Newspaper of The New York Herald, 23 Nisan 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 23 Nisan 1847 Page 1
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t ' TH Vol* XIII. No. IU?Wlul? No. ?70?. TIIE SURRENDER OK Alvarado and Flacotalpam. THE GALLANT LITTLE SCOURGE, &c. &c. &c. Special De<tpat*h<? to the New York Herald uuiee. U. 8. !*iiimlh SCOVHOK, Alvarado, April S. 1847. 1 wrote you from Havana, and gave you the reasons of our detention at that place. That detention deprived us from eharing in the glory at Vera Crux, for on the very day of our arrival Vera Cruz was evacuated by the Mexicans. and possession was taken by General Scott and Com. Perry. The whole of the Nuval forces having been called to Vera Cruz to light the great battle, and tindtng that no vested was olf this place blockading, the Commodoro ordered this vessel down for that purpose, not dreaming that she would veuture to attack the great Alvarado, hut wo had lost too much at Vera Cruz, so our gallant coiuinsuder, Charles O. Hunter, at all risks, dstermlnsd to make au attempt. The city, ul'ler two attacks, surrendered to tho Scourge. 1 wish I had time to givo you all concerning tho affair, but 'tis Impossible. The Scourge was sent to Alvarado to blockade, and Commodore Perry had inude all arrangements to attack Alvarado with a large force by sea, while Gen. Quitman was to entor by land, but tho squadron and the troops got here too late, the Scourge had done all. Commodore Perry arrived off Alvarado with the following vessels :? Steamer Mississippi, Ship Uermantown, frigate Potomac, " St. Mary's, Steamer Vixen, Brig Porpoise, " Spitfire, Ship Albany, Schooner Reefer. Schooner Petrel, ' Tauipico, " Falcon. " Bonitu. This force was to make the attack. When it oaino off the port, the American colors were seen hoisted on tho forts. This caused the greatest disappointment in the squadron. The Commodore Immediately arrested our galluutcomuiandur for having attacked Alvarado without his orders, and commander Hunter is. therefore, to be tried by a Court Martial, for taking this place. Our gallant Commander also captured the city of Flacotalpun. a city of about 7000 Inhabitants. Annexed is the correspondence that passod on tho occasion of the surrender :? Commander Hunter to Lieut. Marin. U. 8. Steamer Hcolroe, \ Alvarado, March 31st, 1847. ) Sir?The surrender of the olty must be made in 30 minutes from this time, and must be unoouditlonal. If at the expiration of that time they do not agree to our terms, I will open upon the town and order the troopa to advaneo. Very respectfully, (lie., (Higued) C. G. HUNTER. Com'g. To Lieut. M. C. Marin. U.8.N., at the Government House, Alvarado. Commander Hunter to the Spanish Coniul. U.S. Steamer Scourge, t Alvarado, March Slat, 1847. J Sir?1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of this date ; and cordially answer your solicitations. Alllunder your national flag, and subjects of licr Catholic Majesty of Spain, shall meet with the due considerations of friendship, and of the friendly power which you represent. I have the honor. Ac.. (Signed) C. G. HUNTER, Lt. Com'g. To Senor Don Francisco Sanchez, Vice Consul II. C. M. of Spain, at Alvarado. Com. Hunter to Pasted Midshipman Temple. U.S. Steamer Scourok, ) Alvarado, March 31, 1847. { Sir?You. trill take charge of the forts in and about the city -rf Alvarado, and retain the command thereof until relieved by some superior officer. I am. sir, Ac., * (Signed) CHA8. G. HUNTER, Lt. Com'g. To \Vm. G. Temple, t'aseed Midshipman, on board U.S. Steamer Scourge. The Demand for the Surrender of Fla-eo-Talpam. U. S. ifi-kamer Scourge, ) Oil Kla-co-Tulpam, March 31, 1847. ( Sir*?in order to avold'unneoossary bloodshed, and In accordance with the spirit and feeling of civilized nations. I demand in the name of the United States of America, the entire and unconditional surrender of the city of Fla-oo-Talpam. 1 have the honor. Ac., (Signed) C. G. HUNTER, Lt. Com'g. To the President and Ayuntamento of tlio city of Fla-co-Taipaui. Com.Hauler to Passed Midshipman Pringle. U. S. Steamer Scourge, April 1st, 1847. Sir:?You will proceed on board and take charge of tile prize schooner uow lyiug near this vessel. At high water you will get her oil and take her down to Alvarado. and report to moon your arrival. I am, Ac. (Signed.) C. O. HUNTER, Lt. Commanding. To J. J. Prlnglc. Passed Midshipman on board U 8. Steamer Scourge. Com. Hunter to Commodore Perry. U. S. Steamer Scourge-) A Alvarado, April 3, 1847. ( Sir- Kuelnuiiil i .-<.I?.1 ??? h uti-- ?l.? 11?u.. KU-co-Talpaui. enclosing a communlcatiod from tlio Governor of Cosain&loapain relative to 7 men. and one Midshipman priaoner*. whose release I demanded while ut Flu co-Talpam. 1 have the honor. &c.. (Signed) C. O. HUNTER. Lt. Commanding. To Commodore M. C.Perry, Commanding Gulf Sijuadron. dieting Matter Bankhtai to Com. Hunter. U. S. Steamer Hcotboe, ) Alvarado River. March 31. 1847. ) Sir:?Agreeably to your orders. I went ou board of the Mexican schooner Mutllda, and finding It impossible to gi't her off.owing to her having been scuttled previously, I destroyed every thing 1 could get at. and then set Are toiler. She was loaded with uiuuitlons of war?principally powder, canister shot, and oongreve rockets. Asremaining beforo 1 left her that the Are had uiade such progress that it was impossible to extinguish it, I proceeded up the river after the steamer. Respectfully your obtdlrnt servant. (Signed) J. I\ BANKHEAD, Aoting Master* I.iuut. Cotnd. Hunter, U. 8. Steamer Scourge. Commander llnnler to Ccmmodore Perry. Alvabado. April 3d. 1047. \ Sir : I have the honor to report that on the afternoon of the 30th ultimo, at ahout t o'clock, 1 arrived off the bar of thin river ; that 1 immediately opened upon the forts with a round shot and ahull ; hut tlnding a heavy surf on the liar, aud Hueiug indieatloiia of a norther, 1 stood off and on during the night. In the morning I again opened on the forts, when 1 (Uncovered n white flag on thu beach, und, shortly after, tlio captain of the port and a pilot came off with a Hag of truce, offering a surrender ol? thu pluce. and informing me tiiut thu Mexican troop* (to tliu nuuilier of three or four hundred) had. after our attack, evacuated the fort* and city the night pravloun, having flrit fired uli the government vessels, spiked a portion of thu guns, and buried other* in the Hand. With a view of preventing any further destruction of public pro|>erty. or a return of' tlio Mexican* befuro your arrival, ami for the purpoHo of securing an unobstructed entrance for thu *<|uudron. I cainu in. anchored off the town, received their surrender, (a copy of which I herewith enclose) hoisted the American Hag under a salute of twenty-one guus. and then, hearing that the garrison of the place were hastening up the l'lver with two or three vessels loaded with anus, ammunition and other public property. 1 loft I'nssed Midshipman Teuiplo, with Hvo men, In command of the place, and stood up the river after them. On thu way up I succeeded in cupturlng four schooner* ; one I burned, as I could not get her off ; another I left behind as worthies* ; the third I lowed down, and tlio fourth 1* now coming down under the couimaudof i'assed Midshipman Priuglc. At 3 o'clock In the morning I anchored off Fla-eo-Tiilpam. a city of about 7000 inhabitant*, sent Lieutenant Marin ashore to tiic alcalde, assembled tbe junta, and demanded an entire and unconditional surrender within half an hour .My demands were at once complied with, and I herewith transmit a copy of their surrender. I am. fee., (Signed) CO HIT NT ICR, Lt. Uomd'g. To Commodore M. i P?:aRv, Commander In Chief of the Onlf Squadron. fussed Midshipman Ft tuple to i'om. Hunter Altabaoo, April I. 1H47. biB I linvo the honor tc report, that in obedience to veur order of yesterday, I have this afternoon delivered over the command of the forts in and about this place, to Coniuiodere Perry, 1 aui sir, lie.. (Signed.) W.M (1 TKMI'LE, Passed .Midshipman. To Lieut. C <1. 1L nti.ii, Coin. L'. 8. Steamer Scourge. I'ass(rf Midshipman I'ringle to Com. Ilunter. Ai.varauo, April 3. 1047. ^ir. - I have the honor to report that agreeably to your order of the 1st instant, 1 went with a prixe crew on board of the schooner eapturod by our boats on the evening of the Hat March -took possession of her-- hauled her out of the rrack in which she was lying, and, this morning brought her down the river, and have anchored bcr off the town, near thn Bcourge. Respectfully yours. (Signed.) .1 J. rtliNOLE, Paused Mldshipa. To Lieut Command'g C. Ci. HisTr.s, 1' S S. Scourge, Alvarado. TIIK rs. It MM nfi C A PITT; CAT H Town or Ki-a-Co-Taitam, 1st April, I047?'J o'clock, A M Present, the constitutionai Alcalde and citlxens, who compose litis Illustrious council on the onu side, itnd on the other ( aptaln L. 11. Hunter, of the United State* steamer Scourge, accompanied by the second lieuti mini of that vessel M. C, Marin : the object being to '",itci liitH--ueli negotiation* a* shall lie suitable for tli ' > li'.u the Inhabitants, and bet ler understanding witi. i .; .lAti.m. the terms I xprcheed ,n the following artlcitsi were agreed to by both parties : 1st The town of Kla-co- Palpam hereby declares Its period neutrality towards the forces ot the United E NE States, uud also its entire submission to them as long as existing circumstaiu'va continue. Id. In consideration ofthis, the said Captain, in the nuuie of the government, whose commission lie holds, binds hiuiscit'that the rights of individuals shall be r*spceteil, us also their persons and private property, likewise the Catholic religion, and the free exercise of its forms of worship. And for the fulfilment and faithful observance of this oompact, both the contracting parties hereby bind themselves by all the form* usual ; and in testimony of the saine, they have hereby subscribed their names to two copies of this contract, each of the same tenor and date. Done by the Alcalde, presiding officer of this council, and the hefore-niimeil 4 ...w., i_ arranging thin negotiation, and who in commissioned to I sign for the before-mentioned Cant. < harks U. liuntur. (Signed) PKDRO ATAI.rit O M. C. MARIN. Lieut. IT. S. N The town of Alvurudo having been-left defenceless surrenders Itself to the United States steamer Scourge, Captain C. (J. Hunter, on the following conditions : ? 1st. That the forces of the United States will respect and protect the Roman Catholic religion. 2d. That they solemnly guarantee complete and entire protection to the inhabitants of this town, and all species of property, it being distinctly understood that no public edifice or private houao shall be taken or used by the United States' forces, unless some previous arraugouicut shall have been made with the owners. JOSK RUIZ PARRA, President of the Council. M. C. MARIN, Alva a ado. 31st March. 18-17. Lieut. U. S. Navy. COMMODORE PERRY'S ACCOUNT. United States Fun Ship Mississippi, ) Anchorage Anton Liiardo. April 4, 1B47. ) Bin: I have the honor to iuforni the departuieut that immodlatcly after the surrender of Vera Crua, General Soott and myself concerted measures for taking possession of Alvurudo. Although it wus not expected thut any defence would bo made, it was thought advisable that strong detachments, both of the army and navy, should be employed, in view of making au imposiug demonstration in that direction. The southern brigade, under Oonerat Quitman was detached for this duty, and tho naval movements wore directed personally by myself. As it had beeu anticipated, not tho slightest opposition was offered by the enemy, and the river and town were ((ulntly occupied on tho 2d iustantby the combined foroes of the army and navy. General Quitmau took up his line of march this morning, on hi* return to Vera ( rus. and I left for this unchorage to arrange an expedition to thp north; Captain Mayo, with a suiull naval detachment, being placed In command of Alvnrado and its depeudeucius, in which may be embraced the populous town of Tlueotulpam. situated about twenty miles up thp river. In this expedition I hare had the good fortuno to become acquainted with General (Quitman and many of the officers of bis coinuinnd, and have keen gratified to observe a most cordial desire, as well with them as with the officers of the navy, to foster a courteous and efflolont oo-opcrutlon. ? ? ? The eneinv, before evacuating the place, burnt all the public vessels, and spiked or buried most of the guns; but those that wore concealed have been discovered, and I hare directed the whole number?about sixty?either to be destroyed or shipped, with the shot, on board the gunboats, as they may be found of sufficient ruluo to be rcmored. With groat respect, 1 liaro the honor to be your most obedient servant, M. C. PLRRY, Commanding Home Squadron. The Hon. John Y. Mason, Secretary of tho Nary, Washington, D. C. [From the Mobile Register, April 1ft.] We haTe conversed with an officer of the St. Mary's, from whom we learn the following gratifying particulars of the capture of Alvaradoby Lieut. Hunter, commanding steamer Scourge. From our informant we learn that on the night of the 3d Inst, tho steamer 8courgo appeared before tho town, and fired two guns, whon (dent. H. summoned the authorities to surrender. Tho Mexicans wanted time, which Lieut. Hunter refused to grant, threatening at the same time that if the demand was not instantly complied with, he would immediately order 3000 troops who were in the neighborhood, to enter and batter it down. Tho authorities yielded, when Lt. Hunter took possession and landed a midshipman with five men, while the Scourge proceeded up the Alrarndo river to a small town called Tlacatalpan, which was also surrendered to Lieut. II. without exchanging a shot. On the 3d inst. (Ion. Quitman arrived with the troops, and Commodore I'ernr with all the small vessels of the squndron?but thev found the place already uuder the American flag. About BOO Mexican soldiers, belonging ?v v..v vttv pwDio, wvixi maun prinuaorn. We learn that Lieut. Hunter bad been placed under arrest for disobedience of ordure, in entering the port of Alvarado. Although he may bare violated eomu rule of military etiquette, yet we opine that hie punishment will be light. AKPAIHS I.N MEXICO [From the New Orluane Picayune, April 14.] The U. 8. steamship Kdlth, Capt. Ceulllard, from Vera Cruz, evening of the tith Inst. arrived nt the llalizu on the morning of the 11th?reports that Alvarado was takcu by the navy, without a battle, on the 4th Inst. On tbu 9th Inst. Col. Ilaruey. in command of the dd dragoons and a detachment from (.Jen. Twiggs's division, took possession of Antigua, oapturlng one officer ami eight Mexican lancers. The army was to move on the 7th inst. in the direction of Jalapa by divisions. Gen. Twiggs leading the advance, followed by Gen. Patterson with volunteers, and (Jen. Worth, with tho first division of regulars, bringing up the rear. The health of the army so far was good. The U. 8. steamships Virginia, McKim. and hudora, leftat anchor near the castle Dan Juasi de Ulna?the F.udora soon to leave for the United States. The following is tho list of passengers:? Major G. A. MeCall, Asst. Adj. Gen. U. 8. A.; Maj 1). 8. Miles, 9th U. S. infantry; Maj. Fowler. Hamilton, 10th U. 8. infantry; Capt. O. Cross, Asst. Quartermaster, aud servant; ( apt. M. K. Taylor, Gen. Twiggs's staff; Capt. Jones, Tennessee volunteers; Capt, Alexander liay, 1st Pennsylvania volunteers; Capt. J. S Bradford, A. C. 8. A. 8. A.; Surgeou H. R. Robards. Tennessee volunteers, Lt. Speers.'Jd Pennsylvania volunteers; Lt. C. C. Smith, Tennessee cavalry; Lt. ( liadbourno. 'Jth regiment infantry; Lt. W. J. Newton. 'Id U. 8. dragoons; Lt. Thos. Duncan, mounted ritles; Lt. F,. Bradford, 4th U. 8. artillery; Lt. Scares, U. 8. A.; Mossrs 11. Catlett; P. H. Dcsney, Clerk Com. Dep.. C. 1). Blanuhard. Clerk Quartermaster's Dept.; 8. Snyder; 8. Martin and servant, and eighty-Qve sick and discharged volunteers iu the steerage. The two ports reported to have been taken by our forces are Flncotalpan and Cosamoloapan. above Alvarado. 'J'hoy have fallen without resistauce. They aro important points, situated upon the tine iuland waters which have tHeir outlet to the Gulf at Alvarado Mr. Kendall informs us in a postscript to one of his letters, lual < <iiu i erry in aooui starling witu an UK vesseiH with the intention of capturing every oity, town, and port ou the entire Mexican coast. The very latent report at Vera Cruz was that Santa Anna would dispute the passage of our troops to Mexico with an army of 20,000 men. but it wax an indefinite rumor, to whicn Mr. Kendall attached little importance. Vkra Cava, April 6, 1817.?Alvarudo. an every one anticipated, was taken without flringa gun, and the squadron ha* returned to this place. Cnpt. Mayo has been left a* Governor of the town with a email force, while Capt. Tatnall, in the Spitfire, has gone farther up the river to look in at the different towns. I learn that Gen. ttuitluan'a brigade returns to-morrow, and 1 further hear that Lieut. Hunter, of the Soourge?the first vessel in at Alvarado?has been arrested by Com. Perry for going ahead of liis instructions, or on some charge of the kind Better be accused of going too fast than loo slow, and I hope that in the present instance Lieut. II can explain every thiug satisfactorily A great number of eannou and other military stores were raptured at Alvnrado. for there were no less than seven forts ami batteries on the waterside, it is said that Com. Perry lias brought off every thing of value, and I trust the rejiort may ho true. To liiy thinking. all the more valuable spoils taken from tho Mexicans should be rarrled to Washington city, or souie other placo In the United States, where every body eau see them. There they can always remain as trophies of the American arms; and one of the moat pleasant hours I havo ever spcut was in reading the inscriptions on the old Spanish guns wo have captured from Moxicans. and which the latter have treasured as among the most brilliant results of their wars with the mother country. They arc covered with figures and devices of most finished and elaborate workmanship, although nouc of them are more than two hundred years old. We are constantly In receipt of rumors from tho city of Mexico?every man who arrives has some new talc- to relate. Tho general impression is, that Santa Anna had succeeded In putting down Gomez Cartas, after a great deal of fighting, but littlo bloodshed. What his uext movement is to be one cannot tell, yet there are many who think that he is disposed to carry on the war with the Cnited States to tho last. That Santa Anna ami the leading ininda of the country .especially among the higher classes of tho clergy, know full well the utter folly of the contest, is certain ; but that they ran make headway against the swarms of hungry officers and mnl-eoiitcnt*. WIIO onlv 11?I! hv WAT Arid nnnvillalni.a la .,w/.Kl??..I Ual It Is now thought that the army will mure forward In th? course of n week at farthest. although without a sufficiency of transportation to tako along many ot what may almost bo deemed the Indispensable* of a march ? I ho groat galea of the winter, the Immense number of wrecks and the losses of mules and wagons attendant, have crippled the resources of the (Quarter-Master's department to a most annoying extent. Vcaa Caui. Mexico. ) April 6, 1847?10 o'clock, A. M. j I have just seen a mux who left the city of Mexico ten (flljs since, coming by the way of Orixaba. He gives a most ludicrous description of the fighting at the capital The polka or priest party have been In possession of the Alaineida and other portions of the outskirts of Ilia city, while the adherents of the government have been quartered at the palace. At 10 o'clock each morning the firing would commence, either partv going up to their sand hag barricades and hanging and blazing away promiscuously and miscellaneously, at. any thlpg. every thing and nothing?more especially nothing. The result of one month's hard fighting has been that one poor Herman match maker nnd a few innocent women and children have been killed or crippled?the belligerents having deemed it either imprudent or inexpedient to come in sight of each othor. A more perfect farce has never been enacted. My Informant says that there nre some twenty American deserters at the city of Mexico They rendezvous at the ten-pin alley of a man named Hawkins, and nre In a most pitiful condition. There are also nearly one hundred American prisoners iu and about the city-perhaps Major Holland's party A body of 1000 men, horse and foot, left 1'uebla a W YO NEW YORK, FRIDAY M | week age to-day. in the direction of Jalapa. They all talked right valiantly of driving the perfidious Yankee* from their aoil, but will thiuk better of It when they meet with a few samples, i My informant met w ith many of the disarmed garrison i of this place between here and Orizaba; they were telling wonderful stories of the sine of our horses and the terrible effect of our shells. Little confidence will they inspire wherever they go. It i* thought the Mexicans intend making one of their hold stands this side of Jalapa. A few duys will tell thu story. Vr.Rs Cntfz, April 6, 1847. Cols. Kinney and Banks, with (.'apt. Merrill's coinpauy of 'id Dragoons, returned lust evening from a scout in tlie neighborhood of Mango do cinbo. Thu country is full of cattle; but they are described us extremely wild, and dilfieult either to catch or drive. Hurnu plan will be contrived to bring them over. I have another report In relation to Munta Anna. I heard it stated confidently this morning that hu had advanced as far as i'nebla this way ; that hu was positively coming on io .luinpa ; miu tii.u in- woum ruiso an ninny volunteer* ax lie please I What he iutendud to do at Julupa ? whether to tight or to attempt to negotiate a peace?la not stated I give thin as the last rumor up to thii moment??8 o'clock. A. M.?before 1 clone thli letter another may reucii. I law Senur Arruiigoix, the former Mexican connul at New Orleani. a night or two ninrn. lie hail juat arrived from Havana, aud received a permit to proceed towards Mexico. He frankly told iuo that hu did not think hii countrymen In thu leant Inclined to make pence with the United States. You may ponnihly receive ruinorn?for they are plenty here- totne effeet that ('apt. Thorntou'n coiupauy of the 2d dragoons has been attacked aud cut to pieces by the Mexican rancheroi, and other stories of nimilar import in relation to the different parties that are scouting through the country There is not a word of truth in any of these tains. Since thu routo of the Mexican lenders near Medcllln. tho dragoons have not been able to bring them to action. Young Santa Anna was near Santa he the other day. but did not remain in tho neighborhood long. The show folk" have arrived here. Hart aud Weill, the theatrirnl managers, came in yesterday in the New Orleans from Tamplco, anil 1 presume will open to-night Tho theatre here is a very neat and commodious looking building, with au ornamented front. One or two of our heaviest shells iiurst inside of it during the bombardment. shifting the scenery and decorations somewhat ; hut. it is said that all can bo repaired in a short timo. Tho government of Julapa. it is said, has resolved not to make any resistance at their city whatever. The fate of Vera Crux is before them?they know that the Americans will enter their bunutiful place?and do not wish to see it destroyed. Sensible people, those of Jalapa. THE Kll.l.EI) AND WOUNDED AT VERA CRUZ, f From the Vera Crux tingle, April 6. | The following is the list of those who were killed and wounded iu the attack upon this place, as reported officially to headquarters. We have, in the kindest mnmii-r, uern permitted to copy thcni, and whilst wo deplore thu loss of those who huvo fallen, wo muat congratulate the army upon tho success that has attended them with ao little loss. Uf the army, it will bo perceived that there were 10 killed and 47 wounded. Of the navy, we underatand that one officer (Midshipruan Shubrlek) and 7 aailora and marlnea wero killed and wounded, but we regret that it la not In our power to give their uamea. i'ndii eon. Hitatr. Killed.?Jninea II. Nlcholaon, corporal of company K, in action at 1'uonte di Moreno, March 23 ; ? Hopkiua. private, company H, 3d artillery, same place and time Wounded.?Lewie Neill. 'id lieutenant adjutant, Joeepli Murelutll. private, company B, ? Jonea, do, 'id dragoons, aevcrely; Hugh Uavin, private. Capt. Cheatham'e let Tenneaaeana, alightly ; M. Foy, W. Alice, privates, company A, D. Vauu. do. company. C, (I. Woodley. do, company 11, 'id Tenneaaceaua, slightly ; Thouiaa Young, guide, slightly ; W. T. (iilleapio, company B. Lewis Geiaele. company C, John Smith, company K, privates, id dragoons, slightly. All tho ubove, with tho exception of Lieut. Neill, who was wounded ut or near tho villago of Medellin, met with their mishaps ut I'ueuta do Moreno. March *i6. usdkk oeiv. wohtii. Killed.?J. B. Vinton, eaptaiu 3d artillery, on the 22 d March ; John llufner, private, company B. 'id do. 28th March ; Nicholas Burns, private, company B, 24th, do; , musician, 'ilst do. Wounded.?James Foster, sergeant, company O, 3d artillery, March 23d. severely; W. B. Hunt and F.mile Volterat, privates, company B, 2d artillery. 24th March slightly ; Adolpho Malho, John Golding and VVm. Henderson, privates, company 1). 2d artillery, 22d March? the two last named slightly, the othur his left arm shot off; Krncst Kruuse, Owen Boate. Win. Carthage, Joseph S. Huydcn and Archibald, privates, company K, 2d artillery?the first on the 20th and remainder on the 24th March, slightly; Martin Dlguun, private, company O, 3d artillery. 22il March, slightly ; 8. D. Shuetzenbaek, private, company A, and Kdward Fleming, private, company 1. Hth infantry. 23d March, slightly. i'sixs (ics. twkkii. Killed.?Wm. Alburtis. brevet captain. 2d infantry. March 11th, l>y a cannon ball ; W. It. Blake, sergeaut. company K. 4th artillery, March 13th ; Hubert T. Cunningham, private, company A. mounted rillcmen, March 11th Wounded.?W. B. Lunu, uud F.dwurd Harris, ser goauts, company L>. .Mounted HiUcmen, March :24th. severely; Johu Tcluua, private, company K, Mounted Riflemen, March '24th. severely ; Frederick Warscn, private, company C, Mounted Riflemen, March '24th, slightly ; Ilenry Neill slightly, and Thomas Wellcr, severely, privates, company B. Mounted Ritlcuien. March 11th. severely; John Hone, musician, company B, 1st Artillery. March 11th. severely; James Stephen, private, company F, 4th Artillnrv, March 14, severely: Spencer, corporal, compauy D, '2d Infantry, March 11th. severely. I'Mir.S UI.1. riTTDRIOS. Killrd.?John Miller and Gothlett Keip, privates, company G, 1st Regimeut rcnnsylvania Volunteers ? the tlrst on the 17th and the latter on tho '24tli March. Woundrd.?Lieut. Col. J. F. Dickenson, South Carolina regiment, severely; Private Ballad, do. do. eovorely; Privates Coke, D. Phillip* and Mickey, do. do. slightly; (J. M. Hcrg. B. K. Mc Ronald. Georgia regiment, severely. Serg. Jos. King, do. do slightly; Private T. J. Scott, do do. severely; Private Henry Lainbcck, do. do. slightly; Private John G. F.nhank. do. do. severely?all on the llth March; Scrg. Johu lleneon. company K, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. March S?. severely; Privates (> C. Burden. Wiu. Vaudetihark and Andrew Reamer, company I, do. do. March II. slightly; Private Theo Hcisa, company F, do. do.; Private Jas Stevens, company J, do. do.; Private Fry, Company 1), '2d Pennsylvania Regiment?all on 11th .March, slightly; Private Mark Fose. company A, ?2d Tennessee Regiment, llth .March, slightly; Private John Hubbard, company A. 1st Tennessee Regiment, during bombardment, slightly; Scrg R. Williamson, company C. 1st Pennsylvania Regiment, llth March,slightly: Private Daniel I lark ins, company A, do. do. (on piquet) slightly. THE MARCH INTO THE INTERIOR. IIfadI! vrti.isi or Tin: Amir. Vi:iia Chi *. April 3, 1847. General Ordtri, So. 19. 1 The infantry *n?l the two volunteer c impanle* tern pornrily attached to the first division of regular* will, upon tlie march of the army hence, remain to garrison tliia city and the ( iistie of Man Juan do I lua. when Brevet Col. Wilaon.assigned to duty according to hi*brevet. will become the Governor and commanding officer of those place*; in the meantime that officer, by arrangement with the present Governor and cominnnder may, with hia regiment, relieve so much of the actual garrison* a* shall bo found desirable. Accordingly, he will repert in person to receive orders for his rugiment. I. With a view to march into the interior, the baggage of all corps and officer* will be in the usxt two day* reduced to thn smallest compass and weight. Not more than three common tent*, principally for arms and the sick, can be allowed for the present to the officers and men of any company, and genernl officers, general stall and Held officer* will limit themselves in proportion. All surplus baggage, public and private, will accordingly be properly packed, marked and turned over to the IJuarmastcr's Department for storage. 3. He<|ulsltiniix for mean* of land trauspor tation (wagons. pack and draught animals) will be made upon the chief quartermaster by divisions, and by the chiefs of the other branches of the general staff, subject to thn sevorest revision; and notice Is now given that any | execs* of hagage, public or private, will be rejected and thrown n?i<lo by the quartermaster* and their agents at the time of loading tip, or at any time on the mareh that such etcoss may he deteeted. 3 It Is absolutely necessary to an early march that all ptthllc means of t rensportation?wagons, carts.horses and mules, with their harness, saddles, bridles, halters and pack saddles?now In the use of-th* corps, or in the hands of individual officer* and men, ahottld, without delny. he turned over to the quartermaster's Department, which Its'- Inatrnctlonato reloan three or four horses, in as many eat rente rases, for a very short timo longer. This order includes all such animals as may be held under the prelunaa nf rtntif iipu sir nil re h sa itinnn flisi arm*/ lun/U/i owe the city. ? anlurcd property in always hold for the benefit of the servlne generally, and no purchase ran lie respected n *? yitntiwl and approved at the time hy a general of rr or commander of a brigade?inasmuch an if tlm propi rty l>r stolen by the seller it will certainly be restored or paid for by the I'nited States, on demand and proof on the part of tlie rightful owner. 6. If the foregoing directions he not complied with fully before to-morrow night, measures will be taken, however reluctantly, to sclxe every object designated above, and throw the burthen of proving a just private tltln upon the posacssor of the property. Ily command of Maj. (ten. Scott: II. L. SCOTT. A. A. A. tienernl AI-'FAIRS IN MKXII O. [From the Vera I rur. Kagle, April ft 1 Our an|uaiutanrn with the Mexicans of this city is yet too limited to be furnished with any considerable items of imporf&nce relative to affairs in the Federal city; and If the revolution, noticed in our last, be terminated, we have not been advised of the fact. From what we can gather on the subject, and we have recently conversed with an intelligent person familiar with the plot* and eountrrplots of the contending faction*, the disturbances which have recently taken place In tho capital, are calculated to lead to results of no ordinary character. Santa Anna, as usual, has been playing a double game, and lias been detected in- it by many observant persons lie professed to (iomex Farias that he was in favor of hypothecating the church property, and induced that officer to publicly advocate the measure At the anme time he was In correspondence with the church party, and urging tlieui to resist the measure by an appeal to ar.ns; and when it was announced that the (ifn< ral was approaching the city, each party was dated with the idea of being assisted by him One or the other had to be deceived, however, and It .waa the late of I a| riu a second time to ba betrayed by the anme lender RK B ORNING, APRIL 23, 184'

Kor t lie inomuut. thin acquisition of Santa Anna's force* to tlut of the church party struck terror to the opponent, hut tliey rallied, and at our last 'account* were rtill defending theuioelvea with vigor. Previous to the arrival of Sauta Anna, neither party had lout an inch of ground and but few followers. although they had been at it for several days. The revolutionary parties would occasionally cease hostilities and demand of each other why they did not lnurch to the assistance of Vera Cru/.. but it invariably ended lu a misunderstanding, and at it they went ugain hunt a Anna is. 110 doubt, the ('resident of Mexico, by this urt. fur the time buing. although karius was nut completely routed as we stated in our last. Santa Anna's victory at Buena Vista was celebrated with great pomp lu the eity of Mexico. Cannlixo, at the last accounts, was at Julapa. The Diligenoia couveylng Mm to that place was robbed by two Mexicans, although it eoutuinud live or six passengers. HKADqL'AIITKai, ) Vera Crux. March 30, 1847. J Orders, JVo. 3. 1 Tile Alcnl.li. u- ill r.?n. _ui. ........ .11 .1,1 Vera Cruz, other than such us may receive special authority to deliver up their arms, into his custody, reports of the same to be made to these Headquarters. J. The Alcaide will cause every "puli|ueria" to be forthwith closed, and none to be hereafter opened, except under special license; and none to be opened after 6 o'clock, P. M.. when licensed. 3. The Alcalde will require every citizen to apply for a Utter of domicil showing his occupation. That the foregoing mny bo better carried Into effect. The first officer of this corporation will receive into the public warehouses all tho arms referred to In article first. From the Secretary of tho corporation will be obtained. such licenses us aro referred to in article second. From the ss me officer will bo ohtaiuod. the letters of domicil referred to in the third article. The office ol? the Secretary will be opened daily, from 10 iu the morning until '2 in the afternoon; and nuy person neglecting to comply with the provisions of these nrticles, will be liable to such punishment as may bo awarded to his disobedience. 4. The Muxlcau laws, as between Mexicans, will be continued in furoc. and justico administered by the regular Mexican tribunals. 5. In all cases, arising between American citizens of tho army, or the uutkorixed followers of tho same, a military commission will bo appointed to investigate the case. 6. All Mexicans will be allowed to enter and leave the city freely between reveille and retreat. 7. Soldiers on pass can enterjt he city by the gates of Mercy and Mexico, and at no other point, between the hours of 10 A. M. and 0 I'. M. ; at the latter hour, all soldiers, not on duty with the guurds, will retire from the city. B. Mr. F. M. Diamond is appointed Collector of the fiort of Vera Cruz. Mr. Diamond will receive special nstructlons in respect to his duties. 9. The following regulation* will bo observed by the Collector, in respect to army suttlers, Sic. All soldiers' and officers' necessaries (a list of which will bo hereafter furnished) are to bo free of duties ; all goods of general merchandise are to bo subjected to the snuio duties as are imposed upuu other merchant*; tho tariff of duties to he immediately arranged. 10. Tho Collector will inako to this office, weekly, a detailed aceount of roceipts, aud pay out no moneys collected, without tho written approval and sanction of the governor and commanding general. 11. The Collector will execute a bond in the usual form, In the sum and security of one thousand dollars. By oruor of MAJOR GENERAL WORTH, Governor and Commanding General W. W. Macxall, A. A. G. ANOTHER DESCRIPTION OK THE BATTLE OK Bl'ENA VISTA BY OLD ROIXJU AND READY. llEADUl-ARTEa.* AT AoUA Nl'lVA, t Army of Occupation, Mexico, March 4, 1847. J Mv Dear General?Your very acceptable and Interesting letter of the lath of November lost, reached me on tho U4th of December, while on the march from Monterey to Tamplco : but the nature of my duties since then, (being most of the time in the saddle) in addition to other matters, has prevented me from replying to it until the present moment. Be assured, my dear sir, I have not since then lost sight of it or yourself; and 1 fuel highly gratified for the Battering manner in which you have noticed the conduct of the officers and soldiers who marched with me from the Rio Grande to Monterey, aud compelled that place to surrender after much hard fighting, us they fully merited the handsome encomiums you have thought proper to bestow on them. Kor this you have my sincere thanks. which had been made in regard to Major General Butler at Monterey. Those misrepresentations had hern the subject of conversation between tlicm, and left no feeling like distrust or unktndness towards each other iu their breasts. The letter then goes on] I was aware of the report as well as statements in a few of the public journals, that It was intended by certain individuals to bring General Butler forward as thu successor to Mr. I'olk, which gave me no concern, and wonld not, even had it been the rose, which I did not redlt, and which had been forgotten. I doubt if the subject would have again crossed my mind, had It not been brought to my notice by you or some oue else. 1 have never heard him nor any of his friends allude to this matter, lie (the General.) in consequence of his wound not healing, which gave him so much pain as to reudcr him unfit for duty, left a short timu since, by advice of his medical attendant, for New Orlcaus. where 1 hope he has arrived in safety, and where 1 truly hope he will very soon recover, so as to be able to take the Held once more. I may observe, thai I have been alto named as a candidale for that high office by a few newspaper editors anil others, which has been done without my knowledge wishes or consent. This I hare assured all who hare written me on the subject, assuring them 1 had no aspirations for that or any other civil office; that my whole energies, mental and physical, were and had been absorbed in such a way as I thought best calculated to bring this war to s speedy and houorablo close; believing it was for the interest of both countries the sooner it was done the better?at any rate so far as ours was concerned; and that President makiug should be lost sight of until tills was accomplished [Here follows a brief statement of events from the time ?f General Scott's arrival at tho Braxos till General Taylor returned from Victoria to Monterey. The letter then proceeds] :? I retraced uiy steps to Monterey, where I arrivod towards the latter part of the month [January], und whore I expected to remain some time to recruit myself mm uwinrn, UUh n irw UIIJ1 BIUT UiJ nrriVU I ITCBIICU information from the command in my front at Haltillo (6ft utiles in the direction of Han Luis Potosi frout Monterey ), that the command ? between 1000 and Ml00 strong? under (icneral Wool, liad become very much alarmed in consorjneuco of about 100 picked men and horses, belonging to the Kentucky and Arkausa* regiments of mounted men. who were sent out towards Han Luis to gain intelligence respecting the enemy and to watch their movements, having been taken, after being surrounded in the night, and all mado prisoners, by a large force of cavalry, about fifty miles In advance of Haltillo. Ho said one of the party, who succeeded in making his escape the next night, anil getting back to Haltillo; also that the Mexican army was advancing In great numbers towards Haltillo. Those reports Induced me to join my ? Wanes Immediately Leaving Monterey on the 31st of January. I reached Haltillo on the morniDg of the id of February with a small reinforcement, which increased ray force to .WOO, when I lost no time in moving forward and establishing a camp at this place, about twenty miles in advance of Haltillo. on the Han I.uis road, for the pnrposu of carrying on a system of Instruction, as well as to watch the movements of the enemy, and where I expected to fight him should lie attempt to move on Haltillo. Here I remained until the 'list, examining the several passea through the mountains at which time I ascertained that ( noral Hanta Anna was advancing and near at hand with an ovcrwludming force. Not exactly liking my positiop. having ascertained that lie Could gain my rear by two roads on my right and one on my left, ami nut deeming It prudent to divide iny forces, and having apprehensions about my supplies whlrh were In Saltlllo, I determined at once to fall Imek towarda that place about twelve milea. and occupy a strong poaltlon between two apura of a mountain with a narrow valley between them, when; at one noint the road la ao narrow aa to permit the paasagc of only 'one wagon at a time, with deep gullies running up to the mountaina, waahad by the ralna, ao aa to prevent horaca or earringea from puaeing.them without great difficulty. Said poaltlon had been cloaely examined by the topographical englneera under the eye of (ieneral Wool before my arrival, who deemed It admirably adapted toreaiat a large with a atnall force, aa well aa adapted to the deaerlptlon of force which cotnpoaed our army. We therefore fell back and occupied It on the evening of the Q1 at, and at once made the necranary preparationa for giving battle. The next day the enemy made hla appearance early In the day. and. after renonnoiteriug our poaltlon for aome time, at 2 o'clock, P. M., I received, by a staff officer with a flag, acomuiiinlcatlon from (ten. Santa Anna requiring me to attrrender at dlacretlon, Hating that in the event, of mv doing ao we should lie well treated; that he had surrounded me with more then 20.000 men; that realatanee waa out of the question?and. If I attempted it. my command would be put to rout.and muat he destroyed In reply. I atated I could not comply with hla demand. and h? waa at liberty to commence operation* whenever he waa inclined to do ao. Soon after thia. the action waa commenced with hla aktrmiahera on our left which waa promptly met by ours, and continued wlthont intermission ou the aide of the mountain until dark In the morning at aunriae ho renewed the eonteatwlth an overwhelming force ?with artillery,Infantry and dragoon-, which lanled with vory alight intermissions tint I (lark \ portion of the time the contest whh much the severest I have ever witneaaed, particularly towarda the latter part of the day, when he (Santa Anna) brought up hla rc-crve. and In apite of every eflbrt on our part, after the grcateat exertions I have ever witneaaed on both Idea, drove ua by an immense superiority of numliers for aome distance, lie had at least Ave to one at that point agalnat ua Kortiinately, at the moat critical moment, two pieces of artillery wnlch I had ordered up to support that part of our line, met our exhausted men retreating, when they were brought Into battery, and opened on the enemy, then withlv tlfty yards In hot pursuit, with ranulster anil grape, which brought him to a hall, and ao in compelled Mm to fall hack. In this tremendous contest wc lout three pieces of artillery, nearly all the men and horaca having been killed or crippled, which put It out ol our |aiwer to bring them off, nor did I deem It advisable to attempt to regain them The enemy made hla principal efforts agalnat our llanka Me waa haudaomely repulsed in every attempt on our right, but eucceedea early la the dey la gaining [ERA 7. our left in consequence of tho giving w#y "f one of the volunteer regiment* which could not be rallied with but few exceptions, the greater portion retiring about a mile to u large ruuehoor farm house, where our wagons aud a portion of our stores were left. These were soon alter uttacked by the enemy 's cavalry, who wururepulaed with some Iohh. Kor several hours the fato of the day was extremely doubtful, ho much *o that 1 wits urgedby some of tho most experienced olhrers to fall back and take up a new position. This I knew it would never do tnattcnipt with volunteers, and at once declined it. The scoue now had become one of tliu deepest interest. Uetwoen the several deep ravines there were portions of level land from one to four hundred yards in extent, which became alternately points of attack and defence, after our left was turned, by both sides. These ealtmlrd along and near Ihe hare of the mountain for ahout tu-o miles, and the struggle Jor them may he very aiiproiiriatrlu rumour nl to a game of cHeit. Night put a atop to thu context, and. strange to any. both armies occupied the same posltiuua they did In the morning before the battle commenced. Our urtillery did more than wonder*. We lay on our arnu all night, an we had done the two preriou* ones. without Area, there being no wood to be had. and the mercury below the freezing point, reudy and expecting to renew the context the next morning ; but we fouud at daylight the enemy had retreated during the night, leuviug hia killed and many of hix wounded for ua to bury uud take care of?carrying off every thing elxe. and taking up a poxitiou at thix place. We did not think it advixuble to purxue. not knowing whether lie would renew the attack, continue hix retreat, or wixlied to draw us from our xtrong poxitiou ; but contented ourselves with watching hlx movements cloudy Kinding on the ibth, he had renewed hix retreat, early in the morning id the i7tli thu army wax put in motion for thix place, whore w? arrived about :l o'clock, P. M.?their rear guard, rouxixling of cavalry, leaving ax our ad vanec got in xight. 1 at once determined on liarraxxing liix rear ; but on oxnutiuing the xtate of the men nnd horse*. I fouud that live dayx and nights marching, incessant watching, and sixteen hours hard fighting, had so exhausted the first and broken down the latter, it wax next to impossible to accomplish any thing without rest We remained quiet here until the 'id inst when 1 pushed a command on the San I.uis road to a large plantation called Incaruacioti. where we found between two and three hundred wounded in the most wretched condition, besides those they carried with them, nnd loft here and on the field. Here wc took about ten prisoners, the main psrt of their army having proceeded ou in the direction of Han I.uis in a very disorganized condition Ou the aid, the enemy threw in our rear, through the passes of the mountains. iOOO cavalry, and early In the morning of the uext day. the i3il. made demonstrations against Saltillo nnd throughout thu day. They succeeded atone time in cutting off the communication between thu city uud battle ground, aud making several prisoners. but wore driven away by the officer commanding in Ihfi v with t urn ninnite nf nPtlllnww j . ....... t . . ... ^ "J 11 ' " sixty men. They, however, while In possession of the road, prevented u good ninny frnin runuiuK off to the city, to which place about 000 of our nion had succeeded In getting previously to the cavalry orcilpying the road ?they, the runaways reporting that our army was heaten. and in full retreat. The loan on both aides was very great, na you may suppose?enough bo on oura to cover the whole country with mourning, for among the noblest and D" ' ot t,,u land have fallen. We tiave *mo killed and &00 wounded. Tlio enemy ha* suffered in still grouter numbers, but na the dead and wouuded are scattered ail over the country, it is difficult to ascertain their number. The prisonera who have fallen into our hands, (between J00 and 3O0 ?enough to exchange for all who have been taken from us) as well as some mcdicnl officers left behind to take care of the wounded, say their killed and wounded is not less than 1!>00. and tlicy say perhaps more. 1 hope the greater portion of the good people of the country will be satisfied with what we have done on this occasion. 1 flatter myself that our compelling a Mexican army of more than 10.000 men. completely organized.and led by their Chief Magistrate, to retreat, with less than Ave hundred regulars and about 4.000 volunteers, will meet their approval. 1 had- not a single company of regular infantry ; the whole was taken from me. i was truly gratified to observe that the chief magistrate of your State had conferred on you the rank of brigadier general in the militia, and had hoped the President of the United States would hnve called you intn ...rviru *i >a .....I, ..Ill, (I... ... ?I *- 1 1 .... ........ ? 1?.|>u in. may yot do no. us 1 need hardly repeat the pleasure it would givo me to be associated with you in carrying on this war. The road to the city of Mexico from here is now open, and we < nly want a few thousand good regulars. in addition to the volunteers, to enable us to reach that place. What effect our late battle wilt have on Santa Anna and the Mexican Congress, time inust determine ; but I sincerely hope it will lead to peace. One thing is certain : their principal army lias become demolished. and it will be very difficult for them to raise and rnjuip another. I regret to hear your crop of sugar was a short one, but sincerely hope, as the failure of the crop was general, that the high prices obtained will lully make up for ijuantity. I much fear I have spun out this long, aud to you uninteresting ppistle. beyond your patleuee even to wade through it j but I have the consolation to know you are not compelled to read the whole or any part of It. i will coucludo by desiring yon to present uie umst respectfully to your excellent lady, as well as to my Mead Col Nicholas, aud accept my sineere wishes for the continued health and prosperity of you and yours through a long life. With respect and esteem, your friend. Z. TAYLOR. ticn. E. U. W. Buti.kk. Loulslan. AFFAIRS IN CALIFORNIA. ! THE BATTLE OF LOS ANGELOS NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. &c. Ac. Ac. Special Dmpntchn to the New York Herald Monti ri v. Jnnuary 9H, 1H47 Our indefatigable Consul, Mr. T. O. Larkin, was takoi prisoner on the Kith of Norember, liy the ( nlifornians on his way to San Francisco. Of this you have probably been advised T^He wi.i taken to the Month, to th? I'uebla tie Ion Angeles, ami kept in clone confinement until the 9th iust., when he wan released by Commodore Stockton, who marched nicaiont thu.t alifnrniaun. and had a tight of two dayn. The Americana had 90 killed and wounded. We have no report of how many were killed anil wounded among the t nlifornians. but It ended in the Mexican* mall| awnv to Sunora.aiid the native (nlifornians giving up their arm* (Jen. Kearny arrived with an advanced detachment of about 100 men at the clone of the battle, and on the 13th he wan ntlll in the I'uebla. together with < ommodoro Stockton and hia force*. The battle wan on the nth and 9th We have had several nkirminlinn at the North hut all in again quiet, and 1 think the ( aliforniana will never agnlu rinc in arms. The balance of (Jen. Kearny's regiment will soon be here. We have now on the roaat at San Krancinco, the frlgate'Savnnnah, ( apt.|Mervine; Warren, Cant. Hull, here nt thin place, frigate^Independence. Com. Shulirick. sloop Dale, ( apt. AlcKcan; at San Diego, frigate Congress and sloop of war Portsmouth The Crane is on a cruise iu the Onlf. The store ship Krle Is dally expected with $100.(KM), which will be but a drop toward paying expenses. Col. J. C. Fremont, with his company of volunteers about dfiO, did not arrive in lime at the i'uebla for the tight. On the I ltli he was 10 leagues from the I'uebla Yesterday the If. S store ship Lexington arrived with one company of artillery, with arms and ammunition of war to build a fort at this place, having ou board all the necessary engineers, masons. ke. \ ou may soon expect from your correspondent a full history of the C nlifornian war. Klour is now $90 per barrel; ship bread $19 per hundred. Nothing but beef cheap here. P. S.?Report says that a party of (Jen Kearny * men, about 40. were attacked by 900 ( aliforniana. and IA men ami 9 officers killed. MowTr.arv. January 90. 1947. Arrived to-day sloop of war Lexington. Bailey, commanding? I?H days from New York, officers l.lcnt ( ouunaudlng, T llalley ; Purser. J. Wilson; Assistant Surgeon. J .1. Aberiicthy ; Passed Midshipmen. W H .Macomb, (Master) J. II Kpotts. W. B. Mus", J W. A >icuoi*on. ana a a .iljreri, (i nplam* .1 Kirk 1 un hoard, company K, 3d artillery. 1 aptnin Tompklna Kir*t Lieutenant*. Or?l ami W T Sherman ; Second I.icutcnant*. l.neevr anil Miner; Lieutenant llalleck, Knglncer*; Dr. Ord. and 1 OH men all fell K. O. 1 (WD, I t I" S A. |li';om the Paper* ] The Californinn, pnlillaheil at Monterey, of January 'JH, contain* a general order from 1 ouiuioaore Stockton, dated city of the Angel*. January II, congratulating the officer* and men of the *outliern division of the I nlted State* force* In < allfornla on the brilliant victories Rained by them on the 8th and !>th, and on once more taking po**e**lon of that city The commodore. It appear*, left San Diego on the JOth of December, at the head of tMX) man. Including t tenaral Kenrney'* dragoon*, and reached the Han CJahriel rlvei on the Nth of January; the enemy. MH) mounted men will 1 I piece* of cannon, were strongly posted on the north *hh 1 of thi* river. The commodore and hi* tnen crowed the river ateadlly. under a heavy fire, and by a gallant chargi the poaltlon of the enemy wa* carried, driving it* defen dere in confu?ion tin the'itli another encounter took place on the plain* of the Me*a, near tlie city, and laatcd nearly three hour* 1 (ten. I-lore* and hi* men lighting bravely They wcr< put to flight, and on the lOtli the American* entered tin 1 city Meilean in** unknown. American, not more thnr > JO killed and wounded In both action*. (ieneral Kearney had previously had an affair at Sar Poxcual, in which he h>*t 17 tncn. a gun and some mule* After the recapture of Lo* Angele*, Col Fremont mndi a treaty with "Don Andre*," which put an end to tin war ' More* and other offlcer* h?d gone to Sonora, bul were expected to return win n they beard of the treaty On the 13th December, the launuh of the warren aloo| of war left \ erba Huena for Kort Sacramento, In cbargi of Passed Midshipman Win II. Montgomery; he liat with him Mldalnpiuan Daniel i. llugueiiln, of the Port* mouth, Mr K M. Montgomery, clerk to Command* Montgomery, and the following crew of nine- Ocorg ' j Hodman Anthony Sylvester. Alexander McDonald. Ha inuel Turner. Samuel Lane. Milton l.add, JohnW Da*. , ttilmaii Hilton and Lawaon Lee Not being beard of I seventeen days, a party from the Warren waa nent I -oarch of the launch, but after cruising nineteen day ; J along the coaet, the party returned uneucceeelul, an L Jj Prtc? Two Cento. az V--?~.l - .Z3S the conclusion was that the launch had been --ml-'1 anil all on boaril perisheil Midshipman Montgomery and hi* brother were sons of Commander Montgomery, of the Portsmouth, and their loss w ill be to him a deep aflliction. They vera nephews of Bishop Mc( oskry, of Michigan. and ( nmniander Inman. of the navy, who married sisters ofCornlaunder Montgomery ARMY INTKLLIGKMCK. Quite a number of the most respectable citizens of Philadelphia have determined to oiler to Commodore Conner the compliment of a public dinner. ( apt. MoManus. the gallant commander of the Jsok sou Keucihies, arrived at Viekeburg on the 9th ( apt M was in the battle of Buena Vista, though too feeble from his long sickness to command til* coiupauy The tenth company in the North Carolina regiment, called the ' Buncombe Hangers," ha* proceeded to SmithviUe, preparatory to embarking for the *eat of wur A detachment of the dth U. 8. Infantry, under com mund of Lieut. Nelson, and the band of tne same regliiii.nl will. I ii.ul U'i.left Y?e (lplfl.nl r.n Sun. duy. the 11 tli taut, fur Vera C rua. on board the ship Soj pliia Walker, t'apt. Grafton. The Hlgli Price of Bread, and the FinaMM In Prance. [From the Paris National. March I'd.] " At thin moment It would be useless to dissemble the gravity of the stute of the country. The crUU haa become general uud more than two montha muat elapae before any reduction in the prices of corn can reetore activity to busluess. or security to ita demlinga. Oa every aide the rise contiuuea to go progressively oa. From the cud of January to the end of February, in different regioua. this rise wan from 'if 79c to Of 9e. being upon the average 3f 880, or more than double the lncreane of from December to January The average price of com at the end of February wan 33f78o the hectolitre Since the beginning of March thin riae haa been universal throughout France. In the circle of Parle, during the firnt week, wheats have reached from 4lf to 43f; in the Noril from 38f to llf; in Normandy from 38f to 40f; in the Went from 3if to 3Sf; in the (entrefrom 40f to I if. In the F.ant. in Alaaeo, Franche-Comte, Champagne, and Lorraine, it ia still worse. In the Voegen. at Itaon-1'F.tapn, wheat has been sold at 46f 80e the hectolitre There lias bueu no fall except at MaraalUee, and there it cannot last. At Dijon thers have been no variations of prices. Since that period the state of the murkuts lias become still worse. At I'arla. flour, which was sold at 107f to lOHf the 167 kilogrammes from Saturday to Monday rose between 3f and 4f. and on Wednes day the dealers demanded from lltifto 117f. Certain choice marks were even held up to from 1 laf to 120f the 167 kilogrammes; thus the rate for the assise on the 10th wus 67f :17c. which makes bread come to 67c the kilogramme, or nearly If 16c the 'J kilogrammes, or 41b loaf, being four centimes higher than for the present fortnight, out of I'aria, hut at our very gates, as in champagne for instance, the price df flour ia from IJOf to 1'J'Jf the 167 kilogrammes. In the Allier, at thn last market of Montlucon. rye was quoted at 4If. the hectolitre and wheat at 49f. and 60f. And thials the case in all other parts What should moat particularly occupy our attention ia the fart that we can 110 longer relv upon the lioiue produce for the gcneraJ .apply. Our harvest of IH4tt is eonsumcd. and if there be any reserves at all. limy are In very small uuautttlee. purehased by individuals at the beginning of the winter for their personal wants. Private granaries are exhausted, and the dealers have no resource but foreign > countries As we have often observed, the nature of things will not permit tts to hope that the arrivals will I bu sumciently numerous. ana the wheats Imported eonsiderablo enough to put at once a stop to the rise, and then cautM- n fall before the middle or perhaps tho etld of June. Two day* ago bargain* were made at Havre for the delivery of American flour, at the period we have mentioned, at 61 f the barrel, while in January the pricu was from 4lif. to 48f. London follow* in the lame progression. In Belgium we are forestalled, the northern storehouses are inudequat* to the demands upon thorn, aud as long as this foreign competition shall keep up the prices, It will be impossible to stop the rise here Nevertheless, the arrivals arc becoming multiplied, and the Muyor of Havre has Just published an encouraging list of ships ladeu with corn shortly expected in that port. We eagerly accept these promises, but we must not delude ourselves in the anticipation of their consequence* The wants of Krance are unquestionably vary great, though they may b? exaggerated by fear Ninny municipalities and private associations.' more alarmed for public order aud security than frightened at an apprehended dearth, bare formed themselves Into mercantile corn companies, and make purchases at the ports. Krom this it results that the quantities of wheat imported, though presenting ail lni portant mass, disappear the moment they are landed and disseminated throughout the country Hence arise a natural consequence ; speculation not living affected by (lie importations, as it would he If the corn remained for a time at. the port of its arrival, the prices do not give way, the demands are made in quick succession, and the high price continue*. This clearly explains why, not 1-................n ..... |iUi,n un i>". reduced, uur probably will be reduced yet. In the lent cwi tin- population in fed, the imported corn 1? brought > into genernl consumption. only it in paid dearly for, rnor" : dearly even tluiii it U really worth. We hare a profound , conviction that there is no real danger of a dearth-It lm?. Indeed, become iin|Km*lblc ; but wc may expect that the price* will l>econi? excessively high. In a word, the country will have ull the wheat necessary for ita sustennnce. but it will cunt enormouidy dear. Let It not be nald that it did not depend upon any one to nave France from l bene sacrifice*. If the operation* which have been practiced within the laat one or two month* had been commenced in October or No| vember, we should have received before the aeaa were chut up by the ice. all the corn we have need of, and even lucyre, inatend of being eiulmrraaaed and distressed in March and April, and even until Juna. and ' then find ourselves In July encumbered with a aupera bundaucc. The dealer* would have had enough to aupply all demands, and the price* could not have riaen beyond a certain limit. C orn would have been undoubtedly i aold at a high price, but to the natural causes of the dearneaa there would not have been added that panic which create* factitious prices, and deceive* all fore sight. If the Ministry, better informed or more sincere, had not kept up too long, by imprudent circulars, a de celtful security -if it had taken the initiative in such , energetic measures as provident mind* advised them to take, the evil would have been considerably alleviated 11 is its inexcusable want of cure and its Ignoranco , which have brought on the crisis. Nothing now remains tor the country hut to bear the consequences of the faults committed Dy its government. May thla be at least a profitable lesson to all, aud when the evil days have passed may It please Alui'ghtv (Jod to teach us to seek from an experience so severely taught to take all due means to prevent their return, wnich would be worth more than incessantly talking of reprrsaion It la legitimate, no doubt, to take precaution* against dieturbanccs, but the first duty of a government Is to prevent the causes which provoke them, and Sometime* give them the semblance of justification. Hlscrllaneoiu. The steamer Hint was upset a few days since In the fit Josephs river by striking the pier of a bridge, and Mr. ('baric* Kellogg aud two men were drowned At Alexandria on Sntunlsv. shad were olentv. and mill I lug at ** a $? per hundred Herrings were not so abundant ; tlicy were selling at $0 n >6 M per thousand Corn menl sent to the West Indies in tight rum puncheons ha* ki'pt well, while that in common barrel* wa? entirely spoiled. A plank road i* projected from I'tlca to Ilinghampton. along the route of tile heiinngu canal, The distant a la atiout l(Ml mile* Another i* projected from Coopera* town to Kort Plain, on the t'tica and Schenectady railway. The I ity Council of lllchmotid have voted n (word to l.lcut. Maytiard of the Navy, for lit* gallant conduct at the time of lite 1<>** of the ateatner Atlantic, laat fall. It is a beautiful iword. ami coat ('.'00 On the acabbard I* an appropriate inscription, referring to "'hla generous heroiam in reaeuing loauy sufferer* from the wreck of the ateatner Atlantic, in l.ong Island Sound, on the 37th i November. IHtrt." A cruel frost. In the vicinity of Washington, la aaid to have cut olT all hope of a peach crop lit that vicinity the present season liming the last thirty years, preceding tba present the31 st of April lias been the latest date of the opening of the Penob ot river. On the 17th Inst the lee was as tirni na in mid winter At llichmond the weather is said to be cold and dlsa i grSeattle, wilh heavy frosts at night. The trawherry crop Is cut off A (ire occurred at Washington, N.C., on the I lib in slant, in which a number "f buildings and alnrgequan tlty of turpentine and naval storea were burned Messrs Tyler, lloytand l.ong were the principal lower* Mr. Tyler lost hla store and heavy goods. 3 700 barrels naval stores, and a building occupied by a saddle and harness maker Loas $33,000. No insurance, The Alleglianles are said to l?e covered with snow, i A general post office has bcpn established at VeraCru* i for toe benefit of the army, and for the despatch of letters and t>ancrs to lha I K teles. i III the ( ourt (<f < muioii I lui* at I'itteburg Uat I Tlittraday, Leonard H Johne nn iihh rmnn of that cltw, waa a<ljudgrd to |>?y n fine of *..?> tor taking 'IS contain Illegal fees The annual examination of tha atudenta of Oakland ( olionr. Mla? . and the accompanylii? exercise*. took place on the 30th ult. and were alike creditable to pro (rewire and atildrnta. A delegation of Mac and Kox Indiana headed by th? Prophet Kcoliiik. and the young chlel. Black Hawk, recently deaeended the Mlaaonri riser in a ateanihoat On arriving at the continence of the Miealaaippt and Missouri they worshipped the father of Watera, tirat looking up to Heaven. thon kneeling down and looking Into thn waves, and then ordering a child to throw a atring of wampum Into the at ream, they In the meantime *lnging and gesticulating earnestly On the evening of the I lib at I'lainvllle. Ohio. Mr Knapp. of Milford. who keep,, the Utile White Cottage where the car* stop. fell while jumping I nto a car, on the (ruck, anil tho train passing oyer cut both hla leg* olf Andrew Mator. a Herman, and Ida ion were drowned near York, Pcnna.. on Thursday week At Richmond. Va , on Saturday last, a Are broke out , In the ahlp yard of Joeeph 11. Anderson, and before the flames were aubdoed nine bulldinga and a Urge amount of cotton find groceries were consumed Thi? la the most deitrtu live lire tlint ha? occurred in Richmond for some years Hi. ladna of Mobile ate giving ico croom ???' i berry parties.