ny, toeonsider f lilt rlinnjre or improvement could be mulr In the r"ii I1 Itutlon of that State The writer afterward*, twice. Ii tended Hi" contention in peraon. and dell tared a dla- I (urae to Ita memliera In tlielr lull granted for that pur- a >ae Many inemhera approved of thlauew eonatltution t it the inind* of othera were, on State atfalra. <|Uit? In ? ;pcrlenerd. and altogether unprepared for the coualde. i tlon of aticli Important national meaaurea In conae- * irnrc, amall benefit waa derlvrd from that line oppor- t nity to form a eonaiatent and euperlnr r uelilulion I' r the State of .New Vnrk The Oregon question now threatened war between the t< lilted State* and Oreat Britain, and two nation* aprlngg from the aame origin were about to Injure eaeh other a the extent of their power, aided bv many nawly in- e uted weupona of warfare of fearful dealruetion . and r< ue plunge into a conflict of unknown reeulte dlaaa * mi* to Nith partiea, for a territory of little laluc, end t' Icee conaequcnce to their ree|ieetl?c population* to n lidi government It might now lie nominally appropria- ' 1 "i To prevent thle mad proceeding, the writer interreted a meelf with conaideranlo effeet, on both aidea of the p iter; and for this purpoae pa?*cd over early In the n ring of IH10 to tireat Britain, returning, after a few t' v? residence in London, to the Lotted Statre "I (In 111* arrival lie found the Lotted State. h id . m ' need war with Mexico; and ladng appridien?ive thai ree lioetlle proceedlnga might lead to n war with (treat a' llaln. the writer ngaln returned to London to explain :>i the new admlnlrtratlon. *\ieh view* a? oeriirrrd t id m of the Impolicy, Inutility and Injuatice of luterh i al ce. Ilia owu conviction waa that tha war would eron w iken both partiea of thaaa woree than uaalaaa conteata. ci d thua prepare tha way for a batter feeling, and hp 4a- ei lull Ii inf.mr i Wet.? , ... ERA] 47. !? ?. a cordial Onion bat worn tha two rvpuUlca. highly to neflclal to both, and to tha wortd all from tills mission tbv writor ugain rcturuvd to llie pr iltod Htatai arrlviDK at Naw Vork hi baptambar laal; 1 ac iu crossing klic Atlantic four time* in le** than ?i-* jfr vnth* | '* On hi* nrriral in New York, teeny article* of a pubils ro uractct. preparatory to the present object, wblob he nl written during the return voyage. wer? publish- lr l la the dully paper* of that city, while other* were d# tcrward* published in tbe and Salional Inttlli- , un neer, at tb* city of Washiugtou. where be arrived jujt 1111 eviou* to the meeting of t.ougrc**, tbe proceedings of an bich be carefully watched fa I Perceiving, by the aign* of tbe time*, in i'.uropc aa well an i ill America, that a new era iu tbe history of nation* fh i.i upprourhiug. and the cuuscj of revolution* rapidly ril I'unelng. lie presented two memoriaU to thu Senate of *h lie Congress. with a view, If possible. to Instigate lliat 1 loi >dy to enter into u full Investigation of this, b* far now. an le most important uud deeply Interesting of ail subject* I'm but ho found the war, and tbe coming ('residential notion, bad pre-occuple<j the minds of the Senators bo. in fact, were unprepared for sueb national invest!ition. which they vuid constitutionally belonged to j th iu State government* This i* the outline of some of tbe measures adopted by i ' le writer, preparatory to those now to lai explained iu | 111 lis manifesto. tl It is evident, the world i* now In a dilemma It eon- tj nually exclaims Unit something U fundamentally rong The new facts discovered, and the progress of ionce. within the lust century, nre too much op|>oseil to Id mysteries and doctrines to be reconciled The world must return back to imaginary Ihblrs. and uthoritutive instruction in inystirs, or it must advance i i n new era, based on facta, supported by truth without tystcry. mixture of error, or fear of man." H But the world cannot now return back, it must thereMe advance, and progress from error to truth t It may lie asked, who are the proper parties to lead the try to accomplish this great moral victory for the I 'orbl f The answer Is obvious, the great public assemblies of I lie three most advanced nations of modern times name- l r, the Parliament Of (treat Britain, ttic Legislatures of i ] lie United States of North America, and l.egi-latlvn I h amber* of Fmumo. Tlio great revolution approaching the civilized world. { lust he yet wisely and temperately introduced, ami con- | J ueted bv these safe conservative powers, whose public iscusslons will gradually prepare the pulilie for the great < levitable change in principle and prartire. which the ilvauccd .state of science, and the consequence* with J hich it is fraught, uow imperatively demand for all at ions. '1 he materials for permanent universal prosperity, and rent improvement in the character of the human race, e re superabundant in all nations ; and it is the interest* r governments and people, that open public measures to Tret the change should be no longer delayed. 0 This manifesto is now published to introduce the subct into tliesegreat Legislative assemblies which take the ad in the civilized world. It Is true, it is not upon record, that any member of ell her g ! these assemblies, has ever uttered one sentence iudica- * vethat he understood the real causes of the miseries of y re, or the ouly remedies for them; andyet, their want of ( lOral courage, or their prudence not prematurely to op- H use the prejudices of latitude and lengltude, or local t ;nnrancc?, may have restrained them from openly de- . taring these all-important truths, and kept their lan- {. uago in their known, and well understood, convention- ( lilies of each assembly, hut which ought no longer to ( xist. I The proceedings of these assemblies hitherto, have f een mere surface legislation, with speeohes on the most , iseless or petty affairs, and always on false principles; lence the present ignorance, poverty, disunion, crime ,nd misery so general throughout Christendom aud all lations, aud hence the language of falsehood, and conduct , if dcccpion, prevalent among all people ; with wars to , nurdcr, plunder and oppress each other; all demonstrate proof of the past and present miserable irrationality if the human rnre. The famine of Ireland, amid a world of wealth, its IIimitablc means of Increase, and the general disordered ondltion of society, will terminate this unnatural and -rational state of human existence. It Is known that vcalth may be easily created anuually. greatly to exceed he wants or ratloual desires of society?that it may be tcucflcially and j ustly distributed to the satisfaction of oil That the means arc at the command of Bociety to give ,o all a valuable physical, mental, moral aud practical : Intruder. That most advantageous employment, physical and uentul, wisely combined, may be permanently provided or all. That each one may be well governed und cared for. 1 torn birth, beneficially for the individual and society 1 That, in fuct, the means abound to well-place each ons ' rout birth to death, greatly to the well being and huppl...... ..t ..n The accomplishment of these results may be now made, ( ipou proper principles, iu?rc easy of practice than to : onstruct railways. There 1m uow ii superfluity of land, and materials of rvr- ' y description. of munual labor, of scientific |?iwer. of kill, and capital, with means of Illimitable increase, to ornmcnce this change over Europe and America without lelay. And the poverty, crimes, and degradation of liu- ' nunlt v. cry aloud for its commencement to stay the tnisc- 1 i?s of the millions, and the trained extravagant disunion md destructive contests arising from the Ignorant rout- I edition of all. These nre some of the li<Ading sulgects which necessity rill henceforth make the chief objects of discussion in 1 hese popular assemblies of the civilised world ; if. Indeed, ucb a state of existence at that now suffered by Ireland :an lie called civilised. But the questions of pnrninount Importance, which hould first engage the attention of these assembles, are ? st. What are the unchanging laws of nature respecting tumanity! 2d. Has society been hitherto bused 011 bose laws or upon human imaginations ? 3 Would not be laws of nature, if universally established, terminate orever falsehood, ignorance, poverty, disunion, the evil lassiona. and all crimes! 4th. la it not now the interest >f all that these laws, and not men's laws in opposition to hem, should govern all the proceeding* of the human ace 6th. Are there any real obstacles except Ignorance o prevent the Introduelon of these laws, and the superior ractlces which would ncccasarily emanate frotn them ' th Are not all men now made, of necessity, creatures of he latitude and longitudes in whieh they are horn, trained I nd educated' 7th Doea not education, Imperfect as il < itherto has been, make the chief dltfciire between the I [uoraut peasant and the polished prinre ' Htli. Could 1 ot all be, advantageously for all, well educated.' Vtli 1 las any human being over yet been educated in any j art of the world, except on principle* of falsehood and i eccptinn ' If practicable by a change of Irratlounl fur c stioual circumstances, would It not be most desirable to ilucate all from birth, on principles of truth aud onewty ! 10. Would It nut l>e advantageous to ive a superior character for practice, to all, as fur ' * their natural powers would admit! lltli With be immense superfluous menus, acquired through j[ he progress of seienco and of general knowledge to | rente wealth. Is there any natural necessity or one g<sid easou wliy any individual should lie so placed as to lie j iablc to experience, the evils of poverty, or at any time. | die tear of it' 1MB. With the newly acquired know- j i edge of lite science or manufacture of character, la there i iny real neceHslty, or utility, in permitting one individuil. henceforth, to liave an inferior chiirnetrr formed for dm. much Iom to !? allowed to grow u|? > > Ignorance, ind to acquire had and evil habit* ' I3tii. Haa aociety or he Individual the moat power in creating the eirruuiitancei which form the character of each? 14th In thW raped, what power, from birth, has the iiidivitiiini in he formation of hia own character opponcd u> aociety, uni what power haa aociety ittoppoaltton to the indivldtiU; 13th la it the higheat permanent lutereet of aociety hat a good practical character abould be formed from jirth for all; orthnt acme, through the neglect of aocie,y or by dealgn. ahonld have bud or inferior character* termed for them? 16th. la it the intereat of aociety that w?me ahould be born to poverty. and placed from birth tinidat inferior and vlcioua circuinatancca. or tliat ell ihouid lie born to iiniucnce and placed from birth uiiblat auperlor and Tirtuoua circumatancee only 17th laa aociety the nieana and power to place all from I drill amldat inferior and vlcioua. or auperlor and vir- ' uoua circumatancea' Inth Are Inferior and vlclou* 'IrcumataiK'ra. or auperlor and virtiloua circumstance* he moat economical ' 19th .Are inferior and vlcioua.or iiiprrlor anil virtuoua cirruinataucea t lie moat eaaily to ?e controlled and well governed' 30th. la It for the nlernet of aociety that any one of Ita member* ahould be laced from birth In the midat of inferior circumatanee*. cclng that man la. to an illimitable extent, tlie creature < f circumatancee. and inore especially when aociety baa j lie moat ample oiraiia and |a>wer to place all from anil ' a-fore birth In the inldat of auperlor vlrtnoua au<l moat at tuna I circumatancea ' dial line* It Indicate a know, sdge of biiinnn nature in the government* and piwiple rlio permit the contliiiianre of aueli placea ?< the hive ' 'olnta in .New > ork t?t title* In l/indon . or similar | ircnmatanrea any where ' did la It the mo?t .leaira- J ! for the r*nn!) | f man ! ba trained from l.irtli iii the J ure language of truth and the -tralglit forward conduct ^ f htitieafy and plan I within clreumatancra devoid of notive* to fabanood or anv practice of dlaboncaty ; r to he regularly Initiated hi the language of I laehianl. and MM rondnci if deception ' .'J \A tint J the .|iHrrmrf in i.i. ie < i aim t' ly between a , uinian being trained from Ida birth within elrcumetarea a o make him ignorant Idle, and |o ncrjuire bad hablta; i lid one placed wiUiin other elrriiniataticea to form him [ o acquire real knowledge to >>e benetteially active. \ illhoui in'c 1 I hablta temper and manuer' I t And with a view to no ndia rXlalenee hereafter. i ueeeeding the death of the Individual which of theec J1 wo character* will be the heat prej a red for future hap. no- . Other e<|ually Important ijueatiooa of laeting intere-t J s the hmnan race vul i?< ?arily anee from theee and f afrrr' l' in* , ?n i |.r***ni nr"nK"i. |nj nr i i:? nt (ir?'T<?|h?ii uM'n a*.' it qiiratlon. . ( t a r h..? I . |iini?h rriino fiarlial'i J rilnttntTl) ?r nitr llWaB Mm prlnelpl** . l??Tf prn-luctl** of ml or bow hy artificial m?n? j " mh . . .1 ' >? ! Ii* opine ? , ? hi. h run alon* > IU. inau n" l rliantal i. , nl hral'ht ii" ami j ppy "r ''*,n ?" fr"in )>lnh In fhla* prtart|>h* II II I lnjuri.ua fraltnga for *a*h other <ni nrronnt of lour.I myatir imtlona which no on* ha- >pr ?rt m ri-|>rn<!< I r to ; r> in"t. im r, wli . Ii of n. . ?.it \ . r alt I >.' t | I ' r t III ,. - 1 r J i the pre# II nj ill a of h. Ill -r I . ma*. Hltwr<> i>iat>l> la ? * . rinrofMiatriai y ral< iitatfl to rrral* i Meat a an. I mdlca# rila A* won aa lit* piibtir a?* nihil.* of tha thro* toot j I* i II'"* I 11 a 11' ti* town i 'I I 0. > .f rl| >' a? t >ii i Hit arti'l, ail |.t ma.I* i a i i -1 l lia prat comm. II 1 I. a* of truth an t ran oaiiti tVt I aarertaiu that ' I they baa* now to 4o !? piBaimllr ?**nrr the 1 U b*inf aol ban .!?? ? of ah j "/j 1? ?ahepraf'i , j h law* to firit w*U ?iu. at* fri? btttb awconi w?u I ploy through Ufa third 'a wau pl*M aa?. fourth ' ~ r -*m - ; . - 1 LD Price Two Cents.' well govoru ?u?U fro in Wf lb lu dualli ; uid Uiie U I they will ?vu U?Tg to do Aud lliia plalu. praclieaJ oowdLag ba uflouluaily aucouiph?Wl tu <uiy on* uinii of thulr nnn ual uiootloir. >..i is... ? cater adtautaga* for ail. than Uialr part aeulurta* uf lae legislation baa affaelad. or, Lf puriuad. lb* a&tue wtivou* notion* will affect through all tlua Tba writer of tbt* manifesto U prepared lo prove Uia nth of tlicac iliitcuiauU to their full extant, and to monatrat* thut Uic mean* uf permanent I'toxpcritv d universal happiuao*. arc uow at lb* JuMncdiulc eom uid aud control of aociety , that tha Kttnuc. povarty. d criiuea of IrcLaud aru the ucoceuaAfaealle of tba lac principle* on which eoclety haa Trar Utaii Uaaod, d conaeijUuiiLiy, on the arrouaoua mode of gavaroltig at ialand by Great Britaiu lla now aaka the aatboiioa of tha world, why, hi the name of aotiUDon aanat, oold the preaaul Paudeuioalum atata of aoaiaty be uger maiutaiuad. when tiia utoat abundant malarial* u niaati* exiat now to form a permanent turraatriad iradiaa ' Great, ylorioai. and uuignlftoaut a* tfnata truth* arc, id highly banaftocnt ua thoy will prove in praatlac, trough ail futur* generation* to every child of tua^ l thi* u tiia aarlicat period hi the hlatory of tha haait rare whan thoy anul'lbo tines mud* pobllo without ic promulgator* being doomed to iiumvdiata deatraeon IMKir OWK.N Nr.w Yori, April 8, 1*17 Kporttug Intelligence. r.ri ir.1 Col * > I taanui.TON, lLa.l?Prai-.il Meatmi ?Fifth liny April 8d?Louisiana Aaaoriatlon Purae, MO 1 ten per oout added four mile haata T. Taylor'* b ni b nitny K infr by Imp Glenao*. dnni by Fir Ittrhard- a y n I | I L. Illngaman r b f li'rown Kitty^ 17 Birmlnghaai. dam bjrTigcr?4 v 0 2 i Tim. I at heat 7-43?td. 8:18 Funny King who waa the favorite at 100 to 70. wow nth In uta handily I.art liny \pril Ith The ' arrolltoti Puree T* >or rent added ?Mil* heatn- Iwwt Hire*in flv* ilrkland llarriaon> rh f. Sally Kiddlraworth, by Imp Kiddlraworth, dam by Imp Leviathan ?4 r o r t l 1 t loo r Miller * rh f Rat Itonnrr. by imp Halrhuixar, out of Murlha MnJiwa-l ? o 1 3 7 .1 I. W (irnvr'ajrr h F.olu*. by Gray Mrdoa. dam by imp l.rvlaliius -3 y . o 4 8 3 2 I* II 1 age* b f by Aisdarby, dam by Arab? 4 y o 9444 Tltna?I 60?1:4H?1:48 ?I Ml*. The attendance waa very largo, and the rport highly xriting Kvary boat waa woll contorted throagboat. Fine i.n i'lmvinEMi r.?A fire broke oat at about no o'clock yratrrdity morning, in th? wood? uildlng ncit to the Mechanic* Dank, on Itouth Main Ireet. It wa* dlceorered in the back part af the book ud i<ho? atore of Janice W. Killer. The content* of Mr. filler'* (tore were iIbkvI entirely deetruyad Ilia loM In .11)00, liiaurrd for #1600 at the National Offiae, New 'nrk. Tlni et'ire next door war occupied by W I hitre. trunk and harpce* maker, hi* clock waa removed nd eonciderably injured he waa Insured for #000 at lie J-.tnt Office. Hartford. The second atory war oevulied by Mire Patience! ornell, milliner Her clock and inucehold furniture were destroyed , we do not learn hat clie had any tucuranee The baek chop of Oideon iurtiett wac comewhat injured The bonce belong* to he eetete of the late Thome* L. Ilaleey, and waa Insured 'or #1600 at the Washington Office.?Woridencr Jour ?/, April 111. Keokuk nnd young Hlnclthuwk, nnd n band of Sat: and Fox Indiana, any* the Si. Lome Aurora, >f the let inat , recently e?me down the Mieaonrl on ileumboal: and as they approached the month af tha river, they dressed. painted and ornamented themeelve* in ncciiliar etvle. and win n I hew rams in the ennduenee <>f the watcrn of ihn Mlaalaelppi kml Mlaaouri. ihrr looked up to hraven, kneeled down, and looked tat* to* w?tvri, wont through varloui cartmonlaa, and geetlcnlationit, and nianlfvKtcd a religion* ri'truuM for the falbv of flood# A child than ?w made to throw a tlrtng of wauipum Into the stream, aud for t<?t tint# they eootlnued to alng and go through olbar exerelMa Thagr appeared to ho dvep'y leflvrled Kf.ticRi <>f 1'm.bh.n*-Thr Niaj:nr?. < nn m1u Weat, Maii id the 19ih state*?A tronieutioiM immigration of pigeons from the adjoining fltetaa took pl(vc? on Sunday leal They w?ra croaaing tha .Niagara from In-fore nine In tin- morning until part nuo In the af Lemoon. and taking the apoed of flight at IK) mllaa an hour. tlio flock must hare haen upward* of tun mfiea in length f.k l'Jitit Opicn.?The nteanibiHit Tnileil <>tutea arrived at lluflalo on Saturday from Detroit Tha >oat encountered great -juantitte* of lee at I leveiand ind oil Dunkirk The lulled Htalai waa to reliant to Detroit on Sunday mom lug The yacht Northern l.inht hue hern pirchaiwil :if Col. Wliichceti-r hy some geutleuieti of 1'forincetown. to run aa a packet l-etween tbut )dau? and Boston. She ui a* good ua new. having l-ecc entirely rebuilt list neaaon. aud wiU !>? a inurb twlter packet In rough weather tlinu any fUuuneT w hich plica along tha coast?Uoilon Pour. CITI/KN'8 NEW DAY LINT. OF OPPOSITION BOATS ?OK ALBANY AND lNTk.ll.MLDIATa- PLAl-M Kb re $1?Birakfaat and Litaner on Board M. The new aud alegwat Sinbu klETAMO r a-VlCI/NilA, CeiH T. M. Kuight. klnedaye, WnW dflKfiHUUdaya. ami kridayw. at Wl-paM u*. A. U . fro* thr pier tool el Warrea atreai, touching at Hammond cwaca pier. The new and elegant Steamer ROOK.H WILLI 4MB, < ?t? A. Degroot, Taradapa, Thuradera and Hatardaya, al kall-pia an, A. M., from the ptrr foot of Warrea arrwal. Uiaaaiag at Ilimmond etreet i-iei. K?r poamga or Irieglu, apjdr oe hoard tha Boata, ar la Oee Doha.ui, al lh? atlica, 128 W arrmi aUerl. aomar of Waul Ida! c All |>ervoiu am forbid treating lLa above bulla aa t? ceuntof Ike aw new. ?' i AFTKI! Nt X >N l.INK, I>A1LY. aane. K?H Nk.Wlli ll.lll AND KIWHILI, 1 "dun, al Van ( ...ifcoi'. , wijll.l HMMMMMNW louit. fold hiring aad Cornwall Tba Maain it Thnaia* I'ewrll, ( apt. ham] Johuaoa, will laava tba pw foot of Warren alrerl, tor the abvea pUcaa, a vary afneuytei Sunday* accepted,) at I o'flock. o.r.ntHlu* Ar-rd 18. lie urning?will leave Newhurgh - Terr mnruiug al 7 n'aleak N. B? All Baggage and k M ight of e?ei ) aeaenptioa. "?L lilLa or Specie, put on boaid ol this |k?.i, mu-; be al lha nak af he owner thereof anitwa aula/ed mi Uia In oka of Our hool or fa* cipted for. ajot-Jin*' awca. 'II IK l'ni|inrtora i.i Ikeaanbnam wtakmg r.^V'e??g^Bella bung, wonld do wail lo pay a eiail oa WalBNa board llic aleanilniote (ioeeruor, Tboaoaa 'owrll. linger Williania, I'tira, I'alnji tl.i, Protfruxi. hdaaa Min er, Iron Witch, I ataliuc, Ac., and easmuir It. llngM'l mprovrd aiyla of lit 11 Hanging, ecpreudy adapted for T*??mata. I'ui up neal and atrong, and warranted for one yoar, by i. ii.. ran. ? Ann arrret. m*i lB*r Mk. NOTM Vt? (hi mid l/lrr Monday. HyjJi ? wsjcilnlsth.thr Stoamhrial htatkn islawder. aSmUHmd^i aptniu Vnnl .lt, will make til* following INPa to and tiom Kuten l.land au'.il fnrliier unttor. ?ia>? I,nam Mtnteii I.Uutl at I, 10 and U A M., lud 4 P. M. I?nr New York at 0 and 11 A. M , 1, IJiMt P. W mIS NOTICE. m,. ST AT F.N ISI.ANI) ftrry.-On awl P jhSuL-?^ after SLNDAV Aptil 18th. lha imbIk^ rilUHa si l.I'll and stATLN lhLAN 1>KL Kill rou a. follow*, until farther untire s? I HUH IT ITH1 IILIHII At C, S. 9, 10. 11, A. M., and 1. Ii 3, t. 9, t, 7, F M Laara * ? rang At 7. 9. IS, II, A. M . and 1. I. lau lainata* fan 1, and at t, 1, c. 7, o'cloak, r. Id. Nrw Ynrk A pril I'lth. *H f AA*~ FOR 1.1 VKRPOt 'J-?Tbo stll kim fan wiUng kSjflfypacket ahip HOTTINOI'v.r. 10U0 loua, fat* Ira MMBKaaUiiralrr, will meet with immediat* dranateh f or height nr pa??ag*, baring aplendid largr and (vm/vrmld* room. and cabin, apply n' thr I aauin on board, at JaddVi whurf, K. Kirrr, or ki WOODHULL A MINTl'RN. *13 *7 Ronth MracL AAA FOR BKLKAST.?The fa.t milina A I. eoprrred *>. rJrV *"*' ro|i|**r fnatrord Dritiah thi|i LATITIA II AT N, >wUib ftnti trill* rrgitter, W. I*ime. maoer, having a Urge iti<m nf lirr cargo engaged, will hare immediate drapalch >" I-'"- Ko.TMlarirf of frr^lit * nil r 69 Sontii ?tre< t AF0R0LA8OOU--Kl.ill I,AII I'At KKTOK Tllf l.r Or MAY?The fina new Rr. Parkel Bark AIK VNN H AIll.l.V, ( a|K. K. Heott, Kin tonm will aail n ,,i...?*, her regular day. ! or freight nr pa.?*gu, ha.tag il-lriirlid accommodation*, apply on board, or t?, ' WOODnUlX A ItMINTURN, aid 87 South ?tT*et. Tilt regular parket ahlP SARAf KN, MB tuna, Capf. N. r ilawkin*, will Hureeid the Ann llarhy. and uul on hrr urn l.r day. i'a? k?.t sim- oi.kkn of fTit'Wrjifr JIWWFROM 1.1 W.RFOOT..- Cnmtifwee* will pleaae pUfarr nrl their permit* " In anl at weat aide el Ruiliag lip without delay All good* riot permitted id fire ilaii ?u?t r .ent to Fulilte Store. WOOflrfl.'f.T. i MINTt'HN. alO *7 South afreet. 1A3*- FOR HAI.Kr?The hull ol a tca?eljti?l lanuchrd, JMrJW.ioI now I n ? at Rahfy> port. Hh? will carry about Blllfial'iO to pn ton , 96 I'-et on deck, 23 feet t"?n*n. Sb? rill aujiwer for ritual, rtecr. or coa*t grrfir'. laetui* of urn aliacnber*, at llehwn-/, New J-t-tt. , H l: MlOTwfcfr/ lij \ I l | 11 I i .nail- n e? pel | nek* t .lop iSSE. MYVWrrom f.nerpool. *? 11 | h'iv?e HCud thr it parmita uu MBaahoant. Orlean* wliarl. foot of Wall itrwet, i???[rTTTT?All good, not permitted aitltin fire da* * will ha gaat it f1i? Fublie MOT* alft rh NOTM K~rA< KK.T BARK OKNMfcK. rrotm JWy New Orlean*, ta diaeliaritinc at Fter 14, F.. R. Coa UUm aigure* Will p|ea*e attend to ill* rarri|W ol thetr 7.,od. immediately, a I* rh t nn.i?.ifr. nf I.Ark ANN II AHI.KY from Ola HfXgV*1 ? * I ?' "! th?ir prrmit. on hoard. All gooda not WK^Ximitrrd in ftir dan will tic ?*nt to fit? public. ' '?? atft AftA ' O .N H It i^K htf |*r ?hip Montlirrntr, from L,i**i ifjfypool. will pin.* **ml their permit* on board, font ?l HMbllnirr nrfft, immrilMUlv. All gondii not permitted t n?i >Lii imu?t be ??nt to the iiii 1i|ic atore l? WOODHIM.I. k MtNTIWN. r kmiih ? AAA* NOTICB?All perann* are cannoned irainet inno|Jr ftV log giiy of the f reta 01 I In Br.barkANN IIAlil.M. HMBiu no dehtmf (Jirim tail) be loot by f aplnin or ( on ...... WOOUHULL k MINTURN, 87 ftnnlb atrri t. AAA Pn< lift Hhi|- LIVK itPOOf, "frum Lifrrprnd. U 4i?hrcV^^eliargiiiK under general order, from wnlinl' iMrllng nttbolil' All good* not I?rnutt<-il tnnit be out to public hoi*. _____ _ AAA NOT!' K \ll per?ni.a arc forbid tmaliitf! *<0 r' JfPVtl.rnrn /.I, Krfli.lt flip I KTITIA IIKYN. fi, m MBBbllelU i 1.1|> lit. of ||,nr contracting " >11 '< l>c I'"* l thr captain ' * the captain oe consignee. ^j.yitunAV aftr MIiMMMM