Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 16, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 16, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YORKJHEKALD. - ? ? .o I"' -g"=?'-I-* ' *" S^T?- ' ?T ~~~ New York. Friday, April 10, 1MT. Mow* from Europc_!>lr. Bennett'* Letter*. The steamship Sarah Sand* left Liverpool on the 1st instant, and the Cambria left the same port on th* fourth. Both of these vessels are now nearly due, and will arrive in a day or two with fourteen days later intelligence from the old world. The merchants of New York und other cities are anxiously awaiting the arrival of these two vessels. We, too, are anxious for their early arrival, because we expect to receive uy tneiii a large parcel of editorial correspondence from Mr. Bannctt, which will much enhance the interest of our columns. At the last accounts we had from Mr. Bennett, he was in Paris, and had just then commenced arranging, preparing, and writing out the great quantity of notes, thoughts and reflections which he has treasured up during his ten months tour on the European continent. A I arge package of thiscorres|<>ndence he promised to remit to us by the steamers which leff Liverpool on the first and fourth of April. We can safely say in advance of their receipt, that the readers of the Herald have a rich treat in store for them. From his familiarity with European and American politics, soeiety, and literature, Mr. Bennett is most competent to write such letters and sketches as will edify and interest all who read them. We hope and expect to be very soon able to commence publishing the series. Another Valuable Engraving. In to-day's Herald we publish an engraving that we have just received from our special draughtsman in the navy. This engraving is one of the most interesting and valuable that we ever put forth. It gives a complete view of tha operations against Vera Cruz by both the army and navy. On land it shows General Twigg's position, General Patterson's position, the position of the navy and mortar batteries, the position of General Worth's division, General Scott's head quarter*, the magazine and American camp, and the point of disembarkation of the American troops. On the water it gives the position of S. Juan de U16a, the position of the Musquito Fleet, under command of Capt. Tattnall, when it attacked the city; the place where the Somers was lost in December, 1840; tha place where the prize schooner Union was lost in January last ; and the place where the U. S. steamer Hunter was lost, on the 21st March, 1847. We repeat that t his is one of the best maps we ever published, and can assure our readers that they may rely on its accuracy. We shall publish this engraving in the Weekly Herald, to-morrow morning, in addition to t he four which we have previously mentioned. Thk Character op Gknkral Taylor.?We observe paragraphs going the round of the press relating anecdotes, and incidents in the life of t he hero of Buena Vista, &c. &c.; some of which are true, and some false; and all of which are read with great interest, by men of all parties. Every line that pretends to relate his personal appearance?his conduct in the camp and in the field?his demeanor and action after a victory, and before a battle?is eagerly devoured; and it the friends and admirers of that great man, would exercise more caution and discrimination in writing about him than they do, he, himself would be better pleased, and the object they aim at would be better accomplished. Some of these anecdotes are not only ridicu loan on their tace, but serve to mar the brilliant reputation attached to hit* name. A day or two since, we had the pleasure of being introduced to a brother officer of his, one who fought by him in the war, and who is familiar with his character. In the course of the conversation that ensued Gen. Taylor was described to us as one of the plainest and most unassuming men in the country. Were a stranger to visit his cump he would he more likely to select any one of his stair for the commander-inchief of the army than old Zach himself. He pays very little regard to his dress, and prefers wearing "that old brown coat" nt all times instead of his uniform. When he does put on his uniform, he throws it on carelessly, and is as likely to have the buttons in front in the wrong button holes as in the right. He is proverbial for an agreeable suavity of maimer, that delights all who address him. He gives ear to the complaints of the meanest subordinate under him, as readily as he will to the communications of his brother officers; and any man who wishes to speak to him is not a/raid of being repulsed by either gesture, action or words. He will not only sketch the plan of n campaign, but he will also attend to the details, - and see that they are faithfully carried out as he nli.nn.wl tlw.n. II,. iu J....... 1? ... I...... ....... "" = irouj n? urai plnirits no matter from whom tliey proceed, institute inquiry us to their foundation, mid if they are proper und reasonable, he never fails to remedy them himself. On a certain occasion a woman in the camp who considered herself entitled to rations, entered the general's tent and complained of her not getting them. The old hero listened attentively to what she said, and then took down his portfolio and handed her an order, directing the proper officer to give her her rations regularly.? On another occasion a man complained that the candles furnished were not sufficient for what he had to do, Old Zack acted as he did in the other case, and wrote an order directing more to he distributed to him in future. Various other anecdotes of a similar kind were related to us, which went to show, as these do, that General Taylor is emphatically a great man in every sense of the word. Let our citizens imagine jhe Oeneral of the United States army?the man who achieved the most brilliant victories in modern warfare, sitting down and listening to the complaints of a sttbornts tkit ka ?stnn*A<l < . T 1 . ... ... Jl.. Uiiittvv, Luai IIC nauiQU VIIC ?>I l?U lailOW CM (UUCP a day more than he was receiving, and then writing an order, directing the required addition to be given to hirn. Imagine the same man a few hoars afterwards, with a handful of men, defeating the Mexican hosts with terrible slaughter. Such a man is Gen. Taylor, the hero of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey, and I3uena Vista. Long may he be spared, and long may he live in the grateful recollections of the people he has so signally benefitted Fotr Days Later from Lt.RorE.?The ship r'seeols, arrived last night from Greenock, having left on the 26th ult.; but unfortunately, Capt. Childs brought no papers. Jfe reports flour and provisions of all kinds on the decline; and the -tore-houses well filled. Naval Intillioevci.?Sloop-of-war Preble, commanded by Willim F. Shields, from New York as convoy to the California transport ship, was spoken on the 7th January, in lat. 87 44, Ion. 7*> 11, South Atlantic Ocean. Casualty?Mr. Raymond, proprietor of Raymond's menagerie, was yesterday informed that the two beautiful elephants which formed part <?f hie establishment, were drowned yesterday in the Delaware while being conveyed across that river Fifty thousand dollars, wa learn, would not more than compensate for the loss. Mr. Raymond is a very enterprising man, and is much re 'pect'd by all who hav?- the pleasure of hia acquaintance. llis friend* will li-nr of his inisfortiute with regret I The Baalt ft? Vera Cnu to the Cltjr or WmIm-M sixtoait Meue of Defence. The city of Vera true and the Castle of Sun Juan de [ L'Iuh having been captured, and General Scott baring taken up hie march for tbo interior, en route for the city of Mexico, it becomes of interest to ascertaiu the difficulties with which be will hare to meut, and to read a 1 a description of the places through which he will, probably. pass with hie army. Our readers will find all this in the following account, for which wu are Indebted to Karubam. Mayer, and several others :? VERA CRUZ. The city of Vera Cruz is wailed round, with a fort at euch extremity of the water front; the walls on the land side are loopholcd for musketry. Parapet guns have been recently mounted on the walla The city walls are very thick, of coral rock; the walls of the bouses are usually feet thick, aud the roofs are flat Kach house has a cistern or cisterns of rain water. The city ia well paved So much has been said about the health of the place that we thiuk the following will be Interesting. According to Mayer, the baptisms and burlala in Vera Cruz in the year | ltMl were as follows j ? Malet. Ftmalet. Tatal. \ Baptism* 214 240 4i4 Uealiu U00 417 1017 Or more than fifty per cout, in the number of deaths over the number of baptisms. The ages at which by far the greatest part of this number of 1017 died, are as follows:? from Matt i. ftmalts. Total. 16 to 26 years 186 86 27] 26 to 60 " 219 132 3*1 61 to 76 " 36 23 6* 712 Or a little more than two-thirds between the ages of 16 and 76 years, und about ono-third between the ages of 26 and 60 years alone. The deaths between 76 and 100 years were only 2 luules and 6 females, leaving the remainder to be made up from persons under 16 years of ago. The diseases which cause these deaths are various, but the leading forms are thus stated :? Maltt. Frmalea. Total. Vomito 120 36 166 Small Poi 64 78 112 Ptliithis and Diarrhoea 161 61 212 Fevers 98 44 142 Dysentery 7 22 29 A liberal estimate of the number of the population of Vera Crux in 1641 fixed at 6.600 souls, and this shows that ono-sixth of the entire population died In the year. Of this one-sixth, about an e<iual proportion perished from vomito. The diseases, diurrhnra and dysentery are the most fatal in the catologuo. Mayer, in proceeding with the consideration of this subject, remarks :?" In 1842, I am told that near two thousand died of vomito at Vera Crux. This, however, was owing to tho number of raw troops sent there from the interior to be embarked for Yucatan." It is to be borne in mind that our troops are not to garrison Vera Crux In any foroe. San Juan de Ultia is to be garrisonod, but all the troops either in the city or castle are to be acclimated men. vera CRCZ TO .MEXICO. About ten miles from Vera Crux is a stream 200 yards wide, crossed at a ferry in soows, or by swimming horses over. The next stream, about thirty miles from Vera Cruz, is fordable. and is also spanned by a wooden bridge called Puente del Rey (the King's Bridge,) and also the natural bridge Near it. on the right, is an eminence of abont sixty feet, on which is a fort, completely commanding the approach and the bridge. Botweeu these bridges and Jalapa, the road passes near several heights, from which tho natives can unuoy Invaders on tho road. CITY OF JALAPA. This fclty stands on very elevated ground, yet for many miles the ascent in quite gradual. ! rom the city Vera Cruz In visible, an is also the sea, ninety miles distant The city itself is upon a high hill?highest in the centre, to that the streets incline considerably ; so much so. that no wheeled vehicle can pass along any of them except the main street, or road, which has a considerable rise and descent. The city is surrounded by a wall, and I has a strongly built church near the western gate, which could be converted into a citadel. The streets are paved. The houses, as in other Mexican towns, are of stone, with flat roofs and iron barred windows Opposite the city, on the left of the road, is a hill, from which the road might annoyed, and shells thrown into the town; the road is a handsome and substantial structure of checkered pavemen. and must have been very costly. This city is to bo immediately occupied by our troons. and is to be the head-quarters of (ieneraf Scott, till he takes Up his march for the Halls of the Montezumas. PEROTE AND ITS CASTLE. At the base of a high mount, beariug tho same name, some distance from the road on the left, is a cluster of houses, with a church, called Perote. Opposite, on the right of the road, and commanding it in every direction, stands tho castle It is upon a flat sandy plain, strongly built of stone and encircled by a deep dry fosse or ditcb. The main entrance is by going over a c/ievaux de fritt by a stile, descending some twenty-five or thirty stone steps to the bottom of the fosse, and 'Tossing it to the gates, which are on a level with tho bottom. The population of Perote is estimated at 8.000 souls ; it is a tine lltte city, the houses are generally of one story, built of stone and covered with terraces ; I he principal street is remarkably One, the others uro wide and paved. On a market day it ix really astonishing to see the great variety of the best fruits of Europe and of the tropics, piled round the square. On leaving Peru to you pass through extensive plantations of .Mngue (Aloes.) CITY OK PUKItt.A. This city is walled and fortified. It is built of stone and the streets are well paved. Here water is abundant, but from the national bridge to this city no water can be obtained?the natives substituting pulque as a beverage. From Jalapa to Pucbht there are occasional heights near the road, which, if fortified, might annoy invaders. In fact, from Vera Crui to Puebla this Is the case?the travel being alternately over broad, unobstructed roads and narrow pusses, commanded by heights. The road passes through Puebla. TUu Pueblanos have a particular character ; they are running and courageous, and the most expert robners and assassins throughout Mexico, where there is no lack of such. If au offender Is brought before an Alcalde, any where else, and Is known or ascertained to be a Puehlauo. his condemnation is sure. Puebta is situated at the extremity of a very lurgo plaiu, on the Vera Crux side; its population is estimated at 80,000 souls : the streets are parallel. and very wide and well paved?the houses, built of stone and covered with terraces, and two and three story high, are remarkably fine. The public place would be admired in any part of the world?it forms a perfect square ; facing it stands the cathedral; oil threo other sides are magnificent palaces. There are many other edifices striking for their beauty. There are few churches in the world more richly anil magnificently ornamented than the cathedral of this city. All tbo chandeliers and lsm|>s. which are in great numbers, are of massive gold or silver : the dome is in marble of the country, of great beauty and fine workmanship. There are ten chapels, richly decorutod. and closed each of ...1 ?..u urai ?>i ?rijr Kirni neigin nun of the finest finish. 'I'llis church was finished in 180W, and is said to Imvo cost $6,000,000. There are nlso mutiy other very fine churches. The Almeida. or public walk, is very well kept. It is composed of three alleys (of 500 to 600 feet each) of poplars and other fine trees, aud is surrounded by a wall, at the foot of which runs a fine little stream of water. There are a good ninny fountains ill different parts of the city, and a few jtli d'eau, or water spouts. Few cities in K.urope are finer than 1'uebla ; but much cannot be said for the population, which, since the late expulsion of the Kuropean Spaniards. who were by far the most intelligent and industrious portlou of it, leaves a curious contrast between the present occupants of public and private edifices, indicating the highest state of civilization. The same may be said of the whole population bordering the road from Vera Crux to the city Time will no doubt correct this. CORDOVA. A small walled and garrisoned town, through which the road passes. Beyond Puebla the road is good till It reaches the mountain of Cordova, about midway between the former and tho city of Mexico, where the ascent is very rugged and steep, though without defiles. Near the road, at the foot of this mountain, passes the III.. Vein nr f '..I.I II ip.,i. I. nOu .ii h. u boring mountain of Popocatapeti, 17,000 feet above tho of tho Hon A work on Homo of tho heights of Popocatapeti would command tho road. After leaving tho mountain of Cordova, the road is good and unnbstructed, with plenty of water to tho city of Mexico. For sevoral miles before reaching tliat city the road is delightful. panning hetwoen parallel canals and rows of I.omI hardy poplar- Thin point la to be occupied by (Jon oral I Worth, for the purpose of guurding the southern road ' from Pttebla. THE t.AKK OP TKZCt'CO. This lake commence* on the right of the road, near j the city, into which its waters are rarried by a c.anal, tbu latter serving also to drain tile gutters, See , into the lake Tbl an tlMlrd lake ! a large, long, and very irregularly shaped basin, shallow, and containing numerous | small islands and covered by myriads of wild ducks. The depth of water varies with the seaaon; in the rainy months the basin is tilled, and then It assumes the appearance of a large lake. Being the receptaolo of all the drainage from the city it Is vory filthy 'The canal flrom the city passes through It, fed by its waters, flvs or six miles in a south-east direction to the small fort of Chalco. at the extreme margin of the basin in that direction This canal Is used for transporting produce into tho city, and for pleasure excursions in gondoiat, he. CTTV OK MEXICO. I.lke all other Mexican cities this has wails and houses j of stone, with flat roofs, fcc. Ills well paved, a gutter four feet wide passes through tlie centre of each street covered by broad flag stones, removable at nleosurr. All the gutters nro drained iuto the canal or lake. The city has many large and strong churches and other great buildi ings. easily converted into fortresses. If its walls were > repaired and mounted with cannon, and well garrisoned 1 It could make a formidable resistance to besiegers Dui rWig the festival dsys, which are very numerous, the hac.enda* for twenty or thirty miles around send into the ' city not lees than 10,000 mounted peasantry of the better I class, most expert horsemen They are courageous, and | skilful In tb? use of the lance lasso'and machete, which Is a large and heavy knife Nothing more would be necessary than for the fiadnt to go forth Iuto the streets of | the principal oltlos particularly Pnebla and Mexico, rlo1 vate their crosses, and appeal to the bigotry of the population, to rally an immense foree of bold, active and des, perale men, who would make llerce resistance to an Invoj alon And If Invaders shoidd force their way in, assasln1 atlons. by the bunds of so many expert murderer*, would soon make ftarful inroads on their numbers ftportlng Intelligent*-. MetAisir Coi kie Racks, N. O.?flraivo Murine, 1817 ?First Day, Tuesday, April 6?for the St. Charles Hate, valued nt $300?two mile heats?ten per cent, added Ivy St Moore's eh. f .Miss Foote, imp. Olencoe out of Fanny Strong 1 1 Isaac Van I.car's gr c.. hy imp. Olencoe, oat of (iailopade, 4 yrs 3 3 Wm. J Minor's b f Jenny I.ind. by Imp. Olencoe, out Of Betsey Malone. 3 yrs 2 3 Oeorg# Boxlan's b. h Crescent, by imp Olencoe, dam by Director, ft vrs dls. Time- 3:39M. The attendance yesterday was quite large to witness this interesting race The odds at starting were 100 to 80 on Miss Forte vs the fluid. Doth beats were welloonSi-lad. but lbs ismtestsuts in a?eb bad to yield to the laoiUs -Mis* Forts Celebration of Henry Clny*? Birth-Day _Tromendoua Meeting or the Whigs Henry Clay the next Candidate for the Presidency, dec. The 70th birth-day of the Hon. Henry Clav, : wuc celebrated last evening at the Apollo rooms : by the whig young men of the city of New York, by a grand supper. The hour advertised for the festival to commence was eight o'clock, bat lung | before that hour the rooms adjacent to the large dining room were filled to overflowing. At ' a quarter past eight the large dining room was ! thrown open, and the visiters entered,two abreast, to the number of about seven hundred and fifty, the hand playing]a lively air. All being seated, the work of demolishing the ediblescoinmenced, j and the way in which the follow ing hill of lure | suffered, would " astonish the natives." DILL OF FAKE. ROAsr. moiled. Beef, Corned Beef. Veal, flam, IMgs. .Seats Tongue. Turkeys. Alamo,in Beef, Chickens, Totted Ducks Stewed Oysters, Tickled Oysters, Chicken Salad. Tyrainids, Fruits, Cocoa Nut Cakes. Oranges, Maccarouies. Apples, ice Cream. Almonds, Turks Caps, Raisins and Figs. Ties of every description, Tarts, Stc. After the cloth was removed. J. Phillips Fhesijc, Esq., the President, ruse and said, that having been invited to preside on this occasion, he desired to return thanks for the honor couferred upon him. We are assembled, lie said, to celebrate the seventieth anniversary of the birthday of the Hon. Henry Clay. Tlio career of that distinguished statesman was as conspicuous as tlnit of any statesman of the present time. He commenced it at an early age. and has devoted fifty years of his life to the service of his country. Whenever the country was in trouble or tribulation, foreign or domestic, the eyes of the nation were turned on him for its safe deliverance. (Cheers.) He has filled many important offices, and in every situation in which lie was placed, be has acted ^{lk In t,ta ... ,n *, t r / And tin nsilir,. tlis friend* before him, that on every occasion when the birthday of that distinguished inuu is commemorated, he would be glad of the opportunity to do honor to one who, like Mr. Clay, had devoted himself to hi* country. (Long and continued cheering ) The first of the regular toasts was then read and drank with full glasses, and niue long cheers and the waving of handkerchief*. I. The Hth or April, 1777.?The birthday of Hcny | Clay?wo gratefully celebrate its recurrence, nnd fondly 1 cherish the hope tnat he may survive many annt versaries of the day. in renewud health and vigor, with yet increasing honors. Music?Star spangled Dsuner. The second toast was? Hemrv Clat in 1847?'' You are still to us all that you have been throughoutour lives?still great? honorablejust?pure?patriotic and wise?still first of living men and first in our hearts?still right and willing to lie right I rather than be President?still greater than President or monarch for you are still llenry Clay." "Truth isomuipotent and public Justice certain." Music.?" Sing to the Oak, the Brave Old Oak." The third was? Our Court rav?As its present prosperity may justly he ascribed to the enduring results of democratic whig measures, so all its calamities could have been averted by a timely regard to the warnings and counsels of Henry Clay. Music.?"Hall, Columbia." After the vociferous applause with which the toast was received had subsided, there wero muny calls for Mr. White from all parts of tho room. Mr. Whi it then drunk a glass of .champagne, and spoke as follows :? One year ago, gentlemen, wo assembled together as wo have now. to commemorate the occasion that seventy yours ago gave birth to one who lias since that time occupied a wide space in the affectious of his fellew-mcn? as a statesman, without blemish?as a genius and a patriot, without rival. (Applause.) Since that time, gen lmnan?fimit in h?p t'liflMnlnao rovoliitirmu him hrniiifht forth many important and stirring evcuts, that hare given a new character and new complexion to the history of our common country. Then thu policy of the administration,as it had been shadowed forth in the canvans that preceded its advent.was in its incipioncy. That policy, I say, was then yet in its Incipioncy What was to he the etfect of that administration, whether for good or for evil on the destinies of the country, no man could tell, and no human sagacity could foresee; whether the prophecies uttered by the whigs concerning the policy of the administration, were to become history or whether they should be regarded as tbe insane ravings of place-seeking men rested on coujrctnrc, and on conjecture alone. But gentleman, time lias brought forth its fruits, and what was prophecy then is now cortainty of conclusion. Who docs not remember that in the celebrated Raleigh letter of that distinguished man, whose birth we ore assembled here to commemorate, he predicted that If we annexed Texas lo the United States, we took it with ull its burdens and drawbacks, under which it was laboriug, not the least of which was war. Who does not remember that senteu- ] tious sentiment that " the annexation of Texus aud n ' war with Mexico were identical.'' And yet how truly ] has the prediction been verified? It were idle, gentle- i men, in au assembly like this, to attempt, to pourtray the virtues and character of Henry I lay ; (Applause.) From our boyhood, we are familiar with his character and history; and the rcpeuling of the nltiiiit whl/?lt Itn hna tin hiu fpllnw mnn n ml Hit* di'Pvit" t ! he rendered to his country. In but idlinz. when every mini's heart is full of gratitude. | cannot. however, Hilow this occasion to escape without ottering what I conceive to be a few necessary suggestions at the pre ei-.t time. The prophecies made by that man in the rnnvuo of 1844, are prophecies no longer, but aro matter* of history. War is on us. aud while glorious doeds have been achieved by our leaders, as well as our rommon soldiers, still, our land is filled with mourning ; war. unrighteous in its lnecptiou, having for its object the plundering of territory from an unoffending and sister republic?[Applause I?a war that was not needed?that new laurels might be gathered for our soldiers, or that they might have a new field tO test thoir chivalry, a chivalry that has been tested already on many fields?is on us. VVe need not war to test that. It. was a war waged for popularity, and the instruments the administration used in its' prosecution are what? Such instruments as are always employed by the country in prosperity or adversity to lend her arms ! ?whigs. [Tremendous cheering J Things have alter- i ed. however, since that time, and the names of thln.es ' have altered with them. The time was when to pick ? neighbor's pocket, was termed larceny, ' but now. in the new vocnbulary of tho present. I time, it is termed defalcation '' FortUffy, to 1 enter the territory of a neighboring and peaceable power with whom we had no eanse of dispute, would i furnish one cause of war?would have been termed a half a century since wanton aggression; and now arming ourselves and marching forth against an unofferding . 1- ..I 1?i r ??...? mOi,. I HUU l>lllIlll(-nilK iruill Uinfc |iw|m; out cause, instead of being termed plunder, is. in I In, modern vocabulary, termed reannexatlon. (Applaue) While I can llud no language too strong to" express the enormity of this war, do not lei me ho misunderstood :is wishing to detract from the urliievements of our grand military men. or the soldiers who fought by them Fnrfrom it. Yet I am one of those who thought llmt our army needed no proof of their chivalry. Their brows were already povered with laurels, end no man living could question* their bravery. While, therefore, I say. that this war was originated by the administration a* a resort to plunder?white I condemn the motives nf the war. I am far from easting any imputation on those who,ill obedience to tile call of their country, marched to the boundary and ncross the boundary, forthe purpose of vindicating the honor of the American nruie. and their own country. 1 have alluded to this subject briefly, liccatisc the time allotted to us s so short, aud because it has shown the fulfilment of that prophecy which was made by our distinguished leader, hut which when uttered was unheeded. Oentlemen. I need not detain you with any disquisition on the life ami services of Henry ( lay. yet there Is one subject which I always feel hound to call attention to. What man is there, within the sound of my voice, whose ideas are limited by HiIh hour, or by the festivities of this occasion ? What liinn is there that, in conjunction witli Henrv Clay, does not look beyond the Iftth of April. 1H17. or the yeur 47. (prolonged cheering.) In what I am about to utter. 1 claim not to speak for any party, or for any set of men, or for any one man other than myself. Hut 1 understand it as part of wli;g doctrine that every tuan should think wliai he choose, nd speak what he thinks. While, therefore. I concede to every one of my fcllow-citlxens the right not only t'> entertain his opinions, but tun rignt to pror lti i in those opinions. I claim for myself the prcrogati ve which I extend to them, anil I recognize the right of no man to dictuto to me, as a whig, what 1 shall think, or, thinking, what I ahull any Therefore, availing myself of the onlarged privilege which whig faith gives to overy man, I wish to proclaim to this meeting that in the year '48, and in my dulibcratu judgment having paid aome attention to the popular uilnd. that there ia within the whole ruuks of the whig parly no matter what pensioned or party presses may proclaim to the contrary?that there is but onu man in thu party who can unite the heart and t he soul of the wing parly ao much as one, and he la Henry C lay. (Tremendous cheering.) I know, gentleinen. that there are aome few within our own party who alwaya are proteasing a warm, ardent, and an overflowing and consuming regard for llenry Clay, who yet will nlwuys answer , your appeals to them to aupport him for the presidency In ' Ifi, that it la Inexpedient, to do ao Is there a mail, and i now call the attention of my fellow-citizens, is there a man throughout the length anil breadth of thia nation that poasesscs better qualification for thu oflloe than him ? is there a man that can claim more distinguished patriotism than him ' Is there a ikun mort firmly anchored in the affections of hi* fellow-citizens than him 7 There is none. We hare no man of greater patriotism than hint, and yet we aro told by those tlnir ; nerving politicians that it ia inexpedient to nominate him ? Inexpedient, for what ? I ask the eansu ol this Inexpediency, and I demand liiu reason?ia it because he is always popular? Then, why is it Inexpedient,?what is the oauee of this Inexpediency.' I point these nxpodlency gvnilomen to the result of lue canvass in 1814. if they declare it expedient to noniiinate him, because he has not ufflrlcut popularity to command as many votes na another man. I reply "that i without any exception, Henry Clay received more whig j votea than did any gubernational candidate in the sums year ; and although we see him running beyond the strength of his party, we are told thai lie will not do for the next presidency. Wo rati get no other man. and yet we are to discard a certainty for tlio purpose of finding h candidate more popular. If ' lay Is unpopular, who Is it with ? Is It with patriots Is It with the people at. l uge ' Is It with men who are whiga at heart ' No Who n it, with then? Is It with the administration' Ood grant | that ho may ever be unpopular with them la it with un i agcrarian portion of society, he Is unpopular? if It is. it I be omea the respectable portion of the community to I sustain him Are we to hitch ourselves to the tail of l this agrarian part of the community7 No?If they are I prejudiced against Henry i lay. let them be reasoned ' with; let them be made acquainted with hi* character ' | 1st their pntjudlre lie reasoned down, for when there I i oomee a struggle between iuteiilgenee and iguorauee, | any one can t**ll fbr which aide the victory will be. I ray witli i lie conservative whig part of the American people. there I < no man in the land, except one. that has more popularity than Henry Clay. As far. then, gentlemen. .! this ex i"dlency goes. it is uuswered. If objection is 1 ado to his unpopularity, the returns of 1844 give the liu to it What then is to b? done ? Kor what are we Una-milled hero together this evening ? As whtgs we may express our opinions. Who are we to have for our leader iu '48 hut him who lud us in '44 ? I know there are those, and those too In the whig parly who. in consequence of the military achievements of one of our generals on the battle fields of Mexico, have already placed him in nominutlon for the presldenuy in '40, on the ground of expediency. Now. 1 protest as a whig?as one who lias a regard for the constitution of the country? and I remember the time, iu '38 and in '33, wheu this same whig party, while they admired military genius, were decidedly opposed to elevating military chieftains

to the presid-ncy of the United States. I protest against making military power subordinate to the civil. I will not hold up as u reward the presidency of the United States to men who distinguish themselves in the ti M. I s.-iy it is built eontrury to the letter and spirit of tin; Constitution to do so Let it go forth that right to tlie presidency lies through the soldiery, and what security have we for the country ? Wemighthaveaseoond Ca-ssr with a senate at it is heels. I protested ugainst this policy iu .'8. and in '33; and yet there was no man v ho would go farther than mo in testifying all proper admiral! ou of the men who have reflected glory on the country in the tcnlcj tlcu; uui I uui mo insi. anu ever will be the last to invite men from the battle Held and induct them into u civil uflicc. There are proper spheres of duty for all men connected with the udminUtration of government, and while men keep themselves within til* limit) Of the Constitution. no man will be more clamorous than me for rewarding them; but 1 say, if my views arc correct, to the statesman belong;* power, and give to the soldier the camp and the battle field. This is I he sentiment which 1 wish to impress on ail my fellow citlxi-ns, and one or two words more In conclusion and 1 ii 11 laav* this mi bj i c t What are we to do in'48 ' 1 do tint believe we shall be called upon to select betweeu Zaehary Taylor und Houry Clay. [We regret very much that wu have already beeu obliged to condeuse the eloquent remarks of .Mr. White, and particularly that time will not allow us to follow hltn throughout ] .Many other toasts and sentiments were given. The assembly adjourned at u late hour. Tilt ClIARTKR KLECTION?Tilt LoAVES AND Fishes.?We learn that tlie whigs ure ulrcady in a buzz relative lo the loaves tuid fishes. Some of them are already cutting and carving, trimming and tasting, in order to take care of a few of the offices of,value and virtue. According to ilic talk about town, the following individuals are up for the respective offices named:? President of the Common Council i .Morris Franklin, of the 7th Ward. Abraham R. Lawronee, of the 8th Ward Comptroller?$2,600 per year. Egbert Benson, of the 3rd Ward Receiier of Taxei?$2,600 per year. Joseph R. Taylor, of the 14th Ward Council for the Corporation?$3,000 per year Nathaniel Blunt, of the 15th Ward. Henry E. Davios. of the 16th Ward. Attorney for the Corporation?$2,000 per year Theodore E. Tomlinson. of the 17th Ward. Public .hhninistrator?$1,500 in foM. Thayer, of the Ward. President oj the I Pater Board?$2,000 per year. Uzziah Wentnau, of the 6th Ward. The candidate for the office of Receiver of Taxes was run by the wliigs on Tuesday for the office of Alms House Commissioner. Those desirous of being counsel for the corporation are old friends, und were once engaged together in the celebrated Gibbs trial. The candidate for the Water Board is now the Whig and Native member of the Legislature from this city. This list will be perfected as rapidly as possible. Emigration.'?Tlftere is an impression entertained by emigrants inlCanuda, the United States, and also by persons in England und Ireland, who are desirous of coming to America, that the British government had determined upon adopting a system, on an extended scale, of providing free passages to all who wish to leave the mothet --j .n.;- ;n ,i,? world. If such impression be not removed, il will likely interfere much with the system of private emigration,which promises to be so greal this year. The following is an extract from a despatch on tin subject from Earl Grey to the Ea^ of Elgin, written on the 29th Jan. last:? It is not proposed by hor Majesty's government to attempt to give increased activity to the flow of emigration to North tmaricm by undertaking to provide for em igrants the means of conveyance, either gratuitously 01 at :i lower cost than that at wbirli they can obtain It foi themselves ; and as I am aware that a contrary expectation has been very generally cutcrtuined, both in this country and the ouluuics, and thnt emigration at the nnbtic cost has been recommended as one of the niosl effectual means that could be made use of for the rullel < ;' the rtietr n of Ireland, I think it will be convenient that I ihould shortly state to your lordship some of the grounds upon which the determination come to by her Majesty's government Is founded. It la unnecessary for us to give the reasons which influenced the British government to arrive at this conclusion. All that is needed is to state sufficient to remove the impression that (hey had determined upon a different one. Mualcal. Italian on:** at tiie Pars THtitnt.?The Italian Op"ra Company from Havana, mado thoir first appearance at tlio Park Theatre last evening, in tho opera of " iferimui" or the Caslillan Nohlo. The house was filled from pit to gallery, aud a moro fashionable audience has rarely graced any public exhibition in the city. Much had been said about the new company, and much was expected of them, and full well did tbey last night redeem the proraisep whieh their friends had made for them. Although just landed from a sea voyage, they w re in excellent voice. The prima donna Kortunatu Tcduaco is wi ll entitled to the position she maintains; le r vilien eliarnn liv its sweetness, and when occasion re quire* give* evidence of great power. Tlio tenor, last i>i|rlit, wan Mgnor Natulc I'urolll, who ha* an agreenhh) voice, but by no moan* ?o powerful an one a* we have listened to during the winter. Hignor l.ingi Vita. the prinio basso baritone, wu? well received, and aoquilted himself ndinirnhly in the character of Don Carlo*. King of Spain, as did i'ietro Novelli, in that of Dor Kuy Oomey. Silra. In fact, all who took part in the opera were fully competent to the tank Impoeed upon them The chorunes are full and couipeteut; and orchestra al that could ho desired, and not * heavy a* to drown tin Kinging. The WlWger ha* engaged the eervicea of tin celebrated artist. Brigaldi, who taken entire charge oi the scenery und the department to which it belongs.? The op'-ra I* to be repeated to-night only; the cotnpanj having to commence an engagement in Boston on Slon day evening. Iiai.i v.n Opera.?In consequence of indl*po*ition or the part of Signor lienedetti, there will he no perform mice to night by the Italian Opera f'ompany at (*almo'a CiiRitir's Mimtbeh.?Two night* more coucludi the present season of thi* favorite negro band, and w< rail truly May. that no similar compauy ever gained tin esteem nnil patronage of the citixens to such an extent and so w.-ll merited. Those who love fun and frolic, in ter*per.M'd with plaintive minstrelsy, should repair t< Mechanics' iliiU. this and to-morrow evening. Swiss Bill Kixoaiis?Those popular performer*, am the delightful harmony which llicj produce from thei. hull*, are well knjwu in this city. They commence t sci-;,* of their concert* on Monday evening next, at thi 1 abcrnaclo 1 hey will be assisted by vMiss At. O. Marl us and O. A Iloyt, graduate* of the New York lostltutioi for the Blind Theatrical. Ai.r.isfnr.s, from racU. the great necromancer, wil exhibit at the Minerva Rooms, Broadway, on Monda; evening next. A stage has been fitted up as a temple c manoy, which hi d grouuded on experiments In mecha nisui ehemiitry and natural philosophy. The managers of the Adolphi. in Boston, hare brougb out a u<nv vaudeville "Nora Crelna." City Intelligence. Tiif Wn riif.R ? We had a fine soft spring shower o rain yesterday afternoon, about 4 o'clock, which had i good -(feet upou the streets, slid laid down the dust. Tit thermometer rose up to 68 degrees at noon, and thi weather again became cold about 6 o'clock, P. M. Kutoasnoi* Stili..?-A large number of Oerman ami Irish emigrants, that had Just arrived at our wharves were moving about m various parts of tho city jester day. Emigration may be said to have fairly commenced A Hr.tw Fall.?A young man named Featherston who had boen arrested and plaoed in prison on a chorg of larceny, attempted to ascend the water spout of the prison wulle In a state of iDtealoation and fell to the ground, a distance of over 40 feet Ho was taken to th< Z.ity Hospital Rosiitcr'i grand Scriptural Picture of tho parting be tween Ruth, Orpah aud Naomi, with other beautlfu piciurss. are every day exhibited at tbe Oranlte Building. corner Brcgidway arid Chambers street. ? " PolltleaJ. The whig* carried their ticket, on Taiesdav, in W|. tervleit anil, and. also. in New Scotland. The democrats had a victory in Bethlehem. The firrst Problem of the Age. To riir Editor or nit Herald:? Km i am atnsn of business, and cannot give the requisite attention to the long article in your paper ol Wednesday from Mr. Owen, entitled "The Orsat Problem of the Age to i>e solved"'?I terefore wish tc see shortly stated what this problem Is. snd how it has ln. or to he solved I sui desirous to aid Improve, meut*. hut like many others, with little thus to spars tibia pressing business NEW YORK CHARTER ELECTION. APRIL 13, 1847. THE OFFICIAL CANVASS. THE COMMON COl'NCIL. Word., Aldtrmtn. Aft. Aldcrm'n. 1?T. R. DeFureat, w... 776 1-^d. JimMOU. W 777 H. H. Byrne, d 602 P. French, d J'a S. A. Crapo, d 344 J. Patten, d IcttUtillX 6 _ . m a?J. Kelly, w W7 a?C. Leinb, w J. C. Stoiieull, d 414 C. Taut, d A. O. Thompson ... . 17 U. Seely, .. ' Scattering 26 Scattering J?T. McFlrath, w .? 1063 3?T. Mc Knight, w... . 10 I C. P. White, d 410 F. Hedley, d 410 8. Built halter, w... 360 H. 8. Duuning, w ... ?? Scatteiing 2 Scattering 3, 4?O. H. Pureer, d 998 4?D. Mulline, d 1U0j F. Fitzgerald, d... . 991 W. Held, d 931 R. Hal" w 220 T. H. Burraa, w... . 23.) Scattering 3 Scattering. 19 1?W. Adairu, w 1204 J?A. H. Schultfc d... . 1191 JS. B. Hart, d 923 J. Anderaon, d 920 W. til, worth 92 J.Hewitt, jr. 97 Scattering 41 Scattering 43 6?T. Gilmartin, d 886 6?K. D. Kohler, a 846 J. Foote. d 701 P.Kelly, d 730 J. R. Waltera, w... . 487 C.D.Brown 41)2 Scattering 3 7?M. Franklin, w 1970 7?J. Coger, Jr., w ..... 1861 T. M. Dougherty, d.. 1128 (J. G. Glazier, d. .. . 126.1 J. Mount, CI T. K. Sutton.. 69 Scattering 42 Scattering 60 8?A. R. Lawrence, w.. 1861 8?J. W. Allen, w .... 18?4 A. Mac lay, d 1324 W. J McDermot, d.. 1127 A. 8. Livingston, ii.. 170 W. Forbes, n 170 L. W. Ryckmau, n r 17 A. B. Hauptman, n r. 33 Scattering 13 Scattering 13 9?J. L. 1 lodge, w 1736 9?S. C. Herring, w.... 1639 I. B. Smitli, d 1278 T. Starr, d 1277 J. Jackson, d .147 J. Quackeiiboss, d... in 1. See, , 412 I). S. Darling, 438 Scattering,.... 1 Scattering 1 10?B. J. Messerole, d... 1223 10?N. Gray, d 1840 P. Aims, v* 1019 W. A. Cmiaut, w... 998 W H. Hoyt, u 201 G P. Beekman, n... 211 P. Lapbam, n r 67 S. J. Austin, 67 Scattering 7 Scattering 6 11?L. S. Dod, n 1199 11?A. F. Hatfield, d 1189 W. Gage, d U8i C. Perley, n lilt j. Miller, d i60 J. Philips, d ill 1. Peck, n r 48 H. Munu, d 13 Scattering 1 N. Turpeney, n r ... il 12?The return not yet made. 13? 8. H. Keeks, d 918 13?J. K. Colon, d 831 I. V. Briggs, d 368 B. S.Webb, d 373 W. Tyson, w 729 H. K re lis, w 713 D. Barker, n. 399 O. W. Bowne, n.., . 301) Scattering 2 Scattering,.... 19 14?T. B. Tappan, d 1063 II?D. Carolin, d 893 J. Stewart, w 830 S. Weeks, w 827 R. A. Sands, d 269 M. Burke, d 36! Edward Nichols, |d... 121 J. A. Jackson, d. ... 203 W. S. Ross 49 J. Petty iO Scattering.... li Scattering... . 13 li?J. D. Oliver, w 1840 li?L. W. Stevens, w... 1832 C. Partridge, d 312 M. Monson, jr., d.. . 219 Scattering.... 10 Scattering.... .1 16?W. Smith, w 1272 16?J. P. Oumming, w... 1301 C. Webb, d 1012 J. P. Dnnn, d 877 T. Marline, d 319 J.Myar, d 400 P. Falmer 193 R E. DeKay, n 199 J. Oilsou 79 P. Dee 81 17?C. Crolius, w Ii33 17?J. Robertson, d 1184 J. Walsh, d 1110 O. H. Franklin, w... 1426 C. Devo 284 F. Clinch 279 L. Maiston, n r 34 A. W. Day, n r 34 18?M. Maynard, jr, vr... 773 18?W. F. Jackson, w... 796 M. W. 8. Jackson, d.. 762 W. O. Wood, d.... 782 W. A. Walker, d.... 401 M. W. 8. Jackson, d. 269 O. W. Campbell, n.. 96 P. Jordan, n 102 Scattering.... 2 Scattering.... 2 Law Intelligence. SurcmoR Court, April 15? Before Judge Oakley.? la this branch of the Court there were only two actions on promissory notes for a small amount; they were of no interest except to the parties immediately concerned. 1st Chambkk?Before Judgo Ulshoeffer? The People vi. John H. Lord.?The defendant in this case went bail for a man mi mod Charles H. Ross who was indicted for a grand larceny. The trial of Ross was called in the Court of Over and Terminer this term, and not having appeared his recognizance and that of his bail was forfeited ? At the time Ross became surety be represented bimsell to b? worth, in notes and other property, the amount ot $38,000. It is now alleged there wan a fraud practised; and the District Attorney obtained a StilwoLl warrant against Lord as a debtor to the State, under which ha was arrested and committed to Eldridgo street jail. Circuit Court, April 16? Before Judge Edmonds.? Cornelius Bogart vs. Thomus Vermilyea.?This was an action to recover the amount of a promissory noto. dated in January, 1837, made by defeudant. jointly with Wm. Bruce, since dead. The defence was its outlawry, which Slalntiff rebutted by showing a payment on account by ruce within the six years. Verdict for plaintiff for the full amount. Aquilla IF. Tenltu 4" Sons rs. Oliver P. Mills Sons.?This was a suit to recover of Mills, tbo maker, and Muir k Bogart. endorsers of a note for $2704 79. Cotemporaneous with the endorsement of the note they agreed in writing to hold themselves liable upon the note "the same as if regularly protested." The defendants' counsel contended that this did not amount tc allowance of notice of non payment, and upon thai ground asked for a non suit. The J udge refused, and directed a verdict for the plaintiff, subject to the opinion ol the Court in Bank on the point raised by Mr. Hlaughton, defendants' counsel. United States Circuit Court, April 16?.'1 True Bill found.? The grand jury found a truo bill thii morning against HonuorB. Pnrmalee, flrst mate of the ship American Eagle, for the infliction of cruel and unusual punishment on George Stewart, formerly a seaman on board said vessel. Pnrmelee was immediately put on his trial; the Jury did not agree up to seven o'clock, and Judge Nelson ordered thorn to be locked up until 10 o'clock this morning. Assault with a Dangerous Weapon.?Thomas Allan, first mate of the ship Stephen Whitney, was huld to bail on Thursday in the sum of $600, on a charge of striking James Mcintosh, one of the sailors, with a belaying pin, on the lost homeward voyage from Liverpool. Before Judge Nelson?John A. Davenport, John W. Qui'nry. and Julia P. Hotchkiss. Executors. 4vs. Geo H. Swords.?This was an action for the infringement ofa patent right. The plaintiff's testator obtained a patent for making knobs for doors, locks, cabinet furniture, &.c., of potter's clay. The operation is the ^ame as that in use in potteries, vis., by turning, burning, and glazing. The plaintiffs allege that defendants pirated their invention, and seek damages. The defence is that the invention is not new; that it was in use many years in England before it was known in this country. Verdict for plaintiff, $10. Court or General Sessions, April 16th, before Recorder Scott, and Aldermen Stonoall and Purser. John McKeon. Esq., District Attorney ?Trial for Burglary.? At the opening of tho Court this morning, Wm. John son was placed at the bar for trial on a charge of burglary, In having been concerned with Wm. H. Thompson, alia* One-eyed Thompson, In breaking into the coal office of Mr. Kexford on the night of the 7th of January lent. Officer Kcllt, of the Oth ward, testified, on the part of the prosecution, as follows :?On the night in quostlon I saw three men rush out of Mr. Rcxford's office; I followed tliem down to West street, where I overtook them und asked them if they saw Mr. Rexford's office door open; they replied that they did; I thon requested that they would go to the office with me, ae I wished to lee whether all was right; they went with me; 1 searched the office and could not perceive that any thing had been disturbed ; Thompson then asked mc if 1 was satisfied with their condurt ; I told them thst I was not, and requested them to go with me to the station house; Thompson refused ^lo dc 1 so; struck me a severe blow and then ran off; I am sure that Thompson and Johnson were two of the men I sua on that occasion; the other man I did not know. Georue R. Rexford examined?I am a lumber mor1 chant; on the 6th of January last I had an office in West street, near Jano street; I left it properly secured ou Iht evening in question; about midnight I was notified that ' it had been broken open; on proceeding there I found it had been entered, but nothing taken away. ' Officer Coor examined.?I am a policeman of the ftth ward ; about 11 o'clock on the night of the 6th of Jan last, 1 saw Johnson pass out of Thompson's house : r Thompson went out after hlra ; Johnson went up the 8th avenue and Thompson down to Hudson street ; I followed Johnson to Troy street and thenco to Hudson , street, where Johnson and Thompson met, when thei went together to Greenwich street, where they parted and 1 lost sight of them both ; 1 saw them again about 13 o'clock, near Thompson'* house, but iui soon a* thej saw me near them they vent a short distance, when 8 arrested Thompson, and took him to the utatton house t where I also saw Johnson that night; they each deniet t having any knowledge whatever of the other ; I disco vered them talking together tho next morning, and 01 alluding to the fact that they had deaied knowing cael ' other, Thompson remarked that they had been stuf ' ting me. Officer Qvacxknioss. examined ?I assisted In arrest j Ing Johnson ou the night of the 6th of January, hs hi was going into Thompson's house. r At this stage of the trial the Court adjourned until to i morrow morning. s Count Calendar this Dat.?Superior Court?81 i. 63. 8. 13, 18, 30. 58, A4. 9.5, 98. 101, 107, 114., 116. 117, 11H ) 119, 131, 138. 134. 108.66,6, 130, 104. 10, 3. so. 37, ss. 60 37, 23. 34, 41, 99, 61, 83, 87, 76, 13. 36. 36. 43, 48. 44. 16. 49 94. 368. 60,373. 90. 110. Circuit Court. -49, 83, 30, 104 106,108, 109, 111, 113 to 129. 11 _ y Navigation of tut Guadacocpe.?A new '{ steamer named the Delta, lias lately arrived ir the F.splritu Santo hay. Intended to run as a packet be * tween Victoria and the towns on Matagorda bay, a? soor as the raft near the mouth of tho river can be cleared out. This boat Is commanded by Capt. Derrow, one ol t the most enterprising and energetic old settlers of th? West, and he will doubtless render tho experiment ol navigating the Ouadsloupe successful, since he is cor, diolly seconded in his praiseworthy undertaking by tlu neonlo of that section At th? l?.i n i?r,? f number of the citizen* liad volunteered their services 11 and were busily engaged removing the raft Our eor e respondent at Victoria inform* us that the people of thai flourishing town ronfidontly expect that an lmmcn*< trade will *0<>n be opened between Victoria and Chlhua' I hua. One of the Western merchant* i* about to visit i, tho Eastern States, to purchase a large stock of good* foi the Chihuahua market lie hua *old during the lasl year good* to the amount of over $100,000 to Meilcai trader* and t he troop* on tho Rio Grande ; and he hai ' found the business so profitable, that he has determiner to attempt to open the trade between Chihuahua. Mont clova, LI fasso and other large Mexican town*, anc Bexar or Victoria lie was formerly engaged in trade I ana D? estimate* tne uiskuw v I<5tori* to Chihuahua M only half tha d lata no* froir ' 8t. Louis to that alty H? la confident that good* car be tranaported from tne waatarn porta of Texas to Chi hoahua, at laaa than third of tha expense of transport* tlon from St. Loula to that place.?Jfuetln (Texat). Tilt graph, March 33. J Navigation of the Angelina ?Wr learn thai a light driit't atemnboHt. only !kl Icrt in length, it now engaged In the navigation of tlio \ngalina. Cap tain Robert fatten, who commands this vessel, ezpreesui tha opinion that the Angelina mny U< rendered navigable from Ita mouth to a |>nlnt within n few milea of N* > eogdoebaa during at least four months of the year Houiton (Tftat) Telegraph, March 33. Immenaa Hooka of pigeons flaw over Cayuga county last Bundiy; In soma nlacvs mining peroeptlhle dufk< i peas, by tha oloud which they Interposed between thi lun'a ra/a and tha earth, -< THE WEEKLY HERiLD. Our Illustrated History of the Bombardment of Vera Cruz. The Weakly Herald will be ready to-morrow morn lug at 9 o'clock. It will contain full account* of the storming and capitulation of tlie ulty of Vera Cruz, and the Caatle of San Juan d'L'lua, with a lint of the killed and wounded ; ? Gen. Scott'a and Com. Purry's despatches?Late and important news from Northern Moxlco?Situation of Gun. Taylor and hi* army?The foreign news received by the recently arrived packet ahips?Waahingtou Cor rcxpondence, giving the future movement* of General* Scott and Taylor?The particular* of Col. Harney'* : grand and auoceaaful charge?und a variety of other intoreating and important intelligence, a* well a* full reports of the foreign and domestic markets, and a digest of commercial, financial, political and miscellaneous intelligence from all parts of the country. It will be embellished with four accurate engravings representing a plan of tho city of Vara Cruz anil the position of the castle of San Juau de L'lua ; tho castle of San Juan de Ulua before the capitulation; a diagram of tho city of Vera Cruz and the position of our forooa af . tor landing ; and the appearance of Vera Cruz and San Juan de Ulua after their capitulation. These will form ! a perfect illustrated history of the capture of the olty and castle; an important event in tho war with Mexloo. ! Single copies, in wrappers for tho mails, can bo obtain; ed at the ofiloe on Saturday at 6'? cents each, or $3 13)* per annum In advance. Police Intelligence. Afkii. 16.?Charge of Patting Counter/tit Monty.? Thoso two valuable officers, Kclyua and Cummings, of tho lower police, arrested yesterduy two men by the names of (Jeorge W. Nllos and Oliver Woods, on a charge of passing $36 in spurious bank bills or folae tokens, purporting to be on the City Trust Company of tho city of S'cw Vork, on a Mr. Kruncis lteadal. resitting at No. 79 Bowery, it appears that about tho 36th of DoI cember last. Nlles purchased of Mr. Hoadol two sofas ! valued at $63, in payment thereof gave $36 in j spurious money, and for tho balance gave an ' order for lumber upon Mr. J. Duryee, in Cherry i street, which order was accepted. In a few daya ' afterwards, Mr. Readal discovered that the money ! was counterfeit, but was unnble to ascertain the whereabout of Niles untie a few days ago, when the above vigilant offloers secured him, and conveyed the accused before Justice Drinker, where on being examined. he stated that he obtained the spurious money from Woods, whom it seems was absent from the oityat the ; time of the arrest of Nlles, but immediately upon his : ruburu 10 tun cibj, ycBirruav, iuu nuuvn cum uuiceni , pounced upon bim, like a hawk upon a field mouse, end conveyed him to the Tombs, where he wee I detained lor examination. A young man by the ! name of George Oakt, a painter, at No. S3 Bowery, 1 was somewhat implicated with the parties at first, in I endeavoring to redeem the bad money with good, and In ! order to settle the easo and stop any legal proceeding be' ing taken. However, upon the case being investigated before the magistrate, *Mr. Oaks gave a satisfactory explanation, cluarly exonerating him (Oaks) from any 1 dishonest participation in the above transaction. Woods, we understand, formerly kept a furniture store at No. I 106 Fulton street. Charge of Falte Pretencei.?Officer Burley, one of the efficient uids attached to the lower police, arrested yesterday a man by the name of James M. Flagg, of No 64 Beaver street, on a warrant Issued by Justice Drink! er, wherein he stands charged with obtaining, about j the 25th of March last, a quantity of merchandise, vslu' ed at $401 84 cents, from Mr. Win. Kobbe, auctioneer, [ No. 46 Beaver street, by false and fraudulent repreeen1 i tations. Justice Drinker held the aceused to baU ia ' i the sum of $600 to answer. | Ear tatter.? Officer Taylor, of the 13th Ward, > arrested yesterday a man called James Brady, on a charge of biting off the lower portion of the ear "belonging to Lewis Nephew, residing at No. 64 Lewis street, wnuo in a rougn ana tumoio ngnt. committed by jus1 j tico Ketchum. Stealing Clothing.?Officers Keeny sad Gardner, of the Oth Yvard, arrested last night Alary Elizabeth JaokI son and Sarah Jones, on a charge of breaking open a trunk belonging to Harriet Williams, residing at No. I 30 Orange street, valued at $35. Committed for trial i by Justice Osborne. Arreit of a Receiver.? Constable Josephs arrested, yfesterday, a man called David Cooklin. of No. 01 Orange street, on a charge of buying goods knowing the same to be stolen. Three bed-quilts, valued at $15, were found on his premises by the above officer, the property of Mr. George S. Sllvey, No. 133 Chatham street, they having been stolen in January last by a black fellow called Ja, cob West, who was also arrested by the above officer, 1 and is now in prison on several other charges. Justice ' ! Osborne locked the accused up in default of $500 bail. Rohbery of a IPatch ?A person by the name of Mr. 8. 1 i Pel cm was robbed in the vicinity el Park Row, on Wed1 nesday night, of a gold lupine watch, Tobias maker, to1 gethor with a breast-pin, brllliuut diamond, set in stiver - , with gold back. Ratting Globe Bank Bills.?A man calling himself | Reuben Snell was at rested yesterday ona charge of pass1 \ lug a $6 Globe baok bill, (there being no such bank 1b > ; existence.) on a Mrs. Clark, of No. 29 Manhattan Place. The accused likewise pasted a similar bill on one of the female boarders. Committed by the Chief of Polioe fbr ' examination. " Dropped ' on in the Park.?As Captain Smith, of the bark New bury port, lying at the foot of Wall street, waa passing along in the Pars last evening, one of the export ' droppers" came the "drop game" on him. by plaotug e packet-book at his feet coi.luining a roll of spurious bank bills, which book the captain picksd up. when the " dropI per" Induced the captain toglvo him $7 for tho boek and its contents; and we need not say, but the "dropped" | .Tii. ouiiwi aunu Rikcrvrnrui uiocuvereu m? nuuioug, uub too late, however, for the "dropper" had vanUhed with the $7 I'ardontd.?The young man. Char lee F. Istngprlse, who, about a year iincv. wan convicted of m&ualaugnter, and sentenced to the State prison for three years and tun months, has been pardoned by Governor Young. Texas Affairs.?The Swed.sh brig Orion, (."apt. Lorsson, from New Orleans, and no and to Christiana, Norway, with a cargo of 473 bales of cotton, and three bales of hemp, was run on shore on Wednea{ day night, the 17th tilt., and uow lies a total wrualt, vas\ Si'l and cargo, about six mile* up Bolivar beast). The I vessel will be a total loss, but of the cotton 133 bales have i been saved in a damaged state | The schooner Spy, with 68 bales of cotton, from San I Luis Bay, was cast away on the 33d ult., 0 or 8 miles above Bolivar Point. Scnooner broken in two?every tnlng on board saved. Mr. Dennis Madden, taking the mail-boat from (ialves' ton to Turtle Bayou, was knocked overboard on the 16th 1 ult. and drowned. An overseer named Paschal, on the plantation of R. I. Blount, Esq., of Matagorda county, early in March waa > murdered by eoniu negroes en the plantation. The ringI leader has confessed his guilt, but will not undergo ? formal trial before September. > It is probable that ere this a full regiment of troops had > been raised in Texas and for the war.?Oalvttlon Ntwi. The Collision between the Steamer* Oregon and Knickerbocker 1 A CARD. J An article having appeared in the Boston Allot of the 12th Inst., headed ''Collision between the steamboat* Oregon and Knickerbocker,'' and purporting to be the report of a "meeting of passengers" convened on beard 1 of the latter boat on the 10th Inst, "for the purpoee of expressing opinions and enquiring into the facts relatlva to the collision." it has seemed duo to the publio, to the > owners of the Oregon, and to myself, that a plain statement of the facts in the ense should be presented, that 1 the public mav have (he means of judging how far tha ' ohurges made by tb# committee ore sustained. The steamer Oregon left her dock at Pier No. 1, North t River, at6 P. M., on tha loth instant-the Knicki*' bocker starting from the opposite side of the pier at the ' p.line hour. After leaving the dock, we stopped our engine to allow the K. to pass on ahead of us, she then 1 hchlir on our larboard hnuv nnd In our wiiv rrmlidinir the liattury to tile Kant Hiver. After pawing into the Kant i Iliver, the Oregon having taken the inside passage. (she 1 can be turned in a lean compass than can the K.) and being ahead, the K. came up along aide, paaaedua on our starboard aide, aud continued leaving ua until opposit* the ship yard*. She waa then three or Tour time* her c length ahead of ua. After that ne began to gala on her. the Oregon being much the faster boat, and her - paaaiug ahead of ua having been in consoquence of oar low head of iteAm at. the time of atartiug. We continued to gain on the K. until we reached the north end i. of Hlackwi U'a ialand. We were then about to lap on to her ; I then requested Capt Howard, tho pilot, who haa had many years experience In that capacity, to pas* , the Knickerbocker to the 1< award,(or on the Long Ialand aide,) thereby giving the command of tho entire passageway to the K.. and allowing her to choose her own court* through the gate. The wind at the time waa quit* fresh from the northwest?it was high water aud ' slack water in the Gate. Both boat* passed between the Flood Hock and the Long Island shore ; the K about 1 midway of the passage; consequently, we were brought 1 | quite near to the lee shore. 1 ' When within a abort distance of llallett's Point, to I I .... ..|AM(akmesai tllA K kctlt hA.l'l'l ftff HCrflM HUT l.lf f board bow We rang our engino boll to shut off the steam from the engine, our boat being nt the time so near to the Point, that it was ImpoMible to alter hor course, without running on to It. .As it was. It is our sincere conviction, thnt the Oregon did not clear the roint one half her width. The posit on In which we were placed, rendered the oollision unavoidable on the part of thu Oregon, while the Knickerbocker, having, as I have before stuted, the middle of the passage, and ample sen room, might, easily na It seems to us. have kept clear of us. Indeed, from a consideration ef the position of the two boats, and of the course pursued by the Knickerbocker, we were forced to the oonvictlon. that it was their design either to run the Oregon ashore, or to render u collision of the two boats inevitable After passing the Point far enough to rlear 11, we hacked thu boat and cleared ourselves from the K , end passing along on the larboard sl.ie, took a line from her to tow her out of the Gate, she having become disabled by the breaking of hei steering gear. But na she hud previously dropped her anchor, nt a signal from Cu.pt Vnu Pull, we'let go the line, ai we conld he of no service to her , after which we proceeded on our way to Rtoninatou. S. THAYER, Commander steamer Oregon. John Howard, 1st Pilot, t Isaac PrabLETON, 3d Pilot. A Mr. Hauders Vau Rensselaer, of the State of Ohio, is about to bring asuit against, the tenants of thu manor, not for rent, but for the land itself, ilu claims under a will made by Klilian, son of Johannes Van Rensselaer, dated the 33d day of Kebrutry. Ifi!47, the whole of Albany and Rensselaer counties, and three towns in Columhla, Tit: Claveraek. Ghent and Oreenport. , The mineral laud sales, at I) uhiKiue list e ('lost.: I I lauds having been disposed nt' without difficulties aiunuff i the settlers