Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 24, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 24, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. _ k *? _ .-? f -rr"' "" ~ ' " a?r York, Batmrdmjr, April M, 1MT. Tk* Weekly Herald. Our-weekly, for Ik la week, will be ready at 9 o'clock tibia morning It will contain a full digest of the week'* news But it may be aa well to recapitulate a few of iu prominent contents. It will ooutaln letters from Mr. and Mrs. Ben nett; the news from Europe, received by the Cambria ; full accounts of the European markets, as well as those of the United States; Oen. Taylor's official despatches of the battle of Buena Vista ; the semi-official accounts of ths capture of Alvarado and Kla-Co-Talpam; the lateet intelligence from Vera Crus ; the latest from the army under Cleneral Taylor ; despatches of Col. Price, giving a detailed account of the battlss in New Mexleo and ofthe massacre at Taos ; lien Taylor's private letter concerning the battle of Buena Vista, which will be read with Interest all over the country ; and, In addition, a variety of commercial, flnanoial, political, and mUcellauooua intelligence from all part* of the Union. It will b? emboli lob cj with an engraving, representing a scene on board an emigrant ship, leaving Liverpool for New York. Single copies 6l? cents each. Annual subscription, l8*' Tlae Condition of Ireland. Our readers will find in this day's Herald, two or three article*from the London and Irish press, and from Father Mathew, on the condition of Ireland. That which we have taken from the Dublin Mat urn will be read with interest by every American, as well as Irishman, in the country. It deserves the especial attention of Americins, as showing the gratitude of the Irish people for the oontributions forwarded to them from the United States. It will be interesting |to note the progress of sympathy in America, and its effect on the people for whom we sympathise. Letters from Italy, by Mrs. J. G. B. Genoa, 7th March, 1847. 1 promised you in my last that I would write you, on my arrival at Genoa, an account of all that would take place after leaving Marseilles. We left there at one o'clock on Thursduy afternoon?my favorite day?and went into a little gondola, which conveyed us to the magnificent ship Vesuvius, bound for Naples. Her splendid captain, a Neapolitan, met us, and took off his hat very politely, and desired the steward to show us to our cabin. We went into the first cabin, or dining room, which was magnificently fitted up with a beautiful piano, and every comfort possible. After this, we descended to our own little cabin, for we had one entirely to ourselves, and found it very naarly as large,if not quite bo, aa one of your editorial rooms in New York. We went up again, on deck, and found English, Americans, Italians, French, Germans, nd I believe a mixture of all nations, all seemigly very happjr; but it was not long to'last. !n about an hour after we started, the vessel nmenced pitching and tossing about, at a great i . We had a head wind, and a very heavy degrees 1 found one by one disappearing >:?rvant* going, even my little boy, who 1.1 ne i .ck?till I found myself nearly alone, witli only the captain, and a very 'accomplished English lady (the wife of Colonel D , who was en route, with her husband, to join his regiment at Malta),'and who had been an old sailor. She begged of me not to get sick, and leave her all alone. I told her I would oblige her willingly, as much as it was in my power; and that if she could only keep me laughing, I would not get sick, because there is a great deal, i believe, in hiving the mind diverted. So, as soon as her husband returned, she told him what I said, and certainly, to do him justice, he did his best to amuse me, and kept me in one continual laugh, but all to no effect, for sick I would be. So, away I went, like the rest, down to my berth, and did not leave it till we arrived next evening at Genoa. There were no female attendants?all men: and such men as it never has been my luck to meet with before. The kindest and most loving husband could not be more attentive, or more tender, or more watchful of his spouse, than were these Neapolitans; for they were a Neapolitan crew, the boat belonging to a Neapolitan company; and this was only the fourth trip this beautiful boat had made. But to return to my subject. There was Jemmy in one corner, and one of these men holding his head, and saying " Povero piccoloand he crying out " OA, mon Dim ! ? mon Dim ! Jt nt vmx a/lex plus mr mer; jamais, jamaisfor you know he will not speak a word of English, and denies knowing how to speak it. He wants to be thought a little French boy, for which he is always taken. Like a great many more in the world, he wants to set himself up for what he is' not. Then there was my maid, in another part of our little cabin, as sick as she could be, and a servant very busily undressing her, and she remonstrating with him as well ns she was able, but to no purpose ; and your humble servant in another part, and one of them unfastening my dress, and cutting away nt the lace, and saying " OA, tropposerro ! troppo serro!"?" Too tight, too tight;" and I saying " Che cosa fate andate via But talking was all lost on him; for I was ill, and that was all he thought of. (rive me men attendants for the future. No woman could have been so watchful and attentive as they were; but, really, 1 must say, my modesty was a little shocked when they first commenced their attentions. Well. I think I have enlightened vou suffi ciently on that subject. I do not intend to go by sea any farther. I shall post it from here to Naples. To be sure it is much more expensive; but than to be sea sick ! I shall now tell you a little of what I have seen since I have been here. 1 must commence by telling you I am now lodging in the Hotrl Fedar, a magnificent palace, which once belonged to, the Admiralty, when Genoa was a republic. My apartments are the most magnificent of the kind 1 suppose you have ever seen. I don't think Louis Philippe himself has a more handsome sleeping apartment. It is about forty or fifty feet high, and the ceiling all covered with most beautiful fresco paintings and the richest gilding. The four doors?for 1 have four to my bed chamber?are all of the same style, with everything else to correspond And then my parlor !?what a paror!?such superb gilding; and the walls all ? ->vered with the most beautiful paintings; some 'I and very fine; mostly by famous Genoese re. So you may imagine what style I nt to s?y more about my parlor to you. It ii?, v out exception, the most magnificent thing you ever saw?the finish is so superb. 1 paw nothing in Venice to equal it, not excepting the i-sUrn of the Duchesse de Herri, which is considered so beautiful. Genoa is situated in a lovely bay, surrounded with beautiful architecture, with gardens on each side, which give it a very imposing appearance when seen from the sea. The hills of Casignans on the east, and of St. Henigno on the west, with the mountains intervening, form a sort of amphitheatre, with Genoa in the ceutre. I went to-day to see some of the churches and palaces, hut being Hunday, could not see all the curiosities; for instance, that dish of one entire emerald, and that plate of agate, bearing the representation of ihc head of St. John the BHptiet, which is said to be the same on which Herodias received it. The street Strado Xuoru is said to be the finest street of places in the world ; and when one looks at those fine palaces, and sees the greater number of them going i to decay, und thinks what scenes of pleasure , aud luxury once were held in them, it makes one i feel melancholy and forlorn. And then to see the ' squalid misery of the lower classes, it those I creatures have but two sous, one they give to the I priests. Everything goes to them. The church is rich, while a great many of its people arc starving. So much for a priest-ridden country; and it i is the same in every country where the church ) governs. I understand that the Pope will not ' sanction railways in ltuly. I suppose he does not wailt to enlighten his people, and the Italians i themselves are beginning to find it out, und in , time will not submit to it. i They have two very fine theatres here. The I Carlo Felice was erected by a (renocse architect, Carlo Uarabino, and is a very beautiful building. Its exterior is of white atone, and it has on two ai#l*?w Itun/lanmM /?nlnnnnrlna tits* fu/*as4n i nrr supported by a double row of eight pillars of marble. The other theatre is not of so much consequence. The women here, in iny eyes, are not at all pretty, as some writers would make you believe; but they have a very pretty mode of dress. They wear u sort of white inuslin veil, which reaches from the head to the feet, and which has a very pleusing effect; and then their large gold chains and ear-rings, which almost all have, as in Venice. The country people have a sort of veil, which is covered all over with very large figures of birds, and so forth, in which they take great pride. You see them in full dress on Sunday, in the churches, as 1 did to-day. Lieut. Ciiakl.es G. Hunter.?This gallant and chivalric officer, whose successful attack on Alvarado we duly recorded in yesterday's paper, is a native of New Jersey, and in his conduct in the Gulf has proven that the high opinion entertained of him for skill, gnllantry, and promptitude, was well founded. We recollect well, when Com. Elliot was being tried by a court martial on certain charges 1-: -L 1 1 I .. 11 ik.t QtAuiurt mill wmt'U irnu I'CCII nur^ru, UIOI VUIII. ?.-?vnuiM v?v of the most capable naval commanders in the world, inquired of a distinguished officer, if he knew young Hunter, and upon on answer in the affirmative, remarked, " I like him much. He, although he had preferred charges against Com. Elliot, on hisexamination, was so guarded and careful,'lest his evidence might be exaggerated beyond the literal fact, that 1 regard him as the very soul of chivalry and honor. Depend upon it, sir, if ever he has the opportunity, he will honor himself and the service. He has more of Stephen Decatur about him than any man I know." This was from " Old Ironsides," who means every thing he says, and is indicative of his sound judgment and appreciation of character. We regret much that Commodore Perry deemed it advisable to arrest Lieutenant Hunter, for the capture of Alvarado und the contiguous towns. It will not accord with public opinion to persecute a gallant young officer for doing that, with a single vessel, carrying only one 32, which the joint wisdom of General Scott and Commodore Perry thought required the co-operation of two thousand troopg and some thirteen vessels! Besides this, we think it would have appeared more magnanimous had Commodore Perrv pursued a policy more in consonance with the liberal spirit of our people; and, instead of arresting a brave and effieient officer for the performance of a most gallant act, applauded his daring, by commending him to the favorable notice of his government. We understand that Lieutenant Hunter has demanded a home trial; which, we doubt not, will be granted him. Tint Depaat or the Democrats at the Charter Election?Change in Party Tactics.? I The democrats of New York have been busying themselves, since their defeat, in endeavoring to find out the cause of their rout, in order that they may, by removing it, recover their lost ground, and carry the city next spring. The conclusion they have arrived at, is that the "usages" of the party must be somewhat modified, and that the one electing at primary elections nominating conlmittees to nominate candidates to represent the various wards, should be abolished. 1 They think, and truly so, that these committees are corrupt, and are the mouth-picces of the lit. | tie clique* and factions, instead of being subservi ient to the wishes and interests of the people. The democrats of the Tenth Ward held a meeti ing on the 16th .inst., on thia subject; and in lieu of the usage of electing neminating committees, ; they propose that the nominating power shall rest j in tthe ^people?or, in other words, that the | nominations shall be independent. We are not surprised that the old system has j fallen into discredit. It is palpable that for some years past that party has been led by the nose, by a few designing and corrupt men; who have secured influence by corrupt and unfair means. These men have used the influence thus acquired to further their own selfish ends, by nominating only such men as would be subservient to them. The consequence was, that the destinies of the city were ruled by a parcel of cliquet and factions. The time has gone when independent voters would submit to such dictation. They have been patient long enough under the yoke, and have at last thrown it off. The result of the last election proves that they are determined not to be trampelled upon or dictated to, and that they will exercise the right of suffrage, irrespective of " party usages." This is only the commencement. Hereafter i the power of nomination ought to be exercised , by the people, and the right of corruptly elected I and .packed nominating conventions, for ever discarded by the right thinking of all parties. j From Hayti.?Capt. Sardy, of the brig Henry Lee, which left the city of St. Domingo on the 5th inst., informs us that Mr. Harrison, the newly appointed commercial agent from the United States, had been duly acknowledged by the 11 : _ d.?. .... i . ' iiayuru guvci iiui'iii. i t owe ivigucu im uugiioui, with the utmost activity in all commercial operation*^ American produce in demand, and scarce. _ i From Brazii..?The hark Anahuac, Captain Huttleson, froni Rio Janeiro, brought us full files of the Journal do Commrrcio, and the O'A/erranti!" to the 2d ultimo. The accounts from the Argentine Republic arc not Inter than previously published. The U. S. ship Levant wan in the harbor of Rio, to nail on the 4th for Norfolk. Ivtportant to Merchants.?We are indebted to the kindness of the Collector for the use of the following notification :? Am? sir's* Consulate. \ AsTWEBf, March 31, 1047. i Sis, I hava the benar to Inform you that a decree, under date of the Uth of this month, has been published by this Government, exempting salted, smoked, and dried flesh from doty, until the 1st of October next. 1 have tho honor to be very respectfully, sir, your most obedient servant, W. W. VESEY. To the Hon CnasEi.iri W. Lawsence. Collector of tho Customs, New York. City Intelligence. The Weatiieb.?The fickle disposition of she clerk of the weather was again exhibited yesterday. We were transported from the warmth of summer to a mildish sort of wintry day. We had rain, aceompanlod by a eold and disagreeable wind. Five.?A fire was discovered yesterday morning at No. Mn Grand street. In the store of William Taylor, occasioned by the bursting of a gas lamp. Damage trl* fling The Sharers.---The "little street sweepers" were autlvely engaged yesterday In sweeping the cross-walks, lor the accommodation of the Ibot passengers ThMtrkkl*. Pabs Tii?atb*.?The beautiful play of the " Lady of Lyons,'" was last night performed at the Tark. Mrs. Mason by her admirable playing in thu port of Paullue, drew down, as she does in whatever she undertakes, the unanimous applause of a tolerably good house. Mr. Wheatley%a* ? lauds Melnotte, fully sustained bis already well earned reputation At the fall of the curtain Mrs Mason was loudly called for. and came forward to receive the proffered expression of admiration from the house. The entertainments of the evening concluded with the petit comedy of the " Dumb Belle." the east of which was tilled by Messrs. O. Barrett. Kiaher. Andrews aud Gallott. and Mrs. Abbott and Mrs. Dyott. All went off well. To-night Mrs. Mason and Mr. Wheatley appear In two pieces, vis.: " The Wife" and " The Honeymoon.The performance being for the benefit of Mr. Wheatley. Bowxav Theatre ?Although the weather last evening was extremely unpleasant, it did not deter the admirers of Mrs. ShMr from witnessing her personation of Ion In the tragedy of that name. The house was as crowded as It was on any night of her engagement, aud many persons we understood could not procure seats. We consider it superfluous to sav anything of Mrs. Shaw's acting as the Koundling of Argos. it is unnecessary, inasmuch as it is the character that has made her fame. " Kvadne, or the Statues," will be performed this eveuiug. Mrs. Shaw as Kvadne The graud dramatic spectacle " The Last Days of Pompeii," will be added. The tragedy of " II Malodetto" is in rehearsal for Mrs. Shaw?it will be soon produced. Last Hat and Niomt ok the Circus.?The troupe of equestrians, so liberally patronised at tho Bowery Amphitheatre this season, have advertisod their last performances this afternoon and evening. The company leaves on Monday, and to-day and to-night will be their last appearance this season, without any mistake. So. you had better take your little ones, aud let them see the horses, being tho onlv opportunity vou will have of gratifying them in tho circuit way until next fall Ma. Alexander.?This prince of sorcerers and complete maater of the mysteries of the black art, whose extraordinary performances have amazed tbe thousand! that have witneaaed them, will hold forth again this evening, and will execute many new additional tricks which he has not before performed in public. Among these wc may mention the shot for Vera Cruz and tbe combination, two tricks, to see which porformod is worth double the price of admission. Mr. Alexander is universally acknowledged to be at the head of his profession. He has a brilliant and successful career before him. Caitle Garden.?It must not bo forgotten that this favorite summer resort has boen opened for the season, and that a grand sacrod concert by some of our most talented performers will be given there to-morrow evening. During the past winter the proprietors have added many attractions to it that will be duly appreciated. La Belle Ciocca.?This lovely and fascinating danseuie, who created so great a furort at Boston, Philadelphia, and at tbe Park theatre in this city, has accepted an engagement in the city of Cincinnati, and afterwards at Louisville, whore she will doubtless be received with as much applause and enthusiasm as she has been here. The admirers of Ciocca will doubtless regret her departure; but we hope that, after her western tour, she will return to us, to delight once more all who see her by her grace, her beauty, and her great artistic skill. MnalcsU. Italian Orr.ia.?Last night tho '"Barber of Seville" was performed at Palmo's to a very good house, and those who attended wore fully repaid for their trouble. THa "RapW was aawfainlw rvlvan In mimVl KnHnw a*?>l<i than it ?u when first produced by the name company at the close of their last season. Pioo as Rosina won the greatest applause; it was indeed, an excellent performance. Beneyentano was-good, as was also Sanquirlco and I'atti in their respective characters, and In fact all was admirably done. In consequenoe of Bignorina Barill's continued indisposition. Bignor Bencdetti's benefit, which was to have taken place to-night, will be postponed until Barili is able to do justice to the part of Lucia. We are happy to be able to state that she is much improved in health, but her physician thought It not prudent for her to sing to-night. The camrakalooians.?These talented and unique performers are in the full tide of success. Every evening that they performed during the last week ,thoy were heard by extremely large and respectable audiences. The agility, and ease, and grace with which they handle their hells, and the novek but delicious melody which they produce by them, astonish and amate all who have witnessed them. Flattered and encouraged by the great patronage they have received, we understand they have determined to remain here a short timo longer, and will perform every night during the ensuing week, in the Tabernaclo. If the numerous strangers that daily arritP tiATA fpftm t.liA Rnnth Knit and W?it. rlnutrn tn inn one of the greatest novelties of the age, they must Nee the Campanaloglana or Swiss Bell Ringers at the Tabernacle. We cannot omit paying a well merited tribute to Miss M. J. Marlus and Mr. (Jeo. Hoyt, graduates of the New York Institution of the Blind. These vocalists are In themselves a greet attraction, and sing sweetly. Last evening the audience were delighted with the manner in which they sung. '' When the moon on the lake is beaming," and the duet" Wake, dearest, wake." Up to Thursday more than one hundred season tiokets for tho Italian opera at the Howard Athenaum, Boston, bad been engaged. The cholco of boxes was to be sold by auction. DeMoyer and Burke were to give their first concert at Cincinnati on Wednesday evening last. Herzand Slvori left New Orleans for the north on Tuesday the llth Inst. Later from Honduras.?The fast sailing bark John R. Gardiner, Capt. Pederson, arrived last evening from Belize, Honduras, bringing*us files of the Observer to the 3d inst. We find nothing in them of interest. The last number of the Ohserver has the following from Central America.?We have letters and papers from Guatemala to the 18th March inclusive, but find nothing in them of interest. Strange to say there is not a word about the reported Invasion of a portion of the Mexican territory by Gen. Carrera; lengthy accounts of which we have seen in late American papers; on the contrary, he is reported to be paying a visit to an English vessel of war on the Pacific side. We rather think our Nesr York contemporaries have been Imposed upon. At all events if such an expedition has really been undertaken, Gen. Carrera is not ln^command. . Ilfinsrni v Miuirir _\W find the fnllnwlno statement in Saunders's News Letter ofDublin : Coax March 24, 1847.?I solid you a most apalling account of a massacre recently perpetrated on the Coast of Africa, which, for cold-blooded and horrible barbarity, has perhaps never been equalled even in the abomufhble annals of slave traffic. Of the authenticity of the account there cannot be the slightest doubt, as it is contained in a letter from a very intelligent naval officer, stationed at the Island of Ascension, not very far from the scene of the occurrence, and is as follows :? "Ascension, 1st January. 1847. "We have just received news of a most horrible massacre on the coast of Africa. A slave depot, called Oalllneos, known to have 2000 slaves ready for shipping, was so strictly blockaded by our cruisers that the slaveowners. finding it impossible to embark the slavos. and not wishing the expense of feeding them, actually in cold blood beheaded the whole number, placing their heads on poles stuck in tho boach. saying, "if you will not allow us to mnke profit of prisoners we tako In war. we will kill all." Common Council. Board or Assistant Aldermen, April 23.?Neil Gray, Esq.. President, in tho chair. This Board held a special meeting last ovening. and mirabilr dictu! the members for the first time within the last nine months, assembled and proceeeded to business at the appointed hour. Grand Illumination.? Resolution adopted in the Board of Aldermen about ten days ago. in favor of ap pointing a joint committee of five from each board, to make arrangements for celebrating in a suitable mauner the triumphs achieved by American arms in Mexico, and to transmit a vote of thanks to Mcnernls Taylor and Scott, and those who have eo-oporated with them for their heroic conduct durinir t lie nrenont wnr wan concurred In. and Messrs. Keeks, Dod. Robinson. MrF.lrath, and Mullins. wore appointed the comniittoe of thii Doard. A resolution requesting the Mayor to issue a proclamation calling upon the citixuns to unito in a general illumination, was also concurred in. Sewrr in Jane it?Report and resolution In faror of building a sewer In Jane street, from the east side of Hudson street to the North River. Adopted. Twenty-fourth itreet? Report and resolution In favor of regulating and paving Twenty-fourth street, between the ffth and 7th avenues Carried. fifew Engine Home?Report and resolution in favor of building a new engine house in Chrystie street, for F.nglne Company No. 13, at an expense not exceeding 1*00. Carried Sewer in 30th itreet?-Report and resolution in favor | of building a sewer in 30th street, between nth and 10th avenues. Carried. Sewer in IfllA itreet?Report and resolution In favor of building a sewer in IBth street, from the eaat side of 0th avenue to the Hudson river Carried. Retention oj Eatt itreet. Report and resolution In favor of extending Kast street, from Delancey to Rtvington street Carried. .SVtrer in 30th itreet.?Report and resolution in favor of building a sewer in 30th street, from the 3d avenue to the Kast river. Carried. Sewer in Oliver itreet.?Report and resolution in favor of building a sewer in Oliver street, from Madison street to the Fast river Sewer in Liberty and Kanau itreeti. ?Report and resolution In favor of building a sewer in Liberty street from Broadway to Nassau street, and in Nassau st. from Liberty to Maiden lane Carried. Sewer in Hurling .Slip,--Report and resolution in favor of building a new sewer in Burling flip, between Front and Tesrl streets. Sewer in Ibth itreet. Report and resolution In favor of building a sewer in 3.1th street, from the 3d avenue to the East river Carried. /legending of South itreet.- Report and resolution in favor of regrading and paving South street, between piers Nor 3 and 3. Carried Paring of 33d itreet.?Report and resolution In favor sf paving 33nd street between 3d and 4th avenues. Car- j ried. Side Walki of 16th itreet.?Report and resolution in favor of flagging side walks in J6th street, between the flth and the Vth avenues Carried, Sewer in Second itreet.- Report and resolution in favor of building a sewer in 3d street between nvenues A and C. Carried. Renumbering of Ron itreet,?Resolution In favor of pausing Rose street tol>e renumbered Adopted. Ruini of Grmei Chureh.?Resolution in favor of fencing In the ruins of (Jrace church, at the corner of Broadway and Rector street, at the expense of the ownera thereof. Referred. The Board then adjourned until Monday evening nest The BRtl of American Sympathy In Ireland. The Famine. [From the Dublin Nation. April 3 ] While Engllah statesmen are devising dally plan* for the increase and protection of pauperism lD this longloyal and long suffering Province of Ireland. American statesmen, regarding this country as ?ven )n jtH wr(.rk. worth being saved, are accumulating their voluntary tributes for the relief of our necessities While the chief journal* of the Kuglish capital are daily teeming with invectives against our people, high and low, Anteriivan journals, from Houston down to Kastport. are reviving reminiscences of Irish merit, In order to batten the kindly lnterferenee of their country in behalf of ours While the popular divine* of Kngland can see In pest!lencennd famine only judgtnont* from an angered Dotty, smiting Ireland on both cheek* for lior Idolatry, the favorite preachers of America perceive but an opportunity for the exorcise of active charity. This nation's position resembles thut of tbo man In the Gospel who went down from Jerusalem to Jericho. America Is our Samaritan. When our wounds are bound up. and wo arc able to go our destined way, wc will know to whom our gratitude is due. "A certain Levito" shall also ho remembered. Out of this famine will rome manv results, one of tho greatest of which may be, if we desire it, the establishment of "a oordial understanding" between us and the United States of America. It is an axiom of the closest observers of human nature. that conferring benefits on any object endear* that object to the henefartor ; so in domestic life, adopted children are usually the dcurest. And at this hour, America, like the Grecian daughter, feeds from the warm bosom of her youth, the uged. and alas ! shackled nation, to which her infancy owed protection and support. Never. Indeed, did the world behold a finer spec - -' 1....4U i-?.i < ,.??i. n.v...i tttCH" ni'Dll'UCB Ol uuutu imu on millions of our people. The European continent was dumb, except where, near the extreme south, the Pontiff Liberator of ltome searched In his hollow coffi rs after n mite for Ireland. France was silent. Austria win silent. Russia did not cry out "shame!"' A diplomatist rules in Paris ; and the nnclent friendship between the countries of Sarstleld and Count Saxe, of Hoelie and of Tone, has withered beneath his rule A diplomatist rules at. Vienna, and the services of our great soldiers at Austria ?our Kavanaghs. Macs and O'Reilly#?never welched a feather on the power balancing bruin of Mcttcrnlch. Even tho Bear of the Pole has turned diplomatist, and grumbles in cartels Italy, except Rotne. and all Spain, lies tho helpless and bleeding prey of this same accursed diplomucy. From Continental Europe then, wo could gain no aid against England ; for Europe is ruled by heads, not hearts?by profits, not principles?by "the laws of nations,"' not the laws of God." But America, happily, has thus far escnped tho incubus ; and America, in a national sense, has become Ireland's friend?her chief friend among the nations. Now England, our governor, alternately hates agd fears America ; and America returns hatred for hatred, and scorn for ssorn. but feels no fear of any earthly power. Let us follow the three nations Into tho future, as far as human sense can see. To begin England, in the years 1810 and 1847, had the government

of Ireland in her own hands. In those years 3.000.000 of tho Irish people died for want of food, while there was plenty of money and credit In England; and plenty of food for the fetching beyond seas. America, in the spring of 1847. hearing of Ireland's distress, made a magnanimous effort to save her. and sucoeeded in preserving nearly 1.000,000 of Irish lives, by assistance rendered in Ireland, or to Irish emigrants i_ A?,,.-;,.. All ye who may nurvlve this English famine, nolo down in the new leaf of your memories this contrast. Let us speculate a iittlo farther : Suppose, in the year of our Lord 1850. that Ireland, with a population reduced to 5.000,000. begins to recover from this awful ordeal?that her peasants till the laud ag&iu. and her artisans resume their labors Suppose this done under a wiser policy among Irishmen, and less Injurious imperial laws, this island will oven then be a power in Kuropo, though still a province. But suppose it then being, or about to be, a free nation, governing itself by certain moral and national laws, having and cultivating certain foreign relations, what will be its position in regard to America ? Why. this :? America needs friends in Europe, nnd our relations have always been of n friendly kind; but from this year forth no Irishman will willingly draw a trigger against her. Our harbors are nenrorto America than England's, and more accessible. The merchants of New York and New Orleans alone have lost millions of dollars in Saint George's Channel, because they followed the arbitrary current of British commerco. flowing into that sink of the old slave-trade. Liverpool. Until tho late ubolition of the corn laws, .Great Britain could In a measure control America's commerce: but now America, the great producer at onee of the materials of manufacture and the food of the manufacturer, can turn not only her own. but British commerce, into such channels ns she pleases. Moreover, America must be. before many years, the intermediate agent between Asia and Europe. Krom London to Canton, round Capo Horn, is inore than 6.000 miles?from the same place to the same, via I'anatna or Oregon, less than 6,000. America will'then more und more require an ally and a depot- on the west of Europe; and wc hereby, after full deliberation, advertise Ireland as a candidate for that employment, whose qualification? excel tboso of all others. Our object In this specula!Ion is to keep the Irish In Ireland. If we are starved, colonised, or otherwise swindled out of it. the English will quietly remove here their Governmental and other machinery, even as the Tyrians of old removed to Carthage, or Duke William and bis vassals from Normandy to England ; and they will become to Europe all that wc might have been Tk. 1-1.1. n.wl u-ill f...l., lVf.l,, 111.. OlP.. I.fill, earth, and the Inland of our ancestor* become the homi of a new people, ruling and enjoying where we havt starred nnd died. Oood Providence, to think of this ! To think that oui oppression is to end only in banishment, and our struggles to cease but in death. To think of this laud sprinkled all over with the holy Mood of frcedoiu'i martyrs?gemmed with'fields of glory like an I'.uipe ror's shield?monumunted, sainted, song-famed througl the world, given up at last to men without one sympathy for it In their hearts, or one fact about it in their uic morles ! Tradesmen, tenant-league, landlords, clergymen Irishmen, must this be ! [From the London Times. March 2V] The lights and the shades of the Irish picture are ir forcible contrast. Never was there more misery in thai island; never till now did there seem any hope of a social reform; never was there more selfishness on theoni hand, or more generosity on the other. The brightest side thus far is the sympathy which, with one single exception, all the world Is exhibiting The Dritisli government. with its ten millions, stands at the bend of a long and honorable list. The public subscriptions of this country, including the sums collected in churches under the Queen's letter, already surpass every tiling of the kind, excepting the gathering for the same purpose in 1822. Our only regret, and wo regret it continually, is the waste, the mismanagement, and the impositions ' which are sure to attend the expenditure of this money. The sums mixture of feelings Is excited in a still greater degrco by thevnst number of private subscriptions made throughout hngland, and sent to private hands. Wu know with what difficulty these subscriptions are spared by the givers, and how often the almost equal claims ol Kngllsh poverty liaTo beei\ superseded for the sake ol Ireland. Would that this benevolence were more fori unatt in the almoners to whoso carefulness, equity, nnd discretion it is committed. The most affecting class ol'contributors are they of the humbler classes, who tire sendlinr from tills islmiii. from the colonies, an-l from th* United Staled, to the relief of their own private friends The number of (mull sums transmitted by successful i ini grantd to enable their Irish relatives to follow litem acrosi the Atlantic, id something enormous. One bank aloni at Liverpool has received 413 separate orders for money paid by parties in New York to be transferred to partlei In Ireland, in sums running from ?1 to ?24, the whoti amounting to ?1.5t>6 18s. and the average, consequently being ?3 15s 9d. An immense number of orders hevi passed through the other Liverpool banks, and tbrougli the American merchants of that port. The tribute we are matt bound to acknowledge is thi magnificent public subscription made in the United Slates The greater part of this, we aro given to understand, ii contributed by Irishmen; but. as a whole, we rejoice t< see in it one more pledge ?f that mot mil respect and nf fcction which, in spite of many trials and hindrances now binds the two countries. The British empire anc the Union are from one common stock. Their language their interests, their literature, and, to a great extent their customs, their laws and religion, ore the same.There aro no two nutions in the world so similar, whili they are politically distinct, lluppily they are now dis coveriug the interest they severally possess in one ano tiler's peace and prosperity. We will confess to a pass ing sensation of wounded pride when we hear of uu: own fellow subjects becoming objects of republican be nevolonce, and our social sores being exposed in the ei ties of New Kngland But if we are unable to rustic Ireland from the grasp of fumiue. as confessedly we are it does not become us to resent the assistance ot a gene rous kinsman and friend. H hocvcr is to blame, mos true It is llint Ireland does not prosper in our hands. \\ i must, thcrcforo, submit to be commiserated and lielpei In our task. It is scarcely possible to name n quarter from whicl relief is not lavishly, even too lavishly, contributed.The police of cities, the servants of railways, the em players of public offices and mercantile houses, lire rais Ing, in some cases, almost incredible sums. In Ireland itself, there is a corresponding amount of spontaneoui charity on the pnrt of those upon whom tlierq is tin In the midst of ;tll this gush of benevolence tho pro prictors of tho soil arc the solitary exception. In tlioi private anil public capacity they ?ra still employed i: repelling obligations, and defeating, or rather uttcmptiu to defeat, tho claims of the legislative equity. At I hi moment they ore bent on impairing and neutralizing tli bill for tho relief of the poor. After a vain attempt I deprive the now clauses of a permanent character. Ilo i next object is to accumulate poverty in cities of refuge that must ultimately be dependent on the imperii! treasury The population, it is well kn >wn, lias nlroad been driven about here and therewith very little regar either to original settlement or to (ho capacities of th soil. They have been ejected hy hundreds ami thou sands from some estates, and heaped up to fester an perish in barren shores and miserable towns. Already therefore, tho poor-rates fall with the most unequi pressure, being only 6d. in the pound on some rcntali and 8s. on others. The process of ejectment nnd eonsi quent areumulation still goes on. and is greatly far 11 tated bv the famine, whleli renders Impossible the paj inent of rent, and also destroys attachment to the soil To remedy, nnd for the future to anticipate, the? evils, the bill now In the Common* adopts a principl well known to the old llnglish Poor Law. and carried on by what were called " rates in aid.'' When a parish hi ranic ovorburdened with paupers beyond it* just shar and capacity, it was entitled to demand a rate in ai from the neighboring parishes, ( lie practice wasofto alluded to during the discussions that preceded theeiinct inent of the new Knglish Poor Law. end was cited i favor of the union system, though it has not really b. ei followed to any effectual purpose However, it is adopt ed In the prevent Irish bill The wretched villages an towns which have figured so disastrously in recent at counts, ami some of which are little More than roller tlons of outcasts, will he enabled thereby to (leinand i rateable assistance from the whole of the "union, a* sooi as tho home rate uxceeds '2s (id in the pound, llu for some provision like this. It Is evident all the poo will be cast Into these towns with us little con rem as we sweep up dirt Into a dung-hill lltape< up in theee corners, they will either die, or become th regular objects of BritUh benevolence. The Irish part , hug exerted itself Tory diligently, we rvjolee to say thus ! far ineffectually, to defeat the "rate In aid." They will : not find it no easy to get rid of the poor. KJectment* will not do all the work Keen when the poor wretch** are benUlied from the soil a "rate la aid" will *tiU find out the oppressor. While thin game In played in the Legislators, It ii carried out with a suitable treatment of the unhappy population Out of the numerous example* that have reached us. Sligo seemn now to enjoy u gloomy pre-eminence in this sort of artiticiiil calamity. A lew day* since, we ! are told. 4,a hundred puupcr familioH flocked into Slijfo . in a state of the most appalling destitution. 1 hey toulc , 1 shelter in those wretched hovel* always to be found iu I ; the suburbs of populous towns." The poor house i I had long been overflowing Typhus fever and dyson- i tery. raging like a plugue in the lilthy hovel* crowded I with a tarnished population, had carried off in a few ; days the matron, the master, the assistant master. I ami tho clerk of the union. The paid nurses, and j indeed, all the rest of the staff, were disabled, and j tho house was one scene of confusion and pestl- j lence. Tho same horrors, with tho aggravation of still greater poverty and neglect, were passing iu several other townships In the union. Meanwhile, the neighboring landlords were wholly occupied in planning new mnI uucuvrcH to oust their unprofitable tenantry either by 1 force or by fraud, aud would not givo more thun some i paltry 3d in the pound on their rentals to the voluntary ; subscriptions for the relief of those whom the poorhouse | could not hold, and who were incapable of doing any, thing on the relief works. On the tradesmen of Sligo the whole burden devolves, and they are coming forward ! to the utmost of their moans. With such examples it is easy to see how a system of rates exclusively according to electoral divisions, or, us has actually been proposed, according to private properties, would be made to operate. Happily, however, tlie work is urged with too great impatience. The experience of the last few years conclusively shows that tho adoption of the smaller areas - of rutlng aud settlement,|would really be nothing more ! or less than throwing all the poverty of Ireland upon the ilritlsh exchequer. Coax, March 31, 1847. The magnificent humanity evinced by our beloved brethren in the States, for tho suffering Irish, has inspired every heart in this Island with ardont gratitude. Wo.--hall ever regard America as our deliverer in tho hour of bitter calamity. The immense supply of Indian corn wafted into the Love of Cork the last few days, aud tho free-gift cargoes daily expected, have had an unexpected effect on the corn market. Maize has lallen from ?10 to ?10 the tou. In the darkest hour of culamity we ihould not despair. The mercies of the Lord are above all his wondrous works. 1 um resolvod, God willing, to leave Irelaud for the States next summer. It shall be my coubiuui, anxious prayer,tnai ine L.oru may remove every obstacle, and allow mo to indulge thia darling dosire of iny heart. As aoon as the expected bread-stuff Teasels will arrive iu Cork 1 shall have the pleasure of writing to you again, expressing my thanks. I'rcsenting kindest remembrance to all my frieuds, I havo the honor to be, Dear .Mr. Weed, yours affectionately. THEOBOLD MATHEW. Police Intelligence. Co it of Ilotchkiit. Milli, 4' Co.?A few days ago we published a complaint that was made by Berrle and Keese. merchants, No. 13 William street, against llotchkiss, Mills & Co., brokers in Wall street, charging them with the detention of two notes, drawn by James Beck Hi Co., amounting to abogt $1838. This case was under investigutiou yesterday, before Justico Osborne, at the request of Mr. Hotchklss, when Mr. Keese was placed upon the stund and underwent a very long and rigid cross-examination by Mr. Houghton, the able counsel for the accusod parlies, in which it appears from the testimony that Mr. Keese has been doing business ou a very extensive scalo with the above brokers for about a year past, in obtaining loans of large sums of money, and depositing with them a large amount of business paper, both for sole and to be held as collateral security until the loan was liquidated. Several letters were produced by Mr. Houghton forth* defence, which were ackuowledged'.to have beon written by Mr. Keese. showing extensive money operations between the parties;)that ou the Oth of April last, Berri (k Keese were indebted to liotchkiss, Mills 4k Co. $13,103 14. Ma. Okohue S. Rohbims, broker, No. b'2 Wall street, was next sworn and examined, who testified as follows :?The notes of James Beck & Co., alluded to in this case havo been in my possession for the purpose of loaniug money upon them; I did not have them for sale: I had them upon which to loan money for a specific time; I never ofTored those two notes for salo; I never had an offer for tliein ; I never communicated to Mr. Kgeso that 1 had an offer; I received tho West una (Jliver notes ironi nr. iveose to sen ; my impression is, tlmt it was put in niy bands for that purpose; about the ninth or tenth of April, 1 received the note from Mr. kcese, with directions to sell it?it was in my hauds one or two days. After the note had been given out of my linnds, I had an offer for it of one per cont per mouth as I think. I sent to Mr. Reese to report the offer. 1 don't recollect any hotter offer for it thau that. I had two offers, I think, on that same day ; both of the same amount I th^ik, vis: 1 per cent per month, i think Mr. McLound made one of the offers ; I sent my clerk, Richards, to Keese, and ho brought me an answer that it had been or could be disposed of at a better rate. The credit of West and Oliver was good up to the hour of their failure. 1 think thoir ftiluro Inhu known on Tuesday or Wednesday; on Wednesday I think. Their paper did not pass at the rate of A No. 1 paper, but at the rate of respectable houses ; their branch of trade docs not command the best credit in market, so fur as the sale of notes is con' cerned?t heir's is a silk business. * After this witness, the , bearing was adjourned until ^o-day, at 10 o'clock. \ Jirrttl of a Twfiiim from Juetice.?A man by the name of Kphralm K. Cay was arrested last evening by constable Kcllaiu of the 'Id ward, on a charge of stealing f 3.'>0 from a Mr. Combs, residing near the town of Crosswicks, New Jersey. It appears that the accused was j ' engaged in painting the house of Mr. Combs, and all at I once the money was stolen, and Cay amongst the miss, iug. The robbery was committed about the middle of , last week. A -Mr. Lewis C. liartman of the above ' town being on a visit to this city, was written to respecting the robbery, requesting that if he should see this Cay in New York to have him arrested on the charge; and singular enough, as Mr. Hartman was passing up Centre street near the Tombs, last evening. who should he see but this identical chap, drossed 1 up in a new suit of clothing, lie at once followed him 1 around into Pearl street, when the accused popped into a store, and while in there, Mr. H. procured the aid of ' the above officer, and caused his arrest. On bei ng con' vcyod beforo Justice Drinker and searched, tho officer found on his person $84 60 in bank bills and gold, also a small gold watch. Justice Drinker locked him up to await further Information from New Jersey. Grand Larceny.?Assistant Captain Korrtgan, of the :>th word, arrested yesterday a fellow called Qeorge Johnson <>n a rhnrira of stealing an overcoat, two Dair of glove*, and a handkerchief, valued in all at $33. the 1 property of Mr. Phllo T. Kuggles, redding at No. 1U3 1 .Mercer street. Locked up for trial by Juitice Drinker. Rurglary?The dwelling house No. 30 Fifth avenue, occupied by Mrs. Judge Irving, was burglariously entered through the basement window on Thursday night, 1 and a quantity of silver spoons, forks, ladles, lie. valued ' at uboui $300, stolen therefrom by the robbers. $30 rer ward is offered for the recovery of the property. No r arrest. > Robbing a fetiel?A fellow called James Davis was arrested yesterday by Officer Mills of the 3d ward, on a charge of stealing a lot of clothing from the brig Bounty, lying at the foot of Beekman street, valued at $43, ' belonging to Adouis Carruthers. Lacked up for trial by Justice Drinker. ^Complaint Uitmiited.?The charge made against Mosi s Phillips of Brooklyn, by Win. K. Strong, on the alleged obtaiuing of goods by false pretences, was investigated yesterday before Justice Drinker; and the testimony nut being sufficient to sustain the case, consequently it was dismissed by the above magistrate. Robbery of Silver.?Some rascals entered the dwelling house No. tihO Houston street, occupied by Mr. Geo. /.ubriskiu, on 'ihursduy evening, stealing a lot of silver spoons and a butter knife. No arrest. .'h rat of a fugitive.?Officer .Stephens, of the lower police, arrested, on Thursday night, a man called George Uuttise, on a charge of committing several burglaries In Philadelphia In the year 1843. Justice Drinker committed him to the Tombs, to await a reouisition from the | Governor of Pennsylvania. Eaton, tike great pcdeatrlan, la now In active exercise at Vauxlmll Garden, lOii Bowery, preparatory te the extraordinary feat of walking >ue thousand quartern of miles, in one thousand quarter hours in succession, to commence on Wednesday, April 2Bth, lit 8 o'clock, A. M. It will lie remembered that thia singular tpecimen of physical endurance, performed the Kreat Barclay feat, of walking r one thousand niilea in one thousand consecutive hours, la?t summer, at the Caledonian Springs, Canada West. .Mr. Kuloii is77 years old; and is an Englishman, who aoma thirty j ears ago performed some of the inoat wonderful pedestrian feats on record. If Tom Thumb ia a "great little man," surely Mr. Eaton is a "great old man,"and the wonder of the age. 2t Diamond Pointed Hold Pena?Purtlier Ile ducti in.?J. Y. Savage sella n Gold Pau for 75 cents. Also, a magnificent Pen for 92. which iethe best and cheapest pan in the city, l.evi Brown s IVtis, genuine, at reduced prices. The 1 tr.ide supplied on the hest terms. Tlic Nutria and Moleskin Hats sold at the nt ? Hat ( mnpany, I IB Nassau street, for three dollars,are really as good as any sold in the city. The quantity they sell, toi gether with the one price and one quality system, is the ouly way we account for their selling such tine Hats, at the low price thev do. For further particulars call upon manager Garnanati at the Tract House, 148 Nassau street, corner of Spruce. I A tiuo*1 loii?"Why will you pay 94 50 and ?11 II fore Hat, when yon can, go to Robertson's I'htpnii Hat and It Cap Slnnufirtory, 89 Knltonstreet, New York, and 63 Fulton i< street, Brooklyn, ami get iu good a one for $3 JO? n Import rani to Ilagnerreotyplsts.?Just re* r cet.vi'd per lute Havre packets? 10.IUHI fnll-sixeil plates, lllths, at Sift 80 perdnxen. ,1 12,lam quarter " " 2 7ft " I J,(Kill medium " " I 80 ' 5 per crnlulf from the above prices, on all orders ainonnting " to filty dollars. e Alto on h ind, Voigtlsnder's German Cameras, received ilirict from Vienna, t hcmicals. (gc. for sale by il ANTHONY CI,ARK CO., 217 Broadway. . Terms, cash in current funds. Jt I Cheap Httgari, Ten*, ?Vr H. Albro ?fc Co., MS D vision street, between Kldridge anil Allen afreet, and 240 Grand street, second block east of the Bowery, are selling .-o.nl New Oileans Sugar at 4s , hetutifnl clean, coarse graia * Havana ISiig.r at 4s , and first-quality Porto Rieo Sugar at 4s 'Id. per 7 lbs. Superior Souchong Tea, at 3a ; very delicioua p Oolong Black Tea al 4s., and an article of Young Hyaon Tea, i) I privutc culture, the most delicious Young Hyson Tea in , use, at only 6s. per lib. Pure old CofTea, roasted and grouau daily, at 10 pence and one shilling per lb. Thev have also an inrtment of very choice old Wines. l)?nuornotypc P1a(m*-L? D. Bln?? A Co., II No. 8J VVillimn *irtet, second floor, received per i?t? ?rrivals, a fiillsiipply of Hsgnerreotype Platet. Noa.W, 40 ai ii 'in, of their brand, so favorably known throughout the Uni d ii States, which they warrant equal in quality to any aver im . ported by them. They offer them at prices considerably re, dored from those of last fill. Chemicals, wsrranled to be f I best qaality always for sale. L. B BINSBE fc CO., No. 83 William street, 2nd floor. i Gobi I'erie HU11 another Rwluotlon hi PrieeII J. W. GIIF.ATON, fk CO., 71 JCedar street, are now lelling t the real magnificent, **nniiic Dsffley I en, /?rJ' r 75. A real Diamond-pointed Pen lor 91, and a good Gold pen for 75 cents, (silver pencil-case included,) together with some dnxen other styles of Pent, all much cheaper elthar wholesale * or retail, than can be found anywhere else. * Purchasers can find at this place the genuine Levi Brown s y Premium Pen. Beware of Counterfeit! . Travelling and Dreeslng Caeee, whow rape riorily coiuisU in their extreme portability while, bynjuHicious arrangement, the articles contained in them are of suHl- ^B cieut and convenient tixe for use?this, together with the ab> ^B ence of all useless contrivances, renders them the cheapest and moat compact articles of thq g ^ jja;!'/?H-'s'It SON fl 177 Broadway, oppoaita Howard Hotel, g HatalUe Tablet Razor Strop?The subacid- g hers would call the attention of strangers anil the public to H their aaaortrnant of the above, beyond cavil the best article inaupfactured. O. SAUNDERS It SON, 177 Broadway, a few doors abora (Jourtlandt at. H Pleurisy la cauacd bjr (he corrupt human of I the blood being deposited on the membrane, or inside the H lining of the breast, called the pleura, producing inflammation H of the parts, a etoleut pricking paiu in one of the sides, among H the ribs, frequent cough, lie. In order to cure this dreadful H complaint, five or six of Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills must B be immediately taken, and the same dose related every six or eight hours, until the pain and difficulty of breathing has B subsided. This course, if followed up closely, will in a short B time completely rid the body from those morbid humors M which are the cause of all kinds of inflammation and pain, | and will most assuredly make a speedy, safe, and certain curs B of pleurisy. Beware of sugar-coated counterfeits. The only B original and genuine Indian Vegetable Pills, litre the signs I lure of William Wright written with a pen on the top label of B each box. None other is genuine, and to counterfeit this it I forgery. Offices devoted exclusively to the tsla of Wright's B ludiau Vegetable Pills, wholesale and retail, 109 Race street, B Philadelphia ; 210 Greenwich street, New York ; and 13N H l'remont street, Boston. _ B J. O. Islghtbody'a Printing Ink Manufactory, I No. 28 Rote street,(Old Sugar House.) comer of Ditane, New V York. Extra Fine Card, Fine Black, Newt, and Colored Inks, B of a superior uuality, for sale on the most reasonable terms. I All orders will lie promptly attended;.to from any part of the I States. 2w B MONEY MARKET. I Friday, April ?3, OP.M. I The itock market opened rather heavy this morning, I and price* full oil a fraction. At tho first board Trea- I sury notes declined,per cent; Pennsylvania fl'e >?; I Reading Bonds >?; Ohio 6'?>g; Farmers' Loan X; U. S. I Bank }%; Norwich and Woroeiter X; Reading Morris 1 Canal and Harlem closed firm at yesterday's prices. At the second board Norwich and Worcester, Farmers' Loan and Heading, closed at prices current in the morning. Harlem advanced >?', and Canton fell off Si. The transactions were not very extensive at either board, and tho market closed with au upward tendency. The money market has for the past few days been steadily tightening, In consequence of the preparations making by the bankB for their next quarterly returns. i These Institutions usually contract for several weeks J previous to making these reports, and the market gene- 1 rally experiences a slight depression from that oause.? It Is estimated that the banks have full nine millions of I dollars in specie on hand, which is about a million more I than reported on the 1st of February last. I The railroads of this State have for two season* car I ried freight, paying tolls to the Comptroller, the same as though transported on the canals. F.very facility of tho cempanlos composing these linos has been kept In active operation, but the quantity of produce pressing forward was so large, that only a very small portion could be brought to market. The amount of produce transported on the canal in one day during any part of the season of navigation, exceeds that of the aggregato taManoew^arl K. sail V. a veileoa.l snmn.nin. the whole season of the suspension of navigation, It appears by the report of the Commissioners of the Canal Fund on the tolls, trade and tounage of the New York State Canals, that the total quantity of merchandise and other freight, carried westward by the Utloa and Schenectady railroad oompany, between the close of canal navigation In 1846, and commencement of navigation in 1846, a period of 136 days, was as follows Shipped at Schenectady from the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad, equal to 69 boat loads of fifty tons each 2,947 Shipped at Schenectady from the Troy and Schenectady Railroad, equal to 13 boat loads 640 Shipped between Schenectady and Utlca, eqnal to 6 boat loads 239 3,826 Left betwoen Schenectady and Utlca, and at Utica, equal to 41 boat loads 2,064 Delivered to Utica and Svracuso road at Utica. equal to 36 boat loads 1,738 3,802 The total freight carried eastward, on the same road during tho same period was as follows :? Received at Utica from tho Syraouso and Utlca road, equal to 132 boat loads of 60 tons each. , . 6,608 Shipped between Utlca and Schenectady, equal to 126 boat loads 6.292 Total carried eastward on Utlca and Schnectady road 11,900 Delivered between Utlca and Albany, equal to 38 boatloads 1,919 Delivered at Albany, equal to 200 boat loads. .9.981 12,900 This exhibits an increase over the business of the previous year of more than one hundred per oent. Tho amount of tolls paid by each company on freight going oast and west, and the tons of freight going oast and west on each road, was as annexed:? Tolls and Traffic on the New Yore Railroads, 184} and 1816. Toll*. Ton*. Total Total ttoai*. Eait. fVeit. toll*. Eatl. TVeit. ton*. Attics fc Buffalo... $412 422 854 1,449 925 2,374 Tonawanda 373 492 1,1166 1,605 78] 2,388 Auburn 8i Kocli... 2,227 1,758 3,986 3,829 1,613 3,442 Aub. <l Syracuse.. 371 153 525 1.608 346 1.951 Syracuse k Utice.. 2.911 1,792 4,703 6,549 2,514 9,063 L'ticn a Scheuec'y 7,731 4,331 12,065 10,763 3,808 11,571 $14,230 $8,971 $23,201 23,803 9,989 35,792 For the period embraced above, (the winter of 1845, '4$) returns were made and toll paid by the Utlca and Schenectady, the Auburn and Rochester, and the Attica and Buffalo roads, conformably to the regulations. But the Syracuse and Utlca, the Auburn and Syraouse and Tonawanda roads, did not In any case make the returns required by the regulations. The Auburn and Syraouse road has not made any returns or paid any toll since December. 1845, and the " tolls" and " tons" put down iu the foregoing statement, opposite that road, are for tho month of December, 1845, only. The returns of some of the roads during the past winter, have In some respects, varied in their character from previous ones, as follows The Syracuse and Utlea Road, which has heretofore declined to, now makes returns as required by the regulations, but withholds and declines to pay over a portion of the tolls embraced by suoh return. For Instance, the total amount of tolls required to be paid by the regulations, and the amount which the road declines to pay during the months of Dccomber and January, is as follows: ? Stracusf and Utica Railroad. detents Victim* Total toll u to pay. to pay. par relume. 1816, December $1,728 03 $84 04 $1,812 07 1847, January 1,443 79 21 33 1,468 32 $3,171 82 $108 57 $3,210 39 The Auburn and Syraouse road, as has been stated, has not made any return or paid any toll sinoe the month of December. 1845. The Auburn and Rochester road, which has heretofore made the returns required by tho regulations, now declines to do so. The Attica and Buffalo road, whleh has heretsforo made returns and paid tolls as roquired by the regulations, now, although the returns show the tall amount of toll required to be paid, withholds and declines to pay toll on such portion of the freight as It considers " local." The amount which the road declines to pay, so far as returns have been made for this season. Is shown as follows: Auburn and Buffalo Railroad. Jit tent* Victim* Total toll a* to pay to pay p*r return*. 1816, December $177 34 $224 22 $401 3? 1817, January 103 36 60 43 '65 81 $282 70 $284,67 $567 37 In eoneeqnenee of the changes made by the roads wost of Utica. in the chafacter of their returns, no one of those roads furnishes a return for any one month, which is similar for the three years The Utica and Schenectady road, which has. for the three years, made return of and paid toll on all the freight transported, furnishes, therefore, the only means of a comparison of the rate of inerease of the business upon the roads Taking the months of December, January and February, the tolls paid by and tons transported on that road, havo been as follows : Utica and Sciitssciaut Railroad. Tods. Torn. 1841-6 Dec., Jan. and Feb $3,460 .VI 4,637 846-41 '' 8,192 61 11,371 1816-7 " 12,419 69 21,647 The total tolls on all the roads, for the two preeeeding seasons, and as estimated for the present, are as follows Tom. 1844-6, received $10,4.18 41 16,61.1 1816-6 ,' 23,201 89 36,792 1846-7, estimated 36,000 00 68,000 These statements exhibit very plainly the capability of these railroads for the transportation of freight, compared with the canals They show that for tho immense transportation of tha West, railroads are mere wheelbarrows, compared with the F.rie ( anal Railroads are very well for the business of the section of country through which they pass, but they arc comparatively small concerns, when the produce of half a dosen States Is pressing forward to market. It will require more than a doten railroads, similar to whut the Krio Railroad is Intended to be, to convey the products of the northern part of the Weetern States to the seaboard. The productions of a few hundred thousand people in that section of the country, give full employment to all the works of internal improvement connecting with the seaboard. From this we can form aome idea of the facilities the Weetern country will require for transporting its products, when the population shall have been