Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 17, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 17, 1847 Page 2
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% v ? NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Mnturdny, April IT, 1H4T. OUR ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY. HISTORY OF THE BOMBARDMENT OF VERA CRl'Z. l'he Weekly lf.ru/J will be ready ut 9 o'clock tbN morning. f It will contain full account* of the storming anil capitulation of the city of Vera Crux, anil the castle of San Juan d'UUa. with a list of the killed anil wounded; , Gen Scott's and Com Perry's despatches ; late and Important news fiom New Mexico ; the situation of Gen. Taylor and his army; the foreign news rooeived by the rucently arrived packet ships , Washington correspondence. giving the future movements of Generals Scott and Tsylor; the particulars of Col. Harney's grand and successful charge ; and a variety of other interesting and Important Intelligence, as well as full re- | ' ports of the foreign and domestic markets, and a digest of commercial, financial, political and miscellaneous Intelligence from all parts of the country. It will bo embellished with five accurate engravings, representing plan of the city of Vera Crut and the po- i aitlon of the castle of San Juan do L'lUa ; the castle of : ban Juan do 1,'lua before the capitulation ; a diagram of I the elty of Vera Cruz and the position of our foroes after landing; the plan of tha bombardment; and the ' appearance of Vera Crut and San Juan de Ulda after i their capitulation. These will form an Uluatrated history I of the capture of the city and castle; an important j event in the war with Mexico. Single copies, in wrapper* for the mails, can be obtain- | ed at the office on Saturday at 6>a cents each. The Anticipated News front Europe?its probable Complexion. The steamship Surah Sands, from Liverpool for this port, has been at sea nearly seventeenv days, and the Cambria, from Liverpool for Boaton, is now in her thirteenth day. They are both about due, and will probably arrive within the i next twenty-four hours. The Sarah Sands has the start of the Cambria four days, and the latter will therefore bring four days later intelligence. Should the Cambria ar- i rive first she will bring fourteen days later news. In anticipation of her arrival, our markets have, for the past day or two, been rather quiet. The unsettled state of prices 011 the other side, at the dutc of our last accounts, has created considerable anxiety for further advices, and until they are received, both buyers and sellers of breudstuffs will not involve themselves in new trunsactious to uny extent. Opinions in relation to the tenor of our next accounts from Europe, depend entirely upon the ! position of parties. There arc, however, grounds for the belief that there will be no material alteration in prices. There are two powerful influences operating upon the corn markets on the other side, first the scarcity of food, and second the difficulties in the money market; the first lends to an advance in prices, and the second to n rh*nro^sinn unil flu* nnnti'Hf muwf ho hotwoon the two. Fn anything else but food, there could I be no doubt relative to the result; but under the I circumstances, it will require much more serious | embarrassments than in our opinion exist, to de- j press prices of breadstuff. It is seen that prices for cotton have, in the fuce of a large deficiency in the supply, fallen offvery materially, by the influence of the money market, while prices for breadstuffs have advanced until they reached points liurdly ever before reslized. There is no doubt but the difficulties in the London money market continue as great as previously reported, and it would not nstonisli us if a further advance in the rate of interest had been mudc ; but such is the peculiar position of the corn marketa, and the value of the demand for food, that we do not anticipate any depression in prices for breadstuff's from that cause. Nothing but increased receipts of grain from foreign countries can depress prices, and every thing, therefore, depends upon that. We shall soon be relieved from all anxiety, and tn the meantime speculators must look out for the Extra Herald, price two cents per copy. TIm Presidential Campaign?Movements of I the Clique*?Who la to be the Whig Candidate 1 The presidential campaign for the year 1848 is now regularly commenced by the whig party in this city and elsewhere. It is breaking out and preading over the country. The rattling report of the small arms is heard in the distance, and ere many months shall have passed, the booming of the heavy artillery and the bursting of the Paixham shells, filled with office seekers and gun cotton, will resound over hill and valley. The wbig purty have, in hie instance, taken th* initiative, and have commenced marshalling theirforcee in fourdistinct and separate columns, each led by its favorite general. One colum > consists of the embodiment of the old-fashioned protective whig party, under the leadeiship of the mill-boy of the slashes. Another consists of the embodiment of Fourierism, and all the isms of which this day and generation are so fruitful, including anti-capital-punishmentisin, abolitionism, nuti-extension-of-territoryisrn; and no one knows how many more isms they will take under their wing before the canvass, under the direction of John McLean or Thomas Corwin, of Ohio. Another column, although slightly in the back-ground, or, indeed, we might say a little inclined to stay on the fence, and wait the course of events, is composed of the admirers and friends of Oeneral Scott, ana under his leadership; and the lourth, and, perhaps, the last, though not the least column, is steadily marching, with banners flying and drums beating, ready and eager for the hour to arrive when the word " charge" will be given. This last column, from present appearances, is made up of a large proportion of the whig party proper, including what is termed the expediency men, nnd pretty good coloring of democrats, who have been carried away by the glorious and brilliant victories that their leader, Gen. Zack Taylor, with the soubriquet of Old Rough and Ready, has achieved in the walled cities, chaparral", gorges nnd defiles of Mexico, against the soldiers of that republic, headed by .Hunts Anna and his wooden leg, the gentleman who, a few mouths ago, fought game-cocks in Havana. As we said before, the campaign has com- j menced on the part of the whigs, and that they have in earnest opened the campaign. It will be seen, from what we have nlreudy stilted, that great want of unanimity prevails among them; and that it is very doubtful if they will nniteon any one candidate. Henry Clay has n : strong party throughout the country, who will , follow his fortunes for ever. With him they will sink or swim, survive or die. hey will n?-ver consent to confer the highest honors of the republic on any man but him. If he falls, they are ready to tall with him. The party attached to General Taylor, comprise all the rhivalric, fervid, and enthusiastic portion of the people, as well as expediency portion of the whigs proper ; nnd it would be a hard matter to induce theni to forsake him, who so gallantly has vindicated the honor and dignity of the American flag, and succeeded in elevating nnd throwing it to the breeze in .Northern Mexico. The Scott party is vibrating between Scott and Taylor, waiting for the hour to arrive when they can with safety show their hands and retain their position and popularity, perhaps fo overthrow both generals and take > up Iaiiel Webster. The McLenn and Cor- i win party are the furthest in the back ground, und unless some unforeseen and most-unlikelyto-be-expected combination of circumstances shall arise, will, in all probability, remain there. The Clay party, or rather a fraction of it, as was , developed nt the celebration of the seventieth attniveraary of the birthday of their champion, at tlie Apollo room**, on Thursday evening last, and reported in the Herald of yesterday, announced their determination never to abandon him, but to support him with all their strength in the next canvass. They declared themselves unwilling to abandon the principle of the patty in 1828 and 1332; that military achievements arc no merit in a President; that to the statesman belongs civil power, and to the soldier the camp and the battle ground. These are the sentiments of the whig Clay party, expressed openly and above board, anil in advance of the great struggle of 1848. We see, then, that a clenr, clean line of demarcation is drawn between the two strongest portions of the wing party, one on which there may be no reconciliation. If, therefore, the pre-C n- , , __.l ,l.? sent aspect 01 uuairs anuuiu i-uuuuuv, nuu mt nominating convention should be composed in the main of these two parties, and unless Gen. Taylor shall decline the nomination, which we hardly suppose the country would permit him to do, the next Ilarrisburg convention will witness the disruption of the ties that now bind the whig party together. Whether nominated or not, however, by that convention, Gen. Taylor, if he consent to run, will be elected by the people with acclamation. It is said, apart from all this, quite an influential portion of the whig party are now playing off Scott against Taylor, in order to take up Webster, and run him for the Presidency. This movement we shall watch with considerable interest. Our Relations witu Mexico.?It is supposed, by those acquainted with the character of Santa Anna, that soon after his arrival at the city of Mexico he will sue for peace, and open negociations with us. The capture of Vera Cruz and the castle, his own defeat at Buena Vista, the fall of Chihuahua, the continued successes of our troops, and the recent revolution in the Mexican capital, will all force him to the conclusion that the continuance of the war will ultimately destroy his country. With theso " fixed facts" before him, it is thought that he will be able, with the aid of the church, to convince the obstinate Mexicans of the folly of prolonging the war. Steamship Southerner, Capt. Berry, reached Charleston on the 13th inst., in 60 hours from this city. Musical. Italian Omka at the Path.?"Hernani" was again performed by the Italian Company at the Park last evening. The bouse was again filled to its utmost capacity, and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed. The prlmu don na was even In better spirits than on ths previous evening. and sang in suob sweet richness of tone &b to quite carry away with her. for the tiino, tbo hearts of the lis* ?i* tKa ilnn In ihH AMi-ond act. between fcOUIUg IUVUIWIUW.1, ? ?V ? , Elvira, (Slgn'a Tedesoo,) and Hernani, (Slff. Perelll^ wan given with great excellence, and won loudly encored. It is decidedly a treat, and of itself paya for tlic inconvenience of sitting for three lioura in a crowded hornet. Signer Vita will bo a groat favorite, there in no much ooul in his singing that ono falls in lovo with it at onoo. He evidently won upon the kindly feelings of the audience, and obtained a place in their favor, although be had not so much to do as either the tenor or basso. Signor N'ovelli. we think, sung much better than he did on Thursday evening. He has a great command of voice, and is a good actor, and we shall be glad to hoar him in some of those goed operas which the company are to favor us with on their return from Boston. \V e need not pile up adjectlvce and adverbs to express our admiration of the performance of ' Hernani. To say that it was admirably performed is sufficient. We have seon enough of the company during their brief sqjourn with us, to convince us that when they oome to slug to us for a season, they will be received with open hearts ; and readily drawn purse strings will then best tell how much we love their society, and bow we appreciate tliuir efforts to please. They are artists; they sing in a stylo chaste and eotreet: I they have a full company, and all the appointments; a i full and skilful chorus (whose performance last even- | lug was a great feature of the piece); a wardrobe worth $30.00(1, and an artist (Brigaldi) in charge of the scenic department, who is fully competent to tbo task which devolves upon him Thus they cannot fail of success, when they eomo prepared for business. Gaasd Vocal awd Isitrcmkstai, ( overs i at tut. Tabksvaclx.?The Italian Opera Company, who have been tinging for a couple of nights past at the Park Theatre, will give a grand vocal and Instrumental concert at the Broadway Tabernaclo, this evcuiug. Teu different pieces will be performed during the evening. Tedesco. Perelll, Vita and Novelll. and the whole chorus of the company will appear, and from the character of the pieces selected for performance, the coucert cannot fail to be an excellent oue. We have no doubt the Tabernacle will be as well tilled as tho Park Theatre has been for two evenings. Chsiitv's Misitsili perform to-night for the last ?lm* ?h(a uua* THav him nlaveii hern nine weeks. and every night they were riaited by the moat select and fashionable audience* Ail the ieau mondt attend thrlr loiriri. Their eboruaee in the negro melodic* were given with much accuracy in the science of harmony? their wit was genuine ; it is clear and transparent; and their instrumental performance* were executod with taste and sweetness We wish them success. Swiss Bcll-Rii?ozis.? This celebrated band commence. on Monday evening next, a series of entertainments. at the Tabernacle, prior to their departure for Europe. Th?y form a splendid chime?soft, sweet, and melodious. Their programme contains some beautiful airs, among which are. " When the Moon on the Lake is beaming " Come brave with me the Sea. love." aud the whole of the national airs of America. Misa Marius and Messrs. Hoyt will sing the " Western Emigrant's Glee." They also play Julien'l Royal Irish Quadrilles, and many other favorite airs Miss Joitrmsr Bksmsom will give a grand vocal and Instrumental concert, at the Apollo Rooms, on Wednesday evening next, and. from the talent engaged, there is every reason to suppose she will have a respectable bouse Mr. Timm will preside at the piano. Among the other artists, are the names of Miss li. Bratnson. Miss Clara M. Rolph. Misa Matilda Korsinsky. who Is an excellent vocalist, and Mr. Jules ilecht, who is well known as a teacher of singing, and who possesses a voice of sweetness and power, which is ranch enhanced by a thorough knowledge of his profession. The tickets are placed at fifty cents We hope to see .Miss Bramson, who is a Iior7 in petticokt*. well patronized. 11 alia* Ori n i at PaluoV?" Luerezin Borgia" will be performed at ralmo's on Monday evening Thestrlcsl. Bowciiy Tiicstbe.?th? performances at this establishment last evening. commenced with the nautical drama. " My Poll and my Partner Joe."' which wai extremely well carried out by the oompany.. a* indeed le almoet every pleoe that le produced there. Tbo " Naiad Queon" succeeded; and It would be like repeating a twioe told tale to say that It was recoived by the large audience that witnessed Its representation with evident gratification and delight We regTet that yesterday evening woe the last of Its continuance; but those who have not yet had the pieasuro of seeing it. can see the third act. which is the most gorgeous of the whole, this evening. This act?th? drama of the " Mysteries of Paris" ?and for the first time the " Spirit of the fountain." as well as tho operatic piece of the "Alpine Maid,'' compose the evening's bill for to-night. If this were not sufficient to fill the house, we might say that this evening Is set apart for Miss Turnbull'sbenefit, but.as the admirers of thst clsssle damnitt are.no doubt, already arquatnted with the fart, we consider it unnecessary to say more than that, with this two-fold attraetion. the Bowery cannot possibly afford room for onefourth part of those who will desire to attend. We arc informed that the manager has effected an engagement with Mrs Shaw, the great favorite (and deservedly so) of the New Vork public, and that Unit distinguished actress will appear on Monday next In one of her bust characters Bowrar t races ? Kemp, the great clowu. stillfcflds his ground, and becomes more popular every nlgCi|hc performs It Is really amusing to witness him Impcffi^g a large globe around tho arena, and also up and ddfrn an Inrllned plane, with a barrrl on his head. No one that sees It can Imagine that ho will succeed, but notwithstanding all the ludicrous errors he apparently commits. he manages to perform all that he promises, lie will oppear again this evening, and bfs performance, together with those of the rest of the company, are folly sufficient to amuse all who attend to witness them. Mr. Barney Williams, the popularyonng Irish comedian. arrived In town last evening, after a most successful tour through the Mouth and West. Mdlle. Augusts was still dancing at the Orleans Theatre. at last accounts, aided by Duffcyte. Ouillot and Fie ury-Joly. Mr. I.eonard. the Irish comedian, Is gaining many friends at the fit. f h arise lie has been playing (lerald Pepper in tho White Horse of tho Peppera." Ilia performances sre spoken of as being tuiattrpassably well well done. I Mrs Mowstt took a benefit, at Plttsbnrg on Tuesday evening Mr Plartde took a benefit at the National Theatre. I inetnnutl. on the evening of the 12th To-night closes the engagement df the Viennolse chil^ drcn in Philadelphia. City Intelligence. Ou'xotoi'i Behavior.?We desire particularly to call the attention of the owner* of the Broadway. ; Eleventh street and Sixth Avenue line of stages. and [ also the owners of the Broadway. Ninth street and Sixth Avenue line of stages, to tho disgraceful and rowdyUh conduct of the driver of itage No d37, of the first mentioned lino, and of the driver of No dOl of the other line The behavior of these " whips." yesterday, about five orclock. reflected so uiuch discredit on these lines, that If the owners or proprietors of them had witnessed it. we are positive they would have discharged tliem on the spot. From some cause or other, the driver of 'W! of the Eleventh street line, exerted his utmost to prevent No. 'J01 of the Ninth street line from passing him. and seriously endangered the lives of his passengers' In doing so. This was decidedly wrong on his part ; but alter ho was left behind, so much that he could not interfere with the stuge No. 201, of the Broadway, nth street and 6th avenue line, the driver of this latter stage exerted himself to the utmost to hinder and embarrass the other driver as much aa ho did him. The manu'Uvres of these gentlemen were no doubt amusing to them selves, but wheu we consider, as wan the Tact, thatalaiiy passenger fainted from terror, and the gentlemen passengers were very much affrighted from the conaequenous which might reasonably be exuocted to result from surli conduct in a thoroughfare such as Iiroadwny is. it Is ruli time that the proprietors of these lines discharged the drivers of those stages that wo have mentioned j that is If they desire a coutinuance of public patronage if these proprietors do not see to thesi chaps, the Mayor ought to huve the licenses of the pri . rietors of these two lines of stages annulled The Weather.?To use thelanp lage of the ' oldest inhabitant,'' who is pretty well used up by the newspapers in their paragraphs, wo had "a sting in the air.'' yesterday, which was extremely cold during the early part of the day. The thermometer at 1 o'clock stood at 46 degrees in Wall street, which is c'tuol to Norwich ik Worcester, and four pur cent below Harlem. Bucna Vista.?Lafayette Fun lie as.?This splendid company of cltiien soldiery, under the command of Capt. James Wilson, turned out on their Urst parade on Thursday last, lu honor of the brilliant victory at Buonu Vista They numbered thirty muskets.and presented a tine appearance. The music (Dodworth's brass Band.) which accompanied them was excellent. After the parade the company adjourned to Perkins' Hotel, corner of Christie and Division streets, whsre they partook of a splendid supper. During the evening, that large building was brilliantly illuminated with four hundred and twenty lights, in honor of the same glorious event which the Fusiliers celebrated in the day by parade. A pleasant evening, as might be expected, was spent by all who had the pleasure of being present. Faih ok the Tuansfiuubation Chubch, Minerva' Rooms, No. 406 BhoauwaY.?Wo buvo beou desired to state that this fair will close this evening, when all the articles remaining unsold, will be disposed of at auction, among which will be found a variety, very useful and desirable, to which tho attention of purchasers Is colled. The well known and worthy object of the fair commends it warmly to the public. Fell into the River.?A man mimed Starson. fell into the river at the foot of pier No. 3, N. R.. yesterday morning about 3 o'clook. Ho was rescued from drowning by officers Bell and bands. Accident.?A colored man. named btcphen Fuler, while In the act of running along Lafayette Place, fell and fractured his leg yesterday morning. Ho was removed to the City Hospital. Trinity Church.?The grand total cost of building tbU magnlfloent religious edifice, in estimated at >338,. 830. Imsrisoxino an America* Seaman.?James Shank11 n. first mate of the ship Tone, woe held to bail In $'130 to answer for the alleged Illegal imprisonment of Robert Wilson, the second mate. Grace Church ? This ruin Htill continues to threaten the livea of the passers-by. How long will aue.li a dangerous nuiaanco be tolerated ? It la a disgrace to the authorities. Wo trust the new Common Council will hare it removed, or ultered In sornn shape or other. Is It for the Mint' The Parr Fountain.?It la contemplated, we understand. by the new Board of Common Council, to take the necessary steps to ornament the Park Fountain; we trust they will do so. It might be lot out as a fish pond. Suuoen Death.?The Coroner was called yesterday to hold an inquest at No. 11 South street, on the body of John K. Kelly, a nativo of New Jersey, nged 38 years, who died suddenly the preceding night. Verdict. " Death by disease of the heart and lungs." Police Intelligence. Wowing up a Safe.?Some bolu burglars last night entered the print store occupied by Mr. Nathaniel Currier. on the corner of Nassau and Spruce streets, by moaus of false keys, and blew off the lock and door of the iron safe by filling the lock full of gunpowder through the key hole, stealing tliorefrom $300 in bank bills and nerii, together with $16,000 in nroinissorv notes. This safe waa standing in the store close by one of the windows oil Spruoe street, and moat extraordinary not one pane of glass was broken by the explosion. The thieves very cautiously locked the outer door again when tlicy left the premises. Charge of Grand Larceny.?Officers Golden, of the 6th ward, and t'onkly and Code, of the 4th. arrested, yesterday, a woman called Charlotte KiUgerald, on a charge of stealing a trunk containing a lot of wearing apparel valued at $26, the property of Mary McDonald, residing at No. Id Roosevelt street, together with eight ft, gold pieoes and $10 in silver, belonging to Ann Wolf, residing at the above place Thirty dollars of the money was recovered, and a portion of the clothing, by the above officers Justice Osborne committed the accused for examination. Burglary.?Somp sneaking thief burglariously entered the dw?,Mng house No. 104 Leonnrd street last night, by forcing open the kitchen window, but fortunately the rascal was detected by the female scrvuut who was awoke by the glare of light from the lantern of the robbor ; however, she gave an immediate alarm when tho scoundrel made good his escape, hurried considerably by the approach of n heavily loaded six barreled pistol. We would advise tho next thief who should feel disposed to enter the above premises to bring his coffin along at the same time. I'.nough said to the wise. .9 Medical Student in a Fix.?A medical student, the assistant of one of our most celebrated practitioners, waa sought after yesterday by several of our most vigilant officers upon a very sorious charge, preferred by a young and beautiful girl, about eighteen years old. ' It is feared that tho gentleman has made tracks for some more congenial latitude. If he Is anywhere In these dlggins ho will soon bo brought to light. Burglary.?Officers Neahi and Cogan. of the l?th ward, arrested, yesterday afteriroon, one of tlioso notorious sneaking thieves called James Conroy alias "t'hunekey," who these vigilant officers caught in the 3d avenue It appear* thi? rascal, with one of 1)1* "pal*." yesterday afternoon entered tbe dwelling-house, No. 139 3d avenue, and, with the aid of their favorite tool, (a chieel.) forced open the door of one of tbo 3d story room*, and then broke open the bureau drawers, stealing therefrom three gold ring* and a hreattpin valued at $10. The rascals were detected coining down stair* by tbo owner of the property. Mr*. Emila Kread. who at once gave the alarm, and the thieves fled to the street, and after a long chase, the abovo rascal wan caught in an open lot, where the chisel and jewelry were found, evidently dropped by the thief. Justice Ketcham looked him up for examination Suspicion of Burglary.?Officer Vau Brunt, of the 15th ward arrested last night a fellow called Wm Voting, on suspicion of brenklug into the store on the corner of Blcecker and McDougal sts Detained for examination. Grand Larceny ?Officer Mansfield, of the 17th ward, arrested last nignt a woman called Jane Gibson, on a charge of stealing $35 from Mr. William Pitt, residing at No. 17 Third Avenue. $3d of the stolen money was recovered by the above active officer Juettco Retcha m eommittcd her in full for trial. *1stault with Intent to Kill.- -Officer William II. Stephens. of the Lower Police, arrested yesterday a man by tbo name of Thomas Holland, on a warrant issued by Justice Osborue, wherein lie stands charged with assaulting a Mr. Peter Hchults. grocer, residing at No. 61 West street, with a slung shot, or some other dangerous instrument, inflicting n severe wound on the scull, evi<!"ntly with intent to take his life. Held to bail to answer. .'lrrett of n "/>r<ipp?c."?Officer Bloom of lha Chiefs office, "pulled," last night, in front of the Museum, a fellow culled Billy Korchoy. on a rbarge of coming the ''drop" on n Captain Smith, by which operation he obtained for the humbug "dummy" $7 3A. Billy was taken bell ire the Chief of Police, and locked up for n further examination. Charge of Patting Bad Money.?Wo noticed in yesterday* Herald, the arreet of Oliver Wood*, by officers ltelya and Cummlngs. of the Lower Polico. on n charge of paxiln.it spurious bank bill*, purporting to bo ou a bank called tho City Trust Company of the City of New York. This man boa been absent from tiie city a week or more?visiting the following place* in his tour from Piermont to the Otisvlllo Railroad to Honcsdale, by stage to Biughamptnu. from the lAtter place to Owego. to Ithaca Dy private conveyance, from Ithaca to Cayuga Bridge by steamboat, to Auburn by rnilroad. to Syracuse. 4 tlca. Bchenectudy, Albany, and from Troy to New Y'ork. where ho wax arrested by the above officer*, and on searching his person $69 of the above spurious money was found, n gold and silver watch, a pledge ticket for a gold watch, a pair of gold spectacles, and $7 In good money, and several promissory notes amounting to near $700. In tho above tour taken by Woods, it I* supposed, in all probability, that a large quantity of this spurious money has i been passed. Political. 'flic Tennessee democrats have nominated Aaron V | Brown for re-election as Governor. The whig candidate ; is Veil fl Brown Personal and Political. Benjamin Shurtleff. M. P.. died in Boston on the I3tii i Inst. aged 73 years and A months. He was the oldest pliyslcian In the county of Suffolk, and tho oldest Honorary Graduate of Harvard University. Matters in Texas.?We learn that three comi armies, Intely mustered into service at Bexar, i nhvo taken up the linn of inarch for Camar! go, and that the company of Rangers lately statlonsd at 8t. Marks, under tho command of Captain Henry MeCulloeh. and the company commanded by ( sptain Grumbles, have also msrohed for tho same destination. The steamboat, flabino lately made a trip to tho upper ! landings of the Trinity, and conveyed about six hundred bales of cotton nnd a largo quauttty of corn, hides ko., to the mouth of the river. The Sabine encountered very few obstructions in tho river, and Captain Sterrett 1 her enterprising eommnnder, Is confident thot it can b? ntndered navigable, with a trifling expense, for a large portion of the year A largo body of Indian warriors, supposed to number 100. were discovered In the bottoms of tho Navasoto below Springfield, about ten days ago. nnd thn settlers I In that section were greatly nhirmed. fearing thnt they Intended to attack the settlements An express was sent to Torrey's trading house for tho rnnging company under the cuntuiand of Captain T. I. Smith, to hasten to that point and watch tlrelr movements They had killed a number of the cattle of the settlers, but had committed no opeu acts of hostility at the last account* It is supposed that these Indians belong to the tribes that range near the sources of tho Trinity and the Red River, including the Wlehltss, Keu-hle*. vVseoos, and a ; lew ro?i?gad" < amancbes. -lloutlon Tele graph,'did ulf. tmrntmrntmrnammmmmmmmmammmmmmmmmmmmmmmm Law InUlllgWM. I'viTto States Ciievir Cuvir, April 16?Before Judge Nelson?John l.ockt T?. Jotepk lluetingt, Wm. II Bracket!, John R H'herltr, and benjamin Blagg.? This was au action for uti alleged infringement of a patent right One Iimilel Butes obtained a patent in August. 1*13. for an improvement In the manufacture of shower hath machines. On the 33d April, 1644, Bates assigned to Foster, and Lock, the plaintiff, his interest in tbu patent until they should relinquish. On the 37th of June. 1846. Foster released to Bates?and Bates, on the 36th of the same month, assigned to Breckett, who afterwards assigned a share to Hastings The couusel for the plaintiff insisted that Foster could not alone assign or release without the consent of Lock?that the word ' them." which was the word used in the contract,meant both Lock aud Foster ; and that both should join in the release, otherwise it would be luvalid. The court held otherwise, and granted a uon suit. For plaintiff, Mr. Marsh ; for defendunt. Mr. Shannon. The grand jury returned into Court having found three true bills against John R. Wood for counterfeiting the coin of the United States Circuit Court April 16?Before Judge Fdiuonds.? Jlugutte Browns vs. The Firit Pretbyterian Church of Brooklyn.?This was an action for work sud labor. The plaiutift sues the deacons, ciders, trustees, lie., of the Prrsbyterian Church In Brooklyn for a balance of $486. which she alleges to be due to her for services us organist

The first witness called was Oavid S. Brown, the father of the young lady. Mr. Crest, for the defendants. Insisted upon having the witness sworn on his vaire dire Counsel.?Pray sir, was your daughter 31 when she entered into the engagement with the church ? Witness?(very much excited)?I consider, sir. your question is improper, and if 1 submitted to answer it, ; it would be an invasiou of my domestic privacy. [Here ; the witness handed his card to Mr.Crost. with an intimu- | tlon that he would answer his questions at another time ! and in another place. The Court interposed and stopped j the hulliircreiits. and the cause Drouoeded. It aDDcaring I from the testimony that the engagement was with Cyrus | Smith. Esq . ex-Mayor, for (300 a year, with (00 or j $100 in'additiou, if it was allowed by the trustees, and also that the receipts were given for $76 quarterly, in full, as the defendant's counsel alleged. Doctor Cox was called for plaintiff, to establish the claim for additional compensation, but he denied all knowledge of the matter, making it, as he said, a matter of morality not to interfere in the secular arrangements of the church.? The Court not deeming the claim for additional compensation proven, directed a non-suit. fV/Hiam Strong vs. Jamtt Hough and otheri.?This was an action of trespass for forcible taking of four oxen and two steers. The plaintiff resides near N'ewburg. in Orange county ; early in September 1846, he sold to a man named ('ink the oattlo In question, whioh were to be delivered to Captain Armstrong, of tho steamboat Highlander, to be brought to this city, and to bo paid for on delivery. Strong, on the 6th or 7th of September, sent his son with the cattle to Captain Armstrong, together with the order for the payment. Captain Armstrong refused the order, and would have nothing to do with Kink. The plaintiff's son thuu entered into an arrangement with Armstrong to bring the oattlo down to tills city to have them sold on his father's'account; and that Armstrong might reimburse himself for freight and other expenses out of the prioe of the cattle. Armstrong accordingly brought the cattle.aud on his arrival here he was called upon by Kink, who requested Armstrong to lot him have the sale of the cattle. Armstrong consented. and Kink drove them to the Bull's Head to be sold. The defendant had previously obtained a Judgment against Kink, for $333 66, upon which he Issued an execution, plaoed it in the hands of tho sheriff, and caused him to levy on the cattle and sell tbem. The defence was, that there was an absolute sale of the cattle to Fink, by which the title was vested in the latter; and the defendants, therefore, had legal right to make the levy. The Judge charged the jury, |tbat unless they could in rer Mere wu au actual sule ui tne came to not tne uo- i hBN could uot be sustained. and|he could not sec any evideucc to lead them to that conclusion?to infer that there waH an absolute sale, they should And that Strong's son acted as the agent of Fink, and not of his father, in driving the cattle from blooming dale to Newburgh. lie thought there was uo evidence to warrant suoh a conclusion, and it was clearly proved that there was uo delivery of the cattle to Capt. Armstrong for Fink ; but It was proved that the cattle were delivorod by tho young man, with the advice of his uncle, to Armstrong, to be sold fur account of his father. However, if they thought there was anything In the evidence that would warrant theiu to And that there was a sale, they ought to And for defendants. The jury retired, and shortly after returned with a verdict for plaintiff for $375. For plaintiff. Mr. N. B. Blunt aud Mr. Browno; for defendants, Mr. F. Sandford. Samuel Slocum !/ San vi. Jacob B. Lt Baron.?This was an action of assumpsit, to recover $500, being insurance money received by defendant from various insurance companies in this city. The facts are as follows :? The plaintiffs stored vith the defendant, in Cedar St., a large <iuantity of pins?the goods were taken by defendant on n special agreement to kcop them insured ! and on storage?not beiDg allowed to sell them without special permission while in his, defendant's possession, and so insured. A lire occurred on the 20th of May, 1840. aud a portion of the pins were damaged. The R'hiuh were nibtirwuriu vniuou. ituu me utiiuuuunv ibuv i vcred. on account of plaintiff 'a goods, f>013, whioh ho refused to pay. and plaintiff wax compelled to bring the present action. Thn defence waa. that the partiee subsequently entered into an agreement, that thn defendant waa to keep the damaged pins, and pay the plaintiff for theui us if they were sound, and thr.t the plaintiff afterwards refused to otrry it out. And secondly, that by a special agreement, defendant was entitled to a sum for commission and storage, whioh would balanoe the plaintiff's entire claim. The Judgo charged the jury, that the agreement set up by defondant, was in the first place not carried out. and the only question was, what sum should be allowed to defendant for commission and storage. The jury found a verdict for plaintiff for the sum claimed, less thn commission and storage. Kor plaintiff. Mr. U. M. Speir ; for defendant, Mr. R. 8. Rowland. Cor nt or Oenersi. Siciiioni, April 16th, before Recorder Scott, and Aldermen Tuner and Tappan. John Mcr Keon. Esq., District Attorney.?Trial of William Johnton mumed.?At the opening of the Court, this mornihg. the trial of William Johnson for burglary was resumed. The case having boen opened for the defsnoe, the following evidence was adduced : Clikiiii Kerr examined?lam the mother of William H. Thompson's wife ; I have been in the habit of frequently visiting Thompson's house ; I do not know the prisoner ; to the best of my knowledge. 1 never raw ! him at Thompson's house ; he was not there on the night of his srrest. or I should have recollected it; I wus there myself on that evening; no person could have entered Thompson's house without my knowledge : there are three or four fsmilles living In the house ; I was in the front room on the night In question. Soriiia Moose examined?i have known Thompson for the last ten years ; he married my slstgr; 1 was at Thompson's on the night of his arrest; 1 never saw the prisoner In my brother-in-law's house. No men was there that evening Joh.v T. Michaels examined.?I have known the prisoner for about ten months by the name of Wni J. Vah n. tine. I never beard him called Johnson until after hie arrest. Ho boarded and worked in my house ; be worked at making ladies' boot*, and wai a very industrious voting man. I never saw Thompson until he was tried last month. Wm, Huatiri examined.?I boarded with Mr. Michaels in December last; I do not board with him now. Johneon boarded thereat the time I did ; I slept in the same room with him ; I left the house before Johnson was arrested. While I wm there, Johnson retired very regularly. The cose was then submitted to the jury, who. after a brief absence, rendered a verdict of guilty. Hemanded for sentence. Pita of Guilty ? A lad named F.dwin Travle was ar rested a couple of days ago, on a charge of stealing a gold watch, worth about $60. was iudicted by the grand jury on Thursday, and being arraigned yesterday entered a plea of guilty, and was seut to the House of liefuge. The Court tuen adjourned until to-morrow morning. Court Calenhar this Dav.?Superior Court?61, 63, U. 13, 1H, 'JO. 53, A4. 9>, 06.101, 107,114. 116,117,118, 119, 131, 133. 134. 103, 86. 6. 130, 104, 10. 3. 60, 37, 66, 66, 67. 33, 34. 41. 90, 61. 85. 87, 75, 13, 36, 36, 43, 43, 44, 16, 49 94.368.60.373,90,110. 1 Sporting Intelligence. New Oflvams.?April 7.?Jockey Club Turse, $400? two mile heats. W. J. Minor'sch. g. Verifier, by Bslshazzar, out out of Britannia, 3 yrs old 1 3 Maj. Orran Byrd (A. II. Carnal'*) ch. f. Matilda Uynuui. by imp. (Jluncoe. out of imp. Delight, 3 yrs old 3 1 dis Duncan $'. Kenncr's b. t. Night Droesa. by imp. Leviathan, dam by Sir Archie, 4 yrs old.... 3 3 dlM Jo*. Jackson (Davidson k Co.'s) ch. m. Sarah Kills, by Peto Whetstone, dum by Stockholder, I yrs. old 4 4 dis. Klrkland Harrison's ch. f. Sally Klddleswortb, by imp. Illddlnsworth, dam by imp. Leviathan, 4 yrs. old die. ? Time. 3:67?3:63)$?3:61. New York and Erie Railroad.?The subject of the location of this road was definilely settled in the house yesterday. By a vote of 60 to 35 that body struck out the onae.ting clause of Mr.Wright's bill,confining the road entirely within this Stat*. A motion to reconsider this vote was negatived?which is final. The Senate had previously affirmed the report of their committee against disturbing the location as fixed by the commissioners.? All>any Argue, April 15. Miscellaneous. ' An order has latelv passed the Common Council of | Portland, Me., for mining the salary ofthe Mayor of that city from $600 to $600. A stage coach upset near Mount Vernon, O., on tha > 8th ln.it , canning the death of a Mm. Courtney, of New I Bedford, Massachusetts The ice embargo waa ntill continued at Buffalo on the 14th. The large dam arronn the Owaaoo Creek, at Tort Byron, broke away on the 13th, and Inundated a large part of ; the village. The Albany forwarders are beginning to load their i canal boats with western freight. , The Halliton Spa Gasitte hae been diaoontlnued. Two prisoners In JBrhitol Jail, who were confined to ! await their sentence for burglary, made their eseape on 1 Tuesday night. [ The sloop John C. Baxter sailed ftom Albany to roughkeopnie on Sunday morning in #1* hours and ten | minutes. This is the quickest. 1 An attempt was made on Monday night to set fire to an out house attached to the rhllllps church. Boston. The wheat crop In tbo vicinity of Dansvllle, Pa , proi j nitses well. i \ whole fleet of canal boats left Pittsburgh on Monday i | destined for tho cities below. 1 j The entire disposable power of the rnllroad lines west from Albany, Is employed in bringing down produce I end taking back merchandise I The river was slowly falling at Memphis. Tnnn . on tho l { fith Thon II. Maney, of Rutherford county. Tenn., accl, dentally shot himself whilst hunting, a r?w weeks slnee, | n Madison county, .Miss. ? SocTHsMrrow, L. !.. April 16. 1847. Tht Ult Sta Bottlr?Four ffhalti rapturtJ at South- J ampton I It falls to my province to comuiunleutu to you ofliaial despatches of thu moot novul.unparalleled and triumphant long-shore engagement which the annals of Long Inland fura! tb Oa the afternoon of the 13th instant. our uiually quiet 1 community waa aroused by .the cry of " a whale !" " a whale '"?and the rush of our cltlious to the beach.? Two boats were instanteffmanned?tme commanded by Capt. Isaac Sayre. aud the other by Capt Albort Rogers, both experienced whalemen, and away they bounded orer the water* in pursuit of the monater of the deep.who lay awaiting their approach. The air waa *o clear that all who atood upon the ahore could aee the manoeuvre! of the boat* : and it waa an exciting aceuu. as one of them, pulled by hardy and roaolute whalemen, who would face a whole Mexican regiment without flinching, ruahcd fearlessly on the leviathan and hurled an unerring harpoon Into hia huge body. ' Stern all,'" shouted the captain. and stern it waa, fur the whale flung his tremen dous flukes in tlie air. enveloping himself in a cloud of apray, and then darted off like mad. while away ami away went the boat.wlzzing again as it flew over the billows After a little the crew hauled up by their line, and a lance was plunged into his body just behind blK fin. The sea was crimsoned with blood which issued from the wound. and waa spouted high in the air by thu ungry aud now dying monster. The captors lay upon their oars to wituesa his lust throes ; and when he had turned hi* head towards the euu at death, a loud and simultaneous cheer burst from every Hp. The two boats then mado fast to ouch other, and with a line around the tail of their prey, began to pull for the shore. Meantime the lookers out descried another whale to the west, anil a third to the cast. A single boat only was lying on the beach. This was manned and started in pursuit. For miles and miles did the crew lie down to their oars, in such a chase as would have stirred the blood of every dyspeptic in Ootham. and mado him feel young again? but night drew on, and the pursuit was abandoned. In the evening, our citixens assembled at a concert of music given by the choir of the Presbyterian Church, under tne auspioes of Mr. F. Ayres. whose celebrity as a teacher of this science has been Judiciously and deservedly earned. Next morning the cry of whale was again echoed, and it would have delighted your reporter to find such a field for description a* the events of the day presented. Her* and there you might see whale after wlialo slowly moving through the water, gambolling in their sports, or lushing the sea Into foam as they felt the iron enter their bodies. In the capture of two more. Captain Phiietus I'ierson and Captain Schyler Halsey, snored the laurels of victory. In the afternoon the surf was so heavy, that the pursuit of others was abandoned, indeed, the return of the boats to shore was one of peril, and only the most consummate skill on the part of Ihelr several commanders, conld have guided them safely over the rolling and crested waves, and regained the beach. But a short timo ago, one of our boats, after chasing a whale, iu attempting to pass the surf, was overtaken by a wave, and enpsized, and the crew barely escaped with their lives. Ono of the whales taken yesterday was a Santa Anna sort of a fellow. He turned to give battle to his tormentors, well knowing that he was licked al ready, and but for a well aimed thrust of a lance, would havo sent his enemies spinning through the air. This morning, as 1 write, a fourth whale is captured by Mr. Albert Reeves, and others are in sight. The wholo community is in motion, and I wish you were to so* these four wholes lying on the beach, and the shore and approaches to it lined with men, women, and childron. souio on foot, und some in wagons and vehicles of all sorts. There are various conjectures as to the amount of oil that will be obtained. Some estimate each whale at thirty barrels; others think three of them will yield forty barrels each, and the fourth one fifty or sixty. Before night we hope to capture two or three more. There are quantities of whale feed along shore, and it is not improbable we may for weeks to come bo favored with the visits of our oily friends. We ascribe our present sucoess to a return to us, by a kind Providence, of our charities for the relief of the starving Irish. We met a short time since to devise measures to secure a collection for their benefit. Capt. Seidell Foster presided. Speeches were made, and, what is better, our farmers and mechanics oame up like men, as they are, and subscribed liberally to alleviate the wants of the suffering poor of Ireland. Vou remember Mack's soliloquy in Brown's Waling? I cannot better close my letter than by transcribing it. I 've thought of it froouuntly sinco the canture of our whales. Ho said, if lie was a whale, " he'd drlTo a smash in' business up the Kennebec. This may be a good plaoc, for all 1 know ; but i t looks dreadful blue and lonesome. I'd want to be in fresh water, and then, if 1 wanted to season the victuals naturgave me, I'd pile the suit on rather mora moderate. I'd salt 'em to suit myself. Whales is cannibals. I've a bad opinion of 'em, myself. I don't like the looks of 'cm, no how. Gosh ! what a jaw ! I'd rather let 'em be, and do business on a small scale. Folks that does business on a small scale a'nt so like to get bust. Fishin 'sa flshin'. Ilikefishin' as well as any body, but catehin' of wholes is a little too extensive. It's orfully alarmin' work. 1 don't like to bo swallered just yet?not In the whaliu' lino, I don't." J. L. St. Loots (Mo.), Monday Evening, March *J7, 1847. Affairt fn New Mtxieo. The dastardly murder of Bent and the two Lees { created a sensation here which will bo felt iu New Mexloo. should ever inoro troop* be required from this section for that service. They were old citizens of this place, and their foul murder has caused desolation to many a heart. Charles Bent was a very popular man iu New Mexico, on the confine* of which ho had a trading post, besides being married to a Mexican lady. Stephen Leo was also popular In that country ; he had long been u trader there, and had a Mexican family ; and the murder of these two^men, under tho circumstancos of the case, plainly exemplifies tho total hcartlossues* of the wretches with whom wo are uow coping, as with the people of a civilised nation. The Armijot and the Chavlscs, it has boen ascertained, were the instigators of tho conspiracy alluded to. ExGovernor Armljo has been lurking about Bantu Fe ever since his inglorious desertion of that post, and his nephew, the follow who partly bit off the nose of our consul. Mr. Alvarez, in 1840, when that gentleman was compelled to fly from New Mexico for safety, it is well known, has boon busily engaged In fomenting Insurreetion. Tho Chavlscs are a wealthy and influential family, and one of them, at one time, waa Governor of Santa Fa. They have over been sworn enemlct of the people of the United States, a* well as of Texas. When Col. Cook, the Texan leader, was botrayed with his force, at San Miguel. a few years since. Jotu Antonio Charts exerted his utmost influence to have the entire party, tome ninety men. shot down without ceremony. This fiend, after having repeatedly robbed, and otherwise mistreated Texans and Americans, was accidentally killed by a Texan ranger In 1913. who had captured him on the confines of Texas. Two Innocent men were afterwards arrested for the commission of the act, and executed. A brother of this Charts was one of the oonsplrators who had concocted a scheme for tho murder of our troops at Santa Fc on Christmas night last. He fled on the development of the plot, and at last accounts bad not been arrested _ _ AHOU8. Williams Collkoc, March 14, 1847. Serious Firt. Lest night, about 13 o'clock, our quiet little community was alarmed by tho ory of Are, and on proceeding to the spot, a large wooden warehouse, standing in the college square, was dlscoversd to be in flames. Blnce the burning of the former (Pratt's) library building, the books of the college library, about 11,000, have been koen kept packed in boxes in this building, preparatory to being placed in the new library, which has lately been founded by the munificence of the Hon. Amos Laurens. Esq., of Boston, and which is near completion. The college engine was promptly on the spot, and as promptly manned, but. owing to tho scarcity of water, was of little service. By the great exertions of the students, most of the books were saved, but a few, which were overlooked, and some very valuable maps and engravings were lost. One of the students was very badly burned, but is oat of danger now. Tho library was in considerable danger but did not catch on fire. The fire originated in a tooi-houso. adjoining. In whioh there was a quantity of qutek lime. There is no insurance. Fliohtof Ui'zzsiids.?The Montgomery (Ala.) Journal, learns from a correspondent at Missouri, Pike eounty, of a sudden appearance In that vicinity of an immense flight of the great American vulture, of several miles in length, containing Millions of theeo aerial scavengers?they were a longtime In passing, and in millions, at some times darkening the whole hnrison. The writer says, they came nearly from due north, and steered nearly south ; he said the whole element woe darkened ; soma flow so low as to be within the limits of the boughs of the tellest tree*, others so high as scarcely to be soon, the train supposed to be about two miles long; at one time the whole canopy seemed darkened with these birds from east to west and north to soath?from tho tops of the trees to as high as the sight could reach, was one dark cloud. Mnuy of the Inhabitants thought it ominour of dirs calamities?that It prognosticated a great slaughter of our forees in Mexico. Gold Pens with Silver Pencil Caae for 7.1 eta. J. W. OREATON It Co. 71 Cedar atreet, up stairs, keeps constantly on band a large anil well-aelected stock of Gold Pens of every description, from a common article at 71 cents, sp to Levi Brown's celebrated premium pens, ail of which will be [ torn lor cuh lower than any other house in this city. Being agent! for several of the be?t jwii maker*, enable* them to sttp' lily the wholesale trade ou particularly ailrantageona term*, i They sell at retail the genuiue Albert (J. liagley pens with ail! ear peuril-case for $1 ?S only, whieh ie lower than they can be bought for at any other establishment in the city. Perftxmery and Toilet Article*, of Lobln'*, Ouerlaiu's. Patty's, Routael'., kc., manufacture. Raton from crery approved maker in Knrone (warranted), with a large assortment of Scissors and Nail Files. Also, Dressing Cases, . containing all that is neeeseary for the toilet, in the most portable and compact forma. N. B.?Areata for the tale of Rnn??el\ Soaps and Perfnmery. O. 8AUNDKR8 k SON, ITT Broadway, oppoaite Howard Hotel. CornrtJpnUon of the Bowel* or C'oatirene**. I Headache, Oiddinesa, Pain in the side ami breast, nausea and ' sickness, variable appetite, yellow or swarthy Completion, kc, are the nsnal symptom* of Lirer Compltint. Wright's Indian ' Vegetable Pills are always certain to remove the above complaints. became they purge from the body those morbid humors, which are the came, not only of all disorders of llie liver, but of every malady incident to man. A single 2.T rent box,will in all case* give relief, and perseverance will moat assuredly drive every particle of disease from the body. Wright's Indian Vetegable Pills also completely cleanse the stomach and bowels of all bilious and putrid nnmors, and therefore are a certain cure for colic, dysentery, cholera morbus, and other disorders of the in'estiiiea. Beware of Sugar Coated counteri fa-its The only original and genuine Inuian Vegetable Pill* have the signature oT William Wright written with spin on the label of each box. None other Is genuine, and to counterfeit this is forgery. Offices devoted exclusively to th? sale of Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills, wholesale and retail, UK) Race street. Philadelphia , IN Greenwich street, New fork, , and 131 Treui jut street, Boeton. * MrtaUto Tablet Razor Strop Tlie Subarr Pre would call the attention of strenuers and the public ;hetr assortment of the above, beyond ca?il the beat artl Manufactured. O. SAUNDERS It SON, 177 Broadway, few doort above Courtlandt i MU11 further Hfdffft'"" --iSaniniul Point Upld Pens.?J. Y. Savage sell* a gold pen fur 73 cents o with silver pencil included. Alao, a magnitieent pan for which u the beat and cheapest pen in tha world?point < v ranted. Dou't.mistake the No., 93 Fulton street. J. O. IJghtlMMly'* Printing Ink Mantifacto: No.,20 Rote street,(Old Sugar HouseJ eoruer of Duane, J \ ork. Litre Fine Card. Fine Black,News, and Colored li of a superior Quality, for sale on the ,most reasonable ter All orders will be promptly attended-.to from any part of States. y NavlgaUoti of the Ohio SUrer. Placu. Time Statt of Rii Wheeling March 30 9 fee Louisville. . , April 9 9 feet 9 lnet Cinelnnatl April 8 PitUburg April 11 11 feet MONEY MARKET. Friday, April 16_jB p. >| Tlie stock market wag more buoyant to-day, and tranaaotloog were to aotne extent. Kentucky 0'e vanced 3a per cent, Alabama 5's )k, Pennaylyanla 8's Farmer*' Loan Vi, Eaat Boston %, Long Iiland 1. Re lug bonds fell off >?, Canton 3k, Norwich aud Worcei K, Reading Railroad >?. Harlem 3,'. Stonlngtou clt at yesterday's prices At the seoond board, East Boston Improved 3k per c Long Island )i, Farmers' Loan 3k. Canton declined and Harlem %. North American Trust, Reading R road, and Morris Canal, closed at prioes current at <tpt board. There appears to be uuy quantity of stock offered present prices, and the bears will saddle the bulla v as many of the fancies as they want, and give them a than they can carry long, and break down the tnai with their supplies on hand. There appears to b mania among a certain olassof stock speculators to j ohirso at high prices, and sell, 'ow prioes?to buy u a rising market, and sell upon a falling market. W a fancy is down to the lowest point no oue will touct but after It has adranoed several per oent, specula take hold of it with avidity. Tho bears understand movement perfectly, and profit by it. The Importance of tho Krlo Canal to the proeperit this city will be better Illustrated during the high j of breadstuff! than it has been yet. Tho mlnoritj port of the Commltte on Canals in the Senato of State, in relation to the appropriation of the sui canal revenues, and other eanal funds, for the pros tlon of tho unfinished publie works, exhibits tho r increase In the productlvenoss of eur public works, leads us to anticipate a future revenue large enouj meet all the requisitions of tho constitution relatl the State debt, and provide a fond for their provement. Wo can form no Idea of the probabl come from those works; but if we mayJudgs fren annual increase in the past ten years, there Is no d bnt that, during the next ten years it must be pn tiouably large. All the means within tho control o: Legislature should be appropriated for the enlarge: and improvement of the*a works, and we have no d they will bo ample,with the usual increase in the revi to penult sn expenditure to au extont sufficient to all contingencies. The annexed statomont exhibits the movomcu the oanals in 1837 and In 1840 :? Canals or the State or New Yobe. Tons of merchandise transported upon all the c of this State :? In the year 1837 1,17 In the yoar 1840 3,3( Increase In nine years I .Of Value of all the property transported upon al canals :? In the year 1837 $Sfi.8( In the year 1840 116.81 Increase In value In nine years $68,81 Tons of property arriving at the Hudson by th< canal In The year 1837. wm S la the year 1840, it wm 1,1 Iucreaae In nine yean 7 The total tonnage on all the eanale, In 1845, w?. . 1.9 In 1848. it 5.31 InereaM In 1848 over 1848 3 Value of all the property transported on all the < In 1845, wm $100 6 In 1848. It wm 116.6 Increase In 1848over 1845. $14,9 Tone coming from other State* by way of Buffkl Black Rock, In 1837, wu* In 1846, it waa 3 Increase In nine year* 3 Ton* oomlng from other State* and Cauada, by i the Oswego canal, In 1887, waa In 1846, the number wm 1 Increase In nine year* When tbo enlargement of the Erie Canal wu rei upon, an argument wu ralud against tt on the g that a largo proportion of the transportation i lumber, and that this description of produce i reach of the canal, would soon be consumed to it extent that the transportation of this artlale wot crease u rapidly u that of all other article* wot crease, consequently th* canal would net need to largcd. The total movement of lumber npen all the can different perioda hu bun u follows In 1887 th* total nnmberof ton* wu ( 1840 do I 1843 do < 1846 do I 1848 do ......... I Here It will be seen that Instead of a falling off quantity of lumber, there hu been an InorcMe rears of nearlr one-half The nnnitnmtlnn nf the IUver and f lenesoe Vallay canal*, will add Largely traniportatlon of tb? produoa of tba forest Tbe toll* upon tba canal* for tba laat tan year baan aa follow*. To tba toll* for 1*44 tba rallroi arc added, a* tbay evidently ahould ba, a* tbay rlvad entirely from property diverted from the on: Toll* ojithi Camali Each Yeab. Ytar. TollI. . Incrtatt. Di 1827 $1,225,609 77 T2Z ? 18J8 1,465.275 1C $1)6,665 39 1839 1,655,783 36 7" . 190,508 40 1*40 1,606,827 28 T ? ft 184 1 1689,6*6 71 | 383.859 43 184 2 1,797,463 *0 ? 19 1*43 1,953.829 08 156 365 39 1844 2,3*8,457 )4 4)4,628 26 1845 2,375,5)3 4) - 1 184* 2.787,322 99 411,789 56 $19,345,789 12 $1,715,(16 4) $25 , Thl* U|ia abowa an increase of eanal toll* for tt yMT ending the tOtb September, 1946, over tb year ending 30tfc September. 1*37. of $1,461,713 mora than one hundred par oant, balng an annul aga Inoreaaa of $102,412 M for tba laat nine year*, duction In tba tolla waa made In the winter of over thirteen par aant, amounting to $363.9*7, u; aama amount and deecrtption of artlclea aa paaaa tba oanala In 1*46. Notwithstanding thl* reduc tba rata of toll* fTom tboao af 1046, tbe tolls of II oaed tho tolla of tbe former year $411,7*9 66 If snm tbe amount of tbe reduction be added, $8.M will make n total dlfferenoa of $707,676 60 aa tbe t of toll* of 1940 over those of 1045. We eannot examine these etatoment? without a at the eoncluilon, that tbe oanala of thl* State tined to exceed the moit sanguine oalculatlo tive to tbelr productiveness The balance, afte prlating the large snm* annually required by t stltution. will be large. Wbetbar the comral will reduce tbe tolls upon such a result being r or whether the revenue will be sulforcd to aoci for the purpose of enlarging thaae works, if aa ye tor of much doubt. The annexed statement exhibits the quantity! flour, oats and pea* exported from Montreal and In oach ol tho post nine years. fctroRTsor BaxADiTi rrs rao* Canada. flour. iVhent Oat*. Bon th. ButSilt. Butktlt. 1*30 39,204 ? ? 1810 4*,427 3.336 ? WIO ,.115,612 112,059 ? 'I'* 291,799 201,107 VW WJM7 144,223 'MM I 18" 4IO.IIi7 21:2.171 21.074 I8U 412,2211 390.202 0:4JJO '846 .8*3.602 824,747 46,000 Thoao ahlpuent* wero mado principally t Orltalu, and dhow elneo 1M9, an ImmonM Inorea liaro not boon an artlelo of export until within Are ynara. The now commercial ayatein of Oreal placet the agricultural produot* of the Canad the aatnc footing with thoao of tbl? and all olb tried, and we have no doubt but that thtd will pr detrimental to the agricultural Interact of ( am fnclllticH enjoyed by the producere of that count tha old commarciltl dyntem of Ureat Britain ? exlet; and with aqual facllltlc* on the other 4 country ean compete euccoddfully with any otlu aide of the Atlantic, In eupplying the market United Kingdom with bread*tuff*.