Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 19, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 19, 1847 Page 2
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rp^Hc themselves The light was over. and the troops slept in the deserted kou.-;- u<ar the church Next morning women *nd rneu csnw t?? the < oluuelou their knees villi white fiaga, crosses and linages, l.egging for mercy Th-v-al l tbey werg whipped that they never had been whlp|>ed so Vfor^ nor expected to ho The Col let them off. and desisted froin further assaults against the village; and thus ended the campaign Montovio one of the haders. was brought in by some friendly Mexican*?he was court uiartlaled on the 7th. found guilty. and hung on t lie 9th. Tomaa. auother of the leaders, whom Col. Price required to be given up. was shot by a sentinel, while attempting to escape KlLI.Fr> AND WOUNDED OF THE ENEMY. Two hundred or upwards of the enemy were killed In the various battles, and u great many more wounded. It la supposed that nearly the same number will die of their wound- They seem to he entirely subdued ; and the country i? at present quiet They have never had so severe a chastising. Col. Price, with all the command hut company " O" of ; the U. S. Dragoons, and Captain Angney's infantry bat talion. left the Pueblo on the 9th. and arrived in Santa 1 Fo on the 11th February The dragoons and infantry' remain in Tut. The cntnpaign. going and returning, lasted 19 days j Mn?t cf this time the men laid out. in inid-wintar. often j with but a single blanket and often in batiks of snow They had no touts ; and there was not a murmur of I comnlalnt ..ill. I ...nuru.l ltc\T I 1 was In bed Tory sick while this campaign was going on) represent the conduct of ( nl Price, throughout, in n i very favorn'rie light They say he acted tbs part of u 1 good officer. and conducted tho campaign with energy ! and judgment I append n list of the killed and wounded. Some of tho wounded may he rinoo dea l of whose fate i have not heard It will bu seen that company O. of the dragoons, suffered very severely The death of Capt. Burgwin is a groat public loss. He was one of the most accorn- | plished officers in the army, and one of the most amiable of men His remains wore brought to Santa Fo. with ] thoeo of Gov Bent and Mr Leal and interred with up- ' propriate military honors on the 1.1th. The remaining lisut. Lackland died lust night. These j two brothers havo'hren called off within a few weeks He died of fevor, arising from exposure in tho campaign j of Col Price. Lieut Mansfield, of ("apt Slack's compauy. died to- ' day. a.sofrom the effects of cxposuro iu the campaign 1 He had been slightly wounded bv au arrow ; but thla is 1 not believed to have had any effect in causing death. I JOHN BROWN. LIST OF tMCMCANS KILLED AND WOT'VISED 1 V THE CAMPAIGN. Killed and Wounded at I.a Canada Killed?Private Graham infantry; G. Mcsieramlth. | teamster. Wounded?1st Lieut. Irvine ; private John | face, of the infantry; 1st Sergeant Caspers. privates Aul- : man. ((evenly) Murphy and .Meier, of artillery detach- i rnent. .it Kl Rmbndo. Private Paplu, of ( apt. St. Vrain's company, killed ; I Dick, (a black servant of Gov. Bent.) severely wounded ! Jit Pueblo dr. Taos. Of Col. Trice's Regiment?Wounded?1st Sergeant A. T.. Caldwell, of company K. commanded by Lieut. U. K White, (mortally, since dead ;) private James Austin. I (mortally;) 3d Corporal J. W. Jones, (severely.) Of . Company A. commanded by Lieut Boone?Private R, ; ('. Bower, (severely wounded.) Of Company M. com- J rnunded hv < apt. lialley?Private Samuel Lewis, (slight- , Iv wounded ) Of Company N. commanded hv Captain : , Bar bee?Wounded?1st Lieut S. G. West, (slightly:) privates I. W. Callaway, (slightly:) John NageJ; John J. Sights. Of i .enipanv D. commanded bv ('apt. .McMillan ? Wounded?( apt. McMillan, (slightly;) privates Henry Fender and George W. Johnson, (dangerously;) Robert I Hcurt, Geo W. Howser, Win Ducoing, (all slightly.) Of ( nmpauv N. commanded by Capt. Slack?Lieut. John Mansfield, (slightly:) privates Jacob Moon, (severely.) Win. Gibhins. (slightly.) Company G. I'. S. Dragoons, commanded by Capt. Ihtrgtoin. Killed?1st Sergeant Ross: privates Brooks. Beobec. I.eviey. Huntsecker. Wounded?("apt. Burgwin. (mortally. sinro dead:) Sergeant Vanroe. Corporal Ingleman. privates Linneman, Blndget. Crain, Meets. Lickeubergli. i Truax. (since dead.) Hagenbaeh. Anderson, (all severely) Beacb. Hutton. IHUermun. Walker 1st Schneider. Shay, : Near, Bremen, (of company J. 1st Dragoons.) all slight- j ly. Detachment of .letillery. wounded?Privates. Bielfeldt. Jod, (both severely,) i Kahn. (slightly.) Battalion of Infantry, under Capt. *1n(ney Killed?Sergeant llart. Wounded?Lieutenant Van Valkenbarg. imortally. since dead.) Sergeant Ferguson. Sergeant Aull. (severely.) Of Cap/, St. Praia's Company. Wounded?Privates Gold, (severely,) Mitchell, (slightly ) MASSACKK or GOV. Ill: NT A Nil OTHERS \T 1 UiS. [OrriCIAL ACCOPMT.] On the 13th of January. 1817, Charles Bent. Oovernor j of the Territory of Now Mexico, left Santu Fe, the sent of government, for Ta'ou, his place of residence. Whilst there, the friends of two Pueblo Indians, who were confined in the prison at that place, requested him to release them, to which he replied, that although Governor of the province, it was entirely out of his power to rcleaso any one confined by law. until they were tried.? They then resolved to release the prisoners by force and murder all the Americans at Taos, together with those Mexicans who had either accepted office under the American government, or were favorable to Americans On the Tuesday following, they effected their resolution, releasing the" prisoners and barbarous!/ murdering nn ! scalping Gov. Bent. Stephen Lee. the sheriff. James W. Leal, Circuit Attorney; < orrelio Vigil, (a Spaniard.) Prefect: Narceses Benubicn. and T'arblenu Ilerraeah sparing but one American named Klllott Lee. Leal was | scalped alive. At the Arm Ondo, twelve miles from Tate, the following men fortified themselves in a house, and after standing a severe siege of two days, were taken aud murderod : Simon Turly. Albert ("ooper, Wm. Hatfield, (a volunteer.) Louis Foique. Peter Robert. Joseph Marshall. Win. Austin. Mark Head, and Wm. Harwood The number of .Mexiraus and Indians engaged in this lua-sacre has been estimated at 300 On the morning of the'10th of January, intelligence of the massacre of Governor Bent was brought to Santa Fe bv an Indian ruuner A circular letter wus also re eeived by the priest at thin place, stating that the Mexicans and Indians of Tans had risen apmin?t the invaders nf their country, ami requesting him to join tbotn. This letter was handed to Colonel Prion hy the priest. Various reports reached this place of the advance of the enemy and their near approach, in consequence of these reports, Colonel Price determined to march out of Santa Ke and meet, them in the open lield, lie took with hint three hundred and forty men composed of C aptain Augney's battalion of iufnutry. portions of six companies of the 'id regiment, and a company of citizens and mountaineers ttuder the command of ( apt tit. Vralu?leaving Lt C olonel W'illock iu command of the post, with a force composed ofUiown battalion, three companies of the 2d regiment, a portion of Crpt Fischer's company of light artillery und one company of regulars On the evening of the Uh. < oloucl Price enc> untercd the < netny at i anads numbering about i ooo men under the command of Generals Jesus Tafoya. Pablo (.haves, and Pablo Montoya The enemy were posted on the hills commanding each side of the road. About two o'clock P.M. a brisk fire from the artillery under the command of Lieuts \ Dyer (of the regular army), and Harsentiver. was opened upon th'in. but from tdeir being so much scattered, it had hut little effect. The artillery were within such short distance as to I _ be exposed to a hot Are. which either wounded or peue- j trated the ctothes of nineteen out of the twenty men who served the guns. Col. Price seeing the slight effect which th i artillery bad upon them ordered ( aptaiti ; Angnev. with his battalion, to charge the hill, which j was gallant ly done, being supported by ( apt St. Vrain ! of the citizens, and Lieut White, of the Carroll com- j ponies. The charge routed them, aud a scattering ' tight ensued, which lasted until sundown Our loss was two killed and seven wounded The Mexicans aeknow- I ledge a loss of thirty-six killed and forty-flve taken pri- i soners. The enemy retreated towards Taos, their stronghold t ol P.. on the'CTth. took up his line of march towards Taos, and again encountered them at ! I F.mbodn ou th<%U9tli They were discovered iu the thick brush off each side of the road, at the entrance of a detile. by a party of spies, who immediately fired upon them ('apt. tiurgwin. with his company of dragoons, hearing the tiring, came up. togethur with ( apt. St Vrain's and Lieut. White's companies A charge was made by the three companies, resulting in the total rout of the Mexicans and Indians. The buttle lasted hull' 1111 hour, hut the pursuit was kept up for two hours. The inurch was resumed ort the next day. and met with no opposition till the evening of the 3d of February. at which time they arrived at the Puelilo do Taos, where they found the Mexicans and Indians strongly fortified. A few rounds were tired by the artillery that evening, but it was deemed advisable not to make a general attack then, but wait until morning. The uttark wma CUUJUWm-wu III nir uiuiuint "I . iviiv. command of Lisuls Dyer and VVllion. of the regular ?rmj, and Llout. Ilarscntlvcr. of the light artillery. by throwing sholls into the town. About Ii o'clock, M.. a charge ?u ordered and gallantly executed by I ?|it. Burgwin's company, aupported by ( apt. McMillan> company, aud 'apt. Augncy's battiilion of Infantrv. supported by ( apt Barbee'e company. The church, which had been used a* 11 nart of the fortifications. wa? taken by this charge The tight was hotly contested until night, when two white flags were hoisted, hut were immediately shot down In the morning the fort was surrendered In this battle fell ( apt. Burgwin. I linn whom a braver soldier or a better man never poured oui hia blood in his country s cause The total loss of the Mexican in the three engagement* if estimated at 'Jwl killed; the number of ihc wounded is unknown. Our total loss was II killed nnd 47 wounded, three of whom have since died. On the i6th ult., Capt ilendly (of Col. Wlllock's liettaliou ) who was in commaud of the graining parties on the Rio Morn, marched with 80 men to the town of Moro, to suppress the insurrection there, and arrest the murderers or Messrs. C ulver, Waldo, N'oyes and others who were massacred at that, place He found a body of Mexicans under arras, prepared to defend tlie town, and while forming his men into line for attack, a small party of the insurgents were seen running from the hills -a detachment was ordered to cut ihem oft which was attacked by the main body of llie enemy. A general engagement immediately ensued, the Mexicans retreating and tiring from the windows and loop holes in their houses < apt. Hendly and his men closely pursued, rushing into their houses with them, shooting some and running others through with bayonets A isrgs body of the insurgents had taken posse, sion of an old fort, and eommeneed a fire from Ihe loop holes upon the Americans i apt 11., with a small partv. had taken possession of an apartment in the fort, nod while preparing to tire it, was shot by a ball from an adjoining room lie tell, and died in a few minutes Our men having uo artillery, and the fort being Impregnable without if, retired to La \ egas The enemy had twentyfive killed and seventeen taken prisoners Our loss, one killsd, and two or three wounded On the 1st lost. I apt Morin, who had been ordered from H.inta Fe by < ol Willock. to sneced < apt Ilendly in the command, proceeded with a body of men. and one piece of cannon to Moro, aud ra/.*d the towns (upper ,ind lower Moro) to the ground, the insurgents having tied to tlis mountuins. Several Mexicans wi re captured, supposed to be concerned in the murder of Messrs.! ulcer, Waldo and others, nnd after many threats, were f.,, i ed to show were the bodies were buried Seven of 11 II a I re found and carried to I .a Vegas for interment. Uoieinmeut Printing Offlee, I SaAia *?, F vbfuarjr I#, 1W7. ) I BATTLE or RAOIUMEXTO?THE KALL OF CHIHC AHCA. I (From the Naw Orleans Picayune. April 10.] W? find room to-day for an aecouut of the battle of Hacramcuto. tought for the possession of the city of Chihuahua We do not find Surr&oiento laid down ou any of the various map* wr have of northern Mexico. We presume it canuot !> far from Chihuahua, however. It will he recollected that on the 33d of February the American troopi were at Carmen, moving south Carmen it not much over 100 mile* from I hihuahua The battle look place on the 3t!th Feb.. when we u.ay suppose the Americans had advaucod do or at) miles further south The number of the Americans, according to the Mexican report we gave ou Tueaday last, was only 'JtiO. while the Mexicans, by tbeir own showing, had about j ltioo. and ten pieces of artillery. We will only add further Lhut the despatch of Cicn llerudia. who commanded the Mexicans, is given in El n?jm(llffil r of the -J-'d ult . from the papers in the War Department " relating to the loss of Chihuahua." Division or the Ahmv in New Mexico,) ,*j?rcu 4U. 19*1. ) To Hi* Excellency tlio Geueral-in-<dilef Having positive information that the enemy was marching on thu capital of this statu, which I have already communicated to your Excellency, I called upon thu governor to concert with him the means for it* defence, determined to meet the onemy, impelled by the dictate* of houor and duty. Grand difficulties had to be eucounterud. but haviug overcome them, and hastened all the supplies 1 succeeded (aided by the valuable co-operulion of thu Governor,) in raising a respectable force, which, although perfectly raw. a* not a man bad ever beard the whispering of a cannon ball, was animated by entliuaiaam aud ardor displayed in a thousand ways. The imperious necessity to make a last effort to savu the State, abandoned to it* fate without rusources, in spite of my repeated representations of the impending lminunt peril, uffd not having received any rciuforcouiunt* of troops. I was placed in the difficult position to stake all on u hazard, or toubaudou ingloriously this Stuto to its fate. Honor, duly and love of country, made me choose the fortnur alternative, determined that the enemy should not obtain possession of the capital until after having overcome my resistance, in which I was willing to saeriticu my life. lluviug completed my arrangements in the midst of the greatest difficulties. I ordered Gen. Don Pedro Garcia C'ondu to start on the 19th of February with 800 cavalry, (not ever-well mounted) to watch the movements of the euemy. and to annoy him on his march. On the 21st. I followed with 70 men of the 7th infantry. 260 men of the battalion of Chihuuhua. ISO National Guards. 50 men of the 2d squadron of Durungo. (which, for want of horses, were employed as Infantry.) and 10 pieces of artillery, 4, tl and 8 pounders, under the charge of 119 artillerymeu. and also 100 meu of the 1st squadron of the Durungo cavalry, which 1 succeeded iu mounting, and intended to augment the '.force of Gen. Garcia t'ondu. On the 25th. Gen. Garcia informed me thut the euemy was approachlug. upon which I ordered the cavalry tojoiu mo, iu order to make a stand at Sacramento, which I considered a favorable position, and where I established my linos, throwing up somu fortifications aud redoubts, and taking other necessary precautions. At 12 o'clock on the 29th. the enemy wus seen by my advanced guard, and at 2 o'clock, P. Si., lie appeared in sight of my camp. I instantly drew up three columns of infantry, under the command of Hon Vicente Kanobez, three (tf cavalry under the orders of Gen. Garcia I onde, .mil posted my artillery in tho most suitable manner; i hut as the enemy changed hie route, and marched to I the right in ordur to turn my position. I woe obliged to change my wholo plan, and ordered lien. Garcia ( onde with the cavalry to oppoeo the pueeage of the enemy, while I supported him with the rcmaiudcr of my forces. Tho enemy halted when the cavalry came in front of hiui. and I with the greatest despatch and all possiblo order was arranging to form the infantry and urlillery into battle on the right of the cavalry, and was already placing the pieces of artillery, when the enemy opened with his cannon on the cavalry, and at the third tire I bad the mortification to soo it completely dispersed. My artillery returned the enemy's ftre. nud kept tiring witn activity while 1 was trying to form the infantry, which had been thrown into confusion by the ravulry. and owing to my great exertions, mid to those of Cupt. Don Angel Trias. Don Francisco I'adiUo. and Lion Cnyulauo lustiniani. we succeeded in again forming the ini'antry, I and collecting nearly all the cavalry, which was stationed in my former encampment, it being necessary to establish a line with the new position, which was accomplished in the midst of the firing; ull thu infantry and artillery falling back without leaviug in tho other camp even a cannon that hud been dismounted, and bringing away all thu dead and wounded. Being by tills time established at Sacramento with all my forces, the enemy attacked us with a heavy fire of artillery, and a charge which his cavulry made on a redoubt was most chivalrousy beaten oil by fifty men of the 7th infantry and thirty men of the Durtnfgo squadron. under tho command of tho valiant cuptuin of cazadorcs, L>. Ratliul Gonzales, who fell a victim to his bravery?he receiving a wound of which he died In a few moments. At the same time fell Lt. D. Augustus l^uintunn and several men of both companies. While they vorf thilN ilefi'iiilhiir tin- ri?<lr?iiht tlin <<uvnlrv u-tiicli I ! bad will to its assistance Hud. and dispersed completely, carrying confusion into the ranks of the infantry, in this critical situation, 1 withdrew tin; artillery loan eiovation in the vicinity, and succeeded in collecting '.100 infantry .and there I maintained myself until, without having the power to prevent it, I was completely abandon1 od. except by Cols D. Francisco f'adilia and 1). < ayetan luHtiniani. (. apt. Salvado Santa Maria, of the artillery of the National (iuard. and the veteran I.lout. U. Manuel Flores, and Lieut. ( ol. I). Malias Coude. the coiumamler of the artillery, who. with a few men of the ariilh-iy. maintained the fire for nearly halfan hour I ntler these disastrous cireumstaaces. Col. 1) Angel Trias, and the comlauuder of a battalion. I). Vicente Sanchez, used the utmost effort > to reorganize the infuntry, assisted by tola. I'adiUa and Jiistiniani. whom 1 had sent for the same purpose; hut it was in rain?they could not collect twenty men. The rest Med to the Mountains, terrified, following llic example of the cavalry, of which only the first squadron of Ituraugo made any resistance?their commander. Don Manuel Aponte. having ordered them to dismount, in order to extricate them from the contusion in which they were iuvolved. Abandoned even by their men, the officers of artillery, already mentioned, weru forced to retire, extremely mortified because 1 saw thoui. Having i lost all hope of regaining tli" day. I wan obliged to retreat, with hitter grief, as all in the rautp remained iu the possession of the enemy, nothing being saved except ' eight rounds of ammunition, which a servant of ( olouel I I'adiUa hid in the raountaius. In my retrrat, 1 endeavor ed to collect some iufuntry to lead them to ChihuabuH. hut all my efforts were useless. On account of the complete dispersion, it is impossible to giro an exact detail of the number of killed and I Wwuudi'd, but I can assure your excellency that thry I cannot be less than si) to 100. nrnily all of the 7th inf.iutry un I the two squadrons of Uurnngo. among whom . we huve to mourn the Captain of ( azudorcs. I).'.n 1 i Kosalez. Lieut I). Itomou Mesa, and Lieut. Don Ailgustiu tguitatia, who were k;lled: and. uuiongihe wouud! ed eaptuin of the 7th Infantry I). ( iundatupe Moutaya. . Knsign of the company of (juayquilla. D. de Foutana and Sergeant of the National Guard. J>. Kugciiio Corde: to. The preceding como under my own observation. The disasters of this battle, which have not corrcs! ponded with nn- anxious wishes and exertions, nor with toe great sacrifices of ( o|. I). Angel Trias, and nearly all the citizens of the State of I liihuahua. are owing to the grealecpart of my forces Iming raw recruits, to its lieiug the first time of their meeting au enemy, and to the inexperience of most of the ofllrers. who, deficient in that military energy so necessary in such emergencies. could not control their men In the moment of danger, and such is generally the cise when a hastily collected mass of men have no regular troops to support them, whirli I have exposed to your rxrclluney many a time when I applied for reinforcements. These, unfortunately, were not pent, in spite of the repeated orders of your F.xcellency and the commander-in-chief to the commander at Zueutcea*. for reasons unknown to tne. but which placed me under the necessity of undertaking a desperate defi nee, the result of which bus bccu most deplorable, hut which could not j be avoided with honor, as it was better to make one des- | Derate effort lliun to let the rncuiv take nulet possession ! of the State. Notwithstanding these Mid reverses. I take the liberty I of recommending the following Individual*. Tor the roolnotis and bravery shown during the aetion, to your favorable eonsidernt ion [ And here follow the names of twenty-eight colonel*, lieutenant colonel*, ru|>ti>ius. 4?o | I arrived last night at till* point, where I shall remain two or three ilay* to pick up straggler*, with which to proceed to the town of Sunta Itosuliu. about 10 league* from the capital, to endeavor to raise new force*, u* I understand tlint the enemy i* going to march Into the Slate of Ourango. which will also he lost unless at least 1000 Infantry. 600 cavalry, and 10 pieces of artillery of the regular army he sent for it* defence, n* experience lias shown in tunny Instances that regular troops are indispensable ill war I linve also to inform your Excellcncy. that of the dispersed 1 only expect to collect some men of the 7til itifuntry and of lliu Durango horse, and perhaps some few of the active battalion of ( hihuuhuu as most of the other* have returned to their homes. Today *ouie officer* of the .National (iuard have preso'litcd themselves, hut without a single soldier. All which 1 have the honor to submit hi* Excellency, the Vice President, exorcising the functions of the Supreme Executive Hod and liberty. JOSE A. HEltKDI A. ' March 3. 1*17 N|>nr1lii|g Intelligence. Ms.rAinie. I'm sn, (La.) Frihav. Aran. 0. Jockey i luh I'urse, tMUOO- four mile heats There wax ii goodl"i number in attendance yesterday, and the sport interesting. although uot esetting. Kntiny King won the race in two heats. In the tlrst heat Kerenue took the lead. | which lie innintaincil during the first three and a half . Uliles. ! iinnv Klinr Ivine' lietween him and Vi?? Inpm... i When the latter challenged. Revenue at our.- drew bark, to gi i e li'-r .111 opport vilify of taking :i tilt at fanny, who w.t th*n leading Tint effort proved fruit 1pm ; for Fanny oinnii home nu eary winner of the heat, running the | la at mile in I nnil tlie liont in 8:11. In the :Ppond lu-at lb-venue made play nt n raring nitre?Mira forte <Mpond. ami fanny about three length* hi'liiml the latter. Tlie?e po.-itiona remained urn-hanged for nearly two mill". Mlaa forte made a treniendona hniah dq,wn the home Mrelrh of the aeeond wile ami paaaed Itorpnur not aufllrieritly, however, to tnke the the track until on the back Mretrh of the third mile. The pare vlailtly iurrra*. d during 11 iv* lliird mile, and I oiin maintained lier porition, fanny in tha rear, "hiding li-r tlme.:' She eommencpd her operation at the In -1 half mile, where Revenue paired Mlaa forte Sheeut hlllldown in about four .?tride? and rami home In fine atyle in T: 11. The following ia tin1 remit :? f 11 iiglie" (S T Taylor'af h m fanny King, by imp (Jleneoe, dam by Sir Rlrbard?6 jr. o I I T. It. I'nlndextrr'" I' e Iterenne. by Imp Trnatee. out of Poaidie Sonimera, by Sir ' harlea?3 v o. .1 "J Tbomaa (> Maekey (Moore tc Iry'a) eh f. Mlaa f orte, bv Imp fdenroe, outof f anny Strong, by imp l.evinthan -3 y. o J 3 'J lme, h: J | ?7 .41 City Intelligence. 'lur iV'ruiiui The heavy rain "n Saturday night I vm aueeeoiled by a "harp froat Tli r wind blew cxramely keen and aliarp during the day The tlienno neti r at I o eloek. Mood nt 40 deg . In Wall at reel, and . tlie wind continued to blow from tlit* N. W up to n late 1 hour "f the night. Ice half an ineh In tliicknea* formed n varteu* part" of lib* rity, oil lal.uul. Ve Stc f.iin t <> i It 11 MrcaAM.r.?The t oroner waa called .eaterday to hold an lij<|Ue*t at the fool ef lliirclay treet. on the hody of Intm-a William*. uppareuliy ahout U year* old who died anddenly on board the ateamliont -outli America while on her pnwage from Albany to tiiia city on Saturday night laat Verdict., death by i tougettion of the lung", eaustd by intemperance. ' NEW YORK HERALD. New York, MoimUjt, April 19, 1MT. Oar Advertisers. The interest of the news from Vera Cruz, from the Rio Grande, from the city of Mexico, from Chihuahua, from Santa l''e, &o. &e., which we give in to-day's Herald, is ourapology for crowd- ; ing upon the space ol our advertisers. Our re- j lations with Mexico at this moment are of so much importance that we feel constrained to give all that reaches us from that part of the continent. Arrival of tlie Cambria. It is probable that the steamer arrived at Huston between the hours of twelve and one yesterday. Our reason for this supposition is that the telegraphic wires cast of Hartford suddenly bloke about half past twelve o'clock- It may be that the steamer was nunounced at Boston at that time, and the wires immediately severed by the speculators. We, therefore, caution the public against this class of individuals, and against any "Mung" foreign new9 that may be circulated throughout the city by those interested in preying upon the people. The line was in finr working order up to half past twelve o'clock. It will be repaired ut once, and news, if received, be sent through. The News from Mexico?Arc we to have Peace! The news from the city of Mexico, which we published in yesterday's Herald, and additional details of which we give to-day, shows that Santa Anna arrived there on the 23d March last. From San Luis to that city his progress was a triumphant one. Delegates from the supreme Congress met him on the road. On the 23d he took the oath of office as President of the republic, at the city of Guadalupe, and entered the capital on the same afternoon.? The first business he engaged in was to put down the revolution, which ho succeeded in doing, and in dispossessing Gomez Farias of the reins of government, and to form an alliance with the clergy, who ndvnnccd him the sum of five millions with which to prosecute the war. This is one account. There is unotlier which differs materially from thnt, and is to the effect that Santa Anna allied himself with Farias, and was determined to continue the war at the expense of the church. It is impossible to reconeile those two reports. Either one or the other of them is false, and until we receive later and more authentic intelligence from that country, we cannot say which is true. It may be, however, that Farias merely vacated the post of President and assumed that of Vice President, to which lie was previously elected, lfoth uccounts, however, agree that Santa Anna was made President, and hud issued his inaugural address, a ropy of 'which we, likewise, . published yesterday. The tone of that document is decidedly belligerent. lie says that he entered upon the duties of chief magistrate because he saw that so doing was the only legal means of terminating the difficulties ut the capital, and because he believed that lie would thus be able to facilitate the prose- I cation of the war, and to save the independence I and honor of his country. This does not look as j if he were disposed to make peare; but perhaps j the account of the capitulation of Vera Cruz and ^an J Hit ti (lr I Ida, winch he had not then re- i reived, has had sonic effect in softening hin feelings ofhostility. It in to expected, also, that lie i assume a lidlicose tone in order to cover, j us much an possible, his rout nt Hucna Vista. | But, lie this as it inay, we think we can discover j in his otlirial account of this rout, au inklinn ?f hi" being willing to make concessions. and come down a point or two from the lofty stand he assumed when he took command of the forces. Then he said that Mexico j would not listen to any overtures of peace, as i long as an American soldier was south of the Sabine. In his official account above mentioned ! lie srys:? The hearer of a flag of truce, however, arrived with a proposition from (tun. Taylor for an exchange of prisoners. and for our sending for the wounded who had remained on the fleld. lie also expressed to me the desire which the Americans felt for the re-establishment of peace. I replied, in order that he might say the same to ills general, that we sustained the most sacred of cuuses ? the defenco of our territory. ?Dd the preservation of our nationality and rights ; that we were not the aggressors. and that our goverumout had never offended that of the United States. I ohnrved that u<r could lay nothing of peace u-hile the .American* u<eye on thii tide of llie lltavo, or occupied any part of the .lirriean territory. nr oiiiKaorg our aoril , uuu uini wo * ere regoiveu 10 or vindicate our right* : that fortune might not always b? favorable to the enumr. ami tlieir experience of the and 33d sliould convince them that it could change. In one bound lie jumps from the Sabine to the ; Jiravo, which is inothernumeforthe KioGrandc. We would not he much surprised if this sentence was put forth as a feeler, and that Santa Anna himself is favorably disposed to peace. Itishard- J Iv to he supposed that the transistor of the ac- j count could make so great a geographical mis- i take, or the substitution of Bravo for Sabine. This news, inconsistent as it is, is favorable to the United States in one point of view at least. Mexico has now got a government that promises to l?e stable, for a short time, at any rate. Santa Anna is probably the most popular man in the country. So'long as hta popularity lasts he will continue its chief magistrate, and were he to become unpopular, ami a revolution to break out against bint, he lias sufficient military force to put it down and maintain his position. There is u hope of a peace so long as Mexico has a go\ eminent. >? r- mm luiiin i init-11igrnee wiiii t'onsiurruhie iliferent. The Farmers ash the Newspaper Press.? Tha newspaper press in the United States, and particularly in New York and other large cities, has become so essential an element ot" society, that it could scarcely exist without it. The man who does not subscribe to a paper and read the news of the day, is looked upon by his fellow-citizens us one hopelessly fallen, and degraded below the ordinary standard of humanity. The advantages which the press confers on the country are innumerable. The highest and the lowest over the whole country are benefitted by it; and the man who would stand up and deny the moral power that it exercises, would he considered insane. Although every class is benefitted by the press, there is our class more benefitted than anv other, | and that is the lurgrst?we mean the agricultural part of the community ; and yet, strange to say, lite press is less indebted to them for the patron- | age it enjoys than to any other elnss. The farming interest of the United States has been saved hundreds of thousands of dollars during the past yenr hv the efforts which the lltrald made, and *iteeessfully, to defeat the well-laid plans and stratapems of the speculators to obtain late aecounts of the markets in Etirope in advance of i the regular channels. We expended n great many dollars within twelve months past, in running expresses. and obtaining late news from the old world. If we had not done so, the speculators would have suerredrd iu fleecing tTie farmer out of his grain and other produce at low prices, fhit oe did so. and the consequence was thnt the speculator" plotted in vain, and the farmer obi.lined the highest market price for what he had tn sell. In no instance, for a year past, has the Herald been beaten in obtaining news, while on many occasions our subscribers were placed in possession of the state of the foreign markets, before ihey were informed of it from any other source. It is by such enterprise as this that onr patronigc has reached its present enormous extent, and it i1- by the same kind of enterprise that we i-xp rt to have it twice as large as it now is. i'toyle of every eUas who do got subscribe lo a newspaper do themoclve* injustice, while such of tha f.irinin'j community h-do not do so, lose K0 fifty times- its much in the course of a year, us " the subut ripliou price for that tune amouuts to. jj) Hut thev ihink tliev know their own business ! tt ^ - ? Common Council.?Both Hoards meet this ?ij evening at the unUul hour. Tiio bouid oi Aldermen ut 5 o'clock, und the Hoard of Assistants at i0 ti o'clock. They will be pretty busy in adding up Wi the accounts and correcting the blunders of the j {J past yearof their ndininistration, J tb

; el: i Theatrical*. at Piiia Thkatbe?Mas. Maso*.?-This distinguished aetresj commences nnothor engagement at the Park, ib to-night, tu tho character of liianco Shu appears > it under thu mast favors V'e auspices. She lias won golden 1 Cl opinions at the three leading theatres in tlie Union. cc Iter first recoptiou her, was brilliant and onthusiustlc-- j st great expectations bail been formed, ond they were more than realized. The study of years had improved her conception of character, and time had matured her ai powers. She'pourtrayed some of the most lofty and ?|j arduous parts in the rango of the drama; and our pro- tb mineut literati, they, who were the best judges, awarded to to hur the highest praise. She gave great promise of surpassing excellence, una wb? uutiraj iuceoriui. a?a i , was then among partial friends. which her estimable I JF charucter In private life had gained. and warialy at- ? tucbed to her It was at the other theatre*, where ?ho I ^ was to play before strangers. that her power* were to bo tee ted; and the verdict pronounced by u New York j audiouce pueaud upou. It has been amply confirmed The ' ' aame success. the same appreciation of her dramatic t a- P" lent* hue attended her everywhere. She oomei among u* once again.crowned with laurels fairly won. With greater *v familiarity with the stage, with greater ease of aolion. greater compass of voice, an increase of confidence in her 7* own powers, and a greater knowledge of stage effect, she j? now solicits our support. 'Tin here she would stamp her , fame as an actress?a high, well deserved, and enduring ' fame. 'Tis here that the patronage of the public is the most valuable to her, as it would tend to rouse her ambition. stimulate her energies, and extend her reputation, hot her not be disappointed?lot her meet a warm wel- d< come at her return?let the apathy which now prevails K on our boards bo thrown aside-let a new era of feeling : It ariso. and intellect and taste and imagination again ex- j f? rite their sway. Let her eloquent and impassioned tones rv be heard. Let her varied shades of feeling awaken ' tl sympathy. Let her softues* and her tenderness, her pi high wrought sensibilities, her tears of sorrow, her bursts se of agony, her silent and subdued anguish, her dignity 1 m under wrong or insult?and hor rage, her madness and ! despair?1st all these, embodied by her in a glowing and life-like form upon the stage, meet with a response in the breasts of those who can appreciate her acting, and who have hearts to feel?see hor in the great parte she P? will sustain, and we oan safely predict that these attributes of an actress will be displayed by her in an emlnent degree. " Knxlo," is a stirring play, with high Cl1 wrought scenes, characters of great energy, where the w wild and stormy passions are called into play?her talents "c are bore developed, and she will awaken feelings which . will harrow up the soul, and be long traced in tho memo- w' ry and the heart. j' Bow c r v.?According to the announcement made a day or two since, that celebrated and favorite tragic actress 1 po Mrs. Shaw, will comtncnco a short engagement at the ro Bowery Theatre this evening, in tho character of tho ra Countess, in the play of " Love, or the Countess and the of Serf Mrs. Shaw's merits as a tragic actress aro too foi well known to make it necessary for us to speak of them, wi Who Ihut has ever witnessed her performances, failed to su tin ImnvAiiUil iilii, ( rmi, nf the irreriteKf. llv- liv ing ! We predict for thin talented lady a most flattnriug reception, and are confident that her numerous admirers in will give her a hearty welcome to the stage she has won | h? ho many laurels on, and from which she lias ho ofteu en- m tranced the house by her life-like personations of the 1 ki fears, sympathies and passions, that agitute the human wi breast. ' al IIowkht CiBci's.?Thero will bo an entirely new j change of performances at the Bowery Circus to-night. ' nI Kemp, the great clown, will appear in his great charac- tli tor, " The Shoeniakor of Bagdad;'1 Mrs. Ay mar will perronate the Syren of the Scarf; Miss Jeaselyne will dance Cl] a new pas srul; Mr. James Nixon and his talented chil- rv dren will perform; Mr. Carrol and Miss Madigan will '' perforin a double act of horsemanship: Kemp will give > I liis greut globe feat; a new entertainment called the 11 ' Idle Apprentice." which is full of wit and hnmor, will be performed; (iossiu will help Kemp, and a variety of P' other good things will take place, that will no doubt " swell fthe receipts, which are for Kemp's benefit, to a ?' largo sum. A great time at the circus to-night. *1 ...f>K.vov nuiu . ?..n, y, will exhibit hi* wonderful power* every nlglit thin week, pi at the Minerva rooms, No. 400 Broadway. Mr. Alexan- UJ der's peculiar talents and acquirements have made for him a reputation as a magician nnd necromancer that j; secures liir him large audiences wherever he goes. The ^ people of fSothum. ever fond of the mysterious, will pat- ai ronisr him as he deserves. t( ai Musical. Italian House.?The much admired opera, ''Lucrezia Borgia." composed by the celebrated Donizetti, will be performed at the Italian Opera House this evening. As this is the last night but one that this opera hi will be performed, we doubt not that the audience will (1 be as large, if not larger, than any thst heard it hither- hi to. Ou Wednesday, "I Lombardi" will be performed. w Thk Camp ana logians.?The Cainpanalogians. or ei Swiss Rell-Rlngcr*. who have created such a furor \ wherever they hate performed, will give a series of their p, unlqe concerts every evening this woek. except Wednes- ' p, day. at the Tabernacle. commencing this evening r(. Si nee these talented performers performed hero last HC winter, they have travelled through the greater part of ot, the United . states, the West Indies and Texas, and per- a!, formed with great success wherever they went. These will be tbeir Inst performances prior to their departure yh for Europe. 1 he same success that they met wltn wliuu )n here before awaits them. J th Mist BnA.nso.t s Concert.?The concert uf this ex- j V tremcly talented young lady, or rather child, whose jire I cocious talents hare excited so niucb admiration in this u( community, is fixed for Wednesday next at the Apol- p? lo Rooms, Broadway. She will be assisted by Miss Harrlet Brauison. Miss Matilda Korsinsky. Miss Mara jj Ralph, Messrs. Hccht. and II. C. Tim. Her programme rc will bo found highly attractive, and embraces some of L the most popular and modern pieces of the day. by the ! fu most eminent composers, eonsisting of Han, Bpohr, Lin- ! gi painter, I'ucitta. Bruuer, and others. Miss B. will have fa n full and crowded house on this occasion, as every a friend and patron of true genius and muslrnl talents, at will be proseut. Miss B.. in consideration of her years, m may be considered one of the musical prodigies of the It ago Ml P< Police Intelligence. w Heronry of Stolen Properly.?On Saturday Inst,officer Daly, of tlie 1st ward, arrested a notorious thief, called P1 Frank Hcnnirk. on a chnrge of stealing, and yesterday n (Sunday] the aliovo officer, with officer Leonard, one of b: the chief"* efficient uids. discori red the lodging place or ; u this thief. which 1* located in the building on the corner i ci of Cedar street and Broadway. up stair*. where they ! pi Inilnd a large assortment of new book*, a quantity of en- . ?i graving*. auioDgst them several excellent engraving* of w Tloury Clay, a card of *el**or?. tailors' shears, razor*, i ft ruzur Mtrop*. two frock coat*, shirt*, hnndkvrchief*. eye- i glasses, silver toothpicks, carpet, lied quilts.a new bearer ; pi hat. a pair of Irish linen sock*, gloves, silver spoon* j h marked VV. H.; four gilt picture frames, one of which ' b contained a colored picture, entitled he Petit fcli-re gi a looking-glass, several boxes of cologne, and various | hi otber article*, all of which are evidently stoleu. for I K which owners are wanted. Apply to the chief of police, o] where the property can be seen. ' n The Police Phyiirian.?l)r. O'Donnell, the physician pi appointed by liis honor, the Mayor, to attcud to the 01 sick members of the pollee department, answers exceed- tl iugly well.from the fact that the sick list, heretofore liav- di ing always amounted to t>0 or TO invalids. I* now re- hi duccd by the above arrangement to only "JO. thus saving avast amount of time which would otherwise be a com- ui plete loss t?*thu city. cl Abandoning an Infant.?Oflleer Knowles. of the 4th hi . ward, arrested last night a woman by the name of Mary lu Mully. on n charge of abandoning her infant?the officer having found the poor little sufferer deposited in an V alley way in James street, where it had been left by its tl unnatural mother. Justice Drinker committed her for , tl [ examination. gi .' on Sutpirinn.?Officer Mctirath. of the 9th tl ward, arrested on Saturday night three hoys, by the tl names of Charles Hilton. James Kmerson. and llenry w Wilson, they having in their possession several new tl laxiks endeavoring to sell them One of these hoys. It N seems, work* for Messrs Harper Brothers, and a* these 11 books are published by that tirni, it Is supposed that it they have come in |?issession of the book* dishonestly.? II They were detained by Juatice Itoome for a further examination. Canal Aitointmkjits.?The injunction ngainst publicity, wo believe, was not removed from the j ' action of the ( anal lloard*. in appointment*, yesterday t| The Ilhany .Irgut, however, has given publicity to the n following ; | r < anal?Section 1st. James Brady : 3d, J. H. M. Bar- i liydt; .Id. Kranol* Newklrk ; 4tli,A. O Koseerant* ; Ath. | wm. Sponenburgh . 6th. Robert Padock ; 7th, Theodore D. Burton ; Hth. Xebulnn P Maaon . #th,David I'oucher ; * 10th. Daniel Warner ; 11th. Orrin Britt ; 13th, William n V. Sutton, ( hamplain < anal?See. I*t. William ( lute ; | l 2(1. .Ilimea II. >snerlll. UPWWgo ? n?n>u w. I nyuga and Seneca Canala.? B. S. Latham. ' hcmung ("anal. -Daniel Stovena. ("rooked l.ako i nnnl ? Lewia , S. Ajrera. Chennngo Canal-Section I at, David Murray ; > '.'d. i'homaa .1. Noyea. N The Board commenced ita acsalon veatcrday, for the n. purpoac of makiog appolntuienta. and to-day proeeeda s with the designation of Collectora and other oflicera. School Tcaching in Alabama.?A young mtn minted M'Qneen Huntino, who wan tenciiing ^ , aehoot In Lowndca county, Alahama. waa called upon ou , ; the 8th, hy a Mr. Ivey. who hud children attending the j erhool. and who renaurcd liiin for opening achool at ao n I late nn hour Bunting told him it wua not hii btulncee ? I and ordered him to leave I vey drew u knife and stabbed r Hunting ao that hediud in a few hourg. ? ?? ' | v Navigation or Lakh Krik.?The HtifFilo i 11 Daily Courier ?( Thursday aaya, "the ice yt remains in conaldorahle force athwart the mouth of the harbor. Theateainera Rochester nnd Dp Witt Clinton, and the pronellar Princeton, auceaeded in milking their il way through outward; ami the atenmlmnl* Mndiaon nnd '| New Orleana rame In during the duy The London left \ Black Rock, and found no eerloua difficulty In ber j Law Int?UlgtnM. United States Cieccit Coi *t?Before Judges Nclu and Betts? Jtttph Adam* and ulheri vs. CKarltt arum J and othrrt ? Tbl* action was brought by tin; aintifT*. owner* of the brig Brutue. against the ilefetimts. who are merchant* in Boatou. and non*lguoea of ko brig and iter cargo : the object of the action I* to renrer a portion of general average out of the coniiguant. The brig arrived at Bitono* Ayres sometime in 10 summer of ltt-13?after having taken in her cargo, le lay in the river I.a pint a. opposite the city?the cargo iniiated of nutria *klu*. hide*, jerked beef. noma. Jnv ? 'htle the lay there, a violent storm tet iu from the utbeast. which uontiuued nearly hour* --the effect at, she dragged her uuchora and got her broadside to e wind The tint mate, who was then in command of j ir. the captain boiug on shore, with the assistance of ; 10 crew, aucceoded in getting her before the wind, and le was driven up the river about fifteen utile* ; tove Bueuo* Ayrea?the storm atUl continuing to rage 1 'compauied by thunder and lightuing It being at the me about midnight, the mate discovered by the auccorv? flashes of ligntnlng a rocky point a few ndlea aheuJ at ran out a considerable distance iu tha river, which would be impossible to weather, a* the vossel would ! >rtainly run on the rocks, and the crew, vessel, and , rgo would inevitably bo lost : ho therefore chauged hi* , 'Urse, turned her head to the shore, and she soon after ruck iu shallow water, and on a smooth bottom, but by j o force of the wind und tide w*a driven two hundred | ;amining her it was found ahe was but slightly Injured. i<l the cargo not at all; jot, from the distance she was >ovo low water mark it waa found impossible to gut her f. and she finally became a wreck and was ubandoned ; iu cargo was taken out, and conveyed by lighters i another ship, which was then about to sail for j ew Y ork, and arrived hero in safety, except that u | irt of the jerked beef was considerably damaged iu thu ' ansshipineut. The pluiutiffs now contend that uliough the vessel had to be abandoned, yet that as thu | irgo was saved except a part of the jorknd beef, thut ley are entitled to general average and contribution.uud lut the defendants ought to make good their portion ' the loss. Mr. Lord, for plaintiffs, insisted that this ise was uualogous to the case in 13 Peters. 331; and 'ought them within the rule luid down by Mr. Justice | tory In respect to general averages. Mr. O't'onor, for I le defendants, contended that it was uot a voluntary i .orifice of the ship, uud relied upon the opposito rule, id down by Chancellor Kent, in the Supreme Court of j lis state. A verdict WW taken on Friday, by consent, r the plaintiffs, reserving the quest ious'uf law. which ' cro argued on Saturday ; the decision on which is re- | rved. Cor rt or (ievebai. Sessions, April ltilh, before Reoor- j jr Scott, and Aldermen Gilbert and Tapp&ti. John Mceon, Lsq., District Attoruey.?Judgmeat impended.? i the case of Jacques A. P. Uarbiorre. who was tried a w days ago on an indictment for an assault and batte' with intent to kill llaiph Lockwood.ou the oveuiugof le 7th of March, 104b. by shooting at him with a loaded stol, but convicted of an assault only, appeared for ntence this morning, when the Court suspended judgent, which elicited marks of approbation. The Knickerbocker. In looking over the Herald, of the 14th of April, I obrved a statement from ( apt. Thayer, of the steamer regon. in relation to the collision between that boat id thu steamer Knickerbocker, in which Capt. Thayer aims that tbo Oregon is faster than tho Knickerbocker, id that in rounding the battery, he "shut off*' the Orein's engine to allow the Knickerbocker to pass. If this much of his statement is correct, 1 would ask, ly then did hi not pass the Knickerbocker before aching this dangerous point, whore either of these ats requires all the room there is ! Or. If the Oregon so much superior in speed, why not wnit until tho int was turned, when he could have had sufficient seuoin? It will be recollected that the Oreiron. last summer. n upon tho rocks within one boat's length of the plnco collision, iu which (.'apt. Thayer states there is room r two such boats to pass. She had tho whole passage ly to herself at that time, and it turned out to be inmcient to enable her to keep off of that, now known ' many as the ' Oregon rock." Again, ( apt. Thayer stated that he had run his boat to such a dangerous position, that he could not stop ;r in time to prevent the collision. Is it possible that a an of Capt. Thayer's reputation for skill, Stc . did not low some little time previous to the collision, that bo as approaching a dangerous position ? Every one at 1 acquainted with this placo knows that it is utterly lpossible for two such boats as the K. and O. to pass iu another at Hallet's 1'oiut without ooming in contact, id in all luy experience iu slvainboating, this is the :st attempt at ibis place that has come to my knowdgo. Further, a fact not stilted in Capt. Thayer's oommuniition Is, that tlie " chain boxes" of the Oregon were u bard a starboard, the effect of which wus to cause ic Oregon to do all possible damage. |lf Capt. Tliaycr is tho prudent man that some give im kcredit for being, would not his best course have ;en, cither to have passed the K. before reaching tbis >int. say. by taking the south side of Blackwell's Island, is K. having already taken the north side,being ahead; on approaching Hell (lata, to have slackened his ie?d. and given tho K. an opportunity to turn ilullett s ilnt, which is the narrowest place we have on the route? hy attempt to pass at the most difficult and dangerous ace ? The K., by turning the point, must necessarily tposn herself in such a manner us to bo entirely at the ercy of a faster boat following her. For conduct similar to this, the Governor, in charge of apt. Thayer, was libelled ; and, as lie has the reputa on or being u skilful boatman, and a captain of good id sound judgment. 1 cannot but entertain the opinion tat ho was actuated by malicious motived at tho time, ad I shall accordingly hold blin responsible. JOHN VAN PKLT. Commander Steamer ' Knickerbocker." The Italian Opera Troupe. The arrival of the Italian troupe from Havana. afforded the principal subject of interest to te musical world during the past week. We ltd the pleasure, on Friday evening, in common itli one of the largest and most delighted uudiices we have ever reen collected together on either side ' the Atlantic, of listening totba opera of Krnani. as per rmcd by thein at the Park Theatre. And we were again esent on Saturday evening at their concert ut the Tn'rnuclc. The prima donna. Sjgnoriua Tedosoo. whose potation for beauty had preceded her. but whoso muni talents Fame hud scarcely brought to us, was reived on both occasions with an applause aud enthusiui richly merited by the finest voice, and the most exlisile style of singing wo have heard in New York since e days of Malibruu. She sung at the concert, (an exbition, by the bye. always badly calculated to show off iO powers of a professional artist.) the old favorite, na Voce Puco fa with a fullness of tone und delicacy ornament which we doubt very much if Mulibrau .-rself, at the period cf her osreer when she was amongst i. could have excelled. Slgnor Pereili. one of the four ixxil teuori attached to the company, has but a slender lice, and rather an iusignirtcutu physique, but the do:ury of bis style aud the perfection of his method, locate a consummate artist. He is a maestro of soino pututiou, being the composer of three or four operas, uigl Vitu, the baritone, has a delightful voice, rich and ill. which lie never allows to degenerate Into extravaince or exaggeration. We have heard that he was the vorite at Huvana. He Is a uiaestro of violoncello, and scholar of the conservatory of Naples. Ho has sung ; tho Ban Carlo and at Palermo ; his wife is prima don I aiineueu io me same company. v ilk uu a nun iuco, ic dignity of his acting, his uniform propriety of mailer. and tlie entire absence of effort, in his singing, are tints in which some other artists might imitate him ith advantage to themselves. The uiost astonishing performer "in the whole comtuy is Uotisinl. the player of the contro batto The exibiting of his wonderful powers at the Tabernacle, rought down thunders of applanso and enthusiasm, otisini la a young man, not yet two and twenty, who ijoys universally in Italy, tho reputation of the flrsl rof< (<or of his particular.instrumeut, in the world. His rily rival, and perhaps superior, Dragonctt i. is now dead, e believe. Dragonetli was rcmarkuble for thu wouderil strength of his tlngcrs. This was so great, that it is lid that he could squeeze with 011c hand an ordinary I'wter piug out of all shape. I'robably, on this account, is notes wi re somewhat richer and fuller than llotisini's. ut In execution and taste he was only his eijual. Lirainettl, at the time we heard him, was a man somewhat ivanced in life, while Uotislui is a mere hoy. Miguor oinani, the author of tho libretti of nearly all Bellini's peras. aud of many others, and who Is now a famous lusical critic in Milan, said recently, that formerly I'ople went to the her la to learn to sing from the artists a the stage, but that at the time he spoke, they went lere to learn to sing from beariug liotisini play the nuble buss. We hope to have other opportunities ol oaring Botiaini, on the return of thu troupe from Boston What was, perhaps, after all. the most satisfactory to i In the present company, wus the perfection of the iioruses. the excellence of thu orchestra, thu perfest srmony in the whole performance; In a word, the imlense superiority of tho tilling up of the opera !, Why could we not effect an arrangement with Slgnor larti. of Havana, for the two cities to eujoy alternately in same company, as is done in I.nndon and i'uris. Let le two'companii s he amalgamated into one. them 0 to Havana in the winter and remnin there until the rst of March; the climate will not permit them to be lero at any other season. We ran get through the inter woll snovjth with public and private concerts and le various amusements of society, \iureh. April and 1 nv are as irooil months for an ouura as December. Ian nry and February. In this wny. mid it In to bo I't-nr.d 1 no other, can wo havo opera* croditably got up. cred.ably represented, and creditably Ming. A DILLITANTI. Urrulng mid Trnvcllliifj Cntn, of no compart form that fiiey can lie earned without the leant iticonveiiiuce, and yet complete and durable, entry article contained ,n iem made lor nte and warranted. To officer* of the army a d avy, and traveller* item-rally, they are indispensable, and ..a \limitation will prove their worth and u? fulness. <J, S.\l NDEK9 & SON, 177 Broadway, linzon, Kiilvra, Srlwira, Sail Fl'o,Tweerere ml every dearriptioii of Pricket and Toilette t ntlery, of the lost apprnyed pntterua nnd warranted manufacture, ran be rocuredat O. HAl'NDI-'.HS it SON, 177 Broadway, opposite Howard'* Hotel. J. G. IJglitbody'* Printing; Ink Manufactory. io. 2H Rose sheet.(Old Sng ir Houae.) corner of Dllane. New ork. Eltra Fine < an), Kim- Black, Nrws, and Colored Ink*, I a superior Quality,for aale en the most reaaonable trims, ill orderi will be promptly attended to from any part ol the tatrs. 2w Sick Ilrndnrlic._Tt ahonld lie remembered hat Sick Headache hi all rates proceed* from a disordered lomaeh, and a rorrufd slate of ihe Idood. Wrntbt * } dl.n i etetable Pilli are 11 rertain cure for every description or levdacbe, became they clean-* the body from thoitmoibtd umors winch, if confined in the -torn ch, are the c .use of hi ?ea and <ici? e? i, w ?nt of appetite, d-s ijrrreablr t-iat< in the 1011th. had brea h, wast-ntt of the gums, decayed teeth, and iany , th- r distressing compl r.uts, * d when t ,kr - .,,to ' l,? iron I at ion, and th own upon the v - non < part* of the hod> , iveri-e to every mala Iv incident to man hour or Ire ol .id Vegetable Pill*, taken mice in twenty four hour*, . ill in a short lime put a complete stop to sick head iclir At te same time the digestive nrg. is will b- restored to a lieikov me ami the b.od ?ocompletely purified, that ,|,:k lie idauhn r disease of my kind w-ll - "i a mi iner impossible Beware of Suear Hoaied (io 'Qt' rreits . The only oriiti ?l and grumpe I.uln.i v rentable I ill* liavse signature of William \V'r gilt written with* pen o-ilhe top shel "feach hoi. Nmt# other is genome, and to c. iimerfeit his I* -in - ry. Office* deroted ciclnsirelv to the tale of Vnglit'* I V',i Vegetable Pills, wholesale and retail t?8 I ue ?t .it, i'biletlelt'hi*: 288 Greenwich strett, New York, out I'M Turnout *l> uostou. 1 1 4 till fttrtlttr lUdactlnn?Dtsimond Pointed Gold Pens?J. Y. Harare sells a fold pen for 7} ceuli.?nIr. with silver pencil included. Alto a inaf 11 iftoeut peu lor ft, which is the best and cheapest pen in tl>e world?points warranted. Don't misttke the No. 92 Fulton ?ireet. HavlfUOon of Use Utxlu lUver. Pfwess. Time. Stale of River Wheeling April lo 11*6 feet Louisville April 11 Ifffeet. Cincinnati April ti Pltteburg April U 7 feet 0 in MO?EY MAHKKT. Sunday, April lS-15 P.M. The stock market closed yesterday rather heavy, uud the buoyancy noticed early in the week waa loat on Friday, and the market haf since been In a very unaettlod stale The tendency of prices at the close yeeterduy was decidedly dowuward, und as soon as the furorable effect of the rocont financial operations of the government has passed uway, we see nothing to prevont a further fall in the fanoies. There La really nothing to sustain them. It la pretty generally anticipated that the steamer will bring very bad( news relative to the LoDdou money market, and that the receipts of specie will not be so large as reported. It is now stated that the Cambria will bring less tban one million of dollars In specie. Our lust accounts reported all the markets in Europe lu a very unsettled state, and we are prepared for the worst. Until later advices are received, there will be very little done on this sido. We do not see how we can escape beiug afl'eoted by the difficulties experienced in the London money market ? It is true, we are not so intimately connected with the Ananalnl Aimwaflnna In fiwnul Rwitalfl flS AvVlSsri Wis inn... io largely lu lebted, but u* we depeud upon the market* of that country fur the consumption of a large portion of our principal agricultural ataplu*. we mu*t ultimately be eeriouely affected by the ombarruaainenU under which they labor. So long a* we can enjoy an eztenjlre foreign demand for our s^uplcs, at high price*, without becoming In return large purchaier* of foreign product*, we oau maintain a large balance lu our favor, whioh uiuat be liquidated by (hipments of (pecie; but we cannot expoet to euitain ourselve* In aucb a position for any groat length of timo, a reuction muat soon take place, and when It doe* roue, look out for broaker*. It may not come in *ix, nine, or twelve month*, and it may come In le*a than three week*. Everything depend* upon the price of food; and the ronult of the next harTe?t throughout Europo will lettle the question for a twelvemonth. The annexed table exhibit* tho quotation* for stooka in thi* market for each day *f the paat week, and at the close of the week prevlou*. It will be perceived that there ha* been a very general and a very oxtensivc improvent in some of the faneie* :? Quotation* roa tar. PaiNciriL Srecss in the New Yoiik Markpt. Hat,- *<"? Wed. T\'y. Fri. Sat. Ohio 6's 0/ 97V 98 99 KeutuckytCs. 9H 98,V 99 99 99 99 V 99V Pennsylvania J'? 7I.V 72 12 12 72V 72V 72 Illinois 4(1 ? ? ? ? 40 _ Indiana (i'? ? ? 39 ? _ __ Reading KK Bond*.. 71.V ? 71.V 71JU' 72V 72V 7'?V Reading M'tge Bond*. 69V - ? ? :0 ? ? Reading Railroad 59V CO 60 60 60 V 60 ?0 Norwich It VVor ... .. 49 V 50V 49V <?V 50? 30V 50 Erie Railroad, old... 69V ? 59 ? ? Erie Railroud, new... 82V ? 82V ? ? H-jig Harlem Railroad.... 5lk 52 52 52V 53 52V 52 Long Island 2CV 27 V 23 2. V 29V 3*? 30* Mohawk 64V ? ? &.V ? 67 ? StOUUlgton ? ? ? 46 46 46 46 Partners' Loan 30 V 32 31V 32V' 32V 32V 32V Canton Company.... 31V 36 36 V 35^ 36 35 V Morri* Cauai 22 22V 2I.V 21V ? 21V 21V Vicksburg IIV ? 11V 11V ? ? 1!V , United Sute.Bauk.., 43a 5 - - - 5 _ East Boston., 15 ? ? ? I6V 17)4' 18V I North Am'n Trumt ? Q u of? A comparison of pricM current at the close of the market yesterday, with those ruling at the close of the week previous, exhibits an advance in Ohio S's of 3.V? per cent; Kentucky fl's, 154; Pennsylvania 6's, 114; Reading Beads, 154; Reading Railroad, X; Norwich and Worcester, llarlcm, >?; Long Island, 354; Farmers' Loan, 3; Canton Company, >4; Last Boston, 354; and a decline in Morris Canal of >4 per cent. We annex the several monthly statements of the bauks of South Carolina, for the purpose of comparing the aggregate movement in each department, one period with the other Basks er South Carolina. July 31, Jan. 31,, Dtbf. IHK. 1817. 1817. 1817. CtniUl Stock $3,998,607 3,992,607 3,992,607 3,992,087 Bills ill circulation.. . 1,926,621 2,863,698 2,818,401 2,929,317 Net profit* ou baud... 296,944 223,149 232,168 302,908 Balance due te banks in thu Stale 1,600,393 1,892,683 1,373,698 1,831,210 Balance due to banks e iu other States 191,063 269.433 372,392 373,691 All meueyt due which bear interest 12,024 33,141 41,108 27,033 State Treasury, for balance current lhud... 147,397 34,391 13.812 12,947 State Treasury for balance sinking fund... 434.364 309,ISO 306,130 303,963 State Treasury for loan for rebuilding the city 1,810,333 1,810,333 1,810,333 1,318,233 Casli deposited and all otliei moneys due,exclusive of bills, ia circulation, profits on hand, bulauces due / otiier banks, and moneyibearini interest. 1,880,313 1,734,478 1,944,6*7 2,074,314 Toialliahilities.. . $11,317,802 13,396,019 13,137,639 13.I63.6U Resources. Specie on bund 339.863 643,331 772,429 962.367 JBI.VJl 201,997 287,987 287,987 Bills of other banks m th e State 830,860 296,301 230,320 838,834 Bill- or ll.uikt n other Suites 1,003 603 1,300 3,110 B flume due from b'ke in this Stst* 69,980 87.778 33,937 03,401 Balai.ce due Liu | in other States 73,033 37,334 >1,007 103,337 ! Notre discounted ou personal security... 6,136,328 3,804,394 3,303,100 3,379,031 Lome eccurcd by I pledge of ite own I stock 201,204 279,836 236,308 243,977 Loans secured by pledge of other stock 398,368 413,890 478,333 963.780 Domestic exchange... 439.110 1,999,330 1,323,030 1,382 017 Foreign do ... 132,834 247,267 303.801 303 082 Bonds .....1,122,642 1,141,073 1,089,266 1,139,470 Money invested in stock 1,383.909 1,363,829 1,367,113 1,170,406 Suspended debt end debt iu suit 642.809 777,191 732.360 026,617 State Treasury 8.743 83,042 87,134 86.188 Branches und ageucies. 1,383,691 1,182,380 1,574,111 1,388,064 Bonds u der law for rebuilding Charleston. 1809,453 880,393 874.414 868,133 Interest nud expenses of State loan 92.044 68,392 69,399 96,677 Money invested in every other way than is specified in the forrgoiug particulars. 133,289 122.613 118,520 186,713 Total resources.... $14,317,882 15,396,018 15,137,609 13,863,612 The aggregate movement in March, 1847, exceeded that for either of th<other periods named. Among the llabilltiet the increase Is confined principally to the circulation, balance due banks of other States, and deposits, and smong the asset* to the specie on hand, and die * vuu v> ?|/vu {/viavuM B"V ui i vjr. A U? incrraiB 10 Uli amount of epecle on hand Km, within ths pa?t month been large, compared with the increaeed amount of paper issues. although the proportion of ipeoie in hand to paper in circulation, ie much leea now than in the month of July laat. A portion ef the large amount of apecie which i< coming into the country from Europe, muit ultimately find it* way into the bankj. and strengthen their position very materially, but by far the largest portion must take the place of a large amount of paper now in circulation. The currency is, therefore, In a fair way of becoming much improved, and the banksmucb restricted In their Issues. By the adoption of a proper system of individual credits, we eould easily dispense with a vast amount of bank credits, and the connection now existing between these institutions and the commercial classes, could be severed, without the sllghteet injury to businees. but on the oontrasy such a dls solution would guaranty a steadiness and permanency in mercantile operations never before experienced. Tho large Importation of specie into the United States within the past three months, will tend more to au improvement of onr currency, than double tho amount re ceived at any other time. The aggregate bank movement of the State of South Carolina for several years past, has been as annexed:? Batik Movxmxwt or Soi-th Casoi.itia. I,nan i. Spre te. Ciic. Drp$. 1R37?.January $18,1 W J^3 J.G6MM 7,81,r,|f, 1810? UCtoMr,,ou? j.inm.nii J,nz,,45 IH.4?November 6,073,1m 901,173 2,137,986 1,538.0.11 IHI5?fleceinber ... 5.996,796 830.700 2,3#i,032 1.830,SIM lRlC?May C,lli,80S 361.741 2,000 9'9 2003,1(19 I.1|0?September... . 6.017,810 470,010 1,903,373 1,313.123 1 Ml?January 3,1104,391 ?I3,8.11 2,863,090 1,734,4*0 I'UT?Kr binary 3,26.7,100 772,429 2,810,401 1,914,0117 1847?March 3,579,037 902,367 2,929,517 2,074,314 Thin table la a fair llluatration of the theory that we tlo not require an Inereaae of hanking capital, in proportion to the inereaae in the movement* of trade. The hanking rapital of the country ia not near aa large a* it waa ten year* ago, and the hanking movement of the country ia only about one half what it waa In 1887, while the commereial operation* of the country have Inrreaaed four fold. The deficiency in banking capital baa been Idled up by an inereaae of private or Individual capital The above ret urn* ahow the aggregate movement of , nil the bnnka and branrhei of South Carolina for aeveral year* Tile annexed return* exhibit the movemtnt in the principal department of each hank and branch, at I four period* :? Rank* or Soi'TH ( aroi iva. Loans. 1816. 1817. 1817. 184". July Jan. Fsb. Mirth. Bank of the State.... 1,263,981 1,021.553 1,018 451 98823 Bmch olumbia. 903.460 l.iigLTlll '.185,309 92101 do Camdea... 413,344 OT.377 ? 37(Ufl I floiithwes'eru Hit.... 615,098 421,191 42S,n#n 423*1 I'la-iten and Mecha... 901.810 913.311 974,317 91(13 Union 11.nk 663 607 651,806 512,4.33 .79.12 State flank 511,888 590,209 .784.578 5H3L* Bank of 8.C 797,118 708,814 7 34 873 710p *4,154.331 5,884,3M 5 383,190 5.378,