Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 21, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 21, 1847 Page 1
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J > -4- I 1 ? TH] Vol. XIII. No. HO?-Whole No. *707. THE NEW TORE HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, IVortti-weet corner of Fulton atui Naaaou eta. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. CIRCULATION ?FORTY THOUSAND* DAILY TlERALl)?Every day, Price 2 cents per copy?$7 26 per nunum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price 6% cents per oroy?$'j 12^ cents per annum?payable in advance. HERALD FOR EUROPE?Every Btenm Packet day? Price f.,la cents per copwr~?3 per annum, payable in advance. HOLIDAY HERALD Ai'ubJished on the 1st of January and 1st of Jnly of each year?single copies sixpence each. ADVKRTISEMENTO, at the usual prices?always cash iu advance. Ailvurti eiheogs should be written in a plain, legible maimer. The Proprietor will not be responsible for errors tisat may occur iu them. PRINTING of all kinds executed beautifully and with despatch. All letters or communications by mail, addressed to the establishment, uiuat be post paid, or the postage will be deducteil fro in the subscription monuv remitted. J .J. 'II t * U. b. MARiNKS WANTED. J| M IS Mk 11 nCTlOTARINK CORPS OF THE UNITED STATES, or tint branch of the military service furnishing soldiers for the different naval stations anil veaael* of war, having keen increased by act #f Congress. approved 2d March, 18,7, by the addition of 30 Sergeants, 30 Corporal.,, 30 Drummers, 30 Infers, and l.iwo Privatea. A rendezvous for the enlistment of recruits is now opened at No. 38 Chatham atreet, near the Harlem railroad depot and P (trimany Hall, where respectable youeg men desiring to enter a ?enir* which will afford them an opportunity of seeing.foreign countries, are inrited to call. Previou, to enlisting it ia tli* ditty of the recrtutinj elfieer to explain fully the terma upon avliicli they enter the aerrice. Open .ruin 9 A. M. to sunset. JOHN GEO. REYNOLDS, Captain Commanding, Recruiting Rendezvous. Two dollar, premium will be given to any aoldier or citizen v. ha will bring to the rendexyetu, an acceptable or efficlen recruit. al lm*re yw?L TO LET.?BASEMENT and back .hop. No. 632 r"v!m IB roadway. - BASEMENT 1st avenue, northwest corner of Tenth atieat, leiuble for a large refectory. AP ARTMENTS on the second and fourth floors of the House corner Tenth street and 1st avenue, very commodious. Possession of the last house given immediately. Enquire of Messrs. BOW RON (g CO., druggists, ou the premises, #r of John W. Ilaiuniersley, 36 Wall at. a30 3t*r JmjL STORES ON THE 6TH AND 8TH AVENUES "jB TO LET.?No. #3 Eighth avenue, betsveen 13th and in He l4'1* "*?" No. 1 u Greenwich avenue, near Oic 8th avsuuo. No. 198 Sixth avenue, between 12th and 13th street!. ' The dwelling part ef each house, which is three stories in height, vriih marble mantles and sliding doors, will be rented separately if required. G. H. WINTER. a29 lw*r 31 Wall afreet. MTO RENT, from the 1st ef May next, the House and Store 3#8>? Broadway. next to Stewart it Co'a building. Alan,the lieaaea and Storea Noi. 63, 67 and 66 Chambers street, near Broadway. Apply to PHILIP BURRO WF.S, 44 Wall street, or te A. T. STEWART it CO.. npia tfrrc eer. Broadway and Reade street. jtlik. TO LET OR LEASE, the four stery new brick pW Menae, Ne. 14 Dey street, third house from Broadway, I'lMlh lately painted throughout and in good order. It is well c iU uiaied for a Reetauraut er Club House. Apply to Charles T. Cromwell, 148 Nassau street. al8 4t*rre M COTT'aUE ON sta'Fen island to let? fr.vg Pleoaeuily situated at Port Richmond, near the Brick -EMflLEbonth, within a lew rods of the steamboat landing; ha. ii,-an newly panered and naiutad, and is in perfect order.? Possession ann be had immediately. Apply to NEWTON HAYES. a!7 lw*r Franklin House, Broadway. BKK K MOUSES IN BROOKLYN TO LET. Ajjl THE two four story basement brick heusea, built a low 3,Mr* since in the best manner, in Tillary street, ??-JS0L'n'xt te the corner of Fulton street, near the Fulton ferry. m xeuteel private families, they will he rented for $400 taw annum. Apply te VALENTINE O. HALL, corner of roarl and Beeltmnn streets, New York. al6 lw?c TO LET, ,3g?\ A ROW of neat new two story Cottage Houses, new pjeJjj finished, well calculated for respectable families, jsitn im sted on rite north side of 40th street, between Broadway sad Nth nveime. The stages pass regularly from 7 A. M? ??tll a ?vu.-L ,1.. ia f... tu and utter the first of May, ?very 30 minutea. Reoms as telle ws: 2 InaemmiLs, 2 parlors, with sliding doors, and hard finished walls. 2,1 story, 2 rooms and 2 bedrooms. Good dry cellars. Rent $130. Apply on the premises. _apM-lra?c W.V1. li. rKNDLETON. Agent. M 'i'O LET.?The store of house 23 Dey street; It is 50 feet deep, and would he a coed location for a wholesale grocery store. The dwelling part would be let together or each floor separate The seconu floor consists of back and front parlors, with pantries, and is well finished; the two roams are 50 leet deep and 12 feet high, suitable for an artist; the third lloor has 5 rooms well finished; the fourth floor is 50 feet deep, 25 fret wide, and 16 fetthiith, with six windows in the rool, fitted xp for an engraver or any business wanting good light. vIIko, the seconu floor of house 66 Deekman street, consisting of three roams and pantries, with two bed rooms in attic, mil a kitchen with Croton water *nd kitchen range in it. Kent S275. Enquire of A. GILHOQLY 1c SON. ni31 lin *r 78 Nassau street. FUR SALE, A FARM qffifty-two acres, most delighrifully situated '-kgf about live miles from Klizabethtowu, N. J., comprising .j'ndflLi handsome commodious Dwelling House, fitted with nariile mnulels, and every convenience for a respectable family; the whole, including gardner's house, bams, ice house, and oilier buildings, in a substantial state of repair; the orchard contain! twenty acrea of choice fruit trees. The easy access from New York, either by the various cars from Jersey City_, or the ferry to hllizabethiKirt, whence a rail load train runs within a hundred yards of tha house, renders this property very ralnable to those daiug business in this city. The grimier part of the purchase money can remain for three years oil bond and mortgage, at five per cent. VY8E ?t SONS. 172 Pearl it. Also for sale, a dwelling house , No. 381 Washington street, in 19 lin'rh _______ jaA A TH REE STORY HOUSE on 23d street, between ihr 2d and 3d Avenues. Unwell finished, and replete J*,ipELw itli the latest improvements, including kitchen range, sink,cold nnd warm baths, water closets, Ike., Italian marble mai.iai* ( iroiiMiom iin1 nntisr; * court yaru oi miecn leet in froi.t, with verandah and French windows. The house is one of a row if six houses on the south sillr of the street. For further imrticulars apply to VV8E It SONS, mlg lm?rh 172 Pearl street. i'Uit SALE?WKSTCHKSTISR LAND. TO GENTLEMEN, in want of sites for country iSspsWiits. To market gardeners in want of land for gardens, Ut-w..iod to all persons w ishing a location in the neighborhood of New Yerkt? jitti acres ef laud in the town of Westchester, within nine miles of the City Hall, with the right of passing oyer Harlem Bridge free ef toll, are now offered attrivate sale, in lota containing found to AO acres each The lands are within 15 minutes walk of the railroad: front on good roads; are in the neighborhood of schools and churches of different denominate n?; tlie water is good and location healthy. Title mdiaputalle. Terms rnodciate. Apply to GOUVERNEUR MORRIS, Morrisiana, Westchester CO., or to WALTER RUTHERFORD, 79 Naasan St., N. Y. m2fl 1m*rc i N I'j_TK.IGK UAT NTfift K. VU SJPIUNO FASHIONS FOR HATS AND CAPS.? 2P?BKOWN It CO. will introduce, on Satnrday, April 3d, the new mi'le of Caps for children and boys; also, the new Ntrleol fTaU for gentlemen, price $3, in the manufacture of which they hare made such roceut improvements as will pi ice ilium in close competition with the moet costly. The public are invited to call at 171 Chatham Square, where lasniou, beauty, durability and ecouomy are combined to adorn the head. a2 lm*g. f-tk HOW TO MAKE MON EY.?'The axiom that "money jrdk saved is money made," is almost as old as the invention of money itsell ; hut the principle of selling a tire dollar HAT I'm Sirre dollars and fifty cents, was first established and is now practised by Robertson, at the Phenii Hat Manufactory, 89 Fultou st., N. Y., and C3 Fulton st, Brooklyn. This simple statement we believe will suffice to make known one way " hew to make money." iM lm'rh DATS, SIM! I N< STVLK. CP! B.WTA. No. 91 Canal street, and No. 130 Chatham at, Jkwsrlls Moleskin and Nutria Fur Hat.s at $3, and enly chargas $3 Ml lor his first quality Moleskin and fine Nutria Hats.? He lias handsome aud durable Hats at $3 50 having the appear anee and finish ef the higher priced hats. Gentlemen wishing to economise in this loaupensable aiticle of dress without sacrillce of comfort or appearance, will please give liiin a call,? Al io, a general assortment of caps of various kinds at reduced prices. *18 lm*c TlIK KAI>1 Kri' (JONORK8.S BOOT. .. I'. I.ABO Y'TEAUX, 641 Broadway, detirr* to inB ^ furm hi* numerous and fuhionnble lady patron*, that E? P^? In- ha* made arrangement* for th* right to manufacture the elegant elastic walking Boot, now an fashionable in the highest circle* i:i England and France. The recent imlirnrvmmit in the elastic MitfiT will auabln him to make hi* boot* and high shoe* with all th* elegance peculiar to hi* style of work,anil yet without th* tronble nflacinga. Thin gloat valuable pivnntion remove* all the con fined nreaaure from the arch of the fo*t, while at the aame titne it afford* an ehatric spring in walking which cannot be appreciated without a trial. __ at* 1m*e SPRIN(JTSTO* K OF BOOTS AND SHOES. SMITH fc RISLKY. JTAKK THIS MKTHO!) of infoi-minsr their cnitomen "mid purchajers in general, of their citeniire, and well selected iLHsortineiit of Ladies,' .Mimcs'and Children's Oaiters, Bnnkins, Slippers, See., of tlieir own manufacture, and * Inrge atock of Peg Boot*, Shoes and Brogaus, selected with Kreat cire, and purchased for cash, whicn will enable tbeta to sell at the very lowest prices. N. B.--Store will be open until ten o'clock in the evening, giving! ountry Merchant* an opportunity to tsafluoi their stock when Hut Other wise eiigngv J. SWITII It IUSLF.Y, lit < harhatn at., direc^ opposite the Chatham Theatre. m271m* rh L. walsh a co", J FRENf'H BOOT and Shoe Maker*. No. 6 Ann afreet, f r-irlhe Museum, New V'ork. Fine French Boot* $3 J1; I French Imperial Orwu Boot* made to order $4 SO, usually ' sold for $0 SO. Patent Feather Boots, Shoe*, (falter* and >i.,ip*r?' c'iu*tantly on hand and made to order at the ahorteit n itic*. Repairing, Ice., done in the store. Quick sale* and ainall profit* i* onr motto. No. fl Ann street, New York, m'il lm*rc ; .K Eat attraction . Areheu at Home, No. 5 John Street. v a. A. ORlEVE beg* to aennaint hit friend* and patron* 'ffft (!'* hi* agent haa returned from Enrope, via Bremen. ' #>.y aiirr a reiidence of ?even month* at Androtberg, and T*yi?-th* other mint celebrated districts of Germany. He ha. been enabled to collect the heat .election of tinging and f,ni birds he ha* ever offered; also an untianal variety ?f rare and I'"' > bird* fmm all part* of the world, (elected with great trouble, without regard to en*t. IV B.?1 nicy dog*, Shetland ponies, Chinese, silver, and English | I.ea?H'iit, awain, and every variety of barn-door fowl*; feney and breeding cages, bird teed*, lie. A treatise on ti,i' iiiiuiagement of breeding and raining Canarie*, Ice. p. >, 1 ri'er* post-paid will at all time* meet with prompt et . t... ..a A. GRIEVE, n* No s John ?freer. N. V. i'oVi Sak'K, p A GOOD P(111 OF BAV HOBffEB, prrfeclty Jj?fSji(>uiid and well link^i. To be seen at th?* atabl* in * w\>l?i mtr of St. John's Church, 8c. John's Alley. Ji3w*r? E NE NE THE I THE EYE. DIl. WHEELER, Oculist, 29 Oreenwich street, devotes hia exclusive attention to diseases of tlie Eye and Opthalmia Surgery. Artificial Eyes for sale, and insertrd on reasonable terms. Office hours from 8 A.M to 1 o'clock P.M., after which he visits out-door patients. A pamphlet containing remarks on diseases of the eve, with numerous instaucea of Brest cures effected by Dr. Wheeler's mode of treatment, can be had gratuitously at his residence,or the same will be forwarded to anyone making application to him by letter, post-paid. a2t) lm*rc MONEY LENT. MONEY LENT.?The highest prices advanced in large and small sums on gold and silver watches, diamoud, plate, jewelry, furniture, clothing, dry goods, Ac., Ac. JOHN M. DA VIES, Licensed pawnbroker, 232 William street, near Duaue. Persons received in private offiee. by ringing the bell. a2fl 1m?r AAA ANY person wishing to invest the above stun W tJjWVP for a period of three or five years, in a profitable manufacturing business established in this city, where a profit of 10 per cent for the use of their money will lie guaranteed and good security given, can address L. J. C., at the office of this paper. r New York, April 19, 1847. a20 3t*r NOTICE IS HEREBY oh EN. that the copartnership heretofore existing between the subscribers, as the firm of BARRETT A WOOD, is tliisday dissolved hy mutual consent. The undersigned, John I). Wood, '.by whom the business will be continued hereafter,) is duly suthorised to adjust and liquidate all claims either against or in favor of the said firm. JOHN T. BARRETT, JOHN D. WOOD. I astlrton, April 1st. 1847. .i2H "U*r TO LAWYERS. AYOUNO MAN, who has been for about three years in a Lawyer's office, iu this city, would like a situation as I lerk in an office, where he would be willing to take the entire charge of the business. Unquestionable references givau es to ability, Ac. Please address ''Lawyer," at this office. a20 3t*rc Domestic dried eki its, ok everVdescripTfOM wit I I,,...I .I,,-.I l.lurlr l.?rr... ,t ,.. . I whortleberries, dried currants, dried pears, dried plum*, dried pitted cherries, dried cherries, dried apples, dried Weater.i peaches, dried Southern peaches. Also, a general assortment of first quality groceries, Shaker's sweet corn, English split peas, bird seeds, Ste., wholesale aud retail, at No. 410 Pearl street, between Madison and Oak sta. a20 3t*rc CHURCH OK THE HOLY TKINTY, BROOKLYN HEIGHTS. THIS Church will be open for the eiasninatien of Pews on Menday, 19th, Tuesday 20th, and Wednesday 21st inst , at four o'clock P. M., and at four o'clock P. M.,on the last named day, thev will be offered for rent in the Church, and r,n the following Sunday, the 2.'ith instant, the Church will le for divine service at open lot; A.M. and P M. a!)I!t"rr NEW JERSEY, liCBSON k DELAWARE RAILROAD COMPANY. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN thatBooUsof Snbtrription to the Capital Stock of " The New Jersey, Hudson and Delaware Railroad Company," will he opened at th? Cochran House, in Newton, on Saturday, the 15th; at Isaac P. BcmaC^Uotel. in Branchville. on Tuesday, the IBth; and at Me HiiesTiIill, corner of Broad and William streets, in New : ark, on Thursday, the 2tlth of May nest. The honks to be opened each day at II o'clock, A.M., and closed on the la?t day at 3 o'clock, F; M.t and at the time of subscribing for said stock, five dollars will he required to he on each share subscribed. NbwtO!*, Spssti Co.. N. J., April I I, 1817. J. E. ED8ALL, 1 JOHN BELL. JOHN MOORE, JACOB HARNBECK, Junr. Commissioners. ROBERT HAMILTON, SAMUEL FOWLER, MARTIN RYERSON. ap20 20t rrc SOMETHING NEW UNDER THE SUN. THE Unique and beautiful Flowers manufactured by Messrs. Pattiaon, Noe St Co., of 23 Delancy atreet, are becoming quite the rape for trimming Bonnets, hut on none do they look so exquisitely rich and becoming as on the far famed and elegant Gossamer and Neapolitan Bopaets, manufactured by Dieaame gentlemen?togetherlhey are perfect. a2ltr ASTIRURTON SAUCE. THIS VFsRY flUPKRIOR SAUCE for enriching Gravis*, * Soups, Mmw, WiJiI rowl, dime, etc., which hu received the approbation of the principal epicures for several yean, can be obtained retail at tlie best Family ()roreri*s, and wholesale at M BENNETTS. a30 2w?r 186 Front St., N. Y. N()T1( K. A TEACHER of the Pianoforte, whose references are of the highest respectability, would like a room and boml, or room without board, and pay the same by giving lessons to the members of the family. Aline left at At weirs Music Htor*, 201 Broadway, addressed to K. B. E., will receive immediate attention. ?<0lt*r 155] CAKPETIXG. [155. 100,000 yards of Brussels Three Ply and Interallied 10,0011 yard* of Oil Cloth and Nutting. IO.COO Window Shades, Rugs, Matt, Table Covers, and every article connected with the trade, on sale cheap for r ih. VVM. McORORTV, Ltt Chatham street, 1(1 lmit*c Kirst door above the Theatre. B<>ARD IN THE C<>1 NTHV. A FEW families can be accommodated with board at one of the moat delightfully situated and healthy summer residences in Orange county, one mile from the Hudson Hirer landing, at Cornwall?the heat steamboats land daily to and from tne city?every attention will ha paid to make it a desirable home for those who wish to spend tbe summer in the country. Early application is desirable. For further particulars, please inquire of A. B. St D. Hindi, comer Fulton and William streets; II..Sinclair, 433 Houston street; C. H Ring, 1SI Broadway. a2'i Im rc 811. , CARVED WOOD LETTERS of every description, besntifiilly gilt, at 10 cents an inch. Tbe public are invited to call and examine tbem, at JOSEPH KENDALL S, plO3t *od*rh ____ 7 Henry street, near Oliver. SILksC PLAID SILKS, STRIPED SILKS. Brocade do. Moire Pekin do. Pekin Chinois Silks, Fein du Bengal do. Light Summer Silka, at low prices. Foulard Silks ,of all kinds of Plaid*, Strip**. Brocade* and India Sinchewa ; also, Black Foulard* BLACK SILKS. Black Paris patent high Lustres, from SHI to 44 inch**. Paris black watered, wide and narrow. Black Fnu tie Soie* and Taffetas, every width. Rich striped .Plaids and figured black Bilks. Treple chain Mareellinea, for summer dresses Black Canton Crap*, of different widths. Do do Fignted Pongees. Silk (frenadines, Bareges, ate. PARIS MANTELETS AND VISITER. Jnst receised 3 caae* of new and beautiful Viaites, Mantelets and Iligoleta, decidedly new. Alio, I 01 * oarciiarurr ivwim, ricn.y vmurfiiurrpii, with and without Viiitea. at eifremfly low price*, with a large tock of Fancy and 8tanle Good.*, at a 17 i*eod2wr JAMFS BKCK St CO., 359 Broadway. i IH;AF' LTOroiiTERTES: AT SCOTT Si CO'S.?No. 377 Broadw.v. (two door* bo low White utreet. A lot of fine needle work finder Handkerchief., ?t (I each; one rase fine figured Sheer Ginghe in,, at $3 per dre.ijf two Carton, white figured drmi Veil., (fine quality,) At $1 each. F.mbroidrred Drrairi, l,.r? Cape., French Lawn Handkerchief.. Needle-work <'ollar., I.acsa, Ike., Ike., in great rariety, at whole?ale price.. N, B ?The Ann price lyatem strictly adhered to. a 11 gteod'c MEIISHARDT'S BRASS LETTERS KOH SIGNS. 7pifF.SK. letter, .ire remarkable for dnrabiliti*. and a hriilianM. cy ol the g'I ding uiiei)iialled by any other article hi the city?which brilliancy ia warranted to atand cipoaure to the weather. They are al.o japanned of any color that may he dchired. Order, left at ll>J Annitreet, alio M. Campbell'*, tev-si.:" "Sf?su W YO :w YORK, WEDNESDAY JEPARTURE OF EMIGRANTS : IN M OFFICIAL DESPATCHES. GENERAL TAYLOR'S DETAILED REPORT OF ri!K BATTLE OF StffiNA VX3TA. 111 A L> Q t * A R1 r.BS, ArMT or Ot'CI'PiTIO!*, > Agua Nueva, Mareli 6, 1847. $ Sir?1 liavo the honor to submit a detailed repoH of the operations of the forces under my command which resulted in the engagement of lluena Vista, the repulse of the Mexican army, and the re-occupation of this position. ""The information which reached mo of the advance and concentration of a bpavy Mexican force In my front, had assumed such a probable form as to induce a special examination far beyond the reach of our pickets to ascertain its correctness. A small parly of Texan spies, under Mitjor MeCuUoch. despatched to the Haeienda of Kncarnacion. 30 miles from this, on the route to Man t.uis Potosi. had reported a cavalry force of unknown strength at that place. On the 20th of February u strong reeonuoisanee under Lieut. Col May was despatched to the Haeienda of Hecliouda, while MaJ. McCuiloeh made another examination of F.nearnacion. The results of these expeditions left no doubt that the enemy was in large tolH at Kneiirtiarion under the orders of Oenerul Santa Anna, and that he meditated a forward movement and attuck upon our position. As the camp of Agua Nuova could be turned on either flank, and as tho enemy's force was greatly superior to our owu, particularly in the arm of cavalry. I determined. alter much consideration, to take up u position about eleven miles In rear, und there await the attack The army broke up its enmp and marched at noon on the 'list, encamping at the new position a little in front of the Hacienda of lluena Vista. With a HUiall force I proceeded to Saltiilo to make some necessary arrangements for the defence of the town, leaving Brigadier (tenarnl Wool in the immediate command of the t roops. Before those arrangements were completed on tho morning of the 22d. I was advised that the enemy was in sight, advancing. L'pou reaching the ground it was found that his ealvalry advance was in our front, having marched from Kncarnaeion, as we have since learned, at 11 o'clock on the day previous, and driving in a mounted foreo left at AuguaS'ueva to cover tho removal of public stores Our troops were in position, occupying a lino of remarkable strength The road at this point becomes a narrow detilo, the valley on its right being rendered quite impracticable for artillery by a system of deep.aml impassable galleys, while on tho left n succession of rug K'-u WW prm ipiioux ntraifn exicUUH lar OHCK 10wants the mountain which bounds the valley, The features of the ground were such as nearly to pnralizc the artillery and cavalry of tile enemy, while his infantry could not derive all the advantage of its numerical superiority. In this position we prepared to receive him Captain Washington's buttery (4th artillery) was posted to command the read, while the 1st and 3d Illinois rcgiincuts under Celencls Hardin and Bissell, each eight companies, (to the latter of which was attached Cuptain Conner's coiupauy of Texas volunteers.) and the 3d Kentucky under Colonel McKee, occupied the crests of the ridges on the left and in rear. The Arkansas and Kentucky regiments of cavalry, commanded by Cols. Veil and II Marshall, occupied the extreme left near the base of the mountain, while the Indiana brigade, under Brigadier General bane, (composedoftlie'jdand 3d regiment* under Cols. Bowles and bane,) the Mississippi riflemen under Cob Davis, the squadrons'of the 1st agid 3d dragoons under Cnpt Htrsn and bieut. Col. May. and the light batteries of ( aptains bhcrman and Bragg. 3d artillery, were held in reserve. At II o'clock ! received from Geu'l Santa Anna a summons to surrender at dlsrretlon. which, with a copy of my reply. I have already Iransmitted. The enemy still forbore his attack, evidently waiting for the arrival of his rear columns, which could be distinctly seen by our look-outs as they approached the field. A demonstration made on his lcfi caused me to detach the 3d Kentucky regiment and a section of artillery to our right, in whicli position they bivouaoked for the night In the mean time the Mexican light troops had engaged ours on the extreme left, [composed of parts of t he Kentucky and Arkansas cavalry dismounted, and a rifle battalion from the lndlaDa*brlgade.und?r Major Gorman, the whole comuiundcd'hy (Job Marshall.] and kept up a sharp tire, climbing the mountain side, and apparently endeavoring to gain our flank. Throe pieces of ( apt. Washington's battery had been detached to the left, and were supported by the 3d ludiuua regiment. An occasional sht 11 wa* thrown by the enemy Into this part of ourllnc.but without off< et. '1 he skirmishing of our light troops was kept up with trifling loss on our part until dark, when I lieenmo convinced that no serious attaek would he mails before the morning, and returned with the Mississippi regiment and sijuadrou of 3d dragoons to Saltlllo The troops bivouacked without flres, and laid upon their arms A body of cavalry. some 1.500 strong, hud been visible sll day in rear of the town, having entered the valley through a narrow pass cast ef the city. This cavalry. commanded by Gen Minna, had evidently been thrown in our rear to break up and barns* our retreat, and perhaps make some attempt against the town If practicable The eity was occupied by four excellent companies of Illinois volunteers, under Major Warren of ths 1st regiment. A tleldwnrk. which commanded most of the approaches, was garrisoned by I apt Webster's company. 1st artillery, and armed with two 34 pound howltsors, while til* train and hsad<tuart?r camp was guarded by two companies of Mississippi riflemen under i apt. lingers, snd a flsld plane commanded by Captain Hhover, 3d artillery Having mane mess imposition* ror the protection of tba rear, I proceeded on tho morning of the 33 ' to Buena Vleta. ordering forward all tho oilier available oops Tba action had commenced before my arrival on the field During the evening and night of tho 33d. the enemy had thrown a body of light troop* on the mountain vide, with the purpooe ?f outflanking our left and it win here that the action of the 53d commenced at an early hour. Our riflemen under Colonel Marshall. who had been reinforced by three companies under Major Trail, 3d 1111nole volunteera. maintained their grouod handsomely, ugainit a greatly superior force, holding themselves under covor, and using their weapon* with deadly effect About 8 o'clock a strong demonstration was made against the centre of our po*itlon. n heavy column moving along the road 'J'hla force w?? ioon dispersed by a few rapid and well-directed shota from Captain Washington's battery In the meantime the enemy was concentrating a large force of infantry and cavalry under cover Of the riders, with the obvious Intention of forcing our left, which was posted on nn extensive plateau The 3d Indiana and 3d Illinois regiments formed this part of our line, the former covering three nieces of light artillery, under the order* of Captain O'Brien-Brigadier General l.ane being in tlir Immediate command In order to bring his men within effective range, (Ion Dane ordered the

artillery and 3d Indiana regiment forward The artillery advanced within musket range of a heavy body of Mexican infantry, and was served against It with great effect, hut without being aide to check its advance. The infantry ordered to Its support had fallen hark In disorder, being exposed, as well as the battery, itot only to severe Are of snuiil arins from tho front, lint also to n murderous cross tire of grape and ennlster from a Mexican battery on the left Captain O'Brien found It Impossible to retain his position without support, bat was only aide to withdraw two of his pieces, all the horsas and cannonoari of tba third piece being killed or disabled. The RK H r MORNING. APRIL 21, H FROM LIVERPOOL FOR NEW 1 ARCH, 1847. 9(1 Indiana regiment. which" hail fallen back as" stated, could not bo rallied, and took no further part in the action, except a handful of men, who. under IU gallant Colonel. Bowles, joined the Mississippi regiment, anil did good service. and those fugitives who, at a inter period In tho diiT. assisted In dcfeudlhg the train and depot ut. Htiona Vlata. This portion of our line having given way. and the enemy appearing in overwhelming force against our loft flank, tho light troops which had rendered such good sorvicc on the mountain, were compelled to withdraw, which they did, for the most part, in good order. Many, however, were not rallied until they reached the depot nt lluenn Vista, to tho defbnbc Of Whioh they afterwards eontributed. Colonel BissaU's regiment, (2d Illinois.) which had been joined by a section of Captain Hherinan's battery, hail become completely outflanked, and was compelled to fall back, being entirely unsupported. The enemy was now pouring masses of infantry and cavalry aloug tho base of the mountain on our lvft, and was gaining our rear in great force. At this moment, I arrived upon tho field. Tho Mississippi regiment had been directed to tbe left before reaching tho position, and immediately came into nctiou against the Mexican infantry whioh had turned our flank. Tho 2d Kentucky regiment and a section of artillery under I aptaiu Bragg, had previously been ordered from the right to reinforce our left, nnd arrived at a most opportune moment. That regiment, and a portion of the 1st Illinois, under Colonel Hardin. gallantly drove the enemv. and recovered n nortlon of the ground wu hod lost The lotteries of Captain.'* Sherman anil Hrupg were in pofdtioii on tho plateau, and did much execution, not only In front, but particularly upon the masses which hud gained our rear. Discovering that tile enemy was heavily pressing upon tho Miaalaaippl regiment. the third Indiana regiment, under Colonel Lane, was despatched to strengthen that part of our lino, which formed a crotchet pvrpeudicular to the tlrat lino of battle. At the name time Lieut. Kilburn, with a pieco of Captain Uragg's battery, was directed to support the infantry there engaged Tho aetion was for a long time warmly sustained at that point?the enemy making several efforts both with Infantry and cavalry against our linc/l and being always repulsed with heavy low. I had placed all the regular cavalry and Captain I'ike's squadron of Arkansas horse under tho orders of Brevet Lieut. Col. May. with directions to hold in cheek the enemy's column, still advancing to the rear along the base of the mouutain. which was dono in conjunction with the Kentucky and Arkansas cavalry, under Cols Marshall and Veil. In tho meantime our left, which was still strongly threatened by a superior force, was further strengthened by the detachment of Captain Bragg's, and a portion of Captain Sherman's batteries, to that quarter. The concentration of artillery tire upon the masses of the enemy along the base of tho mountain, and the determined, resistance offered by tlie two regiments opposed to them, bad created confusion In their ranks, and some of the corps attempted to effect a retreat upon their main l'ne of buttle. The squadron of the 1st dragoons, under Lieut. Kueker. was now ordered up the deep ravine which these retreating corps ware endeavoring to cross, in order to charge and disperse them. Tho squadron proceeded to the point indi ated, but could not accomplish I he object, being exposed tn a heavy tiro from a battery established to cover the retreat of those corps. While the squadron was detached on this scrvire, a large body of the enemy was obaerred to coucentrote on our extreme left, apparently willi the view of making a descent upon the hacienda of Duena Vista, where our train and baggage were deposited. I.lout. Colonel May was ordered to the support of that point, with two ptoses of.Captain Sherman's battory under Lieut. Reynolds. In the meantime, the scattered forces near the hacienda, comprised in part of Majors Trail and Gorman's commands, had been to some extent organized under the advice of Majir.Munroe, chief ot artillery, with the assistance of Major Morrison, volunteer staff, and wore posted to defend the position. Before our cavalry had reached the hacienda, that of the enemy had made Its attack, having been handsomely met by the Kentucky ami Arkansas cavalry under Colonels Marshall and Yell. The Mexican column immediately 'divided, one portion sweeping by the depot, where it reeeived a destructive Are from tlio foree which had collected there, and then Gaining the mountain opposite, under a Are frein Lieut, leynolds'i section, the remaining portion regaining the base of the mountain on our left. In the charge at Buena Vista. Col. Yell fell gallantly at tbo Iscad of his regiment. We also lost Adjutant Vaughau, of the Kentucky cavalry, a young officer of much promise. Lieut. Col. May, who had been rejoined by the squadron of the 1st dragoons, and by portions of the Arkansas and Indiana troops under Lieut. Col. Roane nud Major Gorman, now approached the base of the mountain, holding in check the right Hank of the enemy, upon whose masses, crowded in the narrow gorges and ravines, our artillery was doing fearful execution Tlie position of that portion of tho Mexican army which had gained our rear was now very critical, and It germed douhtfui whether It could regain tho main body. At thia moment 1 received froiu (Jen Sanlu Anna a mes?ngn liy a staff officer, desiring te know what I wanted ' I immediately despatched Brig (Jon Wool to the Mexican feneral-iu-chief. and sent order* to cease firing. I'pon reaching the Mexican line*. (Jen. Wool could not cause the enemy to oeaee their tire, ami accordingly returned without having an Interview The extreme right of the enemy continued Ite retreat along the base of tho mountain, anil finally, in spite of all our effort*, effected a junction with the rnmaladrrof the army During the day, the cavalry of General Minon had a*cended the elevated plain above Haltillo. and occupied the road from the city to the field of battle, where they intercepted *everal of our men Approaching the town, they were fired upon by < apt Webster from tho redoubt occupied by hi* company, and then moved off toward* the eastern side of the valley, and obliquely toward* llueua Vista At. this time, < apt ftbover moved rapidly forward with hi* piece, lupported by a mlscellaiieou* command of mounted volunteers, and tired several shots at the cavalry with great effvrt. They were driven Into the ravine* which lead to the lower valley, eloiejy pursued by ( apt. Shover, who was further supported by a piece of ('apt. Webster's battery, under Lieut. Donaldson. which had advanced from the redoubt, supported by ('apt Wheeler's company Illinois volunteer* The enemy made one or two effort* to charge the artillery, hut wo* finally driven bark In a confused man*, and did did not again appear upon the plain. In the meantime the firing had partially ceased upon the principal field. Tho enemy seemed to confine hi* efforts to the protection of hi* artillery, and I had left the plateau for a moment, when I was recalled thither by a very heavy musketry fire On regaining that position I discovered that our Infantry (Illinois and ad Ken . U. rXJ, .. J ,.,,.TT .,1 my evidently hid reaervea- and that they had been overwhelmed by numliera Tim Biomcnt whs moaterltlrnl Captain O'Brien, with two pieee*. had attained thia heavy ehargo to the laat. ami waa Anally obliged to leave hla guna on the flald hii Infantry aupport being entirely routed Captain Rragg, who had jnat arrived from the left, waa ordered at once into battery Without any infantry tnaupimrt him. and at the Imminent rink of loaing hia guna, thia olfleer came rapidly into action, the Mexican lino being but a few yard.t from the muxrlo of hia piecca The Aret dlaohtrge of ennninter oauaed the enemy to heaitate. the aocond and third drove him back in diaorder, and anved the dav The I Kentucky regiment, which bad advanced beyond anpportlng diatanee in thla alfair, waa driven bark and eloaelv proaand by the rtieiny'a cavalry Taking a ravine, which led In the direction of Captain Waah ERA 347. fORK, i i , \ ington's battery, their pursuer* beeanie exposed !to his fire, whieh soou checked and drovo thera back with loss. In the mean time, the rest of our artillery had taken position ou the plateau, covered by the Mississippi anil 3d Indiana regimonU. the former of whieh had reached the ground in time to pour a fire into the right flank of the enemy, and thus contribute to his repulse In this last conflict hart the misfortune to sustain a very heavy loss. Colonel Hardin, 1st Illinois, and Colonel McKoe, and Lieutenant Colonel ("lay, '3d Kentucky re gimenis ten at mis nine, wiiim gauauuy umumn men commands. ,Vn furthor attempt was made by the enemy to force our position. ami the approach of night gate an opportunity to pay proper attention to tho wounded, and also to refresh the soldiers, who had been exhausted by incessant watchfulness and combat. Though the night was severely cold, the troops were compelled for the most to birouack without tires, expecting that morning would renew tho conflict. During the night the wounded were removed to Haltillo, and every preparation made to receive the enemy should he again nttack our position.? Seven fresh companies were drawu from tile town, and brigadier General Marshall, who had made a forced march from tho Rlnconada. with n reinforcement of Kentucky cavalry and four heavy guns, under Captain Prentiss. 1st artillery, was near at hand, when it was discovered that the enemy had abandoned his positlrm during the night. Our.scouts soon ascertained that he hud fallen hack upon -Agua Nuova The great disparity of numbers, und the cxhnustion of our troops, rendered it inexpedient and hazardous to attempt pursuit, A stall ofHeer *M despatched to Ocneral Mama Anna to nego- j tint" au cichauge of prisoners, which wax satisfactorily completed on the following duy Our own (lead were collected and buried, and the Mexican wounded, of which a large numbur had been left upon the held, weru removed to Haltlllo, and rendered ae comfortable us elrcumstanrcs would permit On the eveuing of the '20th, a cloee reconnoisanro was made of tho enemy's position, which was found to he oe- j enpled only by a small body of rnvalry, the infantry and artillery haying retreated in tho direction of San Luis Potosi. On the '27tli. our troops resumed their former rainp at Agua Nuova, tho enemy's rear guard evacuating the place as wo approached, leaving a considerable number of wounded It was my purpose to beat up his quarters at Knearnarion early the next morning, hut upon examination, the weak condition of tho cavalry horses rendered it unadvisablo to attempt so long a march withoutjwator. A command was finally despatched to Kncarnacion, on the 1st of March, under < ol. Iielkiisp. Some two hundred wouuded, and about sixty Mexican soldiers were found there, the army having pnxsed on in the direction of Matehuala. with greatly reduced numbers. and suffering much from hunger. The dead and dying were strewed upon the road, aud crowded the buildings of the hacienda. The American force engaged in the action of Iluena Vista is shown, by the accompanying field report, to have been 3.14 officers, and I i'25 men. exclusive of the small command left in ami near Saltillo. Of tbi? numb<T, two aqwdroaa of cavalry. Mid thrM batteries of light artillery, making not more than 403 men, composed the only force of regular troop* The strength of tho Mexican army is stated by Gen. Santa Anna, in hla emumona, to ho JO,001); ami that eatimate la confirmed by all tho information aince obtained. Ourloaa la -Jfl7 killed. 150 wounded, and 'JO inlawing Of the numeroua wounded, many did not require removal to the hoapital. and it iw hoped that a comparatively small number will be permanently dlaabled The Mexican Iowa in killed and wounded may be fairly eatimated at 1,500, and will probably reach -J,000. At leaat hOO of their killed were left upon the field of battle. We have no mcatiH of ascertaining the number of dewerterw and dlwperwed men from their rank*, but it ia known to be very great. Our lose haw been ewpeclally severe in officers, twentyeight having been killed upon the field. Wchavetolamcnt the death of ( 'apt. George Lincoln, assistant ndjutant general, serving on the staff of Gen. Wool--a young officer of high bearing ami approved gallantry, who fell early In the action. No Ions falls more heavily upon the army In the field than that of f ids. Ilardin and MrKcc, and Lieut. flol ( 'lay. possessing in u remarkable degree tho confidence of their commauils. and the last two having enjoyed the advantage of a military oducation, I hail looked particularly to them for support in case we tncd the enemy. 1 need not say that their xeal in engaging the uneiny, and tint cool and steadfast courage with which they maintained their positions during tho day fully realized my hopes, and caused me to feel yet more sensibly tbuir untimely loss I perform a grateful duty in bringing to 1 he notice of the government the general good conduct of the troops t mowed for successive iiiulils without fires to the sevc rity of tlie weather, tlioy were over prompt aad cheerful in the discharge of every duty, and Dually displayed conspicuous steadiness and gallantry In repulsing at great odds a disciplined too. While the hrilliaut success achleveil iiy their arms releasei me froin the painful necessity of specifying ninny caeca of bud conduct before the eticruy, I f??'l an Increased obligation to mention particular corpa and ofllrers, whose akill. coolaess, and gallantry In trying situations and under a continued nml heavy Are. seam to merit particular notice To Brigadier General Wool my obligation." are rspecially due The high "tate of discipline and Instruetion of eevcral of the volunteer regiments wns attained un der his command, and to his vigilance and arduous services before the action, and his gallantry and activity on the Held, a large share of our success may justly he attributed. During most of the engagement he was In immediate command of the troops thrown hack on our left flank I beg leave to recommend him to the favorable notice of the government Brigadier General I.nne (slightly wnundvd) was active and xealons throughout the day. and displayed great coolness and gallantry before the enemy The services of the light artillery, always conspicuous, were more than usually distinguished Moving rapidly over the roughest ground. It was always In action at the right placn and thr right time, and its well directed lire dealt destruction in tin* musses of the enemy While I recommend to particular favor the galla.it conduct and valuable services of Major M OH roc, chief of artillery, and Captains Washington. Ith artillery, ami Sherman and Bragg. 3d artillery, commanding batteries, 1 deem It no inoro than just to nieutiou all the subaltern officers. TUey were nearly all detached at, different times, and lit every situation exhibited conspicuous skill and gallantry I aoialn O'Brien Lieutenants Brent. Whiting ami Couch, 4th artillery. and Bryan, topographical engineer*, (ullghtly wounded,) were attached to Captain Washington* battery. Lieutenant* Thoma*, Reynold* and Krencb, 3d artillery, (severely wounded.) to that of (aptain Sherman, and i apt Shover and Lieut Milium, 3d artillery, to that of Captain Bragg ( aptain Shover, in conjunction with I.lent Donaldson, I at artillery, rendered gallant and Important service In repairing the cavalry of General Mlnon The regular caralry. under Lieut. Col May, with which wa* associated < apt Pike * quadron of Arkansas horse. rendered useful service in holding the enemy in check and In covering the hatterle* at aoveral point*: ( apt Stern, let dragoon*,.wa* severely wounded early In the day. whllo gallantly endeavoring. with iny authority, to rally the troop* which were falling to the rear The Ml*?i??im>t riflemen under Col. I latin were highly e iriapieuoii* for their gallantry and atoadlnMR, and sustained throughout the engagement the reputation Of vet, ran troop*. Brought Into action aghlnst an ItnIncnsely *iipertor force, they maintained theiii"e|ve? for a long time unsupported and witli hoary l<>?*, aud held an important pat l of the Held until reinforced Colonel LD. Mm Two Cents. ?? ? : ? - - - r?. Ji n.vi. th/v.?k . - . ? - '"'"J w<m1i1<m<i r?maln?el In the aaddl* untU tht cIom of the action Ilia distinguished coolntM and gallantry at the bead of hit regiment on thla dar entitle him to the particular notice of the government Tht 3<1 Indiana regiment, under Colonel Lana, and a fragment of tht lid, under Colontl Bowls*. were 'ataoolated with the Misstssippi regiment during the greater portion of the day. and acquitted themselves creditably In repuitlng the utteuipt* of the enemy to break that portion of our line Tne Kentucky cavalry. under Colonel Marshall. rendered good tervlce dlemounted. acting at light troop* on our left, and afterward*, with a portion of the Arkauia* regiment, In meeting and diaperning tb* column of cavalry at Buuua Vista The let and 'Id 1113noi*. and the 'Id Kentucky regiment*, nerved Immediately under my eye. and I boar a willing testimony to their excellent conduct throughout the day The spirit and gallantry with which the 1st Illinois and 3<1 Kentucky engaged the enemy in the morning, restored oonfldence to that part of the field, whilst the list of casualties will show how much these three regiments suffered in sustaining tlie heavy charge of the enemy In the afternoon. Captain Conner's company of Texas volunteers, attached to tlie 3d Illinois regiment, fought bravely, its captain being wounded and two subalterns killed. Cat. Blssell, the only surviving colonel of these regiments, merit* notice for his coolness and bravery on this occasion. After the full of the field officers of the 1st Illinois and 3d Kentucky regiment*, the command of the former devolved upon Lieutenant Colonel tt'euthcrford; that of the latter upon Major Fry. Regimental commanders and othore who have rendered reports, speak in general terms of the good eonduct of their officers and men, and havo specified many names, but tliu limits of this report forbid a recapitulation of them here I may however, mention Lieutenants Rurker and < nmphcll. of the dragoons, and Captain Tike, Arknusas oovalry, commanding squadron*; Lieutenant Colonel Field, Keutucky cavalry ; Lieutenant Colonel Roane, Arkansas cavalry, upon whom the command dovolved after the fall of Colonel Yell Major Bradford. Captain Sharps, (severely wounded and Adjutant flriffllh. Mississippi regiment; Lieutenan Colonel lladden. 3u<1 Indiana regiment, and Lieutenant Robinson. A. D. C- to General Lane; Llutenant Colon* Weatherford, 1st Illinois regiment , Lieutenant Colone Morrison, Major Trail, nml Adjutant Whiteside, (severely wounded.) 2nd Illinois regiment ; and M^jo Kry, 2nd Kentucky regiment, a* being favorably noticed for gallantry and good conduct. Major MeCnlloch quartermaster in tho volunteer aervleo, rendered important services before the engagement, in the command of a spy company, and duriug the aflair, was aaaoeiatad with the regular cavalry. To Major Warren, 1st Illinoia volunteers, I foci much indebted for hi* firm gn<l judicious course, while exercising command in the city of Kaltillo. The medical staff, under the able direction of Assistant Surgeon Hitchcock, were assiduous in attention to the wounded upon tho field, and in their careful removal to tin* rear Both in theso respects, and in the subsequent organization and services of the hospitals, the administration of this department was everything that could be wished Brigadier General Wool speaks in high terms of ths officers of his staff, and I take pleasure in mentioning them here, having witnossed their activity and seal upon the field. Lieutenant and A. D. C. McDowell, Colonel Churchill, inspector general. Captain Chapman, assistant quartermaster. Lieutenant Sltgreavee, topographical engineers, and Captains Howard and Davis, volunteer services, are conspicuously noticed by the general for their gallantry and good conduct. Messrs. March. Addicks, Potts, ll&rrison. Burgess, and Dusenbcrg, attached in various capacities to Oon. Wool's head quarters.are likewise mentioned for their intelligent alaoritv in conveying orders to all parts of the field. In conclusion, I beg leave to speak of my own staff, to whose exertions In rallying troops and communicating orih.ra I feel creatlv indebted Mainr Bliss, assistant ad jilt nut general. <"apt. J. II. Kato-n, and Lieut. R. 8. (?aruutt, alds-dc-carop, served near my peraon, and waru prompt and zealous In the discharge of every duty. Major Monroe, besides rendering valuable servieo as chief of artillery, was urtlve and instrumental, as were also < ols. Churchill and Belknap, inspectors general, lu rallying troops,and disposing them for the defenoo of the train and baggage. < ol Whiting, quartermaster general, and < apt Katon. chief of tho subKistenoe department wero engaged with tho dutlos of tlioir department, und also served in my immediate stall on tho field. ( apt. Hlbloy, assistant quartermaster, was necessarily left with th? headquarter camp near town, whero his services were highly useful Major Mansfield and Lieut. Benhara, engineers, and ('apt. I.innard and Lieuts. Tope and Franklin. topographical engineers, were employed before and during the engagement in making reronuolsances, and on the field were vory active in bringing information and in conveying my orders to distant points. Lieut. Kingsbury. in addition to his proper duties an ordnance om cur, ( apt. Chilton, assistant quartermaster, and Majors Oil and < olTco. served also as extra aids-de-oamps, and wero nctlvvly (BBlml In tho transmission of orders Mr. Thomas L. < ritteudeu, of Kontucky, though not In service, volunteered as my aid-de-eamp on this occasion, and served with credit in that capacity. Major Craig, chief of ordnance, and Surgeon Craig, modlosd director, had been detached on duty from headquarters, and did not reach the ground until the morning of the Jlth?too late to participate In tho action, but In time to render useful services tu their respective department-, of the staff 1 respectfully enclose returns of the troops engaged, anil or casualties incident to tuc oiuue I uui, sir. very respectfully, your obedient servant, Z TAYLOR. Major (funeral U. 8. A. Coinm'g. The AuJt'tart Oknrkau or ihi: A?>it, M'asbiuglon. D. C. Rkti'rs ok tut. Taoors Enosorn it thr Actio* ok ilir. 'Jin and 23d Kruno art, 1847. at Un.n Vista, Mr.nco. Comiiandcd rt Majoe Ocicsal Z. Tatlor, 1J. 8. A. .Von com'nei tjjlrtrt, Sa.Co.'t mutieiani, artificer*, and privaltl. General slaflf ? in llrKtmrnli or corpt. 1st draKoous 2 1M 2il Dragoons I ...... Tg 3<t Artillery 2 142 4th Artillery I loo Arkansas cavalry 1(1 ?U Kentucky cavalry 7 Jfc'i oeuiueay root . . ... i" ........ ow Misaiaainpi riflemen I 128 Indiana brigade 2(1 1,086 lat Illinois foot 1 1W 2d Illinois foot A 436 Texas volunteer* 1 A3 McCulloch'a spy company... I 24 Grand aggregate IW 4,071 Ukali Qi'?>tki( Ansit Ooci patios. Aiigna Nucva. Mexico, March 8. 1847. TAYLOR Major Oeneral 17. .8. army commanding W. W. S. 111.lie, Ajs't. AilJ. General Rr.ttttn or Tiir Kn.i.r.n, W'oiisnrn and Miansn or Tier Ansir or Oixcpation is ritr. Action or rar flio ani? *J3d or Fr.natiAAT, 1817, at Biena Viita, Mkiico. C'irpi. Killed. fl'o undr d General staff 1 3 1st Dragoon* ? 7 I 2d Dragoon* ? It 3d Artillery 1 23 4th Artillery S 21 Mississippi riflemen 40 .16 Kentucky cavalry T7 At Arkansas cavalry 17 142 2d Kentucky foot. 41 T7 1st Illinois loot 33 IA 2d Illinois foot 4H 7J 2d Indiana foot 32 3d Indiana foot ...I n J6 Company of Teiaa rolunteors II * Grand aggregate 207 IV. Ill aiiirri n i > us An siv Or n ran on, Augini .Nueva. Mexico, March 8, 1847 Z TAYLOR. Major General U 8 A . commanding AFFAIRS IN NEW MEXICO, OFFICIAL DESPATCHES FROM COL. PHI E. Mraugraatkas Aasiv in N?:w Mriilo, Santa Ft:, Feb. IS. 1847 ^ ay Hit?-I have the honor to submit ?oyou a ahort aocoun i "f the recent revolution in mil lerniory, anu n trimirq report of the operation* of the forced under my command, con?o<|iient upon the rebellion About the Iftth of December lnet. I received Information of an at tempi to excite the people of tht* territory agalnrtthc \meriean government Thl* rebellion wa* headed by Thome* Ortiz and Diego Archuleta An oflt rer, formerly In the Mexican dervlce, wa* *eix*d. and on hi* perron war found a U?t of all the dlebandcd Mexican roldler* in the vicinity of Santa Ke Many other per?on*. euppoaed to lie Implicated, were arreetcd. and a full invcrtigatinn proved that many of the mort Influential perron* in the northern part of thl* territory were engaged in the rebellion All attempt* to arre*t Ortl* and Archuleta proved un*ueee?rful, and tlie?e rebel* have, without doubt, eacaoed in the direction of t hlhualiua. After the arrert above mentioned ?nil the flight of Ortiz and Arehuleta. th^relwllion appeared to be aupprvreed; but thl* ap|>e?ranee wa* deceptive On the 1 1th of January <lov Bent left thia city for Tan* Oil the 19th of the raoie month thl* valuable ottlefr, together with live other perron*, were aeized at lion Fernando de Tan* by the pueblo* and Meilcan*. and murdered in tbe mort inhuman manner the ravage* could devire t In the rnme day, seven A merit-am were murdered at the Arroya llonda. ami two othcra on th? lllo Colorado The name* of the unfortunate pertour thu* brutally butchered are a* follow*: ? .'It Don Fernando dr Taut? Charier Rent, governor, Stephen l.er. Sheriff; lamer VV I.oal, Circuit Attorney. Comello Vigil (a Mexican) Prefect. Narcl*ur Reaublen. ( on of the Circuit Judge); P*rbl?*u Harvlmeah (a Mexican). .ft the .Itroyn Honda?Simeon Turley. Albert Turhu?h. William Hatfield. I.ouia Tob|tie, peter Robert, Jo?eph Martball William Auatin ,1t the Rio Colorado ? Mark Mead. William llarwood It appeared t?? be the olject of the Inrurrectlonlet* to put to death every American and every Mexican who nad accepted nfhre under the American government .>i-wa or inane event* reaction me on me ?vm >. --nunrjr; and letter* ft-oni the rebel*, railing upon the Inhabitant* of tb? Rio Abajo for aij. worn Intercepted. It wn* now a*rertalnei| that the enemy wan approaching thla city, anil that their force wn* continually helnjr In J Pn-aapil by Hip Inhabitant* of the town* along thi'lr Una I nl march In order ta prevent the enemy fmm reeelvlntr any fur thcr reinforcement* In that manner, I dctei mined '' ? tii- i'l them aa aooti aa poaalhle. Mifppo*lng that 'h" d? j taehiuam af tha neeaaaary troop* woulil wewhau the

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